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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links

See also PDF and XLSX versions of this table.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
44. Wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing Federal minimum wage by selected characteristics
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2019
Workers paid hourly rates
Total Below
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
At
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
Total at or below prevailing
Federal minimum
wage
Number Percent of
hourly-paid
workers

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

82,289 1,211 392 1,603 1.9

16 to 24 years

16,021 462 229 691 4.3

25 years and over

66,269 749 163 912 1.4

Men, 16 years and over

40,918 411 125 536 1.3

16 to 24 years

7,978 142 84 226 2.8

25 years and over

32,940 270 40 310 0.9

Women, 16 years and over

41,372 800 268 1,067 2.6

16 to 24 years

8,043 320 145 465 5.8

25 years and over

33,329 479 123 602 1.8

RACE AND HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

White

62,461 904 260 1,164 1.9

Men

31,681 290 89 379 1.2

Women

30,780 614 171 785 2.6

Black or African American

12,063 186 101 287 2.4

Men

5,492 79 26 104 1.9

Women

6,571 107 76 183 2.8

Asian

4,159 58 12 70 1.7

Men

1,930 18 5 23 1.2

Women

2,230 40 7 47 2.1

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

17,941 215 77 292 1.6

Men

9,717 72 24 97 1.0

Women

8,223 143 52 195 2.4

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS(1)

Full-time workers

62,450 618 98 717 1.1

Men

34,090 236 21 256 0.8

Women

28,360 383 78 460 1.6

Part-time workers

19,730 592 294 886 4.5

Men

6,778 175 104 279 4.1

Women

12,952 417 190 607 4.7

Footnotes
(1) The distinction between full- and part-time workers is based on hours usually worked. These data will not sum to totals because full- or part-time status on the principal job is not identifiable for a small number of multiple jobholders. Full time is 35 hours or more per week; part time is less than 35 hours.

NOTE: The prevailing Federal minimum wage was $7.25 per hour in 2019. Data are for wage and salary workers; all self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses. The data refer to a person's earnings on the sole or principal job, and pertain only to workers who are paid hourly rates. Salaried workers and other nonhourly workers are not included. Hourly earnings for hourly-paid workers do not include overtime pay, commissions, or tips received. The presence of workers with hourly earnings below the minimum wage does not necessarily indicate violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act, as there are exceptions to the minimum wage provisions of the law. In addition, some survey respondents may have rounded hourly earnings to the nearest dollar and, as a result, reported hourly earnings below the minimum wage even though they earned the minimum wage or higher. Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 22, 2020