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News Release Information

20-2136-ATL
Thursday, November 12, 2020

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell – October 2020

Area prices up 1.2 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell rose 0.3 percent from August to October, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that the index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent over the bi-monthly period. The energy index increased 1.6 percent since August, while the food index rose 0.3 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U increased 1.2 percent for the 12 months ending in October. The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.7 percent over the year, while the food index advanced 4.5 percent. The energy index fell 9.0 percent over the past 12 months. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Food

The food index rose 0.3 percent from August to October, reflecting a 0.9-percent increase in the food away from home index. The food at home index declined 0.3 percent over the bi-monthly period.

The food index advanced 4.5 percent for the 12 months ending in October, reflecting increases in the food away from home (2.7 percent) and food at home (6.1 percent) indexes.

Energy

The energy index rose 1.6 percent from August to October, led by a 2.0-percent increase in the gasoline index. The electricity index also increased over the bi-monthly period, up 0.3 percent.

The energy index fell 9.0 percent for the 12 months ending in October, reflecting a 19.9-percent drop in the gasoline index. In contrast, the electricity index rose 4.0 percent over the past 12 months.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent from August to October. Among the indexes to increase over the bi-monthly period include shelter (0.8 percent), household furnishings and operations (2.1 percent), and used cars and trucks (2.9 percent). Medical care (-2.4 percent) and recreation (-4.4 percent) were among the indexes to decline from August to October.

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.7 percent for the 12 months ending in October. Several indexes contributed to the increase, most notably, shelter (2.5 percent) and used cars and trucks (11.0 percent). Apparel (-7.0 percent) was among the indexes to decline over the past year.  

Table A. Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20162017201820192020
2-month12-month2-month12-month2-month12-month2-month12-month2-month12-month

February

0.31.61.23.51.23.31.21.30.82.9

April

1.01.90.63.20.22.81.42.5-1.8-0.3

June

1.30.71.33.21.22.8-0.11.11.10.9

August

0.51.20.83.50.32.21.32.21.20.7

October

-0.12.4-0.33.2-1.01.6-0.23.00.31.2

December

-0.42.6-0.43.2-0.61.4-0.33.3

The Consumer Price Index for November 2020 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, December 10, 2020.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on October 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in October was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details, see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA, Core Based Statistical Area covered in this release is comprised of Barrow, Bartow, Butts, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, Dawson, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Haralson, Heard, Henry, Jasper, Lamar, Meriwether, Morgan, Newton, Paulding, Pickens, Pike, Rockdale, Spalding, and Walton Counties in Georgia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

IndexesPercent change from-
Aug.
2020
Sep.
2020
Oct.
2020
Oct.
2019
Aug.
2020
Sep.
2020

Expenditure category

All Items

248.070-248.7941.20.3-

All items (1967=100)

748.103-750.288---

Food and beverages

266.954-268.4633.60.6-

Food

280.920-281.6754.50.3-

Food at home

260.768258.423259.9776.1-0.30.6

Cereals and bakery products

223.741-223.5051.3-0.1-

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

297.734-292.0305.9-1.9-

Dairy and related products

249.561-240.1421.5-3.8-

Fruits and vegetables

300.390-318.12010.65.9-

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

262.762-269.6814.92.6-

Other food at home

225.210-218.9028.4-2.8-

Food away from home

314.045-316.7742.70.9-

Alcoholic beverages

144.509-152.055-8.15.2-

Housing

258.804-261.2672.41.0-

Shelter

287.990288.927290.2352.50.80.5

Rent of primary residence

300.301302.509304.4563.91.40.6

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)

281.970283.366284.7552.81.00.5

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)

281.970283.366284.7552.81.00.5

Fuels and utilities

298.353-301.2032.21.0-

Household energy

254.843257.477257.9782.71.20.2

Energy Services

253.357256.076256.6122.81.30.2

Electricity

219.919220.667220.6674.00.30.0

Utility (piped) gas service

------

Household furnishings and operations

129.059-131.7961.52.1-

Apparel

135.161-135.024-7.0-0.1-

Transportation

199.954-203.496-1.51.8-

Private transportation

201.981-203.194-1.50.6-

New and used motor vehicles(3)

106.158-108.2418.02.0-

New vehicles(1)

214.883-212.4043.8-1.2-

Used cars and trucks(1)

227.503-234.03911.02.9-

Motor fuel

173.551180.243176.952-19.92.0-1.8

Gasoline (all types)

172.239178.947175.637-19.92.0-1.8

Unleaded regular(4)

167.190174.006170.669-20.42.1-1.9

Unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

225.905232.631227.008-17.70.5-2.4

Unleaded premium(4)

199.423204.481202.137-16.11.4-1.1

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

1,263.864-1,184.960-2.6-6.2-

Medical Care

498.237-486.1211.3-2.4-

Recreation(3)

87.024-83.1771.0-4.4-

Education and communication(3)

138.636-138.0850.5-0.4-

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,514.996-1,511.2283.3-0.2-

Other goods and services

401.856-397.5311.3-1.1-

Commodity and service group

All Items

248.070-248.7941.20.3-

Commodities

179.073-179.237-1.10.1-

Commodities less food & beverages

141.217-140.924-3.6-0.2-

Nondurables less food & beverages

173.040-172.704-8.6-0.2-

Durables

108.667-108.4252.4-0.2-

Services

313.245-314.5332.50.4-

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

235.016-236.3261.20.6-

All items less shelter

235.417-235.5410.50.1-

Commodities less food

140.956-140.942-3.80.0-

Nondurables

214.077-214.556-2.40.2-

Nondurables less food

169.741-170.038-8.70.2-

Services less rent of shelter(2)

356.766-356.6882.50.0-

Services less medical care services

294.701-296.3622.40.6-

Energy

192.972197.420195.981-9.01.6-0.7

All items less energy

253.566-254.0592.10.2-

All items less food and energy

249.711-250.1651.70.2-

Footnotes
(1) Index is on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, November 12, 2020