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News Release Information

17-1008-ATL
Friday, July 14, 2017

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Technical information:
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  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, South Region – June 2017

Prices in the South up 0.2 percent over the month and 1.5 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South edged up 0.2 percent in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The all items less food and energy index rose 0.2 percent over the month, and the energy index advanced 1.4 percent. The food index was unchanged in June. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U advanced 1.5 percent since June 2016. The all items less food and energy index increased 1.6 percent over the last 12 months and the energy index increased 1.7 percent. The food index rose 0.9 percent over the year. (See chart 1.)

Food

The food index was unchanged in June. Over the month, prices for food at home edged down 0.2 percent, while prices for food away from home edged up 0.2 percent.

The food index rose 0.9 percent since June 2016, reflecting a 2.2 percent increase in prices for food away from home. Food at home prices were unchanged over the year.

Energy

The energy index rose 1.4 percent in June, reflecting a 5.6 percent increase in electricity prices. Prices for motor fuel and for utility (piped) gas service declined over-the-month, down 2.3 and 0.7 percent, respectively.

From June 2016—June 2017, energy prices advanced 1.7 percent, led by price increases for electricity (2.7 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (16.0 percent). Prices for motor fuel declined 1.3 percent since June 2016.  

All items less food and energy

The all items less food and energy index edged up 0.2 percent in June. Increases in the shelter index (0.4 percent) and the medical care index (0.3 percent) were partially offset by a seasonal decline in the apparel index (-0.9 percent).

Since June 2016, the all items less food and energy index advanced 1.6 percent—led by increases in shelter (2.9 percent) and medical care (4.3 percent). In contrast, the education and communication index declined over-the-year, down 3.8 percent.

 

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20132014201520162017
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.41.60.31.7-0.7-0.40.01.20.52.6

February

0.91.80.41.20.5-0.30.10.70.22.8

March

0.31.50.61.50.6-0.30.60.70.02.2

April

-0.20.90.52.30.3-0.60.40.90.22.0

May

0.01.30.22.40.4-0.40.40.90.01.7

June

0.41.90.22.30.5-0.10.40.80.21.5

July

0.22.2-0.12.0-0.1-0.1-0.20.7  

August

0.11.7-0.21.7-0.2-0.20.11.0  

September

0.01.30.11.7-0.2-0.40.21.4  

October

-0.21.3-0.31.60.0-0.10.11.5  

November

-0.31.5-0.61.3-0.20.3-0.11.6  

December

0.11.8-0.60.6-0.40.50.12.0  

The Consumer Price Index for July 2017 is scheduled to be released on Friday, August 11, 2017.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Apr.
2017
May
2017
Jun.
2017
Jun.
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

236.728236.774237.3461.50.30.2

All items (December 1977=100)

384.006384.080385.008---

Food and beverages

247.102247.668247.5720.90.20.0

Food

248.291248.979248.9140.90.30.0

Food at home

236.706237.274236.8340.00.1-0.2

Food away from home

268.415269.289269.7822.20.50.2

Alcoholic beverages

230.191228.905228.3300.0-0.8-0.3

Housing

230.099230.654232.3972.71.00.8

Shelter

263.641264.371265.4642.90.70.4

Rent of primary residence(1)

273.243274.189275.1353.60.70.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

265.327265.809266.8152.90.60.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

265.320265.802266.8092.90.60.4

Fuels and utilities

231.872232.475240.6864.03.83.5

Household energy

187.618188.267196.9194.25.04.6

Energy services(1)

187.889188.610197.4844.25.14.7

Electricity(1)

185.036185.436195.7292.75.85.6

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

191.519194.346192.91916.00.7-0.7

Household furnishings and operations

121.141121.058120.720-0.6-0.3-0.3

Apparel

137.268135.390134.145-0.8-2.3-0.9

Transportation

203.409202.445201.4400.9-1.0-0.5

Private transportation

201.411200.230199.3151.2-1.0-0.5

New and used motor vehicles(3)

103.186102.733102.378-1.1-0.8-0.3

New vehicles

155.629154.601154.0760.6-1.0-0.3

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

105.986105.268104.9050.6-1.0-0.3

New cars(4)

155.758154.023153.3810.1-1.5-0.4

Used cars and trucks

141.427141.631140.826-4.0-0.4-0.6

Motor fuel

205.030199.909195.365-1.3-4.7-2.3

Gasoline (all types)

204.113198.966194.418-1.4-4.7-2.3

Unleaded regular(4)

199.210193.893189.241-1.8-5.0-2.4

Unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

225.496221.109216.8130.4-3.9-1.9

Unleaded premium(4)

223.891220.350217.2561.5-3.0-1.4

Medical care

455.471455.545457.1024.30.40.3

Medical care commodities

359.613359.628364.3204.01.31.3

Medical care services

488.128488.225488.4994.40.10.1

Professional services

362.668362.842362.106-0.2-0.2-0.2

Recreation(3)

117.681117.944118.069-0.30.30.1

Education and communication(3)

131.698131.549131.495-3.8-0.20.0

Other goods and services

419.349419.213420.2140.90.20.2
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All Items

236.728236.774237.3461.50.30.2

Commodities

182.288181.519180.943-0.1-0.7-0.3

Commodities less food and beverages

151.446150.164149.412-0.8-1.3-0.5

Nondurables less food and beverages

196.471194.190192.822-0.2-1.9-0.7

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

233.415230.858229.3900.0-1.7-0.6

Durables

109.477109.000108.742-1.5-0.7-0.2

Services

291.525292.359294.0442.50.90.6

Rent of shelter(2)

270.583271.335272.4632.90.70.4

Transportation services

339.530342.363343.7524.31.20.4

Other services

335.266335.769336.070-1.30.20.1
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

224.805224.849225.3721.20.30.2

All items less food

234.714234.661235.3311.60.30.3

All items less shelter

227.281227.044227.4050.80.10.2

Commodities less food

153.887152.600151.850-0.8-1.3-0.5

Nondurables

220.449219.530218.7710.4-0.8-0.3

Nondurables less food

198.167195.940194.614-0.2-1.8-0.7

Nondurables less food and apparel

232.033229.591228.2010.0-1.7-0.6

Services less rent of shelter(2)

326.966327.927330.3732.01.00.7

Services less medical care services

273.980274.850276.6042.31.00.6

Energy

191.389189.473192.1091.70.41.4

All items less energy

242.583242.845243.1921.50.30.1

All items less food and energy

241.993242.182242.6011.60.30.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

148.140147.377147.147-0.7-0.7-0.2

Energy commodities

208.558203.397198.845-1.1-4.7-2.2

Services less energy services

302.449303.293304.1542.40.60.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, July 14, 2017