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News Release Information

20-1393-ATL
Tuesday, July 14, 2020

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, South Region – June 2020

Prices in the South up 0.6 percent over the month and 0.3 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South rose 0.6 percent in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The energy index advanced 6.5 percent since May, while the index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent. The food index rose 0.7 percent over the month. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U for the South rose 0.3 percent for the 12 months ending June 2020. The food index advanced 4.6 percent over the past year, while the index for all items less food and energy rose 0.8 percent. In contrast, the energy index declined 12.6 percent for the 12 months ending in June. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Food

The food index rose 0.7 percent in June, led by a 1.1-percent increase in the food at home index. The food away from home index also rose in June, up 0.2 percent.   

The food index advanced 4.6 percent for the 12 months ending in June, reflecting increases in the food at home (6.5 percent) and food away from home (2.4 percent) indexes.  

Energy

The energy index advanced 6.5 percent in June, led by an 11.4-percent jump in the gasoline index. The electricity and the utility (piped) gas service indexes also increased in June, up 3.4 percent and 0.9 percent, respectively.     

The energy index declined 12.6 percent for the 12 months ending in June, led by a 23.7-percent fall in the gasoline index. The electricity index also declined over the past year, down 1.0 percent, while the utility (piped) gas service index was unchanged.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent in June. Several indexes increased over the month, most notably motor vehicle insurance (2.3 percent) and apparel (1.2 percent).

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.8 percent over the past 12 months. The shelter index increased 2.1 percent over the 12-month span, and the medical care index rose 3.9 percent. Indexes that declined over the past year include apparel (-7.4 percent) and motor vehicle insurance (-10.5 percent).

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the three divisions of the South. The all items CPI-U for the East South Central division rose 0.7 percent in June. The all items index also increased for the South Atlantic and the West South Central divisions in June, up 0.6 percent each. 

Over the year, the all items index rose 0.8 percent in the South Atlantic division. In contrast, the all items index declined 0.4 percent in the West South Central division and inched down 0.1 percent in the East South Central division over the past 12 months.

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month2017201820192020
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.52.60.51.80.21.20.32.3

February

0.22.80.62.10.51.10.21.9

March

0.02.20.22.30.71.6-0.11.1

April

0.22.00.42.40.51.8-0.8-0.2

May

0.01.70.32.7-0.11.4-0.2-0.4

June

0.21.50.22.7-0.11.10.60.3

July

-0.21.60.02.90.31.4

August

0.41.9-0.12.4-0.11.4

September

0.72.40.01.70.01.3

October

-0.22.00.22.10.21.3

November

-0.12.1-0.31.90.01.6

December

-0.11.8-0.51.50.02.1

The Consumer Price Index for July 2020 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, August 12, 2020.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on June 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in June was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

IndexesPercent change from-
Apr.
2020
May
2020
Jun.
2020
Jun.
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020

Expenditure category

All Items

246.254245.696247.2230.30.40.6

All items (December 1977=100)

399.459398.552401.030---

Food and beverages

262.288264.124265.7954.51.30.6

Food

263.867265.593267.4404.61.40.7

Food at home

248.549250.905253.7056.52.11.1

Cereal and bakery products

289.888290.045291.6194.00.60.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

258.935268.389274.81513.56.12.4

Dairy and related products

229.212232.250228.1513.5-0.5-1.8

Fruits and vegetables

289.588290.714289.8842.60.1-0.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

175.774173.800178.7867.11.72.9

Other food at home

217.865218.195221.0964.91.51.3

Food away from home

289.440290.280290.7762.40.50.2

Alcoholic beverages

240.059243.359242.6642.61.1-0.3

Housing

247.788247.878248.8451.70.40.4

Shelter

287.776288.376288.5582.10.30.1

Rent of primary residence

303.173303.855304.2673.10.40.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)

290.162290.980291.0612.50.30.0

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)

290.170290.985291.0652.50.30.0

Fuels and utilities

237.148234.467240.051-0.11.22.4

Household energy

188.474185.562191.329-1.11.53.1

Energy services

188.954186.086191.845-0.91.53.1

Electricity

187.501184.330190.648-1.01.73.4

Utility (piped) gas service

183.022182.409183.9750.00.50.9

Household furnishings and operations

125.161125.194126.0230.30.70.7

Apparel

126.434122.185123.677-7.4-2.21.2

Transportation

193.489190.040193.989-7.90.32.1

Private transportation

193.478190.017194.101-7.30.32.1

New and used motor vehicles(2)

101.247100.752100.595-1.7-0.6-0.2

New vehicles

153.004152.558152.551-0.8-0.30.0

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

104.174103.870103.866-0.7-0.30.0

New cars(3)

151.950151.588152.070-1.10.10.3

Used cars and trucks

140.915139.854138.443-2.4-1.8-1.0

Motor fuel

154.746151.268168.104-23.68.611.1

Gasoline (all types)

153.280149.829166.921-23.78.911.4

Unleaded regular(3)

147.614144.248161.303-24.49.311.8

Unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

182.507178.329194.187-20.06.48.9

Unleaded premium(3)

185.317181.597196.945-18.46.38.5

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

911.447829.003848.411-10.5-6.92.3

Medical care

486.703489.782489.3323.90.5-0.1

Medical care commodities

354.069353.230351.561-1.2-0.7-0.5

Medical care services

531.624536.023535.9835.20.80.0

Professional services

369.110372.431372.3521.70.90.0

Recreation(2)

121.903121.219121.3381.2-0.50.1

Education and communication(2)

133.983133.959133.9070.8-0.10.0

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,361.2371,361.6111,361.0982.00.00.0

Other goods and services

437.990437.909439.6362.40.40.4

Commodity and service group

All Items

246.254245.696247.2230.30.40.6

Commodities

180.342179.915181.866-1.50.81.1

Commodities less food and beverages

143.347142.128144.096-5.10.51.4

Nondurables less food and beverages

179.485176.937182.176-8.71.53.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

212.663210.972218.370-9.12.73.5

Durables

107.143106.817106.699-1.4-0.4-0.1

Services

312.872312.181313.2261.50.10.3

Rent of shelter(1)

295.719296.351296.5462.20.30.1

Transportation services

344.099330.931335.516-7.1-2.51.4

Other services

351.516350.643351.0471.8-0.10.1

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

233.208232.473234.090-0.10.40.7

All items less food

243.301242.395243.872-0.40.20.6

All items less shelter

231.148230.143232.191-0.60.50.9

Commodities less food

146.178145.065146.975-4.90.51.3

Nondurables

218.734218.282221.810-1.61.41.6

Nondurables less food

182.736180.541185.416-7.91.52.7

Nondurables less food and apparel

214.057212.824219.457-8.12.53.1

Services less rent of shelter(1)

344.301341.940344.0780.7-0.10.6

Services less medical care services

293.326292.245293.3661.00.00.4

Energy

168.510165.400176.191-12.64.66.5

All items less energy

255.461255.154255.7641.30.10.2

All items less food and energy

254.422253.765254.1640.8-0.10.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

145.162144.333144.501-1.5-0.50.1

Energy commodities

158.194154.610171.552-23.38.411.0

Services less energy services

325.986325.518326.0791.60.00.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, July 14, 2020