Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

20-1169-ATL
Friday, June 05, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Atlanta Area Employment – April 2020

Local Rate of Employment Loss Below the National Average

Total nonfarm employment for the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 2,561,600 in April 2020, down 267,200 over the year, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Atlanta’s rate of job loss, at 9.4 percent, was below the national decline of 12.9 percent. (See chart 1 and table 1.) Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that Atlanta area employment fell in 11 of the 12 major industry sectors over the past year. (The Technical Note at the end of this release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

Industry employment

Employment in Atlanta’s leisure and hospitality supersector fell sharply (-125,400) for the 12 months ending in April, the largest loss of jobs among local major industry sectors. Local employment losses were primarily in the food services and drinking places subsector (-97,300). Atlanta’s over-the-year rate of job loss for the leisure and hospitality industry (-41.4 percent) was below the national rate (-47.2 percent). (See chart 2.)

The professional and business services supersector in the Atlanta area lost 48,200 jobs from April 2019 to April 2020, an 8.9-percent decline. Job losses in the local area were concentrated in the employment services industry group (-33,300). Nationally, employment in professional and business services was down 9.0 percent over the year.

Two other supersectors in the Atlanta area lost over 20,000 jobs since last April. The other services supersector in the local area lost 23,300 jobs, down 22.4 percent; nationwide, employment in this supersector declined 21.3 percent over the year. Atlanta’s manufacturing industry lost 20,300 jobs over the past year, down 11.8 percent; nationwide, employment in manufacturing was down 10.5 percent. Job losses among Atlanta’s remaining six industry sectors, those with job losses greater than 1,000, ranged from 17,000 in education and health services to 5,000 in construction.

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in April 2020. All 12 areas had over-the-year job losses during the period, with the rates of job losses in 6 areas exceeding the national decrease of 12.9 percent. New York-Newark-Jersey City had the highest rate of job loss (-19.6 percent), followed by Boston-Cambridge-Nashua (-16.7 percent). Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington and Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale (-7.6 percent each) had the slowest rate of job loss. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

New York lost the largest number of jobs over the year (-1,949,600), followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (-916,200). The smallest employment loss occurred in Phoenix (-164,000). Annual losses in the remaining nine metropolitan areas ranged from 610,900 in Chicago-Naperville-Elgin to 265,700 in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land.

Over the year, leisure and hospitality lost the most jobs in all 12 metropolitan areas. New York had the largest loss of jobs for this sector (-626,900), followed by Los Angeles (-321,500). Phoenix had the smallest job loss for the leisure and hospitality sector (-90,500). The remaining nine areas had job losses of over 100,000 for this industry sector.

The information sector posted annual gains in four areas: Atlanta, Boston, Los Angeles, and San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward.

Metropolitan area employment data for May 2020 are scheduled to be released on Friday, June 19, 2020.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on April 2020 Establishment Survey Data

BLS has continued to review all estimation and methodological procedures for the establishment survey, which included the review of data, estimation processes, the application of the birth-death model, and seasonal adjustment. Business births and deaths cannot be adequately captured by the establishment survey as they occur. Therefore, the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program uses a model to account for the relatively stable net employment change generated by business births and deaths. Due to the impact of COVID-19, the relationship between business births and deaths is no longer stable. For the March 2020 final estimates updated with this news release, CES modified the birth-death model. Typically, reports with zero employment are not included in estimation. For the March final estimates, CES included a portion of these reports in the estimates. For the April 2020 preliminary estimates, in addition to the inclusion of reported zeros, the establishment survey made modifications to the birth-death model. For more information, see www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbd.htm.

In the establishment survey, workers who are paid by their employer for all or any part of the pay period including the 12th of the month are counted as employed, even if they were not actually at their jobs. Workers who are temporarily or permanently absent from their jobs and are not being paid are not counted as employed, even if they are continuing to receive benefits. The length of the reference period does vary across the respondents in the establishment survey; one-third of businesses have a weekly pay period, slightly over 40 percent a bi-weekly, about 20 percent semi-monthly, and a small amount monthly.


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports which are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data are also subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the special estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for the total nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at www.bls.gov/sae/additional-resources/reliability-of-state-and-area-estimates.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for states at the supersector level and for the private service-providing, goods-producing, total private and total nonfarm levels are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/additional-resources/reliability-of-state-and-area-estimates.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/publications/benchmark-article/annual-benchmark-article.pdf.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10, 2018. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area includes the counties of Barrow, Bartow, Butts, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, Dawson, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Haralson, Heard, Henry, Jasper, Lamar, Meriwether, Morgan, Newton, Paulding, Pickens, Pike, Rockdale, Spalding, and Walton in Georgia.

Additional information

More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the Current Employment Statistics program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and the Atlanta metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and IndustryApr
2019
Feb
2020
Mar
2020
Apr
2020(p)
Apr
2019 to Apr 2020(p)
Net changePercent change

United States

Total nonfarm

150,430151,076150,583131,071-19,359-12.9

Mining and logging

732700697646-86-11.7

Construction

7,3777,2767,3286,544-833-11.3

Manufacturing

12,77512,79512,76011,432-1,343-10.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,42527,48127,45924,508-2,917-10.6

Information

2,8322,8812,8762,629-203-7.2

Financial activities

8,6788,7978,7948,536-142-1.6

Professional and business services

21,16921,24621,18619,264-1,905-9.0

Education and health services

24,20624,71124,60022,111-2,095-8.7

Leisure and hospitality

16,40616,26415,9658,655-7,751-47.2

Other services

5,8825,8895,8664,631-1,251-21.3

Government

22,94823,03623,05222,115-833-3.6

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area

Total nonfarm

2,828.82,866.12,855.42,561.6-267.2-9.4

Mining and logging

1.61.51.61.5-0.1-6.3

Construction

129.1129.7128.9124.1-5.0-3.9

Manufacturing

171.7172.1170.5151.4-20.3-11.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

595.9604.3607.1579.9-16.0-2.7

Information

100.0101.3101.9100.70.70.7

Financial activities

175.7178.6179.0169.2-6.5-3.7

Professional and business services

543.5548.6543.1495.3-48.2-8.9

Education and health services

367.9384.9385.6350.9-17.0-4.6

Leisure and hospitality

302.8302.1293.8177.4-125.4-41.4

Other services

104.1104.3104.880.8-23.3-22.4

Government

336.5338.7339.1330.4-6.1-1.8

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and IndustryApr
2019
Feb
2020
Mar
2020
Apr
2020(p)
Apr
2019 to Apr 2020(p)
Net changePercent change

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

Total nonfarm

2,828.82,866.12,855.42,561.6-267.2-9.4

Mining and logging

1.61.51.61.5-0.1-6.3

Construction

129.1129.7128.9124.1-5.0-3.9

Manufacturing

171.7172.1170.5151.4-20.3-11.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

595.9604.3607.1579.9-16.0-2.7

Information

100.0101.3101.9100.70.70.7

Financial activities

175.7178.6179.0169.2-6.5-3.7

Professional and business services

543.5548.6543.1495.3-48.2-8.9

Education and health services

367.9384.9385.6350.9-17.0-4.6

Leisure and hospitality

302.8302.1293.8177.4-125.4-41.4

Other services

104.1104.3104.880.8-23.3-22.4

Government

336.5338.7339.1330.4-6.1-1.8

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

Total nonfarm

2,799.92,781.82,758.32,332.2-467.7-16.7

Mining, logging, and construction

120.0113.6114.076.6-43.4-36.2

Manufacturing

187.4186.6185.5171.2-16.2-8.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

419.5420.2418.2339.7-79.8-19.0

Information

79.482.982.981.92.53.1

Financial activities

184.9186.9187.2184.4-0.5-0.3

Professional and business services

514.3509.2509.5479.4-34.9-6.8

Education and health services

597.8598.8595.0536.1-61.7-10.3

Leisure and hospitality

274.2263.5248.397.3-176.9-64.5

Other services

103.4101.198.762.1-41.3-39.9

Government

319.0319.0319.0303.5-15.5-4.9

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

Total nonfarm

4,729.94,691.64,661.64,119.0-610.9-12.9

Mining and logging

1.91.61.81.7-0.2-10.5

Construction

177.7161.0164.2155.1-22.6-12.7

Manufacturing

419.3413.3412.0377.3-42.0-10.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

937.3934.8929.5843.0-94.3-10.1

Information

78.579.379.177.0-1.5-1.9

Financial activities

315.8317.8316.5310.1-5.7-1.8

Professional and business services

824.2815.3801.7741.3-82.9-10.1

Education and health services

739.9754.6751.3681.2-58.7-7.9

Leisure and hospitality

487.2466.7456.6248.4-238.8-49.0

Other services

199.8197.7197.9162.1-37.7-18.9

Government

548.3549.5551.0521.8-26.5-4.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

Total nonfarm

3,745.13,845.13,816.63,462.1-283.0-7.6

Mining, logging, and construction

224.0235.7232.9221.6-2.4-1.1

Manufacturing

287.2288.7288.1277.6-9.6-3.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

779.6796.5798.6757.5-22.1-2.8

Information

81.683.182.580.2-1.4-1.7

Financial activities

314.5326.6326.6322.68.12.6

Professional and business services

632.3653.1651.6594.0-38.3-6.1

Education and health services

460.8475.6467.3416.1-44.7-9.7

Leisure and hospitality

392.0402.1385.3238.4-153.6-39.2

Other services

126.7129.7126.9110.0-16.7-13.2

Government

446.4454.0456.8444.1-2.3-0.5

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

Total nonfarm

3,139.53,203.93,185.92,873.8-265.7-8.5

Mining and logging

80.875.275.366.6-14.2-17.6

Construction

235.0244.2238.1215.2-19.8-8.4

Manufacturing

235.9232.0230.3218.6-17.3-7.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

620.7635.5632.9596.0-24.7-4.0

Information

32.532.732.730.1-2.4-7.4

Financial activities

165.1167.5167.3162.1-3.0-1.8

Professional and business services

501.9514.9512.6488.8-13.1-2.6

Education and health services

402.8416.8417.4367.2-35.6-8.8

Leisure and hospitality

331.7339.6331.3214.2-117.5-35.4

Other services

115.6119.3120.4100.0-15.6-13.5

Government

417.5426.2427.6415.0-2.5-0.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

Total nonfarm

6,214.26,310.26,205.45,298.0-916.2-14.7

Mining and logging

2.42.32.32.2-0.2-8.3

Construction

253.8258.0249.5222.5-31.3-12.3

Manufacturing

499.1495.3486.4425.0-74.1-14.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,098.51,110.81,102.2936.4-162.1-14.8

Information

233.0266.8260.0235.12.10.9

Financial activities

339.1345.8346.9324.6-14.5-4.3

Professional and business services

964.4974.0957.6842.5-121.9-12.6

Education and health services

1,073.71,100.21,091.5969.6-104.1-9.7

Leisure and hospitality

771.8771.2732.8450.3-321.5-41.7

Other services

210.0210.9195.5141.5-68.5-32.6

Government

768.4774.9780.7748.3-20.1-2.6

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

Total nonfarm

2,724.12,749.22,726.92,366.0-358.1-13.1

Mining and logging

0.80.80.80.80.00.0

Construction

140.3141.5141.0130.7-9.6-6.8

Manufacturing

91.290.490.379.9-11.3-12.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

609.5618.0617.7557.2-52.3-8.6

Information

51.051.151.047.7-3.3-6.5

Financial activities

188.4190.3191.1187.8-0.6-0.3

Professional and business services

450.1455.3454.0395.1-55.0-12.2

Education and health services

412.2412.7412.9372.7-39.5-9.6

Leisure and hospitality

338.4344.8323.1180.6-157.8-46.6

Other services

121.4122.3120.597.6-23.8-19.6

Government

320.8322.0324.5315.9-4.9-1.5

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

Total nonfarm

9,954.69,910.09,785.18,005.0-1,949.6-19.6

Mining, logging, and construction

417.1395.3400.4252.6-164.5-39.4

Manufacturing

360.7358.7359.0292.0-68.7-19.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,716.81,707.11,692.81,329.7-387.1-22.5

Information

293.9290.6293.1282.4-11.5-3.9

Financial activities

782.9783.5763.6742.1-40.8-5.2

Professional and business services

1,606.51,598.31,594.41,386.2-220.3-13.7

Education and health services

2,081.52,109.22,094.51,828.2-253.3-12.2

Leisure and hospitality

929.7898.1839.5302.8-626.9-67.4

Other services

426.9430.8422.5293.1-133.8-31.3

Government

1,338.61,338.41,325.31,295.9-42.7-3.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

Total nonfarm

2,978.82,968.12,959.02,521.0-457.8-15.4

Mining, logging, and construction

120.5112.5112.872.6-47.9-39.8

Manufacturing

183.3182.7182.3169.5-13.8-7.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

521.7520.4522.2451.2-70.5-13.5

Information

48.749.449.446.5-2.2-4.5

Financial activities

216.7217.6217.5210.8-5.9-2.7

Professional and business services

471.8470.5470.0435.3-36.5-7.7

Education and health services

675.2682.4679.7599.9-75.3-11.2

Leisure and hospitality

276.6265.9258.4113.5-163.1-59.0

Other services

122.0121.5120.683.4-38.6-31.6

Government

342.3345.2346.1338.3-4.0-1.2

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

Total nonfarm

2,166.42,231.42,217.42,002.4-164.0-7.6

Mining and logging

3.53.63.63.60.12.9

Construction

133.0137.6136.7134.51.51.1

Manufacturing

131.7133.9134.1131.70.00.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

402.9416.5418.4369.6-33.3-8.3

Information

39.740.840.436.4-3.3-8.3

Financial activities

200.8204.8202.5200.6-0.2-0.1

Professional and business services

363.3371.3367.7343.7-19.6-5.4

Education and health services

336.1353.3352.1323.7-12.4-3.7

Leisure and hospitality

236.1242.2235.9145.6-90.5-38.3

Other services

70.270.371.061.8-8.4-12.0

Government

249.1257.1255.0251.22.10.8

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

Total nonfarm

2,465.32,489.12,467.12,115.6-349.7-14.2

Mining and logging

0.30.30.30.30.00.0

Construction

124.7123.6123.290.2-34.5-27.7

Manufacturing

144.3143.6143.9125.7-18.6-12.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

367.8369.5365.9313.1-54.7-14.9

Information

124.6130.4129.6128.53.93.1

Financial activities

145.4147.6147.5145.50.10.1

Professional and business services

496.0508.3502.1460.3-35.7-7.2

Education and health services

366.0371.6371.4324.7-41.3-11.3

Leisure and hospitality

281.9281.2270.5151.0-130.9-46.4

Other services

88.488.185.360.3-28.1-31.8

Government

325.9324.9327.4316.0-9.9-3.0

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

Total nonfarm

3,341.93,361.13,343.73,040.9-301.0-9.0

Mining, logging, and construction

163.7163.6163.7156.3-7.4-4.5

Manufacturing

56.658.757.253.3-3.3-5.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

401.7403.7405.3357.2-44.5-11.1

Information

75.978.177.673.9-2.0-2.6

Financial activities

159.9162.3161.4158.7-1.2-0.8

Professional and business services

774.4784.3778.4763.6-10.8-1.4

Education and health services

452.9452.7449.3396.5-56.4-12.5

Leisure and hospitality

336.2330.3321.5179.2-157.0-46.7

Other services

209.7211.0211.1201.2-8.5-4.1

Government

710.9716.4718.2701.0-9.9-1.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, June 05, 2020