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News Release Information

17-1588-ATL
Thursday, December 07, 2017

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Business Employment Dynamics in North Carolina – First Quarter 2017

From December 2016 to March 2017 gross job gains in North Carolina totaled 222,190, while gross job losses numbered 199,056, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 23,134. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 20,299. (See table 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

North Carolina’s gross job gains have remained above 200,000 each quarter since June 2010. Following a peak of 232,511 in December 2015, gross job gains declined to 222,190 by March 2017. North Carolina’s gross job losses declined from a recent high of 208,519 in September 2016 to 199,056 in March 2017. (See chart 1.)

North Carolina’s rate of gross job gains as a percent of private sector employment was 6.2 percent in the first quarter of 2017; nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.0 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job losses represented 5.5 percent of private sector employment in North Carolina, while nationally gross job losses accounted for 5.4 percent of private sector employment in the first quarter of 2017. With few exceptions, North Carolina’s rate of job losses has been equal to or below the U.S. rate since March 2013.

During the first quarter of 2017, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 10 of the 11 industry sectors in North Carolina. Leisure and hospitality added nearly 44,600 jobs in opening and expanding establishments, and lost more than 37,600 jobs in closing and contracting establishments. The resulting net gain of 6,932 jobs was the largest of any North Carolina sector in the first quarter of 2017. In professional and business services, approximately 45,700 jobs were added in opening and expanding establishments, while about 39,900 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net gain of 5,789 jobs. Four other industry sectors—retail trade, education and health services, construction, and financial activities—had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses by more than 1,200. Net employment gains in the other four sectors were under 850. (See table 1.)

Transportation and warehousing was the only industry sector in North Carolina with gross job losses that exceeded gross job gains in the first quarter of 2017. With more than 5,200 gross jobs gains in opening and expanding establishments, and about 9,200 jobs losses in closing and contracting establishments, transportation and warehousing had a net loss of 3,960 jobs.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Second Quarter 2017 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 24, 2018.

Revisions to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

Data in this release incorporate annual revisions to the BED series. Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, North Carolina, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

213,858223,089221,742225,601222,1906.16.36.36.36.2

At expanding establishments

173,054180,361180,396186,236179,4524.95.15.15.25.0

At opening establishments

40,80442,72841,34639,36542,7381.21.21.21.11.2

Gross job losses

197,618207,520208,519205,302199,0565.65.85.95.75.5

At contracting establishments

162,670168,670169,463167,887165,1134.64.74.84.74.6

At closing establishments

34,94838,85039,05637,41533,9431.01.11.11.00.9

Net employment change (2)

16,24015,56913,22320,29923,1340.50.50.40.60.7

Construction

 

Gross job gains

17,76417,41917,37717,50117,3249.08.88.68.68.3

At expanding establishments

13,37013,48713,52513,98613,5466.86.86.76.96.5

At opening establishments

4,3943,9323,8523,5153,7782.22.01.91.71.8

Gross job losses

14,46915,51914,89514,68515,0227.37.77.47.27.2

At contracting establishments

11,28912,25811,42911,45611,4805.76.15.75.65.5

At closing establishments

3,1803,2613,4663,2293,5421.61.61.71.61.7

Net employment change (2)

3,2951,9002,4822,8162,3021.71.11.21.41.1

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

12,43214,50014,06214,11214,0712.73.13.13.03.1

At expanding establishments

11,59813,19012,85312,99912,8752.52.82.82.82.8

At opening establishments

8341,3101,2091,1131,1960.20.30.30.20.3

Gross job losses

13,89514,93114,84312,92513,7763.03.23.22.82.9

At contracting establishments

12,88313,35913,42811,53612,6522.82.92.92.52.7

At closing establishments

1,0121,5721,4151,3891,1240.20.30.30.30.2

Net employment change (2)

-1,463-431-7811,187295-0.3-0.1-0.10.20.2

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

8,9259,9928,6539,0608,4675.05.54.74.94.6

At expanding establishments

7,3347,9696,9877,1796,7824.14.43.83.93.7

At opening establishments

1,5912,0231,6661,8811,6850.91.10.91.00.9

Gross job losses

7,9798,3388,0627,4477,6564.44.64.44.04.2

At contracting establishments

5,8256,1285,9885,9095,9143.23.43.33.23.2

At closing establishments

2,1542,2102,0741,5381,7421.21.21.10.81.0

Net employment change (2)

9461,6545911,6138110.60.90.30.90.4

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

30,80631,02231,16128,98132,3026.36.26.25.96.5

At expanding establishments

26,12226,38126,51025,24726,4195.35.35.35.15.3

At opening establishments

4,6844,6414,6513,7345,8831.00.90.90.81.2

Gross job losses

27,16128,02029,73929,36928,9765.65.66.05.95.8

At contracting establishments

23,95424,37225,42425,50925,4754.94.95.15.15.1

At closing establishments

3,2073,6484,3153,8603,5010.70.70.90.80.7

Net employment change (2)

3,6453,0021,422-3883,3260.70.60.20.00.7

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

5,9065,9106,57211,1335,2234.84.95.49.04.1

At expanding establishments

4,7565,1545,69710,1124,3393.94.34.78.23.4

At opening establishments

1,1507568751,0218840.90.60.70.80.7

Gross job losses

7,5406,3455,4995,5979,1836.25.34.64.57.2

At contracting establishments

6,7055,1234,4424,5838,5005.54.33.73.76.7

At closing establishments

8351,2221,0571,0146830.71.00.90.80.5

Net employment change (2)

-1,634-4351,0735,536-3,960-1.4-0.40.84.5-3.1

Information

 

Gross job gains

3,4193,7713,1823,9143,3254.34.84.05.04.2

At expanding establishments

2,6893,0302,3883,2332,6693.43.93.04.13.4

At opening establishments

7307417946816560.90.91.00.90.8

Gross job losses

2,8603,1373,7653,1282,9743.64.04.74.03.7

At contracting establishments

2,4342,2873,0252,5122,3273.12.93.83.22.9

At closing establishments

4268507406166470.51.10.90.80.8

Net employment change (2)

559634-5837863510.70.8-0.71.00.5

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

11,28912,17612,19812,20512,6575.25.55.55.55.7

At expanding establishments

8,8389,4799,5069,57410,2154.14.34.34.34.6

At opening establishments

2,4512,6972,6922,6312,4421.11.21.21.21.1

Gross job losses

10,04410,75010,27510,99811,3664.64.94.74.95.0

At contracting establishments

7,8797,3007,9148,3278,8023.63.33.63.73.9

At closing establishments

2,1653,4502,3612,6712,5641.01.61.11.21.1

Net employment change (2)

1,2451,4261,9231,2071,2910.60.60.80.60.7

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

45,26248,63447,48845,82045,6677.68.07.87.67.5

At expanding establishments

37,00738,30838,30036,94437,1406.26.36.36.16.1

At opening establishments

8,25510,3269,1888,8768,5271.41.71.51.51.4

Gross job losses

42,38244,75544,12147,17539,8787.17.47.27.76.5

At contracting establishments

34,18335,85434,25738,06932,2745.75.95.66.25.3

At closing establishments

8,1998,9019,8649,1067,6041.41.51.61.51.2

Net employment change (2)

2,8803,8793,367-1,3555,7890.50.60.6-0.11.0

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

24,96225,29426,89224,82224,8274.44.54.84.34.4

At expanding establishments

20,92920,68422,37620,11521,0893.73.74.03.53.7

At opening establishments

4,0334,6104,5164,7073,7380.70.80.80.80.7

Gross job losses

23,93423,51922,59523,26121,7254.34.13.94.13.8

At contracting establishments

18,90118,81818,39118,18017,8153.43.33.23.23.1

At closing establishments

5,0334,7014,2045,0813,9100.90.80.70.90.7

Net employment change (2)

1,0281,7754,2971,5613,1020.10.40.90.20.6

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

41,04542,85341,08846,60344,5718.69.08.69.69.0

At expanding establishments

31,08533,47232,02837,94333,5026.57.06.77.86.8

At opening establishments

9,9609,3819,0608,66011,0692.12.01.91.82.2

Gross job losses

36,11940,33542,81638,64837,6397.68.48.98.07.6

At contracting establishments

29,40433,68936,00931,95431,1406.27.07.56.66.3

At closing establishments

6,7156,6466,8076,6946,4991.41.41.41.41.3

Net employment change (2)

4,9262,518-1,7287,9556,9321.00.6-0.31.61.4

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

7,7737,8659,5467,1848,1678.18.19.87.38.3

At expanding establishments

5,8456,0707,3265,4136,0446.16.37.55.56.1

At opening establishments

1,9281,7952,2201,7712,1232.01.82.31.82.2

Gross job losses

6,6807,2247,2218,4917,3716.97.47.48.67.5

At contracting establishments

5,3075,4675,3746,8755,8075.55.65.57.05.9

At closing establishments

1,3731,7571,8471,6161,5641.41.81.91.61.6

Net employment change (2)

1,0936412,325-1,3077961.20.72.4-1.30.8

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 


Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017

United States(1)

6.06.26.46.26.05.76.05.85.95.4

Alabama

5.95.86.25.86.15.55.95.85.85.2

Alaska

9.610.49.19.89.49.611.211.210.09.8

Arizona

5.96.27.26.05.85.76.05.25.55.4

Arkansas

5.55.46.25.95.65.45.95.65.45.0

California

6.66.96.96.96.76.36.66.26.36.0

Colorado

6.67.07.16.66.86.16.56.26.56.2

Connecticut

5.35.45.25.15.55.05.45.45.25.1

Delaware

6.66.86.36.26.66.56.76.66.25.9

District of Columbia

5.35.96.25.65.75.65.85.85.64.7

Florida

6.26.57.46.76.15.85.95.86.15.5

Georgia

6.26.96.76.66.35.86.45.95.85.8

Hawaii

5.25.46.05.05.15.05.84.85.04.8

Idaho

8.27.27.97.57.96.57.07.36.76.3

Illinois

5.66.05.76.15.85.65.95.75.65.4

Indiana

5.55.45.85.45.75.35.25.15.25.1

Iowa

6.15.76.15.76.15.46.25.85.95.5

Kansas

5.85.76.25.95.85.96.35.65.75.6

Kentucky

5.96.26.86.15.76.06.06.35.85.4

Louisiana

6.06.06.85.96.46.76.96.56.55.9

Maine

7.27.76.77.47.26.96.87.47.16.4

Maryland

6.26.46.66.66.16.06.25.96.25.9

Massachusetts

5.46.05.75.65.55.15.25.45.45.1

Michigan

5.35.95.75.55.64.95.45.55.45.0

Minnesota

5.55.96.15.75.85.25.55.55.74.7

Mississippi

5.95.76.36.35.76.26.55.55.65.9

Missouri

5.65.75.75.75.95.35.45.45.64.9

Montana

7.97.97.67.88.17.38.67.77.57.1

Nebraska

5.95.76.45.75.95.55.95.96.25.2

Nevada

6.46.56.86.26.65.95.85.55.65.2

New Hampshire

6.06.56.46.35.75.85.96.35.95.6

New Jersey

5.86.46.36.45.56.05.75.95.95.8

New Mexico

6.46.47.06.66.46.46.76.26.56.2

New York

6.26.36.36.16.25.85.85.95.95.7

North Carolina

6.16.36.36.36.25.65.85.95.75.5

North Dakota

6.76.88.26.77.68.98.97.17.76.7

Ohio

5.55.65.75.75.75.25.75.75.45.1

Oklahoma

5.75.86.36.56.36.36.86.06.36.5

Oregon

7.16.86.96.66.95.86.66.46.35.7

Pennsylvania

5.45.35.65.45.25.35.45.15.15.0

Rhode Island

5.86.15.65.76.35.96.25.95.85.9

South Carolina

6.06.36.36.56.06.05.85.65.45.6

South Dakota

6.26.46.46.06.46.16.26.26.15.9

Tennessee

5.45.85.95.85.15.25.45.25.14.9

Texas

5.45.86.25.95.85.85.55.55.45.2

Utah

7.36.77.46.87.76.06.46.76.46.1

Vermont

6.77.47.27.06.66.97.27.47.06.8

Virginia

5.96.56.26.26.06.06.16.15.95.6

Washington

7.17.36.77.16.86.06.06.66.75.6

West Virginia

5.95.86.56.46.36.96.96.46.26.4

Wisconsin

5.65.75.55.55.95.25.75.65.34.8

Wyoming

8.17.78.58.88.89.410.68.88.78.1

Puerto Rico

5.75.65.85.85.16.05.55.75.45.7

Virgin Islands

6.06.56.26.05.35.85.76.86.05.5

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, December 07, 2017