Consumer Price Index News Release



Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (EST) February 13, 2019              USDL-19-0241

Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX –JANUARY 2019

(NOTE: This news release was reissued on February 13, 2019, correcting the 
following sentence: “The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2
percent in January for the fifth consecutive month.” The original sentence stated
it was the fourth consecutive month.) 

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) was unchanged in
January on a seasonally adjusted basis, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today.  Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased
1.6 percent before seasonal adjustment.

The energy index declined for the third consecutive month, offsetting increases
in the indexes for all items less food and energy and for food. All the major
energy component indexes declined in January, with the gasoline index falling
5.5 percent. The food index increased 0.2 percent, with the index for food at
home rising 0.1 percent and the food away from home index increasing 0.3 percent. 

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in January
for the fifth consecutive month. The indexes for shelter, apparel, medical care,
recreation, and household furnishings and operations were among the indexes that
rose in January, while the indexes for airline fares and for motor vehicle
insurance declined.   

The all items index increased 1.6 percent for the 12 months ending January, the
smallest increase since the period ending June 2017. The index for all items
less food and energy rose 2.2 percent over the last 12 months, the same increase
as the 12 months ending November and December 2018. The food index rose
1.6 percent over the past year, while the energy index declined 4.8 percent. 

Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              July  Aug.  Sep.  Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.   ended 
                              2018  2018  2018  2018  2018  2018  2019   Jan.  
                                                                         2019  
                                                                               
                                                                               
 All items..................    .2    .1    .1    .3    .0    .0    .0      1.6
  Food......................    .1    .1    .1    .0    .2    .3    .2      1.6
   Food at home.............    .2    .0   -.1   -.1    .1    .3    .1       .6
   Food away from home (1)..    .1    .2    .2    .1    .3    .4    .3      2.8
  Energy....................    .0    .5  -1.0   2.1  -2.8  -2.6  -3.1     -4.8
   Energy commodities.......    .2    .6  -1.1   2.6  -5.0  -5.7  -5.3     -9.7
    Gasoline (all types)....    .2    .5  -1.2   2.7  -5.2  -5.8  -5.5    -10.1
    Fuel oil................   1.1   1.6   -.7   3.2  -2.9  -9.4  -1.3     -8.1
   Energy services..........   -.4    .4   -.9   1.3    .2   1.5   -.5      1.3
    Electricity.............   -.3    .3   -.7   1.8    .2    .4   -.6       .4
    Utility (piped) gas                                                        
       service..............   -.9    .7  -1.5   -.5    .2   5.1   -.3      4.3
  All items less food and                                                      
     energy.................    .2    .1    .2    .2    .2    .2    .2      2.2
   Commodities less food and                                                   
      energy commodities....    .0   -.2   -.1    .3    .2    .0    .4       .3
    New vehicles............    .1    .0    .0   -.2    .0    .0    .2       .0
    Used cars and trucks....    .6    .5  -2.1   2.5   2.5   -.5    .1      1.6
    Apparel.................   -.3  -1.3    .9    .2   -.6    .0   1.1       .1
    Medical care commodities   -.8   -.3   -.2   -.1    .5   -.4    .1      -.3
   Services less energy                                                        
      services..............    .3    .2    .3    .2    .2    .2    .2      2.8
    Shelter.................    .3    .3    .2    .2    .3    .3    .3      3.2
    Transportation services     .6    .1    .5    .1    .0   -.1   -.2      2.0
    Medical care services...    .1   -.1    .3    .2    .4    .4    .3      2.4

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.



Food

The food index rose 0.2 percent in January, its third consecutive monthly
increase.  The food at home index rose 0.1 percent, with major grocery store
food group indexes split with three increases and three declines. The index for
nonalcoholic beverages rose 0.8 percent in January, its largest increase since
May 2017. The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs rose 0.6 percent as the
beef index increased 1.4 percent. The index for other food at home rose
0.1 percent in January after declining in December. 

The fruits and vegetables index declined in January, falling 0.3 percent after a
sharp increase in December. The index for cereals and bakery products also turned
down, falling 0.4 percent in January after rising in December, and the index for
dairy and related products fell 0.3 percent. 

The index for food away from home rose 0.3 percent in January following a
0.4-percent increase in December. The index for limited service meals rose
0.6 percent, while the index for full service meals increased 0.2 percent.

The food at home index rose 0.6 percent over the past 12 months. Five of the six
major grocery store food group indexes increased over the span, with the
nonalcoholic beverages index posting the largest increase at 2.2 percent. The
dairy and related products index was the only one to decline, falling 0.4 percent.
The index for food away from home rose 2.8 percent over the last 12 months.  

Energy

The energy index fell 3.1 percent in January. The gasoline index continued to
decline, falling 5.5 percent. (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices fell
5.2 percent in January.) The other major energy component indexes declined more
modestly in January. The electricity index fell 0.6 percent, the index for natural
gas declined 0.3 percent, and the fuel oil index decreased 1.3 percent. 

The energy index fell 4.8 percent over the past 12 months, the largest 12-month
decline in the index since the period ending August 2016. The major energy component
indexes were mixed over the last 12 months. The gasoline index fell 10.1 percent
over the span and the index for fuel oil declined 8.1 percent. In contrast, the
index for natural gas rose 4.3 percent over the past 12 months and the electricity
index increased 0.4 percent. 
 
All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in January.
The shelter index increased 0.3 percent in January, the same increase as in
November and December. The indexes for rent and owners' equivalent rent both rose
0.3 percent, and the index for lodging away from home rose 0.5 percent. 

The apparel index rose 1.1 percent in January, its largest increase since February
2018.  The medical care index rose 0.2 percent in January, with its component
indexes mixed.  The physicians' services index rose 0.4 percent, while the index
for prescription drugs was unchanged and the hospital services index declined
0.3 percent.

The recreation index continued to rise, increasing 0.3 percent in January, as did
the indexes for household furnishings and operations and for education. The new
vehicles index rose 0.2 percent in January. The index for used cars and trucks,
which declined in December, rose 0.1 percent in January, and the indexes for
tobacco and for personal care also increased.

In contrast, the index for airline fares continued to fall in January, declining
0.9 percent. The index for motor vehicle insurance fell 0.2 percent in January, its
third consecutive decline. The index for communication was unchanged in January. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.2 percent over the past 12 months.
The shelter index rose 3.2 percent over the span, and the index for medical care rose
1.9 percent. The new vehicles index was unchanged over the past year. Indexes that
declined over the past 12 months include communication (-1.7 percent) and airline
fares (-2.8 percent). 

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 1.6 percent over
the last 12 months to an index level of 251.712 (1982-84=100). For the month, the
index increased 0.2 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) increased
1.3 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 245.133 (1982-84=100). For
the month, the index increased 0.1 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased
1.4 percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index increased 0.2 percent
on a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past
10 to 12 months are subject to revision. 


The Consumer Price Index for February 2019 is scheduled to be released on Tuesday,
March 12, 2019, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT). 














Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers
for goods and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two
population groups: all urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical
workers. The all urban consumer group represents about 93 percent of the total
U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of
urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the
poor, the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners and
clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people
living in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed
Forces, and those in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals.
Consumer inflation for all urban consumers is measured by two indexes, namely,
the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained
Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U).

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
is based on the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition
that meet two requirements: more than one-half of the household's income must
come from clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of the household's
earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous
12 months. The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the total U.S.
population and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation,
doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that
people buy for day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban
areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately
22,000 retail establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals,
filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments). All
taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in
the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are obtained every month in
all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected
every month in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in
other areas. Prices of most goods and services are obtained by personal visits
or telephone calls by the Bureau’s trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location
are aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending
of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a
U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published
by size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions
and population-size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do
not measure differences in the level of prices among cities; they only measure
the average change in prices for each area since the base period. For the
C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are
considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form
and subject to three subsequent quarterly revisions.

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the
CPI-U and the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference
base for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from
the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that
relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket
of goods and services rising from $100 to $107.

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it
is based upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all
prices. BLS calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month,
and 12-month percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These
standard error estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for
hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month
percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means that if
we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using the same
methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent
of these estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage
change based on all retail prices. For example, for a 1-month change of
0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 95 percent confident that the actual
percent change based on all retail prices would fall between 0.14 and
0.26 percent. For the latest data, including information on how to use the
estimates of standard error,
see https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm.

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes
rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level
of the index in relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following
table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent changes:
 
                                 Item A                   Item B                    Item C
Year I                          112.500                  225.000                   110.000
Year II                         121.500                  243.000                   128.000
Change in index points            9.000                   18.000                    18.000
Percent change 9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0 18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4
Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data.
Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS
seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are
used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The factors are available
at www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2019.pdf. For more information
on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal Adjustment at
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm
and the Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes at
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 
For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually
preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and
in about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting from weather events,
production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on
changes that are not typical for the time of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest
to consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used
extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements and pension
plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for
seasonal variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation
agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.


Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some CPI series.
Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal pattern of price
change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which the distortions caused by
such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior to calculation of seasonal
factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately represent the seasonal pattern,
are then applied to the unadjusted data.

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 2009
return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier
data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal portion of
the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to
seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this
“prior adjusted” data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern
in the data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2019, BLS adjusted 51 series using intervention
analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, electricity,
and vehicles.

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject to
revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI
calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years
of data.  Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final
and not subject to revision. For January 2019, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted
indexes for 2014 to 2018 were calculated and published. For series which are directly adjusted
using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors for 2018
will be applied to data for 2019 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2019 indexes. Series which
are indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal
factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical
criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its
status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the
81 components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status
from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used
in the aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted
indexes before that period will not be changed. Twenty-nine of the 81 components of the
U.S. city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted for 2019.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information
and Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov.

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section at
202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov.

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.
Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.  









Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, January 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Dec.
2018
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jan.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Jan.
2018-
Jan.
2019
Dec.
2018-
Jan.
2019
Oct.
2018-
Nov.
2018
Nov.
2018-
Dec.
2018
Dec.
2018-
Jan.
2019

All items

100.000 247.867 251.233 251.712 1.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0

Food

13.341 252.361 255.210 256.417 1.6 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.2

Food at home

7.286 239.828 239.989 241.381 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

0.962 272.273 274.321 275.050 1.0 0.3 0.6 0.4 -0.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.597 247.284 247.327 248.169 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.6

Dairy and related products

0.729 217.897 216.652 217.079 -0.4 0.2 -0.2 0.2 -0.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.298 301.814 301.134 304.605 0.9 1.2 -0.1 1.4 -0.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.868 167.671 168.339 171.354 2.2 1.8 -0.3 0.2 0.8

Other food at home

1.832 209.611 209.739 210.006 0.2 0.1 0.2 -0.2 0.1

Food away from home(1)

6.055 272.772 279.419 280.380 2.8 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3

Energy

7.347 210.663 205.905 200.563 -4.8 -2.6 -2.8 -2.6 -3.1

Energy commodities

3.947 230.005 218.497 207.727 -9.7 -4.9 -5.0 -5.7 -5.3

Fuel oil

0.109 298.173 276.103 274.051 -8.1 -0.7 -2.9 -9.4 -1.3

Motor fuel

3.762 225.030 213.838 202.818 -9.9 -5.2 -5.1 -5.7 -5.5

Gasoline (all types)

3.671 223.806 212.152 201.194 -10.1 -5.2 -5.2 -5.8 -5.5

Energy services

3.400 201.516 203.800 204.038 1.3 0.1 0.2 1.5 -0.5

Electricity

2.607 210.171 210.637 210.920 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.4 -0.6

Utility (piped) gas service

0.794 172.658 179.999 180.106 4.3 0.1 0.2 5.1 -0.3

All items less food and energy

79.312 254.638 259.083 260.122 2.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.503 143.417 142.840 143.892 0.3 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.4

Apparel

2.959 122.266 120.526 122.422 0.1 1.6 -0.6 0.0 1.1

New vehicles

3.724 146.996 146.126 147.059 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.2

Used cars and trucks

2.391 136.555 138.069 138.800 1.6 0.5 2.5 -0.5 0.1

Medical care commodities

1.707 380.846 378.190 379.777 -0.3 0.4 0.5 -0.4 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

0.973 247.359 251.131 251.688 1.8 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0

Tobacco and smoking products

0.661 1,050.073 1,082.248 1,085.997 3.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Services less energy services

59.809 323.500 331.478 332.444 2.8 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2

Shelter

33.259 302.928 311.652 312.696 3.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.943 314.788 324.815 325.597 3.4 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

24.054 310.828 320.038 320.789 3.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Medical care services

6.974 513.135 522.506 525.698 2.4 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.3

Physicians' services

1.732 379.077 379.885 382.032 0.8 0.6 -0.1 0.1 0.4

Hospital services(3)

2.340 328.635 334.964 336.225 2.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 -0.3

Transportation services

5.975 315.764 322.317 322.216 2.0 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.128 283.305 289.705 290.758 2.6 0.4 0.4 -0.1 0.4

Motor vehicle insurance

2.415 554.166 572.824 572.950 3.4 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2

Airline fares

0.660 255.496 248.290 248.433 -2.8 0.1 -1.4 -1.3 -0.9

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, January 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Dec.
2018
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jan.
2018-
Jan.
2019
Dec.
2018-
Jan.
2019
Oct.
2018-
Nov.
2018
Nov.
2018-
Dec.
2018
Dec.
2018-
Jan.
2019

All items

100.000 1.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0

Food

13.341 1.6 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.2

Food at home

7.286 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

0.962 1.0 0.3 0.6 0.4 -0.4

Cereals and cereal products

0.308 -0.4 -0.1 0.7 0.3 -0.6

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.039 -0.9 4.7 0.2 0.4 -0.5

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.150 -1.3 -1.1 -0.5 1.3 -1.1

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.119 0.9 -0.3 1.8 -0.2 -0.3

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  1.3 0.0 2.7 -0.7 0.0

Bakery products(1)

0.654 1.7 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4

Bread(1)(2)

0.194 3.0 -0.3 0.6 1.2 -0.3

White bread(1)(3)

  3.8 -0.3 0.1 1.9 -0.3

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  2.9 -0.1 1.4 0.6 -0.1

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.093 2.6 0.8 1.7 -0.9 0.6

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.165 0.3 -1.0 0.7 0.5 -1.4

Cookies(3)

  -1.1 -0.5 0.7 0.1 -2.1

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  2.3 -1.6 1.8 1.0 -1.6

Other bakery products

0.202 1.3 2.1 0.5 0.2 0.3

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  3.6 0.6 0.0 -0.1 0.6

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  1.4 2.9 0.5 0.4 0.7

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  -0.3 1.5 0.4 -0.1 -0.6

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.597 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.6

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.504 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.5

Meats

0.937 0.1 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.9

Beef and veal

0.425 1.6 0.9 0.1 0.3 1.4

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.169 -0.7 0.9 0.8 -0.8 0.9

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.060 4.2 1.2 -0.4 1.2 1.2

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.158 2.9 0.6 0.2 0.6 1.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.037 2.8 0.9 -0.4 -1.6 0.9

Pork

0.290 -1.3 1.2 1.6 -0.1 0.7

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.130 -1.4 2.5 2.4 -0.1 0.6

Bacon and related products(3)

  -2.1 0.3 3.6 1.5 -0.9

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  0.0 5.9 0.8 -1.8 2.4

Ham

0.051 0.5 1.7 1.8 -0.5 1.9

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  0.1 1.7 1.6 -0.7 2.1

Pork chops(1)

0.043 -3.0 -4.0 -2.3 0.7 -4.0

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.066 -1.5 1.4 2.1 -0.9 2.4

Other meats

0.221 -0.8 -0.8 0.2 0.1 0.1

Frankfurters(3)

  0.0 -1.3 0.4 0.4 0.1

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  -1.1 -0.7 0.1 0.1 -0.1

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

           

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

           

Poultry(1)

0.314 -0.4 -0.2 -0.4 0.1 -0.2

Chicken(1)(2)

0.259 0.5 -0.3 -0.8 0.5 -0.3

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  -1.7 0.1 -0.6 -1.5 0.1

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  1.3 -0.9 -0.7 1.3 -0.9

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.055 -4.3 0.1 4.0 -2.0 -1.8

Fish and seafood

0.253 3.7 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.2

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.130 4.5 0.9 0.7 1.3 -0.3

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.123 2.8 0.1 -0.2 -0.2 0.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  5.5 0.1 0.6 -0.6 0.1

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  1.9 0.5 0.0 -0.1 0.6

Eggs

0.093 -3.3 -0.6 -0.3 -2.2 0.9

Dairy and related products

0.729 -0.4 0.2 -0.2 0.2 -0.3

Milk(2)

0.201 0.4 0.4 0.0 -0.9 1.1

Fresh whole milk(3)

  -0.5 0.4 -0.6 -0.4 0.8

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  1.4 0.1 0.9 -1.1 1.1

Cheese and related products(1)

0.237 -2.1 -0.7 -0.4 0.1 -0.7

Ice cream and related products

0.106 -0.1 0.6 -0.3 0.1 -0.4

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.186 0.9 0.9 -1.5 1.2 0.9

Fruits and vegetables

1.298 0.9 1.2 -0.1 1.4 -0.3

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.032 1.3 1.2 -0.1 1.7 -0.2

Fresh fruits

0.541 -0.7 1.7 -0.9 1.3 1.1

Apples

0.074 -0.7 1.7 -0.4 1.9 0.3

Bananas(1)

0.080 -0.3 -0.8 -1.0 1.4 -0.8

Citrus fruits(2)

0.155 3.1 -2.0 3.9 1.9 -1.0

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  0.6 -3.0 5.5 3.8 -2.5

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.232 -3.2 5.0 -1.6 -0.1 2.3

Fresh vegetables

0.491 3.6 0.7 0.8 2.0 -1.7

Potatoes

0.074 4.7 6.3 0.4 0.5 2.3

Lettuce

0.068 10.1 -7.5 -2.6 11.9 -7.1

Tomatoes(1)

0.086 -5.0 -1.5 7.5 5.5 -1.5

Other fresh vegetables

0.263 4.9 2.0 0.9 0.3 0.4

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.266 -0.5 0.9 -0.3 0.6 -0.9

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.146 0.7 1.7 -0.5 0.9 0.0

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  0.3 0.1 -0.1 0.9 -1.6

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  1.1 2.2 -0.2 0.7 0.5

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.077 -2.2 -0.1 0.7 -0.9 -1.0

Frozen vegetables(3)

  -3.1 -0.6 0.7 -0.5 -2.2

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.044 -1.2 -0.1 -1.2 1.2 -1.3

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  -5.6 -3.9 -1.5 1.3 -3.9

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.868 2.2 1.8 -0.3 0.2 0.8

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.616 3.3 2.4 -0.2 0.0 1.8

Carbonated drinks

0.255 5.5 3.9 0.2 0.2 2.1

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.009 0.2 -0.5 0.9 0.1 -0.5

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.352 1.8 1.4 -0.3 0.1 1.3

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.253 -0.5 0.2 -0.8 0.9 -1.0

Coffee

0.161 -0.7 0.4 -0.2 0.9 -1.4

Roasted coffee(3)

  -1.3 0.0 0.3 0.6 -1.7

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  -1.0 0.6 -3.0 2.0 0.6

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.091 -0.1 -0.1 -1.0 1.2 -0.1

Other food at home

1.832 0.2 0.1 0.2 -0.2 0.1

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.277 0.0 1.3 0.3 -0.5 1.3

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.040 -2.9 3.5 0.0 -1.0 -0.1

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.184 1.3 0.5 0.9 -0.1 0.5

Other sweets(2)

0.052 -2.1 2.5 0.0 -0.2 0.4

Fats and oils

0.212 0.1 1.5 0.2 -0.3 0.6

Butter and margarine(2)

0.060 0.1 2.6 1.1 -0.5 0.0

Butter(3)

  0.7 4.5 0.8 -0.3 0.9

Margarine(3)

  0.5 1.0 1.0 -1.0 -0.1

Salad dressing(2)

0.052 1.3 -0.4 0.4 -0.2 0.1

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.100 -0.4 1.8 -0.2 -0.3 1.0

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  1.9 -2.5 -1.8 1.3 -2.5

Other foods

1.344 0.2 -0.3 0.2 -0.2 -0.2

Soups

0.080 -0.8 0.3 -1.3 1.2 0.3

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(1)

0.233 -0.6 -0.9 -0.4 0.2 -0.9

Snacks(1)

0.310 0.4 -0.4 0.5 -1.9 -0.4

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.268 0.2 1.8 0.4 -0.2 -0.7

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  -0.2 2.6 0.0 -0.7 -0.6

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

           

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  -1.0 1.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.9

Other condiments(3)

  -0.2 1.1 0.5 0.7 -1.6

Baby food(1)(2)

0.052 5.9 -0.5 2.8 0.3 -0.5

Other miscellaneous foods(1)(2)

0.401 0.2 -1.5 1.4 0.3 -1.5

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  -0.8 -0.2 0.6 -0.6 -0.2

Food away from home(1)

6.055 2.8 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

3.012 2.7 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.2

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.570 2.8 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.6

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.183 2.2 0.0 0.0 -0.3 -0.2

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  2.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.092 3.9 0.1 0.5 0.3 0.1

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.198 3.2 0.0 0.5 0.1 0.0

Energy

7.347 -4.8 -2.6 -2.8 -2.6 -3.1

Energy commodities

3.947 -9.7 -4.9 -5.0 -5.7 -5.3

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.185 -5.9 -0.4 -2.3 -6.2 -1.7

Fuel oil

0.109 -8.1 -0.7 -2.9 -9.4 -1.3

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.075 -2.7 0.2 -1.1 -1.0 -1.9

Motor fuel

3.762 -9.9 -5.2 -5.1 -5.7 -5.5

Gasoline (all types)

3.671 -10.1 -5.2 -5.2 -5.8 -5.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  -10.8 -5.2 -5.5 -6.1 -5.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  -7.4 -4.7 -3.5 -4.9 -4.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  -5.6 -4.7 -3.4 -4.1 -5.3

Other motor fuels(2)

0.091 0.6 -4.7 -1.3 -2.6 -3.8

Energy services

3.400 1.3 0.1 0.2 1.5 -0.5

Electricity

2.607 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.4 -0.6

Utility (piped) gas service

0.794 4.3 0.1 0.2 5.1 -0.3

All items less food and energy

79.312 2.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.503 0.3 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.4

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.363 1.2 1.0 0.1 0.0 0.4

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.254 -1.2 3.8 -2.8 -1.4 3.8

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.056 3.1 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.4

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.044 -4.7 3.2 -1.4 -2.1 3.2

Other linens(1)(2)

0.154 -1.6 5.3 -4.4 -1.7 5.3

Furniture and bedding

0.891 1.3 0.3 -0.3 0.5 -0.1

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.322 1.2 1.1 -1.5 0.0 1.1

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.432 2.8 0.2 0.1 1.1 0.2

Other furniture(1)(2)

0.125 -3.2 -1.0 0.0 0.8 -1.0

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

      0.9 -0.3  

Appliances(2)

0.215 6.4 3.1 0.0 -0.2 1.4

Major appliances(2)

0.081 9.7 3.4 1.1 0.3 1.0

Laundry equipment(3)

  7.2 -0.4 2.5 -1.0 -2.9

Other appliances(2)

0.131 4.5 3.0 -0.6 -0.9 1.3

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.493 -2.8 1.5 0.8 -1.5 0.7

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.270 -4.7 1.7 2.8 -3.8 1.7

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.092 1.2 -0.4 -0.8 0.4 -0.7

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.052 -7.9 2.7 -2.4 -2.1 2.7

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.079 3.6 2.2 -1.9 1.2 0.7

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.666 1.6 1.0 -0.3 0.5 1.0

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.197 2.1 0.9 -1.0 1.6 0.9

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.308 1.3 1.1 -0.1 0.2 0.8

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.845 2.5 0.1 0.5 0.6 0.1

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.332 2.9 0.1 -0.1 0.3 0.1

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.226 2.6 -0.7 1.9 0.9 -0.7

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.286 2.1 0.7 0.1 0.8 0.7

Apparel

2.959 0.1 1.6 -0.6 0.0 1.1

Men's and boys' apparel

0.735 0.8 2.2 -1.1 0.1 -0.3

Men's apparel

0.562 -2.0 2.0 -1.4 -0.4 -0.7

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.102 -2.0 3.2 -0.4 0.8 1.0

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories

0.151 0.1 -3.0 0.2 -1.8 -3.1

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.157 -3.5 2.8 -2.1 -0.6 0.6

Men's pants and shorts

0.144 -2.5 5.6 -2.5 -0.5 0.4

Boys' apparel

0.174 11.3 3.0 0.3 1.1 3.1

Women's and girls' apparel

1.190 -1.7 1.0 -0.5 -0.2 1.5

Women's apparel

1.016 -1.7 1.1 -0.4 0.1 1.6

Women's outerwear

0.072 8.0 0.5 1.1 2.0 4.2

Women's dresses

0.121 -4.0 -3.0 -2.2 1.0 -1.4

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.524 -1.7 2.6 -1.0 0.4 3.0

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.288 -3.1 0.4 0.4 -0.9 0.6

Girls' apparel

0.174 -1.6 0.1 -1.0 -1.7 1.3

Footwear

0.658 2.3 1.8 0.1 0.1 2.5

Men's footwear(1)

0.216 4.9 2.8 -0.5 -0.5 2.8

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.156 4.5 2.1 0.1 -0.4 4.5

Women's footwear

0.286 -0.7 1.0 -0.2 -0.5 2.0

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.138 2.9 -3.5 -0.6 0.9 -2.1

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.237 -0.3 4.8 -1.3 0.2 0.8

Watches(1)(6)

0.095 0.1 1.9 -9.4 -3.4 1.9

Jewelry(6)

0.142 -0.5 6.6 1.5 0.4 2.5

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

6.611 0.8 0.6 1.0 -0.2 0.2

New vehicles

3.724 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.2

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  0.1 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.2

New cars(3)

  0.4 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.1

New trucks(3)(10)

  -0.2 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.4

Used cars and trucks

2.391 1.6 0.5 2.5 -0.5 0.1

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.383 2.1 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3

Tires(1)

0.227 1.0 0.3 0.1 1.0 0.3

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.156 3.7 0.4 0.7 -0.4 0.4

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  3.2 0.7 0.3 -0.8 0.7

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  5.3 -0.9 4.3 1.3 -0.9

Medical care commodities

1.707 -0.3 0.4 0.5 -0.4 0.1

Medicinal drugs(8)

1.650 -0.4 0.4 0.4 -0.3 0.0

Prescription drugs

1.308 -0.5 0.6 0.4 -0.4 0.0

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.342 0.2 -0.2 0.4 -0.7 -0.2

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.057 2.1 0.7 0.5 -0.3 0.7

Recreation commodities(8)

1.806 -0.8 0.6 0.0 1.1 0.3

Video and audio products(8)

0.223 -9.2 1.1 -0.9 -0.8 0.6

Televisions

0.098 -16.8 0.2 -1.6 -1.8 -0.6

Other video equipment(2)

0.026 0.8 2.5 0.6 1.4 1.7

Audio equipment(1)

0.043 -1.8 3.2 -2.0 -0.8 3.2

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.047 -5.1 0.2 0.7 -0.1 0.2

Pets and pet products(1)

0.605 2.2 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.4

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  1.2 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.5

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  3.3 0.3 0.3 0.8 0.3

Sporting goods

0.505 2.0 -0.3 0.6 3.6 -0.2

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.294 5.8 -0.4 0.5 6.7 -0.4

Sports equipment

0.204 -3.0 -0.2 0.5 0.5 -0.2

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.033 -0.6 0.9 0.5 -0.9 1.5

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

           

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  1.1 0.9 0.8 -0.3 1.4

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.116 6.6 2.3 0.3 0.0 2.3

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.071 10.5 2.6 0.8 -0.3 2.6

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.045 0.9 1.9 -0.4 0.7 1.9

Other recreational goods(2)

0.324 -6.4 1.3 -0.7 0.6 -0.2

Toys

0.252 -7.6 1.8 -0.9 0.3 -0.1

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -7.2 2.1 -0.5 1.2 -0.5

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.025 2.3 -0.2 0.9 7.1 -0.2

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.036 -2.9 -1.3 -0.3 -1.1 -1.3

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.536 -4.5 -0.7 -1.2 0.7 -0.8

Educational books and supplies

0.131 0.0 -1.2 -0.4 0.9 -0.9

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  -0.7 -1.3 0.0 -2.0 -1.3

Information technology commodities(8)

0.405 -5.8 -0.5 -1.4 0.6 -0.7

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistant devices(4)

0.309 -3.4 -0.2 -1.5 1.3 -0.5

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.024 -7.3 -1.7 0.4 -2.2 -1.7

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.072 -14.5 -1.3 -1.3 -1.5 -1.3

Alcoholic beverages

0.973 1.8 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.605 1.7 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.270 2.2 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1

Distilled spirits at home

0.081 1.5 0.9 0.3 0.4 0.4

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  1.0 2.4 0.3 -0.2 2.4

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  1.5 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3

Wine at home

0.253 1.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 -0.2

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.368 1.8 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.6 -0.1 0.6 0.0 -0.1

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.8 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.4

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  0.6 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Other goods(8)

1.548 0.0 0.5 0.2 -0.1 0.4

Tobacco and smoking products

0.661 3.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Cigarettes(2)

0.586 3.4 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.2

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.060 3.7 1.2 0.4 -0.1 1.2

Personal care products(1)

0.688 -0.3 0.4 -0.2 0.0 0.4

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.381 0.9 0.5 -0.3 0.1 0.5

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.301 -1.9 0.3 -0.1 -0.2 0.3

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.199 -8.9 1.5 0.8 -1.3 1.0

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  -2.3 0.8 1.0 0.3 1.3

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

  -10.4 -1.4 2.2 0.1 -1.4

Services less energy services

59.809 2.8 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2

Shelter

33.259 3.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Rent of shelter(12)

32.884 3.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.943 3.4 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Lodging away from home(2)

0.887 2.6 4.0 -0.1 1.7 0.5

Housing at school, excluding board(12)

0.114 2.6 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.773 2.6 4.6 -0.1 2.0 0.5

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(12)

24.054 3.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(12)

22.711 3.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.375 1.7 0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.101 3.7 -0.2 1.1 0.3 -0.5

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.827 3.3 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.0

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.274 4.9 -2.1 3.0 -0.1 -2.1

Household operations(1)(2)

0.893 5.6 0.3 0.3 2.0 0.3

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.306 3.7 0.3 1.0 1.4 0.3

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

      -0.2    

Moving, storage, freight expense(2)

0.104 4.9 0.5 -0.1 0.3 2.6

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.107 5.7 1.2 0.0 1.4 1.2

Medical care services

6.974 2.4 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.3

Professional services

3.255 1.2 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.2

Physicians' services

1.732 0.8 0.6 -0.1 0.1 0.4

Dental services

0.785 2.8 0.7 0.1 0.2 0.4

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.319 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.419 0.1 -0.4 0.4 0.0 -0.4

Hospital and related services

2.621 2.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 -0.2

Hospital services(13)

2.340 2.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 -0.3

Inpatient hospital services(13)(3)

  1.4 0.3 0.1 0.5 -0.4

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  2.4 0.3 0.9 0.5 -0.3

Nursing homes and adult day services(13)

0.193 3.9 1.0 0.2 0.3 0.4

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.088 2.7 0.4 0.3 -0.1 0.4

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.099 6.5 1.7 1.4 1.3 1.7

Transportation services

5.975 2.0 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.2

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

0.656 2.6 -0.2 -0.2 1.0 -0.2

Car and truck rental(2)

0.122 5.0 -5.8 2.3 0.0 -2.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.128 2.6 0.4 0.4 -0.1 0.4

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.056 2.5 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.636 3.7 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.6

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.371 0.8 0.0 0.4 -0.7 0.0

Motor vehicle insurance

2.415 3.4 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.543 2.3 0.7 0.3 -0.2 0.7

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.281 0.7 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.1

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.245 4.1 1.3 0.4 -0.4 1.3

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  2.9 0.8 0.3 0.2 0.4

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

           

Public transportation

1.113 -2.0 -0.1 -0.4 -0.6 -0.8

Airline fares

0.660 -2.8 0.1 -1.4 -1.3 -0.9

Other intercity transportation

0.167 -2.9 -1.5 -0.3 -0.1 -0.4

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

  3.6 -2.2 2.8 7.9 -2.2

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

           

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  -2.7 -1.3 -0.6 -0.8 -1.3

Intracity transportation(1)

0.278 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.2

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  1.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Recreation services(8)

3.888 2.4 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.3

Video and audio services(8)

1.594 2.0 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.4

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.509 2.0 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.2

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.086 1.5 3.8 -0.2 -3.0 3.8

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  1.5 5.5 -0.6 -4.7 5.5

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  0.2 -0.9 -0.2 0.1 -0.9

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.417 2.7 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.5

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  3.8 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.4

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  2.5 0.5 0.0 0.3 0.4

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.039 0.6 -1.8 1.4 0.1 -1.8

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

  0.7        

Photo processing(1)(2)(3)

  -0.3 -1.3 2.8 0.1 -1.3

Other recreation services(2)

1.836 2.8 0.3 0.9 0.1 0.1

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.680 2.8 0.5 1.5 -0.4 0.5

Admissions

0.662 3.3 0.0 0.3 1.1 -0.3

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  1.3 -0.1 -0.6 0.4 -0.1

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  7.0 0.1 -0.2 4.9 0.1

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.219 1.2 0.2 0.6 -0.7 0.2

Education and communication services(8)

6.060 0.7 0.1 -0.5 0.1 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.924 2.8 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.3

College tuition and fees

1.627 2.9 -0.2 0.2 0.1 0.4

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.338 4.4 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.3

Child care and nursery school(9)

0.806 2.1 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.032 1.7 -0.3 0.1 0.1 -0.5

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.108 3.1 2.0 0.2 0.0 1.4

Postage

0.094 3.3 1.9 0.2 0.2 1.7

Delivery services(2)

0.014 2.0 3.0 -0.1 -1.0 -0.6

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.234 -2.3 0.0 -1.6 -0.1 0.0

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.661 -3.1 -0.1 -2.2 -0.2 -0.1

Land-line telephone services(1)(8)

0.572 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.5

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.786 1.6 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.3

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.657 3.8 -0.1 0.3 0.2 -0.1

Personal care services(1)

0.633 3.2 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.1

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.633 3.2 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.1

Miscellaneous personal services

1.023 4.1 -0.2 0.6 0.2 -0.3

Legal services(1)(6)

0.311 4.1 -1.1 1.3 0.0 -1.1

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.128 2.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.241 3.4 0.1 -0.1 0.2 0.1

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.029 4.6 -0.1 1.3 0.8 -0.1

Financial services(6)

0.241 5.5 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.2

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  6.5 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(2)(3)

  6.2 0.7 0.5 0.4 1.2

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, January 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Dec.
2018
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jan.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Jan.
2018-
Jan.
2019
Dec.
2018-
Jan.
2019
Oct.
2018-
Nov.
2018
Nov.
2018-
Dec.
2018
Dec.
2018-
Jan.
2019

All items less food

86.659 247.161 250.605 250.974 1.5 0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

All items less shelter

66.741 229.080 230.492 230.765 0.7 0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2

All items less food and shelter

53.400 222.971 224.062 224.129 0.5 0.0 -0.2 -0.3 -0.3

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.053 227.726 229.872 230.902 1.4 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.2

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.662 233.347 235.524 236.570 1.4 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.2

All items less medical care

91.318 236.677 239.900 240.270 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0

All items less energy

92.653 253.594 257.794 258.855 2.1 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2

Commodities

36.791 182.434 181.754 181.815 -0.3 0.0 -0.4 -0.5 -0.3

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.112 144.884 144.001 145.104 0.2 0.8 -0.1 0.1 0.4

Commodities less food

23.450 151.229 149.403 149.079 -1.4 -0.2 -0.8 -1.0 -0.6

Commodities less food and beverages

22.477 147.920 145.964 145.620 -1.6 -0.2 -0.8 -1.1 -0.6

Services

63.209 312.318 319.794 320.695 2.7 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2

Services less rent of shelter(1)

30.325 332.499 338.672 339.422 2.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.0

Services less medical care services

56.235 297.076 304.397 305.131 2.7 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1

Durables

9.953 104.433 104.169 104.808 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.2

Nondurables

26.838 222.191 221.263 220.860 -0.6 -0.2 -0.7 -0.8 -0.8

Nondurables less food

13.497 196.483 192.750 191.151 -2.7 -0.8 -1.8 -1.8 -1.4

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.524 193.310 189.142 187.418 -3.0 -0.9 -1.9 -1.9 -1.5

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.565 241.796 236.038 232.074 -4.0 -1.7 -2.3 -2.5 -2.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.538 241.139 236.236 232.683 -3.5 -1.5 -2.1 -2.3 -2.1

Housing

42.202 254.857 261.360 262.284 2.9 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2

Education and communication(2)

6.596 136.635 136.976 137.055 0.3 0.1 -0.5 0.1 0.2

Education(2)

3.055 256.150 263.199 263.125 2.7 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.3

Communication(2)

3.542 74.354 73.007 73.103 -1.7 0.1 -1.2 0.0 0.0

Information and information processing(2)

3.434 70.473 69.134 69.184 -1.8 0.1 -1.2 0.0 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.200 7.532 7.442 7.457 -1.0 0.2 -0.5 0.3 0.0

Recreation(2)

5.694 118.647 119.705 120.265 1.4 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.3

Video and audio(2)

1.817 104.014 103.800 104.478 0.4 0.7 0.1 0.1 0.5

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.022 170.822 174.113 174.918 2.4 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.5

Photography(2)

0.073 73.647 74.095 73.672 0.0 -0.6 1.0 -0.4 -0.3

Food and beverages

14.314 252.109 255.023 256.185 1.6 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.2

Domestically produced farm food

6.085 248.099 247.826 248.889 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.0

Other services

11.605 350.006 355.373 356.039 1.7 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2

Apparel less footwear

2.301 115.513 113.249 114.946 -0.5 1.5 -0.8 0.0 0.7

Fuels and utilities

4.686 238.770 242.343 242.374 1.5 0.0 0.3 0.9 -0.6

Household energy

3.585 198.873 200.390 200.575 0.9 0.1 0.1 1.0 -0.6

Medical care

8.682 481.060 487.409 490.204 1.9 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.2

Transportation

16.348 205.338 204.541 202.570 -1.3 -1.0 -1.0 -1.5 -1.3

Private transportation

15.235 201.164 200.605 198.551 -1.3 -1.0 -1.0 -1.6 -1.3

New and used motor vehicles(2)

7.005 98.644 99.147 99.548 0.9 0.4 0.9 -0.1 0.1

Utilities and public transportation

9.357 215.276 215.975 216.114 0.4 0.1 -0.2 0.3 -0.3

Household furnishings and operations

4.257 120.834 122.265 123.334 2.1 0.9 0.2 0.3 0.3

Other goods and services

3.204 437.687 445.059 446.000 1.9 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.2

Personal care

2.544 228.771 231.818 232.227 1.5 0.2 0.3 -0.1 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, January 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Jan. 2019 from: Percent change to Dec. 2018 from:
Jan.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Dec.
2017
Oct.
2018
Nov.
2018

U.S. city average

M

1.6 -0.1 0.2 1.9 -0.7 -0.3

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

1.5 0.2 0.3 1.7 -0.4 -0.1

Northeast - Size Class A

M

1.6 0.2 0.3 1.8 -0.5 -0.1

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.4 0.3 0.3 1.7 -0.4 0.0

New England(4)

M

2.0 0.6 0.5 2.2 -0.3 0.0

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

1.3 0.1 0.2 1.6 -0.5 -0.1

Midwest

M

0.8 -0.2 0.2 1.3 -0.9 -0.4

Midwest - Size Class A

M

0.8 0.0 0.1 1.2 -0.8 -0.1

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

0.8 -0.3 0.2 1.3 -1.0 -0.5

East North Central(4)

M

0.8 -0.1 0.2 1.2 -0.7 -0.3

West North Central(4)

M

0.8 -0.4 0.0 1.3 -1.4 -0.4

South

M

1.2 -0.4 0.2 1.5 -0.8 -0.5

South - Size Class A

M

1.5 -0.4 0.1 1.8 -0.7 -0.5

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.0 -0.4 0.2 1.4 -0.9 -0.6

South Atlantic(4)

M

1.5 -0.2 0.2 2.0 -0.6 -0.4

East South Central(4)

M

0.6 -0.7 0.2 0.9 -1.3 -0.9

West South Central(4)

M

0.8 -0.6 0.1 1.0 -1.1 -0.7

West

M

2.7 0.0 0.2 3.1 -0.4 -0.2

West - Size Class A

M

2.9 0.1 0.2 3.2 -0.4 -0.1

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.5 -0.2 0.1 2.9 -0.3 -0.3

Mountain(4)

M

2.3 -0.3 -0.3 3.0 -0.1 -0.1

Pacific(4)

M

2.9 0.1 0.3 3.1 -0.5 -0.2

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

1.8 0.0 0.2 2.1 -0.6 -0.2

Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.3 -0.2 0.2 1.7 -0.7 -0.4

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

0.8 0.3 0.6 1.1 -0.9 -0.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

3.2 0.3 0.7 3.2 -0.7 -0.3

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

1.6 0.2 0.5 1.6 -0.5 -0.2

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

      1.4 -0.6  

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

      1.3 -0.8  

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

      1.2 -0.6  

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

      2.3 -0.7  

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

      2.9 -0.6  

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

      1.0 -0.7  

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

      4.3 -0.3  

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

      4.5 0.1  

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

      2.8 0.2  

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

      0.6 -1.7  

Urban Alaska

2

      2.8 -0.7  

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

2.5 0.5        

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

2.1 -0.2        

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

0.4 -1.0        

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

1.4 0.4        

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

3.0 0.4        

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

2.6 0.6        

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

0.4 -1.1        

Urban Hawaii

1

1.9 -0.2        

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

0.8 0.5        

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, January 2019 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2000

    2.6 3.4

December 2001

    1.3 1.6

December 2002

    2.0 2.4

December 2003

    1.7 1.9

December 2004

    3.2 3.3

December 2005

    2.9 3.4

December 2006

    2.3 2.5

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

January 2017

0.6 0.6 2.3 2.5

February 2017

0.3 0.3 2.6 2.7

March 2017

0.0 0.1 2.1 2.4

April 2017

0.3 0.3 1.8 2.2

May 2017

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.9

June 2017

0.0 0.1 1.2 1.6

July 2017

-0.2 -0.1 1.3 1.7

August 2017

0.3 0.3 1.5 1.9

September 2017

0.5 0.5 1.9 2.2

October 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.6 2.0

November 2017

0.0 0.0 1.8 2.2

December 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.7 2.1

January 2018

0.5 0.5 1.6 2.1

February 2018

0.4 0.5 1.7 2.2

March 2018

0.2 0.2 1.9 2.4

April 2018

0.4 0.4 2.1 2.5

May 2018

0.4 0.4 2.4 2.8

June 2018

0.1 0.2 2.5 2.9

July 2018

0.0 0.0 2.6 2.9

August 2018

0.0 0.1 2.4 2.7

September 2018

0.1 0.1 2.0 2.3

October 2018

0.2 0.2 2.2 2.5

November 2018

-0.3 -0.3 1.9 2.2

December 2018

-0.3 -0.3 1.7 1.9

January 2019

0.2 0.2 1.4 1.6

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is being issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to two revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, January 2019, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Dec.
2018
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Dec. 2018-
Jan. 2019
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Dec. 2018-
Jan. 2019(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.0   0.04 - -

Food

13.341 0.2 0.029 0.08 S-Nov. 2018 0.2

Food at home

7.286 0.1 0.008 0.12 S-Nov. 2018 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

0.962 -0.4 -0.004 0.29 S-Oct. 2018 -0.4

Cereals and cereal products

0.308 -0.6 -0.002 0.57 S-Oct. 2018 -1.8

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.039 -0.5 0.000 0.83 S-Oct. 2018 -2.4

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.150 -1.1 -0.002 0.69 S-Feb. 2018 -1.5

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.119 -0.3 0.000 0.92 S-Oct. 2018 -2.8

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.91 L-Nov. 2018 2.7

Bakery products(4)

0.654 0.4 0.003 0.33 L-Nov. 2018 0.5

Bread(4)(5)

0.194 -0.3 0.000 0.58 S-Sep. 2018 -0.6

White bread(4)(6)

  -0.3   0.83 S-Sep. 2018 -0.7

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  -0.1   0.82 S-Sep. 2018 -0.6

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.093 0.6 0.001 0.68 L-Nov. 2018 1.7

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.165 -1.4 -0.002 0.57 S-Apr. 2015 -1.4

Cookies(6)

  -2.1   0.88 S-Apr. 2018 -2.1

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  -1.6   0.58 S-May 2012 -2.2

Other bakery products

0.202 0.3 0.001 0.57 L-Nov. 2018 0.5

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  0.6   0.92 L-Oct. 2018 1.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  0.7   1.03 L-Jun. 2018 2.0

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  -0.6   0.70 S-Aug. 2018 -1.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.597 0.6 0.009 0.24 L-Apr. 2018 0.7

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.504 0.5 0.008 0.25 L-Dec. 2017 0.7

Meats

0.937 0.9 0.008 0.31 L-Jul. 2017 1.1

Beef and veal

0.425 1.4 0.006 0.42 L-Jun. 2017 2.0

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.169 0.9 0.002 0.62 L-Apr. 2018 1.0

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.060 1.2 0.001 1.15 - -

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.158 1.4 0.002 0.74 L-Dec. 2017 2.0

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.037 0.9 0.000 0.71 L-Oct. 2018 0.9

Pork

0.290 0.7 0.002 0.62 L-Nov. 2018 1.6

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.130 0.6 0.001 0.77 L-Nov. 2018 2.4

Bacon and related products(6)

  -0.9   0.99 S-Oct. 2018 -1.2

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  2.4   1.02 L-May 2014 2.7

Ham

0.051 1.9 0.001 1.52 L-Oct. 2017 3.2

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  2.1   1.59 L-May 2018 2.7

Pork chops(4)

0.043 -4.0 -0.002 1.62 S-Mar. 2010 -4.5

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.066 2.4 0.002 1.30 L-Apr. 2014 6.0

Other meats

0.221 0.1 0.000 0.66 - -

Frankfurters(6)

  0.1   1.35 S-Sep. 2018 -0.8

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.64 S-Sep. 2018 -0.6

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

           

Poultry(4)

0.314 -0.2 -0.001 0.54 S-Nov. 2018 -0.4

Chicken(4)(5)

0.259 -0.3 -0.001 0.60 S-Nov. 2018 -0.8

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  0.1   1.31 L-Oct. 2018 0.3

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  -0.9   0.69 S-Sep. 2018 -1.1

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.055 -1.8 -0.001 1.16 L-Nov. 2018 4.0

Fish and seafood

0.253 0.2 0.000 0.47 S-Sep. 2018 -1.0

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.130 -0.3 0.000 0.71 S-Sep. 2018 -1.4

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.123 0.9 0.001 0.63 L-Aug. 2018 1.0

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  0.1   1.04 L-Nov. 2018 0.6

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  0.6   0.82 L-Sep. 2018 0.8

Eggs

0.093 0.9 0.001 1.07 L-Jul. 2018 2.0

Dairy and related products

0.729 -0.3 -0.002 0.27 S-Oct. 2018 -0.3

Milk(5)

0.201 1.1 0.002 0.48 L-Apr. 2018 1.1

Fresh whole milk(6)

  0.8   0.62 L-Apr. 2018 0.9

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  1.1   0.56 L-Jun. 2018 1.2

Cheese and related products(4)

0.237 -0.7 -0.002 0.58 S-Feb. 2018 -1.0

Ice cream and related products

0.106 -0.4 0.000 0.98 S-Apr. 2018 -0.4

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.186 0.9 0.002 0.57 S-Nov. 2018 -1.5

Fruits and vegetables

1.298 -0.3 -0.004 0.33 S-Oct. 2018 -0.4

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.032 -0.2 -0.002 0.38 S-Oct. 2018 -0.5

Fresh fruits

0.541 1.1 0.006 0.50 S-Nov. 2018 -0.9

Apples

0.074 0.3 0.000 1.17 S-Nov. 2018 -0.4

Bananas(4)

0.080 -0.8 -0.001 0.77 S-Nov. 2018 -1.0

Citrus fruits(5)

0.155 -1.0 -0.002 0.90 S-Oct. 2018 -2.5

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -2.5   1.20 S-Oct. 2018 -4.0

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.232 2.3 0.005 0.97 L-Jun. 2018 4.5

Fresh vegetables

0.491 -1.7 -0.008 0.53 S-Jan. 2017 -2.6

Potatoes

0.074 2.3 0.002 1.53 L-Nov. 2016 2.7

Lettuce

0.068 -7.1 -0.005 1.78 S-May 2013 -9.1

Tomatoes(4)

0.086 -1.5 -0.001 1.43 S-May 2018 -4.1

Other fresh vegetables

0.263 0.4 0.001 0.68 L-Nov. 2018 0.9

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.266 -0.9 -0.002 0.59 S-May 2018 -0.9

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.146 0.0 0.000 0.82 S-Nov. 2018 -0.5

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  -1.6   0.95 S-Mar. 2018 -2.2

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  0.5   1.10 S-Nov. 2018 -0.2

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.077 -1.0 -0.001 0.99 S-May 2018 -1.3

Frozen vegetables(6)

  -2.2   1.23 S-Aug. 2014 -2.5

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.044 -1.3 -0.001 0.76 S-Sep. 2018 -1.8

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  -3.9   1.42 S-EVER -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.868 0.8 0.007 0.45 L-May 2017 1.0

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.616 1.8 0.011 0.58 L-Apr. 2008 1.9

Carbonated drinks

0.255 2.1 0.005 1.22 L-Jan. 2011 3.1

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.009 -0.5 0.000 0.45 S-Sep. 2018 -1.4

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.352 1.3 0.005 0.55 L-Dec. 2013 1.6

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.253 -1.0 -0.002 0.63 S-Jan. 2018 -1.7

Coffee

0.161 -1.4 -0.002 0.76 S-Jan. 2018 -2.6

Roasted coffee(6)

  -1.7   0.84 S-Jan. 2018 -1.9

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  0.6   1.22 S-Nov. 2018 -3.0

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.091 -0.1 0.000 0.94 S-Nov. 2018 -1.0

Other food at home

1.832 0.1 0.002 0.23 L-Nov. 2018 0.2

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.277 1.3 0.004 0.65 L-Sep. 2018 1.3

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.040 -0.1 0.000 0.79 L-Nov. 2018 0.0

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.184 0.5 0.001 0.89 L-Nov. 2018 0.9

Other sweets(5)

0.052 0.4 0.000 1.08 L-Sep. 2018 1.6

Fats and oils

0.212 0.6 0.001 0.52 L-May 2017 0.6

Butter and margarine(5)

0.060 0.0 0.000 0.95 L-Nov. 2018 1.1

Butter(6)

  0.9   1.09 L-Apr. 2018 3.4

Margarine(6)

  -0.1   0.82 L-Nov. 2018 1.0

Salad dressing(5)

0.052 0.1 0.000 1.10 L-Nov. 2018 0.4

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.100 1.0 0.001 0.72 L-Sep. 2017 1.0

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  -2.5   1.06 S-Jul. 2018 -2.9

Other foods

1.344 -0.2 -0.003 0.29 - -

Soups

0.080 0.3 0.000 0.97 S-Nov. 2018 -1.3

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(4)

0.233 -0.9 -0.002 0.57 S-Jan. 2018 -1.5

Snacks(4)

0.310 -0.4 -0.001 0.71 L-Nov. 2018 0.5

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.268 -0.7 -0.002 0.61 S-Aug. 2016 -1.0

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  -0.6   0.92 L-Nov. 2018 0.0

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

           

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  -0.9   0.83 S-Jul. 2018 -1.3

Other condiments(6)

  -1.6   0.93 S-Oct. 2018 -2.0

Baby food(4)(5)

0.052 -0.5 0.000 0.83 S-Jul. 2018 -0.7

Other miscellaneous foods(4)(5)

0.401 -1.5 -0.006 0.47 S-Jan. 2018 -1.6

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  -0.2   0.84 L-Nov. 2018 0.6

Food away from home(4)

6.055 0.3 0.021 0.06 S-Nov. 2018 0.3

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

3.012 0.2 0.006 0.08 S-Nov. 2018 0.2

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.570 0.6 0.014 0.09 L-Nov. 2008 0.6

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.183 -0.2 0.000 0.22 L-Nov. 2018 0.0

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  0.1   0.15 - -

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.092 0.1 0.000 0.16 S-May 2018 -0.2

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.198 0.0 0.000 0.13 S-Oct. 2018 0.0

Energy

7.347 -3.1 -0.238 0.19 S-Feb. 2016 -5.2

Energy commodities

3.947 -5.3 -0.221 0.20 L-Nov. 2018 -5.0

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.185 -1.7 -0.003 0.55 L-Oct. 2018 2.0

Fuel oil

0.109 -1.3 -0.001 0.86 L-Oct. 2018 3.2

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.075 -1.9 -0.001 0.63 S-Aug. 2016 -2.4

Motor fuel

3.762 -5.5 -0.218 0.20 L-Nov. 2018 -5.1

Gasoline (all types)

3.671 -5.5 -0.214 0.20 L-Nov. 2018 -5.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  -5.6   0.44 L-Nov. 2018 -5.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  -4.6   0.43 L-Nov. 2018 -3.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  -5.3   0.40 S-Feb. 2016 -8.7

Other motor fuels(5)

0.091 -3.8 -0.003 0.21 S-Feb. 2016 -7.4

Energy services

3.400 -0.5 -0.018 0.34 S-Sep. 2018 -0.9

Electricity

2.607 -0.6 -0.016 0.37 S-Sep. 2018 -0.7

Utility (piped) gas service

0.794 -0.3 -0.002 0.51 S-Oct. 2018 -0.5

All items less food and energy

79.312 0.2 0.190 0.04 - -

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.503 0.4 0.076 0.09 L-May 2011 0.4

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.363 0.4 0.012 0.20 L-Apr. 2018 0.5

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.254 3.8 0.010 0.93 L-Jan. 2018 4.1

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.056 0.4 0.000 0.77 L-Nov. 2018 0.7

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.044 3.2 0.001 1.73 L-Oct. 2016 4.3

Other linens(4)(5)

0.154 5.3 0.008 1.42 L-Jan. 2018 5.6

Furniture and bedding

0.891 -0.1 -0.001 0.42 S-Nov. 2018 -0.3

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.322 1.1 0.004 0.68 L-Aug. 2017 2.6

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.432 0.2 0.001 0.65 S-Nov. 2018 0.1

Other furniture(4)(5)

0.125 -1.0 -0.001 0.74 S-Jul. 2018 -1.2

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

           

Appliances(5)

0.215 1.4 0.003 0.62 L-Oct. 2018 1.4

Major appliances(5)

0.081 1.0 0.001 1.10 L-Nov. 2018 1.1

Laundry equipment(6)

  -2.9   1.77 S-Feb. 2018 -4.1

Other appliances(5)

0.131 1.3 0.002 0.74 L-Oct. 2018 2.1

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.493 0.7 0.003 0.58 L-Nov. 2018 0.8

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.270 1.7 0.005 0.83 L-Nov. 2018 2.8

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.092 -0.7 -0.001 0.94 S-Nov. 2018 -0.8

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.052 2.7 0.001 1.31 L-Apr. 2018 3.2

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.079 0.7 0.001 0.98 S-Nov. 2018 -1.9

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.666 1.0 0.007 0.45 L-Mar. 2011 1.3

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.197 0.9 0.002 0.59 S-Nov. 2018 -1.0

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.308 0.8 0.002 0.56 L-Aug. 2011 0.9

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.845 0.1 0.000 0.29 S-Sep. 2018 -0.2

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.332 0.1 0.000 0.39 S-Nov. 2018 -0.1

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.226 -0.7 -0.002 0.45 S-May 2018 -0.7

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.286 0.7 0.002 0.55 S-Nov. 2018 0.1

Apparel

2.959 1.1 0.033 0.51 L-Feb. 2018 1.2

Men's and boys' apparel

0.735 -0.3 -0.002 0.92 S-Nov. 2018 -1.1

Men's apparel

0.562 -0.7 -0.004 0.95 S-Nov. 2018 -1.4

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.102 1.0 0.001 2.00 L-Oct. 2018 1.3

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories

0.151 -3.1 -0.005 1.31 S-Nov. 2017 -3.7

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.157 0.6 0.001 1.43 L-Sep. 2018 2.1

Men's pants and shorts

0.144 0.4 0.001 1.30 L-Oct. 2018 1.7

Boys' apparel

0.174 3.1 0.005 1.76 L-Sep. 2018 4.0

Women's and girls' apparel

1.190 1.5 0.019 0.91 L-Jan. 2018 2.3

Women's apparel

1.016 1.6 0.017 1.03 L-Jan. 2018 2.8

Women's outerwear

0.072 4.2 0.003 2.55 L-Sep. 2018 7.8

Women's dresses

0.121 -1.4 -0.002 1.83 S-Nov. 2018 -2.2

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.524 3.0 0.016 1.32 L-Jan. 2018 4.1

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.288 0.6 0.002 1.25 L-Aug. 2018 1.0

Girls' apparel

0.174 1.3 0.002 1.59 L-Apr. 2018 2.3

Footwear

0.658 2.5 0.017 0.72 L-Sep. 1988 2.9

Men's footwear(4)

0.216 2.8 0.006 1.07 L-Feb. 2016 3.5

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.156 4.5 0.007 1.46 L-Sep. 2010 4.5

Women's footwear

0.286 2.0 0.006 0.92 L-Feb. 2018 2.5

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.138 -2.1 -0.003 1.42 S-Oct. 2017 -2.4

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.237 0.8 0.002 1.34 L-Oct. 2018 1.4

Watches(4)(9)

0.095 1.9 0.002 1.49 L-Oct. 2018 9.1

Jewelry(9)

0.142 2.5 0.004 1.94 L-Aug. 2016 2.8

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

6.611 0.2 0.011 0.12 L-Nov. 2018 1.0

New vehicles

3.724 0.2 0.008 0.21 L-Jun. 2018 0.4

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  0.2   0.22 L-Jun. 2018 0.4

New cars(6)

  0.1   0.25 L-Sep. 2018 0.2

New trucks(13)(6)

  0.4   0.23 L-Dec. 2017 0.6

Used cars and trucks

2.391 0.1 0.002 0.02 L-Nov. 2018 2.5

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.383 0.3 0.001 0.33 S-Nov. 2018 0.3

Tires(4)

0.227 0.3 0.001 0.46 S-Nov. 2018 0.1

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.156 0.4 0.001 0.55 L-Nov. 2018 0.7

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  0.7   0.53 L-Jul. 2018 1.0

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  -0.9   0.90 S-Oct. 2018 -4.2

Medical care commodities

1.707 0.1 0.001 0.20 L-Nov. 2018 0.5

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.650 0.0 0.000 0.21 L-Nov. 2018 0.4

Prescription drugs

1.308 0.0 0.000 0.24 L-Nov. 2018 0.4

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.342 -0.2 -0.001 0.47 L-Nov. 2018 0.4

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.057 0.7 0.000 0.58 L-Sep. 2018 1.0

Recreation commodities(11)

1.806 0.3 0.006 0.21 S-Nov. 2018 0.0

Video and audio products(11)

0.223 0.6 0.001 0.47 L-Jan. 2017 1.0

Televisions

0.098 -0.6 -0.001 0.69 L-Jul. 2018 -0.5

Other video equipment(5)

0.026 1.7 0.000 0.78 L-Apr. 2014 2.4

Audio equipment(4)

0.043 3.2 0.001 1.18 L-EVER -

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.047 0.2 0.000 0.55 L-Nov. 2018 0.7

Pets and pet products(4)

0.605 0.4 0.003 0.25 - -

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   0.29 L-Jan. 2018 0.6

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.53 S-Nov. 2018 0.3

Sporting goods

0.505 -0.2 -0.001 0.48 S-Oct. 2018 -1.3

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.294 -0.4 -0.001 0.74 S-Oct. 2018 -1.7

Sports equipment

0.204 -0.2 0.000 0.43 S-Oct. 2018 -0.8

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.033 1.5 0.000 0.81 L-Feb. 2018 1.7

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

           

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  1.4   0.94 L-Oct. 2018 1.4

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.116 2.3 0.003 0.86 L-EVER -

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.071 2.6 0.002 0.94 L-Jul. 2018 2.6

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.045 1.9 0.001 1.46 L-Apr. 2018 1.9

Other recreational goods(5)

0.324 -0.2 0.000 0.48 S-Nov. 2018 -0.7

Toys

0.252 -0.1 0.000 0.60 S-Nov. 2018 -0.9

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.78 S-Nov. 2018 -0.5

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.025 -0.2 0.000 1.54 S-Oct. 2018 -1.2

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.036 -1.3 0.000 0.52 S-Mar. 2017 -1.9

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.536 -0.8 -0.004 0.41 S-Nov. 2018 -1.2

Educational books and supplies

0.131 -0.9 -0.001 0.78 S-Aug. 2018 -1.3

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  -1.3   0.69 L-Nov. 2018 0.0

Information technology commodities(11)

0.405 -0.7 -0.003 0.54 S-Nov. 2018 -1.4

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistant devices(7)

0.309 -0.5 -0.002 0.64 S-Nov. 2018 -1.5

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.024 -1.7 0.000 1.29 L-Nov. 2018 0.4

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.072 -1.3 -0.001 0.92 L-Nov. 2018 -1.3

Alcoholic beverages

0.973 0.0 0.000 0.18 S-Aug. 2018 0.0

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.605 0.1 0.001 0.26 - -

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.270 0.1 0.000 0.35 - -

Distilled spirits at home

0.081 0.4 0.000 0.45 - -

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  2.4   0.53 L-EVER -

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  0.3   0.63 S-Nov. 2018 0.2

Wine at home

0.253 -0.2 0.000 0.49 S-Aug. 2018 -0.2

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.368 0.1 0.000 0.19 L-Nov. 2018 0.3

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.17 S-Aug. 2018 -0.1

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.19 L-Aug. 2018 0.8

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.19 - -

Other goods(11)

1.548 0.4 0.007 0.19 L-Jan. 2018 0.4

Tobacco and smoking products

0.661 0.3 0.002 0.17 L-Nov. 2018 0.3

Cigarettes(5)

0.586 0.2 0.001 0.18 - -

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.060 1.2 0.001 0.41 L-Feb. 2015 1.4

Personal care products(4)

0.688 0.4 0.003 0.26 L-Jan. 2018 0.4

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.381 0.5 0.002 0.35 L-Aug. 2018 0.5

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.301 0.3 0.001 0.41 L-Apr. 2018 0.7

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.199 1.0 0.002 0.88 L-Oct. 2017 1.4

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  1.3   0.93 L-Oct. 2017 1.9

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

  -1.4   1.15 S-Sep. 2018 -2.2

Services less energy services

59.809 0.2 0.123 0.04 - -

Shelter

33.259 0.3 0.095 0.07 - -

Rent of shelter(15)

32.884 0.3 0.093 0.07 - -

Rent of primary residence

7.943 0.3 0.025 0.04 L-Nov. 2018 0.3

Lodging away from home(5)

0.887 0.5 0.005 1.80 S-Nov. 2018 -0.1

Housing at school, excluding board(15)

0.114 0.2 0.000 0.05 L-Nov. 2018 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.773 0.5 0.005 2.03 S-Nov. 2018 -0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(15)

24.054 0.3 0.065 0.04 L-Nov. 2018 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(15)

22.711 0.3 0.062 0.04 L-Nov. 2018 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.375 0.1 0.000 0.12 L-Nov. 2018 0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.101 -0.5 -0.006 0.09 S-EVER -

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.827 0.0 0.000 0.11 S-Jul. 2016 -0.2

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.274 -2.1 -0.006 0.22 S-EVER -

Household operations(4)(5)

0.893 0.3 0.003 0.16 S-Nov. 2018 0.3

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.306 0.3 0.001 0.06 S-Oct. 2018 0.0

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

           

Moving, storage, freight expense(5)

0.104 2.6 0.003 0.65 L-Oct. 2017 5.3

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.107 1.2 0.001 0.16 S-Nov. 2018 0.0

Medical care services

6.974 0.3 0.018 0.10 S-Oct. 2018 0.2

Professional services

3.255 0.2 0.007 0.11 L-Sep. 2018 0.2

Physicians' services

1.732 0.4 0.007 0.21 L-Nov. 2016 0.7

Dental services

0.785 0.4 0.003 0.13 L-Mar. 2018 0.8

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.319 0.0 0.000 0.24 S-Oct. 2018 0.0

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.419 -0.4 -0.002 0.09 S-Feb. 2018 -0.8

Hospital and related services

2.621 -0.2 -0.005 0.15 S-Feb. 2018 -0.3

Hospital services(16)

2.340 -0.3 -0.007 0.17 S-Feb. 2018 -0.4

Inpatient hospital services(16)(6)

  -0.4   0.23 S-Feb. 2018 -0.5

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  -0.3   0.22 S-Feb. 2018 -0.3

Nursing homes and adult day services(16)

0.193 0.4 0.001 0.11 L-Oct. 2018 0.4

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.088 0.4 0.000 0.20 L-Aug. 2018 1.0

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.099 1.7 0.018 0.11 L-Jan. 2012 1.8

Transportation services

5.975 -0.2 -0.010 0.13 S-Dec. 2014 -0.3

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

0.656 -0.2 -0.002 0.36 S-Nov. 2018 -0.2

Car and truck rental(5)

0.122 -2.0 -0.002 1.67 S-Oct. 2017 -2.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.128 0.4 0.004 0.14 L-Nov. 2018 0.4

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.056 0.1 0.000 0.13 - -

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.636 0.6 0.004 0.24 L-Jan. 2017 0.8

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.371 0.0 0.000 0.16 L-Nov. 2018 0.4

Motor vehicle insurance

2.415 -0.2 -0.005 0.14 S-Nov. 2018 -0.2

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.543 0.7 0.004 0.20 L-Jan. 2018 1.2

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.281 0.1 0.000 0.07 L-Nov. 2018 0.3

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.245 1.3 0.003 0.34 L-Jan. 2018 1.5

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.4   0.17 L-Sep. 2018 0.4

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

           

Public transportation

1.113 -0.8 -0.009 0.45 S-Jun. 2018 -1.2

Airline fares

0.660 -0.9 -0.006 0.68 L-Oct. 2018 0.0

Other intercity transportation

0.167 -0.4 -0.001 0.71 S-Aug. 2018 -1.1

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

  -2.2   1.53 S-Aug. 2018 -5.4

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  -1.3   0.77 S-May 2018 -1.5

Intracity transportation(4)

0.278 0.2 0.001 0.34 S-Nov. 2018 0.0

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  0.1   0.05 L-Sep. 2018 0.1

Recreation services(11)

3.888 0.3 0.011 0.22 L-Nov. 2018 0.5

Video and audio services(11)

1.594 0.4 0.007 0.14 L-Sep. 2018 0.7

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.509 0.2 0.004 0.13 S-Nov. 2018 0.2

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.086 3.8 0.003 0.99 L-Jan. 2018 3.9

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  5.5   1.95 L-Oct. 2018 5.5

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -0.9   0.19 S-Jul. 2014 -1.0

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.417 0.5 0.002 0.22 L-Oct. 2018 0.5

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.14 L-Oct. 2018 0.4

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.4   0.17 L-Oct. 2018 0.6

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.039 -1.8 -0.001 0.38 S-EVER -

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

      0.04 - -

Photo processing(4)(5)(6)

  -1.3   0.61 S-Oct. 2018 -1.4

Other recreation services(5)

1.836 0.1 0.003 0.39 - -

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.680 0.5 0.004 0.28 L-Nov. 2018 1.5

Admissions

0.662 -0.3 -0.002 0.75 S-Aug. 2018 -1.1

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.63 S-Nov. 2018 -0.6

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   1.92 S-Nov. 2018 -0.2

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.219 0.2 0.000 0.49 L-Nov. 2018 0.6

Education and communication services(11)

6.060 0.2 0.014 0.08 L-Sep. 2018 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.924 0.3 0.010 0.08 L-Aug. 2018 0.4

College tuition and fees

1.627 0.4 0.006 0.13 L-Oct. 2018 0.4

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.338 0.3 0.001 0.06 L-Sep. 2018 0.4

Child care and nursery school(12)

0.806 0.3 0.002 0.07 - -

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.032 -0.5 0.000 0.11 S-Sep. 2009 -0.8

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.108 1.4 0.002 0.05 L-Feb. 2013 2.8

Postage

0.094 1.7 0.002 0.00 L-Feb. 2013 3.0

Delivery services(5)

0.014 -0.6 0.000 0.34 L-Nov. 2018 -0.1

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.234 0.0 0.000 0.07 L-Sep. 2018 0.1

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.661 -0.1 -0.002 0.08 L-Oct. 2018 0.1

Land-line telephone services(4)(11)

0.572 0.5 0.003 0.17 L-Jul. 2018 0.6

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.786 0.3 0.003 0.29 L-Jul. 2018 1.2

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.657 -0.1 -0.001 0.11 S-Dec. 2015 -0.1

Personal care services(4)

0.633 0.1 0.001 0.17 S-Nov. 2018 0.1

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.633 0.1 0.001 0.17 S-Nov. 2018 0.1

Miscellaneous personal services

1.023 -0.3 -0.003 0.13 S-Jan. 2012 -0.3

Legal services(4)(9)

0.311 -1.1 -0.003 0.06 S-EVER -

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.128 0.0 0.000 0.20 - -

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.241 0.1 0.000 0.24 S-Nov. 2018 -0.1

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.029 -0.1 0.000 0.33 S-Mar. 2018 -0.3

Financial services(9)

0.241 0.2 0.001 0.33 S-Sep. 2018 0.2

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.05 L-Aug. 2018 0.1

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(5)(6)

  1.2   0.34 L-Apr. 2018 7.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.659 -0.1 -0.049 0.04 - -

All items less shelter

66.741 -0.2 -0.115 0.05 S-Nov. 2018 -0.2

All items less food and shelter

53.400 -0.3 -0.144 0.06 - -

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.053 0.2 0.094 0.06 L-Nov. 2018 0.2

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.662 0.2 0.093 0.06 - -

All items less medical care

91.318 0.0 -0.039 0.04 - -

All items less energy

92.653 0.2 0.219 0.04 - -

Commodities

36.791 -0.3 -0.116 0.06 L-Oct. 2018 0.4

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.112 0.4 0.074 0.11 L-May 2011 0.4

Commodities less food

23.450 -0.6 -0.145 0.09 L-Oct. 2018 0.7

Commodities less food and beverages

22.477 -0.6 -0.145 0.09 L-Oct. 2018 0.7

Services

63.209 0.2 0.105 0.05 S-Nov. 2018 0.2

Services less rent of shelter(15)

30.325 0.0 -0.007 0.06 S-Apr. 2018 0.0

Services less medical care services

56.235 0.1 0.073 0.05 S-Jun. 2018 0.1

Durables

9.953 0.2 0.023 0.11 L-Nov. 2018 0.2

Nondurables

26.838 -0.8 -0.215 0.09 - -

Nondurables less food

13.497 -1.4 -0.191 0.15 L-Oct. 2018 0.9

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.524 -1.5 -0.192 0.16 L-Oct. 2018 1.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.565 -2.3 -0.229 0.11 L-Nov. 2018 -2.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.538 -2.1 -0.229 0.10 L-Nov. 2018 -2.1

Housing

42.202 0.2 0.082 0.07 S-Sep. 2018 0.1

Education and communication(5)

6.596 0.2 0.010 0.08 L-Sep. 2018 0.2

Education(5)

3.055 0.3 0.009 0.09 L-Aug. 2018 0.3

Communication(5)

3.542 0.0 0.001 0.10 - -

Information and information processing(5)

3.434 0.0 0.000 0.10 - -

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.200 0.0 0.000 0.25 S-Nov. 2018 -0.5

Recreation(5)

5.694 0.3 0.016 0.15 S-Nov. 2018 0.3

Video and audio(5)

1.817 0.5 0.008 0.13 L-Sep. 2018 0.5

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.022 0.5 0.005 0.18 L-Jan. 2018 0.5

Photography(5)

0.073 -0.3 0.000 0.45 L-Nov. 2018 1.0

Food and beverages

14.314 0.2 0.029 0.08 S-Nov. 2018 0.2

Domestically produced farm food

6.085 0.0 0.003 0.13 S-Oct. 2018 -0.3

Other services

11.605 0.2 0.023 0.09 L-Sep. 2018 0.3

Apparel less footwear

2.301 0.7 0.016 0.57 L-Sep. 2018 1.4

Fuels and utilities

4.686 -0.6 -0.027 0.25 S-Sep. 2018 -0.6

Household energy

3.585 -0.6 -0.021 0.32 S-Sep. 2018 -0.8

Medical care

8.682 0.2 0.019 0.10 S-Oct. 2018 0.2

Transportation

16.348 -1.3 -0.216 0.08 L-Nov. 2018 -1.0

Private transportation

15.235 -1.3 -0.207 0.08 L-Nov. 2018 -1.0

New and used motor vehicles(5)

7.005 0.1 0.006 0.12 L-Nov. 2018 0.9

Utilities and public transportation

9.357 -0.3 -0.026 0.14 S-Jun. 2018 -0.5

Household furnishings and operations

4.257 0.3 0.014 0.16 - -

Other goods and services

3.204 0.2 0.006 0.12 L-Nov. 2018 0.3

Personal care(4)

2.544 0.2 0.004 0.14 L-Nov. 2018 0.3

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, January 2019, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Dec.
2018
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Jan. 2018-
Jan. 2019
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Jan. 2018-
Jan. 2019(1)
Standard error, median price change(2)(3) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(4)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 1.6   - S-Jun. 2017 1.6

Food

13.341 1.6 0.215 - - -

Food at home

7.286 0.6 0.048 - - -

Cereals and bakery products

0.962 1.0 0.010 - S-Oct. 2018 0.5

Cereals and cereal products

0.308 -0.4 -0.001 - S-Nov. 2018 -0.4

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.039 -0.9 0.000 - S-Nov. 2018 -1.4

Breakfast cereal

0.150 -1.3 -0.002 - S-Nov. 2018 -1.9

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.119 0.9 0.001 - S-Oct. 2018 -0.5

Rice(5)(6)

  1.3   - S-Oct. 2018 -0.5

Bakery products

0.654 1.7 0.011 - S-Oct. 2018 1.3

Bread(5)

0.194 3.0 0.006 - L-Jun. 2013 3.2

White bread(6)

  3.8   - L-Jun. 2013 4.4

Bread other than white(6)

  2.9   - L-Nov. 2015 3.0

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.093 2.6 0.002 - L-Nov. 2018 3.4

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.165 0.3 0.001 - S-Aug. 2018 0.3

Cookies(6)

  -1.1   - S-Aug. 2018 -1.4

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(6)

  2.3   - S-Sep. 2018 1.6

Other bakery products

0.202 1.3 0.003 - S-Nov. 2018 1.3

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(6)

  3.6   - S-Nov. 2018 3.5

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  1.4   - L-Sep. 2017 1.6

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  -0.3   - S-Aug. 2018 -2.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.597 0.4 0.006 - L-Nov. 2018 0.4

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.504 0.6 0.009 - L-May 2018 1.2

Meats

0.937 0.1 0.001 - L-Jun. 2018 0.1

Beef and veal

0.425 1.6 0.007 - L-May 2018 2.6

Uncooked ground beef

0.169 -0.7 -0.001 - L-Jun. 2018 -0.2

Uncooked beef roasts(5)

0.060 4.2 0.003 - L-Aug. 2018 4.4

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.158 2.9 0.005 - L-Sep. 2018 3.0

Uncooked other beef and veal(5)

0.037 2.8 0.001 - L-Nov. 2018 3.9

Pork

0.290 -1.3 -0.004 - L-Nov. 2018 -1.3

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.130 -1.4 -0.002 - L-Jul. 2018 -1.2

Bacon and related products(6)

  -2.1   - S-Nov. 2018 -2.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  0.0   - L-Aug. 2018 0.1

Ham

0.051 0.5 0.000 - L-Jun. 2018 1.4

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  0.1   - L-Sep. 2018 0.2

Pork chops

0.043 -3.0 -0.001 - S-Aug. 2017 -4.1

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.066 -1.5 -0.001 - L-Nov. 2018 -1.0

Other meats

0.221 -0.8 -0.002 - S-Nov. 2018 -0.9

Frankfurters(6)

  0.0   - S-Nov. 2018 -0.8

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  -1.1   - S-Nov. 2018 -1.5

Lamb and organ meats(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(5)(6)

           

Poultry

0.314 -0.4 -0.001 - L-Nov. 2018 0.0

Chicken(5)

0.259 0.5 0.001 - L-Oct. 2018 0.7

Fresh whole chicken(6)

  -1.7   - L-Nov. 2018 0.9

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(6)

  1.3   - L-Jul. 2018 2.0

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.055 -4.3 -0.003 - L-Nov. 2018 -0.2

Fish and seafood

0.253 3.7 0.009 - L-Apr. 2018 3.8

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.130 4.5 0.006 - S-Nov. 2018 3.7

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.123 2.8 0.003 - L-Apr. 2018 3.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(6)

  5.5   - L-Apr. 2018 5.8

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  1.9   - L-Nov. 2017 3.0

Eggs

0.093 -3.3 -0.003 - S-Aug. 2017 -3.7

Dairy and related products

0.729 -0.4 -0.003 - S-Nov. 2018 -0.5

Milk(5)

0.201 0.4 0.001 - L-Jul. 2017 1.2

Fresh whole milk(6)

  -0.5   - L-Oct. 2018 0.2

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  1.4   - L-Dec. 2014 4.1

Cheese and related products

0.237 -2.1 -0.005 - S-Dec. 2016 -2.8

Ice cream and related products

0.106 -0.1 0.000 - S-May 2018 -0.8

Other dairy and related products(5)

0.186 0.9 0.002 - L-Nov. 2017 1.1

Fruits and vegetables

1.298 0.9 0.012 - S-Nov. 2018 -0.1

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.032 1.3 0.013 - S-Nov. 2018 -0.1

Fresh fruits

0.541 -0.7 -0.004 - - -

Apples

0.074 -0.7 -0.001 - S-Nov. 2018 -4.2

Bananas

0.080 -0.3 0.000 - S-Jun. 2018 -0.8

Citrus fruits(5)

0.155 3.1 0.005 - S-Nov. 2018 1.1

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  0.6   - S-Nov. 2018 -3.4

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.232 -3.2 -0.008 - L-Oct. 2018 -2.8

Fresh vegetables

0.491 3.6 0.018 - S-Nov. 2018 2.5

Potatoes

0.074 4.7 0.004 - L-Dec. 2016 5.2

Lettuce

0.068 10.1 0.006 - S-Nov. 2018 0.0

Tomatoes

0.086 -5.0 -0.004 - S-Mar. 2017 -8.4

Other fresh vegetables

0.263 4.9 0.013 - L-Feb. 2016 7.2

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.266 -0.5 -0.001 - S-Jul. 2018 -1.0

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.146 0.7 0.001 - S-Nov. 2018 0.7

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  0.3   - S-Sep. 2018 0.3

Canned vegetables