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News Release Information

20-50-ATL
Tuesday, January 14, 2020

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Technical information:
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  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, South Region – December 2019

Prices in the South unchanged over the month; up 2.1 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South was unchanged in December, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The index for all items less food and energy was little changed in December, down 0.1 percent. The food index edged up 0.2 percent in December and the energy index rose 0.3 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U for the South increased 2.1 percent since December 2018. The all items less food and energy index rose 2.0 percent over the past year, and the energy index advanced 4.1 percent. The food index rose 1.5 percent over the last 12 months. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Food

The food index edged up 0.2 percent in December, reflecting over-the-month increases in the food at home (0.3 percent) and the food away from home (0.2 percent) indexes.

The food index rose 1.5 percent for the 12 months ending December 2019, led by a 2.9-percent increase in the food away from home index. The food at home index edged up 0.3 percent over the last 12 months.  

Energy

The energy index edged up 0.3 percent in December, reflecting increases in the gasoline (0.2 percent), utility (piped) gas service (0.9 percent), and electricity (0.1 percent) indexes.

The energy index increased 4.1 percent over the past 12 months, led a 9.3-percent advance in the gasoline index. Since December 2018, the electricity and the utility (piped) gas service indexes declined, down 0.8 percent and 1.0 percent, respectively.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy was little changed over the month, down 0.1 percent from November to December. Several indexes declined in December, including apparel (-3.2 percent), household furnishings and operations (-0.4 percent), and recreation (-0.3 percent). In contrast, the indexes for shelter (0.2 percent), medical care services (0.3 percent), and new vehicles (0.3 percent) were among those that increased in December.

Since December 2018, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.0 percent, reflecting increases in the shelter (3.1 percent) and medical care services (4.6 percent) indexes.

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the three divisions of the South. Over the month, the all items CPI-U declined in the West South Central and the East South Central divisions, down 0.2 and 0.1 percent, respectively. The all items index in the South Atlantic division was little changed in December, up 0.1 percent.   

Over the year, the all items index advanced 2.5 percent in the South Atlantic division. The all items index rose 1.8 percent in the West South Central division and 1.5 percent in the East South Central division.

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20152016201720182019
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

-0.7-0.40.01.20.52.60.51.80.21.2

February

0.5-0.30.10.70.22.80.62.10.51.1

March

0.6-0.30.60.70.02.20.22.30.71.6

April

0.3-0.60.40.90.22.00.42.40.51.8

May

0.4-0.40.40.90.01.70.32.7-0.11.4

June

0.5-0.10.40.80.21.50.22.7-0.11.1

July

-0.1-0.1-0.20.7-0.21.60.02.90.31.4

August

-0.2-0.20.11.00.41.9-0.12.4-0.11.4

September

-0.2-0.40.21.40.72.40.01.70.01.3

October

0.0-0.10.11.5-0.22.00.22.10.21.3

November

-0.20.3-0.11.6-0.12.1-0.31.90.01.6

December

-0.40.50.12.0-0.11.8-0.51.50.02.1

The Consumer Price Index for January 2020 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, February 13, 2020.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

IndexesPercent change from-
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019

Expenditure category

All Items

247.423247.385247.2892.1-0.10.0

All items (December 1977=100)

401.354401.294401.138---

Food and beverages

256.171255.776256.3541.50.10.2

Food

257.388256.969257.5761.50.10.2

Food at home

240.171238.834239.5270.3-0.30.3

Cereal and bakery products

282.606279.565280.214-0.5-0.80.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

245.609244.012248.1732.61.01.7

Dairy and related products

223.121223.523222.1080.2-0.5-0.6

Fruits and vegetables

284.349280.345281.310-2.1-1.10.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

168.471168.211167.4720.5-0.6-0.4

Other food at home

211.199210.944210.3700.2-0.4-0.3

Food away from home

285.649286.511287.0062.90.50.2

Alcoholic beverages

238.832238.777238.9431.80.00.1

Housing

246.044246.137246.4382.50.20.1

Shelter

284.575285.140285.6543.10.40.2

Rent of primary residence

298.053299.082299.8713.40.60.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)

286.876287.559288.0273.10.40.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)

286.885287.570288.0403.10.40.2

Fuels and utilities

239.578237.440237.938-0.6-0.70.2

Household energy

191.880189.621190.134-0.8-0.90.3

Energy services

192.120189.789190.225-0.8-1.00.2

Electricity

190.541187.802188.048-0.8-1.30.1

Utility (piped) gas service

186.591187.283188.995-1.01.30.9

Household furnishings and operations

125.581125.513125.0341.9-0.4-0.4

Apparel

132.967133.525129.315-0.3-2.7-3.2

Transportation

208.663207.692207.4522.0-0.6-0.1

Private transportation

207.334206.267206.5482.1-0.40.1

New and used motor vehicles(2)

101.221100.756100.868-0.8-0.30.1

New vehicles

152.337151.651152.124-0.5-0.10.3

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

103.700103.234103.564-0.5-0.10.3

New cars(3)

152.286151.365151.604-0.7-0.40.2

Used cars and trucks

139.689138.809138.559-0.8-0.8-0.2

Motor fuel

212.504210.160210.6729.0-0.90.2

Gasoline (all types)

211.143208.794209.3119.3-0.90.2

Unleaded regular(3)

205.551203.138203.7299.6-0.90.3

Unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

236.142234.340234.7298.1-0.60.2

Unleaded premium(3)

235.698234.143233.8997.4-0.8-0.1

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

960.817958.554961.0780.40.00.3

Medical care

476.689478.888479.7243.50.60.2

Medical care commodities

352.780353.018352.266-0.8-0.1-0.2

Medical care services

518.629521.509522.8994.60.80.3

Professional services

366.878366.907366.8730.80.00.0

Recreation(2)

121.488121.814121.4451.70.0-0.3

Education and communication(2)

133.408133.564133.4450.90.0-0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,356.6231,356.7041,355.9342.2-0.1-0.1

Other goods and services

434.357434.117433.8431.5-0.1-0.1

Commodity and service group

All Items

247.423247.385247.2892.1-0.10.0

Commodities

184.051183.514183.0961.3-0.5-0.2

Commodities less food and beverages

150.395149.835149.0921.3-0.9-0.5

Nondurables less food and beverages

197.173196.646194.9932.9-1.1-0.8

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

236.886235.782235.3943.8-0.6-0.2

Durables

107.310106.780106.677-0.6-0.6-0.1

Services

311.297311.792312.0402.60.20.1

Rent of shelter(1)

292.317292.910293.4453.20.40.2

Transportation services

364.562364.717362.2390.9-0.6-0.7

Other services

348.219349.212349.5331.90.40.1

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

234.923234.775234.6332.0-0.1-0.1

All items less food

245.633245.652245.4512.2-0.1-0.1

All items less shelter

233.991233.725233.3971.7-0.3-0.1

Commodities less food

153.053152.502151.7761.3-0.8-0.5

Nondurables

225.089224.621223.9882.1-0.5-0.3

Nondurables less food

199.284198.782197.2232.8-1.0-0.8

Nondurables less food and apparel

235.888234.870234.5273.7-0.6-0.1

Services less rent of shelter(1)

344.936345.329345.2372.00.10.0

Services less medical care services

292.649292.956293.1142.40.20.1

Energy

197.145194.900195.4004.1-0.90.3

All items less energy

253.870254.082253.9182.00.0-0.1

All items less food and energy

253.668253.987253.6922.00.0-0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

146.116145.804144.884-0.2-0.8-0.6

Energy commodities

216.185213.866214.4648.8-0.80.3

Services less energy services

323.905324.710324.9372.80.30.1

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, January 14, 2020