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18-2003-ATL
Thursday, December 27, 2018

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County Employment and Wages in Alabama – Second Quarter 2018

Employment increased in 5 of Alabama’s 6 largest counties from June 2017 to June 2018, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (Large counties are defined as those with employment of 75,000 or greater as measured by 2017 annual average employment.) Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that employment increases ranged from 1.7 percent in Madison County to 0.3 percent in Shelby County. Employment in Montgomery County declined 0.8 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Nationally, employment rose 1.5 percent from June 2017 to June 2018 as 309 of the 349 largest U.S. counties gained jobs. Midland, TX, had the largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment, with a gain of 11.6 percent. McLean, IL, had the largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment, with a loss of 2.0 percent.

Among the six largest counties in Alabama, employment was highest in Jefferson (350,600) in June 2018, while Shelby had the smallest employment (85,500). Together, Alabama’s large counties accounted for 52.5 percent of total employment within the state. Nationwide, the 349 largest counties made up 72.9 percent of total U.S. employment, which stood at 147.4 million in June 2018.

Each of Alabama’s six large counties had over-the-year wage increases with the largest gain in Shelby County (3.8 percent). Madison County had the highest average weekly wage among the state’s six largest counties at $1,102. Nationally, the average weekly wage was $1,055, a 3.4 percent increase over the year. (See table 1.)

Employment and wage levels (but not over-the-year changes) are also available for the 61 counties in Alabama with employment below 75,000. Average weekly wages in these counties ranged from $1,152 to $599. (See table 2.)

Large county wage changes

As noted, average weekly wages increased in all of Alabama’s large counties from the second quarter of 2017 to the second quarter of 2018. Shelby (3.8 percent, 86th) was in the top third of the national ranking. Average weekly wage growth in Alabama’s five other large counties ranged from 2.9 to 1.3 percent. (See table 1.)

Nationally, 340 of the 349 largest counties had over-the-year increases in average weekly wages in the second quarter of 2018. Marin, CA, had the largest over-the-year wage gain at 11.7 percent, followed by Lake, IL, and King, WA (9.3 percent each).

Of the 349 largest U.S. counties, 8 had over-the-year decreases in average weekly wages. New Hanover, NC, had the largest percentage decrease in average weekly wages (-6.4 percent), followed by Spartanburg, SC (-2.9 percent) and Morris, NJ (-2.4 percent).

Large county average weekly wages

Average weekly wages in 3 of Alabama’s 6 largest counties placed in the top half of the national ranking among the 349 largest counties in the second quarter of 2018. Madison County’s average weekly wage of $1,102 was above the U.S. average of $1,055, and ranked 78th nationwide. Jefferson County ($1,034) and Shelby County ($985) ranked 111th and 160th, respectively.

Nationwide, average weekly wages were higher than the U.S. average in 94 of the 349 largest counties. Santa Clara, CA, was the highest-paid large county with an average weekly wage of $2,573. San Mateo, CA, was second with an average weekly wage of $2,357, followed by San Francisco, CA ($2,083).

Among the largest U.S. counties, 255 reported average weekly wages below the national average in the second quarter of 2018. Horry, SC ($625) had the lowest weekly wage, followed by Cameron, TX ($642) and Hidalgo, TX ($645).

Average weekly wages in Alabama’s smaller counties

Among the 61 counties in Alabama with employment below 75,000, Washington ($1,152) was the only county with an average weekly wage above the national average of $1,055. Perry County had the lowest weekly wage in the state, averaging $599 in the second quarter of 2018. (See table 2.)

When all 67 counties in Alabama were considered, 28 had average weekly wages at or below $699, 22 had wages from $700-$799, 10 had wages from $800-$899, and 7 had wages above $900. (See chart 1.)

Additional statistics and other information

QCEW data for states have been included in this release in table 3. For additional information about quarterly employment and wages data, please read the Technical Note or visit www.bls.gov/cew.

Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online features comprehensive information by detailed industry on establishments, employment, and wages for the nation and all states. The 2017 edition of this publication contains selected data produced by Business Employment Dynamics (BED) on job gains and losses, as well as selected data from the first quarter 2018 version of the national news release. Tables and additional content from Employment and Wages Annual Averages 2017 are now available online at www.bls.gov/cew/cewbultn17.htm. The 2018 edition of Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online will be available in September 2019.

The County Employment and Wages release for third quarter 2018 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, February 20, 2019. The County Employment and Wages full data update for third quarter 2018 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, March 6, 2019.

New BLS Local Data iPhone App Includes QCEW Data

BLS has partnered with the U.S. Department of Labor's Office of the Chief Information Officer to develop a new mobile app for iPhones. The BLS Local Data app is ideal for customers, such as jobseekers and economic and workforce development professionals, who want to know more about local labor markets. For more information, please go to: https://blogs.bls.gov/blog/2018/10/18/new-bls-local-data-app-now-available/


Technical Note

Average weekly wage data by county are compiled under the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, also known as the ES-202 program. The data are derived from summaries of employment and total pay of workers covered by state and federal unemployment insurance (UI) legislation and provided by State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). The average weekly wage values are calculated by dividing quarterly total wages by the average of the three monthly employment levels of those covered by UI programs. The result is then divided by 13, the number of weeks in a quarter. It is to be noted, therefore, that over-the-year wage changes for geographic areas may reflect shifts in the composition of employment by industry, occupation, and such other factors as hours of work. Thus, wages may vary among counties, metropolitan areas, or states for reasons other than changes in the average wage level. Data for all states, Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), counties, and the nation are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/cew/; however, data in QCEW press releases have been revised and may not match the data contained on the Bureau’s Web site.

QCEW data are not designed as a time series. QCEW data are simply the sums of individual establishment records reflecting the number of establishments that exist in a county or industry at a point in time. Establishments can move in or out of a county or industry for a number of reasons–some reflecting economic events, others reflecting administrative changes.

The preliminary QCEW data presented in this release may differ from data released by the individual states as well as from the data presented on the BLS Web site. These potential differences result from the states’ continuing receipt, review and editing of UI data over time. On the other hand, differences between data in this release and the data found on the BLS Web site are the result of adjustments made to improve over-the-year comparisons. Specifically, these adjustments account for administrative (noneconomic) changes such as a correction to a previously reported location or industry classification. Adjusting for these administrative changes allows users to more accurately assess changes of an economic nature (such as a firm moving from one county to another or changing its primary economic activity) over a 12-month period. Currently, adjusted data are available only from BLS press releases.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Covered employment and wages in the United States and the 6 largest counties in Alabama, second quarter 2018
AreaEmploymentAverage weekly wage (1)
June 2018 (thousands)Percent change, June 2017-18 (2)National ranking by percent change (3)Average weekly wageNational ranking by level (3)Percent change, second quarter 2017-18 (2)National ranking by percent change (3)

United States (4)

147,431.21.5--$1,055--3.4--

Alabama

1,969.91.2--882372.835

Jefferson, Ala.

350.61.41441,0341112.7204

Madison, Ala.

200.71.71181,102782.9185

Mobile, Ala.

171.50.92068742631.9278

Montgomery, Ala.

132.3-0.83438602792.4233

Shelby, Ala.

85.50.32819851603.886

Tuscaloosa, Ala.

93.00.92068612771.3313

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Percent changes were computed from quarterly employment and pay data adjusted for noneconomic county reclassifications.
(3) Ranking does not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(4) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.


 Table 2. Covered employment and wages in the United States and all counties in Alabama, second quarter 2018
AreaEmployment June 2018Average Weekly Wage(1)

United States(2)

147,431,154$1,055

Alabama

1,969,868882

Autauga

11,047705

Baldwin

77,160691

Barbour

8,181724

Bibb

4,279739

Blount

8,526666

Bullock

2,999662

Butler

6,786659

Calhoun

44,688752

Chambers

8,347722

Cherokee

5,279661

Chilton

9,692696

Choctaw

3,753906

Clarke

8,103747

Clay

4,278651

Cleburne

2,141854

Coffee

15,888656

Colbert

23,799835

Conecuh

3,510674

Coosa

1,424649

Covington

12,572687

Crenshaw

3,658699

Cullman

29,102726

Dale

16,9681,053

Dallas

12,579694

DeKalb

21,888690

Elmore

20,160661

Escambia

12,829741

Etowah

36,418692

Fayette

4,124627

Franklin

10,866690

Geneva

5,100618

Greene

1,785668

Hale

2,714700

Henry

3,372702

Houston

48,312783

Jackson

16,167695

Jefferson

350,6121,034

Lamar

3,502772

Lauderdale

29,812666

Lawrence

4,927659

Lee

58,980750

Limestone

23,293921

Lowndes

2,454877

Macon

4,796812

Madison

200,7261,102

Marengo

7,078745

Marion

9,952682

Marshall

37,262692

Mobile

171,496874

Monroe

6,172790

Montgomery

132,346860

Morgan

48,599850

Perry

2,067599

Pickens

3,892711

Pike

14,380763

Randolph

4,821642

Russell

14,134707

St. Clair

19,901700

Shelby

85,526985

Sumter

2,933769

Talladega

29,502873

Tallapoosa

13,183656

Tuscaloosa

92,950861

Walker

18,532718

Washington

3,7711,152

Wilcox

2,845804

Winston

8,020706

Footnotes
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

NOTE: Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs. Data are preliminary.


Table 3. Covered employment and wages by state, second quarter 2018
StateEmploymentAverage weekly wage (1)
June 2018 (thousands)Percent change, June 2017-18Average weekly wageNational ranking by levelPercent change, second quarter 2017-18National ranking by percent change

United States (2)

147,431.21.5$1,055--3.4--

Alabama

1,969.91.2882372.835

Alaska

335.8-0.91,043153.79

Arizona

2,770.82.6973233.319

Arkansas

1,214.60.7824471.747

California

17,473.11.91,26544.63

Colorado

2,704.42.41,075103.227

Connecticut

1,704.50.31,21850.150

Delaware

454.31.31,023171.449

District of Columbia

777.31.31,71312.639

Florida

8,568.92.1931282.932

Georgia

4,440.52.0979222.343

Hawaii

658.30.5956242.541

Idaho

745.33.1794503.88

Illinois

6,061.10.81,09793.414

Indiana

3,075.81.1883362.835

Iowa

1,583.70.8880393.319

Kansas

1,393.31.0879403.414

Kentucky

1,905.90.9882372.343

Louisiana

1,918.60.4901333.79

Maine

636.81.0843453.611

Maryland

2,712.00.71,14183.414

Massachusetts

3,650.11.01,32223.512

Michigan

4,424.71.3997202.932

Minnesota

2,925.60.81,072123.319

Mississippi

1,130.70.2752512.738

Missouri

2,829.00.5924303.97

Montana

478.71.1817482.541

Nebraska

990.80.6859433.129

Nevada

1,372.43.1931283.319

New Hampshire

670.80.81,049143.319

New Jersey

4,157.00.91,20172.343

New Mexico

823.61.0852443.512

New York

9,579.21.71,29734.54

North Carolina

4,450.22.2933253.319

North Dakota

426.10.8986213.414

Ohio

5,461.30.7933252.343

Oklahoma

1,606.41.2875413.227

Oregon

1,947.31.5999183.319

Pennsylvania

5,924.91.11,031163.129

Rhode Island

491.00.7998191.747

South Carolina

2,126.53.4833460.051

South Dakota

439.70.9807492.835

Tennessee

2,994.11.6932272.932

Texas

12,326.32.21,062133.414

Utah

1,483.93.4899354.35

Vermont

312.4-0.8907314.35

Virginia

3,941.01.31,073112.639

Washington

3,444.12.71,21856.91

West Virginia

702.91.6868424.82

Wisconsin

2,933.50.9904323.319

Wyoming

282.20.5901333.031

Puerto Rico

853.5-2.3543(3)5.2(3)

Virgin Islands

33.4-14.4838(3)12.8(3)

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(3) Data not included in the national ranking.

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, December 27, 2018