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News Release Information

15-1831-ATL
Wednesday, September 16, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, Atlanta – August 2015

Area prices down 0.1 percent over the two months; up 0.6 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Atlanta inched down 0.1 percent over the July-August pricing period, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that the energy index was down 5.2 percent over the two months. The all items less food and energy index increased 0.6 percent and the food index inched up 0.1 percent during the July-August pricing period. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes July reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 0.6 percent. Annual increases were registered in a number of categories, notably shelter, medical care, and other goods and services. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.5 percent over the year. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Food

Food prices inched up 0.1 percent during the July-August pricing period. Prices for food at home and food away from home each inched up 0.1 percent over the two months.

Over the year, the food index rose 2.5 percent, reflecting price increases for both food away from home (5.6 percent) and food at home (0.6 percent).

Energy

The energy index declined 5.2 percent over the two-month pricing period, reflecting a 10.6 percent decrease in motor fuel prices. Prices for electricity declined 0.4 percent, while utility (piped) gas service prices edged up 0.3 percent since June.

Over the year, the energy index fell 13.5 percent. Within the energy group, prices for motor fuel dropped 24.8 percent and utility (piped) gas service prices declined 6.4 percent. Since August 2014, prices for electricity rose 0.8 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.6 percent during the July-August pricing period. Several indexes rose over the two-month pricing period including apparel (6.7 percent), shelter (0.6 percent) and education and communication (1.7 percent).

From August 2014 to August 2015, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.5 percent, reflecting higher prices for several catorgeries, most notably shelter (4.0 percent), medical care (3.5 percent), and other goods and services (6.9 percent).

Table A. Atlanta metropolitan area CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month

 
201020112012201320142015
2-month12-month2-month12-month2-month12-month2-month12-month2-month12-month2-month12-month

February

1.11.71.61.51.02.41.92.11.31.80.0-0.3

April

0.72.41.72.51.11.80.11.10.82.50.7-0.5

June

0.30.60.93.10.61.51.01.41.53.02.50.6

August

-0.10.60.63.80.61.50.71.5-0.12.2-0.10.6

October

-0.80.9-1.53.1-1.21.8-1.01.6-1.12.2--

December

-0.21.0-0.33.0-0.91.2-0.22.4-1.50.9--

The Consumer Price Index for September 2015 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, October 15, 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Atlanta, Ga. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Newton, Paulding, Pickens, Rockdale, Spalding, and Walton Counties in Georgia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
Atlanta, GA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Jun.
2015
Jul.
2015
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2014
Jun.
2015
Jul.
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

225.152-225.0270.6-0.1-

All items (1967=100)

678.989-678.614---

Food and beverages

250.635-251.0452.30.2-

Food

262.054-262.3362.50.1-

Food at home

252.692251.536252.9330.60.10.6

Food away from home

277.890-278.2425.60.1-

Alcoholic beverages

148.775-150.308-0.21.0-

Housing

220.778-221.3392.70.3-

Shelter

232.726233.232234.0634.00.60.4

Rent of primary residence (1)

234.220235.384237.2165.51.30.8

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

228.015228.682229.6193.80.70.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

228.015228.682229.6193.80.70.4

Fuels and utilities

321.766-321.348-0.5-0.1-

Household energy

287.579286.567286.893-1.0-0.20.1

Energy Services (1)

286.942285.956286.157-0.9-0.30.1

Electricity (1)

273.452272.243272.2430.8-0.40.0

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

251.390251.390252.181-6.40.30.3

Household furnishings and operations

126.237-124.014-2.0-1.8-

Apparel

134.595-143.6103.76.7-

Transportation

200.453-193.104-9.3-3.7-

Private transportation

200.414-193.117-9.4-3.6-

Motor fuel

252.170242.030225.391-24.8-10.6-6.9

Gasoline (all types)

250.588240.465223.935-24.7-10.6-6.9

Unleaded regular (3)

247.450236.773220.036-25.3-11.1-7.1

Unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

302.726292.687274.113-23.5-9.5-6.3

Unleaded premium (3)

254.737250.293237.127-20.7-6.9-5.3

Medical Care

410.556-411.3743.50.2-

Recreation (5)

87.296-87.4851.80.2-

Education and communication (5)

132.906-135.1120.21.7-

Other goods and services

362.413-364.6696.90.6-
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All Items

225.152-225.0270.6-0.1-

Commodities

181.628-179.715-3.2-1.1-

Commodities less food & beverages

149.674-147.030-6.2-1.8-

Nondurables less food & beverages

187.500-183.002-8.8-2.4-

Durables

111.483-110.568-2.3-0.8-

Services

267.278-268.5632.80.5-
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

215.079-214.9170.4-0.1-

All items less shelter

227.014-226.149-1.1-0.4-

Commodities less food

149.308-146.814-6.0-1.7-

Nondurables

215.496-213.058-3.5-1.1-

Nondurables less food

183.447-179.400-8.3-2.2-

Services less rent of shelter (2)

323.894-325.1061.30.4-

Services less medical care services

251.453-252.7902.90.5-

Energy

245.040239.840232.182-13.5-5.2-3.2

All items less energy

222.758-223.9962.50.6-

All items less food and energy

217.050-218.4102.50.6-

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, September 16, 2015