Consumer Price Index News Release

 Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
 8:30 a.m. (EDT) April 10, 2019               USDL-19-0611

 Technical information: (202) 691-7000   cpi_info@bls.gov    www.bls.gov/cpi
 Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902   PressOffice@bls.gov

 CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – MARCH 2019

 The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.4 percent 
 in March on a seasonally adjusted basis after rising 0.2 percent in February, 
 the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, 
 the all items index increased 1.9 percent before seasonal adjustment.

 The energy index increased 3.5 percent in March, accounting for about 60 
 percent of the seasonally adjusted all items monthly increase. The gasoline 
 index increased sharply, and the electricity index also rose, although the 
 natural gas index declined. The food index also increased in March, with the 
 indexes for food at home and food away from home both continuing to rise.

 The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.1 percent in March, 
 the same increase as in February. The indexes for shelter, medical care, new 
 vehicles, recreation, education, and tobacco were among those that increased 
 in March, while the indexes for apparel, used cars and trucks, and airline 
 fares all declined.  

 The all items index increased 1.9 percent for the 12 months ending March, a 
 larger increase than the 1.5-percent rise for the period ending February. The 
 index for all items less food and energy rose 2.0 percent over the last 12 
 months. The food index rose 2.1 percent over the past year, its largest 12-month 
 increase since the period ending March 2015, while the energy index declined 
 0.4 percent over the past year. 


 Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Sep.  Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.   ended 
                              2018  2018  2018  2018  2019  2019  2019   Mar.  
                                                                         2019  
                                                                               
                                                                               
 All items..................    .1    .3    .0    .0    .0    .2    .4      1.9
  Food......................    .1    .0    .2    .3    .2    .4    .3      2.1
   Food at home.............   -.1   -.1    .1    .3    .1    .4    .4      1.4
   Food away from home (1)..    .2    .1    .3    .4    .3    .4    .2      3.0
  Energy....................  -1.0   2.1  -2.8  -2.6  -3.1    .4   3.5      -.4
   Energy commodities.......  -1.1   2.6  -5.0  -5.7  -5.3   1.5   6.2      -.6
    Gasoline (all types)....  -1.2   2.7  -5.2  -5.8  -5.5   1.5   6.5      -.7
    Fuel oil................   -.7   3.2  -2.9  -9.4  -1.3   2.6   2.1      -.4
   Energy services..........   -.9   1.3    .2   1.5   -.5   -.8    .3      -.1
    Electricity.............   -.7   1.8    .2    .4   -.6   -.3    .4       .3
    Utility (piped) gas                                                        
       service..............  -1.5   -.5    .2   5.1   -.3  -2.4   -.1     -1.4
  All items less food and                                                      
     energy.................    .2    .2    .2    .2    .2    .1    .1      2.0
   Commodities less food and                                                   
      energy commodities....   -.1    .3    .2    .0    .4   -.2   -.2       .0
    New vehicles............    .0   -.2    .0    .0    .2   -.2    .4       .7
    Used cars and trucks....  -2.1   2.5   2.5   -.5    .1   -.7   -.4       .4
    Apparel.................    .9    .2   -.6    .0   1.1    .3  -1.9     -2.2
    Medical care commodities   -.2   -.1    .5   -.4    .1  -1.0    .4      -.6
   Services less energy                                                        
      services..............    .3    .2    .2    .2    .2    .2    .3      2.7
    Shelter.................    .2    .2    .3    .3    .3    .3    .4      3.4
    Transportation services     .5    .1    .0   -.1   -.2   -.1    .0      1.0
    Medical care services...    .3    .2    .4    .4    .3    .0    .3      2.3

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.



 Food

 The food index rose 0.3 percent in March following a 0.4-percent increase in 
 February. The index for food at home rose 0.4 percent in March, the same increase 
 as the prior month. The index for fruits and vegetables rose 1.6 percent, with 
 the index for fresh vegetables increasing 2.0 percent and the index for fresh 
 fruits rising 1.2 percent. The dairy and related products index increased 0.6 
 percent, and the cereals and bakery products index rose 0.3 percent. The index 
 for other food at home also increased in March, rising 0.1 percent.

 The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs was the only major grocery store 
 food group index to decline in March, falling 0.2 percent after rising 0.2 percent 
 in February. The index for nonalcoholic beverages was unchanged in March after 
 increasing in each of the prior 3 months.

 The index for food away from home rose 0.2 percent in March after increasing 0.4 
 percent in February. The index for limited service meals rose 0.2 percent and the 
 index for full service meals increased 0.1 percent.

 The food at home index rose 1.4 percent over the last 12 months. Five of the six 
 major grocery store food group indexes rose over the span, with the fruits and 
 vegetables index posting the largest increase at 3.9 percent. The index for meats, 
 poultry, fish, and eggs was the only one to decline, falling 0.2 percent over the 
 last 12 months. The index for food away from home increased 3.0 percent over the 
 past 12 months, with the index for limited service meals increasing 3.1 percent 
 and the index for full service meals rising 2.8 percent.    

 Energy

 The energy index rose 3.5 percent in March. The gasoline index rose 6.5 percent 
 in March after increasing 1.5 percent in February. (Before seasonal adjustment, 
 gasoline prices rose 9.0 percent in March.) The electricity index also increased 
 in March, rising 0.4 percent after falling in January and February. The index for 
 natural gas declined for the third month in a row, falling 0.1 percent in March. 

 Despite the increase in March, the energy index fell slightly over the last 12 
 months, declining 0.4 percent. The index for gasoline fell 0.7 percent, while the 
 index for natural gas declined 1.4 percent. The electricity index, in contrast, 
 increased 0.3 percent over the last 12 months. 
 
 All items less food and energy

 The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.1 percent in March, the 
 same monthly increase as in February. The shelter index continued to rise, increasing 
 0.4 percent. The index for rent rose 0.4 percent, while the index for owners’ 
 equivalent rent increased 0.3 percent.

 The medical care index, which declined in February, rose 0.3 percent in March. The 
 index for prescription drugs increased 0.6 percent in March following a 1.0-percent 
 decline in February. The index for hospital services also increased in March, rising 
 0.3 percent, but the index for physicians’ services declined, falling 0.4 percent.

 The index for new vehicles increased 0.4 percent in March after declining in February. 
 The recreation index rose 0.3 percent, and the education index advanced 0.5 percent. 
 The index for tobacco increased 1.6 percent, its largest increase since April 2017. 

 In contrast, the index for apparel declined 1.9 percent in March after rising in 
 February. The index for used cars and trucks fell for the second month in a row in 
 March, declining 0.4 percent. The index for airline fares fell in March, decreasing 
 0.6 percent after rising in February. Also declining in March were the indexes for 
 communication and for motor vehicle insurance. 
   
 The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.0 percent over the past 12 months, 
 a slightly smaller increase than the 2.1-percent rise for the period ending February. 
 The shelter index rose 3.4 percent over the span, and the medical care index increased 
 1.7 percent. The indexes for apparel, airline fares, and communication all declined 
 for the 12 months ending March. 

 Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

 The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 1.9 percent over the  
 last 12 months to an index level of 254.202 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index 
 increased 0.6 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) increased 
 1.8 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 247.768 (1982-84=100). For the 
 month, the index increased 0.6 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

 The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 1.7 percent 
 over the last 12 months. For the month, the index increased 0.6 percent on a not 
 seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past 10 to 12 months 
 are subject to revision. 

 The Consumer Price Index for April 2019 is scheduled to be released on Friday, May 10, 
 2019, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT). 


 Technical Note

 Brief Explanation of the CPI

 The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers for goods 
 and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two population groups: all 
 urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical workers. The all urban consumer group 
 represents about 93 percent of the total U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures 
 of almost all residents of urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the 
 self-employed, the poor, the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners 
 and clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people living 
 in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces, and those 
 in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation for all urban 
 consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban 
 Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U). 

 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is based on 
 the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that meet two requirements: 
 more than one-half of the household's income must come from clerical or wage occupations, 
 and at least one of the household's earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks 
 during the previous 12 months. The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the 
 total U.S. population and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

 The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, doctors’ 
 and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day 
 living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas across the country from about 
 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments (department stores, 
 supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service 
 establishments). All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are 
 included in the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are obtained every month 
 in all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected every 
 month in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices 
 of most goods and services are obtained by personal visits or telephone calls by the 
 Bureau’s trained representatives.

 In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are 
 aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the 
 appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. 
 For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published by size of city, by region 
 of the country, for cross-classifications of regions and population-size classes, and for 
 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices 
 among cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base 
 period. For the C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W 
 are considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and 
 subject to three subsequent quarterly revisions. 

 The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the CPI-U and 
 the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base for the C-CPI-U 
 is December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, 
 is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of 
 a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. 

 Sampling Error in the CPI

 The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based 
 upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS calculates 
 and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-month percent change 
 standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard error estimates can be used to 
 construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated standard 
 error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means 
 that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using the same 
 methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these 
 estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail 
 prices. For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 95 
 percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would fall 
 between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including information on how to use the 
 estimates of standard error, see https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm. 

 Calculating Index Changes

 Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes 
 rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level 
 of the index in relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following 
 table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent changes:

                          
                            Item A                      Item B                  Item C
 Year I                    112.500                     225.000                 110.000
 Year II                   121.500                     243.000                 128.000
 Change in index points      9.000                      18.000                  18.000
 
 Percent change     9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0   18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0    18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

 Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

 The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. 
 Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS 
 seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are 
 used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The factors are available at 
 www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2019.pdf. For more information on 
 data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal Adjustment at 
 www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the Timeline of Seasonal 
 Adjustment Methodological Changes at 
 www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 

 For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually 
 preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and 
 in about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting from weather events, 
 production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on 
 changes that are not typical for the time of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest 
 to consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used 
 extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements and pension 
 plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for 
 seasonal variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation 
 agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.


 Intervention Analysis

 The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some CPI series. 
 Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal pattern of price 
 change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which the distortions caused 
 by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior to calculation of seasonal 
 factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately represent the seasonal pattern, 
 are then applied to the unadjusted data. 

 For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 2009 
 return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier 
 data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal portion of 
 the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to 
 seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this “prior adjusted” 
 data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in the data. The 
 last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

 For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2019, BLS adjusted 51 series using intervention 
 analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, electricity, 
 and vehicles. 

 Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

 Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject to 
 revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI calculate 
 new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years of data. 
 Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final and not 
 subject to revision. For January 2019, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted indexes 
 for 2014 to 2018 were calculated and published. For series which are directly adjusted using the 
 Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors for 2018 will be applied 
 to data for 2019 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2019 indexes. Series which are indirectly 
 seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal factors which 
 are derived and are therefore not available in advance. 

 Determining Seasonal Status
 
 Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical criteria. 
 Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its status from "not 
 seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 81 components of the U.S. 
 city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status from seasonally adjusted to not 
 seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the aggregation of the dependent 
 series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes before that period will not be 
 changed. Twenty-nine of the 81 components of the U.S. city average all items index are not seasonally-
 adjusted for 2019.

 Contact Information

 For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information and 
 Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov. 

 For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit 
 www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section at 
 202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov. 

 Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. 
 Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.  









Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, March 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2019
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Mar.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018-
Mar.
2019
Feb.
2019-
Mar.
2019
Dec.
2018-
Jan.
2019
Jan.
2019-
Feb.
2019
Feb.
2019-
Mar.
2019

All items

100.000 249.554 252.776 254.202 1.9 0.6 0.0 0.2 0.4

Food

13.364 252.370 257.222 257.724 2.1 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3

Food at home

7.304 239.158 242.057 242.555 1.4 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.4

Cereals and bakery products

0.962 272.345 275.996 277.275 1.8 0.5 -0.4 0.7 0.3

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.596 249.516 248.597 249.062 -0.2 0.2 0.6 0.2 -0.2

Dairy and related products

0.724 216.497 216.595 217.531 0.5 0.4 -0.3 0.3 0.6

Fruits and vegetables

1.305 293.870 304.621 305.399 3.9 0.3 -0.3 0.9 1.6

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.884 167.758 172.488 172.060 2.6 -0.2 0.8 0.7 0.0

Other food at home

1.833 210.012 211.168 211.550 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.1

Food away from home(1)

6.060 273.733 281.373 281.887 3.0 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.2

Energy

7.190 212.554 202.740 211.724 -0.4 4.4 -3.1 0.4 3.5

Energy commodities

3.829 232.716 213.270 231.228 -0.6 8.4 -5.3 1.5 6.2

Fuel oil

0.113 288.737 285.668 287.496 -0.4 0.6 -1.3 2.6 2.1

Motor fuel

3.641 228.068 208.242 226.616 -0.6 8.8 -5.5 1.5 6.4

Gasoline (all types)

3.556 226.872 206.749 225.282 -0.7 9.0 -5.5 1.5 6.5

Energy services

3.361 202.625 202.690 202.461 -0.1 -0.1 -0.5 -0.8 0.3

Electricity

2.594 210.273 210.939 210.937 0.3 0.0 -0.6 -0.3 0.4

Utility (piped) gas service

0.767 176.567 174.950 174.089 -1.4 -0.5 -0.3 -2.4 -0.1

All items less food and energy

79.446 256.610 261.114 261.836 2.0 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.624 145.050 144.609 144.994 0.0 0.3 0.4 -0.2 -0.2

Apparel

3.065 128.604 125.631 125.785 -2.2 0.1 1.1 0.3 -1.9

New vehicles

3.729 146.727 147.226 147.788 0.7 0.4 0.2 -0.2 0.4

Used cars and trucks

2.397 139.892 139.301 140.513 0.4 0.9 0.1 -0.7 -0.4

Medical care commodities

1.696 381.804 377.949 379.568 -0.6 0.4 0.1 -1.0 0.4

Alcoholic beverages

0.972 248.287 252.599 252.087 1.5 -0.2 0.0 0.2 -0.1

Tobacco and smoking products

0.660 1,046.450 1,088.195 1,103.240 5.4 1.4 0.3 0.5 1.6

Services less energy services

59.822 325.610 333.586 334.518 2.7 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Shelter

33.293 304.847 313.880 315.135 3.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4

Rent of primary residence

7.932 315.883 326.351 327.513 3.7 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

24.026 312.107 321.627 322.482 3.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Medical care services

7.000 516.713 527.683 528.575 2.3 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.3

Physicians' services

1.735 380.766 383.009 381.045 0.1 -0.5 0.4 0.1 -0.4

Hospital services(3)

2.335 330.759 336.234 336.648 1.8 0.1 -0.3 -0.7 0.3

Transportation services

5.962 320.774 323.575 323.982 1.0 0.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.130 283.656 291.993 294.226 3.7 0.8 0.4 0.4 0.8

Motor vehicle insurance

2.407 563.762 574.447 573.087 1.7 -0.2 -0.2 0.1 -0.1

Airline fares

0.684 267.482 259.049 259.698 -2.9 0.3 -0.9 0.5 -0.6

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, March 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2019
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Mar.
2018-
Mar.
2019
Feb.
2019-
Mar.
2019
Dec.
2018-
Jan.
2019
Jan.
2019-
Feb.
2019
Feb.
2019-
Mar.
2019

All items

100.000 1.9 0.6 0.0 0.2 0.4

Food

13.364 2.1 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3

Food at home

7.304 1.4 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.4

Cereals and bakery products

0.962 1.8 0.5 -0.4 0.7 0.3

Cereals and cereal products

0.308 1.9 1.6 -0.6 0.6 1.7

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.040 -0.4 0.8 -0.5 -0.5 1.7

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.149 1.9 1.2 -1.1 0.9 1.2

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.118 2.7 2.2 -0.3 0.5 2.2

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  2.5 1.0 0.0 -0.8 1.0

Bakery products(1)

0.654 1.8 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.0

Bread(1)(2)

0.193 1.8 -0.1 -0.3 0.4 -0.1

White bread(1)(3)

  1.5 -0.6 -0.3 0.2 -0.6

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  3.4 0.7 -0.1 0.5 0.7

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.092 2.0 0.4 0.6 -0.5 0.4

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.164 0.8 -0.6 -1.4 1.6 -0.9

Cookies(3)

  -0.7 -1.8 -2.1 2.3 -1.7

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  3.1 1.1 -1.6 0.3 1.1

Other bakery products

0.205 2.3 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.2

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  4.1 0.6 0.6 1.2 0.6

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  1.1 -0.9 0.7 0.8 -1.6

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  2.4 0.8 -0.6 0.2 1.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.596 -0.2 0.2 0.6 0.2 -0.2

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.504 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3 -0.3

Meats

0.937 0.2 0.8 0.9 -0.2 0.1

Beef and veal

0.426 1.2 0.8 1.4 -0.5 0.0

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.170 -2.1 -0.6 0.9 -0.2 -0.6

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.061 4.3 2.2 1.2 0.8 2.2

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.158 3.1 1.8 1.4 -0.6 0.3

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.037 3.2 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.9

Pork

0.290 -0.6 1.5 0.7 -0.7 0.9

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.132 -1.5 0.5 0.6 -0.2 -0.2

Bacon and related products(3)

  -0.4 1.2 -0.9 0.0 1.0

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  -2.3 -0.2 2.4 -1.2 0.3

Ham

0.050 2.3 6.8 1.9 -3.0 4.4

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  2.5 7.4 2.1 -2.9 4.4

Pork chops(1)

0.043 -0.3 -0.9 -4.0 3.1 -0.9

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.065 -1.5 1.0 2.4 -2.7 1.5

Other meats

0.221 -0.7 -0.1 0.1 1.1 -0.7

Frankfurters(3)

  0.1 0.4 0.1 1.2 -0.7

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  -1.0 -0.4 -0.1 1.2 -0.8

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

           

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

           

Poultry(1)

0.315 -1.0 -0.9 -0.2 1.2 -0.9

Chicken(1)(2)

0.258 -0.9 -0.6 -0.3 0.7 -0.6

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  -1.2 -0.3 0.1 1.4 -0.3

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  -0.7 -0.6 -0.9 0.4 -0.6

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.057 -1.5 -2.3 -1.8 3.1 -2.5

Fish and seafood

0.252 2.7 -0.4 0.2 0.8 -1.0

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.130 2.6 0.2 -0.3 -0.1 -0.4

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.122 2.8 -1.0 0.9 0.4 -0.5

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  3.3 -1.7 0.1 -0.6 -1.7

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  3.3 -0.9 0.6 0.8 -0.5

Eggs

0.092 -8.0 -0.9 0.9 -1.4 0.5

Dairy and related products

0.724 0.5 0.4 -0.3 0.3 0.6

Milk(2)

0.200 2.7 1.1 1.1 0.1 1.5

Fresh whole milk(3)

  2.2 0.7 0.8 0.6 1.3

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  3.1 1.3 1.1 -0.5 1.8

Cheese and related products(1)

0.232 -2.0 0.2 -0.7 -0.6 0.2

Ice cream and related products

0.107 0.1 -1.6 -0.4 0.7 -0.9

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.186 1.4 1.1 0.9 -0.1 1.1

Fruits and vegetables

1.305 3.9 0.3 -0.3 0.9 1.6

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.034 4.3 0.1 -0.2 0.7 1.6

Fresh fruits

0.543 1.4 0.0 1.1 -0.3 1.2

Apples

0.076 2.1 1.6 0.3 -0.6 1.8

Bananas(1)

0.079 -0.7 1.2 -0.8 0.7 1.2

Citrus fruits(2)

0.149 2.0 2.1 -1.0 -0.9 1.3

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  2.7 1.9 -2.5 -1.5 3.1

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.238 1.5 -2.2 2.3 0.5 1.2

Fresh vegetables

0.491 7.7 0.3 -1.7 1.9 2.0

Potatoes

0.079 8.0 0.7 2.3 0.4 2.4

Lettuce

0.065 18.9 4.1 -7.1 4.9 6.4

Tomatoes(1)

0.080 1.0 -1.6 -1.5 -4.4 -1.6

Other fresh vegetables

0.267 7.1 -0.2 0.4 1.2 0.7

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.271 2.7 0.7 -0.9 1.4 1.6

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.151 6.0 0.9 0.0 2.1 2.1

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  8.6 2.2 -1.6 2.5 3.0

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  5.0 0.3 0.5 2.2 0.9

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.077 -1.3 0.8 -1.0 0.8 0.8

Frozen vegetables(3)

  0.0 0.9 -2.2 2.1 1.1

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.043 -1.4 -0.2 -1.3 -1.5 1.8

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  -4.5 1.0 -3.9 -0.3 1.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.884 2.6 -0.2 0.8 0.7 0.0

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.633 4.0 -0.3 1.8 0.7 0.0

Carbonated drinks

0.267 5.4 0.2 2.1 -0.2 0.7

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.009 1.0 1.3 -0.5 0.5 1.3

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.358 3.0 -0.6 1.3 1.0 -0.1

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.251 -0.9 -0.2 -1.0 -0.1 0.0

Coffee

0.161 -1.7 0.0 -1.4 0.1 -0.1

Roasted coffee(3)

  -2.0 -0.1 -1.7 -0.5 -0.3

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  -1.0 -0.2 0.6 0.8 -0.2

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.090 0.5 -0.4 -0.1 0.0 -0.4

Other food at home

1.833 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.1

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.279 1.6 1.1 1.3 0.3 1.1

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.042 -0.7 0.1 -0.1 0.6 1.3

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.184 2.3 1.1 0.5 0.0 1.1

Other sweets(2)

0.054 0.9 1.7 0.4 0.9 2.0

Fats and oils

0.214 0.7 0.1 0.6 -0.2 0.8

Butter and margarine(2)

0.061 3.4 0.8 0.0 1.5 1.5

Butter(3)

  5.8 0.4 0.9 3.1 0.6

Margarine(3)

  0.0 1.3 -0.1 -1.6 1.8

Salad dressing(2)

0.052 0.5 -0.2 0.1 -0.9 0.4

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.101 -0.8 -0.1 1.0 -1.0 0.4

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  -1.0 -1.0 -2.5 0.6 -1.0

Other foods

1.340 0.6 0.0 -0.2 0.3 -0.2

Soups

0.081 0.5 0.8 0.3 0.4 -1.3

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(1)

0.234 -0.6 -1.2 -0.9 1.6 -1.2

Snacks(1)

0.310 0.8 0.1 -0.4 1.1 0.1

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.272 1.5 0.3 -0.7 0.6 0.4

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  0.2 -1.4 -0.6 1.1 -0.6

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

           

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  1.0 1.3 -0.9 0.7 1.0

Other condiments(3)

  1.8 1.1 -1.6 0.7 1.2

Baby food(1)(2)

0.051 4.5 -1.2 -0.5 0.2 -1.2

Other miscellaneous foods(1)(2)

0.393 -0.1 0.4 -1.5 0.1 0.4

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  -2.3 0.5 -0.2 -0.7 0.5

Food away from home(1)

6.060 3.0 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.2

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

3.009 2.8 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.581 3.1 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.2

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.182 2.2 0.0 -0.2 0.3 0.2

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  1.9 0.0 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.092 4.0 0.3 0.1 -0.1 0.3

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.197 3.9 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.4

Energy

7.190 -0.4 4.4 -3.1 0.4 3.5

Energy commodities

3.829 -0.6 8.4 -5.3 1.5 6.2

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.188 -0.7 0.6 -1.7 1.6 1.4

Fuel oil

0.113 -0.4 0.6 -1.3 2.6 2.1

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.075 -1.1 0.5 -1.9 0.1 1.6

Motor fuel

3.641 -0.6 8.8 -5.5 1.5 6.4

Gasoline (all types)

3.556 -0.7 9.0 -5.5 1.5 6.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  -0.7 9.4 -5.6 1.7 6.9

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  -0.6 7.5 -4.6 0.1 5.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  -0.7 6.3 -5.3 0.8 3.8

Other motor fuels(2)

0.085 2.3 3.0 -3.8 -0.7 3.5

Energy services

3.361 -0.1 -0.1 -0.5 -0.8 0.3

Electricity

2.594 0.3 0.0 -0.6 -0.3 0.4

Utility (piped) gas service

0.767 -1.4 -0.5 -0.3 -2.4 -0.1

All items less food and energy

79.446 2.0 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.624 0.0 0.3 0.4 -0.2 -0.2

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.394 1.5 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.0

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.257 -1.8 0.4 3.8 -2.0 0.4

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.055 0.9 1.8 0.4 -1.0 1.8

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.046 -3.6 -1.3 3.2 1.2 -1.3

Other linens(1)(2)

0.156 -2.2 0.5 5.3 -3.2 0.5

Furniture and bedding

0.895 3.3 0.5 -0.1 1.2 0.2

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.324 1.1 -0.5 1.1 -0.1 -0.5

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.433 4.4 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.4

Other furniture(1)(2)

0.128 5.1 3.5 -1.0 3.6 3.5

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

           

Appliances(2)

0.219 4.8 -0.9 1.4 -0.9 -0.7

Major appliances(2)

0.081 8.8 -1.2 1.0 -0.6 -2.1

Laundry equipment(3)

  8.8 0.1 -2.9 -2.6 -1.0

Other appliances(2)

0.134 2.6 -0.7 1.3 -0.9 -0.3

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.507 -3.2 -1.1 0.7 0.6 -1.4

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.280 -2.9 -1.3 1.7 2.6 -1.3

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.094 -0.8 -0.4 -0.7 0.2 -0.3

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.052 -10.7 -3.7 2.7 -1.0 -3.7

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.081 -1.6 0.2 0.7 0.3 -0.8

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.676 1.2 -0.4 1.0 0.7 -0.6

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.200 1.0 -0.7 0.9 0.8 -0.7

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.313 1.5 -0.1 0.8 1.0 -0.5

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.839 2.9 0.7 0.1 -0.1 0.7

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.331 3.3 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.8

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.222 4.8 1.8 -0.7 -0.3 1.8

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.286 0.9 -0.3 0.7 -0.2 -0.3

Apparel

3.065 -2.2 0.1 1.1 0.3 -1.9

Men's and boys' apparel

0.784 1.1 -2.4 -0.3 3.4 -2.3

Men's apparel

0.603 -0.2 -1.6 -0.7 3.2 -1.0

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.112 3.5 0.0 1.0 3.3 0.4

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories

0.153 2.0 -0.7 -3.1 3.3 -1.0

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.175 -2.7 -1.8 0.6 2.6 -1.0

Men's pants and shorts

0.156 -2.3 -3.2 0.4 0.3 -0.3

Boys' apparel

0.181 6.2 -5.1 3.1 2.4 -4.8

Women's and girls' apparel

1.226 -4.4 1.9 1.5 -0.9 -2.4

Women's apparel

1.045 -4.6 2.5 1.6 -1.6 -2.0

Women's outerwear

0.073 2.1 -1.0 4.2 -0.8 -3.8

Women's dresses

0.127 -7.7 4.4 -1.4 0.2 -3.7

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.550 -6.2 1.6 3.0 -2.2 -4.0

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.283 -1.5 4.3 0.6 -2.5 2.9

Girls' apparel

0.181 -2.9 -1.8 1.3 3.4 -4.6

Footwear

0.674 -1.7 -0.1 2.5 0.1 -2.0

Men's footwear(1)

0.219 -1.2 -1.3 2.8 -0.9 -1.3

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.162 3.6 0.6 4.5 2.0 -1.4

Women's footwear

0.293 -4.7 0.3 2.0 0.9 -2.2

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.138 2.5 0.4 -2.1 2.4 -0.3

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.243 -4.8 -0.3 0.8 -3.4 0.9

Watches(1)(6)

0.092 1.9 7.5 1.9 -4.8 7.5

Jewelry(6)

0.151 -9.0 -5.0 2.5 -1.9 -4.7

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

6.621 0.7 0.6 0.2 -0.4 0.1

New vehicles

3.729 0.7 0.4 0.2 -0.2 0.4

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  0.7 0.4 0.2 -0.3 0.5

New cars(3)

  1.0 0.3 0.1 -0.3 0.4

New trucks(3)(10)

  0.6 0.4 0.4 -0.1 0.4

Used cars and trucks

2.397 0.4 0.9 0.1 -0.7 -0.4

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.382 1.8 0.2 0.3 -0.1 0.2

Tires(1)

0.227 1.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.1

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.155 2.8 0.4 0.4 -0.6 0.4

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  1.9 0.0 0.7 -0.2 0.0

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  6.4 5.2 -0.9 -4.7 5.2

Medical care commodities

1.696 -0.6 0.4 0.1 -1.0 0.4

Medicinal drugs(8)

1.638 -0.7 0.5 0.0 -1.0 0.5

Prescription drugs

1.302 -0.4 0.6 0.0 -1.0 0.6

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.337 -1.6 0.1 -0.2 -0.7 0.1

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.057 1.4 -1.5 0.7 -0.6 -1.5

Recreation commodities(8)

1.796 -1.7 -0.1 0.3 -0.9 0.0

Video and audio products(8)

0.222 -9.9 -1.7 0.6 -1.6 -1.7

Televisions

0.096 -19.3 -4.3 -0.6 -3.2 -4.2

Other video equipment(2)

0.027 1.8 0.7 1.7 0.7 0.0

Audio equipment(1)

0.044 -0.2 0.1 3.2 -1.8 0.1

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.047 -5.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Pets and pet products(1)

0.608 2.9 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.3

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  2.1 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.5

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  4.0 -0.1 0.3 0.3 -0.1

Sporting goods

0.493 0.3 0.9 -0.2 -1.9 1.0

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.286 3.0 1.6 -0.4 -1.7 1.6

Sports equipment

0.200 -3.5 -0.1 -0.2 -1.3 -0.4

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.032 -5.7 0.6 1.5 -2.3 0.0

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

           

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  -4.8 0.6 1.4 -2.2 0.0

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.115 1.9 0.1 2.3 -2.7 0.1

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.070 2.8 0.5 2.6 -3.7 0.5

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.045 0.5 -0.6 1.9 -1.2 -0.6

Other recreational goods(2)

0.326 -7.3 -1.1 -0.2 -0.6 -0.7

Toys

0.255 -9.6 -1.6 -0.1 -1.0 -1.2

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -7.1 -0.2 -0.5 -0.4 0.7

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.025 10.3 2.5 -0.2 1.8 2.5

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.035 -0.3 0.6 -1.3 0.5 0.6

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.527 -4.4 0.0 -0.8 -0.5 -0.1

Educational books and supplies

0.130 -0.9 -0.4 -0.9 0.8 -0.3

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  -1.5 0.0 -1.3 0.8 0.0

Information technology commodities(8)

0.397 -5.5 0.1 -0.7 -0.9 0.0

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistant devices(4)

0.304 -3.3 0.6 -0.5 -0.9 0.5

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.024 -3.4 -0.9 -1.7 0.4 -0.9

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.070 -14.9 -1.8 -1.3 -1.2 -1.8

Alcoholic beverages

0.972 1.5 -0.2 0.0 0.2 -0.1

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.607 1.6 -0.4 0.1 0.5 -0.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.270 1.8 -0.6 0.1 0.7 -0.6

Distilled spirits at home

0.082 2.7 -0.1 0.4 1.1 -0.2

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  3.3 0.1 2.4 1.1 0.1

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  1.8 -0.5 0.3 1.1 -0.5

Wine at home

0.255 0.9 -0.4 -0.2 0.4 -0.4

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.365 1.5 0.2 0.1 -0.3 0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.2 0.6 -0.1 -0.1 0.6

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.1 -0.4 0.4 0.0 -0.4

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  -0.7 0.4 -0.2 -0.9 0.4

Other goods(8)

1.553 1.2 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5

Tobacco and smoking products

0.660 5.4 1.4 0.3 0.5 1.6

Cigarettes(2)

0.585 5.6 1.5 0.2 0.4 1.8

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.060 3.6 -0.1 1.2 0.5 -0.1

Personal care products(1)

0.684 -1.1 -0.4 0.4 -0.4 -0.4

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.380 -0.2 -0.4 0.5 -0.2 -0.4

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.298 -2.2 -0.3 0.3 -0.7 -0.3

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.208 -4.1 0.0 1.0 3.6 0.1

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  0.0 0.2 1.3 1.6 0.3

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

  -10.7 -0.7 -1.4 -1.0 -0.7

Services less energy services

59.822 2.7 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Shelter

33.293 3.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4

Rent of shelter(12)

32.919 3.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4

Rent of primary residence

7.932 3.7 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4

Lodging away from home(2)

0.962 2.9 4.3 0.5 1.3 0.8

Housing at school, excluding board(12)

0.114 2.5 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.848 2.9 4.9 0.5 1.4 0.9

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(12)

24.026 3.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(12)

22.685 3.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.373 1.5 -0.2 0.1 0.1 -0.2

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.094 3.6 0.2 -0.5 0.1 0.3

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.826 3.1 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.3

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.268 5.1 0.2 -2.1 0.4 0.2

Household operations(1)(2)

0.888 3.4 -0.2 0.3 -0.3 -0.2

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.305 3.5 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.298 4.4        

Moving, storage, freight expense(2)

0.102 3.5 0.6 2.6 -2.2 1.8

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.107 0.2 0.0 1.2 -0.4 0.0

Medical care services

7.000 2.3 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.3

Professional services

3.259 0.4 -0.2 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Physicians' services

1.735 0.1 -0.5 0.4 0.1 -0.4

Dental services

0.790 0.7 0.3 0.4 -0.1 -0.1

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.317 0.8 -0.1 0.0 0.2 -0.1

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.416 0.8 0.3 -0.4 0.4 0.3

Hospital and related services

2.617 1.9 0.1 -0.2 -0.6 0.3

Hospital services(13)

2.335 1.8 0.1 -0.3 -0.7 0.3

Inpatient hospital services(13)(3)

  1.3 0.2 -0.4 -0.6 0.5

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  1.7 0.1 -0.3 -0.6 0.2

Nursing homes and adult day services(13)

0.195 3.7 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.2

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.088 2.7 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.2

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.124 9.1 1.3 1.7 1.3 1.3

Transportation services

5.962 1.0 0.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.0

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

0.640 -0.3 -0.6 -0.2 -1.6 -0.6

Car and truck rental(2)

0.108 -5.6 1.9 -2.0 -6.8 -1.9

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.130 3.7 0.8 0.4 0.4 0.8

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.056 2.4 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.638 4.5 0.9 0.6 0.3 0.9

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.371 2.6 0.7 0.0 0.6 0.7

Motor vehicle insurance

2.407 1.7 -0.2 -0.2 0.1 -0.1

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.545 1.9 0.0 0.7 0.3 0.0

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.280 0.8 -0.1 0.1 0.2 -0.1

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.247 3.1 0.2 1.3 0.5 0.2

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  2.7 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.1

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

           

Public transportation

1.133 -1.9 0.5 -0.8 0.2 -0.2

Airline fares

0.684 -2.9 0.3 -0.9 0.5 -0.6

Other intercity transportation

0.164 -1.7 2.1 -0.4 0.9 1.1

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

  9.2 9.0 -2.2 -3.6 9.0

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

           

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  -2.1 1.7 -1.3 0.8 1.7

Intracity transportation(1)

0.278 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  0.7 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2

Recreation services(8)

3.892 2.6 0.6 0.3 -0.2 0.4

Video and audio services(8)

1.605 1.7 0.4 0.4 -0.2 -0.2

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.515 1.5 0.3 0.2 -0.3 -0.3

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.091 5.0 1.0 3.8 2.1 1.0

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  4.8 0.7 5.5 3.1 0.7

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  2.8 2.4 -0.9 0.1 2.4

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.420 3.6 0.2 0.5 0.6 0.2

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  3.2 -0.8 0.4 0.3 -0.8

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  3.8 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.6

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.038 1.1 -0.3 -1.8 -0.2 -0.3

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

  -4.1 -1.3   -3.5 -1.3

Photo processing(1)(2)(3)

  5.4 1.3 -1.3 3.1 1.3

Other recreation services(2)

1.827 3.2 0.8 0.1 -0.4 1.0

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.685 3.3 -0.1 0.5 0.8 -0.1

Admissions

0.647 3.2 1.9 -0.3 -2.2 2.4

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  1.3 0.5 -0.1 0.3 0.5

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  5.2 5.2 0.1 -7.2 5.2

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.219 2.5 0.7 0.2 0.4 0.7

Education and communication services(8)

6.038 1.3 -0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.911 3.4 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.5

College tuition and fees

1.615 3.8 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.8

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.336 4.4 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.3

Child care and nursery school(9)

0.808 2.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.032 1.0 -0.5 -0.5 0.0 -0.4

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.113 5.6 0.0 1.4 1.8 0.2

Postage

0.099 5.9 0.0 1.7 1.9 0.2

Delivery services(2)

0.014 3.3 0.2 -0.6 1.3 0.5

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.219 -1.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.647 -3.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Land-line telephone services(1)(8)

0.573 1.6 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.3

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.786 2.0 -1.0 0.3 0.3 -1.1

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.654 3.0 -0.3 -0.1 0.6 -0.3

Personal care services(1)

0.632 3.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.632 3.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1

Miscellaneous personal services

1.022 2.9 -0.5 -0.3 0.7 -0.8

Legal services(1)(6)

0.308 1.8 0.0 -1.1 0.9 0.0

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.128 2.0 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.241 3.7 0.8 0.1 0.4 0.8

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.029 5.6 0.6 -0.1 0.2 0.6

Financial services(6)

0.244 3.7 -2.9 0.2 1.3 -3.7

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  0.7 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(2)(3)

  5.0 -6.9 1.2 2.6 -7.8

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, March 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Feb.
2019
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Mar.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018-
Mar.
2019
Feb.
2019-
Mar.
2019
Dec.
2018-
Jan.
2019
Jan.
2019-
Feb.
2019
Feb.
2019-
Mar.
2019

All items less food

86.636 249.102 252.077 253.643 1.8 0.6 -0.1 0.1 0.4

All items less shelter

66.707 230.692 231.792 233.290 1.1 0.6 -0.2 0.1 0.4

All items less food and shelter

53.343 224.927 225.199 226.909 0.9 0.8 -0.3 0.0 0.5

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.153 229.717 231.788 232.222 1.1 0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.0

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.756 235.187 237.480 237.836 1.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0

All items less medical care

91.304 238.305 241.335 242.776 1.9 0.6 0.0 0.2 0.4

All items less energy

92.810 255.275 259.817 260.505 2.0 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2

Commodities

36.817 183.780 183.001 184.993 0.7 1.1 -0.3 0.2 0.7

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.227 146.274 145.854 146.120 -0.1 0.2 0.4 -0.1 -0.2

Commodities less food

23.453 152.962 150.341 152.742 -0.1 1.6 -0.6 0.1 0.9

Commodities less food and beverages

22.480 149.663 146.883 149.344 -0.2 1.7 -0.6 0.1 0.9

Services

63.183 314.337 321.623 322.456 2.6 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(1)

30.264 334.676 340.062 340.396 1.7 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.2

Services less medical care services

56.183 298.978 305.981 306.807 2.6 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.3

Durables

9.975 105.046 105.042 105.379 0.3 0.3 0.2 -0.1 0.0

Nondurables

26.842 223.953 222.655 225.714 0.8 1.4 -0.8 0.6 0.8

Nondurables less food

13.477 199.529 193.659 198.584 -0.5 2.5 -1.4 0.5 1.6

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.505 196.477 190.018 195.255 -0.6 2.8 -1.5 0.6 1.7

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.440 243.131 234.377 242.842 -0.1 3.6 -2.3 0.6 2.9

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.412 242.432 234.854 242.500 0.0 3.3 -2.1 0.5 2.6

Housing

42.217 256.388 263.057 263.886 2.9 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Education and communication(2)

6.565 136.029 137.168 137.082 0.8 -0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Education(2)

3.041 255.609 263.620 263.905 3.2 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.5

Communication(2)

3.524 73.883 73.097 72.943 -1.3 -0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.2

Information and information processing(2)

3.411 69.988 69.100 68.950 -1.5 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.3

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.192 7.438 7.436 7.390 -0.6 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 -0.7

Recreation(2)

5.688 119.281 120.306 120.743 1.2 0.4 0.3 -0.4 0.3

Video and audio(2)

1.827 104.921 105.000 105.119 0.2 0.1 0.5 -0.3 -0.4

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.027 171.011 176.081 176.496 3.2 0.2 0.5 0.6 0.2

Photography(2)

0.072 74.728 73.073 73.161 -2.1 0.1 -0.3 -1.1 -0.2

Food and beverages

14.337 252.182 256.997 257.430 2.1 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2

Domestically produced farm food

6.089 247.165 249.510 250.216 1.2 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.5

Other services

11.584 350.476 356.916 357.332 2.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Apparel less footwear

2.392 121.481 118.417 118.637 -2.3 0.2 0.7 0.4 -1.9

Fuels and utilities

4.643 239.786 241.549 241.550 0.7 0.0 -0.6 -0.5 0.3

Household energy

3.549 199.657 199.581 199.429 -0.1 -0.1 -0.6 -0.6 0.3

Medical care

8.696 483.984 491.227 492.306 1.7 0.2 0.2 -0.2 0.3

Transportation

16.224 207.845 204.236 208.836 0.5 2.3 -1.3 0.1 1.5

Private transportation

15.091 203.343 199.920 204.680 0.7 2.4 -1.3 0.1 1.7

New and used motor vehicles(2)

6.987 99.552 99.491 99.975 0.4 0.5 0.1 -0.6 0.0

Utilities and public transportation

9.322 216.906 216.505 216.735 -0.1 0.1 -0.3 0.0 0.2

Household furnishings and operations

4.282 121.484 123.750 123.746 1.9 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.0

Other goods and services

3.207 439.269 448.150 448.471 2.1 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.1

Personal care

2.547 230.011 233.515 232.888 1.3 -0.3 0.2 0.6 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, March 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Mar. 2019 from: Percent change to Feb. 2019 from:
Mar.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Feb.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019

U.S. city average

M

1.9 1.0 0.6 1.5 0.6 0.4

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

1.7 0.7 0.5 1.3 0.5 0.2

Northeast - Size Class A

M

1.8 0.8 0.4 1.5 0.6 0.3

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.5 0.6 0.6 1.1 0.4 0.1

New England(4)

M

2.1 0.8 0.9 1.6 0.5 -0.1

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

1.5 0.7 0.4 1.2 0.6 0.3

Midwest

M

1.7 1.3 0.6 1.3 0.9 0.7

Midwest - Size Class A

M

1.6 1.1 0.6 1.2 0.7 0.6

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.7 1.4 0.6 1.3 0.9 0.8

East North Central(4)

M

1.7 1.2 0.4 1.4 1.0 0.7

West North Central(4)

M

1.5 1.4 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.6

South

M

1.6 1.2 0.7 1.1 0.7 0.5

South - Size Class A

M

1.9 1.2 0.6 1.3 0.6 0.6

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.5 1.3 0.7 1.1 0.7 0.5

South Atlantic(4)

M

2.0 1.4 0.8 1.5 0.8 0.6

East South Central(4)

M

1.0 1.2 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.6

West South Central(4)

M

1.4 1.0 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.4

West

M

2.4 0.7 0.4 2.4 0.4 0.2

West - Size Class A

M

2.6 0.7 0.5 2.5 0.5 0.2

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.3 0.6 0.3 2.3 0.3 0.2

Mountain(4)

M

2.1 0.6 0.6 1.8 -0.3 0.0

Pacific(4)

M

2.6 0.7 0.4 2.6 0.6 0.3

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

2.0 0.9 0.5 1.7 0.6 0.4

Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.7 1.0 0.6 1.4 0.6 0.4

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

1.5 0.8 0.1 1.4 1.2 0.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

2.7 0.7 0.6 2.5 0.7 0.1

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

1.6 0.5 0.3 1.3 0.7 0.2

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

      1.3 1.2  

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

      0.8 0.5  

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

      1.2 0.4  

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

      0.9 0.1  

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

      1.2 1.0  

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

      1.5 0.8  

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

      2.1 -0.3  

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

      3.5 0.5  

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

      2.7 0.7  

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

      0.7 0.8  

Urban Alaska

2

      2.5 0.3  

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

2.1 0.5        

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

2.7 1.1        

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

1.4 1.3        

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

2.3 1.4        

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

2.8 0.7        

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

2.2 0.5        

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

1.7 1.9        

Urban Hawaii

1

1.8 0.5        

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

1.6 0.7        

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, March 2019 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2000

    2.6 3.4

December 2001

    1.3 1.6

December 2002

    2.0 2.4

December 2003

    1.7 1.9

December 2004

    3.2 3.3

December 2005

    2.9 3.4

December 2006

    2.3 2.5

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

January 2017

0.6 0.6 2.3 2.5

February 2017

0.3 0.3 2.6 2.7

March 2017

0.0 0.1 2.1 2.4

April 2017

0.3 0.3 1.8 2.2

May 2017

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.9

June 2017

0.0 0.1 1.2 1.6

July 2017

-0.2 -0.1 1.3 1.7

August 2017

0.3 0.3 1.5 1.9

September 2017

0.5 0.5 1.9 2.2

October 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.6 2.0

November 2017

0.0 0.0 1.8 2.2

December 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.7 2.1

January 2018

0.5 0.5 1.6 2.1

February 2018

0.4 0.5 1.7 2.2

March 2018

0.2 0.2 1.9 2.4

April 2018

0.4 0.4 2.1 2.5

May 2018

0.4 0.4 2.4 2.8

June 2018

0.1 0.2 2.5 2.9

July 2018

0.0 0.0 2.6 2.9

August 2018

0.0 0.1 2.4 2.7

September 2018

0.1 0.1 2.0 2.3

October 2018

0.2 0.2 2.2 2.5

November 2018

-0.3 -0.3 1.9 2.2

December 2018

-0.3 -0.3 1.7 1.9

January 2019

0.2 0.2 1.4 1.6

February 2019

0.4 0.4 1.4 1.5

March 2019

0.6 0.6 1.7 1.9

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, March 2019, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2019
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Feb. 2019-
Mar. 2019
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Feb. 2019-
Mar. 2019(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.4   0.04 L-Jan. 2018 0.4

Food

13.364 0.3 0.037 0.08 S-Jan. 2019 0.2

Food at home

7.304 0.4 0.026 0.12 - -

Cereals and bakery products

0.962 0.3 0.003 0.29 S-Jan. 2019 -0.4

Cereals and cereal products

0.308 1.7 0.005 0.57 L-Dec. 2010 1.7

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.040 1.7 0.001 0.83 L-Apr. 2016 1.9

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.149 1.2 0.002 0.69 L-Dec. 2018 1.3

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.118 2.2 0.003 0.92 L-Jan. 2015 3.4

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  1.0   0.91 L-Nov. 2018 2.7

Bakery products(4)

0.654 0.0 0.000 0.33 S-Aug. 2018 -0.1

Bread(4)(5)

0.193 -0.1 0.000 0.58 S-Jan. 2019 -0.3

White bread(4)(6)

  -0.6   0.83 S-Sep. 2018 -0.7

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  0.7   0.82 L-Nov. 2018 1.4

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.092 0.4 0.000 0.68 L-Jan. 2019 0.6

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.164 -0.9 -0.002 0.57 S-Jan. 2019 -1.4

Cookies(6)

  -1.7   0.88 S-Jan. 2019 -2.1

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  1.1   0.58 L-Nov. 2018 1.8

Other bakery products

0.205 0.2 0.000 0.57 S-Dec. 2018 0.2

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  0.6   0.92 S-Jan. 2019 0.6

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  -1.6   1.03 S-May 2018 -1.6

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  1.0   0.70 L-Sep. 2018 1.9

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.596 -0.2 -0.004 0.24 S-Sep. 2018 -0.7

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.504 -0.3 -0.004 0.25 S-Sep. 2018 -0.6

Meats

0.937 0.1 0.001 0.31 L-Jan. 2019 0.9

Beef and veal

0.426 0.0 0.000 0.42 L-Jan. 2019 1.4

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.170 -0.6 -0.001 0.62 S-Dec. 2018 -0.8

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.061 2.2 0.001 1.15 L-Jun. 2018 2.8

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.158 0.3 0.000 0.74 L-Jan. 2019 1.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.037 0.9 0.000 0.71 L-Jan. 2019 0.9

Pork

0.290 0.9 0.003 0.62 L-Nov. 2018 1.6

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.132 -0.2 0.000 0.77 - -

Bacon and related products(6)

  1.0   0.99 L-Dec. 2018 1.5

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  0.3   1.02 L-Jan. 2019 2.4

Ham

0.050 4.4 0.002 1.52 L-Apr. 2008 7.0

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  4.4   1.59 L-Apr. 2008 7.5

Pork chops(4)

0.043 -0.9 0.000 1.62 S-Jan. 2019 -4.0

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.065 1.5 0.001 1.30 L-Jan. 2019 2.4

Other meats

0.221 -0.7 -0.002 0.66 S-Jun. 2018 -1.6

Frankfurters(6)

  -0.7   1.35 S-Sep. 2018 -0.8

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  -0.8   0.64 S-Jun. 2018 -1.2

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

           

Poultry(4)

0.315 -0.9 -0.003 0.54 S-Sep. 2018 -1.0

Chicken(4)(5)

0.258 -0.6 -0.002 0.60 S-Nov. 2018 -0.8

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  -0.3   1.31 S-Dec. 2018 -1.5

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  -0.6   0.69 S-Jan. 2019 -0.9

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.057 -2.5 -0.001 1.16 S-Jan. 2010 -2.7

Fish and seafood

0.252 -1.0 -0.003 0.47 S-Sep. 2018 -1.0

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.130 -0.4 0.000 0.71 S-Sep. 2018 -1.4

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.122 -0.5 -0.001 0.63 S-Feb. 2018 -1.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  -1.7   1.04 S-Feb. 2018 -3.8

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  -0.5   0.82 S-Jul. 2018 -0.8

Eggs

0.092 0.5 0.000 1.07 L-Jan. 2019 0.9

Dairy and related products

0.724 0.6 0.005 0.27 L-Jun. 2018 0.7

Milk(5)

0.200 1.5 0.003 0.48 L-Sep. 2016 1.5

Fresh whole milk(6)

  1.3   0.62 L-Nov. 2017 1.3

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  1.8   0.56 L-Nov. 2012 2.0

Cheese and related products(4)

0.232 0.2 0.001 0.58 L-Jun. 2018 0.6

Ice cream and related products

0.107 -0.9 -0.001 0.98 S-Feb. 2018 -1.8

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.186 1.1 0.002 0.57 L-Dec. 2018 1.2

Fruits and vegetables

1.305 1.6 0.020 0.33 L-Apr. 2017 1.6

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.034 1.6 0.016 0.38 L-Dec. 2018 1.7

Fresh fruits

0.543 1.2 0.007 0.50 L-Dec. 2018 1.3

Apples

0.076 1.8 0.001 1.17 L-Dec. 2018 1.9

Bananas(4)

0.079 1.2 0.001 0.77 L-Dec. 2018 1.4

Citrus fruits(5)

0.149 1.3 0.002 0.90 L-Dec. 2018 1.9

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  3.1   1.20 L-Dec. 2018 3.8

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.238 1.2 0.003 0.97 L-Jan. 2019 2.3

Fresh vegetables

0.491 2.0 0.009 0.53 L-Dec. 2018 2.0

Potatoes

0.079 2.4 0.002 1.53 L-Nov. 2016 2.7

Lettuce

0.065 6.4 0.004 1.78 L-Dec. 2018 11.9

Tomatoes(4)

0.080 -1.6 -0.001 1.43 L-Jan. 2019 -1.5

Other fresh vegetables

0.267 0.7 0.002 0.68 S-Jan. 2019 0.4

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.271 1.6 0.004 0.59 L-Sep. 2008 1.6

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.151 2.1 0.003 0.82 - -

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  3.0   0.95 L-Apr. 2018 3.4

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  0.9   1.10 S-Jan. 2019 0.5

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.077 0.8 0.001 0.99 - -

Frozen vegetables(6)

  1.1   1.23 S-Jan. 2019 -2.2

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.043 1.8 0.001 0.76 L-Mar. 2017 2.5

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  1.0   1.42 L-Dec. 2018 1.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.884 0.0 0.000 0.45 S-Nov. 2018 -0.3

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.633 0.0 0.000 0.58 S-Dec. 2018 0.0

Carbonated drinks

0.267 0.7 0.002 1.22 L-Jan. 2019 2.1

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.009 1.3 0.000 0.45 L-Dec. 2017 1.7

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.358 -0.1 -0.001 0.55 S-Nov. 2018 -0.3

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.251 0.0 0.000 0.63 L-Dec. 2018 0.9

Coffee

0.161 -0.1 0.000 0.76 S-Jan. 2019 -1.4

Roasted coffee(6)

  -0.3   0.84 L-Dec. 2018 0.6

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  -0.2   1.22 S-Nov. 2018 -3.0

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.090 -0.4 0.000 0.94 S-Nov. 2018 -1.0

Other food at home

1.833 0.1 0.002 0.23 S-Jan. 2019 0.1

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.279 1.1 0.003 0.65 L-Jan. 2019 1.3

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.042 1.3 0.001 0.79 L-May 2017 1.7

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.184 1.1 0.002 0.89 L-Sep. 2018 1.3

Other sweets(5)

0.054 2.0 0.001 1.08 L-Oct. 2016 3.1

Fats and oils

0.214 0.8 0.002 0.52 L-Mar. 2017 1.1

Butter and margarine(5)

0.061 1.5 0.001 0.95 - -

Butter(6)

  0.6   1.09 S-Dec. 2018 -0.3

Margarine(6)

  1.8   0.82 L-Apr. 2017 2.3

Salad dressing(5)

0.052 0.4 0.000 1.10 L-Nov. 2018 0.4

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.101 0.4 0.000 0.72 L-Jan. 2019 1.0

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  -1.0   1.06 S-Jan. 2019 -2.5

Other foods

1.340 -0.2 -0.002 0.29 S-Jan. 2019 -0.2

Soups

0.081 -1.3 -0.001 0.97 S-Nov. 2018 -1.3

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(4)

0.234 -1.2 -0.003 0.57 S-Jan. 2018 -1.5

Snacks(4)

0.310 0.1 0.000 0.71 S-Jan. 2019 -0.4

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.272 0.4 0.001 0.61 S-Jan. 2019 -0.7

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  -0.6   0.92 S-Jan. 2019 -0.6

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

           

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  1.0   0.83 L-Nov. 2017 1.0

Other condiments(6)

  1.2   0.93 L-Sep. 2018 3.8

Baby food(4)(5)

0.051 -1.2 -0.001 0.83 S-Jun. 2015 -1.2

Other miscellaneous foods(4)(5)

0.393 0.4 0.002 0.47 L-Nov. 2018 1.4

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  0.5   0.84 L-Nov. 2018 0.6

Food away from home(4)

6.060 0.2 0.011 0.06 S-Oct. 2018 0.1

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

3.009 0.1 0.004 0.08 S-Sep. 2018 0.1

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.581 0.2 0.006 0.09 S-Oct. 2018 -0.1

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.182 0.2 0.000 0.22 S-Jan. 2019 -0.2

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  0.0   0.15 L-Jan. 2019 0.1

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.092 0.3 0.000 0.16 L-Dec. 2018 0.3

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.197 0.4 0.001 0.13 L-Nov. 2018 0.5

Energy

7.190 3.5 0.255 0.19 L-Sep. 2017 4.3

Energy commodities

3.829 6.2 0.246 0.20 L-Sep. 2017 8.9

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.188 1.4 0.003 0.55 S-Jan. 2019 -1.7

Fuel oil

0.113 2.1 0.002 0.86 S-Jan. 2019 -1.3

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.075 1.6 0.001 0.63 L-Nov. 2017 1.6

Motor fuel

3.641 6.4 0.244 0.20 L-Sep. 2017 9.2

Gasoline (all types)

3.556 6.5 0.242 0.20 L-Sep. 2017 9.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  6.9   0.44 L-Sep. 2017 9.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  5.3   0.43 L-Nov. 2017 6.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  3.8   0.40 L-Nov. 2017 4.3

Other motor fuels(5)

0.085 3.5 0.003 0.21 L-Jan. 2018 4.2

Energy services

3.361 0.3 0.009 0.34 L-Dec. 2018 1.5

Electricity

2.594 0.4 0.010 0.37 L-Dec. 2018 0.4

Utility (piped) gas service

0.767 -0.1 -0.001 0.51 L-Dec. 2018 5.1

All items less food and energy

79.446 0.1 0.117 0.04 - -

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.624 -0.2 -0.042 0.09 - -

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.394 0.0 -0.001 0.20 S-Dec. 2018 0.0

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.257 0.4 0.001 0.93 L-Jan. 2019 3.8

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.055 1.8 0.001 0.77 L-Feb. 2018 2.4

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.046 -1.3 -0.001 1.73 S-Dec. 2018 -2.1

Other linens(4)(5)

0.156 0.5 0.001 1.42 L-Jan. 2019 5.3

Furniture and bedding

0.895 0.2 0.001 0.42 S-Jan. 2019 -0.1

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.324 -0.5 -0.002 0.68 S-Nov. 2018 -1.5

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.433 0.4 0.002 0.65 S-Jan. 2019 0.2

Other furniture(4)(5)

0.128 3.5 0.005 0.74 S-Jan. 2019 -1.0

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

           

Appliances(5)

0.219 -0.7 -0.002 0.62 L-Jan. 2019 1.4

Major appliances(5)

0.081 -2.1 -0.002 1.10 S-EVER -

Laundry equipment(6)

  -1.0   1.77 L-Dec. 2018 -1.0

Other appliances(5)

0.134 -0.3 0.000 0.74 L-Jan. 2019 1.3

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.507 -1.4 -0.007 0.58 S-Dec. 2018 -1.5

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.280 -1.3 -0.004 0.83 S-Dec. 2018 -3.8

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.094 -0.3 0.000 0.94 S-Jan. 2019 -0.7

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.052 -3.7 -0.002 1.31 S-Jun. 2018 -8.2

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.081 -0.8 -0.001 0.98 S-Nov. 2018 -1.9

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.676 -0.6 -0.004 0.45 S-May 2018 -0.9

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.200 -0.7 -0.001 0.59 S-Nov. 2018 -1.0

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.313 -0.5 -0.002 0.56 S-May 2018 -0.8

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.839 0.7 0.006 0.29 L-Dec. 2017 0.8

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.331 0.8 0.003 0.39 L-Apr. 2018 1.0

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.222 1.8 0.004 0.45 L-Nov. 2018 1.9

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.286 -0.3 -0.001 0.55 S-Sep. 2018 -0.5

Apparel

3.065 -1.9 -0.060 0.51 S-Jan. 1949 -1.9

Men's and boys' apparel

0.784 -2.3 -0.018 0.92 S-Mar. 2017 -2.3

Men's apparel

0.603 -1.0 -0.006 0.95 S-Nov. 2018 -1.4

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.112 0.4 0.000 2.00 S-Nov. 2018 -0.4

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories

0.153 -1.0 -0.002 1.31 S-Jan. 2019 -3.1

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.175 -1.0 -0.002 1.43 S-Nov. 2018 -2.1

Men's pants and shorts

0.156 -0.3 0.000 1.30 S-Dec. 2018 -0.5

Boys' apparel

0.181 -4.8 -0.009 1.76 S-Oct. 2017 -5.0

Women's and girls' apparel

1.226 -2.4 -0.030 0.91 S-Sep. 1998 -2.5

Women's apparel

1.045 -2.0 -0.021 1.03 S-Mar. 2018 -2.0

Women's outerwear

0.073 -3.8 -0.003 2.55 S-Oct. 2018 -4.1

Women's dresses

0.127 -3.7 -0.005 1.83 S-Aug. 2017 -3.8

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.550 -4.0 -0.023 1.32 S-Dec. 2004 -4.2

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.283 2.9 0.008 1.25 L-Feb. 2009 4.6

Girls' apparel

0.181 -4.6 -0.008 1.59 S-Jul. 2016 -5.3

Footwear

0.674 -2.0 -0.014 0.72 S-Mar. 2003 -2.0

Men's footwear(4)

0.219 -1.3 -0.003 1.07 S-Jun. 2018 -2.1

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.162 -1.4 -0.002 1.46 S-Oct. 2018 -1.4

Women's footwear

0.293 -2.2 -0.007 0.92 S-Apr. 2018 -2.2

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.138 -0.3 0.000 1.42 S-Jan. 2019 -2.1

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.243 0.9 0.002 1.34 L-Oct. 2018 1.4

Watches(4)(9)

0.092 7.5 0.007 1.49 L-Oct. 2018 9.1

Jewelry(9)

0.151 -4.7 -0.007 1.94 S-Jun. 1991 -4.7

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

6.621 0.1 0.009 0.12 L-Jan. 2019 0.2

New vehicles

3.729 0.4 0.017 0.21 L-Jun. 2018 0.4

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  0.5   0.22 L-Dec. 2017 0.6

New cars(6)

  0.4   0.25 L-Jun. 2018 0.4

New trucks(13)(6)

  0.4   0.23 L-Jan. 2019 0.4

Used cars and trucks

2.397 -0.4 -0.009 0.02 L-Jan. 2019 0.1

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.382 0.2 0.001 0.33 L-Jan. 2019 0.3

Tires(4)

0.227 0.1 0.000 0.46 S-Nov. 2018 0.1

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.155 0.4 0.001 0.55 L-Jan. 2019 0.4

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  0.0   0.53 L-Jan. 2019 0.7

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  5.2   0.90 L-EVER -

Medical care commodities

1.696 0.4 0.006 0.20 L-Nov. 2018 0.5

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.638 0.5 0.008 0.21 L-Jun. 2018 0.5

Prescription drugs

1.302 0.6 0.008 0.24 L-May 2018 1.1

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.337 0.1 0.000 0.47 L-Nov. 2018 0.4

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.057 -1.5 -0.001 0.58 S-Mar. 2018 -2.0

Recreation commodities(11)

1.796 0.0 0.000 0.21 L-Jan. 2019 0.3

Video and audio products(11)

0.222 -1.7 -0.004 0.47 S-Feb. 2018 -2.0

Televisions

0.096 -4.2 -0.004 0.69 S-Nov. 2016 -4.2

Other video equipment(5)

0.027 0.0 0.000 0.78 S-Oct. 2018 -0.8

Audio equipment(4)

0.044 0.1 0.000 1.18 L-Jan. 2019 3.2

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.047 0.2 0.000 0.55 S-Jan. 2019 0.2

Pets and pet products(4)

0.608 0.3 0.002 0.25 S-Nov. 2018 0.1

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   0.29 S-Jan. 2019 0.5

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.53 S-Oct. 2018 -0.3

Sporting goods

0.493 1.0 0.005 0.48 L-Dec. 2018 3.6

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.286 1.6 0.005 0.74 L-Dec. 2018 6.7

Sports equipment

0.200 -0.4 -0.001 0.43 L-Jan. 2019 -0.2

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.032 0.0 0.000 0.81 L-Jan. 2019 1.5

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

           

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  0.0   0.94 L-Jan. 2019 1.4

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.115 0.1 0.000 0.86 L-Jan. 2019 2.3

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.070 0.5 0.000 0.94 L-Jan. 2019 2.6

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.045 -0.6 0.000 1.46 L-Jan. 2019 1.9

Other recreational goods(5)

0.326 -0.7 -0.002 0.48 S-Nov. 2018 -0.7

Toys

0.255 -1.2 -0.003 0.60 S-May 2018 -1.7

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  0.7   0.78 L-Dec. 2018 1.2

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.025 2.5 0.001 1.54 L-Dec. 2018 7.1

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.035 0.6 0.000 0.52 L-Aug. 2018 1.6

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.527 -0.1 0.000 0.41 L-Dec. 2018 0.7

Educational books and supplies

0.130 -0.3 0.000 0.78 S-Jan. 2019 -0.9

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  0.0   0.69 S-Jan. 2019 -1.3

Information technology commodities(11)

0.397 0.0 0.000 0.54 L-Dec. 2018 0.6

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistant devices(7)

0.304 0.5 0.002 0.64 L-Dec. 2018 1.3

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.024 -0.9 0.000 1.29 S-Jan. 2019 -1.7

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.070 -1.8 -0.001 0.92 S-Oct. 2018 -2.5

Alcoholic beverages

0.972 -0.1 -0.001 0.18 S-May 2017 -0.1

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.607 -0.4 -0.002 0.26 S-Jan. 2015 -0.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.270 -0.6 -0.002 0.35 S-Sep. 2009 -0.9

Distilled spirits at home

0.082 -0.2 0.000 0.45 S-Oct. 2018 -0.4

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  0.1   0.53 S-Dec. 2018 -0.2

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  -0.5   0.63 S-Jun. 2018 -0.9

Wine at home

0.255 -0.4 -0.001 0.49 S-Jan. 2018 -0.4

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.365 0.2 0.001 0.19 L-Nov. 2018 0.3

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.6   0.17 L-Nov. 2018 0.6

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.19 S-Jan. 2014 -0.4

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.19 L-Sep. 2018 0.5

Other goods(11)

1.553 0.5 0.008 0.19 - -

Tobacco and smoking products

0.660 1.6 0.011 0.17 L-Apr. 2017 3.8

Cigarettes(5)

0.585 1.8 0.010 0.18 L-Apr. 2017 4.0

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.060 -0.1 0.000 0.41 S-Dec. 2018 -0.1

Personal care products(4)

0.684 -0.4 -0.002 0.26 - -

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.380 -0.4 -0.002 0.35 S-Apr. 2018 -0.6

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.298 -0.3 -0.001 0.41 L-Jan. 2019 0.3

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.208 0.1 0.000 0.88 S-Dec. 2018 -1.3

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  0.3   0.93 S-Dec. 2018 0.3

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

  -0.7   1.15 L-Dec. 2018 0.1

Services less energy services

59.822 0.3 0.152 0.04 L-Sep. 2018 0.3

Shelter

33.293 0.4 0.118 0.07 L-Aug. 2017 0.4

Rent of shelter(15)

32.919 0.4 0.134 0.07 L-Mar. 2018 0.4

Rent of primary residence

7.932 0.4 0.033 0.04 L-Apr. 2018 0.4

Lodging away from home(5)

0.962 0.8 0.008 1.80 S-Jan. 2019 0.5

Housing at school, excluding board(15)

0.114 0.2 0.000 0.05 - -

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.848 0.9 0.008 2.03 S-Jan. 2019 0.5

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(15)

24.026 0.3 0.077 0.04 - -

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(15)

22.685 0.3 0.073 0.04 - -

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.373 -0.2 -0.001 0.12 S-Oct. 2018 -0.2

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.094 0.3 0.003 0.09 L-Dec. 2018 0.3

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.826 0.3 0.003 0.11 L-Dec. 2018 0.4

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.268 0.2 0.001 0.22 S-Jan. 2019 -2.1

Household operations(4)(5)

0.888 -0.2 -0.001 0.16 L-Jan. 2019 0.3

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.305 0.2 0.001 0.06 - -

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.298   -0.003 0.17 - -

Moving, storage, freight expense(5)

0.102 1.8 0.002 0.65 L-Jan. 2019 2.6

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.107 0.0 0.000 0.16 L-Jan. 2019 1.2

Medical care services

7.000 0.3 0.019 0.10 L-Jan. 2019 0.3

Professional services

3.259 -0.1 -0.004 0.11 S-Aug. 2018 -0.2

Physicians' services

1.735 -0.4 -0.007 0.21 S-Nov. 2017 -0.5

Dental services

0.790 -0.1 -0.001 0.13 - -

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.317 -0.1 0.000 0.24 S-May 2018 -0.4

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.416 0.3 0.001 0.09 S-Jan. 2019 -0.4

Hospital and related services

2.617 0.3 0.008 0.15 L-Dec. 2018 0.5

Hospital services(16)

2.335 0.3 0.007 0.17 L-Dec. 2018 0.5

Inpatient hospital services(16)(6)

  0.5   0.23 L-Dec. 2018 0.5

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  0.2   0.22 L-Dec. 2018 0.5

Nursing homes and adult day services(16)

0.195 0.2 0.000 0.11 L-Jan. 2019 0.4

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.088 0.2 0.000 0.20 S-Dec. 2018 -0.1

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.124 1.3 0.014 0.11 - -

Transportation services

5.962 0.0 -0.002 0.13 L-Nov. 2018 0.0

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

0.640 -0.6 -0.004 0.36 L-Jan. 2019 -0.2

Car and truck rental(5)

0.108 -1.9 -0.002 1.67 L-Dec. 2018 0.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.130 0.8 0.009 0.14 L-Sep. 2011 0.8

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.056 0.0 0.000 0.13 S-Nov. 2018 0.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.638 0.9 0.005 0.24 L-Jan. 2009 0.9

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.371 0.7 0.003 0.16 L-Sep. 2018 0.7

Motor vehicle insurance

2.407 -0.1 -0.003 0.14 S-Jan. 2019 -0.2

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.545 0.0 0.000 0.20 S-Dec. 2018 -0.2

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.280 -0.1 0.000 0.07 S-Sep. 2018 -0.1

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.247 0.2 0.001 0.34 S-Dec. 2018 -0.4

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.1   0.17 S-Jul. 2018 -0.1

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

           

Public transportation

1.133 -0.2 -0.003 0.45 S-Jan. 2019 -0.8

Airline fares

0.684 -0.6 -0.004 0.68 S-Jan. 2019 -0.9

Other intercity transportation

0.164 1.1 0.002 0.71 L-Jan. 2018 1.1

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

  9.0   1.53 L-EVER -

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  1.7   0.77 L-Apr. 2017 2.2

Intracity transportation(4)

0.278 0.3 0.001 0.34 - -

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  0.2   0.05 L-Jul. 2018 0.4

Recreation services(11)

3.892 0.4 0.016 0.22 L-Nov. 2018 0.5

Video and audio services(11)

1.605 -0.2 -0.003 0.14 - -

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.515 -0.3 -0.004 0.13 - -

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.091 1.0 0.001 0.99 S-Dec. 2018 -3.0

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  0.7   1.95 S-Dec. 2018 -4.7

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  2.4   0.19 L-Oct. 2011 3.1

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.420 0.2 0.001 0.22 S-Dec. 2018 0.2

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  -0.8   0.14 S-Jul. 2018 -1.2

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.6   0.17 S-Jan. 2019 0.4

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.038 -0.3 0.000 0.38 S-Jan. 2019 -1.8

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

  -1.3   0.04 L-Sep. 2018 0.6

Photo processing(4)(5)(6)

  1.3   0.61 S-Jan. 2019 -1.3

Other recreation services(5)

1.827 1.0 0.018 0.39 L-Feb. 2017 1.0

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.685 -0.1 -0.001 0.28 S-Dec. 2018 -0.4

Admissions

0.647 2.4 0.015 0.75 L-Jun. 1984 2.7

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   0.63 L-Jun. 2018 1.0

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  5.2   1.92 L-Jan. 2017 5.5

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.219 0.7 0.002 0.49 L-Oct. 2018 0.7

Education and communication services(11)

6.038 0.1 0.007 0.08 S-Dec. 2018 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.911 0.5 0.015 0.08 L-Jan. 2015 0.5

College tuition and fees

1.615 0.8 0.012 0.13 L-Aug. 2011 1.2

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.336 0.3 0.001 0.06 S-Jan. 2019 0.3

Child care and nursery school(12)

0.808 0.2 0.002 0.07 S-Oct. 2018 -0.4

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.032 -0.4 0.000 0.11 S-Jan. 2019 -0.5

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.113 0.2 0.000 0.05 S-Dec. 2018 0.0

Postage

0.099 0.2 0.000 0.00 S-Dec. 2018 0.2

Delivery services(5)

0.014 0.5 0.000 0.34 S-Jan. 2019 -0.6

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.219 0.0 0.000 0.07 - -

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.647 -0.1 -0.002 0.08 - -

Land-line telephone services(4)(11)

0.573 0.3 0.002 0.17 - -

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.786 -1.1 -0.009 0.29 S-Aug. 2015 -1.1

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.654 -0.3 -0.004 0.11 S-Feb. 2015 -0.3

Personal care services(4)

0.632 0.1 0.001 0.17 S-Jan. 2019 0.1

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.632 0.1 0.001 0.17 S-Jan. 2019 0.1

Miscellaneous personal services

1.022 -0.8 -0.008 0.13 S-EVER -

Legal services(4)(9)

0.308 0.0 0.000 0.06 S-Jan. 2019 -1.1

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.128 0.2 0.000 0.20 L-Oct. 2018 0.2

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.241 0.8 0.002 0.24 L-Jun. 2015 0.8

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.029 0.6 0.000 0.33 L-Dec. 2018 0.8

Financial services(9)

0.244 -3.7 -0.009 0.33 S-Nov. 2008 -6.0

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.05 - -

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(5)(6)

  -7.8   0.34 S-EVER -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.636 0.4 0.372 0.04 L-Oct. 2018 0.4

All items less shelter

66.707 0.4 0.292 0.05 L-Oct. 2018 0.4

All items less food and shelter

53.343 0.5 0.255 0.06 L-Oct. 2018 0.5

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.153 0.0 -0.001 0.06 L-Jan. 2019 0.2

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.756 0.0 0.008 0.06 - -

All items less medical care

91.304 0.4 0.384 0.04 L-Jan. 2018 0.4

All items less energy

92.810 0.2 0.154 0.04 - -

Commodities

36.817 0.7 0.242 0.06 L-Sep. 2017 0.9

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.227 -0.2 -0.033 0.11 S-Aug. 2018 -0.3

Commodities less food

23.453 0.9 0.205 0.09 L-Sep. 2017 1.3

Commodities less food and beverages

22.480 0.9 0.206 0.09 L-Sep. 2017 1.4

Services

63.183 0.3 0.160 0.05 L-Dec. 2018 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(15)

30.264 0.2 0.066 0.06 L-Dec. 2018 0.3

Services less medical care services

56.183 0.3 0.174 0.05 L-Dec. 2018 0.3

Durables

9.975 0.0 -0.004 0.11 L-Jan. 2019 0.2

Nondurables

26.842 0.8 0.224 0.09 L-Sep. 2017 1.3

Nondurables less food

13.477 1.6 0.214 0.15 L-Sep. 2017 2.5

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.505 1.7 0.215 0.16 L-Sep. 2017 2.7

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.440 2.9 0.278 0.11 L-Sep. 2017 3.4

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.412 2.6 0.277 0.10 L-Sep. 2017 3.1

Housing

42.217 0.3 0.131 0.07 L-Dec. 2018 0.3

Education and communication(5)

6.565 0.1 0.006 0.08 S-Dec. 2018 0.1

Education(5)

3.041 0.5 0.015 0.09 L-Jan. 2015 0.5

Communication(5)

3.524 -0.2 -0.008 0.10 S-Nov. 2018 -1.2

Information and information processing(5)

3.411 -0.3 -0.009 0.10 S-Nov. 2018 -1.2

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.192 -0.7 -0.009 0.25 S-Oct. 2018 -0.7

Recreation(5)

5.688 0.3 0.016 0.15 L-Jan. 2019 0.3

Video and audio(5)

1.827 -0.4 -0.007 0.13 S-Sep. 2016 -0.5

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.027 0.2 0.002 0.18 S-Nov. 2018 0.1

Photography(5)

0.072 -0.2 0.000 0.45 L-Nov. 2018 1.0

Food and beverages

14.337 0.2 0.036 0.08 S-Jan. 2019 0.2

Domestically produced farm food

6.089 0.5 0.028 0.13 L-Mar. 2017 0.5

Other services

11.584 0.1 0.016 0.09 - -

Apparel less footwear

2.392 -1.9 -0.046 0.57 S-EVER -

Fuels and utilities

4.643 0.3 0.015 0.25 L-Dec. 2018 0.9

Household energy

3.549 0.3 0.011 0.32 L-Dec. 2018 1.0

Medical care

8.696 0.3 0.025 0.10 L-Dec. 2018 0.3

Transportation

16.224 1.5 0.251 0.08 L-Sep. 2017 2.1

Private transportation

15.091 1.7 0.253 0.08 L-Sep. 2017 2.3

New and used motor vehicles(5)

6.987 0.0 0.002 0.12 L-Jan. 2019 0.1

Utilities and public transportation

9.322 0.2 0.023 0.14 L-Dec. 2018 0.3

Household furnishings and operations

4.282 0.0 -0.001 0.16 S-Jun. 2018 -0.1

Other goods and services

3.207 0.1 0.004 0.12 S-Dec. 2018 0.0

Personal care(4)

2.547 -0.3 -0.007 0.14 S-Oct. 2010 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, March 2019, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2019
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Mar. 2018-
Mar. 2019
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Mar. 2018-
Mar. 2019(1)
Standard error, median price change(2)(3) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(4)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 1.9   - L-Dec. 2018 1.9

Food

13.364 2.1 0.282 - L-Mar. 2015 2.3

Food at home

7.304 1.4 0.104 - L-Mar. 2015 1.9

Cereals and bakery products

0.962 1.8 0.017 - - -

Cereals and cereal products

0.308 1.9 0.006 - L-Jul. 2012 3.2

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.040 -0.4 0.000 - L-Sep. 2018 1.8

Breakfast cereal

0.149 1.9 0.003 - L-Jan. 2014 1.9

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.118 2.7 0.003 - L-Dec. 2015 2.7

Rice(5)(6)

  2.5   - L-Dec. 2018 3.2

Bakery products

0.654 1.8 0.011 - S-Jan. 2019 1.7

Bread(5)

0.193 1.8 0.004 - S-Nov. 2018 1.6

White bread(6)

  1.5   - S-Sep. 2018 -0.2

Bread other than white(6)

  3.4   - S-Jan. 2019 2.9

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.092 2.0 0.002 - S-Dec. 2018 1.5

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.164 0.8 0.001 - S-Jan. 2019 0.3

Cookies(6)

  -0.7   - S-Jan. 2019 -1.1

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(6)

  3.1   - L-Dec. 2018 4.7

Other bakery products

0.205 2.3 0.005 - L-Apr. 2013 2.9

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(6)

  4.1   - L-Nov. 2015 4.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  1.1   - S-Dec. 2018 1.1

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  2.4   - L-Nov. 2012 3.9

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.596 -0.2 -0.003 - S-Dec. 2018 -0.4

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.504 0.3 0.005 - S-Dec. 2018 -0.3

Meats

0.937 0.2 0.002 - S-Jan. 2019 0.1

Beef and veal

0.426 1.2 0.005 - S-Dec. 2018 -0.6

Uncooked ground beef

0.170 -2.1 -0.004 - S-Dec. 2018 -2.5

Uncooked beef roasts(5)

0.061 4.3 0.003 - L-Aug. 2018 4.4

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.158 3.1 0.005 - L-Sep. 2015 3.6

Uncooked other beef and veal(5)

0.037 3.2 0.001 - L-Nov. 2018 3.9

Pork

0.290 -0.6 -0.002 - L-Jun. 2018 -0.6

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.132 -1.5 -0.002 - S-Dec. 2018 -1.9

Bacon and related products(6)

  -0.4   - L-Mar. 2018 0.0

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  -2.3   - S-Dec. 2018 -3.2

Ham

0.050 2.3 0.001 - L-May 2018 3.2

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  2.5   - L-May 2018 4.5

Pork chops

0.043 -0.3 0.000 - - -

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.065 -1.5 -0.001 - L-Jan. 2019 -1.5

Other meats

0.221 -0.7 -0.002 - S-Jan. 2019 -0.8

Frankfurters(6)

  0.1   - S-Jan. 2019 0.0

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  -1.0   - S-Jan. 2019 -1.1

Lamb and organ meats(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(5)(6)

           

Poultry

0.315 -1.0 -0.003 - S-Dec. 2018 -1.4

Chicken(5)

0.258 -0.9 -0.002 - S-Feb. 2017 -1.0

Fresh whole chicken(6)

  -1.2   - S-Jan. 2019 -1.7

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(6)

  -0.7   - S-Jan. 2017 -0.7

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.057 -1.5 -0.001 - S-Jan. 2019 -4.3

Fish and seafood

0.252 2.7 0.007 - S-Sep. 2018 2.7

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.130 2.6 0.003 - S-Jul. 2018 2.4

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.122 2.8 0.003 - S-Jan. 2019 2.8

Shelf stable fish and seafood(6)

  3.3   - S-Jun. 2018 2.9

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  3.3   - S-Jan. 2019 1.9

Eggs

0.092 -8.0 -0.008 - S-Jul. 2017 -9.5

Dairy and related products

0.724 0.5 0.004 - L-Aug. 2017 0.5

Milk(5)

0.200 2.7 0.005 - L-Dec. 2014 4.3

Fresh whole milk(6)

  2.2   - L-Dec. 2014 5.2

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  3.1   - L-Dec. 2014 4.1

Cheese and related products

0.232 -2.0 -0.005 - S-Jan. 2019 -2.1

Ice cream and related products

0.107 0.1 0.000 - S-Jan. 2019 -0.1

Other dairy and related products(5)

0.186 1.4 0.003 - L-May 2017 1.4

Fruits and vegetables

1.305 3.9 0.050 - L-Mar. 2013 4.4

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.034 4.3 0.043 - L-Jan. 2018 4.8

Fresh fruits

0.543 1.4 0.007 - L-Jul. 2018 1.9

Apples

0.076 2.1 0.002 - L-Oct. 2017 3.7

Bananas

0.079 -0.7 -0.001 - L-Jan. 2019 -0.3

Citrus fruits(5)

0.149 2.0 0.003 - L-Jan. 2019 3.1

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  2.7   - L-Dec. 2018 3.6

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.238 1.5 0.003 - L-Jul. 2018 3.0

Fresh vegetables

0.491 7.7 0.035 - L-Aug. 2013 8.1

Potatoes

0.079 8.0 0.006 - L-Apr. 2014 8.4

Lettuce

0.065 18.9 0.011 - L-Mar. 2013 22.2

Tomatoes

0.080 1.0 0.001 - L-Dec. 2018 1.6

Other fresh vegetables

0.267 7.1 0.018 - L-Feb. 2016 7.2

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.271 2.7 0.007 - L-Aug. 2012 3.9

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.151 6.0 0.009 - L-Apr. 2012 6.5