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News Release Information

19-413-ATL
Tuesday, March 12, 2019

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell – February 2019

Area prices up 1.2 percent over the two months and 1.3 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell increased 1.2 percent over the January-February pricing period, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that the all items less food and energy index also increased 1.2 percent over the pricing period. Since December 2018, the food index and the energy index also advanced, up 0.8 and 1.1 percent, respectively. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the all items CPI-U increased 1.3 percent. The all items less food and energy index moved up 1.9 percent and the food index rose 1.3 percent over the year. The energy index declined 4.4 percent since February 2018. (See chart 1 and table1.)

Food

The food index rose 0.8 percent over the January-February pricing period, reflecting increases in the food away from home (1.0 percent) and the food at home (0.6 percent) indexes.

The food index increased 1.3 percent for the year ended February 2019. The food away from home index advanced 2.6 percent, while the food at home index edged up 0.3 percent over the last 12 months.  

Energy

The energy index increased 1.1 percent over the January-February pricing period, led by a 4.8-percent advance in the electricity index. During this same period, the gasoline index rose 1.3 percent, while the utility (piped) gas service index declined 6.1 percent.

Over the year, the energy index declined 4.4 percent, led by a 10.5-percent decrease in the gasoline index. Since February 2018, the indexes for utility (piped) gas service and electricity increased, up 3.7 and 1.0 percent, respectively.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.2 percent over the January-February pricing period. Increases in the apparel (19.5 percent) and shelter (0.9 percent) indexes were partially offset by a 4.1-percent decline in the new vehicles index.

From February 2018 to February 2019, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.9 percent as several indexes recorded increases, most notably shelter (4.2 percent).

Table A. Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20152016201720182019
2-month12-month2-month12-month2-month12-month2-month12-month2-month12-month

February

0.0-0.30.31.61.23.51.23.31.21.3

April

0.7-0.51.01.90.63.20.22.8

June

2.50.61.30.71.33.21.22.8

August

-0.10.60.51.20.83.50.32.2

October

-1.20.5-0.12.4-0.33.2-1.01.6

December

-0.61.4-0.42.6-0.43.2-0.61.4

The Consumer Price Index for March 2019 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 10, 2019.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA, Core Based Statistical Area covered in this release is comprised of Barrow, Bartow, Butts, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, Dawson, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Haralson, Heard, Henry, Jasper, Lamar, Meriwether, Morgan, Newton, Paulding, Pickens, Pike, Rockdale, Spalding, and Walton Counties in Georgia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

IndexesPercent change from-
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Feb.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019

Expenditure category

All Items

237.276-240.0721.31.2-

All items (1967=100)

715.552-723.984---

Food and beverages

253.870-255.9561.30.8-

Food

264.252-266.3691.30.8-

Food at home

242.775243.494244.3090.30.60.3

Cereals and bakery products

217.566-219.8701.21.1-

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

274.780-270.889-1.9-1.4-

Dairy and related products

218.708-228.8363.84.6-

Fruits and vegetables

292.204-295.8483.91.2-

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

245.634-253.5700.63.2-

Other food at home

205.063-203.844-1.9-0.6-

Food away from home

298.374-301.3752.61.0-

Alcoholic beverages

161.254-163.2260.51.2-

Housing

245.133-247.1113.80.8-

Shelter

272.577272.620275.0144.20.90.9

Rent of primary residence

282.064282.115283.6335.20.60.5

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)

267.027267.032268.4713.50.50.5

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)

267.027267.032268.4713.50.50.5

Fuels and utilities

283.280-285.9122.30.9-

Household energy

240.133243.771242.3251.90.9-0.6

Energy Services

238.264241.899240.3941.90.9-0.6

Electricity

191.463198.643200.6411.04.81.0

Utility (piped) gas service

326.020317.927306.0313.7-6.1-3.7

Household furnishings and operations

122.816-122.8482.20.0-

Apparel

129.187-154.4114.019.5-

Transportation

202.104-201.545-3.1-0.3-

Private transportation

202.389-200.892-3.5-0.7-

New and used motor vehicles(3)

105.042-102.452-2.1-2.5-

New vehicles(1)

222.708-213.512-4.8-4.1-

Used cars and trucks(1)

211.064-211.9441.40.4-

Motor fuel

193.958189.593196.383-10.41.33.6

Gasoline (all types)

192.224187.945194.747-10.51.33.6

Unleaded regular(4)

187.315183.029189.928-10.71.43.8

Unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

246.121240.795247.770-9.70.72.9

Unleaded premium(4)

216.367212.668217.975-8.90.72.5

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

1,177.118-1,177.1180.90.0-

Medical Care

438.922-443.474-2.61.0-

Recreation(3)

83.811-84.717-1.11.1-

Education and communication(3)

135.215-135.5193.50.2-

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,422.307-1,422.3074.50.0-

Other goods and services

381.691-381.3931.0-0.1-

Commodity and service group

All Items

237.276-240.0721.31.2-

Commodities

173.852-177.328-0.82.0-

Commodities less food & beverages

138.787-142.447-1.92.6-

Nondurables less food & beverages

170.383-180.935-2.26.2-

Durables

106.304-105.221-1.5-1.0-

Services

297.002-299.0902.60.7-

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

226.359-229.0521.61.2-

All items less shelter

226.421-229.420-0.11.3-

Commodities less food

139.226-142.847-1.82.6-

Nondurables

206.642-213.707-0.53.4-

Nondurables less food

168.454-178.471-2.15.9-

Services less rent of shelter(2)

339.162-340.7850.70.5-

Services less medical care services

281.467-283.5713.40.7-

Energy

196.985196.246199.117-4.41.11.5

All items less energy

241.330-244.1941.81.2-

All items less food and energy

238.114-241.0811.91.2-

Footnotes
(1) Index is on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, March 12, 2019