Tuesday, April 12, 2022
The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater rose 2.1 percent from January to March, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that the energy index rose sharply over the bi-monthly period, up 14.6 percent. The all items less food and energy index increased 1.0 percent from January to March, while the food index rose 2.4 percent over the bi-monthly period. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)
The all items CPI-U advanced 10.2 percent for the 12 months ending in March. The index for all items less food and energy increased 8.8 percent over the past year. The energy and the food indexes also increased over the last 12 months, up 31.1 percent and 8.2 percent, respectively. (See chart 1 and table 1.)
The food index rose 2.4 percent from January to March, led by a 3.7-percent increase in the food at home index. The food away from home index also increased over the bi-monthly period, up 0.8 percent.
The food index advanced 8.2 percent for the 12 months ending in March, reflecting increases in the food at home (+10.7 percent) and food away from home (+4.9 percent) indexes.Energy
The energy index rose 14.6 percent from January to March, reflecting a 26.9-percent spike in the gasoline index. The utility (piped) gas service index increased 6.5 percent over the bi-monthly period, while the energy index declined 0.9 percent.
The energy index increased 31.1 percent for the 12 months ending in March, primarily due to a 46.0-percent increase in the gasoline index. The electricity index increased 13.2 percent over the past year and the utility (piped) gas service index rose 9.1 percent.All items less food and energy
The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.0 percent from January to March. Shelter (+1.7 percent) was among the indexes to contribute to the overall increase.
The index for all items less food and energy advanced 8.8 percent for the 12 months ending in March, reflecting increases across many indexes, including shelter (+10.4 percent). The new and used motor vehicles index rose 17.6 percent over the past year, led by a 35.1-percent increase in the used cars and trucks index. The new vehicles index rose 9.7 percent over the past year.
The Consumer Price Index for April 2022 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, May 11, 2022, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.
The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.
The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.
In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.
The Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL Core Based Statistical Area includes Hernando, Hillsborough, Pasco, and Pinellas Counties.
Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.
|Item and Group||Indexes||Percent change from-|
Food and beverages
Food at home
Cereals and bakery products
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs
Dairy and related products
Fruits and vegetables
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials
Other food at home
Food away from home
Rent of primary residence
Owners' equiv. rent of residences
Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence
Fuels and utilities
Utility (piped) gas service
Household furnishings and operations
New and used motor vehicles(1)
Used cars and trucks
Gasoline (all types)
Education and communication(1)
Tuition, other school fees, and child care
Other goods and services
Commodity and service group
Commodities less food & beverages
Nondurables less food & beverages
Special aggregate indexes
All items less medical care
All items less shelter
Commodities less food
Nondurables less food
Services less rent of shelter
Services less medical care services
All items less energy
All items less food and energy
- Data not available.
Last Modified Date: Tuesday, April 12, 2022