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News Release Information

19-269-ATL
Wednesday, February 13, 2019

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, South Region – January 2019

Prices in the South up 0.2 percent over the month and 1.2 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South edged up 0.2 percent in January, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The all items less food and energy index and the food index were up 0.4 percent each over the month. The energy index declined 2.1 percent in January. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U for the South increased 1.2 percent over the year. Since January 2018, the all items less food and energy index advanced 1.9 percent and the food index rose 1.5 percent. The energy index declined 6.6 percent over the last 12 months. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Food

The food index rose 0.4 percent in January, reflecting over-the-month increases in the food at home index (0.4 percent) and the food away from home index (0.3 percent).

The food index advanced 1.5 percent since January 2018, led by a 2.6-percent increase in the food away from home index. Over the year, the food at home index rose 0.5 percent.

Energy

The energy index declined 2.1 percent in January. The gasoline index fell 4.1 percent and the electricity index edged down 0.2 percent over the month. The utility (piped) gas service index rose 0.7 percent in January.

The energy index fell 6.6 percent from January 2018—January 2019, fueled by a 13.8-percent decline in the gasoline index. The electricity index rose 1.4 percent and the utility (piped) gas service index increased 0.5 percent over the last 12 months.  

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.4 percent in January, as several indexes had increases including shelter (0.3 percent) and new vehicles (1.1 percent).

Since January 2018, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.9 percent. Several indexes recorded increases over the year; most notably shelter (2.7 percent).

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the three divisions of the South. Over the month, the all items CPI-U edged up 0.2 percent in the East South Central and South Atlantic divisions. The all items index in the West South Central division inched up 0.1 percent.  

Over the year, the all items index advanced 1.5 percent in the South Atlantic division. The all items index rose 0.8 percent in the West South Central division and 0.6 percent in the East South Central division.

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20152016201720182019
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

-0.7-0.40.01.20.52.60.51.80.21.2

February

0.5-0.30.10.70.22.80.62.1

March

0.6-0.30.60.70.02.20.22.3

April

0.3-0.60.40.90.22.00.42.4

May

0.4-0.40.40.90.01.70.32.7

June

0.5-0.10.40.80.21.50.22.7

July

-0.1-0.1-0.20.7-0.21.60.02.9

August

-0.2-0.20.11.00.41.9-0.12.4

September

-0.2-0.40.21.40.72.40.01.7

October

0.0-0.10.11.5-0.22.00.22.1

November

-0.20.3-0.11.6-0.12.1-0.31.9

December

-0.40.50.12.0-0.11.8-0.51.5

The Consumer Price Index for February 2019 is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, March 12, 2019.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Item and Group

IndexesPercent change from-
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Jan.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018

Expenditure category

All Items

243.484242.150242.5471.2-0.40.2

All items (December 1977=100)

394.964392.801393.445---

Food and beverages

251.631252.613253.4861.50.70.3

Food

252.744253.875254.7801.50.80.4

Food at home

238.032238.833239.6980.50.70.4

Cereal and bakery products

278.637281.753280.4080.50.6-0.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

242.231241.889240.931-0.2-0.5-0.4

Dairy and related products

220.979221.557220.2590.1-0.3-0.6

Fruits and vegetables

285.236287.469292.3671.02.51.7

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

165.199166.687170.0302.02.92.0

Other food at home

210.312209.911210.1320.2-0.10.1

Food away from home

277.422279.035280.0092.60.90.3

Alcoholic beverages

235.796234.608235.0261.7-0.30.2

Housing

239.757240.366240.9342.50.50.2

Shelter

276.653276.993277.7682.70.40.3

Rent of primary residence

289.481289.885290.4783.10.30.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)

278.984279.342279.7502.70.30.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)

278.980279.337279.7482.70.30.1

Fuels and utilities

237.051239.326238.2771.50.5-0.4

Household energy

189.242191.605191.3861.11.1-0.1

Energy services

189.142191.766191.6461.31.3-0.1

Electricity

187.395189.528189.2121.41.0-0.2

Utility (piped) gas service

185.026190.832192.0810.53.80.7

Household furnishings and operations

122.283122.739123.6012.11.10.7

Apparel

134.732129.644131.7482.6-2.21.6

Transportation

209.816203.286201.909-2.1-3.8-0.7

Private transportation

208.661202.276201.044-2.1-3.7-0.6

New and used motor vehicles(2)

101.541101.725102.2940.90.70.6

New vehicles

152.461152.857154.4790.61.31.1

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

103.811104.081105.1690.61.31.0

New cars(3)

152.319152.708154.3091.01.31.0

Used cars and trucks

139.751139.665140.4392.00.50.6

Motor fuel

220.347193.275185.406-13.5-15.9-4.1

Gasoline (all types)

218.687191.445183.666-13.8-16.0-4.1

Unleaded regular(3)

213.238185.923178.216-14.2-16.4-4.1

Unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

242.498217.180209.302-11.4-13.7-3.6

Unleaded premium(3)

241.205217.689210.159-10.3-12.9-3.5

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

957.014957.676956.5714.10.0-0.1

Medical care

464.243463.428465.8890.90.40.5

Medical care commodities

360.575355.052358.356-2.9-0.60.9

Medical care services

499.130499.967502.1251.90.60.4

Professional services

364.146364.120365.0342.00.20.3

Recreation(2)

119.058119.452120.3173.01.10.7

Education and communication(2)

132.510132.218132.185-0.3-0.20.0

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,326.9331,326.9801,321.5631.6-0.4-0.4

Other goods and services

429.039427.225427.7380.6-0.30.1

Commodity and service group

All Items

243.484242.150242.5471.2-0.40.2

Commodities

183.621180.668180.980-0.7-1.40.2

Commodities less food and beverages

151.405147.233147.336-1.9-2.70.1

Nondurables less food and beverages

200.035189.494188.328-4.3-5.9-0.6

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

240.410226.703223.809-6.2-6.9-1.3

Durables

107.068107.268108.1560.81.00.8

Services

303.679304.088304.5702.40.30.2

Rent of shelter(1)

284.049284.405285.2032.70.40.3

Transportation services

361.090359.031357.1771.9-1.1-0.5

Other services

343.575343.108343.8191.50.10.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

231.423230.069230.3631.2-0.50.1

All items less food

241.803240.105240.4261.1-0.60.1

All items less shelter

231.548229.578229.8330.5-0.70.1

Commodities less food

153.980149.854149.964-1.8-2.60.1

Nondurables

224.556219.277219.045-1.3-2.5-0.1

Nondurables less food

201.841191.785190.701-3.9-5.5-0.6

Nondurables less food and apparel

238.887226.216223.593-5.6-6.4-1.2

Services less rent of shelter(1)

337.843338.331338.4482.00.20.0

Services less medical care services

286.011286.383286.7332.40.30.1

Energy

199.670187.659183.724-6.6-8.0-2.1

All items less energy

249.187249.057249.9461.90.30.4

All items less food and energy

248.971248.628249.5151.90.20.4

Commodities less food and energy commodities

146.050145.102146.3420.60.20.9

Energy commodities

224.294197.057189.095-13.4-15.7-4.0

Services less energy services

315.788315.952316.5002.40.20.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, February 13, 2019