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News Release Information

20-2199-ATL
Thursday, December 03, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Atlanta Area Employment – October 2020

Total nonfarm employment for the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 2,787,900 in October 2020, down 90,600, or 3.1 percent, over the year, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During the same period, the national job count declined 6.0 percent. (See chart 1 and table 1.) Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that this was the seventh consecutive month of over-the-year employment declines in the Atlanta area. (The Technical Note at the end of this release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

Industry employment

Employment in Atlanta’s leisure and hospitality supersector declined by 36,500 for the 12 months ending in October, the largest loss of jobs among local major industry sectors. The food services and drinking places subsector accounted for 17,500 of the jobs lost in the industry sector. Atlanta’s over-the-year rate of job loss for the leisure and hospitality industry was 11.7 percent; nationwide, the rate of job loss was 19.7 percent. (See chart 2.)

The professional and business services supersector in the Atlanta area lost 23,300 jobs from October 2019 to October 2020, a 4.2-percent decline. The employment services industry group accounted for 6,900 of the jobs lost in the industry sector. Nationally, employment in professional and business services was down 4.8 percent over the year.

Six other local area supersectors had job losses greater than 1,000 over the past 12 months, ranging from 9,600 in manufacturing to 1,200 in education and health services.

Trade, transportation, and utilities was the only supersector to gain over 1,000 jobs in the local area over the past year, up 2,900, or 0.5 percent. Nationwide, employment in trade, transportation, and utilities was down 3.5 percent the over the past 12 months.

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in October 2020. All 12 areas had over-the-year job losses during the period, with the rates of job losses in 7 areas exceeding the national decrease of 6.0 percent. New York-Newark-Jersey City had the fastest rate of job loss (-10.1 percent), followed by San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward (-9.8 percent). Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington (-2.3 percent) had the slowest rate of job loss. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

New York lost the largest number of jobs over the year (-1,017,600), followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (-520,000). The smallest employment loss occurred in Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale (-52,100). Annual losses in the remaining nine metropolitan areas ranged from 343,300 in Chicago-Naperville-Elgin to 89,800 in Dallas.

Over the year, leisure and hospitality lost the most jobs in all 12 metropolitan areas. New York had the largest loss of jobs for this sector (-339,300), followed by Los Angeles (-204,600). Atlanta had the smallest job loss for the leisure and hospitality sector (-36,500). The remaining nine areas had job losses in this industry sector ranging from 113,000 in Chicago to 37,600 in Phoenix.

The financial activities supersector add the most jobs in three areas: Dallas, Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, and San Francisco. Trade, transportation, and utilities gained the most jobs in two other areas: Atlanta and Phoenix.

Metropolitan area employment data for November 2020 are scheduled to be released on Friday, December 18, 2020.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on October 2020 Establishment Survey Data

BLS has continued to review all estimation and methodological procedures for the establishment survey, which included the review of data, estimation processes, the application of the birth-death model, and seasonal adjustment. Business births and deaths cannot be adequately captured by the establishment survey as they occur. Therefore, the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program uses a model to account for the relatively stable net employment change generated by business births and deaths. Due to the impact of COVID-19, the relationship between business births and deaths is no longer stable. Typically, reports with zero employment are not included in estimation. For the September final and October preliminary estimates, CES included a portion of these reports in the estimates and made modifications to the birth-death model. In addition for both months, the establishment survey included a portion of the reports that returned to reporting positive employment from reporting zero employment. For more information, see www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbd.htm.

In the establishment survey, workers who are paid by their employer for all or any part of the pay period including the 12th of the month are counted as employed, even if they were not actually at their jobs. Workers who are temporarily or permanently absent from their jobs and are not being paid are not counted as employed, even if they are continuing to receive benefits. The length of the reference period does vary across the respondents in the establishment survey; one-third of businesses have a weekly pay period, slightly over 40 percent a bi-weekly, about 20 percent semi-monthly, and a small amount monthly.


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports which are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data are also subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the special estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for the total nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at www.bls.gov/sae/additional-resources/reliability-of-state-and-area-estimates.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for states at the supersector level and for the private service-providing, goods-producing, total private and total nonfarm levels are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/additional-resources/reliability-of-state-and-area-estimates.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/publications/benchmark-article/annual-benchmark-article.pdf.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10, 2018. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area includes the counties of Barrow, Bartow, Butts, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, Dawson, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Haralson, Heard, Henry, Jasper, Lamar, Meriwether, Morgan, Newton, Paulding, Pickens, Pike, Rockdale, Spalding, and Walton in Georgia.

Additional information

More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Detailed industry employment data for metropolitan areas from the CES program are available from the State and Area Employment databases at www.bls.gov/sae/data/home.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and the Atlanta metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and IndustryOct
2019
Aug
2020
Sept
2020
Oct
2020(p)
Oct
2019 to Oct 2020(p)
Net changePercent change

United States

Total nonfarm

152,570140,700141,854143,459-9,111-6.0

Mining and logging

743626627629-114-15.3

Construction

7,7207,4657,4247,528-192-2.5

Manufacturing

12,82012,20012,20812,229-591-4.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,79326,39726,44226,810-983-3.5

Information

2,8752,6002,6252,637-238-8.3

Financial activities

8,8048,7048,6828,722-82-0.9

Professional and business services

21,67620,21520,26620,627-1,049-4.8

Education and health services

24,56122,83923,13823,472-1,089-4.4

Leisure and hospitality

16,64813,22613,20713,365-3,283-19.7

Other services

5,9075,4455,4445,505-402-6.8

Government

23,02320,98321,79121,935-1,088-4.7

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area

Total nonfarm

2,878.52,734.62,759.32,787.9-90.6-3.1

Mining and logging

1.51.51.51.60.16.7

Construction

130.7128.7131.0130.1-0.6-0.5

Manufacturing

172.8160.3161.3163.2-9.6-5.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

604.6598.5602.6607.52.90.5

Information

101.692.594.395.3-6.3-6.2

Financial activities

179.0172.7173.9176.6-2.4-1.3

Professional and business services

555.6523.0525.0532.3-23.3-4.2

Education and health services

379.3370.7374.0378.1-1.2-0.3

Leisure and hospitality

310.8261.5266.3274.3-36.5-11.7

Other services

104.598.498.597.7-6.8-6.5

Government

338.1326.8330.9331.2-6.9-2.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and IndustryOct
2019
Aug
2020
Sept
2020
Oct
2020(p)
Oct
2019 to Oct 2020(p)
Net changePercent change

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

Total nonfarm

2,878.52,734.62,759.32,787.9-90.6-3.1

Mining and logging

1.51.51.51.60.16.7

Construction

130.7128.7131.0130.1-0.6-0.5

Manufacturing

172.8160.3161.3163.2-9.6-5.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

604.6598.5602.6607.52.90.5

Information

101.692.594.395.3-6.3-6.2

Financial activities

179.0172.7173.9176.6-2.4-1.3

Professional and business services

555.6523.0525.0532.3-23.3-4.2

Education and health services

379.3370.7374.0378.1-1.2-0.3

Leisure and hospitality

310.8261.5266.3274.3-36.5-11.7

Other services

104.598.498.597.7-6.8-6.5

Government

338.1326.8330.9331.2-6.9-2.0

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

Total nonfarm

2,837.12,524.02,551.12,576.1-261.0-9.2

Mining, logging, and construction

127.4111.2111.4112.8-14.6-11.5

Manufacturing

187.9176.2176.3176.8-11.1-5.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

426.0383.8381.6390.7-35.3-8.3

Information

81.980.980.479.7-2.2-2.7

Financial activities

186.3185.5185.4185.6-0.7-0.4

Professional and business services

523.4499.5497.8505.0-18.4-3.5

Education and health services

600.4539.1549.6555.9-44.5-7.4

Leisure and hospitality

281.7191.0182.5180.9-100.8-35.8

Other services

103.779.580.080.8-22.9-22.1

Government

318.4277.3306.1307.9-10.5-3.3

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

Total nonfarm

4,808.44,432.44,438.14,465.1-343.3-7.1

Mining and logging

1.91.71.71.6-0.3-15.8

Construction

190.3181.4178.5182.1-8.2-4.3

Manufacturing

416.4400.8398.5398.9-17.5-4.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

951.6906.1907.8917.7-33.9-3.6

Information

79.575.375.775.0-4.5-5.7

Financial activities

320.4311.2309.7311.6-8.8-2.7

Professional and business services

851.7792.2785.8796.8-54.9-6.4

Education and health services

750.2698.1706.1713.1-37.1-4.9

Leisure and hospitality

494.5386.4381.0381.5-113.0-22.9

Other services

198.3181.6181.3181.0-17.3-8.7

Government

553.6497.6512.0505.8-47.8-8.6

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

Total nonfarm

3,825.03,658.73,673.33,735.2-89.8-2.3

Mining, logging, and construction

232.9228.9229.0234.71.80.8

Manufacturing

285.8278.9280.0281.4-4.4-1.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

804.9787.7789.2806.51.60.2

Information

82.379.379.580.2-2.1-2.6

Financial activities

321.5332.0331.2334.212.74.0

Professional and business services

647.0646.2645.2654.97.91.2

Education and health services

469.5434.7434.5440.2-29.3-6.2

Leisure and hospitality

399.4322.2322.7332.2-67.2-16.8

Other services

129.6120.9119.1121.7-7.9-6.1

Government

452.1427.9442.9449.2-2.9-0.6

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

Total nonfarm

3,181.92,971.92,991.63,030.3-151.6-4.8

Mining and logging

79.760.962.864.1-15.6-19.6

Construction

240.0215.9215.8220.2-19.8-8.3

Manufacturing

233.6213.7214.7214.5-19.1-8.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

630.5610.2607.7615.5-15.0-2.4

Information

32.428.929.129.3-3.1-9.6

Financial activities

167.8164.1162.2164.4-3.4-2.0

Professional and business services

515.3508.9508.6516.10.80.2

Education and health services

409.6398.1396.5399.1-10.5-2.6

Leisure and hospitality

335.5280.9283.9289.7-45.8-13.7

Other services

115.7104.098.9102.9-12.8-11.1

Government

421.8386.3411.4414.5-7.3-1.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

Total nonfarm

6,293.15,572.85,659.95,773.1-520.0-8.3

Mining and logging

2.42.22.22.2-0.2-8.3

Construction

260.3252.3253.6261.81.50.6

Manufacturing

497.6454.7458.2458.4-39.2-7.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,111.21,032.91,042.41,060.9-50.3-4.5

Information

245.2209.2208.5213.1-32.1-13.1

Financial activities

343.5335.8332.6337.5-6.0-1.7

Professional and business services

982.0895.9903.3920.6-61.4-6.3

Education and health services

1,091.61,017.51,027.41,043.2-48.4-4.4

Leisure and hospitality

778.7526.7545.3574.1-204.6-26.3

Other services

213.1162.3164.5169.0-44.1-20.7

Government

767.5683.3721.9732.3-35.2-4.6

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

Total nonfarm

2,729.52,493.82,517.92,550.5-179.0-6.6

Mining and logging

0.70.80.80.80.114.3

Construction

143.5138.3137.8138.9-4.6-3.2

Manufacturing

91.285.787.589.0-2.2-2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

617.9581.0581.6591.4-26.5-4.3

Information

50.746.947.247.8-2.9-5.7

Financial activities

190.3189.3190.2190.90.60.3

Professional and business services

452.6424.4427.2431.9-20.7-4.6

Education and health services

413.5380.0383.8387.2-26.3-6.4

Leisure and hospitality

327.4241.9248.7260.5-66.9-20.4

Other services

119.8108.3108.5109.0-10.8-9.0

Government

321.9297.2304.6303.1-18.8-5.8

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

Total nonfarm

10,052.58,751.78,934.29,034.9-1,017.6-10.1

Mining, logging, and construction

422.8380.2382.4383.5-39.3-9.3

Manufacturing

357.9327.9326.4328.1-29.8-8.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,733.61,536.81,560.31,587.2-146.4-8.4

Information

296.7283.9283.4287.0-9.7-3.3

Financial activities

789.6760.0756.9753.0-36.6-4.6

Professional and business services

1,632.31,450.21,453.51,475.8-156.5-9.6

Education and health services

2,095.31,853.61,891.31,939.1-156.2-7.5

Leisure and hospitality

943.9586.6598.0604.6-339.3-35.9

Other services

431.1367.1370.3372.4-58.7-13.6

Government

1,349.31,205.41,311.71,304.2-45.1-3.3

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

Total nonfarm

3,005.22,729.62,765.72,804.6-200.6-6.7

Mining, logging, and construction

124.3109.2108.2109.3-15.0-12.1

Manufacturing

182.8175.6174.6174.4-8.4-4.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

530.6493.4498.5504.7-25.9-4.9

Information

49.646.946.446.7-2.9-5.8

Financial activities

218.5211.7210.9211.2-7.3-3.3

Professional and business services

475.2448.0444.2452.7-22.5-4.7

Education and health services

678.2625.0643.4656.9-21.3-3.1

Leisure and hospitality

278.0196.1197.8204.7-73.3-26.4

Other services

122.8107.9107.3108.1-14.7-12.0

Government

345.2315.8334.4335.9-9.3-2.7

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

Total nonfarm

2,216.92,099.62,130.12,164.8-52.1-2.4

Mining and logging

3.63.53.33.3-0.3-8.3

Construction

136.5132.7134.6136.60.10.1

Manufacturing

134.5130.3130.9131.2-3.3-2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

413.0413.2417.5422.49.42.3

Information

40.938.438.138.1-2.8-6.8

Financial activities

206.4204.3205.0206.90.50.2

Professional and business services

375.7345.5350.3362.5-13.2-3.5

Education and health services

345.8337.0339.5344.7-1.1-0.3

Leisure and hospitality

234.7180.9189.9197.1-37.6-16.0

Other services

71.871.772.173.01.21.7

Government

254.0242.1248.9249.0-5.0-2.0

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

Total nonfarm

2,502.22,214.02,224.92,255.9-246.3-9.8

Mining and logging

0.30.30.30.30.00.0

Construction

130.1115.4117.1118.1-12.0-9.2

Manufacturing

143.3127.0127.4127.4-15.9-11.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

373.3338.0340.1340.9-32.4-8.7

Information

130.4120.9119.4118.6-11.8-9.0

Financial activities

148.0147.8148.4150.02.01.4

Professional and business services

509.5485.5482.4490.1-19.4-3.8

Education and health services

367.6335.7338.8343.0-24.6-6.7

Leisure and hospitality

286.5187.2190.0200.1-86.4-30.2

Other services

88.369.670.372.3-16.0-18.1

Government

324.9286.6290.7295.1-29.8-9.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

Total nonfarm

3,377.23,142.63,172.03,203.5-173.7-5.1

Mining, logging, and construction

166.6166.7165.9167.30.70.4

Manufacturing

57.454.354.954.6-2.8-4.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

408.9383.1385.6391.7-17.2-4.2

Information

77.673.573.673.8-3.8-4.9

Financial activities

162.2158.3159.5159.6-2.6-1.6

Professional and business services

787.4770.1765.3772.8-14.6-1.9

Education and health services

452.0407.0413.4418.2-33.8-7.5

Leisure and hospitality

335.5241.6249.2257.7-77.8-23.2

Other services

211.5204.3204.1203.3-8.2-3.9

Government

718.1683.7700.5704.5-13.6-1.9

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, December 03, 2020