Table 2. Business processes involved in extended mass layoff events, by reason for layoff, third quarters 2009 and 2010 (1)
Reason Extended mass layoff events Total business process Core processes Support processes
Strat. Mgmt. Procurement, logistics, distribution Ops. Product development Marketing, sales, account management Customer and after-sales service General managment and firm infra-structure Human resource management Technology and process development
Third quarter 2010 (p)                      

Total business process

1,297 1,498 11 103 958 45 48 96 173 44 20
Business demand
468 630 5 36 430 21 13 38 58 21 8
Contract cancellation
32 47 - 3 31 2 - 1 8 2 -
Contract
completion
235 278 1 10 219 5 5 16 11 7 4
Domestic competition
- - - - - - - - - - -
Excess inventory/
saturated market
3 4 - - 3 - - - 1 - -
Import
competition
- - - - - - - - - - -
Slack work/
insufficient
demand/non-seasonal business slowdown
198 301 4 23 177 14 8 21 38 12 4
Organizational changes
72 159 3 14 60 10 9 14 34 9 6
Business-
ownership
change
16 40 1 4 13 3 3 2 10 3 1
Reorgan-
ization
or
restructuring
of company
56 119 2 10 47 7 6 12 24 6 5
Financial issues
105 222 3 24 93 5 15 20 45 11 6
Bankruptcy
13 31 2 4 11 1 1 3 6 2 1
Cost control/cost cutting/
increase
profitability
60 140 1 16 54 3 12 12 30 7 5
Financial difficulty
32 51 - 4 28 1 2 5 9 2 -
Production
specific
(2) 32 - 4 14 3 2 3 4 2 -
Disaster/Safety
(2) 1 - - 1 - - - - - -
Seasonal
364 431 - 25 348 6 8 16 27 1 -
Other/
Miscellaneous
270 23 - - 12 - 1 5 5 - -
Third quarter 2009 (r)                      

Total business process

2,034 2,386 (3) 180 1,472 59 77 96 337 91 74
Business demand
941 1,331 (3) 87 900 24 33 40 163 42 42
Contract cancellation
48 71 (3) 3 43 2 3 4 10 2 4
Contract
completion
283 331 (3) 15 276 1 4 4 25 4 2
Domestic competition
4 5 (3) - 4 - - - 1 - -
Excess inventory/
saturated market
17 28 (3) 5 16 3 3 - 1 - -
Import
competition
3 3 (3) - 3 - - - - - -
Slack work/
insufficient
demand/non-seasonal business slowdown
586 893 (3) 64 558 18 23 32 126 36 36
Organizational changes
113 248 (3) 25 91 6 12 21 58 22 13
Business-
ownership
change
21 55 (3) 7 20 1 3 6 11 5 2
Reorgan-
ization
or
restructuring
of company
92 193 (3) 18 71 5 9 15 47 17 11
Financial issues
172 351 (3) 35 160 18 18 18 67 20 15
Bankruptcy
19 39 (3) 3 19 - 1 2 9 4 1
Cost control/cost cutting/
increase
profitability
99 202 (3) 21 91 14 12 11 37 10 6
Financial difficulty
54 110 (3) 11 50 4 5 5 21 6 8
Production
specific
15 37 (3) 3 15 2 3 2 9 1 2
Disaster/Safety
4 6 (3) - 4 1 - - 1 - -
Seasonal
286 350 (3) 24 271 7 8 9 28 3 -
Other/
Miscellaneous
503 63 (3) 6 31 1 3 6 11 3 2

(1) Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
(2) Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
(3) Identification of data by this business process began with first quarter 2010 data.
r = revised.
p = preliminary.

NOTE: Dash represents zero.