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Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
CPI CPI Program Links

Consumer Price Index News Release


Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (ET) Thursday, January 11, 2024      USDL-24-0019
	
Technical information: (202) 691-7000  *  cpi_info@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov 

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX - DECEMBER 2023

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.3 percent in December on a
seasonally adjusted basis, after rising 0.1 percent in November, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased 3.4 percent before seasonal
adjustment.

The index for shelter continued to rise in December, contributing over half of the monthly all items
increase. The energy index rose 0.4 percent over the month as increases in the electricity index and 
the gasoline index more than offset a decrease in the natural gas index. The food index increased 0.2
percent in December, as it did in November. The index for food at home increased 0.1 percent over the
month and the index for food away from home rose 0.3 percent. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in December, the same monthly increase as
in November. Indexes which increased in December include shelter, motor vehicle insurance, and medical
care. The index for household furnishings and operations and the index for personal care were among
those that decreased over the month.

The all items index rose 3.4 percent for the 12 months ending December, a larger increase than the
3.1-percent increase for the 12 months ending November. The all items less food and energy index rose
3.9 percent over the last 12 months, after rising 4.0 percent over the 12 months ending November. The
energy index decreased 2.0 percent for the 12 months ending December, while the food index increased
2.7 percent over the last year. 

Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average

Seasonally adjusted changes from preceding month Un-
adjusted
12-mos.
ended
Dec. 2023
Jun.
2023
Jul.
2023
Aug.
2023
Sep.
2023
Oct.
2023
Nov.
2023
Dec.
2023

All items

0.2 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.3 3.4

Food

0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 2.7

Food at home

0.0 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 1.3

Food away from home(1)

0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 5.2

Energy

0.6 0.1 5.6 1.5 -2.5 -2.3 0.4 -2.0

Energy commodities

0.8 0.3 10.5 2.3 -4.9 -5.8 -0.1 -2.9

Gasoline (all types)

1.0 0.2 10.6 2.1 -5.0 -6.0 0.2 -1.9

Fuel oil(1)

-0.4 3.0 9.1 8.5 -0.8 -2.7 -5.5 -14.7

Energy services

0.4 -0.1 0.2 0.6 0.5 1.7 0.9 -1.1

Electricity

0.9 -0.7 0.2 1.3 0.3 1.4 1.3 3.3

Utility (piped) gas service

-1.7 2.0 0.1 -1.9 1.2 2.8 -0.4 -13.8

All items less food and energy

0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 3.9

Commodities less food and energy commodities

-0.1 -0.3 -0.1 -0.4 -0.1 -0.3 0.0 0.2

New vehicles

0.0 -0.1 0.3 0.3 -0.1 -0.1 0.3 1.0

Used cars and trucks

-0.5 -1.3 -1.2 -2.5 -0.8 1.6 0.5 -1.3

Apparel

0.3 0.0 0.2 -0.8 0.1 -1.3 0.1 1.0

Medical care commodities(1)

0.2 0.5 0.6 -0.3 0.4 0.5 -0.1 4.7

Services less energy services

0.3 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.4 5.3

Shelter

0.4 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.5 6.2

Transportation services

0.1 0.3 2.0 0.7 0.8 1.1 0.1 9.7

Medical care services

0.0 -0.4 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.7 -0.5

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.

Food

The food index rose 0.2 percent in December, as it did in November. The index for food at home
increased 0.1 percent over the month, also the same as in the previous month. Four of the six major
grocery store food group indexes increased over the month. The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs
rose 0.5 percent in December, led by an 8.9-percent increase in the index for eggs. The index for other
food at home rose 0.1 percent over the month, and the index for nonalcoholic beverages rose 0.2 percent.
The index for dairy and related products rose 0.3 percent in December.

The cereals and bakery products index declined 0.3 percent over the month with the breakfast cereal
index declining 2.4 percent, the largest decrease in that index since January 2007. The index for
fruits and vegetables decreased 0.1 percent in December.

The food away from home index rose 0.3 percent in December, after rising 0.4 percent in November. The
index for full service meals rose 0.3 percent and the index for limited service meals increased 0.4
percent over the month. 

The food at home index rose 1.3 percent over the last 12 months. The index for other food at home rose
2.8 percent over the 12 months ending in December. The indexes for cereals and bakery products and
nonalcoholic beverages both increased 2.6 percent, while the index for fruits and vegetables rose 0.3
percent. The dairy and related products index decreased 1.3 percent over the year, and the meats,
poultry, fish, and eggs index fell 0.1 percent. 

The index for food away from home rose 5.2 percent over the last year. The index for limited service
meals rose 5.9 percent over the last 12 months, and the index for full service meals rose 4.5 percent
over the same period. 

Energy

The energy index rose 0.4 percent in December, after decreasing 2.3 percent in November. The gasoline
index increased 0.2 percent in December, following a 6.0-percent decrease in the previous month. (Before
seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices fell 5.8 percent in December.) The index for electricity increased
1.3 percent over the month.

In contrast, the natural gas index fell 0.4 percent over the month, after rising 2.8 percent the
previous month. The fuel oil index decreased 5.5 percent in December.

The energy index fell 2.0 percent over the past 12 months. The gasoline index decreased 1.9 percent, the
natural gas index declined 13.8 percent, and the fuel oil index fell 14.7 percent over this 12-month
span. In contrast, the index for electricity rose 3.3 percent over the last year. 

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in December, as it did in November. The
shelter index increased 0.5 percent in December, after rising 0.4 percent the previous month, and was
the largest factor in the monthly increase in the index for all items less food and energy. The index
for owners' equivalent rent rose 0.5 percent over the month, while the index for rent increased 0.4
percent. The lodging away from home index also increased 0.4 percent in December. 

The motor vehicle insurance index increased 1.5 percent in December, after increasing 1.0 percent the
preceding month. The used cars and trucks index rose 0.5 percent over the month, after rising 1.6
percent in November. Among other indexes that rose in December were recreation, new vehicles, education,
and airline fares. 

The medical care index rose 0.6 percent in December, as it did in November. The index for hospital
services increased 0.5 percent over the month and the index for physicians' services increased 0.2
percent. The prescription drugs index fell 0.4 percent in December.

The index for household furnishings and operations fell 0.4 percent in December, the same decrease as
in November. The personal care index also decreased, falling 0.3 percent over the month.

The index for all items less food and energy rose 3.9 percent over the past 12 months. The shelter
index increased 6.2 percent over the last year, accounting for over two thirds of the total increase
in the all items less food and energy index. Other indexes with notable increases over the last year
include motor vehicle insurance (+20.3 percent), recreation (+2.7 percent), personal care (+5.0 percent),
and education (+2.4 percent).

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 3.4 percent over the last 12 months
to an index level of 306.746 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index decreased 0.1 percent prior to
seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) increased 3.3 percent over
the last 12 months to an index level of 300.728 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index decreased 0.2
percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 3.2 percent over the last
12 months. For the month, the index decreased 0.1 percent on a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please
note that the indexes for the past 10 to 12 months are subject to revision. 
_______________
The Consumer Price Index for January 2024 is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, February 13, 2024, at
8:30 a.m. (ET).


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
			Changes to Used Cars and Trucks Methodology

With the release of January 2024 data, the CPI program plans to update the mileage adjustment applied
to each sampled used vehicle in the used cars and trucks index. Historically, a single, stable mileage
amount estimated for a given make and model was applied to each sampled vehicle and was unchanged
throughout the year. The assigned mileage amount will now be replaced with a monthly average mileage
amount based on the age of the sampled used vehicle, and not the make and model. Each estimated price
for a sampled used vehicle will still be adjusted for depreciation.

In addition, seasonally adjusted indexes as well as calculated seasonal adjustment factors will take
the new methodology into account beginning in 2024. Revised seasonal factors are available at
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm.

Details on the current method are available on the Measuring Price Change in the CPI: Used cars and
trucks factsheet (www.bls.gov/cpi/factsheets/used-cars-and-trucks.htm). This factsheet will be updated
on February 13, 2024, with the release of January 2024 data once this change takes effect.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers for goods 
and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two population groups: all 
urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical workers. The all urban consumer group 
represents about 93 percent of the total U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures 
of almost all residents of urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self
-employed, the poor, the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners 
and clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people living 
in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces, and those 
in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation for all urban 
consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban 
Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U). 
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is based on 
the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that meet two requirements: 
more than one-half of the household's income must come from clerical or wage occupations, 
and at least one of the household's earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks 
during the previous 12 months. The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the 
total U.S. population and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, doctors' 
and dentists' services, drugs, and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day 
living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas across the country from about 
6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments (department stores, 
supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service 
establishments). All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are 
included in the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are obtained every month in 
all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected every month 
in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most 
goods and services are obtained by personal visit, telephone call, web, or app collection by 
the Bureau's trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are 
aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the 
appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. 
For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published by size of city, by region of 
the country, for cross-classifications of regions and population-size classes, and for 23 
selected local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices among 
cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period. 
For the C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are 
considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject 
to three subsequent quarterly revisions. 

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the CPI-U and 
the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base for the C-CPI-U is 
December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, 
is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price 
of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. 

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based 
upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS calculates 
and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-month percent change 
standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard error estimates can be used to 
construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated standard 
error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means 
that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using the same 
methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these 
estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail 
prices. For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 95 
percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would fall 
between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including information on how to use 
the estimates of standard error, see www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm. 

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes 
rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level 
of the index in relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following 
table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent changes:
 
                            Item A                  Item B                      Item C
Year I                      112.500                 225.000                     110.000
Year II                     121.500                 243.000                     128.000
Change in index points      9.000                   18.000                      18.000
Percent change              9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0   18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. 
Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS 
seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are 
used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The factors are available 
at www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2022.xlsx. For more 
information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal Adjustment at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the Timeline of Seasonal 
Adjustment Methodological Changes at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually 
preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and 
in about the same magnitude every year-such as price movements resulting from weather events, 
production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on 
changes that are not typical for the time of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest 
to consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used 
extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements and pension 
plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for 
seasonal variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation 
agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment (IASA) for some 
CPI series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal 
pattern of price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which the 
distortions caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior to 
calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately represent 
the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data. 

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 2009 
return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier 
data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal portion 
of the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to 
seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this "prior 
adjusted" data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in 
the data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2022, BLS adjusted 72 series using intervention 
analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, electricity, 
and vehicles. 

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject to 
revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI 
calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years 
of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final 
and not subject to revision. For January 2022, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted 
indexes for 2017 to 2021 were calculated and published. For series which are directly adjusted 
using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors for 2021 will 
be applied to data for 2022 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2022 indexes. Series which are 
indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal 
factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical 
criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its 
status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 81 
components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status from 
seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the 
aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes 
before that period will not be changed. For 2022, 22 of the 81 components of the U.S. city 
average all items index are seasonally adjusted.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information and 
Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov. 

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section at 
202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov. 

If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to access 
telecommunications relay services.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, December 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Nov.
2023
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Dec.
2022
Nov.
2023
Dec.
2023
Dec.
2022-
Dec.
2023
Nov.
2023-
Dec.
2023
Sep.
2023-
Oct.
2023
Oct.
2023-
Nov.
2023
Nov.
2023-
Dec.
2023

All items

100.000 296.797 307.051 306.746 3.4 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.3

Food

13.424 316.839 325.172 325.409 2.7 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2

Food at home

8.553 299.089 303.224 303.005 1.3 -0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

1.162 345.029 356.169 353.844 2.6 -0.7 0.2 0.5 -0.3

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.782 320.455 319.860 320.143 -0.1 0.1 0.7 -0.2 0.5

Dairy and related products

0.780 271.376 267.609 267.889 -1.3 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.468 349.134 350.736 350.250 0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.3 -0.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.030 210.324 215.604 215.872 2.6 0.1 -0.1 0.5 0.2

Other food at home

2.331 262.985 270.250 270.223 2.8 0.0 0.3 -0.1 0.1

Food away from home(1)

4.870 343.559 360.383 361.564 5.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

Energy

6.741 274.937 277.029 269.375 -2.0 -2.8 -2.5 -2.3 0.4

Energy commodities

3.473 297.625 306.419 288.953 -2.9 -5.7 -4.9 -5.8 -0.1

Fuel oil(1)

0.131 461.140 416.239 393.189 -14.7 -5.5 -0.8 -2.7 -5.5

Motor fuel

3.283 288.979 299.696 282.246 -2.3 -5.8 -4.9 -6.0 0.1

Gasoline (all types)

3.194 285.757 297.598 280.289 -1.9 -5.8 -5.0 -6.0 0.2

Energy services

3.267 263.825 259.944 260.877 -1.1 0.4 0.5 1.7 0.9

Electricity

2.522 260.548 267.545 269.170 3.3 0.6 0.3 1.4 1.3

Utility (piped) gas service

0.745 267.683 231.976 230.862 -13.8 -0.5 1.2 2.8 -0.4

All items less food and energy

79.836 300.113 311.606 311.907 3.9 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.781 164.304 165.367 164.590 0.2 -0.5 -0.1 -0.3 0.0

Apparel

2.464 124.587 128.093 125.794 1.0 -1.8 0.1 -1.3 0.1

New vehicles

4.222 176.463 178.700 178.269 1.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.3

Used cars and trucks

2.544 188.864 186.270 186.383 -1.3 0.1 -0.8 1.6 0.5

Medical care commodities(1)

1.475 391.809 410.847 410.365 4.7 -0.1 0.4 0.5 -0.1

Alcoholic beverages

0.837 280.755 287.731 287.873 2.5 0.0 0.2 -0.1 0.3

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.515 1,379.589 1,487.792 1,486.900 7.8 -0.1 1.9 1.1 -0.1

Services less energy services

59.055 384.906 404.143 405.338 5.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.4

Shelter

35.170 366.868 387.892 389.433 6.2 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5

Rent of primary residence

7.714 385.649 408.838 410.606 6.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

26.018 376.897 399.032 400.828 6.3 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5

Medical care services

6.374 602.395 597.016 599.464 -0.5 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.7

Physicians' services(1)

1.777 415.611 412.011 412.930 -0.6 0.2 -1.0 0.6 0.2

Hospital services(1)(3)

1.968 383.150 402.222 404.407 5.5 0.5 1.1 0.1 0.5

Transportation services

6.127 373.598 411.892 409.749 9.7 -0.5 0.8 1.1 0.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.145 366.960 393.924 392.897 7.1 -0.3 0.2 0.3 -0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.874 648.771 768.249 780.284 20.3 1.6 1.9 1.0 1.5

Airline fares

0.543 268.519 257.222 243.348 -9.4 -5.4 -0.9 -0.4 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, December 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Nov.
2023
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Dec.
2022-
Dec.
2023
Nov.
2023-
Dec.
2023
Sep.
2023-
Oct.
2023
Oct.
2023-
Nov.
2023
Nov.
2023-
Dec.
2023

All items

100.000 3.4 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.3

Food

13.424 2.7 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2

Food at home

8.553 1.3 -0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

1.162 2.6 -0.7 0.2 0.5 -0.3

Cereals and cereal products

0.359 0.4 -1.3 -0.3 0.4 -1.5

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.060 2.2 -1.4 0.9 1.4 0.0

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.146 0.3 -2.4 0.6 0.8 -2.4

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.153 -0.3 -0.1 -0.7 -0.7 -0.1

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  0.1 0.1 -0.9 0.4 0.1

Bakery products(1)

0.803 3.6 -0.4 0.3 0.2 -0.4

Bread(1)(2)

0.226 3.1 -0.3 1.0 -0.4 -0.3

White bread(1)(3)

  2.7 0.2 1.0 -1.4 0.2

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  3.6 -1.0 1.1 0.6 -1.0

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.121 4.1 -2.0 0.4 1.8 -1.4

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(1)

0.205 2.6 -0.2 -1.0 0.7 -0.2

Cookies(1)(3)

  2.7 0.1 -1.1 0.2 0.1

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  3.8 -0.4 -0.3 1.0 -0.4

Other bakery products

0.251 4.4 0.2 0.7 0.9 0.4

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  3.1 0.2 1.5 0.2 0.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  7.7 0.8 1.1 2.2 0.1

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  2.3 -0.9 0.7 0.6 0.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.782 -0.1 0.1 0.7 -0.2 0.5

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.670 2.3 -0.5 0.7 -0.4 0.0

Meats

1.044 3.6 -0.5 1.0 -0.4 0.2

Beef and veal

0.460 8.7 0.0 1.2 -0.3 0.2

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.164 6.7 -0.7 1.5 -1.5 -0.7

Uncooked beef roasts(2)

0.061 8.9 -2.1 4.1 1.7 -1.7

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.189 11.2 1.4 0.5 -1.2 2.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.045 5.6 -1.1 0.8 1.6 -1.1

Pork

0.331 0.1 -1.4 1.3 -1.0 0.3

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.142 -0.8 -1.2 1.3 -1.1 -0.2

Bacon and related products(3)

  1.6 -1.5 1.8 -2.1 0.3

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  -3.7 -0.5 0.1 0.5 -1.5

Ham

0.066 2.5 -2.4 0.5 -0.8 2.6

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  2.5 -2.5 0.5 -1.2 2.9

Pork chops(1)

0.045 -0.4 -0.9 3.5 -2.4 -0.9

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.079 -0.1 -1.2 1.5 -0.4 0.2

Other meats

0.253 -0.2 0.0 0.4 0.1 -0.1

Frankfurters(3)

  2.2 -0.1 2.0 0.7 0.3

Lunchmeats(1)(2)(3)

  0.3 0.2 1.3 0.0 0.2

Poultry(1)

0.346 1.2 -0.4 0.3 -0.9 -0.4

Chicken(1)(2)

0.276 0.7 0.1 0.3 -0.4 0.1

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  3.1 -0.4 0.2 1.4 -0.4

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  0.0 0.5 0.2 -1.1 0.5

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.070 3.3 -2.3 1.2 -0.1 -1.7

Fish and seafood

0.279 -1.4 -0.8 -0.1 0.4 -0.3

Fresh fish and seafood(1)(2)

0.134 -2.5 -1.0 0.0 -0.3 -1.0

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.145 -0.5 -0.6 -0.4 0.2 -0.1

Shelf stable fish and seafood(3)

  3.8 0.7 -1.0 1.8 1.1

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  -2.8 -1.9 -1.1 0.1 -0.9

Eggs(1)

0.113 -23.8 8.9 0.1 2.2 8.9

Dairy and related products

0.780 -1.3 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3

Milk(2)

0.192 -1.8 0.5 1.0 0.0 0.5

Fresh whole milk(3)

  -2.3 0.4 1.6 0.0 0.8

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  -1.4 0.6 0.7 0.0 0.4

Cheese and related products(1)

0.237 -3.3 -0.2 0.5 -0.7 -0.2

Ice cream and related products

0.121 2.8 1.1 -1.4 0.8 1.0

Other dairy and related products(2)

0.229 -0.8 -0.5 0.4 -0.2 -0.1

Fruits and vegetables

1.468 0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.3 -0.1

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.096 -0.5 -0.6 -0.3 1.0 -0.5

Fresh fruits

0.593 3.6 -0.6 0.5 1.6 0.3

Apples

0.075 -5.9 -0.1 -7.9 0.4 0.2

Bananas(1)

0.088 1.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.4 0.0

Citrus fruits(2)

0.179 5.4 -4.0 2.9 3.2 0.7

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  5.3 -5.4 3.1 3.1 0.7

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.251 6.4 1.3 3.4 0.4 1.6

Fresh vegetables

0.503 -4.8 -0.6 -1.3 0.3 -1.3

Potatoes

0.082 -2.8 -1.8 -2.7 4.6 -2.8

Lettuce

0.071 -16.7 -3.5 -1.1 -2.9 -4.0

Tomatoes

0.082 -7.2 1.2 -1.7 0.7 0.1

Other fresh vegetables

0.268 -1.0 0.0 -0.3 -0.4 0.0

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.372 2.7 1.3 1.0 -1.4 0.9

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.190 2.4 1.7 1.1 -0.8 1.4

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  2.4 1.5 0.1 -0.2 0.9

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  2.1 1.1 1.7 -1.0 0.6

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.108 3.9 0.4 0.4 -2.2 0.5

Frozen vegetables(3)

  6.1 0.4 0.0 -2.6 0.9

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.073 1.7 1.6 1.5 -1.5 0.2

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  -1.5 2.2 1.8 -2.3 2.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.030 2.6 0.1 -0.1 0.5 0.2

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.726 3.6 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.5

Carbonated drinks

0.304 2.9 0.5 0.9 1.5 0.6

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.009 19.1 1.4 2.0 -1.2 1.4

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.413 3.9 0.5 0.0 -0.1 0.2

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.304 0.3 -0.8 -0.6 0.5 -0.8

Coffee

0.193 -1.6 -1.4 -0.6 0.4 -1.1

Roasted coffee(3)

  -2.0 -1.1 -0.8 0.8 -1.0

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  -0.5 -1.7 -1.1 0.2 -1.7

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.111 3.7 0.2 -1.5 0.5 0.2

Other food at home

2.331 2.8 0.0 0.3 -0.1 0.1

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.306 5.2 0.2 -0.5 -0.1 0.2

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.041 6.9 0.3 1.6 -1.5 1.1

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.195 5.5 0.3 -0.7 0.6 0.3

Other sweets(2)

0.070 3.4 0.0 -0.4 0.4 0.3

Fats and oils

0.255 2.3 0.8 2.3 0.5 1.0

Butter and margarine(2)

0.081 -2.8 -0.3 2.1 3.4 0.1

Butter(3)

  -2.9 0.2 2.1 4.3 0.3

Margarine(1)(3)

  -1.8 0.3 0.5 -2.0 0.3

Salad dressing(2)

0.060 3.0 0.8 1.7 -0.9 0.1

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.114 5.8 1.5 2.3 -0.9 2.6

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  3.0 2.6 1.5 -2.1 2.6

Other foods

1.770 2.4 -0.2 0.1 -0.2 0.0

Soups

0.102 0.6 -0.1 0.1 1.2 -0.2

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.265 0.7 1.2 -0.7 -1.1 1.2

Snacks

0.372 2.0 -0.4 0.0 -1.0 0.2

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.357 4.1 -0.4 1.2 0.0 0.0

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  3.4 -1.6 1.7 0.2 -1.2

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  3.3 -0.1 1.9 0.5 -0.1

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  6.7 -0.1 0.7 0.9 0.3

Other condiments(3)

  2.1 0.2 0.1 -1.8 -0.4

Baby food and formula(1)(2)

0.040 7.3 -0.5 1.0 -0.4 -0.5

Other miscellaneous foods(2)

0.636 2.4 -0.4 0.0 0.2 -0.5

Prepared salads(3)(4)

  1.8 0.7 0.8 -1.6 0.3

Food away from home(1)

4.870 5.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.324 4.5 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.272 5.9 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4

Food at employee sites and schools(1)(2)

0.076 3.3 -0.1 0.2 0.4 -0.1

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  2.2 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.027 13.1 0.1 2.7 0.3 0.1

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.171 6.6 0.0 -0.9 0.3 0.0

Energy

6.741 -2.0 -2.8 -2.5 -2.3 0.4

Energy commodities

3.473 -2.9 -5.7 -4.9 -5.8 -0.1

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.190 -11.8 -3.6 -3.4 -2.2 -3.3

Fuel oil(1)

0.131 -14.7 -5.5 -0.8 -2.7 -5.5

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.059 -5.0 0.8 0.0 -0.3 -0.4

Motor fuel

3.283 -2.3 -5.8 -4.9 -6.0 0.1

Gasoline (all types)

3.194 -1.9 -5.8 -5.0 -6.0 0.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  -2.2 -5.9 -5.7 -7.0 0.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  -0.8 -5.2 -3.2 -5.6 0.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  -0.1 -5.0 -3.1 -4.8 0.1

Other motor fuels(1)(2)

0.090 -15.2 -6.1 -1.1 -4.2 -6.1

Energy services

3.267 -1.1 0.4 0.5 1.7 0.9

Electricity

2.522 3.3 0.6 0.3 1.4 1.3

Utility (piped) gas service

0.745 -13.8 -0.5 1.2 2.8 -0.4

All items less food and energy

79.836 3.9 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.781 0.2 -0.5 -0.1 -0.3 0.0

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

4.230 -0.9 -0.5 -0.2 -0.7 -0.4

Window and floor coverings and other linens(2)

0.291 -3.1 1.8 -1.5 -1.0 2.6

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.082 0.9 2.1 0.1 -1.6 2.1

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.075 5.6 0.1 1.2 0.3 0.1

Other linens(2)

0.133 -9.3 2.6 -4.3 -2.6 3.2

Furniture and bedding(1)

1.113 -4.3 -1.2 1.4 -1.1 -1.2

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.367 -1.7 -0.6 1.0 -1.0 -0.6

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.541 -6.0 -1.6 0.5 -1.0 -1.6

Other furniture(2)

0.199 -4.0 -1.4 4.3 -0.7 -1.7

Appliances(2)

0.265 -4.0 -0.4 -1.2 -1.0 -0.2

Major appliances(2)

0.093 -10.3 2.0 -2.0 -0.8 1.2

Laundry equipment(1)(3)

  -13.6 2.1 -5.0 -3.8 2.1

Other appliances(1)(2)

0.171 0.0 -1.7 -1.4 -1.8 -1.7

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.551 -1.1 -0.2 -1.1 -1.9 0.5

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.304 -1.0 -0.3 -0.9 -3.3 -0.3

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.129 1.8 -0.5 1.3 0.7 -1.3

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.038 -2.0 3.0 -1.1 -4.7 3.0

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.079 -5.5 -1.1 -2.0 -0.2 -1.2

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

1.050 0.9 -0.9 -1.1 -0.7 -0.4

Tools, hardware and supplies(2)

0.267 1.0 -0.2 -0.5 1.7 0.1

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.550 1.2 -1.4 -1.7 -1.8 -1.2

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.960 2.8 0.0 0.3 -0.5 0.0

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.326 3.8 0.0 0.1 -0.7 0.0

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.177 2.7 0.7 0.2 -0.5 0.7

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.457 2.1 -0.3 0.4 -0.4 -0.3

Apparel

2.464 1.0 -1.8 0.1 -1.3 0.1

Men's and boys' apparel

0.646 1.3 -2.1 0.5 -2.4 -0.4

Men's apparel

0.478 1.8 -2.0 0.6 -2.0 0.0

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.064 -6.0 -4.7 1.5 1.8 -1.2

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(1)

0.175 3.3 -1.6 -0.5 -2.8 -1.6

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.119 3.8 -1.4 0.7 -1.5 0.1

Men's pants and shorts

0.111 2.0 -1.9 0.9 -5.3 -0.4

Boys' apparel

0.167 0.2 -2.2 -0.2 -3.4 -1.6

Women's and girls' apparel

1.004 0.6 -2.4 -0.2 -1.2 0.3

Women's apparel

0.842 1.5 -2.1 -0.1 -0.9 0.9

Women's outerwear

0.047 2.7 -2.4 -5.9 -0.7 0.8

Women's dresses

0.093 0.5 -5.2 -3.1 0.7 -0.4

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.380 0.4 -2.7 1.1 -2.1 0.4

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.311 3.1 -0.4 0.3 -1.0 3.3

Girls' apparel

0.162 -4.3 -4.1 -0.8 -2.4 -3.1

Footwear

0.501 0.7 -1.8 -0.4 -0.5 -0.4

Men's footwear(1)

0.183 1.3 -2.0 0.8 0.3 -2.0

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.117 -2.0 -1.5 -0.7 -1.7 -0.8

Women's footwear

0.200 1.9 -1.8 -1.3 -0.3 -0.5

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.100 1.2 -1.0 0.4 -1.4 -0.1

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.213 2.2 1.7 1.2 -0.2 2.1

Watches(1)(6)

0.036 0.4 0.2 2.6 0.7 0.2

Jewelry(6)

0.177 2.5 2.0 1.1 0.0 2.6

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

7.473 0.0 -0.1 -0.4 0.5 0.3

New vehicles

4.222 1.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.3

New cars(3)

  0.4 -0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0

New trucks(3)(10)

  1.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.3

Used cars and trucks

2.544 -1.3 0.1 -0.8 1.6 0.5

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.467 -1.2 0.3 -0.3 0.1 0.3

Tires(1)

0.316 -1.1 1.2 -0.2 -1.0 1.2

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.151 -1.4 -1.5 -0.7 2.4 -1.5

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  -0.8 -2.5 -1.0 3.6 -2.5

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  -3.3 0.4 -0.5 1.3 0.4

Medical care commodities(1)

1.475 4.7 -0.1 0.4 0.5 -0.1

Medicinal drugs(1)(8)

1.361 4.8 -0.2 0.6 0.5 -0.2

Prescription drugs(1)

0.947 3.3 -0.4 0.8 0.5 -0.4

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.414 8.3 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.1

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.114 4.1 1.2 -1.7 0.5 1.2

Recreation commodities(8)

2.202 -1.2 -0.7 0.1 -0.6 -0.5

Video and audio products(8)

0.262 -6.5 -2.1 0.5 -1.9 -1.3

Televisions

0.125 -10.3 -1.5 0.7 -1.6 0.1

Other video equipment(2)

0.015 -2.8 -1.5 -0.6 -1.4 -0.4

Audio equipment(1)

0.053 -6.4 -4.9 0.6 -1.6 -4.9

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.059 0.2 -1.5 0.5 -3.0 -1.5

Pets and pet products(1)

0.663 3.1 0.5 0.0 -0.3 0.5

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  5.1 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  0.1 1.4 0.1 -0.5 1.4

Sporting goods(1)

0.728 -2.5 -1.2 0.4 -0.6 -1.2

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.419 -2.6 -1.3 0.5 -0.9 -1.3

Sports equipment(1)

0.301 -2.4 -0.9 0.3 -0.1 -0.9

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.022 6.4 -1.9 6.8 1.3 -0.1

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  6.4 -2.3 7.0 1.3 -0.4

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.111 0.4 -0.4 0.7 -0.3 -0.4

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.060 1.6 0.4 1.8 -0.3 0.4

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.051 -1.1 -1.5 -0.5 -0.3 -1.5

Other recreational goods(2)

0.416 -2.8 -0.7 -0.8 -0.5 -0.5

Toys

0.328 -4.5 -0.9 -0.9 -0.4 -0.7

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -4.5 -0.3 -1.0 -0.2 -0.6

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.024 10.6 3.2 -1.4 -0.9 3.2

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.052 3.9 -1.2 -0.1 -1.3 -1.2

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.838 -7.2 -0.2 -1.3 -2.6 -0.2

Educational books and supplies(1)

0.091 -3.6 1.5 -0.6 -1.5 1.5

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  -4.9 1.4 -0.3 -1.4 1.4

Information technology commodities(8)

0.747 -7.6 -0.4 -1.4 -2.7 -0.4

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(1)(4)

0.351 -3.6 -1.3 -0.8 -1.6 -1.3

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.021 -9.9 -2.8 -1.3 -1.8 -2.8

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.375 -10.9 0.6 -1.9 -3.7 0.6

Smartphones(1)(3)(12)

  -14.4 0.3 -2.1 -3.7 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

0.837 2.5 0.0 0.2 -0.1 0.3

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.502 1.2 -0.1 0.2 -0.4 0.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.194 1.9 0.1 0.7 -0.7 0.3

Distilled spirits at home(1)

0.086 0.8 -0.5 -0.4 -0.1 -0.5

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  1.1 -0.8 -1.0 -0.1 -0.8

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  0.7 -0.2 0.0 0.1 -0.2

Wine at home(1)

0.223 0.7 -0.1 0.0 -0.7 -0.1

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.335 4.6 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  4.8 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  4.5 -0.1 -0.1 0.3 -0.1

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  5.2 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.4

Other goods(8)

1.263 4.6 -0.6 1.1 0.1 -0.6

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.515 7.8 -0.1 1.9 1.1 -0.1

Cigarettes(1)(2)

0.428 7.8 -0.3 1.9 1.1 -0.3

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.080 7.8 1.1 1.6 1.5 1.1

Personal care products(1)

0.605 3.3 -1.1 0.4 -0.6 -1.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.320 5.1 0.0 0.1 -0.3 0.0

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.273 1.2 -2.3 0.7 -0.9 -2.3

Miscellaneous personal goods(1)(2)

0.143 -0.9 -0.4 1.2 -0.6 -0.4

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  -0.1 0.3 3.5 -0.7 0.1

Services less energy services

59.055 5.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.4

Shelter

35.170 6.2 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5

Rent of shelter(13)

34.795 6.2 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.4

Rent of primary residence

7.714 6.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4

Lodging away from home(2)

1.063 0.2 -1.1 -2.5 -0.9 0.4

Housing at school, excluding board(13)

0.163 3.9 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.3

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.900 -0.5 -1.3 -2.9 -1.1 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(13)

26.018 6.3 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(13)

24.598 6.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.375 3.6 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.3

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.073 5.2 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.1

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.765 4.7 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.308 6.5 0.1 0.1 0.7 0.1

Household operations(1)(2)

           

Domestic services(1)(2)

           

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

      -0.1 0.9  

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.101 -3.4 -2.0 -3.1 0.0 -2.0

Repair of household items(1)(2)

           

Medical care services

6.374 -0.5 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.7

Professional services

3.529 1.4 0.3 -0.3 0.5 0.3

Physicians' services(1)

1.777 -0.6 0.2 -1.0 0.6 0.2

Dental services

0.925 5.0 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.8

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.312 2.4 -0.2 0.2 -0.2 -0.2

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.514 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Hospital and related services(1)

2.308 5.6 0.5 1.0 0.1 0.5

Hospital services(1)(14)

1.968 5.5 0.5 1.1 0.1 0.5

Inpatient hospital services(1)(3)(14)

  4.9 0.5 0.9 0.1 0.5

Outpatient hospital services(1)(3)(6)

  6.7 0.8 0.6 0.1 0.8

Nursing homes and adult day services(14)

0.189 4.9 0.0 0.6 0.3 0.2

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.151 6.7 0.4 0.5 -0.4 0.4

Health insurance(1)(5)

0.537 -27.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1

Transportation services

6.127 9.7 -0.5 0.8 1.1 0.1

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

           

Car and truck rental(2)

0.113 -12.1 -4.8 -1.5 -2.2 -0.7

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.145 7.1 -0.3 0.2 0.3 -0.3

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.057 4.1 1.0 -0.7 -0.1 1.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.587 5.0 -0.5 0.3 0.5 -0.5

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.442 10.3 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Motor vehicle insurance

2.874 20.3 1.6 1.9 1.0 1.5

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.488 2.7 0.6 0.7 -1.1 0.6

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.274 2.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.3

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.193 3.3 1.1 1.6 -2.6 1.1

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  3.9 -0.9 0.6 -0.7 -1.0

Public transportation

0.736 -6.9 -4.1 0.0 1.0 0.7

Airline fares

0.543 -9.4 -5.4 -0.9 -0.4 1.0

Other intercity transportation

0.047 -3.0 -2.2 -0.7 -1.8 -2.3

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  6.2 -0.6 -0.8 -1.6 -0.6

Intracity transportation(1)

0.142 1.5 0.4 0.2 -0.2 0.4

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  2.5 -0.3 0.4 0.0 -0.3

Recreation services(8)

3.125 5.6 1.1 0.1 0.1 1.1

Video and audio services(8)

0.994 5.3 0.6 -0.3 -0.2 0.7

Cable, satellite, and live streaming television service(10)

0.878 5.6 0.6 -0.3 -0.1 0.7

Purchase, subscription, and rental of video(1)(2)

0.116 3.1 0.4 -0.5 -0.8 0.4

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  9.6 0.8 -2.0 -2.2 0.8

Subscription and rental of video and video games(1)(2)(3)

  2.0 0.4 -0.1 1.1 0.4

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.552 7.6 0.9 0.6 -0.1 0.8

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  0.7 0.0 -0.4 -2.1 0.0

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  10.8 1.2 0.6 1.3 1.2

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.039 6.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1

Other recreation services(2)

1.537 5.2 1.6 0.2 0.3 1.6

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.663 2.9 1.5 -0.7 0.2 1.5

Admissions(1)

0.453 8.4 1.4 1.2 0.9 1.4

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  5.7 1.0 0.0 1.5 1.0

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  14.9 3.2 3.6 0.0 3.2

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.187 6.6 1.8 0.9 -0.4 1.8

Education and communication services(8)

4.805 1.3 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.157 2.7 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2

College tuition and fees

1.171 1.2 0.0 -0.2 0.0 0.2

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.312 4.9 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.3

Day care and preschool(9)

0.574 4.5 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.4

Technical and business school tuition and fees(1)(2)

0.026 2.0 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.1

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.072 0.7 -0.1 -0.9 -0.6 0.4

Postage

0.061 -0.1 0.0 -1.3 -0.9 0.6

Delivery services(2)

0.011 5.1 -1.0 1.0 1.0 -0.7

Telephone services(1)(2)

1.598 -1.9 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.356 -3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Residential telephone services(1)(8)

0.243 4.8 0.8 0.9 0.0 0.8

Internet services and electronic information providers(1)(2)

0.971 3.7 0.1 -0.1 0.2 0.1

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.474 6.4 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.1

Personal care services(1)

0.608 3.7 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.1

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.608 3.7 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.1

Miscellaneous personal services(1)

0.866 8.3 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1

Legal services(1)(6)

           

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.170 4.7 0.5 0.2 0.7 0.5

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.144 5.2 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.4

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.027 4.8 0.1 -0.7 0.6 0.1

Financial services(1)(6)

0.183 8.4 -0.2 0.3 -0.1 -0.2

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  4.5 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.8

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

        -0.1  

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 2019=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, December 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Nov.
2023
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Dec.
2022
Nov.
2023
Dec.
2023
Dec.
2022-
Dec.
2023
Nov.
2023-
Dec.
2023
Sep.
2023-
Oct.
2023
Oct.
2023-
Nov.
2023
Nov.
2023-
Dec.
2023

All items less food

86.576 293.722 304.249 303.866 3.5 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.3

All items less shelter

64.830 272.711 278.876 277.848 1.9 -0.4 -0.1 -0.1 0.2

All items less food and shelter

51.406 261.854 267.522 266.227 1.7 -0.5 -0.2 -0.2 0.2

All items less food, shelter, and energy

44.666 263.147 269.409 269.032 2.2 -0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

42.122 266.999 273.983 273.566 2.5 -0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

All items less medical care

92.151 284.562 295.225 294.829 3.6 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.3

All items less energy

93.259 301.705 312.732 313.024 3.8 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3

Commodities

37.678 218.607 222.008 220.324 0.8 -0.8 -0.4 -0.7 0.1

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

18.237 161.642 163.154 162.267 0.4 -0.5 0.0 -0.6 -0.1

Commodities less food

24.254 176.740 178.456 176.282 -0.3 -1.2 -0.8 -1.1 0.0

Commodities less food and beverages

23.417 173.135 174.724 172.516 -0.4 -1.3 -0.9 -1.2 0.0

Services

62.322 373.549 390.873 392.042 5.0 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.5

Services less rent of shelter(1)

27.528 391.440 404.184 404.884 3.4 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.6

Services less medical care services

55.948 356.168 375.071 376.145 5.6 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.4

Durables

12.121 125.624 124.570 124.061 -1.2 -0.4 -0.5 -0.4 -0.5

Nondurables

25.557 266.405 273.685 271.155 1.8 -0.9 -0.7 -0.9 0.3

Nondurables less food

12.133 224.406 230.793 226.113 0.8 -2.0 -1.4 -1.9 0.2

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.296 220.948 227.296 222.337 0.6 -2.2 -1.6 -2.0 0.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.832 285.747 294.004 287.273 0.5 -2.3 -2.0 -2.2 0.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.669 283.802 291.903 285.811 0.7 -2.1 -1.8 -2.0 0.2

Housing

44.837 310.725 324.735 325.640 4.8 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4

Education and communication(2)

5.643 144.922 144.743 144.806 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.3 0.1

Education(2)

2.248 287.177 293.674 294.040 2.4 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.3

Communication(2)

3.395 75.452 74.213 74.205 -1.7 0.0 -0.3 -0.6 0.0

Information and information processing(2)

3.323 71.091 69.887 69.882 -1.7 0.0 -0.3 -0.6 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.725 7.083 6.981 6.973 -1.6 -0.1 -0.7 -1.1 -0.1

Recreation(2)

5.327 133.172 136.292 136.811 2.7 0.4 0.1 -0.2 0.4

Video and audio(2)

1.256 112.507 115.469 115.495 2.7 0.0 -0.1 -0.6 0.2

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.216 209.069 218.164 219.648 5.1 0.7 0.3 -0.2 0.6

Photography(2)

0.063 82.174 87.842 87.336 6.3 -0.6 2.2 0.5 0.1

Food and beverages

14.261 314.459 322.703 322.933 2.7 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2

Domestically produced farm food

7.156 309.885 313.939 313.710 1.2 -0.1 0.3 -0.5 -0.1

Other services

9.404 395.485 407.515 409.266 3.5 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.5

Apparel less footwear

1.963 116.146 119.489 117.348 1.0 -1.8 0.2 -1.5 0.2

Fuels and utilities

4.531 307.348 306.379 306.768 -0.2 0.1 0.2 1.2 0.6

Household energy

3.457 261.904 256.961 257.327 -1.7 0.1 0.2 1.5 0.7

Medical care

7.849 551.002 551.769 553.485 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.6

Transportation

16.883 255.993 267.035 263.375 2.9 -1.4 -0.9 -0.6 0.2

Private transportation

16.147 254.846 266.755 263.427 3.4 -1.2 -1.0 -0.7 0.2

New and used motor vehicles(2)

7.889 125.674 126.890 125.975 0.2 -0.7 -0.4 0.9 -0.2

Utilities and public transportation

7.554 254.138 253.803 253.458 -0.3 -0.1 0.3 0.7 0.4

Household furnishings and operations

5.136 145.972 147.190 146.600 0.4 -0.4 -0.1 -0.4 -0.4

Other goods and services

2.737 518.088 547.960 546.784 5.5 -0.2 0.6 0.2 -0.2

Personal care

2.222 263.813 277.785 277.089 5.0 -0.3 0.4 0.0 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, December 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Dec. 2023 from: Percent change to Nov. 2023 from:
Dec.
2022
Oct.
2023
Nov.
2023
Nov.
2022
Sep.
2023
Oct.
2023

U.S. city average

M

3.4 -0.3 -0.1 3.1 -0.2 -0.2

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

2.6 0.0 0.0 2.5 0.0 0.0

Northeast - Size Class A

M

3.1 0.0 0.1 3.0 -0.1 -0.1

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.9 -0.1 -0.2 2.0 0.1 0.1

New England(4)

M

2.3 0.2 -0.1 2.0 0.5 0.4

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

2.7 -0.1 0.0 2.8 -0.2 -0.1

Midwest

M

3.2 -0.4 -0.2 2.9 -0.3 -0.2

Midwest - Size Class A

M

3.3 -0.3 -0.1 2.9 -0.3 -0.3

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.1 -0.4 -0.3 2.9 -0.2 -0.1

East North Central(4)

M

3.1 -0.2 -0.1 2.6 -0.2 -0.1

West North Central(4)

M

3.3 -0.7 -0.4 3.6 -0.4 -0.3

South

M

3.7 -0.2 -0.1 3.4 -0.2 -0.2

South - Size Class A

M

4.2 0.1 0.0 3.9 -0.1 0.0

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.4 -0.4 -0.1 3.2 -0.3 -0.2

South Atlantic(4)

M

3.7 -0.2 0.0 3.4 -0.2 -0.1

East South Central(4)

M

3.7 -0.6 -0.3 4.0 -0.4 -0.3

West South Central(4)

M

3.6 -0.1 0.0 3.2 -0.2 -0.1

West

M

3.6 -0.5 -0.1 3.3 -0.4 -0.4

West - Size Class A

M

3.7 -0.5 -0.1 3.4 -0.3 -0.4

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.5 -0.6 -0.2 3.1 -0.4 -0.5

Mountain(4)

M

3.0 -0.6 -0.1 2.9 -0.5 -0.6

Pacific(4)

M

3.8 -0.5 -0.1 3.5 -0.3 -0.4

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

3.6 -0.2 0.0 3.4 -0.2 -0.2

Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.1 -0.4 -0.2 3.0 -0.3 -0.2

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

3.3 -0.5 0.0 2.5 -0.2 -0.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

3.5 -0.3 0.0 2.8 -0.5 -0.4

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

2.9 -0.2 0.1 3.0 -0.3 -0.2

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

3.6 -0.1        

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

2.1 -0.3        

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

4.5 0.0        

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

4.5 -0.1        

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

5.7 -0.2        

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

3.9 0.0        

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

2.7 -0.9        

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

2.6 -0.4        

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

4.4 -0.3        

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

2.8 -0.2        

Urban Alaska

2

1.8 -1.1        

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

      2.4 0.4  

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

      5.2 0.9  

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

      4.5 -0.3  

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

      2.8 -0.4  

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

      4.3 0.0  

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

      5.2 -0.2  

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

      5.2 -0.4  

Urban Hawaii

1

      3.6 0.8  

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

      2.8 -0.3  

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, December 2023 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

December 2017

    1.7 2.1

December 2018

    1.5 1.9

December 2019

    1.8 2.3

December 2020

    1.5 1.4

January 2021

0.5 0.4 1.6 1.4

February 2021

0.5 0.5 1.8 1.7

March 2021

0.6 0.7 2.6 2.6

April 2021

0.8 0.8 4.0 4.2

May 2021

0.7 0.8 4.9 5.0

June 2021

0.8 0.9 5.1 5.4

July 2021

0.5 0.5 5.0 5.4

August 2021

0.1 0.2 4.8 5.3

September 2021

0.3 0.3 5.0 5.4

October 2021

0.7 0.8 5.8 6.2

November 2021

0.4 0.5 6.4 6.8

December 2021

0.2 0.3 6.5 7.0

January 2022

0.8 0.8 6.8 7.5

February 2022

0.9 0.9 7.3 7.9

March 2022

1.4 1.3 8.1 8.5

April 2022

0.6 0.6 7.9 8.3

May 2022

1.1 1.1 8.3 8.6

June 2022

1.2 1.4 8.7 9.1

July 2022

0.0 0.0 8.1 8.5

August 2022

-0.1 0.0 7.9 8.3

September 2022

0.3 0.2 7.9 8.2

October 2022

0.5 0.4 7.6 7.7

November 2022

-0.1 -0.1 7.0 7.1

December 2022

-0.3 -0.3 6.4 6.5

January 2023

0.8 0.8 6.4 6.4

February 2023

0.6 0.6 6.0 6.0

March 2023

0.3 0.3 4.9 5.0

April 2023

0.5 0.5 4.8 4.9

May 2023

0.2 0.3 3.9 4.0

June 2023

0.3 0.3 3.0 3.0

July 2023

0.2 0.2 3.2 3.2

August 2023

0.4 0.4 3.7 3.7

September 2023

0.2 0.2 3.7 3.7

October 2023

0.0 0.0 3.1 3.2

November 2023

-0.2 -0.2 3.0 3.1

December 2023

-0.1 -0.1 3.2 3.4

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, December 2023, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Nov.
2023
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Nov. 2023-
Dec. 2023
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Nov. 2023-
Dec. 2023(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.3   0.04 L-Sep. 2023 0.4

Food

13.424 0.2 0.028 0.09 - -

Food at home

8.553 0.1 0.012 0.13 - -

Cereals and bakery products

1.162 -0.3 -0.003 0.28 S-Sep. 2023 -0.4

Cereals and cereal products

0.359 -1.5 -0.005 0.45 S-Oct. 2018 -1.8

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.060 0.0 0.000 0.99 S-Aug. 2023 -0.9

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.146 -2.4 -0.004 0.86 S-Jan. 2007 -2.4

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.153 -0.1 0.000 0.59 L-Sep. 2023 0.5

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.80 S-Oct. 2023 -0.9

Bakery products(4)

0.803 -0.4 -0.003 0.37 S-Jan. 2021 -0.4

Bread(4)(5)

0.226 -0.3 -0.001 0.56 L-Oct. 2023 1.0

White bread(4)(6)

  0.2   0.85 L-Oct. 2023 1.0

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  -1.0   0.78 S-Aug. 2023 -1.2

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.121 -1.4 -0.002 0.87 S-Aug. 2021 -1.7

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(4)

0.205 -0.2 0.000 0.66 S-Oct. 2023 -1.0

Cookies(4)(6)

  0.1   0.89 S-Oct. 2023 -1.1

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  -0.4   1.29 S-Sep. 2023 -1.0

Other bakery products

0.251 0.4 0.001 0.79 S-Sep. 2023 -0.4

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  0.2   0.99 - -

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  0.1   1.05 S-Jul. 2023 -1.3

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  0.2   1.31 S-Sep. 2023 -2.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.782 0.5 0.010 0.27 L-Oct. 2023 0.7

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.670 0.0 0.000 0.28 L-Oct. 2023 0.7

Meats

1.044 0.2 0.002 0.34 L-Oct. 2023 1.0

Beef and veal

0.460 0.2 0.001 0.54 L-Oct. 2023 1.2

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.164 -0.7 -0.001 0.67 L-Oct. 2023 1.5

Uncooked beef roasts(5)

0.061 -1.7 -0.001 1.57 S-Jun. 2023 -2.9

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.189 2.4 0.005 0.83 L-Aug. 2023 2.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.045 -1.1 -0.001 0.91 S-Feb. 2023 -1.2

Pork

0.331 0.3 0.001 0.56 L-Oct. 2023 1.3

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.142 -0.2 0.000 0.80 L-Oct. 2023 1.3

Bacon and related products(6)

  0.3   0.98 L-Oct. 2023 1.8

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  -1.5   1.08 S-Apr. 2023 -1.8

Ham

0.066 2.6 0.002 1.28 L-Feb. 2023 3.3

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  2.9   1.75 L-Feb. 2023 3.9

Pork chops(4)

0.045 -0.9 0.000 1.25 L-Oct. 2023 3.5

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.079 0.2 0.000 1.18 L-Oct. 2023 1.5

Other meats

0.253 -0.1 0.000 0.54 S-Aug. 2023 -0.9

Frankfurters(6)

  0.3   1.63 S-Aug. 2023 -3.1

Lunchmeats(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.57 L-Oct. 2023 1.3

Poultry(4)

0.346 -0.4 -0.001 0.60 L-Oct. 2023 0.3

Chicken(4)(5)

0.276 0.1 0.000 0.71 L-Oct. 2023 0.3

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  -0.4   0.98 S-Sep. 2023 -1.1

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  0.5   0.87 L-Sep. 2023 0.6

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.070 -1.7 -0.001 1.16 S-May 2023 -2.0

Fish and seafood

0.279 -0.3 -0.001 0.62 S-Sep. 2023 -1.2

Fresh fish and seafood(4)(5)

0.134 -1.0 -0.001 0.84 S-Sep. 2023 -1.3

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.145 -0.1 0.000 0.89 S-Oct. 2023 -0.4

Shelf stable fish and seafood(6)

  1.1   1.31 S-Oct. 2023 -1.0

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  -0.9   1.04 S-Oct. 2023 -1.1

Eggs(4)

0.113 8.9 0.010 0.83 L-Dec. 2022 11.1

Dairy and related products

0.780 0.3 0.002 0.32 L-Oct. 2023 0.3

Milk(5)

0.192 0.5 0.001 0.47 L-Oct. 2023 1.0

Fresh whole milk(6)

  0.8   0.62 L-Oct. 2023 1.6

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  0.4   0.51 L-Oct. 2023 0.7

Cheese and related products(4)

0.237 -0.2 0.000 0.53 L-Oct. 2023 0.5

Ice cream and related products

0.121 1.0 0.001 0.86 L-Jul. 2023 1.5

Other dairy and related products(5)

0.229 -0.1 0.000 0.69 L-Oct. 2023 0.4

Fruits and vegetables

1.468 -0.1 -0.002 0.38 S-Aug. 2023 -0.2

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.096 -0.5 -0.005 0.46 S-Mar. 2023 -1.7

Fresh fruits

0.593 0.3 0.002 0.65 S-Sep. 2023 -0.1

Apples

0.075 0.2 0.000 1.14 S-Oct. 2023 -7.9

Bananas(4)

0.088 0.0 0.000 0.60 L-Aug. 2023 0.0

Citrus fruits(5)

0.179 0.7 0.001 1.19 S-Aug. 2023 -0.5

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  0.7   1.53 S-Aug. 2023 -0.4

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.251 1.6 0.004 1.15 L-Oct. 2023 3.4

Fresh vegetables

0.503 -1.3 -0.007 0.47 S-Oct. 2023 -1.3

Potatoes

0.082 -2.8 -0.003 0.97 S-Jan. 2023 -2.9

Lettuce

0.071 -4.0 -0.003 1.22 S-Mar. 2023 -5.7

Tomatoes

0.082 0.1 0.000 1.08 S-Oct. 2023 -1.7

Other fresh vegetables

0.268 0.0 0.000 0.65 L-Aug. 2023 0.0

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.372 0.9 0.004 0.45 L-Oct. 2023 1.0

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.190 1.4 0.003 0.73 L-Jul. 2023 1.5

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  0.9   0.82 L-Sep. 2023 2.9

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  0.6   0.83 L-Oct. 2023 1.7

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.108 0.5 0.001 0.72 L-Sep. 2023 0.6

Frozen vegetables(6)

  0.9   0.99 L-Jul. 2023 0.9

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.073 0.2 0.000 0.70 L-Oct. 2023 1.5

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  2.2   0.82 L-May 2023 2.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.030 0.2 0.002 0.40 S-Oct. 2023 -0.1

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.726 0.5 0.004 0.47 - -

Carbonated drinks

0.304 0.6 0.002 0.84 S-Sep. 2023 -1.1

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.009 1.4 0.000 0.97 L-Oct. 2023 2.0

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.413 0.2 0.001 0.56 L-May 2023 1.7

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.304 -0.8 -0.002 0.69 S-Aug. 2023 -0.9

Coffee

0.193 -1.1 -0.002 0.93 S-Apr. 2023 -1.4

Roasted coffee(6)

  -1.0   1.09 S-Aug. 2023 -1.1

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  -1.7   1.03 S-Mar. 2023 -2.4

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.111 0.2 0.000 0.76 S-Oct. 2023 -1.5

Other food at home

2.331 0.1 0.003 0.23 L-Oct. 2023 0.3

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.306 0.2 0.001 0.49 L-Sep. 2023 0.3

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.041 1.1 0.000 0.62 L-Oct. 2023 1.6

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.195 0.3 0.001 0.72 S-Oct. 2023 -0.7

Other sweets(5)

0.070 0.3 0.000 0.82 S-Oct. 2023 -0.4

Fats and oils

0.255 1.0 0.002 0.60 L-Oct. 2023 2.3

Butter and margarine(5)

0.081 0.1 0.000 1.08 S-Aug. 2023 -1.1

Butter(6)

  0.3   1.34 S-Aug. 2023 -1.8

Margarine(4)(6)

  0.3   1.88 L-Oct. 2023 0.5

Salad dressing(5)

0.060 0.1 0.000 1.21 L-Oct. 2023 1.7

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.114 2.6 0.003 0.86 L-Dec. 2022 3.3

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  2.6   0.92 L-Jul. 2022 3.5

Other foods

1.770 0.0 0.000 0.27 L-Oct. 2023 0.1

Soups

0.102 -0.2 0.000 1.22 S-Sep. 2023 -2.3

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.265 1.2 0.003 0.56 L-Mar. 2023 1.6

Snacks

0.372 0.2 0.001 0.62 L-Sep. 2023 1.5

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.357 0.0 0.000 0.48 - -

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  -1.2   0.91 S-Apr. 2023 -1.7

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   1.19 S-Sep. 2023 -0.3

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  0.3   0.76 S-Sep. 2023 0.0

Other condiments(6)

  -0.4   1.27 L-Oct. 2023 0.1

Baby food and formula(4)(5)

0.040 -0.5 0.000 1.03 S-Jun. 2023 -1.3

Other miscellaneous foods(5)

0.636 -0.5 -0.003 0.60 S-Apr. 2021 -0.5

Prepared salads(6)(7)

  0.3   1.16 L-Oct. 2023 0.8

Food away from home(4)

4.870 0.3 0.016 0.12 S-Aug. 2023 0.3

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.324 0.3 0.006 0.13 S-Oct. 2023 0.3

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.272 0.4 0.010 0.15 - -

Food at employee sites and schools(4)(5)

0.076 -0.1 0.000 1.84 S-Apr. 2023 -0.1

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(6)(8)

  -0.1   0.80 S-May 2023 -0.3

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.027 0.1 0.000 0.50 S-Jul. 2023 -0.3

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.171 0.0 0.000 0.14 S-Oct. 2023 -0.9

Energy

6.741 0.4 0.028 0.20 L-Sep. 2023 1.5

Energy commodities

3.473 -0.1 -0.002 0.17 L-Sep. 2023 2.3

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.190 -3.3 -0.006 1.27 S-Oct. 2023 -3.4

Fuel oil(4)

0.131 -5.5 -0.007 1.80 S-May 2023 -7.7

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.059 -0.4 0.000 0.66 S-Sep. 2023 -1.4

Motor fuel

3.283 0.1 0.004 0.17 L-Sep. 2023 2.2

Gasoline (all types)

3.194 0.2 0.006 0.17 L-Sep. 2023 2.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  0.2   0.73 L-Sep. 2023 1.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(6)(10)

  0.6   0.62 L-Sep. 2023 2.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  0.1   0.62 L-Sep. 2023 3.5

Other motor fuels(4)(5)

0.090 -6.1 -0.005 0.35 S-Dec. 2022 -8.5

Energy services

3.267 0.9 0.031 0.43 S-Oct. 2023 0.5

Electricity

2.522 1.3 0.033 0.40 S-Oct. 2023 0.3

Utility (piped) gas service

0.745 -0.4 -0.003 0.69 S-Sep. 2023 -1.9

All items less food and energy

79.836 0.3 0.246 0.04 - -

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.781 0.0 -0.001 0.07 L-May 2023 0.6

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

4.230 -0.4 -0.015 0.25 L-Oct. 2023 -0.2

Window and floor coverings and other linens(5)

0.291 2.6 0.008 1.13 L-Sep. 2021 2.9

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.082 2.1 0.002 1.09 L-Aug. 2022 3.6

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.075 0.1 0.000 2.27 S-Sep. 2023 -1.7

Other linens(5)

0.133 3.2 0.004 1.59 L-Sep. 2021 6.1

Furniture and bedding(4)

1.113 -1.2 -0.013 0.50 S-Sep. 2023 -1.2

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.367 -0.6 -0.002 0.71 L-Oct. 2023 1.0

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.541 -1.6 -0.008 0.80 S-Oct. 2022 -1.9

Other furniture(5)

0.199 -1.7 -0.003 1.00 S-Aug. 2023 -2.1

Appliances(5)

0.265 -0.2 -0.001 0.68 L-Aug. 2023 -0.2

Major appliances(5)

0.093 1.2 0.001 1.08 L-Mar. 2022 2.0

Laundry equipment(4)(6)

  2.1   1.29 L-Mar. 2023 2.6

Other appliances(4)(5)

0.171 -1.7 -0.003 0.78 L-Oct. 2023 -1.4

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.551 0.5 0.003 0.63 L-Sep. 2023 0.6

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.304 -0.3 -0.001 0.99 L-Sep. 2023 0.5

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.129 -1.3 -0.002 0.84 S-Jul. 2023 -1.8

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.038 3.0 0.001 1.37 L-Jan. 2023 3.3

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.079 -1.2 -0.001 0.80 S-Oct. 2023 -2.0

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

1.050 -0.4 -0.004 0.52 L-Sep. 2023 0.0

Tools, hardware and supplies(5)

0.267 0.1 0.000 0.59 S-Oct. 2023 -0.5

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.550 -1.2 -0.006 0.63 L-Sep. 2023 0.0

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.960 0.0 0.000 0.37 L-Oct. 2023 0.3

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.326 0.0 0.000 0.52 L-Oct. 2023 0.1

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.177 0.7 0.001 0.52 L-Apr. 2023 1.4

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.457 -0.3 -0.002 0.52 L-Oct. 2023 0.4

Apparel

2.464 0.1 0.002 0.34 L-Oct. 2023 0.1

Men's and boys' apparel

0.646 -0.4 -0.003 0.57 L-Oct. 2023 0.5

Men's apparel

0.478 0.0 0.000 0.64 L-Oct. 2023 0.6

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.064 -1.2 -0.001 1.73 S-Sep. 2023 -3.9

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.175 -1.6 -0.003 0.75 L-Oct. 2023 -0.5

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.119 0.1 0.000 1.19 L-Oct. 2023 0.7

Men's pants and shorts

0.111 -0.4 -0.001 1.37 L-Oct. 2023 0.9

Boys' apparel

0.167 -1.6 -0.003 1.09 L-Oct. 2023 -0.2

Women's and girls' apparel

1.004 0.3 0.003 0.63 L-Aug. 2023 0.7

Women's apparel

0.842 0.9 0.008 0.64 L-Aug. 2023 1.1

Women's outerwear

0.047 0.8 0.000 1.66 L-Aug. 2023 3.6

Women's dresses

0.093 -0.4 0.000 1.35 S-Oct. 2023 -3.1

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.380 0.4 0.001 1.02 L-Oct. 2023 1.1

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.311 3.3 0.010 0.94 L-Feb. 2009 4.6

Girls' apparel

0.162 -3.1 -0.005 1.48 S-Mar. 2021 -3.7

Footwear

0.501 -0.4 -0.002 0.43 L-Oct. 2023 -0.4

Men's footwear(4)

0.183 -2.0 -0.004 0.72 S-Dec. 2022 -2.4

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.117 -0.8 -0.001 0.98 L-Oct. 2023 -0.7

Women's footwear

0.200 -0.5 -0.001 0.63 S-Oct. 2023 -1.3

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.100 -0.1 0.000 1.35 L-Oct. 2023 0.4

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.213 2.1 0.005 1.24 L-Dec. 2021 2.2

Watches(4)(9)

0.036 0.2 0.000 0.76 S-Sep. 2023 -3.9

Jewelry(9)

0.177 2.6 0.005 1.66 L-Mar. 2022 2.8

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

7.473 0.3 0.024 0.03 S-Oct. 2023 -0.4

New vehicles

4.222 0.3 0.011 0.04 L-Sep. 2023 0.3

New cars(6)

  0.0   0.11 - -

New trucks(6)(13)

  0.3   0.07 L-Sep. 2023 0.3

Used cars and trucks

2.544 0.5 0.013 0.02 S-Oct. 2023 -0.8

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.467 0.3 0.001 0.37 L-Apr. 2023 0.6

Tires(4)

0.316 1.2 0.004 0.47 L-Aug. 2022 1.2

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.151 -1.5 -0.002 0.68 S-EVER -

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  -2.5   0.86 S-EVER -

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  0.4   0.65 S-Oct. 2023 -0.5

Medical care commodities(4)

1.475 -0.1 -0.002 0.21 S-Sep. 2023 -0.3

Medicinal drugs(4)(11)

1.361 -0.2 -0.003 0.22 S-Sep. 2023 -0.4

Prescription drugs(4)

0.947 -0.4 -0.003 0.16 S-Sep. 2023 -0.7

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.414 0.1 0.000 0.66 S-Oct. 2023 0.1

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.114 1.2 0.001 0.75 L-May 2023 2.3

Recreation commodities(11)

2.202 -0.5 -0.011 0.23 L-Oct. 2023 0.1

Video and audio products(11)

0.262 -1.3 -0.003 0.47 L-Oct. 2023 0.5

Televisions

0.125 0.1 0.000 0.66 L-Oct. 2023 0.7

Other video equipment(5)

0.015 -0.4 0.000 1.02 L-Sep. 2023 -0.4

Audio equipment(4)

0.053 -4.9 -0.003 0.92 S-Dec. 2017 -5.4

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.059 -1.5 -0.001 0.58 L-Oct. 2023 0.5

Pets and pet products(4)

0.663 0.5 0.003 0.40 L-Sep. 2023 0.6

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.50 S-Aug. 2023 -0.1

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  1.4   0.77 L-Oct. 2022 1.4

Sporting goods(4)

0.728 -1.2 -0.008 0.48 S-Dec. 2021 -1.2

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.419 -1.3 -0.006 0.67 S-May 2023 -1.3

Sports equipment(4)

0.301 -0.9 -0.003 0.57 S-Nov. 2022 -0.9

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.022 -0.1 0.000 0.84 S-Aug. 2023 -2.6

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.99 S-Aug. 2023 -2.8

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.111 -0.4 0.000 1.00 S-Aug. 2023 -0.9

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.060 0.4 0.000 1.45 L-Oct. 2023 1.8

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.051 -1.5 -0.001 1.00 S-Jun. 2023 -2.4

Other recreational goods(5)

0.416 -0.5 -0.002 0.57 - -

Toys

0.328 -0.7 -0.002 0.65 S-Oct. 2023 -0.9

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  -0.6   0.72 S-Oct. 2023 -1.0

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.024 3.2 0.001 1.24 L-Sep. 2023 3.5

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.052 -1.2 -0.001 0.45 L-Oct. 2023 -0.1

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.838 -0.2 -0.002 0.61 L-Sep. 2023 0.3

Educational books and supplies(4)

0.091 1.5 0.001 0.67 L-May 2022 2.2

College textbooks(4)(6)(14)

  1.4   0.95 L-May 2022 2.5

Information technology commodities(11)

0.747 -0.4 -0.003 0.69 L-Sep. 2023 0.3

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(4)(7)

0.351 -1.3 -0.005 0.91 L-Oct. 2023 -0.8

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.021 -2.8 -0.001 1.80 S-Sep. 2021 -3.5

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.375 0.6 0.002 0.96 L-Apr. 2023 1.1

Smartphones(4)(6)(15)

  0.3   1.18 L-May 2023 0.7

Alcoholic beverages

0.837 0.3 0.003 0.20 L-Sep. 2023 0.8

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.502 0.4 0.002 0.24 L-Sep. 2023 0.8

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.194 0.3 0.001 0.39 L-Oct. 2023 0.7

Distilled spirits at home(4)

0.086 -0.5 0.000 0.31 S-Mar. 2023 -0.9

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  -0.8   0.46 S-Oct. 2023 -1.0

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  -0.2   0.37 S-Aug. 2023 -0.5

Wine at home(4)

0.223 -0.1 0.000 0.40 L-Oct. 2023 0.0

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.335 0.2 0.001 0.25 L-Oct. 2023 0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.33 - -

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.41 S-Oct. 2023 -0.1

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.34 L-Sep. 2023 0.7

Other goods(11)

1.263 -0.6 -0.007 0.23 S-Dec. 2019 -0.8

Tobacco and smoking products(4)

0.515 -0.1 0.000 0.23 S-Dec. 2022 -0.1

Cigarettes(4)(5)

0.428 -0.3 -0.001 0.25 S-Apr. 2023 -0.3

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.080 1.1 0.001 0.57 S-Sep. 2023 -0.8

Personal care products(4)

0.605 -1.1 -0.007 0.35 S-Dec. 2019 -1.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.320 0.0 0.000 0.45 L-Oct. 2023 0.1

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.273 -2.3 -0.006 0.44 S-May 2001 -2.9

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)(5)

0.143 -0.4 -0.001 0.90 L-Oct. 2023 1.2

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  0.1   0.94 L-Oct. 2023 3.5

Services less energy services

59.055 0.4 0.257 0.05 S-Oct. 2023 0.3

Shelter

35.170 0.5 0.160 0.06 L-Sep. 2023 0.6

Rent of shelter(16)

34.795 0.4 0.147 0.06 S-Oct. 2023 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.714 0.4 0.032 0.05 S-Jul. 2023 0.4

Lodging away from home(5)

1.063 0.4 0.004 1.24 L-Sep. 2023 3.7

Housing at school, excluding board(16)

0.163 0.3 0.000 0.05 - -

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.900 0.4 0.004 1.42 L-Sep. 2023 4.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(16)

26.018 0.5 0.123 0.05 - -

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(16)

24.598 0.5 0.116 0.05 - -

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.375 0.3 0.001 0.14 S-Aug. 2023 0.3

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.073 0.1 0.001 0.12 S-Mar. 2022 0.1

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.765 0.1 0.001 0.13 S-Oct. 2022 0.0

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.308 0.1 0.000 0.16 S-Oct. 2023 0.1

Household operations(4)(5)

           

Domestic services(4)(5)

           

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

           

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.101 -2.0 -0.002 0.88 S-Oct. 2023 -3.1

Repair of household items(4)(5)

           

Medical care services

6.374 0.7 0.045 0.10 L-Sep. 2022 0.8

Professional services

3.529 0.3 0.011 0.15 S-Oct. 2023 -0.3

Physicians' services(4)

1.777 0.2 0.004 0.18 S-Oct. 2023 -1.0

Dental services

0.925 0.8 0.008 0.25 L-Aug. 2023 1.6

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.312 -0.2 -0.001 0.36 - -

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.514 0.0 0.000 0.21 - -

Hospital and related services(4)

2.308 0.5 0.011 0.13 L-Oct. 2023 1.0

Hospital services(4)(17)

1.968 0.5 0.011 0.15 L-Oct. 2023 1.1

Inpatient hospital services(4)(6)(17)

  0.5   0.28 L-Oct. 2023 0.9

Outpatient hospital services(4)(6)(9)

  0.8   0.28 L-Sep. 2023 1.2

Nursing homes and adult day services(17)

0.189 0.2 0.000 0.16 S-Sep. 2023 -0.8

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.151 0.4 0.001 0.24 L-Oct. 2023 0.5

Health insurance(4)(8)

0.537 1.1 0.006 0.10 - -

Transportation services

6.127 0.1 0.007 0.21 S-Jun. 2023 0.1

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

           

Car and truck rental(5)

0.113 -0.7 -0.001 1.18 L-Sep. 2023 0.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.145 -0.3 -0.003 0.40 S-Mar. 2022 -0.3

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.057 1.0 0.001 0.30 L-Oct. 2022 1.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.587 -0.5 -0.003 0.51 S-Mar. 2022 -1.0

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.442 -0.1 0.000 0.64 S-Feb. 2023 -0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.874 1.5 0.044 0.22 L-Oct. 2023 1.9

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.488 0.6 0.003 0.22 L-Oct. 2023 0.7

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.274 0.3 0.001 0.08 L-Jul. 2023 0.5

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.193 1.1 0.002 0.47 L-Oct. 2023 1.6

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  -1.0   0.52 S-Jun. 2020 -1.5

Public transportation

0.736 0.7 0.005 0.69 S-Oct. 2023 0.0

Airline fares

0.543 1.0 0.005 0.95 L-Aug. 2023 4.9

Other intercity transportation

0.047 -2.3 -0.001 0.65 S-Mar. 2020 -3.8

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  -0.6   0.90 L-Sep. 2023 0.0

Intracity transportation(4)

0.142 0.4 0.001 0.60 L-Sep. 2023 1.9

Intracity mass transit(4)(6)(11)

  -0.3   0.07 S-Sep. 2021 -0.3

Recreation services(11)

3.125 1.1 0.035 0.20 L-Feb. 2023 1.2

Video and audio services(11)

0.994 0.7 0.006 0.21 L-Mar. 2023 0.9

Cable, satellite, and live streaming television service(13)

0.878 0.7 0.006 0.18 L-Mar. 2023 1.2

Purchase, subscription, and rental of video(4)(5)

0.116 0.4 0.001 0.91 L-Sep. 2023 0.9

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   1.97 L-Sep. 2023 2.9

Subscription and rental of video and video games(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.49 S-Oct. 2023 -0.1

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.552 0.8 0.004 0.31 L-Apr. 2023 2.7

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.53 L-Aug. 2023 0.9

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  1.2   0.41 S-Oct. 2023 0.6

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.039 0.1 0.000 0.34 - -

Other recreation services(5)

1.537 1.6 0.024 0.29 L-Oct. 2021 1.6

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.663 1.5 0.010 0.18 L-Sep. 2020 2.6

Admissions(4)

0.453 1.4 0.006 0.69 L-Sep. 2023 3.0

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  1.0   0.54 S-Oct. 2023 0.0

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  3.2   2.96 L-Oct. 2023 3.6

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.187 1.8 0.003 0.38 L-Apr. 2023 5.0

Education and communication services(11)

4.805 0.2 0.008 0.06 L-Jul. 2023 0.3

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.157 0.2 0.005 0.06 L-Sep. 2023 0.3

College tuition and fees

1.171 0.2 0.002 0.07 L-Aug. 2023 0.2

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.312 0.3 0.001 0.09 L-Oct. 2023 0.4

Day care and preschool(12)

0.574 0.4 0.002 0.19 L-Sep. 2023 0.9

Technical and business school tuition and fees(4)(5)

0.026 0.1 0.000 0.14 S-Sep. 2023 -0.1

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.072 0.4 0.000 0.06 L-Sep. 2023 0.5

Postage

0.061 0.6 0.000 0.00 L-Jan. 2023 1.2

Delivery services(5)

0.011 -0.7 0.000 0.48 S-Jul. 2023 -0.7

Telephone services(4)(5)

1.598 0.1 0.002 0.06 L-Oct. 2023 0.1

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.356 0.0 0.000 0.04 - -

Residential telephone services(4)(11)

0.243 0.8 0.002 0.21 L-Oct. 2023 0.9

Internet services and electronic information providers(4)(5)

0.971 0.1 0.001 0.21 S-Oct. 2023 -0.1

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.474 0.1 0.002 0.18 S-Jul. 2023 -0.1

Personal care services(4)

0.608 0.1 0.001 0.34 S-Sep. 2023 0.0

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.608 0.1 0.001 0.34 S-Sep. 2023 0.0

Miscellaneous personal services(4)

0.866 0.1 0.001 0.20 S-Oct. 2023 0.1

Legal services(4)(9)

           

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.170 0.5 0.001 0.19 S-Oct. 2023 0.2

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.144 0.4 0.001 0.36 S-Oct. 2023 0.3

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.027 0.1 0.000 0.69 S-Oct. 2023 -0.7

Financial services(4)(9)

0.183 -0.2 0.000 0.59 S-Aug. 2023 -2.0

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.13 L-Sep. 2023 3.2

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

           

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.576 0.3 0.275 0.04 L-Sep. 2023 0.4

All items less shelter

64.830 0.2 0.143 0.05 L-Sep. 2023 0.3

All items less food and shelter

51.406 0.2 0.115 0.06 L-Sep. 2023 0.3

All items less food, shelter, and energy

44.666 0.2 0.086 0.05 - -

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

42.122 0.2 0.074 0.06 L-Oct. 2023 0.2

All items less medical care

92.151 0.3 0.260 0.04 L-Sep. 2023 0.4

All items less energy

93.259 0.3 0.275 0.04 - -

Commodities

37.678 0.1 0.026 0.06 L-Sep. 2023 0.1

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

18.237 -0.1 -0.013 0.09 L-Oct. 2023 0.0

Commodities less food

24.254 0.0 -0.003 0.08 L-Sep. 2023 0.0

Commodities less food and beverages

23.417 0.0 -0.005 0.09 L-Sep. 2023 0.0

Services

62.322 0.5 0.287 0.05 - -

Services less rent of shelter(16)

27.528 0.6 0.152 0.08 - -

Services less medical care services

55.948 0.4 0.223 0.06 S-Oct. 2023 0.4

Durables

12.121 -0.5 -0.060 0.08 S-Oct. 2023 -0.5

Nondurables

25.557 0.3 0.082 0.08 L-Sep. 2023 0.6

Nondurables less food

12.133 0.2 0.029 0.12 L-Sep. 2023 0.8

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.296 0.3 0.030 0.13 L-Sep. 2023 0.8

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.832 0.2 0.021 0.12 L-Sep. 2023 1.4

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.669 0.2 0.020 0.11 L-Sep. 2023 1.3

Housing

44.837 0.4 0.167 0.06 - -

Education and communication(5)

5.643 0.1 0.006 0.10 L-Sep. 2023 0.1

Education(5)

2.248 0.3 0.006 0.07 L-Sep. 2023 0.3

Communication(5)

3.395 0.0 0.000 0.17 L-Sep. 2023 0.0

Information and information processing(5)

3.323 0.0 0.000 0.17 L-Sep. 2023 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(18)

1.725 -0.1 -0.002 0.34 L-Sep. 2023 0.0

Recreation(5)

5.327 0.4 0.023 0.15 L-Sep. 2023 0.4

Video and audio(5)

1.256 0.2 0.003 0.20 L-Sep. 2023 0.2

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.216 0.6 0.008 0.26 L-Apr. 2023 1.8

Photography(5)

0.063 0.1 0.000 0.47 S-Aug. 2023 -0.3

Food and beverages

14.261 0.2 0.031 0.09 - -

Domestically produced farm food(4)

7.156 -0.1 -0.005 0.14 L-Oct. 2023 0.3

Other services

9.404 0.5 0.044 0.08 L-Apr. 2023 0.5

Apparel less footwear

1.963 0.2 0.004 0.41 L-Oct. 2023 0.2

Fuels and utilities

4.531 0.6 0.025 0.33 S-Oct. 2023 0.2

Household energy

3.457 0.7 0.024 0.42 S-Oct. 2023 0.2

Medical care

7.849 0.6 0.043 0.09 - -

Transportation

16.883 0.2 0.035 0.10 L-Sep. 2023 0.3

Private transportation

16.147 0.2 0.030 0.10 L-Sep. 2023 0.3

New and used motor vehicles(5)

7.889 -0.2 -0.019 0.11 S-Oct. 2023 -0.4

Utilities and public transportation

7.554 0.4 0.032 0.20 S-Oct. 2023 0.3

Household furnishings and operations

5.136 -0.4 -0.018 0.21 - -

Other goods and services

2.737 -0.2 -0.006 0.15 S-Aug. 2020 -0.2

Personal care(4)

2.222 -0.3 -0.006 0.17 S-Aug. 2020 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 2019=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(18) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, December 2023, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Nov.
2023
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Dec. 2022-
Dec. 2023
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Dec. 2022-
Dec. 2023(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 3.4   0.12 L-Sep. 2023 3.7

Food

13.424 2.7 0.366 0.19 S-Jun. 2021 2.4

Food at home

8.553 1.3 0.114 0.26 S-Jun. 2021 0.9

Cereals and bakery products

1.162 2.6 0.030 0.54 S-Aug. 2021 1.6

Cereals and cereal products

0.359 0.4 0.001 0.87 S-Jun. 2021 -0.9

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.060 2.2 0.001 2.29 S-Jul. 2021 0.8

Breakfast cereal

0.146 0.3 0.000 1.37 S-Jun. 2021 -0.3

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.153 -0.3 0.000 1.09 S-Aug. 2021 -0.7

Rice(4)(5)

  0.1   1.25 S-Sep. 2021 0.1

Bakery products

0.803 3.6 0.028 0.69 S-Oct. 2021 3.6

Bread(4)

0.226 3.1 0.007 1.07 S-Oct. 2021 2.3

White bread(5)

  2.7   1.29 S-Oct. 2021 1.3

Bread other than white(5)

  3.6   1.48 S-Oct. 2021 3.2

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.121 4.1 0.005 1.60 S-Sep. 2021 4.0

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.205 2.6 0.005 1.33 S-Jul. 2021 2.4

Cookies(5)

  2.7   1.61 S-Dec. 2021 2.1

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  3.8   2.40 - -

Other bakery products

0.251 4.4 0.011 1.36 L-Oct. 2023 4.4

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  3.1   2.06 S-Sep. 2023 1.5

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  7.7   1.86 L-Aug. 2023 7.8

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  2.3   1.78 L-Oct. 2023 2.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.782 -0.1 -0.002 0.47 S-Jul. 2023 -0.2

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.670 2.3 0.038 0.49 L-Oct. 2023 2.4

Meats

1.044 3.6 0.038 0.54 - -

Beef and veal

0.460 8.7 0.038 0.84 - -

Uncooked ground beef

0.164 6.7 0.011 1.09 S-Sep. 2023 5.8

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.061 8.9 0.005 2.36 S-Sep. 2023 6.0

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.189 11.2 0.020 1.39 L-Apr. 2022 11.8

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.045 5.6 0.002 1.90 S-Oct. 2023 4.1

Pork

0.331 0.1 0.000 1.08 L-Oct. 2023 0.3

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.142 -0.8 -0.001 1.30 L-Oct. 2023 -0.6

Bacon and related products(5)

  1.6   1.78 L-Oct. 2022 2.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  -3.7   1.96 S-May 2016 -5.0

Ham

0.066 2.5 0.002 2.56 L-Aug. 2023 3.7

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  2.5   2.65 L-Aug. 2023 3.8

Pork chops

0.045 -0.4 0.000 1.97 S-Jul. 2023 -2.4

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.079 -0.1 0.000 2.44 S-Oct. 2023 -0.6

Other meats

0.253 -0.2 0.000 1.03 S-Aug. 2021 -0.5

Frankfurters(5)

  2.2   3.05 S-Sep. 2023 1.9

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  0.3   1.25 L-Sep. 2023 2.4

Poultry

0.346 1.2 0.004 1.28 L-Jun. 2023 1.4

Chicken(4)

0.276 0.7 0.002 1.34 L-May 2023 0.9

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  3.1   2.82 S-Oct. 2023 2.3

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  0.0   1.75 L-Apr. 2023 2.8

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.070 3.3 0.002 2.65 S-Oct. 2021 1.7

Fish and seafood

0.279 -1.4 -0.004 1.00 L-Aug. 2023 0.1

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.134 -2.5 -0.004 1.48 - -

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.145 -0.5 -0.001 1.31 - -

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  3.8   1.98 S-Jun. 2023 0.2

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  -2.8   1.78 S-Feb. 2018 -3.5

Eggs

0.113 -23.8 -0.040 2.30 S-Dec. 2016 -33.8

Dairy and related products

0.780 -1.3 -0.011 0.63 L-Oct. 2023 -0.4

Milk(4)

0.192 -1.8 -0.004 1.05 L-Oct. 2023 -1.6

Fresh whole milk(5)

  -2.3   1.33 L-Oct. 2023 -2.2

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  -1.4   1.24 L-Oct. 2023 -0.9

Cheese and related products

0.237 -3.3 -0.008 0.90 S-Dec. 2015 -3.7

Ice cream and related products

0.121 2.8 0.003 1.67 L-Sep. 2023 4.5

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.229 -0.8 -0.002 1.16 S-Jun. 2021 -0.8

Fruits and vegetables

1.468 0.3 0.005 0.64 S-Mar. 2020 -1.9

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.096 -0.5 -0.005 0.78 S-Sep. 2023 -0.5

Fresh fruits

0.593 3.6 0.021 1.09 L-Nov. 2022 6.6

Apples

0.075 -5.9 -0.005 1.97 S-Aug. 2020 -7.3

Bananas

0.088 1.0 0.001 1.38 L-Oct. 2023 1.5

Citrus fruits(4)

0.179 5.4 0.009 2.19 L-Nov. 2022 9.5

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  5.3   2.24 L-Nov. 2022 12.4

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.251 6.4 0.016 1.87 L-Oct. 2022 6.6

Fresh vegetables

0.503 -4.8 -0.026 0.87 S-Feb. 2017 -7.2

Potatoes

0.082 -2.8 -0.002 1.49 S-Oct. 2023 -3.3

Lettuce

0.071 -16.7 -0.014 1.85 S-Jan. 2017 -16.8

Tomatoes

0.082 -7.2 -0.007 2.00