HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
44. Wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing Federal minimum wage by selected characteristics

[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2016
Workers paid hourly rates
Total Below
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
At
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
Total at or below prevailing
Federal minimum
wage
Number Percent of
hourly-paid
workers

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

79,883 1,451 701 2,153 2.7

16 to 24 years

15,856 594 383 976 6.2

25 years and over

64,026 857 319 1,176 1.8

Men, 16 years and over

39,568 499 270 769 1.9

16 to 24 years

7,967 210 147 357 4.5

25 years and over

31,601 289 122 412 1.3

Women, 16 years and over

40,315 952 432 1,384 3.4

16 to 24 years

7,890 384 235 619 7.8

25 years and over

32,425 568 196 764 2.4

RACE AND HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

White

61,080 1,127 469 1,597 2.6

Men

30,823 364 190 554 1.8

Women

30,256 763 280 1,043 3.4

Black or African American

11,681 197 193 390 3.3

Men

5,297 93 62 156 2.9

Women

6,385 103 131 234 3.7

Asian

3,962 75 21 96 2.4

Men

1,841 25 10 35 1.9

Women

2,121 50 11 61 2.9

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

16,241 264 103 366 2.3

Men

9,044 93 44 137 1.5

Women

7,197 171 59 229 3.2

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS(1)

Full-time workers

59,198 702 183 884 1.5

Men

32,418 268 66 334 1.0

Women

26,780 434 116 550 2.1

Part-time workers

20,582 748 519 1,267 6.2

Men

7,108 231 203 434 6.1

Women

13,474 517 316 833 6.2

Footnotes
(1) The distinction between full- and part-time workers is based on hours usually worked. These data will not sum to totals because full- or part-time status on the principal job is not identifiable for a small number of multiple jobholders. Full time is 35 hours or more per week; part time is less than 35 hours.

NOTE: The prevailing Federal minimum wage was $7.25 per hour in 2016. Data are for wage and salary workers; all self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses. The data refer to a person's earnings on the sole or principal job, and pertain only to workers who are paid hourly rates. Salaried workers and other nonhourly workers are not included. Hourly earnings for hourly-paid workers do not include overtime pay, commissions, or tips received. The presence of workers with hourly earnings below the minimum wage does not necessarily indicate violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act, as there are exceptions to the minimum wage provisions of the law. In addition, some survey respondents may have rounded hourly earnings to the nearest dollar and, as a result, reported hourly earnings below the minimum wage even though they earned the minimum wage or higher. Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: February 8, 2017