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Economic News Release
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CPI CPI Program Links

Consumer Price Index News Release



Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (EDT) April 10, 2020                 USDL-20-0568

Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov 

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – MARCH 2020

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) declined 0.4 percent in
March on a seasonally adjusted basis, the largest monthly decline since January
2015, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months,
the all items index increased 1.5 percent before seasonal adjustment.

A sharp decline in the gasoline index was a major cause of the monthly decrease in
the seasonally adjusted all items index, with decreases in the indexes for airline
fares, lodging away from home, and apparel also contributing. The energy index
fell 5.8 percent as the gasoline index decreased 10.5 percent. The food index rose
in March, increasing 0.3 percent as the food at home index rose 0.5 percent. 

The index for all items less food and energy fell 0.1 percent in March, its first
monthly decline since January 2010. Along with the indexes for airline fares,
lodging away from home, and apparel, the index for new vehicles declined in March.
The index for shelter was unchanged, with increases in the indexes for rent and
for owners’ equivalent rent offsetting the aforementioned decline in the index for
lodging away from home. Indexes that increased in March include medical care, used
cars and trucks, motor vehicle insurance, and education.  

The all items index increased 1.5 percent for the 12 months ending March, a
notably smaller increase than the 2.3-percent increase for the period ending
February. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.1 percent over the
last 12 months. The food index rose 1.9 percent over the last 12 months, while the
energy index declined 5.7 percent.


 Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
 average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Sep.  Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.   ended 
                              2019  2019  2019  2019  2020  2020  2020   Mar.  
                                                                         2020  
                                                                               
                                                                               
 All items..................    .1    .2    .2    .2    .1    .1   -.4      1.5
  Food......................    .2    .2    .1    .2    .2    .4    .3      1.9
   Food at home.............    .1    .2    .1    .0    .1    .5    .5      1.1
   Food away from home (1)..    .3    .2    .2    .3    .4    .2    .2      3.0
  Energy....................   -.8   1.7    .8   1.6   -.7  -2.0  -5.8     -5.7
   Energy commodities.......  -1.5   2.6   1.2   3.0  -1.6  -3.5 -10.4    -10.4
    Gasoline (all types)....  -1.5   2.7   1.2   3.1  -1.6  -3.4 -10.5    -10.2
    Fuel oil................   -.6   1.1   1.0   1.1   -.4  -8.5 -13.7    -20.1
   Energy services..........    .1    .7    .2   -.2    .6   -.3   -.5      -.5
    Electricity.............    .2    .6    .2   -.2    .4   -.1   -.2       .2
    Utility (piped) gas                                                        
       service..............   -.2   1.2    .5   -.5   1.0   -.9  -1.4     -2.9
  All items less food and                                                      
     energy.................    .2    .1    .2    .1    .2    .2   -.1      2.1
   Commodities less food and                                                   
      energy commodities....    .0   -.4   -.1    .0    .0    .2   -.3      -.2
    New vehicles............   -.1   -.1   -.1    .1    .0    .1   -.4      -.4
    Used cars and trucks....    .6  -1.2   -.7   -.4  -1.2    .4    .8       .1
    Apparel.................   -.3  -1.7    .6    .1    .7    .4  -2.0     -1.6
    Medical care commodities   -.1   1.0    .0   1.0   -.6   -.6    .0      1.3
   Services less energy                                                        
      services..............    .2    .3    .3    .2    .3    .2    .0      2.8
    Shelter.................    .3    .1    .3    .2    .4    .3    .0      3.0
    Transportation services     .2    .1    .0   -.1    .3    .3  -1.9      -.7
    Medical care services...    .4    .8    .4    .3    .3    .3    .5      5.5

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.

 
Food

The food index increased 0.3 percent in March, after rising 0.4 percent in February.
The index for food at home increased 0.5 percent in March, the same increase as the
prior month. All six major grocery store food group indexes increased in March. The
index for nonalcoholic beverages rose 0.9 percent, its third consecutive increase.
The index for fruits and vegetables rose 0.8 percent in March after being unchanged
in February. 

The index for dairy and related products continued to rise, increasing 0.6 percent
in March after a 1.1-percent increase in February. The index for other food at
home also rose 0.6 percent over the month, and the indexes for cereals and bakery
products and for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs each increased 0.1 percent.  

The index for food away from home rose 0.2 percent in March, the same increase as
the prior month. The index for limited service meals rose 0.4 percent, while the
index for full service meals was unchanged in March.

The food at home index increased 1.1 percent over the last 12 months. The index
for dairy and related products increased 3.7 percent over the last year. The index
for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs rose 2.3 percent, with the beef index increasing
3.8 percent. The indexes for nonalcoholic beverages and for other food at home both
rose 1.4 percent over the last 12 months, while the index for cereals and bakery
products increased slightly, rising 0.1 percent. The fruits and vegetables index
declined 1.9 percent, with the fresh fruits index falling 3.5 percent. The index
for food away from home rose 3.0 percent over the last year. The index for full
service meals increased 3.2 percent and the index for limited service meals rose
2.8 percent over the last 12 months.

Energy

The energy index declined 5.8 percent in March, its largest monthly decrease since
January 2015. The gasoline index fell for the third month in a row, declining 10.5
percent; before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices fell 7.4 percent. The other
major energy component indexes also declined in March. The index for fuel oil
declined sharply, falling 13.7 percent. The index for natural gas fell 1.4 percent,
and the electricity index decreased 0.2 percent. 

The energy index fell 5.7 percent over the past 12 months, its largest 12-month
decline since the period ending August 2016. The gasoline index decreased 10.2
percent, while the fuel oil index fell 20.1 percent. The index for natural gas
declined more modestly, falling 2.9 percent. The electricity index increased
slightly over the last 12 months, rising 0.2 percent. 
 
All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy decreased 0.1 percent in March. The
shelter index was unchanged in March. The indexes for rent and owners’ equivalent
rent both increased 0.3 percent, but were offset by a 6.8-percent decline in the
index for lodging away from home. The airline fares index declined sharply in March,
falling 12.6 percent following a 0.3-percent decline in February. The apparel index
fell 2.0 percent in March after rising in each of the prior 4 months. The index for
new vehicles fell 0.4 percent in March after rising in February.

The medical care index rose 0.4 percent in March, though its component indexes were
mixed. The index for physicians’ services rose 0.3 percent, and the index for
hospital services increased 0.4 percent. The prescription drugs index, however,
decreased 0.2 percent. The index for used cars and trucks increased 0.8 percent in
March, and the index for motor vehicle insurance rose 0.6 percent. The indexes for
education, recreation, tobacco, alcoholic beverages, and personal care all also
increased in March.  

The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.1 percent over the past 12 months.
The shelter index rose 3.0 percent over the 12-month span, and the medical care
index rose 4.7 percent. Indexes that declined over the past 12 months include
airline fares (-10.6 percent), apparel (-1.6 percent), and new vehicles (-0.4
percent). 

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 1.5 percent over
the last 12 months to an index level of 258.115 (1982-84=100). For the month, the
index decreased 0.2 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
increased 1.5 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 251.375
(1982-84=100). For the month, the index decreased 0.2 percent prior to seasonal
adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 1.3
percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index decreased 0.3 percent on
a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past 10 to
12 months are subject to revision. 

_______________
The Consumer Price Index for April 2020 is scheduled to be released on Tuesday,
May 12, 2020 at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).
 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on March 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) program suspended data collection by personal visit
on March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were
collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in March was
affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of
establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices being
considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to
collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of
collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally
published were not published this month. Additional information is available at
www.bls.gov/bls/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-bls-price-indexes.htm#CPI.

Specific information about the impact of COVID-19 on March 2020 CPI data collection is
available at www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/covid19-statement-march-2020.htm.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers 
for goods and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two 
population groups: all urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical 
workers. The all urban consumer group represents about 93 percent of the total 
U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of 
urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the poor, 
the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners and clerical 
workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people living in 
rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces, and 
those in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation 
for all urban consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price 
Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for 
All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U). 

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is 
based on the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that 
meet two requirements: more than one-half of the household's income must come 
from clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of the household's earners 
must have been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous 12 months. The 
CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the total U.S. population and is 
a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, 
doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that people 
buy for day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas 
across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail 
establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and 
other types of stores and service establishments). All taxes directly associated 
with the purchase and use of items are included in the index. Prices of fuels and 
a few other items are obtained every month in all 75 locations. Prices of most 
other commodities and services are collected every month in the three largest 
geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most goods and 
services are obtained by personal visits or telephone calls by the Bureau’s 
trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location 
are aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending 
of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a 
U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published 
by size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions 
and population-size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do not 
measure differences in the level of prices among cities; they only measure the 
average change in prices for each area since the base period. For the C-CPI-U, 
data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are considered 
final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject to 
three subsequent quarterly revisions. 

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the 
CPI-U and the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base 
for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from the 
reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship 
can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and 
services rising from $100 to $107. 

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is 
based upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. 
BLS calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-
month percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard error 
estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. 
For example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 
percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means that if we repeatedly sample from 
the universe of all retail prices using the same methodology, and estimate a 
percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these estimates will be 
within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail prices. 
For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 
95 percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices 
would fall between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including 
information on how to use the estimates of standard error, see 
https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm. 

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent 
changes rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are 
affected by the level of the index in relation to its base period, while percent 
changes are not. 

The following table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent 
changes:

				Item A  		Item B  		  Item C
Year I 				112.500 		225.000 		  110.000
Year II 			121.500 		243.000 		  128.000
Change in index points 		9.000 			18.000 			  18.000
Percent change 			9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0 18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. 
Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-
SEATS seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new 
factors are used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The factors 
are available at www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2020.pdf. 
For more information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal 
Adjustment at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the 
Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are 
usually preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the 
same time and in about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting 
from weather events, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This 
allows data users to focus on changes that are not typical for the time of year. The 
unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned about the prices they 
actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used extensively for escalation purposes. Many 
collective bargaining contract agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation 
changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for seasonal variation. BLS advises 
against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation agreements because seasonally 
adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some 
CPI series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal 
pattern of price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which 
the distortions caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior 
to calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately 
represent the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data. 

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 
2009 return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this 
outlier data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal 
portion of the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data 
prior to seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this 
“prior adjusted” data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal 
pattern in the data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the 
unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2020, BLS adjusted 53 series using intervention 
analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, 
electricity, and vehicles. 

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject 
to revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI 
calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 
years of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to 
be final and not subject to revision. For January 2020, revised seasonal factors and seasonally 
adjusted indexes for 2015 to 2019 were calculated and published. For series which are directly 
adjusted using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors 
for 2019 will be applied to data for 2020 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2020 indexes. 
Series which are indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series 
have seasonal factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance. 

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical 
criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its 
status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 
81 components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status 
from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used 
in the aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted 
indexes before that period will not be changed. Twenty-eight of the 81 components of the U.S. 
city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted for 2020.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information 
and Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov. 

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section 
at 202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov. 

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon 
request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.  

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, March 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2020
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Mar.
2019
Feb.
2020
Mar.
2020
Mar.
2019-
Mar.
2020
Feb.
2020-
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2019-
Jan.
2020
Jan.
2020-
Feb.
2020
Feb.
2020-
Mar.
2020

All items

100.000 254.202 258.678 258.115 1.5 -0.2 0.1 0.1 -0.4

Food

13.788 257.724 261.876 262.708 1.9 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3

Food at home

7.601 242.555 244.054 245.163 1.1 0.5 0.1 0.5 0.5

Cereals and bakery products

0.983 277.275 276.641 277.646 0.1 0.4 -0.4 0.5 0.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.675 249.062 253.396 254.724 2.3 0.5 0.0 0.2 0.1

Dairy and related products

0.772 217.531 224.443 225.627 3.7 0.5 0.2 1.1 0.6

Fruits and vegetables

1.321 305.399 299.817 299.641 -1.9 -0.1 0.1 0.0 0.8

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.914 172.060 173.194 174.454 1.4 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.9

Other food at home

1.937 211.550 213.215 214.565 1.4 0.6 0.2 0.8 0.6

Food away from home(1)

6.187 281.887 289.781 290.216 3.0 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2

Energy

6.517 211.724 208.354 199.573 -5.7 -4.2 -0.7 -2.0 -5.8

Energy commodities

3.422 231.228 223.913 207.215 -10.4 -7.5 -1.6 -3.5 -10.4

Fuel oil

0.098 287.496 268.835 229.794 -20.1 -14.5 -0.4 -8.5 -13.7

Motor fuel

3.261 226.616 219.677 203.512 -10.2 -7.4 -1.6 -3.3 -10.4

Gasoline (all types)

3.186 225.282 218.373 202.205 -10.2 -7.4 -1.6 -3.4 -10.5

Energy services

3.095 202.461 202.712 201.439 -0.5 -0.6 0.6 -0.3 -0.5

Electricity

2.417 210.937 212.180 211.332 0.2 -0.4 0.4 -0.1 -0.2

Utility (piped) gas service

0.678 174.089 171.469 168.994 -2.9 -1.4 1.0 -0.9 -1.4

All items less food and energy

79.695 261.836 267.268 267.312 2.1 0.0 0.2 0.2 -0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.240 144.994 144.605 144.718 -0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2 -0.3

Apparel

2.916 125.785 124.438 123.815 -1.6 -0.5 0.7 0.4 -2.0

New vehicles

3.750 147.788 147.803 147.124 -0.4 -0.5 0.0 0.1 -0.4

Used cars and trucks

2.522 140.513 137.452 140.689 0.1 2.4 -1.2 0.4 0.8

Medical care commodities

1.620 379.568 384.701 384.498 1.3 -0.1 -0.6 -0.6 0.0

Alcoholic beverages

1.026 252.087 254.831 255.660 1.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5

Tobacco and smoking products

0.586 1,103.240 1,148.752 1,162.660 5.4 1.2 0.3 0.6 1.0

Services less energy services

59.455 334.518 344.006 343.990 2.8 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.0

Shelter

33.194 315.135 324.254 324.615 3.0 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.0

Rent of primary residence

7.782 327.513 338.616 339.519 3.7 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

24.032 322.482 332.177 332.864 3.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Medical care services

7.228 528.575 555.597 557.889 5.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.5

Physicians' services

1.804 381.045 386.202 386.483 1.4 0.1 -0.4 0.2 0.3

Hospital services(3)

2.208 336.648 350.635 351.350 4.4 0.2 0.8 -0.1 0.4

Transportation services

5.418 323.982 327.466 321.610 -0.7 -1.8 0.3 0.3 -1.9

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.079 294.226 302.220 304.131 3.4 0.6 0.2 0.7 0.6

Motor vehicle insurance

1.700 573.087 576.450 579.462 1.1 0.5 -0.2 0.5 0.6

Airline fares

0.820 259.698 265.142 232.113 -10.6 -12.5 0.7 -0.3 -12.6

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, March 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2020
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Mar.
2019-
Mar.
2020
Feb.
2020-
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2019-
Jan.
2020
Jan.
2020-
Feb.
2020
Feb.
2020-
Mar.
2020

All items

100.000 1.5 -0.2 0.1 0.1 -0.4

Food

13.788 1.9 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3

Food at home

7.601 1.1 0.5 0.1 0.5 0.5

Cereals and bakery products

0.983 0.1 0.4 -0.4 0.5 0.1

Cereals and cereal products

0.301 -1.0 0.8 0.1 -0.2 0.7

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.042 -0.7 0.8 -0.5 -0.6 1.0

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.137 -1.2 1.8 -1.0 -0.8 1.8

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.123 -1.0 -0.2 1.5 0.7 -0.2

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  -2.3 -0.2 1.0 0.1 -0.2

Bakery products(1)

0.682 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.2

Bread(1)(2)

0.195 2.3 0.3 -0.8 0.9 0.3

White bread(1)(3)

  4.0 0.8 -0.4 0.8 0.8

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  0.7 0.5 -1.0 0.8 0.5

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.098 -1.4 -0.1 -1.1 0.9 -0.5

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.174 0.8 1.5 0.6 -1.2 1.8

Cookies(1)(3)

  1.4 1.4 1.3 -1.3 1.4

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  -0.5 0.8 1.2 -0.9 0.8

Other bakery products

0.214 0.0 -1.0 -1.8 2.1 -1.0

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  -1.4 -2.3 -1.1 1.2 -2.3

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  1.8 0.3 -3.1 2.7 0.1

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  -1.3 -1.5 -0.4 2.2 -1.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.675 2.3 0.5 0.0 0.2 0.1

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.576 2.5 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.0

Meats

0.989 3.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 -0.3

Beef and veal

0.451 3.8 0.6 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.166 5.9 1.4 0.6 -0.4 1.4

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.070 3.6 0.0 -0.7 1.2 0.0

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.174 2.1 0.5 0.0 -0.1 -1.1

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.041 2.7 -0.7 0.2 0.8 -0.7

Pork

0.313 3.5 0.2 0.2 1.1 -0.6

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.129 1.8 -0.4 0.2 -0.6 -1.0

Bacon and related products(3)

  -1.1 -2.4 -0.1 0.0 -3.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  6.4 2.6 1.1 -1.1 3.1

Ham

0.065 8.2 4.9 1.9 3.2 1.2

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  7.7 5.0 1.8 4.1 0.2

Pork chops(1)

0.048 3.2 -1.3 -1.7 2.4 -1.3

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.071 2.3 -2.1 -0.9 1.9 -1.9

Other meats

0.225 1.9 0.3 1.2 -0.2 -0.2

Frankfurters(3)

  1.9 2.7 4.8 -3.4 1.6

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  1.9 -0.2 0.9 -0.4 -0.3

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

           

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

           

Poultry(1)

0.319 2.2 1.3 -1.2 0.4 1.3

Chicken(1)(2)

0.259 1.2 1.3 -1.7 0.0 1.3

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  1.5 1.2 -2.1 -0.9 1.2

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  1.1 1.2 -1.6 0.5 1.2

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.060 7.1 1.3 0.1 1.9 1.6

Fish and seafood

0.267 0.1 -0.4 0.7 0.0 -0.5

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.136 1.4 0.5 0.7 0.3 0.1

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.131 -1.2 -1.3 0.9 -0.5 -0.5

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  0.9 -0.6 0.7 -1.4 -0.6

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  -2.1 -2.5 0.0 0.1 -2.0

Eggs

0.099 -1.6 1.7 -1.4 -0.8 2.8

Dairy and related products

0.772 3.7 0.5 0.2 1.1 0.6

Milk(2)

0.209 4.9 0.0 2.1 0.1 0.2

Fresh whole milk(3)

  5.1 0.0 1.8 0.2 0.1

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  4.2 0.0 2.1 -0.1 0.1

Cheese and related products(1)

0.261 5.0 0.0 -0.2 1.1 0.0

Ice cream and related products

0.108 2.6 1.1 0.5 -0.6 2.2

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.194 1.4 1.4 0.2 1.5 1.4

Fruits and vegetables

1.321 -1.9 -0.1 0.1 0.0 0.8

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.040 -2.4 -0.2 0.2 0.0 0.7

Fresh fruits

0.530 -3.5 0.6 -1.4 0.1 1.0

Apples

0.074 -8.8 -1.4 -0.9 -1.6 -1.9

Bananas(1)

0.077 -1.4 0.3 -0.8 -0.4 0.3

Citrus fruits(2)

0.128 -9.5 0.0 -0.2 -2.7 -1.1

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  -10.8 -1.4 -0.2 -3.7 -0.7

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.251 1.0 1.5 -3.6 3.0 4.6

Fresh vegetables

0.510 -1.3 -1.0 2.0 0.0 0.3

Potatoes

0.080 4.1 0.8 1.0 -0.9 2.5

Lettuce(1)

0.061 -4.2 -0.5 0.5 -3.6 -0.5

Tomatoes

0.084 7.8 2.1 5.1 3.2 4.5

Other fresh vegetables

0.285 -4.7 -2.5 1.3 -0.5 -1.8

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.280 0.2 0.5 -0.5 -0.2 1.1

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.146 -0.7 0.3 -1.0 -0.3 1.1

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  -1.9 -0.7 -1.4 0.7 -0.4

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  0.4 1.3 -0.4 -0.8 1.8

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.084 0.8 0.7 1.6 -1.0 0.3

Frozen vegetables(3)

  0.9 -0.2 1.5 0.2 -0.5

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.051 2.6 0.6 -0.2 -0.4 1.8

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  1.8 1.1 -0.2 -0.5 1.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.914 1.4 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.9

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.650 1.5 0.7 0.6 0.1 1.1

Carbonated drinks

0.273 1.6 1.0 0.4 0.0 1.3

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.006 -4.1 0.3 0.2 -1.1 0.3

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.372 1.6 0.5 0.3 -0.2 0.9

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.264 1.1 0.7 -0.6 1.1 1.1

Coffee

0.169 0.3 1.1 -0.5 0.9 1.0

Roasted coffee(3)

  0.8 1.5 0.2 0.2 1.3

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  -3.1 -0.6 -1.3 1.5 -0.6

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.094 2.4 0.1 -0.7 1.6 0.1

Other food at home

1.937 1.4 0.6 0.2 0.8 0.6

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.265 2.6 0.6 2.6 -0.6 0.6

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.036 5.9 1.0 0.7 0.8 1.7

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.176 3.2 0.6 2.4 -0.7 0.6

Other sweets(2)

0.053 -1.6 0.6 0.1 -1.5 0.7

Fats and oils

0.213 -0.3 0.7 1.2 -0.4 1.1

Butter and margarine(2)

0.064 0.2 2.5 2.0 -1.2 3.1

Butter(3)

  0.7 2.4 1.7 -0.6 2.6

Margarine(3)

  2.0 2.1 2.2 -1.0 2.7

Salad dressing(2)

0.051 2.7 1.4 1.4 -1.0 1.8

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.098 -2.2 -0.8 0.5 0.4 -0.6

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  -1.9 -0.2 -3.6 4.2 -0.2

Other foods

1.459 1.5 0.6 -0.4 1.3 0.5

Soups

0.087 3.2 1.9 0.7 1.6 0.4

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.252 1.6 -0.1 1.1 1.0 -0.1

Snacks(1)

0.332 -0.3 0.5 -0.7 2.5 0.5

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.290 1.8 1.6 -0.7 1.5 1.6

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  1.6 1.2 0.1 -0.9 2.2

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

    0.9 4.0 0.1 0.9

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  2.3 2.3 -0.9 3.0 1.7

Other condiments(3)

  -0.1 1.9 -0.8 -0.6 1.8

Baby food(1)(2)

0.042 3.6 0.2 -1.2 3.7 0.2

Other miscellaneous foods(2)

0.455 2.1 0.3 -1.0 1.0 0.0

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  5.4 0.0 -0.5 0.3 0.0

Food away from home(1)

6.187 3.0 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

3.124 3.2 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.0

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.666 2.8 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.145 1.9 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.4

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  2.2 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.080 3.6 0.2 0.3 -0.3 0.2

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.172 1.8 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1

Energy

6.517 -5.7 -4.2 -0.7 -2.0 -5.8

Energy commodities

3.422 -10.4 -7.5 -1.6 -3.5 -10.4

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.161 -14.2 -9.5 -1.4 -5.7 -8.9

Fuel oil

0.098 -20.1 -14.5 -0.4 -8.5 -13.7

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.062 -4.6 -1.5 -3.0 -0.1 -0.7

Motor fuel

3.261 -10.2 -7.4 -1.6 -3.3 -10.4

Gasoline (all types)

3.186 -10.2 -7.4 -1.6 -3.4 -10.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  -11.0 -7.8 -1.5 -3.7 -10.9

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  -6.9 -5.7 -1.0 -3.6 -8.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  -5.6 -5.3 -1.3 -2.9 -7.2

Other motor fuels(2)

0.075 -8.1 -5.4 0.4 -2.0 -6.3

Energy services

3.095 -0.5 -0.6 0.6 -0.3 -0.5

Electricity

2.417 0.2 -0.4 0.4 -0.1 -0.2

Utility (piped) gas service

0.678 -2.9 -1.4 1.0 -0.9 -1.4

All items less food and energy

79.695 2.1 0.0 0.2 0.2 -0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.240 -0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2 -0.3

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.737 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 -0.3

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.293 0.7 -0.7 4.4 1.2 -0.7

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.064 -1.2 -0.4 0.8 0.2 -0.4

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.061 7.1 1.4 2.2 1.4 1.4

Other linens(1)(2)

0.169 -0.3 -1.6 6.6 1.5 -1.6

Furniture and bedding(1)

0.940 -0.5 -1.1 0.2 0.9 -1.1

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.333 -0.8 -2.0 0.6 -0.8 -2.0

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.454 1.0 -0.6 -0.5 1.9 -0.6

Other furniture(1)(2)

0.144 -5.2 -0.9 1.7 1.6 -0.9

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

    -6.6 1.0 0.0 -6.6

Appliances(2)

0.211 -0.3 0.0 -0.8 0.0 0.4

Major appliances(2)

0.071 -1.9 0.2 -0.4 4.3 0.2

Laundry equipment(3)

  -1.4 5.4 -1.6 0.6 4.1

Other appliances(2)

0.138 0.9 -0.1 -1.2 -1.8 0.2

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.535 -2.9 0.0 -0.4 -1.8 0.0

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.310 -4.8 -0.6 0.3 -0.6 -0.6

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.090 -0.2 2.0 -1.6 -1.6 2.1

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.055 9.5 1.0 5.1 -1.5 1.0

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.080 -6.5 -0.4 1.1 -2.0 -1.6

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.874 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.241 -0.4 0.6 1.0 0.6 0.6

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.447 0.8 0.2 -0.2 0.0 -0.1

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.882 -0.1 0.4 -0.1 -0.2 0.4

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.347 0.2 1.1 -0.1 -0.7 1.1

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.218 1.2 0.1 -0.8 0.3 0.1

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.318 -1.6 -0.3 0.2 0.1 -0.3

Apparel

2.916 -1.6 -0.5 0.7 0.4 -2.0

Men's and boys' apparel

0.740 -0.8 -0.8 0.6 -0.3 0.2

Men's apparel

0.601 0.1 -1.3 2.3 -0.7 0.0

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.113 -4.1 -1.5 1.5 1.0 -0.8

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(1)

0.166 3.9 -0.7 4.2 3.4 -0.7

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.169 -3.9 -0.5 -1.0 -1.9 1.0

Men's pants and shorts

0.146 4.2 -2.7 6.2 -2.5 0.5

Boys' apparel

0.139 -5.2 1.3 -5.8 -0.1 3.2

Women's and girls' apparel

1.203 -2.6 0.5 0.2 1.4 -3.0

Women's apparel

1.000 -3.5 0.6 -0.1 1.2 -3.1

Women's outerwear

0.067 -8.0 0.0 -5.5 4.2 -1.1

Women's dresses

0.110 -10.0 1.1 -2.3 0.9 -5.7

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.513 -4.3 1.3 -0.7 -0.7 -2.5

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.300 1.9 -0.5 3.5 2.4 -2.5

Girls' apparel

0.203 3.3 0.1 1.8 2.6 -2.4

Footwear

0.678 -0.2 -1.2 1.3 0.1 -2.8

Men's footwear(1)

0.235 -1.3 -2.2 1.3 0.5 -2.2

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.143 -0.4 -1.2 1.3 2.9 -3.6

Women's footwear

0.300 0.8 -0.5 1.7 -0.7 -1.9

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.133 -8.0 -3.6 1.2 -0.9 -4.3

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.162 2.0 -1.1 2.0 -1.2 0.1

Watches(1)(6)

0.039 2.9 1.2 2.4 0.5 1.2

Jewelry(6)

0.123 1.1 -1.8 2.7 -3.0 -0.8

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

6.903 -0.1 0.6 -0.4 0.2 0.1

New vehicles

3.750 -0.4 -0.5 0.0 0.1 -0.4

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  -0.4 -0.5 0.0 0.1 -0.4

New cars(3)

  0.0 -0.5 0.2 0.4 -0.5

New trucks(3)(10)

  -0.6 -0.4 -0.1 0.2 -0.6

Used cars and trucks

2.522 0.1 2.4 -1.2 0.4 0.8

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.396 1.6 -0.2 0.4 0.1 -0.2

Tires(1)

0.251 0.4 -0.2 -0.2 0.2 -0.2

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.146 3.5 -0.2 1.4 -0.2 -0.2

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  4.1 0.1 1.8 -0.3 0.1

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  -1.2 -3.7 -3.0 3.4 -3.7

Medical care commodities

1.620 1.3 -0.1 -0.6 -0.6 0.0

Medicinal drugs(8)

1.547 1.3 0.0 -0.4 -0.8 0.1

Prescription drugs

1.171 1.5 -0.3 -0.4 -0.8 -0.2

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.376 0.6 0.8 -1.3 -0.3 0.8

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.072 1.3 -0.2 -0.8 -0.3 -0.2

Recreation commodities(8)

2.038 -1.1 -0.8 0.1 -0.1 -0.8

Video and audio products(8)

0.273 -7.9 0.3 -0.9 -0.3 0.3

Televisions

0.096 -16.8 -0.6 -1.7 -1.6 -0.2

Other video equipment(2)

0.042 -2.2 0.2 -1.4 0.4 -0.7

Audio equipment(1)

0.079 0.1 1.3 0.2 1.1 1.3

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.045 -4.2 0.8 -0.7 -0.6 0.8

Pets and pet products(1)

0.651 1.6 -0.6 -0.1 0.5 -0.6

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  1.8 -0.3 -0.3 0.7 -0.3

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  1.3 -1.0 0.2 0.3 -1.0

Sporting goods

0.594 -0.3 -1.5 0.6 -0.4 -2.0

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.357 -0.5 -2.1 0.6 -1.1 -2.1

Sports equipment

0.227 -0.1 -0.5 0.0 1.4 -0.9

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.027 9.8 0.8 2.4 4.9 0.0

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

           

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  9.1 0.6 2.6 5.2 -0.1

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.118 5.8 -0.2 1.4 0.3 -0.2

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.066 8.5 0.7 2.4 -1.6 0.7

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.050 1.4 -1.4 -0.1 3.0 -1.4

Other recreational goods(2)

0.375 -6.1 -1.2 -0.2 -0.9 -0.7

Toys

0.290 -7.3 -1.1 -0.3 -1.6 -0.4

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -8.0 -0.6 -0.4 -2.4 -0.4

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.022 -11.2 -7.1 0.4 2.7 -7.1

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.047 5.1 1.1 0.4 1.0 1.1

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.516 -4.7 0.4 -1.2 0.6 0.4

Educational books and supplies

0.107 -2.7 0.1 -1.7 0.1 0.2

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  -2.9 0.1 -2.7 0.9 0.1

Information technology commodities(8)

0.409 -5.5 0.5 -1.1 0.7 0.4

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(4)

0.298 -3.0 1.2 -1.1 1.5 0.8

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.019 -10.9 -1.2 -1.2 0.5 -1.2

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(2)

0.091 -13.5 -1.4 -1.4 -1.9 -0.4

Alcoholic beverages

1.026 1.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.575 1.4 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.7

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.221 3.4 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8

Distilled spirits at home

0.093 -1.0 0.1 0.4 0.0 -0.1

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  -1.1 -0.9 1.5 1.0 -0.9

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  -0.3 0.5 1.0 -0.1 0.5

Wine at home

0.261 0.2 0.6 -0.1 0.2 0.9

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.451 1.6 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.0

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  0.0 -0.2 0.5 0.1 -0.2

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.8 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  3.5 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.3

Other goods(8)

1.484 3.1 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.3

Tobacco and smoking products

0.586 5.4 1.2 0.3 0.6 1.0

Cigarettes(2)

0.509 5.8 1.3 0.4 0.7 1.0

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.059 1.3 0.3 -0.5 0.3 0.3

Personal care products(1)

0.693 0.5 -0.1 0.1 1.1 -0.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.372 1.4 -0.3 -0.2 1.2 -0.3

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.313 -0.7 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.2

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.205 4.2 -0.3 2.9 -1.2 -0.5

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  5.0 -0.5 0.2 -0.2 -0.6

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

  11.6 2.4 16.1 -2.8 2.4

Services less energy services

59.455 2.8 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.0

Shelter

33.194 3.0 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.0

Rent of shelter(12)

32.825 3.0 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.1

Rent of primary residence

7.782 3.7 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3

Lodging away from home(2)

1.011 -6.4 -3.1 0.2 2.0 -6.8

Housing at school, excluding board(12)

0.117 2.3 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.894 -7.5 -3.5 0.1 2.3 -7.7

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(12)

24.032 3.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(12)

22.826 3.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.369 -0.5 -0.6 -0.3 0.3 -0.6

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.086 3.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.795 3.1 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.4

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.291 3.5 0.2 0.9 0.7 0.2

Household operations(1)(2)

0.877 4.5 0.1 0.1 0.7 0.1

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.290 1.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

        1.7  

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.088 2.3 -0.4 1.3 0.9 -0.4

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.116 5.7 0.1 0.5 -0.3 0.1

Medical care services

7.228 5.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.5

Professional services

3.630 1.6 0.2 -0.2 0.1 0.3

Physicians' services

1.804 1.4 0.1 -0.4 0.2 0.3

Dental services

0.988 2.8 0.7 -0.3 -0.1 0.4

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.366 0.6 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.472 0.8 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0

Hospital and related services

2.400 4.2 0.2 0.7 0.0 0.4

Hospital services(13)

2.208 4.4 0.2 0.8 -0.1 0.4

Inpatient hospital services(13)(3)

  4.0 0.2 0.6 -0.7 0.6

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  3.6 0.1 1.0 0.0 0.2

Nursing homes and adult day services(13)

0.123 2.5 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.3

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.069 3.1 1.7 0.0 0.7 1.7

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.199 20.6 1.3 1.7 1.4 1.3

Transportation services

5.418 -0.7 -1.8 0.3 0.3 -1.9

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

0.642 -3.6 -0.6 -0.2 0.3 -0.6

Car and truck rental(2)

0.120 3.6 -2.8 1.2 -2.2 -6.9

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.079 3.4 0.6 0.2 0.7 0.6

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.057 3.8 0.0 -0.2 0.2 0.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.625 3.5 0.8 0.0 0.3 0.8

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.338 3.2 0.4 0.5 1.6 0.4

Motor vehicle insurance

1.700 1.1 0.5 -0.2 0.5 0.6

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.572 2.7 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.297 2.8 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.1

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.260 2.6 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  2.5 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.3

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

    1.2 0.2 0.1 1.2

Public transportation

1.305 -7.2 -8.2 0.2 0.2 -8.5

Airline fares

0.820 -10.6 -12.5 0.7 -0.3 -12.6

Other intercity transportation

0.177 -6.1 -2.7 0.3 -0.2 -4.0

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

  -5.2 -2.1 -16.3 -0.6 -2.1

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

           

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  -7.7 -1.4 0.2 -0.8 -1.4

Intracity transportation(1)

0.304 1.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  1.8 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0

Recreation services(8)

3.769 2.4 0.7 0.3 -0.5 0.6

Video and audio services(8)

1.243 2.6 0.4 0.4 -0.6 0.1

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.162 3.4 0.4 0.7 -0.6 0.1

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.081 -9.6 0.5 -2.4 -0.6 0.5

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  -16.0 0.9 -4.1 -1.1 0.9

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  2.7 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.8

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.548 3.1 0.3 0.3 -0.4 0.3

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  3.1 0.1 0.2 0.6 0.1

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  3.3 0.4 0.2 -0.7 0.4

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.045 0.5 0.2 0.2 2.9 0.2

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

  2.9 0.0 -0.3 2.4 0.0

Photo processing(1)(2)(3)

  -3.1 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5

Other recreation services(2)

1.932 2.2 1.0 0.2 -0.4 1.1

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.698 2.8 0.8 0.5 -0.3 0.8

Admissions

0.700 2.4 1.3 -0.1 -0.8 1.7

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  3.1 0.5 0.3 0.7 0.5

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  2.7 2.2 0.4 -4.0 2.2

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.212 0.5 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.0

Education and communication services(8)

6.230 2.1 -0.1 0.4 0.1 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.912 2.3 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.3

College tuition and fees

1.569 1.7 0.0 0.5 0.2 0.2

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.424 2.7 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.4

Day care and preschool(9)

0.764 3.5 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.2

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.036 2.1 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.2

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.112 4.1 -0.1 0.6 0.6 0.2

Postage

0.102 4.3 0.0 0.8 0.7 0.2

Delivery services(2)

0.010 1.3 -0.6 -1.4 0.1 -0.4

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.293 1.8 0.0 0.3 -0.1 0.0

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.891 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Land-line telephone services(1)(8)

0.402 7.9 0.1 1.6 0.3 0.1

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.901 2.1 -0.6 0.7 0.0 -0.3

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.654 2.8 0.2 0.6 0.3 0.2

Personal care services(1)

0.669 3.3 0.1 0.7 0.3 0.1

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.669 3.3 0.1 0.7 0.3 0.1

Miscellaneous personal services

0.986 2.4 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.1

Legal services(1)(6)

0.251 0.6 0.0 0.7 0.6 0.0

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.140 1.6 0.0 0.3 -0.4 0.0

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.219 3.3 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.1

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.030 5.4 1.6 0.2 0.8 1.6

Financial services(6)

0.233 4.0 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.0

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  2.2 1.2 0.0 0.8 1.2

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

  7.4 0.5 2.0 0.1 0.5

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, March 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Feb.
2020
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Mar.
2019
Feb.
2020
Mar.
2020
Mar.
2019-
Mar.
2020
Feb.
2020-
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2019-
Jan.
2020
Jan.
2020-
Feb.
2020
Feb.
2020-
Mar.
2020

All items less food

86.212 253.643 258.165 257.382 1.5 -0.3 0.1 0.0 -0.5

All items less shelter

66.806 233.290 236.084 235.184 0.8 -0.4 0.0 0.0 -0.7

All items less food and shelter

53.018 226.909 229.390 228.099 0.5 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 -0.9

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.501 232.222 235.659 235.539 1.4 -0.1 0.2 0.2 -0.2

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.979 237.836 241.844 241.387 1.5 -0.2 0.2 0.1 -0.3

All items less medical care

91.152 242.776 246.445 245.778 1.2 -0.3 0.1 0.1 -0.5

All items less energy

93.483 260.505 265.734 265.896 2.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.0

Commodities

37.450 184.993 185.331 184.364 -0.3 -0.5 -0.2 -0.1 -1.0

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.718 146.120 146.126 145.767 -0.2 -0.2 0.1 0.1 -0.5

Commodities less food

23.662 152.742 151.792 150.257 -1.6 -1.0 -0.4 -0.4 -1.9

Commodities less food and beverages

22.636 149.344 148.304 146.714 -1.8 -1.1 -0.4 -0.4 -2.0

Services

62.550 322.456 331.139 331.021 2.7 0.0 0.4 0.2 -0.1

Services less rent of shelter(1)

29.724 340.396 348.701 347.979 2.2 -0.2 0.2 0.2 -0.2

Services less medical care services

55.322 306.807 314.141 313.845 2.3 -0.1 0.3 0.2 -0.1

Durables

10.683 105.379 104.421 104.703 -0.6 0.3 -0.4 0.2 -0.1

Nondurables

26.767 225.714 227.015 225.113 -0.3 -0.8 -0.2 -0.1 -1.3

Nondurables less food

12.979 198.584 197.680 193.597 -2.5 -2.1 -0.5 -0.6 -3.0

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.953 195.255 194.122 189.714 -2.8 -2.3 -0.6 -0.6 -3.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.037 242.842 241.692 234.822 -3.3 -2.8 -1.0 -0.9 -3.7

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.063 242.500 241.755 235.665 -2.8 -2.5 -0.9 -0.7 -3.3

Housing

42.149 263.886 270.281 270.273 2.4 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.0

Education and communication(2)

6.746 137.082 139.256 139.199 1.5 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.1

Education(2)

3.019 263.905 269.360 269.450 2.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.3

Communication(2)

3.726 72.943 73.793 73.719 1.1 -0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0

Information and information processing(2)

3.614 68.950 69.693 69.622 1.0 -0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.321 7.390 7.375 7.354 -0.5 -0.3 0.1 0.2 -0.1

Recreation(2)

5.807 120.743 122.067 122.265 1.3 0.2 0.3 -0.3 0.1

Video and audio(2)

1.517 105.119 106.034 106.466 1.3 0.4 0.3 -0.6 0.1

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.199 176.496 180.819 180.452 2.2 -0.2 0.1 0.1 -0.2

Photography(2)

0.073 73.161 75.996 76.305 4.3 0.4 0.9 3.6 0.1

Food and beverages

14.814 257.430 261.487 262.320 1.9 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3

Domestically produced farm food

6.343 250.216 251.833 252.974 1.1 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.5

Other services

11.653 357.332 364.767 365.516 2.3 0.2 0.4 0.0 0.3

Apparel less footwear

2.238 118.637 116.710 116.390 -1.9 -0.3 0.5 0.5 -1.8

Fuels and utilities

4.341 241.550 242.951 241.160 -0.2 -0.7 0.4 -0.3 -0.6

Household energy

3.255 199.429 199.117 196.998 -1.2 -1.1 0.5 -0.6 -0.9

Medical care

8.848 492.306 513.923 515.605 4.7 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.4

Transportation

15.582 208.836 207.772 203.854 -2.4 -1.9 -0.6 -0.5 -2.9

Private transportation

14.277 204.680 203.291 200.626 -2.0 -1.3 -0.7 -0.6 -2.4

New and used motor vehicles(2)

7.268 99.975 99.028 99.527 -0.4 0.5 -0.4 0.2 -0.1

Utilities and public transportation

8.941 216.735 219.886 216.968 0.1 -1.3 0.2 0.2 -1.2

Household furnishings and operations

4.613 123.746 124.636 124.469 0.6 -0.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.1

Other goods and services

3.139 448.471 460.144 461.495 2.9 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.3

Personal care

2.552 232.888 237.978 238.175 2.3 0.1 0.7 0.4 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, March 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Mar. 2020 from: Percent change to Feb. 2020 from:
Mar.
2019
Jan.
2020
Feb.
2020
Feb.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020

U.S. city average

M

1.5 0.1 -0.2 2.3 0.7 0.3

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

1.7 0.1 -0.2 2.4 1.0 0.3

Northeast - Size Class A

M

1.9 0.1 -0.1 2.5 1.0 0.3

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.4 0.0 -0.3 2.2 1.0 0.3

New England(4)

M

1.5 0.0 -0.2 2.5 0.9 0.2

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

1.8 0.1 -0.2 2.3 1.0 0.3

Midwest

M

1.0 -0.2 -0.5 2.1 0.7 0.3

Midwest - Size Class A

M

1.3 -0.3 -0.5 2.3 0.7 0.2

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

0.8 -0.2 -0.5 2.0 0.7 0.4

East North Central(4)

M

1.0 -0.4 -0.6 2.0 0.6 0.1

West North Central(4)

M

1.0 0.3 -0.4 2.3 0.8 0.7

South

M

1.1 0.1 -0.1 1.9 0.5 0.2

South - Size Class A

M

1.1 0.0 -0.2 1.9 0.5 0.2

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.0 0.1 -0.1 1.9 0.4 0.1

South Atlantic(4)

M

1.3 0.1 -0.2 2.2 0.6 0.2

East South Central(4)

M

0.4 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.3 0.0

West South Central(4)

M

0.9 0.0 -0.1 1.6 0.3 0.1

West

M

2.5 0.2 -0.2 3.1 0.7 0.4

West - Size Class A

M

2.4 0.2 -0.3 3.2 0.9 0.4

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.5 0.3 0.0 2.9 0.4 0.4

Mountain(4)

M

3.2 0.0 -0.1 4.0 0.3 0.2

Pacific(4)

M

2.2 0.3 -0.2 2.8 0.8 0.5

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

1.7 0.1 -0.2 2.5 0.8 0.3

Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.4 0.1 -0.2 2.2 0.6 0.3

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

1.1 -0.7 -0.7 2.0 1.0 0.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

1.9 -0.4 -0.7 3.4 1.1 0.3

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

2.0 0.0 -0.2 2.4 1.0 0.2

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

      2.9 0.8  

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

      1.8 0.5  

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

      2.6 0.5  

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

      1.5 0.6  

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

      1.4 0.4  

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

      2.6 1.0  

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

      4.4 0.6  

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

      2.9 0.9  

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

      2.5 1.0  

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

      2.1 0.8  

Urban Alaska

2

      -0.3 0.0  

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

1.8 0.1        

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

1.0 0.0        

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

2.2 -0.3        

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

1.2 -0.3        

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

2.3 0.0        

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

1.8 0.0        

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

2.1 0.2        

Urban Hawaii

1

1.8 0.6        

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

0.4 -0.4        

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, March 2020 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2000

    2.6 3.4

December 2001

    1.3 1.6

December 2002

    2.0 2.4

December 2003

    1.7 1.9

December 2004

    3.2 3.3

December 2005

    2.9 3.4

December 2006

    2.3 2.5

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

December 2017

    1.7 2.1

January 2018

0.5 0.5 1.6 2.1

February 2018

0.4 0.5 1.7 2.2

March 2018

0.2 0.2 1.9 2.4

April 2018

0.4 0.4 2.1 2.5

May 2018

0.3 0.4 2.3 2.8

June 2018

0.1 0.2 2.4 2.9

July 2018

0.0 0.0 2.6 2.9

August 2018

0.0 0.1 2.3 2.7

September 2018

0.1 0.1 1.9 2.3

October 2018

0.1 0.2 2.1 2.5

November 2018

-0.3 -0.3 1.8 2.2

December 2018

-0.4 -0.3 1.5 1.9

January 2019

0.2 0.2 1.3 1.6

February 2019

0.4 0.4 1.3 1.5

March 2019

0.5 0.6 1.5 1.9

April 2019

0.5 0.5 1.7 2.0

May 2019

0.2 0.2 1.5 1.8

June 2019

0.0 0.0 1.4 1.6

July 2019

0.2 0.2 1.6 1.8

August 2019

0.0 0.0 1.6 1.7

September 2019

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.7

October 2019

0.2 0.2 1.6 1.8

November 2019

-0.1 -0.1 1.8 2.1

December 2019

-0.1 -0.1 2.1 2.3

January 2020

0.4 0.4 2.3 2.5

February 2020

0.3 0.3 2.1 2.3

March 2020

-0.3 -0.2 1.3 1.5

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, March 2020, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2020
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Feb. 2020-
Mar. 2020
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Feb. 2020-
Mar. 2020(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 -0.4   0.04 S-Jan. 2015 -0.6

Food

13.788 0.3 0.047 0.07 S-Jan. 2020 0.2

Food at home

7.601 0.5 0.038 0.12 - -

Cereals and bakery products

0.983 0.1 0.001 0.30 S-Jan. 2020 -0.4

Cereals and cereal products

0.301 0.7 0.002 0.54 L-Mar. 2019 1.4

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.042 1.0 0.000 0.83 L-Mar. 2019 1.1

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.137 1.8 0.002 0.74 L-Oct. 2015 2.4

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.123 -0.2 0.000 0.98 S-Dec. 2019 -1.8

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   1.14 S-Dec. 2019 -2.1

Bakery products(4)

0.682 0.2 0.001 0.36 S-Jan. 2020 0.1

Bread(4)(5)

0.195 0.3 0.001 0.74 S-Jan. 2020 -0.8

White bread(4)(6)

  0.8   1.01 - -

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  0.5   0.77 S-Jan. 2020 -1.0

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.098 -0.5 -0.001 0.96 S-Jan. 2020 -1.1

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.174 1.8 0.003 0.71 L-Jun. 2018 2.3

Cookies(4)(6)

  1.4   1.07 L-Jun. 2018 3.7

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  0.8   0.78 L-Jan. 2020 1.2

Other bakery products

0.214 -1.0 -0.002 0.52 S-Jan. 2020 -1.8

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  -2.3   0.83 S-Oct. 2016 -2.7

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  0.1   0.94 S-Jan. 2020 -3.1

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  -1.7   0.75 S-Aug. 2014 -1.9

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.675 0.1 0.002 0.23 S-Jan. 2020 0.0

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.576 0.0 0.000 0.24 S-Aug. 2019 -0.4

Meats

0.989 -0.3 -0.003 0.29 S-Aug. 2019 -0.7

Beef and veal

0.451 -0.1 -0.001 0.45 - -

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.166 1.4 0.002 0.75 L-Jul. 2017 1.8

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.070 0.0 0.000 1.31 S-Jan. 2020 -0.7

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.174 -1.1 -0.002 0.70 S-Jun. 2019 -1.5

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.041 -0.7 0.000 0.75 S-Aug. 2019 -1.0

Pork

0.313 -0.6 -0.002 0.61 S-Aug. 2019 -1.8

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.129 -1.0 -0.001 0.83 S-Aug. 2019 -2.7

Bacon and related products(6)

  -3.1   0.99 S-Aug. 2019 -4.7

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  3.1   1.20 L-Dec. 2013 4.6

Ham

0.065 1.2 0.001 1.81 S-Dec. 2019 -1.1

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  0.2   1.73 S-Dec. 2019 -1.1

Pork chops(4)

0.048 -1.3 -0.001 1.57 S-Jan. 2020 -1.7

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.071 -1.9 -0.001 1.30 S-Aug. 2019 -2.4

Other meats

0.225 -0.2 0.000 0.54 - -

Frankfurters(6)

  1.6   1.31 L-Jan. 2020 4.8

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.59 L-Jan. 2020 0.9

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

           

Poultry(4)

0.319 1.3 0.004 0.63 L-Dec. 2019 1.7

Chicken(4)(5)

0.259 1.3 0.003 0.70 L-Dec. 2019 1.8

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  1.2   1.43 L-Dec. 2019 3.3

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  1.2   0.77 L-Dec. 2019 1.2

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.060 1.6 0.001 1.43 S-Jan. 2020 0.1

Fish and seafood

0.267 -0.5 -0.001 0.47 S-Jun. 2019 -0.6

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.136 0.1 0.000 0.71 S-Nov. 2019 -0.6

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.131 -0.5 -0.001 0.65 - -

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  -0.6   0.97 L-Jan. 2020 0.7

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  -2.0   0.84 S-Oct. 2016 -2.2

Eggs

0.099 2.8 0.003 0.98 L-Sep. 2019 6.0

Dairy and related products

0.772 0.6 0.004 0.31 S-Jan. 2020 0.2

Milk(5)

0.209 0.2 0.000 0.48 L-Jan. 2020 2.1

Fresh whole milk(6)

  0.1   0.70 S-Sep. 2019 0.0

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  0.1   0.52 L-Jan. 2020 2.1

Cheese and related products(4)

0.261 0.0 0.000 0.55 S-Jan. 2020 -0.2

Ice cream and related products

0.108 2.2 0.002 0.86 L-Jan. 2013 2.4

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.194 1.4 0.003 0.56 S-Jan. 2020 0.2

Fruits and vegetables

1.321 0.8 0.010 0.35 L-Mar. 2019 1.1

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.040 0.7 0.007 0.41 L-Mar. 2019 1.0

Fresh fruits

0.530 1.0 0.005 0.56 L-Dec. 2018 1.3

Apples

0.074 -1.9 -0.001 1.21 S-Nov. 2019 -2.1

Bananas(4)

0.077 0.3 0.000 0.80 L-Nov. 2019 0.8

Citrus fruits(5)

0.128 -1.1 -0.002 0.97 L-Jan. 2020 -0.2

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -0.7   1.35 L-Jan. 2020 -0.2

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.251 4.6 0.011 0.97 L-Mar. 2017 5.7

Fresh vegetables

0.510 0.3 0.001 0.59 L-Jan. 2020 2.0

Potatoes

0.080 2.5 0.002 1.57 L-Jul. 2019 2.6

Lettuce(4)

0.061 -0.5 0.000 2.16 L-Jan. 2020 0.5

Tomatoes

0.084 4.5 0.004 1.38 L-Jan. 2020 5.1

Other fresh vegetables

0.285 -1.8 -0.005 0.74 S-May 2016 -2.7

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.280 1.1 0.003 0.49 L-Mar. 2019 1.4

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.146 1.1 0.002 0.69 L-Mar. 2019 1.8

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.88 S-Jan. 2020 -1.4

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  1.8   0.98 L-Feb. 2019 1.8

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.084 0.3 0.000 0.94 L-Jan. 2020 1.6

Frozen vegetables(6)

  -0.5   1.21 S-Dec. 2019 -1.3

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.051 1.8 0.001 0.79 L-Aug. 2018 1.9

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  1.1   1.47 L-Oct. 2019 2.9

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.914 0.9 0.009 0.38 L-May 2019 0.9

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.650 1.1 0.007 0.45 L-Jan. 2019 1.4

Carbonated drinks

0.273 1.3 0.004 0.83 L-Aug. 2018 1.4

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.006 0.3 0.000 0.65 L-Dec. 2019 1.0

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.372 0.9 0.003 0.54 L-May 2019 0.9

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.264 1.1 0.003 0.63 - -

Coffee

0.169 1.0 0.002 0.90 L-Nov. 2019 1.6

Roasted coffee(6)

  1.3   0.99 L-Nov. 2019 1.3

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  -0.6   1.15 S-Jan. 2020 -1.3

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.094 0.1 0.000 0.74 S-Jan. 2020 -0.7

Other food at home

1.937 0.6 0.011 0.24 S-Jan. 2020 0.2

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.265 0.6 0.002 0.64 L-Jan. 2020 2.6

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.036 1.7 0.001 0.84 L-May 2017 1.7

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.176 0.6 0.001 0.90 L-Jan. 2020 2.4

Other sweets(5)

0.053 0.7 0.000 0.79 L-Oct. 2019 0.8

Fats and oils

0.213 1.1 0.002 0.51 L-Jan. 2020 1.2

Butter and margarine(5)

0.064 3.1 0.002 0.97 L-Oct. 2015 4.1

Butter(6)

  2.6   1.57 L-Apr. 2018 3.6

Margarine(6)

  2.7   0.92 L-Jul. 2011 2.7

Salad dressing(5)

0.051 1.8 0.001 0.93 L-May 2019 1.9

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.098 -0.6 -0.001 0.87 S-Dec. 2019 -1.0

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   1.28 S-Jan. 2020 -3.6

Other foods

1.459 0.5 0.007 0.25 S-Jan. 2020 -0.4

Soups

0.087 0.4 0.000 1.06 S-Dec. 2019 -0.2

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.252 -0.1 0.000 0.69 S-Dec. 2019 -1.1

Snacks(4)

0.332 0.5 0.002 0.66 S-Jan. 2020 -0.7

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.290 1.6 0.005 0.51 L-May 2014 1.6

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  2.2   1.05 L-Nov. 2014 2.4

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  0.9   0.63 L-Jan. 2020 4.0

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  1.7   0.87 S-Jan. 2020 -0.9

Other condiments(6)

  1.8   1.12 L-Sep. 2019 3.2

Baby food(4)(5)

0.042 0.2 0.000 0.78 S-Jan. 2020 -1.2

Other miscellaneous foods(5)

0.455 0.0 0.000 0.58 S-Jan. 2020 -1.0

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  0.0   0.87 S-Jan. 2020 -0.5

Food away from home(4)

6.187 0.2 0.009 0.05 - -

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

3.124 0.0 -0.001 0.06 S-Oct. 2016 0.0

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.666 0.4 0.010 0.10 L-Jan. 2020 0.4

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.145 0.4 0.001 0.11 L-Jul. 2019 0.6

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  0.0   0.06 L-Jan. 2020 0.0

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.080 0.2 0.000 0.25 L-Jan. 2020 0.3

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.172 0.1 0.000 0.09 - -

Energy

6.517 -5.8 -0.388 0.16 S-Jan. 2015 -8.5

Energy commodities

3.422 -10.4 -0.373 0.20 S-Jan. 2015 -15.8

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.161 -8.9 -0.014 0.43 S-Dec. 2008 -9.1

Fuel oil

0.098 -13.7 -0.013 0.52 S-Nov. 2008 -15.0

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.062 -0.7 0.000 0.60 S-Jan. 2020 -3.0

Motor fuel

3.261 -10.4 -0.359 0.21 S-Feb. 2016 -10.5

Gasoline (all types)

3.186 -10.5 -0.355 0.21 S-Feb. 2016 -10.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  -10.9   0.68 S-Feb. 2016 -10.9

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  -8.2   0.73 S-Feb. 2016 -10.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  -7.2   0.76 S-Feb. 2016 -9.1

Other motor fuels(5)

0.075 -6.3 -0.005 0.24 S-Feb. 2016 -6.6

Energy services

3.095 -0.5 -0.015 0.19 S-May 2019 -0.5

Electricity

2.417 -0.2 -0.006 0.20 S-Dec. 2019 -0.2

Utility (piped) gas service

0.678 -1.4 -0.010 0.31 S-Feb. 2019 -2.2

All items less food and energy

79.695 -0.1 -0.082 0.04 S-Jan. 2010 -0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.240 -0.3 -0.067 0.11 S-Oct. 2019 -0.4

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.737 -0.3 -0.010 0.22 S-Oct. 2019 -0.3

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.293 -0.7 -0.002 1.10 S-Nov. 2019 -2.4

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.064 -0.4 0.000 0.91 S-Nov. 2019 -0.7

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.061 1.4 0.001 1.47 - -

Other linens(4)(5)

0.169 -1.6 -0.003 1.72 S-Nov. 2019 -3.9

Furniture and bedding(4)

0.940 -1.1 -0.011 0.49 S-Aug. 2019 -1.7

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.333 -2.0 -0.007 0.62 S-Sep. 2013 -2.0

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.454 -0.6 -0.003 0.86 S-Dec. 2019 -1.0

Other furniture(4)(5)

0.144 -0.9 -0.001 0.99 S-Nov. 2019 -1.5

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

  -6.6   0.37 S-EVER -

Appliances(5)

0.211 0.4 0.001 0.58 L-Nov. 2019 0.9

Major appliances(5)

0.071 0.2 0.000 0.98 S-Jan. 2020 -0.4

Laundry equipment(6)

  4.1   1.42 L-May 2018 4.5

Other appliances(5)

0.138 0.2 0.000 0.70 L-Dec. 2019 0.8

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.535 0.0 0.000 0.59 L-Aug. 2019 0.3

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.310 -0.6 -0.002 0.93 - -

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.090 2.1 0.002 0.64 L-Feb. 2001 2.4

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.055 1.0 0.001 1.39 L-Jan. 2020 5.1

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.080 -1.6 -0.001 0.96 L-Jan. 2020 1.1

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.874 0.1 0.001 0.43 L-Dec. 2019 0.3

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.241 0.6 0.002 0.60 - -

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.447 -0.1 0.000 0.52 S-Jan. 2020 -0.2

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.882 0.4 0.003 0.31 L-Mar. 2019 0.7

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.347 1.1 0.004 0.34 L-Sep. 2011 1.1

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.218 0.1 0.000 0.59 S-Jan. 2020 -0.8

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.318 -0.3 -0.001 0.66 S-Dec. 2019 -0.5

Apparel

2.916 -2.0 -0.059 0.52 S-EVER -

Men's and boys' apparel

0.740 0.2 0.001 0.66 L-Jan. 2020 0.6

Men's apparel

0.601 0.0 0.000 0.74 L-Jan. 2020 2.3

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.113 -0.8 -0.001 2.12 S-Dec. 2019 -5.1

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.166 -0.7 -0.001 1.11 S-Dec. 2019 -2.6

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.169 1.0 0.002 1.15 L-Dec. 2019 1.2

Men's pants and shorts

0.146 0.5 0.001 1.22 L-Jan. 2020 6.2

Boys' apparel

0.139 3.2 0.004 1.46 L-Sep. 2018 3.4

Women's and girls' apparel

1.203 -3.0 -0.036 0.93 S-EVER -

Women's apparel

1.000 -3.1 -0.031 1.09 S-EVER -

Women's outerwear

0.067 -1.1 -0.001 1.87 S-Jan. 2020 -5.5

Women's dresses

0.110 -5.7 -0.006 1.58 S-Mar. 2009 -6.2

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.513 -2.5 -0.013 1.54 S-Oct. 2019 -4.7

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.300 -2.5 -0.008 1.38 S-Nov. 2017 -2.5

Girls' apparel

0.203 -2.4 -0.005 1.95 S-Oct. 2019 -3.1

Footwear

0.678 -2.8 -0.019 0.71 S-EVER -

Men's footwear(4)

0.235 -2.2 -0.005 0.99 S-Dec. 2017 -3.6

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.143 -3.6 -0.005 1.31 S-Jul. 2002 -4.5

Women's footwear

0.300 -1.9 -0.006 0.91 S-Apr. 2018 -2.1

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.133 -4.3 -0.006 1.21 S-EVER -

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.162 0.1 0.000 2.07 L-Jan. 2020 2.0

Watches(4)(9)

0.039 1.2 0.000 1.91 L-Jan. 2020 2.4

Jewelry(9)

0.123 -0.8 -0.001 2.46 L-Jan. 2020 2.7

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

6.903 0.1 0.006 0.11 S-Jan. 2020 -0.4

New vehicles

3.750 -0.4 -0.015 0.19 S-Apr. 2018 -0.4

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.17 S-Apr. 2018 -0.4

New cars(6)

  -0.5   0.17 S-Jul. 2017 -0.8

New trucks(13)(6)

  -0.6   0.20 S-Aug. 2009 -0.8

Used cars and trucks

2.522 0.8 0.021 0.02 L-Jun. 2019 1.3

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.396 -0.2 -0.001 0.36 S-Oct. 2019 -0.2

Tires(4)

0.251 -0.2 0.000 0.35 S-Jan. 2020 -0.2

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.146 -0.2 0.000 0.62 - -

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  0.1   0.47 L-Jan. 2020 1.8

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  -3.7   1.56 S-Apr. 2019 -5.2

Medical care commodities

1.620 0.0 0.000 0.30 L-Dec. 2019 1.0

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.547 0.1 0.001 0.31 L-Dec. 2019 1.3

Prescription drugs

1.171 -0.2 -0.002 0.32 L-Dec. 2019 1.5

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.376 0.8 0.003 0.53 L-Aug. 2019 1.6

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.072 -0.2 0.000 0.59 L-Nov. 2019 1.0

Recreation commodities(11)

2.038 -0.8 -0.017 0.22 S-Feb. 2019 -0.8

Video and audio products(11)

0.273 0.3 0.001 0.38 L-Apr. 2019 0.3

Televisions

0.096 -0.2 0.000 0.68 L-Jun. 2017 1.8

Other video equipment(5)

0.042 -0.7 0.000 0.88 S-Jan. 2020 -1.4

Audio equipment(4)

0.079 1.3 0.001 0.84 L-Apr. 2019 4.2

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.045 0.8 0.000 0.67 L-Oct. 2019 0.8

Pets and pet products(4)

0.651 -0.6 -0.004 0.24 S-Nov. 2017 -0.7

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.26 S-Jan. 2020 -0.3

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  -1.0   0.45 S-Nov. 2015 -1.7

Sporting goods

0.594 -2.0 -0.012 0.56 S-Nov. 1982 -2.0

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.357 -2.1 -0.008 0.79 S-May 2019 -2.3

Sports equipment

0.227 -0.9 -0.002 0.53 S-Jul. 2019 -1.4

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.027 0.0 0.000 0.88 S-Dec. 2019 -1.1

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

           

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  -0.1   1.01 S-Dec. 2019 -1.8

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.118 -0.2 0.000 1.00 S-Dec. 2019 -1.1

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.066 0.7 0.000 1.26 L-Jan. 2020 2.4

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.050 -1.4 -0.001 1.25 S-Jun. 2019 -1.6

Other recreational goods(5)

0.375 -0.7 -0.002 0.48 L-Jan. 2020 -0.2

Toys

0.290 -0.4 -0.001 0.50 L-Jan. 2020 -0.3

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.68 L-Jan. 2020 -0.4

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.022 -7.1 -0.002 1.24 S-EVER -

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.047 1.1 0.001 0.64 L-Nov. 2019 2.0

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.516 0.4 0.002 0.46 S-Jan. 2020 -1.2

Educational books and supplies

0.107 0.2 0.000 0.76 L-Nov. 2019 0.2

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  0.1   0.84 S-Jan. 2020 -2.7

Information technology commodities(11)

0.409 0.4 0.002 0.53 S-Jan. 2020 -1.1

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(7)

0.298 0.8 0.002 0.68 S-Jan. 2020 -1.1

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.019 -1.2 0.000 1.50 S-Jan. 2020 -1.2

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(5)

0.091 -0.4 0.000 0.81 L-Jul. 2018 1.2

Alcoholic beverages

1.026 0.5 0.005 0.18 L-Nov. 2014 0.7

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.575 0.7 0.004 0.27 L-May 2019 0.7

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.221 0.8 0.002 0.34 - -

Distilled spirits at home

0.093 -0.1 0.000 0.44 S-Nov. 2019 -0.2

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  -0.9   0.90 S-Oct. 2019 -1.8

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  0.5   0.62 L-Jan. 2020 1.0

Wine at home

0.261 0.9 0.002 0.47 L-May 2019 0.9

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.451 0.0 0.000 0.22 S-Nov. 2019 0.0

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.25 S-Oct. 2019 -0.2

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.17 - -

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.25 S-Jan. 2020 0.2

Other goods(11)

1.484 0.3 0.004 0.21 S-Dec. 2019 -0.4

Tobacco and smoking products

0.586 1.0 0.006 0.13 L-Mar. 2019 1.2

Cigarettes(5)

0.509 1.0 0.005 0.13 L-Mar. 2019 1.3

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.059 0.3 0.000 0.39 - -

Personal care products(4)

0.693 -0.1 -0.001 0.28 S-Dec. 2019 -1.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.372 -0.3 -0.001 0.37 S-Dec. 2019 -0.6

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.313 0.2 0.000 0.44 S-Dec. 2019 -1.9

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.205 -0.5 -0.001 1.05 L-Jan. 2020 2.9

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  -0.6   1.05 S-May 2019 -0.6

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

  2.4   1.19 L-Jan. 2020 16.1

Services less energy services

59.455 0.0 -0.019 0.04 S-Mar. 2017 0.0

Shelter

33.194 0.0 0.013 0.05 S-Oct. 2010 0.0

Rent of shelter(15)

32.825 0.1 0.030 0.06 S-Oct. 2019 0.1

Rent of primary residence

7.782 0.3 0.023 0.04 - -

Lodging away from home(5)

1.011 -6.8 -0.070 1.55 S-EVER -

Housing at school, excluding board(15)

0.117 0.2 0.000 0.04 - -

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.894 -7.7 -0.070 1.76 S-EVER -

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(15)

24.032 0.3 0.063 0.04 L-Jan. 2020 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(15)

22.826 0.3 0.059 0.04 L-Jan. 2020 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.369 -0.6 -0.002 0.07 S-Apr. 2013 -1.0

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.086 0.3 0.003 0.08 - -

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.795 0.4 0.003 0.09 L-Oct. 2019 0.4

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.291 0.2 0.001 0.15 S-Dec. 2019 0.0

Household operations(4)(5)

0.877 0.1 0.001 0.21 S-Jan. 2020 0.1

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.290 0.0 0.000 0.29 - -

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

           

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.088 -0.4 0.000 0.60 S-Nov. 2019 -2.4

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.116 0.1 0.000 0.22 L-Jan. 2020 0.5

Medical care services

7.228 0.5 0.037 0.17 L-Oct. 2019 0.8

Professional services

3.630 0.3 0.012 0.13 L-Jun. 2019 0.3

Physicians' services

1.804 0.3 0.006 0.17 L-Sep. 2019 0.3

Dental services

0.988 0.4 0.004 0.10 L-Jun. 2019 1.0

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.366 0.0 0.000 0.24 - -

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.472 0.0 0.000 0.14 - -

Hospital and related services

2.400 0.4 0.009 0.21 L-Jan. 2020 0.7

Hospital services(16)

2.208 0.4 0.009 0.24 L-Jan. 2020 0.8

Inpatient hospital services(16)(6)

  0.6   0.32 L-Jan. 2020 0.6

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  0.2   0.25 L-Jan. 2020 1.0

Nursing homes and adult day services(16)

0.123 0.3 0.000 0.13 L-Dec. 2019 0.3

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.069 1.7 0.001 0.11 L-Dec. 2007 3.0

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.199 1.3 0.015 0.20 S-Jun. 2019 1.3

Transportation services

5.418 -1.9 -0.105 0.11 S-EVER -

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

0.642 -0.6 -0.004 0.37 S-Dec. 2019 -0.7

Car and truck rental(5)

0.120 -6.9 -0.009 1.64 S-EVER -

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.079 0.6 0.007 0.19 S-Jan. 2020 0.2

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.057 0.0 0.000 0.25 S-Jan. 2020 -0.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.625 0.8 0.005 0.23 L-Aug. 2019 1.2

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.338 0.4 0.001 0.26 S-Dec. 2019 0.0

Motor vehicle insurance

1.700 0.6 0.011 0.11 L-Sep. 2018 0.6

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.572 0.2 0.001 0.13 - -

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.297 0.1 0.000 0.11 - -

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.260 0.3 0.001 0.25 - -

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.3   0.26 - -

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

  1.2   0.31 L-Nov. 2016 9.9

Public transportation

1.305 -8.5 -0.111 0.37 S-EVER -

Airline fares

0.820 -12.6 -0.104 0.57 S-EVER -

Other intercity transportation

0.177 -4.0 -0.007 0.70 S-EVER -

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

  -2.1   1.47 S-Jan. 2020 -16.3

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  -1.4   0.75 S-Oct. 2019 -1.4

Intracity transportation(4)

0.304 0.2 0.001 0.35 S-Dec. 2019 -1.1

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  0.0   0.13 S-Dec. 2019 0.0

Recreation services(11)

3.769 0.6 0.024 0.17 L-Oct. 2019 0.7

Video and audio services(11)

1.243 0.1 0.001 0.17 L-Jan. 2020 0.4

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.162 0.1 0.001 0.19 L-Jan. 2020 0.7

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.081 0.5 0.000 0.95 L-Sep. 2019 0.8

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  0.9   1.68 L-Jun. 2019 1.3

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.76 L-Jun. 2019 2.2

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.548 0.3 0.002 0.16 L-Jan. 2020 0.3

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.24 S-Aug. 2019 -0.4

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.4   0.25 L-Dec. 2019 0.5

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.045 0.2 0.000 0.46 S-Jan. 2020 0.2

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.62 S-Jan. 2020 -0.3

Photo processing(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   0.62 S-Dec. 2019 -0.6

Other recreation services(5)

1.932 1.1 0.022 0.31 L-Oct. 2019 1.1

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.698 0.8 0.006 0.35 L-Nov. 2019 1.1

Admissions

0.700 1.7 0.012 0.69 L-Mar. 2019 2.3

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   0.54 S-Jan. 2020 0.3

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  2.2   2.10 L-Nov. 2019 3.7

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.212 0.0 0.000 0.43 S-Dec. 2019 0.0

Education and communication services(11)

6.230 0.1 0.005 0.07 - -

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.912 0.3 0.008 0.10 - -

College tuition and fees

1.569 0.2 0.004 0.16 - -

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.424 0.4 0.002 0.06 L-Oct. 2019 0.5

Day care and preschool(12)

0.764 0.2 0.001 0.13 S-Jan. 2020 0.1

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.036 0.2 0.000 0.12 - -

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.112 0.2 0.000 0.03 S-Dec. 2019 0.2

Postage

0.102 0.2 0.000 0.00 S-Dec. 2019 0.1

Delivery services(5)

0.010 -0.4 0.000 0.27 S-Jan. 2020 -1.4

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.293 0.0 0.000 0.10 L-Jan. 2020 0.3

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.891 0.0 0.000 0.05 L-Jan. 2020 0.0

Land-line telephone services(4)(11)

0.402 0.1 0.000 0.36 S-Apr. 2019 0.1

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.901 -0.3 -0.003 0.22 S-Sep. 2019 -0.6

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.654 0.2 0.003 0.13 S-Nov. 2019 0.1

Personal care services(4)

0.669 0.1 0.001 0.14 S-Sep. 2019 0.1

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.669 0.1 0.001 0.14 S-Sep. 2019 0.1

Miscellaneous personal services

0.986 0.1 0.001 0.15 S-Nov. 2019 0.0

Legal services(4)(9)

0.251 0.0 0.000 0.12 S-Dec. 2019 0.0

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.140 0.0 0.000 0.19 L-Jan. 2020 0.3

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.219 0.1 0.000 0.22 S-Nov. 2019 0.1

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.030 1.6 0.000 0.36 L-Mar. 2005 2.4

Financial services(9)

0.233 0.0 0.000 0.20 S-Nov. 2019 0.0

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  1.2   0.00 L-Mar. 2018 4.7

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   0.31 L-Jan. 2020 2.0

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.212 -0.5 -0.470 0.04 S-Jan. 2015 -0.7

All items less shelter

66.806 -0.7 -0.437 0.05 S-Jan. 2015 -1.1

All items less food and shelter

53.018 -0.9 -0.484 0.06 S-Jan. 2015 -1.4

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.501 -0.2 -0.095 0.06 S-Mar. 2017 -0.2

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.979 -0.3 -0.116 0.07 S-EVER -

All items less medical care

91.152 -0.5 -0.460 0.04 S-Jan. 2015 -0.7

All items less energy

93.483 0.0 -0.035 0.04 S-Mar. 2017 0.0

Commodities

37.450 -1.0 -0.394 0.07 S-Sep. 2015 -1.0

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.718 -0.5 -0.088 0.12 S-Aug. 2001 -0.5

Commodities less food

23.662 -1.9 -0.441 0.09 S-Jan. 2015 -3.2

Commodities less food and beverages

22.636 -2.0 -0.445 0.10 S-Jan. 2015 -3.3

Services

62.550 -0.1 -0.034 0.04 S-Jan. 2010 -0.2

Services less rent of shelter(15)

29.724 -0.2 -0.048 0.06 S-Mar. 2017 -0.3

Services less medical care services

55.322 -0.1 -0.059 0.04 S-Mar. 2017 -0.1

Durables

10.683 -0.1 -0.009 0.12 S-Jan. 2020 -0.4

Nondurables

26.767 -1.3 -0.356 0.08 S-Jan. 2015 -2.5

Nondurables less food

12.979 -3.0 -0.396 0.15 S-Jan. 2015 -4.9

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.953 -3.3 -0.397 0.16 S-Jan. 2015 -5.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.037 -3.7 -0.337 0.13 S-Sep. 2015 -3.8

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.063 -3.3 -0.335 0.12 S-Sep. 2015 -3.4

Housing

42.149 0.0 -0.017 0.05 S-Apr. 2014 0.0

Education and communication(5)

6.746 0.1 0.007 0.07 - -

Education(5)

3.019 0.3 0.008 0.10 - -

Communication(5)

3.726 0.0 -0.001 0.10 - -

Information and information processing(5)

3.614 0.0 -0.001 0.11 - -

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.321 -0.1 -0.001 0.24 S-Dec. 2019 -0.3

Recreation(5)

5.807 0.1 0.007 0.15 L-Jan. 2020 0.3

Video and audio(5)

1.517 0.1 0.002 0.17 L-Jan. 2020 0.3

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.199 -0.2 -0.002 0.16 S-Aug. 2019 -0.2

Photography(5)

0.073 0.1 0.000 0.53 S-Dec. 2019 -0.7

Food and beverages

14.814 0.3 0.052 0.07 S-Jan. 2020 0.2

Domestically produced farm food

6.343 0.5 0.034 0.13 L-Mar. 2017 0.5

Other services

11.653 0.3 0.031 0.07 L-Jan. 2020 0.4

Apparel less footwear

2.238 -1.8 -0.040 0.64 S-Oct. 2019 -2.1

Fuels and utilities

4.341 -0.6 -0.026 0.14 S-Dec. 2015 -0.8

Household energy

3.255 -0.9 -0.029 0.18 S-Dec. 2015 -1.1

Medical care

8.848 0.4 0.037 0.18 L-Dec. 2019 0.5

Transportation

15.582 -2.9 -0.458 0.08 S-Jan. 2015 -4.5

Private transportation

14.277 -2.4 -0.347 0.09 S-Sep. 2015 -2.8

New and used motor vehicles(5)

7.268 -0.1 -0.006 0.11 S-Jan. 2020 -0.4

Utilities and public transportation

8.941 -1.2 -0.109 0.10 S-Jan. 1966 -1.4

Household furnishings and operations

4.613 -0.1 -0.004 0.18 S-Jan. 2020 -0.1

Other goods and services

3.139 0.3 0.008 0.12 S-Dec. 2019 -0.1

Personal care(4)

2.552 0.1 0.002 0.15 S-Dec. 2019 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, March 2020, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2020
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Mar. 2019-
Mar. 2020
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Mar. 2019-
Mar. 2020(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 1.5   0.08 S-Feb. 2019 1.5

Food

13.788 1.9 0.263 0.15 L-Nov. 2019 2.0

Food at home

7.601 1.1 0.084 0.19 L-May 2019 1.2

Cereals and bakery products

0.983 0.1 0.002 0.44 S-May 2018 -0.2

Cereals and cereal products

0.301 -1.0 -0.003 0.80 S-Oct. 2018 -1.2

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.042 -0.7 0.000 1.08 - -

Breakfast cereal

0.137 -1.2 -0.002 1.01 L-Jan. 2020 -0.1

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.123 -1.0 -0.001 1.35 S-Jan. 2018 -2.0

Rice(4)(5)

  -2.3   1.84 S-Dec. 2019 -2.9

Bakery products

0.682 0.7 0.005 0.55 L-Nov. 2019 1.5

Bread(4)

0.195 2.3 0.004 0.98 L-Nov. 2019 3.8

White bread(5)

  4.0   1.32 L-Nov. 2019 4.6

Bread other than white(5)

  0.7   1.32 S-Jan. 2020 0.6

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.098 -1.4 -0.001 1.35 S-Jan. 2020 -2.0

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.174 0.8 0.002 1.01 L-Jan. 2020 1.0

Cookies(5)

  1.4   1.31 L-Oct. 2019 1.5

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  -0.5   1.09 S-Dec. 2019 -1.8

Other bakery products

0.214 0.0 0.000 0.89 S-Jan. 2020 -0.5

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  -1.4   1.97 S-Nov. 2016 -2.1

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  1.8   1.60 L-Dec. 2019 2.3

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  -1.3   0.81 S-Dec. 2019 -1.3

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.675 2.3 0.037 0.33 L-Dec. 2019 2.3

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.576 2.5 0.038 0.35 L-Dec. 2019 2.6

Meats

0.989 3.3 0.031 0.44 S-Nov. 2019 2.5

Beef and veal

0.451 3.8 0.016 0.59 S-Nov. 2019 2.6

Uncooked ground beef

0.166 5.9 0.010 0.86 L-Jul. 2015 9.4

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.070 3.6 0.002 1.62 S-Oct. 2019 3.1

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.174 2.1 0.003 0.93 S-Oct. 2019 1.8

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.041 2.7 0.001 1.19 S-Oct. 2019 1.8

Pork

0.313 3.5 0.010 0.91 S-Jan. 2020 3.2

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.129 1.8 0.002 1.14 S-Sep. 2019 1.2

Bacon and related products(5)

  -1.1   1.48 S-Feb. 2019 -1.9

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  6.4   1.62 L-Dec. 2014 7.3

Ham

0.065 8.2 0.005 3.14 S-Jan. 2020 4.6

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  7.7   3.40 S-Jan. 2020 4.3

Pork chops

0.048 3.2 0.001 2.19 S-Dec. 2019 1.8

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.071 2.3 0.001 2.01 S-Jan. 2020 1.6

Other meats

0.225 1.9 0.004 0.72 L-Jan. 2020 2.5

Frankfurters(5)

  1.9   1.91 L-Jan. 2020 4.2

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  1.9   0.88 L-Jan. 2020 2.9

Lamb and organ meats(5)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)

           

Poultry

0.319 2.2 0.007 0.77 L-Dec. 2017 2.5

Chicken(4)

0.259 1.2 0.003 0.91 L-Dec. 2019 1.4

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  1.5   1.77 L-Jan. 2020 2.2

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  1.1   1.08 L-Jan. 2019 1.3

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.060 7.1 0.004 2.42 L-Jul. 2012 8.2

Fish and seafood

0.267 0.1 0.000 0.76 - -

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.136 1.4 0.002 1.11 L-Oct. 2019 1.4

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.131 -1.2 -0.002 1.15 S-Feb. 2018 -1.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  0.9   1.59 L-Oct. 2019 1.3

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  -2.1   1.70 S-Feb. 2018 -3.5

Eggs

0.099 -1.6 -0.001 1.58 L-Nov. 2018 3.6

Dairy and related products

0.772 3.7 0.028 0.43 L-Jan. 2015 3.8

Milk(4)

0.209 4.9 0.010 0.78 S-Nov. 2019 3.9

Fresh whole milk(5)

  5.1   1.41 S-Nov. 2019 4.4

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  4.2   1.25 S-Dec. 2019 3.8

Cheese and related products

0.261 5.0 0.012 0.71 S-Jan. 2020 3.5

Ice cream and related products

0.108 2.6 0.003 1.16 L-Apr. 2015 2.7

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.194 1.4 0.003 0.87 L-Jul. 2019 1.6

Fruits and vegetables

1.321 -1.9 -0.024 0.58 S-Feb. 2017 -4.7

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.040 -2.4 -0.025 0.61 S-Feb. 2017 -5.7

Fresh fruits

0.530 -3.5 -0.019 0.64 L-Dec. 2019 -2.4

Apples

0.074 -8.8 -0.007 1.68 S-Aug. 2015 -9.7

Bananas

0.077 -1.4 -0.001 1.27 S-Jul. 2019 -1.6

Citrus fruits(4)

0.128 -9.5 -0.014 1.55 S-Mar. 2009 -9.7

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  -10.8   2.14 S-Jun. 2008 -11.3

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.251 1.0 0.003 1.12 L-Mar. 2019 1.5

Fresh vegetables

0.510 -1.3 -0.006 0.97 S-Dec. 2019 -1.8

Potatoes

0.080 4.1 0.003 2.45 L-Jan. 2020 5.3

Lettuce

0.061 -4.2 -0.003 2.84 S-Jun. 2018 -7.2

Tomatoes

0.084 7.8 0.006 2.00 L-Jan. 2018 16.5

Other fresh vegetables

0.285 -4.7 -0.013 1.12 S-Feb. 2017 -7.3

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.280 0.2 0.001