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News Release Information

20-1407-ATL
Tuesday, July 14, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell – June 2020

Area prices up 0.9 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell increased 1.1 percent from April to June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that the index for all items less food and energy rose 0.8 percent since April, while the energy index advanced 6.2 percent over the bi-monthly period. In contrast, the food index edged down 0.2 percent from April to June. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U rose 0.9 percent for the 12 months ending in June. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.0 percent over the last 12 months, while the food index advanced 4.3 percent. The energy index fell 15.1 percent over the past 12 months. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Food

The food index edged down 0.2 percent from April to June, reflecting a 1.4-percent decline in the food away from home index. The food at home index rose 0.9 percent over the bi-monthly period.

The food index advanced 4.3 percent for the 12 months ending in June, reflecting increases in the food at home (7.1 percent) and food away from home (1.5 percent) indexes.

Energy

The energy index advanced 6.2 percent from April to June, reflecting a 15.7-percent increase in the gasoline index. The electricity index was unchanged over the bi-monthly period.

The energy index fell 15.1 percent for the 12 months ending in June, led by a 28.0-percent fall in the gasoline index. The electricity index declined 2.1 percent over the past 12 months.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.8 percent from April to June, led by increases in the shelter (1.1 percent) and motor vehicle insurance (15.5 percent) indexes.

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.0 percent for the 12 months ending in June. Several indexes contributed to the increase, most notably shelter (2.9 percent) and medical care (9.6 percent). Apparel (-9.3 percent) was among the indexes to decline over the past year.  

Table A. Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

February

0.3 1.6 1.2 3.5 1.2 3.3 1.2 1.3 0.8 2.9

April

1.0 1.9 0.6 3.2 0.2 2.8 1.4 2.5 -1.8 -0.3

June

1.3 0.7 1.3 3.2 1.2 2.8 -0.1 1.1 1.1 0.9

August

0.5 1.2 0.8 3.5 0.3 2.2 1.3 2.2

October

-0.1 2.4 -0.3 3.2 -1.0 1.6 -0.2 3.0

December

-0.4 2.6 -0.4 3.2 -0.6 1.4 -0.3 3.3

The Consumer Price Index for July 2020 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, August 12, 2020.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on June 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in June was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details, see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA, Core Based Statistical Area covered in this release is comprised of Barrow, Bartow, Butts, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, Dawson, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Haralson, Heard, Henry, Jasper, Lamar, Meriwether, Morgan, Newton, Paulding, Pickens, Pike, Rockdale, Spalding, and Walton Counties in Georgia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Apr.
2020
May
2020
Jun.
2020
Jun.
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020

Expenditure category

All Items

242.617 - 245.184 0.9 1.1 -

All items (1967=100)

731.660 - 739.399 - - -

Food and beverages

265.999 - 265.555 3.2 -0.2 -

Food

279.825 - 279.267 4.3 -0.2 -

Food at home

260.094 259.021 262.526 7.1 0.9 1.4

Cereals and bakery products

231.158 - 224.518 0.8 -2.9 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

291.946 - 306.715 11.9 5.1 -

Dairy and related products

246.472 - 238.187 3.2 -3.4 -

Fruits and vegetables

303.435 - 312.279 7.8 2.9 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

266.588 - 268.272 7.2 0.6 -

Other food at home

221.658 - 220.138 6.4 -0.7 -

Food away from home

312.386 - 308.035 1.5 -1.4 -

Alcoholic beverages

144.727 - 145.219 -12.0 0.3 -

Housing

257.102 - 259.050 2.3 0.8 -

Shelter

285.609 285.278 288.729 2.9 1.1 1.2

Rent of primary residence

297.520 298.442 299.069 3.1 0.5 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)

280.676 280.584 281.515 3.2 0.3 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)

280.676 280.584 281.515 3.2 0.3 0.3

Fuels and utilities

298.963 - 299.156 -1.5 0.1 -

Household energy

255.963 255.476 256.175 -1.8 0.1 0.3

Energy Services

254.475 254.127 254.701 -1.9 0.1 0.2

Electricity

219.919 219.919 219.919 -2.1 0.0 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service

- - - - - -

Household furnishings and operations

128.538 - 127.528 2.5 -0.8 -

Apparel

129.325 - 127.348 -9.3 -1.5 -

Transportation

182.460 - 193.299 -6.3 5.9 -

Private transportation

182.689 - 194.594 -5.7 6.5 -

New and used motor vehicles(3)

99.608 - 101.679 0.6 2.1 -

New vehicles(1)

208.022 - 212.983 2.4 2.4 -

Used cars and trucks(1)

212.434 - 208.616 -1.9 -1.8 -

Motor fuel

140.647 144.514 162.398 -27.9 15.5 12.4

Gasoline (all types)

139.161 143.060 161.035 -28.0 15.7 12.6

Unleaded regular(4)

134.477 138.345 156.205 -28.5 16.2 12.9

Unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

186.928 189.818 211.639 -25.0 13.2 11.5

Unleaded premium(4)

166.609 170.648 187.494 -23.6 12.5 9.9

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

1,094.539 - 1,263.864 7.4 15.5 -

Medical Care

489.521 - 488.577 9.6 -0.2 -

Recreation(3)

86.497 - 86.944 3.0 0.5 -

Education and communication(3)

137.143 - 134.961 0.1 -1.6 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,461.227 - 1,461.227 2.7 0.0 -

Other goods and services

396.498 - 395.373 1.7 -0.3 -

Commodity and service group

All Items

242.617 - 245.184 0.9 1.1 -

Commodities

173.465 - 174.606 -2.3 0.7 -

Commodities less food & beverages

134.319 - 135.935 -5.4 1.2 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

162.944 - 166.708 -9.9 2.3 -

Durables

104.466 - 104.508 -0.1 0.0 -

Services

308.101 - 312.083 2.8 1.3 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

229.747 - 232.459 0.2 1.2 -

All items less shelter

228.658 - 231.037 -0.1 1.0 -

Commodities less food

134.330 - 135.901 -5.7 1.2 -

Nondurables

208.032 - 209.933 -3.1 0.9 -

Nondurables less food

160.530 - 164.009 -10.1 2.2 -

Services less rent of shelter(2)

347.770 - 353.014 2.6 1.5 -

Services less medical care services

290.335 - 294.378 2.2 1.4 -

Energy

176.956 178.691 187.940 -15.1 6.2 5.2

All items less energy

249.182 - 250.897 2.3 0.7 -

All items less food and energy

244.821 - 246.884 2.0 0.8 -

Footnotes
(1) Index is on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, July 14, 2020