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Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
CPI CPI Program Links

Consumer Price Index News Release

 Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                       
 8:30 a.m. (ET) January 12, 2022                USDL-22-0018

 Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
 Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov 

 CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – DECEMBER 2021

 The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.5 percent 
 in December on a seasonally adjusted basis after rising 0.8 percent in November, 
 the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, 
 the all items index increased 7.0 percent before seasonal adjustment.
 
 Increases in the indexes for shelter and for used cars and trucks were the 
 largest contributors to the seasonally adjusted all items increase. The food 
 index also contributed, although it increased less than in recent months, 
 rising 0.5 percent in December. The energy index declined in December, ending 
 a long series of increases; it fell 0.4 percent as the indexes for gasoline 
 and natural gas both decreased. 

 The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.6 percent in December 
 following a 0.5-percent increase in November. This was the sixth time in 
 the last 9 months it has increased at least 0.5 percent. Along with the 
 indexes for shelter and for used cars and trucks, the indexes for household 
 furnishings and operations, apparel, new vehicles, and medical care all 
 increased in December. As in November, the indexes for motor vehicle insurance 
 and recreation were among the few to decline over the month.

 The all items index rose 7.0 percent for the 12 months ending December, the 
 largest 12-month increase since the period ending June 1982. The all items 
 less food and energy index rose 5.5 percent, the largest 12-month change 
 since the period ending February 1991. The energy index rose 29.3 percent 
 over the last year, and the food index increased 6.3 percent. 


 Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
 average

                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from
                                          preceding month
                                                                          Un-
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              June  July  Aug.  Sep.  Oct.  Nov.  Dec.   ended
                              2021  2021  2021  2021  2021  2021  2021   Dec.
                                                                         2021

 All items..................    .9    .5    .3    .4    .9    .8    .5      7.0
  Food......................    .8    .7    .4    .9    .9    .7    .5      6.3
   Food at home.............    .8    .7    .4   1.2   1.0    .8    .4      6.5
   Food away from home (1)..    .7    .8    .4    .5    .8    .6    .6      6.0
  Energy....................   1.5   1.6   2.0   1.3   4.8   3.5   -.4     29.3
   Energy commodities.......   2.6   2.3   2.7   1.3   6.2   5.9   -.6     48.9
    Gasoline (all types)....   2.5   2.4   2.8   1.2   6.1   6.1   -.5     49.6
    Fuel oil (1)............   2.9    .6  -2.1   3.9  12.3   3.5  -2.4     41.0
   Energy services..........    .2    .8   1.1   1.2   3.0    .3   -.1     10.4
    Electricity.............   -.3    .4   1.0    .8   1.8    .3    .3      6.3
    Utility (piped) gas
       service..............   1.7   2.2   1.6   2.7   6.6    .6  -1.2     24.1
  All items less food and
     energy.................    .9    .3    .1    .2    .6    .5    .6      5.5
   Commodities less food and
      energy commodities....   2.2    .5    .3    .2   1.0    .9   1.2     10.7
    New vehicles............   2.0   1.7   1.2   1.3   1.4   1.1   1.0     11.8
    Used cars and trucks....  10.5    .2  -1.5   -.7   2.5   2.5   3.5     37.3
    Apparel.................    .7    .0    .4  -1.1    .0   1.3   1.7      5.8
    Medical care
       commodities (1)......   -.4    .2   -.2    .3    .6    .1    .0       .4
   Services less energy
      services..............    .4    .3    .0    .2    .4    .4    .3      3.7
    Shelter.................    .5    .4    .2    .4    .5    .5    .4      4.1
    Transportation services    1.5  -1.1  -2.3   -.5    .4    .7   -.3      4.2
    Medical care services...    .0    .3    .3   -.1    .5    .3    .3      2.5

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.


 Food

 The food index increased 0.5 percent in December following larger increases in 
 each of the three previous months. The food at home index increased 0.4 percent 
 in December after rising 0.8 percent in November. Five of the six major grocery 
 store food group indexes increased in December. The index for fruits and 
 vegetables increased the most, rising 0.9 percent over the month as the index 
 for fresh fruits increased 1.8 percent. The index for nonalcoholic beverages rose 
 0.8 percent in December, and the index for dairy and related products increased 
 0.7 percent. The index for other food at home rose 0.6 percent, and the index 
 for cereals and bakery products increased 0.4 percent over the month.

 The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs declined in December, falling 0.4 
 percent after rising at least 0.7 percent in each of the last 7 months. The 
 indexes for beef (-2.0 percent) and pork (-0.8 percent) declined after recent 
 sharp increases. 

 The food away from home index rose 0.6 percent in December, the same increase 
 as in November. The index for full service meals rose 0.8 percent, and the 
 index for limited service meals advanced 0.6 percent over the month.

 The food at home index rose 6.5 percent over the last 12 months; this compares 
 to a 1.5-percent annual increase over the last 10 years. All of the six major 
 grocery store food group indexes increased over the period. By far the largest 
 increase was that of the index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs, which rose 
 12.5 percent over the year despite falling in December. The index for dairy 
 and related products increased 1.6 percent, the smallest increase among the 
 groups.  

 The index for food away from home rose 6.0 percent over the last year, the 
 largest increase since January 1982. The index for limited service meals rose 
 8.0 percent over the last 12 months, and the index for full service meals rose 
 6.6 percent. The index for food at employee sites and schools, in contrast, 
 declined 49.3 percent over the past 12 months, reflecting widespread free lunch 
 programs.

 Energy

 The energy index declined 0.4 percent in December; this followed a 3.5-percent 
 increase in November and was its first decrease since April 2021. The gasoline 
 index fell 0.5 percent in December after rising 6.1 percent in both November 
 and October. (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices fell 2.2 percent in 
 December.) The index for natural gas also declined in December, falling 1.2 
 percent after rising in each of the last 10 months. The electricity index, 
 in contrast, rose in December, increasing 0.3 percent, the same increase as 
 in November. 

 The energy index rose 29.3 percent over the past 12 months with all major 
 energy component indexes increasing. The gasoline index rose 49.6 percent 
 over the last year. The index for natural gas rose 24.1 percent over the 
 last 12 months, and the electricity index rose 6.3 percent.

 All items less food and energy

 The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.6 percent in December. The 
 shelter index increased 0.4 percent in December as the indexes for rent and 
 owners’ equivalent rent both rose 0.4 percent, the same increases as in November 
 and October. The index for used cars and trucks continued to rise, advancing 3.5 
 percent in December after increasing 2.5 percent in each of the prior 2 months.

 The index for household furnishings and operations rose 1.1 percent over the 
 month as the indexes for furniture and bedding and for housekeeping supplies 
 increased. The apparel index rose 1.7 percent over the month, its largest 
 increase since January 2021. The index for new vehicles continued to rise, 
 increasing 1.0 percent in December; this was its eighth consecutive monthly 
 increase of at least 1.0 percent. 

 The medical care index rose 0.3 percent in December. The index for hospital 
 services increased 0.2 percent and the index for prescription drugs rose 0.1 
 percent, while the index for physicians’ services was unchanged. Other indexes 
 that rose in December include airline fares (+2.7 percent), personal care (+0.5
 percent), tobacco (+0.7 percent), and education (+0.1 percent).

 In contrast to these increases, the motor vehicle insurance index fell 1.5 
 percent in December after declining 0.8 percent the prior month. The recreation 
 index fell 0.2 percent in December, the same decline as last month. The 
 communication index was unchanged over the month.

 The index for all items less food and energy rose 5.5 percent over the past 12 
 months, its largest 12-month increase since the period ending February 1991. 
 Major contributors to this increase include shelter (+4.1 percent) and used 
 cars and trucks (+37.3 percent). However, the increase is broad-based, with 
 virtually all component indexes showing increases over the past 12 months. 

 Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures
 
 The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 7.0 percent 
 over the last 12 months to an index level of 278.802 (1982-84=100). For the 
 month, the index increased 0.3 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) 
 increased 7.8 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 273.925 
 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index rose 0.3 percent prior to seasonal 
 adjustment.  

 The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 
 6.9 percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index increased 0.3 
 percent on a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for 
 the past 10 to 12 months are subject to revision. 

 _______________
 
 The Consumer Price Index for January 2022 is scheduled to be released on 
 Thursday, February 10, 2022 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on December 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

  Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended
  almost entirely since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit
  were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in December was affected by
  the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors
  resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.
  While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on
  smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally
  published were not published this month. 

  For each month from March 2020 to December 2021, BLS has published a summary of the impact of the 
  pandemic on the Consumer Price Index news release and data. The impact summary for December is 
  available at www.bls.gov/covid19/consumer-price-index-covid19-impacts-december-2021.htm. Beginning 
  with publication of January 2022 data in February 2022, this month-specific impact summary will be 
  discontinued. However, information related to the impact of the pandemic will continue to be 
  available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm. 
 
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Technical Note
 
 Brief Explanation of the CPI
 
 The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers for goods 
 and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two population groups: all 
 urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical workers. The all urban consumer group 
 represents about 93 percent of the total U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures 
 of almost all residents of urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-
 employed, the poor, the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners and 
 clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people living in 
 rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces, and those in 
 institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation for all urban 
 consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban 
 Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U). 
 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is based on 
 the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that meet two requirements: 
 more than one-half of the household's income must come from clerical or wage occupations, 
 and at least one of the household's earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks 
 during the previous 12 months. The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the 
 total U.S. population and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

 The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, doctors’ 
 and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day 
 living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas across the country from about 
 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments (department stores, 
 supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service 
 establishments). All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are 
 included in the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are obtained every month in 
 all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected every month 
 in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most 
 goods and services are obtained by personal visits or telephone calls by the Bureau’s 
 trained representatives.

 In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are 
 aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the 
 appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. 
 For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published by size of city, by region of 
 the country, for cross-classifications of regions and population-size classes, and for 23 
 selected local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices among 
 cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period. 
 For the C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are 
 considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject 
 to three subsequent quarterly revisions. 

 The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the CPI-U and 
 the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base for the C-CPI-U 
 is December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for 
 example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as 
 the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. 

 Sampling Error in the CPI

 The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based 
 upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS calculates 
 and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-month percent change 
 standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard error estimates can be used to 
 construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated standard 
 error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means 
 that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using the same 
 methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these 
 estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail 
 prices. For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 
 95 percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would fall 
 between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including information on how to use the 
 estimates of standard error, see https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm. 

 Calculating Index Changes

 Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes 
 rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level 
 of the index in relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following 
 table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent changes:
 
                                Item A                  Item B                      Item C
 Year I                         112.500                 225.000                     110.000
 Year II                        121.500                 243.000                     128.000
 Change in index points         9.000                   18.000                      18.000
 Percent change                 9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0   18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

 Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

 The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. 
 Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-
 SEATS seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new 
 factors are used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The factors 
 are available at www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2021.xlsx. 
 For more information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal 
 Adjustment at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the 
 Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes at 
 www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 

 For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are 
 usually preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the 
 same time and in about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting 
 from weather events, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This 
 allows data users to focus on changes that are not typical for the time of year. The 
 unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned about the prices they 
 actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used extensively for escalation purposes. Many 
 collective bargaining contract agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation 
 changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for seasonal variation. BLS advises 
 against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation agreements because seasonally 
 adjusted series are revised annually.

 Intervention Analysis

 The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some 
 CPI series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal 
 pattern of price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which 
 the distortions caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior 
 to calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately 
 represent the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data. 

 For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of 
 the 2009 return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining 
 this outlier data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the 
 seasonal portion of the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed 
 from the data prior to seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were 
 calculated based on this “prior adjusted” data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer 
 picture of the seasonal pattern in the data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal 
 factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

 For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2021, BLS adjusted 72 series using 
 intervention analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, 
 motor fuels, electricity, and vehicles. 

 Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

 Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject 
 to revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI 
 calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 
 years of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to 
 be final and not subject to revision. For January 2021, revised seasonal factors and 
 seasonally adjusted indexes for 2016 to 2020 were calculated and published. For series which 
 are directly adjusted using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the 
 seasonal factors for 2020 will be applied to data for 2021 to produce the seasonally adjusted 
 2021 indexes. Series which are indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted 
 component series have seasonal factors which are derived and are therefore not available in 
 advance.

 Determining Seasonal Status

 Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical 
 criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its 
 status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 
 81 components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status 
 from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used 
 in the aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted 
 indexes before that period will not be changed. Thirty-four of the 81 components of the U.S. 
 city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted for 2021.

 Contact Information

 For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information 
 and Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov. 

 For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit 
 www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section at 
 202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov. 

 Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon 
 request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.  







Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, December 2021 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Nov.
2021
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Dec.
2020
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Dec.
2020-
Dec.
2021
Nov.
2021-
Dec.
2021
Sep.
2021-
Oct.
2021
Oct.
2021-
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2021-
Dec.
2021

All items

100.000 260.474 277.948 278.802 7.0 0.3 0.9 0.8 0.5

Food

13.990 270.023 285.507 286.966 6.3 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.5

Food at home

7.722 251.253 266.384 267.555 6.5 0.4 1.0 0.8 0.4

Cereals and bakery products

0.978 283.735 295.909 297.279 4.8 0.5 1.0 0.8 0.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.840 264.475 299.228 297.604 12.5 -0.5 1.7 0.9 -0.4

Dairy and related products

0.746 231.740 233.157 235.442 1.6 1.0 0.2 0.2 0.7

Fruits and vegetables

1.305 306.506 318.436 321.931 5.0 1.1 0.1 1.0 0.9

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.909 177.539 185.119 186.723 5.2 0.9 0.8 0.2 0.8

Other food at home

1.942 218.534 229.643 230.809 5.6 0.5 1.2 1.0 0.6

Food away from home(1)

6.269 299.369 315.481 317.372 6.0 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.6

Energy

7.542 198.155 259.100 256.207 29.3 -1.1 4.8 3.5 -0.4

Energy commodities

4.304 198.997 302.635 296.391 48.9 -2.1 6.2 5.9 -0.6

Fuel oil(1)

0.114 231.044 333.899 325.879 41.0 -2.4 12.3 3.5 -2.4

Motor fuel

4.115 194.996 297.841 291.510 49.5 -2.1 6.1 6.1 -0.5

Gasoline (all types)

4.027 193.990 296.571 290.185 49.6 -2.2 6.1 6.1 -0.5

Energy services

3.238 206.758 227.874 228.199 10.4 0.1 3.0 0.3 -0.1

Electricity

2.412 214.375 227.588 227.974 6.3 0.2 1.8 0.3 0.3

Utility (piped) gas service

0.825 180.767 224.225 224.366 24.1 0.1 6.6 0.6 -1.2

All items less food and energy

78.468 269.226 282.754 283.908 5.5 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.6

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.768 145.317 159.426 160.850 10.7 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.2

Apparel

2.669 114.434 122.383 121.068 5.8 -1.1 0.0 1.3 1.7

New vehicles

3.884 149.091 164.511 166.653 11.8 1.3 1.4 1.1 1.0

Used cars and trucks

3.419 150.891 200.209 207.164 37.3 3.5 2.5 2.5 3.5

Medical care commodities(1)

1.487 377.921 379.483 379.611 0.4 0.0 0.6 0.1 0.0

Alcoholic beverages

0.993 259.397 264.957 265.410 2.3 0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.5

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.617 1,199.508 1,298.746 1,308.024 9.0 0.7 1.9 0.9 0.7

Services less energy services

57.700 346.808 358.722 359.559 3.7 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.3

Shelter

32.393 327.702 339.997 341.241 4.1 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4

Rent of primary residence

7.583 344.455 354.526 355.931 3.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

23.509 337.695 349.152 350.508 3.8 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

Medical care services

6.987 564.201 577.076 578.555 2.5 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.3

Physicians' services(1)

1.777 391.807 408.843 408.644 4.3 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0

Hospital services(3)

2.154 355.232 367.479 366.854 3.3 -0.2 0.5 -0.3 0.2

Transportation services

5.046 312.959 327.749 326.063 4.2 -0.5 0.4 0.7 -0.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.080 309.888 325.076 324.688 4.8 -0.1 1.5 0.0 -0.1

Motor vehicle insurance

1.560 545.376 568.239 567.875 4.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.8 -1.5

Airline fares

0.619 205.983 215.159 208.954 1.4 -2.9 -0.7 4.7 2.7

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, December 2021 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Nov.
2021
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Dec.
2020-
Dec.
2021
Nov.
2021-
Dec.
2021
Sep.
2021-
Oct.
2021
Oct.
2021-
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2021-
Dec.
2021

All items

100.000 7.0 0.3 0.9 0.8 0.5

Food

13.990 6.3 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.5

Food at home

7.722 6.5 0.4 1.0 0.8 0.4

Cereals and bakery products

0.978 4.8 0.5 1.0 0.8 0.4

Cereals and cereal products

0.299 4.8 1.2 1.6 1.3 0.8

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 6.6 0.7 2.0 1.8 0.4

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.139 6.0 1.4 3.3 0.7 1.4

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.118 2.8 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.3

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  1.9 0.8 0.0 1.5 0.8

Bakery products(1)

0.680 4.8 0.1 0.7 0.3 0.1

Bread(1)(2)

0.195 3.8 0.0 0.8 1.2 0.0

White bread(1)(3)

  3.0 -0.5 0.6 1.5 -0.5

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  4.6 0.6 1.1 0.9 0.6

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.100 4.7 -1.6 -0.1 1.3 -1.7

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(1)

0.172 3.8 0.7 -0.1 0.1 0.7

Cookies(1)(3)

  2.1 1.8 -0.6 -0.5 1.8

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  5.9 -0.9 0.7 0.5 -0.9

Other bakery products

0.213 6.5 0.6 1.7 0.9 0.7

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  2.9 -1.0 0.0 3.5 -1.0

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  11.0 3.0 -0.1 0.6 2.7

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(1)(3)

  4.9 -0.3 3.7 -1.1 -0.3

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.840 12.5 -0.5 1.7 0.9 -0.4

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.741 12.6 -0.8 1.9 1.2 -0.4

Meats

1.119 14.8 -1.4 2.5 1.4 -0.9

Beef and veal

0.536 18.6 -2.3 3.1 0.9 -2.0

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.187 13.0 -1.8 2.6 0.9 -1.8

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.087 22.1 -3.8 0.3 1.8 -3.8

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.211 21.4 -2.6 2.8 0.2 -2.6

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.051 23.2 0.1 1.5 2.5 0.1

Pork

0.355 15.1 -2.1 2.6 2.2 -0.8

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.146 16.3 -0.4 2.4 2.3 0.0

Bacon and related products(3)

  18.6 -1.1 2.0 1.7 -0.7

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  12.8 0.8 2.7 2.7 1.4

Ham

0.066 10.1 -3.8 -0.1 2.1 0.4

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  10.5 -4.0 -0.2 2.1 0.6

Pork chops(1)

0.055 12.5 -1.1 5.0 0.2 -1.1

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.087 18.9 -4.5 2.4 3.7 -3.3

Other meats

0.228 6.5 1.8 0.9 1.2 1.7

Frankfurters(3)

  -0.6 -1.4 -1.9 2.8 -1.5

Lunchmeats(1)(2)(3)

  6.9 2.7 1.6 1.0 2.7

Poultry(1)

0.341 9.5 0.1 0.8 0.8 0.1

Chicken(1)(2)

0.281 10.4 0.3 1.0 1.4 0.3

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  7.8 0.0 -0.5 1.3 0.0

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  11.5 0.4 1.5 1.5 0.4

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.060 5.6 -0.9 -0.1 1.1 -1.1

Fish and seafood

0.281 8.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.9

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.144 10.2 0.5 0.6 -0.3 0.3

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.137 6.6 0.6 0.5 1.8 1.2

Shelf stable fish and seafood(3)

  0.7 0.0 0.9 0.9 0.7

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  9.6 0.7 -1.4 3.1 1.7

Eggs

0.099 11.1 3.6 -0.1 -2.7 0.0

Dairy and related products

0.746 1.6 1.0 0.2 0.2 0.7

Milk(2)

0.209 4.2 1.9 0.0 0.9 1.3

Fresh whole milk(3)

  4.9 1.0 -0.3 1.5 0.6

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  4.1 2.0 -0.1 0.7 1.2

Cheese and related products(1)

0.248 -0.6 0.2 0.4 0.0 0.2

Ice cream and related products

0.104 1.6 1.6 1.7 -2.0 1.2

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.186 1.7 0.7 -0.1 -0.2 0.7

Fruits and vegetables

1.305 5.0 1.1 0.1 1.0 0.9

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.028 5.2 1.0 -0.3 1.1 0.8

Fresh fruits

0.538 7.9 1.0 -0.9 2.2 1.8

Apples

0.074 7.8 0.7 0.1 0.6 1.0

Bananas(1)

0.073 6.0 1.0 1.3 1.4 1.0

Citrus fruits(2)

0.139 9.7 1.2 -1.2 2.3 6.5

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  9.9 1.3 -1.3 2.4 8.9

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.253 7.5 1.1 -1.9 3.5 -1.1

Fresh vegetables

0.490 2.4 0.9 0.4 0.0 -0.3

Potatoes

0.070 4.8 4.8 -0.3 -2.5 4.9

Lettuce(1)

0.066 3.4 -0.2 1.5 6.9 -0.2

Tomatoes

0.079 1.6 -1.0 0.5 -1.2 -4.6

Other fresh vegetables

0.274 1.8 0.8 1.2 -0.4 0.0

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.277 4.4 1.5 1.5 0.6 1.2

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.145 4.3 0.9 2.4 0.5 0.2

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  2.9 3.4 2.4 -1.4 2.7

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  5.0 -0.5 3.3 1.0 -1.0

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.083 5.6 2.6 0.4 0.7 3.4

Frozen vegetables(3)

  3.2 2.0 1.0 0.4 3.0

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.049 3.0 1.4 -0.1 1.1 0.7

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  8.1 1.6 -1.2 3.1 1.6

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.909 5.2 0.9 0.8 0.2 0.8

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.652 5.7 1.2 0.6 0.1 1.2

Carbonated drinks

0.277 7.4 1.0 0.6 1.4 1.2

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.006 1.7 -0.3 2.0 -0.4 -0.3

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.369 4.5 1.4 0.7 -0.3 0.9

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.257 3.9 -0.1 1.2 0.2 -0.2

Coffee

0.168 6.3 0.3 1.7 1.1 0.0

Roasted coffee(3)

  6.9 0.4 2.1 0.9 0.3

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  3.0 0.5 -0.4 0.0 0.5

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.090 -0.3 -0.7 0.2 -1.4 -0.7

Other food at home

1.942 5.6 0.5 1.2 1.0 0.6

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.262 4.6 1.2 0.2 1.3 1.2

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.037 4.0 0.0 4.1 0.6 1.0

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.172 4.5 2.1 -0.1 1.5 2.1

Other sweets(2)

0.053 5.3 -1.1 -0.1 3.2 -0.6

Fats and oils

0.216 8.8 0.3 0.3 1.5 0.2

Butter and margarine(2)

0.060 3.1 0.8 1.1 -0.5 1.4

Butter(3)

  0.8 -1.2 2.0 -0.6 -0.2

Margarine(3)

  6.7 4.4 0.2 -0.7 3.8

Salad dressing(2)

0.051 8.0 1.2 -0.3 1.6 0.0

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.104 12.8 -0.4 0.3 2.3 0.1

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  3.8 0.3 3.3 0.9 0.3

Other foods

1.464 5.4 0.4 1.5 0.9 0.6

Soups

0.085 2.6 1.1 2.1 -0.1 0.2

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.256 5.6 0.2 0.7 1.6 0.1

Snacks(1)

0.337 5.6 -0.1 2.1 1.6 -0.1

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.286 5.3 -0.1 1.7 2.0 0.5

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  4.8 0.0 1.9 3.1 0.4

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  5.7 0.8 1.7 2.1 0.8

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  4.6 -0.2 1.6 1.0 0.1

Other condiments(3)

  8.1 0.4 3.0 2.7 1.1

Baby food(1)(2)

0.043 7.9 -0.1 2.6 0.4 -0.1

Other miscellaneous foods(2)

0.458 5.4 1.2 1.5 -0.1 0.4

Prepared salads(3)(4)

  6.1 0.4 -0.3 1.1 -0.8

Food away from home(1)

6.269 6.0 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.6

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

3.147 6.6 0.8 0.9 0.4 0.8

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.805 8.0 0.6 0.8 1.0 0.6

Food at employee sites and schools(1)(2)

0.067 -49.3 -7.9 1.8 -5.5 -7.9

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  -63.7 -12.4 -6.1 -8.3 -12.4

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.080 4.8 -1.5 0.0 0.2 -1.5

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.170 4.9 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.6

Energy

7.542 29.3 -1.1 4.8 3.5 -0.4

Energy commodities

4.304 48.9 -2.1 6.2 5.9 -0.6

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.189 38.0 -0.7 9.4 1.5 -3.4

Fuel oil(1)

0.114 41.0 -2.4 12.3 3.5 -2.4

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.075 33.8 1.8 6.2 0.1 0.6

Motor fuel

4.115 49.5 -2.1 6.1 6.1 -0.5

Gasoline (all types)

4.027 49.6 -2.2 6.1 6.1 -0.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  50.8 -2.3 6.5 5.9 -0.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  44.5 -1.5 5.6 5.9 0.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  41.9 -1.2 4.3 5.2 0.5

Other motor fuels(1)(2)

0.088 45.5 -0.9 5.3 4.0 -0.9

Energy services

3.238 10.4 0.1 3.0 0.3 -0.1

Electricity

2.412 6.3 0.2 1.8 0.3 0.3

Utility (piped) gas service

0.825 24.1 0.1 6.6 0.6 -1.2

All items less food and energy

78.468 5.5 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.6

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.768 10.7 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.2

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.766 7.4 1.1 0.8 0.7 1.3

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.275 8.7 0.4 -1.0 -1.9 0.4

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.063 6.8 -2.0 0.5 3.1 -2.0

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.061 12.9 0.8 1.8 -0.1 0.8

Other linens(1)(2)

0.151 7.9 1.3 -2.5 -4.6 1.3

Furniture and bedding(1)

0.986 13.8 2.0 0.3 0.6 2.0

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.339 10.4 0.7 1.3 0.0 0.7

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.484 17.3 3.1 -0.8 0.9 3.1

Other furniture(2)

0.155 10.4 1.8 2.0 1.0 1.4

Appliances(2)

0.217 6.0 0.7 -0.1 0.0 1.1

Major appliances(2)

0.078 8.4 1.3 -0.9 2.4 0.5

Laundry equipment(1)(3)

  12.1 3.4 -2.1 -1.3 3.4

Other appliances(1)(2)

0.136 4.7 0.3 0.3 -1.8 0.3

Other household equipment and furnishings(1)(2)

0.523 5.3 0.9 1.2 0.7 0.9

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.308 5.9 0.9 1.8 1.3 0.9

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.091 5.2 1.2 1.3 2.0 0.0

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.048 0.2 1.3 -1.7 -0.7 1.3

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(1)(2)

0.076 6.5 0.5 0.1 -1.4 0.5

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.892 7.2 0.5 3.1 0.9 0.7

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.241 6.2 0.4 -0.7 0.0 0.4

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.462 7.8 0.5 5.1 1.1 0.6

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.873 2.1 1.0 0.7 0.2 1.0

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.344 1.7 1.6 0.5 0.0 1.6

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.225 3.2 0.7 1.0 0.2 0.7

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.304 1.8 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.5

Apparel

2.669 5.8 -1.1 0.0 1.3 1.7

Men's and boys' apparel

0.684 7.8 -1.6 -0.5 3.0 1.1

Men's apparel

0.547 7.8 -1.8 -0.4 2.9 1.4

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.095 10.7 -4.2 -1.1 6.7 0.2

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(1)

0.162 7.0 -2.2 1.3 -0.1 -2.2

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.152 7.1 -0.8 -2.2 2.2 4.2

Men's pants and shorts

0.132 7.4 -0.7 -1.0 1.4 1.3

Boys' apparel

0.137 8.1 -0.7 0.7 3.0 0.7

Women's and girls' apparel

1.067 4.4 -1.5 0.7 1.1 2.2

Women's apparel

0.882 5.9 -1.6 1.1 1.2 2.6

Women's outerwear

0.063 6.0 -2.9 1.3 -1.5 2.2

Women's dresses

0.096 8.0 -3.0 0.3 1.6 1.4

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.452 6.4 -1.5 2.4 2.2 3.4

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.262 4.4 -0.9 -0.7 -1.0 1.7

Girls' apparel

0.185 -2.5 -1.2 -1.1 0.9 0.1

Footwear

0.642 6.0 -0.3 -0.3 0.7 1.5

Men's footwear(1)

0.227 7.4 -0.5 -0.1 0.1 -0.5

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.133 4.1 -0.5 -0.5 -0.6 0.5

Women's footwear

0.282 5.8 0.0 -0.2 1.2 2.0

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.124 4.6 -1.7 1.1 0.1 -0.7

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.152 7.2 1.4 -2.4 -1.9 4.0

Watches(1)(6)

0.037 2.7 3.4 -0.5 -1.6 3.4

Jewelry(6)

0.115 8.8 0.8 -2.0 -2.8 3.5

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

7.975 21.8 2.3 1.9 1.7 2.1

New vehicles

3.884 11.8 1.3 1.4 1.1 1.0

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  11.8 1.3 1.4 1.1 1.0

New cars(3)

  12.0 1.7 1.1 1.4 1.5

New trucks(3)(10)

  11.6 1.0 1.5 1.0 0.7

Used cars and trucks

3.419 37.3 3.5 2.5 2.5 3.5

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.404 11.3 1.6 1.4 1.1 1.6

Tires(1)

0.258 12.4 1.9 1.2 1.3 1.9

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.146 9.4 1.1 1.8 0.8 1.1

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  9.0 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.6

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  9.2 0.8 2.1 -0.7 0.8

Medical care commodities(1)

1.487 0.4 0.0 0.6 0.1 0.0

Medicinal drugs(8)

1.422 0.2 0.0 0.7 0.2 0.1

Prescription drugs

1.068 0.0 0.1 0.6 0.3 0.1

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.355 0.8 -0.4 1.0 0.2 -0.4

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.065 5.9 0.5 0.3 -0.4 0.5

Recreation commodities(8)

1.953 3.3 -0.5 0.4 0.3 -0.4

Video and audio products(8)

0.257 -0.1 -1.8 -0.6 -0.1 -1.3

Televisions

0.093 4.4 -3.7 -2.2 -1.4 -2.5

Other video equipment(2)

0.040 -1.3 -2.9 -2.6 1.7 -1.9

Audio equipment(1)

0.070 -5.0 -0.3 2.4 0.9 -0.3

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.042 -0.2 0.4 0.2 -0.7 0.4

Pets and pet products(1)

0.606 2.7 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.4

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  2.4 0.8 0.1 0.3 0.8

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  3.4 0.3 -0.3 0.0 0.3

Sporting goods(1)

0.609 6.3 -1.2 1.6 0.3 -1.2

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.374 7.8 -2.3 1.9 0.8 -2.3

Sports equipment(1)

0.225 4.1 0.7 1.0 -0.5 0.7

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.026 4.3 -1.2 -0.1 -1.0 1.5

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  3.6 -1.9 -0.6 -0.7 0.6

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.115 0.3 -1.2 0.1 0.5 -1.2

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.066 2.3 -1.0 0.7 0.0 -1.0

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.047 -2.5 -1.6 -0.8 1.3 -1.6

Other recreational goods(2)

0.342 2.5 0.2 0.0 1.1 0.2

Toys

0.261 1.8 0.3 0.0 1.4 0.3

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  4.3 1.8 0.5 1.7 1.9

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.019 4.6 -1.7 0.3 1.2 -1.7

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.045 5.9 0.4 -0.1 -0.6 0.4

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.473 0.2 -0.5 -0.5 -1.0 -0.4

Educational books and supplies(1)

0.102 -0.4 0.1 0.1 -0.4 0.1

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  -0.9 0.1 0.0 -0.9 0.1

Information technology commodities(8)

0.371 0.3 -0.6 -0.7 -1.2 -0.6

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(1)(4)

0.289 2.8 -1.0 -0.8 -1.3 -1.0

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.016 -3.4 0.5 3.3 -1.4 0.5

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(2)

0.066 -8.5 0.5 -0.9 -0.6 0.8

Smartphones(1)(3)(12)

  -14.1 -0.8 -3.6 -0.8 -0.8

Alcoholic beverages

0.993 2.3 0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.5

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.553 1.2 -0.5 -0.4 0.1 -0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.213 2.0 0.0 -1.0 -0.3 0.5

Distilled spirits at home(1)

0.091 3.1 -0.1 0.3 -0.3 -0.1

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  2.0 0.1 0.6 -0.2 0.1

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  3.4 -0.1 0.1 -0.5 -0.1

Wine at home

0.248 -0.1 -1.1 -0.2 0.5 -0.6

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.441 3.7 1.0 0.1 0.1 1.0

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  3.9 0.8 0.1 0.5 0.8

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  3.3 1.1 0.2 0.1 1.1

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.6 1.0 0.0 -0.4 1.0

Other goods(8)

1.450 4.6 0.2 1.2 0.3 0.2

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.617 9.0 0.7 1.9 0.9 0.7

Cigarettes(1)(2)

0.539 9.6 0.8 2.1 0.9 0.8

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.059 4.9 0.2 0.0 0.7 0.2

Personal care products(1)

0.637 0.1 -0.2 0.2 -0.4 -0.2

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.346 1.3 0.0 0.5 -0.2 0.0

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.284 -1.3 -0.4 -0.2 -0.7 -0.4

Miscellaneous personal goods(1)(2)

0.196 6.2 0.1 2.7 1.1 0.1

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  9.0 0.8 1.9 1.9 1.2

Services less energy services

57.700 3.7 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.3

Shelter

32.393 4.1 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4

Rent of shelter(13)

32.053 4.2 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4

Rent of primary residence

7.583 3.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

Lodging away from home(2)

0.961 23.9 -0.4 1.4 2.9 1.2

Housing at school, excluding board(13)

0.113 1.8 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.849 27.6 -0.4 1.5 3.2 1.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(13)

23.509 3.8 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(13)

22.327 3.8 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.339 -0.9 0.2 -0.3 -0.3 0.2

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.070 3.5 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.4

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.781 3.0 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.290 4.8 0.7 0.0 -0.2 0.7

Household operations(1)(2)

      0.5 1.1  

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.303 9.4 2.4 0.1 1.5 2.4

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

      1.1 0.2  

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.092 9.2 1.1 -2.2 -0.2 1.1

Repair of household items(1)(2)

           

Medical care services

6.987 2.5 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.3

Professional services

3.539 3.3 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2

Physicians' services(1)

1.777 4.3 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0

Dental services

0.962 2.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.347 1.8 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.6

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.454 2.9 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.7

Hospital and related services

2.345 3.3 -0.2 0.5 -0.2 0.1

Hospital services(14)

2.154 3.3 -0.2 0.5 -0.3 0.2

Inpatient hospital services(14)(3)

  3.5 -0.1 0.5 -0.2 0.2

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  2.4 -0.2 0.3 -0.4 0.0

Nursing homes and adult day services(14)

0.120 3.4 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.4

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.072 2.9 -2.0 0.2 -0.1 -2.0

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.102 -1.2 1.6 2.0 1.7 1.6

Transportation services

5.046 4.2 -0.5 0.4 0.7 -0.3

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

           

Car and truck rental(2)

0.179 36.0 -4.4 3.1 1.1 -5.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.080 4.8 -0.1 1.5 0.0 -0.1

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.059 10.6 2.3 0.9 1.0 2.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.622 5.0 0.5 1.5 -0.4 0.5

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.340 3.5 -1.7 1.5 0.5 -1.7

Motor vehicle insurance

1.560 4.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.8 -1.5

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.539 1.9 0.1 -0.2 0.3 0.1

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.279 0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.246 3.7 0.3 -0.4 0.9 0.3

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  5.1 0.4 -0.2 0.9 0.8

Public transportation

1.075 2.4 -1.4 -0.7 3.0 2.0

Airline fares

0.619 1.4 -2.9 -0.7 4.7 2.7

Other intercity transportation

0.171 -0.1 0.2 -1.8 1.0 -0.3

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  0.3 0.4 -3.3 0.8 0.4

Intracity transportation(1)

0.283 6.0 0.9 -0.4 1.0 0.9

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  8.5 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0

Recreation services(8)

3.668 3.3 0.0 0.8 -0.5 -0.1

Video and audio services(8)

1.226 2.6 -0.5 0.0 -0.3 -0.7

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.154 2.8 -0.5 -0.1 -0.2 -0.6

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.072 -0.7 -0.9 0.6 -1.8 -0.9

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  -2.1 -1.6 2.8 -3.7 -1.6

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  1.6 -0.5 0.0 0.2 -0.5

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.546 5.7 1.5 0.4 0.4 1.6

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  4.9 1.6 0.5 0.4 1.7

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.043 3.1 -1.5 0.2 2.5 -1.5

Other recreation services(2)

1.852 3.0 -0.1 1.6 -0.9 -0.1

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.653 1.8 0.6 0.4 0.1 0.6

Admissions(1)

0.678 4.4 -0.7 3.2 -2.2 -0.7

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  4.9 0.6 0.1 0.8 0.6

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

    -1.5 8.3 -4.8 -1.5

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.210 2.9 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Education and communication services(8)

6.014 1.7 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.799 2.1 -0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

College tuition and fees

1.498 1.8 -0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.414 2.3 -0.2 0.1 0.3 0.1

Day care and preschool(9)

0.739 2.7 0.1 0.5 0.3 0.2

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.035 1.1 -0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.112 6.8 -0.3 4.2 0.3 -0.2

Postage

0.102 6.8 -0.4 4.6 0.3 -0.3

Delivery services(2)

0.010 7.2 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.8

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.237 0.7 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.831 -0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Land-line telephone services(1)(8)

0.406 5.8 0.2 0.7 -0.2 0.2

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.855 2.6 0.4 0.0 -0.5 0.3

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.626 4.3 0.7 0.5 0.1 0.7

Personal care services(1)

0.672 4.2 0.8 -0.3 0.2 0.8

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.672 4.2 0.8 -0.3 0.2 0.8

Miscellaneous personal services(1)

0.954 4.5 0.7 1.1 0.0 0.7

Legal services(1)(6)

0.241 3.6 0.4 1.8 -0.9 0.4

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.134 2.0 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.221 8.4 1.2 0.7 0.9 1.2

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.029 5.1 2.8 1.0 0.0 2.8

Financial services(6)

0.220 3.2 0.5 1.8 0.5 0.3

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  1.6 0.2 0.9 0.0 0.2

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

           

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 2019=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, December 2021 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Nov.
2021
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Dec.
2020
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Dec.
2020-
Dec.
2021
Nov.
2021-
Dec.
2021
Sep.
2021-
Oct.
2021
Oct.
2021-
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2021-
Dec.
2021

All items less food

86.010 258.959 276.747 277.506 7.2 0.3 0.9 0.8 0.5

All items less shelter

67.607 237.289 256.714 257.431 8.5 0.3 1.2 0.9 0.5

All items less food and shelter

53.617 229.010 249.264 249.810 9.1 0.2 1.2 1.0 0.5

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.075 236.831 250.894 251.992 6.4 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.6

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

42.656 241.759 252.043 252.533 4.5 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.4

All items less medical care

91.526 248.096 265.889 266.729 7.5 0.3 1.0 0.8 0.5

All items less energy

92.458 268.613 282.397 283.593 5.6 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.5

Commodities

39.062 186.063 207.708 208.602 12.1 0.4 1.5 1.4 0.8

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.349 144.915 153.738 154.329 6.5 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.8

Commodities less food

25.072 149.989 172.817 173.484 15.7 0.4 1.9 1.8 0.9

Commodities less food and beverages

24.079 146.342 169.510 170.179 16.3 0.4 2.0 1.8 0.9

Services

60.938 334.030 346.637 347.429 4.0 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(1)

28.885 350.968 364.091 364.361 3.8 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.1

Services less medical care services

53.951 316.606 329.178 329.918 4.2 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.3

Durables

11.776 107.691 123.678 125.747 16.8 1.7 1.4 1.6 1.8

Nondurables

27.286 225.432 248.656 248.393 10.2 -0.1 1.3 1.1 0.9

Nondurables less food

13.296 188.305 217.593 215.952 14.7 -0.8 1.9 1.6 0.6

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.303 183.826 214.693 212.913 15.8 -0.8 2.1 1.8 0.6

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.634 231.006 276.857 274.750 18.9 -0.8 2.6 1.7 0.5

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.627 232.599 274.322 272.474 17.1 -0.7 2.3 1.6 0.6

Housing

41.552 273.684 286.308 287.511 5.1 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.4

Education and communication(2)

6.487 141.549 143.884 143.844 1.6 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0

Education(2)

2.901 272.437 278.097 277.904 2.0 -0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Communication(2)

3.586 75.311 76.294 76.298 1.3 0.0 0.1 -0.2 0.0

Information and information processing(2)

3.474 71.171 71.974 71.986 1.1 0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.237 7.288 7.420 7.427 1.9 0.1 -0.2 -0.7 0.0

Recreation(2)

5.621 122.692 126.952 126.695 3.3 -0.2 0.7 -0.2 -0.2

Video and audio(2)

1.483 108.207 111.366 110.531 2.1 -0.7 -0.1 -0.2 -0.8

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.152 181.066 186.695 188.497 4.1 1.0 0.2 0.2 1.0

Photography(2)

0.070 74.997 78.763 77.661 3.6 -1.4 0.1 1.2 -0.4

Food and beverages

14.983 269.383 284.168 285.556 6.0 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.5

Domestically produced farm food

6.459 259.404 275.508 276.523 6.6 0.4 1.1 0.4 0.4

Other services

11.308 371.076 380.326 380.714 2.6 0.1 0.5 -0.1 0.1

Apparel less footwear

2.027 106.018 113.600 112.104 5.7 -1.3 0.1 1.5 1.8

Fuels and utilities

4.497 247.236 270.444 270.831 9.5 0.1 2.6 0.3 -0.1

Household energy

3.427 202.017 225.221 225.435 11.6 0.1 3.3 0.4 -0.3

Medical care

8.474 518.766 528.877 530.026 2.2 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.3

Transportation

17.137 203.560 245.532 246.499 21.1 0.4 2.4 2.5 0.8

Private transportation

16.061 201.523 245.735 246.999 22.6 0.5 2.6 2.4 0.7

New and used motor vehicles(2)

8.363 103.242 122.436 124.853 20.9 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.8

Utilities and public transportation

8.775 220.601 231.880 231.516 4.9 -0.2 1.2 0.4 0.2

Household furnishings and operations

4.662 127.367 135.345 136.787 7.4 1.1 0.8 0.8 1.1

Other goods and services

3.077 466.332 484.683 487.131 4.5 0.5 0.8 0.2 0.5

Personal care

2.460 239.497 246.445 247.561 3.4 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.5

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, December 2021 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Dec. 2021 from: Percent change to Nov. 2021 from:
Dec.
2020
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2020
Sep.
2021
Oct.
2021

U.S. city average

M

7.0 0.8 0.3 6.8 1.3 0.5

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

5.9 0.8 0.2 6.0 1.2 0.6

Northeast - Size Class A

M

5.0 0.5 0.1 5.2 0.9 0.5

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

7.0 1.0 0.3 6.9 1.5 0.7

New England(4)

M

6.2 1.3 0.4 6.1 1.8 0.9

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

5.8 0.6 0.1 5.9 1.0 0.4

Midwest

M

7.5 0.7 0.3 7.3 1.3 0.4

Midwest - Size Class A

M

6.9 0.7 0.3 6.6 1.1 0.4

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

7.9 0.7 0.2 7.7 1.3 0.5

East North Central(4)

M

7.5 0.8 0.3 7.2 1.3 0.5

West North Central(4)

M

7.7 0.6 0.2 7.6 1.0 0.3

South

M

7.4 0.8 0.3 7.2 1.4 0.4

South - Size Class A

M

7.3 1.1 0.6 6.9 1.5 0.5

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

7.4 0.6 0.2 7.5 1.4 0.4

South Atlantic(4)

M

7.5 0.9 0.5 7.0 1.5 0.4

East South Central(4)

M

7.1 0.2 -0.2 7.8 1.3 0.4

West South Central(4)

M

7.4 0.8 0.3 7.4 1.4 0.5

West

M

7.1 0.9 0.4 6.5 1.4 0.5

West - Size Class A

M

6.8 1.0 0.4 6.2 1.4 0.5

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

7.4 0.9 0.3 6.9 1.3 0.6

Mountain(4)

M

8.6 1.2 0.6 7.7 1.7 0.6

Pacific(4)

M

6.5 0.8 0.3 6.1 1.2 0.5

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

6.5 0.9 0.4 6.2 1.3 0.5

Size Class B/C(3)

M

7.5 0.8 0.3 7.3 1.4 0.5

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

6.6 0.7 0.4 6.0 0.9 0.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

6.6 1.0 0.4 6.0 1.6 0.6

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

4.4 0.1 -0.2 5.0 0.7 0.3

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

9.8 1.9        

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

8.0 1.8        

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

7.0 1.1        

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

6.6 0.7        

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

7.1 1.2        

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

6.6 0.9        

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

9.7 1.7        

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

4.2 0.8        

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

7.6 0.6        

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

8.3 0.8        

Urban Alaska

2

7.2 0.4        

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

      5.3 1.7  

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

      7.5 1.0  

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

      6.5 1.2  

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

      6.9 1.0  

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

      7.9 1.4  

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

      6.6 0.7  

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

      8.0 1.8  

Urban Hawaii

1

      5.4 0.1  

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

      5.8 1.2  

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, December 2021 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

December 2017

    1.7 2.1

December 2018

    1.5 1.9

January 2019

0.2 0.2 1.3 1.6

February 2019

0.4 0.4 1.3 1.5

March 2019

0.5 0.6 1.5 1.9

April 2019

0.4 0.5 1.6 2.0

May 2019

0.2 0.2 1.4 1.8

June 2019

0.0 0.0 1.3 1.6

July 2019

0.1 0.2 1.5 1.8

August 2019

0.0 0.0 1.5 1.7

September 2019

0.0 0.1 1.4 1.7

October 2019

0.1 0.2 1.4 1.8

November 2019

-0.1 -0.1 1.6 2.1

December 2019

-0.2 -0.1 1.8 2.3

January 2020

0.4 0.4 2.0 2.5

February 2020

0.3 0.3 1.8 2.3

March 2020

-0.2 -0.2 1.1 1.5

April 2020

-0.5 -0.7 0.2 0.3

May 2020

-0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1

June 2020

0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6

July 2020

0.6 0.5 0.9 1.0

August 2020

0.4 0.3 1.3 1.3

September 2020

0.1 0.1 1.4 1.4

October 2020

0.0 0.0 1.2 1.2

November 2020

-0.1 -0.1 1.2 1.2

December 2020

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.4

January 2021

0.4 0.4 1.5 1.4

February 2021

0.6 0.5 1.8 1.7

March 2021

0.7 0.7 2.8 2.6

April 2021

0.8 0.8 4.2 4.2

May 2021

0.8 0.8 5.1 5.0

June 2021

0.9 0.9 5.4 5.4

July 2021

0.5 0.5 5.2 5.4

August 2021

0.2 0.2 5.0 5.3

September 2021

0.3 0.3 5.2 5.4

October 2021

0.8 0.8 6.1 6.2

November 2021

0.5 0.5 6.7 6.8

December 2021

0.3 0.3 6.9 7.0

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, December 2021, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Nov.
2021
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Nov. 2021-
Dec. 2021
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Nov. 2021-
Dec. 2021(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.5   0.04 S-Sep. 2021 0.4

Food

13.990 0.5 0.070 0.10 S-Aug. 2021 0.4

Food at home

7.722 0.4 0.032 0.15 S-Aug. 2021 0.4

Cereals and bakery products

0.978 0.4 0.004 0.40 S-Aug. 2021 0.0

Cereals and cereal products

0.299 0.8 0.002 0.50 S-Sep. 2021 0.6

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 0.4 0.000 0.83 S-Jul. 2021 0.3

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.139 1.4 0.002 0.92 L-Oct. 2021 3.3

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.118 1.3 0.002 0.78 L-Sep. 2021 1.6

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.68 S-Oct. 2021 0.0

Bakery products(4)

0.680 0.1 0.001 0.52 S-Aug. 2021 -0.3

Bread(4)(5)

0.195 0.0 0.000 0.83 S-Aug. 2021 -0.1

White bread(4)(6)

  -0.5   0.94 S-Aug. 2021 -0.5

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  0.6   1.04 S-Aug. 2021 0.2

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.100 -1.7 -0.002 1.35 S-Aug. 2021 -1.8

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(4)

0.172 0.7 0.001 0.86 L-Jul. 2021 1.1

Cookies(4)(6)

  1.8   0.94 L-Jul. 2021 1.9

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  -0.9   1.62 S-Aug. 2020 -2.2

Other bakery products

0.213 0.7 0.002 0.82 S-Aug. 2021 -0.3

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  -1.0   0.76 S-Jun. 2021 -1.9

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  2.7   1.24 L-Sep. 2021 3.1

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(4)(6)

  -0.3   1.13 L-Oct. 2021 3.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.840 -0.4 -0.007 0.34 S-Aug. 2020 -1.3

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.741 -0.4 -0.007 0.36 S-Aug. 2020 -1.3

Meats

1.119 -0.9 -0.010 0.44 S-Aug. 2020 -2.0

Beef and veal

0.536 -2.0 -0.011 0.69 S-Aug. 2020 -3.5

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.187 -1.8 -0.003 0.98 S-Sep. 2020 -1.9

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.087 -3.8 -0.003 1.73 S-Aug. 2020 -5.1

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.211 -2.6 -0.005 0.93 S-Aug. 2020 -3.9

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.051 0.1 0.000 1.14 S-Aug. 2021 -0.4

Pork

0.355 -0.8 -0.003 0.80 S-Sep. 2020 -0.9

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.146 0.0 0.000 0.96 S-Feb. 2021 -0.2

Bacon and related products(6)

  -0.7   1.05 S-Jan. 2021 -0.8

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  1.4   1.32 S-Sep. 2021 0.6

Ham

0.066 0.4 0.000 1.91 S-Oct. 2021 -0.1

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  0.6   2.36 S-Oct. 2021 -0.2

Pork chops(4)

0.055 -1.1 -0.001 1.70 S-Sep. 2021 -1.4

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.087 -3.3 -0.003 1.96 S-Sep. 2020 -5.4

Other meats

0.228 1.7 0.004 0.60 L-Sep. 2021 2.4

Frankfurters(6)

  -1.5   1.75 S-Oct. 2021 -1.9

Lunchmeats(4)(5)(6)

  2.7   0.58 L-Apr. 2020 2.7

Poultry(4)

0.341 0.1 0.000 0.73 S-Sep. 2021 -0.5

Chicken(4)(5)

0.281 0.3 0.001 0.78 S-Sep. 2021 0.0

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  0.0   1.35 S-Oct. 2021 -0.5

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  0.4   0.95 S-Sep. 2021 0.0

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.060 -1.1 -0.001 1.27 S-Sep. 2021 -2.5

Fish and seafood

0.281 0.9 0.002 0.54 L-Sep. 2021 1.4

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.144 0.3 0.001 0.82 L-Oct. 2021 0.6

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.137 1.2 0.002 0.80 S-Oct. 2021 0.5

Shelf stable fish and seafood(6)

  0.7   1.06 S-Sep. 2021 0.1

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  1.7   0.82 S-Oct. 2021 -1.4

Eggs

0.099 0.0 0.000 0.89 L-Sep. 2021 1.1

Dairy and related products

0.746 0.7 0.005 0.36 L-Sep. 2021 0.7

Milk(5)

0.209 1.3 0.003 0.66 L-May 2021 2.2

Fresh whole milk(6)

  0.6   0.76 S-Oct. 2021 -0.3

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  1.2   0.80 L-May 2021 1.3

Cheese and related products(4)

0.248 0.2 0.000 0.54 L-Oct. 2021 0.4

Ice cream and related products

0.104 1.2 0.001 0.95 L-Oct. 2021 1.7

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.186 0.7 0.001 0.71 L-Sep. 2021 0.7

Fruits and vegetables

1.305 0.9 0.011 0.36 S-Oct. 2021 0.1

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.028 0.8 0.008 0.46 S-Oct. 2021 -0.3

Fresh fruits

0.538 1.8 0.010 0.72 S-Oct. 2021 -0.9

Apples

0.074 1.0 0.001 1.36 L-Sep. 2021 3.8

Bananas(4)

0.073 1.0 0.001 0.84 S-Sep. 2021 0.4

Citrus fruits(5)

0.139 6.5 0.009 0.97 L-Feb. 2007 11.9

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  8.9   1.48 L-Feb. 2007 18.3

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.253 -1.1 -0.003 1.46 S-Oct. 2021 -1.9

Fresh vegetables

0.490 -0.3 -0.002 0.50 S-Jul. 2021 -0.8

Potatoes

0.070 4.9 0.004 1.27 L-Jul. 2013 5.1

Lettuce(4)

0.066 -0.2 0.000 1.17 S-Aug. 2021 -1.0

Tomatoes

0.079 -4.6 -0.004 1.35 S-Feb. 2018 -5.2

Other fresh vegetables

0.274 0.0 0.000 0.64 L-Oct. 2021 1.2

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.277 1.2 0.003 0.52 L-Oct. 2021 1.5

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.145 0.2 0.000 0.67 S-Sep. 2021 -0.1

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  2.7   0.80 L-Mar. 2019 2.9

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  -1.0   0.85 S-May 2020 -1.0

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.083 3.4 0.003 0.93 L-EVER -

Frozen vegetables(6)

  3.0   1.21 L-Oct. 2011 3.3

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.049 0.7 0.000 1.19 S-Oct. 2021 -0.1

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  1.6   1.72 S-Oct. 2021 -1.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.909 0.8 0.007 0.44 L-Oct. 2021 0.8

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.652 1.2 0.008 0.51 L-Sep. 2021 1.3

Carbonated drinks

0.277 1.2 0.003 1.03 S-Oct. 2021 0.6

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.006 -0.3 0.000 0.72 L-Oct. 2021 2.0

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.369 0.9 0.003 0.60 L-Jul. 2021 1.0

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.257 -0.2 -0.001 0.66 S-Jul. 2021 -0.4

Coffee

0.168 0.0 0.000 0.87 S-Jul. 2021 -0.6

Roasted coffee(6)

  0.3   0.97 S-Jul. 2021 -0.4

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  0.5   1.47 L-Sep. 2021 1.6

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.090 -0.7 -0.001 0.81 L-Oct. 2021 0.2

Other food at home

1.942 0.6 0.012 0.33 S-Aug. 2021 0.6

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.262 1.2 0.003 0.64 S-Oct. 2021 0.2

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.037 1.0 0.000 0.90 L-Oct. 2021 4.1

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.172 2.1 0.004 0.87 L-Jan. 2020 2.4

Other sweets(5)

0.053 -0.6 0.000 0.92 S-Jun. 2021 -1.3

Fats and oils

0.216 0.2 0.000 0.64 S-Jun. 2021 0.2

Butter and margarine(5)

0.060 1.4 0.001 0.98 L-May 2021 1.7

Butter(6)

  -0.2   1.18 L-Oct. 2021 2.0

Margarine(6)

  3.8   1.33 L-Jan. 2011 4.9

Salad dressing(5)

0.051 0.0 0.000 1.06 S-Oct. 2021 -0.3

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.104 0.1 0.000 1.14 S-May 2021 -0.1

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   1.01 S-Aug. 2021 -2.8

Other foods

1.464 0.6 0.008 0.37 S-Aug. 2021 0.5

Soups

0.085 0.2 0.000 1.17 L-Oct. 2021 2.1

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.256 0.1 0.000 0.67 S-May 2021 0.1

Snacks(4)

0.337 -0.1 0.000 0.84 S-Jul. 2021 -0.1

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.286 0.5 0.001 0.51 S-Aug. 2021 -0.2

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  0.4   1.05 S-Aug. 2021 -0.5

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.89 S-Aug. 2021 0.8

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  0.1   0.77 S-Aug. 2021 -0.8

Other condiments(6)

  1.1   1.05 S-Sep. 2021 -0.3

Baby food(4)(5)

0.043 -0.1 0.000 0.88 S-Mar. 2021 -0.5

Other miscellaneous foods(5)

0.458 0.4 0.002 0.63 L-Oct. 2021 1.5

Prepared salads(7)(6)

  -0.8   1.72 S-Aug. 2021 -2.1

Food away from home(4)

6.269 0.6 0.037 0.10 - -

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

3.147 0.8 0.025 0.10 L-Oct. 2021 0.9

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.805 0.6 0.018 0.14 S-Sep. 2021 0.6

Food at employee sites and schools(4)(5)

0.067 -7.9 -0.005 0.27 S-Aug. 2021 -17.0

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  -12.4   0.06 S-Mar. 2021 -16.3

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.080 -1.5 -0.001 0.11 S-EVER -

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.170 0.6 0.001 0.14 L-Sep. 2021 1.3

Energy

7.542 -0.4 -0.030 0.16 S-May 2020 -2.3

Energy commodities

4.304 -0.6 -0.026 0.20 S-May 2021 -0.6

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.189 -3.4 -0.006 0.60 S-Apr. 2020 -9.8

Fuel oil(4)

0.114 -2.4 -0.003 0.94 S-Apr. 2021 -3.2

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.075 0.6 0.000 0.56 L-Oct. 2021 6.2

Motor fuel

4.115 -0.5 -0.020 0.20 S-May 2021 -0.7

Gasoline (all types)

4.027 -0.5 -0.019 0.20 S-May 2021 -0.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  -0.7   0.45 S-Apr. 2021 -1.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  0.3   0.46 S-May 2021 -0.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  0.5   0.40 S-May 2021 -0.2

Other motor fuels(4)(5)

0.088 -0.9 -0.001 0.37 S-Oct. 2020 -1.5

Energy services

3.238 -0.1 -0.004 0.18 S-Jan. 2021 -0.3

Electricity

2.412 0.3 0.006 0.25 - -

Utility (piped) gas service

0.825 -1.2 -0.010 0.34 S-Sep. 2019 -1.2

All items less food and energy

78.468 0.6 0.431 0.04 L-Oct. 2021 0.6

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.768 1.2 0.258 0.10 L-Jun. 2021 2.2

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.766 1.3 0.049 0.23 L-Sep. 2021 1.3

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.275 0.4 0.001 0.96 L-Sep. 2021 3.9

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.063 -2.0 -0.001 0.74 S-Aug. 2021 -2.7

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.061 0.8 0.000 1.37 L-Oct. 2021 1.8

Other linens(4)(5)

0.151 1.3 0.002 1.52 L-Sep. 2021 8.0

Furniture and bedding(4)

0.986 2.0 0.020 0.55 L-Sep. 2021 2.4

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.339 0.7 0.002 0.68 L-Oct. 2021 1.3

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.484 3.1 0.015 0.90 L-Sep. 2021 3.5

Other furniture(5)

0.155 1.4 0.002 0.70 L-Oct. 2021 2.0

Appliances(5)

0.217 1.1 0.002 0.72 L-Sep. 2021 1.2

Major appliances(5)

0.078 0.5 0.000 0.93 S-Oct. 2021 -0.9

Laundry equipment(4)(6)

  3.4   1.73 L-Jun. 2021 3.5

Other appliances(4)(5)

0.136 0.3 0.000 0.92 L-Oct. 2021 0.3

Other household equipment and furnishings(4)(5)

0.523 0.9 0.005 0.55 L-Oct. 2021 1.2

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.308 0.9 0.003 0.89 S-Sep. 2021 0.9

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.091 0.0 0.000 0.80 S-Sep. 2021 -1.5

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.048 1.3 0.001 1.49 L-Sep. 2021 2.9

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(4)(5)

0.076 0.5 0.000 0.81 L-Sep. 2021 0.8

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.892 0.7 0.006 0.40 S-Aug. 2021 0.7

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.241 0.4 0.001 0.57 L-Sep. 2021 1.0

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.462 0.6 0.003 0.57 S-Aug. 2021 -0.3

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.873 1.0 0.009 0.39 L-Jul. 2021 1.1

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.344 1.6 0.006 0.57 L-Jul. 2020 1.8

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.225 0.7 0.002 0.74 L-Oct. 2021 1.0

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.304 0.5 0.001 0.64 L-Oct. 2021 0.7

Apparel

2.669 1.7 0.046 0.41 L-Jan. 2021 2.2

Men's and boys' apparel

0.684 1.1 0.008 0.69 S-Oct. 2021 -0.5

Men's apparel

0.547 1.4 0.008 0.76 S-Oct. 2021 -0.4

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.095 0.2 0.000 2.01 S-Oct. 2021 -1.1

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.162 -2.2 -0.004 1.25 S-Dec. 2020 -2.6

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.152 4.2 0.006 1.48 L-Aug. 2021 4.3

Men's pants and shorts

0.132 1.3 0.002 1.52 S-Oct. 2021 -1.0

Boys' apparel

0.137 0.7 0.001 1.38 S-Oct. 2021 0.7

Women's and girls' apparel

1.067 2.2 0.023 0.74 L-May 2021 2.2

Women's apparel

0.882 2.6 0.023 0.75 L-Mar. 2006 2.7

Women's outerwear

0.063 2.2 0.001 2.12 L-May 2021 3.6

Women's dresses

0.096 1.4 0.001 1.93 S-Oct. 2021 0.3

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.452 3.4 0.015 1.09 L-Jan. 2021 5.5

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.262 1.7 0.004 1.11 L-Aug. 2021 1.7

Girls' apparel

0.185 0.1 0.000 1.99 S-Oct. 2021 -1.1

Footwear

0.642 1.5 0.010 0.57 L-Jan. 2019 2.4

Men's footwear(4)

0.227 -0.5 -0.001 0.81 S-Jul. 2021 -1.2

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.133 0.5 0.001 1.00 L-Sep. 2021 3.3

Women's footwear

0.282 2.0 0.005 0.82 L-Jul. 2020 2.6

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.124 -0.7 -0.001 1.47 S-Mar. 2021 -2.0

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.152 4.0 0.006 1.26 L-Mar. 2021 5.1

Watches(4)(9)

0.037 3.4 0.001 1.41 L-Oct. 2019 3.4

Jewelry(9)

0.115 3.5 0.004 1.67 L-Mar. 2021 5.7

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

7.975 2.1 0.171 0.10 L-Jun. 2021 5.6

New vehicles

3.884 1.0 0.038 0.17 S-Apr. 2021 0.5

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  1.0   0.21 S-Apr. 2021 0.5

New cars(6)

  1.5   0.24 L-Jul. 2021 1.8

New trucks(13)(6)

  0.7   0.21 S-Apr. 2021 0.6

Used cars and trucks

3.419 3.5 0.122 0.02 L-Jun. 2021 10.5

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.404 1.6 0.006 0.29 L-Aug. 2021 1.7

Tires(4)

0.258 1.9 0.005 0.33 L-Aug. 2021 2.1

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.146 1.1 0.002 0.56 L-Oct. 2021 1.8

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  1.6   0.74 L-Mar. 2021 2.4

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  0.8   1.50 L-Oct. 2021 2.1

Medical care commodities(4)

1.487 0.0 0.001 0.19 S-Aug. 2021 -0.2

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.422 0.1 0.001 0.20 S-Aug. 2021 -0.6

Prescription drugs

1.068 0.1 0.001 0.17 S-Aug. 2021 -0.4

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.355 -0.4 -0.001 0.66 S-Aug. 2021 -0.7

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.065 0.5 0.000 0.54 L-Sep. 2021 1.0

Recreation commodities(11)

1.953 -0.4 -0.008 0.22 S-Sep. 2020 -0.4

Video and audio products(11)

0.257 -1.3 -0.003 0.42 S-Dec. 2019 -1.4

Televisions

0.093 -2.5 -0.002 0.57 S-Mar. 2019 -4.0

Other video equipment(5)

0.040 -1.9 -0.001 0.93 S-Oct. 2021 -2.6

Audio equipment(4)

0.070 -0.3 0.000 1.00 S-Sep. 2021 -1.7

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.042 0.4 0.000 0.67 L-Jun. 2021 1.1

Pets and pet products(4)

0.606 0.4 0.003 0.38 L-Sep. 2021 0.5

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.45 L-Nov. 2020 0.8

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.64 L-Aug. 2021 0.3

Sporting goods(4)

0.609 -1.2 -0.007 0.53 S-Mar. 2021 -1.3

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.374 -2.3 -0.009 0.69 S-May 2019 -2.3

Sports equipment(4)

0.225 0.7 0.002 0.53 L-Oct. 2021 1.0

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.026 1.5 0.000 0.78 L-May 2021 1.9

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  0.6   0.98 L-Jun. 2021 1.6

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.115 -1.2 -0.001 0.83 S-Jun. 2021 -1.4

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.066 -1.0 -0.001 0.95 S-Jun. 2021 -1.6

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.047 -1.6 -0.001 1.40 S-Jun. 2019 -1.6

Other recreational goods(5)

0.342 0.2 0.001 0.56 S-Oct. 2021 0.0

Toys

0.261 0.3 0.001 0.64 S-Oct. 2021 0.0

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  1.9   0.95 L-Apr. 2021 2.5

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.019 -1.7 0.000 1.79 S-Sep. 2021 -2.9

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.045 0.4 0.000 0.75 L-Aug. 2021 2.8

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.473 -0.4 -0.002 0.58 L-Sep. 2021 0.6

Educational books and supplies(4)

0.102 0.1 0.000 0.63 L-Oct. 2021 0.1

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  0.1   0.52 L-Jul. 2021 0.7

Information technology commodities(11)

0.371 -0.6 -0.002 0.70 L-Sep. 2021 0.9

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(4)(7)

0.289 -1.0 -0.003 0.93 L-Oct. 2021 -0.8

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.016 0.5 0.000 1.59 L-Oct. 2021 3.3

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(5)

0.066 0.8 0.001 0.79 L-Sep. 2021 0.9

Smartphones(4)(6)(15)

  -0.8   1.23 - -

Alcoholic beverages

0.993 0.5 0.005 0.24 L-Jun. 2021 0.5

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.553 -0.1 0.000 0.35 S-Oct. 2021 -0.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.213 0.5 0.001 0.45 L-Jun. 2021 1.2

Distilled spirits at home(4)

0.091 -0.1 0.000 0.52 L-Oct. 2021 0.3

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  0.1   0.80 L-Oct. 2021 0.6

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  -0.1   0.59 L-Oct. 2021 0.1

Wine at home

0.248 -0.6 -0.001 0.68 S-Feb. 2021 -1.0

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.441 1.0 0.004 0.31 L-May 2020 1.0

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.72 L-Nov. 2020 0.9

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  1.1   0.33 L-Jun. 2012 1.5

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  1.0   0.53 L-Jun. 2021 1.6

Other goods(11)

1.450 0.2 0.003 0.21 S-Sep. 2021 0.1

Tobacco and smoking products(4)

0.617 0.7 0.004 0.20 S-Sep. 2021 0.7

Cigarettes(4)(5)

0.539 0.8 0.004 0.22 S-Sep. 2021 0.7

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.059 0.2 0.000 0.43 S-Oct. 2021 0.0

Personal care products(4)

0.637 -0.2 -0.001 0.32 L-Oct. 2021 0.2

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.346 0.0 0.000 0.39 L-Oct. 2021 0.5

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.284 -0.4 -0.001 0.57 L-Oct. 2021 -0.2

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)(5)

0.196 0.1 0.000 0.98 S-Sep. 2021 -1.2

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  1.2   0.89 S-Sep. 2021 -0.1

Services less energy services

57.700 0.3 0.173 0.04 S-Sep. 2021 0.2

Shelter

32.393 0.4 0.136 0.05 S-Sep. 2021 0.4

Rent of shelter(16)

32.053 0.4 0.127 0.05 S-Oct. 2021 0.4

Rent of primary residence

7.583 0.4 0.029 0.04 - -

Lodging away from home(5)

0.961 1.2 0.012 1.46 S-Sep. 2021 -0.6

Housing at school, excluding board(16)

0.113 0.2 0.000 0.03 L-Aug. 2021 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.849 1.3 0.012 1.65 S-Sep. 2021 -0.6

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(16)

23.509 0.4 0.093 0.04 - -

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(16)

22.327 0.4 0.088 0.04 - -

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.339 0.2 0.001 0.12 L-Sep. 2021 0.3

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.070 0.4 0.004 0.07 L-Sep. 2021 0.5

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.781 0.2 0.002 0.09 L-Oct. 2021 0.3

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.290 0.7 0.002 0.15 L-Sep. 2021 1.1

Household operations(4)(5)

           

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.303 2.4 0.007 0.20 L-May 2021 6.4

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

           

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.092 1.1 0.001 0.63 L-Aug. 2021 1.7

Repair of household items(4)(5)

           

Medical care services

6.987 0.3 0.024 0.09 - -

Professional services

3.539 0.2 0.009 0.12 S-Oct. 2021 0.1

Physicians' services(4)

1.777 0.0 -0.001 0.16 S-Oct. 2021 0.0

Dental services

0.962 0.2 0.002 0.24 - -

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.347 0.6 0.002 0.28 L-Aug. 2021 0.9

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.454 0.7 0.003 0.06 L-Jan. 2021 1.6

Hospital and related services

2.345 0.1 0.002 0.13 L-Oct. 2021 0.5

Hospital services(17)

2.154 0.2 0.003 0.14 L-Oct. 2021 0.5

Inpatient hospital services(17)(6)

  0.2   0.24 L-Oct. 2021 0.5

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  0.0   0.22 L-Oct. 2021 0.3

Nursing homes and adult day services(17)

0.120 0.4 0.000 0.14 L-Oct. 2021 0.4

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.072 -2.0 -0.001 0.18 S-EVER -

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.102 1.6 0.018 0.08 S-Sep. 2021 -1.0

Transportation services

5.046 -0.3 -0.014 0.28 S-Sep. 2021 -0.5

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

           

Car and truck rental(5)

0.179 -5.3 -0.009 1.88 S-Aug. 2021 -8.5

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.080 -0.1 -0.001 0.17 S-May 2021 -0.3

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.059 2.3 0.001 0.20 L-EVER -

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.622 0.5 0.003 0.24 L-Oct. 2021 1.5

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.340 -1.7 -0.006 0.23 S-EVER -

Motor vehicle insurance

1.560 -1.5 -0.023 0.51 S-Aug. 2021 -2.8

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.539 0.1 0.001 0.21 S-Oct. 2021 -0.2

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.279 0.0 0.000 0.04 L-Oct. 2021 0.0

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.246 0.3 0.001 0.43 S-Oct. 2021 -0.4

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.8   0.50 S-Oct. 2021 -0.2

Public transportation

1.075 2.0 0.021 0.65 S-Oct. 2021 -0.7

Airline fares

0.619 2.7 0.017 0.82 S-Oct. 2021 -0.7

Other intercity transportation

0.171 -0.3 -0.001 0.85 S-Oct. 2021 -1.8

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   1.02 S-Oct. 2021 -3.3

Intracity transportation(4)

0.283 0.9 0.002 0.46 S-Oct. 2021 -0.4

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  0.0   0.31 S-Oct. 2021 0.0

Recreation services(11)

3.668 -0.1 -0.002 0.23 L-Oct. 2021 0.8

Video and audio services(11)

1.226 -0.7 -0.008 0.17 S-Dec. 2010 -0.8

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.154 -0.6 -0.007 0.15 S-Dec. 2010 -0.9

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.072 -0.9 -0.001 1.18 L-Oct. 2021 0.6

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -1.6   1.57 L-Oct. 2021 2.8

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.21 S-Jul. 2021 -1.3

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.546 1.6 0.009 0.20 L-Feb. 2000 2.7

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  1.7   0.22 L-Sep. 2010 2.3

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.043 -1.5 -0.001 0.38 S-Dec. 2020 -1.9

Other recreation services(5)

1.852 -0.1 -0.002 0.43 L-Oct. 2021 1.6

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.653 0.6 0.004 0.32 L-Oct. 2020 0.9

Admissions(4)

0.678 -0.7 -0.005 0.85 L-Oct. 2021 3.2

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  0.6   0.78 S-Oct. 2021 0.1

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  -1.5   2.17 L-Oct. 2021 8.3

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.210 -0.1 0.000 0.22 S-Sep. 2021 -0.6

Education and communication services(11)

6.014 0.1 0.005 0.07 L-Oct. 2021 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.799 0.1 0.004 0.05 S-Aug. 2021 0.1

College tuition and fees

1.498 0.1 0.002 0.06 S-Oct. 2021 0.0

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.414 0.1 0.000 0.14 S-Oct. 2021 0.1

Day care and preschool(12)

0.739 0.2 0.001 0.05 S-Aug. 2021 0.0

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.035 0.1 0.000 0.21 - -

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.112 -0.2 0.000 0.03 S-Feb. 2021 -0.5

Postage

0.102 -0.3 0.000 0.00 S-Feb. 2021 -0.6

Delivery services(5)

0.010 0.8 0.000 0.35 L-Aug. 2021 1.4

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.237 0.0 -0.001 0.09 - -

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.831 -0.1 -0.001 0.10 S-Aug. 2021 -0.2

Land-line telephone services(4)(11)

0.406 0.2 0.001 0.19 L-Oct. 2021 0.7

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.855 0.3 0.003 0.20 L-Sep. 2021 0.6

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.626 0.7 0.012 0.17 L-Jul. 2021 1.2

Personal care services(4)

0.672 0.8 0.005 0.35 L-Jul. 2021 2.2

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.672 0.8 0.005 0.35 L-Jul. 2021 2.2

Miscellaneous personal services(4)

0.954 0.7 0.007 0.12 L-Oct. 2021 1.1

Legal services(4)(9)

0.241 0.4 0.001 0.05 L-Oct. 2021 1.8

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.134 0.4 0.001 0.10 L-May 2021 0.4

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.221 1.2 0.003 0.17 L-Aug. 2021 2.0

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.029 2.8 0.001 0.37 L-EVER -

Financial services(9)

0.220 0.3 0.001 0.38 S-Sep. 2021 -0.2

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.17 L-Oct. 2021 0.9

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

           

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.010 0.5 0.401 0.04 S-Sep. 2021 0.3

All items less shelter

67.607 0.5 0.335 0.05 S-Sep. 2021 0.4

All items less food and shelter

53.617 0.5 0.265 0.06 S-Sep. 2021 0.3

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.075 0.6 0.295 0.07 - -

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

42.656 0.4 0.174 0.07 - -

All items less medical care

91.526 0.5 0.446 0.04 S-Sep. 2021 0.5

All items less energy

92.458 0.5 0.501 0.04 S-Sep. 2021 0.3

Commodities

39.062 0.8 0.302 0.07 S-Sep. 2021 0.6

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.349 0.8 0.137 0.11 L-Oct. 2021 0.8

Commodities less food

25.072 0.9 0.232 0.10 S-Sep. 2021 0.4

Commodities less food and beverages

24.079 0.9 0.227 0.10 S-Sep. 2021 0.4

Services

60.938 0.3 0.169 0.04 S-Sep. 2021 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(16)

28.885 0.1 0.041 0.07 S-Sep. 2021 0.1

Services less medical care services

53.951 0.3 0.166 0.05 - -

Durables

11.776 1.8 0.211 0.11 L-Jun. 2021 3.5

Nondurables

27.286 0.9 0.248 0.08 S-Sep. 2021 0.4

Nondurables less food

13.296 0.6 0.075 0.14 S-Sep. 2021 0.1

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.303 0.6 0.069 0.15 S-Sep. 2021 0.1

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.634 0.5 0.053 0.12 S-Sep. 2021 0.5

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.627 0.6 0.059 0.11 S-Sep. 2021 0.5

Housing

41.552 0.4 0.181 0.05 S-Aug. 2021 0.4

Education and communication(5)

6.487 0.0 0.003 0.08 - -

Education(5)

2.901 0.1 0.004 0.06 S-Aug. 2021 0.0

Communication(5)

3.586 0.0 0.000 0.13 L-Oct. 2021 0.1

Information and information processing(5)

3.474 0.0 0.000 0.13 L-Oct. 2021 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(18)

1.237 0.0 0.000 0.27 L-Sep. 2021 0.7

Recreation(5)

5.621 -0.2 -0.011 0.18 - -

Video and audio(5)

1.483 -0.8 -0.011 0.17 S-Dec. 2010 -0.9

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.152 1.0 0.011 0.22 L-Aug. 2008 1.2

Photography(5)

0.070 -0.4 0.000 0.38 S-Mar. 2021 -1.0

Food and beverages

14.983 0.5 0.075 0.09 S-Aug. 2021 0.4

Domestically produced farm food(4)

6.459 0.4 0.024 0.17 - -

Other services

11.308 0.1 0.015 0.10 L-Oct. 2021 0.5

Apparel less footwear

2.027 1.8 0.036 0.56 L-Jan. 2021 2.5

Fuels and utilities

4.497 -0.1 -0.007 0.14 S-May 2020 -0.1

Household energy

3.427 -0.3 -0.010 0.18 S-Apr. 2020 -0.3

Medical care

8.474 0.3 0.024 0.08 L-Oct. 2021 0.5

Transportation

17.137 0.8 0.137 0.13 S-Sep. 2021 0.3

Private transportation

16.061 0.7 0.117 0.11 S-Sep. 2021 0.7

New and used motor vehicles(5)

8.363 1.8 0.154 0.10 - -

Utilities and public transportation

8.775 0.2 0.019 0.12 S-Sep. 2021 0.0

Household furnishings and operations

4.662 1.1 0.052 0.19 L-Aug. 2021 1.3

Other goods and services

3.077 0.5 0.015 0.13 L-Oct. 2021 0.8

Personal care(4)

2.460 0.5 0.011 0.16 L-Oct. 2021 0.6

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 2019=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(18) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, December 2021, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Nov.
2021
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Dec. 2020-
Dec. 2021
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Dec. 2020-
Dec. 2021(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 7.0   0.09 L-Jun. 1982 7.1

Food

13.990 6.3 0.886 0.16 L-Oct. 2008 6.3

Food at home

7.722 6.5 0.504 0.24 L-Dec. 2008 6.6

Cereals and bakery products

0.978 4.8 0.048 0.52 L-Feb. 2012 5.3

Cereals and cereal products

0.299 4.8 0.015 0.79 L-Apr. 2012 5.0

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 6.6 0.003 1.47 L-Apr. 2012 9.4

Breakfast cereal

0.139 6.0 0.009 1.30 L-Dec. 2011 6.5

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.118 2.8 0.003 1.30 L-Dec. 2020 4.4

Rice(4)(5)

  1.9   1.80 L-Mar. 2021 3.8

Bakery products

0.680 4.8 0.033 0.68 - -

Bread(4)

0.195 3.8 0.008 1.23 S-Oct. 2021 2.3

White bread(5)

  3.0   1.35 S-Oct. 2021 1.3

Bread other than white(5)

  4.6   1.27 S-Oct. 2021 3.2

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.100 4.7 0.005 1.53 S-Sep. 2021 4.0

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.172 3.8 0.007 1.06 L-Sep. 2021 3.9

Cookies(5)

  2.1   1.36 L-Sep. 2021 2.4

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  5.9   1.83 S-Sep. 2021 5.1

Other bakery products

0.213 6.5 0.014 1.12 L-Mar. 2009 9.3

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  2.9   2.11 S-Oct. 2021 1.5

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  11.0   1.89 L-Feb. 2009 11.6

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  4.9   1.51 S-Oct. 2021 4.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.840 12.5 0.217 0.50 S-Oct. 2021 11.9

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.741 12.6 0.206 0.51 S-Oct. 2021 11.9

Meats

1.119 14.8 0.151 0.64 S-Oct. 2021 14.5

Beef and veal

0.536 18.6 0.088 0.93 S-Sep. 2021 17.6

Uncooked ground beef

0.187 13.0 0.023 1.27 S-Sep. 2021 10.8

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.087 22.1 0.016 2.74 S-Sep. 2021 20.8

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.211 21.4 0.039 1.39 S-Aug. 2021 16.6

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.051 23.2 0.010 2.51 S-Oct. 2021 21.9

Pork

0.355 15.1 0.049 1.15 S-Oct. 2021 14.1

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.146 16.3 0.022 1.43 S-Oct. 2021 15.4

Bacon and related products(5)

  18.6   1.36 S-Aug. 2021 17.0

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  12.8   2.43 S-Oct. 2021 8.3

Ham

0.066 10.1 0.006 3.22 S-Oct. 2021 7.1

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  10.5   3.42 S-Oct. 2021 7.6

Pork chops

0.055 12.5 0.006 2.49 S-Sep. 2021 5.9

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.087 18.9 0.014 2.52 S-Oct. 2021 16.9

Other meats

0.228 6.5 0.015 1.06 L-Jun. 2020 6.7

Frankfurters(5)

  -0.6   2.85 S-Oct. 2021 -3.3

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  6.9   1.25 L-Mar. 2015 6.9

Poultry

0.341 9.5 0.032 1.09 L-Sep. 2004 9.8

Chicken(4)

0.281 10.4 0.028 1.13 L-Sep. 2004 12.1

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  7.8   2.20 L-Jul. 2020 8.4

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  11.5   1.56 L-Sep. 2004 11.8

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.060 5.6 0.003 3.45 L-Aug. 2021 6.1

Fish and seafood

0.281 8.4 0.023 0.94 L-May 2011 8.6

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.144 10.2 0.014 1.53 S-Jul. 2021 8.5

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.137 6.6 0.009 1.06 L-Apr. 2012 7.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  0.7   1.74 L-Jul. 2021 2.0

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  9.6   1.70 L-Jun. 2014 10.2

Eggs

0.099 11.1 0.011 1.87 L-Oct. 2021 11.6

Dairy and related products

0.746 1.6 0.013 0.62 - -

Milk(4)

0.209 4.2 0.009 1.11 S-Sep. 2021 1.8

Fresh whole milk(5)

  4.9   1.99 S-Sep. 2021 3.2

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  4.1   1.10 S-Oct. 2021 3.8

Cheese and related products

0.248 -0.6 -0.002 0.91 S-Oct. 2021 -0.6

Ice cream and related products

0.104 1.6 0.002 1.40 L-Oct. 2021 3.5

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.186 1.7 0.003 1.03 L-Feb. 2021 3.2

Fruits and vegetables

1.305 5.0 0.067 0.62 L-Oct. 2011 5.2

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.028 5.2 0.055 0.76 L-Mar. 2013 5.8

Fresh fruits

0.538 7.9 0.042 1.19 L-Sep. 2011 8.7

Apples

0.074 7.8 0.006 1.95 L-Sep. 2021 7.8

Bananas

0.073 6.0 0.004 1.54 L-Oct. 2011 6.4

Citrus fruits(4)

0.139 9.7 0.013 1.83 L-Mar. 2021 9.8

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  9.9   2.52 L-Nov. 2017 12.8

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.253 7.5 0.019 1.94 S-Oct. 2021 3.6

Fresh vegetables

0.490 2.4 0.012 0.89 L-Dec. 2020 4.2

Potatoes

0.070 4.8 0.004 2.00 L-Aug. 2020 4.9

Lettuce

0.066 3.4 0.002 2.64 L-Sep. 2021 5.0

Tomatoes

0.079 1.6 0.001 2.33 S-Oct. 2021 0.2

Other fresh vegetables

0.274 1.8 0.005 1.36 S-Sep. 2021 0.5

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.277 4.4 0.013 0.77 L-Dec. 2020 4.8

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.145 4.3 0.006 1.17 L-Oct. 2021 5.3

Canned fruits(4)(5)

  2.9   1.49 L-Oct. 2021 2.9

Canned vegetables(4)(5)

  5.0   1.67 S-Sep. 2021 3.8

Frozen fruits and vegetables(4)

0.083 5.6 0.005 1.35 L-Oct. 2020 5.8

Frozen vegetables(5)

  3.2   1.73 L-Dec. 2020 4.4

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(4)

0.049 3.0 0.002 1.65 S-Oct. 2021 1.7

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)

  8.1   3.56 S-Oct. 2021 4.4

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.909 5.2 0.048 0.59 S-Oct. 2021 4.5

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(4)

0.652 5.7 0.038 0.72 L-Aug. 2020 6.6

Carbonated drinks

0.277 7.4 0.021 1.46 - -

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.006 1.7 0.000 2.35 S-Aug. 2021 -1.9

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.369 4.5 0.017 0.84 L-Sep. 2020 5.2

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(4)

0.257 3.9 0.010 0.94 S-Sep. 2021 3.4

Coffee

0.168 6.3 0.011 1.23 S-Oct. 2021 4.7

Roasted coffee(5)

  6.9   1.70 S-Oct. 2021 5.6

Instant coffee(5)

  3.0   1.91 S-Oct. 2021 1.2

Other beverage materials including tea(4)

0.090 -0.3 0.000 1.20 S-May 2021 -0.6

Other food at home

1.942 5.6 0.111 0.39 S-Oct. 2021