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News Release Information

21-1637-ATL
Tuesday, September 14, 2021

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, South Region – August 2021

Prices in the South up 0.3 percent over the month and 5.6 percent over the past year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South rose 0.3 percent in August, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent in August. The energy index and the food index also increased over the month, up 0.6 percent and 0.3 percent, respectively. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U for the South advanced 5.6 percent for the 12 months ending in August, after increasing 5.8-percent over the 12-month period ending in July. The index for all items less food and energy increased 4.5 percent over the past year, while the energy index rose 24.5 percent. The food index rose 3.3 percent over the past 12 months. (See chart 1 and table 1.)


Food

The food index rose 0.3 percent in August, led by a 0.4-percent increase in the food away from home index. The food at home index rose marginally in August, up 0.1 percent.

The food index rose 3.3 percent for the 12 months ending in August, reflecting increases in the food away from home (4.1 percent) and food at home (2.6 percent) indexes.

Energy

The energy index rose 0.6 percent in August, led by a 1.1-percent increase in the electricity index. The utility (piped) gas service index also increased in August, up 1.6 percent. The index for gasoline was unchanged over the month.

The energy index increased 24.5 percent for the 12 months ending in August, reflecting a 44.7-percent rise in the gasoline index. The electricity and utility (piped) gas service indexes also increased over the year, up 5.7 percent and 19.7 percent, respectively.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent in August, led by a 0.3 percent increase in the shelter index. Among the other notable indexes to increase over the month include education and communication (0.9 percent), recreation (0.8 percent), and apparel (1.4 percent). The new and used motor vehicles index declined 0.5 percent in August, reflecting a 1.6-percent decrease in the used cars and trucks index.

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 4.5 percent for the 12 months ending in August, reflecting increases across many indexes. The new and used motor vehicles index rose 17.3 percent over the past 12 months—led by a 31.2-percent increase in the used cars and trucks index. Shelter (3.3 percent) was also among the indexes to increase over the past 12 months.

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the three divisions of the South. The all items CPI-U advanced 0.3 percent in the South Atlantic and West South Central divisions in August. The all items index in the East South Central division declined 0.1 percent over the past month.  

Over the year, the all items index advanced 6.4 percent in the East South Central division. The all items index rose 5.7 percent in the West South Central division and 5.4 percent in the South Atlantic division.

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 2.6 0.5 1.8 0.2 1.2 0.3 2.3 0.5 1.6

February

0.2 2.8 0.6 2.1 0.5 1.1 0.2 1.9 0.5 2.0

March

0.0 2.2 0.2 2.3 0.7 1.6 -0.1 1.1 0.8 2.9

April

0.2 2.0 0.4 2.4 0.5 1.8 -0.8 -0.2 0.7 4.4

May

0.0 1.7 0.3 2.7 -0.1 1.4 -0.2 -0.4 0.8 5.6

June

0.2 1.5 0.2 2.7 -0.1 1.1 0.6 0.3 0.9 5.8

July

-0.2 1.6 0.0 2.9 0.3 1.4 0.6 0.6 0.5 5.8

August

0.4 1.9 -0.1 2.4 -0.1 1.4 0.4 1.1 0.3 5.6

September

0.7 2.4 0.0 1.7 0.0 1.3 0.2 1.3

October

-0.2 2.0 0.2 2.1 0.2 1.3 0.1 1.3

November

-0.1 2.1 -0.3 1.9 0.0 1.6 -0.1 1.2

December

-0.1 1.8 -0.5 1.5 0.0 2.1 0.2 1.4

The Consumer Price Index for September 2021 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, October 13, 2021 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on August 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in August was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Jun.
2021
Jul.
2021
Aug.
2021
Aug.
2020
Jun.
2021
Jul.
2021

Expenditure category

All Items

261.668 263.013 263.728 5.6 0.8 0.3

All items (December 1977=100)

424.463 426.643 427.803 - - -

Food and beverages

270.730 272.177 272.989 3.2 0.8 0.3

Food

272.556 274.055 274.788 3.3 0.8 0.3

Food at home

255.234 256.411 256.738 2.6 0.6 0.1

Cereal and bakery products

294.672 296.264 294.162 1.0 -0.2 -0.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

277.122 281.129 282.373 8.4 1.9 0.4

Dairy and related products

228.537 230.237 228.888 -1.2 0.2 -0.6

Fruits and vegetables

301.215 299.131 298.343 3.9 -1.0 -0.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

175.112 175.028 176.457 -1.1 0.8 0.8

Other food at home

220.019 220.840 221.798 0.4 0.8 0.4

Food away from home

301.136 303.120 304.448 4.1 1.1 0.4

Alcoholic beverages

245.152 245.889 247.761 2.9 1.1 0.8

Housing

257.154 258.418 259.417 3.7 0.9 0.4

Shelter

297.405 298.781 299.571 3.3 0.7 0.3

Rent of primary residence

311.589 312.163 313.508 2.5 0.6 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)

299.448 300.139 301.150 2.9 0.6 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)

299.450 300.143 301.156 2.9 0.6 0.3

Fuels and utilities

250.690 253.624 256.076 6.4 2.1 1.0

Household energy

200.682 203.640 206.081 7.7 2.7 1.2

Energy services

200.603 203.628 206.066 7.4 2.7 1.2

Electricity

196.970 199.513 201.768 5.7 2.4 1.1

Utility (piped) gas service

208.196 214.169 217.620 19.7 4.5 1.6

Household furnishings and operations

131.199 131.194 132.010 3.5 0.6 0.6

Apparel

128.858 127.285 129.051 4.7 0.1 1.4

Transportation

237.569 239.749 238.554 18.4 0.4 -0.5

Private transportation

238.190 240.933 240.592 18.8 1.0 -0.1

New and used motor vehicles(2)

121.568 123.140 122.525 17.3 0.8 -0.5

New vehicles

160.462 162.394 163.597 7.3 2.0 0.7

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

109.251 110.583 111.419 7.3 2.0 0.8

New cars(3)

158.225 160.301 162.026 6.6 2.4 1.1

Used cars and trucks

200.075 201.665 198.439 31.2 -0.8 -1.6

Motor fuel

251.279 256.190 256.207 44.5 2.0 0.0

Gasoline (all types)

250.082 255.015 255.033 44.7 2.0 0.0

Unleaded regular(3)

244.125 249.032 248.993 46.0 2.0 0.0

Unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

279.156 284.242 284.729 39.5 2.0 0.2

Unleaded premium(3)

273.143 277.812 278.241 35.1 1.9 0.2

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

954.793 949.735 954.379 2.7 0.0 0.5

Medical care

495.772 497.884 498.642 1.3 0.6 0.2

Medical care commodities

348.692 349.148 348.857 -0.5 0.0 -0.1

Medical care services

545.558 548.228 549.339 1.7 0.7 0.2

Professional services

384.060 385.121 386.051 3.1 0.5 0.2

Recreation(2)

124.239 124.913 125.861 3.3 1.3 0.8

Education and communication(2)

137.344 137.472 138.733 2.1 1.0 0.9

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,371.709 1,375.613 1,387.751 1.2 1.2 0.9

Other goods and services

452.648 456.627 458.640 3.4 1.3 0.4

Commodity and service group

All Items

261.668 263.013 263.728 5.6 0.8 0.3

Commodities

199.052 200.140 200.636 9.1 0.8 0.2

Commodities less food and beverages

164.935 165.849 166.210 12.9 0.8 0.2

Nondurables less food and beverages

207.436 208.229 208.929 12.9 0.7 0.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

255.132 257.226 257.366 15.4 0.9 0.1

Durables

122.750 123.635 123.763 12.8 0.8 0.1

Services

324.473 326.069 327.008 3.5 0.8 0.3

Rent of shelter(1)

305.768 307.197 308.031 3.3 0.7 0.3

Transportation services

371.325 371.038 366.337 5.4 -1.3 -1.3

Other services

359.842 361.663 364.570 2.7 1.3 0.8

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

248.860 250.160 250.869 6.1 0.8 0.3

All items less food

259.723 261.042 261.754 6.0 0.8 0.3

All items less shelter

248.833 250.169 250.858 6.8 0.8 0.3

Commodities less food

167.437 168.350 168.749 12.5 0.8 0.2

Nondurables

237.335 238.439 239.192 7.4 0.8 0.3

Nondurables less food

209.270 210.058 210.826 12.2 0.7 0.4

Nondurables less food and apparel

252.948 254.910 255.205 14.2 0.9 0.1

Services less rent of shelter(1)

358.208 360.062 361.162 3.7 0.8 0.3

Services less medical care services

304.651 306.150 307.068 3.7 0.8 0.3

Energy

219.706 223.507 224.764 24.5 2.3 0.6

All items less energy

267.389 268.496 269.161 4.3 0.7 0.2

All items less food and energy

266.926 267.966 268.621 4.5 0.6 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

157.647 158.099 158.537 8.0 0.6 0.3

Energy commodities

255.411 260.309 260.384 44.0 1.9 0.0

Services less energy services

337.596 339.046 339.832 3.2 0.7 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, September 14, 2021