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News Release Information

20-1571-ATL
Wednesday, August 12, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, South Region – July 2020

Prices in the South up 0.6 percent over the month and 0.6 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South rose 0.6 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The index for all item less food and energy rose 0.6 percent from June to July, while the energy index advanced 3.0 percent. The food index declined 0.5 percent in July. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U for the South rose 0.6 percent for the 12 months ending July 2020. The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.2 percent over the past year, while the food index advanced 3.9 percent. In contrast, the energy index declined 11.8 percent for the 12 months ending in July. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Food

The food index declined 0.5 percent in July, reflecting a 1.2-percent decrease in the food at home index. The food away from home index rose 0.4 percent in July.

The food index advanced 3.9 percent for the 12 months ending in July, reflecting increases in the food at home (4.9 percent) and food away from home (2.7 percent) indexes.

Energy

The energy index advanced 3.0 percent in July, led by a 6.3-percent increase in the gasoline index. The electricity and the utility (piped) gas service indexes also increased in July, up 0.3 percent and 1.2 percent, respectively.

The energy index declined 11.8 percent for the 12 months ending in July, led by a 21.5-percent drop in the gasoline index. The electricity index also declined over the past year, down 1.7 percent. The utility (piped) gas service index rose 1.1 percent over the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.6 percent in July. Several indexes increased over the month, most notably motor vehicle insurance (9.0 percent) and used cars and trucks (3.2 percent).

The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.2 percent for the 12 months ending in July. The shelter index increased 2.2 percent over the 12-month span, and the medical care index rose 3.9 percent. Indexes that declined over the past year include apparel (-7.4 percent) and motor vehicle insurance (-2.8 percent).

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the three divisions of the South. The all items CPI-U for the East South Central division rose 0.9 percent in July. The all items index for the West South Central and South Atlantic divisions also increased in July, up 0.7 percent and 0.4 percent, respectively.  

Over the year, the all items index rose 0.9 percent in the South Atlantic division and 0.6 percent in the East South Central division. The all items index for the West South Central division was unchanged over the past year.

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20162017201820192020
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.01.20.52.60.51.80.21.20.32.3

February

0.10.70.22.80.62.10.51.10.21.9

March

0.60.70.02.20.22.30.71.6-0.11.1

April

0.40.90.22.00.42.40.51.8-0.8-0.2

May

0.40.90.01.70.32.7-0.11.4-0.2-0.4

June

0.40.80.21.50.22.7-0.11.10.60.3

July

-0.20.7-0.21.60.02.90.31.40.60.6

August

0.11.00.41.9-0.12.4-0.11.4

September

0.21.40.72.40.01.70.01.3

October

0.11.5-0.22.00.22.10.21.3

November

-0.11.6-0.12.1-0.31.90.01.6

December

0.12.0-0.11.8-0.51.50.02.1

The Consumer Price Index for August 2020 is scheduled to be released on Friday, September 11, 2020.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on July 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in July was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

IndexesPercent change from-
May
2020
Jun.
2020
Jul.
2020
Jul.
2019
May
2020
Jun.
2020

Expenditure category

All Items

245.696247.223248.6190.61.20.6

All items (December 1977=100)

398.552401.030403.295---

Food and beverages

264.124265.795264.3733.70.1-0.5

Food

265.593267.440266.0843.90.2-0.5

Food at home

250.905253.705250.5344.9-0.1-1.2

Cereal and bakery products

290.045291.619292.1393.50.70.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

268.389274.815265.0558.6-1.2-3.6

Dairy and related products

232.250228.151226.3353.0-2.5-0.8

Fruits and vegetables

290.714289.884288.5081.4-0.8-0.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

173.800178.786177.4566.42.1-0.7

Other food at home

218.195221.096219.6534.50.7-0.7

Food away from home

290.280290.776292.0212.70.60.4

Alcoholic beverages

243.359242.664240.3691.1-1.2-0.9

Housing

247.878248.845249.6351.70.70.3

Shelter

288.376288.558289.2712.20.30.2

Rent of primary residence

303.855304.267305.3093.30.50.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)

290.980291.061292.0612.60.40.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)

290.985291.065292.0662.60.40.3

Fuels and utilities

234.467240.051240.888-0.52.70.3

Household energy

185.562191.329192.190-1.43.60.5

Energy services

186.086191.845192.625-1.43.50.4

Electricity

184.330190.648191.208-1.73.70.3

Utility (piped) gas service

182.409183.975186.1561.12.11.2

Household furnishings and operations

125.194126.023126.9931.01.40.8

Apparel

122.185123.677122.242-7.40.0-1.2

Transportation

190.040193.989199.550-6.25.02.9

Private transportation

190.017194.101200.137-5.55.33.1

New and used motor vehicles(2)

100.752100.595102.133-0.61.41.5

New vehicles

152.558152.551152.806-0.40.20.2

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

103.870103.866104.036-0.30.20.2

New cars(3)

151.588152.070152.137-0.80.40.0

Used cars and trucks

139.854138.443142.878-0.62.23.2

Motor fuel

151.268168.104178.531-21.418.06.2

Gasoline (all types)

149.829166.921177.501-21.518.56.3

Unleaded regular(3)

144.248161.303171.837-22.119.16.5

Unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

178.329194.187204.942-18.114.95.5

Unleaded premium(3)

181.597196.945206.574-16.613.84.9

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

829.003848.411924.471-2.811.59.0

Medical care

489.782489.332491.1863.90.30.4

Medical care commodities

353.230351.561351.776-1.5-0.40.1

Medical care services

536.023535.983538.3895.20.40.4

Professional services

372.431372.352374.0772.20.40.5

Recreation(2)

121.219121.338120.9711.2-0.2-0.3

Education and communication(2)

133.959133.907134.9991.60.80.8

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,361.6111,361.0981,363.9012.00.20.2

Other goods and services

437.909439.636442.8202.81.10.7

Commodity and service group

All Items

245.696247.223248.6190.61.20.6

Commodities

179.915181.866182.854-1.51.60.5

Commodities less food and beverages

142.128144.096145.904-4.52.71.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

176.937182.176184.897-8.14.51.5

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

210.972218.370223.410-8.35.92.3

Durables

106.817106.699107.789-0.60.91.0

Services

312.181313.226315.0381.80.90.6

Rent of shelter(1)

296.351296.546297.2722.30.30.2

Transportation services

330.931335.516347.221-3.94.93.5

Other services

350.643351.047352.8372.40.60.5

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

232.473234.090235.4570.21.30.6

All items less food

242.395243.872245.6860.01.40.7

All items less shelter

230.143232.191233.855-0.21.60.7

Commodities less food

145.065146.975148.689-4.32.51.2

Nondurables

218.282221.810222.551-1.82.00.3

Nondurables less food

180.541185.416187.833-7.54.01.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

212.824219.457223.811-7.55.22.0

Services less rent of shelter(1)

341.940344.078347.3001.41.60.9

Services less medical care services

292.245293.366295.1171.41.00.6

Energy

165.400176.191181.487-11.89.73.0

All items less energy

255.154255.764256.7791.60.60.4

All items less food and energy

253.765254.164255.5881.20.70.6

Commodities less food and energy commodities

144.333144.501145.197-1.10.60.5

Energy commodities

154.610171.552182.064-21.117.86.1

Services less energy services

325.518326.079328.0002.10.80.6

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, August 12, 2020