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News Release Information

22-1195-ATL
Friday, June 10, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, South Region — May 2022

Prices in the South up 1.2 percent over the month and 9.2 percent over the past year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South increased 1.2 percent in May, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.7 percent over the month. The energy index increased 6.1 percent in May, while the food index rose 1.0 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U for the South advanced 9.2 percent for the 12 months ending in May, after increasing 8.8-percent over the 12-month period ending in April. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 6.7 percent over the past year. The energy index and the food index also increased over the past 12 months, up 34.1 percent and 10.1 percent, respectively. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Food

The food index rose 1.0 percent in May, led by a 1.3 percent increase in the food at home index. The food away from home index also increased in May, up 0.5 percent.

The food index jumped 10.1 percent for the 12 months ending in May, reflecting increases in the food at home (+11.7 percent) and food away from home (+7.6 percent) indexes.

Energy

The energy index rose 6.1 percent in May, reflecting an 8.5-percent increase in the gasoline index. Over the month, the electricity index rose 2.4 percent and the utility (piped) gas service index rose 3.6 percent.

The energy index advanced 34.1 percent for the 12 months ending in May, led by a 50.1-percent increase in the gasoline index. The electricity index rose 13.4 percent over the past year, while the utility (piped) gas service index increased 24.9 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.7 percent in May. Shelter (+0.8 percent) was among the indexes to contribute to the overall increase.

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 6.7 percent for the 12 months ending in May, led by a 6.5-percent increase in the shelter index. The new and used motor vehicles index advanced 14.4 percent over the past 12 months, reflecting increases in the used cars and trucks (+16.0 percent) and new vehicles (+13.1 percent) indexes.

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the three divisions of the South. The all items CPI-U advanced 1.4 percent in the West South Central division in May. The all items index in the South Atlantic and East South Central divisions rose 1.1 percent each over the month.

Over the year, the all items index advanced 9.9 percent in the West South Central division and 9.2 percent in the South Atlantic division. The all items index rose 7.7 percent in the East South Central division over the past 12 months.

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 1.8 0.2 1.2 0.3 2.3 0.5 1.6 0.9 7.8

February

0.6 2.1 0.5 1.1 0.2 1.9 0.5 2.0 1.1 8.4

March

0.2 2.3 0.7 1.6 -0.1 1.1 0.8 2.9 1.4 9.1

April

0.4 2.4 0.5 1.8 -0.8 -0.2 0.7 4.4 0.5 8.8

May

0.3 2.7 -0.1 1.4 -0.2 -0.4 0.8 5.6 1.2 9.2

June

0.2 2.7 -0.1 1.1 0.6 0.3 0.9 5.8

July

0.0 2.9 0.3 1.4 0.6 0.6 0.5 5.8

August

-0.1 2.4 -0.1 1.4 0.4 1.1 0.3 5.6

September

0.0 1.7 0.0 1.3 0.2 1.3 0.3 5.8

October

0.2 2.1 0.2 1.3 0.1 1.3 1.0 6.6

November

-0.3 1.9 0.0 1.6 -0.1 1.2 0.4 7.2

December

-0.5 1.5 0.0 2.1 0.2 1.4 0.3 7.4

The Consumer Price Index for June 2022 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 13, 2022, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
May
2022
May
2021
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022

Expenditure category

All Items

278.598 279.879 283.307 9.2 1.7 1.2

All items (December 1977=100)

451.925 454.002 459.563 - - -

Food and beverages

289.302 291.755 294.391 9.6 1.8 0.9

Food

291.883 294.609 297.475 10.1 1.9 1.0

Food at home

275.222 278.880 282.376 11.7 2.6 1.3

Cereal and bakery products

318.757 323.203 326.610 11.9 2.5 1.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

297.929 302.814 305.338 13.3 2.5 0.8

Dairy and related products

244.669 250.215 258.374 11.9 5.6 3.3

Fruits and vegetables

320.082 319.719 322.997 6.6 0.9 1.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

189.062 192.198 194.077 12.4 2.7 1.0

Other food at home

240.239 243.811 246.995 13.0 2.8 1.3

Food away from home

318.933 319.932 321.619 7.6 0.8 0.5

Alcoholic beverages

253.443 252.096 251.540 3.0 -0.8 -0.2

Housing

270.537 272.278 274.741 7.4 1.6 0.9

Shelter

311.085 312.814 315.381 6.5 1.4 0.8

Rent of primary residence

327.124 329.443 332.574 7.1 1.7 1.0

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)

312.040 313.676 315.981 6.0 1.3 0.7

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)

312.034 313.672 315.979 6.0 1.3 0.7

Fuels and utilities

267.919 271.551 277.092 12.4 3.4 2.0

Household energy

217.196 220.979 226.873 15.5 4.5 2.7

Energy services

216.103 220.033 225.770 15.0 4.5 2.6

Electricity

209.956 213.188 218.352 13.4 4.0 2.4

Utility (piped) gas service

239.200 247.382 256.407 24.9 7.2 3.6

Household furnishings and operations

141.153 141.850 142.272 8.6 0.8 0.3

Apparel

136.594 136.131 135.625 5.3 -0.7 -0.4

Transportation

268.755 269.144 277.639 20.6 3.3 3.2

Private transportation

271.780 270.803 278.511 20.7 2.5 2.8

New and used motor vehicles(2)

130.501 130.594 131.942 14.4 1.1 1.0

New vehicles

175.662 177.369 179.191 13.1 2.0 1.0

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

119.700 - - - - -

New cars(3)

174.209 176.819 178.625 14.0 2.5 1.0

Used cars and trucks

209.376 208.048 209.507 16.0 0.1 0.7

Motor fuel

352.110 344.680 374.069 50.7 6.2 8.5

Gasoline (all types)

349.852 341.836 370.911 50.1 6.0 8.5

Unleaded regular(3)

343.529 335.176 364.515 51.1 6.1 8.8

Unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

380.888 375.678 402.183 46.4 5.6 7.1

Unleaded premium(3)

364.950 360.554 384.332 42.8 5.3 6.6

Medical care

512.534 513.192 515.023 4.1 0.5 0.4

Medical care commodities

359.712 362.212 363.141 4.2 1.0 0.3

Medical care services

564.287 564.288 566.431 4.1 0.4 0.4

Professional services

389.751 387.911 388.455 1.3 -0.3 0.1

Recreation(2)

128.704 129.972 131.169 4.7 1.9 0.9

Education and communication(2)

138.955 138.682 138.577 1.0 -0.3 -0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,400.967 1,402.439 1,407.403 2.8 0.5 0.4

Other goods and services

477.312 479.148 482.677 6.8 1.1 0.7

Commodity and service group

All Items

278.598 279.879 283.307 9.2 1.7 1.2

Commodities

218.696 218.958 222.542 13.6 1.8 1.6

Commodities less food and beverages

183.927 183.461 187.161 15.9 1.8 2.0

Nondurables less food and beverages

242.159 240.485 249.314 20.7 3.0 3.7

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

304.866 302.518 316.367 24.6 3.8 4.6

Durables

131.359 131.578 132.162 11.8 0.6 0.4

Services

338.263 340.604 343.821 6.4 1.6 0.9

Rent of shelter(1)

320.038 321.843 324.528 6.6 1.4 0.8

Transportation services

384.347 392.565 401.388 9.1 4.4 2.2

Other services

370.325 371.930 373.615 3.6 0.9 0.5

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

265.725 267.032 270.526 9.8 1.8 1.3

All items less food

276.264 277.339 280.840 9.1 1.7 1.3

All items less shelter

267.114 268.224 272.008 10.5 1.8 1.4

Commodities less food

186.262 185.776 189.401 15.4 1.7 2.0

Nondurables

264.550 264.803 270.748 14.8 2.3 2.2

Nondurables less food

242.454 240.799 249.096 19.5 2.7 3.4

Nondurables less food and apparel

298.928 296.675 309.258 22.9 3.5 4.2

Services less rent of shelter(1)

371.853 374.946 378.941 6.2 1.9 1.1

Services less medical care services

317.946 320.450 323.726 6.7 1.8 1.0

Energy

274.544 273.118 289.645 34.1 5.5 6.1

All items less energy

280.614 282.174 284.307 7.2 1.3 0.8

All items less food and energy

279.164 280.540 282.559 6.7 1.2 0.7

Commodities less food and energy commodities

167.121 167.418 168.132 9.0 0.6 0.4

Energy commodities

357.393 349.922 379.519 50.4 6.2 8.5

Services less energy services

351.220 353.395 356.350 5.9 1.5 0.8

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, June 10, 2022