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News Release Information

21-265-ATL
Wednesday, March 10, 2021

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, South Region – February 2021

Prices in the South up 0.5 percent over the month and 2.0 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South rose 0.5 percent in February, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The energy index increased 3.7 percent over the month, while the index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.3 percent. The food index also increased in February, up 0.3 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U for the South advanced 2.0 percent for the 12 months ending February 2021. The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.6 percent over the past year, while the food index advanced 3.8 percent and the energy index rose 2.7 percent. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Food

The food index rose 0.3 percent in February, reflecting a 0.6-percent increase in the food at home index. The food away from home index was unchanged over the month.  

The food index advanced 3.8 percent for the 12 months ending in February, reflecting increases in the food at home (4.2 percent) and food away from home (3.4 percent) indexes.  

Energy

The energy index increased 3.7 percent in February, led by a 7.3-percent increase in the gasoline index. The electricity index edged up 0.2 percent in February, while the utility (piped) gas service index rose 0.5 percent over the month.

The energy index rose 2.7 percent for the 12 months ending in February, reflecting increases in the gasoline (4.0 percent), utility (piped) gas service (7.2 percent), and electricity (0.7 percent) indexes.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in February. Several indexes increased over the month, including shelter (0.2 percent), apparel (2.3 percent), and medical care (0.5 percent).

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.6 percent for the 12 months ending in February, led by a 2.0-percent increase in the shelter index. The used cars and trucks index jumped 8.7 percent over the past year, while the medical care index advanced 2.8 percent—reflecting a 3.7-percent increase in the medical care services index. Apparel (-4.5 percent) was among the indexes to decline over the year.

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the three divisions of the South. The all items CPI-U advanced 0.6 percent in the East South Central and the West South Central divisions in February. The all items index in the South Atlantic division rose 0.5 percent over the past month.  

Over the year, the all items index advanced 2.9 percent in the East South Central division. The all items index rose 2.1 percent in the South Atlantic division and 1.5 percent in the West South Central division.

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20172018201920202021
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.52.60.51.80.21.20.32.30.51.6

February

0.22.80.62.10.51.10.21.90.52.0

March

0.02.20.22.30.71.6-0.11.1

April

0.22.00.42.40.51.8-0.8-0.2

May

0.01.70.32.7-0.11.4-0.2-0.4

June

0.21.50.22.7-0.11.10.60.3

July

-0.21.60.02.90.31.40.60.6

August

0.41.9-0.12.4-0.11.40.41.1

September

0.72.40.01.70.01.30.21.3

October

-0.22.00.22.10.21.30.11.3

November

-0.12.1-0.31.90.01.6-0.11.2

December

-0.11.8-0.51.50.02.10.21.4

The Consumer Price Index for March 2021 is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, April 13, 2021 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on February 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in February was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

IndexesPercent change from-
Dec.
2020
Jan.
2021
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2020
Dec.
2020
Jan.
2021

Expenditure category

All Items

250.693252.067253.3862.01.10.5

All items (December 1977=100)

406.658408.888411.027---

Food and beverages

264.929266.178267.0343.60.80.3

Food

266.717268.038268.8723.80.80.3

Food at home

248.420249.764251.2764.21.10.6

Cereal and bakery products

290.178290.597293.6854.41.21.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

257.114258.919260.9735.51.50.8

Dairy and related products

231.963231.092229.7032.6-1.0-0.6

Fruits and vegetables

287.711293.002296.9944.93.21.4

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

173.569176.653176.0533.31.4-0.3

Other food at home

220.064218.937220.3353.40.10.6

Food away from home

296.626297.930297.7973.40.40.0

Alcoholic beverages

239.884240.168241.3200.40.60.5

Housing

251.340252.143252.6071.90.50.2

Shelter

291.652292.522293.1772.00.50.2

Rent of primary residence

308.157308.875308.9892.50.30.0

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)

295.103295.773296.5152.50.50.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)

295.102295.774296.5142.50.50.3

Fuels and utilities

242.278242.209243.0082.10.30.3

Household energy

192.226191.945192.6351.60.20.4

Energy services

192.567192.128192.6471.60.00.3

Electricity

189.435189.034189.4730.70.00.2

Utility (piped) gas service

197.490196.832197.8477.20.20.5

Household furnishings and operations

126.780127.819127.5181.40.6-0.2

Apparel

122.932124.118126.931-4.53.32.3

Transportation

203.954206.520209.8181.62.91.6

Private transportation

204.288207.214210.8022.73.21.7

New and used motor vehicles(2)

105.825105.194105.4253.9-0.40.2

New vehicles

154.331155.094155.5931.00.80.3

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

105.073105.596105.9371.00.80.3

New cars(3)

152.771153.652153.9910.30.80.2

Used cars and trucks

151.978150.478150.8928.7-0.70.3

Motor fuel

179.237194.099208.1383.916.17.2

Gasoline (all types)

178.186193.021207.0434.016.27.3

Unleaded regular(3)

172.657187.486201.5944.216.87.5

Unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

205.825220.045233.6794.113.56.2

Unleaded premium(3)

205.790218.975230.6172.412.15.3

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

921.782929.296936.937-3.01.60.8

Medical care

489.780493.592496.0352.81.30.5

Medical care commodities

348.391348.707349.056-1.20.20.1

Medical care services

537.648542.638545.7873.71.50.6

Professional services

375.268379.388382.3484.01.90.8

Recreation(2)

122.526123.295123.7951.41.00.4

Education and communication(2)

136.554136.575136.2931.8-0.2-0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,374.0491,376.8801,378.1091.40.30.1

Other goods and services

446.748447.634450.6503.00.90.7

Commodity and service group

All Items

250.693252.067253.3862.01.10.5

Commodities

184.216186.048187.8092.32.00.9

Commodities less food and beverages

147.498149.460151.4691.52.71.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

185.081189.849194.7710.25.22.6

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

223.325230.151236.3381.75.82.7

Durables

110.016110.160110.2842.70.20.1

Services

317.840318.698319.5191.80.50.3

Rent of shelter(1)

299.735300.597301.3682.00.50.3

Transportation services

353.988351.566351.827-3.6-0.60.1

Other services

357.249358.365359.1112.40.50.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

237.692238.940240.1961.91.10.5

All items less food

247.976249.358250.7491.71.10.6

All items less shelter

235.817237.389238.9672.01.30.7

Commodities less food

150.237152.166154.1601.42.61.3

Nondurables

222.912225.994228.9692.12.71.3

Nondurables less food

187.977192.468197.1560.34.92.4

Nondurables less food and apparel

223.690229.893235.5961.65.32.5

Services less rent of shelter(1)

350.613351.495352.4041.60.50.3

Services less medical care services

298.171298.701299.3341.60.40.2

Energy

181.834188.611195.5012.77.53.7

All items less energy

259.037259.880260.6491.90.60.3

All items less food and energy

258.129258.890259.6501.60.60.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

146.835147.250147.8301.00.70.4

Energy commodities

182.870197.867212.0773.916.07.2

Services less energy services

331.099332.092332.9451.80.60.3

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, March 10, 2021