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18-906-ATL
Wednesday, June 20, 2018

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County Employment and Wages in Georgia – Fourth Quarter 2017

Nine of the ten large counties in Georgia reported employment gains from December 2016 to December 2017, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (Large counties are defined as those with 2016 average annual employment levels of 75,000 or more.) Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that employment increases in five of Georgia’s large counties were above the national job growth rate of 1.5 percent. (See table 1.)

From December 2016 to December 2017, employment increased in 316 of the 346 largest U.S. counties. Midland, Texas, had the largest percentage increase with a gain of 11.5 percent over the year. Shawnee, Kan., and Caddo, La., had the largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment among the largest counties in the U.S., with losses of 1.8 percent each.

Among the 10 largest counties in Georgia, employment was highest in Fulton County (870,200) in December 2017, while Bibb County had the smallest employment level (83,600). Together, Georgia’s large counties accounted for 57.6 percent of total employment within the state. Nationwide, the 346 largest counties made up 73.0 percent of total U.S. employment, which stood at 145.9 million in December 2017.

Nine of Georgia’s 10 large counties had over-the-year wage increases in the fourth quarter of 2017, with the largest gain in Hall County, up 5.8 percent, followed by Fulton County, up 5.0 percent. Fulton County had the highest average weekly wage among the state’s largest counties ($1,449), followed by Cobb ($1,125), DeKalb ($1,086), and Gwinnett ($1,048). Nationally, the average weekly wage increased 3.9 percent over the year to $1,109 in the fourth quarter of 2017. (See table 1.)

Employment and wage levels (but not over-the-year changes) are also available for the 149 counties in Georgia with employment below 75,000. With the exception of Burke County ($1,505), wage levels in all of these smaller counties were below the national average in December 2017. (See table 2.)

Large county wage changes

In the fourth quarter of 2017, average weekly wage gains in three of Georgia’s large counties placed in the top 100 of the national ranking—Hall (5.8 percent, 16th), Fulton (5.0 percent, 33rd), and Muscogee (4.0 percent, 85th). (See table 1.) Among Georgia’s large counties, Clayton had the only decline in average weekly wages with a loss of 6.7 percent over-the-year.

Among the 346 largest U.S. counties, 339 had over-the-year increases in average weekly wages. San Mateo, Calif., and Ada, Idaho, had the largest percentage wage increases among the largest U.S. counties (11.5 percent each). New York, N.Y., followed with an increase of 10.4 percent.

Of the 346 largest counties, 7 experienced an over-the-year decrease in average weekly wages. Clayton, Ga., had the largest percentage decrease in average weekly wages (-6.7 percent), followed by Champaign, Ill. (-1.6 percent); and Benton, Ark. (-1.4 percent).

Large county average weekly wages

Average weekly wages in 4 of Georgia’s 10 large counties placed in the top half of the national ranking in the fourth quarter of 2017. Among these four, both Fulton ($1,449, 18th) and Cobb ($1,125, 82nd) had average weekly wages above the U.S. average of $1,109. The two remaining counties, DeKalb ($1,086) and Gwinnett ($1,048), ranked 106th and 131st, respectively. Bibb County ($840, 313th) had the lowest average wage among the state’s largest counties, followed by Muscogee ($875, 291st).

Nationwide, average weekly wages were above the U.S. average ($1,109) in 95 of the 346 largest counties in the fourth quarter of 2017. Santa Clara, Calif., recorded the highest average weekly wage at $2,576, followed by New York, N.Y. ($2,439); San Mateo, Calif. ($2,341); and San Francisco, Calif. ($2,232).

Among the largest U.S. counties, 251 had weekly wages below the national average in the fourth quarter of 2017. Cameron, Texas ($652) had the lowest wage, followed by the counties of Hidalgo, Texas ($664); Horry, S.C. ($674); and Webb, Texas ($706).

Average weekly wages in Georgia’s smaller counties

With the exception of Burke County ($1,505), all of the smaller counties in Georgia—those with employment below 75,000—had average weekly wages lower than the national average of $1,109. Among the smaller counties, Forsyth County had the second highest average weekly wage at $1,001, followed by Chattahoochee County at $980. Glascock County had the lowest average weekly wage in the state at $508. (See table 2.)

When all 159 counties in Georgia were considered, 9 reported average weekly wages below $600, 64 had wages from $600 to $699, 48 had wages from $700 to $799, 25 had wages from $800 to $899, and 13 had wages above $900. (See chart 1.)

Additional statistics and other information

QCEW data for states have been included in this release in table 3. For additional information about quarterly employment and wages data, please read the Technical Note or visit www.bls.gov/cew.

Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online features comprehensive information by detailed industry on establishments, employment, and wages for the nation and all states. The 2016 edition of this publication contains selected data produced by Business Employment Dynamics (BED) on job gains and losses, as well as selected data from the first quarter 2017 version of the national news release. Tables and additional content from Employment and Wages Annual Averages 2016 are now available online at www.bls.gov/cew/cewbultn16.htm. The 2017 edition of Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online will be available in September 2018.

The County Employment and Wages release for first quarter 2018 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, August 22, 2018.


Technical Note

Average weekly wage data by county are compiled under the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, also known as the ES-202 program. The data are derived from summaries of employment and total pay of workers covered by state and federal unemployment insurance (UI) legislation and provided by State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). The 10.0 million employer reports cover 145.9 million full- and part-time workers. The average weekly wage values are calculated by dividing quarterly total wages by the average of the three monthly employment levels of those covered by UI programs. The result is then divided by 13, the number of weeks in a quarter. It is to be noted, therefore, that over-the-year wage changes for geographic areas may reflect shifts in the composition of employment by industry, occupation, and such other factors as hours of work.

QCEW data are not designed as a time series. QCEW data are simply the sums of individual establishment records reflecting the number of establishments that exist in a county or industry at a point in time. Establishments can move in or out of a county or industry for a number of reasons–some reflecting economic events, others reflecting administrative changes.

The preliminary QCEW data presented in this release may differ from data released by the individual states as well as from the data presented on the BLS Web site. These potential differences result from the states’ continuing receipt, review and editing of UI data over time. On the other hand, differences between data in this release and the data found on the BLS Web site are the result of adjustments made to improve over-the-year comparisons. Specifically, these adjustments account for administrative (noneconomic) changes such as a correction to a previously reported location or industry classification. Adjusting for these administrative changes allows users to more accurately assess changes of an economic nature (such as a firm moving from one county to another or changing its primary economic activity) over a 12-month period. Currently, adjusted data are available only from BLS press releases.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Covered employment and wages in the United States and the 10 largest counties in Georgia, fourth quarter 2017
Area Employment Average weekly wage (1)
December 2017 (thousands) Percent change, December 2016-17 (2) National ranking by percent change (3) Average weekly wage National ranking by level (3) Percent change, fourth quarter 2016-17 (2) National ranking by percent change (3)

United States (4)

145,921.1 1.5 -- $1,109 -- 3.9 --

Georgia

4,425.0 1.8 -- 1,027 20 3.4 16

Bibb, Ga.

83.6 -1.0 340 840 313 2.8 188

Chatham, Ga.

154.2 2.2 81 906 262 2.3 249

Clayton, Ga.

126.7 1.0 196 988 180 -6.7 346

Cobb, Ga.

363.7 1.9 96 1,125 82 3.5 122

DeKalb, Ga.

301.5 0.6 255 1,086 106 2.5 227

Fulton, Ga.

870.2 2.4 69 1,449 18 5.0 33

Gwinnett, Ga.

359.9 2.7 52 1,048 131 2.3 249

Hall, Ga.

86.8 1.8 102 979 185 5.8 16

Muscogee, Ga.

94.5 0.9 215 875 291 4.0 85

Richmond, Ga.

105.9 0.6 255 887 284 2.3 249

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Percent changes were computed from quarterly employment and pay data adjusted for noneconomic county reclassifications.
(3) Ranking does not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(4) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.


Table 2. Covered employment and wages in the United States and all counties in Georgia, fourth quarter 2017
Area Employment December 2017 Average weekly wage(1)

United States(2)

145,921,109 $1,109

Georgia

4,424,983 1,027

Appling

6,723 814

Atkinson

2,187 673

Bacon

3,757 728

Baker

421 736

Baldwin

14,918 658

Banks

4,395 636

Barrow

18,639 782

Bartow

37,196 861

Ben Hill

5,264 650

Berrien

3,548 638

Bibb

83,571 840

Bleckley

2,749 615

Brantley

2,276 618

Brooks

3,141 680

Bryan

8,514 701

Bulloch

25,615 681

Burke

11,704 1,505

Butts

6,736 709

Calhoun

1,133 666

Camden

14,165 836

Candler

2,815 589

Carroll

40,734 849

Catoosa

14,910 679

Charlton

2,109 676

Chatham

154,194 906

Chattahoochee

2,258 980

Chattooga

6,240 660

Cherokee

60,481 828

Clarke

72,873 817

Clay

509 594

Clayton

126,711 988

Clinch

2,122 725

Cobb

363,696 1,125

Coffee

17,479 715

Colquitt

15,281 678

Columbia

33,664 775

Cook

4,270 625

Coweta

38,807 799

Crawford

1,254 672

Crisp

8,120 775

Dade

3,362 670

Dawson

9,482 570

Decatur

9,404 627

De Kalb

301,512 1,086

Dodge

5,036 635

Dooly

3,864 713

Dougherty

47,887 819

Douglas

43,394 757

Early

4,426 861

Echols

702 719

Effingham

10,396 837

Elbert

5,725 680

Emanuel

6,721 659

Evans

4,459 767

Fannin

6,461 654

Fayette

44,481 872

Floyd

39,744 846

Forsyth

74,232 1,001

Franklin

8,013 692

Fulton

870,233 1,449

Gilmer

6,954 589

Glascock

438 508

Glynn

38,007 819

Gordon

21,711 832

Grady

6,110 695

Greene

6,158 747

Gwinnett

359,945 1,048

Habersham

14,742 700

Hall

86,831 979

Hancock

1,609 664

Haralson

6,723 860

Harris

4,842 624

Hart

6,627 714

Heard

2,146 921

Henry

60,183 741

Houston

60,126 892

Irwin

2,020 649

Jackson

28,120 755

Jasper

2,232 660

Jeff Davis

4,238 701

Jefferson

4,753 847

Jenkins

1,373 640

Johnson

1,538 600

Jones

4,576 752

Lamar

3,527 673

Lanier

1,374 649

Laurens

18,534 766

Lee

6,615 689

Liberty

18,755 771

Lincoln

1,316 606

Long

993 642

Lowndes

49,011 746

Lumpkin

7,593 691

McDuffie

6,754 677

McIntosh

1,782 605

Macon

2,809 776

Madison

3,116 649

Marion

1,117 607

Meriwether

4,768 700

Miller

1,744 653

Mitchell

6,867 663

Monroe

7,507 755

Montgomery

1,505 618

Morgan

7,084 709

Murray

9,114 709

Muscogee

94,474 875

Newton

24,983 873

Oconee

11,553 774

Oglethorpe

1,686 649

Paulding

23,655 728

Peach

9,565 731

Pickens

7,698 899

Pierce

4,073 711

Pike

2,902 682

Polk

11,282 760

Pulaski

2,873 742

Putnam

5,872 638

Quitman

395 601

Rabun

4,820 620

Randolph

1,883 645

Richmond

105,904 887

Rockdale

32,176 910

Schley

967 677

Screven

3,388 655

Seminole

2,183 745

Spalding

23,185 700

Stephens

9,092 792

Stewart

1,306 788

Sumter

10,957 729

Talbot

772 670

Taliaferro

203 538

Tattnall

5,873 712

Taylor

1,515 770

Telfair

3,296 579

Terrell

2,380 673

Thomas

20,328 866

Tift

19,736 778

Toombs

11,709 653

Towns

3,086 636

Treutlen

1,038 603

Troup

39,480 847

Turner

1,989 614

Twiggs

2,275 548

Union

6,773 698

Upson

6,530 720

Walker

13,115 682

Walton

22,955 841

Ware

15,582 680

Warren

1,489 756

Washington

6,611 721

Wayne

7,893 759

Webster

499 794

Wheeler

1,149 660

White

8,588 629

Whitfield

55,735 931

Wilcox

1,140 578

Wilkes

2,890 661

Wilkinson

3,509 846

Worth

3,209 670

Footnotes
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

NOTE: Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs. Data are preliminary.


Table 3. Covered employment and wages by state, fourth quarter 2017
State Employment Average weekly wage (1)
December 2017 (thousands) Percent change, December 2016-17 Average weekly wage National ranking by level Percent change, fourth quarter 2016-17 National ranking by percent change

United States (2)

145,921.1 1.5 $1,109 -- 3.9 --

Alabama

1,955.3 1.1 928 36 2.9 32

Alaska

306.7 -1.2 1,052 19 1.5 51

Arizona

2,834.7 2.6 978 25 3.5 12

Arkansas

1,217.2 1.0 848 48 2.5 42

California

17,293.0 2.1 1,346 4 5.7 4

Colorado

2,653.3 2.5 1,133 10 4.3 9

Connecticut

1,689.7 0.3 1,317 5 2.2 46

Delaware

444.9 0.6 1,081 15 2.6 40

District of Columbia

769.0 0.9 1,812 1 2.7 37

Florida

8,712.0 2.0 975 26 3.4 16

Georgia

4,425.0 1.8 1,027 20 3.4 16

Hawaii

664.5 0.8 984 24 3.1 26

Idaho

712.4 3.0 857 46 7.1 1

Illinois

6,001.1 0.8 1,151 9 2.6 40

Indiana

3,057.8 1.1 915 38 3.6 11

Iowa

1,549.7 0.4 938 32 3.0 28

Kansas

1,390.3 0.4 894 41 1.9 49

Kentucky

1,903.8 0.5 892 42 2.1 47

Louisiana

1,918.8 0.4 933 35 2.1 47

Maine

610.3 1.2 884 43 3.4 16

Maryland

2,683.6 0.5 1,207 8 3.3 22

Massachusetts

3,582.2 1.3 1,411 3 4.4 8

Michigan

4,321.8 0.9 1,062 17 3.4 16

Minnesota

2,875.7 1.3 1,100 14 3.4 16

Mississippi

1,140.6 0.5 774 51 2.4 45

Missouri

2,809.5 1.0 945 31 2.9 32

Montana

461.4 1.0 843 50 2.7 37

Nebraska

980.9 0.9 901 39 3.0 28

Nevada

1,351.9 3.5 955 29 3.2 25

New Hampshire

661.3 0.7 1,132 11 3.7 10

New Jersey

4,106.9 1.6 1,262 6 1.8 50

New Mexico

816.7 0.6 865 45 2.5 42

New York

9,465.3 1.4 1,428 2 6.4 2

North Carolina

4,388.6 1.5 964 28 3.3 22

North Dakota

416.1 0.4 1,010 22 3.3 22

Ohio

5,409.2 0.8 973 27 3.1 26

Oklahoma

1,607.8 1.2 895 40 3.5 12

Oregon

1,900.4 2.0 1,014 21 4.5 7

Pennsylvania

5,870.4 1.2 1,075 16 3.5 12

Rhode Island

483.6 1.1 1,056 18 2.7 37

South Carolina

2,058.8 1.6 879 44 2.8 35

South Dakota

423.8 0.9 856 47 3.4 16

Tennessee

2,984.8 1.3 1,000 23 3.0 28

Texas

12,207.8 2.0 1,109 13 3.5 12

Utah

1,465.5 3.6 936 33 2.9 32

Vermont

314.7 0.5 919 37 2.5 42

Virginia

3,884.2 1.3 1,121 12 2.8 35

Washington

3,305.0 2.4 1,217 7 5.8 3

West Virginia

693.1 0.1 847 49 4.7 5

Wisconsin

2,872.6 1.0 951 30 3.0 28

Wyoming

267.5 0.6 935 34 4.6 6

Puerto Rico

887.0 -4.4 570 (3) 2.5 (3)

Virgin Islands

34.3 -11.1 827 (3) 7.7 (3)

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(3) Data not included in the national ranking.

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, June 20, 2018