Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
CPI CPI Program Links

Consumer Price Index News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (ET) Thursday, January 12, 2023      USDL-23-0017
	
Technical information: (202) 691-7000  *  cpi_info@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov 

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX - DECEMBER 2022

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) declined 0.1 percent in December on a
seasonally adjusted basis, after increasing 0.1 percent in November, the U.S. Bureau of Labor
Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased 6.5 percent before
seasonal adjustment.

The index for gasoline was by far the largest contributor to the monthly all items decrease, more than
offsetting increases in shelter indexes. The food index increased 0.3 percent over the month with the
food at home index rising 0.2 percent. The energy index decreased 4.5 percent over the month as the
gasoline index declined; other major energy component indexes increased over the month.

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in December, after rising 0.2 percent
in November. Indexes which increased in December include the shelter, household furnishings and
operations, motor vehicle insurance, recreation, and apparel indexes. The indexes for used cars and
trucks, and airline fares were among those that decreased over the month.

The all items index increased 6.5 percent for the 12 months ending December; this was the smallest
12-month increase since the period ending October 2021. The all items less food and energy index rose
5.7 percent over the last 12 months. The energy index increased 7.3 percent for the 12 months ending
December, and the food index increased 10.4 percent over the last year; all of these increases were
smaller than for the 12-month period ending November. 

Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average

Seasonally adjusted changes from preceding month Un-
adjusted
12-mos.
ended
Dec. 2022
Jun.
2022
Jul.
2022
Aug.
2022
Sep.
2022
Oct.
2022
Nov.
2022
Dec.
2022

All items

1.3 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.1 -0.1 6.5

Food

1.0 1.1 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.3 10.4

Food at home

1.0 1.3 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.2 11.8

Food away from home(1)

0.9 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.4 8.3

Energy

7.5 -4.6 -5.0 -2.1 1.8 -1.6 -4.5 7.3

Energy commodities

10.4 -7.6 -10.1 -4.7 4.4 -2.0 -9.4 0.4

Gasoline (all types)

11.2 -7.7 -10.6 -4.9 4.0 -2.0 -9.4 -1.5

Fuel oil(1)

-1.2 -11.0 -5.9 -2.7 19.8 1.7 -16.6 41.5

Energy services

3.5 0.1 2.1 1.1 -1.2 -1.1 1.5 15.6

Electricity

1.7 1.6 1.5 0.4 0.1 -0.2 1.0 14.3

Utility (piped) gas service

8.2 -3.6 3.5 2.9 -4.6 -3.5 3.0 19.3

All items less food and energy

0.7 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.3 5.7

Commodities less food and energy commodities

0.8 0.2 0.5 0.0 -0.4 -0.5 -0.3 2.1

New vehicles

0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.4 0.0 -0.1 5.9

Used cars and trucks

1.6 -0.4 -0.1 -1.1 -2.4 -2.9 -2.5 -8.8

Apparel

0.8 -0.1 0.2 -0.3 -0.7 0.2 0.5 2.9

Medical care commodities(1)

0.4 0.6 0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 3.2

Services less energy services

0.7 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.5 7.0

Shelter

0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.8 7.5

Transportation services

2.1 -0.5 0.5 1.9 0.8 -0.1 0.2 14.6

Medical care services

0.7 0.4 0.8 1.0 -0.6 -0.7 0.1 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.

Food

The food index increased 0.3 percent in December following a 0.5-percent increase in November. The
food at home index rose 0.2 percent in December. Three of the six major grocery store food group
indexes increased over the month. The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs increased 1.0 percent
in December, as the index for eggs rose 11.1 percent. The index for other food at home rose 0.4
percent over the month, while the index for nonalcoholic beverages increased 0.1 percent in December.

In contrast, the fruits and vegetables index fell 0.6 percent over the month with the fresh fruit
index declining 1.9 percent. The index for dairy and related products decreased 0.3 percent in
December, and the index for cereals and bakery products was unchanged. 

The food away from home index rose 0.4 percent in December, after increasing 0.5 percent in November.
The index for limited service meals increased 0.5 percent over the month and the index for full
service meals increased 0.1 percent. 

The food at home index rose 11.8 percent over the last 12 months. The index for cereals and bakery
products rose 16.1 percent over the year. The remaining major grocery store food groups posted
increases ranging from 7.7 percent (meats, poultry, fish, and eggs) to 15.3 percent (dairy and related
products).

The index for food away from home rose 8.3 percent over the last year. The index for full service
meals rose 8.2 percent over the last 12 months, and the index for limited service meals rose 6.6
percent over the same period. 

Energy

The energy index fell 4.5 percent in December after falling 1.6 percent in November. The gasoline
index declined 9.4 percent over the month, following a 2.0-percent decrease in November. (Before
seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices fell 12.5 percent in December.) The index for natural gas rose
over the month, increasing 3.0 percent after decreasing 3.5 percent in November. The electricity
index increased 1.0 percent in December.

The energy index rose 7.3 percent over the past 12 months. The gasoline index decreased 1.5 percent
over the span. The fuel oil index rose 41.5 percent over the last 12 months, the index for electricity
rose 14.3 percent, and the index for natural gas increased 19.3 percent over the same period.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in December, following a 0.2-percent
increase in November. The shelter index continued to increase, rising 0.8 percent over the month. The
rent index rose 0.8 percent over the month, and the owners' equivalent rent index also rose 0.8
percent. The index for lodging away from home increased 1.5 percent in December, after falling 0.7
percent in November. 

The shelter index was the dominant factor in the monthly increase in the index for all items less food
and energy, while other components were a mix of increases and declines. Among the other indexes that
rose in December was the index for household furnishings and operations, which increased 0.3 percent
over the month, while the index for motor vehicle insurance rose 0.6 percent, and the index for
recreation increased 0.2 percent. The apparel index rose 0.5 percent in December, and the education
index increased 0.3 percent.

The medical care index rose 0.1 percent in December, after declining in the previous 2 months. The
index for hospital services increased 1.7 percent over the month. The physicians' services index and
the prescription drugs index both rose 0.1 percent in December. 

Indexes which declined over the month include the index for used cars and trucks, which fell 2.5
percent in December, the sixth consecutive decline in that index. The index for airline fares fell
3.1 percent over the month, following a 3.0-percent decrease in November. The new vehicles index
declined 0.1 percent in December, as did the personal care index.

The index for all items less food and energy rose 5.7 percent over the past 12 months. The shelter
index increased 7.5 percent over the last year, accounting for more than half of the total increase
in all items less food and energy. Other indexes with notable increases over the last year include
household furnishings and operations (+6.7 percent), medical care (+4.0 percent), new vehicles (+5.9
percent), and recreation (+5.1 percent). 

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 6.5 percent over the last 12 months
to an index level of 296.797 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index decreased 0.3 percent prior to
seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) increased 6.3 percent
over the last 12 months to an index level of 291.051 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index decreased
0.5 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 6.4 percent over the last
12 months. For the month, the index decreased 0.2 percent on a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please
note that the indexes for the past 10 to 12 months are subject to revision. 
_______________
The Consumer Price Index for January 2023 is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, February 14, 2023,
at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
			January 2023 Consumer Price Index Weight Update

Starting with January 2023 data, BLS plans to update weights annually for the Consumer
Price Index based on a single calendar year of data, using consumer expenditure data from
2021. This reflects a change from prior practice of updating weights biennially using two
years of expenditure data.
 
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers for goods 
and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two population groups: all 
urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical workers. The all urban consumer group 
represents about 93 percent of the total U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures 
of almost all residents of urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self
-employed, the poor, the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners 
and clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people living 
in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces, and those 
in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation for all urban 
consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban 
Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U). 
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is based on 
the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that meet two requirements: 
more than one-half of the household's income must come from clerical or wage occupations, 
and at least one of the household's earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks 
during the previous 12 months. The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the 
total U.S. population and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, doctors' 
and dentists' services, drugs, and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day 
living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas across the country from about 
6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments (department stores, 
supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service 
establishments). All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are 
included in the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are obtained every month in 
all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected every month 
in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most 
goods and services are obtained by personal visit, telephone call, or web collection by the 
Bureau's trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are 
aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the 
appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. 
For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published by size of city, by region of 
the country, for cross-classifications of regions and population-size classes, and for 23 
selected local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices among 
cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period. 
For the C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are 
considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject 
to three subsequent quarterly revisions. 

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the CPI-U and 
the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base for the C-CPI-U is 
December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, 
is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price 
of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. 

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based 
upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS calculates 
and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-month percent change 
standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard error estimates can be used to 
construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated standard 
error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means 
that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using the same 
methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these 
estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail 
prices. For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 95 
percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would fall 
between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including information on how to use 
the estimates of standard error, see www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm. 

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes 
rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level 
of the index in relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following 
table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent changes:
 
                            Item A                  Item B                      Item C
Year I                      112.500                 225.000                     110.000
Year II                     121.500                 243.000                     128.000
Change in index points      9.000                   18.000                      18.000
Percent change              9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0   18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. 
Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS 
seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are 
used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The factors are available 
at www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2022.xlsx. For more 
information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal Adjustment at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the Timeline of Seasonal 
Adjustment Methodological Changes at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually 
preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and 
in about the same magnitude every year-such as price movements resulting from weather events, 
production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on 
changes that are not typical for the time of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest 
to consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used 
extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements and pension 
plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for 
seasonal variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation 
agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment (IASA) for some 
CPI series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal 
pattern of price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which the 
distortions caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior to 
calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately represent 
the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data. 

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 2009 
return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier 
data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal portion 
of the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to 
seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this "prior 
adjusted" data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in 
the data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2022, BLS adjusted 72 series using intervention 
analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, electricity, 
and vehicles. 

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject to 
revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI 
calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years 
of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final 
and not subject to revision. For January 2022, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted 
indexes for 2017 to 2021 were calculated and published. For series which are directly adjusted 
using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors for 2021 will 
be applied to data for 2022 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2022 indexes. Series which are 
indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal 
factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical 
criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its 
status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 81 
components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status from 
seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the 
aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes 
before that period will not be changed. For 2022, 22 of the 81 components of the U.S. city 
average all items index are seasonally adjusted.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information and 
Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov. 

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section at 
202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov. 

If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to access 
telecommunications relay services.



Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, December 2022 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Nov.
2022
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Dec.
2021
Nov.
2022
Dec.
2022
Dec.
2021-
Dec.
2022
Nov.
2022-
Dec.
2022
Sep.
2022-
Oct.
2022
Oct.
2022-
Nov.
2022
Nov.
2022-
Dec.
2022

All items

100.000 278.802 297.711 296.797 6.5 -0.3 0.4 0.1 -0.1

Food

13.781 286.966 315.857 316.839 10.4 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.3

Food at home

8.525 267.555 298.284 299.089 11.8 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.2

Cereals and bakery products

1.118 297.279 344.393 345.029 16.1 0.2 0.8 1.1 0.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.898 297.604 319.444 320.455 7.7 0.3 0.6 -0.2 1.0

Dairy and related products

0.811 235.442 271.307 271.376 15.3 0.0 -0.1 1.0 -0.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.431 321.931 349.462 349.134 8.4 -0.1 -0.9 1.4 -0.6

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.981 186.723 209.507 210.324 12.6 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.1

Other food at home

2.285 230.809 261.583 262.985 13.9 0.5 0.9 -0.1 0.4

Food away from home(1)

5.257 317.372 342.266 343.559 8.3 0.4 0.9 0.5 0.4

Energy

7.868 256.207 292.953 274.937 7.3 -6.1 1.8 -1.6 -4.5

Energy commodities

4.308 296.391 339.663 297.625 0.4 -12.4 4.4 -2.0 -9.4

Fuel oil(1)

0.183 325.879 553.234 461.140 41.5 -16.6 19.8 1.7 -16.6

Motor fuel

4.052 291.510 329.954 288.979 -0.9 -12.4 4.0 -2.1 -9.2

Gasoline (all types)

3.951 290.185 326.649 285.757 -1.5 -12.5 4.0 -2.0 -9.4

Energy services

3.560 228.199 260.220 263.825 15.6 1.4 -1.2 -1.1 1.5

Electricity

2.610 227.974 258.864 260.548 14.3 0.7 0.1 -0.2 1.0

Utility (piped) gas service

0.950 224.366 258.872 267.683 19.3 3.4 -4.6 -3.5 3.0

All items less food and energy

78.350 283.908 299.600 300.113 5.7 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.882 160.850 165.291 164.304 2.1 -0.6 -0.4 -0.5 -0.3

Apparel

2.409 121.068 126.728 124.587 2.9 -1.7 -0.7 0.2 0.5

New vehicles

4.068 166.653 176.354 176.463 5.9 0.1 0.4 0.0 -0.1

Used cars and trucks

3.624 207.164 193.530 188.864 -8.8 -2.4 -2.4 -2.9 -2.5

Medical care commodities(1)

1.472 379.611 391.360 391.809 3.2 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

0.877 265.410 279.629 280.755 5.8 0.4 0.8 0.7 0.5

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.520 1,308.024 1,380.951 1,379.589 5.5 -0.1 0.3 0.7 -0.1

Services less energy services

57.469 359.559 383.179 384.906 7.0 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5

Shelter

32.929 341.241 364.195 366.868 7.5 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.8

Rent of primary residence

7.447 355.931 382.562 385.649 8.3 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

24.235 350.508 374.040 376.897 7.5 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8

Medical care services

6.788 578.555 602.333 602.395 4.1 0.0 -0.6 -0.7 0.1

Physicians' services(1)

1.807 408.644 415.048 415.611 1.7 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Hospital services(3)

2.123 366.854 378.209 383.150 4.4 1.3     1.7

Transportation services

6.018 326.063 374.248 373.598 14.6 -0.2 0.8 -0.1 0.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.087 324.688 363.195 366.960 13.0 1.0 0.7 1.3 1.0

Motor vehicle insurance

2.532 567.875 644.317 648.771 14.2 0.7 1.7 0.9 0.6

Airline fares

0.630 208.954 292.656 268.519 28.5 -8.2 -1.1 -3.0 -3.1

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, December 2022 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Nov.
2022
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Dec.
2021-
Dec.
2022
Nov.
2022-
Dec.
2022
Sep.
2022-
Oct.
2022
Oct.
2022-
Nov.
2022
Nov.
2022-
Dec.
2022

All items

100.000 6.5 -0.3 0.4 0.1 -0.1

Food

13.781 10.4 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.3

Food at home

8.525 11.8 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.2

Cereals and bakery products

1.118 16.1 0.2 0.8 1.1 0.0

Cereals and cereal products

0.358 15.6 0.3 0.9 0.6 -0.3

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.059 23.4 -0.5 2.0 1.5 -1.0

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.149 13.0 1.1 0.7 0.4 1.1

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.149 15.4 -0.1 1.3 0.7 -0.5

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  13.8 0.5 1.2 0.8 0.5

Bakery products(1)

0.760 16.3 0.1 0.6 1.0 0.1

Bread(1)(2)

0.215 15.9 0.2 0.9 2.0 0.2

White bread(1)(3)

  17.7 1.3 1.7 1.7 1.3

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  14.0 -0.7 0.0 2.3 -0.7

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.116 16.3 -0.3 0.7 2.2 0.0

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(1)

0.187 17.1 0.3 0.1 1.3 0.3

Cookies(1)(3)

  18.2 1.0 0.3 1.5 1.0

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  14.9 -0.4 -0.8 1.5 -0.4

Other bakery products

0.242 15.9 0.1 1.1 0.7 0.0

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  13.5 2.6 -1.9 -0.3 2.6

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  16.0 -0.3 2.1 1.9 -1.3

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(1)(3)

  18.4 -1.1 2.2 -0.4 -1.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.898 7.7 0.3 0.6 -0.2 1.0

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.751 4.5 -0.6 -0.1 -0.4 0.1

Meats

1.101 2.0 -0.5 0.2 -0.4 0.6

Beef and veal

0.496 -3.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.8 1.3

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.183 0.7 -0.1 -0.5 -0.9 -0.1

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.073 -3.5 1.1 -2.3 -1.3 1.1

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.192 -5.4 -0.5 0.3 0.0 0.9

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.048 -6.7 0.6 -1.8 -1.5 0.6

Pork

0.353 1.5 -1.9 -0.6 -0.3 -0.2

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.157 1.1 -1.5 -0.9 -1.0 -0.5

Bacon and related products(3)

  -3.7 -3.6 -0.1 -1.8 -2.9

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  9.0 2.0 -2.0 0.0 2.1

Ham

0.065 5.7 -5.6 1.1 0.5 -1.1

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  5.2 -6.2 1.3 0.8 -1.3

Pork chops(1)

0.051 2.9 0.2 0.2 1.1 0.2

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.080 -1.8 -1.1 -2.1 -1.7 0.5

Other meats

0.252 14.7 0.6 2.0 0.4 0.3

Frankfurters(3)

  18.2 2.8 -2.3 0.1 3.9

Lunchmeats(1)(2)(3)

  15.1 -0.2 3.4 0.4 -0.2

Poultry(1)

0.363 12.2 -0.6 -1.1 -0.8 -0.6

Chicken(1)(2)

0.294 10.9 -0.6 -1.3 -0.8 -0.6

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  13.3 -0.3 -0.8 0.5 -0.3

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  10.3 -0.8 -1.6 -1.3 -0.8

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.069 18.1 -0.7 -0.1 1.8 -0.5

Fish and seafood

0.287 5.0 -0.8 0.0 -0.1 -0.7

Fresh fish and seafood(1)(2)

0.144 3.8 -1.0 0.6 -1.4 -1.0

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.143 6.3 -0.7 -0.9 1.0 0.0

Shelf stable fish and seafood(3)

  8.6 1.9 -0.9 1.3 2.4

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  6.3 -1.7 -1.8 1.4 -1.0

Eggs(1)

0.147 59.9 11.1 10.1 2.3 11.1

Dairy and related products

0.811 15.3 0.0 -0.1 1.0 -0.3

Milk(2)

0.205 12.5 -0.1 -0.2 0.8 -1.0

Fresh whole milk(3)

  11.7 -0.2 -0.9 1.1 -0.6

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  13.5 0.1 0.1 0.8 -0.6

Cheese and related products(1)

0.262 12.8 0.5 -0.5 0.0 0.5

Ice cream and related products

0.123 15.0 -0.6 1.1 2.0 -1.1

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.222 21.4 -0.1 0.5 0.6 -0.1

Fruits and vegetables

1.431 8.4 -0.1 -0.9 1.4 -0.6

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.086 6.4 -0.5 -1.5 1.8 -1.1

Fresh fruits

0.574 3.4 -2.0 -2.4 2.3 -1.9

Apples

0.076 6.6 -0.1 -0.8 3.2 0.2

Bananas(1)

0.078 2.4 -0.4 -1.1 0.5 -0.4

Citrus fruits(2)

0.161 2.5 -5.4 -2.5 2.8 -0.3

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  3.0 -7.2 -3.6 2.5 -1.7

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.260 3.3 -1.0 -2.4 1.8 -2.6

Fresh vegetables

0.512 9.8 1.2 -0.5 1.2 -0.1

Potatoes

0.078 12.9 1.8 -1.9 -1.4 1.6

Lettuce(1)

0.069 24.9 4.0 3.3 8.9 4.0

Tomatoes

0.082 9.1 4.2 2.3 2.6 3.4

Other fresh vegetables

0.283 5.9 -0.6 -0.6 0.7 -1.3

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.345 15.5 1.3 1.1 0.4 0.7

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.178 18.4 0.9 1.8 0.2 0.3

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  18.2 1.1 1.7 1.1 -0.9

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  17.6 0.8 1.8 -0.5 0.4

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.103 12.9 0.8 0.4 1.4 1.1

Frozen vegetables(3)

  16.4 0.4 0.8 1.7 0.9

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.064 11.9 2.7 0.5 -0.1 1.7

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  9.6 3.2 0.8 -0.7 3.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.981 12.6 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.1

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.693 12.2 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.0

Carbonated drinks

0.290 13.0 1.2 1.2 0.4 1.1

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.007 8.7 1.0 1.3 1.7 1.0

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.395 11.6 0.0 0.1 0.6 -0.7

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.288 13.8 0.0 0.3 1.0 0.2

Coffee

0.186 14.3 0.0 1.2 0.5 0.0

Roasted coffee(3)

  15.5 0.6 1.5 0.2 0.6

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  10.8 -2.2 -0.3 2.0 -2.2

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.102 12.9 0.1 -0.1 1.2 0.1

Other food at home

2.285 13.9 0.5 0.9 -0.1 0.4

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.290 12.2 0.4 0.7 -0.3 0.4

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.043 14.3 0.2 0.4 0.5 1.0

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.185 11.6 1.0 0.9 0.3 1.0

Other sweets(2)

0.063 12.8 -1.0 1.0 -0.7 -0.3

Fats and oils

0.261 23.2 1.5 2.1 0.0 1.5

Butter and margarine(2)

0.083 35.3 1.6 1.9 0.4 1.7

Butter(3)

  31.4 2.3 1.4 0.2 3.3

Margarine(1)(3)

  43.8 1.9 1.3 -2.3 1.9

Salad dressing(2)

0.061 18.3 -0.1 4.1 1.0 -1.1

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.117 18.2 2.2 0.9 -1.1 3.4

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  7.4 1.8 0.7 -1.6 1.8

Other foods

1.734 12.9 0.4 0.8 0.0 0.3

Soups

0.101 15.7 1.6 -0.9 -2.0 0.9

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.280 15.0 1.0 0.9 -0.9 1.1

Snacks(1)

0.374 11.0 -0.2 1.3 -0.8 -0.2

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.330 11.8 0.6 0.8 0.2 1.0

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  6.5 -0.4 0.8 -0.5 -0.5

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  15.8 0.6 1.8 0.8 0.6

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  15.2 1.1 -0.4 0.2 1.5

Other condiments(3)

  8.0 3.1 0.7 -1.6 3.8

Baby food(1)(2)

0.045 10.7 -0.2 1.8 0.3 -0.2

Other miscellaneous foods(2)

0.605 13.6 0.2 0.6 0.2 -0.3

Prepared salads(3)(4)

  9.1 0.1 -1.2 -0.3 -0.9

Food away from home(1)

5.257 8.3 0.4 0.9 0.5 0.4

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.438 8.2 0.1 1.1 0.4 0.1

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.532 6.6 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.5

Food at employee sites and schools(1)(2)

0.077 129.6 0.6 3.8 1.7 0.6

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  305.2 0.2     0.2

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.038 14.8 1.4 3.7 0.5 1.4

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.171 6.0 1.0 0.2 0.0 1.0

Energy

7.868 7.3 -6.1 1.8 -1.6 -4.5

Energy commodities

4.308 0.4 -12.4 4.4 -2.0 -9.4

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.257 26.0 -11.7 10.5 -0.4 -11.9

Fuel oil(1)

0.183 41.5 -16.6 19.8 1.7 -16.6

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.073 2.6 0.7 0.0 -2.6 -0.2

Motor fuel

4.052 -0.9 -12.4 4.0 -2.1 -9.2

Gasoline (all types)

3.951 -1.5 -12.5 4.0 -2.0 -9.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  -2.0 -12.8 4.1 -1.9 -9.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  0.2 -11.0 2.9 -1.4 -8.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  1.6 -10.8 3.9 -2.7 -8.2

Other motor fuels(1)(2)

0.101 32.3 -8.5 3.0 2.3 -8.5

Energy services

3.560 15.6 1.4 -1.2 -1.1 1.5

Electricity

2.610 14.3 0.7 0.1 -0.2 1.0

Utility (piped) gas service

0.950 19.3 3.4 -4.6 -3.5 3.0

All items less food and energy

78.350 5.7 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.882 2.1 -0.6 -0.4 -0.5 -0.3

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.949 7.3 0.1 -0.2 0.4 0.2

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.292 4.8 -0.4 0.5 -1.8 -0.4

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.069 12.5 0.0 -1.4 0.6 0.0

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.056 3.2 1.7 -1.2 -1.4 1.7

Other linens(1)(2)

0.167 2.4 -1.2 1.9 -2.8 -1.2

Furniture and bedding(1)

0.952 4.7 0.0 -1.2 -0.8 0.0

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.305 2.7 0.6 -0.9 -0.5 0.6

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.471 6.3 -0.6 -1.9 -0.3 -0.6

Other furniture(2)

0.167 3.7 0.5 -0.8 -2.7 0.0

Appliances(2)

0.240 1.1 0.1 -0.5 0.9 0.2

Major appliances(2)

0.076 -0.6 1.6 -0.1 0.6 1.0

Laundry equipment(1)(3)

  0.7 4.1 -7.8 -2.7 4.1

Other appliances(1)(2)

0.161 1.9 -0.7 -1.0 -0.1 -0.7

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.549 3.3 -1.1 -0.8 -1.2 -0.3

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.331 2.1 -2.6 0.4 -1.2 -2.6

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.099 6.3 0.9 0.9 1.1 0.1

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.049 7.8 0.7 -3.7 -3.6 0.7

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(1)(2)

0.070 2.0 1.6 -1.0 -2.6 1.6

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.955 10.6 1.0 0.4 0.6 1.4

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.251 13.8 1.2 1.4 -0.8 1.2

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.474 9.0 1.0 -0.3 0.7 1.5

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.961 11.6 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.3

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.345 9.8 -0.1 1.0 0.2 -0.1

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.225 14.9 1.4 0.4 2.2 1.4

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.390 11.4 0.0 0.6 0.1 0.0

Apparel

2.409 2.9 -1.7 -0.7 0.2 0.5

Men's and boys' apparel

0.602 2.2 -0.7 -0.6 0.3 1.6

Men's apparel

0.465 2.9 -1.2 0.0 0.7 1.3

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.076 8.3 -2.4 -2.0 3.7 1.9

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(1)

0.156 1.6 -1.4 0.4 -1.1 -1.4

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.114 2.7 -0.6 -2.4 1.3 2.1

Men's pants and shorts

0.114 1.5 -0.7 1.5 -1.1 1.1

Boys' apparel

0.137 0.0 1.1 -1.7 -0.4 2.4

Women's and girls' apparel

0.956 4.1 -2.9 0.2 0.0 -0.3

Women's apparel

0.803 3.9 -3.2 0.6 0.4 -0.3

Women's outerwear

0.056 -0.6 -1.5 -3.8 -1.3 2.8

Women's dresses

0.087 -2.3 -6.2 -2.4 1.2 -2.4

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.386 4.5 -2.8 0.2 0.2 1.2

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.266 6.2 -3.1 2.2 -0.1 -0.7

Girls' apparel

0.153 5.1 -1.3 -1.6 -2.2 -0.6

Footwear

0.586 0.8 -1.8 -1.1 0.1 -0.2

Men's footwear(1)

0.199 0.5 -2.4 -0.9 0.2 -2.4

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.113 2.9 0.1 -1.2 -0.7 0.8

Women's footwear

0.274 0.1 -2.1 -1.6 0.1 -0.6

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.112 5.0 -0.7 -3.2 1.6 0.8

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.153 5.0 1.2 -2.9 0.9 3.3

Watches(1)(6)

0.029 1.5 -0.1 -0.1 0.7 -0.1

Jewelry(6)

0.124 5.9 1.6 -3.2 1.2 3.7

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

8.212 -0.9 -1.0 -0.9 -1.3 -1.2

New vehicles

4.068 5.9 0.1 0.4 0.0 -0.1

New cars(3)

  6.2 0.2 0.3 -0.2 -0.1

New trucks(3)(10)

  6.0 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.0

Used cars and trucks

3.624 -8.8 -2.4 -2.4 -2.9 -2.5

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.435 9.9 0.1 0.3 0.6 0.1

Tires(1)

0.272 8.7 0.5 -0.1 0.2 0.5

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.164 11.8 -0.6 1.1 1.2 -0.6

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  8.8 -1.2 0.4 1.8 -1.2

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  19.1 0.3 4.4 -0.3 0.3

Medical care commodities(1)

1.472 3.2 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1

Medicinal drugs(1)(8)

1.369 2.8 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0

Prescription drugs(1)

0.995 1.8 0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.1

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.375 5.4 -0.4 0.4 0.7 -0.4

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.103 9.2 2.3 -0.6 1.7 2.3

Recreation commodities(8)

1.874 4.1 -0.1 0.7 -0.4 0.1

Video and audio products(8)

0.271 -7.5 -1.1 0.9 -1.2 0.0

Televisions

0.118 -14.4 -0.6 -0.1 -1.5 1.4

Other video equipment(2)

0.023 -8.6 -1.9 -2.8 -3.1 0.0

Audio equipment(1)

0.072 -0.6 -2.4 2.9 -1.0 -2.4

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.051 1.4 0.1 2.0 0.4 0.1

Pets and pet products(1)

0.575 12.6 0.1 1.3 0.5 0.1

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  15.2 0.4 1.0 0.8 0.4

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  8.7 0.1 1.4 -0.4 0.1

Sporting goods(1)

0.549 3.5 -0.5 1.6 0.0 -0.5

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.315 2.9 -0.6 2.6 0.7 -0.6

Sports equipment(1)

0.223 4.3 -0.2 0.3 -0.9 -0.2

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.020 5.9 1.2 -1.7 -1.3 3.5

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  5.1 1.0 -2.7 -1.5 3.2

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.095 4.4 -0.1 -1.0 -0.8 -0.1

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.056 6.5 0.0 -0.1 -2.2 0.0

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.039 1.5 -0.1 -2.2 1.3 -0.1

Other recreational goods(2)

0.364 2.1 0.9 -0.9 -1.4 0.9

Toys

0.281 1.3 1.0 -1.1 -1.4 1.0

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  3.5 0.3 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.026 6.3 3.6 -1.6 -6.3 3.6

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.042 5.5 -1.1 0.6 1.8 -1.1

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.725 -10.1 -0.9 -0.9 -1.6 -0.8

Educational books and supplies(1)

0.086 5.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  6.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2

Information technology commodities(8)

0.639 -11.8 -1.1 -1.0 -1.8 -0.9

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(1)(4)

0.326 -5.8 -2.4 -0.3 -2.7 -2.4

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.019 -3.1 -0.9 -2.1 -2.2 -0.9

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(2)

0.295 -18.0 0.4 -1.8 -0.8 0.7

Smartphones(1)(3)(12)

  -22.2 0.7 -5.9 -1.4 0.7

Alcoholic beverages

0.877 5.8 0.4 0.8 0.7 0.5

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.583 5.3 0.2 0.5 0.8 0.6

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.225 8.6 0.9 0.5 1.3 1.3

Distilled spirits at home(1)

0.105 1.7 -0.1 0.5 0.9 -0.1

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  1.6 0.1 0.1 0.9 0.1

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  1.5 -0.3 0.5 0.8 -0.3

Wine at home(1)

0.253 3.9 -0.2 0.3 -0.2 -0.2

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.294 6.8 0.8 1.2 0.3 0.8

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  6.1 0.4 0.7 0.1 0.4

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  7.8 1.0 1.2 0.1 1.0

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  7.4 1.4 1.1 0.8 1.4

Other goods(8)

1.364 7.2 -0.1 0.6 0.6 -0.1

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.520 5.5 -0.1 0.3 0.7 -0.1

Cigarettes(1)(2)

0.450 5.5 -0.1 0.5 0.7 -0.1

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.065 5.1 -0.2 -1.1 0.5 -0.2

Personal care products(1)

0.653 7.5 -0.1 0.4 0.2 -0.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.338 9.9 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.5

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.305 5.0 -0.8 0.0 -0.2 -0.8

Miscellaneous personal goods(1)(2)

0.190 10.8 0.1 1.9 2.0 0.1

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  16.4 2.7 4.2 2.9 2.9

Services less energy services

57.469 7.0 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5

Shelter

32.929 7.5 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.8

Rent of shelter(13)

32.569 7.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.8

Rent of primary residence

7.447 8.3 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8

Lodging away from home(2)

0.887 3.2 -0.4 4.9 -0.7 1.5

Housing at school, excluding board(13)

0.124 2.9 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.762 3.2 -0.5 5.6 -0.9 1.7

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(13)

24.235 7.5 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(13)

22.978 7.5 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.360 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.089 4.9 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.782 4.5 0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.3

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.308 6.1 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.2

Household operations(1)(2)

           

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.235 3.7 1.7   -3.0 1.7

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

           

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.100 1.1 -1.3 0.1 -1.2 -1.3

Repair of household items(1)(2)

           

Medical care services

6.788 4.1 0.0 -0.6 -0.7 0.1

Professional services

3.455 3.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1

Physicians' services(1)

1.807 1.7 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Dental services

0.920 6.4 0.1 0.2 1.1 0.2

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.352 1.7 0.4 0.1 -2.5 0.4

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.376 2.1 -0.9 0.0 -0.4 -0.9

Hospital and related services

2.491 4.6 1.1 -0.2 -0.3 1.5

Hospital services(14)

2.123 4.4 1.3     1.7

Inpatient hospital services(14)(3)

  4.1 1.2     1.5

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  4.7 1.4     1.7

Nursing homes and adult day services(14)

0.205 4.7 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.5

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.163 6.1 0.2 0.5 0.0 0.2

Health insurance(1)(5)

0.842 7.9 -3.4 -4.0 -4.3 -3.4

Transportation services

6.018 14.6 -0.2 0.8 -0.1 0.2

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

0.849   1.5 -0.5 -1.9 1.5

Car and truck rental(2)

0.141 -4.9 -3.3 -0.5 -2.4 -1.6

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.087 13.0 1.0 0.7 1.3 1.0

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.053 10.1 0.2 1.4 0.4 0.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.589 9.2 0.4 1.2 0.8 0.4

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.400 19.5 2.1 -0.1 2.0 2.1

Motor vehicle insurance

2.532 14.2 0.7 1.7 0.9 0.6

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.496 1.8 0.1 -0.3 -0.4 0.1

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.287 2.5 0.2 0.0 -0.3 0.2

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.194 0.7 0.1 -0.8 -0.6 0.1

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  1.5 0.8 -1.0 -0.6 0.9

Public transportation

0.914 18.9 -5.3 0.5 -2.0 -2.8

Airline fares

0.630 28.5 -8.2 -1.1 -3.0 -3.1

Other intercity transportation

0.091 2.0 0.6 1.6 -1.6 0.3

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  -2.6 1.4 -0.2 -2.3 1.4

Intracity transportation(1)

0.191 4.0 1.8 -1.1 0.3 1.8

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Recreation services(8)

3.147 5.7 0.3 0.8 1.0 0.3

Video and audio services(8)

1.141 4.2 -0.5 0.7 0.9 -0.3

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.047 4.0 -0.6 0.8 1.0 -0.3

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.094 7.6 0.3 0.2 -0.7 0.3

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  9.7 -0.9 0.0 -4.0 -0.9

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  10.2 2.2 0.2 1.7 2.2

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.524 9.1 -0.2 0.2 0.7 -0.4

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  7.5 0.6 0.7 1.1 0.6

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  8.8 -0.4 0.0 0.1 -0.4

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.030 5.8 -0.2 0.3 0.5 -0.2

Other recreation services(2)

1.452 5.7 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.634 5.2 0.7 1.2 0.2 0.7

Admissions(1)

0.458 5.7 1.1 0.8 3.5 1.1

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  6.5 -0.3 0.9 1.6 -0.3

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  -1.5 4.5 -1.6 7.5 4.5

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.171 7.8 2.6 0.4 -0.8 2.6

Education and communication services(8)

5.316 2.4 0.2 0.1 1.0 0.3

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.502 3.3 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3

College tuition and fees

1.428 2.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.315 3.7 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.3

Day care and preschool(9)

0.631 5.4 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.3

Technical and business school tuition and fees(1)(2)

0.038 1.5 0.3 0.2 -0.1 0.3

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.084 4.6 0.0 3.6 0.2 0.2

Postage

0.075 3.6 0.0 4.2 0.2 0.2

Delivery services(2)

0.009 13.3 0.2 -1.5 0.4 0.1

Telephone services(1)(2)

1.807 1.9 0.3 -0.1 2.1 0.3

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.501 1.3 0.2 -0.3 2.4 0.2

Residential telephone services(1)(8)

0.306 4.9 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.7

Internet services and electronic information providers(1)(2)

0.915 1.1 0.1 0.5 0.9 0.1

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.366 5.5 -0.2 0.4 0.8 -0.2

Personal care services(1)

0.542 6.3 0.3 0.2 1.4 0.3

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.542 6.3 0.3 0.2 1.4 0.3

Miscellaneous personal services(1)

0.823 5.1 -0.4 0.5 0.4 -0.4

Legal services(1)(6)

0.230 6.0 0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.2

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.146 5.1 0.7 1.7 0.5 0.7

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.154 7.1 0.4 0.8 1.6 0.4

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.018 12.8 1.6 1.4 0.1 1.6

Financial services(1)(6)

0.192 1.8 -2.9 -0.1 0.3 -2.9

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  2.4 0.2 -0.5 0.4 0.2

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

    -3.5 0.0 0.4 -3.5

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 2019=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, December 2022 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Nov.
2022
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Dec.
2021
Nov.
2022
Dec.
2022
Dec.
2021-
Dec.
2022
Nov.
2022-
Dec.
2022
Sep.
2022-
Oct.
2022
Oct.
2022-
Nov.
2022
Nov.
2022-
Dec.
2022

All items less food

86.219 277.506 294.918 293.722 5.8 -0.4 0.4 0.0 -0.1

All items less shelter

67.071 257.431 274.960 272.711 5.9 -0.8 0.3 -0.2 -0.5

All items less food and shelter

53.290 249.810 264.792 261.854 4.8 -1.1 0.2 -0.3 -0.7

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.421 251.992 263.771 263.147 4.4 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

41.797 252.533 267.127 266.999 5.7 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2

All items less medical care

91.740 266.729 285.524 284.562 6.7 -0.3 0.5 0.2 -0.1

All items less energy

92.132 283.593 301.126 301.705 6.4 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Commodities

38.971 208.602 222.112 218.607 4.8 -1.6 0.5 -0.3 -1.1

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.257 154.329 161.993 161.642 4.7 -0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1

Commodities less food

25.190 173.484 181.480 176.740 1.9 -2.6 0.4 -0.8 -1.9

Commodities less food and beverages

24.313 170.179 177.977 173.135 1.7 -2.7 0.4 -0.8 -2.0

Services

61.029 347.429 371.672 373.549 7.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.6

Services less rent of shelter(1)

28.460 364.361 390.523 391.440 7.4 0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.4

Services less medical care services

54.240 329.918 354.160 356.168 8.0 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.7

Durables

12.310 125.747 126.596 125.624 -0.1 -0.8 -0.7 -0.9 -0.8

Nondurables

26.661 248.393 271.710 266.405 7.3 -2.0 0.9 0.0 -1.2

Nondurables less food

12.880 215.952 234.670 224.406 3.9 -4.4 1.4 -0.4 -2.9

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.003 212.913 231.901 220.948 3.8 -4.7 1.5 -0.5 -3.1

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.594 274.750 302.330 285.747 4.0 -5.5 2.1 -0.7 -4.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.471 272.474 298.713 283.802 4.2 -5.0 1.9 -0.7 -4.1

Housing

42.599 287.511 308.720 310.725 8.1 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.7

Education and communication(2)

6.041 143.844 144.852 144.922 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.1

Education(2)

2.588 277.904 286.792 287.177 3.3 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3

Communication(2)

3.454 76.298 75.464 75.452 -1.1 0.0 -0.1 1.0 0.0

Information and information processing(2)

3.369 71.986 71.103 71.091 -1.2 0.0 -0.2 1.0 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.562 7.427 7.110 7.083 -4.6 -0.4 -0.2 -0.2 -0.3

Recreation(2)

5.021 126.695 132.965 133.172 5.1 0.2 0.7 0.5 0.2

Video and audio(2)

1.411 110.531 113.219 112.507 1.8 -0.6 0.7 0.5 -0.2

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.099 188.497 209.095 209.069 10.9 0.0 0.7 0.6 -0.1

Photography(2)

0.051 77.661 81.866 82.174 5.8 0.4 -0.5 -0.3 1.3

Food and beverages

14.659 285.556 313.467 314.459 10.1 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.3

Domestically produced farm food

7.179 276.523 308.940 309.885 12.1 0.3 0.6 0.0 0.3

Other services

9.829 380.714 394.818 395.485 3.9 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.2

Apparel less footwear

1.823 112.104 118.110 116.146 3.6 -1.7 -0.5 0.3 0.7

Fuels and utilities

4.906 270.831 305.991 307.348 13.5 0.4 -0.4 -0.7 0.5

Household energy

3.817 225.435 260.589 261.904 16.2 0.5 -0.5 -1.0 0.6

Medical care

8.260 530.026 550.844 551.002 4.0 0.0 -0.5 -0.5 0.1

Transportation

18.282 246.499 264.668 255.993 3.9 -3.3 0.7 -1.1 -2.5

Private transportation

17.368 246.999 263.196 254.846 3.2 -3.2 0.7 -1.0 -2.5

New and used motor vehicles(2)

8.767 124.853 126.795 125.674 0.7 -0.9 -0.9 -1.5 -1.0

Utilities and public transportation

8.418 231.516 254.051 254.138 9.8 0.0 -0.3 0.1 0.5

Household furnishings and operations

4.764 136.787 145.568 145.972 6.7 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.3

Other goods and services

2.729 487.131 518.668 518.088 6.4 -0.1 0.5 0.7 -0.1

Personal care

2.209 247.561 264.117 263.813 6.6 -0.1 0.5 0.7 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, December 2022 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Dec. 2022 from: Percent change to Nov. 2022 from:
Dec.
2021
Oct.
2022
Nov.
2022
Nov.
2021
Sep.
2022
Oct.
2022

U.S. city average

M

6.5 -0.4 -0.3 7.1 0.3 -0.1

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

6.1 0.0 -0.1 6.4 0.4 0.1

Northeast - Size Class A

M

6.3 0.2 0.0 6.4 0.5 0.2

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

5.9 -0.2 -0.2 6.4 0.3 0.0

New England(4)

M

5.5 -0.1 -0.5 6.4 0.9 0.4

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

6.3 0.1 0.1 6.4 0.2 0.0

Midwest

M

6.0 -0.6 -0.5 6.8 0.0 -0.2

Midwest - Size Class A

M

5.8 -0.9 -0.4 6.6 -0.4 -0.5

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

6.1 -0.5 -0.5 6.9 0.2 0.0

East North Central(4)

M

6.2 -0.8 -0.6 7.1 0.1 -0.2

West North Central(4)

M

5.7 -0.2 -0.2 6.1 -0.3 -0.1

South

M

7.0 -0.2 -0.3 7.7 0.5 0.1

South - Size Class A

M

7.3 -0.2 -0.3 8.2 0.5 0.1

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

6.9 -0.2 -0.3 7.4 0.4 0.0

South Atlantic(4)

M

7.3 0.0 -0.3 8.1 0.8 0.3

East South Central(4)

M

6.5 -0.1 0.0 6.3 0.2 -0.1

West South Central(4)

M

6.7 -0.8 -0.4 7.4 -0.2 -0.4

West

M

6.2 -0.9 -0.4 7.1 0.3 -0.4

West - Size Class A

M

6.2 -0.8 -0.3 7.0 0.2 -0.4

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

6.3 -0.9 -0.5 7.2 0.3 -0.4

Mountain(4)

M

7.4 -0.6 -0.2 8.3 0.4 -0.4

Pacific(4)

M

5.8 -0.9 -0.5 6.7 0.2 -0.5

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

6.4 -0.4 -0.2 7.1 0.3 -0.1

Size Class B/C(3)

M

6.5 -0.4 -0.4 7.1 0.3 -0.1

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

5.5 -1.4 -0.8 6.8 -0.4 -0.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

4.9 -1.4 -0.6 6.0 -0.1 -0.8

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

6.3 0.4 0.2 5.9 0.3 0.2

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

8.1 -0.5        

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

6.3 -0.1        

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

6.2 -1.0        

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

5.3 -1.5        

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

9.9 1.0        

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

6.4 -0.4        

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

9.5 -0.7        

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

4.9 -0.3        

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

8.4 0.1        

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

6.2 0.1        

Urban Alaska

2

5.4 -1.7        

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

      7.0 0.6  

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

      8.4 0.3  

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

      6.9 0.5  

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

      5.3 -1.0  

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

      7.5 0.6  

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

      6.7 -0.7  

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

      9.6 1.0  

Urban Hawaii

1

      5.8 -0.6  

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

      5.6 0.3  

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, December 2022 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

December 2017

    1.7 2.1

December 2018

    1.5 1.9

December 2019

    1.8 2.3

January 2020

0.4 0.4 2.0 2.5

February 2020

0.3 0.3 1.8 2.3

March 2020

-0.2 -0.2 1.1 1.5

April 2020

-0.5 -0.7 0.2 0.3

May 2020

-0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1

June 2020

0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6

July 2020

0.6 0.5 0.9 1.0

August 2020

0.4 0.3 1.3 1.3

September 2020

0.1 0.1 1.4 1.4

October 2020

0.0 0.0 1.2 1.2

November 2020

-0.1 -0.1 1.2 1.2

December 2020

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.4

January 2021

0.5 0.4 1.6 1.4

February 2021

0.5 0.5 1.8 1.7

March 2021

0.6 0.7 2.6 2.6

April 2021

0.8 0.8 4.0 4.2

May 2021

0.7 0.8 4.9 5.0

June 2021

0.8 0.9 5.1 5.4

July 2021

0.5 0.5 5.0 5.4

August 2021

0.1 0.2 4.8 5.3

September 2021

0.3 0.3 5.0 5.4

October 2021

0.7 0.8 5.8 6.2

November 2021

0.4 0.5 6.4 6.8

December 2021

0.2 0.3 6.5 7.0

January 2022

0.8 0.8 6.9 7.5

February 2022

0.9 0.9 7.3 7.9

March 2022

1.2 1.3 7.9 8.5

April 2022

0.6 0.6 7.7 8.3

May 2022

1.0 1.1 7.9 8.6

June 2022

1.2 1.4 8.3 9.1

July 2022

0.1 0.0 7.8 8.5

August 2022

0.1 0.0 7.8 8.3

September 2022

0.3 0.2 7.8 8.2

October 2022

0.4 0.4 7.5 7.7

November 2022

-0.1 -0.1 6.9 7.1

December 2022

-0.2 -0.3 6.4 6.5

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, December 2022, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Nov.
2022
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Nov. 2022-
Dec. 2022
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Nov. 2022-
Dec. 2022(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 -0.1   0.04 S-May 2020 -0.1

Food

13.781 0.3 0.037 0.09 S-Mar. 2021 0.2

Food at home

8.525 0.2 0.017 0.13 S-Mar. 2021 0.2

Cereals and bakery products

1.118 0.0 0.000 0.32 S-Aug. 2021 0.0

Cereals and cereal products

0.358 -0.3 -0.001 0.38 S-Nov. 2020 -0.3

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.059 -1.0 -0.001 0.89 S-Jul. 2020 -1.3

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.149 1.1 0.002 0.68 L-Jul. 2022 2.0

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.149 -0.5 -0.001 0.53 S-Jun. 2021 -0.5

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   0.62 S-Jun. 2022 -1.1

Bakery products(4)

0.760 0.1 0.001 0.39 S-Dec. 2021 0.1

Bread(4)(5)

0.215 0.2 0.000 0.53 S-Dec. 2021 0.0

White bread(4)(6)

  1.3   0.74 S-Sep. 2022 0.5

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  -0.7   0.86 S-Jun. 2021 -0.9

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.116 0.0 0.000 1.00 S-Sep. 2022 -0.2

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(4)

0.187 0.3 0.001 0.67 S-Oct. 2022 0.1

Cookies(4)(6)

  1.0   0.77 S-Oct. 2022 0.3

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  -0.4   1.06 S-Oct. 2022 -0.8

Other bakery products

0.242 0.0 0.000 0.67 S-Aug. 2021 -0.1

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  2.6   1.29 L-Feb. 2022 4.1

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  -1.3   1.31 S-Dec. 2020 -2.7

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(4)(6)

  -1.1   0.86 S-Nov. 2021 -1.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.898 1.0 0.018 0.25 L-May 2022 1.1

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.751 0.1 0.002 0.27 L-Sep. 2022 0.7

Meats

1.101 0.6 0.006 0.38 L-Sep. 2022 0.7

Beef and veal

0.496 1.3 0.006 0.55 L-Oct. 2021 2.5

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.183 -0.1 0.000 0.65 L-Aug. 2022 0.5

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.073 1.1 0.001 1.40 L-Aug. 2022 1.3

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.192 0.9 0.002 0.93 L-Sep. 2022 1.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.048 0.6 0.000 1.15 L-Jul. 2022 1.8

Pork

0.353 -0.2 -0.001 0.64 L-Sep. 2022 1.8

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.157 -0.5 -0.001 0.77 L-Sep. 2022 0.6

Bacon and related products(6)

  -2.9   0.86 S-Aug. 2019 -3.4

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  2.1   1.20 L-Jul. 2022 2.6

Ham

0.065 -1.1 -0.001 1.86 S-Apr. 2022 -1.8

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  -1.3   2.02 S-Jul. 2022 -1.6

Pork chops(4)

0.051 0.2 0.000 1.63 S-Oct. 2022 0.2

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.080 0.5 0.000 1.53 L-Sep. 2022 4.1

Other meats

0.252 0.3 0.001 0.60 S-Aug. 2022 -0.6

Frankfurters(6)

  3.9   1.28 L-Aug. 2022 4.9

Lunchmeats(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.59 S-Aug. 2022 -0.3

Poultry(4)

0.363 -0.6 -0.002 0.51 L-Sep. 2022 0.6

Chicken(4)(5)

0.294 -0.6 -0.002 0.62 L-Sep. 2022 0.5

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  -0.3   0.93 S-Oct. 2022 -0.8

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  -0.8   0.73 L-Sep. 2022 0.6

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.069 -0.5 0.000 0.90 S-Dec. 2021 -0.7

Fish and seafood

0.287 -0.7 -0.002 0.56 S-Apr. 2021 -0.8

Fresh fish and seafood(4)(5)

0.144 -1.0 -0.001 0.84 L-Oct. 2022 0.6

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.143 0.0 0.000 0.71 S-Oct. 2022 -0.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(6)

  2.4   0.91 L-Aug. 2022 2.4

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  -1.0   0.96 S-Oct. 2022 -1.8

Eggs(4)

0.147 11.1 0.016 0.73 L-Apr. 2020 15.0

Dairy and related products

0.811 -0.3 -0.003 0.32 S-Aug. 2021 -0.8

Milk(5)

0.205 -1.0 -0.002 0.43 S-Sep. 2022 -1.3

Fresh whole milk(6)

  -0.6   0.56 S-Oct. 2022 -0.9

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  -0.6   0.65 S-Sep. 2022 -1.5

Cheese and related products(4)

0.262 0.5 0.001 0.59 L-Sep. 2022 0.7

Ice cream and related products

0.123 -1.1 -0.001 0.94 S-Nov. 2021 -1.6

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.222 -0.1 0.000 0.57 S-Nov. 2021 -0.2

Fruits and vegetables

1.431 -0.6 -0.009 0.33 S-Oct. 2022 -0.9

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.086 -1.1 -0.012 0.40 S-Oct. 2022 -1.5

Fresh fruits

0.574 -1.9 -0.011 0.62 S-Oct. 2022 -2.4

Apples

0.076 0.2 0.000 1.09 S-Oct. 2022 -0.8

Bananas(4)

0.078 -0.4 0.000 0.71 S-Oct. 2022 -1.1

Citrus fruits(5)

0.161 -0.3 0.000 1.06 S-Oct. 2022 -2.5

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -1.7   1.43 S-Oct. 2022 -3.6

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.260 -2.6 -0.007 1.07 S-Sep. 2020 -2.7

Fresh vegetables

0.512 -0.1 -0.001 0.51 S-Oct. 2022 -0.5

Potatoes

0.078 1.6 0.001 0.77 L-Sep. 2022 3.5

Lettuce(4)

0.069 4.0 0.003 0.92 S-Oct. 2022 3.3

Tomatoes

0.082 3.4 0.003 1.09 L-Mar. 2020 4.1

Other fresh vegetables

0.283 -1.3 -0.004 0.71 S-Jan. 2021 -1.4

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.345 0.7 0.002 0.41 L-Oct. 2022 1.1

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.178 0.3 0.001 0.61 L-Oct. 2022 1.8

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  -0.9   0.69 S-Dec. 2020 -1.3

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  0.4   0.72 L-Oct. 2022 1.8

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.103 1.1 0.001 0.88 S-Oct. 2022 0.4

Frozen vegetables(6)

  0.9   1.04 S-Oct. 2022 0.8

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.064 1.7 0.001 0.94 L-Jul. 2022 2.7

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  3.2   0.90 L-Mar. 2022 4.4

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.981 0.1 0.001 0.40 S-Jan. 2022 0.0

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.693 0.0 0.000 0.49 S-Jan. 2022 -0.9

Carbonated drinks

0.290 1.1 0.003 0.85 L-Oct. 2022 1.2

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.007 1.0 0.000 0.66 S-Aug. 2022 -3.1

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.395 -0.7 -0.003 0.59 S-Apr. 2019 -0.7

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.288 0.2 0.001 0.61 S-Aug. 2022 -0.8

Coffee

0.186 0.0 0.000 0.79 S-Aug. 2022 -1.0

Roasted coffee(6)

  0.6   0.90 L-Oct. 2022 1.5

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  -2.2   1.86 S-Jul. 2021 -2.5

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.102 0.1 0.000 1.01 S-Oct. 2022 -0.1

Other food at home

2.285 0.4 0.010 0.25 L-Oct. 2022 0.9

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.290 0.4 0.001 0.68 L-Oct. 2022 0.7

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.043 1.0 0.000 0.59 L-Aug. 2022 2.4

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.185 1.0 0.002 0.97 L-Sep. 2022 2.0

Other sweets(5)

0.063 -0.3 0.000 0.82 L-Oct. 2022 1.0

Fats and oils

0.261 1.5 0.004 0.59 L-Oct. 2022 2.1

Butter and margarine(5)

0.083 1.7 0.001 1.06 L-Oct. 2022 1.9

Butter(6)

  3.3   1.49 L-Jun. 2022 4.8

Margarine(4)(6)

  1.9   1.54 L-Sep. 2022 4.2

Salad dressing(5)

0.061 -1.1 -0.001 0.96 S-Aug. 2020 -1.4

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.117 3.4 0.004 0.95 L-Jul. 2022 3.6

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  1.8   0.58 L-Jul. 2022 3.5

Other foods

1.734 0.3 0.005 0.29 L-Oct. 2022 0.8

Soups

0.101 0.9 0.001 1.00 L-Sep. 2022 2.6

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.280 1.1 0.003 0.55 L-Aug. 2022 1.5

Snacks(4)

0.374 -0.2 -0.001 0.58 L-Oct. 2022 1.3

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.330 1.0 0.003 0.48 L-Jul. 2022 2.4

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.73 - -

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  0.6   0.86 S-Sep. 2022 -0.6

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  1.5   1.02 L-Jul. 2022 3.4

Other condiments(6)

  3.8   0.71 L-Aug. 2014 4.0

Baby food(4)(5)

0.045 -0.2 0.000 0.61 S-Aug. 2022 -2.0

Other miscellaneous foods(5)

0.605 -0.3 -0.002 0.60 S-Apr. 2021 -0.6

Prepared salads(7)(6)

  -0.9   1.61 S-Oct. 2022 -1.2

Food away from home(4)

5.257 0.4 0.020 0.11 S-Mar. 2022 0.3

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.438 0.1 0.003 0.14 S-Aug. 2020 0.1

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.532 0.5 0.014 0.15 S-Apr. 2022 0.3

Food at employee sites and schools(4)(5)

0.077 0.6 0.000 2.22 S-May 2022 0.4

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  0.2   6.84 L-May 2022 0.3

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.038 1.4 0.001 0.46 L-Oct. 2022 3.7

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.171 1.0 0.002 0.12 L-Jun. 2022 1.8

Energy

7.868 -4.5 -0.354 0.14 S-Aug. 2022 -5.0

Energy commodities

4.308 -9.4 -0.408 0.13 S-Aug. 2022 -10.1

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.257 -11.9 -0.030 0.65 S-Feb. 1990 -16.1

Fuel oil(4)

0.183 -16.6 -0.030 0.67 S-Feb. 1990 -19.0

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.073 -0.2 0.000 0.83 L-Oct. 2022 0.0

Motor fuel

4.052 -9.2 -0.378 0.13 S-Aug. 2022 -10.5

Gasoline (all types)

3.951 -9.4 -0.376 0.13 S-Aug. 2022 -10.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  -9.6   0.39 S-Aug. 2022 -10.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  -8.3   0.36 S-Aug. 2022 -10.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  -8.2   0.36 S-Aug. 2022 -8.8

Other motor fuels(4)(5)

0.101 -8.5 -0.009 0.26 S-Jan. 2016 -8.5

Energy services

3.560 1.5 0.054 0.21 L-Aug. 2022 2.1

Electricity

2.610 1.0 0.026 0.21 L-Aug. 2022 1.5

Utility (piped) gas service

0.950 3.0 0.028 0.37 L-Aug. 2022 3.5

All items less food and energy

78.350 0.3 0.237 0.04 L-Oct. 2022 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.882 -0.3 -0.070 0.10 L-Sep. 2022 0.0

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.949 0.2 0.009 0.24 S-Oct. 2022 -0.2

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.292 -0.4 -0.001 1.08 L-Oct. 2022 0.5

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.069 0.0 0.000 1.03 S-Oct. 2022 -1.4

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.056 1.7 0.001 1.42 L-Aug. 2022 3.7

Other linens(4)(5)

0.167 -1.2 -0.002 1.57 L-Oct. 2022 1.9

Furniture and bedding(4)

0.952 0.0 0.000 0.47 L-Aug. 2022 0.5

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.305 0.6 0.002 0.72 L-Jul. 2022 1.2

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.471 -0.6 -0.003 0.79 S-Oct. 2022 -1.9

Other furniture(5)

0.167 0.0 0.000 0.83 L-Sep. 2022 4.2

Appliances(5)

0.240 0.2 0.001 0.62 S-Oct. 2022 -0.5

Major appliances(5)

0.076 1.0 0.001 0.80 L-Mar. 2022 2.8

Laundry equipment(4)(6)

  4.1   1.08 L-Aug. 2022 6.9

Other appliances(4)(5)

0.161 -0.7 -0.001 0.85 S-Oct. 2022 -1.0

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.549 -0.3 -0.002 0.54 L-Sep. 2022 1.2

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.331 -2.6 -0.008 0.66 S-May 2022 -3.7

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.099 0.1 0.000 0.89 S-Jul. 2022 0.0

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.049 0.7 0.000 1.90 L-Sep. 2022 3.3

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(4)(5)

0.070 1.6 0.001 1.17 L-Mar. 2022 1.8

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.955 1.4 0.013 0.34 L-Aug. 2022 1.4

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.251 1.2 0.003 0.57 L-Oct. 2022 1.4

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.474 1.5 0.007 0.43 L-Jan. 2022 2.1

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.961 0.3 0.003 0.34 S-Nov. 2021 0.2

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.345 -0.1 0.000 0.54 S-Sep. 2021 -0.4

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.225 1.4 0.003 0.45 S-Oct. 2022 0.4

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.390 0.0 0.000 0.57 S-Mar. 2022 -0.3

Apparel

2.409 0.5 0.012 0.37 L-Jun. 2022 0.8

Men's and boys' apparel

0.602 1.6 0.010 0.69 L-Nov. 2021 1.7

Men's apparel

0.465 1.3 0.006 0.83 L-Nov. 2021 1.7

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.076 1.9 0.001 2.00 S-Oct. 2022 -2.0

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.156 -1.4 -0.002 1.01 S-Jul. 2022 -2.4

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.114 2.1 0.002 1.26 L-Jan. 2022 2.4

Men's pants and shorts

0.114 1.1 0.001 1.42 L-Oct. 2022 1.5

Boys' apparel

0.137 2.4 0.003 1.14 L-Nov. 2021 2.5

Women's and girls' apparel

0.956 -0.3 -0.003 0.62 S-Apr. 2022 -0.9

Women's apparel

0.803 -0.3 -0.002 0.69 S-Sep. 2022 -0.4

Women's outerwear

0.056 2.8 0.002 1.73 L-Jan. 2022 6.5

Women's dresses

0.087 -2.4 -0.002 1.69 S-Oct. 2022 -2.4

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.386 1.2 0.004 1.10 L-Aug. 2022 1.2

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.266 -0.7 -0.002 0.96 S-Jun. 2022 -1.5

Girls' apparel

0.153 -0.6 -0.001 1.39 L-Sep. 2022 1.8

Footwear

0.586 -0.2 -0.001 0.51 S-Oct. 2022 -1.1

Men's footwear(4)

0.199 -2.4 -0.005 0.74 S-Dec. 2017 -3.6

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.113 0.8 0.001 1.15 L-Jun. 2022 1.2

Women's footwear

0.274 -0.6 -0.002 0.73 S-Oct. 2022 -1.6

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.112 0.8 0.001 1.54 S-Oct. 2022 -3.2

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.153 3.3 0.005 1.23 L-Sep. 2022 3.4

Watches(4)(9)

0.029 -0.1 0.000 1.52 S-Oct. 2022 -0.1

Jewelry(9)

0.124 3.7 0.005 1.50 L-Sep. 2022 4.4

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

8.212 -1.2 -0.097 0.13 L-Oct. 2022 -0.9

New vehicles

4.068 -0.1 -0.002 0.24 S-Jan. 2021 -0.4

New cars(6)

  -0.1   0.36 L-Oct. 2022 0.3

New trucks(13)(6)

  0.0   0.34 S-Jan. 2021 -0.3

Used cars and trucks

3.624 -2.5 -0.094 0.02 L-Oct. 2022 -2.4

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.435 0.1 0.000 0.42 S-Mar. 2022 -0.2

Tires(4)

0.272 0.5 0.001 0.54 L-Aug. 2022 1.2

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.164 -0.6 -0.001 0.55 S-Oct. 2020 -1.4

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  -1.2   0.66 S-Oct. 2020 -2.0

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  0.3   0.76 L-Oct. 2022 4.4

Medical care commodities(4)

1.472 0.1 0.002 0.20 S-Oct. 2022 0.0

Medicinal drugs(4)(11)

1.369 0.0 -0.001 0.21 S-Oct. 2022 0.0

Prescription drugs(4)

0.995 0.1 0.001 0.17 L-Aug. 2022 0.4

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.375 -0.4 -0.002 0.51 S-Sep. 2022 -0.4

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.103 2.3 0.002 0.49 L-Jan. 2021 3.5

Recreation commodities(11)

1.874 0.1 0.002 0.24 L-Oct. 2022 0.7

Video and audio products(11)

0.271 0.0 0.000 0.43 L-Oct. 2022 0.9

Televisions

0.118 1.4 0.002 0.58 L-Aug. 2021 2.4

Other video equipment(5)

0.023 0.0 0.000 1.14 L-Sep. 2022 0.1

Audio equipment(4)

0.072 -2.4 -0.002 1.11 S-Jan. 2021 -3.3

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.051 0.1 0.000 0.38 S-Sep. 2022 -0.2

Pets and pet products(4)

0.575 0.1 0.001 0.36 S-Nov. 2021 0.1

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.36 S-Jan. 2022 0.3

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.75 L-Oct. 2022 1.4

Sporting goods(4)

0.549 -0.5 -0.003 0.50 S-Sep. 2022 -1.1

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.315 -0.6 -0.002 0.74 S-Sep. 2022 -2.6

Sports equipment(4)

0.223 -0.2 -0.001 0.48 L-Oct. 2022 0.3

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.020 3.5 0.001 0.79 L-Jul. 2022 4.1

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  3.2   0.75 L-Jul. 2022 4.1

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.095 -0.1 0.000 0.63 L-Aug. 2022 2.1

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.056 0.0 0.000 0.82 L-Aug. 2022 2.7

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.039 -0.1 0.000 0.85 S-Oct. 2022 -2.2

Other recreational goods(5)

0.364 0.9 0.003 0.56 L-Jul. 2022 1.2

Toys

0.281 1.0 0.003 0.67 L-Jul. 2022 1.5

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.90 L-Oct. 2022 -0.1

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.026 3.6 0.001 1.60 L-Apr. 2022 4.6

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.042 -1.1 0.000 0.93 S-Dec. 2020 -2.4

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.725 -0.8 -0.006 0.55 L-Sep. 2022 -0.6

Educational books and supplies(4)

0.086 0.2 0.000 0.85 L-Oct. 2022 0.2

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  0.2   0.73 L-May 2022 2.5

Information technology commodities(11)

0.639 -0.9 -0.006 0.70 L-Sep. 2022 -0.6

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(4)(7)

0.326 -2.4 -0.008 0.83 L-Oct. 2022 -0.3

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.019 -0.9 0.000 1.40 L-Sep. 2022 1.2

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(5)

0.295 0.7 0.002 0.85 L-Dec. 2021 0.8

Smartphones(4)(6)(15)

  0.7   1.16 L-Jan. 2022 1.1

Alcoholic beverages

0.877 0.5 0.004 0.20 S-Sep. 2022 0.0

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.583 0.6 0.004 0.25 S-Oct. 2022 0.5

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.225 1.3 0.003 0.38 - -

Distilled spirits at home(4)

0.105 -0.1 0.000 0.34 S-Sep. 2022 -0.8

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  0.1   0.42 S-Oct. 2022 0.1

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  -0.3   0.52 S-Sep. 2022 -0.3

Wine at home(4)

0.253 -0.2 -0.001 0.39 - -

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.294 0.8 0.002 0.24 L-Oct. 2022 1.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.29 L-Oct. 2022 0.7

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  1.0   0.29 L-Oct. 2022 1.2

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  1.4   0.31 L-Jun. 2021 1.6

Other goods(11)

1.364 -0.1 -0.001 0.21 S-May 2021 -0.1

Tobacco and smoking products(4)

0.520 -0.1 -0.001 0.20 S-Jan. 2022 -0.1

Cigarettes(4)(5)

0.450 -0.1 0.000 0.22 S-Jan. 2022 -0.3

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.065 -0.2 0.000 0.33 S-Oct. 2022 -1.1

Personal care products(4)

0.653 -0.1 -0.001 0.26 S-Dec. 2021 -0.2

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.338 0.5 0.002 0.33 - -

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.305 -0.8 -0.002 0.37 S-Jul. 2021 -1.0

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)(5)

0.190 0.1 0.000 0.88 S-Aug. 2022 0.0

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  2.9   0.71 - -

Services less energy services

57.469 0.5 0.314 0.05 L-Oct. 2022 0.5

Shelter

32.929 0.8 0.262 0.06 L-Oct. 2022 0.8

Rent of shelter(16)

32.569 0.8 0.249 0.06 L-Sep. 2022 0.8

Rent of primary residence

7.447 0.8 0.059 0.05 - -

Lodging away from home(5)

0.887 1.5 0.014 1.65 L-Oct. 2022 4.9

Housing at school, excluding board(16)

0.124 0.2 0.000 0.05 - -

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.762 1.7 0.014 1.90 L-Oct. 2022 5.6

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(16)

24.235 0.8 0.189 0.05 L-Sep. 2022 0.8

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(16)

22.978 0.8 0.180 0.05 L-Sep. 2022 0.8

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.360 0.1 0.000 0.12 - -

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.089 0.3 0.003 0.10 - -

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.782 0.3 0.002 0.10 L-Sep. 2022 0.3

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.308 0.2 0.001 0.26 S-Aug. 2022 0.1

Household operations(4)(5)

           

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.235 1.7 0.004 0.38 L-Dec. 2021 2.4

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

           

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.100 -1.3 -0.001 1.45 S-Sep. 2022 -2.2

Repair of household items(4)(5)

           

Medical care services

6.788 0.1 0.006 0.13 L-Sep. 2022 1.0

Professional services

3.455 0.1 0.002 0.20 - -

Physicians' services(4)

1.807 0.1 0.002 0.27 L-Sep. 2022 0.5

Dental services

0.920 0.2 0.002 0.19 S-Oct. 2022 0.2

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.352 0.4 0.001 0.37 L-Sep. 2022 3.2

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.376 -0.9 -0.003 0.10 S-Jul. 1995 -0.9

Hospital and related services

2.491 1.5 0.037 0.12 L-Oct. 2015 1.8

Hospital services(17)

2.123 1.7 0.035 0.13 L-Oct. 2015 2.0

Inpatient hospital services(17)(6)

  1.5   0.36 L-Oct. 2015 2.2

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  1.7   0.34 L-Oct. 2015 1.7

Nursing homes and adult day services(17)

0.205 0.5 0.001 0.16 L-Jun. 2022 1.4

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.163 0.2 0.000 0.24 L-Oct. 2022 0.5

Health insurance(4)(8)

0.842 -3.4 -0.029 0.15 L-Sep. 2022 2.1

Transportation services

6.018 0.2 0.011 0.19 L-Oct. 2022 0.8

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

0.849 1.5 0.013 0.35 L-Jun. 2018 1.6

Car and truck rental(5)

0.141 -1.6 -0.002 1.79 L-Oct. 2022 -0.5

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.087 1.0 0.011 0.21 S-Oct. 2022 0.7

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.053 0.2 0.000 0.26 S-Aug. 2022 -1.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.589 0.4 0.002 0.25 S-May 2022 0.3

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.400 2.1 0.009 0.31 L-Sep. 2022 2.2

Motor vehicle insurance

2.532 0.6 0.014 0.19 S-May 2022 0.5

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.496 0.1 0.001 0.23 L-Sep. 2022 0.5

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.287 0.2 0.000 0.02 L-Aug. 2022 0.8

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.194 0.1 0.000 0.45 L-Sep. 2022 1.4

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.9   0.53 L-Aug. 2022 1.1

Public transportation

0.914 -2.8 -0.025 0.65 S-Aug. 2022 -3.2

Airline fares

0.630 -3.1 -0.019 0.97 S-Aug. 2022 -4.6

Other intercity transportation

0.091 0.3 0.000 0.62 L-Oct. 2022 1.6

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  1.4   0.82 L-Sep. 2022 1.5

Intracity transportation(4)

0.191 1.8 0.003 0.92 L-Apr. 2021 1.8

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  -0.1   0.26 S-Jul. 2022 -0.2

Recreation services(11)

3.147 0.3 0.010 0.21 S-Sep. 2022 0.2

Video and audio services(11)

1.141 -0.3 -0.003 0.17 S-Sep. 2022 -0.4

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.047 -0.3 -0.004 0.13 S-Sep. 2022 -0.4

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.094 0.3 0.000 1.04 L-Aug. 2022 1.2

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -0.9   1.84 L-Oct. 2022 0.0

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  2.2   0.22 L-Jun. 2019 2.2

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.524 -0.4 -0.002 0.32 S-May 2022 -0.6

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.6   0.39 S-Sep. 2022 0.6

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.60 S-May 2022 -1.1

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.030 -0.2 0.000 0.45 S-Jul. 2022 -0.7

Other recreation services(5)

1.452 1.1 0.016 0.41 - -

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.634 0.7 0.005 0.28 L-Oct. 2022 1.2

Admissions(4)

0.458 1.1 0.005 0.87 S-Oct. 2022 0.8

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.61 S-Sep. 2022 -0.6

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  4.5   4.15 S-Oct. 2022 -1.6

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.171 2.6 0.005 0.43 L-Sep. 2022 2.8

Education and communication services(11)

5.316 0.3 0.014 0.06 S-Oct. 2022 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.502 0.3 0.008 0.08 - -

College tuition and fees

1.428 0.3 0.004 0.09 L-Aug. 2022 0.5

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.315 0.3 0.001 0.05 - -

Day care and preschool(12)

0.631 0.3 0.002 0.09 S-Oct. 2022 0.2

Technical and business school tuition and fees(4)(5)

0.038 0.3 0.000 0.11 L-Aug. 2022 0.9

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.084 0.2 0.000 0.06 - -

Postage

0.075 0.2 0.000 0.01 - -

Delivery services(5)

0.009 0.1 0.000 0.30 S-Oct. 2022 -1.5

Telephone services(4)(5)

1.807 0.3 0.005 0.07 S-Oct. 2022 -0.1

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.501 0.2 0.003 0.04 S-Oct. 2022 -0.3

Residential telephone services(4)(11)

0.306 0.7 0.002 0.27 - -

Internet services and electronic information providers(4)(5)

0.915 0.1 0.001 0.20 S-Sep. 2022 -0.1

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.366 -0.2 -0.002 0.19 S-Jan. 2021 -0.3

Personal care services(4)

0.542 0.3 0.001 0.28 S-Oct. 2022 0.2

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.542 0.3 0.001 0.28 S-Oct. 2022 0.2

Miscellaneous personal services(4)

0.823 -0.4 -0.004 0.18 S-Jan. 2021 -1.0

Legal services(4)(9)

0.230 0.2 0.001 0.09 L-May 2022 1.0

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.146 0.7 0.001 0.13 L-Oct. 2022 1.7

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.154 0.4 0.001 0.39 S-Sep. 2022 -0.6

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.018 1.6 0.000 0.45 L-Sep. 2022 5.0

Financial services(4)(9)

0.192 -2.9 -0.006 0.50 S-Jan. 2021 -4.7

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.30 S-Oct. 2022 -0.5

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

  -3.5   0.51 S-Mar. 2019 -6.9

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.219 -0.1 -0.117 0.04 S-Jul. 2022 -0.2

All items less shelter

67.071 -0.5 -0.342 0.05 S-Apr. 2020 -1.2

All items less food and shelter

53.290 -0.7 -0.379 0.05 S-Apr. 2020 -1.9

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.421 -0.1 -0.025 0.06 - -

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

41.797 0.2 0.068 0.06 L-Sep. 2022 0.6

All items less medical care

91.740 -0.1 -0.088 0.04 S-Jul. 2022 -0.1

All items less energy

92.132 0.3 0.274 0.04 L-Oct. 2022 0.3

Commodities

38.971 -1.1 -0.441 0.07 S-Apr. 2020 -1.6

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.257 0.1 0.023 0.12 L-Oct. 2022 0.1

Commodities less food

25.190 -1.9 -0.478 0.09 S-Apr. 2020 -3.3

Commodities less food and beverages

24.313 -2.0 -0.483 0.09 S-Apr. 2020 -3.5

Services

61.029 0.6 0.368 0.05 L-Sep. 2022 0.8

Services less rent of shelter(16)

28.460 0.4 0.117 0.06 L-Sep. 2022 0.9

Services less medical care services

54.240 0.7 0.356 0.05 L-Sep. 2022 0.8

Durables

12.310 -0.8 -0.103 0.14 L-Oct. 2022 -0.7

Nondurables

26.661 -1.2 -0.329 0.07 S-Aug. 2022 -1.4

Nondurables less food

12.880 -2.9 -0.368 0.12 S-Aug. 2022 -3.6

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.003 -3.1 -0.371 0.13 S-Aug. 2022 -3.8

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.594 -4.3 -0.411 0.11 S-Aug. 2022 -4.8

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.471 -4.1 -0.428 0.10 S-Aug. 2022 -4.3

Housing

42.599 0.7 0.304 0.06 L-Sep. 2022 0.7

Education and communication(5)

6.041 0.1 0.009 0.07 S-Oct. 2022 0.0

Education(5)

2.588 0.3 0.008 0.08 - -

Communication(5)

3.454 0.0 0.000 0.10 S-Oct. 2022 -0.1

Information and information processing(5)

3.369 0.0 0.000 0.11 S-Oct. 2022 -0.2

Information technology, hardware and services(18)

1.562 -0.3 -0.005 0.25 S-Sep. 2022 -0.3

Recreation(5)

5.021 0.2 0.013 0.17 S-Sep. 2022 0.1

Video and audio(5)

1.411 -0.2 -0.003 0.17 S-Sep. 2022 -0.2

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.099 -0.1 -0.001 0.29 S-Oct. 2020 -0.2

Photography(5)

0.051 1.3 0.001 0.42 L-Jul. 2022 1.3

Food and beverages

14.659 0.3 0.042 0.08 S-Apr. 2021 0.3

Domestically produced farm food(4)

7.179 0.3 0.022 0.14 L-Oct. 2022 0.6

Other services

9.829 0.2 0.023 0.08 S-Sep. 2022 0.2

Apparel less footwear

1.823 0.7 0.013 0.46 L-Mar. 2022 0.7

Fuels and utilities

4.906 0.5 0.027 0.16 L-Sep. 2022 0.8

Household energy

3.817 0.6 0.024 0.20 L-Sep. 2022 0.9

Medical care

8.260 0.1 0.008 0.12 L-Sep. 2022 0.8

Transportation

18.282 -2.5 -0.463 0.10 S-Apr. 2020 -6.0

Private transportation

17.368 -2.5 -0.438 0.09 S-Apr. 2020 -5.7

New and used motor vehicles(5)

8.767 -1.0 -0.086 0.13 L-Oct. 2022 -0.9

Utilities and public transportation

8.418 0.5 0.043 0.12 L-Sep. 2022 0.6

Household furnishings and operations

4.764 0.3 0.015 0.20 L-Sep. 2022 0.5

Other goods and services

2.729 -0.1 -0.003 0.14 S-May 2021 -0.1

Personal care(4)

2.209 -0.1 -0.003 0.16 S-Sep. 2021 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 2019=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(18) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, December 2022, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Nov.
2022
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Dec. 2021-
Dec. 2022
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Dec. 2021-
Dec. 2022(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 6.5   0.09 S-Oct. 2021 6.2

Food

13.781 10.4 1.392 0.19 S-Jun. 2022 10.4

Food at home

8.525 11.8 0.962 0.29 S-Apr. 2022 10.8

Cereals and bakery products

1.118 16.1 0.166 0.54 S-Oct. 2022 15.9

Cereals and cereal products

0.358 15.6 0.052 0.79 S-Jun. 2022 15.1

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.059 23.4 0.012 1.42 S-Aug. 2022 23.3

Breakfast cereal

0.149 13.0 0.019 1.23 S-May 2022 12.2

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.149 15.4 0.021 1.21 S-Jul. 2022 14.5

Rice(4)(5)

  13.8   1.30 S-Sep. 2022 13.6

Bakery products

0.760 16.3 0.114 0.71 - -

Bread(4)

0.215 15.9 0.032 1.38 L-Aug. 2022 16.2

White bread(5)

  17.7   1.37 L-Sep. 1974 18.1

Bread other than white(5)

  14.0   1.36 S-Oct. 2022 14.0

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.116 16.3 0.017 1.72 L-Aug. 2022 17.1

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.187 17.1 0.029 1.68 S-Oct. 2022 16.2

Cookies(5)

  18.2   1.15 S-Oct. 2022 16.8

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  14.9   2.20 L-Sep. 2022 15.0

Other bakery products

0.242 15.9 0.036 1.16 S-Jul. 2022 14.9

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  13.5   1.67 L-Oct. 2022 13.7

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  16.0   1.72 S-May 2022 14.6

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  18.4   1.90 S-Aug. 2022 18.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.898 7.7 0.145 0.71 L-Oct. 2022 8.0

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.751 4.5 0.080 0.71 L-Oct. 2022 5.9

Meats

1.101 2.0 0.023 0.92 L-Oct. 2022 2.9

Beef and veal

0.496 -3.1 -0.017 0.97 L-Sep. 2022 -1.1

Uncooked ground beef

0.183 0.7 0.001 1.12 L-Oct. 2022 0.8

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.073 -3.5 -0.003 2.91 L-Sep. 2022 -2.8

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.192 -5.4 -0.012 1.56 L-Sep. 2022 -4.8

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.048 -6.7 -0.004 2.50 L-Oct. 2022 -3.5

Pork

0.353 1.5 0.005 1.71 L-Oct. 2022 4.0

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.157 1.1 0.002 1.89 S-May 2020 0.8

Bacon and related products(5)

  -3.7   2.17 S-Oct. 2018 -7.6

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  9.0   1.90 L-Oct. 2022 10.3

Ham

0.065 5.7 0.004 2.87 S-Aug. 2021 4.1

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  5.2   3.44 S-Aug. 2021 4.4

Pork chops

0.051 2.9 0.002 2.62 L-Sep. 2022 5.5

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.080 -1.8 -0.002 3.71 L-Oct. 2022 0.3

Other meats

0.252 14.7 0.035 1.13 S-Apr. 2022 13.2

Frankfurters(5)

  18.2   2.39 L-Aug. 2022 18.3

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  15.1   1.01 S-Apr. 2022 14.4

Poultry

0.363 12.2 0.042 1.24 S-Jan. 2022 9.8

Chicken(4)

0.294 10.9 0.031 1.29 S-Jan. 2022 10.3

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  13.3   2.09 S-Mar. 2022 10.2

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  10.3   1.71 S-Oct. 2021 10.2

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.069 18.1 0.011 3.14 L-EVER -

Fish and seafood

0.287 5.0 0.015 0.99 S-Jun. 2021 4.5

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.144 3.8 0.006 1.61 S-May 2021 3.0

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.143 6.3 0.009 1.08 S-Nov. 2021 5.5

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  8.6   1.70 L-Feb. 2019 9.1

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  6.3   1.66 S-Oct. 2021 4.6

Eggs

0.147 59.9 0.065 2.04 L-Sep. 1973 65.2

Dairy and related products

0.811 15.3 0.115 0.49 S-Jul. 2022 14.9

Milk(4)

0.205 12.5 0.024 1.24 S-Feb. 2022 11.2

Fresh whole milk(5)

  11.7   1.43 S-Jan. 2022 8.2

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  13.5   1.15 S-Mar. 2022 12.8

Cheese and related products

0.262 12.8 0.032 0.84 L-Sep. 2022 13.4

Ice cream and related products

0.123 15.0 0.017 1.24 S-Oct. 2022 13.3

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.222 21.4 0.042 0.93 S-Sep. 2022 20.8

Fruits and vegetables

1.431 8.4 0.119 0.64 S-Jun. 2022 8.1

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.086 6.4 0.069 0.74 S-Jan. 2022 5.6

Fresh fruits

0.574 3.4 0.020 1.20 S-Dec. 2020 1.4

Apples

0.076 6.6 0.005 2.17 S-Oct. 2022 4.8

Bananas

0.078 2.4 0.002 1.54 S-Sep. 2021 1.9

Citrus fruits(4)

0.161 2.5 0.004 2.18 S-Nov. 2020 1.9

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  3.0   2.06 S-Nov. 2021 0.9

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.260 3.3 0.009 1.94 S-Dec. 2020 2.8

Fresh vegetables

0.512 9.8 0.049 0.78 L-Mar. 2011 9.8

Potatoes

0.078 12.9 0.010 1.82 S-Jun. 2022 9.0

Lettuce

0.069 24.9 0.015