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Consumer Price Index News Release



Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                    
8:30 a.m. (EST) January 11, 2019               USDL-19-0018

Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX –DECEMBER 2018

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) declined 0.1 percent 
in December on a seasonally adjusted basis after being unchanged in November, 
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, 
the all items index increased 1.9 percent before seasonal adjustment.

The seasonally adjusted decline in the all items index was caused by a sharp
decrease in the gasoline index, which fell 7.5 percent in December. This
decline more than offset increases in several indexes including shelter, food,
and other energy components. The energy index fell 3.5 percent, as the gasoline
and fuel oil indexes fell, but the indexes for natural gas and for electricity
increased. The food index increased 0.4 percent in December.

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in December,
the same increase as in October and November. Along with the index for shelter,
the indexes for recreation, medical care, and household furnishings and
operations all increased in December, while the indexes for airline fares, used
cars and trucks, and motor vehicle insurance all declined. 

The all items index increased 1.9 percent for the 12 months ending December;
this was the first time the 12-month change has been under 2.0 percent since
August 2017. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.2 percent over
the last 12 months, the same increase as for the 12 months ending November. The
food index rose 1.6 percent over the past year, while the energy index declined
0.3 percent. 

 Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
 average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              June  July  Aug.  Sep.  Oct.  Nov.  Dec.   ended 
                              2018  2018  2018  2018  2018  2018  2018   Dec.  
                                                                         2018  
                                                                               
                                                                               
 All items..................    .1    .2    .2    .1    .3    .0   -.1      1.9
  Food......................    .2    .1    .1    .0   -.1    .2    .4      1.6
   Food at home.............    .2    .2    .0   -.1   -.2    .2    .3       .6
   Food away from home (1)..    .2    .1    .2    .2    .1    .3    .4      2.8
  Energy....................   -.3   -.5   1.9   -.5   2.4  -2.2  -3.5      -.3
   Energy commodities.......    .6   -.6   3.0   -.2   2.9  -4.1  -7.4     -1.8
    Gasoline (all types)....    .5   -.6   3.0   -.2   3.0  -4.2  -7.5     -2.1
    Fuel oil................   2.9   1.2   2.2    .3   3.7  -2.9 -11.4      1.9
   Energy services..........  -1.5   -.4    .4   -.8   1.7    .4   1.8      1.4
    Electricity.............  -1.4   -.4    .3   -.5   2.3    .3    .7      1.1
    Utility (piped) gas                                                        
       service..............  -1.7   -.5    .9  -1.7   -.6    .7   5.6      2.3
  All items less food and                                                      
     energy.................    .2    .2    .1    .1    .2    .2    .2      2.2
   Commodities less food and                                                   
      energy commodities....    .0    .1   -.3   -.3    .3    .2    .1       .1
    New vehicles............    .4    .3    .0   -.1   -.2    .0    .0      -.3
    Used cars and trucks....    .7   1.3    .4  -3.0   2.6   2.4   -.2      1.4
    Apparel.................   -.9   -.3  -1.6    .9    .1   -.9    .0      -.1
    Medical care commodities    .2  -1.1   -.3   -.1   -.1    .4   -.2      -.5
   Services less energy                                                        
      services..............    .2    .3    .2    .2    .2    .2    .3      2.9
    Shelter.................    .1    .3    .3    .2    .2    .3    .3      3.2
    Transportation services     .2    .5    .3    .5    .1   -.3   -.2      2.8
    Medical care services...    .5    .1   -.2    .2    .2    .4    .4      2.6

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.  


Food

The food index rose 0.4 percent in December, the largest increase since May
2014. The food at home index rose 0.3 percent, as the index for fruits and
vegetables increased 1.7 percent. The index for fresh fruits rose 1.3 percent
and the fresh vegetables index increased 2.6 percent.  

The index for cereals and bakery products advanced 0.4 percent, and the indexes
for dairy and related products and for nonalcoholic beverages both increased
0.3 percent. The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs was unchanged, while
the only major grocery store food group index to decline was other food at home,
which fell 0.3 percent. The index for food away from home rose 0.4 percent,
with the indexes for both full service meals and limited service meals
increasing.

The index for food at home rose 0.6 percent over the past year, with four of the
six major grocery store food groups increasing over the span. The food away
from home index increased 2.8 percent over the past 12 months. 

Energy

The energy index fell 3.5 percent in December following a 2.2-percent decline
in November. The gasoline index fell 7.5 percent in December after a 4.2-percent
decline the prior month. (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices fell 9.9
percent in December.) The fuel oil index also declined sharply in December,
falling 11.4 percent. However, the other major energy component indexes rose
in December, with the index for natural gas increasing 5.6 percent and the
electricity index rising 0.7 percent.

The energy index fell 0.3 percent over the past 12 months; this represented the
first 12-month decline in the energy index since the period ending September
2016. The gasoline index declined 2.1 percent over the last year, more than
offsetting increases in the other component indexes. The electricity index rose
1.1 percent, the index for natural gas increased 2.3 percent, and the fuel oil
index advanced 1.9 percent. 
  
 
All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in December.
The shelter index increased 0.3 percent in December, the same increase as the
prior month. The indexes for rent and owners' equivalent rent both increased 0.2
percent, while the index for lodging away from home rose 2.7 percent. 

The recreation index rose in December, increasing 0.6 percent. The medical care
index rose 0.3 percent in December with its major component indexes mixed. The
index for hospital services rose 0.5 percent, the physicians' services index was
unchanged, and the index for prescription drugs declined 0.4 percent. The index
for household furnishings and operations rose 0.3 percent in December, and the
education index rose 0.2 percent.

The index for airline fares fell 1.5 percent in December following a 2.4-percent
decline in November. The index for used cars and trucks fell 0.2 percent after
rising in October and November. The motor vehicle insurance index fell 0.2
percent, its second consecutive decline. Several indexes were unchanged in
December, including those for new vehicles, apparel, and communication.      

The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.2 percent over the past 12
months, the same increase for the period ending November. The shelter index
increased 3.2 percent over the last year, and the medical care index rose 2.0
percent.  

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 1.9 percent
over the last 12 months to an index level of 251.233 (1982-84=100). For the
month, the index decreased 0.3 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
increased 1.8 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 244.786
(1982-84=100). For the month, the index decreased 0.5 percent prior to seasonal
adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased
1.8 percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index declined 0.3
percent on a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for
the past 10 to 12 months are subject to revision. 

Year in Review (December to December)

The all items CPI rose 1.9 percent in 2018, a smaller increase than the 2.1
percent increase in 2016 and 2017, but larger than the increases in any of the
years from 2012 to 2015. It was also slightly larger than the 1.8-percent
average annual increase over the past 10 years. 

The food index increased 1.6 percent in 2018, the same increase as in 2017. The
index for food at home increased 0.6 percent in 2018 following a 0.9-percent
increase in 2017.   

Four of the six major grocery store food group indexes increased in 2018. The
index for cereals and bakery products increased the most, rising 1.7 percent
after declining in 2016 and 2017. The fruits and vegetables index, which rose
1.5 percent in 2017, increased 1.6 percent in 2018. The index for nonalcoholic
beverages increased 1.4 percent in 2018 after being unchanged in 2017. The
index for other food at home also increased in 2018, rising 0.2 percent after
advancing 0.5 percent the prior year.  

In contrast, the index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs declined in 2018,
falling 0.4 percent after rising 2.8 percent in 2017. The dairy and related
products index fell slightly in 2018, decreasing 0.1 percent, the fourth yearly
decline in a row.  

The index for food away from home rose 2.8 percent in 2018 after a 2.5-percent
increase the prior year. Over the last 10 years, the food index rose at an
average annual rate of 1.6 percent. The food at home index rose at a 0.9-percent
rate, and the index for food away from home increased at a 2.4-percent rate
since December 2008. 

The energy index fell slightly in 2018, declining 0.3 percent after rising 6.9
percent in 2017. The gasoline index fell 2.1 percent in 2018 after rising in
2016 and 2017. The decline in the gasoline index more than offset increases in
other energy component indexes. The index for electricity increased 1.1 percent
in 2018 after rising 2.6 percent the prior year. The index for natural gas rose
for the third consecutive year, increasing 2.3 percent. The fuel oil index rose
1.9 percent in 2018. The energy index increased at a 1.9-percent average annual
rate over the past 10 years.    

The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.2 percent in 2018, a larger
increase than its 1.8-percent rise in 2017 and 1.8-percent average annual
increase over the past 10 years. The shelter index rose 3.2 percent in 2018,
the same increase as in 2017. The rent index rose 3.5 percent in 2018, while
the index for owners' equivalent rent increased 3.2 percent. The index for
household furnishings and operations increased 2.1 percent after falling in
each of the prior 5 years.  

The medical care index rose 2.0 percent in 2018, a slightly larger increase
than its 1.8-percent increase the prior year. The index for hospital services
rose 3.7 percent, while the physicians' services index increased 0.6 percent.
The index for prescription drugs, however, fell 0.6 percent in 2018. 

The index for motor vehicle insurance rose 4.6 percent in 2018 following larger
increases in recent years. The index for new vehicles fell for the second year
in a row, decreasing 0.3 percent after a 0.5-percent decline in 2017. The index
for used cars and trucks rose 1.4 percent in 2018 after decreasing in each of
the prior 2 years. 
 
The education index increased 2.6 percent in 2018 after a 2.0-percent rise in
2017. The index for communication declined 1.8 percent in 2018, its ninth
consecutive yearly decline. The recreation index rose 1.2 percent, and the
index for personal care increased 1.8 percent. The index for tobacco increased
3.4 percent, and the alcoholic beverages index rose 1.8 percent. 

The index for airline fares decreased for the sixth year in a row in 2018,
falling 2.6 percent. The apparel index declined for the fifth consecutive year,
though it decreased only 0.1 percent in 2018. 


	

The Consumer Price Index for January 2019 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, February 13, 2019, at 8:30 a.m. (EST). 


Technical Note 

Brief Explanation of the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers
for goods and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two
population groups: all urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical
workers. The all urban consumer group represents about 93 percent of the total
U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of
urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the
poor, the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners and
clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people
living in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed
Forces, and those in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals.
Consumer inflation for all urban consumers is measured by two indexes, namely,
the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained
Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U).

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
is based on the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition
that meet two requirements: more than one-half of the household's income must
come from clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of the household's
earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous
12 months. The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the total U.S.
population and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation,
doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that
people buy for day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban
areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately
22,000 retail establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals,
filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments).  All
taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in
the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are obtained every month in
all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected
every month in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in
other areas. Prices of most goods and services are obtained by personal visits
or telephone calls by the Bureau’s trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location
are aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending
of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a
U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published
by size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions
and population-size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do
not measure differences in the level of prices among cities; they only measure
the average change in prices for each area since the base period. For the
C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are
considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form
and subject to three subsequent quarterly revisions.

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the
CPI-U and the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference
base for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from
the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that
relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket
of goods and services rising from $100 to $107.

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it
is based upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all
prices. BLS calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month,
and 12-month percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These
standard error estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for
hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month
percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means that if
we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using the same
methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent
of these estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage
change based on all retail prices. For example, for a 1-month change of
0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 95 percent confident that the actual
percent change based on all retail prices would fall between 0.14 and
0.26 percent. For the latest data, including information on how to use the
estimates of standard error,
see https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm.

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes
rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level
of the index in relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following
table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent changes:
 
                                 Item A                   Item B                    Item C
Year I                          112.500                  225.000                   110.000
Year II                         121.500                  243.000                   128.000
Change in index points            9.000                   18.000                    18.000
Percent change 9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0 18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data.
Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS
seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are
used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. For more information on data
revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal Adjustment
at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm
and the Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes
at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm.

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually
preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and
in about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting from weather events,
production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on
changes that are not typical for the time of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest
to consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used
extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements and pension
plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for
seasonal variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation
agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some CPI series.
Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal pattern of price
change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which the distortions caused by
such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior to calculation of seasonal
factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately represent the seasonal pattern, are
then applied to the unadjusted data.

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 2009
return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier
data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal portion of
the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to
seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this “prior adjusted”
data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in the data. The
last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced in January 2018, BLS adjusted 38 series using intervention
analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, and
natural gas.

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject to
revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI
calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years
of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final
and not subject to revision. In January 2018, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted
indexes for 2013 to 2017 were calculated and published. For series which are directly adjusted
using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors for 2017
will be applied to data for 2018 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2018 indexes. Series which
are indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal
factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical
criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its
status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the
81 components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status
from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used
in the aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted
indexes before that period will not be changed. Twenty-nine of the 81 components of the
U.S. city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted for 2018.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information
and Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov.

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit
https://www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment
section at 202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov.

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.
Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, December 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Nov.
2018
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Dec.
2017
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Dec.
2017-
Dec.
2018
Nov.
2018-
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2018-
Oct.
2018
Oct.
2018-
Nov.
2018
Nov.
2018-
Dec.
2018

All items

100.000 246.524 252.038 251.233 1.9 -0.3 0.3 0.0 -0.1

Food

13.255 251.238 254.379 255.210 1.6 0.3 -0.1 0.2 0.4

Food at home

7.244 238.579 239.352 239.989 0.6 0.3 -0.2 0.2 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

0.955 269.847 273.240 274.321 1.7 0.4 -0.6 0.6 0.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.596 248.420 247.954 247.327 -0.4 -0.3 0.0 0.3 0.0

Dairy and related products

0.724 216.916 215.896 216.652 -0.1 0.4 -0.4 -0.2 0.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.273 296.476 296.362 301.134 1.6 1.6 -0.7 0.0 1.7

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.863 166.006 167.891 168.339 1.4 0.3 0.2 -0.4 0.3

Other food at home

1.832 209.401 210.407 209.739 0.2 -0.3 0.0 0.3 -0.3

Food away from home(1)

6.011 271.811 278.306 279.419 2.8 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.4

Energy

7.679 206.598 215.910 205.905 -0.3 -4.6 2.4 -2.2 -3.5

Energy commodities

4.351 222.389 241.633 218.497 -1.8 -9.6 2.9 -4.1 -7.4

Fuel oil

0.121 270.955 305.370 276.103 1.9 -9.6 3.7 -2.9 -11.4

Motor fuel

4.155 217.972 236.934 213.838 -1.9 -9.7 3.0 -4.1 -7.4

Gasoline (all types)

4.060 216.781 235.381 212.152 -2.1 -9.9 3.0 -4.2 -7.5

Energy services

3.329 201.066 200.148 203.800 1.4 1.8 1.7 0.4 1.8

Electricity

2.582 208.406 209.339 210.637 1.1 0.6 2.3 0.3 0.7

Utility (piped) gas service

0.747 175.909 169.821 179.999 2.3 6.0 -0.6 0.7 5.6

All items less food and energy

79.065 253.558 259.105 259.083 2.2 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.536 142.647 143.542 142.840 0.1 -0.5 0.3 0.2 0.1

Apparel

3.057 120.614 124.935 120.526 -0.1 -3.5 0.1 -0.9 0.0

New vehicles

3.704 146.522 145.826 146.126 -0.3 0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.0

Used cars and trucks

2.382 136.118 138.010 138.069 1.4 0.0 2.6 2.4 -0.2

Medical care commodities

1.713 380.087 380.658 378.190 -0.5 -0.6 -0.1 0.4 -0.2

Alcoholic beverages

0.970 246.791 251.326 251.131 1.8 -0.1 0.1 0.3 0.0

Tobacco and smoking products

0.659 1,046.785 1,083.514 1,082.248 3.4 -0.1 1.3 0.4 -0.4

Services less energy services

59.529 322.250 330.983 331.478 2.9 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3

Shelter

33.078 301.985 310.950 311.652 3.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.897 313.904 323.968 324.815 3.5 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

23.924 310.041 319.338 320.038 3.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Medical care services

6.932 509.045 520.973 522.506 2.6 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4

Physicians' services

1.726 377.734 379.872 379.885 0.6 0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.0

Hospital services(3)

2.327 323.114 334.242 334.964 3.7 0.2 0.0 0.5 0.5

Transportation services

5.990 313.645 324.168 322.317 2.8 -0.6 0.1 -0.3 -0.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.126 283.107 290.114 289.705 2.3 -0.1 0.2 0.4 -0.1

Motor vehicle insurance

2.409 547.586 573.338 572.824 4.6 -0.1 0.5 -0.5 -0.2

Airline fares

0.699 254.947 263.809 248.290 -2.6 -5.9 0.0 -2.4 -1.5

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, December 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Nov.
2018
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Dec.
2017-
Dec.
2018
Nov.
2018-
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2018-
Oct.
2018
Oct.
2018-
Nov.
2018
Nov.
2018-
Dec.
2018

All items

100.000 1.9 -0.3 0.3 0.0 -0.1

Food

13.255 1.6 0.3 -0.1 0.2 0.4

Food at home

7.244 0.6 0.3 -0.2 0.2 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

0.955 1.7 0.4 -0.6 0.6 0.4

Cereals and cereal products

0.305 0.2 0.6 -2.1 0.6 0.4

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.038 -0.6 0.5 -2.7 0.2 0.5

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.148 -0.9 1.3 -0.7 -0.5 1.3

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.119 1.9 -0.2 -2.8 1.8 -0.2

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  3.2 -0.7 -2.1 2.7 -0.7

Bakery products(1)

0.650 2.4 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.3

Bread(1)(2)

0.191 2.7 1.2 0.4 0.6 1.2

White bread(1)(3)

  3.1 1.9 1.0 0.1 1.9

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  2.7 0.6 0.0 1.4 0.6

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.093 1.5 -0.6 -1.0 2.1 -0.8

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.164 3.5 0.4 0.4 0.9 0.7

Cookies(3)

  2.6 -0.1 0.0 1.0 0.0

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  4.7 1.0 0.7 1.8 1.0

Other bakery products

0.201 1.5 -0.2 -0.2 0.8 0.2

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  3.8 -0.1 1.2 0.0 -0.1

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  1.1 0.6 -0.5 0.7 0.4

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  0.9 -0.5 0.1 0.5 -0.3

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.596 -0.4 -0.3 0.0 0.3 0.0

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.504 -0.3 -0.3 0.0 0.4 0.2

Meats

0.939 -0.9 -0.6 -0.6 0.7 0.1

Beef and veal

0.425 -0.6 -0.4 -0.7 0.2 0.1

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.170 -2.5 -0.8 -0.9 0.8 -0.8

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.059 1.7 1.2 -3.8 -0.4 1.2

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.158 0.0 -0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.038 2.2 -1.6 0.9 -0.4 -1.6

Pork

0.294 -1.4 -1.6 -0.7 1.8 0.1

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.131 -1.9 -1.0 -1.1 2.9 0.0

Bacon and related products(3)

  -0.5 0.5 -1.3 3.3 2.2

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  -3.2 -2.9 -0.6 1.0 -2.2

Ham

0.053 -2.3 -4.0 -1.8 2.4 -0.5

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  -2.6 -4.6 -1.7 2.2 -0.8

Pork chops(1)

0.043 2.6 0.7 0.2 -2.3 0.7

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.067 -2.4 -2.2 0.4 2.9 -0.7

Other meats

0.219 -0.7 0.6 -0.4 0.2 0.3

Frankfurters(3)

  0.4 1.6 0.7 0.5 0.2

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  -0.9 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.3

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

           

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

           

Poultry(1)

0.313 -1.4 0.1 0.6 -0.4 0.1

Chicken(1)(2)

0.257 -0.8 0.5 1.0 -0.8 0.5

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  -2.2 -1.5 0.3 -0.6 -1.5

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  0.2 1.3 1.5 -0.7 1.3

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.056 -4.5 -2.0 -1.3 4.6 -2.4

Fish and seafood

0.253 3.2 -0.1 1.4 0.2 0.7

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.129 4.9 0.5 1.6 0.9 1.7

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.123 1.4 -0.7 1.4 -0.7 -0.2

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  3.6 -0.6 1.8 0.6 -0.6

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  1.2 -1.0 1.4 -0.7 -0.1

Eggs

0.092 -2.2 1.3 0.3 -0.8 -2.9

Dairy and related products

0.724 -0.1 0.4 -0.4 -0.2 0.3

Milk(1)(2)

0.201 -1.2 -0.5 0.7 0.5 -0.5

Fresh whole milk(3)

  -1.8 -0.1 0.8 -1.0 -0.6

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  -0.1 -0.3 0.8 1.1 -1.4

Cheese and related products

0.236 -0.4 0.1 -1.1 0.0 0.5

Ice cream and related products

0.104 1.2 1.1 0.0 -0.4 0.1

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.183 0.7 1.2 -0.3 -1.5 1.2

Fruits and vegetables

1.273 1.6 1.6 -0.7 0.0 1.7

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.010 1.8 1.9 -0.8 0.1 1.9

Fresh fruits

0.536 -0.7 0.5 -1.8 -0.8 1.3

Apples

0.073 -0.3 1.6 2.8 -0.9 2.1

Bananas(1)

0.078 0.9 1.4 -0.7 -1.0 1.4

Citrus fruits(2)

0.158 5.0 -2.5 -2.5 3.9 3.3

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  3.6 -2.8 -2.8 5.6 5.6

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.227 -4.8 1.9 -3.2 -2.5 -0.1

Fresh vegetables

0.473 4.6 3.4 0.3 1.0 2.6

Potatoes

0.073 1.8 0.4 1.9 0.6 0.9

Lettuce

0.060 15.0 13.4 1.5 -2.6 14.5

Tomatoes(1)

0.081 1.6 5.5 -0.4 7.5 5.5

Other fresh vegetables

0.259 4.0 1.3 0.5 1.2 0.3

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.264 0.9 0.7 -0.4 -0.3 0.7

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.143 3.1 1.6 -1.0 -0.4 1.5

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  2.3 1.4 -0.5 -0.1 1.4

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  4.2 1.7 -1.8 0.1 1.3

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.077 -2.5 -1.4 0.6 1.0 -1.3

Frozen vegetables(3)

  -1.7 -0.5 0.7 1.2 -0.7

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.043 -0.4 1.2 -0.3 -1.1 1.2

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  -4.1 1.3 -0.7 -1.5 1.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.863 1.4 0.3 0.2 -0.4 0.3

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.614 2.5 0.0 0.3 -0.3 0.1

Carbonated drinks

0.254 4.1 0.1 0.5 0.0 0.3

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.009 0.2 0.1 1.1 0.9 0.1

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.351 1.5 0.0 0.4 -0.5 0.2

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.250 -1.2 0.8 0.3 -0.9 0.8

Coffee

0.160 -2.0 0.6 0.2 -0.6 0.7

Roasted coffee(3)

  -1.3 0.6 0.2 0.0 1.1

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  -4.0 2.0 1.5 -3.0 2.0

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.090 0.2 1.2 0.7 -1.0 1.2

Other food at home

1.832 0.2 -0.3 0.0 0.3 -0.3

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.277 0.0 -0.5 -0.7 0.3 -0.5

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.041 -3.0 -1.8 -1.0 0.1 -1.4

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.184 1.3 -0.1 0.1 0.9 -0.1

Other sweets(2)

0.053 -2.0 -1.0 -1.9 1.2 -0.9

Fats and oils

0.211 -0.5 -0.1 -0.3 0.3 -0.4

Butter and margarine(2)

0.060 0.0 -1.0 -0.7 1.7 -0.7

Butter(3)

  -0.2 -1.9 -0.5 1.5 -0.7

Margarine(3)

  0.6 -0.1 -0.9 1.2 -1.4

Salad dressing(2)

0.052 1.2 1.1 0.0 0.5 -0.4

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.100 -1.7 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3 -0.2

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  6.2 1.3 3.4 -1.8 1.3

Other foods

1.344 0.3 -0.3 0.3 0.3 -0.2

Soups

0.079 -1.4 1.6 1.4 -1.7 2.5

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(1)

0.232 -1.3 0.2 -0.3 -0.4 0.2

Snacks(1)

0.315 0.6 -1.9 0.4 0.5 -1.9

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.269 1.0 -0.5 0.6 0.7 -0.4

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  1.6 -1.1 1.1 -0.2 -1.1

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  4.3        

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.1

Other condiments(3)

  0.9 0.1 -2.3 0.9 1.0

Baby food(1)(2)

0.051 7.2 0.3 1.1 2.8 0.3

Other miscellaneous foods(1)(2)

0.398 0.1 0.3 0.0 1.4 0.3

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  -1.9 -0.6 0.8 0.6 -0.6

Food away from home(1)

6.011 2.8 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.4

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.988 2.8 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.5

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.553 2.7 0.4 -0.1 0.3 0.4

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.182 2.3 0.2 1.0 -0.2 -0.2

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  2.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.092 4.2 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.197 4.0 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.1

Energy

7.679 -0.3 -4.6 2.4 -2.2 -3.5

Energy commodities

4.351 -1.8 -9.6 2.9 -4.1 -7.4

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.196 1.3 -5.9 1.6 -2.5 -7.8

Fuel oil

0.121 1.9 -9.6 3.7 -2.9 -11.4

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.075 0.5 0.0 -0.8 -1.3 -1.3

Motor fuel

4.155 -1.9 -9.7 3.0 -4.1 -7.4

Gasoline (all types)

4.060 -2.1 -9.9 3.0 -4.2 -7.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  -2.7 -10.2 3.0 -4.5 -7.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  -0.2 -8.6 2.8 -2.2 -6.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  1.3 -7.6 3.3 -2.6 -5.5

Other motor fuels(2)

0.095 8.8 -4.6 3.2 -1.8 -3.8

Energy services

3.329 1.4 1.8 1.7 0.4 1.8

Electricity

2.582 1.1 0.6 2.3 0.3 0.7

Utility (piped) gas service

0.747 2.3 6.0 -0.6 0.7 5.6

All items less food and energy

79.065 2.2 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.536 0.1 -0.5 0.3 0.2 0.1

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.353 0.9 0.0 0.4 0.1 -0.1

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.257 -0.9 -1.4 2.2 -2.8 -1.4

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.056 4.2 0.2 0.1 0.7 0.2

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.045 -5.8 -2.1 1.7 -1.4 -2.1

Other linens(1)(2)

0.156 -1.2 -1.7 3.1 -4.4 -1.7

Furniture and bedding

0.882 1.7 0.6 0.1 -0.6 0.5

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.321 0.7 0.0 0.9 -1.5 0.0

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.426 3.3 1.1 -0.2 0.1 1.1

Other furniture(2)

0.124 -1.2 0.8 0.5 -0.8 0.5

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

  -4.7 -0.3 -1.9 0.9 -0.3

Appliances(2)

0.215 4.7 -0.4 1.6 -0.2 -0.3

Major appliances(2)

0.078 9.1 2.5 0.5 0.9 0.2

Laundry equipment(3)

  13.2 0.4 0.2 3.0 -1.5

Other appliances(2)

0.133 2.2 -2.1 2.0 -0.5 -1.1

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.503 -4.9 -2.1 1.8 0.9 -1.9

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.280 -7.0 -3.8 2.0 2.8 -3.8

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.091 0.0 1.0 -0.1 -1.5 0.2

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.053 -9.4 -2.1 1.9 -2.4 -2.1

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.079 0.6 -0.1 2.4 -2.7 1.4

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.660 1.1 0.6 0.1 -0.2 0.7

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.194 2.0 1.6 -0.4 -1.0 1.6

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.307 0.6 -0.1 0.3 0.1 0.0

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.837 3.1 0.6 0.2 0.5 0.6

Household cleaning products(2)

0.330 1.6 0.3 -0.2 0.1 -0.3

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.223 3.8 0.9 -0.1 1.9 0.9

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.283 4.4 0.8 0.5 0.1 0.8

Apparel

3.057 -0.1 -3.5 0.1 -0.9 0.0

Men's and boys' apparel

0.762 1.7 -3.8 1.7 -1.3 -0.6

Men's apparel

0.585 -1.4 -4.3 1.5 -2.0 -1.3

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.105 -2.7 -3.4 3.9 -1.8 2.1

Men's furnishings

0.157 2.4 -3.8 0.9 0.0 -2.1

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.168 -2.8 -6.8 0.6 -4.1 -1.4

Men's pants and shorts

0.148 -2.9 -2.7 2.3 -2.7 -1.2

Boys' apparel

0.177 13.1 -2.0 0.9 1.0 1.1

Women's and girls' apparel

1.247 -1.3 -4.9 -1.3 -0.8 0.2

Women's apparel

1.065 -0.8 -4.9 -1.7 -0.7 0.5

Women's outerwear

0.075 2.7 -5.2 -6.4 2.5 2.8

Women's dresses

0.128 -1.3 -6.0 -4.3 -2.7 1.0

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.554 -0.8 -5.7 -0.5 -1.7 1.1

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(2)

0.296 -1.3 -3.0 -0.1 0.8 -0.9

Girls' apparel

0.182 -4.3 -4.6 1.1 -1.7 -1.9

Footwear

0.667 -0.1 -1.7 -0.3 0.1 0.0

Men's footwear(1)

0.216 4.3 -0.5 -0.2 -0.5 -0.5

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.159 -1.9 -1.9 -2.2 0.2 -0.4

Women's footwear

0.292 -2.3 -2.4 0.6 -0.2 -0.6

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.139 5.7 -0.4 0.8 -1.9 1.2

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.243 -2.1 -2.8 2.5 -1.9 0.4

Watches(1)(6)

0.098 0.5 -3.4 9.1 -9.4 -3.4

Jewelry(6)

0.145 -3.8 -2.3 -1.5 1.6 0.8

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

6.579 0.5 0.2 0.8 0.9 0.0

New vehicles

3.704 -0.3 0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.0

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  -0.2 0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.0

New cars(3)

  0.2 0.1 -0.2 0.1 -0.2

New trucks(3)(10)

  -0.7 0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Used cars and trucks

2.382 1.4 0.0 2.6 2.4 -0.2

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.380 2.2 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4

Tires(1)

0.224 1.3 1.0 0.5 0.1 1.0

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.156 3.5 -0.4 -0.2 0.7 -0.4

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  2.9 -0.8 0.1 0.3 -0.8

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  5.9 1.3 -4.2 4.3 1.3

Medical care commodities

1.713 -0.5 -0.6 -0.1 0.4 -0.2

Medicinal drugs(1)(8)

1.655 -0.6 -0.7 -0.3 0.3 -0.7

Prescription drugs

1.312 -0.6 -0.6 -0.6 0.5 -0.4

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.343 -0.4 -0.7 1.5 0.4 -0.7

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.057 1.8 -0.3 0.5 0.5 -0.3

Recreation commodities(8)

1.781 -1.3 1.0 -0.5 0.0 1.3

Video and audio products(8)

0.226 -11.0 -1.5 -0.6 -0.8 -0.8

Televisions

0.100 -18.6 -2.8 -1.2 -1.5 -1.7

Other video equipment(2)

0.026 -0.9 -1.2 -0.8 0.6 1.7

Audio equipment(1)

0.043 -4.2 -0.8 2.6 -2.0 -0.8

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.047 -5.8 -0.1 -2.0 0.7 -0.1

Pets and pet products(1)

0.601 2.2 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.4

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  1.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  3.3 0.8 -0.3 0.3 0.8

Sporting goods

0.484 2.5 3.9 -1.4 0.7 4.0

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.275 6.5 6.7 -1.7 0.5 6.7

Sports equipment

0.203 -2.7 0.2 -0.8 0.6 0.7

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.034 -3.8 -3.5 1.9 1.3 -1.6

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

           

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  -2.2 -2.7 2.0 1.3 -0.6

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.115 4.3 0.0 1.5 0.3 0.0

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.071 7.7 -0.3 2.5 0.8 -0.3

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.044 -0.7 0.7 0.1 -0.4 0.7

Other recreational goods(2)

0.321 -7.1 0.5 -0.7 -0.7 1.0

Toys

0.251 -9.0 0.1 -0.8 -0.9 0.8

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -8.4 0.6 -2.0 -0.4 1.4

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.023 7.9 7.1 -1.2 0.9 7.1

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.036 -2.5 -1.1 0.3 -0.3 -1.1

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.533 -3.3 0.2 -1.5 -1.3 0.7

Educational books and supplies

0.130 1.0 0.7 -0.8 -0.5 1.1

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  -0.2 -2.0 0.4 0.0 -2.0

Information technology commodities(8)

0.404 -4.6 0.1 -1.7 -1.5 0.7

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(4)

0.306 -3.0 0.7 -1.6 -1.8 1.4

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.025 -3.0 -2.2 0.2 0.4 -2.2

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.073 -11.2 -1.5 -2.5 -1.3 -1.5

Alcoholic beverages

0.970 1.8 -0.1 0.1 0.3 0.0

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.603 1.5 -0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.270 1.9 -0.1 0.3 0.3 0.0

Distilled spirits at home

0.081 1.3 0.0 -0.7 0.6 0.6

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  -0.3 -0.2 0.1 0.3 -0.2

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  2.4 0.4 -0.2 0.2 0.4

Wine at home

0.253 1.1 -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.3

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.367 2.2 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.2 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.0

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.6 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.2

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.4 -0.2 0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Other goods(8)

1.549 -0.1 -0.4 -0.3 0.2 -0.4

Tobacco and smoking products

0.659 3.4 -0.1 1.3 0.4 -0.4

Cigarettes(2)

0.585 3.4 -0.1 1.4 0.4 -0.3

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.060 2.9 -0.1 0.5 0.4 -0.1

Personal care products(1)

0.686 -0.4 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 0.0

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.379 0.9 0.1 -0.2 -0.3 0.1

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.301 -1.9 -0.2 -0.3 -0.1 -0.2

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.203 -9.3 -2.3 -5.6 0.9 -1.8

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  -3.4 -0.1 -3.5 1.0 0.4

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

  -8.8 0.1 -0.8 2.2 0.1

Services less energy services

59.529 2.9 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3

Shelter

33.078 3.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3

Rent of shelter(12)

32.704 3.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.897 3.5 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.2

Lodging away from home(2)

0.882 0.7 0.2 -2.1 0.2 2.7

Housing at school, excluding board(12)

0.114 2.5 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.1

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.768 0.5 0.3 -2.4 0.1 3.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(12)

23.924 3.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(12)

22.589 3.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.374 1.9 -0.1 -0.2 0.1 -0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.096 4.5 0.2 0.3 1.2 0.3

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.822 3.6 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.4

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.274 7.1 -0.1 0.3 3.0 -0.1

Household operations(1)(2)

0.873 6.8 2.0 0.0 0.3 2.0

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.301 3.9 1.4 0.0 1.0 1.4

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

      0.1 -0.2  

Moving, storage, freight expense(2)

0.102 3.8 1.5 0.5 0.3 0.8

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.105 4.5 1.4 -0.6 0.0 1.4

Medical care services

6.932 2.6 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4

Professional services

3.243 1.0 0.0 0.2 -0.2 0.1

Physicians' services

1.726 0.6 0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.0

Dental services

0.782 2.3 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.2

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.317 1.4 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.3

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.418 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.0

Hospital and related services

2.608 3.6 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.4

Hospital services(13)

2.327 3.7 0.2 0.0 0.5 0.5

Inpatient hospital services(13)(3)

  2.8 0.3 -0.3 0.1 0.6

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  4.0 0.2 0.1 1.0 0.6

Nursing homes and adult day services(13)

0.193 3.8 0.0 0.5 0.2 0.2

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.088 2.5 -0.1 0.0 0.3 -0.1

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.081 5.4 1.3 1.1 1.4 1.3

Transportation services

5.990 2.8 -0.6 0.1 -0.3 -0.2

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

0.647 4.1 1.0 -1.2 -0.2 1.0

Car and truck rental(2)

0.119 6.1 1.8 3.3 2.5 -0.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.126 2.3 -0.1 0.2 0.4 -0.1

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.056 3.2 0.1 0.7 0.0 0.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.633 3.1 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.373 0.8 -0.7 0.1 0.4 -0.7

Motor vehicle insurance

2.409 4.6 -0.1 0.5 -0.5 -0.2

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.542 2.8 -0.2 0.1 0.3 -0.2

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.280 1.6 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.245 4.3 -0.4 0.0 0.4 -0.4

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  2.8 -0.2 0.2 0.5 -0.2

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

           

Public transportation

1.147 -1.7 -3.3 -0.1 -1.2 -0.9

Airline fares

0.699 -2.6 -5.9 0.0 -2.4 -1.5

Other intercity transportation

0.164 -1.5 1.6 -0.3 -0.3 0.0

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

  6.4 7.9 -2.0 2.8 7.9

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

           

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  -0.7 -0.8 0.1 -0.6 -0.8

Intracity transportation(1)

0.277 0.6 0.3 -0.3 0.0 0.3

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  1.5 0.0 -0.3 0.0 0.0

Recreation services(8)

3.868 2.3 0.2 0.0 0.5 0.3

Video and audio services(8)

1.589 1.7 0.0 -0.1 0.3 0.4

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.501 1.7 0.2 -0.3 0.3 0.6

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.088 1.5 -3.0 3.1 -0.2 -3.0

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  1.3 -4.7 5.5 -0.6 -4.7

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  0.9 0.1 0.4 -0.2 0.1

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.414 2.7 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.3

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  3.3 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.1

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  2.7 0.3 0.6 0.0 0.3

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.039 1.4 0.1 -0.4 1.4 0.1

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

           

Photo processing(1)(2)(3)

  -3.2 0.1 -1.4 2.8 0.1

Other recreation services(2)

1.824 2.8 0.4 0.1 0.8 0.3

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.680 2.4 -0.4 0.4 1.5 -0.4

Admissions

0.648 3.7 1.7 -0.5 0.3 1.6

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  1.1 0.4 0.0 -0.6 0.4

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  9.2 4.9 -1.5 -0.2 4.9

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.220 1.6 -0.7 0.7 0.6 -0.7

Education and communication services(8)

6.042 0.5 0.0 0.0 -0.4 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.914 2.7 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.2

College tuition and fees

1.622 2.8 0.0 0.6 0.3 0.2

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.337 4.4 -0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2

Child care and nursery school(9)

0.803 1.9 0.1 -0.4 0.3 0.4

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.032 2.1 0.0 0.7 0.1 0.0

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.108 2.2 -0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0

Postage

0.094 2.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

Delivery services(2)

0.014 3.9 -1.9 0.3 0.0 -1.5

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.229 -2.4 -0.1 -0.2 -1.6 -0.1

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.660 -3.2 -0.2 0.1 -2.2 -0.2

Land-line telephone services(1)(8)

0.569 0.0 0.2 -1.1 0.3 0.2

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.783 1.1 0.1 -0.4 0.2 0.1

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.649 4.3 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.2

Personal care services(1)

0.628 3.6 0.4 0.6 0.1 0.4

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.628 3.6 0.4 0.6 0.1 0.4

Miscellaneous personal services

1.020 4.7 0.0 0.5 0.6 0.1

Legal services(1)(6)

0.310 6.4 0.0 0.6 1.3 0.0

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.128 2.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.240 3.6 0.2 0.6 -0.1 0.2

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.029 4.8 0.8 0.4 1.3 0.8

Financial services(6)

0.241 4.9 -0.3 0.5 0.4 0.0

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  6.4 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(2)(3)

  6.0 -0.3 0.7 0.5 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, December 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Nov.
2018
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Dec.
2017
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Dec.
2017-
Dec.
2018
Nov.
2018-
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2018-
Oct.
2018
Oct.
2018-
Nov.
2018
Nov.
2018-
Dec.
2018

All items less food

86.745 245.785 251.657 250.605 2.0 -0.4 0.4 0.0 -0.1

All items less shelter

66.922 227.582 231.856 230.492 1.3 -0.6 0.4 -0.1 -0.2

All items less food and shelter

53.666 221.397 225.902 224.062 1.2 -0.8 0.5 -0.2 -0.4

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.987 226.578 230.278 229.872 1.5 -0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.605 232.147 235.969 235.524 1.5 -0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2

All items less medical care

91.355 235.426 240.766 239.900 1.9 -0.4 0.3 0.0 -0.1

All items less energy

92.321 252.510 257.692 257.794 2.1 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

Commodities

37.142 180.946 184.077 181.754 0.4 -1.3 0.5 -0.3 -0.7

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.154 144.064 144.816 144.001 0.0 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Commodities less food

23.887 149.683 152.676 149.403 -0.2 -2.1 0.8 -0.7 -1.3

Commodities less food and beverages

22.916 146.359 149.295 145.964 -0.3 -2.2 0.8 -0.7 -1.4

Services

62.858 311.138 319.034 319.794 2.8 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(1)

30.154 331.010 337.836 338.672 2.3 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.4

Services less medical care services

55.926 296.110 303.695 304.397 2.8 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Durables

9.897 104.083 103.913 104.169 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.1

Nondurables

27.245 219.981 225.342 221.263 0.6 -1.8 0.4 -0.8 -1.1

Nondurables less food

13.990 193.495 200.436 192.750 -0.4 -3.8 0.8 -1.7 -2.5

Nondurables less food and beverages

13.020 190.183 197.258 189.142 -0.5 -4.1 0.9 -1.9 -2.7

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.962 237.687 246.629 236.038 -0.7 -4.3 1.2 -1.7 -3.4

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.933 237.357 245.875 236.236 -0.5 -3.9 1.1 -1.6 -3.1

Housing

41.925 253.845 260.473 261.360 3.0 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4

Education and communication(2)

6.576 136.671 136.981 136.976 0.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.5 0.1

Education(2)

3.044 256.469 263.119 263.199 2.6 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

Communication(2)

3.532 74.314 73.031 73.007 -1.8 0.0 -0.4 -1.1 0.0

Information and information processing(2)

3.424 70.458 69.153 69.134 -1.9 0.0 -0.4 -1.2 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.195 7.511 7.434 7.442 -0.9 0.1 -0.8 -0.4 0.3

Recreation(2)

5.649 118.336 119.147 119.705 1.2 0.5 -0.1 0.4 0.6

Video and audio(2)

1.815 103.844 103.995 103.800 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.2

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.015 170.000 173.488 174.113 2.4 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.4

Photography(2)

0.074 74.837 75.273 74.095 -1.0 -1.6 0.7 1.4 -0.7

Food and beverages

14.226 251.024 254.262 255.023 1.6 0.3 -0.1 0.2 0.4

Domestically produced farm food

6.049 246.920 247.172 247.826 0.4 0.3 -0.3 0.4 0.4

Other services

11.559 349.586 355.096 355.373 1.7 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.2

Apparel less footwear

2.391 113.320 118.031 113.249 -0.1 -4.1 0.2 -1.2 0.0

Fuels and utilities

4.620 237.423 239.691 242.343 2.1 1.1 1.3 0.5 1.0

Household energy

3.524 197.705 197.632 200.390 1.4 1.4 1.7 0.3 1.3

Medical care

8.645 477.802 486.886 487.409 2.0 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.3

Transportation

16.725 203.023 209.924 204.541 0.7 -2.6 1.1 -0.8 -2.0

Private transportation

15.578 198.757 205.769 200.605 0.9 -2.5 1.2 -0.8 -2.0

New and used motor vehicles(2)

6.966 98.327 98.900 99.147 0.8 0.2 0.7 0.8 0.0

Utilities and public transportation

9.302 214.951 215.390 215.975 0.5 0.3 0.5 -0.3 0.5

Household furnishings and operations

4.226 119.778 121.778 122.265 2.1 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.3

Other goods and services

3.197 435.831 445.480 445.059 2.1 -0.1 0.2 0.3 -0.1

Personal care

2.538 227.736 232.024 231.818 1.8 -0.1 -0.1 0.3 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, December 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Dec. 2018 from: Percent change to Nov. 2018 from:
Dec.
2017
Oct.
2018
Nov.
2018
Nov.
2017
Sep.
2018
Oct.
2018

U.S. city average

M

1.9 -0.7 -0.3 2.2 -0.2 -0.3

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

1.7 -0.4 -0.1 1.9 -0.5 -0.4

Northeast - Size Class A

M

1.8 -0.5 -0.1 1.9 -0.4 -0.3

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.7 -0.4 0.0 1.9 -0.5 -0.4

New England(4)

M

2.2 -0.3 0.0   -0.4 -0.3

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

1.6 -0.5 -0.1   -0.5 -0.4

Midwest

M

1.3 -0.9 -0.4 1.4 -0.5 -0.6

Midwest - Size Class A

M

1.2 -0.8 -0.1 1.0 -0.7 -0.7

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.3 -1.0 -0.5 1.4 -0.4 -0.5

East North Central(4)

M

1.2 -0.7 -0.3   -0.4 -0.4

West North Central(4)

M

1.3 -1.4 -0.4   -0.8 -1.0

South

M

1.5 -0.8 -0.5 1.9 -0.1 -0.3

South - Size Class A

M

1.8 -0.7 -0.5 2.1 0.0 -0.2

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.4 -0.9 -0.6 1.8 -0.1 -0.3

South Atlantic(4)

M

2.0 -0.6 -0.4   0.0 -0.1

East South Central(4)

M

0.9 -1.3 -0.9   -0.1 -0.4

West South Central(4)

M

1.0 -1.1 -0.7   -0.3 -0.5

West

M

3.1 -0.4 -0.2 3.3 0.2 -0.2

West - Size Class A

M

3.2 -0.4 -0.1 3.4 0.1 -0.3

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.9 -0.3 -0.3 3.1 0.3 -0.1

Mountain(4)

M

3.0 -0.1 -0.1   0.2 -0.1

Pacific(4)

M

3.1 -0.5 -0.2   0.2 -0.2

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

2.1 -0.6 -0.2 2.3 -0.2 -0.4

Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.7 -0.7 -0.4 2.0 -0.1 -0.3

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

1.1 -0.9 -0.3 1.0 -0.6 -0.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

3.2 -0.7 -0.3 3.6 0.2 -0.3

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

1.6 -0.5 -0.2 1.9 -0.4 -0.2

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

1.4 -0.6        

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

1.3 -0.8        

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

1.2 -0.6        

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

2.3 -0.7        

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

2.9 -0.6        

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

1.0 -0.7        

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

4.3 -0.3        

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

4.5 0.1        

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

2.8 0.2        

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

0.6 -1.7        

Urban Alaska

2

2.8 -0.7        

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

      3.2 -0.4  

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

      2.2 0.0  

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

      2.0 0.0  

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

      1.3 -1.2  

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

        0.4  

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

      2.8 -0.7  

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

      2.3 -0.3  

Urban Hawaii

1

      2.0 0.2  

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

      1.3 -0.7  

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, December 2018 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2000

    2.6 3.4

December 2001

    1.3 1.6

December 2002

    2.0 2.4

December 2003

    1.7 1.9

December 2004

    3.2 3.3

December 2005

    2.9 3.4

December 2006

    2.3 2.5

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

January 2016

0.1 0.2 1.1 1.4

February 2016

0.0 0.1 0.7 1.0

March 2016

0.5 0.4 0.5 0.9

April 2016

0.5 0.5 0.8 1.1

May 2016

0.4 0.4 0.7 1.0

June 2016

0.3 0.3 0.7 1.0

July 2016

-0.2 -0.2 0.5 0.8

August 2016

0.0 0.1 0.7 1.1

September 2016

0.2 0.2 1.1 1.5

October 2016

0.2 0.1 1.3 1.6

November 2016

-0.2 -0.2 1.4 1.7

December 2016

0.0 0.0 1.8 2.1

January 2017

0.6 0.6 2.3 2.5

February 2017

0.3 0.3 2.6 2.7

March 2017

0.0 0.1 2.1 2.4

April 2017

0.3 0.3 1.8 2.2

May 2017

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.9

June 2017

0.0 0.1 1.2 1.6

July 2017

-0.2 -0.1 1.3 1.7

August 2017

0.3 0.3 1.5 1.9

September 2017

0.5 0.5 1.9 2.2

October 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.6 2.0

November 2017

0.0 0.0 1.8 2.2

December 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.7 2.1

January 2018

0.5 0.5 1.6 2.1

February 2018

0.4 0.5 1.8 2.2

March 2018

0.2 0.2 2.0 2.4

April 2018

0.4 0.4 2.1 2.5

May 2018

0.4 0.4 2.4 2.8

June 2018

0.1 0.2 2.5 2.9

July 2018

0.0 0.0 2.7 2.9

August 2018

0.0 0.1 2.5 2.7

September 2018

0.1 0.1 2.0 2.3

October 2018

0.2 0.2 2.3 2.5

November 2018

-0.3 -0.3 2.0 2.2

December 2018

-0.3 -0.3 1.8 1.9

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is being issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to two revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, December 2018, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Nov.
2018
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Nov. 2018-
Dec. 2018
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Nov. 2018-
Dec. 2018(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 -0.1   0.03 S-Mar. 2018 -0.1

Food

13.255 0.4 0.049 0.06 L-May 2014 0.5

Food at home

7.244 0.3 0.025 0.10 L-Apr. 2018 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

0.955 0.4 0.004 0.25 S-Oct. 2018 -0.6

Cereals and cereal products

0.305 0.4 0.001 0.42 S-Oct. 2018 -2.1

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.038 0.5 0.000 0.66 L-Sep. 2018 1.2

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.148 1.3 0.002 0.68 L-Feb. 2016 1.5

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.119 -0.2 0.000 0.76 S-Oct. 2018 -2.8

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  -0.7   1.21 S-Oct. 2018 -2.1

Bakery products(4)

0.650 0.3 0.002 0.28 S-Oct. 2018 0.2

Bread(4)(5)

0.191 1.2 0.002 0.48 L-May 2018 1.5

White bread(4)(6)

  1.9   0.59 L-Mar. 2018 2.4

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  0.6   0.81 S-Oct. 2018 0.0

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.093 -0.8 -0.001 0.71 S-Oct. 2018 -1.0

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.164 0.7 0.001 0.58 S-Oct. 2018 0.4

Cookies(6)

  0.0   0.93 S-Oct. 2018 0.0

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  1.0   0.69 S-Oct. 2018 0.7

Other bakery products

0.201 0.2 0.000 0.53 S-Oct. 2018 -0.2

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  -0.1   0.74 S-Aug. 2018 -1.1

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  0.4   0.95 S-Oct. 2018 -0.5

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  -0.3   0.71 S-Aug. 2018 -0.9

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.596 0.0 0.001 0.20 S-Oct. 2018 0.0

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.504 0.2 0.003 0.21 S-Oct. 2018 0.0

Meats

0.939 0.1 0.001 0.25 S-Oct. 2018 -0.6

Beef and veal

0.425 0.1 0.001 0.34 S-Oct. 2018 -0.7

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.170 -0.8 -0.001 0.53 S-Oct. 2018 -0.9

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.059 1.2 0.001 1.03 L-Jun. 2018 2.8

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.158 0.5 0.001 0.63 L-Jul. 2018 1.7

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.038 -1.6 -0.001 0.86 S-Sep. 2017 -2.4

Pork

0.294 0.1 0.000 0.55 S-Oct. 2018 -0.7

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.131 0.0 0.000 0.68 S-Oct. 2018 -1.1

Bacon and related products(6)

  2.2   1.01 S-Oct. 2018 -1.3

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  -2.2   1.08 S-May 2016 -2.3

Ham

0.053 -0.5 0.000 1.44 S-Oct. 2018 -1.8

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  -0.8   1.40 S-Oct. 2018 -1.7

Pork chops(4)

0.043 0.7 0.000 1.37 L-Aug. 2018 2.8

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.067 -0.7 0.000 1.19 S-Sep. 2018 -3.4

Other meats

0.219 0.3 0.001 0.54 L-Jul. 2018 0.8

Frankfurters(6)

  0.2   1.43 S-Sep. 2018 -1.4

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  0.3   0.54 L-Jul. 2018 0.9

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

           

Poultry(4)

0.313 0.1 0.000 0.52 L-Oct. 2018 0.6

Chicken(4)(5)

0.257 0.5 0.001 0.62 L-Oct. 2018 1.0

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  -1.5   1.14 S-Apr. 2017 -1.9

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  1.3   0.71 L-Oct. 2018 1.5

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.056 -2.4 -0.001 0.89 S-Jan. 2010 -2.7

Fish and seafood

0.253 0.7 0.002 0.51 L-Oct. 2018 1.4

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.129 1.7 0.002 0.75 L-Aug. 2018 1.9

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.123 -0.2 0.000 0.64 L-Oct. 2018 1.4

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  -0.6   1.05 S-Sep. 2018 -1.0

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  -0.1   1.10 L-Oct. 2018 1.4

Eggs

0.092 -2.9 -0.003 0.90 S-Sep. 2018 -4.1

Dairy and related products

0.724 0.3 0.002 0.28 L-Jun. 2018 0.7

Milk(4)(5)

0.201 -0.5 -0.001 0.38 S-Jul. 2018 -0.8

Fresh whole milk(6)

  -0.6   0.56 L-Oct. 2018 0.8

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  -1.4   0.51 S-Jul. 2018 -1.9

Cheese and related products

0.236 0.5 0.001 0.51 L-Jun. 2018 1.4

Ice cream and related products

0.104 0.1 0.000 0.75 L-Sep. 2018 0.1

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.183 1.2 0.002 0.56 L-Jul. 2017 1.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.273 1.7 0.021 0.30 L-Apr. 2017 1.8

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.010 1.9 0.019 0.36 L-Apr. 2017 2.4

Fresh fruits

0.536 1.3 0.007 0.45 L-Jun. 2018 1.6

Apples

0.073 2.1 0.002 1.15 L-Oct. 2018 2.8

Bananas(4)

0.078 1.4 0.001 0.64 L-Feb. 2018 1.4

Citrus fruits(5)

0.158 3.3 0.005 0.75 S-Oct. 2018 -2.5

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  5.6   1.25 - -

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.227 -0.1 0.000 0.73 L-Jul. 2018 1.3

Fresh vegetables

0.473 2.6 0.012 0.56 L-Apr. 2017 4.3

Potatoes

0.073 0.9 0.001 1.22 L-Oct. 2018 1.9

Lettuce

0.060 14.5 0.008 1.62 L-Apr. 2017 16.2

Tomatoes(4)

0.081 5.5 0.004 1.10 S-Oct. 2018 -0.4

Other fresh vegetables

0.259 0.3 0.001 0.69 S-Sep. 2018 -0.2

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.264 0.7 0.002 0.44 L-Aug. 2018 1.2

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.143 1.5 0.002 0.65 L-Apr. 2018 1.5

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  1.4   0.78 L-Apr. 2018 4.3

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  1.3   0.77 L-Aug. 2018 1.4

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.077 -1.3 -0.001 0.83 S-May 2018 -2.4

Frozen vegetables(6)

  -0.7   1.00 S-May 2018 -1.8

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.043 1.2 0.001 0.76 L-Aug. 2018 1.9

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  1.3   0.80 L-Apr. 2018 2.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.863 0.3 0.003 0.36 L-Sep. 2018 0.6

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.614 0.1 0.001 0.41 L-Oct. 2018 0.3

Carbonated drinks

0.254 0.3 0.001 0.77 L-Oct. 2018 0.5

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.009 0.1 0.000 0.73 S-Sep. 2018 -1.4

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.351 0.2 0.001 0.51 L-Oct. 2018 0.4

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.250 0.8 0.002 0.61 L-Mar. 2018 0.9

Coffee

0.160 0.7 0.001 0.77 L-Mar. 2018 1.0

Roasted coffee(6)

  1.1   1.08 L-Dec. 2017 2.1

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  2.0   0.71 L-Mar. 2018 2.0

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.090 1.2 0.001 0.99 L-Jul. 2018 1.7

Other food at home

1.832 -0.3 -0.005 0.20 S-Nov. 2016 -0.4

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.277 -0.5 -0.001 0.49 S-Oct. 2018 -0.7

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.041 -1.4 -0.001 0.67 S-May 2016 -1.5

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.184 -0.1 0.000 0.69 S-Jul. 2018 -0.9

Other sweets(5)

0.053 -0.9 0.000 0.84 S-Oct. 2018 -1.9

Fats and oils

0.211 -0.4 -0.001 0.44 S-Aug. 2018 -0.4

Butter and margarine(5)

0.060 -0.7 0.000 0.88 S-Oct. 2018 -0.7

Butter(6)

  -0.7   1.01 S-Aug. 2018 -2.2

Margarine(6)

  -1.4   0.98 S-May 2016 -1.7

Salad dressing(5)

0.052 -0.4 0.000 1.03 S-Jun. 2018 -0.8

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.100 -0.2 0.000 0.56 L-Oct. 2018 -0.1

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  1.3   0.63 L-Oct. 2018 3.4

Other foods

1.344 -0.2 -0.003 0.25 S-Jan. 2018 -0.2

Soups

0.079 2.5 0.002 1.07 L-Sep. 2017 2.9

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(4)

0.232 0.2 0.000 0.54 L-Apr. 2018 0.6

Snacks(4)

0.315 -1.9 -0.006 0.72 S-May 2009 -2.5

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.269 -0.4 -0.001 0.54 S-Jul. 2018 -0.4

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  -1.1   0.96 S-Aug. 2018 -1.4

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

      1.31 - -

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.81 S-Jul. 2018 -2.0

Other condiments(6)

  1.0   0.65 L-Sep. 2018 3.9

Baby food(4)(5)

0.051 0.3 0.000 0.52 S-Jul. 2018 -0.7

Other miscellaneous foods(4)(5)

0.398 0.3 0.001 0.41 S-Oct. 2018 0.0

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  -0.6   0.76 S-Sep. 2018 -0.9

Food away from home(4)

6.011 0.4 0.024 0.04 L-Jan. 2018 0.4

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.988 0.5 0.014 0.04 L-Mar. 2011 0.5

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.553 0.4 0.009 0.07 L-Jan. 2018 0.5

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.182 -0.2 0.000 0.38 - -

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  0.1   0.49 L-Oct. 2018 0.1

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.092 0.3 0.000 0.11 S-Oct. 2018 0.3

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.197 0.1 0.000 0.09 S-Oct. 2018 0.0

Energy

7.679 -3.5 -0.272 0.08 S-Feb. 2016 -5.6

Energy commodities

4.351 -7.4 -0.332 0.13 S-Feb. 2016 -11.5

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.196 -7.8 -0.015 0.33 S-Jan. 2015 -8.0

Fuel oil

0.121 -11.4 -0.014 0.43 S-Dec. 2008 -12.6

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.075 -1.3 -0.001 0.48 - -

Motor fuel

4.155 -7.4 -0.316 0.13 S-Feb. 2016 -12.0

Gasoline (all types)

4.060 -7.5 -0.314 0.13 S-Feb. 2016 -12.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  -7.8   0.51 S-Feb. 2016 -12.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  -6.6   0.51 S-Feb. 2016 -11.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  -5.5   0.44 S-Feb. 2016 -9.5

Other motor fuels(5)

0.095 -3.8 -0.004 0.15 S-Feb. 2016 -7.6

Energy services

3.329 1.8 0.060 0.08 L-Mar. 2014 2.6

Electricity

2.582 0.7 0.018 0.10 L-Oct. 2018 2.3

Utility (piped) gas service

0.747 5.6 0.042 0.08 L-Mar. 2014 7.0

All items less food and energy

79.065 0.2 0.166 0.03 - -

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.536 0.1 0.018 0.08 S-Sep. 2018 -0.3

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.353 -0.1 -0.003 0.16 S-Jun. 2018 -0.2

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.257 -1.4 -0.003 0.75 L-Oct. 2018 2.2

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.056 0.2 0.000 0.56 S-Oct. 2018 0.1

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.045 -2.1 -0.001 0.88 S-Aug. 2018 -2.4

Other linens(4)(5)

0.156 -1.7 -0.003 1.15 L-Oct. 2018 3.1

Furniture and bedding

0.882 0.5 0.005 0.34 L-Sep. 2018 0.8

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.321 0.0 0.000 0.52 L-Oct. 2018 0.9

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.426 1.1 0.005 0.45 L-Apr. 2018 2.1

Other furniture(5)

0.124 0.5 0.001 0.71 L-Oct. 2018 0.5

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

  -0.3   0.74 S-Oct. 2018 -1.9

Appliances(5)

0.215 -0.3 -0.001 0.55 S-Feb. 2018 -1.5

Major appliances(5)

0.078 0.2 0.000 0.70 S-Sep. 2018 -0.6

Laundry equipment(6)

  -1.5   1.18 S-Sep. 2018 -3.8

Other appliances(5)

0.133 -1.1 -0.002 0.63 S-Jan. 2018 -1.2

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.503 -1.9 -0.010 0.48 S-Jan. 2018 -2.2

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.280 -3.8 -0.010 0.76 S-Jul. 2017 -5.1

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.091 0.2 0.000 0.68 L-Sep. 2018 0.7

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.053 -2.1 -0.001 1.49 L-Oct. 2018 1.9

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.079 1.4 0.001 0.75 L-Oct. 2018 2.4

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.660 0.7 0.005 0.24 L-Aug. 2011 0.9

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.194 1.6 0.003 0.35 L-Jan. 2004 2.1

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.307 0.0 0.000 0.30 S-Sep. 2018 -0.3

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.837 0.6 0.005 0.24 L-Jul. 2018 0.6

Household cleaning products(5)

0.330 -0.3 -0.001 0.39 S-Jan. 2018 -1.1

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.223 0.9 0.002 0.38 S-Oct. 2018 -0.1

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.283 0.8 0.002 0.41 L-Mar. 2018 1.1

Apparel

3.057 0.0 0.001 0.39 L-Oct. 2018 0.1

Men's and boys' apparel

0.762 -0.6 -0.004 0.72 L-Oct. 2018 1.7

Men's apparel

0.585 -1.3 -0.007 0.78 L-Oct. 2018 1.5

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.105 2.1 0.002 1.68 L-Oct. 2018 3.9

Men's furnishings

0.157 -2.1 -0.003 1.45 S-Nov. 2017 -3.8

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.168 -1.4 -0.002 1.22 L-Oct. 2018 0.6

Men's pants and shorts

0.148 -1.2 -0.002 1.28 L-Oct. 2018 2.3

Boys' apparel

0.177 1.1 0.002 1.44 L-Sep. 2018 4.8

Women's and girls' apparel

1.247 0.2 0.002 0.60 L-Sep. 2018 1.4

Women's apparel

1.065 0.5 0.006 0.65 L-Sep. 2018 1.6

Women's outerwear

0.075 2.8 0.002 2.13 L-Sep. 2018 9.8

Women's dresses

0.128 1.0 0.001 1.42 L-Apr. 2018 2.9

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.554 1.1 0.006 0.87 L-Sep. 2018 2.4

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(5)

0.296 -0.9 -0.003 1.10 S-Sep. 2018 -2.0

Girls' apparel

0.182 -1.9 -0.003 1.49 S-Jun. 2018 -2.6

Footwear

0.667 0.0 0.000 0.57 S-Oct. 2018 -0.3

Men's footwear(4)

0.216 -0.5 -0.001 0.96 - -

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.159 -0.4 -0.001 1.01 S-Oct. 2018 -2.2

Women's footwear

0.292 -0.6 -0.002 0.80 S-Sep. 2018 -0.9

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.139 1.2 0.002 1.24 L-Sep. 2018 1.8

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.243 0.4 0.001 1.00 L-Oct. 2018 2.5

Watches(4)(9)

0.098 -3.4 -0.003 1.52 L-Oct. 2018 9.1

Jewelry(9)

0.145 0.8 0.001 1.22 S-Oct. 2018 -1.5

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

6.579 0.0 -0.002 0.09 S-Sep. 2018 -1.2

New vehicles

3.704 0.0 0.000 0.15 - -

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  0.0   0.23 - -

New cars(6)

  -0.2   0.24 S-Oct. 2018 -0.2

New trucks(13)(6)

  0.0   0.21 - -

Used cars and trucks

2.382 -0.2 -0.004 0.02 S-Sep. 2018 -3.0

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.380 0.4 0.002 0.28 L-May 2018 0.6

Tires(4)

0.224 1.0 0.002 0.38 L-Dec. 2011 1.1

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.156 -0.4 -0.001 0.44 S-Aug. 2017 -0.4

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  -0.8   0.38 S-Oct. 2015 -1.2

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  1.3   0.90 S-Oct. 2018 -4.2

Medical care commodities

1.713 -0.2 -0.003 0.25 S-Aug. 2018 -0.3

Medicinal drugs(4)(11)

1.655 -0.7 -0.011 0.26 S-Jul. 2018 -0.8

Prescription drugs

1.312 -0.4 -0.006 0.29 S-Oct. 2018 -0.6

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.343 -0.7 -0.002 0.43 S-Sep. 2018 -0.8

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.057 -0.3 0.000 0.50 S-Aug. 2018 -0.8

Recreation commodities(11)

1.781 1.3 0.023 0.17 L-EVER -

Video and audio products(11)

0.226 -0.8 -0.002 0.49 - -

Televisions

0.100 -1.7 -0.002 0.81 S-Sep. 2018 -1.9

Other video equipment(5)

0.026 1.7 0.000 0.85 L-Apr. 2014 2.6

Audio equipment(4)

0.043 -0.8 0.000 0.71 L-Oct. 2018 2.6

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.047 -0.1 0.000 0.85 S-Oct. 2018 -2.0

Pets and pet products(4)

0.601 0.4 0.003 0.23 L-Apr. 2018 0.7

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.31 L-Oct. 2018 0.1

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.39 L-Apr. 2018 1.2

Sporting goods

0.484 4.0 0.020 0.29 L-EVER -

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.275 6.7 0.018 0.34 L-EVER -

Sports equipment

0.203 0.7 0.001 0.47 L-Jun. 2015 0.8

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.034 -1.6 -0.001 0.66 S-Jun. 2018 -5.7

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

           

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  -0.6   0.69 S-Sep. 2018 -0.6

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.115 0.0 0.000 0.64 S-Sep. 2018 -1.6

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.071 -0.3 0.000 0.95 S-Sep. 2018 -1.6

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.044 0.7 0.000 0.97 L-Apr. 2018 1.9

Other recreational goods(5)

0.321 1.0 0.003 0.46 L-Feb. 2004 1.1

Toys

0.251 0.8 0.002 0.52 L-Dec. 2014 0.9

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  1.4   0.55 L-Feb. 2012 1.4

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.023 7.1 0.002 1.10 L-EVER -

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.036 -1.1 0.000 0.68 S-May 2018 -1.1

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.533 0.7 0.004 0.36 L-May 2018 0.7

Educational books and supplies

0.130 1.1 0.001 0.60 L-May 2018 3.7

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  -2.0   0.58 S-EVER -

Information technology commodities(11)

0.404 0.7 0.003 0.43 L-Aug. 2018 0.8

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(7)

0.306 1.4 0.004 0.59 L-Aug. 2018 1.4

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.025 -2.2 -0.001 1.10 S-Feb. 2018 -3.2

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.073 -1.5 -0.001 0.70 S-Oct. 2018 -2.5

Alcoholic beverages

0.970 0.0 0.000 0.14 S-Aug. 2018 0.0

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.603 0.2 0.001 0.22 S-Oct. 2018 0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.270 0.0 0.000 0.27 S-Aug. 2018 0.0

Distilled spirits at home

0.081 0.6 0.000 0.37 - -

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  -0.2   0.54 S-Sep. 2018 -2.2

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  0.4   0.50 L-Sep. 2018 0.4

Wine at home

0.253 0.3 0.001 0.46 L-Sep. 2018 0.8

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.367 0.0 0.000 0.12 S-Jul. 2018 0.0

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.18 S-Oct. 2018 0.0

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.18 L-Oct. 2018 0.2

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.15 S-Aug. 2018 -0.4

Other goods(11)

1.549 -0.4 -0.006 0.16 S-Jun. 2018 -0.4

Tobacco and smoking products

0.659 -0.4 -0.002 0.14 S-Jun. 2018 -0.4

Cigarettes(5)

0.585 -0.3 -0.002 0.15 S-Jun. 2018 -0.5

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.060 -0.1 0.000 0.33 S-Sep. 2018 -0.4

Personal care products(4)

0.686 0.0 0.000 0.30 L-Sep. 2018 0.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.379 0.1 0.000 0.37 L-Sep. 2018 0.3

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.301 -0.2 -0.001 0.45 S-Oct. 2018 -0.3

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.203 -1.8 -0.004 0.75 S-Oct. 2018 -5.6

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  0.4   0.77 S-Oct. 2018 -3.5

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

  0.1   0.46 S-Oct. 2018 -0.8

Services less energy services

59.529 0.3 0.155 0.03 L-Jul. 2018 0.3

Shelter

33.078 0.3 0.096 0.04 - -

Rent of shelter(15)

32.704 0.3 0.101 0.04 - -

Rent of primary residence

7.897 0.2 0.015 0.03 S-Oct. 2018 0.2

Lodging away from home(5)

0.882 2.7 0.026 1.24 L-May 2018 2.9

Housing at school, excluding board(15)

0.114 0.1 0.000 0.06 S-Jul. 2018 0.1

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.768 3.1 0.026 1.45 L-May 2018 3.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(15)

23.924 0.2 0.055 0.03 S-Sep. 2018 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(15)

22.589 0.2 0.052 0.03 S-Sep. 2018 0.2

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.374 -0.1 0.000 0.13 S-Oct. 2018 -0.2

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.096 0.3 0.003 0.05 S-Oct. 2018 0.3

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.822 0.4 0.004 0.06 S-Oct. 2018 0.3

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.274 -0.1 0.000 0.07 S-Jan. 2018 -0.1

Household operations(4)(5)

0.873 2.0 0.017 0.32 L-EVER -

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.301 1.4 0.004 0.04 L-Feb. 2008 1.4

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

           

Moving, storage, freight expense(5)

0.102 0.8 0.001 1.97 L-Sep. 2018 1.2

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.105 1.4 0.002 0.23 L-Feb. 2018 5.0

Medical care services

6.932 0.4 0.029 0.09 - -

Professional services

3.243 0.1 0.002 0.10 L-Oct. 2018 0.2

Physicians' services

1.726 0.0 0.001 0.09 L-Oct. 2018 0.0

Dental services

0.782 0.2 0.001 0.11 L-Oct. 2018 0.3

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.317 0.3 0.001 0.31 L-Jan. 2018 0.9

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.418 0.0 0.000 0.09 S-Sep. 2018 -0.1

Hospital and related services

2.608 0.4 0.011 0.12 - -

Hospital services(16)

2.327 0.5 0.011 0.13 - -

Inpatient hospital services(16)(6)

  0.6   0.20 L-Jun. 2018 0.8

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  0.6   0.32 S-Oct. 2018 0.1

Nursing homes and adult day services(16)

0.193 0.2 0.000 0.12 - -

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.088 -0.1 0.000 0.12 S-May 2018 -0.5

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.081 1.3 0.014 0.08 S-Oct. 2018 1.1

Transportation services

5.990 -0.2 -0.011 0.13 L-Oct. 2018 0.1

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

0.647 1.0 0.006 0.39 L-Jun. 2018 1.6

Car and truck rental(5)

0.119 -0.1 0.000 1.78 S-Aug. 2018 -1.7

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.126 -0.1 -0.002 0.15 S-Mar. 2018 -0.1

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.056 0.1 0.000 0.11 L-Oct. 2018 0.7

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.633 0.2 0.001 0.24 S-Oct. 2018 0.2

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.373 -0.7 -0.003 0.14 S-Mar. 2018 -0.7

Motor vehicle insurance

2.409 -0.2 -0.004 0.17 L-Oct. 2018 0.5

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.542 -0.2 -0.001 0.12 S-Jun. 2018 -0.3

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.280 0.0 0.000 0.04 S-Sep. 2018 -0.1

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.245 -0.4 -0.001 0.22 S-Jun. 2018 -0.7

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.16 S-Jul. 2018 -0.2

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

           

Public transportation

1.147 -0.9 -0.010 0.36 L-Oct. 2018 -0.1

Airline fares

0.699 -1.5 -0.010 0.58 L-Oct. 2018 0.0

Other intercity transportation

0.164 0.0 0.000 0.56 L-Sep. 2018 0.1

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

  7.9   0.98 L-EVER -

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  -0.8   0.82 S-Aug. 2018 -0.8

Intracity transportation(4)

0.277 0.3 0.001 0.19 L-Aug. 2018 0.3

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  0.0   0.15 - -

Recreation services(11)

3.868 0.3 0.013 0.16 S-Oct. 2018 0.0

Video and audio services(11)

1.589 0.4 0.006 0.15 L-Sep. 2018 0.9

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.501 0.6 0.009 0.14 L-Sep. 2018 0.8

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.088 -3.0 -0.003 1.26 S-Nov. 2017 -3.9

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -4.7   2.01 S-Nov. 2017 -7.6

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.14 L-Oct. 2018 0.4

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.414 0.3 0.001 0.11 L-Oct. 2018 0.5

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.10 - -

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.3   0.13 L-Oct. 2018 0.6

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.039 0.1 0.000 0.43 S-Oct. 2018 -0.4

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

           

Photo processing(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.65 S-Oct. 2018 -1.4

Other recreation services(5)

1.824 0.3 0.006 0.29 S-Oct. 2018 0.1

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.680 -0.4 -0.003 0.22 S-Apr. 2018 -0.6

Admissions

0.648 1.6 0.011 0.58 L-Jun. 2018 1.8

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.46 L-Jun. 2018 1.0

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  4.9   1.79 L-Jan. 2017 5.5

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.220 -0.7 -0.002 0.34 S-Mar. 2013 -0.9

Education and communication services(11)

6.042 0.1 0.004 0.07 L-Sep. 2018 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.914 0.2 0.006 0.05 S-Oct. 2018 0.2

College tuition and fees

1.622 0.2 0.003 0.06 S-Sep. 2018 0.1

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.337 0.2 0.001 0.08 L-Sep. 2018 0.4

Child care and nursery school(12)

0.803 0.4 0.003 0.09 L-Aug. 2018 0.7

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.032 0.0 0.000 0.11 S-Sep. 2018 -0.3

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.108 0.0 0.000 0.02 S-Feb. 2018 -0.6

Postage

0.094 0.2 0.000 0.00 - -

Delivery services(5)

0.014 -1.5 0.000 0.32 S-Jan. 2016 -2.7

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.229 -0.1 -0.002 0.12 L-Sep. 2018 0.1

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.660 -0.2 -0.004 0.10 L-Oct. 2018 0.1

Land-line telephone services(4)(11)

0.569 0.2 0.001 0.21 S-Oct. 2018 -1.1

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.783 0.1 0.001 0.29 S-Oct. 2018 -0.4

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.649 0.2 0.003 0.11 S-Sep. 2018 0.1

Personal care services(4)

0.628 0.4 0.003 0.13 L-Oct. 2018 0.6

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.628 0.4 0.003 0.13 L-Oct. 2018 0.6

Miscellaneous personal services

1.020 0.1 0.001 0.11 S-Jun. 2018 -0.1

Legal services(4)(9)

0.310 0.0 0.000 0.07 S-Aug. 2018 0.0

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.128 0.0 0.000 0.09 S-Sep. 2018 0.0

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.240 0.2 0.001 0.16 L-Oct. 2018 0.6

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.029 0.8 0.000 0.21 S-Oct. 2018 0.4

Financial services(9)

0.241 0.0 0.000 0.32 S-Jun. 2018 -0.4

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.02 - -

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(5)(6)

  0.2   0.33 S-Sep. 2018 -0.1

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.745 -0.1 -0.106 0.03 S-Mar. 2018 -0.1

All items less shelter

66.922 -0.2 -0.152 0.03 S-Mar. 2018 -0.3

All items less food and shelter

53.666 -0.4 -0.201 0.04 S-Mar. 2018 -0.4

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.987 0.2 0.070 0.05 L-Oct. 2018 0.2

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.605 0.2 0.075 0.05 L-Sep. 2018 0.3

All items less medical care

91.355 -0.1 -0.082 0.03 S-Mar. 2018 -0.1

All items less energy

92.321 0.2 0.215 0.03 - -

Commodities

37.142 -0.7 -0.265 0.05 S-Feb. 2016 -0.9

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.154 0.1 0.022 0.09 L-Sep. 2018 0.1

Commodities less food

23.887 -1.3 -0.314 0.07 S-Feb. 2016 -1.5

Commodities less food and beverages

22.916 -1.4 -0.315 0.07 S-Feb. 2016 -1.6

Services

62.858 0.3 0.215 0.03 L-Oct. 2018 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(15)

30.154 0.4 0.107 0.05 L-Feb. 2018 0.5

Services less medical care services

55.926 0.3 0.166 0.04 L-Oct. 2018 0.3

Durables

9.897 0.1 0.009 0.08 S-Sep. 2018 -0.8

Nondurables

27.245 -1.1 -0.305 0.07 S-Feb. 2016 -1.1

Nondurables less food

13.990 -2.5 -0.352 0.11 S-Feb. 2016 -2.5

Nondurables less food and beverages

13.020 -2.7 -0.352 0.12 S-Feb. 2016 -2.7

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.962 -3.4 -0.345 0.09 S-Feb. 2016 -3.8

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.933 -3.1 -0.345 0.08 S-Feb. 2016 -3.4

Housing

41.925 0.4 0.158 0.04 L-Mar. 2014 0.4

Education and communication(5)

6.576 0.1 0.008 0.07 L-Sep. 2018 0.1

Education(5)

3.044 0.2 0.007 0.06 - -

Communication(5)

3.532 0.0 0.001 0.11 L-Sep. 2018 0.2

Information and information processing(5)

3.424 0.0 0.001 0.12 L-Sep. 2018 0.2

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.195 0.3 0.003 0.25 L-Sep. 2018 0.3

Recreation(5)

5.649 0.6 0.036 0.11 L-Apr. 2001 0.6

Video and audio(5)

1.815 0.2 0.004 0.15 L-Sep. 2018 0.6

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.015 0.4 0.004 0.16 L-Sep. 2018 0.4

Photography(5)

0.074 -0.7 -0.001 0.41 S-Jun. 2018 -2.5

Food and beverages

14.226 0.4 0.050 0.06 L-May 2014 0.5

Domestically produced farm food

6.049 0.4 0.022 0.11 - -

Other services

11.559 0.2 0.021 0.06 L-Sep. 2018 0.3

Apparel less footwear

2.391 0.0 0.001 0.45 L-Oct. 2018 0.2

Fuels and utilities

4.620 1.0 0.048 0.06 L-Oct. 2018 1.3

Household energy

3.524 1.3 0.045 0.08 L-Oct. 2018 1.7

Medical care

8.645 0.3 0.025 0.09 S-Oct. 2018 0.2

Transportation

16.725 -2.0 -0.330 0.06 S-Feb. 2016 -2.4

Private transportation

15.578 -2.0 -0.320 0.06 S-Feb. 2016 -2.5

New and used motor vehicles(5)

6.966 0.0 0.002 0.10 S-Sep. 2018 -1.1

Utilities and public transportation

9.302 0.5 0.044 0.07 L-Oct. 2018 0.5

Household furnishings and operations

4.226 0.3 0.015 0.16 L-Oct. 2018 0.3

Other goods and services

3.197 -0.1 -0.005 0.10 S-Jun. 2018 -0.1

Personal care(4)

2.538 -0.1 -0.002 0.13 S-Oct. 2018 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, December 2018, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Nov.
2018
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Dec. 2017-
Dec. 2018
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Dec. 2017-
Dec. 2018(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 1.9   0.07 S-Aug. 2017 1.9

Food

13.255 1.6 0.212 0.10 L-Jan. 2018 1.7

Food at home

7.244 0.6 0.044 0.16 L-Jan. 2018 1.0

Cereals and bakery products

0.955 1.7 0.016 0.30 L-Aug. 2012 1.8

Cereals and cereal products

0.305 0.2 0.001 0.62 L-Sep. 2018 0.6

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.038 -0.6 0.000 0.99 L-Sep. 2018 1.8

Breakfast cereal

0.148 -0.9 -0.001 0.85 L-Aug. 2017 -0.8

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.119 1.9 0.002 1.11 L-Sep. 2018 2.4

Rice(4)(5)

  3.2   1.35 L-Oct. 2013 5.3

Bakery products

0.650 2.4 0.015 0.37 L-Jun. 2013 2.5

Bread(4)

0.191 2.7 0.005 0.66 L-Aug. 2013 2.8

White bread(5)

  3.1   0.89 L-Jun. 2013 4.4

Bread other than white(5)

  2.7   0.89 L-Nov. 2015 3.0

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.093 1.5 0.001 1.07 S-May 2018 0.2

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.164 3.5 0.006 0.68 L-Sep. 2013 3.6

Cookies(5)

  2.6   1.14 S-Oct. 2018 1.2

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  4.7   1.11 L-Jan. 2016 4.7

Other bakery products

0.201 1.5 0.003 0.71 L-Sep. 2017 1.5

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  3.8   1.16 L-Nov. 2015 4.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  1.1   1.24 L-Sep. 2017 1.6

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  0.9   1.15 L-Jun. 2018 0.9

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.596 -0.4 -0.007 0.33 S-Jun. 2017 -0.9

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.504 -0.3 -0.005 0.32 S-Oct. 2018 -0.4

Meats

0.939 -0.9 -0.008 0.39 S-Oct. 2018 -1.2

Beef and veal

0.425 -0.6 -0.002 0.49 S-Jun. 2017 -0.8

Uncooked ground beef

0.170 -2.5 -0.004 0.81 S-May 2017 -3.3

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.059 1.7 0.001 1.39 L-Sep. 2018 3.0

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.158 0.0 0.000 0.91 S-Feb. 2018 -0.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.038 2.2 0.001 1.30 S-Aug. 2018 1.8

Pork

0.294 -1.4 -0.004 0.79 S-Oct. 2018 -3.5

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.131 -1.9 -0.003 1.01 - -

Bacon and related products(5)

  -0.5   1.31 L-Mar. 2018 0.0

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  -3.2   1.67 S-Nov. 2016 -3.4

Ham

0.053 -2.3 -0.001 1.82 S-Oct. 2018 -4.8

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  -2.6   2.30 S-Oct. 2018 -4.3

Pork chops

0.043 2.6 0.001 1.89 L-Oct. 2018 2.9

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.067 -2.4 -0.002 1.73 S-Oct. 2018 -3.1

Other meats

0.219 -0.7 -0.002 0.83 L-Jun. 2018 -0.5

Frankfurters(5)

  0.4   2.43 L-Jun. 2018 4.4

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  -0.9   0.83 L-May 2018 -0.6

Lamb and organ meats(5)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)

           

Poultry

0.313 -1.4 -0.005 0.72 S-Dec. 2016 -1.7

Chicken(4)

0.257 -0.8 -0.002 0.84 S-Feb. 2017 -1.0

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  -2.2   1.94 S-Sep. 2017 -2.6

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  0.2   0.99 L-Oct. 2018 0.9

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.056 -4.5 -0.003 1.44 S-Oct. 2018 -4.9

Fish and seafood

0.253 3.2 0.008 0.84 L-Aug. 2018 3.3

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.129 4.9 0.006 1.17 L-Feb. 2017 5.3

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.123 1.4 0.002 0.98 S-Jul. 2018 0.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  3.6   1.31 S-Sep. 2018 3.5

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  1.2   1.50 L-Apr. 2018 1.3

Eggs

0.092 -2.2 -0.002 1.47 S-Sep. 2017 -2.2

Dairy and related products

0.724 -0.1 -0.001 0.40 L-Sep. 2018 0.0

Milk(4)

0.201 -1.2 -0.003 0.70 S-Jul. 2018 -2.2

Fresh whole milk(5)

  -1.8   1.68 S-Jul. 2018 -2.8

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  -0.1   0.99 S-Oct. 2018 -0.3

Cheese and related products

0.236 -0.4 -0.001 0.68 L-Sep. 2018 0.4

Ice cream and related products

0.104 1.2 0.001 0.96 L-Oct. 2018 1.5

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.183 0.7 0.001 0.82 L-Aug. 2018 0.7

Fruits and vegetables

1.273 1.6 0.020 0.43 L-Feb. 2018 2.1

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.010 1.8 0.018 0.53 L-Feb. 2018 3.1

Fresh fruits

0.536 -0.7 -0.004 0.68 L-Sep. 2018 0.3

Apples

0.073 -0.3 0.000 1.75 L-Apr. 2018 1.0

Bananas

0.078 0.9 0.001 1.03 S-Aug. 2018 0.5

Citrus fruits(4)

0.158 5.0 0.007 1.42 L-Sep. 2018 5.4

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  3.6   2.18 L-Aug. 2018 3.7

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.227 -4.8 -0.012