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Economic News Release
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Consumer Price Index News Release


Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (EST) February 13, 2020     USDL-20-0245

Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov 

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – JANUARY 2020

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.1 percent in 
January on a seasonally adjusted basis, after rising 0.2 percent in December, 
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, 
the all items index increased 2.5 percent before seasonal adjustment.

The index for shelter accounted for the largest part of the increase in the 
seasonally adjusted all items index, with the indexes for food and for medical 
care services also rising. These increases more than offset a decrease in the 
gasoline index, which fell 1.6 percent in January. The energy index declined 
0.7 percent, and the major energy component indexes were mixed. The index for 
food rose 0.2 percent in January with the indexes for both food at home and 
food away from home increasing over the month.

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent in January after 
increasing 0.1 percent in December. Along with the indexes for shelter and 
medical care, the indexes for apparel, recreation, education, and airline fares 
all increased in January. The indexes for used cars and trucks, prescription 
drugs, motor vehicle insurance, and household furnishings and operations were 
among those to decline.    

The all items index increased 2.5 percent for the 12 months ending January, 
the largest 12-month increase since the period ending October 2018. The index 
for all items less food and energy rose 2.3 percent over the last 12 months, 
the same 12-month increase as reported in the previous 3 months. The food index 
rose 1.8 percent over the last 12 months, while the energy index increased 6.2 
percent over that period. 

Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              July  Aug.  Sep.  Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.   ended 
                              2019  2019  2019  2019  2019  2019  2020   Jan.  
                                                                         2020  
								
All items..................	.3    .1    .1    .2	.2    .2    .1	    2.5
 Food......................	.0    .0    .2	  .2	.1    .2    .2	    1.8
  Food at home.............    -.2   -.1    .1	  .2	.1    .0    .1	     .7
  Food away from home(1)...	.2    .2    .3	  .2	.2    .3    .4	    3.1
 Energy....................	.9  -1.4   -.8	 1.7	.8   1.6   -.7	    6.2
  Energy commodities.......    1.4  -2.3  -1.5	 2.6   1.2   3.0  -1.6	   12.1
   Gasoline (all types)....    1.5  -2.4  -1.5	 2.7   1.2   3.1  -1.6	   12.8
   Fuel oil................	.3   -.9   -.6	 1.1   1.0   1.1   -.4	    6.5
  Energy services..........	.2   -.2    .1	  .7	.2   -.2    .6	    -.4
   Electricity.............	.5   -.2    .2	  .6	.2   -.2    .4	     .5
   Utility (piped) gas
      service..............    -.9    .0   -.2	 1.2	.5   -.5   1.0	   -3.2
 All items less food and
    energy.................	.3    .2    .2	  .1	.2    .1    .2	    2.3
  Commodities less food and
     energy commodities....	.2    .1    .0	 -.4   -.1    .0    .0	    -.3
   New vehicles............	.1   -.1   -.1	 -.1   -.1    .1    .0	     .1
   Used cars and trucks....	.4    .5    .6	-1.2   -.7   -.4  -1.2	   -2.0
   Apparel.................	.1    .1   -.3	-1.7	.6    .1    .7	   -1.3
   Medical care commodities	.2    .2   -.1	 1.0	.0   1.0   -.6	    1.7
  Services less energy
     services..............	.3    .3    .2	  .3	.3    .2    .3	    3.1
   Shelter.................	.3    .2    .3	  .1	.3    .2    .4	    3.3
   Transportation services	.1    .3    .2	  .1	.0   -.1    .3	     .7
   Medical care services...	.5    .7    .4	  .8	.4    .3    .3	    5.1
								
Footnotes:								
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.								


Food

The food index increased 0.2 percent in January, the same as in December. The 
index for food at home rose 0.1 percent, and four of the six major grocery 
component indexes increased in January. The index for other food at home rose 
0.2 percent in January while the index for nonalcoholic beverages increased 0.4 
percent. The indexes for dairy and related products and for fruits and vegetables 
also increased over the month. 

In contrast, the index for cereals and bakery products declined 0.4 percent in 
January after falling 0.3 percent in December. The index for meats, poultry, 
fish, and eggs was unchanged over the month.

The index for food away from home rose 0.4 percent in January after rising 0.3 
percent in December. The indexes for limited service meals and full service 
meals both increased 0.4 percent over the month. 

The food at home index increased 0.7 percent over the last 12 months. Five of 
the six major grocery store food group indexes rose over the past 12 months, 
with increases ranging from 0.3 percent (cereals and bakery products) to 2.7 
percent (dairy and related products). The fruits and vegetables index declined 
over the span, falling 1.0 percent. The index for food away from home rose 3.1 
percent over the last year. The index for full service meals increased 3.4 
percent and the index for limited service meals rose 2.9 percent.

Energy

The energy index declined 0.7 percent in January, after rising 1.6 percent in 
December. The gasoline index fell 1.6 percent in January, following a 3.1 percent 
increase in December. (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices fell 0.8 
percent in January.) The electricity index increased over the month, rising 0.4 
percent after falling in December. The index for natural gas increased 1.0 percent 
in January.

The energy index increased 6.2 percent over the past 12 months, with its major 
component indexes mixed. The gasoline index increased 12.8 percent, while the 
electricity index advanced 0.5 percent over the last 12 months. However, the 
index for natural gas fell 3.2 percent over the same period.  
 
All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in January, 
after rising 0.1 percent in December. The shelter index rose 0.4 percent in 
January, with the rent index increasing 0.4 percent and the owners’ equivalent 
rent index rising 0.3 percent. The medical care index rose 0.2 percent in January, 
with the index for hospital services increasing 0.8 percent. However, the index 
for physicians’ services fell 0.4 percent, and the index for prescription drugs 
also declined 0.4 percent over the month.

The apparel index rose 0.7 percent in January following a 0.1-percent increase 
in December. The recreation index increased 0.3 percent over the month, as did 
the education index. The index for personal care advanced 0.7 percent in January 
after declining 0.2 percent the previous month. The airline fares index rose 0.7 
percent, after declining in each of the 3 previous months. The index for new 
vehicles was unchanged in January.

The index for used cars and trucks continued to decline, decreasing 1.2 percent in 
January after falling 0.4 percent in December. The index for motor vehicle insurance 
fell 0.2 percent in January. The index for household furnishings and operations also 
declined in January, decreasing 0.1 percent. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.3 percent over the past 12 
months. The shelter index rose 3.3 percent over the 12-month span, and the medical 
care index rose 4.5 percent. Used cars and trucks (-2.0 percent) and apparel (-1.3 
percent) were among the few indexes to decline over the last year. 

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 2.5 percent over 
the last 12 months to an index level of 257.971 (1982-84=100). For the month, the 
index increased 0.4 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) 
increased 2.5 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 251.361 
(1982-84=100). For the month, the index increased 0.4 percent prior to seasonal 
adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 2.3 
percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index increased 0.4 percent on 
a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past 10 to 12 
months are subject to revision. 

_______________
The Consumer Price Index for February 2020 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, 
March 11, 2020 at 8:30 a.m. (EDT). 


Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers for 
goods and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two population 
groups: all urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical workers. The all 
urban consumer group represents about 93 percent of the total U.S. population. It 
is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of urban or metropolitan areas, 
including professionals, the self-employed, the poor, the unemployed, and retired 
people, as well as urban wage earners and clerical workers. Not included in the CPI 
are the spending patterns of people living in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming 
families, people in the Armed Forces, and those in institutions, such as prisons and 
mental hospitals. Consumer inflation for all urban consumers is measured by two 
indexes, namely, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the 
Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U). 

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is 
based on the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that meet 
two requirements: more than one-half of the household's income must come from 
clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of the household's earners must have 
been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous 12 months. The CPI-W 
population represents about 29 percent of the total U.S. population and is a subset 
of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, 
doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that people buy 
for day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas across the 
country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments 
(department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of 
stores and service establishments). All taxes directly associated with the purchase 
and use of items are included in the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are 
obtained every month in all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and 
services are collected every month in the three largest geographic areas and every 
other month in other areas. Prices of most goods and services are obtained by personal 
visits or telephone calls by the Bureau’s trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are 
aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the 
appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city 
average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published by size of 
city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions and population-
size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences 
in the level of prices among cities; they only measure the average change in prices 
for each area since the base period. For the C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the 
national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are considered final when released, but the 
C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject to three subsequent quarterly 
revisions. 

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the 
CPI-U and the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base 
for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from the 
reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship 
can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and 
services rising from $100 to $107. 

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is 
based upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. 
BLS calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-
month percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard error 
estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. For 
example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 percent 
for the U.S. all items CPI. This means that if we repeatedly sample from the universe 
of all retail prices using the same methodology, and estimate a percentage change for 
each sample, then 95 percent of these estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-
month percentage change based on all retail prices. For example, for a 1-month change 
of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 95 percent confident that the actual 
percent change based on all retail prices would fall between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. 
For the latest data, including information on how to use the estimates of standard 
error, see https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm. 

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent 
changes rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected 
by the level of the index in relation to its base period, while percent changes are 
not. 

The following table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent 
changes:

				Item A  		Item B  		  Item C
Year I 				112.500 		225.000 		  110.000
Year II 			121.500 		243.000 		  128.000
Change in index points 		9.000 			18.000 			  18.000
Percent change 			9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0 18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. 
Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-
SEATS seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new 
factors are used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The factors 
are available at www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2020.pdf. 
For more information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal 
Adjustment at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the 
Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are 
usually preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the 
same time and in about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting 
from weather events, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This 
allows data users to focus on changes that are not typical for the time of year. The 
unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned about the prices they 
actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used extensively for escalation purposes. Many 
collective bargaining contract agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation 
changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for seasonal variation. BLS advises 
against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation agreements because seasonally 
adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some 
CPI series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal 
pattern of price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which 
the distortions caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior 
to calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately 
represent the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data. 

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 
2009 return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this 
outlier data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal 
portion of the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data 
prior to seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this 
“prior adjusted” data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal 
pattern in the data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the 
unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2020, BLS adjusted 53 series using intervention 
analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, 
electricity, and vehicles. 

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject 
to revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI 
calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 
years of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to 
be final and not subject to revision. For January 2020, revised seasonal factors and seasonally 
adjusted indexes for 2015 to 2019 were calculated and published. For series which are directly 
adjusted using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors 
for 2019 will be applied to data for 2020 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2020 indexes. 
Series which are indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series 
have seasonal factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance. 

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical 
criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its 
status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 
81 components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status 
from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used 
in the aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted 
indexes before that period will not be changed. Twenty-eight of the 81 components of the U.S. 
city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted for 2020.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information 
and Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov. 

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section 
at 202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov. 

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon 
request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.  






Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, January 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Dec.
2019
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jan.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020
Jan.
2019-
Jan.
2020
Dec.
2019-
Jan.
2020
Oct.
2019-
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2019-
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2019-
Jan.
2020

All items

100.000 251.712 256.974 257.971 2.5 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1

Food

13.771 256.417 259.823 261.057 1.8 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.2

Food at home

7.579 241.381 241.750 243.110 0.7 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

0.984 275.050 275.036 275.916 0.3 0.3 0.1 -0.3 -0.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.682 248.169 252.893 252.905 1.9 0.0 0.3 1.1 0.0

Dairy and related products

0.768 217.079 221.924 223.035 2.7 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.2

Fruits and vegetables

1.317 304.605 297.105 301.679 -1.0 1.5 -0.3 -0.3 0.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.903 171.354 170.006 172.313 0.6 1.4 0.5 -0.2 0.4

Other food at home

1.925 210.006 210.432 210.763 0.4 0.2 0.0 -0.3 0.2

Food away from home(1)

6.191 280.380 288.078 289.137 3.1 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4

Energy

6.706 200.563 212.982 213.043 6.2 0.0 0.8 1.6 -0.7

Energy commodities

3.610 207.727 234.651 232.906 12.1 -0.7 1.2 3.0 -1.6

Fuel oil

0.106 274.051 288.766 291.872 6.5 1.1 1.0 1.1 -0.4

Motor fuel

3.440 202.818 230.189 228.343 12.6 -0.8 1.3 3.1 -1.6

Gasoline (all types)

3.362 201.194 228.857 227.010 12.8 -0.8 1.2 3.1 -1.6

Energy services

3.096 204.038 201.446 203.318 -0.4 0.9 0.2 -0.2 0.6

Electricity

2.405 210.920 209.725 212.018 0.5 1.1 0.2 -0.2 0.4

Utility (piped) gas service

0.691 180.106 173.652 174.272 -3.2 0.4 0.5 -0.5 1.0

All items less food and energy

79.524 260.122 264.935 266.004 2.3 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.137 143.892 142.920 143.532 -0.3 0.4 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Apparel

2.810 122.422 119.111 120.853 -1.3 1.5 0.6 0.1 0.7

New vehicles

3.734 147.059 146.220 147.253 0.1 0.7 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Used cars and trucks

2.533 138.800 137.125 136.064 -2.0 -0.8 -0.7 -0.4 -1.2

Medical care commodities

1.643 379.777 387.533 386.331 1.7 -0.3 0.0 1.0 -0.6

Alcoholic beverages

1.023 251.688 252.361 253.592 0.8 0.5 -0.3 0.1 0.3

Tobacco and smoking products

0.587 1,085.997 1,141.600 1,144.642 5.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3

Services less energy services

59.387 332.444 341.347 342.694 3.1 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3

Shelter

33.158 312.696 321.766 323.053 3.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4

Rent of primary residence

7.792 325.597 336.789 337.825 3.8 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

24.071 320.789 330.527 331.522 3.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Medical care services

7.190 525.698 549.077 552.721 5.1 0.7 0.4 0.3 0.3

Physicians' services

1.811 382.032 385.092 384.715 0.7 -0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.4

Hospital services(3)

2.186 336.225 344.933 349.152 3.8 1.2 0.3 0.2 0.8

Transportation services

5.399 322.216 324.209 324.500 0.7 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.077 290.758 299.614 300.112 3.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

Motor vehicle insurance

1.701 572.950 572.979 572.693 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.1 -0.2

Airline fares

0.786 248.433 252.411 255.200 2.7 1.1 -0.2 -0.6 0.7

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, January 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Dec.
2019
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jan.
2019-
Jan.
2020
Dec.
2019-
Jan.
2020
Oct.
2019-
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2019-
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2019-
Jan.
2020

All items

100.000 2.5 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1

Food

13.771 1.8 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.2

Food at home

7.579 0.7 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

0.984 0.3 0.3 0.1 -0.3 -0.4

Cereals and cereal products

0.301 0.4 0.7 0.1 -0.2 0.1

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.040 -0.5 4.5 -0.4 0.3 -0.5

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.140 -0.1 -1.0 -0.7 1.3 -1.0

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.121 1.2 1.5 0.8 -1.8 1.5

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  -2.1 1.0 -0.7 -2.1 1.0

Bakery products(1)

0.682 0.3 0.1 0.1 -0.6 0.1

Bread(1)(2)

0.196 1.4 -0.8 1.3 -0.6 -0.8

White bread(1)(3)

  2.0 -0.4 1.4 -0.5 -0.4

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  0.6 -1.0 1.0 -0.5 -1.0

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.099 -2.0 -0.7 -0.2 0.0 -1.1

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.175 1.0 1.7 0.4 -1.3 0.6

Cookies(1)(3)

  0.5 1.3 -0.2 -1.8 1.3

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  0.9 1.2 4.3 -3.3 1.2

Other bakery products

0.212 -0.5 0.1 -0.4 0.5 -1.8

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  1.6 -1.1 -0.1 0.7 -1.1

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  -1.3 -0.7 -1.7 1.7 -3.1

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  -0.9 1.9 0.8 -1.3 -0.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.682 1.9 0.0 0.3 1.1 0.0

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.581 2.3 0.1 0.2 1.0 0.1

Meats

0.989 3.4 0.4 0.6 1.0 0.3

Beef and veal

0.454 3.9 -0.1 0.4 1.8 0.0

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.167 4.0 0.6 -0.1 1.3 0.6

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.070 5.4 -0.7 1.2 3.6 -0.7

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.176 3.2 -0.6 0.6 2.4 0.0

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.041 4.0 0.2 1.0 -0.1 0.2

Pork

0.310 3.2 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.2

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.128 3.3 2.3 1.0 0.5 0.2

Bacon and related products(3)

  2.7 0.7 1.6 -0.1 -0.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  3.7 4.6 -0.1 0.8 1.1

Ham

0.062 4.6 2.3 0.3 -1.1 1.9

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  4.3 2.3 0.1 -1.1 1.8

Pork chops(1)

0.048 4.3 -1.7 2.8 0.3 -1.7

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.072 1.6 -1.0 0.1 2.1 -0.9

Other meats

0.225 2.5 0.5 0.3 -0.3 1.2

Frankfurters(3)

  4.2 3.9 0.8 -1.9 4.8

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  2.9 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.9

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

           

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

           

Poultry(1)

0.323 0.7 -1.2 -0.3 1.7 -1.2

Chicken(1)(2)

0.266 -0.1 -1.7 0.1 1.8 -1.7

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  2.2 -2.1 -0.3 3.3 -2.1

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  -0.8 -1.6 0.1 1.2 -1.6

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.058 4.5 1.5 0.6 0.5 0.1

Fish and seafood

0.268 0.4 0.9 -0.3 0.3 0.7

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.135 0.9 1.5 -0.6 0.7 0.7

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.133 -0.1 0.3 0.0 -0.2 0.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  0.6 0.7 -0.9 -0.3 0.7

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  0.1 0.1 0.4 -0.2 0.0

Eggs

0.102 -4.6 -2.2 0.5 2.2 -1.4

Dairy and related products

0.768 2.7 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.2

Milk(2)

0.209 6.0 1.2 0.2 0.1 2.1

Fresh whole milk(3)

  6.2 1.4 0.4 0.3 1.8

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  5.2 1.4 0.3 -0.1 2.1

Cheese and related products(1)

0.260 3.5 -0.2 0.6 0.3 -0.2

Ice cream and related products

0.108 0.8 1.3 0.1 -1.3 0.5

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.192 -0.5 0.2 -0.2 0.1 0.2

Fruits and vegetables

1.317 -1.0 1.5 -0.3 -0.3 0.1

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.039 -1.7 1.6 -0.5 -0.4 0.2

Fresh fruits

0.537 -4.3 -0.2 -0.8 0.2 -1.4

Apples

0.074 -4.8 0.8 -2.1 -1.7 -0.9

Bananas(1)

0.078 0.6 -0.8 0.8 0.1 -0.8

Citrus fruits(2)

0.135 -5.9 -1.4 2.1 -1.4 -0.2

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  -5.5 -1.1 3.1 -0.9 -0.2

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.250 -4.8 0.3 -1.8 1.3 -3.6

Fresh vegetables

0.502 1.1 3.7 -0.2 -1.2 2.0

Potatoes

0.076 5.3 5.4 -2.1 0.7 1.0

Lettuce(1)

0.063 7.6 0.5 6.3 -1.9 0.5

Tomatoes

0.080 0.5 7.1 -1.7 -0.7 5.1

Other fresh vegetables

0.282 -1.4 2.9 -0.3 -0.8 1.3

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.278 1.9 1.2 0.3 0.1 -0.5

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.145 2.0 1.0 -0.3 0.5 -1.0

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  2.3 0.0 0.8 1.3 -1.4

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  2.0 1.8 -1.1 -0.4 -0.4

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.083 2.1 1.7 0.8 -0.3 1.6

Frozen vegetables(3)

  3.7 2.7 1.2 -1.3 1.5

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.051 1.3 0.7 1.3 -0.4 -0.2

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  2.0 -0.2 0.1 -0.6 -0.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.903 0.6 1.4 0.5 -0.2 0.4

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.642 1.1 1.7 0.3 0.0 0.6

Carbonated drinks

0.263 0.8 3.2 1.2 -0.4 0.4

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.006 -1.6 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.2

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.372 1.4 0.6 -0.4 0.7 0.3

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.261 -0.8 0.6 0.9 -1.2 -0.6

Coffee

0.167 -1.4 1.3 1.6 -1.7 -0.5

Roasted coffee(3)

  -1.3 1.5 1.3 -2.0 0.2

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  -3.4 -1.3 1.7 -1.9 -1.3

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.094 0.3 -0.7 0.1 0.0 -0.7

Other food at home

1.925 0.4 0.2 0.0 -0.3 0.2

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.262 3.9 2.6 -0.1 -1.3 2.6

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.035 5.1 4.1 0.4 0.1 0.7

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.175 4.4 2.4 0.6 -1.7 2.4

Other sweets(2)

0.053 1.4 2.4 -1.3 0.4 0.1

Fats and oils

0.209 -0.6 2.3 0.1 -0.5 1.2

Butter and margarine(2)

0.062 0.7 4.6 -0.2 -0.3 2.0

Butter(3)

  1.8 5.6 -0.7 1.1 1.7

Margarine(3)

  0.4 3.4 1.2 -1.8 2.2

Salad dressing(2)

0.051 1.5 0.8 0.9 -0.1 1.4

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.096 -2.6 1.7 -0.1 -1.0 0.5

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  -6.0 -3.6 1.2 -0.2 -3.6

Other foods

1.453 -0.1 -0.6 0.0 0.0 -0.4

Soups

0.085 0.7 0.9 0.2 -0.2 0.7

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.250 0.5 -0.2 0.4 -1.1 1.1

Snacks(1)

0.329 -1.9 -0.7 0.0 -1.2 -0.7

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.283 -0.5 1.7 -0.3 -0.3 -0.7

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  0.4 3.0 -0.7 0.3 0.1

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

    4.0 -2.5 -0.5 4.0

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  -0.9 1.1 -1.0 -0.2 -0.9

Other condiments(3)

  0.4 1.7 0.0 -0.3 -0.8

Baby food(1)(2)

0.042 -1.2 -1.2 -0.2 -1.5 -1.2

Other miscellaneous foods(2)

0.464 1.2 -2.3 0.2 1.1 -1.0

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  4.8 -0.5 0.6 3.8 -0.5

Food away from home(1)

6.191 3.1 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

3.127 3.4 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.665 2.9 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.4

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.145 1.7 0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  2.2 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.081 4.0 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.3

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.173 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Energy

6.706 6.2 0.0 0.8 1.6 -0.7

Energy commodities

3.610 12.1 -0.7 1.2 3.0 -1.6

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.170 3.1 0.4 0.8 1.5 -1.4

Fuel oil

0.106 6.5 1.1 1.0 1.1 -0.4

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.063 -2.0 -0.6 -0.1 3.0 -3.0

Motor fuel

3.440 12.6 -0.8 1.3 3.1 -1.6

Gasoline (all types)

3.362 12.8 -0.8 1.2 3.1 -1.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  13.3 -0.7 1.0 3.3 -1.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  11.4 -0.9 1.7 2.7 -1.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  10.0 -1.2 1.3 1.9 -1.3

Other motor fuels(2)

0.079 2.7 -0.6 1.1 1.7 0.4

Energy services

3.096 -0.4 0.9 0.2 -0.2 0.6

Electricity

2.405 0.5 1.1 0.2 -0.2 0.4

Utility (piped) gas service

0.691 -3.2 0.4 0.5 -0.5 1.0

All items less food and energy

79.524 2.3 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.137 -0.3 0.4 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.725 0.0 0.7 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.279 -1.4 4.4 -2.4 1.1 4.4

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.064 -0.2 0.8 -0.7 0.8 0.8

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.059 4.1 2.2 0.4 5.6 2.2

Other linens(1)(2)

0.157 -3.0 6.6 -3.9 -0.2 6.6

Furniture and bedding(1)

0.936 1.0 0.2 -0.3 -0.4 0.2

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.336 1.4 0.6 -0.4 0.1 0.6

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.450 0.7 -0.5 0.0 -1.0 -0.5

Other furniture(1)(2)

0.141 1.0 1.7 -1.5 0.2 1.7

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

    1.0 6.4 0.3 1.0

Appliances(2)

0.210 -2.1 0.8 0.9 -0.3 -0.8

Major appliances(2)

0.068 -7.7 2.6 0.3 -2.5 -0.4

Laundry equipment(3)

  -8.6 -0.5 0.8 -1.9 -1.6

Other appliances(2)

0.140 1.4 -0.1 1.1 0.8 -1.2

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.537 -1.6 0.9 -0.6 -0.4 -0.4

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.313 -2.4 0.3 0.4 -3.1 0.3

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.091 -0.9 -1.5 0.1 -0.3 -1.6

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.054 5.0 5.1 -4.1 -1.2 5.1

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.079 -3.9 3.0 0.1 1.1 1.1

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.872 0.4 0.6 -1.2 0.3 0.0

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.238 -1.5 1.0 -2.2 -0.7 1.0

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.448 1.6 0.3 -0.7 0.6 -0.2

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.891 0.3 -0.1 0.3 0.0 -0.1

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.351 0.8 -0.1 0.1 0.4 -0.1

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.221 2.2 -0.8 1.3 0.1 -0.8

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.319 -2.0 0.2 -0.3 -0.5 0.2

Apparel

2.810 -1.3 1.5 0.6 0.1 0.7

Men's and boys' apparel

0.697 -0.5 3.7 -0.8 -0.2 0.6

Men's apparel

0.553 2.1 5.4 -0.8 -0.4 2.3

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.103 -2.3 4.4 -0.5 -5.1 1.5

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(1)

0.155 5.7 4.2 -2.4 -2.6 4.2

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.159 -2.0 2.0 -2.0 1.2 -1.0

Men's pants and shorts

0.131 6.6 11.9 -0.8 0.4 6.2

Boys' apparel

0.144 -9.8 -3.2 -2.0 0.5 -5.8

Women's and girls' apparel

1.158 -3.1 0.1 1.5 0.5 0.2

Women's apparel

0.961 -4.0 0.1 1.3 0.3 -0.1

Women's outerwear

0.067 -12.1 -5.3 -0.4 -0.1 -5.5

Women's dresses

0.106 -7.8 -4.0 -0.5 0.6 -2.3

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.496 -5.5 -0.5 2.8 0.8 -0.7

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.282 2.3 4.2 -0.8 -0.4 3.5

Girls' apparel

0.197 2.3 -0.3 2.5 1.6 1.8

Footwear

0.668 0.9 1.0 0.4 0.0 1.3

Men's footwear(1)

0.233 -1.7 1.3 -0.6 -1.8 1.3

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.140 1.1 -0.1 0.2 -0.6 1.3

Women's footwear

0.295 2.7 1.3 0.7 0.1 1.7

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.133 -1.7 -0.6 0.1 0.1 1.2

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.154 1.2 5.9 1.2 -0.6 2.0

Watches(1)(6)

0.038 3.6 2.4 -0.3 -2.1 2.4

Jewelry(6)

0.116 -1.6 7.0 -0.4 -1.7 2.7

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

6.899 -0.6 0.1 -0.3 -0.1 -0.4

New vehicles

3.734 0.1 0.7 -0.1 0.1 0.0

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  0.1 0.7 -0.1 0.1 0.0

New cars(3)

  0.3 0.8 -0.1 0.1 0.2

New trucks(3)(10)

  0.2 0.6 0.0 0.2 -0.1

Used cars and trucks

2.533 -2.0 -0.8 -0.7 -0.4 -1.2

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.397 1.9 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.4

Tires(1)

0.252 0.7 -0.2 0.6 -0.2 -0.2

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.145 3.7 1.4 0.2 0.5 1.4

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  4.1 1.8 0.5 0.3 1.8

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  -0.5 -3.0 -1.3 5.4 -3.0

Medical care commodities

1.643 1.7 -0.3 0.0 1.0 -0.6

Medicinal drugs(8)

1.569 1.8 -0.3 0.0 1.3 -0.4

Prescription drugs

1.184 2.5 0.0 -0.1 1.5 -0.4

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.385 -0.5 -1.3 0.2 -0.9 -1.3

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.074 -0.3 -0.8 1.0 -1.0 -0.8

Recreation commodities(8)

2.040 -1.1 0.4 0.1 -0.5 0.1

Video and audio products(8)

0.275 -10.8 -0.1 -1.1 -1.2 -0.9

Televisions

0.097 -20.8 -0.2 -2.2 -1.8 -1.7

Other video equipment(2)

0.042 -1.5 0.3 0.8 1.6 -1.4

Audio equipment(1)

0.078 -4.1 0.2 -2.1 -2.9 0.2

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.046 -3.9 -0.7 0.7 -0.6 -0.7

Pets and pet products(1)

0.653 2.5 -0.1 0.1 0.2 -0.1

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  2.6 -0.3 0.0 -0.2 -0.3

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  2.1 0.2 0.1 0.8 0.2

Sporting goods

0.597 0.8 0.4 0.8 -0.7 0.6

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.362 2.7 0.6 1.2 -0.3 0.6

Sports equipment

0.225 -2.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.3 0.0

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.025 2.9 2.2 -0.1 -1.1 2.4

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

           

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  1.9 2.0 -0.3 -1.8 2.6

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.117 2.8 1.4 0.4 -1.1 1.4

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.066 6.0 2.4 0.7 -1.3 2.4

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.049 -1.9 -0.1 -0.3 -0.6 -0.1

Other recreational goods(2)

0.374 -5.7 1.3 -0.4 -1.1 -0.2

Toys

0.289 -7.3 1.6 -0.9 -0.9 -0.3

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -6.0 2.0 -1.1 -0.8 -0.4

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.021 -2.8 0.4 0.9 -1.0 0.4

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.047 4.1 0.4 2.0 -2.6 0.4

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.521 -6.4 -1.1 -0.3 -1.1 -1.2

Educational books and supplies

0.110 -3.1 -2.4 0.2 0.0 -1.7

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  -3.1 -2.7 0.5 0.1 -2.7

Information technology commodities(8)

0.411 -7.5 -0.7 -0.5 -1.5 -1.1

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(4)

0.298 -5.8 -0.7 0.0 -1.4 -1.1

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.019 -10.7 -1.2 -2.8 -0.2 -1.2

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(2)

0.094 -14.0 -0.7 -1.8 -2.6 -1.4

Alcoholic beverages

1.023 0.8 0.5 -0.3 0.1 0.3

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.572 0.4 0.6 -0.4 -0.1 0.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.220 1.9 0.7 -0.6 0.6 0.8

Distilled spirits at home

0.092 -0.2 1.1 -0.2 0.6 0.4

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  0.1 1.5 -0.1 0.1 1.5

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  -0.1 1.0 -0.2 0.3 1.0

Wine at home

0.259 -0.9 0.3 -0.3 -1.0 -0.1

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.452 1.3 0.4 0.0 0.5 0.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  0.5 0.5 0.0 0.6 0.5

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.2 0.2 -0.2 0.4 0.2

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

Other goods(8)

1.476 3.0 0.7 0.2 -0.4 0.5

Tobacco and smoking products

0.587 5.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3

Cigarettes(2)

0.509 5.9 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.060 1.1 -0.5 0.1 -0.2 -0.5

Personal care products(1)

0.689 -1.2 0.1 0.1 -1.1 0.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.370 0.0 -0.2 0.4 -0.6 -0.2

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.311 -2.7 0.4 -0.4 -1.9 0.4

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.200 9.4 4.0 0.2 -0.5 2.9

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  7.7 -0.3 -0.5 1.6 0.2

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

  10.2 16.1 -5.5 -0.6 16.1

Services less energy services

59.387 3.1 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3

Shelter

33.158 3.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4

Rent of shelter(12)

32.787 3.4 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4

Rent of primary residence

7.792 3.8 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4

Lodging away from home(2)

0.924 -0.2 4.0 0.6 -1.4 0.2

Housing at school, excluding board(12)

0.118 2.3 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.807 -0.6 4.6 0.6 -1.6 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(12)

24.071 3.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(12)

22.864 3.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.371 -0.3 -0.3 0.0 -0.1 -0.3

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.083 3.0 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.2

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.795 2.9 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.0

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.288 3.2 0.9 0.1 0.0 0.9

Household operations(1)(2)

0.875 3.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.291 1.4 0.2 0.9 0.0 0.2

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.303     0.2    

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.087 1.2 1.3 -2.4 0.5 1.3

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.117 5.5 0.5 0.3 -0.1 0.5

Medical care services

7.190 5.1 0.7 0.4 0.3 0.3

Professional services

3.643 1.2 0.0 0.2 0.1 -0.2

Physicians' services

1.811 0.7 -0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.4

Dental services

0.990 2.5 0.1 0.2 0.2 -0.3

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.369 0.8 -0.1 0.3 0.0 -0.1

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.474 1.4 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2

Hospital and related services

2.378 3.7 1.2 0.3 0.2 0.7

Hospital services(13)

2.186 3.8 1.2 0.3 0.2 0.8

Inpatient hospital services(13)(3)

  4.2 1.2 0.4 0.3 0.6

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  3.1 1.5 0.2 0.2 1.0

Nursing homes and adult day services(13)

0.122 2.5 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.0

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.069 1.5 0.0 -0.3 0.1 0.0

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.170 20.5 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.7

Transportation services

5.399 0.7 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.3

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

0.646 -5.4 -0.2 -0.6 -0.7 -0.2

Car and truck rental(2)

0.129 5.3 -4.3 4.3 -1.6 1.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.077 3.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.058 4.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.4 -0.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.627 3.5 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.0

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.333 2.6 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.5

Motor vehicle insurance

1.701 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.1 -0.2

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.573 2.7 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.3

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.297 2.7 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.4

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.261 2.6 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  2.2 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.0

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

    0.2   0.2 0.2

Public transportation

1.274 1.8 0.7 0.0 -0.6 0.2

Airline fares

0.786 2.7 1.1 -0.2 -0.6 0.7

Other intercity transportation

0.180 -0.9 -0.7 0.4 -1.7 0.3

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

  2.4 -16.3 9.8 0.9 -16.3

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

           

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  -3.2 0.2 -1.1 -1.3 0.2

Intracity transportation(1)

0.304 1.1 0.3 0.4 -1.1 0.3

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  1.8 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Recreation services(8)

3.781 2.6 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.3

Video and audio services(8)

1.243 2.9 0.3 0.3 0.7 0.4

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.159 3.5 0.5 0.4 0.8 0.7

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.084 -6.5 -2.4 -1.4 -1.1 -2.4

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  -12.6 -4.1 -1.6 -1.2 -4.1

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  4.2 0.2 -1.0 -1.3 0.2

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.551 4.0 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.3

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  1.9 0.2   0.7 0.2

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  4.7 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.2

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.044 -3.0 0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.2

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

  -4.4 -0.3 -0.3 0.2 -0.3

Photo processing(1)(2)(3)

  0.1 0.6 0.3 -0.6 0.6

Other recreation services(2)

1.942 2.1 0.4 0.8 0.1 0.2

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.701 3.0 0.5 1.1 0.6 0.5

Admissions

0.704 1.6 0.3 0.4 -0.2 -0.1

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  2.7 0.3 -0.1 -0.5 0.3

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  2.3 0.4 3.7 1.5 0.4

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.213 1.5 0.2 1.2 0.0 0.2

Education and communication services(8)

6.249 2.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.4

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.922 2.4 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.4

College tuition and fees

1.579 1.9 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.5

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.427 2.7 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.3

Day care and preschool(9)

0.762 3.2 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.1

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.036 1.3 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.4

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.108 4.9 1.3 0.3 0.2 0.6

Postage

0.098 5.2 1.2 0.3 0.1 0.8

Delivery services(2)

0.010 3.5 2.0 0.1 0.8 -1.4

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.305 1.8 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.3

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.908 -0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0

Land-line telephone services(1)(8)

0.397 8.2 1.6 1.3 0.3 1.6

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.902 2.2 0.9 0.7 0.3 0.7

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.651 2.6 0.6 0.1 0.4 0.6

Personal care services(1)

0.666 3.3 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.7

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.666 3.3 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.7

Miscellaneous personal services

0.984 2.1 0.6 0.0 0.5 0.6

Legal services(1)(6)

0.250 0.8 0.7 -0.2 0.0 0.7

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.141 2.4 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.3

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.219 4.0 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.3

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.030 3.8 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2

Financial services(6)

0.232 1.4 0.8 0.0 1.0 0.8

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

  1.8 2.0 -0.4 1.2 2.0

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, January 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Dec.
2019
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jan.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020
Jan.
2019-
Jan.
2020
Dec.
2019-
Jan.
2020
Oct.
2019-
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2019-
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2019-
Jan.
2020

All items less food

86.229 250.974 256.516 257.476 2.6 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.1

All items less shelter

66.842 230.765 234.656 235.553 2.1 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.0

All items less food and shelter

53.072 224.129 228.109 228.926 2.1 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.0

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.366 230.902 233.426 234.373 1.5 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.2

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.833 236.570 239.454 240.588 1.7 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.2

All items less medical care

91.167 240.270 244.861 245.789 2.3 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1

All items less energy

93.294 258.855 263.450 264.540 2.2 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.2

Commodities

37.518 181.815 184.441 185.055 1.8 0.3 0.1 0.4 -0.2

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.604 145.104 144.230 145.098 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.1

Commodities less food

23.747 149.079 151.332 151.711 1.8 0.3 0.1 0.5 -0.4

Commodities less food and beverages

22.724 145.620 147.899 148.253 1.8 0.2 0.2 0.5 -0.4

Services

62.482 320.695 328.603 329.987 2.9 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4

Services less rent of shelter(1)

29.696 339.422 346.068 347.578 2.4 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.2

Services less medical care services

55.292 305.131 311.903 313.118 2.6 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.3

Durables

10.679 104.808 103.695 103.896 -0.9 0.2 -0.3 -0.2 -0.4

Nondurables

26.838 220.860 226.120 226.998 2.8 0.4 0.2 0.6 -0.2

Nondurables less food

13.068 191.151 197.719 198.307 3.7 0.3 0.1 1.1 -0.5

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.045 187.418 194.325 194.871 4.0 0.3 0.2 1.2 -0.6

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.235 232.074 245.365 245.172 5.6 -0.1 0.1 1.4 -1.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.258 232.683 244.816 244.762 5.2 0.0 0.1 1.3 -0.9

Housing

42.107 262.284 268.236 269.468 2.7 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.3

Education and communication(2)

6.770 137.055 138.839 139.132 1.5 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.3

Education(2)

3.032 263.125 268.700 268.841 2.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3

Communication(2)

3.738 73.103 73.541 73.790 0.9 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.2

Information and information processing(2)

3.630 69.184 69.532 69.749 0.8 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.2

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.325 7.457 7.347 7.375 -1.1 0.4 0.3 -0.3 0.1

Recreation(2)

5.821 120.265 121.545 121.986 1.4 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.3

Video and audio(2)

1.518 104.478 105.427 105.680 1.2 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.3

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.203 174.918 180.308 180.442 3.2 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.1

Photography(2)

0.070 73.672 72.665 73.348 -0.4 0.9 -0.1 -0.7 0.9

Food and beverages

14.794 256.185 259.403 260.638 1.7 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.2

Domestically produced farm food

6.330 248.889 249.635 250.763 0.8 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.1

Other services

11.681 356.039 363.215 364.536 2.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4

Apparel less footwear

2.142 114.946 110.983 112.770 -1.9 1.6 0.6 0.1 0.5

Fuels and utilities

4.349 242.374 241.788 243.739 0.6 0.8 0.2 -0.1 0.4

Household energy

3.266 200.575 198.426 200.219 -0.2 0.9 0.3 -0.1 0.5

Medical care

8.833 490.204 509.689 512.149 4.5 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.2

Transportation

15.738 202.570 208.482 208.284 2.8 -0.1 0.2 0.7 -0.6

Private transportation

14.465 198.551 204.610 204.277 2.9 -0.2 0.2 0.8 -0.7

New and used motor vehicles(2)

7.277 99.548 98.495 98.491 -1.1 0.0 -0.3 -0.2 -0.4

Utilities and public transportation

8.917 216.114 217.864 219.206 1.4 0.6 0.4 -0.2 0.2

Household furnishings and operations

4.600 123.334 123.462 124.151 0.7 0.6 0.0 -0.2 -0.1

Other goods and services

3.127 446.000 455.413 458.336 2.8 0.6 0.2 -0.1 0.6

Personal care

2.540 232.227 235.310 237.024 2.1 0.7 0.1 -0.2 0.7

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, January 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Jan. 2020 from: Percent change to Dec. 2019 from:
Jan.
2019
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019

U.S. city average

M

2.5 0.3 0.4 2.3 -0.1 -0.1

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

2.3 0.6 0.7 1.9 0.0 -0.1

Northeast - Size Class A

M

2.6 0.7 0.7 2.2 0.1 0.0

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.0 0.5 0.7 1.7 -0.1 -0.2

New England(4)

M

2.2 0.6 0.7 2.1 0.2 -0.1

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

2.4 0.6 0.7 1.9 0.0 -0.1

Midwest

M

2.5 0.4 0.4 2.3 -0.2 0.0

Midwest - Size Class A

M

2.7 0.5 0.5 2.3 -0.3 0.0

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.4 0.3 0.3 2.2 -0.1 -0.1

East North Central(4)

M

2.6 0.5 0.5 2.4 -0.2 0.0

West North Central(4)

M

2.2 0.0 0.2 2.1 -0.3 -0.1

South

M

2.3 0.3 0.3 2.1 -0.1 0.0

South - Size Class A

M

2.2 0.1 0.2 2.1 -0.2 -0.1

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.3 0.3 0.3 2.1 0.0 0.0

South Atlantic(4)

M

2.6 0.4 0.3 2.5 0.1 0.1

East South Central(4)

M

1.6 0.2 0.3 1.5 0.0 -0.1

West South Central(4)

M

1.9 0.0 0.2 1.8 -0.4 -0.2

West

M

2.9 0.1 0.3 2.8 -0.3 -0.2

West - Size Class A

M

3.0 0.1 0.5 2.8 -0.6 -0.4

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.8 0.1 0.1 2.8 -0.1 0.0

Mountain(4)

M

3.8 0.2 0.2 3.3 0.0 0.0

Pacific(4)

M

2.6 0.0 0.3 2.6 -0.5 -0.3

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

2.6 0.3 0.5 2.4 -0.2 -0.2

Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.4 0.3 0.3 2.2 -0.1 0.0

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

2.6 0.7 0.9 2.2 -0.5 -0.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

3.1 0.2 0.8 3.0 -0.9 -0.6

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

2.5 0.9 0.8 2.2 0.2 0.1

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

      3.3 -0.3  

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

      1.8 0.1  

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

      2.5 -0.6  

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

      1.0 -0.6  

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

      2.0 -0.2  

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

      2.4 -0.3  

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

      3.4 -0.6  

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

      2.5 -0.5  

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

      2.2 0.3  

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

      2.1 -0.1  

Urban Alaska

2

      0.0 -0.5  

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

2.2 0.6        

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

2.1 0.1        

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

3.8 -0.1        

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

3.0 0.6        

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

3.0 0.5        

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

2.3 0.3        

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

3.8 0.7        

Urban Hawaii

1

1.7 0.5        

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

1.6 0.5        

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, January 2020 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2000

    2.6 3.4

December 2001

    1.3 1.6

December 2002

    2.0 2.4

December 2003

    1.7 1.9

December 2004

    3.2 3.3

December 2005

    2.9 3.4

December 2006

    2.3 2.5

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

December 2017

    1.7 2.1

January 2018

0.5 0.5 1.6 2.1

February 2018

0.4 0.5 1.7 2.2

March 2018

0.2 0.2 1.9 2.4

April 2018

0.4 0.4 2.1 2.5

May 2018

0.3 0.4 2.3 2.8

June 2018

0.1 0.2 2.4 2.9

July 2018

0.0 0.0 2.6 2.9

August 2018

0.0 0.1 2.3 2.7

September 2018

0.1 0.1 1.9 2.3

October 2018

0.1 0.2 2.1 2.5

November 2018

-0.3 -0.3 1.8 2.2

December 2018

-0.4 -0.3 1.5 1.9

January 2019

0.2 0.2 1.3 1.6

February 2019

0.4 0.4 1.3 1.5

March 2019

0.5 0.6 1.5 1.9

April 2019

0.5 0.5 1.7 2.0

May 2019

0.2 0.2 1.5 1.8

June 2019

0.0 0.0 1.4 1.6

July 2019

0.2 0.2 1.6 1.8

August 2019

0.0 0.0 1.6 1.7

September 2019

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.7

October 2019

0.2 0.2 1.6 1.8

November 2019

-0.1 -0.1 1.8 2.1

December 2019

-0.1 -0.1 2.1 2.3

January 2020

0.4 0.4 2.3 2.5

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, January 2020, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Dec.
2019
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Dec. 2019-
Jan. 2020
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Dec. 2019-
Jan. 2020(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.1   0.04 S-Sep. 2019 0.1

Food

13.771 0.2 0.028 0.07 - -

Food at home

7.579 0.1 0.005 0.12 L-Nov. 2019 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

0.984 -0.4 -0.004 0.30 S-Jan. 2019 -0.5

Cereals and cereal products

0.301 0.1 0.000 0.54 L-Nov. 2019 0.1

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.040 -0.5 0.000 0.83 S-Oct. 2019 -0.5

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.140 -1.0 -0.001 0.74 S-Aug. 2019 -1.5

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.121 1.5 0.002 0.98 L-Mar. 2019 2.2

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  1.0   1.14 L-Jun. 2019 1.3

Bakery products(4)

0.682 0.1 0.001 0.36 L-Nov. 2019 0.1

Bread(4)(5)

0.196 -0.8 -0.002 0.74 S-Jun. 2019 -1.0

White bread(4)(6)

  -0.4   1.01 L-Nov. 2019 1.4

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  -1.0   0.77 S-Aug. 2019 -1.2

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.099 -1.1 -0.001 0.96 S-Jun. 2019 -1.4

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.175 0.6 0.001 0.71 L-May 2019 0.6

Cookies(4)(6)

  1.3   1.07 L-May 2019 1.3

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  1.2   0.78 L-Nov. 2019 4.3

Other bakery products

0.212 -1.8 -0.004 0.52 S-Apr. 2006 -1.9

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  -1.1   0.83 S-Jun. 2019 -1.3

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  -3.1   0.94 S-Aug. 2004 -3.1

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  -0.4   0.75 L-Nov. 2019 0.8

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.682 0.0 0.000 0.23 S-Aug. 2019 -0.5

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.581 0.1 0.002 0.24 S-Sep. 2019 0.1

Meats

0.989 0.3 0.003 0.29 S-Aug. 2019 -0.7

Beef and veal

0.454 0.0 0.000 0.45 S-Aug. 2019 -0.4

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.167 0.6 0.001 0.75 S-Nov. 2019 -0.1

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.070 -0.7 0.000 1.31 S-Oct. 2019 -3.0

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.176 0.0 0.000 0.70 S-Aug. 2019 -0.3

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.041 0.2 0.000 0.75 L-Nov. 2019 1.0

Pork

0.310 0.2 0.001 0.61 S-Aug. 2019 -1.8

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.128 0.2 0.000 0.83 S-Sep. 2019 0.2

Bacon and related products(6)

  -0.1   0.99 - -

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  1.1   1.20 L-May 2019 1.9

Ham

0.062 1.9 0.001 1.81 L-Mar. 2019 3.1

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  1.8   1.73 L-Mar. 2019 2.5

Pork chops(4)

0.048 -1.7 -0.001 1.57 S-Oct. 2019 -2.7

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.072 -0.9 -0.001 1.30 S-Aug. 2019 -2.4

Other meats

0.225 1.2 0.003 0.54 L-Jul. 2017 2.1

Frankfurters(6)

  4.8   1.31 L-Jul. 2017 5.4

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  0.9   0.59 L-Mar. 2018 1.1

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

           

Poultry(4)

0.323 -1.2 -0.004 0.63 S-Jan. 2018 -1.3

Chicken(4)(5)

0.266 -1.7 -0.005 0.70 S-Dec. 2015 -1.7

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  -2.1   1.43 S-Sep. 2019 -2.2

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  -1.6   0.77 S-Jan. 2018 -2.0

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.058 0.1 0.000 1.43 S-Oct. 2019 -1.0

Fish and seafood

0.268 0.7 0.002 0.47 L-May 2019 1.3

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.135 0.7 0.001 0.71 - -

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.133 0.9 0.001 0.65 L-Aug. 2018 0.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  0.7   0.97 L-Sep. 2019 1.9

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  0.0   0.84 L-Nov. 2019 0.4

Eggs

0.102 -1.4 -0.001 0.98 S-Oct. 2019 -2.1

Dairy and related products

0.768 0.2 0.001 0.31 L-Nov. 2019 0.5

Milk(5)

0.209 2.1 0.004 0.48 L-Nov. 2012 2.5

Fresh whole milk(6)

  1.8   0.70 L-Mar. 2014 2.4

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  2.1   0.52 L-Apr. 2011 2.7

Cheese and related products(4)

0.260 -0.2 -0.001 0.55 S-Jul. 2019 -0.2

Ice cream and related products

0.108 0.5 0.001 0.86 L-Oct. 2019 0.7

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.192 0.2 0.000 0.56 L-Jul. 2019 0.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.317 0.1 0.001 0.35 L-Oct. 2019 0.5

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.039 0.2 0.002 0.41 L-Oct. 2019 0.5

Fresh fruits

0.537 -1.4 -0.008 0.56 S-Oct. 2018 -1.9

Apples

0.074 -0.9 -0.001 1.21 L-Oct. 2019 3.0

Bananas(4)

0.078 -0.8 -0.001 0.80 S-Jul. 2019 -1.1

Citrus fruits(5)

0.135 -0.2 0.000 0.97 L-Nov. 2019 2.1

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -0.2   1.35 L-Nov. 2019 3.1

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.250 -3.6 -0.009 0.97 S-Jan. 2017 -3.7

Fresh vegetables

0.502 2.0 0.010 0.59 L-Dec. 2018 2.2

Potatoes

0.076 1.0 0.001 1.57 L-Oct. 2019 1.7

Lettuce(4)

0.063 0.5 0.000 2.16 L-Nov. 2019 6.3

Tomatoes

0.080 5.1 0.004 1.38 L-Oct. 2016 5.1

Other fresh vegetables

0.282 1.3 0.004 0.74 L-Apr. 2017 3.3

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.278 -0.5 -0.002 0.49 S-Jul. 2019 -0.5

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.145 -1.0 -0.001 0.69 S-Jul. 2019 -1.1

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  -1.4   0.88 S-Apr. 2019 -2.4

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.98 - -

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.083 1.6 0.001 0.94 L-May 2015 2.2

Frozen vegetables(6)

  1.5   1.21 L-Feb. 2019 1.7

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.051 -0.2 0.000 0.79 L-Nov. 2019 1.3

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   1.47 L-Nov. 2019 0.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.903 0.4 0.003 0.38 L-Nov. 2019 0.5

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.642 0.6 0.004 0.45 L-May 2019 1.0

Carbonated drinks

0.263 0.4 0.001 0.83 L-Nov. 2019 1.2

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.006 0.2 0.000 0.65 S-Nov. 2019 0.2

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.372 0.3 0.001 0.54 S-Nov. 2019 -0.4

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.261 -0.6 -0.002 0.63 L-Nov. 2019 0.9

Coffee

0.167 -0.5 -0.001 0.90 L-Nov. 2019 1.6

Roasted coffee(6)

  0.2   0.99 L-Nov. 2019 1.3

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  -1.3   1.15 L-Nov. 2019 1.7

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.094 -0.7 -0.001 0.74 S-Aug. 2019 -1.1

Other food at home

1.925 0.2 0.004 0.24 L-Sep. 2019 0.3

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.262 2.6 0.007 0.64 L-EVER -

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.035 0.7 0.000 0.84 L-Sep. 2019 0.7

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.175 2.4 0.004 0.90 L-Sep. 2011 2.5

Other sweets(5)

0.053 0.1 0.000 0.79 S-Nov. 2019 -1.3

Fats and oils

0.209 1.2 0.003 0.51 L-May 2019 1.5

Butter and margarine(5)

0.062 2.0 0.001 0.97 L-Jun. 2016 2.1

Butter(6)

  1.7   1.57 L-May 2019 2.0

Margarine(6)

  2.2   0.92 L-Apr. 2017 2.2

Salad dressing(5)

0.051 1.4 0.001 0.93 L-May 2019 1.9

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.096 0.5 0.000 0.87 L-May 2019 1.7

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  -3.6   1.28 S-Dec. 2017 -4.0

Other foods

1.453 -0.4 -0.005 0.25 S-Jul. 2019 -0.7

Soups

0.085 0.7 0.001 1.06 L-Sep. 2019 0.8

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.250 1.1 0.003 0.69 L-Oct. 2019 1.2

Snacks(4)

0.329 -0.7 -0.002 0.66 L-Nov. 2019 0.0

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.283 -0.7 -0.002 0.51 S-Apr. 2019 -0.8

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  0.1   1.05 S-Nov. 2019 -0.7

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  4.0   0.63 L-Jan. 2017 5.1

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  -0.9   0.87 S-Nov. 2019 -1.0

Other condiments(6)

  -0.8   1.12 S-Oct. 2019 -1.7

Baby food(4)(5)

0.042 -1.2 0.000 0.78 L-Nov. 2019 -0.2

Other miscellaneous foods(5)

0.464 -1.0 -0.005 0.58 S-EVER -

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  -0.5   0.87 S-May 2019 -2.7

Food away from home(4)

6.191 0.4 0.023 0.05 L-Feb. 2019 0.4

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

3.127 0.4 0.011 0.06 L-Jun. 2019 0.6

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.665 0.4 0.011 0.10 - -

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.145 0.1 0.000 0.11 L-Oct. 2019 0.3

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  0.0   0.06 L-Nov. 2019 0.0

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.081 0.3 0.000 0.25 L-Nov. 2019 0.4

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.173 0.0 0.000 0.09 - -

Energy

6.706 -0.7 -0.049 0.16 S-Sep. 2019 -0.8

Energy commodities

3.610 -1.6 -0.060 0.20 S-Aug. 2019 -2.3

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.170 -1.4 -0.002 0.43 S-Jun. 2019 -1.6

Fuel oil

0.106 -0.4 0.000 0.52 S-Sep. 2019 -0.6

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.063 -3.0 -0.002 0.60 S-Jan. 2015 -4.5

Motor fuel

3.440 -1.6 -0.057 0.21 S-Aug. 2019 -2.3

Gasoline (all types)

3.362 -1.6 -0.057 0.21 S-Aug. 2019 -2.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  -1.5   0.68 S-Sep. 2019 -1.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  -1.0   0.73 S-Aug. 2019 -2.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  -1.3   0.76 S-Aug. 2019 -1.3

Other motor fuels(5)

0.079 0.4 0.000 0.24 S-Oct. 2019 0.2

Energy services

3.096 0.6 0.017 0.19 L-Oct. 2019 0.7

Electricity

2.405 0.4 0.010 0.20 L-Oct. 2019 0.6

Utility (piped) gas service

0.691 1.0 0.007 0.31 L-Oct. 2019 1.2

All items less food and energy

79.524 0.2 0.192 0.04 L-Nov. 2019 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.137 0.0 -0.007 0.11 - -

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.725 -0.1 -0.004 0.22 L-Nov. 2019 -0.1

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.279 4.4 0.012 1.10 L-EVER -

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.064 0.8 0.001 0.91 - -

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.059 2.2 0.001 1.47 S-Nov. 2019 0.4

Other linens(4)(5)

0.157 6.6 0.010 1.72 L-EVER -

Furniture and bedding(4)

0.936 0.2 0.002 0.49 L-Sep. 2019 0.9

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.336 0.6 0.002 0.62 L-Sep. 2019 0.8

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.450 -0.5 -0.002 0.86 L-Nov. 2019 0.0

Other furniture(4)(5)

0.141 1.7 0.002 0.99 L-Oct. 2019 2.0

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

  1.0   0.37 L-Nov. 2019 6.4

Appliances(5)

0.210 -0.8 -0.002 0.58 S-Feb. 2019 -1.0

Major appliances(5)

0.068 -0.4 0.000 0.98 L-Nov. 2019 0.3

Laundry equipment(6)

  -1.6   1.42 L-Nov. 2019 0.8

Other appliances(5)

0.140 -1.2 -0.002 0.70 S-May 2014 -2.3

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.537 -0.4 -0.002 0.59 - -

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.313 0.3 0.001 0.93 L-Nov. 2019 0.4

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.091 -1.6 -0.001 0.64 S-Jun. 2018 -1.8

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.054 5.1 0.003 1.39 L-Jun. 2019 6.1

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.079 1.1 0.001 0.96 - -

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.872 0.0 0.000 0.43 S-Nov. 2019 -1.2

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.238 1.0 0.002 0.60 L-Dec. 2018 1.6

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.448 -0.2 -0.001 0.52 S-Nov. 2019 -0.7

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.891 -0.1 -0.001 0.31 S-Aug. 2019 -0.6

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.351 -0.1 0.000 0.34 S-Oct. 2019 -0.1

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.221 -0.8 -0.002 0.59 S-Jul. 2019 -0.8

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.319 0.2 0.001 0.66 L-Oct. 2019 0.2

Apparel

2.810 0.7 0.019 0.52 L-Jun. 2019 0.9

Men's and boys' apparel

0.697 0.6 0.005 0.66 L-Sep. 2019 1.4

Men's apparel

0.553 2.3 0.014 0.74 L-Feb. 2009 3.1

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.103 1.5 0.002 2.12 L-Aug. 2019 1.7

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.155 4.2 0.006 1.11 L-Feb. 2019 5.2

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.159 -1.0 -0.002 1.15 S-Nov. 2019 -2.0

Men's pants and shorts

0.131 6.2 0.008 1.22 L-Oct. 2013 10.5

Boys' apparel

0.144 -5.8 -0.008 1.46 S-EVER -

Women's and girls' apparel

1.158 0.2 0.002 0.93 S-Oct. 2019 -2.7

Women's apparel

0.961 -0.1 -0.001 1.09 S-Oct. 2019 -2.7

Women's outerwear

0.067 -5.5 -0.004 1.87 S-Aug. 2012 -7.7

Women's dresses

0.106 -2.3 -0.003 1.58 S-Aug. 2019 -2.7

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.496 -0.7 -0.003 1.54 S-Oct. 2019 -4.7

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.282 3.5 0.010 1.38 L-Feb. 2009 4.6

Girls' apparel

0.197 1.8 0.004 1.95 L-Nov. 2019 2.5

Footwear

0.668 1.3 0.009 0.71 L-Jan. 2019 2.2

Men's footwear(4)

0.233 1.3 0.003 0.99 L-Sep. 2019 1.5

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.140 1.3 0.002 1.31 L-Jul. 2019 1.3

Women's footwear

0.295 1.7 0.005 0.91 L-Feb. 2018 2.0

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.133 1.2 0.002 1.21 L-Feb. 2019 1.7

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.154 2.0 0.003 2.07 L-Jun. 2019 3.9

Watches(4)(9)

0.038 2.4 0.001 1.91 L-Oct. 2019 3.4

Jewelry(9)

0.116 2.7 0.003 2.46 L-Jun. 2019 4.8

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

6.899 -0.4 -0.028 0.11 S-Oct. 2019 -0.5

New vehicles

3.734 0.0 0.001 0.19 S-Nov. 2019 -0.1

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  0.0   0.17 S-Nov. 2019 -0.1

New cars(6)

  0.2   0.17 L-Mar. 2019 0.3

New trucks(13)(6)

  -0.1   0.20 S-Aug. 2019 -0.1

Used cars and trucks

2.533 -1.2 -0.031 0.02 S-Oct. 2019 -1.2

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.397 0.4 0.002 0.36 L-Nov. 2019 0.4

Tires(4)

0.252 -0.2 -0.001 0.35 - -

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.145 1.4 0.002 0.62 L-Nov. 2008 1.7

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  1.8   0.47 L-Jan. 1980 1.8

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  -3.0   1.56 S-Apr. 2019 -5.2

Medical care commodities

1.643 -0.6 -0.009 0.30 S-Feb. 2019 -0.7

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.569 -0.4 -0.007 0.31 S-Jun. 2019 -0.4

Prescription drugs

1.184 -0.4 -0.005 0.32 S-Jun. 2019 -0.6

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.385 -1.3 -0.005 0.53 S-Sep. 2017 -1.4

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.074 -0.8 -0.001 0.59 L-Nov. 2019 1.0

Recreation commodities(11)

2.040 0.1 0.003 0.22 L-Nov. 2019 0.1

Video and audio products(11)

0.275 -0.9 -0.002 0.38 L-Oct. 2019 -0.3

Televisions

0.097 -1.7 -0.002 0.68 L-Oct. 2019 -1.4

Other video equipment(5)

0.042 -1.4 -0.001 0.88 S-Apr. 2019 -1.4

Audio equipment(4)

0.078 0.2 0.000 0.84 L-Oct. 2019 0.5

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.046 -0.7 0.000 0.67 S-Sep. 2019 -3.6

Pets and pet products(4)

0.653 -0.1 -0.001 0.24 S-Sep. 2019 -0.1

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.26 S-Sep. 2019 -0.3

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.45 S-Nov. 2019 0.1

Sporting goods

0.597 0.6 0.004 0.56 L-Nov. 2019 0.8

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.362 0.6 0.002 0.79 L-Nov. 2019 1.2

Sports equipment

0.225 0.0 0.000 0.53 L-Oct. 2019 0.4

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.025 2.4 0.001 0.88 L-Feb. 2013 2.5

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

           

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  2.6   1.01 L-Jun. 2016 2.8

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.117 1.4 0.002 1.00 L-Oct. 2019 3.0

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.066 2.4 0.002 1.26 L-Oct. 2019 3.1

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.049 -0.1 0.000 1.25 L-Oct. 2019 2.8

Other recreational goods(5)

0.374 -0.2 -0.001 0.48 L-Oct. 2019 -0.2

Toys

0.289 -0.3 -0.001 0.50 L-Sep. 2019 -0.2

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.68 L-Sep. 2019 -0.4

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.021 0.4 0.000 1.24 L-Nov. 2019 0.9

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.047 0.4 0.000 0.64 L-Nov. 2019 2.0

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.521 -1.2 -0.006 0.46 S-Oct. 2019 -1.4

Educational books and supplies

0.110 -1.7 -0.002 0.76 S-Jun. 2018 -1.8

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  -2.7   0.84 S-EVER -

Information technology commodities(11)

0.411 -1.1 -0.005 0.53 L-Nov. 2019 -0.5

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(7)

0.298 -1.1 -0.003 0.68 L-Nov. 2019 0.0

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.019 -1.2 0.000 1.50 S-Nov. 2019 -2.8

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(5)

0.094 -1.4 -0.001 0.81 L-Oct. 2019 -1.4

Alcoholic beverages

1.023 0.3 0.003 0.18 L-Jul. 2019 0.4

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.572 0.4 0.002 0.27 L-May 2019 0.7

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.220 0.8 0.002 0.34 L-Aug. 2014 0.8

Distilled spirits at home

0.092 0.4 0.000 0.44 S-Nov. 2019 -0.2

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  1.5   0.90 L-Jul. 2019 2.0

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  1.0   0.62 L-Feb. 2019 1.1

Wine at home

0.259 -0.1 0.000 0.47 L-Aug. 2019 0.3

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.452 0.4 0.002 0.22 S-Nov. 2019 0.0

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   0.25 S-Nov. 2019 0.0

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.17 S-Nov. 2019 -0.2

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.25 L-Sep. 2019 0.3

Other goods(11)

1.476 0.5 0.008 0.21 L-Aug. 2019 0.6

Tobacco and smoking products

0.587 0.3 0.002 0.13 - -

Cigarettes(5)

0.509 0.4 0.002 0.13 L-Nov. 2019 0.4

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.060 -0.5 0.000 0.39 S-Apr. 2019 -0.6

Personal care products(4)

0.689 0.1 0.001 0.28 L-Nov. 2019 0.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.370 -0.2 -0.001 0.37 L-Nov. 2019 0.4

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.311 0.4 0.001 0.44 L-Aug. 2019 0.5

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.200 2.9 0.006 1.05 L-Aug. 2019 3.1

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  0.2   1.05 S-Nov. 2019 -0.5

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

  16.1   1.19 L-EVER -

Services less energy services

59.387 0.3 0.204 0.04 L-Nov. 2019 0.3

Shelter

33.158 0.4 0.118 0.05 L-May 2018 0.4

Rent of shelter(15)

32.787 0.4 0.116 0.06 L-Apr. 2019 0.4

Rent of primary residence

7.792 0.4 0.028 0.04 L-Jun. 2019 0.4

Lodging away from home(5)

0.924 0.2 0.002 1.55 L-Nov. 2019 0.6

Housing at school, excluding board(15)

0.118 0.2 0.000 0.04 S-Nov. 2019 0.1

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.807 0.1 0.001 1.76 L-Nov. 2019 0.6

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(15)

24.071 0.3 0.082 0.04 L-Sep. 2019 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(15)

22.864 0.3 0.078 0.04 L-Sep. 2019 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.371 -0.3 -0.001 0.07 S-Aug. 2019 -0.3

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.083 0.2 0.003 0.08 - -

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.795 0.0 0.000 0.09 S-Feb. 2019 0.0

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.288 0.9 0.003 0.15 L-Nov. 2018 3.0

Household operations(4)(5)

0.875 0.1 0.001 0.21 - -

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.291 0.2 0.001 0.29 L-Nov. 2019 0.9

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.303   -0.001 0.06 - -

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.087 1.3 0.001 0.60 L-Jul. 2019 2.1

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.117 0.5 0.001 0.22 L-Jun. 2019 2.3

Medical care services

7.190 0.3 0.025 0.17 - -

Professional services

3.643 -0.2 -0.007 0.13 S-Aug. 2018 -0.2

Physicians' services

1.811 -0.4 -0.007 0.17 S-Nov. 2017 -0.5

Dental services

0.990 -0.3 -0.003 0.10 S-Aug. 2018 -0.7

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.369 -0.1 0.000 0.24 S-Sep. 2019 -0.6

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.474 0.2 0.001 0.14 L-Sep. 2019 0.4

Hospital and related services

2.378 0.7 0.016 0.21 L-Oct. 2019 0.9

Hospital services(16)

2.186 0.8 0.016 0.24 L-Oct. 2019 1.1

Inpatient hospital services(16)(6)

  0.6   0.32 L-Oct. 2019 1.1

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  1.0   0.25 L-Aug. 2019 1.2

Nursing homes and adult day services(16)

0.122 0.0 0.000 0.13 S-Aug. 2019 0.0

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.069 0.0 0.000 0.11 S-Nov. 2019 -0.3

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.170 1.7 0.020 0.20 L-Oct. 2019 2.2

Transportation services

5.399 0.3 0.014 0.11 L-Aug. 2019 0.3

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

0.646 -0.2 -0.001 0.37 L-Oct. 2019 0.0

Car and truck rental(5)

0.129 1.2 0.002 1.64 L-Nov. 2019 4.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.077 0.2 0.002 0.19 L-Oct. 2019 0.2

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.058 -0.2 0.000 0.25 S-Jun. 2017 -0.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.627 0.0 0.000 0.23 S-Oct. 2019 0.0

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.333 0.5 0.002 0.26 L-Apr. 2019 0.5

Motor vehicle insurance

1.701 -0.2 -0.004 0.11 S-May 2019 -0.3

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.573 0.3 0.002 0.13 L-Oct. 2019 0.5

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.297 0.4 0.001 0.11 L-Oct. 2019 0.6

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.261 0.2 0.001 0.25 S-Nov. 2019 0.2

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.0   0.26 S-Aug. 2019 -0.5

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.31 - -

Public transportation

1.274 0.2 0.003 0.37 L-Aug. 2019 0.5

Airline fares

0.786 0.7 0.005 0.57 L-May 2019 1.1

Other intercity transportation

0.180 0.3 0.000 0.70 L-Nov. 2019 0.4

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

  -16.3   1.47 S-EVER -

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.75 L-Aug. 2019 1.2

Intracity transportation(4)

0.304 0.3 0.001 0.35 L-Nov. 2019 0.4

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  0.1   0.13 L-Oct. 2019 0.1

Recreation services(11)

3.781 0.3 0.011 0.17 S-Sep. 2019 0.0

Video and audio services(11)

1.243 0.4 0.006 0.17 S-Nov. 2019 0.3

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.159 0.7 0.008 0.19 S-Nov. 2019 0.4

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.084 -2.4 -0.002 0.95 S-Jul. 2019 -4.3

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -4.1   1.68 S-Jul. 2019 -6.2

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.76 L-Sep. 2019 0.6

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.551 0.3 0.002 0.16 S-Oct. 2019 0.3

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.24 S-Aug. 2019 -0.4

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.2   0.25 S-Sep. 2019 0.1

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.044 0.2 0.000 0.46 L-Oct. 2019 1.2

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.62 S-Nov. 2019 -0.3

Photo processing(4)(5)(6)

  0.6   0.62 L-Aug. 2019 0.7

Other recreation services(5)

1.942 0.2 0.004 0.31 L-Nov. 2019 0.8

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.701 0.5 0.004 0.35 S-Sep. 2019 -0.5

Admissions

0.704 -0.1 -0.001 0.69 L-Nov. 2019 0.4

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.54 L-Oct. 2019 0.7

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   2.10 S-Sep. 2019 -1.6

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.213 0.2 0.000 0.43 L-Nov. 2019 1.2

Education and communication services(11)

6.249 0.4 0.024 0.07 L-Jan. 2013 0.4

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.922 0.4 0.011 0.10 L-Mar. 2019 0.4

College tuition and fees

1.579 0.5 0.008 0.16 L-Oct. 2018 0.6

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.427 0.3 0.001 0.06 - -

Day care and preschool(12)

0.762 0.1 0.001 0.13 S-Aug. 2019 0.0

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.036 0.4 0.000 0.12 L-Sep. 2019 0.9

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.108 0.6 0.001 0.03 L-Feb. 2019 1.4

Postage

0.098 0.8 0.001 0.00 L-Feb. 2019 1.5

Delivery services(5)

0.010 -1.4 0.000 0.27 S-Jan. 2016 -2.7

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.305 0.3 0.006 0.10 L-Nov. 2019 0.5

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.908 0.0 0.000 0.05 S-Oct. 2019 0.0

Land-line telephone services(4)(11)

0.397 1.6 0.006 0.36 L-Jan. 2014 1.6

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.902 0.7 0.006 0.22 L-Nov. 2019 0.7

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.651 0.6 0.010 0.13 L-Feb. 2019 0.6

Personal care services(4)

0.666 0.7 0.005 0.14 L-Jun. 2018 0.8

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.666 0.7 0.005 0.14 L-Jun. 2018 0.8

Miscellaneous personal services

0.984 0.6 0.006 0.15 L-Feb. 2019 0.7

Legal services(4)(9)

0.250 0.7 0.002 0.12 L-Feb. 2019 0.9

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.141 0.3 0.000 0.19 S-Nov. 2019 0.2

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.219 0.3 0.001 0.22 S-Nov. 2019 0.1

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.030 0.2 0.000 0.36 - -

Financial services(9)

0.232 0.8 0.002 0.20 S-Nov. 2019 0.0

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.00 - -

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

  2.0   0.31 L-May 2019 3.6

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.229 0.1 0.120 0.04 S-Sep. 2019 0.1

All items less shelter

66.842 0.0 0.025 0.05 S-Sep. 2019 0.0

All items less food and shelter

53.072 0.0 0.000 0.06 S-Sep. 2019 0.0

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.366 0.2 0.073 0.06 L-Nov. 2019 0.2

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.833 0.2 0.102 0.07 L-Nov. 2019 0.2

All items less medical care

91.167 0.1 0.130 0.04 S-Sep. 2019 0.1

All items less energy

93.294 0.2 0.220 0.04 L-Nov. 2019 0.2

Commodities

37.518 -0.2 -0.072 0.07 S-Aug. 2019 -0.2

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.604 0.1 0.024 0.12 L-Aug. 2019 0.1

Commodities less food

23.747 -0.4 -0.099 0.09 S-Jan. 2019 -0.7

Commodities less food and beverages

22.724 -0.4 -0.101 0.10 S-Jan. 2019 -0.8

Services

62.482 0.4 0.220 0.04 L-Mar. 2014 0.4

Services less rent of shelter(15)

29.696 0.2 0.066 0.06 L-Nov. 2019 0.3

Services less medical care services

55.292 0.3 0.153 0.04 L-Nov. 2019 0.3

Durables

10.679 -0.4 -0.045 0.12 S-Sep. 2018 -0.4

Nondurables

26.838 -0.2 -0.044 0.08 S-Sep. 2019 -0.2

Nondurables less food

13.068 -0.5 -0.066 0.15 S-Sep. 2019 -0.6

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.045 -0.6 -0.068 0.16 S-Sep. 2019 -0.6

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.235 -1.0 -0.093 0.13 S-Aug. 2019 -1.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.258 -0.9 -0.091 0.12 S-Aug. 2019 -1.0

Housing

42.107 0.3 0.133 0.05 L-Sep. 2019 0.3

Education and communication(5)

6.770 0.3 0.018 0.07 L-Nov. 2019 0.3

Education(5)

3.032 0.3 0.009 0.10 L-Mar. 2019 0.3

Communication(5)

3.738 0.2 0.008 0.10 L-Nov. 2019 0.4

Information and information processing(5)

3.630 0.2 0.008 0.11 L-Nov. 2019 0.4

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.325 0.1 0.002 0.24 L-Nov. 2019 0.3

Recreation(5)

5.821 0.3 0.015 0.15 L-Nov. 2019 0.4

Video and audio(5)

1.518 0.3 0.004 0.17 S-Nov. 2019 0.2

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.203 0.1 0.001 0.16 S-Sep. 2019 0.0

Photography(5)

0.070 0.9 0.001 0.53 L-Nov. 2018 0.9

Food and beverages

14.794 0.2 0.031 0.07 - -

Domestically produced farm food

6.330 0.1 0.008 0.13 L-Nov. 2019 0.2

Other services

11.681 0.4 0.046 0.07 L-Nov. 2019 0.4

Apparel less footwear

2.142 0.5 0.011 0.64 L-Nov. 2019 0.6

Fuels and utilities

4.349 0.4 0.017 0.14 L-Oct. 2019 0.6

Household energy

3.266 0.5 0.015 0.18 L-Oct. 2019 0.7

Medical care

8.833 0.2 0.016 0.18 S-Feb. 2019 0.0

Transportation

15.738 -0.6 -0.093 0.08 S-Jan. 2019 -1.4

Private transportation

14.465 -0.7 -0.100 0.09 S-Jan. 2019 -1.4

New and used motor vehicles(5)

7.277 -0.4 -0.029 0.11 S-Oct. 2019 -0.4

Utilities and public transportation

8.917 0.2 0.019 0.10 L-Nov. 2019 0.4

Household furnishings and operations

4.600 -0.1 -0.002 0.18 L-Nov. 2019 0.0

Other goods and services

3.127 0.6 0.020 0.12 L-Apr. 2018 0.7

Personal care(4)

2.540 0.7 0.018 0.15 L-Apr. 2018 0.7

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, January 2020, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Dec.
2019
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Jan. 2019-
Jan. 2020
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Jan. 2019-
Jan. 2020(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 2.5   0.08 L-Oct. 2018 2.5

Food

13.771 1.8 0.244 0.15 - -

Food at home

7.579 0.7 0.055 0.19 - -

Cereals and bakery products

0.984 0.3 0.003 0.44 - -

Cereals and cereal products

0.301 0.4 0.001 0.80 L-Oct. 2019 0.9

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.040 -0.5 0.000 1.08 S-Sep. 2019 -1.3

Breakfast cereal

0.140 -0.1 0.000 1.01 L-Oct. 2019 0.1

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.121 1.2 0.002 1.35 L-Oct. 2019 2.0

Rice(4)(5)

  -2.1   1.84 L-Nov. 2019 -1.6

Bakery products

0.682 0.3 0.002 0.55 S-May 2018 0.0

Bread(4)

0.196 1.4 0.003 0.98 S-Aug. 2019 1.2

White bread(5)

  2.0   1.32 S-Aug. 2019 1.3

Bread other than white(5)

  0.6   1.32 S-Jun. 2018 -0.1

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.099 -2.0 -0.002 1.35 S-Feb. 2017 -2.2

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.175 1.0 0.002 1.01 L-Sep. 2019 2.5

Cookies(5)

  0.5   1.31 L-Nov. 2019 0.5

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  0.9   1.09 L-Nov. 2019 2.6

Other bakery products

0.212 -0.5 -0.001 0.89 S-Aug. 2018 -0.6

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  1.6   1.97 S-Sep. 2018 1.0

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  -1.3   1.60 S-Sep. 2018 -1.3

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  -0.9   0.81 L-Nov. 2019 0.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.682 1.9 0.031 0.33 S-Nov. 2019 1.0

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.581 2.3 0.035 0.35 S-Nov. 2019 1.6

Meats

0.989 3.4 0.032 0.44 S-Nov. 2019 2.5

Beef and veal

0.454 3.9 0.017 0.59 S-Nov. 2019 2.6

Uncooked ground beef

0.167 4.0 0.007 0.86 S-Nov. 2019 2.2

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.070 5.4 0.003 1.62 S-Nov. 2019 4.8

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.176 3.2 0.005 0.93 S-Nov. 2019 2.2

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.041 4.0 0.002 1.19 S-Nov. 2019 3.2

Pork

0.310 3.2 0.010 0.91 S-Nov. 2019 2.7

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.128 3.3 0.004 1.14 S-Nov. 2019 2.9

Bacon and related products(5)

  2.7   1.48 L-Nov. 2019 3.8

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  3.7   1.62 S-Nov. 2019 1.9

Ham

0.062 4.6 0.003 3.14 L-Nov. 2019 5.3

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  4.3   3.40 L-Nov. 2019 5.2

Pork chops

0.048 4.3 0.002 2.19 L-Apr. 2018 5.7

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.072 1.6 0.001 2.01 S-Nov. 2019 0.7

Other meats

0.225 2.5 0.006 0.72 L-Oct. 2015 2.5

Frankfurters(5)

  4.2   1.91 L-Aug. 2019 5.6

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  2.9   0.88 L-Jul. 2015 2.9

Lamb and organ meats(5)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)

           

Poultry

0.323 0.7 0.002 0.77 S-Nov. 2019 0.1

Chicken(4)

0.266 -0.1 0.000 0.91 S-Oct. 2019 -0.8

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  2.2   1.77 S-Nov. 2019 -0.3

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  -0.8   1.08 S-Aug. 2019 -0.8

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.058 4.5 0.003 2.42 L-Feb. 2013 5.1

Fish and seafood

0.268 0.4 0.001 0.76 L-Oct. 2019 0.7

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.135 0.9 0.001 1.11 L-Oct. 2019 1.4

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.133 -0.1 0.000 1.15 L-Oct. 2019 -0.1

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  0.6   1.59 L-Oct. 2019 1.3

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  0.1   1.70 S-Sep. 2019 -0.7

Eggs

0.102 -4.6 -0.005 1.58 S-Nov. 2019 -7.9

Dairy and related products

0.768 2.7 0.020 0.43 L-Jan. 2015 3.8

Milk(4)

0.209 6.0 0.012 0.78 L-Sep. 2014 6.8

Fresh whole milk(5)

  6.2   1.41 L-Nov. 2014 6.3

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  5.2   1.25 L-Sep. 2014 5.8

Cheese and related products

0.260 3.5 0.008 0.71 L-Feb. 2015 5.9

Ice cream and related products

0.108 0.8 0.001 1.16 L-Nov. 2019 1.8

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.192 -0.5 -0.001 0.87 S-Nov. 2018 -0.8

Fruits and vegetables

1.317 -1.0 -0.012 0.58 L-Nov. 2019 0.4

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.039 -1.7 -0.017 0.61 L-Nov. 2019 -0.1

Fresh fruits

0.537 -4.3 -0.024 0.64 S-Feb. 2017 -4.3

Apples

0.074 -4.8 -0.004 1.68 S-Oct. 2018 -5.0

Bananas

0.078 0.6 0.000 1.27 - -

Citrus fruits(4)

0.135 -5.9 -0.009 1.55 L-Nov. 2019 -3.0

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  -5.5   2.14 L-Nov. 2019 -2.1

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.250 -4.8 -0.012 1.12 S-Dec. 2018 -4.8

Fresh vegetables

0.502 1.1 0.007 0.97 L-Nov. 2019 1.5

Potatoes

0.076 5.3 0.004 2.45 S-Jul. 2019 4.5

Lettuce

0.063 7.6 0.005 2.84 L-Nov. 2019 14.5

Tomatoes

0.080 0.5 0.001 2.00 L-May 2019 1.2

Other fresh vegetables

0.282 -1.4 -0.003 1.12 L-Nov. 2019 -0.7

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.278 1.9 0.005 0.94 L-Nov. 2019 2.1

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.145 2.0 0.003 1.33 S-Jan. 2019 0.7

Canned fruits(4)(5)

  2.3   1.81 S-Nov. 2019 1.7

Canned vegetables