HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
44. Wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing Federal minimum wage by selected characteristics

[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2017
Workers paid hourly rates
Total Below
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
At
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
Total at or below prevailing
Federal minimum
wage
Number Percent of
hourly-paid
workers

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

80,439 1,282 542 1,824 2.3

16 to 24 years

15,974 569 321 891 5.6

25 years and over

64,465 712 221 933 1.4

Men, 16 years and over

39,781 452 226 678 1.7

16 to 24 years

8,009 198 131 329 4.1

25 years and over

31,772 254 95 349 1.1

Women, 16 years and over

40,658 829 316 1,146 2.8

16 to 24 years

7,965 371 190 562 7.1

25 years and over

32,693 458 126 584 1.8

RACE AND HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

White

61,258 1,016 359 1,375 2.2

Men

30,861 336 154 490 1.6

Women

30,398 680 205 885 2.9

Black or African American

11,829 155 146 301 2.5

Men

5,385 76 58 135 2.5

Women

6,445 79 88 166 2.6

Asian

4,001 56 14 70 1.7

Men

1,841 19 4 23 1.3

Women

2,160 37 10 47 2.2

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

16,604 200 101 301 1.8

Men

9,131 77 48 124 1.4

Women

7,473 123 53 176 2.4

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS(1)

Full-time workers

60,205 510 130 640 1.1

Men

32,808 207 59 265 0.8

Women

27,397 303 71 375 1.4

Part-time workers

20,139 769 412 1,181 5.9

Men

6,921 245 167 412 5.9

Women

13,219 524 245 769 5.8

Footnotes
(1) The distinction between full- and part-time workers is based on hours usually worked. These data will not sum to totals because full- or part-time status on the principal job is not identifiable for a small number of multiple jobholders. Full time is 35 hours or more per week; part time is less than 35 hours.

NOTE: The prevailing Federal minimum wage was $7.25 per hour in 2017. Data are for wage and salary workers; all self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses. The data refer to a person's earnings on the sole or principal job, and pertain only to workers who are paid hourly rates. Salaried workers and other nonhourly workers are not included. Hourly earnings for hourly-paid workers do not include overtime pay, commissions, or tips received. The presence of workers with hourly earnings below the minimum wage does not necessarily indicate violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act, as there are exceptions to the minimum wage provisions of the law. In addition, some survey respondents may have rounded hourly earnings to the nearest dollar and, as a result, reported hourly earnings below the minimum wage even though they earned the minimum wage or higher. Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 19, 2018