News Release Information
Friday, January 12, 2018
Consumer Price Index, Atlanta – December 2017
Area prices down 0.4 percent over the two months; up 3.2 percent over the year
The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Atlanta declined 0.4 percent over the November-December pricing period, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that a 5.4-percent drop in the energy index contributed to the overall decrease. Over the two-month pricing period, the food index edged down 0.2 percent, while the all items less food and energy index inched up 0.1 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)
Over the last 12 months, the all items CPI-U increased 3.2 percent. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 3.7 percent over the year. Since December 2016, the food index rose 1.5 percent and the energy index increased 2.4 percent. (See chart 1 and table 1.)
Food prices edged down 0.2 percent during the November-December pricing period, reflecting price decreases for food at home (-0.3 percent) and for food away from home (-0.2 percent).
Over the year, the food index rose 1.5 percent, led by a 2.4-percent increase in the food away from home index. The food at home index also increased, up 0.8 percent since December 2016.
The energy index declined 5.4 percent over the two-month pricing period, fueled by a 7.0-percent drop in motor fuel prices and a 5.8 percent decline in electricity prices. Prices for utility (piped) gas service rose 1.3 percent over the November-December pricing period.
Over the year, the energy index advanced 2.4 percent, reflecting price increases for motor fuel (4.5 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (5.1 percent). Electricity prices declined 1.7 percent since December 2016.
All items less food and energy
The index for all items less food and energy inched up 0.1 percent during the November-December pricing period. Over the two months, a 1.0-percent increase in the shelter index was largely offset by a seasonal decline in the apparel index (-9.2 percent).
From December 2016 to December 2017, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 3.7 percent, led by a 5.3-percent increase in the shelter index.
The Consumer Price Index for January 2018 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, February 14, 2018.
Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018
In January 2018, BLS will introduce a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). As part of the new sample, the index for this area will be renamed. The first indexes using the new structure will be published in February 2018. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: https://www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/geographic-revision-2018.htm.
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.
The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.
The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi/ and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.
In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.
The Atlanta, Ga. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Newton, Paulding, Pickens, Rockdale, Spalding, and Walton Counties in Georgia.
Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.
|Item and Group||Indexes||Percent change from-|
All items (1967=100)
Food and beverages
Food at home
Food away from home
Rent of primary residence(1)
Fuels and utilities
Utility (piped) gas service(1)
Household furnishings and operations
Gasoline (all types)
Education and communication(5)
Other goods and services
Commodity and service group
Commodities less food & beverages
Nondurables less food & beverages
Special aggregate indexes
All items less medical care
All items less shelter
Commodities less food
Nondurables less food
Services less rent of shelter(2)
Services less medical care services
All items less energy
All items less food and energy
- Data not available.
Last Modified Date: Friday, January 12, 2018