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18-2003-ATL
Thursday, December 27, 2018

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County Employment and Wages in Alabama – Second Quarter 2018

Employment increased in 5 of Alabama’s 6 largest counties from June 2017 to June 2018, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (Large counties are defined as those with employment of 75,000 or greater as measured by 2017 annual average employment.) Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that employment increases ranged from 1.7 percent in Madison County to 0.3 percent in Shelby County. Employment in Montgomery County declined 0.8 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Nationally, employment rose 1.5 percent from June 2017 to June 2018 as 309 of the 349 largest U.S. counties gained jobs. Midland, TX, had the largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment, with a gain of 11.6 percent. McLean, IL, had the largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment, with a loss of 2.0 percent.

Among the six largest counties in Alabama, employment was highest in Jefferson (350,600) in June 2018, while Shelby had the smallest employment (85,500). Together, Alabama’s large counties accounted for 52.5 percent of total employment within the state. Nationwide, the 349 largest counties made up 72.9 percent of total U.S. employment, which stood at 147.4 million in June 2018.

Each of Alabama’s six large counties had over-the-year wage increases with the largest gain in Shelby County (3.8 percent). Madison County had the highest average weekly wage among the state’s six largest counties at $1,102. Nationally, the average weekly wage was $1,055, a 3.4 percent increase over the year. (See table 1.)

Employment and wage levels (but not over-the-year changes) are also available for the 61 counties in Alabama with employment below 75,000. Average weekly wages in these counties ranged from $1,152 to $599. (See table 2.)

Large county wage changes

As noted, average weekly wages increased in all of Alabama’s large counties from the second quarter of 2017 to the second quarter of 2018. Shelby (3.8 percent, 86th) was in the top third of the national ranking. Average weekly wage growth in Alabama’s five other large counties ranged from 2.9 to 1.3 percent. (See table 1.)

Nationally, 340 of the 349 largest counties had over-the-year increases in average weekly wages in the second quarter of 2018. Marin, CA, had the largest over-the-year wage gain at 11.7 percent, followed by Lake, IL, and King, WA (9.3 percent each).

Of the 349 largest U.S. counties, 8 had over-the-year decreases in average weekly wages. New Hanover, NC, had the largest percentage decrease in average weekly wages (-6.4 percent), followed by Spartanburg, SC (-2.9 percent) and Morris, NJ (-2.4 percent).

Large county average weekly wages

Average weekly wages in 3 of Alabama’s 6 largest counties placed in the top half of the national ranking among the 349 largest counties in the second quarter of 2018. Madison County’s average weekly wage of $1,102 was above the U.S. average of $1,055, and ranked 78th nationwide. Jefferson County ($1,034) and Shelby County ($985) ranked 111th and 160th, respectively.

Nationwide, average weekly wages were higher than the U.S. average in 94 of the 349 largest counties. Santa Clara, CA, was the highest-paid large county with an average weekly wage of $2,573. San Mateo, CA, was second with an average weekly wage of $2,357, followed by San Francisco, CA ($2,083).

Among the largest U.S. counties, 255 reported average weekly wages below the national average in the second quarter of 2018. Horry, SC ($625) had the lowest weekly wage, followed by Cameron, TX ($642) and Hidalgo, TX ($645).

Average weekly wages in Alabama’s smaller counties

Among the 61 counties in Alabama with employment below 75,000, Washington ($1,152) was the only county with an average weekly wage above the national average of $1,055. Perry County had the lowest weekly wage in the state, averaging $599 in the second quarter of 2018. (See table 2.)

When all 67 counties in Alabama were considered, 28 had average weekly wages at or below $699, 22 had wages from $700-$799, 10 had wages from $800-$899, and 7 had wages above $900. (See chart 1.)

Additional statistics and other information

QCEW data for states have been included in this release in table 3. For additional information about quarterly employment and wages data, please read the Technical Note or visit www.bls.gov/cew.

Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online features comprehensive information by detailed industry on establishments, employment, and wages for the nation and all states. The 2017 edition of this publication contains selected data produced by Business Employment Dynamics (BED) on job gains and losses, as well as selected data from the first quarter 2018 version of the national news release. Tables and additional content from Employment and Wages Annual Averages 2017 are now available online at www.bls.gov/cew/cewbultn17.htm. The 2018 edition of Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online will be available in September 2019.

The County Employment and Wages release for third quarter 2018 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, February 20, 2019. The County Employment and Wages full data update for third quarter 2018 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, March 6, 2019.

New BLS Local Data iPhone App Includes QCEW Data

BLS has partnered with the U.S. Department of Labor's Office of the Chief Information Officer to develop a new mobile app for iPhones. The BLS Local Data app is ideal for customers, such as jobseekers and economic and workforce development professionals, who want to know more about local labor markets. For more information, please go to: https://blogs.bls.gov/blog/2018/10/18/new-bls-local-data-app-now-available/


Technical Note

Average weekly wage data by county are compiled under the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, also known as the ES-202 program. The data are derived from summaries of employment and total pay of workers covered by state and federal unemployment insurance (UI) legislation and provided by State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). The average weekly wage values are calculated by dividing quarterly total wages by the average of the three monthly employment levels of those covered by UI programs. The result is then divided by 13, the number of weeks in a quarter. It is to be noted, therefore, that over-the-year wage changes for geographic areas may reflect shifts in the composition of employment by industry, occupation, and such other factors as hours of work. Thus, wages may vary among counties, metropolitan areas, or states for reasons other than changes in the average wage level. Data for all states, Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), counties, and the nation are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/cew/; however, data in QCEW press releases have been revised and may not match the data contained on the Bureau’s Web site.

QCEW data are not designed as a time series. QCEW data are simply the sums of individual establishment records reflecting the number of establishments that exist in a county or industry at a point in time. Establishments can move in or out of a county or industry for a number of reasons–some reflecting economic events, others reflecting administrative changes.

The preliminary QCEW data presented in this release may differ from data released by the individual states as well as from the data presented on the BLS Web site. These potential differences result from the states’ continuing receipt, review and editing of UI data over time. On the other hand, differences between data in this release and the data found on the BLS Web site are the result of adjustments made to improve over-the-year comparisons. Specifically, these adjustments account for administrative (noneconomic) changes such as a correction to a previously reported location or industry classification. Adjusting for these administrative changes allows users to more accurately assess changes of an economic nature (such as a firm moving from one county to another or changing its primary economic activity) over a 12-month period. Currently, adjusted data are available only from BLS press releases.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Covered employment and wages in the United States and the 6 largest counties in Alabama, second quarter 2018
Area Employment Average weekly wage (1)
June 2018 (thousands) Percent change, June 2017-18 (2) National ranking by percent change (3) Average weekly wage National ranking by level (3) Percent change, second quarter 2017-18 (2) National ranking by percent change (3)

United States (4)

147,431.2 1.5 -- $1,055 -- 3.4 --

Alabama

1,969.9 1.2 -- 882 37 2.8 35

Jefferson, Ala.

350.6 1.4 144 1,034 111 2.7 204

Madison, Ala.

200.7 1.7 118 1,102 78 2.9 185

Mobile, Ala.

171.5 0.9 206 874 263 1.9 278

Montgomery, Ala.

132.3 -0.8 343 860 279 2.4 233

Shelby, Ala.

85.5 0.3 281 985 160 3.8 86

Tuscaloosa, Ala.

93.0 0.9 206 861 277 1.3 313

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Percent changes were computed from quarterly employment and pay data adjusted for noneconomic county reclassifications.
(3) Ranking does not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(4) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.


 Table 2. Covered employment and wages in the United States and all counties in Alabama, second quarter 2018
Area Employment June 2018 Average Weekly Wage(1)

United States(2)

147,431,154 $1,055

Alabama

1,969,868 882

Autauga

11,047 705

Baldwin

77,160 691

Barbour

8,181 724

Bibb

4,279 739

Blount

8,526 666

Bullock

2,999 662

Butler

6,786 659

Calhoun

44,688 752

Chambers

8,347 722

Cherokee

5,279 661

Chilton

9,692 696

Choctaw

3,753 906

Clarke

8,103 747

Clay

4,278 651

Cleburne

2,141 854

Coffee

15,888 656

Colbert

23,799 835

Conecuh

3,510 674

Coosa

1,424 649

Covington

12,572 687

Crenshaw

3,658 699

Cullman

29,102 726

Dale

16,968 1,053

Dallas

12,579 694

DeKalb

21,888 690

Elmore

20,160 661

Escambia

12,829 741

Etowah

36,418 692

Fayette

4,124 627

Franklin

10,866 690

Geneva

5,100 618

Greene

1,785 668

Hale

2,714 700

Henry

3,372 702

Houston

48,312 783

Jackson

16,167 695

Jefferson

350,612 1,034

Lamar

3,502 772

Lauderdale

29,812 666

Lawrence

4,927 659

Lee

58,980 750

Limestone

23,293 921

Lowndes

2,454 877

Macon

4,796 812

Madison

200,726 1,102

Marengo

7,078 745

Marion

9,952 682

Marshall

37,262 692

Mobile

171,496 874

Monroe

6,172 790

Montgomery

132,346 860

Morgan

48,599 850

Perry

2,067 599

Pickens

3,892 711

Pike

14,380 763

Randolph

4,821 642

Russell

14,134 707

St. Clair

19,901 700

Shelby

85,526 985

Sumter

2,933 769

Talladega

29,502 873

Tallapoosa

13,183 656

Tuscaloosa

92,950 861

Walker

18,532 718

Washington

3,771 1,152

Wilcox

2,845 804

Winston

8,020 706

Footnotes
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

NOTE: Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs. Data are preliminary.


Table 3. Covered employment and wages by state, second quarter 2018
State Employment Average weekly wage (1)
June 2018 (thousands) Percent change, June 2017-18 Average weekly wage National ranking by level Percent change, second quarter 2017-18 National ranking by percent change

United States (2)

147,431.2 1.5 $1,055 -- 3.4 --

Alabama

1,969.9 1.2 882 37 2.8 35

Alaska

335.8 -0.9 1,043 15 3.7 9

Arizona

2,770.8 2.6 973 23 3.3 19

Arkansas

1,214.6 0.7 824 47 1.7 47

California

17,473.1 1.9 1,265 4 4.6 3

Colorado

2,704.4 2.4 1,075 10 3.2 27

Connecticut

1,704.5 0.3 1,218 5 0.1 50

Delaware

454.3 1.3 1,023 17 1.4 49

District of Columbia

777.3 1.3 1,713 1 2.6 39

Florida

8,568.9 2.1 931 28 2.9 32

Georgia

4,440.5 2.0 979 22 2.3 43

Hawaii

658.3 0.5 956 24 2.5 41

Idaho

745.3 3.1 794 50 3.8 8

Illinois

6,061.1 0.8 1,097 9 3.4 14

Indiana

3,075.8 1.1 883 36 2.8 35

Iowa

1,583.7 0.8 880 39 3.3 19

Kansas

1,393.3 1.0 879 40 3.4 14

Kentucky

1,905.9 0.9 882 37 2.3 43

Louisiana

1,918.6 0.4 901 33 3.7 9

Maine

636.8 1.0 843 45 3.6 11

Maryland

2,712.0 0.7 1,141 8 3.4 14

Massachusetts

3,650.1 1.0 1,322 2 3.5 12

Michigan

4,424.7 1.3 997 20 2.9 32

Minnesota

2,925.6 0.8 1,072 12 3.3 19

Mississippi

1,130.7 0.2 752 51 2.7 38

Missouri

2,829.0 0.5 924 30 3.9 7

Montana

478.7 1.1 817 48 2.5 41

Nebraska

990.8 0.6 859 43 3.1 29

Nevada

1,372.4 3.1 931 28 3.3 19

New Hampshire

670.8 0.8 1,049 14 3.3 19

New Jersey

4,157.0 0.9 1,201 7 2.3 43

New Mexico

823.6 1.0 852 44 3.5 12

New York

9,579.2 1.7 1,297 3 4.5 4

North Carolina

4,450.2 2.2 933 25 3.3 19

North Dakota

426.1 0.8 986 21 3.4 14

Ohio

5,461.3 0.7 933 25 2.3 43

Oklahoma

1,606.4 1.2 875 41 3.2 27

Oregon

1,947.3 1.5 999 18 3.3 19

Pennsylvania

5,924.9 1.1 1,031 16 3.1 29

Rhode Island

491.0 0.7 998 19 1.7 47

South Carolina

2,126.5 3.4 833 46 0.0 51

South Dakota

439.7 0.9 807 49 2.8 35

Tennessee

2,994.1 1.6 932 27 2.9 32

Texas

12,326.3 2.2 1,062 13 3.4 14

Utah

1,483.9 3.4 899 35 4.3 5

Vermont

312.4 -0.8 907 31 4.3 5

Virginia

3,941.0 1.3 1,073 11 2.6 39

Washington

3,444.1 2.7 1,218 5 6.9 1

West Virginia

702.9 1.6 868 42 4.8 2

Wisconsin

2,933.5 0.9 904 32 3.3 19

Wyoming

282.2 0.5 901 33 3.0 31

Puerto Rico

853.5 -2.3 543 (3) 5.2 (3)

Virgin Islands

33.4 -14.4 838 (3) 12.8 (3)

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(3) Data not included in the national ranking.

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, December 27, 2018