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19-1817-ATL
Thursday, October 10, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, South Region – September 2019

Prices in the South unchanged over the month; up 1.3 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South was unchanged in September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Since August, the energy index declined 0.5 percent, while the food index inched up 0.1 percent. The all items less food and energy index was unchanged from August to September. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U for the South increased 1.3 percent from September 2018 to September 2019. Over the year, the all items less food and energy index advanced 2.1 percent and the food index rose 1.6 percent. The energy index declined 5.5 percent over the 12-month period. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Food

The food index was little changed from August to September, up 0.1 percent. The food at home index and the food away from home index each inched up 0.1 percent over the month.

The food index rose 1.6 percent for the 12 months ending September 2019, led by a 3.1-percent increase in the food away from home index. The food at home index edged up 0.3 percent over the 12-month period.

Energy

The energy index declined 0.5 percent in September, reflecting declines in the gasoline (-1.2 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (-2.6 percent) indexes. Since August, the electricity index was up 0.5 percent.

The energy index was down 5.5 percent over the past 12 months, reflecting an 11.4-percent drop in the gasoline index. Since September 2018, the electricity and the utility (piped) gas service indexes increased, up 1.8 and 3.2 percent, respectively.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy was unchanged in September. Several categories recorded increases, most notably shelter (0.3 percent), apparel (0.8 percent), and recreation (0.3 percent). In contrast, new and used motor vehicles was among the indexes that declined from August to September, down 1.5 percent.  

Since September 2018, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.1 percent, reflecting increases in the shelter (3.3 percent) and medical care (2.9 percent) indexes.

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the three divisions of the South. Over the month, the all items CPI-U edged down 0.2 percent in the East South Central division. In contrast, the all items index inched up 0.1 percent in the West South Central division, and was unchanged in the South Atlantic division.  

Over the year, the all items index advanced 1.7 percent in the South Atlantic division. The all items index rose 1.0 percent in the West South Central division and 0.5 percent in the East South Central division.

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.7 -0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 2.6 0.5 1.8 0.2 1.2

February

0.5 -0.3 0.1 0.7 0.2 2.8 0.6 2.1 0.5 1.1

March

0.6 -0.3 0.6 0.7 0.0 2.2 0.2 2.3 0.7 1.6

April

0.3 -0.6 0.4 0.9 0.2 2.0 0.4 2.4 0.5 1.8

May

0.4 -0.4 0.4 0.9 0.0 1.7 0.3 2.7 -0.1 1.4

June

0.5 -0.1 0.4 0.8 0.2 1.5 0.2 2.7 -0.1 1.1

July

-0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.7 -0.2 1.6 0.0 2.9 0.3 1.4

August

-0.2 -0.2 0.1 1.0 0.4 1.9 -0.1 2.4 -0.1 1.4

September

-0.2 -0.4 0.2 1.4 0.7 2.4 0.0 1.7 0.0 1.3

October

0.0 -0.1 0.1 1.5 -0.2 2.0 0.2 2.1

November

-0.2 0.3 -0.1 1.6 -0.1 2.1 -0.3 1.9

December

-0.4 0.5 0.1 2.0 -0.1 1.8 -0.5 1.5

The Consumer Price Index for October 2019 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, November 13, 2019.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2018
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019

Expenditure category

All Items

247.250 246.953 246.891 1.3 -0.1 0.0

All items (December 1977=100)

401.075 400.593 400.492 - - -

Food and beverages

254.928 255.037 255.288 1.6 0.1 0.1

Food

256.133 256.205 256.510 1.6 0.1 0.1

Food at home

238.910 238.578 238.910 0.3 0.0 0.1

Cereal and bakery products

282.345 281.465 281.594 1.1 -0.3 0.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

244.064 243.047 243.099 -0.3 -0.4 0.0

Dairy and related products

219.642 220.224 222.735 1.5 1.4 1.1

Fruits and vegetables

284.617 283.586 282.107 -1.2 -0.9 -0.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

166.842 168.573 168.817 2.1 1.2 0.1

Other food at home

210.251 209.420 210.160 0.0 0.0 0.4

Food away from home

284.385 285.022 285.294 3.1 0.3 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

237.757 238.416 237.871 2.1 0.0 -0.2

Housing

245.364 245.324 245.823 3.0 0.2 0.2

Shelter

283.058 283.383 284.117 3.3 0.4 0.3

Rent of primary residence

295.659 296.843 297.531 3.5 0.6 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)

284.649 285.297 285.990 3.2 0.5 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)

284.657 285.306 286.002 3.2 0.5 0.2

Fuels and utilities

242.012 241.333 241.672 1.8 -0.1 0.1

Household energy

194.951 194.026 194.374 1.8 -0.3 0.2

Energy services

195.334 194.480 194.743 2.0 -0.3 0.1

Electricity

194.543 193.267 194.256 1.8 -0.1 0.5

Utility (piped) gas service

184.077 186.213 181.434 3.2 -1.4 -2.6

Household furnishings and operations

125.685 124.888 124.737 2.6 -0.8 -0.1

Apparel

131.962 133.148 134.259 -0.8 1.7 0.8

Transportation

212.724 209.909 207.983 -2.3 -2.2 -0.9

Private transportation

211.737 208.988 206.900 -2.5 -2.3 -1.0

New and used motor vehicles(2)

102.721 102.880 101.315 0.4 -1.4 -1.5

New vehicles

153.361 153.058 152.668 -0.2 -0.5 -0.3

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

104.396 104.190 103.923 -0.3 -0.5 -0.3

New cars(3)

153.438 153.136 152.473 0.0 -0.6 -0.4

Used cars and trucks

143.788 145.103 139.853 2.4 -2.7 -3.6

Motor fuel

227.170 214.791 212.291 -11.3 -6.5 -1.2

Gasoline (all types)

226.040 213.538 210.978 -11.4 -6.7 -1.2

Unleaded regular(3)

220.592 207.977 205.364 -11.7 -6.9 -1.3

Unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

250.147 238.442 236.591 -9.6 -5.4 -0.8

Unleaded premium(3)

247.567 237.503 235.626 -8.6 -4.8 -0.8

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

951.188 951.189 951.142 0.5 0.0 0.0

Medical care

472.693 475.283 475.494 2.9 0.6 0.0

Medical care commodities

357.008 357.260 354.010 -2.8 -0.8 -0.9

Medical care services

511.765 515.165 516.589 4.3 0.9 0.3

Professional services

366.081 366.642 366.900 0.8 0.2 0.1

Recreation(2)

119.585 120.379 120.782 1.5 1.0 0.3

Education and communication(2)

132.881 133.022 132.870 -0.4 0.0 -0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,337.155 1,343.441 1,349.055 2.0 0.9 0.4

Other goods and services

430.820 431.284 431.693 1.2 0.2 0.1

Commodity and service group

All Items

247.250 246.953 246.891 1.3 -0.1 0.0

Commodities

185.556 184.500 183.791 -0.8 -1.0 -0.4

Commodities less food and beverages

152.777 151.369 150.362 -2.1 -1.6 -0.7

Nondurables less food and beverages

201.217 197.940 197.309 -4.3 -1.9 -0.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

243.673 237.980 236.430 -5.2 -3.0 -0.7

Durables

108.433 108.325 107.175 0.5 -1.2 -1.1

Services

309.341 309.856 310.484 2.7 0.4 0.2

Rent of shelter(1)

290.719 291.075 291.841 3.3 0.4 0.3

Transportation services

361.192 360.385 360.405 0.8 -0.2 0.0

Other services

344.499 345.916 346.447 0.8 0.6 0.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

234.940 234.502 234.426 1.2 -0.2 0.0

All items less food

245.621 245.269 245.153 1.3 -0.2 0.0

All items less shelter

234.326 233.793 233.429 0.5 -0.4 -0.2

Commodities less food

155.372 154.002 153.001 -2.0 -1.5 -0.6

Nondurables

226.716 224.984 224.757 -1.3 -0.9 -0.1

Nondurables less food

203.063 199.989 199.364 -3.9 -1.8 -0.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

242.033 236.860 235.395 -4.7 -2.7 -0.6

Services less rent of shelter(1)

342.479 343.204 343.686 2.1 0.4 0.1

Services less medical care services

291.088 291.376 291.938 2.5 0.3 0.2

Energy

205.779 199.306 198.260 -5.5 -3.7 -0.5

All items less energy

252.700 253.101 253.150 2.0 0.2 0.0

All items less food and energy

252.511 252.968 252.974 2.1 0.2 0.0

Commodities less food and energy commodities

146.750 146.912 146.094 0.2 -0.4 -0.6

Energy commodities

230.758 218.307 215.901 -11.2 -6.4 -1.1

Services less energy services

321.382 322.047 322.715 2.8 0.4 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, October 10, 2019