Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
CPI CPI Program Links

Consumer Price Index News Release


Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (EDT) March 11, 2020  USDL-20-0402

Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov 

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – FEBRUARY 2020

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.1 percent in 
February on a seasonally adjusted basis, the same increase as in January, the 
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the 
all items index increased 2.3 percent before seasonal adjustment.

Increases in the indexes for shelter and for food were the main causes of the 
increase in the seasonally adjusted all items index, more than offsetting a 
decline in the energy index. The food index increased 0.4 percent over the 
month, with the food at home index rising 0.5 percent, its largest monthly 
increase since May 2014. The index for energy fell 2.0 percent in February, 
with all of its major component indexes declining.   

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent in February, 
the same increase as in January. Along with the index for shelter, the indexes 
for apparel, personal care, used cars and trucks, education, and medical care 
were among those that increased in February. The indexes for recreation and 
airline fares declined over the month.   

The all items index increased 2.3 percent for the 12 months ending February, 
a smaller increase than the 2.5-percent figure for the period ending January. 
The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.4 percent over the last 
12 months. The food index rose 1.8 percent over the last 12 months, while the 
energy index increased 2.8 percent over that period. 


Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Aug.  Sep.  Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.   ended 
                              2019  2019  2019  2019  2019  2020  2020   Feb.  
                                                                         2020  
                                                                               
                                                                               
All items..................    .1    .1    .2    .2    .2    .1    .1      2.3
 Food......................    .0    .2    .2    .1    .2    .2    .4      1.8
  Food at home.............   -.1    .1    .2    .1    .0    .1    .5       .8
  Food away from home (1)..    .2    .3    .2    .2    .3    .4    .2      3.0
 Energy....................  -1.4   -.8   1.7    .8   1.6   -.7  -2.0      2.8
  Energy commodities.......  -2.3  -1.5   2.6   1.2   3.0  -1.6  -3.5      5.0
   Gasoline (all types)....  -2.4  -1.5   2.7   1.2   3.1  -1.6  -3.4      5.6
   Fuel oil................   -.9   -.6   1.1   1.0   1.1   -.4  -8.5     -5.9
  Energy services..........   -.2    .1    .7    .2   -.2    .6   -.3       .0
   Electricity.............   -.2    .2    .6    .2   -.2    .4   -.1       .6
   Utility (piped) gas                                                        
      service..............    .0   -.2   1.2    .5   -.5   1.0   -.9     -2.0
 All items less food and                                                      
    energy.................    .2    .2    .1    .2    .1    .2    .2      2.4
  Commodities less food and                                                   
     energy commodities....    .1    .0   -.4   -.1    .0    .0    .2       .0
   New vehicles............   -.1   -.1   -.1   -.1    .1    .0    .1       .4
   Used cars and trucks....    .5    .6  -1.2   -.7   -.4  -1.2    .4     -1.3
   Apparel.................    .1   -.3  -1.7    .6    .1    .7    .4      -.9
   Medical care commodities    .2   -.1   1.0    .0   1.0   -.6   -.6      1.8
  Services less energy                                                        
     services..............    .3    .2    .3    .3    .2    .3    .2      3.1
   Shelter.................    .2    .3    .1    .3    .2    .4    .3      3.3
   Transportation services     .3    .2    .1    .0   -.1    .3    .3      1.2
   Medical care services...    .7    .4    .8    .4    .3    .3    .3      5.3
   
   1 Not seasonally adjusted.


Food

The food index increased 0.4 percent in February, after rising 0.2 percent in 
January. The index for food at home increased 0.5 percent in February after a 
0.1-percent increase the prior month. Five of the six major grocery store food 
group indexes increased in February. The index for dairy and related products 
rose 1.1 percent, its largest rise since March 2014. The index for other food 
at home rose 0.8 percent, while the indexes for cereals and bakery products 
and for nonalcoholic beverages both advanced 0.5 percent. 

The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs increased 0.2 percent in February 
after being unchanged in January. The only major grocery store food group 
index not to increase over the month was fruits and vegetables, which was 
unchanged in February after rising slightly in January.  

The index for food away from home rose 0.2 percent in February following a 0.4-
percent increase in January. The index for limited service meals rose 0.3 
percent, while the index for full service meals increased 0.2 percent over the 
month. 

The food at home index increased 0.8 percent over the last 12 months. The index 
for dairy and related products increased 3.6 percent, its largest 12-month 
increase since the period ending January 2015. The index for meats, poultry, 
fish, and eggs rose 1.9 percent. The remaining groups posted smaller increases, 
except for the fruits and vegetables index, which fell 1.6 percent over the last 
12 months. The index for food away from home rose 3.0 percent over the last year. 
The index for full service meals increased 3.4 percent and the index for limited 
service meals rose 2.7 percent.

Energy

The energy index declined 2.0 percent in February after falling 0.7 percent in 
January. All of the major energy component indexes declined over the month. The 
gasoline index fell 3.4 percent in February after a 1.6-percent decline the prior 
month. Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices fell 3.8 percent in February. 
The fuel oil index fell 8.5 percent in February. The index for natural gas 
declined 0.9 percent, and the index for electricity decreased slightly, falling 
0.1 percent. 

Despite the February decline, the energy index increased 2.8 percent over the 
past 12 months, with its major component indexes mixed. The gasoline index 
increased 5.6 percent, while the electricity index advanced 0.6 percent over the 
last year. However, the index for natural gas fell 2.0 percent over the last year 
and the index for fuel oil declined 5.9 percent over the 12-month span.
 
All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in February. 
The shelter index increased 0.3 percent in February after rising 0.4 percent the 
prior month. The rent index increased 0.3 percent and the owners’ equivalent rent 
index advanced 0.2 percent. 

The apparel index rose 0.4 percent in February following a 0.7-percent increase 
the prior month. The personal care index also increased 0.4 percent over the month. 
The index for used cars and trucks rose 0.4 percent in February after falling 1.2 
percent in January. The education index increased 0.3 percent in February, and the 
motor vehicle insurance index rose 0.5 percent. The indexes for household 
furnishings and operations, for new vehicles, for tobacco, and for alcoholic 
beverages also increased over the month. 

The medical care index rose 0.1 percent in February with its major component 
indexes mixed. The index for physicians’ services rose 0.2 percent, while the 
index for prescription drugs fell 0.8 percent and the index for hospital services 
declined 0.1 percent.  
  
The recreation index was one of the few to decline over the month, falling 0.3 
percent after increasing in each of the previous 4 months. The index for airline 
fares also fell in February, decreasing 0.3 percent after rising in January. The 
communication index was unchanged over the month. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.4 percent over the past 12 
months. The shelter index rose 3.3 percent over the 12-month span, and the medical 
care index rose 4.6 percent. Indexes with more modest 12-month increases include 
recreation (1.5 percent) and new vehicles (0.4 percent). Among the few indexes to 
decline over the 12-month span were used cars and trucks (-1.3 percent) and apparel 
(-0.9 percent). 

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 2.3 percent 
over the last 12 months to an index level of 258.678 (1982-84=100). For the month, 
the index increased 0.3 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) 
increased 2.3 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 251.935 
(1982-84=100). For the month, the index increased 0.2 percent prior to seasonal 
adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 2.1 
percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index increased 0.3 percent on 
a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past 10 to 
12 months are subject to revision. 

_______________
The Consumer Price Index for March 2020 is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
April 10, 2020 at 8:30 a.m. (EDT). 


Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers 
for goods and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two 
population groups: all urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical 
workers. The all urban consumer group represents about 93 percent of the total 
U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of 
urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the poor, 
the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners and clerical 
workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people living in 
rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces, and 
those in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation 
for all urban consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price 
Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for 
All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U). 

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is 
based on the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that 
meet two requirements: more than one-half of the household's income must come 
from clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of the household's earners 
must have been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous 12 months. The 
CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the total U.S. population and is 
a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, 
doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that people 
buy for day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas 
across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail 
establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and 
other types of stores and service establishments). All taxes directly associated 
with the purchase and use of items are included in the index. Prices of fuels and 
a few other items are obtained every month in all 75 locations. Prices of most 
other commodities and services are collected every month in the three largest 
geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most goods and 
services are obtained by personal visits or telephone calls by the Bureau’s 
trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location 
are aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending 
of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a 
U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published 
by size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions 
and population-size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do not 
measure differences in the level of prices among cities; they only measure the 
average change in prices for each area since the base period. For the C-CPI-U, 
data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are considered 
final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject to 
three subsequent quarterly revisions. 

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the 
CPI-U and the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base 
for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from the 
reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship 
can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and 
services rising from $100 to $107. 

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is 
based upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. 
BLS calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-
month percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard error 
estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. 
For example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 
percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means that if we repeatedly sample from 
the universe of all retail prices using the same methodology, and estimate a 
percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these estimates will be 
within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail prices. 
For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 
95 percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices 
would fall between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including 
information on how to use the estimates of standard error, see 
https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm. 

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent 
changes rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are 
affected by the level of the index in relation to its base period, while percent 
changes are not. 

The following table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent 
changes:

				Item A  		Item B  		  Item C
Year I 				112.500 		225.000 		  110.000
Year II 			121.500 		243.000 		  128.000
Change in index points 		9.000 			18.000 			  18.000
Percent change 			9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0 18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. 
Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-
SEATS seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new 
factors are used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The factors 
are available at www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2020.pdf. 
For more information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal 
Adjustment at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the 
Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are 
usually preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the 
same time and in about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting 
from weather events, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This 
allows data users to focus on changes that are not typical for the time of year. The 
unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned about the prices they 
actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used extensively for escalation purposes. Many 
collective bargaining contract agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation 
changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for seasonal variation. BLS advises 
against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation agreements because seasonally 
adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some 
CPI series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal 
pattern of price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which 
the distortions caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior 
to calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately 
represent the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data. 

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 
2009 return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this 
outlier data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal 
portion of the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data 
prior to seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this 
“prior adjusted” data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal 
pattern in the data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the 
unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2020, BLS adjusted 53 series using intervention 
analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, 
electricity, and vehicles. 

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject 
to revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI 
calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 
years of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to 
be final and not subject to revision. For January 2020, revised seasonal factors and seasonally 
adjusted indexes for 2015 to 2019 were calculated and published. For series which are directly 
adjusted using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors 
for 2019 will be applied to data for 2020 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2020 indexes. 
Series which are indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series 
have seasonal factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance. 

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical 
criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its 
status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 
81 components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status 
from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used 
in the aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted 
indexes before that period will not be changed. Twenty-eight of the 81 components of the U.S. 
city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted for 2020.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information 
and Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov. 

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section 
at 202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov. 

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon 
request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.  






Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, February 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jan.
2020
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Feb.
2019
Jan.
2020
Feb.
2020
Feb.
2019-
Feb.
2020
Jan.
2020-
Feb.
2020
Nov.
2019-
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2019-
Jan.
2020
Jan.
2020-
Feb.
2020

All items

100.000 252.776 257.971 258.678 2.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1

Food

13.783 257.222 261.057 261.876 1.8 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.4

Food at home

7.593 242.057 243.110 244.054 0.8 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.5

Cereals and bakery products

0.983 275.996 275.916 276.641 0.2 0.3 -0.3 -0.4 0.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.676 248.597 252.905 253.396 1.9 0.2 1.1 0.0 0.2

Dairy and related products

0.769 216.595 223.035 224.443 3.6 0.6 0.0 0.2 1.1

Fruits and vegetables

1.332 304.621 301.679 299.817 -1.6 -0.6 -0.3 0.1 0.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.912 172.488 172.313 173.194 0.4 0.5 -0.2 0.4 0.5

Other food at home

1.920 211.168 210.763 213.215 1.0 1.2 -0.3 0.2 0.8

Food away from home(1)

6.190 281.373 289.137 289.781 3.0 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.2

Energy

6.682 202.740 213.043 208.354 2.8 -2.2 1.6 -0.7 -2.0

Energy commodities

3.569 213.270 232.906 223.913 5.0 -3.9 3.0 -1.6 -3.5

Fuel oil

0.107 285.668 291.872 268.835 -5.9 -7.9 1.1 -0.4 -8.5

Motor fuel

3.399 208.242 228.343 219.677 5.5 -3.8 3.1 -1.6 -3.3

Gasoline (all types)

3.322 206.749 227.010 218.373 5.6 -3.8 3.1 -1.6 -3.4

Energy services

3.113 202.690 203.318 202.712 0.0 -0.3 -0.2 0.6 -0.3

Electricity

2.421 210.939 212.018 212.180 0.6 0.1 -0.2 0.4 -0.1

Utility (piped) gas service

0.691 174.950 174.272 171.469 -2.0 -1.6 -0.5 1.0 -0.9

All items less food and energy

79.536 261.114 266.004 267.268 2.4 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.145 144.609 143.532 144.605 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.2

Apparel

2.840 125.631 120.853 124.438 -0.9 3.0 0.1 0.7 0.4

New vehicles

3.746 147.226 147.253 147.803 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.1

Used cars and trucks

2.504 139.301 136.064 137.452 -1.3 1.0 -0.4 -1.2 0.4

Medical care commodities

1.631 377.949 386.331 384.701 1.8 -0.4 1.0 -0.6 -0.6

Alcoholic beverages

1.024 252.599 253.592 254.831 0.9 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.3

Tobacco and smoking products

0.586 1,088.195 1,144.642 1,148.752 5.6 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.6

Services less energy services

59.390 333.586 342.694 344.006 3.1 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2

Shelter

33.162 313.880 323.053 324.254 3.3 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.785 326.351 337.825 338.616 3.8 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

24.050 321.627 331.522 332.177 3.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Medical care services

7.210 527.683 552.721 555.597 5.3 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3

Physicians' services

1.802 383.009 384.715 386.202 0.8 0.4 0.1 -0.4 0.2

Hospital services(3)

2.205 336.234 349.152 350.635 4.3 0.4 0.2 0.8 -0.1

Transportation services

5.383 323.575 324.500 327.466 1.2 0.9 -0.1 0.3 0.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.074 291.993 300.112 302.220 3.5 0.7 0.1 0.2 0.7

Motor vehicle insurance

1.694 574.447 572.693 576.450 0.3 0.7 0.1 -0.2 0.5

Airline fares

0.791 259.049 255.200 265.142 2.4 3.9 -0.6 0.7 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, February 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jan.
2020
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Feb.
2019-
Feb.
2020
Jan.
2020-
Feb.
2020
Nov.
2019-
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2019-
Jan.
2020
Jan.
2020-
Feb.
2020

All items

100.000 2.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1

Food

13.783 1.8 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.4

Food at home

7.593 0.8 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.5

Cereals and bakery products

0.983 0.2 0.3 -0.3 -0.4 0.5

Cereals and cereal products

0.302 -0.3 -0.2 -0.2 0.1 -0.2

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.042 -0.7 -0.7 0.3 -0.5 -0.6

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.138 -1.8 -0.8 1.3 -1.0 -0.8

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.122 1.4 0.7 -1.8 1.5 0.7

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  -1.1 0.1 -2.1 1.0 0.1

Bakery products(1)

0.681 0.5 0.5 -0.6 0.1 0.5

Bread(1)(2)

0.194 1.9 0.9 -0.6 -0.8 0.9

White bread(1)(3)

  2.6 0.8 -0.5 -0.4 0.8

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  1.0 0.8 -0.5 -1.0 0.8

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.098 -0.9 0.4 0.0 -1.1 0.9

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.177 -1.2 -1.5 -1.3 0.6 -1.2

Cookies(1)(3)

  -1.9 -1.3 -1.8 1.3 -1.3

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  -0.3 -0.9 -3.3 1.2 -0.9

Other bakery products

0.211 1.1 1.7 0.5 -1.8 2.1

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  1.5 1.2 0.7 -1.1 1.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  0.5 2.1 1.7 -3.1 2.7

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  1.1 1.7 -1.3 -0.4 2.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.676 1.9 0.2 1.1 0.0 0.2

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.577 2.3 0.2 1.0 0.1 0.3

Meats

0.989 3.7 0.4 1.0 0.3 0.3

Beef and veal

0.452 4.0 0.2 1.8 0.0 -0.1

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.167 3.8 -0.4 1.3 0.6 -0.4

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.069 5.8 1.2 3.6 -0.7 1.2

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.174 3.5 0.3 2.4 0.0 -0.1

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.041 4.4 0.8 -0.1 0.2 0.8

Pork

0.312 4.8 0.8 0.7 0.2 1.1

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.130 2.8 -1.0 0.5 0.2 -0.6

Bacon and related products(3)

  2.6 -0.4 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  3.5 -1.3 0.8 1.1 -1.1

Ham

0.063 10.2 2.6 -1.1 1.9 3.2

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  10.2 2.6 -1.1 1.8 4.1

Pork chops(1)

0.047 3.5 2.4 0.3 -1.7 2.4

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.071 5.5 1.5 2.1 -0.9 1.9

Other meats

0.225 1.5 0.0 -0.3 1.2 -0.2

Frankfurters(3)

  -0.3 -3.5 -1.9 4.8 -3.4

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  1.8 0.0 0.1 0.9 -0.4

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

           

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

           

Poultry(1)

0.318 0.0 0.4 1.7 -1.2 0.4

Chicken(1)(2)

0.260 -0.7 0.0 1.8 -1.7 0.0

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  0.0 -0.9 3.3 -2.1 -0.9

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  -0.8 0.5 1.2 -1.6 0.5

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.058 3.3 2.3 0.5 0.1 1.9

Fish and seafood

0.270 0.1 -0.7 0.3 0.7 0.0

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.136 1.2 -0.2 0.7 0.7 0.3

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.133 -0.9 -1.3 -0.2 0.9 -0.5

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  -0.2 -1.4 -0.3 0.7 -1.4

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  -0.5 -0.9 -0.2 0.0 0.1

Eggs

0.099 -4.0 0.3 2.2 -1.4 -0.8

Dairy and related products

0.769 3.6 0.6 0.0 0.2 1.1

Milk(2)

0.210 6.0 -0.3 0.1 2.1 0.1

Fresh whole milk(3)

  5.8 -0.4 0.3 1.8 0.2

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  5.6 -0.2 -0.1 2.1 -0.1

Cheese and related products(1)

0.258 5.3 1.1 0.3 -0.2 1.1

Ice cream and related products

0.109 -0.1 -0.3 -1.3 0.5 -0.6

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.192 1.1 1.5 0.1 0.2 1.5

Fruits and vegetables

1.332 -1.6 -0.6 -0.3 0.1 0.0

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.052 -2.1 -0.8 -0.4 0.2 0.0

Fresh fruits

0.534 -4.1 -0.5 0.2 -1.4 0.1

Apples

0.074 -6.0 -0.7 -1.7 -0.9 -1.6

Bananas(1)

0.077 -0.5 -0.4 0.1 -0.8 -0.4

Citrus fruits(2)

0.132 -7.6 -2.7 -1.4 -0.2 -2.7

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  -7.7 -3.3 -0.9 -0.2 -3.7

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.250 -2.7 0.7 1.3 -3.6 3.0

Fresh vegetables

0.518 0.0 -1.2 -1.2 2.0 0.0

Potatoes

0.080 4.0 0.0 0.7 1.0 -0.9

Lettuce(1)

0.063 0.3 -3.6 -1.9 0.5 -3.6

Tomatoes

0.085 3.9 -1.1 -0.7 5.1 3.2

Other fresh vegetables

0.289 -2.4 -1.0 -0.8 1.3 -0.5

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.280 0.5 0.2 0.1 -0.5 -0.2

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.146 -0.1 0.5 0.5 -1.0 -0.3

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  1.0 1.0 1.3 -1.4 0.7

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  -0.6 0.3 -0.4 -0.4 -0.8

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.084 0.9 -0.1 -0.3 1.6 -1.0

Frozen vegetables(3)

  2.1 0.2 -1.3 1.5 0.2

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.051 1.8 0.1 -0.4 -0.2 -0.4

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  1.7 -0.5 -0.6 -0.2 -0.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.912 0.4 0.5 -0.2 0.4 0.5

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.650 0.5 0.4 0.0 0.6 0.1

Carbonated drinks

0.271 0.8 1.0 -0.4 0.4 0.0

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.006 -3.1 -1.1 1.0 0.2 -1.1

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.373 0.4 -0.1 0.7 0.3 -0.2

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.262 0.1 0.9 -1.2 -0.6 1.1

Coffee

0.169 -0.9 0.5 -1.7 -0.5 0.9

Roasted coffee(3)

  -0.8 0.2 -2.0 0.2 0.2

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  -2.6 1.5 -1.9 -1.3 1.5

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.093 1.9 1.6 0.0 -0.7 1.6

Other food at home

1.920 1.0 1.2 -0.3 0.2 0.8

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.268 3.0 -0.6 -1.3 2.6 -0.6

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.036 5.0 0.5 0.1 0.7 0.8

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.178 3.7 -0.7 -1.7 2.4 -0.7

Other sweets(2)

0.054 -0.5 -1.1 0.4 0.1 -1.5

Fats and oils

0.214 -0.8 -0.1 -0.5 1.2 -0.4

Butter and margarine(2)

0.065 -1.5 -1.6 -0.3 2.0 -1.2

Butter(3)

  -1.3 -1.6 1.1 1.7 -0.6

Margarine(3)

  1.2 -0.4 -1.8 2.2 -1.0

Salad dressing(2)

0.051 1.1 -0.2 -0.1 1.4 -1.0

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.097 -1.4 0.9 -1.0 0.5 0.4

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  -2.7 4.2 -0.2 -3.6 4.2

Other foods

1.439 0.9 1.7 0.0 -0.4 1.3

Soups

0.085 2.0 2.4 -0.2 0.7 1.6

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.249 0.4 1.5 -1.1 1.1 1.0

Snacks(1)

0.325 -0.6 2.5 -1.2 -0.7 2.5

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.287 0.5 1.3 -0.3 -0.7 1.5

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  -1.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 -0.9

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

    0.1 -0.5 4.0 0.1

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  1.3 1.9 -0.2 -0.9 3.0

Other condiments(3)

  -0.9 -0.2 -0.3 -0.8 -0.6

Baby food(1)(2)

0.041 2.2 3.7 -1.5 -1.2 3.7

Other miscellaneous foods(2)

0.452 2.3 1.1 1.1 -1.0 1.0

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  5.8 0.3 3.8 -0.5 0.3

Food away from home(1)

6.190 3.0 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.2

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

3.125 3.4 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.666 2.7 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.145 1.6 -0.1 -0.2 0.1 0.2

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  2.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.081 3.8 -0.3 0.0 0.3 -0.3

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.172 2.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Energy

6.682 2.8 -2.2 1.6 -0.7 -2.0

Energy commodities

3.569 5.0 -3.9 3.0 -1.6 -3.5

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.170 -4.7 -5.2 1.5 -1.4 -5.7

Fuel oil

0.107 -5.9 -7.9 1.1 -0.4 -8.5

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.063 -2.7 -0.5 3.0 -3.0 -0.1

Motor fuel

3.399 5.5 -3.8 3.1 -1.6 -3.3

Gasoline (all types)

3.322 5.6 -3.8 3.1 -1.6 -3.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  5.5 -4.0 3.3 -1.5 -3.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  6.0 -3.4 2.7 -1.0 -3.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  6.0 -2.6 1.9 -1.3 -2.9

Other motor fuels(2)

0.078 0.0 -3.4 1.7 0.4 -2.0

Energy services

3.113 0.0 -0.3 -0.2 0.6 -0.3

Electricity

2.421 0.6 0.1 -0.2 0.4 -0.1

Utility (piped) gas service

0.691 -2.0 -1.6 -0.5 1.0 -0.9

All items less food and energy

79.536 2.4 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.145 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.2

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.735 -0.2 0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.291 1.9 1.2 1.1 4.4 1.2

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.064 1.0 0.2 0.8 0.8 0.2

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.060 4.3 1.4 5.6 2.2 1.4

Other linens(1)(2)

0.167 1.7 1.5 -0.2 6.6 1.5

Furniture and bedding(1)

0.935 1.1 0.9 -0.4 0.2 0.9

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.337 0.7 -0.8 0.1 0.6 -0.8

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.446 2.0 1.9 -1.0 -0.5 1.9

Other furniture(1)(2)

0.143 -1.0 1.6 0.2 1.7 1.6

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

    0.0 0.3 1.0 0.0

Appliances(2)

0.211 -1.2 0.4 -0.3 -0.8 0.0

Major appliances(2)

0.069 -3.3 2.6 -2.5 -0.4 4.3

Laundry equipment(3)

  -6.4 -1.3 -1.9 -1.6 0.6

Other appliances(2)

0.139 0.3 -0.7 0.8 -1.2 -1.8

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.539 -4.0 -0.5 -0.4 -0.4 -1.8

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.313 -5.4 -0.6 -3.1 0.3 -0.6

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.089 -2.5 1.3 -0.3 -1.6 -1.6

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.056 4.4 -1.5 -1.2 5.1 -1.5

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.081 -5.9 -1.8 1.1 1.1 -2.0

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.873 -0.3 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.0

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.240 -1.7 0.6 -0.7 1.0 0.6

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.447 0.5 0.3 0.6 -0.2 0.0

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.886 0.2 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.2

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.350 0.0 -0.7 0.4 -0.1 -0.7

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.218 2.8 0.3 0.1 -0.8 0.3

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.318 -1.6 0.1 -0.5 0.2 0.1

Apparel

2.840 -0.9 3.0 0.1 0.7 0.4

Men's and boys' apparel

0.720 -2.4 3.0 -0.2 0.6 -0.3

Men's apparel

0.581 -0.1 3.7 -0.4 2.3 -0.7

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.107 -2.7 6.1 -5.1 1.5 1.0

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(1)

0.161 3.9 3.4 -2.6 4.2 3.4

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.161 -5.1 5.2 1.2 -1.0 -1.9

Men's pants and shorts

0.146 3.7 0.4 0.4 6.2 -2.5

Boys' apparel

0.139 -11.1 0.3 0.5 -5.8 -0.1

Women's and girls' apparel

1.154 -1.3 4.5 0.5 0.2 1.4

Women's apparel

0.958 -1.7 4.7 0.3 -0.1 1.2

Women's outerwear

0.063 -9.0 6.0 -0.1 -5.5 4.2

Women's dresses

0.101 -7.0 9.7 0.6 -2.3 0.9

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.491 -3.9 4.6 0.8 -0.7 -0.7

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.293 6.7 2.8 -0.4 3.5 2.4

Girls' apparel

0.196 1.3 3.7 1.6 1.8 2.6

Footwear

0.672 0.9 1.3 0.0 1.3 0.1

Men's footwear(1)

0.235 -0.3 0.5 -1.8 1.3 0.5

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.139 1.4 2.7 -0.6 1.3 2.9

Women's footwear

0.298 1.6 1.2 0.1 1.7 -0.7

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.132 -4.2 1.3 0.1 1.2 -0.9

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.162 2.8 0.1 -0.6 2.0 -1.2

Watches(1)(6)

0.039 9.3 0.5 -2.1 2.4 0.5

Jewelry(6)

0.124 -2.2 -0.1 -1.7 2.7 -3.0

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

6.880 -0.2 0.6 -0.1 -0.4 0.2

New vehicles

3.746 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.1

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  0.4 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.1

New cars(3)

  0.8 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.4

New trucks(3)(10)

  0.3 0.3 0.2 -0.1 0.2

Used cars and trucks

2.504 -1.3 1.0 -0.4 -1.2 0.4

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.397 2.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.1

Tires(1)

0.251 0.7 0.2 -0.2 -0.2 0.2

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.146 4.1 -0.2 0.5 1.4 -0.2

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  4.0 -0.3 0.3 1.8 -0.3

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  7.9 3.4 5.4 -3.0 3.4

Medical care commodities

1.631 1.8 -0.4 1.0 -0.6 -0.6

Medicinal drugs(8)

1.558 1.9 -0.4 1.3 -0.4 -0.8

Prescription drugs

1.180 2.4 -0.5 1.5 -0.4 -0.8

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.378 -0.1 -0.3 -0.9 -1.3 -0.3

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.073 0.0 -0.3 -1.0 -0.8 -0.3

Recreation commodities(8)

2.040 -0.4 0.2 -0.5 0.1 -0.1

Video and audio products(8)

0.274 -9.7 0.2 -1.2 -0.9 -0.3

Televisions

0.097 -19.9 -0.7 -1.8 -1.7 -1.6

Other video equipment(2)

0.042 -1.7 1.6 1.6 -1.4 0.4

Audio equipment(1)

0.078 -1.2 1.1 -2.9 0.2 1.1

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.045 -4.8 -0.6 -0.6 -0.7 -0.6

Pets and pet products(1)

0.649 2.4 0.5 0.2 -0.1 0.5

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  2.6 0.7 -0.2 -0.3 0.7

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  2.1 0.3 0.8 0.2 0.3

Sporting goods

0.597 2.1 -0.2 -0.7 0.6 -0.4

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.362 3.3 -1.1 -0.3 0.6 -1.1

Sports equipment

0.224 0.3 1.3 -0.3 0.0 1.4

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.026 9.6 4.9 -1.1 2.4 4.9

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

           

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  9.2 5.5 -1.8 2.6 5.2

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.118 6.0 0.3 -1.1 1.4 0.3

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.068 8.3 -1.6 -1.3 2.4 -1.6

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.048 2.2 3.0 -0.6 -0.1 3.0

Other recreational goods(2)

0.377 -6.0 -0.3 -1.1 -0.2 -0.9

Toys

0.292 -7.8 -0.7 -0.9 -0.3 -1.6

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -7.6 -1.5 -0.8 -0.4 -2.4

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.021 -2.0 2.7 -1.0 0.4 2.7

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.047 4.6 1.0 -2.6 0.4 1.0

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.514 -5.2 0.8 -1.1 -1.2 0.6

Educational books and supplies

0.107 -3.2 0.8 0.0 -1.7 0.1

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  -3.1 0.9 0.1 -2.7 0.9

Information technology commodities(8)

0.407 -5.9 0.8 -1.5 -1.1 0.7

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(4)

0.295 -3.5 1.4 -1.4 -1.1 1.5

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.019 -10.6 0.5 -0.2 -1.2 0.5

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(2)

0.093 -13.9 -1.1 -2.6 -1.4 -1.9

Alcoholic beverages

1.024 0.9 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.3

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.573 0.4 0.7 -0.1 0.4 0.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.221 2.0 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8

Distilled spirits at home

0.093 -1.3 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.0

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  0.0 1.0 0.1 1.5 1.0

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  -1.3 -0.1 0.3 1.0 -0.1

Wine at home

0.259 -0.8 1.0 -1.0 -0.1 0.2

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.451 1.8 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  0.7 0.1 0.6 0.5 0.1

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.3 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.1

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  3.7 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.6

Other goods(8)

1.481 3.1 0.5 -0.4 0.5 0.6

Tobacco and smoking products

0.586 5.6 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.6

Cigarettes(2)

0.509 6.1 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.7

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.059 0.8 0.3 -0.2 -0.5 0.3

Personal care products(1)

0.687 0.3 1.1 -1.1 0.1 1.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.368 1.3 1.2 -0.6 -0.2 1.2

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.311 -1.1 1.0 -1.9 0.4 1.0

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.207 4.5 -0.9 -0.5 2.9 -1.2

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  5.7 -0.1 1.6 0.2 -0.2

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

  8.2 -2.8 -0.6 16.1 -2.8

Services less energy services

59.390 3.1 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2

Shelter

33.162 3.3 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.3

Rent of shelter(12)

32.793 3.3 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.785 3.8 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3

Lodging away from home(2)

0.958 0.8 5.9 -1.4 0.2 2.0

Housing at school, excluding board(12)

0.117 2.3 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.840 0.5 6.7 -1.6 0.1 2.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(12)

24.050 3.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(12)

22.844 3.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.368 0.0 0.3 -0.1 -0.3 0.3

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.085 3.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.795 3.1 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.2

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.289 3.6 0.7 0.0 0.9 0.7

Household operations(1)(2)

0.873 4.3 0.7 0.1 0.1 0.7

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.291 1.2 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.300   1.7     1.7

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.088 3.3 0.9 0.5 1.3 0.9

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.117 5.6 -0.3 -0.1 0.5 -0.3

Medical care services

7.210 5.3 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3

Professional services

3.629 1.2 0.3 0.1 -0.2 0.1

Physicians' services

1.802 0.8 0.4 0.1 -0.4 0.2

Dental services

0.987 2.3 0.3 0.2 -0.3 -0.1

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.367 0.5 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.473 1.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0

Hospital and related services

2.396 4.1 0.4 0.2 0.7 0.0

Hospital services(13)

2.205 4.3 0.4 0.2 0.8 -0.1

Inpatient hospital services(13)(3)

  4.0 -0.1 0.3 0.6 -0.7

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  3.5 0.3 0.2 1.0 0.0

Nursing homes and adult day services(13)

0.123 2.5 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.2

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.068 1.6 0.7 0.1 0.0 0.7

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.185 20.7 1.4 1.4 1.7 1.4

Transportation services

5.383 1.2 0.9 -0.1 0.3 0.3

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

0.642 -3.6 0.3 -0.7 -0.2 0.3

Car and truck rental(2)

0.123 8.6 -2.5 -1.6 1.2 -2.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.074 3.5 0.7 0.1 0.2 0.7

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.058 3.8 0.2 0.4 -0.2 0.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.625 3.5 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.3

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.333 3.6 1.6 0.0 0.5 1.6

Motor vehicle insurance

1.694 0.3 0.7 0.1 -0.2 0.5

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.572 2.5 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.297 2.6 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.1

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.260 2.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  2.3 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.3

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

    0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Public transportation

1.277 1.6 2.4 -0.6 0.2 0.2

Airline fares

0.791 2.4 3.9 -0.6 0.7 -0.3

Other intercity transportation

0.179 -1.4 -0.6 -1.7 0.3 -0.2

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

  5.6 -0.6 0.9 -16.3 -0.6

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

           

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  -4.8 -0.8 -1.3 0.2 -0.8

Intracity transportation(1)

0.304 1.2 0.3 -1.1 0.3 0.3

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  2.0 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2

Recreation services(8)

3.779 2.3 0.0 0.4 0.3 -0.5

Video and audio services(8)

1.242 2.5 0.4 0.7 0.4 -0.6

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.161 3.3 0.4 0.8 0.7 -0.6

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.082 -9.0 -0.6 -1.1 -2.4 -0.6

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  -16.2 -1.1 -1.2 -4.1 -1.1

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  4.3 0.2 -1.3 0.2 0.2

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.550 3.1 -0.1 0.6 0.3 -0.4

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  2.2 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.6

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  3.4 -0.2 0.5 0.2 -0.7

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.044 0.0 2.9 -0.2 0.2 2.9

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

  1.5 2.4 0.2 -0.3 2.4

Photo processing(1)(2)(3)

  -2.4 0.6 -0.6 0.6 0.6

Other recreation services(2)

1.942 2.1 -0.2 0.1 0.2 -0.4

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.702 1.8 -0.3 0.6 0.5 -0.3

Admissions

0.703 3.1 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.8

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  3.1 0.7 -0.5 0.3 0.7

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  5.8 -4.0 1.5 0.4 -4.0

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.212 1.3 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.2

Education and communication services(8)

6.245 2.1 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.915 2.4 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3

College tuition and fees

1.574 1.9 0.0 0.1 0.5 0.2

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.425 2.6 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.3

Day care and preschool(9)

0.761 3.5 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.6

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.036 1.5 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.2

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.109 4.2 2.8 0.2 0.6 0.6

Postage

0.099 4.3 3.1 0.1 0.8 0.7

Delivery services(2)

0.010 2.2 -0.5 0.8 -1.4 0.1

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.302 1.8 -0.1 0.1 0.3 -0.1

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.901 -0.2 -0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.2

Land-line telephone services(1)(8)

0.402 8.2 0.3 0.3 1.6 0.3

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.906 1.7 -0.4 0.3 0.7 0.0

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.654 2.3 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.3

Personal care services(1)

0.668 3.3 0.3 0.3 0.7 0.3

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.668 3.3 0.3 0.3 0.7 0.3

Miscellaneous personal services

0.986 1.6 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.2

Legal services(1)(6)

0.251 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.7 0.6

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.141 1.8 -0.4 0.6 0.3 -0.4

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.219 4.0 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.030 4.3 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.8

Financial services(6)

0.234 0.3 0.1 1.0 0.8 0.5

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  1.0 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.8

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

  -0.5 0.1 1.2 2.0 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, February 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Jan.
2020
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Feb.
2019
Jan.
2020
Feb.
2020
Feb.
2019-
Feb.
2020
Jan.
2020-
Feb.
2020
Nov.
2019-
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2019-
Jan.
2020
Jan.
2020-
Feb.
2020

All items less food

86.217 252.077 257.476 258.165 2.4 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.0

All items less shelter

66.838 231.792 235.553 236.084 1.9 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0

All items less food and shelter

53.056 225.199 228.926 229.390 1.9 0.2 0.3 0.0 -0.1

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.374 231.788 234.373 235.659 1.7 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.2

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.870 237.480 240.588 241.844 1.8 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.1

All items less medical care

91.159 241.335 245.789 246.445 2.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1

All items less energy

93.318 259.817 264.540 265.734 2.3 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.2

Commodities

37.497 183.001 185.055 185.331 1.3 0.1 0.4 -0.2 -0.1

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.642 145.854 145.098 146.126 0.2 0.7 0.0 0.1 0.1

Commodities less food

23.714 150.341 151.711 151.792 1.0 0.1 0.5 -0.4 -0.4

Commodities less food and beverages

22.690 146.883 148.253 148.304 1.0 0.0 0.5 -0.4 -0.4

Services

62.503 321.623 329.987 331.139 3.0 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.2

Services less rent of shelter(1)

29.710 340.062 347.578 348.701 2.5 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2

Services less medical care services

55.293 305.981 313.118 314.141 2.7 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.2

Durables

10.658 105.042 103.896 104.421 -0.6 0.5 -0.2 -0.4 0.2

Nondurables

26.838 222.655 226.998 227.015 2.0 0.0 0.6 -0.2 -0.1

Nondurables less food

13.056 193.659 198.307 197.680 2.1 -0.3 1.1 -0.5 -0.6

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.032 190.018 194.871 194.122 2.2 -0.4 1.2 -0.6 -0.6

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.192 234.377 245.172 241.692 3.1 -1.4 1.4 -1.0 -0.9

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.216 234.854 244.762 241.755 2.9 -1.2 1.3 -0.9 -0.7

Housing

42.137 263.057 269.468 270.281 2.7 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.2

Education and communication(2)

6.758 137.168 139.132 139.256 1.5 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1

Education(2)

3.022 263.620 268.841 269.360 2.2 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.3

Communication(2)

3.736 73.097 73.790 73.793 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0

Information and information processing(2)

3.627 69.100 69.749 69.693 0.9 -0.1 0.0 0.2 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.325 7.436 7.375 7.375 -0.8 0.0 -0.3 0.1 0.2

Recreation(2)

5.819 120.306 121.986 122.067 1.5 0.1 0.1 0.3 -0.3

Video and audio(2)

1.516 105.000 105.680 106.034 1.0 0.3 0.5 0.3 -0.6

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.199 176.081 180.442 180.819 2.7 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.1

Photography(2)

0.070 73.073 73.348 75.996 4.0 3.6 -0.7 0.9 3.6

Food and beverages

14.807 256.997 260.638 261.487 1.7 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.4

Domestically produced farm food

6.334 249.510 250.763 251.833 0.9 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.4

Other services

11.678 356.916 364.536 364.767 2.2 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.0

Apparel less footwear

2.168 118.417 112.770 116.710 -1.4 3.5 0.1 0.5 0.5

Fuels and utilities

4.367 241.549 243.739 242.951 0.6 -0.3 -0.1 0.4 -0.3

Household energy

3.282 199.581 200.219 199.117 -0.2 -0.6 -0.1 0.5 -0.6

Medical care

8.841 491.227 512.149 513.923 4.6 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.1

Transportation

15.663 204.236 208.284 207.772 1.7 -0.2 0.7 -0.6 -0.5

Private transportation

14.386 199.920 204.277 203.291 1.7 -0.5 0.8 -0.7 -0.6

New and used motor vehicles(2)

7.249 99.491 98.491 99.028 -0.5 0.5 -0.2 -0.4 0.2

Utilities and public transportation

8.938 216.505 219.206 219.886 1.6 0.3 -0.2 0.2 0.2

Household furnishings and operations

4.608 123.750 124.151 124.636 0.7 0.4 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

Other goods and services

3.135 448.150 458.336 460.144 2.7 0.4 -0.1 0.6 0.4

Personal care

2.549 233.515 237.024 237.978 1.9 0.4 -0.2 0.7 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, February 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Feb. 2020 from: Percent change to Jan. 2020 from:
Feb.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020
Jan.
2019
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019

U.S. city average

M

2.3 0.7 0.3 2.5 0.3 0.4

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

2.4 1.0 0.3 2.3 0.6 0.7

Northeast - Size Class A

M

2.5 1.0 0.3 2.6 0.7 0.7

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.2 1.0 0.3 2.0 0.5 0.7

New England(4)

M

2.5 0.9 0.2 2.2 0.6 0.7

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

2.3 1.0 0.3 2.4 0.6 0.7

Midwest

M

2.1 0.7 0.3 2.5 0.4 0.4

Midwest - Size Class A

M

2.3 0.7 0.2 2.7 0.5 0.5

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.0 0.7 0.4 2.4 0.3 0.3

East North Central(4)

M

2.0 0.6 0.1 2.6 0.5 0.5

West North Central(4)

M

2.3 0.8 0.7 2.2 0.0 0.2

South

M

1.9 0.5 0.2 2.3 0.3 0.3

South - Size Class A

M

1.9 0.5 0.2 2.2 0.1 0.2

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.9 0.4 0.1 2.3 0.3 0.3

South Atlantic(4)

M

2.2 0.6 0.2 2.6 0.4 0.3

East South Central(4)

M

1.0 0.3 0.0 1.6 0.2 0.3

West South Central(4)

M

1.6 0.3 0.1 1.9 0.0 0.2

West

M

3.1 0.7 0.4 2.9 0.1 0.3

West - Size Class A

M

3.2 0.9 0.4 3.0 0.1 0.5

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.9 0.4 0.4 2.8 0.1 0.1

Mountain(4)

M

4.0 0.3 0.2 3.8 0.2 0.2

Pacific(4)

M

2.8 0.8 0.5 2.6 0.0 0.3

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

2.5 0.8 0.3 2.6 0.3 0.5

Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.2 0.6 0.3 2.4 0.3 0.3

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

2.0 1.0 0.0 2.6 0.7 0.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

3.4 1.1 0.3 3.1 0.2 0.8

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

2.4 1.0 0.2 2.5 0.9 0.8

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

2.9 0.8        

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

1.8 0.5        

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

2.6 0.5        

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

1.5 0.6        

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

1.4 0.4        

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

2.6 1.0        

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

4.4 0.6        

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

2.9 0.9        

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

2.5 1.0        

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

2.1 0.8        

Urban Alaska

2

-0.3 0.0        

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

      2.2 0.6  

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

      2.1 0.1  

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

      3.8 -0.1  

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

      3.0 0.6  

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

      3.0 0.5  

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

      2.3 0.3  

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

      3.8 0.7  

Urban Hawaii

1

      1.7 0.5  

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

      1.6 0.5  

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, February 2020 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2000

    2.6 3.4

December 2001

    1.3 1.6

December 2002

    2.0 2.4

December 2003

    1.7 1.9

December 2004

    3.2 3.3

December 2005

    2.9 3.4

December 2006

    2.3 2.5

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

December 2017

    1.7 2.1

January 2018

0.5 0.5 1.6 2.1

February 2018

0.4 0.5 1.7 2.2

March 2018

0.2 0.2 1.9 2.4

April 2018

0.4 0.4 2.1 2.5

May 2018

0.3 0.4 2.3 2.8

June 2018

0.1 0.2 2.4 2.9

July 2018

0.0 0.0 2.6 2.9

August 2018

0.0 0.1 2.3 2.7

September 2018

0.1 0.1 1.9 2.3

October 2018

0.1 0.2 2.1 2.5

November 2018

-0.3 -0.3 1.8 2.2

December 2018

-0.4 -0.3 1.5 1.9

January 2019

0.2 0.2 1.3 1.6

February 2019

0.4 0.4 1.3 1.5

March 2019

0.5 0.6 1.5 1.9

April 2019

0.5 0.5 1.7 2.0

May 2019

0.2 0.2 1.5 1.8

June 2019

0.0 0.0 1.4 1.6

July 2019

0.2 0.2 1.6 1.8

August 2019

0.0 0.0 1.6 1.7

September 2019

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.7

October 2019

0.2 0.2 1.6 1.8

November 2019

-0.1 -0.1 1.8 2.1

December 2019

-0.1 -0.1 2.1 2.3

January 2020

0.4 0.4 2.3 2.5

February 2020

0.3 0.3 2.1 2.3

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, February 2020, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jan.
2020
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jan. 2020-
Feb. 2020
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Jan. 2020-
Feb. 2020(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.1   0.04 - -

Food

13.783 0.4 0.050 0.07 L-Feb. 2019 0.4

Food at home

7.593 0.5 0.037 0.12 L-May 2014 0.7

Cereals and bakery products

0.983 0.5 0.005 0.30 L-Feb. 2019 0.6

Cereals and cereal products

0.302 -0.2 -0.001 0.54 S-Dec. 2019 -0.2

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.042 -0.6 0.000 0.83 S-Apr. 2019 -0.7

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.138 -0.8 -0.001 0.74 L-Dec. 2019 1.3

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.122 0.7 0.001 0.98 S-Dec. 2019 -1.8

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   1.14 S-Dec. 2019 -2.1

Bakery products(4)

0.681 0.5 0.003 0.36 L-Sep. 2019 0.7

Bread(4)(5)

0.194 0.9 0.002 0.74 L-Nov. 2019 1.3

White bread(4)(6)

  0.8   1.01 L-Nov. 2019 1.4

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  0.8   0.77 L-Nov. 2019 1.0

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.098 0.9 0.001 0.96 L-May 2019 1.2

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.177 -1.2 -0.002 0.71 S-Dec. 2019 -1.3

Cookies(4)(6)

  -1.3   1.07 S-Dec. 2019 -1.8

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  -0.9   0.78 S-Dec. 2019 -3.3

Other bakery products

0.211 2.1 0.004 0.52 L-May 2011 2.2

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  1.2   0.83 L-May 2019 1.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  2.7   0.94 L-Apr. 2016 2.7

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  2.2   0.75 L-Oct. 2016 2.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.676 0.2 0.003 0.23 L-Dec. 2019 1.1

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.577 0.3 0.004 0.24 L-Dec. 2019 1.0

Meats

0.989 0.3 0.003 0.29 - -

Beef and veal

0.452 -0.1 0.000 0.45 S-Aug. 2019 -0.4

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.167 -0.4 -0.001 0.75 S-Sep. 2019 -0.4

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.069 1.2 0.001 1.31 L-Dec. 2019 3.6

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.174 -0.1 0.000 0.70 S-Aug. 2019 -0.3

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.041 0.8 0.000 0.75 L-Nov. 2019 1.0

Pork

0.312 1.1 0.004 0.61 L-May 2019 2.2

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.130 -0.6 -0.001 0.83 S-Aug. 2019 -2.7

Bacon and related products(6)

  0.0   0.99 L-Nov. 2019 1.6

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  -1.1   1.20 S-Apr. 2019 -1.2

Ham

0.063 3.2 0.002 1.81 L-Jul. 2014 3.3

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  4.1   1.73 L-Jan. 2010 4.1

Pork chops(4)

0.047 2.4 0.001 1.57 L-Nov. 2019 2.8

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.071 1.9 0.001 1.30 L-Dec. 2019 2.1

Other meats

0.225 -0.2 0.000 0.54 S-Dec. 2019 -0.3

Frankfurters(6)

  -3.4   1.31 S-Sep. 2019 -4.3

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.59 S-Mar. 2019 -0.5

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

           

Poultry(4)

0.318 0.4 0.001 0.63 L-Dec. 2019 1.7

Chicken(4)(5)

0.260 0.0 0.000 0.70 L-Dec. 2019 1.8

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  -0.9   1.43 L-Dec. 2019 3.3

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  0.5   0.77 L-Dec. 2019 1.2

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.058 1.9 0.001 1.43 L-Sep. 2019 2.4

Fish and seafood

0.270 0.0 0.000 0.47 S-Nov. 2019 -0.3

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.136 0.3 0.000 0.71 S-Nov. 2019 -0.6

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.133 -0.5 -0.001 0.65 S-Jun. 2019 -0.5

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  -1.4   0.97 S-Mar. 2019 -1.7

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  0.1   0.84 L-Nov. 2019 0.4

Eggs

0.099 -0.8 -0.001 0.98 L-Dec. 2019 2.2

Dairy and related products

0.769 1.1 0.009 0.31 L-Mar. 2014 1.1

Milk(5)

0.210 0.1 0.000 0.48 S-Dec. 2019 0.1

Fresh whole milk(6)

  0.2   0.70 S-Sep. 2019 0.0

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.52 S-Dec. 2019 -0.1

Cheese and related products(4)

0.258 1.1 0.003 0.55 L-Oct. 2019 1.2

Ice cream and related products

0.109 -0.6 -0.001 0.86 S-Dec. 2019 -1.3

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.192 1.5 0.003 0.56 L-Jan. 2017 1.6

Fruits and vegetables

1.332 0.0 0.000 0.35 S-Dec. 2019 -0.3

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.052 0.0 0.000 0.41 S-Dec. 2019 -0.4

Fresh fruits

0.534 0.1 0.000 0.56 L-Dec. 2019 0.2

Apples

0.074 -1.6 -0.001 1.21 S-Dec. 2019 -1.7

Bananas(4)

0.077 -0.4 0.000 0.80 L-Dec. 2019 0.1

Citrus fruits(5)

0.132 -2.7 -0.004 0.97 S-Apr. 2019 -3.0

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -3.7   1.35 S-Apr. 2019 -3.9

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.250 3.0 0.007 0.97 L-Jun. 2018 3.6

Fresh vegetables

0.518 0.0 0.000 0.59 S-Dec. 2019 -1.2

Potatoes

0.080 -0.9 -0.001 1.57 S-Nov. 2019 -2.1

Lettuce(4)

0.063 -3.6 -0.002 2.16 S-May 2019 -5.8

Tomatoes

0.085 3.2 0.003 1.38 S-Dec. 2019 -0.7

Other fresh vegetables

0.289 -0.5 -0.001 0.74 S-Dec. 2019 -0.8

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.280 -0.2 -0.001 0.49 L-Dec. 2019 0.1

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.146 -0.3 0.000 0.69 L-Dec. 2019 0.5

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  0.7   0.88 L-Dec. 2019 1.3

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  -0.8   0.98 S-Nov. 2019 -1.1

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.084 -1.0 -0.001 0.94 S-Jun. 2018 -1.0

Frozen vegetables(6)

  0.2   1.21 S-Dec. 2019 -1.3

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.051 -0.4 0.000 0.79 S-Dec. 2019 -0.4

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  -0.5   1.47 S-Dec. 2019 -0.6

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.912 0.5 0.004 0.38 L-Nov. 2019 0.5

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.650 0.1 0.001 0.45 S-Dec. 2019 0.0

Carbonated drinks

0.271 0.0 0.000 0.83 S-Dec. 2019 -0.4

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.006 -1.1 0.000 0.65 S-Sep. 2019 -2.2

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.373 -0.2 -0.001 0.54 S-Nov. 2019 -0.4

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.262 1.1 0.003 0.63 L-Dec. 2017 1.4

Coffee

0.169 0.9 0.002 0.90 L-Nov. 2019 1.6

Roasted coffee(6)

  0.2   0.99 - -

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  1.5   1.15 L-Nov. 2019 1.7

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.093 1.6 0.001 0.74 L-Jul. 2018 1.7

Other food at home

1.920 0.8 0.015 0.24 L-Jan. 2012 0.8

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.268 -0.6 -0.002 0.64 S-Dec. 2019 -1.3

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.036 0.8 0.000 0.84 L-Jul. 2019 1.1

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.178 -0.7 -0.001 0.90 S-Dec. 2019 -1.7

Other sweets(5)

0.054 -1.5 -0.001 0.79 S-Apr. 2019 -2.0

Fats and oils

0.214 -0.4 -0.001 0.51 S-Dec. 2019 -0.5

Butter and margarine(5)

0.065 -1.2 -0.001 0.97 S-Apr. 2019 -2.7

Butter(6)

  -0.6   1.57 S-Nov. 2019 -0.7

Margarine(6)

  -1.0   0.92 S-Dec. 2019 -1.8

Salad dressing(5)

0.051 -1.0 -0.001 0.93 S-Jul. 2019 -1.8

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.097 0.4 0.000 0.87 S-Dec. 2019 -1.0

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  4.2   1.28 L-Jan. 2012 6.9

Other foods

1.439 1.3 0.018 0.25 L-Apr. 2008 1.6

Soups

0.085 1.6 0.001 1.06 L-Sep. 2017 2.8

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.249 1.0 0.002 0.69 S-Dec. 2019 -1.1

Snacks(4)

0.325 2.5 0.008 0.66 L-Feb. 2015 2.7

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.287 1.5 0.004 0.51 L-May 2014 1.6

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  -0.9   1.05 S-Aug. 2019 -0.9

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.63 S-Dec. 2019 -0.5

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  3.0   0.87 L-May 2014 3.8

Other condiments(6)

  -0.6   1.12 L-Dec. 2019 -0.3

Baby food(4)(5)

0.041 3.7 0.002 0.78 L-EVER -

Other miscellaneous foods(5)

0.452 1.0 0.004 0.58 L-Dec. 2019 1.1

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  0.3   0.87 L-Dec. 2019 3.8

Food away from home(4)

6.190 0.2 0.014 0.05 S-Nov. 2019 0.2

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

3.125 0.2 0.007 0.06 S-Dec. 2019 0.2

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.666 0.3 0.007 0.10 S-Nov. 2019 0.1

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.145 0.2 0.000 0.11 L-Oct. 2019 0.3

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  -0.1   0.06 S-Dec. 2019 -0.1

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.081 -0.3 0.000 0.25 S-Sep. 2014 -0.5

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.172 0.1 0.000 0.09 L-Oct. 2019 0.3

Energy

6.682 -2.0 -0.138 0.16 S-Jan. 2019 -3.2

Energy commodities

3.569 -3.5 -0.129 0.20 S-Jan. 2019 -5.6

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.170 -5.7 -0.009 0.43 S-Dec. 2018 -6.9

Fuel oil

0.107 -8.5 -0.009 0.52 S-Dec. 2018 -10.1

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.063 -0.1 0.000 0.60 L-Dec. 2019 3.0

Motor fuel

3.399 -3.3 -0.120 0.21 S-Jan. 2019 -5.7

Gasoline (all types)

3.322 -3.4 -0.118 0.21 S-Jan. 2019 -5.8

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  -3.7   0.68 S-Jan. 2019 -5.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  -3.6   0.73 S-Jan. 2019 -4.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  -2.9   0.76 S-Jan. 2019 -4.7

Other motor fuels(5)

0.078 -2.0 -0.002 0.24 S-Jan. 2019 -3.7

Energy services

3.113 -0.3 -0.009 0.19 S-Jun. 2019 -0.4

Electricity

2.421 -0.1 -0.003 0.20 S-Dec. 2019 -0.2

Utility (piped) gas service

0.691 -0.9 -0.006 0.31 S-Jul. 2019 -0.9

All items less food and energy

79.536 0.2 0.177 0.04 - -

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.145 0.2 0.031 0.11 L-Jul. 2019 0.2

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.735 0.1 0.004 0.22 L-Sep. 2019 0.3

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.291 1.2 0.004 1.10 S-Dec. 2019 1.1

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.064 0.2 0.000 0.91 S-Nov. 2019 -0.7

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.060 1.4 0.001 1.47 S-Nov. 2019 0.4

Other linens(4)(5)

0.167 1.5 0.003 1.72 S-Dec. 2019 -0.2

Furniture and bedding(4)

0.935 0.9 0.008 0.49 L-Sep. 2019 0.9

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.337 -0.8 -0.003 0.62 S-Aug. 2019 -1.0

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.446 1.9 0.009 0.86 L-Apr. 2018 2.1

Other furniture(4)(5)

0.143 1.6 0.002 0.99 S-Dec. 2019 0.2

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

  0.0   0.37 S-Sep. 2019 -1.7

Appliances(5)

0.211 0.0 0.000 0.58 L-Nov. 2019 0.9

Major appliances(5)

0.069 4.3 0.003 0.98 L-EVER -

Laundry equipment(6)

  0.6   1.42 L-Nov. 2019 0.8

Other appliances(5)

0.139 -1.8 -0.003 0.70 S-May 2014 -2.3

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.539 -1.8 -0.010 0.59 S-May 2018 -1.8

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.313 -0.6 -0.002 0.93 S-Dec. 2019 -3.1

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.089 -1.6 -0.001 0.64 - -

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.056 -1.5 -0.001 1.39 S-Nov. 2019 -4.1

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.081 -2.0 -0.002 0.96 S-Aug. 2019 -2.5

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.873 0.0 0.000 0.43 - -

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.240 0.6 0.001 0.60 S-Dec. 2019 -0.7

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.447 0.0 0.000 0.52 L-Dec. 2019 0.6

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.886 -0.2 -0.001 0.31 S-Aug. 2019 -0.6

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.350 -0.7 -0.002 0.34 S-Jan. 2018 -1.2

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.218 0.3 0.001 0.59 L-Nov. 2019 1.3

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.318 0.1 0.000 0.66 S-Dec. 2019 -0.5

Apparel

2.840 0.4 0.013 0.52 S-Dec. 2019 0.1

Men's and boys' apparel

0.720 -0.3 -0.002 0.66 S-Nov. 2019 -0.8

Men's apparel

0.581 -0.7 -0.004 0.74 S-Nov. 2019 -0.8

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.107 1.0 0.001 2.12 S-Dec. 2019 -5.1

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.161 3.4 0.006 1.11 S-Dec. 2019 -2.6

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.161 -1.9 -0.003 1.15 S-Nov. 2019 -2.0

Men's pants and shorts

0.146 -2.5 -0.004 1.22 S-Mar. 2017 -3.8

Boys' apparel

0.139 -0.1 0.000 1.46 L-Dec. 2019 0.5

Women's and girls' apparel

1.154 1.4 0.017 0.93 L-Nov. 2019 1.5

Women's apparel

0.958 1.2 0.012 1.09 L-Nov. 2019 1.3

Women's outerwear

0.063 4.2 0.003 1.87 L-Sep. 2018 10.3

Women's dresses

0.101 0.9 0.001 1.58 L-Sep. 2018 1.5

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.491 -0.7 -0.004 1.54 - -

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.293 2.4 0.007 1.38 S-Dec. 2019 -0.4

Girls' apparel

0.196 2.6 0.005 1.95 L-Jun. 2019 5.6

Footwear

0.672 0.1 0.001 0.71 S-Dec. 2019 0.0

Men's footwear(4)

0.235 0.5 0.001 0.99 S-Dec. 2019 -1.8

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.139 2.9 0.004 1.31 L-Jan. 2019 3.6

Women's footwear

0.298 -0.7 -0.002 0.91 S-Oct. 2019 -0.7

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.132 -0.9 -0.001 1.21 S-Oct. 2019 -1.5

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.162 -1.2 -0.002 2.07 S-Aug. 2019 -1.7

Watches(4)(9)

0.039 0.5 0.000 1.91 S-Dec. 2019 -2.1

Jewelry(9)

0.124 -3.0 -0.004 2.46 S-Mar. 2019 -4.0

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

6.880 0.2 0.016 0.11 L-Sep. 2019 0.2

New vehicles

3.746 0.1 0.004 0.19 L-Dec. 2019 0.1

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  0.1   0.17 L-Dec. 2019 0.1

New cars(6)

  0.4   0.17 L-May 2018 0.4

New trucks(13)(6)

  0.2   0.20 L-Dec. 2019 0.2

Used cars and trucks

2.504 0.4 0.010 0.02 L-Sep. 2019 0.6

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.397 0.1 0.000 0.36 S-Dec. 2019 0.1

Tires(4)

0.251 0.2 0.001 0.35 L-Nov. 2019 0.6

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.146 -0.2 0.000 0.62 S-Jul. 2019 -0.6

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  -0.3   0.47 S-Jul. 2019 -1.3

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  3.4   1.56 L-Dec. 2019 5.4

Medical care commodities

1.631 -0.6 -0.011 0.30 - -

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.558 -0.8 -0.012 0.31 S-Feb. 2019 -0.9

Prescription drugs

1.180 -0.8 -0.010 0.32 S-Feb. 2019 -0.8

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.378 -0.3 -0.001 0.53 L-Nov. 2019 0.2

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.073 -0.3 0.000 0.59 L-Nov. 2019 1.0

Recreation commodities(11)

2.040 -0.1 -0.002 0.22 S-Dec. 2019 -0.5

Video and audio products(11)

0.274 -0.3 -0.001 0.38 L-Oct. 2019 -0.3

Televisions

0.097 -1.6 -0.002 0.68 L-Oct. 2019 -1.4

Other video equipment(5)

0.042 0.4 0.000 0.88 L-Dec. 2019 1.6

Audio equipment(4)

0.078 1.1 0.001 0.84 L-Aug. 2019 1.1

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.045 -0.6 0.000 0.67 L-Dec. 2019 -0.6

Pets and pet products(4)

0.649 0.5 0.003 0.24 L-Jul. 2019 0.6

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  0.7   0.26 L-Jul. 2019 0.8

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.45 L-Dec. 2019 0.8

Sporting goods

0.597 -0.4 -0.002 0.56 S-Dec. 2019 -0.7

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.362 -1.1 -0.004 0.79 S-May 2019 -2.3

Sports equipment

0.224 1.4 0.003 0.53 L-May 2019 1.5

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.026 4.9 0.001 0.88 L-EVER -

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

           

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  5.2   1.01 L-EVER -

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.118 0.3 0.000 1.00 S-Dec. 2019 -1.1

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.068 -1.6 -0.001 1.26 S-Sep. 2019 -1.9

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.048 3.0 0.001 1.25 L-Aug. 2016 5.3

Other recreational goods(5)

0.377 -0.9 -0.004 0.48 S-Dec. 2019 -1.1

Toys

0.292 -1.6 -0.005 0.50 S-May 2018 -1.8

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  -2.4   0.68 S-Feb. 2015 -2.4

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.021 2.7 0.001 1.24 L-Dec. 2018 7.1

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.047 1.0 0.000 0.64 L-Nov. 2019 2.0

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.514 0.6 0.003 0.46 L-Aug. 2019 1.0

Educational books and supplies

0.107 0.1 0.000 0.76 L-Nov. 2019 0.2

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  0.9   0.84 L-Aug. 2019 2.1

Information technology commodities(11)

0.407 0.7 0.003 0.53 L-Aug. 2019 0.8

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(7)

0.295 1.5 0.004 0.68 L-Jul. 2019 2.3

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.019 0.5 0.000 1.50 L-Jun. 2019 2.8

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(5)

0.093 -1.9 -0.002 0.81 S-Dec. 2019 -2.6

Alcoholic beverages

1.024 0.3 0.003 0.18 - -

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.573 0.4 0.002 0.27 - -

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.221 0.8 0.002 0.34 - -

Distilled spirits at home

0.093 0.0 0.000 0.44 S-Nov. 2019 -0.2

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  1.0   0.90 S-Dec. 2019 0.1

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  -0.1   0.62 S-Nov. 2019 -0.2

Wine at home

0.259 0.2 0.001 0.47 L-Aug. 2019 0.3

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.451 0.2 0.001 0.22 S-Nov. 2019 0.0

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.25 S-Nov. 2019 0.0

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.17 S-Nov. 2019 -0.2

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.6   0.25 L-Apr. 2019 1.0

Other goods(11)

1.481 0.6 0.009 0.21 L-Aug. 2019 0.6

Tobacco and smoking products

0.586 0.6 0.004 0.13 L-Jul. 2019 0.7

Cigarettes(5)

0.509 0.7 0.003 0.13 L-Jul. 2019 0.8

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.059 0.3 0.000 0.39 L-Aug. 2019 0.9

Personal care products(4)

0.687 1.1 0.007 0.28 L-Jan. 2015 1.2

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.368 1.2 0.004 0.37 L-Jan. 2015 1.2

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.311 1.0 0.003 0.44 L-Nov. 2017 1.5

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.207 -1.2 -0.002 1.05 S-Jun. 2019 -1.4

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  -0.2   1.05 S-Nov. 2019 -0.5

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

  -2.8   1.19 S-Nov. 2019 -5.5

Services less energy services

59.390 0.2 0.146 0.04 S-Dec. 2019 0.2

Shelter

33.162 0.3 0.105 0.05 S-Dec. 2019 0.2

Rent of shelter(15)

32.793 0.3 0.103 0.06 S-Dec. 2019 0.2

Rent of primary residence

7.785 0.3 0.024 0.04 S-Dec. 2019 0.3

Lodging away from home(5)

0.958 2.0 0.021 1.55 L-Dec. 2018 2.3

Housing at school, excluding board(15)

0.117 0.2 0.000 0.04 - -

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.840 2.3 0.020 1.76 L-Dec. 2018 2.5

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(15)

24.050 0.2 0.059 0.04 S-Dec. 2019 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(15)

22.844 0.2 0.056 0.04 S-Dec. 2019 0.2

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.368 0.3 0.001 0.07 L-Jun. 2019 0.4

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.085 0.3 0.004 0.08 L-Oct. 2019 0.4

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.795 0.2 0.001 0.09 L-Dec. 2019 0.3

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.289 0.7 0.002 0.15 S-Dec. 2019 0.0

Household operations(4)(5)

0.873 0.7 0.006 0.21 L-Jun. 2019 2.8

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.291 0.0 0.000 0.29 S-Dec. 2019 0.0

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.300 1.7 0.005 0.06 L-Jun. 2019 6.1

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.088 0.9 0.001 0.60 S-Dec. 2019 0.5

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.117 -0.3 0.000 0.22 S-Feb. 2019 -0.4

Medical care services

7.210 0.3 0.020 0.17 - -

Professional services

3.629 0.1 0.003 0.13 L-Dec. 2019 0.1

Physicians' services

1.802 0.2 0.004 0.17 L-Oct. 2019 0.2

Dental services

0.987 -0.1 -0.001 0.10 L-Dec. 2019 0.2

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.367 0.0 0.000 0.24 L-Dec. 2019 0.0

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.473 0.0 0.000 0.14 S-Nov. 2019 0.0

Hospital and related services

2.396 0.0 0.000 0.21 S-Jun. 2019 -0.1

Hospital services(16)

2.205 -0.1 -0.003 0.24 S-Apr. 2019 -0.3

Inpatient hospital services(16)(6)

  -0.7   0.32 S-Jun. 2015 -0.9

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  0.0   0.25 S-Sep. 2019 -0.1

Nursing homes and adult day services(16)

0.123 0.2 0.000 0.13 L-Dec. 2019 0.3

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.068 0.7 0.001 0.11 L-Feb. 2019 0.7

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.185 1.4 0.017 0.20 S-Dec. 2019 1.4

Transportation services

5.383 0.3 0.018 0.11 - -

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

0.642 0.3 0.002 0.37 L-Sep. 2019 0.4

Car and truck rental(5)

0.123 -2.2 -0.003 1.64 S-Mar. 2019 -2.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.074 0.7 0.008 0.19 L-Aug. 2019 0.8

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.058 0.2 0.000 0.25 L-Dec. 2019 0.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.625 0.3 0.002 0.23 L-Sep. 2019 0.5

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.333 1.6 0.005 0.26 L-EVER -

Motor vehicle insurance

1.694 0.5 0.008 0.11 L-Sep. 2018 0.6

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.572 0.2 0.001 0.13 S-Dec. 2019 0.2

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.297 0.1 0.000 0.11 S-Dec. 2019 0.1

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.260 0.3 0.001 0.25 L-Dec. 2019 0.3

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.3   0.26 L-Dec. 2019 0.4

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.31 S-Sep. 2018 0.0

Public transportation

1.277 0.2 0.003 0.37 - -

Airline fares

0.791 -0.3 -0.002 0.57 S-Dec. 2019 -0.6

Other intercity transportation

0.179 -0.2 0.000 0.70 S-Dec. 2019 -1.7

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

  -0.6   1.47 L-Dec. 2019 0.9

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  -0.8   0.75 S-Dec. 2019 -1.3

Intracity transportation(4)

0.304 0.3 0.001 0.35 - -

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  0.2   0.13 L-Jul. 2019 0.2

Recreation services(11)

3.779 -0.5 -0.017 0.17 S-May 2019 -0.5

Video and audio services(11)

1.242 -0.6 -0.008 0.17 S-Dec. 2010 -0.8

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.161 -0.6 -0.007 0.19 S-Dec. 2010 -0.9

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.082 -0.6 -0.001 0.95 L-Sep. 2019 0.8

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -1.1   1.68 L-Sep. 2019 -0.2

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.76 - -

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.550 -0.4 -0.002 0.16 S-Feb. 2018 -0.4

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.6   0.24 L-Dec. 2019 0.7

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  -0.7   0.25 S-Dec. 2016 -0.7

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.044 2.9 0.001 0.46 L-EVER -

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

  2.4   0.62 L-Oct. 2015 2.4

Photo processing(4)(5)(6)

  0.6   0.62 - -

Other recreation services(5)

1.942 -0.4 -0.008 0.31 S-Sep. 2019 -0.5

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.702 -0.3 -0.002 0.35 S-Sep. 2019 -0.5

Admissions

0.703 -0.8 -0.005 0.69 S-Feb. 2019 -2.1

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  0.7   0.54 L-Oct. 2019 0.7

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  -4.0   2.10 S-Feb. 2019 -7.2

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.212 0.2 0.000 0.43 - -

Education and communication services(11)

6.245 0.1 0.007 0.07 S-Sep. 2019 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.915 0.3 0.009 0.10 S-Dec. 2019 0.2

College tuition and fees

1.574 0.2 0.003 0.16 S-Dec. 2019 0.1

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.425 0.3 0.001 0.06 - -

Day care and preschool(12)

0.761 0.6 0.004 0.13 L-Aug. 2018 0.7

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.036 0.2 0.000 0.12 S-Dec. 2019 0.1

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.109 0.6 0.001 0.03 - -

Postage

0.099 0.7 0.001 0.00 S-Dec. 2019 0.1

Delivery services(5)

0.010 0.1 0.000 0.27 L-Dec. 2019 0.8

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.302 -0.1 -0.003 0.10 S-Aug. 2019 -0.1

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.901 -0.2 -0.004 0.05 S-Dec. 2018 -0.2

Land-line telephone services(4)(11)

0.402 0.3 0.001 0.36 S-Dec. 2019 0.3

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.906 0.0 0.000 0.22 S-Sep. 2019 -0.6

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.654 0.3 0.005 0.13 S-Nov. 2019 0.1

Personal care services(4)

0.668 0.3 0.002 0.14 S-Dec. 2019 0.3

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.668 0.3 0.002 0.14 S-Dec. 2019 0.3

Miscellaneous personal services

0.986 0.2 0.002 0.15 S-Nov. 2019 0.0

Legal services(4)(9)

0.251 0.6 0.002 0.12 S-Dec. 2019 0.0

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.141 -0.4 -0.001 0.19 S-Dec. 2015 -0.5

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.219 0.4 0.001 0.22 L-Dec. 2019 0.4

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.030 0.8 0.000 0.36 L-Oct. 2019 1.3

Financial services(9)

0.234 0.5 0.001 0.20 S-Nov. 2019 0.0

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.00 L-Mar. 2018 4.7

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.31 S-Nov. 2019 -0.4

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.217 0.0 0.039 0.04 S-Jan. 2019 -0.1

All items less shelter

66.838 0.0 -0.016 0.05 - -

All items less food and shelter

53.056 -0.1 -0.066 0.06 S-May 2019 -0.1

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.374 0.2 0.072 0.06 - -

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.870 0.1 0.062 0.07 S-Dec. 2019 0.1

All items less medical care

91.159 0.1 0.080 0.04 - -

All items less energy

93.318 0.2 0.227 0.04 - -

Commodities

37.497 -0.1 -0.047 0.07 L-Dec. 2019 0.4

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.642 0.1 0.021 0.12 - -

Commodities less food

23.714 -0.4 -0.098 0.09 - -

Commodities less food and beverages

22.690 -0.4 -0.101 0.10 - -

Services

62.503 0.2 0.137 0.04 S-Dec. 2019 0.2

Services less rent of shelter(15)

29.710 0.2 0.061 0.06 - -

Services less medical care services

55.293 0.2 0.137 0.04 S-Dec. 2019 0.1

Durables

10.658 0.2 0.026 0.12 L-Jun. 2019 0.3

Nondurables

26.838 -0.1 -0.027 0.08 L-Dec. 2019 0.6

Nondurables less food

13.056 -0.6 -0.074 0.15 S-Sep. 2019 -0.6

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.032 -0.6 -0.079 0.16 - -

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.192 -0.9 -0.081 0.13 L-Dec. 2019 1.4

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.216 -0.7 -0.075 0.12 L-Dec. 2019 1.3

Housing

42.137 0.2 0.095 0.05 S-Dec. 2019 0.1

Education and communication(5)

6.758 0.1 0.010 0.07 S-Dec. 2019 0.1

Education(5)

3.022 0.3 0.009 0.10 - -

Communication(5)

3.736 0.0 0.001 0.10 S-Dec. 2019 0.0

Information and information processing(5)

3.627 0.0 0.000 0.11 S-Dec. 2019 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.325 0.2 0.003 0.24 L-Nov. 2019 0.3

Recreation(5)

5.819 -0.3 -0.019 0.15 S-May 2019 -0.3

Video and audio(5)

1.516 -0.6 -0.008 0.17 S-Dec. 2010 -0.9

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.199 0.1 0.001 0.16 - -

Photography(5)

0.070 3.6 0.003 0.53 L-EVER -

Food and beverages

14.807 0.4 0.054 0.07 L-Feb. 2019 0.4

Domestically produced farm food

6.334 0.4 0.027 0.13 L-Mar. 2019 0.4

Other services

11.678 0.0 -0.006 0.07 S-Sep. 2019 0.0

Apparel less footwear

2.168 0.5 0.012 0.64 - -

Fuels and utilities

4.367 -0.3 -0.015 0.14 S-Jun. 2019 -0.3

Household energy

3.282 -0.6 -0.019 0.18 S-Sep. 2018 -0.6

Medical care

8.841 0.1 0.009 0.18 S-Feb. 2019 0.0

Transportation

15.663 -0.5 -0.086 0.08 L-Dec. 2019 0.7

Private transportation

14.386 -0.6 -0.089 0.09 L-Dec. 2019 0.8

New and used motor vehicles(5)

7.249 0.2 0.014 0.11 L-Sep. 2019 0.2

Utilities and public transportation

8.938 0.2 0.015 0.10 - -

Household furnishings and operations

4.608 0.1 0.005 0.18 L-Sep. 2019 0.2

Other goods and services

3.135 0.4 0.014 0.12 S-Dec. 2019 -0.1

Personal care(4)

2.549 0.4 0.010 0.15 S-Dec. 2019 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, February 2020, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jan.
2020
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Feb. 2019-
Feb. 2020
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Feb. 2019-
Feb. 2020(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 2.3   0.08 S-Dec. 2019 2.3

Food

13.783 1.8 0.246 0.15 - -

Food at home

7.593 0.8 0.064 0.19 L-Nov. 2019 1.0

Cereals and bakery products

0.983 0.2 0.002 0.44 S-May 2018 -0.2

Cereals and cereal products

0.302 -0.3 -0.001 0.80 S-Dec. 2019 -0.3

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.042 -0.7 0.000 1.08 S-Sep. 2019 -1.3

Breakfast cereal

0.138 -1.8 -0.002 1.01 S-Nov. 2018 -1.9

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.122 1.4 0.002 1.35 L-Oct. 2019 2.0

Rice(4)(5)

  -1.1   1.84 L-Oct. 2019 1.8

Bakery products

0.681 0.5 0.003 0.55 L-Dec. 2019 0.5

Bread(4)

0.194 1.9 0.004 0.98 L-Dec. 2019 2.0

White bread(5)

  2.6   1.32 L-Nov. 2019 4.6

Bread other than white(5)

  1.0   1.32 L-Dec. 2019 1.6

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.098 -0.9 -0.001 1.35 L-Dec. 2019 -0.6

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.177 -1.2 -0.002 1.01 S-Dec. 2019 -1.7

Cookies(5)

  -1.9   1.31 S-May 2018 -2.5

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  -0.3   1.09 S-Dec. 2019 -1.8

Other bakery products

0.211 1.1 0.003 0.89 L-Dec. 2019 1.5

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  1.5   1.97 S-Sep. 2018 1.0

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  0.5   1.60 L-Dec. 2019 2.3

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  1.1   0.81 L-Aug. 2019 1.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.676 1.9 0.031 0.33 - -

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.577 2.3 0.035 0.35 - -

Meats

0.989 3.7 0.035 0.44 L-Apr. 2015 4.8

Beef and veal

0.452 4.0 0.017 0.59 L-Dec. 2019 4.8

Uncooked ground beef

0.167 3.8 0.006 0.86 S-Nov. 2019 2.2

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.069 5.8 0.004 1.62 L-Dec. 2019 7.3

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.174 3.5 0.005 0.93 L-Dec. 2019 4.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.041 4.4 0.002 1.19 L-Dec. 2019 4.8

Pork

0.312 4.8 0.014 0.91 L-Feb. 2015 5.9

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.130 2.8 0.004 1.14 S-Sep. 2019 1.2

Bacon and related products(5)

  2.6   1.48 S-Dec. 2019 2.3

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  3.5   1.62 S-Nov. 2019 1.9

Ham

0.063 10.2 0.006 3.14 L-Feb. 2015 10.2

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  10.2   3.40 L-Feb. 2015 10.2

Pork chops

0.047 3.5 0.002 2.19 S-Dec. 2019 1.8

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.071 5.5 0.004 2.01 L-Feb. 2015 9.4

Other meats

0.225 1.5 0.003 0.72 S-Dec. 2019 1.3

Frankfurters(5)

  -0.3   1.91 S-Dec. 2019 -1.0

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  1.8   0.88 S-Oct. 2019 1.7

Lamb and organ meats(5)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)

           

Poultry

0.318 0.0 0.000 0.77 S-Oct. 2019 0.0

Chicken(4)

0.260 -0.7 -0.002 0.91 S-Oct. 2019 -0.8

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  0.0   1.77 S-Nov. 2019 -0.3

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  -0.8   1.08 - -

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.058 3.3 0.002 2.42 S-Dec. 2019 3.1

Fish and seafood

0.270 0.1 0.000 0.76 S-Dec. 2019 0.0

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.136 1.2 0.002 1.11 L-Oct. 2019 1.4

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.133 -0.9 -0.001 1.15 S-Feb. 2018 -1.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  -0.2   1.59 S-Nov. 2019 -0.3

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  -0.5   1.70 S-Sep. 2019 -0.7

Eggs

0.099 -4.0 -0.004 1.58 L-Dec. 2019 -3.0

Dairy and related products

0.769 3.6 0.027 0.43 L-Jan. 2015 3.8

Milk(4)

0.210 6.0 0.012 0.78 - -

Fresh whole milk(5)

  5.8   1.41 S-Dec. 2019 5.2

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  5.6   1.25 L-Sep. 2014 5.8

Cheese and related products

0.258 5.3 0.012 0.71 L-Feb. 2015 5.9

Ice cream and related products

0.109 -0.1 0.000 1.16 S-Aug. 2019 -0.5

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.192 1.1 0.002 0.87 L-Nov. 2019 1.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.332 -1.6 -0.020 0.58 S-Mar. 2017 -1.8

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.052 -2.1 -0.021 0.61 S-Dec. 2019 -2.1

Fresh fruits

0.534 -4.1 -0.022 0.64 L-Dec. 2019 -2.4

Apples

0.074 -6.0 -0.005 1.68 S-Sep. 2018 -7.6

Bananas

0.077 -0.5 0.000 1.27 S-Sep. 2019 -1.3

Citrus fruits(4)

0.132 -7.6 -0.011 1.55 S-Aug. 2019 -8.6

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  -7.7   2.14 S-Aug. 2019 -7.7

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.250 -2.7 -0.006 1.12 L-Dec. 2019 -0.3

Fresh vegetables

0.518 0.0 0.001 0.97 S-Dec. 2019 -1.8

Potatoes

0.080 4.0 0.003 2.45 S-Jun. 2019 2.0

Lettuce

0.063 0.3 0.000 2.84 S-Dec. 2019 -1.0

Tomatoes

0.085 3.9 0.003 2.00 L-Mar. 2018 5.4

Other fresh vegetables

0.289 -2.4 -0.006 1.12 S-Mar. 2017 -4.5

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.280 0.5 0.001 0.94 S-Sep. 2019 0.4

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.146 -0.1 0.000 1.33