Consumer Price Index News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (EDT) March 13, 2018                    USDL-18-0373

Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – FEBRUARY 2018

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.2 percent
in February on a seasonally adjusted basis after rising 0.5 percent in January,
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months,
the all items index rose 2.2 percent before seasonal adjustment.

The indexes for shelter, apparel, and motor vehicle insurance all rose and
contributed to the 1-month seasonally adjusted increase in the all items index.
The food index was unchanged in February, as a decline in the index for food at
home offset an increase in the food away from home index. The energy index
increased slightly, with its component indexes mixed. 

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in February
following a 0.3-percent increase in January. Along with shelter, apparel, and
motor vehicle insurance, the indexes for household furnishings and operations,
education, personal care, and airline fares also increased in February. In
contrast, the indexes for communication, new vehicles, medical care, and used
cars and trucks declined over the month.

The all items index rose 2.2 percent for the 12 months ending February, a slightly
larger increase than the 2.1-percent rise for the 12 months ending January. The
index for all items less food and energy rose 1.8 percent over the past year, while
the energy index increased 7.7 percent and the food index advanced 1.4 percent.  

Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Aug.  Sep.  Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.   ended 
                              2017  2017  2017  2017  2017  2018  2018   Feb.  
                                                                         2018  
                                                                               
                                                                               
 All items..................    .4    .5    .1    .3    .2    .5    .2      2.2
  Food......................    .1    .1    .1    .0    .2    .2    .0      1.4
   Food at home.............   -.1    .0    .1   -.1    .2    .1   -.2       .5
   Food away from home (1)..    .3    .3    .1    .2    .2    .4    .2      2.6
  Energy....................   3.3   4.7  -1.4   3.2   -.2   3.0    .1      7.7
   Energy commodities.......   7.2   9.6  -3.0   5.8   -.7   5.8   -.9     12.8
    Gasoline (all types)....   7.4  10.0  -3.2   6.0   -.8   5.7   -.9     12.6
    Fuel oil................   5.2   6.4   1.4   5.6    .9   9.5  -3.6     20.7
   Energy services..........   -.1    .0    .4    .5    .4   -.8   1.4      2.6
    Electricity.............    .0    .1    .4    .5    .2   -.2    .4      2.2
    Utility (piped) gas                                                        
       service..............   -.5   -.4    .4    .7   1.0  -2.6   4.7      3.8
  All items less food and                                                      
     energy.................    .2    .1    .2    .1    .2    .3    .2      1.8
   Commodities less food and                                                   
      energy commodities....   -.1   -.2    .0   -.1    .2    .4    .1      -.5
    New vehicles............    .0   -.3   -.2    .2    .5   -.1   -.5     -1.5
    Used cars and trucks....   -.1   -.3    .7    .5    .7    .4   -.3      -.1
    Apparel.................    .0    .1   -.2   -.9   -.3   1.7   1.5       .4
    Medical care commodities   -.2   -.5    .0    .5    .9   -.1   -.3      1.6
   Services less energy                                                        
      services..............    .3    .2    .3    .2    .3    .3    .2      2.6
    Shelter.................    .4    .2    .3    .2    .3    .2    .2      3.1
    Transportation services     .4    .3    .4    .1    .3    .8   1.0      4.5
    Medical care services...    .2    .1    .3   -.1    .2    .6    .0      1.8

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.


Food

The food index was unchanged in February, as the index for food away from home
rose 0.2 percent and the food at home index declined 0.2 percent. All six major
grocery store food group indexes declined in February. The index for fruits and
vegetables declined 0.5 percent after rising 0.5 percent in January. The index
for dairy and related products declined 0.3 percent in February after being
unchanged in January.

The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs fell 0.2 percent in February. The
index for eggs increased 2.0 percent, but the indexes for beef and pork declined.
The indexes for cereals and bakery products, nonalcoholic beverages, and other
food at home all declined 0.1 percent in February.
 
The index for food at home rose 0.5 percent over the last 12 months. Of the six
major grocery store food group indexes, three increased over the last 12 months
(fruits and vegetables; meats, poultry, fish, and eggs; and other food at home),
while the remaining indexes (dairy and related products, nonalcoholic beverages,
and cereals and bakery products) declined. The index for food away from home
increased 2.6 percent over the last 12 months.  

Energy

The energy index increased 0.1 percent in February following a 3.0-percent
increase in January. The gasoline index declined in February, falling 0.9 percent
after rising 5.7 percent the prior month. (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline
prices increased 1.6 percent in February.) The fuel oil index declined 3.6 percent
after a sharp increase in January. In contrast, the index for natural gas rose
4.7 percent in February, its largest 1-month increase since March 2014. The
electricity index also rose in February, increasing 0.4 percent.   

The energy index rose 7.7 percent over the past year, with all the component
indexes increasing. The gasoline index rose 12.6 percent and the fuel oil index
increased 20.7 percent. The index for natural gas increased 3.8 percent, and the
electricity index rose 2.2 percent.   

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in February.
The shelter index increased 0.2 percent, with the indexes for rent and owners'
equivalent rent both rising 0.2 percent and the index for lodging away from home
unchanged. The apparel index continued to rise, increasing 1.5 percent in February
following a 1.7-percent rise in January. The index for motor vehicle insurance
also continued to increase sharply, rising 1.7 percent in February. 

The index for household furnishings and operations rose 0.3 percent in February.
The education index increased 0.2 percent, as did the index for personal care. The
indexes for alcoholic beverages and tobacco also increased in February. 

The medical care index declined 0.1 percent in February, with its component indexes
mixed. The hospital services index fell 0.5 percent and the index for prescription
drugs decreased 0.4 percent, but the physicians' services index rose 0.2 percent.
The communication index fell 0.6 percent in February. The index for new vehicles
declined 0.5 percent, its largest 1-month decrease since August 2009. The index for
used cars and trucks fell 0.3 percent in February after rising in each of the last
4 months. The recreation index was unchanged in February.

The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.8 percent over the past 12 months,
the same figure as the prior 2 months. The shelter index rose 3.1 percent over the
span, and the index for medical care advanced 1.8 percent. Indexes that declined over
the past year include communication, new vehicles, airline fares, and used cars and
trucks. 
 
Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 2.2 percent over the
last 12 months to an index level of 248.991 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index
increased 0.5 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) increased
2.3 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 242.988 (1982-84=100). For the
month, the index increased 0.4 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 2.0 percent
over the last 12 months. For the month, the index increased 0.4 percent on a not
seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past 10 to 12 months are
subject to revision.

The Consumer Price Index for March 2018 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday,
April 11, 2018, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).


Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers for goods and
services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two population groups: all urban consumers
and urban wage earners and clerical workers. The all urban consumer group represents about 93 percent
of the total U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of urban or
metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the poor, the unemployed, and retired
people, as well as urban wage earners and clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending
patterns of people living in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed
Forces, and those in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation for all
urban consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers
(CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U).

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is based on the
expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that meet two requirements: more than
one-half of the household's income must come from clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of
the household's earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous 12 months.
The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the total U.S. population and is a subset of the
CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, doctors’ and dentists’
services, drugs, and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Prices are
collected each month in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and
approximately 22,000 retail establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling
stations, and other types of stores and service establishments). All taxes directly associated with
the purchase and use of items are included in the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are
obtained every month in all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected
every month in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most
goods and services are obtained by personal visits or telephone calls by the Bureau’s trained
representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are aggregated using
weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local
data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are
also published by size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions and
population-size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in
the level of prices among cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since
the base period. For the C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are
considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject to three
subsequent quarterly revisions.

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the CPI-U and the CPI-W,
the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals
100.  An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.
Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket
of goods and services rising from $100 to $107.

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based upon a sample
of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS calculates and publishes estimates
of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-month percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U.
These standard error estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing.
For example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S.
all items CPI. This means that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using
the same methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these
estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail prices.
For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 95 percent confident
that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would fall between 0.14 and 0.26 percent.
For the latest data, including information on how to use the estimates of standard error,
see https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm.

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes rather than
changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level of the index in
relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following table shows an example of
using index values to calculate percent changes:
 
                                 Item A                     Item B                     Item C

Year I                          112.500                    225.000                    110.000
Year II                         121.500                    243.000                    128.000

Change in index points            9.000                     18.000                     18.000

Percent change  9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0   18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. Seasonally
adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment
method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are used to revise the previous
5 years of seasonally adjusted data. For more information on data revision scheduling, please see the
Factsheet on Seasonal Adjustment at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and
the Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes at
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm.

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually preferred
since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and in about the same
magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting from weather events, production cycles, model
changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on changes that are not typical for
the time of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned about the prices
they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective
bargaining contract agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer
Price Index before adjustment for seasonal variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted
data in escalation agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some CPI series.
Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal pattern of price change.
Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which the distortions caused by such unusual
events are estimated and removed from the data prior to calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting
seasonal factors, which more accurately represent the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the
unadjusted data.

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 2009 return
to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier data during
seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal portion of the time series
data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to seasonal adjustment.
Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this “prior adjusted” data. These seasonal
factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in the data. The last step is for motor fuel
seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced in January 2018, BLS adjusted 38 series using intervention analysis
seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, and natural gas.

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject to revision
for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI calculate new seasonal
factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years of data. Seasonally adjusted
indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final and not subject to revision. In
January 2018, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted indexes for 2013 to 2017 were calculated
and published. For series which are directly adjusted using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment
software, the seasonal factors for 2017 will be applied to data for 2018 to produce the seasonally
adjusted 2018 indexes. Series which are indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted
component series have seasonal factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical criteria.
Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its status from
"not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 81 components of the
U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status from seasonally adjusted to
not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the aggregation of the dependent
series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes before that period will not be changed.
Twenty-nine of the 81 components of the U.S. city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted
for 2018.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information and Analysis
Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov.

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit
https://www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section at
202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov.

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.
Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.  







Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, February 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jan.
2018
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Feb.
2017
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018
Feb.
2017-
Feb.
2018
Jan.
2018-
Feb.
2018
Nov.
2017-
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2017-
Jan.
2018
Jan.
2018-
Feb.
2018

All items

100.000 243.603 247.867 248.991 2.2 0.5 0.2 0.5 0.2

Food

13.371 248.791 252.361 252.266 1.4 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.0

Food at home

7.380 237.918 239.828 239.190 0.5 -0.3 0.2 0.1 -0.2

Cereals and bakery products

0.967 271.708 272.273 271.245 -0.2 -0.4 0.1 0.3 -0.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.619 243.057 247.284 247.095 1.7 -0.1 0.8 -0.2 -0.2

Dairy and related products

0.743 220.552 217.897 216.412 -1.9 -0.7 -0.1 0.0 -0.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.318 292.222 301.814 298.503 2.1 -1.1 0.0 0.5 -0.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.877 169.451 167.671 167.736 -1.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Other food at home

1.856 208.914 209.611 210.115 0.6 0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Food away from home(1)

5.991 266.626 272.772 273.435 2.6 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2

Energy

7.619 198.195 210.663 213.519 7.7 1.4 -0.2 3.0 0.1

Energy commodities

4.211 206.984 230.005 233.414 12.8 1.5 -0.7 5.8 -0.9

Fuel oil

0.120 242.467 298.173 292.718 20.7 -1.8 0.9 9.5 -3.6

Motor fuel

4.013 202.912 225.030 228.666 12.7 1.6 -0.7 5.6 -0.8

Gasoline (all types)

3.925 201.957 223.806 227.420 12.6 1.6 -0.8 5.7 -0.9

Energy services(2)

3.408 198.820 201.516 203.932 2.6 1.2 0.4 -0.8 1.4

Electricity(2)

2.636 206.416 210.171 210.970 2.2 0.4 0.2 -0.2 0.4

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

0.772 172.967 172.658 179.557 3.8 4.0 1.0 -2.6 4.7

All items less food and energy

79.010 251.143 254.638 255.783 1.8 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.848 145.140 143.417 144.412 -0.5 0.7 0.2 0.4 0.1

Apparel

3.042 126.100 122.266 126.587 0.4 3.5 -0.3 1.7 1.5

New vehicles

3.797 148.993 146.996 146.807 -1.5 -0.1 0.5 -0.1 -0.5

Used cars and trucks

2.397 137.899 136.555 137.768 -0.1 0.9 0.7 0.4 -0.3

Medical care commodities

1.742 376.078 380.846 381.975 1.6 0.3 0.9 -0.1 -0.3

Alcoholic beverages

0.971 244.622 247.359 248.166 1.4 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.2

Tobacco and smoking products

0.650 984.756 1,050.073 1,049.343 6.6 -0.1 -0.4 0.3 0.1

Services less energy services

59.162 316.506 323.500 324.690 2.6 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2

Shelter

32.767 294.444 302.928 303.653 3.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Rent of primary residence(2)

7.803 304.211 314.788 315.277 3.6 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)(3)

23.679 301.785 310.828 311.280 3.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2

Medical care services

6.942 506.105 513.135 515.205 1.8 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.0

Physicians' services(2)

1.752 385.353 379.077 380.470 -1.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2

Hospital services(2)(4)

2.327 313.974 328.635 329.701 5.0 0.3 0.3 1.3 -0.5

Transportation services

5.933 306.221 315.764 320.089 4.5 1.4 0.3 0.8 1.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.118 279.782 283.305 284.032 1.5 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.368 513.469 554.166 563.365 9.7 1.7 0.6 1.3 1.7

Airline fares

0.688 280.517 255.496 265.272 -5.4 3.8 -0.4 -0.6 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, February 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jan.
2018
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Feb.
2017-
Feb.
2018
Jan.
2018-
Feb.
2018
Nov.
2017-
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2017-
Jan.
2018
Jan.
2018-
Feb.
2018

All items

100.000 2.2 0.5 0.2 0.5 0.2

Food

13.371 1.4 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.0

Food at home

7.380 0.5 -0.3 0.2 0.1 -0.2

Cereals and bakery products

0.967 -0.2 -0.4 0.1 0.3 -0.1

Cereals and cereal products

0.313 -1.3 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 1.7 1.1 -0.3 -0.2 1.5

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.153 -3.1 -1.5 0.3 -0.7 -1.5

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.119 -0.2 1.3 -0.4 0.7 1.3

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  -1.0 -0.4 -1.6 1.9 -0.4

Bakery products(1)

0.654 0.4 -0.5 0.1 1.1 -0.5

Bread(1)(2)

0.191 -1.3 -0.6 0.1 -0.5 -0.6

White bread(1)(3)

  -2.5 -0.6 0.7 -1.0 -0.6

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  -0.1 -0.7 -0.4 -0.2 -0.7

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.093 2.6 -0.5 1.0 -0.6 -0.2

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.165 2.1 -0.1 0.4 1.6 0.6

Cookies(3)

  2.5 -0.2 0.2 2.4 0.7

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  0.7 -0.1 -0.6 0.7 -0.1

Other bakery products

0.206 -0.4 -0.8 -0.1 0.5 -0.5

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  1.2 0.9 -0.4 0.8 0.9

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  -1.8 -1.2 0.4 0.5 -1.1

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  0.9 -0.9 -0.4 0.6 -0.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.619 1.7 -0.1 0.8 -0.2 -0.2

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.522 1.1 -0.2 0.7 -0.5 -0.3

Meats

0.954 1.5 -0.2 0.6 -0.3 -0.6

Beef and veal

0.428 2.1 0.1 1.1 -1.2 -0.7

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.174 4.1 -0.4 0.2 -0.8 -0.4

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.059 2.6 1.3 0.4 -1.2 1.3

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.157 -0.4 0.2 1.9 -1.7 -1.0

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.037 2.9 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.4

Pork

0.302 1.7 -0.7 0.2 0.7 -0.8

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.137 3.4 -0.4 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Bacon and related products(3)

  5.3 -0.5 0.6 1.1 0.0

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  0.8 -0.7 0.1 -1.0 -0.7

Ham

0.053 -0.7 -1.4 0.5 -1.4 -1.8

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  -0.5 -2.1 0.8 -1.0 -2.6

Pork chops(1)

0.043 2.7 0.3 -2.1 1.6 0.3

Other pork including roasts and picnics(2)

0.069 -0.4 -1.2 0.7 1.3 -1.7

Other meats

0.225 0.1 -0.2 0.1 0.1 -0.2

Frankfurters(3)

  3.9 -0.1 -1.0 -0.1 1.3

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  -1.4 -0.4 -0.3 0.1 -0.4

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

           

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

           

Poultry(1)

0.319 1.3 0.4 1.6 -1.3 0.4

Chicken(1)(2)

0.260 2.5 0.6 1.4 -1.5 0.6

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  1.5 -0.4 1.7 -0.3 -0.4

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  3.0 1.1 1.2 -2.0 1.1

Other poultry including turkey(2)

0.058 -3.7 -0.7 2.0 -1.9 -1.6

Fish and seafood

0.249 -0.6 -1.2 0.3 -0.6 -0.1

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.128 0.9 0.3 0.5 -0.2 1.0

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.121 -1.9 -2.7 0.2 -1.0 -1.7

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  -1.3 -3.8 0.4 -1.7 -3.8

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  -3.5 -2.1 -0.6 -0.7 -1.2

Eggs

0.097 10.5 2.5 2.8 5.2 2.0

Dairy and related products

0.743 -1.9 -0.7 -0.1 0.0 -0.3

Milk(1)(2)

0.203 -3.3 -0.2 0.4 -1.2 -0.2

Fresh whole milk(3)

  -4.4 -0.6 -0.5 -0.9 0.6

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  -2.3 0.0 -0.6 -0.4 0.3

Cheese and related products

0.243 -0.8 -1.0 -0.1 0.5 -1.0

Ice cream and related products

0.108 -2.5 -2.0 -0.1 1.2 -2.3

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.189 -1.4 0.0 -0.3 0.8 0.0

Fruits and vegetables

1.318 2.1 -1.1 0.0 0.5 -0.5

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.045 3.1 -1.5 0.1 0.5 -0.7

Fresh fruits

0.562 4.0 -0.9 -0.3 1.9 -0.8

Apples

0.077 1.7 0.8 -1.9 0.1 -0.4

Bananas(1)

0.081 -0.3 1.4 1.8 0.4 1.4

Citrus fruits(2)

0.149 7.7 1.1 -0.5 1.1 1.4

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  8.2 1.5 -1.5 1.1 0.9

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.255 4.0 -3.4 -0.3 2.1 -2.4

Fresh vegetables

0.483 2.1 -2.1 0.5 -1.2 -0.6

Potatoes

0.076 0.5 1.1 0.8 -2.0 0.7

Lettuce

0.058 -1.5 -0.5 -0.5 -5.5 0.6

Tomatoes(1)

0.090 6.6 -8.7 7.1 5.3 -8.7

Other fresh vegetables

0.260 1.9 -1.1 -0.5 -0.8 -0.3

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.273 -1.1 0.4 -0.4 0.4 0.0

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.149 -1.6 -0.5 -0.9 2.1 -1.1

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  -2.7 -0.3 -0.2 0.1 -0.7

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  -0.8 -0.6 -1.6 3.1 -1.3

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.079 -0.3 1.3 0.4 -1.8 1.4

Frozen vegetables(3)

  -1.2 -0.2 0.0 -1.3 0.3

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.045 -1.2 1.7 -0.7 -1.1 0.9

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  -1.4 1.7 0.4 -2.4 1.7

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.877 -1.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.619 -0.5 0.2 -0.6 0.8 -0.2

Carbonated drinks

0.255 -0.2 1.5 -0.7 0.4 0.4

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.009 0.4 0.6 1.7 -0.5 0.6

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.355 -0.8 -0.8 -0.5 1.0 -1.0

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.258 -2.3 -0.3 1.1 -1.5 -0.4

Coffee

0.165 -2.6 -0.2 1.6 -2.6 0.1

Roasted coffee(3)

  -2.3 -0.1 2.1 -2.5 0.1

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  -6.4 -1.3 1.2 -2.5 -1.3

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.092 -1.7 -0.4 0.6 0.2 -0.4

Other food at home

1.856 0.6 0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.284 1.6 -0.3 0.0 1.3 -0.3

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.043 0.7 -1.2 0.4 -0.2 -1.2

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.185 2.1 -0.2 0.5 0.4 -0.2

Other sweets(2)

0.056 0.7 0.0 -1.6 0.7 0.1

Fats and oils

0.217 1.6 0.7 -0.2 -0.1 0.5

Butter and margarine(2)

0.062 1.1 -1.2 0.3 0.0 -0.5

Butter(3)

  3.9 -1.5 -0.6 0.4 0.1

Margarine(3)

  -0.8 0.5 -0.9 0.2 0.2

Salad dressing(2)

0.052 -0.3 1.6 -0.3 0.0 0.8

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.103 2.9 1.3 -0.3 -0.8 1.1

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  2.9 3.4 -4.0 1.6 3.4

Other foods

1.354 0.2 0.3 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Soups

0.082 0.9 0.9 0.3 -0.9 0.0

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(1)

0.236 -0.9 0.0 0.2 -1.5 0.0

Snacks(1)

0.312 0.8 0.6 -1.3 -0.2 0.6

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.276 0.3 -0.9 0.2 0.2 -1.1

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  2.9 0.4 1.2 2.1 -0.1

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  2.7 0.2 -0.3 0.9 0.2

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  1.6 -1.5 0.4 0.4 -1.1

Other condiments(3)

  -2.9 -0.8 0.2 -1.4 -1.5

Baby food(1)(2)

0.049 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.6 0.5

Other miscellaneous foods(1)(2)

0.399 0.2 0.9 0.3 -1.6 0.9

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  1.8 1.5 0.9 -1.3 1.5

Food away from home(1)

5.991 2.6 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.978 2.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.547 3.1 0.3 0.1 0.5 0.3

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.181 2.1 0.0 2.4 0.0 0.7

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  1.6 0.0 4.1 0.0 0.0

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.090 2.5 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.1

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.194 2.8 0.0 0.2 0.8 0.0

Energy

7.619 7.7 1.4 -0.2 3.0 0.1

Energy commodities

4.211 12.8 1.5 -0.7 5.8 -0.9

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.198 14.3 -1.2 0.2 7.0 -2.1

Fuel oil

0.120 20.7 -1.8 0.9 9.5 -3.6

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.078 6.6 -0.3 0.0 2.2 -0.6

Motor fuel

4.013 12.7 1.6 -0.7 5.6 -0.8

Gasoline (all types)

3.925 12.6 1.6 -0.8 5.7 -0.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  12.8 1.6 -0.9 6.1 -1.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  11.4 1.6 -1.1 4.9 -1.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  11.4 1.9 -0.2 3.2 0.9

Other motor fuels(2)

0.087 18.2 1.6 1.4 6.6 1.4

Energy services(8)

3.408 2.6 1.2 0.4 -0.8 1.4

Electricity(8)

2.636 2.2 0.4 0.2 -0.2 0.4

Utility (piped) gas service(8)

0.772 3.8 4.0 1.0 -2.6 4.7

All items less food and energy

79.010 1.8 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.848 -0.5 0.7 0.2 0.4 0.1

Household furnishings and supplies(9)

3.404 -1.6 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.271 0.1 0.4 0.3 4.1 0.4

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.055 3.5 2.4 -1.9 1.4 2.4

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.048 -2.5 2.2 0.2 2.0 2.2

Other linens(1)(2)

0.167 -0.2 -0.7 1.2 5.6 -0.7

Furniture and bedding

0.894 -1.0 -0.2 -0.3 0.4 0.2

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.326 0.3 -0.2 -1.2 0.7 -0.2

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.427 -1.6 0.1 0.3 0.6 0.1

Other furniture(2)

0.130 -2.2 -1.4 0.1 1.2 -1.9

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

    0.0 -0.3 -0.5 0.0

Appliances(2)

0.211 -3.1 -0.9 0.5 -0.6 -1.5

Major appliances(2)

0.077 -4.2 -3.2 1.1 0.5 -2.7

Laundry equipment(3)

  -7.6 -5.1 0.5 3.4 -5.9

Other appliances(2)

0.131 -2.5 0.5 0.1 -1.2 -0.6

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.522 -6.8 1.0 0.2 -2.2 0.4

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.292 -10.2 -0.2 0.2 -0.7 -0.2

Indoor plants and flowers(10)

0.092 0.3 3.5 1.4 -1.9 1.1

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.059 -5.4 1.1 -1.0 0.9 1.1

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.079 -5.9 2.2 -2.3 -2.1 1.9

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.671 -0.2 0.7 -0.5 0.3 0.4

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.198 1.2 1.2 -0.7 0.8 1.2

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.311 -1.1 0.5 -0.5 0.1 0.1

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.835 -0.4 -0.1 0.8 0.6 -0.1

Household cleaning products(2)

0.328 -1.9 0.0 0.3 -1.1 -0.1

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.222 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.5 0.0

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.286 1.0 -0.4 0.5 2.8 -0.4

Apparel

3.042 0.4 3.5 -0.3 1.7 1.5

Men's and boys' apparel

0.756 -0.6 3.5 -0.5 1.8 1.7

Men's apparel

0.593 -1.8 3.7 -0.7 1.2 1.3

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.109 -2.9 2.5 0.8 -0.4 -0.2

Men's furnishings

0.148 -3.7 1.1 1.0 -1.8 -0.8

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.170 -0.8 7.5 -1.5 4.2 4.3

Men's pants and shorts

0.158 -1.6 2.9 -2.0 0.9 1.2

Boys' apparel

0.163 4.4 2.5 -0.1 4.5 3.6

Women's and girls' apparel

1.239 1.3 4.7 -0.3 2.8 1.5

Women's apparel

1.060 1.2 5.3 -0.7 3.4 1.8

Women's outerwear

0.068 -6.4 3.6 -2.4 -6.3 4.8

Women's dresses

0.124 4.0 9.7 1.5 3.8 1.9

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.554 0.1 6.6 -0.9 4.8 2.4

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(2)

0.302 2.0 1.5 -1.6 2.6 1.1

Girls' apparel

0.180 0.7 1.1 1.8 -1.5 0.1

Footwear

0.663 -0.3 2.1 -0.3 0.4 1.5

Men's footwear(1)

0.214 -0.4 1.8 -3.6 2.2 1.8

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.155 -2.1 -0.7 1.2 -2.7 -0.5

Women's footwear

0.294 0.5 3.8 0.0 1.0 3.0

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.132 0.9 2.1 0.8 1.1 0.9

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.253 0.1 2.4 -0.7 -1.5 0.6

Watches(1)(6)

0.098 4.1 1.2 -4.8 2.4 1.2

Jewelry(6)

0.154 -2.0 3.2 -0.1 -1.5 1.8

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(9)

6.689 -0.9 0.3 0.6 0.2 -0.4

New vehicles

3.797 -1.5 -0.1 0.5 -0.1 -0.5

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  -1.5 -0.1 0.5 -0.1 -0.5

New cars(3)

  -2.1 -0.2 0.4 0.0 -0.6

New trucks(3)(11)

  -1.0 -0.2 0.5 0.0 -0.6

Used cars and trucks

2.397 -0.1 0.9 0.7 0.4 -0.3

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.381 -0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.2

Tires(1)

0.228 -1.0 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.4

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.153 0.7 -0.2 -0.3 0.2 -0.2

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  1.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.4 -0.1

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  3.6 -0.9 -1.4 -0.3 -0.9

Medical care commodities

1.742 1.6 0.3 0.9 -0.1 -0.3

Medicinal drugs(1)(9)

1.685 1.6 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.3

Prescription drugs(8)

1.340 2.1 0.3 0.8 -0.2 -0.4

Nonprescription drugs(1)(9)

0.345 -0.1 0.3 0.2 -0.8 0.3

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(9)

0.057 0.4 0.6 -0.4 0.5 0.6

Recreation commodities(9)

1.856 -3.5 0.1 -0.4 -0.3 -0.3

Video and audio products(9)

0.252 -11.4 -1.3 -2.0 -1.8 -2.1

Televisions

0.119 -13.6 -1.9 -1.2 -3.8 -3.3

Other video equipment(2)

0.027 -4.2 1.2 -1.1 0.3 -0.2

Audio equipment(1)

0.046 -18.2 -3.1 -5.4 0.7 -3.1

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.051 3.2 0.2 0.8 -0.6 0.2

Pets and pet products(1)

0.603 -0.9 -0.1 -0.1 0.4 -0.1

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  -1.3 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.2

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  -0.6 -0.7 -0.4 0.2 -0.7

Sporting goods

0.501 -0.6 0.2 0.2 0.3 -0.2

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.281 0.5 1.0 0.9 0.3 1.0

Sports equipment

0.213 -2.1 -0.8 -0.2 0.2 -1.5

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.034 -2.2 2.4 -2.5 -1.8 1.8

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

           

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  -1.5 2.7 -2.4 -1.7 2.2

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.113 -1.0 0.1 -0.2 0.1 0.1

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.067 -1.0 0.4 -0.9 -0.1 0.4

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.046 -0.9 -0.4 0.9 0.2 -0.4

Other recreational goods(2)

0.355 -7.6 0.8 -0.7 -1.2 0.3

Toys

0.281 -9.1 1.2 -0.8 -1.8 0.6

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -9.3 1.0 -1.4 -1.5 0.3

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.024 2.7 -1.8 -1.1 5.2 -1.8

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.037 -1.6 -1.2 0.8 -0.9 -1.2

Education and communication commodities(9)

0.565 -3.0 -0.2 -0.6 0.8 -0.5

Educational books and supplies

0.131 -0.4 1.1 -0.9 -0.1 1.6

College textbooks(1)(3)(12)

  -0.5 1.2 -1.2 -0.8 1.2

Information technology commodities(9)

0.434 -4.0 -0.6 -0.4 1.0 -1.2

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(4)

0.324 -4.8 -0.4 -0.9 0.4 -1.2

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.026 -1.6 -3.2 -1.2 2.9 -3.2

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.084 -3.6 -0.5 1.9 2.5 -0.5

Alcoholic beverages

0.971 1.4 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.2

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.605 1.1 0.4 -0.1 -0.5 0.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.268 1.4 -0.1 -0.1 -0.4 0.2

Distilled spirits at home

0.081 -1.1 -0.2 -0.4 0.1 -0.6

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  -2.2 -1.2 -1.0 1.0 -1.2

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  0.3 0.2 -0.8 1.2 0.2

Wine at home

0.255 1.3 1.1 0.2 -0.7 0.9

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.367 2.1 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.7 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.1

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.7 0.0 0.7 0.2 0.0

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.4 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.4

Other goods(9)

1.577 2.6 -0.1 -0.5 0.5 -0.1

Tobacco and smoking products

0.650 6.6 -0.1 -0.4 0.3 0.1

Cigarettes(2)

0.576 6.7 0.0 -0.4 0.2 0.2

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.059 4.0 -0.5 0.3 0.6 -0.5

Personal care products(1)

0.703 -0.3 0.1 -0.6 0.4 0.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.385 -0.7 0.6 -0.2 0.5 0.6

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.312 0.2 -0.5 -0.9 0.3 -0.5

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.224 -1.1 -0.8 -0.4 1.4 -1.1

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  -0.5 -0.3 -0.8 0.5 -0.7

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

  4.2 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.1

Services less energy services

59.162 2.6 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2

Shelter

32.767 3.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Rent of shelter(13)

32.393 3.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Rent of primary residence(8)

7.803 3.6 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Lodging away from home(2)

0.912 -1.5 3.4 0.4 -2.0 0.0

Housing at school, excluding board(8)(13)

0.113 1.9 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.799 -2.2 3.9 0.4 -2.5 -0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(8)(13)

23.679 3.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(8)(13)

22.357 3.2 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.374 1.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.074 2.9 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3

Water and sewerage maintenance(8)

0.814 3.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3

Garbage and trash collection(1)(11)

0.259 1.6 0.3 0.0 -0.1 0.3

Household operations(1)(2)

0.860 5.6 1.5 0.0 1.5 1.5

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.300   0.0 0.2 0.6 0.0

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.283          

Moving, storage, freight expense(2)

0.101 9.0 1.6 -2.2 1.0 1.1

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.103 9.4 5.0 1.1 0.0 5.0

Medical care services

6.942 1.8 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.0

Professional services

3.275 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.4

Physicians' services(8)

1.752 -1.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2

Dental services(8)

0.779 3.0 1.7 0.1 -0.1 1.3

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.321 1.1 0.2 -0.3 0.9 0.2

Services by other medical professionals(1)(8)(6)

0.423 -0.3 -0.8 -0.1 -0.4 -0.8

Hospital and related services

2.604 4.7 0.4 0.3 1.2 -0.4

Hospital services(8)(14)

2.327 5.0 0.3 0.3 1.3 -0.5

Inpatient hospital services(8)(14)(3)

  4.4 0.3 0.3 1.2 -0.6

Outpatient hospital services(8)(3)(6)

  4.9 0.2 0.4 1.4 -0.4

Nursing homes and adult day services(8)(14)

0.190 3.4 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.4

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.087 -0.1 0.8 -0.3 0.2 0.8

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.063 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.6 0.1

Transportation services

5.933 4.5 1.4 0.3 0.8 1.0

Leased cars and trucks(1)(12)

0.646 4.8 1.3 0.5 1.3 1.3

Car and truck rental(2)

0.111 -2.5 1.0 0.1 -2.6 0.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.118 1.5 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.055 2.7 0.4 0.1 0.7 0.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.625 1.6 0.2 0.4 0.0 0.2

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.374 1.3 0.3 -0.1 0.1 0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.368 9.7 1.7 0.6 1.3 1.7

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.541 1.6 0.5 -0.3 1.2 0.5

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(8)(2)

0.283 1.5 0.0 0.1 0.9 0.0

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.241 1.7 1.0 -0.7 1.5 1.0

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  2.4 0.4 -0.3 0.4 0.3

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

  -0.4 0.7     0.7

Public transportation

1.149 -2.0 2.4 -0.1 -0.1 0.6

Airline fares

0.688 -5.4 3.8 -0.4 -0.6 0.6

Other intercity transportation

0.172 1.9 -0.3 0.2 1.4 1.2

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

  3.9 -0.5 2.3 0.4 -0.5

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

      1.4    

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  2.3 0.3 0.9 0.8 0.3

Intracity transportation(1)

0.281 3.2 0.5 -0.2 0.3 0.5

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(9)

  4.0 0.8 0.0 0.3 0.8

Recreation services(9)

3.864 2.5 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.1

Video and audio services(9)

1.594 3.3 0.9 0.1 0.0 0.1

Cable and satellite television service(11)

1.505 3.5 1.0 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.089 0.5 0.0 2.5 3.9 0.0

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  -5.0 0.3 3.4 5.3 0.3

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  2.7 -0.1 0.6 -0.2 -0.1

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.414 2.2 -0.1 0.4 0.5 -0.4

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  1.1 0.1 0.5 -0.1 0.1

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  2.2 -0.1 0.3 0.6 -0.5

Photographers and film processing(1)(2)

0.039 -2.5 -0.2 -0.8 -1.0 -0.2

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

  0.1 0.0 -1.2 -0.3 0.0

Film processing(1)(2)(3)

  -8.6 -0.4 -0.7 -4.1 -0.4

Other recreation services(2)

1.816 2.0 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.3

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.674 2.6 -0.3 0.9 0.2 -0.3

Admissions

0.649 1.0 1.3 -0.1 -0.4 1.1

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  2.7 1.0 0.1 -0.3 1.0

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  -1.7 2.8 -0.4 2.1 2.8

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.220 3.8 -0.5 1.6 0.5 -0.5

Education and communication services(9)

6.104 -1.7 -0.2 0.2 0.0 -0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.882 2.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.2

College tuition and fees

1.599 2.0 -0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.328 3.7 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3

Child care and nursery school(10)

0.804 1.4 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.3

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.032 1.9 0.1 0.0 -0.3 0.1

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.108 2.4 1.1 0.2 0.6 -0.6

Postage

0.094 2.0 1.4 0.2 0.4 -0.8

Delivery services(2)

0.014 6.5 -0.4 0.8 1.5 0.2

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.317 -6.3 -0.4 0.2 -0.1 -0.4

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.736 -9.4 -0.5 0.0 -0.2 -0.5

Land-line telephone services(1)(9)

0.581 1.0 0.2 0.7 0.1 0.2

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.788 -2.1 -0.9 0.0 -0.3 -1.0

Other personal services(1)(9)

1.617 2.3 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.4

Personal care services(1)

0.623 1.9 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.2

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.623 1.9 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.2

Miscellaneous personal services

0.994 2.5 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.5

Legal services(1)(6)

0.299 3.7 2.6 0.0 1.1 2.6

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.127 1.6 0.4 0.2 -0.1 0.4

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.237 2.8 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.4

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.028 -0.5 0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.1

Financial services(6)

0.233 0.9 -2.1 0.7 -0.2 -2.2

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  4.5 1.1 0.5 0.0 1.1

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(2)(3)

  0.5 -4.4 0.3 0.8 -4.6

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(9) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, February 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Jan.
2018
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Feb.
2017
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018
Feb.
2017-
Feb.
2018
Jan.
2018-
Feb.
2018
Nov.
2017-
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2017-
Jan.
2018
Jan.
2018-
Feb.
2018

All items less food

86.629 242.791 247.161 248.469 2.3 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.2

All items less shelter

67.233 226.424 229.080 230.358 1.7 0.6 0.1 0.7 0.1

All items less food and shelter

53.861 220.539 222.971 224.545 1.8 0.7 0.1 0.8 0.2

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.242 227.066 227.726 229.090 0.9 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.2

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.846 232.534 233.347 234.707 0.9 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.2

All items less medical care

91.315 232.526 236.677 237.767 2.3 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.2

All items less energy

92.381 250.097 253.594 254.555 1.8 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2

Commodities

37.430 180.607 182.434 183.385 1.5 0.5 0.1 1.0 -0.1

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.451 146.655 144.884 145.851 -0.5 0.7 0.1 0.4 0.1

Commodities less food

24.059 150.122 151.229 152.487 1.6 0.8 0.0 1.4 -0.1

Commodities less food and beverages

23.087 146.864 147.920 149.182 1.6 0.9 0.0 1.4 -0.1

Services

62.570 305.710 312.318 313.608 2.6 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(1)

30.177 328.065 332.499 334.488 2.0 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.5

Services less medical care services

55.628 290.543 297.076 298.306 2.7 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4

Durables

10.114 106.326 104.433 104.626 -1.6 0.2 0.2 0.1 -0.4

Nondurables

27.316 217.861 222.191 223.624 2.6 0.6 -0.1 1.1 0.2

Nondurables less food

13.945 191.649 196.483 199.039 3.9 1.3 -0.3 2.1 0.2

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.974 188.358 193.310 195.966 4.0 1.4 -0.4 2.3 0.2

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.931 231.377 241.796 243.516 5.2 0.7 -0.3 2.2 -0.1

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.902 231.437 241.139 242.772 4.9 0.7 -0.3 2.0 0.0

Housing

41.711 248.693 254.857 255.713 2.8 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Education and communication(2)

6.669 138.796 136.635 136.327 -1.8 -0.2 0.1 0.1 -0.2

Education(2)

3.013 251.356 256.150 256.291 2.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2

Communication(2)

3.656 77.874 74.354 74.015 -5.0 -0.5 0.1 0.0 -0.6

Information and information processing(2)

3.548 73.974 70.473 70.117 -5.2 -0.5 0.1 0.0 -0.6

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.231 7.694 7.532 7.474 -2.9 -0.8 -0.2 0.2 -1.1

Recreation(2)

5.720 118.375 118.647 119.093 0.6 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.0

Video and audio(2)

1.846 103.132 104.014 104.650 1.5 0.6 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.016 170.166 170.822 170.706 0.3 -0.1 0.1 0.5 -0.2

Photography(2)

0.074 76.153 73.647 74.383 -2.3 1.0 -1.6 -1.3 0.7

Food and beverages

14.343 248.595 252.109 252.076 1.4 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.0

Domestically produced farm food

6.174 245.365 248.099 247.369 0.8 -0.3 0.2 0.0 -0.2

Other services

11.585 349.503 350.006 350.392 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0

Apparel less footwear

2.379 119.376 115.513 120.049 0.6 3.9 -0.3 2.0 1.5

Fuels and utilities

4.680 233.688 238.770 240.938 3.1 0.9 0.3 -0.2 1.0

Household energy

3.606 194.837 198.873 200.993 3.2 1.1 0.4 -0.4 1.2

Medical care

8.685 474.546 481.060 482.897 1.8 0.4 0.3 0.4 -0.1

Transportation

16.635 199.147 205.338 207.359 4.1 1.0 0.2 1.8 0.0

Private transportation

15.485 194.019 201.164 202.935 4.6 0.9 0.2 2.0 0.0

New and used motor vehicles(2)

7.064 99.482 98.644 99.010 -0.5 0.4 0.6 0.2 -0.2

Utilities and public transportation

9.453 216.950 215.276 217.061 0.1 0.8 0.1 -0.2 0.8

Household furnishings and operations

4.264 121.508 120.834 121.376 -0.1 0.4 0.0 0.4 0.3

Other goods and services

3.194 427.992 437.687 438.306 2.4 0.1 -0.2 0.4 0.2

Personal care

2.544 226.263 228.771 229.218 1.3 0.2 -0.1 0.5 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, February 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Feb. 2018 from: Percent change to Jan. 2018 from:
Feb.
2017
Dec.
2017
Jan.
2018
Jan.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017

U.S. city average

M

2.2 1.0 0.5 2.1 0.5 0.5

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

1.7 0.9 0.4 1.6 0.6 0.5

Northeast - Size Class A

M

1.7 0.9 0.5 1.5 0.5 0.5

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.8 1.0 0.3 1.7 0.9 0.6

New England(4)

M

  1.1 0.4     0.7

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

  0.9 0.4     0.5

Midwest

M

1.7 0.9 0.2 1.6 0.4 0.6

Midwest - Size Class A

M

1.7 0.7 0.1 1.7 0.2 0.5

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.2 1.0 0.3 1.1 0.3 0.7

East North Central(4)

M

  0.8 0.1     0.7

West North Central(4)

M

  1.0 0.5     0.5

South

M

2.1 1.1 0.6 1.8 0.4 0.5

South - Size Class A

M

2.7 1.2 0.8 2.1 0.2 0.4

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.9 1.1 0.4 1.6 0.4 0.6

South Atlantic(4)

M

  1.3 0.6     0.7

East South Central(4)

M

  1.0 0.4     0.6

West South Central(4)

M

  0.8 0.5     0.3

West

M

3.1 1.0 0.5 3.1 0.6 0.5

West - Size Class A

M

3.4 1.2 0.6 3.3 0.7 0.6

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.5 0.9 0.4 2.8 0.4 0.4

Mountain(4)

M

  0.9 0.5     0.5

Pacific(4)

M

  1.1 0.5     0.5

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

2.4 1.0 0.5 2.2 0.4 0.5

Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.8 1.0 0.4 1.7 0.5 0.6

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

1.6 0.9 0.0 1.8 0.5 0.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

3.6 1.5 0.7 3.5 0.8 0.8

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

1.7 1.0 0.5 1.4 0.5 0.4

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

3.3 1.2        

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

  1.0        

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

2.1 0.3        

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

2.6 1.4        

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

3.2 2.6        

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

0.5 0.4        

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

  1.8        

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

3.6 1.4        

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

3.3 0.8        

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

  0.8        

Urban Alaska

2

  0.6        

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

      2.8 1.1  

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

      2.7 -0.1  

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

        0.5  

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

        0.3  

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

          0.9

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

        0.8  

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

        0.8  

Urban Hawaii

1

        -0.2  

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

      2.2 0.9  

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, February 2018 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2000

    2.6 3.4

December 2001

    1.3 1.6

December 2002

    2.0 2.4

December 2003

    1.7 1.9

December 2004

    3.2 3.3

December 2005

    2.9 3.4

December 2006

    2.3 2.5

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

January 2016

0.1 0.2 1.1 1.4

February 2016

0.0 0.1 0.7 1.0

March 2016

0.5 0.4 0.5 0.9

April 2016

0.5 0.5 0.8 1.1

May 2016

0.4 0.4 0.7 1.0

June 2016

0.3 0.3 0.7 1.0

July 2016

-0.2 -0.2 0.5 0.8

August 2016

0.0 0.1 0.7 1.1

September 2016

0.2 0.2 1.1 1.5

October 2016

0.2 0.1 1.3 1.6

November 2016

-0.2 -0.2 1.4 1.7

December 2016

0.0 0.0 1.8 2.1

January 2017

0.6 0.6 2.3 2.5

February 2017

0.3 0.3 2.6 2.7

March 2017

0.0 0.1 2.1 2.4

April 2017

0.3 0.3 1.9 2.2

May 2017

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.9

June 2017

0.1 0.1 1.3 1.6

July 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.4 1.7

August 2017

0.3 0.3 1.7 1.9

September 2017

0.6 0.5 2.1 2.2

October 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.8 2.0

November 2017

0.0 0.0 2.0 2.2

December 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.9 2.1

January 2018

0.5 0.5 1.9 2.1

February 2018

0.4 0.5 2.0 2.2

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is being issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to two revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, February 2018, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jan.
2018
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jan. 2018-
Feb. 2018
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Jan. 2018-
Feb. 2018(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.2   0.03 S-Dec. 2017 0.2

Food

13.371 0.0 0.000 0.06 S-Nov. 2017 0.0

Food at home

7.380 -0.2 -0.015 0.10 S-Jul. 2016 -0.2

Cereals and bakery products

0.967 -0.1 -0.001 0.25 S-Nov. 2017 -0.2

Cereals and cereal products

0.313 0.1 0.000 0.42 L-Sep. 2017 0.2

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 1.5 0.001 0.66 L-Apr. 2016 2.5

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.153 -1.5 -0.002 0.68 S-Aug. 2016 -1.5

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.119 1.3 0.001 0.76 L-Jan. 2017 1.3

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  -0.4   1.21 S-Dec. 2017 -1.6

Bakery products(4)

0.654 -0.5 -0.003 0.28 S-Feb. 2017 -0.6

Bread(4)(5)

0.191 -0.6 -0.001 0.48 S-Oct. 2017 -0.6

White bread(4)(6)

  -0.6   0.59 L-Dec. 2017 0.7

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  -0.7   0.81 S-Sep. 2017 -0.8

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.093 -0.2 0.000 0.71 L-Dec. 2017 1.0

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.165 0.6 0.001 0.58 S-Dec. 2017 0.4

Cookies(6)

  0.7   0.93 S-Dec. 2017 0.2

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  -0.1   0.69 S-Dec. 2017 -0.6

Other bakery products

0.206 -0.5 -0.001 0.53 S-Oct. 2017 -0.9

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  0.9   0.74 L-Aug. 2017 1.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  -1.1   0.95 S-Nov. 2017 -1.4

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  -0.7   0.71 S-Oct. 2017 -0.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.619 -0.2 -0.003 0.20 - -

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.522 -0.3 -0.005 0.21 L-Dec. 2017 0.7

Meats

0.954 -0.6 -0.006 0.25 S-Apr. 2017 -0.6

Beef and veal

0.428 -0.7 -0.003 0.34 L-Dec. 2017 1.1

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.174 -0.4 -0.001 0.53 L-Dec. 2017 0.2

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.059 1.3 0.001 1.03 L-Jun. 2017 3.5

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.157 -1.0 -0.002 0.63 L-Dec. 2017 1.9

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.037 0.4 0.000 0.86 L-Nov. 2017 1.5

Pork

0.302 -0.8 -0.003 0.55 S-Apr. 2017 -1.1

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.137 -0.1 0.000 0.68 - -

Bacon and related products(6)

  0.0   1.01 S-Nov. 2017 -2.6

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  -0.7   1.08 L-Dec. 2017 0.1

Ham

0.053 -1.8 -0.001 1.44 S-Sep. 2017 -1.9

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  -2.6   1.40 S-Jun. 2015 -2.8

Pork chops(4)

0.043 0.3 0.000 1.37 S-Dec. 2017 -2.1

Other pork including roasts and picnics(5)

0.069 -1.7 -0.001 1.19 S-Jan. 2017 -2.3

Other meats

0.225 -0.2 0.000 0.54 S-Nov. 2017 -0.6

Frankfurters(6)

  1.3   1.43 L-Oct. 2017 1.4

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.54 S-Sep. 2017 -1.3

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

           

Poultry(4)

0.319 0.4 0.001 0.52 L-Dec. 2017 1.6

Chicken(4)(5)

0.260 0.6 0.002 0.62 L-Dec. 2017 1.4

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  -0.4   1.14 S-Nov. 2017 -0.8

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  1.1   0.71 L-Dec. 2017 1.2

Other poultry including turkey(5)

0.058 -1.6 -0.001 0.89 L-Dec. 2017 2.0

Fish and seafood

0.249 -0.1 0.000 0.51 L-Dec. 2017 0.3

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.128 1.0 0.001 0.75 L-Nov. 2017 1.3

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.121 -1.7 -0.002 0.64 S-Apr. 2017 -2.2

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  -3.8   1.05 S-EVER -

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  -1.2   1.10 S-Nov. 2017 -1.3

Eggs

0.097 2.0 0.002 0.90 S-Nov. 2017 -1.5

Dairy and related products

0.743 -0.3 -0.002 0.28 S-Sep. 2017 -0.4

Milk(4)(5)

0.203 -0.2 0.000 0.38 L-Dec. 2017 0.4

Fresh whole milk(6)

  0.6   0.56 L-Nov. 2017 0.9

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  0.3   0.51 L-Oct. 2017 0.7

Cheese and related products

0.243 -1.0 -0.002 0.51 S-Aug. 2015 -1.3

Ice cream and related products

0.108 -2.3 -0.002 0.75 S-Jun. 2009 -2.9

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.189 0.0 0.000 0.56 S-Dec. 2017 -0.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.318 -0.5 -0.007 0.30 S-Jan. 2017 -1.4

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.045 -0.7 -0.007 0.36 S-Jan. 2017 -1.5

Fresh fruits

0.562 -0.8 -0.004 0.45 S-Aug. 2017 -0.9

Apples

0.077 -0.4 0.000 1.15 S-Dec. 2017 -1.9

Bananas(4)

0.081 1.4 0.001 0.64 L-Dec. 2017 1.8

Citrus fruits(5)

0.149 1.4 0.002 0.75 L-Nov. 2017 2.8

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  0.9   1.25 S-Dec. 2017 -1.5

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.255 -2.4 -0.006 0.73 S-Dec. 2016 -3.3

Fresh vegetables

0.483 -0.6 -0.003 0.56 L-Dec. 2017 0.5

Potatoes

0.076 0.7 0.001 1.22 L-Dec. 2017 0.8

Lettuce

0.058 0.6 0.000 1.62 L-Oct. 2017 2.1

Tomatoes(4)

0.090 -8.7 -0.008 1.10 S-May 2011 -18.0

Other fresh vegetables

0.260 -0.3 -0.001 0.69 L-Oct. 2017 0.3

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.273 0.0 0.000 0.44 S-Dec. 2017 -0.4

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.149 -1.1 -0.002 0.65 S-Jan. 2017 -1.5

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  -0.7   0.78 S-Oct. 2017 -0.8

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  -1.3   0.77 S-Dec. 2017 -1.6

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.079 1.4 0.001 0.83 L-Nov. 2016 1.4

Frozen vegetables(6)

  0.3   1.00 L-Oct. 2017 2.0

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.045 0.9 0.000 0.76 L-Mar. 2017 1.5

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  1.7   0.80 L-Feb. 2016 1.7

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.877 -0.1 -0.001 0.36 S-Dec. 2017 -0.1

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.619 -0.2 -0.001 0.41 S-Dec. 2017 -0.6

Carbonated drinks

0.255 0.4 0.001 0.77 - -

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.009 0.6 0.000 0.73 L-Dec. 2017 1.7

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.355 -1.0 -0.004 0.51 S-Nov. 2015 -1.0

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.258 -0.4 -0.001 0.61 L-Dec. 2017 1.1

Coffee

0.165 0.1 0.000 0.77 L-Dec. 2017 1.6

Roasted coffee(6)

  0.1   1.08 L-Dec. 2017 2.1

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  -1.3   0.71 L-Dec. 2017 1.2

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.092 -0.4 0.000 0.99 S-Nov. 2017 -0.8

Other food at home

1.856 -0.1 -0.001 0.20 S-Dec. 2017 -0.1

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.284 -0.3 -0.001 0.49 S-Oct. 2017 -0.5

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.043 -1.2 -0.001 0.67 S-May 2016 -1.5

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.185 -0.2 0.000 0.69 S-Oct. 2017 -0.3

Other sweets(5)

0.056 0.1 0.000 0.84 S-Dec. 2017 -1.6

Fats and oils

0.217 0.5 0.001 0.44 L-Jul. 2017 0.7

Butter and margarine(5)

0.062 -0.5 0.000 0.88 S-Oct. 2017 -0.7

Butter(6)

  0.1   1.01 S-Dec. 2017 -0.6

Margarine(6)

  0.2   0.98 - -

Salad dressing(5)

0.052 0.8 0.000 1.03 L-Jul. 2017 1.4

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.103 1.1 0.001 0.56 L-Dec. 2016 1.1

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  3.4   0.63 L-Sep. 2017 3.7

Other foods

1.354 -0.1 -0.001 0.25 L-Dec. 2017 -0.1

Soups

0.082 0.0 0.000 1.07 L-Dec. 2017 0.3

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(4)

0.236 0.0 0.000 0.54 L-Dec. 2017 0.2

Snacks(4)

0.312 0.6 0.002 0.72 L-Nov. 2017 0.7

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.276 -1.1 -0.003 0.54 S-May 2016 -1.1

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.96 S-Nov. 2017 -1.3

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   1.31 S-Dec. 2017 -0.3

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  -1.1   0.81 S-Aug. 2016 -1.4

Other condiments(6)

  -1.5   0.65 S-May 2016 -1.6

Baby food(4)(5)

0.049 0.5 0.000 0.52 S-Dec. 2017 0.1

Other miscellaneous foods(4)(5)

0.399 0.9 0.004 0.41 L-Oct. 2015 0.9

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  1.5   0.76 L-Oct. 2017 1.9

Food away from home(4)

5.991 0.2 0.014 0.04 S-Dec. 2017 0.2

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.978 0.2 0.006 0.04 - -

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.547 0.3 0.008 0.07 S-Dec. 2017 0.1

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.181 0.7 0.001 0.38 L-Dec. 2017 2.4

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  0.0   0.49 - -

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.090 0.1 0.000 0.11 S-Dec. 2017 0.0

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.194 0.0 0.000 0.09 S-Jul. 2017 0.0

Energy

7.619 0.1 0.007 0.08 S-Dec. 2017 -0.2

Energy commodities

4.211 -0.9 -0.039 0.13 S-Oct. 2017 -3.0

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.198 -2.1 -0.004 0.33 S-Feb. 2016 -2.6

Fuel oil

0.120 -3.6 -0.004 0.43 S-Feb. 2016 -4.8

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.078 -0.6 0.000 0.48 S-Aug. 2016 -2.2

Motor fuel

4.013 -0.8 -0.035 0.13 S-Oct. 2017 -3.2

Gasoline (all types)

3.925 -0.9 -0.038 0.13 S-Oct. 2017 -3.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  -1.1   0.51 S-Oct. 2017 -3.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  -1.3   0.51 S-Oct. 2017 -1.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  0.9   0.44 S-Dec. 2017 -0.2

Other motor fuels(5)

0.087 1.4 0.001 0.15 S-Dec. 2017 1.4

Energy services(11)

3.408 1.4 0.046 0.08 L-Mar. 2014 2.6

Electricity(11)

2.636 0.4 0.010 0.10 L-Nov. 2017 0.5

Utility (piped) gas service(11)

0.772 4.7 0.036 0.08 L-Mar. 2014 7.0

All items less food and energy

79.010 0.2 0.143 0.03 S-Dec. 2017 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.848 0.1 0.012 0.08 S-Nov. 2017 -0.1

Household furnishings and supplies(12)

3.404 0.0 -0.001 0.16 S-Dec. 2017 0.0

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.271 0.4 0.001 0.75 S-Dec. 2017 0.3

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.055 2.4 0.001 0.56 L-EVER -

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.048 2.2 0.001 0.88 L-Oct. 2016 4.3

Other linens(4)(5)

0.167 -0.7 -0.001 1.15 S-Nov. 2017 -4.5

Furniture and bedding

0.894 0.2 0.002 0.34 S-Dec. 2017 -0.3

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.326 -0.2 -0.001 0.52 S-Dec. 2017 -1.2

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.427 0.1 0.000 0.45 S-Nov. 2017 -0.6

Other furniture(5)

0.130 -1.9 -0.002 0.71 S-Feb. 2016 -2.1

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

  0.0   0.74 L-Oct. 2017 0.0

Appliances(5)

0.211 -1.5 -0.003 0.55 S-May 2014 -1.6

Major appliances(5)

0.077 -2.7 -0.002 0.70 S-EVER -

Laundry equipment(6)

  -5.9   1.18 S-EVER -

Other appliances(5)

0.131 -0.6 -0.001 0.63 L-Dec. 2017 0.1

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.522 0.4 0.002 0.48 L-Nov. 2017 1.2

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.292 -0.2 0.000 0.76 L-Dec. 2017 0.2

Indoor plants and flowers(13)

0.092 1.1 0.001 0.68 L-Dec. 2017 1.4

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.059 1.1 0.001 1.49 L-Jul. 2017 2.1

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.079 1.9 0.002 0.75 L-EVER -

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.671 0.4 0.002 0.24 L-Oct. 2017 0.4

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.198 1.2 0.002 0.35 L-Apr. 2009 1.3

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.311 0.1 0.000 0.30 - -

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.835 -0.1 -0.001 0.24 S-Nov. 2017 -1.4

Household cleaning products(5)

0.328 -0.1 0.000 0.39 L-Dec. 2017 0.3

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.222 0.0 0.000 0.38 S-Nov. 2017 -1.2

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.286 -0.4 -0.001 0.41 S-Nov. 2017 -2.5

Apparel

3.042 1.5 0.045 0.39 S-Dec. 2017 -0.3

Men's and boys' apparel

0.756 1.7 0.013 0.72 S-Dec. 2017 -0.5

Men's apparel

0.593 1.3 0.008 0.78 L-Oct. 2017 1.3

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.109 -0.2 0.000 1.68 L-Dec. 2017 0.8

Men's furnishings

0.148 -0.8 -0.001 1.45 L-Dec. 2017 1.0

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.170 4.3 0.008 1.22 L-Sep. 2015 8.1

Men's pants and shorts

0.158 1.2 0.002 1.28 L-Oct. 2017 2.5

Boys' apparel

0.163 3.6 0.006 1.44 S-Dec. 2017 -0.1

Women's and girls' apparel

1.239 1.5 0.020 0.60 S-Dec. 2017 -0.3

Women's apparel

1.060 1.8 0.020 0.65 S-Dec. 2017 -0.7

Women's outerwear

0.068 4.8 0.003 2.13 L-Feb. 2017 6.8

Women's dresses

0.124 1.9 0.003 1.42 S-Dec. 2017 1.5

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.554 2.4 0.014 0.87 S-Dec. 2017 -0.9

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(5)

0.302 1.1 0.003 1.10 S-Dec. 2017 -1.6

Girls' apparel

0.180 0.1 0.000 1.49 L-Dec. 2017 1.8

Footwear

0.663 1.5 0.010 0.57 L-Feb. 2016 1.5

Men's footwear(4)

0.214 1.8 0.004 0.96 S-Dec. 2017 -3.6

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.155 -0.5 -0.001 1.01 L-Dec. 2017 1.2

Women's footwear

0.294 3.0 0.009 0.80 L-Sep. 2000 3.9

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.132 0.9 0.001 1.24 S-Dec. 2017 0.8

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.253 0.6 0.002 1.00 L-Oct. 2017 0.6

Watches(4)(9)

0.098 1.2 0.001 1.52 S-Dec. 2017 -4.8

Jewelry(9)

0.154 1.8 0.003 1.22 L-Feb. 2017 2.5

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(12)

6.689 -0.4 -0.024 0.09 S-Mar. 2017 -0.4

New vehicles

3.797 -0.5 -0.019 0.15 S-Aug. 2009 -1.1

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.23 S-Aug. 2009 -1.1

New cars(6)

  -0.6   0.24 S-Jul. 2017 -0.6

New trucks(14)(6)

  -0.6   0.21 S-Aug. 2009 -0.8

Used cars and trucks

2.397 -0.3 -0.006 0.02 S-Sep. 2017 -0.3

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.381 0.2 0.001 0.28 S-Nov. 2017 -0.5

Tires(4)

0.228 0.4 0.001 0.38 S-Nov. 2017 -1.0

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.153 -0.2 0.000 0.44 S-Dec. 2017 -0.3

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  -0.1   0.38 S-Dec. 2017 -0.1

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  -0.9   0.90 S-Dec. 2017 -1.4

Medical care commodities

1.742 -0.3 -0.006 0.25 S-Sep. 2017 -0.5

Medicinal drugs(4)(12)

1.685 0.3 0.005 0.26 L-Dec. 2017 0.5

Prescription drugs(11)

1.340 -0.4 -0.006 0.29 S-Sep. 2017 -0.6

Nonprescription drugs(4)(12)

0.345 0.3 0.001 0.43 L-Jul. 2017 0.5

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(12)

0.057 0.6 0.000 0.50 L-Feb. 2017 0.8

Recreation commodities(12)

1.856 -0.3 -0.005 0.17 - -

Video and audio products(12)

0.252 -2.1 -0.005 0.49 S-Jun. 2016 -2.1

Televisions

0.119 -3.3 -0.004 0.81 L-Dec. 2017 -1.2

Other video equipment(5)

0.027 -0.2 0.000 0.85 S-Dec. 2017 -1.1

Audio equipment(4)

0.046 -3.1 -0.001 0.71 S-Dec. 2017 -5.4

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.051 0.2 0.000 0.85 L-Dec. 2017 0.8

Pets and pet products(4)

0.603 -0.1 0.000 0.23 S-Dec. 2017 -0.1

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.31 S-Nov. 2017 -1.0

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  -0.7   0.39 S-Aug. 2017 -0.8

Sporting goods

0.501 -0.2 -0.001 0.29 S-Aug. 2017 -0.5

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.281 1.0 0.003 0.34 L-Apr. 2016 2.3

Sports equipment

0.213 -1.5 -0.003 0.47 S-May 2015 -1.6

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.034 1.8 0.001 0.66 L-Jun. 2016 2.1

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

           

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  2.2   0.69 L-Jun. 2016 2.3

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.113 0.1 0.000 0.64 - -

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.067 0.4 0.000 0.95 L-Nov. 2017 2.2

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.046 -0.4 0.000 0.97 S-Jun. 2017 -1.9

Other recreational goods(5)

0.355 0.3 0.001 0.46 L-Oct. 2017 0.4

Toys

0.281 0.6 0.002 0.52 L-Dec. 2014 0.9

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  0.3   0.55 L-Aug. 2016 0.5

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.024 -1.8 0.000 1.10 S-Apr. 2017 -5.2

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.037 -1.2 0.000 0.68 S-Mar. 2017 -1.9

Education and communication commodities(12)

0.565 -0.5 -0.003 0.36 S-Dec. 2017 -0.6

Educational books and supplies

0.131 1.6 0.002 0.60 L-Apr. 2016 1.8

College textbooks(4)(15)(6)

  1.2   0.58 L-Nov. 2017 1.7

Information technology commodities(12)

0.434 -1.2 -0.005 0.43 S-Mar. 2017 -1.2

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(7)

0.324 -1.2 -0.004 0.59 S-Feb. 2016 -1.2

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.026 -3.2 -0.001 1.10 S-May 2016 -4.3

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.084 -0.5 0.000 0.70 S-Oct. 2017 -2.3

Alcoholic beverages

0.971 0.2 0.002 0.14 L-Nov. 2017 0.2

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.605 0.4 0.002 0.22 L-Sep. 2017 0.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.268 0.2 0.001 0.27 L-Sep. 2017 0.6

Distilled spirits at home

0.081 -0.6 0.000 0.37 S-Jun. 2015 -1.0

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  -1.2   0.54 S-Nov. 2016 -1.2

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  0.2   0.50 S-Dec. 2017 -0.8

Wine at home

0.255 0.9 0.002 0.46 L-Nov. 2014 1.1

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.367 0.2 0.001 0.12 S-Nov. 2017 0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.18 S-Nov. 2017 0.1

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.18 S-Sep. 2017 0.0

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.15 S-Dec. 2017 0.2

Other goods(12)

1.577 -0.1 -0.001 0.16 S-Dec. 2017 -0.5

Tobacco and smoking products

0.650 0.1 0.001 0.14 S-Dec. 2017 -0.4

Cigarettes(5)

0.576 0.2 0.001 0.15 - -

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.059 -0.5 0.000 0.33 S-Sep. 2015 -0.7

Personal care products(4)

0.703 0.1 0.001 0.30 S-Dec. 2017 -0.6

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.385 0.6 0.002 0.37 L-Sep. 2017 1.1

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.312 -0.5 -0.002 0.45 S-Dec. 2017 -0.9

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.224 -1.1 -0.003 0.75 S-Nov. 2017 -1.5

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  -0.7   0.77 S-Dec. 2017 -0.8

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

  0.1   0.46 S-Sep. 2017 -0.2

Services less energy services

59.162 0.2 0.134 0.03 S-Nov. 2017 0.2

Shelter

32.767 0.2 0.062 0.04 - -

Rent of shelter(16)

32.393 0.2 0.064 0.04 - -

Rent of primary residence(11)

7.803 0.2 0.016 0.03 S-Sep. 2017 0.2

Lodging away from home(5)

0.912 0.0 0.000 1.24 L-Dec. 2017 0.4

Housing at school, excluding board(11)(16)

0.113 0.2 0.000 0.06 - -

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.799 -0.1 -0.001 1.45 L-Dec. 2017 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(11)(16)

23.679 0.2 0.046 0.03 S-Nov. 2017 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(11)(16)

22.357 0.2 0.044 0.03 S-Nov. 2017 0.2

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.374 0.1 0.000 0.13 S-Dec. 2017 0.0

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.074 0.3 0.003 0.05 L-Nov. 2017 0.4

Water and sewerage maintenance(11)

0.814 0.3 0.002 0.06 - -

Garbage and trash collection(4)(14)

0.259 0.3 0.001 0.07 L-Nov. 2017 0.4

Household operations(4)(5)

0.860 1.5 0.013 0.32 - -

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.300 0.0 0.000 0.04 S-Oct. 2017 0.0

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.283   0.005 0.05 - -

Moving, storage, freight expense(5)

0.101 1.1 0.001 1.97 L-Nov. 2017 1.5

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.103 5.0 0.005 0.23 L-EVER -

Medical care services

6.942 0.0 -0.003 0.09 S-Nov. 2017 -0.1

Professional services

3.275 0.4 0.012 0.10 L-Jul. 2016 0.4

Physicians' services(11)

1.752 0.2 0.004 0.09 S-Dec. 2017 0.2

Dental services(11)

0.779 1.3 0.010 0.11 L-Aug. 2007 1.3

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.321 0.2 0.001 0.31 S-Dec. 2017 -0.3

Services by other medical professionals(4)(11)(9)

0.423 -0.8 -0.003 0.09 S-Jul. 1995 -0.9

Hospital and related services

2.604 -0.4 -0.011 0.12 S-Jun. 2015 -0.7

Hospital services(11)(17)

2.327 -0.5 -0.013 0.13 S-Jun. 2015 -0.9

Inpatient hospital services(11)(17)(6)

  -0.6   0.20 S-Jun. 2015 -1.0

Outpatient hospital services(11)(9)(6)

  -0.4   0.32 S-Jun. 2015 -1.0

Nursing homes and adult day services(11)(17)

0.190 0.4 0.001 0.12 L-Oct. 2017 0.7

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.087 0.8 0.001 0.12 L-Feb. 2017 1.0

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.063 0.1 0.002 0.08 S-Dec. 2017 -0.1

Transportation services

5.933 1.0 0.061 0.13 L-Jul. 2013 1.3

Leased cars and trucks(4)(15)

0.646 1.3 0.008 0.39 - -

Car and truck rental(5)

0.111 0.0 0.000 1.78 L-Dec. 2017 0.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.118 0.3 0.003 0.15 L-Oct. 2017 0.4

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.055 0.4 0.000 0.11 S-Dec. 2017 0.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.625 0.2 0.001 0.24 L-Dec. 2017 0.4

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.374 0.3 0.001 0.14 L-Oct. 2017 0.5

Motor vehicle insurance

2.368 1.7 0.040 0.17 L-EVER -

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.541 0.5 0.002 0.12 S-Dec. 2017 -0.3

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(11)(5)

0.283 0.0 0.000 0.04 S-Nov. 2017 0.0

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.241 1.0 0.002 0.22 S-Dec. 2017 -0.7

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.3   0.16 S-Dec. 2017 -0.3

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

  0.7   0.43 L-Nov. 2016 9.9

Public transportation

1.149 0.6 0.007 0.36 L-Dec. 2016 0.8

Airline fares

0.688 0.6 0.004 0.58 L-Jul. 2017 0.7

Other intercity transportation

0.172 1.2 0.002 0.56 S-Dec. 2017 0.2

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

  -0.5   0.98 S-Oct. 2017 -0.6

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.82 S-Nov. 2017 -2.2

Intracity transportation(4)

0.281 0.5 0.001 0.19 L-Sep. 2017 1.6

Intracity mass transit(4)(12)(6)

  0.8   0.15 L-Sep. 2017 1.8

Recreation services(12)

3.864 0.1 0.004 0.16 - -

Video and audio services(12)

1.594 0.1 0.001 0.15 L-Dec. 2017 0.1

Cable and satellite television service(14)

1.505 0.1 0.001 0.14 L-Nov. 2017 0.3

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.089 0.0 0.000 1.26 S-Nov. 2017 -3.9

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   2.01 S-Nov. 2017 -7.6

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.14 L-Dec. 2017 0.6

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.414 -0.4 -0.002 0.11 S-Dec. 2016 -0.7

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.10 L-Dec. 2017 0.5

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.13 S-Dec. 2016 -0.7

Photographers and film processing(4)(5)

0.039 -0.2 0.000 0.43 L-Nov. 2017 0.0

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.06 L-Nov. 2017 1.8

Film processing(4)(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.65 L-Sep. 2017 2.1

Other recreation services(5)

1.816 0.3 0.005 0.29 L-Dec. 2017 0.5

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.674 -0.3 -0.002 0.22 S-Apr. 2017 -0.3

Admissions

0.649 1.1 0.007 0.58 L-Jul. 2017 1.4

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  1.0   0.46 L-Aug. 2017 1.0

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  2.8   1.79 L-Jan. 2017 5.5

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.220 -0.5 -0.001 0.34 S-Nov. 2016 -0.6

Education and communication services(12)

6.104 -0.2 -0.012 0.07 S-Apr. 2017 -0.3

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.882 0.2 0.004 0.05 L-Dec. 2017 0.2

College tuition and fees

1.599 0.0 0.001 0.06 S-Aug. 2017 -0.1

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.328 0.3 0.001 0.08 - -

Child care and nursery school(13)

0.804 0.3 0.002 0.09 L-Jan. 2017 0.4

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.032 0.1 0.000 0.11 L-Nov. 2017 0.3

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.108 -0.6 -0.001 0.02 S-Apr. 2016 -1.2

Postage

0.094 -0.8 -0.001 0.00 S-Apr. 2016 -1.3

Delivery services(5)

0.014 0.2 0.000 0.32 S-Jul. 2017 -0.2

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.317 -0.4 -0.008 0.12 S-Jun. 2017 -0.6

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.736 -0.5 -0.009 0.10 S-Jun. 2017 -0.8

Land-line telephone services(4)(12)

0.581 0.2 0.001 0.21 L-Dec. 2017 0.7

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.788 -1.0 -0.008 0.29 S-Oct. 2016 -1.0

Other personal services(4)(12)

1.617 0.4 0.006 0.11 - -

Personal care services(4)

0.623 0.2 0.001 0.13 S-Dec. 2017 0.2

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.623 0.2 0.001 0.13 S-Dec. 2017 0.2

Miscellaneous personal services

0.994 0.5 0.005 0.11 L-Sep. 2016 0.5

Legal services(4)(9)

0.299 2.6 0.008 0.07 L-EVER -

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.127 0.4 0.001 0.09 L-Aug. 2017 0.4

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.237 0.4 0.001 0.16 L-Jul. 2017 0.4

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.028 0.1 0.000 0.21 - -

Financial services(9)

0.233 -2.2 -0.005 0.32 S-Nov. 2008 -6.0

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  1.1   0.02 L-Nov. 2017 2.8

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(5)(6)

  -4.6   0.33 S-EVER -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.629 0.2 0.151 0.03 S-Dec. 2017 0.2

All items less shelter

67.233 0.1 0.088 0.03 S-Dec. 2017 0.1

All items less food and shelter

53.861 0.2 0.088 0.04 S-Dec. 2017 0.1

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.242 0.2 0.081 0.05 S-Dec. 2017 0.2

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.846 0.2 0.087 0.05 S-Dec. 2017 0.2

All items less medical care

91.315 0.2 0.159 0.03 S-Dec. 2017 0.2

All items less energy

92.381 0.2 0.143 0.03 S-Dec. 2017 0.2

Commodities

37.430 -0.1 -0.027 0.05 S-Oct. 2017 -0.3

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.451 0.1 0.019 0.09 S-Dec. 2017 0.1

Commodities less food

24.059 -0.1 -0.027 0.07 S-Oct. 2017 -0.5

Commodities less food and beverages

23.087 -0.1 -0.029 0.07 S-Oct. 2017 -0.5

Services

62.570 0.3 0.180 0.03 - -

Services less rent of shelter(16)

30.177 0.5 0.147 0.05 L-Mar. 2014 0.5

Services less medical care services

55.628 0.4 0.214 0.04 L-May 2014 0.4

Durables

10.114 -0.4 -0.042 0.08 S-Mar. 2017 -0.4

Nondurables

27.316 0.2 0.049 0.07 S-Dec. 2017 -0.1

Nondurables less food

13.945 0.2 0.023 0.11 S-Dec. 2017 -0.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.974 0.2 0.022 0.12 S-Dec. 2017 -0.4

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.931 -0.1 -0.008 0.09 S-Dec. 2017 -0.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.902 0.0 -0.004 0.08 S-Dec. 2017 -0.3

Housing

41.711 0.3 0.120 0.04 L-Dec. 2017 0.3

Education and communication(5)

6.669 -0.2 -0.016 0.07 S-Apr. 2017 -0.3

Education(5)

3.013 0.2 0.007 0.06 L-Nov. 2017 0.3

Communication(5)

3.656 -0.6 -0.022 0.11 S-Apr. 2017 -0.7

Information and information processing(5)

3.548 -0.6 -0.021 0.12 S-Apr. 2017 -0.7

Information technology, hardware and services(18)

1.231 -1.1 -0.013 0.25 S-Jul. 2009 -1.3

Recreation(5)

5.720 0.0 -0.001 0.11 - -

Video and audio(5)

1.846 -0.2 -0.004 0.15 - -

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.016 -0.2 -0.002 0.16 S-Nov. 2017 -0.3

Photography(5)

0.074 0.7 0.001 0.41 L-Jul. 2016 0.9

Food and beverages

14.343 0.0 0.002 0.06 S-Nov. 2017 0.0

Domestically produced farm food

6.174 -0.2 -0.015 0.11 S-Sep. 2016 -0.2

Other services

11.585 0.0 -0.002 0.06 S-Jun. 2017 0.0

Apparel less footwear

2.379 1.5 0.036 0.45 S-Dec. 2017 -0.3

Fuels and utilities

4.680 1.0 0.045 0.06 L-Mar. 2014 1.5

Household energy

3.606 1.2 0.042 0.08 L-May 2014 1.2

Medical care

8.685 -0.1 -0.009 0.09 S-Apr. 2017 -0.1

Transportation

16.635 0.0 0.002 0.06 S-Oct. 2017 -0.6

Private transportation

15.485 0.0 -0.005 0.06 S-Oct. 2017 -0.6

New and used motor vehicles(5)

7.064 -0.2 -0.016 0.10 S-Sep. 2017 -0.3

Utilities and public transportation

9.453 0.8 0.079 0.07 L-May 2014 0.8

Household furnishings and operations

4.264 0.3 0.013 0.16 S-Dec. 2017 0.0

Other goods and services

3.194 0.2 0.006 0.10 S-Dec. 2017 -0.2

Personal care(4)

2.544 0.2 0.005 0.13 S-Dec. 2017 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(12) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(18) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, February 2018, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jan.
2018
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Feb. 2017-
Feb. 2018
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Feb. 2017-
Feb. 2018(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 2.2   0.07 L-Nov. 2017 2.2

Food

13.371 1.4 0.190 0.10 S-Nov. 2017 1.4

Food at home

7.380 0.5 0.041 0.16 S-Sep. 2017 0.4

Cereals and bakery products

0.967 -0.2 -0.002 0.30 - -

Cereals and cereal products

0.313 -1.3 -0.005 0.62 - -

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 1.7 0.001 0.99 L-May 2013 1.8

Breakfast cereal

0.153 -3.1 -0.005 0.85 S-Jul. 2010 -3.4

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.119 -0.2 0.000 1.11 L-Feb. 2016 0.8

Rice(4)(5)

  -1.0   1.35 S-Dec. 2017 -1.8

Bakery products

0.654 0.4 0.003 0.37 L-Sep. 2017 0.4

Bread(4)

0.191 -1.3 -0.003 0.66 S-Jun. 2014 -1.4

White bread(5)

  -2.5   0.89 S-Jun. 2014 -2.8

Bread other than white(5)

  -0.1   0.89 S-Oct. 2017 -0.9

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.093 2.6 0.003 1.07 L-Oct. 2015 2.6

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.165 2.1 0.003 0.68 L-Apr. 2016 3.2

Cookies(5)

  2.5   1.14 L-Apr. 2016 2.9

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  0.7   1.11 S-Sep. 2017 0.6

Other bakery products

0.206 -0.4 -0.001 0.71 S-Dec. 2017 -0.8

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  1.2   1.16 S-Dec. 2017 -0.5

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  -1.8   1.24 S-Dec. 2017 -1.8

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  0.9   1.15 L-Sep. 2017 1.8

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.619 1.7 0.029 0.33 S-Nov. 2017 1.4

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.522 1.1 0.019 0.32 S-Sep. 2017 0.6

Meats

0.954 1.5 0.016 0.39 S-Oct. 2017 1.5

Beef and veal

0.428 2.1 0.010 0.49 S-Nov. 2017 1.6

Uncooked ground beef

0.174 4.1 0.008 0.81 L-Dec. 2017 4.9

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.059 2.6 0.002 1.39 S-Nov. 2017 0.5

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.157 -0.4 -0.001 0.91 S-Oct. 2017 -1.1

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.037 2.9 0.001 1.30 L-Nov. 2017 3.2

Pork

0.302 1.7 0.005 0.79 S-Aug. 2017 0.9

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.137 3.4 0.005 1.01 S-Jul. 2017 3.1

Bacon and related products(5)

  5.3   1.31 S-Jun. 2017 4.8

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  0.8   1.67 S-Sep. 2017 0.2

Ham

0.053 -0.7 0.000 1.82 S-Sep. 2017 -0.7

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  -0.5   2.30 S-Sep. 2017 -0.7

Pork chops

0.043 2.7 0.001 1.89 S-Dec. 2017 1.0

Other pork including roasts and picnics(4)

0.069 -0.4 0.000 1.73 S-Sep. 2017 -2.0

Other meats

0.225 0.1 0.001 0.83 L-Oct. 2017 0.1

Frankfurters(5)

  3.9   2.43 L-Oct. 2017 5.1

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  -1.4   0.83 S-Dec. 2017 -1.9

Lamb and organ meats(5)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)

           

Poultry

0.319 1.3 0.004 0.72 L-Dec. 2017 2.5

Chicken(4)

0.260 2.5 0.007 0.84 L-Dec. 2017 3.3

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  1.5   1.94 S-Dec. 2017 -0.2

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  3.0   0.99 L-Dec. 2017 4.6

Other poultry including turkey(4)

0.058 -3.7 -0.002 1.44 S-Aug. 2017 -3.7

Fish and seafood

0.249 -0.6 -0.001 0.84 S-Apr. 2017 -1.0

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.128 0.9 0.001 1.17 L-Dec. 2017 1.1

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.121 -1.9 -0.002 0.98 S-Apr. 2017 -2.1

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  -1.3   1.31 S-Apr. 2017 -4.7

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  -3.5   1.50 S-Aug. 2016 -5.2

Eggs

0.097 10.5 0.010 1.47 L-Dec. 2017 11.6

Dairy and related products

0.743 -1.9 -0.015 0.40 S-Sep. 2016 -2.5

Milk(4)

0.203 -3.3 -0.007 0.70 L-Dec. 2017 -2.7

Fresh whole milk(5)

  -4.4   1.68 - -

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  -2.3   0.99 L-Dec. 2017 -2.0

Cheese and related products

0.243 -0.8 -0.002 0.68 S-Apr. 2017 -0.8

Ice cream and related products

0.108 -2.5 -0.003 0.96 S-May 2010 -2.6

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.189 -1.4 -0.003 0.82 - -

Fruits and vegetables

1.318 2.1 0.028 0.43 S-Dec. 2017 1.5

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.045 3.1 0.032 0.53 S-Dec. 2017 2.7

Fresh fruits

0.562 4.0 0.022 0.68 S-Dec. 2017 2.1

Apples

0.077 1.7 0.001 1.75 L-Oct. 2017 3.7

Bananas

0.081 -0.3 0.000 1.03 L-May 2017 -0.3

Citrus fruits(4)

0.149 7.7 0.011 1.42 L-Dec. 2017 8.4

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  8.2   2.18 L-Dec. 2017 8.9

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.255 4.0 0.010 1.05 S-Dec. 2017 1.5

Fresh vegetables

0.483 2.1 0.010 0.84 S-Aug. 2017 2.1

Potatoes

0.076 0.5 0.000 2.08 S-Nov. 2017 0.5

Lettuce

0.058 -1.5 -0.001 2.35 S-Mar. 2017 -2.7

Tomatoes

0.090 6.6 0.006 1.67 S-Nov. 2017 -0.3

Other fresh vegetables

0.260 1.9 0.005 1.20 S-Jul. 2017 1.0

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.273 -1.1 -0.004 0.69 L-Sep. 2017 -1.1

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.149 -1.6 -0.002 0.87 S-Dec. 2017 -4.1

Canned fruits(4)(5)

  -2.7   1.19 S-Dec. 2017 -3.0

Canned vegetables(4)(5)

  -0.8   1.24 S-Dec. 2017 -4.7

Frozen fruits and vegetables(4)

0.079 -0.3 0.000 1.35 L-Dec. 2017 -0.1

Frozen vegetables(5)

  -1.2   1.67 S-Nov. 2017 -2.0

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(4)

0.045 -1.2 -0.001 1.42 L-Oct. 2017 -0.1

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)

  -1.4   2.11 L-Mar. 2016 1.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.877 -1.0 -0.010 0.43 S-Jan. 2017 -1.0

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(4)

0.619 -0.5 -0.004 0.53 S-Jan. 2017 -0.7

Carbonated drinks

0.255 -0.2 -0.001 0.87 S-Dec. 2017 -0.6

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.009 0.4 0.000 1.12 S-Nov. 2017 0.1

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.355 -0.8 -0.003 0.64 S-Jan. 2017 -1.0

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(4)

0.258 -2.3 -0.006 0.77 S-Apr. 2014 -2.4

Coffee

0.165 -2.6 -0.005 1.09 S-Jan. 2017 -2.6

Roasted coffee(5)

  -2.3   1.60 S-Jan. 2017 -2.9

Instant coffee(5)

  -6.4   1.65 S-Feb. 2016 -6.6

Other beverage materials including tea(4)

0.092 -1.7 -0.002 1.01 S-May 2015 -2.5

Other food at home

1.856 0.6 0.011 0.31 L-Nov. 2017 0.9

Sugar and sweets

0.284 1.6 0.004 0.70 L-Dec. 2015 2.6

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.043 0.7 0.000 0.87 S-Nov. 2017 0.5

Candy and chewing gum(4)

0.185 2.1 0.004 0.91 L-Dec. 2015 2.9

Other sweets(4)

0.056 0.7 0.000 1.22 S-Dec. 2017 -0.5

Fats and oils

0.217 1.6 0.003 0.61 - -

Butter and margarine(4)

0.062 1.1 0.001 1.16 S-Apr. 2017 0.9

Butter(5)

  3.9   1.57 S-Oct. 2017 3.8

Margarine(5)

  -0.8   1.43 S-Sep. 2015 -1.0

Salad dressing(4)

0.052 -0.3 0.000 1.37 L-Nov. 2017 1.4

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(4)

0.103 2.9 0.003 0.92 L-Nov. 2017 3.1

Peanut butter(4)(5)

  2.9   1.06 L-Nov. 2017 4.4

Other foods

1.354 0.2 0.003 0.36 L-Dec. 2017 0.4

Soups

0.082 0.9 0.001 1.65 L-Nov. 2017 2.3

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.236 -0.9 -0.002 0.89 S-Oct. 2017 -1.2

Snacks

0.312 0.8 0.002 0.82 L-Nov. 2017 1.5

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.276 0.3 0.001 0.79 S-Jul. 2017 -0.2

Salt and other seasonings and spices(4)(5)

  2.9   1.40 L-Sep. 2016 3.4

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)

  2.7   1.68 L-Dec. 2017 4.1

Sauces and gravies(4)(5)

  1.6   1.16 S-Oct. 2017 1.4

Other condiments(5)

  -2.9   1.74 S-Aug. 2014 -3.0

Baby food(4)

0.049 0.2 0.000 1.16 L-Dec. 2017 0.4

Other miscellaneous foods(4)

0.399 0.2 0.001 0.51 L-Dec. 2017 0.2

Prepared salads(6)(5)

  1.8   1.26 L-Sep. 2017 2.5

Food away from home

5.991 2.6 0.149 0.10 L-Aug. 2016 2.8

Full service meals and snacks(4)

2.978 2.1 0.060 0.13 S-Apr. 2014 2.1

Limited service meals and snacks(4)

2.547 3.1 0.076 0.18 L-Jun. 2015 3.2

Food at employee sites and schools(4)

0.181 2.1 0.004 0.63 L-Dec. 2017 2.3

Food at elementary and secondary schools(7)(5)

  1.6   0.52 L-Sep. 2017 1.6

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)

0.090 2.5 0.002 1.49 S-Dec. 2017 2.4

Other food away from home(4)

0.194 2.8 0.006 0.53 S-Dec. 2017 2.2

Energy

7.619 7.7 0.558 0.11 L-Nov. 2017 9.4

Energy commodities

4.211 12.8 0.468 0.17 L-Nov. 2017 16.4

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.198 14.3 0.027 0.91 S-Dec. 2017 12.6

Fuel oil

0.120 20.7 0.021 1.08 S-Dec. 2017 15.2

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(8)

0.078 6.6 0.005 1.58 S-Jul. 2017 5.7

Motor fuel

4.013 12.7 0.441 0.18 L-Nov. 2017 16.5

Gasoline (all types)

3.925 12.6 0.430 0.18 L-Nov. 2017 16.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)

  12.8   0.94 L-Nov. 2017 16.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(9)(5)

  11.4   0.78 L-Nov. 2017 16.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)

  11.4   0.79 L-Nov. 2017 13.8

Other motor fuels(4)

0.087 18.2 0.011 0.28 L-Apr. 2017 20.3

Energy services(10)

3.408 2.6 0.090 0.15 L-Dec. 2017 3.1

Electricity(10)

2.636 2.2 0.060 0.18 S-Oct. 2017 2.0

Utility (piped) gas service(10)

0.772 3.8 0.030 0.22 L-Dec. 2017 4.7

All items less food and energy

79.010 1.8 1.464 0.08 - -

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.848 -0.5 -0.080 0.19 L-Feb. 2017 -0.5

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.404 -1.6 -0.047 0.33 L-Aug. 2017 -1.6

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)

0.271 0.1 0.001 1.10 L-Oct. 2016 0.4

Floor coverings(4)

0.055 3.5 0.002 1.56 L-Sep. 2016 3.9

Window coverings(4)

0.048 -2.5 -0.001 2.47 L-Sep. 2017 -1.9

Other linens(4)

0.167 -0.2 0.001 1.79 S-Dec. 2017 -0.2

Furniture and bedding

0.894 -1.0 -0.007 0.84 S-Oct. 2017 -1.2

Bedroom furniture

0.326 0.3 0.001 1.05 S-Dec. 2017 0.2

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)

0.427 -1.6 -0.005 1.41 L-Dec. 2017 -1.4

Other furniture(4)

0.130 -2.2 -0.003 1.58 S-Feb. 2017 -2.4

Infants' furniture(7)(5)

      2.26 - -

Appliances(4)

0.211 -3.1 -0.005 1.10 S-Jul. 2017 -3.3

Major appliances(4)

0.077 -4.2 -0.002 1.29 S-Sep. 2017 -4.3

Laundry equipment(5)

  -7.6   2.84 S-Nov. 2016 -9.7

Other appliances(4)

0.131 -2.5 -0.003 1.52 S-Feb. 2017 -3.2

Other household equipment and furnishings(4)

0.522 -6.8 -0.031 1.03 L-Dec. 2017 -5.1

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items

0.292 -10.2 -0.024 1.64 L-Dec. 2017 -8.9

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.092 0.3 0.000 1.28 L-Dec. 2017 2.0

Dishes and flatware(4)

0.059 -5.4 -0.003 3.20 L-Dec. 2017 -0.5

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(4)

0.079 -5.9 -0.004 1.49 L-Nov. 2017 -3.8

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(4)

0.671 -0.2 -0.001 0.70 L-Jun. 2017 -0.2

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)

0.198 1.2 0.003 0.81 L-May 2015 1.2

Outdoor equipment and supplies(4)

0.311 -1.1 -0.004 0.92 L-Nov. 2017 -0.9

Housekeeping supplies

0.835 -0.4 -0.004 0.43 S-Dec. 2017 -1.0

Household cleaning products(4)

0.328 -1.9 -0.006 0.62 L-Dec. 2017 -1.3

Household paper products(4)

0.222 0.0 0.000 0.83 S-Dec. 2017 -0.6

Miscellaneous household products(4)

0.286 1.0 0.003 0.88 S-Dec. 2017 -1.0

Apparel

3.042 0.4 0.017 0.79 L-Apr. 2017 0.5

Men's and boys' apparel

0.756 -0.6 -0.004 1.43 L-Mar. 2017 0.3

Men's apparel

0.593 -1.8 -0.012 1.68 S-Sep. 2017 -2.2

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.109 -2.9 -0.002 2.87 S-Sep. 2017 -4.1

Men's furnishings

0.148 -3.7 -0.008 3.59 S-Aug. 2017 -3.8

Men's shirts and sweaters(4)

0.170 -0.8 -0.001 2.21 L-Jun. 2017 0.3

Men's pants and shorts

0.158 -1.6 -0.001 2.81 S-Aug. 2017 -2.3

Boys' apparel

0.163 4.4 0.007 3.18 L-Sep. 2016 4.4

Women's and girls' apparel

1.239 1.3 0.020 1.21 L-Jan. 2017 1.5

Women's apparel

1.060 1.2 0.018 1.32 L-Mar. 2017 1.3

Women's outerwear

0.068 -6.4 -0.004 4.56 S-Jan. 2017 -8.5

Women's dresses

0.124 4.0 0.004 3.98 L-Jul. 2017 5.2

Women's suits and separates(4)

0.554 0.1 0.012 1.77 L-Feb. 2017 2.0

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(4)

0.302 2.0 0.006 2.05 L-Oct. 2017 2.6

Girls' apparel

0.180 0.7 0.002 2.99 L-Dec. 2017 1.2

Footwear

0.663 -0.3 -0.002 1.29 L-Jul. 2017 0.9

Men's footwear

0.214 -0.4 -0.001 2.00 L-Nov. 2017 0.3

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.155 -2.1 -0.003 2.35 L-Dec. 2017 0.7

Women's footwear

0.294 0.5 0.002 1.69 L-Jul. 2017 1.6

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.132 0.9 0.001 2.57 L-Oct. 2017 2.8

Jewelry and watches(8)

0.253 0.1 0.002 4.64 S-Dec. 2015 -0.7

Watches(8)

0.098 4.1 0.004 10.80 S-Jul. 2017 2.7

Jewelry(8)

0.154 -2.0 -0.002 4.96 S-Nov. 2015 -3.2

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

6.689 -0.9 -0.051 0.19 L-Dec. 2017 -0.7

New vehicles

3.797 -1.5 -0.054 0.33 S-Feb. 2009 -1.5

New cars and trucks(4)(5)

  -1.5   0.39 S-Feb. 2009 -1.6

New cars(5)

  -2.1   0.39 S-Oct. 2017 -2.1

New trucks(13)(5)

  -1.0   0.52 S-Mar. 2009 -1.9

Used cars and trucks

2.397 -0.1 0.004 0.09 L-Feb. 2016 0.4

Motor vehicle parts and equipment

0.381 -0.3 -0.001 0.70 - -

Tires

0.228 -1.0 -0.002 1.03 L-Sep. 2017 -0.5

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)

0.153 0.7 0.001 0.75 S-Dec. 2017 0.6

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(5)

  1.0   0.80 - -

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(5)

  3.6   1.08 L-Nov. 2017 5.7

Medical care commodities

1.742 1.6 0.029 0.69 S-Oct. 2017 0.9

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.685 1.6 0.028 0.71 S-Oct. 2017 0.9

Prescription drugs(10)

1.340 2.1 0.029 0.87 S-Oct. 2017 1.0

Nonprescription drugs(11)

0.345 -0.1 -0.001 0.77 L-Dec. 2017 0.7

Medical equipment and supplies(11)

0.057 0.4 0.000 0.90 S-Dec. 2017 0.1

Recreation commodities(11)

1.856 -3.5 -0.063 0.43 S-May 2017 -3.7

Video and audio products(11)

0.252 -11.4 -0.026 1.38 S-Mar. 2017 -11.8

Televisions

0.119 -13.6 -0.015 1.88 S-May 2017 -16.0

Other video equipment(4)

0.027 -4.2 -0.001 1.71 S-Sep. 2017 -5.0

Audio equipment

0.046 -18.2 -0.010 2.38 S-EVER -

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)

0.051 3.2 0.001 7.26 S-May 2017 1.4

Pets and pet products

0.603 -0.9 -0.005 0.54 L-Oct. 2017 -0.7

Pet food(4)(5)

  -1.3   0.69 - -

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)

  -0.6   1.01 S-Dec. 2017 -1.0

Sporting goods

0.501 -0.6 -0.002 0.81 - -

Sports vehicles including bicycles

0.281 0.5 0.002 1.23 L-Feb. 2017 0.6

Sports equipment

0.213 -2.1 -0.004 1.05 S-Aug. 2017 -2.4

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.034 -2.2 -0.001 2.01 L-Dec. 2017 -1.7

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)

           

Photographic equipment(4)(5)

  -1.5   2.74 L-Dec. 2017 -1.2

Recreational reading materials

0.113 -1.0 -0.001 1.35 L-Nov. 2017 -0.4

Newspapers and magazines(4)

0.067 -1.0 -0.001 1.97 S-Dec. 2017 -1.1

Recreational books(4)

0.046 -0.9 -0.001 1.67 L-Mar. 2017 -0.5

Other recreational goods(4)

0.355 -7.6 -0.028 0.98 L-Dec. 2017 -7.5

Toys

0.281 -9.1 -0.026 1.11 L-Dec. 2017 -9.1

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(4)(5)

  -9.3   1.57 L-Dec. 2017 -8.5

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)

0.024 2.7 0.001 2.69 S-Dec. 2017 -1.8

Music instruments and accessories(4)

0.037 -1.6 -0.001 1.50 S-Oct. 2011 -1.6

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.565 -3.0 -0.019 0.97 S-Dec. 2017 -3.2

Educational books and supplies

0.131 -0.4 -0.001 1.91 L-Aug. 2017 0.4

College textbooks(14)(5)

  -0.5   1.65 L-Nov. 2017 0.1

Information technology commodities(11)

0.434 -4.0 -0.018 1.04 S-Sep. 2017 -4.0

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(6)

0.324 -4.8 -0.013 1.24 S-May 2017 -5.6

Computer software and accessories(4)

0.026 -1.6 -0.001 3.43 S-Sep. 2017 -3.9

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)

0.084 -3.6 -0.003 1.41 S-Dec. 2017 -5.0

Alcoholic beverages

0.971 1.4 0.014 0.29 L-Dec. 2017 1.4

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.605 1.1 0.006 0.43 L-Dec. 2017 1.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.268 1.4 0.004 0.52 L-Dec. 2017 1.7

Distilled spirits at home

0.081 -1.1 -0.001 0.73 S-Dec. 2017 -1.1

Whiskey at home(5)

  -2.2   0.99 S-May 2016 -2.2

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(5)

  0.3   1.03 L-Sep. 2017 0.6

Wine at home

0.255 1.3 0.003 0.81 L-Nov. 2014 1.8

Alcoholic beverages away from home

0.367 2.1 0.008 0.32 S-Dec. 2017 1.8

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)

  1.7   0.63 S-Nov. 2017 1.7

Wine away from home(4)(5)

  1.7   0.58 S-Dec. 2017 1.7

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)

  2.4   0.77 - -

Other goods(11)

1.577 2.6 0.040 0.34 S-Dec. 2017 2.1

Tobacco and smoking products

0.650 6.6 0.043 0.44 - -

Cigarettes(4)

0.576 6.7 0.040 0.43 - -

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)

0.059 4.0 0.002 1.18 S-Jul. 2017 3.9

Personal care products

0.703 -0.3 -0.002 0.54 - -

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)

0.385 -0.7 -0.002 0.81 S-Dec. 2017 -0.9

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements

0.312 0.2 0.001 0.85 L-Nov. 2017 0.7

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)

0.224 -1.1 -0.002 1.81 S-Dec. 2017 -2.4

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(5)

  -0.5   1.51 S-Dec. 2017 -1.7

Infants' equipment(7)(5)

  4.2   1.28 L-Apr. 2009 4.4

Services less energy services

59.162 2.6 1.544 0.09 - -

Shelter

32.767 3.1 1.043 0.10 S-Aug. 2015 3.1

Rent of shelter(15)

32.393 3.1 1.040 0.10 S-Aug. 2015 3.1

Rent of primary residence(10)

7.803 3.6 0.285 0.11 S-Nov. 2015 3.6

Lodging away from home(4)

0.912 -1.5 -0.010 2.03 S-Jul. 2017 -2.4

Housing at school, excluding board(10)(15)

0.113 1.9 0.002 0.29 S-Nov. 2017 1.9

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.799 -2.2 -0.013 2.37 S-Jul. 2017 -3.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(10)(15)

23.679 3.1 0.765 0.10 S-Nov. 2017 3.1

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(10)(15)

22.357 3.2 0.731 0.10 - -

Tenants' and household insurance(4)

0.374 1.0 0.004 0.37 L-Oct. 2017 1.0

Water and sewer and trash collection services(4)

1.074 2.9 0.033 0.20 - -

Water and sewerage maintenance(10)

0.814 3.3 0.029 0.24 - -

Garbage and trash collection(13)

0.259 1.6 0.005 0.38 - -

Household operations(4)

0.860 5.6 0.047 0.99 L-Dec. 2008 6.0

Domestic services(4)

0.300   0.008 0.41 - -

Gardening and lawncare services(4)

0.283   0.016 0.51 - -

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)

0.101 9.0 0.010 4.54 L-Sep. 2016 9.4

Repair of household items(4)

0.103 9.4 0.009 0.81 L-EVER -

Medical care services

6.942 1.8 0.124 0.32 S-Dec. 2017 1.6

Professional services

3.275 0.1 0.004 0.38 L-Oct. 2017 0.4

Physicians' services(10)

1.752 -1.3 -0.021 0.62 L-Oct. 2017 -0.6

Dental services(10)

0.779 3.0 0.024 0.50 L-May 2016 3.1

Eyeglasses and eye care(8)

0.321 1.1 0.003 0.78 L-Feb. 2017 1.2

Services by other medical professionals(10)(8)

0.423 -0.3 -0.002 0.86 S-Dec. 2015 -0.3

Hospital and related services

2.604 4.7 0.120 0.50 S-Dec. 2017 4.7

Hospital services(10)(16)

2.327 5.0 0.113 0.55 S-Nov. 2017 5.0

Inpatient hospital services(10)(16)(5)

  4.4   1.65 S-Dec. 2017 4.2

Outpatient hospital services(10)(8)(5)

  4.9   1.51 S-Dec. 2017 4.8

Nursing homes and adult day services(10)(16)

0.190 3.4 0.007 0.44 L-Jul. 2017 3.4

Care of invalids and elderly at home(7)

0.087 -0.1 0.000 1.16 S-Dec. 2017 -1.5

Health insurance(7)

1.063 -0.1 0.000 0.36 S-Mar. 2015 -0.4

Transportation services

5.933 4.5 0.267 0.25 L-Jun. 2010 4.5

Leased cars and trucks(14)

0.646 4.8 0.028 1.20 S-Dec. 2017 4.0

Car and truck rental(4)

0.111 -2.5 -0.003 2.67 L-Sep. 2017 -1.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair

1.118 1.5 0.018 0.47 L-Dec. 2017 1.8

Motor vehicle body work

0.055 2.7 0.002 0.64 L-Sep. 2017 3.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing

0.625 1.6 0.010 0.69 L-Dec. 2017 2.4

Motor vehicle repair(4)

0.374 1.3 0.005 0.64 L-Nov. 2017 1.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.368 9.7 0.235 0.46 L-Feb. 1987 10.1

Motor vehicle fees(4)

0.541 1.6 0.009 0.35 L-Oct. 2017 1.8

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(10)(4)

0.283 1.5 0.004 0.43 - -

Parking and other fees(4)

0.241 1.7 0.004 0.54 L-Oct. 2017 2.4

Parking fees and tolls(4)(5)

  2.4   1.21 L-Oct. 2017 2.7

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)

  -0.4   1.99 L-Aug. 2016 0.6

Public transportation

1.149 -2.0 -0.019 0.63 L-Dec. 2017 -1.6

Airline fares

0.688 -5.4 -0.031 0.94 S-Nov. 2016 -6.6

Other intercity transportation

0.172 1.9 0.003 1.21 L-Oct. 2017 2.0

Intercity bus fare(6)(5)

  3.9   3.59 L-Dec. 2017 5.0

Intercity train fare(6)(5)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)

  2.3   2.08 L-Apr. 2017 2.7

Intracity transportation

0.281 3.2 0.009 0.30 L-Feb. 2014 3.4

Intracity mass transit(11)(5)

  4.0   0.81 L-Feb. 2014 4.0

Recreation services(11)

3.864 2.5 0.098 0.55 S-Jan. 2016 2.3

Video and audio services(11)

1.594 3.3 0.053 0.50 S-Oct. 2016 3.2

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.505 3.5 0.053 0.51 S-Apr. 2016 3.3

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)

0.089 0.5 0.000 1.69 S-Dec. 2017 -1.0

Video discs and other media(4)(5)

  -5.0   3.58 S-Dec. 2017 -5.1

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)

  2.7   0.80 - -

Pet services including veterinary(4)

0.414 2.2 0.008 0.57 S-Nov. 2017 1.7

Pet services(4)(5)

  1.1   0.60 L-Dec. 2017 1.3

Veterinarian services(4)(5)

  2.2   0.65 S-Nov. 2017 1.9

Photographers and film processing(4)

0.039 -2.5 -0.001 1.05 S-EVER -

Photographer fees(4)(5)

  0.1   1.26 S-Dec. 2017 -0.5

Film processing(4)(5)

  -8.6   1.21 S-EVER -

Other recreation services(4)

1.816 2.0 0.038 1.08 S-Jun. 2017 1.6

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)

0.674 2.6 0.017 1.42 S-Nov. 2017 2.3

Admissions

0.649 1.0 0.006 1.68 - -

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)

  2.7   1.68 L-Dec. 2017 2.7

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)

  -1.7   3.59 L-Dec. 2017 0.9

Fees for lessons or instructions(8)

0.220 3.8 0.008 1.34 S-Oct. 2017 3.2

Education and communication services(11)

6.104 -1.7 -0.104 0.24 S-Oct. 2017 -1.7

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.882 2.1 0.063 0.20 - -

College tuition and fees

1.599 2.0 0.037 0.26 S-Aug. 2017 1.9

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.328 3.7 0.012 0.42 - -

Child care and nursery school(12)

0.804 1.4 0.011 0.40 - -

Technical and business school tuition and fees(4)

0.032 1.9 0.001 1.02 - -

Postage and delivery services(4)

0.108 2.4 0.003 0.22 S-Mar. 2017 1.5

Postage

0.094 2.0 0.002 0.22 S-Mar. 2017 1.3

Delivery services(4)

0.014 6.5 0.001 0.99 S-Oct. 2017 6.5

Telephone services(4)

2.317 -6.3 -0.154 0.50 L-Feb. 2017 -3.0

Wireless telephone services(4)

1.736 -9.4 -0.162 0.64 L-Feb. 2017 -4.7

Land-line telephone services(11)

0.581 1.0 0.007 0.61 S-May 2017 0.7

Internet services and electronic information providers(4)

0.788 -2.1 -0.016 1.21 S-Oct. 2015 -2.1

Other personal services(11)

1.617 2.3 0.037 0.25 L-Aug. 2017 2.4

Personal care services

0.623 1.9 0.011 0.36 L-Oct. 2017 1.9

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)

0.623 1.9 0.011 0.36 L-Oct. 2017 1.9

Miscellaneous personal services

0.994 2.5 0.025 0.38 L-Aug. 2017 2.5

Legal services(8)

0.299 3.7 0.011 0.56 L-Jun. 2017 4.6

Funeral expenses(8)

0.127 1.6 0.002 0.41 - -

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)

0.237 2.8 0.007 0.74 L-Jul. 2017 2.8

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)

0.028 -0.5 0.000 0.91 L-Dec. 2017 -0.1

Financial services(8)

0.233 0.9 0.002 1.03 S-Mar. 2011 0.9

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)

  4.5   0.96 L-Feb. 2017 4.7

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)

  0.5   1.14 S-EVER -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.629 2.3 2.022 0.07 L-Nov. 2017 2.3

All items less shelter

67.233 1.7 1.169 0.08 L-Nov. 2017 1.7

All items less food and shelter

53.861 1.8 0.979 0.10 L-Nov. 2017 1.8

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.242 0.9 0.421 0.11 L-Mar. 2017 1.0

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.846 0.9 0.417 0.12 - -

All items less medical care

91.315 2.3 2.059 0.07 L-Nov. 2017 2.3

All items less energy

92.381 1.8 1.654 0.07 - -

Commodities

37.430 1.5 0.577 0.11 L-Nov. 2017 1.6

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.451 -0.5 -0.084 0.21 L-Aug. 2017 -0.5

Commodities less food

24.059 1.6 0.388 0.17 L-Nov. 2017 1.7

Commodities less food and beverages

23.087 1.6 0.374 0.17 L-Nov. 2017 1.7

Services

62.570 2.6 1.634 0.08 - -

Services less rent of shelter(15)

30.177 2.0 0.595 0.13 L-Oct. 2017 2.0

Services less medical care services

55.628 2.7 1.511 0.09 L-Dec. 2017 2.7

Durables

10.114 -1.6 -0.142 0.18 - -

Nondurables

27.316 2.6 0.719 0.13 L-Nov. 2017 2.7

Nondurables less food

13.945 3.9 0.529 0.24 L-Nov. 2017 4.0

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.974 4.0 0.515 0.25 L-Nov. 2017 4.2

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.931 5.2 0.499 0.20 L-Nov. 2017 6.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.902 4.9 0.513 0.18 L-Nov. 2017 5.8

Housing

41.711 2.8 1.193 0.09 - -

Education and communication(4)

6.669 -1.8 -0.123 0.22 S-Oct. 2017 -1.8

Education(4)

3.013 2.0 0.063 0.22 - -

Communication(4)

3.656 -5.0 -0.185 0.37 S-Nov. 2017 -5.0

Information and information processing(4)

3.548 -5.2 -0.188 0.38 - -

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.231 -2.9 -0.034 0.81 S-Mar. 2017 -3.2

Recreation(4)

5.720 0.6 0.035 0.40 S-Oct. 2016 0.5

Video and audio(4)

1.846 1.5 0.027 0.46 S-Dec. 2016 1.5

Pets, pet products and services(4)

1.016 0.3 0.003 0.40 S-Dec. 2017 0.1

Photography(4)

0.074 -2.3 -0.002 1.02 L-Dec. 2017 -1.6

Food and beverages

14.343 1.4 0.204 0.09 S-Nov. 2017 1.4

Domestically produced farm food

6.174 0.8 0.053 0.17 S-Nov. 2017 0.7

Other services

11.585 0.3 0.030 0.21 S-Aug. 2017 0.2

Apparel less footwear

2.379 0.6 0.019 0.97 L-Mar. 2017 0.8

Fuels and utilities

4.680 3.1 0.150 0.12 L-Dec. 2017 3.5

Household energy

3.606 3.2 0.117 0.15 L-Dec. 2017 3.5

Medical care

8.685 1.8 0.152 0.30 S-Dec. 2017 1.8

Transportation

16.635 4.1 0.657 0.12 L-Nov. 2017 4.4

Private transportation

15.485 4.6 0.676 0.12 L-Nov. 2017 4.8

New and used motor vehicles(4)

7.064 -0.5 -0.025 0.21 - -

Utilities and public transportation

9.453 0.1 0.003 0.16 L-Dec. 2017 0.4

Household furnishings and operations

4.264 -0.1 0.000 0.36 L-Feb. 2016 -0.1

Other goods and services

3.194 2.4 0.076 0.21 - -

Personal care

2.544 1.3 0.033 0.26 L-Jul. 2017 1.3

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that year the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 2.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.25 percent, the margin of error on this item's 12-month percent change would be 2.6 percent, plus or minus 0.5 percent.
(3) If the current 12-month percent change is greater than the previous published 12-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 12-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 12-month change. If the current 12-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 12-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 12-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparison is used. For example, 2.0% is greater than 0.6%, -4.4% is less than -2.0%, and -2.0% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(6) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(10) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Last Modified Date: March 13, 2018