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News Release Information

21-230-ATL
Wednesday, February 10, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, South Region – January 2021

Prices in the South up 0.5 percent over the month and 1.6 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South rose 0.5 percent in January, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The energy index increased 3.7 percent over the month, while the index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.3 percent. The food index rose 0.5 percent in January. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U for the South rose 1.6 percent for the 12 months ending January 2021. The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.8 percent over the past year, while the food index advanced 3.7 percent. In contrast, the energy index declined 3.8 percent over the past 12 months. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Food

The food index rose 0.5 percent in January. The food at home index and the food away from home index increased over the month, up 0.5 percent and 0.4 percent, respectively.

The food index advanced 3.7 percent for the 12 months ending in January, reflecting increases in the food at home (3.7 percent) and food away from home (3.6 percent) indexes.  

Energy

The energy index increased 3.7 percent in January, reflecting an 8.3-percent increase in the gasoline index. The electricity index edged down 0.2 percent in January, while the utility (piped) gas service index declined 0.3 percent over the month.

The energy index declined 3.8 percent for the 12 months ending in January, reflecting an 8.3-percent fall in the gasoline index. The utility (piped) gas service index increased 4.0 percent over the past year, while the electricity index rose 0.4 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in January. Several indexes increased over the month, including shelter (0.3 percent) and medical care (0.8 percent).

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.8 percent for the 12 months ending in January, led by a 2.0-percent increase in the shelter index. Over the past year, the used cars and trucks index jumped 9.5 percent, while the medical care index advanced 2.4 percent—reflecting a 3.3-percent increase in the medical care services index. Apparel (-3.3 percent) was among the indexes to decline over the year.

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the three divisions of the South. Over the month, the all items CPI-U advanced 0.9 percent in the East South Central division. The all items index also increased in the South Atlantic and West South Central divisions in January, up 0.5 percent and 0.4 percent, respectively.  

Over the year, the all items index advanced 2.2 percent in the East South Central division. The all items index rose 1.8 percent in the South Atlantic division and 1.0 percent in the West South Central division.

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 2.6 0.5 1.8 0.2 1.2 0.3 2.3 0.5 1.6

February

0.2 2.8 0.6 2.1 0.5 1.1 0.2 1.9

March

0.0 2.2 0.2 2.3 0.7 1.6 -0.1 1.1

April

0.2 2.0 0.4 2.4 0.5 1.8 -0.8 -0.2

May

0.0 1.7 0.3 2.7 -0.1 1.4 -0.2 -0.4

June

0.2 1.5 0.2 2.7 -0.1 1.1 0.6 0.3

July

-0.2 1.6 0.0 2.9 0.3 1.4 0.6 0.6

August

0.4 1.9 -0.1 2.4 -0.1 1.4 0.4 1.1

September

0.7 2.4 0.0 1.7 0.0 1.3 0.2 1.3

October

-0.2 2.0 0.2 2.1 0.2 1.3 0.1 1.3

November

-0.1 2.1 -0.3 1.9 0.0 1.6 -0.1 1.2

December

-0.1 1.8 -0.5 1.5 0.0 2.1 0.2 1.4

The Consumer Price Index for February 2021 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, March 10, 2021 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on January 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in January was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Nov.
2020
Dec.
2020
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2020
Nov.
2020
Dec.
2020

Expenditure category

All Items

250.255 250.693 252.067 1.6 0.7 0.5

All items (December 1977=100)

405.948 406.658 408.888 - - -

Food and beverages

264.708 264.929 266.178 3.5 0.6 0.5

Food

266.363 266.717 268.038 3.7 0.6 0.5

Food at home

248.472 248.420 249.764 3.7 0.5 0.5

Cereal and bakery products

289.993 290.178 290.597 3.8 0.2 0.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

259.046 257.114 258.919 4.6 0.0 0.7

Dairy and related products

229.524 231.963 231.092 3.8 0.7 -0.4

Fruits and vegetables

288.455 287.711 293.002 2.4 1.6 1.8

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

173.863 173.569 176.653 3.7 1.6 1.8

Other food at home

219.127 220.064 218.937 3.8 -0.1 -0.5

Food away from home

295.680 296.626 297.930 3.6 0.8 0.4

Alcoholic beverages

241.455 239.884 240.168 0.4 -0.5 0.1

Housing

251.126 251.340 252.143 1.9 0.4 0.3

Shelter

291.301 291.652 292.522 2.0 0.4 0.3

Rent of primary residence

307.514 308.157 308.875 2.7 0.4 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)

294.448 295.103 295.773 2.4 0.4 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)

294.446 295.102 295.774 2.4 0.5 0.2

Fuels and utilities

242.207 242.278 242.209 1.6 0.0 0.0

Household energy

192.472 192.226 191.945 0.9 -0.3 -0.1

Energy services

192.880 192.567 192.128 0.9 -0.4 -0.2

Electricity

190.057 189.435 189.034 0.4 -0.5 -0.2

Utility (piped) gas service

195.726 197.490 196.832 4.0 0.6 -0.3

Household furnishings and operations

126.908 126.780 127.819 1.6 0.7 0.8

Apparel

124.596 122.932 124.118 -3.3 -0.4 1.0

Transportation

202.005 203.954 206.520 -0.6 2.2 1.3

Private transportation

201.983 204.288 207.214 0.1 2.6 1.4

New and used motor vehicles(2)

106.027 105.825 105.194 4.1 -0.8 -0.6

New vehicles

153.609 154.331 155.094 0.7 1.0 0.5

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

104.582 105.073 105.596 0.7 1.0 0.5

New cars(3)

152.070 152.771 153.652 0.4 1.0 0.6

Used cars and trucks

153.497 151.978 150.478 9.5 -2.0 -1.0

Motor fuel

170.948 179.237 194.099 -8.4 13.5 8.3

Gasoline (all types)

169.958 178.186 193.021 -8.3 13.6 8.3

Unleaded regular(3)

164.181 172.657 187.486 -8.5 14.2 8.6

Unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

198.764 205.825 220.045 -6.9 10.7 6.9

Unleaded premium(3)

200.920 205.790 218.975 -6.9 9.0 6.4

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

899.496 921.782 929.296 -3.4 3.3 0.8

Medical care

490.370 489.780 493.592 2.4 0.7 0.8

Medical care commodities

348.368 348.391 348.707 -1.2 0.1 0.1

Medical care services

538.444 537.648 542.638 3.3 0.8 0.9

Professional services

374.973 375.268 379.388 3.3 1.2 1.1

Recreation(2)

122.364 122.526 123.295 1.5 0.8 0.6

Education and communication(2)

136.393 136.554 136.575 2.0 0.1 0.0

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,374.115 1,374.049 1,376.880 1.4 0.2 0.2

Other goods and services

446.410 446.748 447.634 2.7 0.3 0.2

Commodity and service group

All Items

250.255 250.693 252.067 1.6 0.7 0.5

Commodities

183.795 184.216 186.048 1.3 1.2 1.0

Commodities less food and beverages

147.022 147.498 149.460 0.0 1.7 1.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

183.639 185.081 189.849 -2.8 3.4 2.6

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

220.166 223.325 230.151 -2.7 4.5 3.1

Durables

110.146 110.016 110.160 2.8 0.0 0.1

Services

317.392 317.840 318.698 1.9 0.4 0.3

Rent of shelter(1)

299.371 299.735 300.597 2.1 0.4 0.3

Transportation services

352.057 353.988 351.566 -2.4 -0.1 -0.7

Other services

357.070 357.249 358.365 2.2 0.4 0.3

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

237.206 237.692 238.940 1.6 0.7 0.5

All items less food

247.527 247.976 249.358 1.3 0.7 0.6

All items less shelter

235.344 235.817 237.389 1.4 0.9 0.7

Commodities less food

149.810 150.237 152.166 0.0 1.6 1.3

Nondurables

222.055 222.912 225.994 0.6 1.8 1.4

Nondurables less food

186.718 187.977 192.468 -2.6 3.1 2.4

Nondurables less food and apparel

220.972 223.690 229.893 -2.4 4.0 2.8

Services less rent of shelter(1)

350.049 350.613 351.495 1.6 0.4 0.3

Services less medical care services

297.631 298.171 298.701 1.7 0.4 0.2

Energy

178.100 181.834 188.611 -3.8 5.9 3.7

All items less energy

258.926 259.037 259.880 2.1 0.4 0.3

All items less food and energy

258.059 258.129 258.890 1.8 0.3 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

147.327 146.835 147.250 1.4 -0.1 0.3

Energy commodities

174.532 182.870 197.867 -8.3 13.4 8.2

Services less energy services

330.573 331.099 332.092 1.9 0.5 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, February 10, 2021