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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links

See also PDF and XLSX versions of this table.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
44. Wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing Federal minimum wage by selected characteristics
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2021
Workers paid hourly rates
Total Below
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
At
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
Total at or below prevailing
Federal minimum
wage
Number Percent of
hourly-paid
workers

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

76,125 910 181 1,091 1.4

16 to 24 years

15,153 373 111 484 3.2

25 years and over

60,973 538 70 607 1.0

Men, 16 years and over

38,089 311 87 398 1.0

16 to 24 years

7,544 108 51 159 2.1

25 years and over

30,545 203 36 239 0.8

Women, 16 years and over

38,036 599 94 693 1.8

16 to 24 years

7,608 264 61 325 4.3

25 years and over

30,428 335 34 368 1.2

RACE AND HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

White

58,021 706 127 832 1.4

Men

29,656 229 64 293 1.0

Women

28,366 477 62 539 1.9

Black or African American

11,019 112 34 146 1.3

Men

5,009 49 13 62 1.2

Women

6,010 63 21 84 1.4

Asian

3,809 34 9 44 1.1

Men

1,766 10 5 15 0.8

Women

2,044 24 4 29 1.4

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

16,998 194 33 226 1.3

Men

9,464 69 21 90 0.9

Women

7,534 125 11 137 1.8

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS(1)

Full-time workers

58,259 473 47 520 0.9

Men

31,827 175 27 202 0.6

Women

26,432 297 20 318 1.2

Part-time workers

17,757 433 134 567 3.2

Men

6,205 133 60 193 3.1

Women

11,552 300 74 374 3.2

Footnotes
(1) The distinction between full- and part-time workers is based on hours usually worked. These data will not sum to totals because full- or part-time status on the principal job is not identifiable for a small number of multiple jobholders. Full time is 35 hours or more per week; part time is less than 35 hours.

NOTE: The prevailing Federal minimum wage was $7.25 per hour in 2021. Data are for wage and salary workers; all self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses. The data refer to a person's earnings on the sole or principal job, and pertain only to workers who are paid hourly rates. Salaried workers and other nonhourly workers are not included. Hourly earnings for hourly-paid workers do not include overtime pay, commissions, or tips received. The presence of workers with hourly earnings below the minimum wage does not necessarily indicate violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act, as there are exceptions to the minimum wage provisions of the law. In addition, some survey respondents may have rounded hourly earnings to the nearest dollar and, as a result, reported hourly earnings below the minimum wage even though they earned the minimum wage or higher. Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 20, 2022