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News Release Information

19-1464-ATL
Tuesday, August 13, 2019

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, South Region – July 2019

Prices in the South up 0.3 percent over the month and 1.4 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South edged up 0.3 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The energy index contributed to the increase, up 2.1 percent over the month. Since June, the all items less food and energy index inched up 0.1 percent and the food index edged up 0.2 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U for the South increased 1.4 percent from July 2018 to July 2019. Over the last 12 months, the all items less food and energy index advanced 1.8 percent and the food index rose 1.7 percent. The energy index declined 2.4 percent over the 12-month period. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Food

The food index edged up 0.2 percent in July, reflecting over-the-month increases in the food at home (0.3 percent) and the food away from home (0.1 percent) indexes.

The food index advanced 1.7 percent since July 2018, led by a 3.2-percent increase in the food away from home index. The food at home index rose 0.5 percent over the past 12 months.

Energy

The energy index rose 2.1 percent in July, reflecting a 3.3-percent increase in the gasoline index. The electricity index increased 1.0 percent since June, while the utility (piped) gas service index was little changed from June, up 0.1 percent in July.  

The energy index was down 2.4 percent for the 12 months ending July, led by a 4.9-percent decline in the gasoline index. Over the last 12 months, the utility (piped) gas service index was down 1.0 percent, while the electricity index was up 1.0 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy inched up 0.1 percent in July. Several categories recorded increases, most notably shelter (0.2 percent), used cars and trucks (1.4 percent), and medical care (0.4 percent). In contrast, apparel was among the indexes that declined since June, down 1.2 percent.   

Since July 2018, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.8 percent, reflecting a 3.1-percent increase in the shelter index.

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the three divisions of the South. Since June, the all items CPI-U rose 0.3 percent in both the South Atlantic and the West South Central divisions. The all items index in the East South Central division edged up 0.2 percent over the month.  

Over the last 12 months, the all items index advanced 1.9 percent in the South Atlantic division. The all items index rose 1.0 percent in the West South Central division and 0.5 percent in the East South Central division.

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20152016201720182019
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

-0.7-0.40.01.20.52.60.51.80.21.2

February

0.5-0.30.10.70.22.80.62.10.51.1

March

0.6-0.30.60.70.02.20.22.30.71.6

April

0.3-0.60.40.90.22.00.42.40.51.8

May

0.4-0.40.40.90.01.70.32.7-0.11.4

June

0.5-0.10.40.80.21.50.22.7-0.11.1

July

-0.1-0.1-0.20.7-0.21.60.02.90.31.4

August

-0.2-0.20.11.00.41.9-0.12.4

September

-0.2-0.40.21.40.72.40.01.7

October

0.0-0.10.11.5-0.22.00.22.1

November

-0.20.3-0.11.6-0.12.1-0.31.9

December

-0.40.50.12.0-0.11.8-0.51.5

The Consumer Price Index for August 2019 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, September 12, 2019.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

IndexesPercent change from-
May
2019
Jun.
2019
Jul.
2019
Jul.
2018
May
2019
Jun.
2019

Expenditure category

All Items

246.667246.515247.2501.40.20.3

All items (December 1977=100)

400.128399.882401.075---

Food and beverages

254.705254.350254.9281.80.10.2

Food

255.978255.594256.1331.70.10.2

Food at home

239.622238.216238.9100.5-0.30.3

Cereal and bakery products

280.568280.509282.3451.60.60.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

243.770242.066244.064-0.40.10.8

Dairy and related products

219.780220.435219.6421.6-0.1-0.4

Fruits and vegetables

287.366282.523284.6170.2-1.00.7

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

169.855166.934166.8421.7-1.8-0.1

Other food at home

210.338210.788210.251-0.10.0-0.3

Food away from home

283.012284.053284.3853.20.50.1

Alcoholic beverages

236.554236.610237.7572.90.50.5

Housing

243.136244.805245.3642.80.90.2

Shelter

281.372282.573283.0583.10.60.2

Rent of primary residence

293.788294.996295.6593.40.60.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)

282.696283.865284.6493.20.70.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)

282.698283.870284.6573.20.70.3

Fuels and utilities

236.775240.276242.0121.02.20.7

Household energy

189.698193.370194.9510.62.80.8

Energy services

189.793193.668195.3340.82.90.9

Electricity

188.298192.670194.5431.03.31.0

Utility (piped) gas service

183.880183.978184.077-1.00.10.1

Household furnishings and operations

123.579125.599125.6852.91.70.1

Apparel

135.596133.527131.962-1.5-2.7-1.2

Transportation

213.605210.716212.724-0.9-0.41.0

Private transportation

212.324209.434211.737-0.9-0.31.1

New and used motor vehicles(2)

101.927102.289102.7210.00.80.4

New vehicles

154.037153.715153.3610.0-0.4-0.2

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

104.876104.643104.396-0.1-0.5-0.2

New cars(3)

153.797153.831153.4380.3-0.2-0.3

Used cars and trucks

139.834141.785143.7881.12.81.4

Motor fuel

234.131219.998227.170-4.9-3.03.3

Gasoline (all types)

232.977218.734226.040-4.9-3.03.3

Unleaded regular(3)

227.542213.270220.592-5.0-3.13.4

Unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

256.452242.758250.147-4.2-2.53.0

Unleaded premium(3)

253.724241.315247.567-3.8-2.42.6

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

944.421948.277951.1880.90.70.3

Medical care

471.203470.823472.6931.70.30.4

Medical care commodities

357.919355.674357.008-2.9-0.30.4

Medical care services

509.438509.713511.7652.80.50.4

Professional services

366.107366.162366.0810.20.00.0

Recreation(2)

120.480119.903119.5850.8-0.7-0.3

Education and communication(2)

132.605132.851132.8810.30.20.0

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,332.0791,334.3251,337.1553.00.40.2

Other goods and services

429.763429.206430.8200.90.20.4

Commodity and service group

All Items

246.667246.515247.2501.40.20.3

Commodities

186.256184.721185.556-0.1-0.40.5

Commodities less food and beverages

153.763151.894152.777-1.2-0.60.6

Nondurables less food and beverages

204.604199.459201.217-2.3-1.70.9

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

247.045240.140243.673-2.6-1.41.5

Durables

107.825108.178108.4330.20.60.2

Services

307.399308.723309.3412.40.60.2

Rent of shelter(1)

288.952290.195290.7193.20.60.2

Transportation services

360.953361.128361.1920.60.10.0

Other services

345.063344.677344.4991.1-0.2-0.1

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

234.404234.265234.9401.40.20.3

All items less food

244.975244.857245.6211.40.30.3

All items less shelter

234.159233.494234.3260.70.10.4

Commodities less food

156.315154.478155.372-1.1-0.60.6

Nondurables

228.455225.494226.716-0.3-0.80.5

Nondurables less food

206.212201.337203.063-2.0-1.50.9

Nondurables less food and apparel

245.034238.702242.033-2.2-1.21.4

Services less rent of shelter(1)

340.259341.725342.4791.70.70.2

Services less medical care services

289.193290.585291.0882.40.70.2

Energy

206.597201.518205.779-2.4-0.42.1

All items less energy

251.957252.362252.7001.80.30.1

All items less food and energy

251.666252.205252.5111.80.30.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

146.842146.715146.750-0.2-0.10.0

Energy commodities

237.877223.645230.758-4.9-3.03.2

Services less energy services

319.841320.880321.3822.60.50.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, August 13, 2019