Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Modeled Wage Estimates
PRINT:Print
MWE MWE Program Links

Relative standard errors (in percent) of average hourly wages for selected occupational groups and areas by job characteristic, civilian workers

Relative standard errors (in percent) of average hourly wages for selected occupational groups and areas by job characteristic, civilian workers(1), 2019
Selected occupational groups and areas Job characteristic
Union Nonunion Full-time Part-time

21-0000 Community and social services

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

- 1.2 1.4 -

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

4.2 1.8 1.5 5.8

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

- 2.2 1.6 -

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

- 1.7 0.7 -

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2.6 1.3 1.1 4.3

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

- 2.0 0.7 -

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

2.2 2.1 1.1 3.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

3.5 1.4 1.2 -

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

3.4 1.3 1.1 -

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

- 2.1 1.4 6.8

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

3.6 1.5 1.4 -

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

- 1.0 0.8 -

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA

2.3 2.3 1.2 -

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

1.8 1.7 1.2 -

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

- 1.9 1.0 3.4

29-0000 Healthcare practitioners and technical

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

- 2.0 - 2.9

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

7.7 2.9 1.7 3.4

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

6.9 0.9 1.2 2.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

- 1.8 1.9 5.8

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

7.1 1.4 1.5 4.4

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

- - 1.2 5.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

2.3 2.5 1.4 3.3

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

10.5 1.2 1.6 3.3

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

6.5 1.3 1.9 1.6

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

- 2.9 1.5 4.7

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

11.0 3.2 1.7 5.3

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

- 1.4 1.8 3.3

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA

2.7 - - -

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2.1 - 2.9 2.8

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

8.1 2.1 2.0 2.1

31-0000 Healthcare support

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

- 1.7 1.7 -

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

- 0.8 1.4 3.6

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

6.9 0.6 2.0 1.5

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

- 3.7 2.6 9.9

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

11.8 0.9 4.7 7.0

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

- 5.4 2.5 15.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

3.1 1.1 1.0 3.4

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

- 1.2 1.2 2.8

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

- 0.5 - 0.6

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

2.2 0.5 2.2 1.3

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

9.9 1.4 1.0 1.4

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

- 0.4 1.3 1.6

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA

2.6 1.2 - -

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

5.9 1.2 1.6 3.6

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

4.2 1.0 0.8 2.3

33-0000 Protective service

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

- 2.9 2.4 -

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

4.4 4.6 1.4 2.7

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

2.0 2.3 1.2 4.7

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

- 4.5 3.6 6.5

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2.0 2.4 1.5 3.9

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

- 4.8 1.2 -

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

6.5 4.5 3.9 4.8

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

3.2 2.0 2.0 8.1

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

3.3 - - -

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

3.0 2.8 1.4 3.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

1.7 2.5 2.0 3.5

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

3.0 2.0 2.4 -

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA

- 9.6 - 7.7

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

4.7 - 1.5 -

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

4.4 3.2 2.2 -

35-0000 Food preparation and serving related

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

- 9.6 3.4 13.6

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

4.4 0.7 3.1 0.8

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

5.4 3.3 3.2 4.6

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

7.7 8.6 5.4 12.4

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

- 0.8 2.6 0.7

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

- 7.6 5.4 9.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

5.8 1.3 2.7 1.1

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

- 3.1 2.2 5.0

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

- 0.9 1.6 0.8

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

5.5 1.4 3.0 1.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

6.4 3.9 2.8 5.0

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

- 0.4 1.8 1.0

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA

7.9 0.6 2.3 1.1

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

8.2 1.4 1.6 0.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

5.5 2.1 2.6 2.6

37-0000 Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

- 3.0 3.0 5.8

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

5.2 2.5 1.7 4.7

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

2.3 1.5 3.7 3.5

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

- 1.9 2.6 5.1

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

3.7 0.8 1.5 0.9

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

- 3.8 3.2 15.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

5.9 1.2 2.4 2.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

- 1.8 1.6 4.2

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

3.7 1.5 1.6 4.2

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

2.1 1.7 1.3 4.9

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

3.2 2.3 1.9 3.7

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

- 0.8 1.9 1.2

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA

4.9 2.1 2.3 5.0

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

5.9 2.5 2.4 10.8

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

5.3 1.2 1.2 2.5

39-0000 Personal care and service

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

- 5.4 - 8.0

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

- 1.2 1.9 2.4

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

- 2.0 2.6 3.0

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

- 5.5 5.4 7.5

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

- 1.0 - 1.4

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

- 5.5 5.3 7.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

4.0 0.8 1.8 1.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

- 2.0 1.8 3.0

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

- 1.2 2.1 1.8

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

3.2 1.0 1.7 1.7

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

- 3.0 2.5 4.2

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA

- 1.9 2.8 2.7

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

- 3.2 3.1 4.0

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

- 2.0 - 3.3

41-0000 Sales and related

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

- 1.9 2.1 7.7

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

15.6 1.3 5.7 1.4

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

13.2 1.2 1.6 2.7

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

- 1.7 1.4 6.0

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

10.2 2.4 2.5 0.8

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

- 1.8 2.0 4.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

- 0.9 2.6 1.9

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

- 1.4 2.4 3.5

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

- 1.4 2.5 0.7

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

- 1.1 2.2 1.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

8.5 1.5 6.2 4.7

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

- 1.9 2.8 1.0

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA

- 1.6 1.7 1.6

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

4.9 1.7 2.6 1.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

5.8 1.6 2.2 1.8

43-0000 Office and administrative support

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

- 3.0 2.7 8.3

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

4.3 2.3 2.4 2.8

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

4.2 2.6 2.6 5.4

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

6.5 2.6 2.4 7.4

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

6.1 2.5 2.4 3.3

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

3.9 2.8 2.5 8.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

3.2 2.3 2.3 2.8

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

4.1 2.4 2.5 4.1

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

3.8 2.3 2.4 4.7

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

3.7 2.3 2.5 3.4

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

4.2 2.5 2.4 4.7

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

6.5 2.3 2.3 3.4

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA

3.8 2.6 2.6 7.4

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

3.5 2.4 2.3 4.3

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

4.3 2.6 2.5 5.4

47-0000 Construction and extraction

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2.7 2.3 1.5 -

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

1.8 2.1 1.2 -

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

0.7 - 0.7 -

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

5.7 0.7 0.8 -

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

1.1 2.1 0.7 -

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

5.9 0.8 0.5 -

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

1.3 1.7 1.3 2.6

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

- 1.0 0.9 -

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

0.7 2.1 1.1 -

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

1.6 2.4 0.8 -

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

1.9 1.7 1.4 -

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

3.8 1.2 1.2 -

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA

1.7 2.6 1.5 -

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

1.4 1.9 1.3 -

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

2.0 1.4 0.8 -

49-0000 Installation, maintenance, and repair

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

3.3 1.0 0.6 -

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

3.2 1.4 0.7 -

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

2.7 1.1 0.7 -

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1.7 1.0 0.6 -

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

3.3 0.8 0.8 -

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

3.3 1.6 0.7 -

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

2.0 1.2 1.2 3.5

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

4.3 1.1 0.7 -

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

2.5 1.2 1.3 -

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

2.4 1.7 0.9 7.3

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2.5 1.2 1.1 -

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

2.4 0.9 0.8 -

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA

3.0 1.9 1.3 8.5

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

1.9 1.7 1.1 -

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

2.6 1.1 1.4 -

51-0000 Production

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

1.8 1.1 0.9 5.8

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

2.6 0.7 0.6 2.8

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

2.6 0.8 0.6 2.3

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

2.7 1.1 0.7 6.3

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

1.6 0.9 0.6 1.6

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2.0 1.0 0.7 7.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

2.5 0.7 0.5 1.6

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

- 1.1 0.9 -

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1.0 0.5 0.4 2.9

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

4.7 1.3 0.5 2.7

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

3.2 0.9 0.6 6.2

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

3.2 0.8 0.7 -

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA

- 1.3 1.1 2.9

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

1.4 1.1 0.6 3.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

- 1.3 1.1 5.9

53-0000 Transportation and material moving

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

- 4.5 2.4 5.2

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

5.1 2.0 2.2 2.3

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

- 2.4 - 3.7

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

6.2 2.9 2.5 6.0

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

3.9 1.9 2.2 2.2

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

- 2.9 - 7.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

- 1.6 2.0 1.6

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

- 3.0 2.0 4.3

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

3.3 1.7 1.8 2.9

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

3.2 2.0 2.2 2.5

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

4.5 2.9 2.3 4.5

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

5.4 1.7 1.7 2.4

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA

3.5 1.9 1.8 2.5

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2.5 1.6 1.6 2.6

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

5.1 2.4 2.2 3.1

Footnotes
(1) For definitions of terms, see the Frequently Asked Questions available at www.bls.gov/mwe/faq.htm.

Note: Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data do not meet publication criteria. Additional occupational groups and areas are available at www.bls.gov/mwe.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Modeled Wage Estimates.

 

Last Modified Date: July 23, 2020