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News Release Information

22-1867-ATL
Tuesday, September 13, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, South Region — August 2022

Prices in the South down 0.2 percent over the month; up 8.9 percent over the past year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South declined 0.2 percent in August, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The energy index fell 7.4 percent over the month. In contrast, the index for all items less food and energy rose 0.6 percent in August and the food index rose 0.7 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U for the South advanced 8.9 percent for the 12 months ending in August, after increasing 9.4-percent over the 12-month period ending in July. The index for all items less food and energy rose 7.1 percent over the past year. The energy index and the food index also increased over the last 12 months, up 22.6 percent and 11.5 percent, respectively. (See chart 1 and table 1.)


Food

The food index rose 0.7 percent in August, reflecting increases in the food away from home (+1.0 percent) and the food at home (+0.5 percent) indexes.

The food index advanced 11.5 percent for the 12 months ending in August, led by a 13.6-percent increase in the food at home index. The food away from home index also increased over the past 12 months, up 8.4 percent.  

Energy

The energy index fell 7.4 percent in August, reflecting a 14.0-percent decrease in the gasoline index. The utility (piped) gas service index increased 6.2 percent over the month, while the electricity index edged up 0.4 percent.  

The energy index advanced 22.6 percent for the 12 months ending in August, led by a 24.1-percent increase in the gasoline index. The electricity and utility (piped) gas service indexes also increased over the past 12 months, up 18.4 percent and 30.1 percent, respectively.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.6 percent in August, primarily reflecting a 0.8-percent increase in the shelter index. Household furnishings and operations (+0.9 percent), medical care (+0.4 percent), and apparel (+1.4 percent) were also among the indexes to increase in August. In contrast, the used cars and trucks index declined 0.5 percent over the month.

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 7.1 percent for the 12 months ending in August, led by a 7.9-percent increase in the shelter index. The new and used motor vehicles index rose 10.1 percent over the past 12 months, reflecting increases in the new vehicles (+11.8 percent) and used cars and trucks (+7.7 percent) indexes.

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the three divisions of the South. The all items index declined 0.5 percent in the East South Central division in August. The all items index also declined in the South Atlantic and West South Central divisions in August, down 0.1 percent each.  

Over the year, the all items index advanced 9.4 percent in the West South Central division and 9.0 percent in the South Atlantic division. The all items index increased 7.5 percent in the East South Central division.

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 1.8 0.2 1.2 0.3 2.3 0.5 1.6 0.9 7.8

February

0.6 2.1 0.5 1.1 0.2 1.9 0.5 2.0 1.1 8.4

March

0.2 2.3 0.7 1.6 -0.1 1.1 0.8 2.9 1.4 9.1

April

0.4 2.4 0.5 1.8 -0.8 -0.2 0.7 4.4 0.5 8.8

May

0.3 2.7 -0.1 1.4 -0.2 -0.4 0.8 5.6 1.2 9.2

June

0.2 2.7 -0.1 1.1 0.6 0.3 0.9 5.8 1.5 9.8

July

0.0 2.9 0.3 1.4 0.6 0.6 0.5 5.8 0.1 9.4

August

-0.1 2.4 -0.1 1.4 0.4 1.1 0.3 5.6 -0.2 8.9

September

0.0 1.7 0.0 1.3 0.2 1.3 0.3 5.8

October

0.2 2.1 0.2 1.3 0.1 1.3 1.0 6.6

November

-0.3 1.9 0.0 1.6 -0.1 1.2 0.4 7.2

December

-0.5 1.5 0.0 2.1 0.2 1.4 0.3 7.4

The Consumer Price Index for September 2022 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, October 13, 2022, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Jun.
2022
Jul.
2022
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Jun.
2022
Jul.
2022

Expenditure category

All Items

287.427 287.608 287.168 8.9 -0.1 -0.2

All items (December 1977=100)

466.247 466.540 465.826 - - -

Food and beverages

297.375 300.988 303.117 11.0 1.9 0.7

Food

300.550 304.342 306.513 11.5 2.0 0.7

Food at home

285.549 290.092 291.673 13.6 2.1 0.5

Cereal and bakery products

336.070 342.457 343.055 16.6 2.1 0.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

306.944 311.062 312.723 10.7 1.9 0.5

Dairy and related products

262.159 268.539 268.769 17.4 2.5 0.1

Fruits and vegetables

321.255 320.424 321.770 7.9 0.2 0.4

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

196.999 200.076 203.203 15.2 3.1 1.6

Other food at home

250.863 257.189 258.525 16.6 3.1 0.5

Food away from home

324.482 326.863 330.085 8.4 1.7 1.0

Alcoholic beverages

253.259 254.382 255.928 3.3 1.1 0.6

Housing

277.887 280.625 282.986 9.1 1.8 0.8

Shelter

318.204 320.777 323.346 7.9 1.6 0.8

Rent of primary residence

336.108 339.548 342.960 9.4 2.0 1.0

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)

319.065 321.794 324.693 7.8 1.8 0.9

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)

319.060 321.791 324.694 7.8 1.8 0.9

Fuels and utilities

287.245 294.235 297.285 16.1 3.5 1.0

Household energy

237.629 244.714 247.703 20.2 4.2 1.2

Energy services

236.794 244.123 247.272 20.0 4.4 1.3

Electricity

227.842 237.747 238.801 18.4 4.8 0.4

Utility (piped) gas service

276.584 266.499 283.099 30.1 2.4 6.2

Household furnishings and operations

142.514 143.368 144.650 9.6 1.5 0.9

Apparel

135.275 133.414 135.296 4.8 0.0 1.4

Transportation

287.733 280.741 271.261 13.7 -5.7 -3.4

Private transportation

289.154 282.692 273.305 13.6 -5.5 -3.3

New and used motor vehicles(2)

133.980 134.885 134.874 10.1 0.7 0.0

New vehicles

180.641 181.766 182.825 11.8 1.2 0.6

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

- - - - - -

New cars(3)

180.313 181.656 182.572 12.7 1.3 0.5

Used cars and trucks

214.326 214.794 213.629 7.7 -0.3 -0.5

Motor fuel

409.815 371.164 319.583 24.7 -22.0 -13.9

Gasoline (all types)

407.003 368.091 316.509 24.1 -22.2 -14.0

Unleaded regular(3)

400.378 360.983 309.640 24.4 -22.7 -14.2

Unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

439.936 404.620 351.711 23.5 -20.1 -13.1

Unleaded premium(3)

418.341 387.643 339.920 22.2 -18.7 -12.3

Medical care

519.243 522.121 524.413 5.2 1.0 0.4

Medical care commodities

363.694 364.568 367.381 5.3 1.0 0.8

Medical care services

571.931 575.505 577.602 5.1 1.0 0.4

Professional services

393.152 393.403 393.397 1.9 0.1 0.0

Recreation(2)

131.375 131.294 131.551 4.5 0.1 0.2

Education and communication(2)

138.753 138.520 138.494 -0.2 -0.2 0.0

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,416.963 1,419.253 1,426.584 2.8 0.7 0.5

Other goods and services

483.830 484.836 489.069 6.6 1.1 0.9

Commodity and service group

All Items

287.427 287.608 287.168 8.9 -0.1 -0.2

Commodities

227.101 225.024 221.977 10.6 -2.3 -1.4

Commodities less food and beverages

191.987 188.170 183.600 10.5 -4.4 -2.4

Nondurables less food and beverages

259.597 248.847 236.331 13.1 -9.0 -5.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

332.379 316.751 296.538 15.2 -10.8 -6.4

Durables

133.567 133.816 133.931 8.2 0.3 0.1

Services

347.424 349.989 352.313 7.7 1.4 0.7

Rent of shelter(1)

327.399 330.073 332.744 8.0 1.6 0.8

Transportation services

407.280 407.243 410.197 12.0 0.7 0.7

Other services

373.837 373.717 374.222 2.6 0.1 0.1

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

274.626 274.670 274.094 9.3 -0.2 -0.2

All items less food

285.101 284.773 283.965 8.5 -0.4 -0.3

All items less shelter

276.660 275.898 274.268 9.3 -0.9 -0.6

Commodities less food

194.183 190.454 185.994 10.2 -4.2 -2.3

Nondurables

277.632 273.585 267.901 12.0 -3.5 -2.1

Nondurables less food

258.890 248.813 237.094 12.5 -8.4 -4.7

Nondurables less food and apparel

324.001 309.843 291.539 14.2 -10.0 -5.9

Services less rent of shelter(1)

383.586 386.093 388.044 7.4 1.2 0.5

Services less medical care services

327.152 329.618 331.941 8.1 1.5 0.7

Energy

311.620 297.632 275.588 22.6 -11.6 -7.4

All items less energy

286.659 288.263 289.989 7.7 1.2 0.6

All items less food and energy

284.799 286.058 287.715 7.1 1.0 0.6

Commodities less food and energy commodities

169.463 169.641 170.451 7.5 0.6 0.5

Energy commodities

415.098 376.504 325.021 24.8 -21.7 -13.7

Services less energy services

359.177 361.245 363.483 7.0 1.2 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, September 13, 2022