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News Release Information

21-1841-ATL
Wednesday, October 13, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, South Region – September 2021

Prices in the South up 0.3 percent over the month and 5.8 percent over the past year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South rose 0.3 percent in September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent in September. The food index and the energy index also increased over the month, up 0.9 percent and 0.7 percent, respectively. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U for the South advanced 5.8 percent for the 12 months ending in September, after increasing 5.6-percent over the 12-month period ending in August. The index for all items less food and energy increased 4.5 percent over the past year, while the energy index rose 23.6 percent. The food index rose 4.3 percent over the past 12 months. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Food

The food index rose 0.9 percent in September, led by a 1.2-percent increase in the food at home index. The food away from home index also increased in September, up 0.6 percent.

The food index rose 4.3 percent for the 12 months ending in September, reflecting increases in the food at home (4.3 percent) and food away from home (4.2 percent) indexes.

Energy

The energy index rose 0.7 percent in September, reflecting increases in the electricity (0.8 percent) and gasoline (0.6 percent) indexes. The utility (piped) gas service index edged down 0.3 percent in September.

The energy index increased 23.6 percent for the 12 months ending in September, reflecting a 43.0-percent rise in the gasoline index. The electricity and the utility (piped) gas service indexes also increased over the year, up 5.7 percent and 15.2 percent, respectively.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent in September, led by a 0.5-percent increase in the shelter index. In contrast, the new and used motor vehicles index declined 1.5 percent in September, reflecting a 3.7-percent decrease in the used cars and trucks index.

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 4.5 percent for the 12 months ending in September, reflecting increases across many indexes. The new and used motor vehicles index rose 14.5 percent over the past 12 months, reflecting increases in the used cars and trucks index (23.8 percent) and new vehicles index (8.2 percent). Shelter (3.7 percent) was also among the indexes to increase over the past 12 months.

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the three divisions of the South. The all items CPI-U advanced 0.4 percent in the South Atlantic division in September. The all items index rose 0.2 percent in the West South Central division and 0.1 percent in the East South Central division.

Over the year, the all items index advanced 6.6 percent in the East South Central division. The all items index rose 5.7 percent in the West South Central division and 5.6 percent in the South Atlantic division.

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20172018201920202021
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.52.60.51.80.21.20.32.30.51.6

February

0.22.80.62.10.51.10.21.90.52.0

March

0.02.20.22.30.71.6-0.11.10.82.9

April

0.22.00.42.40.51.8-0.8-0.20.74.4

May

0.01.70.32.7-0.11.4-0.2-0.40.85.6

June

0.21.50.22.7-0.11.10.60.30.95.8

July

-0.21.60.02.90.31.40.60.60.55.8

August

0.41.9-0.12.4-0.11.40.41.10.35.6

September

0.72.40.01.70.01.30.21.30.35.8

October

-0.22.00.22.10.21.30.11.3

November

-0.12.1-0.31.90.01.6-0.11.2

December

-0.11.8-0.51.50.02.10.21.4

The Consumer Price Index for October 2021 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, November 10, 2021 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on September 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in September was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

IndexesPercent change from-
Jul.
2021
Aug.
2021
Sep.
2021
Sep.
2020
Jul.
2021
Aug.
2021

Expenditure category

All Items

263.013263.728264.5935.80.60.3

All items (December 1977=100)

426.643427.803429.206---

Food and beverages

272.177272.989275.4264.21.20.9

Food

274.055274.788277.3924.31.20.9

Food at home

256.411256.738259.9284.31.41.2

Cereal and bakery products

296.264294.162299.4733.21.11.8

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

281.129282.373287.21711.12.21.7

Dairy and related products

230.237228.888230.258-0.50.00.6

Fruits and vegetables

299.131298.343300.5254.70.50.7

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

175.028176.457178.3450.71.91.1

Other food at home

220.840221.798224.3462.11.61.1

Food away from home

303.120304.448306.2404.21.00.6

Alcoholic beverages

245.889247.761247.9473.00.80.1

Housing

258.418259.417260.8654.10.90.6

Shelter

298.781299.571301.1783.70.80.5

Rent of primary residence

312.163313.508315.5963.11.10.7

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)

300.139301.150302.9133.30.90.6

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)

300.143301.156302.9143.30.90.6

Fuels and utilities

253.624256.076257.6956.11.60.6

Household energy

203.640206.081207.5807.21.90.7

Energy services

203.628206.066207.4706.91.90.7

Electricity

199.513201.768203.4585.72.00.8

Utility (piped) gas service

214.169217.620217.01015.21.3-0.3

Household furnishings and operations

131.194132.010132.8414.31.30.6

Apparel

127.285129.051130.8674.12.81.4

Transportation

239.749238.554236.71917.0-1.3-0.8

Private transportation

240.933240.592239.21617.6-0.7-0.6

New and used motor vehicles(2)

123.140122.525120.66114.5-2.0-1.5

New vehicles

162.394163.597165.2168.21.71.0

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

110.583111.419112.5258.31.81.0

New cars(3)

160.301162.026163.4797.42.00.9

Used cars and trucks

201.665198.439191.02123.8-5.3-3.7

Motor fuel

256.190256.207257.74042.90.60.6

Gasoline (all types)

255.015255.033256.55443.00.60.6

Unleaded regular(3)

249.032248.993250.54944.20.60.6

Unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

284.242284.729286.10237.80.70.5

Unleaded premium(3)

277.812278.241279.34434.20.60.4

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

949.735954.379955.7536.10.60.1

Medical care

497.884498.642498.0251.20.0-0.1

Medical care commodities

349.148348.857350.5550.10.40.5

Medical care services

548.228549.339547.9431.5-0.1-0.3

Professional services

385.121386.051385.6452.90.1-0.1

Recreation(2)

124.913125.861127.3353.81.91.2

Education and communication(2)

137.472138.733139.2372.41.30.4

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,375.6131,387.7511,394.7501.71.40.5

Other goods and services

456.627458.640458.0622.80.3-0.1

Commodity and service group

All Items

263.013263.728264.5935.80.60.3

Commodities

200.140200.636201.3589.10.60.4

Commodities less food and beverages

165.849166.210166.28812.20.30.0

Nondurables less food and beverages

208.229208.929210.33512.71.00.7

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

257.226257.366258.58415.30.50.5

Durables

123.635123.763123.07311.8-0.5-0.6

Services

326.069327.008328.0113.70.60.3

Rent of shelter(1)

307.197308.031309.6713.80.80.5

Transportation services

371.038366.337361.6805.3-2.5-1.3

Other services

361.663364.570367.2522.91.50.7

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

250.160250.869251.8036.20.70.4

All items less food

261.042261.754262.3536.00.50.2

All items less shelter

250.169250.858251.4416.70.50.2

Commodities less food

168.350168.749168.83011.90.30.0

Nondurables

238.439239.192241.0877.91.10.8

Nondurables less food

210.058210.826212.15611.91.00.6

Nondurables less food and apparel

254.910255.205256.32414.10.60.4

Services less rent of shelter(1)

360.062361.162361.4053.60.40.1

Services less medical care services

306.150307.068308.2504.00.70.4

Energy

223.507224.764226.24523.61.20.7

All items less energy

268.496269.161269.9694.50.50.3

All items less food and energy

267.966268.621269.1224.50.40.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

158.099158.537158.4347.40.2-0.1

Energy commodities

260.309260.384262.05042.50.70.6

Services less energy services

339.046339.832340.7953.50.50.3

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, October 13, 2021