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News Release Information

21-1331-ATL
Tuesday, July 13, 2021

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, South Region – June 2021

Prices in the South up 0.9 percent over the month and 5.8 percent over the past year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South rose 0.9 percent in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.8 percent over the month, while the energy index and the food index rose 1.7 percent and 0.9 percent, respectively. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U for the South advanced 5.8 percent for the 12 months ending in June, after increasing 5.6-percent over the 12 month period ending in May. The index for all items less food and energy increased 5.0 percent over the past year, while the energy index jumped 24.7 percent. The food index rose 1.9 percent over the past 12 months. (See chart 1 and table 1.)


Food

The food index rose 0.9 percent in June. The food at home and the food away from home indexes each increased over the month, up 0.9 percent and 0.8 percent, respectively. 

The food index rose 1.9 percent for the 12 months ending in June, led by a 3.6 percent increase in the food away from home index. The food at home index also increased over the year, up 0.6 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 1.7 percent in June, reflecting increases in the electricity (2.3 percent), gasoline (1.2 percent), and utility (piped) gas service (1.4 percent) indexes.

The energy index jumped 24.7 percent for the 12 months ending in June, reflecting a 49.8-percent spike in the gasoline index. The electricity and utility (piped) gas service indexes also increased over the year, up 3.3 percent and 13.2 percent, respectively.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.8 percent in June. Several indexes increased over the month, most notably, new and used motor vehicles (5.4 percent)—reflecting a 10.8-percent increase in the used cars and trucks index. The shelter index rose 0.4 percent in June, while the recreation index declined 0.8 percent over the month.

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 5.0 percent for the 12 months ending in June, reflecting increases across many indexes. The new and used motor vehicles index jumped 20.8 percent over the past year, led by a 44.5-percent spike in the used cars and trucks index. Shelter (3.1 percent) was also among the indexes to increase over the past 12 months.

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the three divisions of the South. The all items CPI-U increased 0.9 percent in the South Atlantic and the East South Central divisions in June. The all items index in the West South Central division rose 0.8 percent over the past month.  

Over the year, the all items index advanced 7.3 percent in the East South Central division. The all items index rose 5.8 percent in the West South Central division and 5.6 percent in the South Atlantic division.

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 2.6 0.5 1.8 0.2 1.2 0.3 2.3 0.5 1.6

February

0.2 2.8 0.6 2.1 0.5 1.1 0.2 1.9 0.5 2.0

March

0.0 2.2 0.2 2.3 0.7 1.6 -0.1 1.1 0.8 2.9

April

0.2 2.0 0.4 2.4 0.5 1.8 -0.8 -0.2 0.7 4.4

May

0.0 1.7 0.3 2.7 -0.1 1.4 -0.2 -0.4 0.8 5.6

June

0.2 1.5 0.2 2.7 -0.1 1.1 0.6 0.3 0.9 5.8

July

-0.2 1.6 0.0 2.9 0.3 1.4 0.6 0.6

August

0.4 1.9 -0.1 2.4 -0.1 1.4 0.4 1.1

September

0.7 2.4 0.0 1.7 0.0 1.3 0.2 1.3

October

-0.2 2.0 0.2 2.1 0.2 1.3 0.1 1.3

November

-0.1 2.1 -0.3 1.9 0.0 1.6 -0.1 1.2

December

-0.1 1.8 -0.5 1.5 0.0 2.1 0.2 1.4

The Consumer Price Index for July 2021 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, August 11, 2021 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on June 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in June was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Apr.
2021
May
2021
Jun.
2021
Jun.
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021

Expenditure category

All Items

257.207 259.343 261.668 5.8 1.7 0.9

All items (December 1977=100)

417.225 420.690 424.463 - - -

Food and beverages

267.864 268.505 270.730 1.9 1.1 0.8

Food

269.430 270.230 272.556 1.9 1.2 0.9

Food at home

252.429 252.843 255.234 0.6 1.1 0.9

Cereal and bakery products

291.735 291.991 294.672 1.0 1.0 0.9

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

265.295 269.414 277.122 0.8 4.5 2.9

Dairy and related products

230.689 230.855 228.537 0.2 -0.9 -1.0

Fruits and vegetables

302.532 303.073 301.215 3.9 -0.4 -0.6

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

173.844 172.614 175.112 -2.1 0.7 1.4

Other food at home

220.016 218.561 220.019 -0.5 0.0 0.7

Food away from home

297.504 298.872 301.136 3.6 1.2 0.8

Alcoholic beverages

245.797 244.295 245.152 1.0 -0.3 0.4

Housing

254.420 255.748 257.154 3.3 1.1 0.5

Shelter

295.035 296.073 297.405 3.1 0.8 0.4

Rent of primary residence

309.792 310.396 311.589 2.4 0.6 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)

297.504 298.219 299.448 2.9 0.7 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)

297.506 298.223 299.450 2.9 0.7 0.4

Fuels and utilities

245.347 246.614 250.690 4.4 2.2 1.7

Household energy

195.071 196.381 200.682 4.9 2.9 2.2

Energy services

195.060 196.262 200.603 4.6 2.8 2.2

Electricity

191.344 192.467 196.970 3.3 2.9 2.3

Utility (piped) gas service

203.654 205.288 208.196 13.2 2.2 1.4

Household furnishings and operations

128.853 131.044 131.199 4.1 1.8 0.1

Apparel

127.227 128.801 128.858 4.2 1.3 0.0

Transportation

223.261 230.219 237.569 22.5 6.4 3.2

Private transportation

224.089 230.671 238.190 22.7 6.3 3.3

New and used motor vehicles(2)

111.368 115.328 121.568 20.8 9.2 5.4

New vehicles

156.554 158.453 160.462 5.2 2.5 1.3

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

106.589 107.887 109.251 5.2 2.5 1.3

New cars(3)

154.691 156.675 158.225 4.0 2.3 1.0

Used cars and trucks

169.650 180.607 200.075 44.5 17.9 10.8

Motor fuel

237.619 248.189 251.279 49.5 5.7 1.2

Gasoline (all types)

236.444 247.047 250.082 49.8 5.8 1.2

Unleaded regular(3)

230.643 241.252 244.125 51.3 5.8 1.2

Unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

264.393 274.755 279.156 43.8 5.6 1.6

Unleaded premium(3)

259.787 269.234 273.143 38.7 5.1 1.5

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

953.621 954.337 954.793 12.5 0.1 0.0

Medical care

495.347 494.859 495.772 1.3 0.1 0.2

Medical care commodities

349.242 348.671 348.692 -0.8 -0.2 0.0

Medical care services

544.805 544.344 545.558 1.8 0.1 0.2

Professional services

383.737 383.468 384.060 3.1 0.1 0.2

Recreation(2)

125.196 125.277 124.239 2.4 -0.8 -0.8

Education and communication(2)

136.995 137.255 137.344 2.6 0.3 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,366.035 1,368.951 1,371.709 0.8 0.4 0.2

Other goods and services

452.159 451.932 452.648 3.0 0.1 0.2

Commodity and service group

All Items

257.207 259.343 261.668 5.8 1.7 0.9

Commodities

193.144 195.860 199.052 9.4 3.1 1.6

Commodities less food and beverages

158.189 161.532 164.935 14.5 4.3 2.1

Nondurables less food and beverages

203.199 206.612 207.436 13.9 2.1 0.4

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

249.379 253.872 255.132 16.8 2.3 0.5

Durables

115.299 118.240 122.750 15.0 6.5 3.8

Services

321.644 323.120 324.473 3.6 0.9 0.4

Rent of shelter(1)

303.298 304.383 305.768 3.1 0.8 0.5

Transportation services

362.159 368.005 371.325 10.7 2.5 0.9

Other services

360.409 360.732 359.842 2.5 -0.2 -0.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

244.221 246.476 248.860 6.3 1.9 1.0

All items less food

255.063 257.400 259.723 6.5 1.8 0.9

All items less shelter

243.553 246.118 248.833 7.2 2.2 1.1

Commodities less food

160.849 164.085 167.437 13.9 4.1 2.0

Nondurables

233.759 235.844 237.335 7.0 1.5 0.6

Nondurables less food

205.332 208.445 209.270 12.9 1.9 0.4

Nondurables less food and apparel

247.801 251.732 252.948 15.3 2.1 0.5

Services less rent of shelter(1)

354.842 356.851 358.208 4.1 0.9 0.4

Services less medical care services

301.684 303.298 304.651 3.8 1.0 0.4

Energy

210.474 216.066 219.706 24.7 4.4 1.7

All items less energy

263.378 265.181 267.389 4.5 1.5 0.8

All items less food and energy

262.756 264.734 266.926 5.0 1.6 0.8

Commodities less food and energy commodities

151.883 154.261 157.647 9.1 3.8 2.2

Energy commodities

241.579 252.273 255.411 48.9 5.7 1.2

Services less energy services

335.043 336.548 337.596 3.5 0.8 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, July 13, 2021