Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

21-66-ATL
Wednesday, January 13, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell – December 2020

Area prices up 1.6 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell rose 0.1 percent from October to December, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that the energy index increased 1.8 percent since October, while the food index rose 0.7 percent over the bi-monthly period. In contrast, the index for all items less food and energy edged down 0.2 percent from October to December. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U increased 1.6 percent for the 12 months ending in December. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.0 percent over the year, while the food index advanced 3.7 percent. In contrast, the energy index declined 5.9 percent over the past 12 months. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Food

The food index rose 0.7 percent from October to December, reflecting a 0.7-percent increase in both the food at home and the food away from home indexes.

The food index advanced 3.7 percent for the 12 months ending in December, reflecting increases in the food at home (4.6 percent) and food away from home (2.8 percent) indexes.

Energy

The energy index rose 1.8 percent from October to December. The gasoline index increased 1.5 percent over the bi-monthly period, while the electricity index was unchanged from October.

The energy index fell 5.9 percent for the 12 months ending in December, reflecting a 16.2-percent drop in the gasoline index. In contrast, the electricity index rose 4.0 percent over the past 12 months.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged down 0.2 percent from October to December. Among the indexes to decline over the bi-monthly period include used cars and trucks (-2.7 percent) and apparel (-2.0 percent). Shelter (0.4 percent) and education and communication (1.4 percent) were among the indexes to increase from October to December.

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.0 percent for the 12 months ending in December. Several indexes contributed to the increase, most notably shelter (2.2 percent). The new and used motor vehicles index advanced 7.8 percent over the past 12 months, reflecting increases in the used cars and trucks (9.2 percent) and new vehicles (7.9 percent) indexes. In contrast, the medical care index declined 1.0 percent over the past year.

Table A. Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

February

0.3 1.6 1.2 3.5 1.2 3.3 1.2 1.3 0.8 2.9

April

1.0 1.9 0.6 3.2 0.2 2.8 1.4 2.5 -1.8 -0.3

June

1.3 0.7 1.3 3.2 1.2 2.8 -0.1 1.1 1.1 0.9

August

0.5 1.2 0.8 3.5 0.3 2.2 1.3 2.2 1.2 0.7

October

-0.1 2.4 -0.3 3.2 -1.0 1.6 -0.2 3.0 0.3 1.2

December

-0.4 2.6 -0.4 3.2 -0.6 1.4 -0.3 3.3 0.1 1.6

The Consumer Price Index for January 2021 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, February 10, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on December 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in December was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA, Core Based Statistical Area covered in this release is comprised of Barrow, Bartow, Butts, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, Dawson, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Haralson, Heard, Henry, Jasper, Lamar, Meriwether, Morgan, Newton, Paulding, Pickens, Pike, Rockdale, Spalding, and Walton Counties in Georgia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Oct.
2020
Nov.
2020
Dec.
2020
Dec.
2019
Oct.
2020
Nov.
2020

Expenditure category

All Items

248.794 - 249.051 1.6 0.1 -

All items (1967=100)

750.288 - 751.062 - - -

Food and beverages

268.463 - 270.496 3.0 0.8 -

Food

281.675 - 283.634 3.7 0.7 -

Food at home

259.977 262.291 261.812 4.6 0.7 -0.2

Cereals and bakery products

223.505 - 224.850 2.4 0.6 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

292.030 - 298.853 4.3 2.3 -

Dairy and related products

240.142 - 245.648 4.0 2.3 -

Fruits and vegetables

318.120 - 310.763 8.6 -2.3 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

269.681 - 263.054 1.3 -2.5 -

Other food at home

218.902 - 223.710 5.5 2.2 -

Food away from home

316.774 - 318.941 2.8 0.7 -

Alcoholic beverages

152.055 - 154.624 -6.6 1.7 -

Housing

261.267 - 262.417 2.6 0.4 -

Shelter

290.235 292.274 291.443 2.2 0.4 -0.3

Rent of primary residence

304.456 307.104 307.515 3.8 1.0 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)

284.755 285.980 286.507 2.5 0.6 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)

284.755 285.980 286.507 2.5 0.6 0.2

Fuels and utilities

301.203 - 306.390 3.7 1.7 -

Household energy

257.978 261.435 263.571 4.5 2.2 0.8

Energy Services

256.612 260.026 262.164 4.7 2.2 0.8

Electricity

220.667 220.667 220.667 4.0 0.0 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service

- - - - - -

Household furnishings and operations

131.796 - 130.850 4.7 -0.7 -

Apparel

135.024 - 132.337 3.0 -2.0 -

Transportation

203.496 - 199.919 -1.6 -1.8 -

Private transportation

203.194 - 202.792 -0.4 -0.2 -

New and used motor vehicles(3)

108.241 - 107.057 7.8 -1.1 -

New vehicles(1)

212.404 - 217.370 7.9 2.3 -

Used cars and trucks(1)

234.039 - 227.807 9.2 -2.7 -

Motor fuel

176.952 172.519 179.504 -16.2 1.4 4.0

Gasoline (all types)

175.637 171.224 178.194 -16.2 1.5 4.1

Unleaded regular(4)

170.669 166.279 173.353 -16.6 1.6 4.3

Unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

227.008 222.440 229.793 -14.3 1.2 3.3

Unleaded premium(4)

202.137 197.882 203.165 -13.5 0.5 2.7

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

1,184.960 - 1,184.960 -2.6 0.0 -

Medical Care

486.121 - 484.903 -1.0 -0.3 -

Recreation(3)

83.177 - 83.801 2.7 0.8 -

Education and communication(3)

138.085 - 140.069 2.1 1.4 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,511.228 - 1,511.228 3.4 0.0 -

Other goods and services

397.531 - 404.753 2.7 1.8 -

Commodity and service group

All Items

248.794 - 249.051 1.6 0.1 -

Commodities

179.237 - 180.027 1.0 0.4 -

Commodities less food & beverages

140.924 - 141.260 -0.3 0.2 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

172.704 - 172.803 -5.5 0.1 -

Durables

108.425 - 108.896 5.9 0.4 -

Services

314.533 - 314.227 2.0 -0.1 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

236.326 - 236.649 1.9 0.1 -

All items less shelter

235.541 - 235.419 1.4 -0.1 -

Commodities less food

140.942 - 141.357 -0.6 0.3 -

Nondurables

214.556 - 215.507 -1.0 0.4 -

Nondurables less food

170.038 - 170.334 -5.6 0.2 -

Services less rent of shelter(2)

356.688 - 354.328 1.8 -0.7 -

Services less medical care services

296.362 - 296.201 2.0 -0.1 -

Energy

195.981 195.198 199.586 -5.9 1.8 2.2

All items less energy

254.059 - 253.977 2.3 0.0 -

All items less food and energy

250.165 - 249.772 2.0 -0.2 -

Footnotes
(1) Index is on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, January 13, 2021