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News Release Information

21-1983-ATL
Wednesday, November 10, 2021

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, South Region – October 2021

Prices in the South up 1.0 percent over the month and 6.6 percent over the past year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South increased 1.0 percent in October, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.7 percent in October. The energy index and the food index also increased over the month, up 3.3 percent and 1.1 percent, respectively. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U for the South advanced 6.6 percent for the 12 months ending in October, after increasing 5.8-percent over the 12-month period ending in September. The index for all items less food and energy increased 5.0 percent over the past year, while the energy index rose 29.3 percent. The food index increased 5.1 percent over the past 12 months. (See chart 1 and table 1.)


Food

The food index rose 1.1 percent in October, led by a 1.2-percent increase in the food at home index. The food away from home index also increased in October, up 0.9 percent.

The food index advanced 5.1 percent for the 12 months ending in October, reflecting increases in the food at home (5.3 percent) and food away from home (4.9 percent) indexes.

Energy

The energy index rose 3.3 percent in October, reflecting a 5.3-percent increase in the gasoline index. The utility (piped) gas service index rose 6.4 percent in October, while the electricity index was unchanged over the month.

The energy index advanced 29.3 percent for the 12 months ending in October, led by a 53.4-percent rise in the gasoline index. The electricity and the utility (piped) gas service indexes also increased over the year, up 6.6 percent and 22.3 percent, respectively.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.7 percent in October. The new and used motor vehicles index increased 2.5 percent over the month, reflecting increases in the used cars and trucks (2.9 percent) and new vehicles (2.2 percent) indexes. The shelter index was up 0.5 percent in October.

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 5.0 percent for the 12 months ending in October, reflecting increases across many indexes. The new and used motor vehicles index rose 16.6 percent over the past 12 months, led by a 26.3-percent increase in the used cars and trucks index. Shelter (3.9 percent) was also among the indexes to increase over the past year.

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the three divisions of the South. The all items CPI-U advanced 1.0 percent in the South Atlantic division in October. The all items index rose 0.9 percent in both the East South Central and West South Central divisions.

Over the year, the all items index advanced 7.2 percent in the East South Central division. The all items index rose 6.6 percent in the West South Central division and 6.5 percent in the South Atlantic division.

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 2.6 0.5 1.8 0.2 1.2 0.3 2.3 0.5 1.6

February

0.2 2.8 0.6 2.1 0.5 1.1 0.2 1.9 0.5 2.0

March

0.0 2.2 0.2 2.3 0.7 1.6 -0.1 1.1 0.8 2.9

April

0.2 2.0 0.4 2.4 0.5 1.8 -0.8 -0.2 0.7 4.4

May

0.0 1.7 0.3 2.7 -0.1 1.4 -0.2 -0.4 0.8 5.6

June

0.2 1.5 0.2 2.7 -0.1 1.1 0.6 0.3 0.9 5.8

July

-0.2 1.6 0.0 2.9 0.3 1.4 0.6 0.6 0.5 5.8

August

0.4 1.9 -0.1 2.4 -0.1 1.4 0.4 1.1 0.3 5.6

September

0.7 2.4 0.0 1.7 0.0 1.3 0.2 1.3 0.3 5.8

October

-0.2 2.0 0.2 2.1 0.2 1.3 0.1 1.3 1.0 6.6

November

-0.1 2.1 -0.3 1.9 0.0 1.6 -0.1 1.2

December

-0.1 1.8 -0.5 1.5 0.0 2.1 0.2 1.4

The Consumer Price Index for November 2021 is scheduled to be released on Friday, December 10, 2021, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on October 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended almost entirely since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in October was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Aug.
2021
Sep.
2021
Oct.
2021
Oct.
2020
Aug.
2021
Sep.
2021

Expenditure category

All Items

263.728 264.593 267.160 6.6 1.3 1.0

All items (December 1977=100)

427.803 429.206 433.371 - - -

Food and beverages

272.989 275.426 278.215 4.9 1.9 1.0

Food

274.788 277.392 280.435 5.1 2.1 1.1

Food at home

256.738 259.928 263.147 5.3 2.5 1.2

Cereal and bakery products

294.162 299.473 301.019 3.4 2.3 0.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

282.373 287.217 292.778 12.7 3.7 1.9

Dairy and related products

228.888 230.258 231.894 0.4 1.3 0.7

Fruits and vegetables

298.343 300.525 303.516 4.8 1.7 1.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

176.457 178.345 180.845 1.6 2.5 1.4

Other food at home

221.798 224.346 227.000 3.4 2.3 1.2

Food away from home

304.448 306.240 309.069 4.9 1.5 0.9

Alcoholic beverages

247.761 247.947 247.308 2.5 -0.2 -0.3

Housing

259.417 260.865 262.273 4.5 1.1 0.5

Shelter

299.571 301.178 302.555 3.9 1.0 0.5

Rent of primary residence

313.508 315.596 317.726 3.4 1.3 0.7

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)

301.150 302.913 304.596 3.5 1.1 0.6

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)

301.156 302.914 304.594 3.5 1.1 0.6

Fuels and utilities

256.076 257.695 259.760 7.4 1.4 0.8

Household energy

206.081 207.580 209.677 9.1 1.7 1.0

Energy services

206.066 207.470 209.347 8.7 1.6 0.9

Electricity

201.768 203.458 203.495 6.6 0.9 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service

217.620 217.010 230.948 22.3 6.1 6.4

Household furnishings and operations

132.010 132.841 133.946 5.2 1.5 0.8

Apparel

129.051 130.867 131.939 4.5 2.2 0.8

Transportation

238.554 236.719 242.844 19.8 1.8 2.6

Private transportation

240.592 239.216 245.570 20.9 2.1 2.7

New and used motor vehicles(2)

122.525 120.661 123.658 16.6 0.9 2.5

New vehicles

163.597 165.216 168.782 9.8 3.2 2.2

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

111.419 112.525 114.963 9.9 3.2 2.2

New cars(3)

162.026 163.479 166.689 9.2 2.9 2.0

Used cars and trucks

198.439 191.021 196.602 26.3 -0.9 2.9

Motor fuel

256.207 257.740 271.606 53.3 6.0 5.4

Gasoline (all types)

255.033 256.554 270.273 53.4 6.0 5.3

Unleaded regular(3)

248.993 250.549 264.406 55.1 6.2 5.5

Unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

284.729 286.102 299.018 45.9 5.0 4.5

Unleaded premium(3)

278.241 279.344 290.747 41.1 4.5 4.1

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

954.379 955.753 949.398 6.6 -0.5 -0.7

Medical care

498.642 498.025 502.016 2.2 0.7 0.8

Medical care commodities

348.857 350.555 354.701 1.6 1.7 1.2

Medical care services

549.339 547.943 551.885 2.4 0.5 0.7

Professional services

386.051 385.645 385.494 2.7 -0.1 0.0

Recreation(2)

125.861 127.335 127.743 3.9 1.5 0.3

Education and communication(2)

138.733 139.237 139.465 2.5 0.5 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,387.751 1,394.750 1,396.210 1.6 0.6 0.1

Other goods and services

458.640 458.062 460.236 3.3 0.3 0.5

Commodity and service group

All Items

263.728 264.593 267.160 6.6 1.3 1.0

Commodities

200.636 201.358 204.842 10.8 2.1 1.7

Commodities less food and beverages

166.210 166.288 169.872 14.6 2.2 2.2

Nondurables less food and beverages

208.929 210.335 215.048 15.6 2.9 2.2

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

257.366 258.584 265.387 19.0 3.1 2.6

Durables

123.763 123.073 125.623 13.6 1.5 2.1

Services

327.008 328.011 329.548 4.0 0.8 0.5

Rent of shelter(1)

308.031 309.671 311.102 4.0 1.0 0.5

Transportation services

366.337 361.680 363.333 5.4 -0.8 0.5

Other services

364.570 367.252 368.016 2.9 0.9 0.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

250.869 251.803 254.288 7.1 1.4 1.0

All items less food

261.754 262.353 264.845 6.9 1.2 0.9

All items less shelter

250.858 251.441 254.474 7.9 1.4 1.2

Commodities less food

168.749 168.830 172.324 14.1 2.1 2.1

Nondurables

239.192 241.087 244.875 9.6 2.4 1.6

Nondurables less food

210.826 212.156 216.542 14.6 2.7 2.1

Nondurables less food and apparel

255.205 256.324 262.423 17.4 2.8 2.4

Services less rent of shelter(1)

361.162 361.405 363.124 4.0 0.5 0.5

Services less medical care services

307.068 308.250 309.588 4.2 0.8 0.4

Energy

224.764 226.245 233.774 29.3 4.0 3.3

All items less energy

269.161 269.969 272.056 5.1 1.1 0.8

All items less food and energy

268.621 269.122 271.048 5.0 0.9 0.7

Commodities less food and energy commodities

158.537 158.434 160.701 8.6 1.4 1.4

Energy commodities

260.384 262.050 276.172 52.9 6.1 5.4

Services less energy services

339.832 340.795 342.299 3.7 0.7 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, November 10, 2021