Table 2. Business processes involved in extended mass layoff events, by reason for layoff, first quarters 2011 and 2012 (1)
Reason Extended mass layoff events Total business process Core processes Support processes
Strat. Mgmt. Procurement, logistics, distribution Ops. Product development Marketing, sales, account management Customer and after-sales service General managment and firm infra-structure Human resource management Technology and process development
First quarter 2012(p)                      

Total business process

1,077 1,449 17 103 874 76 65 100 147 39 28
Business demand
423 592 7 28 408 40 17 21 43 20 8
Contract cancellation
17 30 1 2 16 1 2 2 4 2 -
Contract
completion
273 326 2 9 262 11 8 4 19 9 2
Domestic competition
(2) 2 - - 1 1 - - - - -
Excess inventory/
saturated market
(2) 3 - - 3 - - - - - -
Import
competition
- - - - - - - - - - -
Slack work/
insufficient
demand/non-seasonal business slowdown
129 231 4 17 126 27 7 15 20 9 6
Organizational changes
62 149 4 14 53 3 13 13 37 4 8
Business-
ownership
change
14 34 3 3 13 - 2 2 9 1 1
Reorgan-
ization
or
restructuring
of company
48 115 1 11 40 3 11 11 28 3 7
Financial issues
98 214 4 22 89 13 13 23 34 9 7
Bankruptcy
12 31 2 3 12 1 3 3 4 2 1
Cost control/cost cutting/
increase
profitability
46 90 - 10 38 7 5 8 15 2 5
Financial difficulty
40 93 2 9 39 5 5 12 15 5 1
Production
specific
14 23 1 2 13 1 1 - 2 - 3
Disaster/Safety
3 5 - - 3 - - 1 1 - -
Seasonal
297 423 - 36 282 17 19 38 25 5 1
Other/
Miscellaneous
180 43 1 1 26 2 2 4 5 1 1
First quarter 2011                      

Total business process

1,490 1,886 21 141 1,111 109 62 144 215 58 25
Business demand
564 756 8 40 505 42 11 62 65 19 4
Contract cancellation
30 54 1 4 27 2 - 6 9 4 1
Contract
completion
271 326 - 7 248 20 6 24 16 4 1
Domestic competition
(2) 1 - - - 1 - - - - -
Excess inventory/
saturated market
4 12 - 3 4 - 1 - 3 1 -
Import
competition
(2) 4 - 1 2 - - - 1 - -
Slack work/
insufficient
demand/non-seasonal business slowdown
256 359 7 25 224 19 4 32 36 10 2
Organizational changes
94 197 6 14 74 3 13 19 41 15 12
Business-
ownership
change
22 39 1 2 21 - 1 2 8 3 1
Reorgan-
ization
or
restructuring
of company
72 158 5 12 53 3 12 17 33 12 11
Financial issues
120 278 5 32 108 17 16 24 60 11 5
Bankruptcy
14 38 3 6 10 2 3 4 8 2 -
Cost control/cost cutting/
increase
profitability
73 172 1 20 68 10 12 14 35 7 5
Financial difficulty
33 68 1 6 30 5 1 6 17 2 -
Production
specific
24 39 1 4 19 2 2 5 4 1 1
Disaster/Safety
7 16 - 2 7 2 1 - 2 2 -
Seasonal
391 551 1 48 372 42 16 30 34 7 1
Other/
Miscellaneous
290 49 - 1 26 1 3 4 9 3 2

Footnotes:
(1) Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
(2) Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
(p) = preliminary.

NOTE: Dash represents zero.