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News Release Information

21-62-ATL
Wednesday, January 13, 2021

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, South Region – December 2020

Prices in the South up 0.2 percent over the month and 1.4 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South rose 0.2 percent in December, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The energy index increased 2.1 percent over the month, while the food index inched up 0.1 percent. The index for all items less food and energy was unchanged in December. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U for the South rose 1.4 percent for the 12 months ending December 2020. The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.7 percent over the past year, while the food index advanced 3.5 percent. In contrast, the energy index declined 6.9 percent over the past 12 months. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Food

The food index inched up 0.1 percent in December. The food away from home index rose 0.3 percent in December, while the food at home index was unchanged over the month.    

The food index advanced 3.5 percent for the 12 months ending in December, reflecting increases in the food at home (3.7 percent) and food away from home (3.4 percent) indexes.  

Energy

The energy index increased 2.1 percent in December, led by a 4.8-percent increase in the gasoline index. The utility (piped) gas service index rose 0.9 percent in December, while the electricity index edged down 0.3 percent over the month.

The energy index declined 6.9 percent for the 12 months ending in December, reflecting a 14.9-percent fall in the gasoline index. The electricity and the utility (piped) gas service indexes increased over the past year, up 0.7 percent and 4.5 percent, respectively.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy was unchanged in December. Several indexes increased over the month, including motor vehicle insurance (2.5 percent) and shelter (0.1 percent). Among the indexes to decline in December include apparel (-1.3 percent) and used cars and trucks (-1.0 percent).

The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.7 percent for the 12 months ending in December, led by a 2.1-percent increase in the shelter index. Over the past year, the used cars and trucks index jumped 9.7 percent, while the medical care index advanced 2.1 percent—reflecting a 2.8-percent increase in the medical care services index. Apparel (-4.9 percent) was among the indexes to decline over the year.

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the three divisions of the South. Over the month, the all items CPI-U increased 0.5 percent in the East South Central division. The all items index also increased in the West South Central and South Atlantic divisions in December, up 0.3 percent and 0.1 percent, respectively.  

Over the year, the all items index advanced 1.7 percent in the East South Central division. The all items index rose 1.6 percent in the South Atlantic division and 0.8 percent in the West South Central division.

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20162017201820192020
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.01.20.52.60.51.80.21.20.32.3

February

0.10.70.22.80.62.10.51.10.21.9

March

0.60.70.02.20.22.30.71.6-0.11.1

April

0.40.90.22.00.42.40.51.8-0.8-0.2

May

0.40.90.01.70.32.7-0.11.4-0.2-0.4

June

0.40.80.21.50.22.7-0.11.10.60.3

July

-0.20.7-0.21.60.02.90.31.40.60.6

August

0.11.00.41.9-0.12.4-0.11.40.41.1

September

0.21.40.72.40.01.70.01.30.21.3

October

0.11.5-0.22.00.22.10.21.30.11.3

November

-0.11.6-0.12.1-0.31.90.01.6-0.11.2

December

0.12.0-0.11.8-0.51.50.02.10.21.4

The Consumer Price Index for January 2021 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, February 10, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on December 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in December was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

IndexesPercent change from-
Oct.
2020
Nov.
2020
Dec.
2020
Dec.
2019
Oct.
2020
Nov.
2020

Expenditure category

All Items

250.542250.255250.6931.40.10.2

All items (December 1977=100)

406.415405.948406.658---

Food and beverages

265.137264.708264.9293.3-0.10.1

Food

266.835266.363266.7173.50.00.1

Food at home

249.979248.472248.4203.7-0.60.0

Cereal and bakery products

291.226289.993290.1783.6-0.40.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

259.841259.046257.1143.6-1.0-0.7

Dairy and related products

231.033229.524231.9634.40.41.1

Fruits and vegetables

289.543288.455287.7112.3-0.6-0.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

178.083173.863173.5693.6-2.5-0.2

Other food at home

219.555219.127220.0644.60.20.4

Food away from home

294.665295.680296.6263.40.70.3

Alcoholic beverages

241.302241.455239.8840.4-0.6-0.7

Housing

251.051251.126251.3402.00.10.1

Shelter

291.148291.301291.6522.10.20.1

Rent of primary residence

307.332307.514308.1572.80.30.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)

294.216294.448295.1032.50.30.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)

294.215294.446295.1022.50.30.2

Fuels and utilities

241.757242.207242.2781.80.20.0

Household energy

192.226192.472192.2261.10.0-0.1

Energy services

192.665192.880192.5671.2-0.1-0.2

Electricity

190.845190.057189.4350.7-0.7-0.3

Utility (piped) gas service

188.868195.726197.4904.54.60.9

Household furnishings and operations

127.271126.908126.7801.4-0.4-0.1

Apparel

126.286124.596122.932-4.9-2.7-1.3

Transportation

202.628202.005203.954-1.70.71.0

Private transportation

203.199201.983204.288-1.10.51.1

New and used motor vehicles(2)

106.095106.027105.8254.9-0.3-0.2

New vehicles

153.660153.609154.3311.50.40.5

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

104.620104.582105.0731.50.40.5

New cars(3)

152.581152.070152.7710.80.10.5

Used cars and trucks

155.685153.497151.9789.7-2.4-1.0

Motor fuel

177.125170.948179.237-14.91.24.8

Gasoline (all types)

176.178169.958178.186-14.91.14.8

Unleaded regular(3)

170.433164.181172.657-15.31.35.2

Unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

204.934198.764205.825-12.30.43.6

Unleaded premium(3)

206.022200.920205.790-12.0-0.12.4

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

890.770899.496921.782-4.13.52.5

Medical care

491.017490.370489.7802.1-0.3-0.1

Medical care commodities

349.128348.368348.391-1.1-0.20.0

Medical care services

539.054538.444537.6482.8-0.3-0.1

Professional services

375.417374.973375.2682.30.00.1

Recreation(2)

122.955122.364122.5260.9-0.30.1

Education and communication(2)

136.026136.393136.5542.30.40.1

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,373.8821,374.1151,374.0491.30.00.0

Other goods and services

445.724446.410446.7483.00.20.1

Commodity and service group

All Items

250.542250.255250.6931.40.10.2

Commodities

184.829183.795184.2160.6-0.30.2

Commodities less food and beverages

148.229147.022147.498-1.1-0.50.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

186.004183.639185.081-5.1-0.50.8

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

222.954220.166223.325-5.10.21.4

Durables

110.559110.146110.0163.1-0.5-0.1

Services

316.871317.392317.8401.90.30.1

Rent of shelter(1)

299.232299.371299.7352.10.20.1

Transportation services

344.680352.057353.988-2.32.70.5

Other services

357.514357.070357.2492.2-0.10.1

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

237.474237.206237.6921.30.10.2

All items less food

247.786247.527247.9761.00.10.2

All items less shelter

235.802235.344235.8171.00.00.2

Commodities less food

150.988149.810150.237-1.0-0.50.3

Nondurables

223.493222.055222.912-0.5-0.30.4

Nondurables less food

188.928186.718187.977-4.7-0.50.7

Nondurables less food and apparel

223.482220.972223.690-4.60.11.2

Services less rent of shelter(1)

349.034350.049350.6131.60.50.2

Services less medical care services

297.026297.631298.1711.70.40.2

Energy

180.850178.100181.834-6.90.52.1

All items less energy

258.969258.926259.0372.00.00.0

All items less food and energy

258.029258.059258.1291.70.00.0

Commodities less food and energy commodities

147.933147.327146.8351.3-0.7-0.3

Energy commodities

180.657174.532182.870-14.71.24.8

Services less energy services

330.020330.573331.0991.90.30.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, January 13, 2021