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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links

See also PDF and XLSX versions of this table.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
44. Wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing Federal minimum wage by selected characteristics
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2020
Workers paid hourly rates
Total Below
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
At
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
Total at or below prevailing
Federal minimum
wage
Number Percent of
hourly-paid
workers

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

73,305 865 247 1,112 1.5

16 to 24 years

14,051 376 153 529 3.8

25 years and over

59,254 489 94 583 1.0

Men, 16 years and over

36,792 258 111 369 1.0

16 to 24 years

7,059 94 65 159 2.3

25 years and over

29,734 164 46 210 0.7

Women, 16 years and over

36,513 607 136 742 2.0

16 to 24 years

6,992 281 88 369 5.3

25 years and over

29,521 325 48 373 1.3

RACE AND HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

White

55,889 631 178 810 1.4

Men

28,632 180 86 266 0.9

Women

27,257 451 92 544 2.0

Black or African American

10,738 146 50 196 1.8

Men

4,892 42 15 57 1.2

Women

5,846 104 35 139 2.4

Asian

3,533 39 3 43 1.2

Men

1,676 22 1 23 1.4

Women

1,857 18 2 20 1.1

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

16,220 160 46 205 1.3

Men

8,963 58 24 82 0.9

Women

7,257 102 22 124 1.7

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS(1)

Full-time workers

55,669 397 72 468 0.8

Men

30,514 116 34 150 0.5

Women

25,156 281 38 318 1.3

Part-time workers

17,531 462 175 637 3.6

Men

6,226 139 77 216 3.5

Women

11,305 323 98 421 3.7

Footnotes
(1) The distinction between full- and part-time workers is based on hours usually worked. These data will not sum to totals because full- or part-time status on the principal job is not identifiable for a small number of multiple jobholders. Full time is 35 hours or more per week; part time is less than 35 hours.

NOTE: The prevailing Federal minimum wage was $7.25 per hour in 2020. Data are for wage and salary workers; all self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses. The data refer to a person's earnings on the sole or principal job, and pertain only to workers who are paid hourly rates. Salaried workers and other nonhourly workers are not included. Hourly earnings for hourly-paid workers do not include overtime pay, commissions, or tips received. The presence of workers with hourly earnings below the minimum wage does not necessarily indicate violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act, as there are exceptions to the minimum wage provisions of the law. In addition, some survey respondents may have rounded hourly earnings to the nearest dollar and, as a result, reported hourly earnings below the minimum wage even though they earned the minimum wage or higher. Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 22, 2021