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News Release Information

20-2127-ATL
Thursday, November 12, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, South Region – October 2020

Prices in the South up 0.1 percent over the month and 1.3 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South rose 0.1 percent in October, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The index for all item less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent from September to October, while the food index rose 0.3 percent. In contrast, the energy index declined 1.2 percent over the month. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U for the South rose 1.3 percent for the 12 months ending October 2020. The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.7 percent over the past year, while the food index advanced 3.7 percent. In contrast, the energy index fell 8.3 percent over the past 12 months. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Food

The food index edged up 0.3 percent in October. The food at home and the food away from home indexes each rose 0.3 percent over the month.    

The food index advanced 3.7 percent for the 12 months ending in October, reflecting increases in the food at home (4.1 percent) and food away from home (3.2 percent) indexes.  

Energy

The energy index declined 1.2 percent in October, reflecting decreases in the gasoline (-1.8 percent) and electricity (-0.9 percent) indexes. The utility (piped) gas service index rose 0.2 percent over the month.

The energy index fell 8.3 percent for the 12 months ending in October, led by a 16.6-percent drop in the gasoline index. The utility (piped) gas service and electricity indexes increased over the past year, up 1.2 percent and 0.2 percent, respectively.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent in October. Several indexes increased over the month, including shelter (0.3 percent), new vehicles (0.7 percent), and used cars and trucks (0.9 percent). Among the indexes to decline in October include motor vehicle insurance (-1.2 percent) and medical care (-0.2 percent).

The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.7 percent for the 12 months ending in October, led by a 2.3-percent increase in the shelter index. Over the past year, the used cars and trucks index jumped 11.5 percent, while the medical care index advanced 3.0 percent. Apparel (-5.0 percent) and motor vehicle insurance (-7.3 percent) were among the indexes to decline over the year.

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the three divisions of the South. Over the month, the all items CPI-U rose 0.2 percent in the South Atlantic and the East South Central divisions. The all items index in the West South Central division was unchanged over the month.  

Over the year, the all items index advanced 1.7 percent in the South Atlantic division. The all items index rose 1.3 percent in the East South Central division and 0.4 percent in the West South Central division.

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20162017201820192020
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.01.20.52.60.51.80.21.20.32.3

February

0.10.70.22.80.62.10.51.10.21.9

March

0.60.70.02.20.22.30.71.6-0.11.1

April

0.40.90.22.00.42.40.51.8-0.8-0.2

May

0.40.90.01.70.32.7-0.11.4-0.2-0.4

June

0.40.80.21.50.22.7-0.11.10.60.3

July

-0.20.7-0.21.60.02.90.31.40.60.6

August

0.11.00.41.9-0.12.4-0.11.40.41.1

September

0.21.40.72.40.01.70.01.30.21.3

October

0.11.5-0.22.00.22.10.21.30.11.3

November

-0.11.6-0.12.1-0.31.90.01.6

December

0.12.0-0.11.8-0.51.50.02.1

The Consumer Price Index for November 2020 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, December 10, 2020.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on October 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in October was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

IndexesPercent change from-
Aug.
2020
Sep.
2020
Oct.
2020
Oct.
2019
Aug.
2020
Sep.
2020

Expenditure category

All Items

249.639250.193250.5421.30.40.1

All items (December 1977=100)

404.949405.847406.415---

Food and beverages

264.458264.368265.1373.50.30.3

Food

266.136266.052266.8353.70.30.3

Food at home

250.281249.182249.9794.1-0.10.3

Cereal and bakery products

291.189290.255291.2263.10.00.3

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

260.434258.581259.8415.8-0.20.5

Dairy and related products

231.615231.513231.0333.5-0.3-0.2

Fruits and vegetables

287.130287.116289.5431.80.80.8

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

178.385177.118178.0835.7-0.20.5

Other food at home

220.955219.764219.5554.0-0.6-0.1

Food away from home

292.515293.894294.6653.20.70.3

Alcoholic beverages

240.886240.727241.3021.00.20.2

Housing

250.273250.701251.0512.00.30.1

Shelter

290.072290.417291.1482.30.40.3

Rent of primary residence

305.966306.246307.3323.10.40.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)

292.725293.143294.2162.60.50.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)

292.729293.141294.2152.60.50.4

Fuels and utilities

240.691242.841241.7570.90.4-0.4

Household energy

191.407193.607192.2260.20.4-0.7

Energy services

191.812194.100192.6650.30.4-0.7

Electricity

190.939192.547190.8450.20.0-0.9

Utility (piped) gas service

181.795188.411188.8681.23.90.2

Household furnishings and operations

127.567127.310127.2711.3-0.20.0

Apparel

123.292125.739126.286-5.02.40.4

Transportation

201.553202.301202.628-2.90.50.2

Private transportation

202.515203.361203.199-2.00.3-0.1

New and used motor vehicles(2)

104.424105.359106.0954.81.60.7

New vehicles

152.499152.647153.6600.90.80.7

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

103.824103.927104.6200.90.80.7

New cars(3)

151.954152.146152.5810.20.40.3

Used cars and trucks

151.267154.324155.68511.52.90.9

Motor fuel

177.321180.363177.125-16.6-0.1-1.8

Gasoline (all types)

176.306179.410176.178-16.6-0.1-1.8

Unleaded regular(3)

170.595173.733170.433-17.1-0.1-1.9

Unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

204.100207.647204.934-13.20.4-1.3

Unleaded premium(3)

205.964208.219206.022-12.60.0-1.1

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

929.647901.172890.770-7.3-4.2-1.2

Medical care

492.367492.009491.0173.0-0.3-0.2

Medical care commodities

350.592350.093349.128-1.0-0.4-0.3

Medical care services

540.367540.055539.0543.9-0.2-0.2

Professional services

374.339374.947375.4172.30.30.1

Recreation(2)

121.889122.694122.9551.20.90.2

Education and communication(2)

135.936135.932136.0262.00.10.1

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,371.8461,372.0161,373.8821.30.10.1

Other goods and services

443.482445.382445.7242.60.50.1

Commodity and service group

All Items

249.639250.193250.5421.30.40.1

Commodities

183.915184.581184.8290.40.50.1

Commodities less food and beverages

147.270148.177148.229-1.40.70.0

Nondurables less food and beverages

185.024186.660186.004-5.70.5-0.4

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

223.040224.279222.954-5.90.0-0.6

Durables

109.716110.107110.5593.00.80.4

Services

315.995316.419316.8711.80.30.1

Rent of shelter(1)

298.111298.468299.2322.40.40.3

Transportation services

347.612343.429344.680-5.5-0.80.4

Other services

354.860356.738357.5142.70.70.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

236.464237.060237.4741.10.40.2

All items less food

246.852247.502247.7860.90.40.1

All items less shelter

234.962235.597235.8020.80.40.1

Commodities less food

150.039150.923150.988-1.30.60.0

Nondurables

222.658223.468223.493-0.70.40.0

Nondurables less food

187.983189.510188.928-5.20.5-0.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

223.523224.629223.482-5.30.0-0.5

Services less rent of shelter(1)

348.434348.956349.0341.20.20.0

Services less medical care services

295.987296.465297.0261.50.40.2

Energy

180.522183.065180.850-8.30.2-1.2

All items less energy

258.003258.361258.9692.00.40.2

All items less food and energy

257.015257.450258.0291.70.40.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

146.846147.487147.9331.20.70.3

Energy commodities

180.870183.862180.657-16.4-0.1-1.7

Services less energy services

329.140329.373330.0201.90.30.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, November 12, 2020