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Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
CPI CPI Program Links

Consumer Price Index News Release


Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (EST) January 14, 2020   USDL-20-0044

Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov 

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – DECEMBER 2019

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.2 percent in 
December on a seasonally adjusted basis after rising 0.3 percent in November, 
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, 
the all items index increased 2.3 percent before seasonal adjustment.

The indexes for gasoline, shelter, and medical care all rose in December, 
accounting for most of the increase in the seasonally adjusted all items index. 
The gasoline index increased 2.8 percent in December. Other major energy 
component indexes were mixed, and the energy index rose 1.4 percent. The food 
index rose 0.2 percent in December with the indexes for both food at home and 
food away from home increasing over the month.

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.1 percent in December 
after increasing 0.2 percent in November. Along with the indexes for shelter 
and medical care, the indexes for apparel, motor vehicle insurance, recreation, 
and new vehicles all increased in December. The indexes for used cars and trucks, 
household furnishings and operations, and airline fares were among those to 
decline.    

The all items index increased 2.3 percent for the 12 months ending December, 
the largest 12-month increase since the period ending October 2018. The index 
for all items less food and energy also rose 2.3 percent over the last 12 months, 
the same increase as the periods ending October and November. The food index 
rose 1.8 percent over the last 12 months, while the energy index increased 3.4 
percent. 


Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              June  July  Aug.  Sep.  Oct.  Nov.  Dec.   ended 
                              2019  2019  2019  2019  2019  2019  2019   Dec.  
                                                                         2019  
									
All items..................	.1    .3    .1    .0	.4    .3    .2	    2.3
 Food......................	.0    .0    .0	  .1	.2    .1    .2	    1.8
  Food at home.............    -.2   -.1   -.2	  .0	.3    .1    .1	     .7
  Food away from home(1)...	.3    .2    .2	  .3	.2    .2    .3	    3.1
 Energy....................   -2.3   1.3  -1.9	-1.4   2.7    .8   1.4	    3.4
  Energy commodities.......   -3.5   2.4  -3.3	-2.3   3.5   1.1   2.8	    7.4
   Gasoline (all types)....   -3.6   2.5  -3.5	-2.4   3.7   1.1   2.8	    7.9
   Fuel oil................   -2.3    .6   -.9	 -.8	.8   1.4   1.6	    4.6
  Energy services..........    -.7    .0   -.2	 -.1   1.8    .4   -.3	   -1.2
   Electricity.............    -.8    .6   -.3	  .0   1.6    .3   -.5	    -.4
   Utility (piped) gas
      service..............    -.3  -1.8    .1	 -.7   2.4   1.1    .3	   -3.5
 All items less food and
    energy.................	.3    .3    .3	  .1	.2    .2    .1	    2.3
  Commodities less food and
     energy commodities....	.4    .2    .2	 -.3   -.1    .0    .0	     .1
   New vehicles............	.1   -.2   -.1	 -.1   -.2   -.1    .1	     .1
   Used cars and trucks....    1.6    .9   1.1	-1.6   1.3    .6   -.8	    -.7
   Apparel.................    1.1    .4    .2	 -.4  -1.8    .1    .4	   -1.2
   Medical care commodities    -.2    .2    .3	 -.6   1.2    .1   1.5	    2.5
  Services less energy
     services..............	.3    .3    .3	  .3	.2    .3    .2	    3.0
   Shelter.................	.3    .3    .2	  .3	.1    .3    .2	    3.2
   Transportation services	.0    .3    .4	  .3	.1    .0   -.3	     .6
   Medical care services...	.4    .5    .9	  .4	.9    .4    .4	    5.1
								
Footnotes:								
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.								


Food

The food index increased 0.2 percent in December after rising 0.1 percent in 
November. The index for food at home rose 0.1 percent, the same increase as the 
prior month. The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs was the only major 
grocery store food group index to rise in December, increasing 1.3 percent as 
the index for beef rose 2.4 percent and the index for eggs increased 2.9 percent. 

In contrast, the index for cereals and bakery products fell 0.4 percent in 
December after rising in November. The index for nonalcoholic beverages also 
fell 0.4 percent, while the indexes for fruits and vegetables and for other food 
at home both declined 0.3 percent over the month. The index for dairy and related 
products was unchanged in December after rising in November.  

The index for food away from home rose 0.3 percent in December after rising 0.2 
percent in November. The index for limited service meals increased 0.4 percent, 
while the index for full service meals rose 0.2 percent. 

The food at home index increased 0.7 percent over the last 12 months. Five of 
the six major grocery store food group indexes rose over the past 12 months, 
with increases ranging from 0.3 percent (both cereals and bakery products and other 
food at home) to 2.4 percent (dairy and related products). The fruits and vegetables 
index declined over the span, falling 1.3 percent. The index for food away from home 
rose 3.1 percent over the last year. The index for full service meals increased 3.3 
percent and the index for limited service meals rose 3.0 percent.

Energy

The energy index increased 1.4 percent in December, its third consecutive monthly 
increase. The gasoline index rose 2.8 percent in December following a 1.1-percent 
rise in November. (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices fell 1.6 percent in 
December.) The electricity index declined in December, falling 0.5 percent after 
rising in November. The index for natural gas increased 0.3 percent in December, 
its third monthly increase in a row. 

The energy index increased 3.4 percent over the past 12 months, with its major 
component indexes mixed. The gasoline index increased 7.9 percent and the fuel 
oil index rose 4.6 percent. However, the index for natural gas fell 3.5 percent 
and the index for electricity declined 0.4 percent.  
 
All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.1 percent in December after 
rising 0.2 percent in both October and November. The shelter index rose 0.2 percent 
in December, with the indexes for rent and for owners’ equivalent rent both increasing 
0.2 percent. The medical care index continued to rise, increasing 0.6 percent in 
December following a 0.3-percent increase in November. The prescription drugs index 
rose 2.1 percent, while the hospital services index increased 0.2 percent and the 
physicians’ services index advanced 0.1 percent. 

The apparel index rose 0.4 percent in December following a 0.1-percent increase in 
November. The index for motor vehicle insurance rose 0.2 percent after falling in 
November. The index for new vehicles rose 0.1 percent in December, ending a series 
of five consecutive monthly declines. The indexes for recreation and for education 
also increased 0.1 percent in December. 

The index for used cars and trucks fell 0.8 percent in December after rising in 
October and November. The index for household furnishings and operations declined 
0.4 percent in December, its largest monthly decline since December 2014. The index 
for airline fares fell 1.6 percent in December, its third consecutive monthly decline, 
and the index for personal care fell 0.2 percent.

The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.3 percent over the past 12 months. 
The shelter index rose 3.2 percent over the 12-month span, and the medical care index 
rose 4.6 percent. Apparel (-1.2 percent) and used cars and trucks (-0.7 percent) were 
among the few indexes to decline over the last year. 

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 2.3 percent over 
the last 12 months to an index level of 256.974 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index 
decreased 0.1 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) increased 
2.3 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 250.452 (1982-84=100). For the 
month, the index decreased 0.1 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 2.1 percent 
over the last 12 months. For the month, the index decreased 0.1 percent on a not seasonally 
adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past 10 to 12 months are subject to 
revision. 

Year in Review (December to December)

The all items CPI rose 2.3 percent in 2019. This was larger than the 2018 increase of 
1.9 percent and the largest advance since the 3.0-percent rise in 2011. The index rose 
at a 1.8-percent average annual rate over the last 10 years. 

The food index increased 1.8 percent in 2019, a slightly larger increase than the 2018 
rise of 1.6 percent. The index for food at home increased 0.7 percent in 2019, 
continuing a trend of modest increases; it rose 0.6 percent in 2018 and 0.9 percent 
in 2017. Over the last 10 years, the food index rose at an average annual rate of 1.8 
percent. The food at home index rose at a 1.3-percent annual rate, and the food away 
from home index increased at a 2.5-percent annual rate since December 2009. 

Five of the six major grocery store food group indexes increased in 2019. The index for 
dairy and related products rose 2.4 percent after falling 0.1 percent in 2018. Similarly, 
the index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs rose 2.3 percent in 2019 after falling 
in 2018. The index for nonalcoholic beverages rose 1.0 percent in 2019 after a 1.4-percent 
increase in 2018. The indexes for cereals and bakery products and for other food at home 
both rose 0.3 percent in 2019.

The index for fruits and vegetables declined in 2019, falling 1.3 percent after rising 
in 2018 and 2017. The indexes for fresh fruits and for fresh vegetables both declined 
over the year. 

The index for food away from home rose 3.1 percent in 2019. This was larger than the 
2.8-percent increase in 2018 and the largest December-to-December rise since 2008. 

The energy index rose 3.4 percent in 2019 after falling slightly in 2018. The gasoline 
index rose 7.9 percent over the year after falling 2.1 percent in 2018. The index for 
fuel oil rose 4.6 percent in 2019. These increases more than offset declines in the other 
major energy component indexes. The index for natural gas fell 3.5 percent in 2019 after 
rising in each of the prior 3 years. The electricity index declined 0.4 percent over the 
year, its first decline since 2015. The energy index increased at a 0.5-percent average 
annual rate over the past 10 years.    

The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.3 percent in 2019, a slightly larger 
increase than its 2018 rise of 2.2 percent and larger than its 1.9-percent average annual 
increase over the past 10 years. The shelter index rose 3.2 percent in 2019, the same 
increase as in both 2018 and 2017. The index for rent rose 3.7 percent in 2019, while the 
index for owners' equivalent rent increased 3.3 percent. The index for household furnishings 
and operations increased 1.0 percent in 2019 after rising 2.1 percent in 2018. 

The medical care index rose 4.6 percent in 2019, well above its 2.0-percent rise in 2018 
and the largest December-to-December advance since 2007. The index for prescription drugs 
rose 3.0 percent after falling 0.6 percent in 2018. The index for hospital services rose 
3.0 percent, while the physicians' services index increased 1.4 percent. The medical care 
index increased at a 3.0-percent average annual rate since December 2009. 

The index for motor vehicle insurance was unchanged in 2019 after rising in each of the 
past 20 years. The index for new vehicles rose 0.1 percent in 2019 after falling in 2018 
and 2017. The index for used cars and trucks declined 0.7 percent in 2019 after rising 
1.4 percent in 2018.  

The education index increased 2.1 percent in 2019 after a 2.6-percent rise in 2018. The 
index for communication increased 0.7 percent in 2019 after falling in each of the previous 
9 years. The index for airline fares rose 1.7 percent after falling in each of the previous 
6 years. The recreation index rose 1.5 percent in 2019, as did the personal care index. The 
index for tobacco increased 5.5 percent, and the alcoholic beverages index rose 0.5 percent. 
The apparel index declined for the sixth consecutive year, falling 1.2 percent. 

_______________
The Consumer Price Index for January 2020 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, February 
13, 2020 at 8:30 a.m. (EST). 


Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers for goods 
and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two population groups: all 
urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical workers. The all urban consumer group 
represents about 93 percent of the total U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures 
of almost all residents of urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-
employed, the poor, the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners and 
clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people living in 
rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces, and those in 
institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation for all urban consumers 
is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) 
and the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U). 

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is based on 
the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that meet two requirements: 
more than one-half of the household's income must come from clerical or wage occupations, 
and at least one of the household's earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks 
during the previous 12 months. The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the 
total U.S. population and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, doctors’ 
and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day 
living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 
housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments (department stores, supermarkets, 
hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments). All taxes 
directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index. Prices of 
fuels and a few other items are obtained every month in all 75 locations. Prices of most other 
commodities and services are collected every month in the three largest geographic areas and 
every other month in other areas. Prices of most goods and services are obtained by personal 
visits or telephone calls by the Bureau’s trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are aggregated 
using weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population 
group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, 
separate indexes are also published by size of city, by region of the country, for cross-
classifications of regions and population-size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area 
indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices among cities; they only measure the 
average change in prices for each area since the base period. For the C-CPI-U, data are issued 
only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are considered final when released, but the 
C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject to three subsequent quarterly revisions. 

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the CPI-U and the 
CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base for the C-CPI-U is December 
1999 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 
107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period 
market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. 

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based upon a 
sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS calculates and publishes 
estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-month percent change standard errors annually 
for the CPI-U. These standard error estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for 
hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month percent change is 
0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means that if we repeatedly sample from the universe 
of all retail prices using the same methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, 
then 95 percent of these estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change 
based on all retail prices. For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, 
we are 95 percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would fall 
between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including information on how to use the 
estimates of standard error, see https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm. 

Calculating Index Changes
Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes rather 
than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level of the index 
in relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following table shows an example 
of using index values to calculate percent changes:
 
				Item A  		Item B  		  Item C
Year I 				112.500 		225.000 		  110.000
Year II 			121.500 		243.000 		  128.000
Change in index points 		9.000 			18.000 			  18.000
Percent change 			9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0 18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4
Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. Seasonally 
adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment 
method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are used to revise the previous 
5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The factors are available at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2019.pdf. For more information on 
data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal Adjustment at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the Timeline of Seasonal 
Adjustment Methodological Changes 
at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 
For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually 
preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and in 
about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting from weather events, 
production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on 
changes that are not typical for the time of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest to 
consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used extensively 
for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements and pension plans, for 
example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for seasonal 
variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation agreements 
because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some CPI series. 
Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal pattern of price 
change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which the distortions caused by 
such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior to calculation of seasonal 
factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately represent the seasonal pattern, are 
then applied to the unadjusted data. 

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 2009 
return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier 
data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal portion of 
the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to 
seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this “prior 
adjusted” data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in the 
data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.
For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2019, BLS adjusted 51 series using intervention 
analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, electricity, 
and vehicles. 

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject to 
revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI 
calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years 
of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final 
and not subject to revision. For January 2019, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted 
indexes for 2014 to 2018 were calculated and published. For series which are directly adjusted 
using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors for 2018 will 
be applied to data for 2019 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2019 indexes. Series which are 
indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal 
factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance. 

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical 
criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its status 
from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 81 components 
of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status from seasonally 
adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the aggregation 
of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes before that 
period will not be changed. Twenty-nine of the 81 components of the U.S. city average all items 
index are not seasonally adjusted for 2019.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information and 
Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov. 

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section at 
202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov. 

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. 
Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.






Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, December 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Nov.
2019
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Dec.
2018
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018-
Dec.
2019
Nov.
2019-
Dec.
2019
Sep.
2019-
Oct.
2019
Oct.
2019-
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2019-
Dec.
2019

All items

100.000 251.233 257.208 256.974 2.3 -0.1 0.4 0.3 0.2

Food

13.249 255.210 259.467 259.823 1.8 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2

Food at home

7.169 239.989 241.726 241.750 0.7 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

0.946 274.321 276.166 275.036 0.3 -0.4 -0.1 0.1 -0.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.580 247.327 250.491 252.893 2.3 1.0 0.6 0.3 1.3

Dairy and related products

0.728 216.652 221.515 221.924 2.4 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.0

Fruits and vegetables

1.252 301.134 297.472 297.105 -1.3 -0.1 0.9 -0.7 -0.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.860 168.339 170.675 170.006 1.0 -0.4 -0.3 0.6 -0.4

Other food at home

1.802 209.739 211.250 210.432 0.3 -0.4 0.2 0.0 -0.3

Food away from home(1)

6.080 279.419 287.255 288.078 3.1 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Energy

7.481 205.905 214.636 212.982 3.4 -0.8 2.7 0.8 1.4

Energy commodities

4.199 218.497 237.972 234.651 7.4 -1.4 3.5 1.1 2.8

Fuel oil

0.110 276.103 284.797 288.766 4.6 1.4 0.8 1.4 1.6

Motor fuel

4.019 213.838 233.851 230.189 7.6 -1.6 3.6 1.1 2.8

Gasoline (all types)

3.931 212.152 232.575 228.857 7.9 -1.6 3.7 1.1 2.8

Energy services

3.282 203.800 201.387 201.446 -1.2 0.0 1.8 0.4 -0.3

Electricity

2.543 210.637 210.365 209.725 -0.4 -0.3 1.6 0.3 -0.5

Utility (piped) gas service

0.739 179.999 171.629 173.652 -3.5 1.2 2.4 1.1 0.3

All items less food and energy

79.271 259.083 265.108 264.935 2.3 -0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.167 142.840 143.722 142.920 0.1 -0.6 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Apparel

2.949 120.526 122.986 119.111 -1.2 -3.2 -1.8 0.1 0.4

New vehicles

3.627 146.126 145.728 146.220 0.1 0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

Used cars and trucks

2.324 138.069 137.407 137.125 -0.7 -0.2 1.3 0.6 -0.8

Medical care commodities

1.689 378.190 383.025 387.533 2.5 1.2 1.2 0.1 1.5

Alcoholic beverages

0.955 251.131 252.463 252.361 0.5 0.0 -0.3 -0.3 0.1

Tobacco and smoking products

0.682 1,082.248 1,142.857 1,141.600 5.5 -0.1 -0.4 0.8 0.2

Services less energy services

60.103 331.478 341.032 341.347 3.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2

Shelter

33.489 311.652 321.267 321.766 3.2 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2

Rent of primary residence

8.022 324.815 335.819 336.789 3.7 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

24.207 320.038 329.745 330.527 3.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Medical care services

7.141 522.506 547.735 549.077 5.1 0.2 0.9 0.4 0.4

Physicians' services

1.714 379.885 385.010 385.092 1.4 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1

Hospital services(3)

2.356 334.964 345.227 344.933 3.0 -0.1 1.4 0.3 0.2

Transportation services

5.916 322.317 326.686 324.209 0.6 -0.8 0.1 0.0 -0.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.138 289.705 299.260 299.614 3.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Motor vehicle insurance

2.355 572.824 571.987 572.979 0.0 0.2 0.0 -0.2 0.2

Airline fares

0.698 248.290 268.994 252.411 1.7 -6.2 -0.4 -0.9 -1.6

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, December 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Nov.
2019
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Dec.
2018-
Dec.
2019
Nov.
2019-
Dec.
2019
Sep.
2019-
Oct.
2019
Oct.
2019-
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2019-
Dec.
2019

All items

100.000 2.3 -0.1 0.4 0.3 0.2

Food

13.249 1.8 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2

Food at home

7.169 0.7 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

0.946 0.3 -0.4 -0.1 0.1 -0.4

Cereals and cereal products

0.300 -0.3 0.0 -0.2 0.0 -0.3

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.038 -0.3 0.5 -0.6 -0.8 0.5

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.145 -0.2 1.3 0.2 -0.7 1.3

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.117 -0.6 -1.8 -0.5 0.8 -1.8

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  -2.9 -2.1 0.4 -0.7 -2.1

Bakery products(1)

0.646 0.5 -0.6 -0.2 0.1 -0.6

Bread(1)(2)

0.194 2.0 -0.6 0.0 1.3 -0.6

White bread(1)(3)

  2.2 -0.5 -0.1 1.4 -0.5

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  1.6 -0.5 0.3 1.0 -0.5

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.090 -0.6 0.1 0.2 -0.3 -0.2

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.162 -1.7 -2.1 -1.3 0.8 -2.0

Cookies(3)

  -1.3 -1.8 -0.7 -0.4 -1.6

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  -1.8 -3.3 -2.5 4.3 -3.3

Other bakery products

0.199 1.5 0.3 -0.2 -0.7 0.7

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  3.4 0.7 0.2 -0.1 0.7

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  2.3 2.4 0.0 -2.3 2.2

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  -1.3 -2.2 -0.6 1.1 -1.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.580 2.3 1.0 0.6 0.3 1.3

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.497 2.6 0.6 0.8 0.3 1.2

Meats

0.943 3.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 1.2

Beef and veal

0.428 4.8 1.7 1.3 0.3 2.4

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.170 4.3 1.3 1.3 -0.1 1.3

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.061 7.3 3.6 -3.0 1.2 3.6

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.158 4.4 1.8 1.7 0.6 2.8

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.038 4.8 -0.1 -0.1 1.0 -0.1

Pork

0.296 3.5 -0.9 0.7 1.3 0.7

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.132 3.5 -0.4 1.6 1.4 0.6

Bacon and related products(3)

  2.3 -1.0 2.8 2.4 0.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  5.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 1.3

Ham

0.055 4.0 -5.3 1.6 0.4 -1.7

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  3.8 -5.9 2.3 0.4 -2.0

Pork chops(1)

0.043 1.8 0.3 -2.7 2.8 0.3

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.066 4.2 1.1 1.1 0.5 2.5

Other meats

0.219 1.3 0.0 -0.3 0.4 -0.5

Frankfurters(3)

  -1.0 -1.8 1.0 1.1 -2.9

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  1.9 0.4 -0.3 0.5 0.0

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

           

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

           

Poultry(1)

0.307 1.7 1.7 0.8 -0.3 1.7

Chicken(1)(2)

0.252 1.4 1.8 1.1 0.1 1.8

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  4.6 3.3 2.1 -0.3 3.3

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  -0.1 1.2 1.0 0.1 1.2

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.055 3.1 1.0 -0.8 0.5 1.0

Fish and seafood

0.248 0.0 -0.1 1.2 -0.4 0.6

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.127 0.2 0.6 1.8 -0.5 1.4

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.121 -0.3 -0.7 0.2 -0.3 -0.3

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  0.0 -0.3 -0.6 -0.9 -0.3

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  0.5 -1.2 1.5 0.4 -0.4

Eggs

0.083 -3.0 6.7 -2.7 0.5 2.9

Dairy and related products

0.728 2.4 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.0

Milk(2)

0.205 5.1 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.2

Fresh whole milk(3)

  5.2 0.6 0.9 0.4 0.3

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  3.8 0.2 -0.1 0.6 -0.6

Cheese and related products(1)

0.237 3.1 0.3 1.2 0.6 0.3

Ice cream and related products

0.104 0.0 -0.6 1.0 0.2 -1.6

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.182 0.2 0.1 -1.5 -0.2 0.1

Fruits and vegetables

1.252 -1.3 -0.1 0.9 -0.7 -0.3

Fresh fruits and vegetables

0.989 -2.1 -0.2 0.9 -1.0 -0.4

Fresh fruits

0.518 -2.4 -0.5 1.6 -1.6 0.3

Apples

0.072 -3.9 -2.3 3.8 -2.6 -2.1

Bananas(1)

0.078 0.6 0.1 0.8 0.8 0.1

Citrus fruits(2)

0.150 -6.5 -6.1 1.6 3.7 -1.7

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  -7.4 -8.1 0.8 5.5 -1.8

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.217 -0.3 3.8 0.3 -3.0 1.8

Fresh vegetables

0.471 -1.8 0.1 0.2 -0.3 -1.2

Potatoes

0.076 6.2 0.9 1.2 -2.6 1.0

Lettuce

0.067 -1.0 -1.9 2.7 3.3 -3.3

Tomatoes(1)

0.076 -7.7 2.2 -1.0 3.0 2.2

Other fresh vegetables

0.252 -2.3 -0.3 -0.2 -0.3 -1.2

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.264 1.7 0.2 0.8 0.4 0.1

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.145 2.7 1.0 0.5 -0.4 0.3

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  2.4 2.0 0.2 0.9 1.6

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  2.4 0.2 0.4 -1.3 -0.7

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.076 0.3 -1.0 1.0 1.4 -0.6

Frozen vegetables(3)

  0.3 -1.7 0.8 1.5 -1.7

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.043 0.5 -0.4 0.5 1.7 -0.4

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  -1.9 -0.6 2.9 0.1 -0.6

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.860 1.0 -0.4 -0.3 0.6 -0.4

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.613 1.9 0.0 -0.3 0.4 -0.1

Carbonated drinks

0.256 1.5 -1.2 -1.4 2.3 -1.1

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.008 -2.3 1.0 -0.5 0.2 1.0

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.348 2.3 0.9 0.7 -0.7 0.9

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.247 -1.2 -1.3 -0.3 0.9 -1.2

Coffee

0.157 -2.3 -2.1 -0.3 1.7 -1.8

Roasted coffee(3)

  -2.8 -2.1 0.2 1.5 -2.1

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  -1.5 -1.9 -1.7 1.7 -1.9

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.090 0.9 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Other food at home

1.802 0.3 -0.4 0.2 0.0 -0.3

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.281 2.6 -1.3 0.1 -0.1 -1.3

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.041 4.5 -0.7 0.5 0.6 0.2

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.188 2.5 -1.7 0.2 0.6 -1.7

Other sweets(2)

0.052 1.5 -0.3 0.9 -1.7 0.5

Fats and oils

0.205 -1.5 -0.6 0.2 0.2 -0.8

Butter and margarine(2)

0.058 -1.3 -0.9 0.5 -0.1 -0.4

Butter(3)

  0.7 -0.4 0.6 -0.7 1.2

Margarine(3)

  -2.0 -1.4 -0.2 1.3 -2.3

Salad dressing(2)

0.051 0.3 1.2 -0.1 1.4 -0.1

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.096 -2.5 -1.4 0.1 0.1 -1.6

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  -5.0 -0.2 2.9 1.2 -0.2

Other foods

1.316 0.1 -0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0

Soups

0.078 0.2 0.1 -1.0 0.3 -0.3

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(1)

0.230 -0.2 -1.2 1.5 0.4 -1.2

Snacks(1)

0.301 -1.6 -1.2 -0.4 0.0 -1.2

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.262 -0.4 -0.5 0.4 -0.4 -0.3

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  0.0 -0.1 0.5 -0.9 0.3

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  -1.1 -0.5 2.7 -2.5 -0.5

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  -1.0 -0.1 0.5 -1.4 -0.2

Other condiments(3)

  -0.3 -0.9 -2.2 -0.1 -0.3

Baby food(1)(2)

0.051 -0.6 -1.5 1.1 -0.2 -1.5

Other miscellaneous foods(1)(2)

0.394 2.2 1.6 0.0 1.2 1.6

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  5.1 3.8 2.0 0.6 3.8

Food away from home(1)

6.080 3.1 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

3.032 3.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.576 3.0 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.4

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.181 1.5 0.1 0.4 0.1 -0.5

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  2.3 -0.1 0.2 0.0 -0.1

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.094 3.8 0.0 -0.1 0.4 0.0

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.197 2.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0

Energy

7.481 3.4 -0.8 2.7 0.8 1.4

Energy commodities

4.199 7.4 -1.4 3.5 1.1 2.8

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.180 2.2 2.4 0.9 0.8 2.0

Fuel oil

0.110 4.6 1.4 0.8 1.4 1.6

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.070 -1.2 4.0 0.5 0.1 2.9

Motor fuel

4.019 7.6 -1.6 3.6 1.1 2.8

Gasoline (all types)

3.931 7.9 -1.6 3.7 1.1 2.8

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  8.1 -1.5 3.7 1.0 3.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  7.1 -1.8 3.0 1.7 2.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  6.2 -2.3 3.5 1.2 1.4

Other motor fuels(2)

0.088 -1.5 -0.1 0.6 1.3 2.0

Energy services

3.282 -1.2 0.0 1.8 0.4 -0.3

Electricity

2.543 -0.4 -0.3 1.6 0.3 -0.5

Utility (piped) gas service

0.739 -3.5 1.2 2.4 1.1 0.3

All items less food and energy

79.271 2.3 -0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.167 0.1 -0.6 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.306 0.3 -0.3 -0.3 -0.1 -0.3

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.241 -1.9 1.1 -1.9 -2.4 1.1

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.054 -0.7 0.8 -1.5 -0.7 0.8

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.043 5.1 5.6 -4.3 0.4 5.6

Other linens(1)(2)

0.144 -4.3 -0.2 -1.4 -3.9 -0.2

Furniture and bedding

0.884 1.2 -0.4 -0.1 -0.2 -0.6

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.320 1.9 0.1 0.5 -0.4 0.1

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.432 1.4 -1.0 -0.8 0.0 -1.0

Other furniture(1)(2)

0.120 -1.6 0.2 2.0 -1.5 0.2

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

  22.0 0.3 0.1 6.4 0.3

Appliances(2)

0.211 0.2 -0.4 -0.4 1.0 -0.2

Major appliances(2)

0.074 -7.0 -0.9 -2.6 0.5 -3.0

Laundry equipment(3)

  -8.5 -1.7 1.4 2.1 -3.1

Other appliances(2)

0.134 4.6 -0.2 1.1 1.3 1.1

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.485 -1.0 -1.7 0.2 -0.2 -1.1

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.269 -1.1 -3.1 2.4 0.4 -3.1

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.090 0.2 0.5 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.053 2.6 -1.2 -2.4 -4.1 -1.2

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.074 -4.6 0.2 0.1 0.5 1.5

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.656 0.9 0.0 -0.3 -1.3 -0.1

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.191 -1.6 -0.7 -0.2 -2.2 -0.7

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.306 2.4 0.4 -0.5 -0.8 0.7

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.828 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.326 0.9 0.4 -0.1 0.1 0.4

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.226 2.3 0.1 0.4 1.3 0.1

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.277 -1.5 -0.5 0.2 -0.3 -0.5

Apparel

2.949 -1.2 -3.2 -1.8 0.1 0.4

Men's and boys' apparel

0.735 -1.9 -4.1 -1.2 -2.5 -0.2

Men's apparel

0.568 -1.3 -4.7 -1.1 -1.9 -0.7

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.108 -3.3 -10.5 -0.4 -0.7 -6.5

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories

0.149 -1.6 -2.6 -1.3 -2.0 -0.6

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.160 -1.3 -5.2 -2.7 -2.4 1.1

Men's pants and shorts

0.144 0.6 -1.8 -1.1 -1.4 0.4

Boys' apparel

0.166 -4.0 -2.1 -3.9 -3.9 0.9

Women's and girls' apparel

1.178 -2.2 -3.4 -3.3 1.3 1.3

Women's apparel

1.004 -3.0 -4.1 -3.3 1.2 0.9

Women's outerwear

0.070 -6.7 -6.4 -1.2 -0.1 0.7

Women's dresses

0.116 -6.9 -4.9 1.9 -1.3 2.1

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.521 -2.5 -4.1 -5.7 2.7 2.0

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.286 -1.4 -3.1 -0.6 -1.1 -1.0

Girls' apparel

0.174 2.8 0.2 -2.9 2.0 3.2

Footwear

0.665 1.7 -1.8 -0.5 0.5 -0.1

Men's footwear(1)

0.214 -0.3 -1.8 -0.6 -0.6 -1.8

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.160 3.3 -1.7 0.4 0.0 -0.2

Women's footwear

0.291 2.3 -1.9 -0.9 0.9 0.0

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.130 -4.6 -0.9 -1.9 -0.1 0.4

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.241 0.1 -3.8 0.6 1.7 -0.8

Watches(1)(6)

0.098 3.1 -2.1 3.4 -0.3 -2.1

Jewelry(6)

0.143 -1.9 -4.9 0.4 -0.2 -2.2

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

6.442 -0.1 0.1 0.4 0.2 -0.2

New vehicles

3.627 0.1 0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  0.1 0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

New cars(3)

  0.1 0.3 -0.1 -0.2 0.1

New trucks(3)(10)

  0.3 0.4 -0.1 -0.1 0.3

Used cars and trucks

2.324 -0.7 -0.2 1.3 0.6 -0.8

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.381 1.8 0.1 -0.2 0.4 0.1

Tires(1)

0.225 1.3 -0.2 -0.7 0.6 -0.2

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.156 2.6 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.5

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  3.0 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.3

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  1.7 5.4 -2.4 -1.3 5.4

Medical care commodities

1.689 2.5 1.2 1.2 0.1 1.5

Medicinal drugs(8)

1.631 2.5 1.3 1.3 0.0 1.6

Prescription drugs

1.292 3.0 1.8 1.8 -0.1 2.1

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.339 0.5 -0.9 -0.1 0.2 -0.9

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.057 1.3 -1.0 0.9 1.0 -1.0

Recreation commodities(8)

1.759 -0.9 -0.6 0.4 0.1 -0.6

Video and audio products(8)

0.201 -9.7 -2.0 -0.3 -1.1 -1.3

Televisions

0.078 -20.5 -3.0 -1.5 -2.4 -2.0

Other video equipment(2)

0.026 0.7 -0.6 -0.3 1.4 2.0

Audio equipment(1)

0.043 -1.2 -2.9 0.5 -2.1 -2.9

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.045 -3.1 -0.6 0.8 0.7 -0.6

Pets and pet products(1)

0.608 3.1 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.2

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  3.4 -0.2 0.6 0.0 -0.2

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  2.2 0.8 0.2 0.1 0.8

Sporting goods

0.496 0.1 -0.5 0.6 0.9 -0.8

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.293 1.7 -0.3 0.5 1.2 -0.3

Sports equipment

0.196 -2.2 -0.7 0.5 0.1 -0.4

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.034 1.6 -4.7 -0.8 0.4 -2.2

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

           

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  0.8 -5.6 0.7 0.4 -3.3

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.119 3.8 -1.1 3.0 0.4 -1.1

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.075 6.1 -1.3 3.1 0.7 -1.3

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.044 0.0 -0.6 2.8 -0.3 -0.6

Other recreational goods(2)

0.302 -5.7 -1.2 -0.2 -0.6 -1.0

Toys

0.231 -7.1 -1.0 -0.7 -1.1 -0.8

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -5.9 -0.9 -1.3 -1.2 -0.4

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.024 -3.4 -1.0 0.3 0.9 -1.0

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.037 2.4 -2.6 2.7 2.0 -2.6

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.501 -6.0 -1.6 -1.9 -0.1 -1.2

Educational books and supplies

0.125 -2.0 0.1 -0.5 0.2 0.3

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  -1.7 0.1 -0.6 0.5 0.1

Information technology commodities(8)

0.375 -7.3 -2.1 -2.4 -0.2 -1.6

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistant devices(4)

0.293 -5.3 -2.2 -2.4 0.1 -1.6

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.021 -11.2 -0.2 -0.3 -2.8 -0.2

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.062 -14.6 -2.4 -2.9 -0.8 -2.4

Alcoholic beverages

0.955 0.5 0.0 -0.3 -0.3 0.1

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.594 0.2 -0.4 -0.3 -0.4 -0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.266 1.2 0.4 0.3 -0.7 0.6

Distilled spirits at home

0.078 -0.4 0.1 -1.5 -0.3 0.6

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  0.9 0.1 -1.8 -0.1 0.1

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  -0.7 0.3 -1.0 -0.2 0.3

Wine at home

0.249 -0.8 -1.4 -0.7 -0.3 -1.1

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.361 1.0 0.5 -0.2 0.0 0.5

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  0.0 0.6 -0.2 0.0 0.6

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.4 0.4 0.0 -0.2 0.4

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.7 0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.1

Other goods(8)

1.567 2.8 -0.8 0.2 0.3 -0.5

Tobacco and smoking products

0.682 5.5 -0.1 -0.4 0.8 0.2

Cigarettes(2)

0.606 5.8 -0.1 -0.5 1.0 0.2

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.060 2.8 -0.2 0.0 0.1 -0.2

Personal care products(1)

0.674 -0.9 -1.1 0.3 0.1 -1.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.377 0.7 -0.6 0.8 0.4 -0.6

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.291 -2.8 -1.9 -0.4 -0.4 -1.9

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.211 6.8 -1.8 2.3 -0.6 -0.8

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  8.8 1.4 2.0 -0.9 1.8

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

  -6.4 -0.6 2.7 -5.5 -0.6

Services less energy services

60.103 3.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2

Shelter

33.489 3.2 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2

Rent of shelter(12)

33.122 3.3 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.2

Rent of primary residence

8.022 3.7 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.2

Lodging away from home(2)

0.893 -0.2 -3.2 -3.8 1.1 -1.8

Housing at school, excluding board(12)

0.114 2.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.4

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.779 -0.6 -3.7 -4.4 1.2 -2.0

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(12)

24.207 3.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(12)

22.858 3.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.367 0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.099 2.2 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.2

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.830 2.9 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.2

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.268 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.1 0.0

Household operations(1)(2)

0.902 3.5 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.303 1.5 0.0 1.6 0.9 0.0

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

      0.0 0.2  

Moving, storage, freight expense(2)

0.101 0.4 0.5 -2.2 -2.1 -0.6

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.111 6.2 -0.1   0.3 -0.1

Medical care services

7.141 5.1 0.2 0.9 0.4 0.4

Professional services

3.230 1.6 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1

Physicians' services

1.714 1.4 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1

Dental services

0.790 3.0 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.2

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.314 0.8 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.0

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.412 0.8 0.1 -0.4 0.0 0.1

Hospital and related services

2.637 2.9 -0.1 1.2 0.3 0.2

Hospital services(13)

2.356 3.0 -0.1 1.4 0.3 0.2

Inpatient hospital services(13)(3)

  3.3 0.0 1.3 0.4 0.3

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  2.0 0.0 0.9 0.2 0.3

Nursing homes and adult day services(13)

0.194 2.8 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.087 1.9 0.1 0.3 -0.3 0.1

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.274 20.4 1.4 2.2 1.5 1.4

Transportation services

5.916 0.6 -0.8 0.1 0.0 -0.3

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

0.610 -5.4 -0.7 0.0 -0.6 -0.7

Car and truck rental(2)

0.123 3.6 0.5 5.6 5.2 -1.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.138 3.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.057 4.4 0.4 0.3 -0.1 0.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.646 4.1 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.2

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.370 2.1 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0

Motor vehicle insurance

2.355 0.0 0.2 0.0 -0.2 0.2

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.545 3.0 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.2

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.281 2.3 0.1 0.6 0.1 0.1

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.247 3.8 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  2.5 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.4

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

    0.2     0.2

Public transportation

1.145 1.0 -4.2 -0.5 0.1 -1.5

Airline fares

0.698 1.7 -6.2 -0.4 -0.9 -1.6

Other intercity transportation

0.162 -1.8 -0.8 -1.7 0.4 -2.5

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

  19.7 0.9 -2.6 9.8 0.9

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

           

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  -4.6 -1.3 -1.4 -1.1 -1.3

Intracity transportation(1)

0.278 1.0 -1.1 0.3 0.4 -1.1

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  1.8 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Recreation services(8)

3.881 2.7 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.5

Video and audio services(8)

1.594 3.1 0.8 0.6 0.3 1.0

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.510 3.4 0.9 0.7 0.4 1.1

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.084 -0.6 -1.1 -1.6 -1.4 -1.1

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  -3.9 -1.2 -2.8 -1.6 -1.2

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  3.0 -1.3 -0.1 -1.0 -1.3

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.422 4.2 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  2.1 0.7     0.7

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  4.9 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.5

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.036 -5.0 -0.2 1.2 -0.1 -0.2

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

    0.2 1.5 -0.3 0.2

Photo processing(1)(2)(3)

  -1.8 -0.6 0.5 0.3 -0.6

Other recreation services(2)

1.827 2.1 0.2 1.3 0.8 0.0

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.679 3.0 0.6 1.0 1.1 0.6

Admissions

0.656 1.4 0.0 2.1 0.5 -0.6

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  2.4 -0.5 0.7 -0.1 -0.5

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  1.9 1.5 1.1 3.7 1.5

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.217 1.5 0.0 -0.1 1.2 0.0

Education and communication services(8)

6.034 2.0 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.923 2.3 -0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

College tuition and fees

1.619 1.7 -0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.339 2.7 0.0 0.5 0.2 0.3

Child care and nursery school(9)

0.813 3.4 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.032 0.6 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.1

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.111 5.7 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.3

Postage

0.097 5.9 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

Delivery services(2)

0.014 4.4 0.2 0.9 -0.3 1.1

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.213 1.6 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.1

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.618 -0.3 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1

Land-line telephone services(1)(8)

0.596 6.9 0.3 1.1 1.3 0.3

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.778 1.8 0.4 0.3 0.9 0.4

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.642 1.8 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.4

Personal care services(1)

0.634 2.7 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.634 2.7 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3

Miscellaneous personal services

1.008 1.3 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.6

Legal services(1)(6)

0.301 -0.9 0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.127 2.2 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.6

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.244 3.8 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.4

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.030 3.5 0.2 1.3 0.4 0.2

Financial services(6)

0.236 0.9 1.0 0.3 0.0 1.6

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  0.3 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(2)(3)

  0.6 1.2 0.2 -0.2 1.9

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, December 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Nov.
2019
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Dec.
2018
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018-
Dec.
2019
Nov.
2019-
Dec.
2019
Sep.
2019-
Oct.
2019
Oct.
2019-
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2019-
Dec.
2019

All items less food

86.751 250.605 256.839 256.516 2.4 -0.1 0.4 0.3 0.2

All items less shelter

66.511 230.492 235.162 234.656 1.8 -0.2 0.5 0.3 0.2

All items less food and shelter

53.262 224.062 228.802 228.109 1.8 -0.3 0.6 0.3 0.3

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.782 229.872 233.955 233.426 1.5 -0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.458 235.524 239.999 239.454 1.7 -0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1

All items less medical care

91.170 239.900 245.206 244.861 2.1 -0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2

All items less energy

92.519 257.794 263.545 263.450 2.2 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.1

Commodities

36.615 181.754 185.186 184.441 1.5 -0.4 0.4 0.2 0.4

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

16.843 144.001 145.111 144.230 0.2 -0.6 -0.3 0.0 0.1

Commodities less food

23.366 149.403 152.412 151.332 1.3 -0.7 0.5 0.2 0.5

Commodities less food and beverages

22.411 145.964 148.997 147.899 1.3 -0.7 0.6 0.2 0.5

Services

63.385 319.794 328.311 328.603 2.8 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2

Services less rent of shelter(1)

30.264 338.672 346.023 346.068 2.2 0.0 0.6 0.3 0.1

Services less medical care services

56.244 304.397 311.687 311.903 2.5 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.1

Durables

9.697 104.169 103.902 103.695 -0.5 -0.2 0.1 -0.4 -0.4

Nondurables

26.918 221.263 227.202 226.120 2.2 -0.5 0.5 0.4 0.6

Nondurables less food

13.669 192.750 199.858 197.719 2.6 -1.1 0.9 0.3 1.1

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.714 189.142 196.581 194.325 2.7 -1.1 1.0 0.3 1.1

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.765 236.038 246.704 245.365 4.0 -0.5 2.2 0.4 1.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.720 236.236 246.041 244.816 3.6 -0.5 1.9 0.3 1.2

Housing

42.258 261.360 267.925 268.236 2.6 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Education and communication(2)

6.535 136.976 138.920 138.839 1.4 -0.1 0.0 0.3 0.1

Education(2)

3.048 263.199 268.880 268.700 2.1 -0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Communication(2)

3.486 73.007 73.578 73.541 0.7 -0.1 0.0 0.5 0.0

Information and information processing(2)

3.375 69.134 69.569 69.532 0.6 -0.1 0.0 0.5 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.162 7.442 7.376 7.347 -1.3 -0.4 -0.6 0.5 -0.2

Recreation(2)

5.640 119.705 121.381 121.545 1.5 0.1 0.7 0.4 0.1

Video and audio(2)

1.795 103.800 104.946 105.427 1.6 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.8

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.030 174.113 179.583 180.308 3.6 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.4

Photography(2)

0.072 74.095 74.443 72.665 -1.9 -2.4 0.2 0.1 -1.2

Food and beverages

14.204 255.023 259.080 259.403 1.7 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2

Domestically produced farm food

5.983 247.826 249.460 249.635 0.7 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.0

Other services

11.557 355.373 362.303 363.215 2.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

Apparel less footwear

2.284 113.249 115.053 110.983 -2.0 -3.5 -2.1 0.0 0.5

Fuels and utilities

4.561 242.343 241.459 241.788 -0.2 0.1 1.4 0.4 -0.1

Household energy

3.462 200.390 198.123 198.426 -1.0 0.2 1.7 0.5 -0.2

Medical care

8.830 487.409 507.541 509.689 4.6 0.4 1.0 0.3 0.6

Transportation

16.376 204.541 209.763 208.482 1.9 -0.6 1.0 0.3 0.5

Private transportation

15.231 200.605 205.317 204.610 2.0 -0.3 1.2 0.4 0.7

New and used motor vehicles(2)

6.794 99.147 98.441 98.495 -0.7 0.1 0.5 0.2 -0.3

Utilities and public transportation

9.249 215.975 218.568 217.864 0.9 -0.3 0.8 0.4 -0.2

Household furnishings and operations

4.208 122.265 123.733 123.462 1.0 -0.2 -0.2 0.0 -0.4

Other goods and services

3.209 445.059 456.262 455.413 2.3 -0.2 0.2 0.2 -0.1

Personal care

2.527 231.818 235.797 235.310 1.5 -0.2 0.4 0.1 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, December 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Dec. 2019 from: Percent change to Nov. 2019 from:
Dec.
2018
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2018
Sep.
2019
Oct.
2019

U.S. city average

M

2.3 -0.1 -0.1 2.1 0.2 -0.1

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

1.9 0.0 -0.1 1.9 0.0 0.1

Northeast - Size Class A

M

2.2 0.1 0.0 2.0 0.1 0.2

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.7 -0.1 -0.2 1.8 -0.1 0.1

New England(4)

M

2.1 0.2 -0.1 2.2 0.0 0.3

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

1.9 0.0 -0.1 1.9 0.0 0.1

Midwest

M

2.3 -0.2 0.0 1.9 0.0 -0.2

Midwest - Size Class A

M

2.3 -0.3 0.0 2.2 0.0 -0.3

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.2 -0.1 -0.1 1.8 0.0 -0.1

East North Central(4)

M

2.4 -0.2 0.0 2.0 0.0 -0.2

West North Central(4)

M

2.1 -0.3 -0.1 1.8 -0.1 -0.1

South

M

2.1 -0.1 0.0 1.6 0.2 0.0

South - Size Class A

M

2.1 -0.2 -0.1 1.7 0.0 -0.1

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.1 0.0 0.0 1.5 0.3 0.0

South Atlantic(4)

M

2.5 0.1 0.1 2.0 0.3 0.1

East South Central(4)

M

1.5 0.0 -0.1 0.7 0.1 0.1

West South Central(4)

M

1.8 -0.4 -0.2 1.3 0.1 -0.2

West

M

2.8 -0.3 -0.2 2.8 0.4 -0.1

West - Size Class A

M

2.8 -0.6 -0.4 3.1 0.3 -0.2

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.8 -0.1 0.0 2.5 0.5 -0.1

Mountain(4)

M

3.3 0.0 0.0 3.2 0.5 -0.1

Pacific(4)

M

2.6 -0.5 -0.3 2.7 0.3 -0.2

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

2.4 -0.2 -0.2 2.3 0.1 -0.1

Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.2 -0.1 0.0 1.8 0.2 0.0

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

2.2 -0.5 -0.2 2.2 0.1 -0.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

3.0 -0.9 -0.6 3.2 0.4 -0.3

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

2.2 0.2 0.1 1.8 0.0 0.1

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

3.3 -0.3        

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

1.8 0.1        

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

2.5 -0.6        

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

1.0 -0.6        

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

2.0 -0.2        

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

2.4 -0.3        

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

3.4 -0.6        

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

2.5 -0.5        

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

2.2 0.3        

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

2.1 -0.1        

Urban Alaska

2

0.0 -0.5        

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

      2.1 0.7  

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

      1.8 -0.4  

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

      2.8 0.1  

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

      2.8 -0.2  

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

      2.9 0.2  

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

      2.6 0.2  

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

      2.0 0.2  

Urban Hawaii

1

      0.9 0.1  

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

      1.5 -0.2  

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, December 2019 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2000

    2.6 3.4

December 2001

    1.3 1.6

December 2002

    2.0 2.4

December 2003

    1.7 1.9

December 2004

    3.2 3.3

December 2005

    2.9 3.4

December 2006

    2.3 2.5

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

January 2017

0.6 0.6 2.3 2.5

February 2017

0.3 0.3 2.6 2.7

March 2017

0.0 0.1 2.1 2.4

April 2017

0.3 0.3 1.8 2.2

May 2017

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.9

June 2017

0.0 0.1 1.2 1.6

July 2017

-0.2 -0.1 1.3 1.7

August 2017

0.3 0.3 1.5 1.9

September 2017

0.5 0.5 1.9 2.2

October 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.6 2.0

November 2017

0.0 0.0 1.8 2.2

December 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.7 2.1

January 2018

0.5 0.5 1.6 2.1

February 2018

0.4 0.5 1.7 2.2

March 2018

0.2 0.2 1.9 2.4

April 2018

0.4 0.4 2.1 2.5

May 2018

0.3 0.4 2.3 2.8

June 2018

0.1 0.2 2.4 2.9

July 2018

0.0 0.0 2.6 2.9

August 2018

0.0 0.1 2.3 2.7

September 2018

0.1 0.1 1.9 2.3

October 2018

0.1 0.2 2.1 2.5

November 2018

-0.3 -0.3 1.8 2.2

December 2018

-0.4 -0.3 1.5 1.9

January 2019

0.2 0.2 1.2 1.6

February 2019

0.4 0.4 1.3 1.5

March 2019

0.6 0.6 1.6 1.9

April 2019

0.5 0.5 1.7 2.0

May 2019

0.2 0.2 1.6 1.8

June 2019

0.0 0.0 1.4 1.6

July 2019

0.2 0.2 1.6 1.8

August 2019

0.0 0.0 1.6 1.7

September 2019

0.1 0.1 1.6 1.7

October 2019

0.2 0.2 1.6 1.8

November 2019

-0.1 -0.1 1.9 2.1

December 2019

-0.1 -0.1 2.1 2.3

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, December 2019, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Nov.
2019
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Nov. 2019-
Dec. 2019
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Nov. 2019-
Dec. 2019(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.2   0.04 S-Sep. 2019 0.0

Food

13.249 0.2 0.021 0.08 L-Oct. 2019 0.2

Food at home

7.169 0.1 0.004 0.12 - -

Cereals and bakery products

0.946 -0.4 -0.004 0.29 S-Jun. 2019 -0.6

Cereals and cereal products

0.300 -0.3 -0.001 0.57 S-Aug. 2019 -0.8

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.038 0.5 0.000 0.83 L-Jun. 2019 0.6

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.145 1.3 0.002 0.69 L-Dec. 2018 1.3

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.117 -1.8 -0.002 0.92 S-Oct. 2018 -2.8

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  -2.1   0.91 S-Oct. 2018 -2.1

Bakery products(4)

0.646 -0.6 -0.004 0.33 S-Jun. 2019 -0.8

Bread(4)(5)

0.194 -0.6 -0.001 0.58 S-Aug. 2019 -0.7

White bread(4)(6)

  -0.5   0.83 S-Jun. 2019 -0.9

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  -0.5   0.82 S-Aug. 2019 -1.2

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.090 -0.2 0.000 0.68 L-Oct. 2019 0.2

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.162 -2.0 -0.003 0.57 S-EVER -

Cookies(6)

  -1.6   0.88 S-Mar. 2019 -1.7

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  -3.3   0.58 S-EVER -

Other bakery products

0.199 0.7 0.001 0.57 L-Sep. 2019 0.8

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  0.7   0.92 L-May 2019 1.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  2.2   1.03 L-May 2019 2.5

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  -1.7   0.70 S-Aug. 2014 -1.9

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.580 1.3 0.020 0.24 L-Jun. 2015 1.3

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.497 1.2 0.018 0.25 L-Aug. 2014 1.5

Meats

0.943 1.2 0.011 0.31 L-May 2019 1.2

Beef and veal

0.428 2.4 0.010 0.42 L-Sep. 2014 2.4

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.170 1.3 0.002 0.62 L-Oct. 2019 1.3

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.061 3.6 0.002 1.15 L-Aug. 2014 6.0

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.158 2.8 0.004 0.74 L-Aug. 2014 5.3

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.038 -0.1 0.000 0.71 S-Oct. 2019 -0.1

Pork

0.296 0.7 0.002 0.62 S-Oct. 2019 0.7

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.132 0.6 0.001 0.77 S-Sep. 2019 0.1

Bacon and related products(6)

  0.1   0.99 S-Sep. 2019 -0.6

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  1.3   1.02 L-May 2019 2.1

Ham

0.055 -1.7 -0.001 1.52 S-Jun. 2019 -4.0

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  -2.0   1.59 S-Jun. 2019 -4.8

Pork chops(4)

0.043 0.3 0.000 1.62 S-Oct. 2019 -2.7

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.066 2.5 0.002 1.30 L-Apr. 2014 6.0

Other meats

0.219 -0.5 -0.001 0.66 S-Sep. 2019 -0.7

Frankfurters(6)

  -2.9   1.35 S-Sep. 2019 -5.0

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  0.0   0.64 S-Oct. 2019 -0.3

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

           

Poultry(4)

0.307 1.7 0.005 0.54 L-Jan. 2008 2.0

Chicken(4)(5)

0.252 1.8 0.005 0.60 L-Jun. 2013 1.9

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  3.3   1.31 L-Aug. 2014 3.3

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  1.2   0.69 L-Dec. 2018 1.3

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.055 1.0 0.001 1.16 L-Sep. 2019 2.5

Fish and seafood

0.248 0.6 0.002 0.47 L-Oct. 2019 1.2

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.127 1.4 0.002 0.71 L-Oct. 2019 1.8

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.121 -0.3 0.000 0.63 - -

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  -0.3   1.04 L-Sep. 2019 1.9

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  -0.4   0.82 S-Sep. 2019 -1.4

Eggs

0.083 2.9 0.002 1.07 L-Sep. 2019 6.5

Dairy and related products

0.728 0.0 0.000 0.27 S-Jul. 2019 -0.3

Milk(5)

0.205 0.2 0.000 0.48 - -

Fresh whole milk(6)

  0.3   0.62 S-Sep. 2019 -0.5

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  -0.6   0.56 S-Dec. 2018 -1.1

Cheese and related products(4)

0.237 0.3 0.001 0.58 S-Sep. 2019 0.2

Ice cream and related products

0.104 -1.6 -0.002 0.98 S-Jun. 2019 -2.2

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.182 0.1 0.000 0.57 L-Jul. 2019 0.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.252 -0.3 -0.004 0.33 L-Oct. 2019 0.9

Fresh fruits and vegetables

0.989 -0.4 -0.004 0.38 L-Oct. 2019 0.9

Fresh fruits

0.518 0.3 0.002 0.50 L-Oct. 2019 1.6

Apples

0.072 -2.1 -0.002 1.17 L-Oct. 2019 3.8

Bananas(4)

0.078 0.1 0.000 0.77 S-Sep. 2019 -0.4

Citrus fruits(5)

0.150 -1.7 -0.003 0.90 S-Jun. 2019 -1.8

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -1.8   1.20 S-Aug. 2019 -1.9

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.217 1.8 0.004 0.97 L-Jun. 2019 2.6

Fresh vegetables

0.471 -1.2 -0.006 0.53 S-Sep. 2019 -1.5

Potatoes

0.076 1.0 0.001 1.53 L-Oct. 2019 1.2

Lettuce

0.067 -3.3 -0.002 1.78 S-May 2019 -7.9

Tomatoes(4)

0.076 2.2 0.002 1.43 S-Oct. 2019 -1.0

Other fresh vegetables

0.252 -1.2 -0.003 0.68 S-Sep. 2019 -2.0

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.264 0.1 0.000 0.59 S-Sep. 2019 0.1

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.145 0.3 0.000 0.82 L-Oct. 2019 0.5

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  1.6   0.95 L-Mar. 2019 3.0

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  -0.7   1.10 L-Oct. 2019 0.4

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.076 -0.6 0.000 0.99 S-Aug. 2019 -1.2

Frozen vegetables(6)

  -1.7   1.23 S-Jan. 2019 -2.2

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.043 -0.4 0.000 0.76 S-Sep. 2019 -0.4

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  -0.6   1.42 S-Sep. 2019 -1.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.860 -0.4 -0.004 0.45 S-Jul. 2019 -0.4

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.613 -0.1 0.000 0.58 S-Oct. 2019 -0.3

Carbonated drinks

0.256 -1.1 -0.003 1.22 S-Oct. 2019 -1.4

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.008 1.0 0.000 0.45 L-Mar. 2019 1.3

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.348 0.9 0.003 0.55 L-May 2019 1.2

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.247 -1.2 -0.003 0.63 S-Jan. 2018 -1.7

Coffee

0.157 -1.8 -0.003 0.76 S-Jan. 2018 -2.6

Roasted coffee(6)

  -2.1   0.84 S-Aug. 2017 -2.1

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  -1.9   1.22 S-Sep. 2019 -2.8

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.090 0.0 0.000 0.94 S-Oct. 2019 -0.1

Other food at home

1.802 -0.3 -0.005 0.23 S-Jul. 2019 -0.7

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.281 -1.3 -0.004 0.65 S-Apr. 2019 -1.4

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.041 0.2 0.000 0.79 S-Aug. 2019 -0.7

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.188 -1.7 -0.003 0.89 S-Apr. 2015 -2.0

Other sweets(5)

0.052 0.5 0.000 1.08 L-Oct. 2019 0.9

Fats and oils

0.205 -0.8 -0.002 0.52 S-Jul. 2019 -1.0

Butter and margarine(5)

0.058 -0.4 0.000 0.95 S-Sep. 2019 -0.6

Butter(6)

  1.2   1.09 L-May 2019 2.4

Margarine(6)

  -2.3   0.82 S-Mar. 2016 -3.0

Salad dressing(5)

0.051 -0.1 0.000 1.10 S-Oct. 2019 -0.1

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.096 -1.6 -0.002 0.72 S-Apr. 2019 -1.9

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   1.06 S-Sep. 2019 -2.8

Other foods

1.316 0.0 0.000 0.29 - -

Soups

0.078 -0.3 0.000 0.97 S-Oct. 2019 -1.0

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(4)

0.230 -1.2 -0.003 0.57 S-Mar. 2019 -1.2

Snacks(4)

0.301 -1.2 -0.003 0.71 S-Jul. 2019 -1.5

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.262 -0.3 -0.001 0.61 L-Oct. 2019 0.4

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  0.3   0.92 L-Oct. 2019 0.5

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.76 L-Oct. 2019 2.7

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.83 L-Oct. 2019 0.5

Other condiments(6)

  -0.3   0.93 S-Oct. 2019 -2.2

Baby food(4)(5)

0.051 -1.5 -0.001 0.83 S-EVER -

Other miscellaneous foods(4)(5)

0.394 1.6 0.006 0.47 L-Nov. 2013 1.7

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  3.8   0.84 L-Jun. 2010 4.7

Food away from home(4)

6.080 0.3 0.017 0.06 L-Sep. 2019 0.3

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

3.032 0.2 0.007 0.08 S-Oct. 2019 0.2

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.576 0.4 0.011 0.09 L-Feb. 2019 0.5

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.181 -0.5 -0.001 0.22 S-Aug. 2019 -0.6

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  -0.1   0.15 S-Feb. 2019 -0.1

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.094 0.0 0.000 0.16 S-Oct. 2019 -0.1

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.197 0.0 0.000 0.13 - -

Energy

7.481 1.4 0.108 0.19 L-Oct. 2019 2.7

Energy commodities

4.199 2.8 0.118 0.20 L-Oct. 2019 3.5

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.180 2.0 0.004 0.55 L-Oct. 2018 2.0

Fuel oil

0.110 1.6 0.002 0.86 L-Mar. 2019 2.1

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.070 2.9 0.002 0.63 L-Feb. 2014 11.6

Motor fuel

4.019 2.8 0.115 0.20 L-Oct. 2019 3.6

Gasoline (all types)

3.931 2.8 0.113 0.20 L-Oct. 2019 3.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  3.1   0.44 L-Oct. 2019 3.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  2.3   0.43 L-Oct. 2019 3.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  1.4   0.40 L-Oct. 2019 3.5

Other motor fuels(5)

0.088 2.0 0.002 0.21 L-Mar. 2019 3.5

Energy services

3.282 -0.3 -0.010 0.34 S-Jun. 2019 -0.7

Electricity

2.543 -0.5 -0.013 0.37 S-Jun. 2019 -0.8

Utility (piped) gas service

0.739 0.3 0.002 0.51 S-Sep. 2019 -0.7

All items less food and energy

79.271 0.1 0.090 0.04 S-Sep. 2019 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.167 0.0 -0.008 0.09 - -

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.306 -0.3 -0.010 0.20 S-Oct. 2019 -0.3

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.241 1.1 0.003 0.93 L-Jul. 2019 1.5

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.054 0.8 0.000 0.77 L-Jun. 2019 1.2

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.043 5.6 0.002 1.73 L-EVER -

Other linens(4)(5)

0.144 -0.2 0.000 1.42 L-Sep. 2019 0.7

Furniture and bedding

0.884 -0.6 -0.005 0.42 S-Aug. 2019 -1.1

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.320 0.1 0.000 0.68 L-Oct. 2019 0.5

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.432 -1.0 -0.004 0.65 S-Aug. 2019 -1.5

Other furniture(4)(5)

0.120 0.2 0.000 0.74 L-Oct. 2019 2.0

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

  0.3   0.71 S-Oct. 2019 0.1

Appliances(5)

0.211 -0.2 -0.001 0.62 S-Oct. 2019 -0.4

Major appliances(5)

0.074 -3.0 -0.002 1.10 S-EVER -

Laundry equipment(6)

  -3.1   1.77 S-Aug. 2019 -4.2

Other appliances(5)

0.134 1.1 0.001 0.74 S-Oct. 2019 1.1

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.485 -1.1 -0.005 0.58 S-Mar. 2019 -1.4

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.269 -3.1 -0.008 0.83 S-Dec. 2018 -3.8

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.090 -0.2 0.000 0.94 S-Sep. 2019 -1.0

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.053 -1.2 -0.001 1.31 L-Sep. 2019 0.3

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.074 1.5 0.001 0.98 L-Oct. 2018 1.9

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.656 -0.1 -0.001 0.45 L-Sep. 2019 0.6

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.191 -0.7 -0.001 0.59 L-Oct. 2019 -0.2

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.306 0.7 0.002 0.56 L-Sep. 2019 0.8

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.828 0.0 0.000 0.29 S-Sep. 2019 0.0

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.326 0.4 0.001 0.39 L-Mar. 2019 0.8

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.226 0.1 0.000 0.45 S-Aug. 2019 -0.6

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.277 -0.5 -0.001 0.55 S-Aug. 2019 -1.1

Apparel

2.949 0.4 0.012 0.51 L-Jul. 2019 0.4

Men's and boys' apparel

0.735 -0.2 -0.001 0.92 L-Sep. 2019 1.9

Men's apparel

0.568 -0.7 -0.004 0.95 L-Sep. 2019 1.0

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.108 -6.5 -0.007 2.00 S-EVER -

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories

0.149 -0.6 -0.001 1.31 L-Sep. 2019 2.0

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.160 1.1 0.002 1.43 L-Jul. 2019 1.2

Men's pants and shorts

0.144 0.4 0.001 1.30 L-Sep. 2019 2.5

Boys' apparel

0.166 0.9 0.002 1.76 L-Sep. 2019 2.2

Women's and girls' apparel

1.178 1.3 0.015 0.91 - -

Women's apparel

1.004 0.9 0.009 1.03 S-Oct. 2019 -3.3

Women's outerwear

0.070 0.7 0.000 2.55 L-Jul. 2019 1.0

Women's dresses

0.116 2.1 0.002 1.83 L-May 2019 2.5

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.521 2.0 0.010 1.32 S-Oct. 2019 -5.7

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.286 -1.0 -0.003 1.25 L-Oct. 2019 -0.6

Girls' apparel

0.174 3.2 0.006 1.59 L-Jun. 2019 6.8

Footwear

0.665 -0.1 0.000 0.72 S-Oct. 2019 -0.5

Men's footwear(4)

0.214 -1.8 -0.004 1.07 S-Apr. 2019 -1.8

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.160 -0.2 0.000 1.46 S-Sep. 2019 -1.9

Women's footwear

0.291 0.0 0.000 0.92 S-Oct. 2019 -0.9

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.130 0.4 0.001 1.42 L-May 2019 0.5

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.241 -0.8 -0.002 1.34 S-Sep. 2019 -1.1

Watches(4)(9)

0.098 -2.1 -0.002 1.49 S-Sep. 2019 -2.8

Jewelry(9)

0.143 -2.2 -0.003 1.94 S-Aug. 2019 -4.2

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

6.442 -0.2 -0.013 0.12 S-Sep. 2019 -0.7

New vehicles

3.627 0.1 0.005 0.21 L-Jun. 2019 0.1

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  0.1   0.22 L-Jun. 2019 0.1

New cars(6)

  0.1   0.25 L-Jun. 2019 0.2

New trucks(13)(6)

  0.3   0.23 L-Mar. 2019 0.4

Used cars and trucks

2.324 -0.8 -0.018 0.02 S-Sep. 2019 -1.6

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.381 0.1 0.000 0.33 S-Oct. 2019 -0.2

Tires(4)

0.225 -0.2 0.000 0.46 S-Oct. 2019 -0.7

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.156 0.5 0.001 0.55 L-Sep. 2019 0.5

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  0.3   0.53 S-Jul. 2019 -1.3

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  5.4   0.90 L-EVER -

Medical care commodities

1.689 1.5 0.025 0.20 L-EVER -

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.631 1.6 0.026 0.21 L-EVER -

Prescription drugs

1.292 2.1 0.027 0.24 L-EVER -

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.339 -0.9 -0.003 0.47 S-Sep. 2017 -1.4

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.057 -1.0 -0.001 0.58 S-Jul. 2019 -1.9

Recreation commodities(11)

1.759 -0.6 -0.010 0.21 S-Feb. 2019 -0.9

Video and audio products(11)

0.201 -1.3 -0.003 0.47 S-Mar. 2019 -1.7

Televisions

0.078 -2.0 -0.002 0.69 L-Oct. 2019 -1.5

Other video equipment(5)

0.026 2.0 0.001 0.78 L-Jul. 2019 2.1

Audio equipment(4)

0.043 -2.9 -0.001 1.18 S-Feb. 2018 -3.1

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.045 -0.6 0.000 0.55 S-Sep. 2019 -3.6

Pets and pet products(4)

0.608 0.2 0.001 0.25 L-Oct. 2019 0.4

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.29 S-Sep. 2019 -0.3

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.53 L-Dec. 2018 0.8

Sporting goods

0.496 -0.8 -0.004 0.48 S-Jul. 2019 -1.4

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.293 -0.3 -0.001 0.74 S-Jul. 2019 -0.4

Sports equipment

0.196 -0.4 -0.001 0.43 S-Sep. 2019 -0.5

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.034 -2.2 -0.001 0.81 S-Feb. 2019 -2.3

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

           

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  -3.3   0.94 S-Jun. 2018 -3.9

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.119 -1.1 -0.001 0.86 S-Sep. 2019 -1.7

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.075 -1.3 -0.001 0.94 S-Sep. 2019 -1.9

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.044 -0.6 0.000 1.46 S-Sep. 2019 -1.2

Other recreational goods(5)

0.302 -1.0 -0.003 0.48 S-Jul. 2019 -1.1

Toys

0.231 -0.8 -0.002 0.60 L-Oct. 2019 -0.7

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.78 L-Aug. 2019 1.3

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.024 -1.0 0.000 1.54 S-Sep. 2019 -2.7

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.037 -2.6 -0.001 0.52 S-EVER -

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.501 -1.2 -0.006 0.41 S-Oct. 2019 -1.9

Educational books and supplies

0.125 0.3 0.000 0.78 L-Aug. 2019 1.3

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  0.1   0.69 S-Oct. 2019 -0.6

Information technology commodities(11)

0.375 -1.6 -0.006 0.54 S-Oct. 2019 -2.4

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistant devices(7)

0.293 -1.6 -0.005 0.64 S-Oct. 2019 -2.4

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.021 -0.2 0.000 1.29 L-Sep. 2019 -0.1

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.062 -2.4 -0.001 0.92 S-Oct. 2019 -2.9

Alcoholic beverages

0.955 0.1 0.001 0.18 L-Aug. 2019 0.1

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.594 -0.1 -0.001 0.26 L-Aug. 2019 0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.266 0.6 0.002 0.35 L-Jul. 2019 0.7

Distilled spirits at home

0.078 0.6 0.000 0.45 L-Jun. 2019 0.9

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  0.1   0.53 L-Aug. 2019 0.3

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  0.3   0.63 L-Feb. 2019 1.1

Wine at home

0.249 -1.1 -0.003 0.49 S-Aug. 2012 -1.5

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.361 0.5 0.002 0.19 L-Sep. 2018 0.5

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.6   0.17 L-Mar. 2019 0.6

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.19 L-Jul. 2019 0.5

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.19 - -

Other goods(11)

1.567 -0.5 -0.008 0.19 S-Oct. 2018 -0.6

Tobacco and smoking products

0.682 0.2 0.001 0.17 S-Oct. 2019 -0.4

Cigarettes(5)

0.606 0.2 0.001 0.18 S-Oct. 2019 -0.5

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.060 -0.2 0.000 0.41 S-Sep. 2019 -0.2

Personal care products(4)

0.674 -1.1 -0.008 0.26 S-May 2011 -1.2

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.377 -0.6 -0.002 0.35 S-Apr. 2018 -0.6

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.291 -1.9 -0.005 0.41 S-May 2001 -2.9

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.211 -0.8 -0.002 0.88 S-Sep. 2019 -1.1

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  1.8   0.93 L-Oct. 2019 2.0

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

  -0.6   1.15 L-Oct. 2019 2.7

Services less energy services

60.103 0.2 0.109 0.04 S-Oct. 2019 0.2

Shelter

33.489 0.2 0.060 0.07 S-Oct. 2019 0.1

Rent of shelter(15)

33.122 0.2 0.071 0.07 S-Oct. 2019 0.0

Rent of primary residence

8.022 0.2 0.019 0.04 S-Oct. 2019 0.1

Lodging away from home(5)

0.893 -1.8 -0.017 1.80 S-Oct. 2019 -3.8

Housing at school, excluding board(15)

0.114 0.4 0.000 0.05 L-Nov. 2016 0.5

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.779 -2.0 -0.017 2.03 S-Oct. 2019 -4.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(15)

24.207 0.2 0.058 0.04 - -

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(15)

22.858 0.2 0.055 0.04 - -

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.367 -0.1 0.000 0.12 S-Aug. 2019 -0.3

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.099 0.2 0.002 0.09 - -

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.830 0.2 0.002 0.11 - -

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.268 0.0 0.000 0.22 S-Jun. 2019 0.0

Household operations(4)(5)

0.902 0.1 0.001 0.16 S-Sep. 2019 -0.2

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.303 0.0 0.000 0.06 S-Sep. 2019 -0.6

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

           

Moving, storage, freight expense(5)

0.101 -0.6 -0.001 0.65 L-Sep. 2019 -0.6

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.111 -0.1 0.000 0.16 S-May 2019 -0.1

Medical care services

7.141 0.4 0.025 0.10 - -

Professional services

3.230 0.1 0.002 0.11 S-Oct. 2019 0.1

Physicians' services

1.714 0.1 0.001 0.21 - -

Dental services

0.790 0.2 0.002 0.13 S-Oct. 2019 0.2

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.314 0.0 0.000 0.24 S-Sep. 2019 -0.6

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.412 0.1 0.000 0.09 L-Sep. 2019 0.4

Hospital and related services

2.637 0.2 0.005 0.15 S-Sep. 2019 0.0

Hospital services(16)

2.356 0.2 0.005 0.17 S-Sep. 2019 0.0

Inpatient hospital services(16)(6)

  0.3   0.23 S-Sep. 2019 0.1

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  0.3   0.22 L-Oct. 2019 0.9

Nursing homes and adult day services(16)

0.194 0.3 0.001 0.11 L-Sep. 2019 0.6

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.087 0.1 0.000 0.20 L-Oct. 2019 0.3

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.274 1.4 0.018 0.11 S-Sep. 2019 1.4

Transportation services

5.916 -0.3 -0.016 0.13 S-Dec. 2014 -0.3

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

0.610 -0.7 -0.004 0.36 S-Jun. 2019 -0.7

Car and truck rental(5)

0.123 -1.3 -0.002 1.67 S-Aug. 2019 -1.7

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.138 0.1 0.001 0.14 - -

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.057 0.4 0.000 0.13 L-Sep. 2019 0.6

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.646 0.2 0.001 0.24 - -

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.370 0.0 0.000 0.16 - -

Motor vehicle insurance

2.355 0.2 0.005 0.14 L-Sep. 2019 0.3

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.545 0.2 0.001 0.20 L-Oct. 2019 0.5

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.281 0.1 0.000 0.07 - -

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.247 0.3 0.001 0.34 L-Oct. 2019 0.4

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.4   0.17 L-Sep. 2019 0.8

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.52 L-Jul. 2018 0.6

Public transportation

1.145 -1.5 -0.017 0.45 S-Dec. 2014 -2.0

Airline fares

0.698 -1.6 -0.011 0.68 S-Jun. 2017 -2.0

Other intercity transportation

0.162 -2.5 -0.004 0.71 S-Sep. 2004 -3.9

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

  0.9   1.53 S-Oct. 2019 -2.6

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

      1.01 - -

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  -1.3   0.77 S-Oct. 2019 -1.4

Intracity transportation(4)

0.278 -1.1 -0.003 0.34 S-Jul. 2017 -1.1

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  0.0   0.05 - -

Recreation services(11)

3.881 0.5 0.019 0.22 S-Sep. 2019 0.0

Video and audio services(11)

1.594 1.0 0.016 0.14 L-EVER -

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.510 1.1 0.017 0.13 L-Aug. 2005 2.1

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.084 -1.1 -0.001 0.99 L-Sep. 2019 0.8

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -1.2   1.95 L-Sep. 2019 -0.2

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -1.3   0.19 S-Jul. 2010 -1.3

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.422 0.6 0.003 0.22 L-Jul. 2019 0.6

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.7   0.14 L-Sep. 2018 2.2

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.5   0.17 - -

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.036 -0.2 0.000 0.38 S-Sep. 2019 -0.2

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.04 L-Oct. 2019 1.5

Photo processing(4)(5)(6)

  -0.6   0.61 S-Jun. 2019 -1.8

Other recreation services(5)

1.827 0.0 0.000 0.39 S-Sep. 2019 -0.5

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.679 0.6 0.004 0.28 S-Sep. 2019 -0.5

Admissions

0.656 -0.6 -0.004 0.75 S-Jun. 2019 -0.9

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.63 S-Nov. 2018 -0.6

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  1.5   1.92 S-Oct. 2019 1.1

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.217 0.0 0.000 0.49 S-Oct. 2019 -0.1

Education and communication services(11)

6.034 0.2 0.010 0.08 S-Oct. 2019 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.923 0.1 0.003 0.08 - -

College tuition and fees

1.619 0.0 -0.001 0.13 S-Oct. 2019 0.0

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.339 0.3 0.001 0.06 L-Oct. 2019 0.5

Child care and nursery school(12)

0.813 0.3 0.003 0.07 - -

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.032 0.1 0.000 0.11 - -

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.111 0.3 0.000 0.05 L-Oct. 2019 0.3

Postage

0.097 0.2 0.000 0.00 - -

Delivery services(5)

0.014 1.1 0.000 0.34 L-Feb. 2019 1.3

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.213 0.1 0.003 0.07 S-Aug. 2019 -0.1

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.618 0.1 0.001 0.08 S-Oct. 2019 0.0

Land-line telephone services(4)(11)

0.596 0.3 0.002 0.17 S-Aug. 2019 0.2

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.778 0.4 0.003 0.29 S-Oct. 2019 0.3

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.642 0.4 0.006 0.11 L-Jul. 2019 0.5

Personal care services(4)

0.634 0.3 0.002 0.17 S-Oct. 2019 0.3

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.634 0.3 0.002 0.17 S-Oct. 2019 0.3

Miscellaneous personal services

1.008 0.6 0.007 0.13 L-Jul. 2019 0.6

Legal services(4)(9)

0.301 0.0 0.000 0.06 L-Oct. 2019 0.0

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.127 0.6 0.001 0.20 L-Oct. 2015 0.6

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.244 0.4 0.001 0.24 L-Sep. 2019 0.5

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.030 0.2 0.000 0.33 S-Sep. 2019 -0.1

Financial services(9)

0.236 1.6 0.004 0.33 L-Apr. 2018 4.4

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.05 - -

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(5)(6)

  1.9   0.34 L-May 2019 3.6

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.751 0.2 0.198 0.04 S-Sep. 2019 0.0

All items less shelter

66.511 0.2 0.159 0.05 S-Sep. 2019 -0.1

All items less food and shelter

53.262 0.3 0.138 0.06 - -

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.782 0.1 0.030 0.06 S-Sep. 2019 0.0

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.458 0.1 0.048 0.06 S-Sep. 2019 0.1

All items less medical care

91.170 0.2 0.169 0.04 S-Sep. 2019 0.0

All items less energy

92.519 0.1 0.111 0.04 S-Sep. 2019 0.1

Commodities

36.615 0.4 0.132 0.06 L-Oct. 2019 0.4

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

16.843 0.1 0.010 0.11 L-Aug. 2019 0.1

Commodities less food

23.366 0.5 0.111 0.09 L-Oct. 2019 0.5

Commodities less food and beverages

22.411 0.5 0.109 0.09 L-Oct. 2019 0.6

Services

63.385 0.2 0.098 0.05 S-Sep. 2019 0.2

Services less rent of shelter(15)

30.264 0.1 0.018 0.06 S-Jun. 2019 0.1

Services less medical care services

56.244 0.1 0.058 0.05 S-May 2019 0.0

Durables

9.697 -0.4 -0.043 0.11 - -

Nondurables

26.918 0.6 0.160 0.09 L-Jul. 2019 0.7

Nondurables less food

13.669 1.1 0.144 0.15 L-Jul. 2019 1.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.714 1.1 0.143 0.16 L-Jul. 2019 1.4

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.765 1.3 0.128 0.11 L-Oct. 2019 2.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.720 1.2 0.129 0.10 L-Oct. 2019 1.9

Housing

42.258 0.1 0.040 0.07 S-Aug. 2019 0.1

Education and communication(5)

6.535 0.1 0.004 0.08 S-Oct. 2019 0.0

Education(5)

3.048 0.1 0.003 0.09 - -

Communication(5)

3.486 0.0 0.000 0.10 S-Oct. 2019 0.0

Information and information processing(5)

3.375 0.0 0.000 0.10 S-Oct. 2019 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.162 -0.2 -0.003 0.25 S-Oct. 2019 -0.6

Recreation(5)

5.640 0.1 0.008 0.15 S-Sep. 2019 0.0

Video and audio(5)

1.795 0.8 0.014 0.13 L-Aug. 2005 1.2

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.030 0.4 0.004 0.18 L-Oct. 2019 0.4

Photography(5)

0.072 -1.2 -0.001 0.45 S-Jun. 2018 -2.2

Food and beverages

14.204 0.2 0.022 0.08 L-Oct. 2019 0.2

Domestically produced farm food

5.983 0.0 0.003 0.13 S-Aug. 2019 -0.2

Other services

11.557 0.3 0.036 0.09 S-Sep. 2019 0.0

Apparel less footwear

2.284 0.5 0.012 0.57 L-Jul. 2019 0.6

Fuels and utilities

4.561 -0.1 -0.005 0.25 S-Sep. 2019 -0.1

Household energy

3.462 -0.2 -0.007 0.32 S-Sep. 2019 -0.2

Medical care

8.830 0.6 0.050 0.10 L-Oct. 2019 1.0

Transportation

16.376 0.5 0.086 0.08 L-Oct. 2019 1.0

Private transportation

15.231 0.7 0.103 0.08 L-Oct. 2019 1.2

New and used motor vehicles(5)

6.794 -0.3 -0.019 0.12 S-Sep. 2019 -0.6

Utilities and public transportation

9.249 -0.2 -0.023 0.14 S-Jun. 2019 -0.4

Household furnishings and operations

4.208 -0.4 -0.015 0.16 S-Dec. 2014 -0.4

Other goods and services

3.209 -0.1 -0.004 0.12 S-Jun. 2019 -0.1

Personal care(4)

2.527 -0.2 -0.005 0.14 S-Jun. 2019 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, December 2019, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Nov.
2019
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Dec. 2018-
Dec. 2019
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Dec. 2018-
Dec. 2019(1)
Standard error, median price change(2)(3) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(4)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 2.3   - L-Oct. 2018 2.5

Food

13.249 1.8 0.241 - S-Sep. 2019 1.8

Food at home

7.169 0.7 0.053 - S-Sep. 2019 0.6

Cereals and bakery products

0.946 0.3 0.003 - S-Aug. 2018 0.3

Cereals and cereal products

0.300 -0.3 -0.001 - S-Sep. 2019 -0.7

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.038 -0.3 0.000 - L-Oct. 2019 0.6

Breakfast cereal

0.145 -0.2 0.000 - - -

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.117 -0.6 -0.001 - S-Jan. 2018 -2.0

Rice(5)(6)

  -2.9   - S-May 2017 -3.0

Bakery products

0.646 0.5 0.004 - S-Aug. 2018 0.4

Bread(5)

0.194 2.0 0.004 - S-Aug. 2019 1.2

White bread(6)

  2.2   - S-Aug. 2019 1.3

Bread other than white(6)

  1.6   - S-Aug. 2019 1.5

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.090 -0.6 -0.001 - L-Oct. 2019 0.7

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.162 -1.7 -0.003 - S-EVER -

Cookies(6)

  -1.3   - S-Aug. 2018 -1.4

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(6)

  -1.8   - S-EVER -

Other bakery products

0.199 1.5 0.003 - L-Oct. 2019 2.2

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(6)

  3.4   - L-Sep. 2019 3.7

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  2.3   - L-Oct. 2019 3.4

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  -1.3   - S-Aug. 2018 -2.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.580 2.3 0.036 - L-May 2018 2.3

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.497 2.6 0.039 - L-Apr. 2015 4.0

Meats

0.943 3.6 0.034 - L-Apr. 2015 4.8

Beef and veal

0.428 4.8 0.021 - L-Aug. 2015 5.0

Uncooked ground beef

0.170 4.3 0.007 - L-Apr. 2018 4.7

Uncooked beef roasts(5)

0.061 7.3 0.004 - L-Jul. 2015 9.7

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.158 4.4 0.007 - L-Aug. 2015 5.2

Uncooked other beef and veal(5)

0.038 4.8 0.002 - L-Oct. 2018 5.8

Pork

0.296 3.5 0.010 - L-Jan. 2018 4.0

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.132 3.5 0.005 - L-Oct. 2019 3.8

Bacon and related products(6)

  2.3   - S-Sep. 2019 0.9

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  5.0   - L-Jan. 2015 6.2

Ham

0.055 4.0 0.002 - S-Sep. 2019 3.9

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  3.8   - S-Sep. 2019 2.8

Pork chops

0.043 1.8 0.001 - S-Oct. 2019 -2.9

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.066 4.2 0.003 - L-Mar. 2015 5.4

Other meats

0.219 1.3 0.003 - S-May 2019 0.2

Frankfurters(6)

  -1.0   - S-Apr. 2019 -1.9

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  1.9   - S-Oct. 2019 1.7

Lamb and organ meats(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(5)(6)

           

Poultry

0.307 1.7 0.005 - L-Dec. 2017 2.5

Chicken(5)

0.252 1.4 0.004 - L-Jul. 2018 1.8

Fresh whole chicken(6)

  4.6   - L-Feb. 2015 5.9

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(6)

  -0.1   - S-Oct. 2019 -0.7

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.055 3.1 0.002 - L-Oct. 2019 3.5

Fish and seafood

0.248 0.0 0.000 - - -

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.127 0.2 0.000 - L-Oct. 2019 1.4

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.121 -0.3 0.000 - S-Feb. 2018 -1.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(6)

  0.0   - L-Oct. 2019 1.3

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  0.5   - S-Oct. 2019 0.4

Eggs

0.083 -3.0 -0.003 - L-Dec. 2018 -2.2

Dairy and related products

0.728 2.4 0.018 - S-Oct. 2019 1.8

Milk(5)

0.205 5.1 0.010 - L-Oct. 2014 5.9

Fresh whole milk(6)

  5.2   - L-Dec. 2014 5.2

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  3.8   - L-Sep. 2019 4.0

Cheese and related products

0.237 3.1 0.007 - L-Feb. 2015 5.9

Ice cream and related products

0.104 0.0 0.000 - S-Aug. 2019 -0.5

Other dairy and related products(5)

0.182 0.2 0.000 - S-Oct. 2019 0.0

Fruits and vegetables

1.252 -1.3 -0.017 - S-Mar. 2017 -1.8

Fresh fruits and vegetables

0.989 -2.1 -0.022 - S-Mar. 2017 -2.2

Fresh fruits

0.518 -2.4 -0.013 - S-Sep. 2019 -3.5

Apples

0.072 -3.9 -0.003 -