Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, December 19, 2017		                                         USDL-17-1667
Technical information:	(202) 691-6170 • iifstaff@bls.gov • www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfoi1.htm
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902 • PressOffice@bls.gov

NATIONAL CENSUS OF FATAL OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES IN 2016

There were a total of 5,190 fatal work injuries recorded in the United States in 2016, a 7-percent increase 
from the 4,836 fatal injuries reported in 2015, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See chart 1.) 
This is the third consecutive increase in annual workplace fatalities and the first time more than 5,000 fatalities 
have been recorded by the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) since 2008. The fatal injury rate increased 
to 3.6 per 100,000 full-time equivalent (FTE) workers from 3.4 in 2015, the highest rate since 2010. (See table 1.) 

(Chart 1 appears here in the printed release.)

Type of incident 

Work injuries involving transportation incidents remained the most common fatal event in 2016, accounting for 40 
percent (2,083). Violence and other injuries by persons or animals increased 23 percent to become the second-most 
common fatal event in 2016. Two other events with large changes were exposure to harmful substances or 
environments, which rose 22 percent, and fires and explosions, which declined 27 percent. (See chart 2 
and table 2.) 
                                                               
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|                              Interactive charts now available                                  |
|This is the first year that CFOI has produced interactive charts to accompany the news release. |
|These charts are available at www.bls.gov/charts/census-of-fatal-occupational-injuries/.        |
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(Chart 2 appears here in the printed release.)
 
  - Fatal work injuries involving violence and other injuries by persons or animals increased by 163 cases to 866 
    in 2016. Workplace homicides increased by 83 cases to 500 in 2016, and workplace suicides increased by 62 
    to 291. This is the highest homicide figure since 2010 and the most suicides since CFOI began 
    reporting data in 1992. 
  - Fatal work injuries from falls, slips, or trips continued a general upward trend that began in 2011, 
    increasing 6 percent to 849 in 2016 and 25 percent overall since 2011. Falls increased more than 
    25 percent in 2016 for roofers, carpenters, tree trimmers and pruners, and heavy and tractor-trailer 
    truck drivers.
  - Overdoses from the non-medical use of drugs or alcohol while on the job increased from 165 in 2015 to 217 
    in 2016, a 32-percent increase. Overdose fatalities have increased by at least 25 percent annually since 2012.

Occupation

In 2016, fatal injuries among transportation and material moving occupations increased by 7 percent to 1,388, 
the highest count since 2007 and accounting for more than one-quarter of all work-related fatalities. Occupations 
with increases greater than 10 percent in the number of fatal work injuries in 2016 include food preparation and 
serving related occupations (64 percent); installation, maintenance, and repair occupations (20 percent); building 
and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations (14 percent); and sales and related occupations (11 percent). 
Declines greater than 10 percent in the number of fatal work injuries in 2016 include healthcare practitioners 
and technical occupations (19 percent), military occupations (15 percent), and production 
occupations (14 percent). (See table 3.)

(Chart 3 apears here in the printed release.)
 
  - Logging workers continued to have a high fatal injury rate in 2016, at 135.9 fatalities per 100,000 FTE 
    workers. The number of fatalities among loggers increased from 67 in 2015 to 91. (See chart 3.)
  - A number of occupations recorded their highest fatality counts in 2016 since CFOI adopted the Standard 
    Occupational Classification (SOC) system in 2003. This includes first-line supervisors of construction trades 
    and extraction workers with 134 fatal injuries; landscaping and groundskeeping workers, 125; roofers, 101; 
    tree trimmers and pruners, 84; driver/sales workers, 71; automotive service technicians and mechanics, 64; 
    and farmworkers, farm, ranch, and aquacultural animals, 61.
  - Fatal work injuries among protective service occupations increased by 68 fatalities (32 percent) in 2016 to 
    a total of 281. This included an increase of 24 fatalities among police officers, 13 fatalities among 
    first-line supervisors/managers of law enforcement workers, and 23 fatalities among miscellaneous 
    protective service workers, including crossing guards and lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational 
    protective service workers. Police officers incurred 51 homicides in 2016, up 50 percent from 34 
    fatalities in 2015.

Other key findings of the 2016 Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries:

  - Asian, non-Hispanic workers incurred 160 fatal injuries, up from 114 in 2015, which was the highest percentage 
    increase (40 percent) among any race or ethnic origin. Black or African-American, non-Hispanic workers also had 
    a large percentage increase (19 percent), with 587 fatal injuries compared to 495 in 2015. The rate of fatal 
    injury for both groups also increased. Hispanic or Latino workers had 3 percent fewer workplace fatalities in 
    2016 with 879 fatalities, down from 903. (See table 1.)
  - Foreign-born workers make up about one-fifth of the total fatal work injuries. Thirty-seven percent of these 
    workers were born in Mexico, followed by 19 percent from Asian countries.
  - Workers age 55 years and over had 1,848 fatal injuries, the highest number for this cohort since CFOI began 
    reporting national data in 1992. In 1992, workers age 55 and over accounted for 20 percent of fatalities; in 
    2016, they accounted for 36 percent. These workers also have a higher fatality rate than other age 
    groups. (See table 1.)
  - The number of workplace fatalities in private industry increased 7 percent in 2016. This was led by an increase 
    in service-providing industries, which were up 13 percent to 2,702 from 2,399. Fatal workplace injuries to 
    government workers increased 9 percent overall to 497, with a 9-percent decrease in federal employee fatalities 
    that was more than offset by increases in state and local government fatalities, up 20 percent and 13 percent, 
    respectively. (See table 4.)
  - Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction and manufacturing both experienced large decreases in 
    workplace fatalities in 2016, decreasing 26 percent and 10 percent, respectively. (See table 4.)
  - Fatal injuries in the leisure and hospitality sector were up 32 percent (225 to 298) and reached an all-time 
    series high in 2016. This was largely due to a 40-percent increase in fatal injuries in the food services and 
    drinking places industry from 118 to 165. 
  - A total of 36 states had more fatal workplace injuries in 2016 than 2015, while 13 states and the District of 
    Columbia had fewer; Wyoming had the same number as 2015. (See table 5.)

TECHNICAL NOTES

Background of the program
The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI), part of the BLS Occupational Safety and Health Statistics 
(OSHS) program, compiles a count of all fatal work injuries occurring in the U.S. during the calendar year. 
The CFOI program uses diverse state, federal, and independent data sources to identify, verify, and describe 
fatal work injuries. This ensures counts are as complete and accurate as possible. For the 2016 data, over 
23,300 unique source documents were reviewed as part of the data collection process. For technical information 
and definitions for CFOI, please go to the BLS Handbook of Methods on the BLS website at 
www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cfoi/home.htm. Fatal injury rates are subject to sampling errors as they are calculated 
using employment data from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample of households. For more information on 
measurement errors, please see: www.bls.gov/iif/osh_rse.htm.

The Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII), another component of the OSHS program, presents 
frequency counts and incidence rates by industry and also by detailed case circumstances and worker characteristics 
for nonfatal workplace injuries and illnesses for cases that result in days away from work. Incidence rates by 
industry and case type and information on case circumstances and worker characteristics for 2016 were published 
in November 2017. For additional data, access the BLS website: www.bls.gov/iif. 

Identification and verification of work-related fatalities
In 2016, there were 12 fatal work injuries included for which work relationship could not be independently 
verified; however, the information on the initiating source document for these cases was sufficient to determine 
that the incident was likely to be job-related. Data for these fatalities were included in the CFOI counts.

Federal/State agency coverage
The CFOI includes data for all fatal work injuries, even those that may be outside the scope of other agencies or 
regulatory coverage. Thus, any comparison between the BLS fatality census counts and those released by other 
agencies should take into account the different coverage requirements and definitions being used by each agency. 
More on the scope of CFOI can be found at www.bls.gov/iif/cfoiscope.htm. 

Acknowledgements
BLS thanks the participating states, New York City, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, 
and Guam for their efforts in collecting accurate, comprehensive, and useful data on fatal work injuries. 
Although data for Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Guam are not included in the national totals 
for this release, results for these jurisdictions are available. Participating agencies may be contacted to 
request more detailed state results. Contact information is available at www.bls.gov/iif/oshstate.htm.

BLS also appreciates the efforts of all federal, state, local, and private sector entities that provided source 
documents used to identify fatal work injuries. Among these agencies are the Occupational Safety and Health 
Administration; the National Transportation Safety Board; the U.S. Coast Guard; the Mine Safety and Health 
Administration; the Office of Workers’ Compensation Programs (Federal Employees’ Compensation and Longshore 
and Harbor Workers’ Compensation divisions); the Federal Railroad Administration; the National Highway Traffic 
Safety Administration; state vital statistics registrars, coroners, and medical examiners; state departments of 
health, labor, and industrial relations and workers’ compensation agencies; state and local police departments; 
and state farm bureaus.

Information in this release is available to sensory-impaired individuals. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; 
Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.


     Table 1. Fatal occupational injuries counts and rates by selected demographic characteristics, 2015-16
     ______________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                        |                     |
         	                                        |        Counts	      |	      Rates(1)
                                                        |_____________________|____________________
                      	Characteristic                  |          |          |          |
                                                        |          |          |          |
                                                        |   2015   |   2016   |   2015   |   2016
                                                        |          |          |          |
     ___________________________________________________|__________|__________|__________|_________
                                                        |          |          |          |
     Total(2)	                                        |   4,836  |   5,190  |     3.4  |    3.6   
					                |          |          |          |          
                   Employee status			|          |	      |          |	   
     Wage and salary workers(3)	                        |   3,751  |   4,098  |     2.8  |    3.0  
     Self-employed(4)	                                |   1,085  |   1,092  |    13.1  |   13.1  
                                                        |          |          |          |         
                       Gender                           |          |          |          |         
     Women                                              |     344  |     387  |     0.6  |    0.6  
     Men                                                |   4,492  |   4,803  |     5.5  |    5.8  
                                                        |          |          |          |         
                         Age                            |          |          |          |         
     Under 16 years                                     |      12  |      13  |     N/A  |    N/A  
     16 to 17 years                                     |      12  |      17  |     N/A  |    2.1  
     18 to 19 years                                     |      50  |      43  |     2.1  |    1.9  
     20 to 24 years                                     |     329  |  	 310  |     2.7	 |    2.4  
     25 to 34 years                                     |     758  |     834  |     2.3  |    2.5  
     35 to 44 years                                     |     864  | 	 979  |     2.7	 |    3.1  
     45 to 54 years	                                |   1,130  |   1,145  |     3.5  |    3.5  
     55 to 64 years                                     |   1,031  |   1,160  |     4.3  |    4.7  
     65 years and over                                  |     650  |     688  |	    9.4  |    9.6  
                                                        |          |          |          | 
              Race or ethnic origin(5)		        |          |          |          | 	  
     White (non-Hispanic)                               |   3,241  |   3,481  |     3.5  |    3.7  
     Black or African-American (non-Hispanic)           |     495  |     587  |     3.2  |    3.6  
     Hispanic or Latino	                                |     903  |     879  |     4.0  |    3.7  
     American Indian or Alaskan Native (non-Hispanic)   |      36  |      38  |     N/A  |    N/A  
     Asian (non-Hispanic)                               |     114  |     160  |     1.4  |    1.8  
     Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander (non-Hispanic) |       9  |       7  |     N/A  |    N/A  
     Multiple races (non-Hispanic)                      |      12  |      15  |     N/A  |    N/A  
     Other races or not reported (non-Hispanic)         |      26  |      23  |     N/A  |    N/A  
     ___________________________________________________|__________|__________|__________|_________  
					
       1 Fatal injury rates are per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers (FTEs). Fatal injury rates 
     exclude workers under the age of 16 years, volunteers, and resident military. Complete national 
     rates can be found at www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfoi1.htm#rates. Complete state rates can be found at 
     www.bls.gov/iif/oshstate.htm. National and state rates are calculated using different methodology 
     and cannot be directly compared. Please see www.bls.gov/iif/oshfaq1.htm#q16 for more information 
     on how rates are calculated and caveats for comparison. N/A means a rate was not published 
     for this group.					
       2 The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) has published data on fatal occupational 
     injuries for the United States since 1992. During this time, the classification systems and 
     definitions of many data elements have changed.  Please see the CFOI Definitions page 
     (www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm) for a more detailed description of each data element and 
     their definitions.					
       3 May include volunteers and workers receiving other types of compensation.
       4 Includes self-employed workers, owners of unincorporated businesses and farms, paid and 
     unpaid family workers, and may include some owners of incorporated businesses or members 
     of partnerships.					
       5 Persons identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. The race categories shown 
     exclude data for Hispanics and Latinos.					
					
       Note: Data for all years are final. Totals for major categories may include subcategories 
     not shown separately. CFOI fatal injury counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated 
     by an injury event.					
       Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Census of Fatal 
     Occupational Injuries


     Table 2. Fatal occupational injuries for selected events or exposures, 2011-16						
     ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                               |                                                       
                                                               |                              Counts                         
                                                               |________________________________________________________________
                        Characteristic                         |          |          |          |          |          |          
                                                               |          |          |          |          |          |          
                                                               |   2011   |   2012   |   2013   |   2014   |   2015   |   2016   
                                                               |          |          |          |          |          |          
     __________________________________________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________
                                                               |          |          |          |          |          |          
     Total(1)                                                  |   4,693  |   4,628  |   4,585  |   4,821  |   4,836  |   5,190  
						               |          |          |          |          |          |          
                     Event or exposure                         |          |          |          |          |          |          
     Violence and other injuries by persons or animals         |     791  |     803  |     773  |     765  |     703  |     866  
          Intentional injury by person                         |     718  |     725  |     686  |     689  |     646  |     792  
               Homicides                                       |     468  |     475  |     404  |     409  |     417  |     500  
                    Shooting by other person—intentional       |     365  |     381  |     322  |     307  |     354  |     394  
                    Stabbing, cutting, slashing, piercing      |      42  |      35  |      38  |      40  |      28  |      38  
               Suicides	                                       |     250  |     249  |     282  |     280  |     229  |     291  
     Transportation incidents	                               |   1,937  |   1,923  | 	 1,865  |   1,984  |   2,054  |	  2,083  
          Aircraft incidents                                   |     145  |     127  |     136 	|     135  |  	 139  |     130  
          Rail vehicle incidents                               |      50  |   	 38  |      41  |      57  |      50  |      50  
          Pedestrian vehicular incident	                       |     316  |     293  |     294  |     318  |     289  |     342  
               Pedestrian struck by vehicle in work zone       |      63  |      65  |      48  |      53  |      44  |      58  
          Water vehicle incident                               |      72  |      63  |      60  |      55  |      44  |      48  
          Roadway incident involving motorized land vehicle    |   1,103  |   1,153  |   1,099  |   1,157  |   1,264  |   1,252  
               Roadway collision with other vehicle            |     525  |     565  |     564  |     611  |     660  |     628  
                    Roadway collision moving in same direction |     150  |     124  |     144  |     146  |     166  |     168  
                    Roadway collision moving in opposite       |          |          |          |          |          |          
                      directions, oncoming                     |     172  |     204  |     192  |     230  |     224  |     199  
                    Roadway collision moving perpendicularly   |     111  |     134  |     136  |     131  |     154  |     150  
               Roadway collision with object other than vehicle|     313  |     338  |     332  |     317  |     360  |     342  
                    Vehicle struck object or animal on side    |          |          |          |          |          |          
                      of roadway                               |     292  |     318  |     311  |     292  |  	 335  |     321  
               Roadway noncollision incident                   |     262  |     247  |     201  |     228  |     240  |     278  
                    Jack-knifed or overturned, roadway         |     208  |     202  |     171  |     193  | 	 201  |     238  
          Nonroadway incident involving motorized land vehicle |     222  |     233  |     227  |     248  |     253  |     245  
               Nonroadway noncollision incident	               |     169  |     175  |     181  |     191  |     182  |     182  
                    Jack-knifed or overturned, nonroadway      |     113  |     115  |     118  |     127  |     131  |     120  
     Fire or explosion                                         |     144  |     122  |     149  |     137  |     121  |      88  
     Fall, slip, trip                                          |     681  |     704  |     724 	|     818  |     800  |     849  
          Fall on same level                                   |     111  |     120  | 	   110  |     138  |     125  |     134  
          Fall to lower level                                  |     553  |     570  |     595  |     660  |     648  |     697  
               Fall from collapsing structure or equipment     |      38  |      35  |      45  |      44  |      55  |      65  
               Fall through surface or existing opening	       |      60  |      72  |      68  |      82  |      87  |      87  
     Exposure to harmful substances or environments            |     419  |     340  | 	   335  |     390  |     424  |     518  
          Exposure to electricity                              |     174  |     156  |     141  |     154  |     134  |     154  
          Exposure to temperature extremes                     |      63  |      41  |      38  |      26  |      40  |      48  
          Exposure to other harmful substances                 |     144  |     110  |     124  |     182  |     215  |     268  
               Nonmedical use of drugs or alcohol              |          |          |          |          |          |          
                 unintentional overdose                        |      73  |      65  |      82  |     114  |     165  |     217  
               Inhalation of harmful substance                 |      57  |      40  |      39  |      59  |      45  |      39  
     Contact with objects and equipment                        |     710  |     723  |     721  |     715  |     722  |     761  
          Struck by object or equipment                        |     476  |     519  |     509  |     503  |     519  |     553  
               Struck by powered vehicle nontransport          |     196  |     201  | 	   197  |     202  |     216  |     232  
               Struck by falling object or equipment	       |     219  |     241  |     245  |     243  |     247  |     255  
          Caught in or compressed by equipment or objects      |     145  | 	124  |     131  |     132  |      99  |     117  
               Caught in running equipment or machinery	       |     118  |      93  |     105  |     105  |      74  |     103  
          Struck, caught, or crushed in collapsing structure,  |          |          |          |          |          |          
            equipment, or material                             |      84  |      73  |      78  |      74  |      90  |      82  
     __________________________________________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________
						
       1 The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) has published data on fatal occupational injuries for the United States 
     since 1992. During this time, the classification systems and definitions of many data elements have changed.  Please see the 
     CFOI Definitions page (www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm) for a more detailed description of each data element and their 
     definitions.  Event of exposure is based on the BLS Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System (OIICS) 2.01 
     implemented for 2011 data forward.						
						
       Note: Data for all years are final. Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. CFOI fatal 
     injury counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.
       Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries

     Table 3. Fatal occupational injuries counts and rates for selected occupations, 2015-16
     ______________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                        |                     |                    
                                                        |        Counts       |       Rates(1)     
                                                        |_____________________|____________________
                        Characteristic                  |          |          |          |         
                                                        |          |          |          |         
                                                        |   2015   |   2016   |   2015   |   2016  
                                                        |          |          |          |         
     ___________________________________________________|__________|__________|__________|_________
                                                        |          |          |          |         
     Total(2)                                           |   4,836  |   5,190  |     3.4  |    3.6  
				                        |          |          |          |         
                   Occupation (SOC)			|          |          |          |         
     Management occupations                             |     379  |     377  |     2.1  |    2.0  
     Business and financial operations occupations      |      31  |      27  |     0.4  |    0.4  
     Computer and mathematical occupations              |       8  |      16  |     N/A  |    0.3  
     Architecture and engineering occupations           |      37  |      41  |     1.2  |    1.3  
     Life, physical, and social science occupations	|      11  |      15  |     N/A  |    1.1  
     Community and social services occupations          |      28  |      27  |     1.0  |    1.0  
     Legal occupations                                  |      12  |      13  |     N/A  |    N/A  
     Education, training, and library occupations       |      19  |      32  |     0.3  |    0.4  
     Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and           |          |          |          |         
       media occupations                                |      65  |      64  |     2.4  |    2.3  
     Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations |      74  |      60  |     0.9  |    0.7  
     Healthcare support occupations                     |      23  |      30  |     0.7  |    1.0  
     Protective service occupations                     |     213  |     281  |     6.2  |    8.4  
          Fire fighting and prevention workers          |      30  |  	  35  |     N/A	 |    N/A  
          Law enforcement workers                       |     102  |     127  |     N/A  |    N/A  
     Food preparation and serving related occupations   |      56  |      92  |     0.9  |    1.3  
     Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance      |          |          |          |         
       occupations                                      |     289  |     329  |     5.8  |    6.6  
          Building cleaning and pest control workers    |      59  |      74  |     N/A	 |    N/A  
          Grounds maintenance workers                   |     183  |     217  |    15.0  |   17.4  
     Personal care and service occupations              |      51  | 	  55  |     1.1  |    1.1  
     Sales and related occupations                      |     228  |   	 254  |     1.6  |    1.8  
          Supervisors, sales workers                    |     101  |     104  |     N/A  |    N/A  
          Retail sales workers                          |      82  |     102  |     N/A	 |    N/A  
     Office and administrative support occupations	|      86  |      78  |     0.5  |    0.5  
     Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations         |     284  |     290  |    25.3  |   24.9  
          Agricultural workers                          |     180  |     157  |     N/A  |    N/A  
          Fishing and hunting workers                   |      25  |      26  |     N/A	 |    N/A  
          Forest, conservation, and logging workers     |      69  |      95  |     N/A	 |    N/A  
     Construction and extraction occupations            |     924  | 	 970  |     12.5 |   12.4  
          Supervisors of construction and               |          |          |          |         
            extraction workers	                        |     123  |     134  |    16.1  |   18.0  
          Construction trades workers                   |     694  |     736  |     N/A  |    N/A  
          Extraction workers                            |      45  |      41  |     N/A	 |    N/A  
     Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations	|     392  |     470  |     7.6  |    9.4  
          Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics,       |          |          |          |         
            installers, and repairers                   |     129  |     154  |	    N/A  |    N/A  
     Production occupations                             |     250  |     216  |     3.0  |    2.6  
     Transportation and material moving occupations     |   1,301  |   1,388  |    14.7  |   15.4  
          Air transportation workers                    |      57  | 	  75  |     N/A  |    N/A  
          Motor vehicle operators                       |     978  |   1,012  |     N/A  |    N/A  
          Material moving workers                       |     206  |     228  |     N/A  |    N/A  
     Military occupations(3)                            |      73  |      62  |     N/A  |    N/A  
     ______________________________________________________________________________________________

       1 Fatal injury rates are per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers (FTEs). Fatal injury rates 
     exclude workers under the age of 16 years, volunteers, and resident military. Complete national 
     rates can be found at www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfoi1.htm#rates. Complete state rates can be found at 
     www.bls.gov/iif/oshstate.htm. National and state rates are calculated using different 
     methodology and cannot be directly compared. Please see www.bls.gov/iif/oshfaq1.htm#q16 for 
     more information on how rates are calculated and caveats for comparison. N/A means a rate was 
     not published for this group.				
       2 The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) has published data on fatal occupational 
     injuries for the United States since 1992. During this time, the classification systems and 
     definitions of many data elements have changed.  Please see the CFOI Definitions page 
     (www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm) for a more detailed description of each data element and their 
     definitions.  Occupation is based on the Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) 2010 system.
       3 Includes fatal injuries to persons identified as resident armed forces regardless of 
     individual occupation listed.				
				
       Note: Data for all years are final. Totals for major categories may include subcategories not 
     shown separately. CFOI fatal injury counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated 
     by an injury event.				
       Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Census of Fatal 
     Occupational Injuries				


     Table 4. Fatal occupational injuries counts and rates by selected industries, 2015-16
     _______________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                         |                     |                    
                                                         |        Counts       |       Rates(1)     
                                                         |_____________________|____________________
                Characteristic                           |          |          |          |         
                                                         |          |          |          |         
                                                         |   2015   |   2016   |   2015   |   2016  
                                                         |          |          |          |         
     ____________________________________________________|__________|__________|__________|_________
                                                         |          |          |          |         
     Total(2)                                            |   4,836  |   5,190  |     3.4  |    3.6  
                       Industry (NAICS)                  |          |          |          |         
     Private industry(3)                                 |   4,379  |   4,693  |     3.6  |    3.8  
          Goods producing                                |   1,980  |   1,991  |     6.9  |    6.8  
               Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting|     570  |     593  |    22.8  |   23.2  
                    Crop production                      |     230  |     261  |    18.4  |   20.9  
                    Animal production and aquaculture    |     171  |     151  |    17.8  |   15.4  
                    Forestry and logging                 |      81  |	  106  |    N/A   |    N/A  
               Mining, quarrying, and oil and            |          |          |          |         
                 gas extraction(4)                       |     120  |      89  |    11.4  |   10.1  
                    Mining (except oil and gas)          |      28  | 	   22  |    12.4  |   10.0  
                    Support activities for mining        |      86  |      56  |    12.2  |   10.1  
               Construction                              |     937  |     991  |    10.1  |   10.1  
                    Construction of buildings	         |     175  |     182  |     N/A  |    N/A  
                    Heavy and civil engineering          |          |          |          |         
                      construction                       |     148  |     159  |     N/A  |    N/A  
                    Specialty trade contractors          |     595  | 	  631  |     N/A  |    N/A  
               Manufacturing                             |     353  |     318  |     2.3  |    2.0  
                    Food manufacturing                   |      44  |      40  |     2.5  |    2.3  
                    Fabricated metal product             |          |          |          |         
                      manufacturing                      |      66  |      41  |     5.3  |    3.4  
     Service providing                                   |   2,399  |   2,702  |     2.6  |    2.8  
          Wholesale trade                                |     175  |     179  |     4.7  |    4.8  
          Retail trade                                   |     269  |     282  |     1.8  |    1.9  
               Motor vehicle and parts dealers           |      62  |      42  |     3.0  |    1.9  
               Food and beverage stores                  |      58  |      71  |     2.2  |    2.7  
          Transportation and warehousing                 |     765  |     825  |    13.8  |   14.3  
               Truck transportation                      |     546  |     570  |    25.2  |   25.6  
          Utilities                                      |      22  |      30  |     2.2  |    2.8  
          Information                                    |      42  |      46  |     1.5  |    1.7  
          Finance and insurance                          |      19  |      26  |     0.3  |    0.4  
               Real estate and rental and leasing        |      64  |      91  |     2.3  |    3.2  
          Professional, scientific, and technical        |          |          |          |         
            services                                     |      76  |     100  |     0.8  |    0.9  
          Administrative and support and waste management|          |          |          |         
            and remediation services                     |     401  |     439  |     N/A  |    N/A  
          Educational services                           |      30  |      42  |     0.7  |    1.0  
          Health care and social assistance              |     109  |     117  |     0.6  |    0.7  
          Arts, entertainment, and recreation            |      82  |      96  |     3.3  |    3.9  
          Accommodation and food services                |     143  |     202  |     1.6  |    2.2  
          Other services, except public administration   |     202  |     223  |     3.0  |    3.2  
                                                         |          |          |          |         
     Government(5)                                       |     457  |     497  |     1.9  |    2.2  
          Federal government(3)	                         |     118  |     107  |     1.3  |    1.2  
          State government(3)                            |      81  |      97  |     1.3  |    1.5  
          Local government(3)                            |     257  |	  291  |     2.6  |    3.0  
				
       1 Fatal injury rates are per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers (FTEs). Fatal injury rates 
     exclude workers under the age of 16 years, volunteers, and resident military. Complete national 
     rates can be found at www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfoi1.htm#rates. Complete state rates can be found at 
     www.bls.gov/iif/oshstate.htm. National and state rates are calculated using different methodology 
     and cannot be directly compared. Please see www.bls.gov/iif/oshfaq1.htm#q16 for more information 
     on how rates are calculated and caveats for comparison. N/A means a rate was not published 
     for this group.				
       2 The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) has published data on fatal occupational 
     injuries for the United States since 1992. During this time, the classification systems and 
     definitions of many data elements have changed.  Please see the CFOI Definitions page 
     (www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm) for a more detailed description of each data element and their 
     definitions.  Industry is based on the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).
       3 Includes all fatal occupational injuries meeting this ownership criterion across all 
     specified years, regardless of industry classification system.				
       4 Includes fatal injuries at all establishments categorized as Mining, quarrying, and oil and 
     gas extraction (Sector 21) in the North American Industry Classification System, including 
     establishments not governed by the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) rules and 
     reporting, such as those in Oil and Gas Extraction.				
       5 Includes fatal injuries to workers employed by governmental organizations regardless of 
     industry. Includes all fatal occupational injuries meeting this ownership criterion across all 
     specified years, regardless of industry classification system. 				
				
       Note: Data for all years are final. Totals for major categories may include subcategories not 
     shown separately. CFOI fatal injury counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated 
     by an injury event.				
      Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Census of Fatal 
     Occupational Injuries				



     Table 5. Fatal occupational injuries counts and rates by state of incident, 2015-16
     _______________________________________________________________________________
                                         |                     |                    
                                         |        Counts       |       Rates(1)     
                                         |_____________________|____________________
             Characteristic              |          |          |          |         
                                         |          |          |          |         
                                         |   2015   |   2016   |   2015   |   2016  
                                         |          |          |          |         
     ____________________________________|__________|__________|__________|_________
                                         |          |          |          |         
     Total(2)	                         |   4,836  |   5,190  |     3.4  |    3.6  
                                         |          |          |          |         
            State of incident            |          |          |          |         
                                         |          |          |          |         
     Alabama                             |      70  |     100  |     3.7  |    5.2  
     Alaska                              |      14  |      35  |     4.1  |   10.6  
     Arizona                             |      69  |      77  |     2.4  |    2.6  
     Arkansas	                         |      74  |      68  |     5.8  |    5.3  
     California                          |     388  |     376  |     2.2  |    2.2  
     Colorado                            |      75  |      81  |     2.9  |    3.0  
     Connecticut                         |      44  |      28  |     2.6  |    1.6  
     Delaware                            |       8  |      12  |     1.9  |    2.6  
     District of Columbia                |       8  |       5  |     2.4  |    1.4  
     Florida                             |     272  |     309  |     3.1  |    3.6  
     Georgia                             |     180  |     171  |     4.3  |    3.9  
     Hawaii                              |      18  |      29  |     2.6  |    2.4  
     Idaho                               |      36  |      30  |     4.8  |    4.1  
     Illinois                            |     172  |     171  |     2.9  |    2.9  
     Indiana                             |     115  |     137  |     3.9  |    4.5  
     Iowa                                |      60  |      76  |     3.9  |    4.8  
     Kansas                              |      60  |      74  |     4.4  |    5.2  
     Kentucky                            |      99  |      92  |     5.5  |    5.0  
     Louisiana                           |     112  |      95  |     5.8  |    5.0  
     Maine                               |      15  |      18  |     2.5  |    2.4  
     Maryland                            |      69  |      92  |     2.4  |    3.2  
     Massachusetts                       |      69  |     109  |     2.1  |    3.3  
     Michigan                            |     134  |     162  |     3.1  |    3.5  
     Minnesota                           |      74  |      92  |     2.7  |    3.4  
     Mississippi                         |      77  |      71  |     6.8  |    6.3  
     Missouri                            |     117  |     124  |     4.3  |    4.3  
     Montana                             |      36  |      38  |     7.5  |    7.9  
     Nebraska                            |      50  |      60  |     5.4  |    6.3  
     Nevada                              |      44  |      54  |     3.5  |    4.2  
     New Hampshire                       |      18  |      22  |     2.7  |    3.2  
     New Jersey                          |      97  |     101  |     2.3  |    2.4  
     New Mexico                          |      35  |      41  |     4.1  |    4.9  
     New York (including N.Y.C.)         |     236  |     272  |     2.7  |    3.1  
          New York City                  |      74  |      56  |     2.0  |    1.5  
     North Carolina                      |     150  |     174  |     3.4  |    3.7  
     North Dakota                        |      47  |      28  |    12.5  |    7.0  
     Ohio                                |     202  |     164  |     3.9  |    3.1  
     Oklahoma                            |      91  |      92  |     5.5  |    5.6  
     Oregon                              |      44  |      72  |     2.6  |    3.9  
     Pennsylvania                        |     173  |     163  |     3.0  |    2.8  
     Rhode Island                        |       6  |       9  |     1.2  |    1.8  
     South Carolina                      |     117  |      96  |     5.6  |    4.4  
     South Dakota                        |      21  |      31  |     4.9  |    7.5  
     Tennessee                           |     112  |     122  |     3.7  |    4.3  
     Texas                               |     527  |     545  |     4.5  |    4.4  
     Utah                                |      42  |      44  |     3.2  |    3.2  
     Vermont                             |       9  |      10  |     2.9  |    3.2  
     Virginia                            |     106  |     153  |     2.8  |    4.0  
     Washington                          |      70  |      78  |     2.1  |    2.4  
     West Virginia                       |      35  |      47  |     5.0  |    6.6  
     Wisconsin                           |     104  |     105  |     3.6  |    3.6  
     Wyoming                             |      34  |      34  |    12.0  |   12.3  
     ____________________________________|__________|__________|__________|_________

       1 Fatal injury rates are per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers (FTEs). 
     Fatal injury rates exclude workers under the age of 16 years, volunteers, and 
     resident military. Complete national rates can be found at 
     www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfoi1.htm#rates. Complete state rates can be found at 
     www.bls.gov/iif/oshstate.htm. National and state rates are calculated using 
     different methodology and cannot be directly compared. Please see 
     www.bls.gov/iif/oshfaq1.htm#q16 for more information on how rates are calculated 
     and caveats for comparison. N/A means a rate was not published for this group.
       2 The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) has published data on 
     fatal occupational injuries for the United States since 1992. During this time, 
     the classification systems and definitions of many data elements have changed.  
     Please see the CFOI Definitions page (www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm) for a more 
     detailed description of each data element and their definitions.
				
       Note: Data for all years are final. CFOI fatal injury counts exclude 
     illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.
       Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, 
     Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries				

Last Modified Date: December 19, 2017