HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
44. Wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing Federal minimum wage by selected characteristics
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2018
Workers paid hourly rates
Total Below
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
At
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
Total at or below prevailing
Federal minimum
wage
Number Percent of
hourly-paid
workers

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

81,915 1,276 434 1,711 2.1

16 to 24 years

15,963 534 271 805 5.0

25 years and over

65,952 742 163 905 1.4

Men, 16 years and over

40,691 464 168 632 1.6

16 to 24 years

7,994 186 115 301 3.8

25 years and over

32,698 278 52 331 1.0

Women, 16 years and over

41,223 812 267 1,078 2.6

16 to 24 years

7,969 348 156 504 6.3

25 years and over

33,254 464 110 575 1.7

RACE AND HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

White

62,204 958 283 1,242 2.0

Men

31,509 333 101 434 1.4

Women

30,695 626 182 808 2.6

Black or African American

12,135 198 114 313 2.6

Men

5,537 85 52 137 2.5

Women

6,598 113 63 175 2.7

Asian

4,130 53 16 69 1.7

Men

1,909 17 6 23 1.2

Women

2,221 36 10 46 2.1

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

17,452 246 78 324 1.9

Men

9,543 105 26 131 1.4

Women

7,909 141 52 194 2.4

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS(1)

Full-time workers

61,650 621 121 742 1.2

Men

33,736 244 45 288 0.9

Women

27,913 377 76 454 1.6

Part-time workers

20,155 653 312 965 4.8

Men

6,895 219 122 341 4.9

Women

13,260 434 190 624 4.7

Footnotes
(1) The distinction between full- and part-time workers is based on hours usually worked. These data will not sum to totals because full- or part-time status on the principal job is not identifiable for a small number of multiple jobholders. Full time is 35 hours or more per week; part time is less than 35 hours.

NOTE: The prevailing Federal minimum wage was $7.25 per hour in 2018. Data are for wage and salary workers; all self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses. The data refer to a person's earnings on the sole or principal job, and pertain only to workers who are paid hourly rates. Salaried workers and other nonhourly workers are not included. Hourly earnings for hourly-paid workers do not include overtime pay, commissions, or tips received. The presence of workers with hourly earnings below the minimum wage does not necessarily indicate violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act, as there are exceptions to the minimum wage provisions of the law. In addition, some survey respondents may have rounded hourly earnings to the nearest dollar and, as a result, reported hourly earnings below the minimum wage even though they earned the minimum wage or higher. Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 18, 2019