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19-1464-ATL
Tuesday, August 13, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, South Region – July 2019

Prices in the South up 0.3 percent over the month and 1.4 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South edged up 0.3 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The energy index contributed to the increase, up 2.1 percent over the month. Since June, the all items less food and energy index inched up 0.1 percent and the food index edged up 0.2 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U for the South increased 1.4 percent from July 2018 to July 2019. Over the last 12 months, the all items less food and energy index advanced 1.8 percent and the food index rose 1.7 percent. The energy index declined 2.4 percent over the 12-month period. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Food

The food index edged up 0.2 percent in July, reflecting over-the-month increases in the food at home (0.3 percent) and the food away from home (0.1 percent) indexes.

The food index advanced 1.7 percent since July 2018, led by a 3.2-percent increase in the food away from home index. The food at home index rose 0.5 percent over the past 12 months.

Energy

The energy index rose 2.1 percent in July, reflecting a 3.3-percent increase in the gasoline index. The electricity index increased 1.0 percent since June, while the utility (piped) gas service index was little changed from June, up 0.1 percent in July.  

The energy index was down 2.4 percent for the 12 months ending July, led by a 4.9-percent decline in the gasoline index. Over the last 12 months, the utility (piped) gas service index was down 1.0 percent, while the electricity index was up 1.0 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy inched up 0.1 percent in July. Several categories recorded increases, most notably shelter (0.2 percent), used cars and trucks (1.4 percent), and medical care (0.4 percent). In contrast, apparel was among the indexes that declined since June, down 1.2 percent.   

Since July 2018, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.8 percent, reflecting a 3.1-percent increase in the shelter index.

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the three divisions of the South. Since June, the all items CPI-U rose 0.3 percent in both the South Atlantic and the West South Central divisions. The all items index in the East South Central division edged up 0.2 percent over the month.  

Over the last 12 months, the all items index advanced 1.9 percent in the South Atlantic division. The all items index rose 1.0 percent in the West South Central division and 0.5 percent in the East South Central division.

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.7 -0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 2.6 0.5 1.8 0.2 1.2

February

0.5 -0.3 0.1 0.7 0.2 2.8 0.6 2.1 0.5 1.1

March

0.6 -0.3 0.6 0.7 0.0 2.2 0.2 2.3 0.7 1.6

April

0.3 -0.6 0.4 0.9 0.2 2.0 0.4 2.4 0.5 1.8

May

0.4 -0.4 0.4 0.9 0.0 1.7 0.3 2.7 -0.1 1.4

June

0.5 -0.1 0.4 0.8 0.2 1.5 0.2 2.7 -0.1 1.1

July

-0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.7 -0.2 1.6 0.0 2.9 0.3 1.4

August

-0.2 -0.2 0.1 1.0 0.4 1.9 -0.1 2.4

September

-0.2 -0.4 0.2 1.4 0.7 2.4 0.0 1.7

October

0.0 -0.1 0.1 1.5 -0.2 2.0 0.2 2.1

November

-0.2 0.3 -0.1 1.6 -0.1 2.1 -0.3 1.9

December

-0.4 0.5 0.1 2.0 -0.1 1.8 -0.5 1.5

The Consumer Price Index for August 2019 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, September 12, 2019.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
May
2019
Jun.
2019
Jul.
2019
Jul.
2018
May
2019
Jun.
2019

Expenditure category

All Items

246.667 246.515 247.250 1.4 0.2 0.3

All items (December 1977=100)

400.128 399.882 401.075 - - -

Food and beverages

254.705 254.350 254.928 1.8 0.1 0.2

Food

255.978 255.594 256.133 1.7 0.1 0.2

Food at home

239.622 238.216 238.910 0.5 -0.3 0.3

Cereal and bakery products

280.568 280.509 282.345 1.6 0.6 0.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

243.770 242.066 244.064 -0.4 0.1 0.8

Dairy and related products

219.780 220.435 219.642 1.6 -0.1 -0.4

Fruits and vegetables

287.366 282.523 284.617 0.2 -1.0 0.7

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

169.855 166.934 166.842 1.7 -1.8 -0.1

Other food at home

210.338 210.788 210.251 -0.1 0.0 -0.3

Food away from home

283.012 284.053 284.385 3.2 0.5 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

236.554 236.610 237.757 2.9 0.5 0.5

Housing

243.136 244.805 245.364 2.8 0.9 0.2

Shelter

281.372 282.573 283.058 3.1 0.6 0.2

Rent of primary residence

293.788 294.996 295.659 3.4 0.6 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)

282.696 283.865 284.649 3.2 0.7 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)

282.698 283.870 284.657 3.2 0.7 0.3

Fuels and utilities

236.775 240.276 242.012 1.0 2.2 0.7

Household energy

189.698 193.370 194.951 0.6 2.8 0.8

Energy services

189.793 193.668 195.334 0.8 2.9 0.9

Electricity

188.298 192.670 194.543 1.0 3.3 1.0

Utility (piped) gas service

183.880 183.978 184.077 -1.0 0.1 0.1

Household furnishings and operations

123.579 125.599 125.685 2.9 1.7 0.1

Apparel

135.596 133.527 131.962 -1.5 -2.7 -1.2

Transportation

213.605 210.716 212.724 -0.9 -0.4 1.0

Private transportation

212.324 209.434 211.737 -0.9 -0.3 1.1

New and used motor vehicles(2)

101.927 102.289 102.721 0.0 0.8 0.4

New vehicles

154.037 153.715 153.361 0.0 -0.4 -0.2

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

104.876 104.643 104.396 -0.1 -0.5 -0.2

New cars(3)

153.797 153.831 153.438 0.3 -0.2 -0.3

Used cars and trucks

139.834 141.785 143.788 1.1 2.8 1.4

Motor fuel

234.131 219.998 227.170 -4.9 -3.0 3.3

Gasoline (all types)

232.977 218.734 226.040 -4.9 -3.0 3.3

Unleaded regular(3)

227.542 213.270 220.592 -5.0 -3.1 3.4

Unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

256.452 242.758 250.147 -4.2 -2.5 3.0

Unleaded premium(3)

253.724 241.315 247.567 -3.8 -2.4 2.6

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

944.421 948.277 951.188 0.9 0.7 0.3

Medical care

471.203 470.823 472.693 1.7 0.3 0.4

Medical care commodities

357.919 355.674 357.008 -2.9 -0.3 0.4

Medical care services

509.438 509.713 511.765 2.8 0.5 0.4

Professional services

366.107 366.162 366.081 0.2 0.0 0.0

Recreation(2)

120.480 119.903 119.585 0.8 -0.7 -0.3

Education and communication(2)

132.605 132.851 132.881 0.3 0.2 0.0

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,332.079 1,334.325 1,337.155 3.0 0.4 0.2

Other goods and services

429.763 429.206 430.820 0.9 0.2 0.4

Commodity and service group

All Items

246.667 246.515 247.250 1.4 0.2 0.3

Commodities

186.256 184.721 185.556 -0.1 -0.4 0.5

Commodities less food and beverages

153.763 151.894 152.777 -1.2 -0.6 0.6

Nondurables less food and beverages

204.604 199.459 201.217 -2.3 -1.7 0.9

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

247.045 240.140 243.673 -2.6 -1.4 1.5

Durables

107.825 108.178 108.433 0.2 0.6 0.2

Services

307.399 308.723 309.341 2.4 0.6 0.2

Rent of shelter(1)

288.952 290.195 290.719 3.2 0.6 0.2

Transportation services

360.953 361.128 361.192 0.6 0.1 0.0

Other services

345.063 344.677 344.499 1.1 -0.2 -0.1

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

234.404 234.265 234.940 1.4 0.2 0.3

All items less food

244.975 244.857 245.621 1.4 0.3 0.3

All items less shelter

234.159 233.494 234.326 0.7 0.1 0.4

Commodities less food

156.315 154.478 155.372 -1.1 -0.6 0.6

Nondurables

228.455 225.494 226.716 -0.3 -0.8 0.5

Nondurables less food

206.212 201.337 203.063 -2.0 -1.5 0.9

Nondurables less food and apparel

245.034 238.702 242.033 -2.2 -1.2 1.4

Services less rent of shelter(1)

340.259 341.725 342.479 1.7 0.7 0.2

Services less medical care services

289.193 290.585 291.088 2.4 0.7 0.2

Energy

206.597 201.518 205.779 -2.4 -0.4 2.1

All items less energy

251.957 252.362 252.700 1.8 0.3 0.1

All items less food and energy

251.666 252.205 252.511 1.8 0.3 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

146.842 146.715 146.750 -0.2 -0.1 0.0

Energy commodities

237.877 223.645 230.758 -4.9 -3.0 3.2

Services less energy services

319.841 320.880 321.382 2.6 0.5 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, August 13, 2019