Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

21-1637-ATL
Tuesday, September 14, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, South Region – August 2021

Prices in the South up 0.3 percent over the month and 5.6 percent over the past year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South rose 0.3 percent in August, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent in August. The energy index and the food index also increased over the month, up 0.6 percent and 0.3 percent, respectively. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U for the South advanced 5.6 percent for the 12 months ending in August, after increasing 5.8-percent over the 12-month period ending in July. The index for all items less food and energy increased 4.5 percent over the past year, while the energy index rose 24.5 percent. The food index rose 3.3 percent over the past 12 months. (See chart 1 and table 1.)


Food

The food index rose 0.3 percent in August, led by a 0.4-percent increase in the food away from home index. The food at home index rose marginally in August, up 0.1 percent.

The food index rose 3.3 percent for the 12 months ending in August, reflecting increases in the food away from home (4.1 percent) and food at home (2.6 percent) indexes.

Energy

The energy index rose 0.6 percent in August, led by a 1.1-percent increase in the electricity index. The utility (piped) gas service index also increased in August, up 1.6 percent. The index for gasoline was unchanged over the month.

The energy index increased 24.5 percent for the 12 months ending in August, reflecting a 44.7-percent rise in the gasoline index. The electricity and utility (piped) gas service indexes also increased over the year, up 5.7 percent and 19.7 percent, respectively.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent in August, led by a 0.3 percent increase in the shelter index. Among the other notable indexes to increase over the month include education and communication (0.9 percent), recreation (0.8 percent), and apparel (1.4 percent). The new and used motor vehicles index declined 0.5 percent in August, reflecting a 1.6-percent decrease in the used cars and trucks index.

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 4.5 percent for the 12 months ending in August, reflecting increases across many indexes. The new and used motor vehicles index rose 17.3 percent over the past 12 months—led by a 31.2-percent increase in the used cars and trucks index. Shelter (3.3 percent) was also among the indexes to increase over the past 12 months.

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the three divisions of the South. The all items CPI-U advanced 0.3 percent in the South Atlantic and West South Central divisions in August. The all items index in the East South Central division declined 0.1 percent over the past month.  

Over the year, the all items index advanced 6.4 percent in the East South Central division. The all items index rose 5.7 percent in the West South Central division and 5.4 percent in the South Atlantic division.

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20172018201920202021
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.52.60.51.80.21.20.32.30.51.6

February

0.22.80.62.10.51.10.21.90.52.0

March

0.02.20.22.30.71.6-0.11.10.82.9

April

0.22.00.42.40.51.8-0.8-0.20.74.4

May

0.01.70.32.7-0.11.4-0.2-0.40.85.6

June

0.21.50.22.7-0.11.10.60.30.95.8

July

-0.21.60.02.90.31.40.60.60.55.8

August

0.41.9-0.12.4-0.11.40.41.10.35.6

September

0.72.40.01.70.01.30.21.3

October

-0.22.00.22.10.21.30.11.3

November

-0.12.1-0.31.90.01.6-0.11.2

December

-0.11.8-0.51.50.02.10.21.4

The Consumer Price Index for September 2021 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, October 13, 2021 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on August 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in August was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

IndexesPercent change from-
Jun.
2021
Jul.
2021
Aug.
2021
Aug.
2020
Jun.
2021
Jul.
2021

Expenditure category

All Items

261.668263.013263.7285.60.80.3

All items (December 1977=100)

424.463426.643427.803---

Food and beverages

270.730272.177272.9893.20.80.3

Food

272.556274.055274.7883.30.80.3

Food at home

255.234256.411256.7382.60.60.1

Cereal and bakery products

294.672296.264294.1621.0-0.2-0.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

277.122281.129282.3738.41.90.4

Dairy and related products

228.537230.237228.888-1.20.2-0.6

Fruits and vegetables

301.215299.131298.3433.9-1.0-0.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

175.112175.028176.457-1.10.80.8

Other food at home

220.019220.840221.7980.40.80.4

Food away from home

301.136303.120304.4484.11.10.4

Alcoholic beverages

245.152245.889247.7612.91.10.8

Housing

257.154258.418259.4173.70.90.4

Shelter

297.405298.781299.5713.30.70.3

Rent of primary residence

311.589312.163313.5082.50.60.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)

299.448300.139301.1502.90.60.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)

299.450300.143301.1562.90.60.3

Fuels and utilities

250.690253.624256.0766.42.11.0

Household energy

200.682203.640206.0817.72.71.2

Energy services

200.603203.628206.0667.42.71.2

Electricity

196.970199.513201.7685.72.41.1

Utility (piped) gas service

208.196214.169217.62019.74.51.6

Household furnishings and operations

131.199131.194132.0103.50.60.6

Apparel

128.858127.285129.0514.70.11.4

Transportation

237.569239.749238.55418.40.4-0.5

Private transportation

238.190240.933240.59218.81.0-0.1

New and used motor vehicles(2)

121.568123.140122.52517.30.8-0.5

New vehicles

160.462162.394163.5977.32.00.7

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

109.251110.583111.4197.32.00.8

New cars(3)

158.225160.301162.0266.62.41.1

Used cars and trucks

200.075201.665198.43931.2-0.8-1.6

Motor fuel

251.279256.190256.20744.52.00.0

Gasoline (all types)

250.082255.015255.03344.72.00.0

Unleaded regular(3)

244.125249.032248.99346.02.00.0

Unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

279.156284.242284.72939.52.00.2

Unleaded premium(3)

273.143277.812278.24135.11.90.2

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

954.793949.735954.3792.70.00.5

Medical care

495.772497.884498.6421.30.60.2

Medical care commodities

348.692349.148348.857-0.50.0-0.1

Medical care services

545.558548.228549.3391.70.70.2

Professional services

384.060385.121386.0513.10.50.2

Recreation(2)

124.239124.913125.8613.31.30.8

Education and communication(2)

137.344137.472138.7332.11.00.9

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,371.7091,375.6131,387.7511.21.20.9

Other goods and services

452.648456.627458.6403.41.30.4

Commodity and service group

All Items

261.668263.013263.7285.60.80.3

Commodities

199.052200.140200.6369.10.80.2

Commodities less food and beverages

164.935165.849166.21012.90.80.2

Nondurables less food and beverages

207.436208.229208.92912.90.70.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

255.132257.226257.36615.40.90.1

Durables

122.750123.635123.76312.80.80.1

Services

324.473326.069327.0083.50.80.3

Rent of shelter(1)

305.768307.197308.0313.30.70.3

Transportation services

371.325371.038366.3375.4-1.3-1.3

Other services

359.842361.663364.5702.71.30.8

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

248.860250.160250.8696.10.80.3

All items less food

259.723261.042261.7546.00.80.3

All items less shelter

248.833250.169250.8586.80.80.3

Commodities less food

167.437168.350168.74912.50.80.2

Nondurables

237.335238.439239.1927.40.80.3

Nondurables less food

209.270210.058210.82612.20.70.4

Nondurables less food and apparel

252.948254.910255.20514.20.90.1

Services less rent of shelter(1)

358.208360.062361.1623.70.80.3

Services less medical care services

304.651306.150307.0683.70.80.3

Energy

219.706223.507224.76424.52.30.6

All items less energy

267.389268.496269.1614.30.70.2

All items less food and energy

266.926267.966268.6214.50.60.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

157.647158.099158.5378.00.60.3

Energy commodities

255.411260.309260.38444.01.90.0

Services less energy services

337.596339.046339.8323.20.70.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, September 14, 2021