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Economic News Release
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CPI CPI Program Links

Consumer Price Index News Release


Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (ET) Wednesday, April 12, 2023       USDL-23-0674
	
Technical information: (202) 691-7000  *  cpi_info@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov 

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX - MARCH 2023

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.1 percent in March on a seasonally
adjusted basis, after increasing 0.4 percent in February, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased 5.0 percent before seasonal adjustment.

The index for shelter was by far the largest contributor to the monthly all items increase. This more
than offset a decline in the energy index, which decreased 3.5 percent over the month as all major
energy component indexes declined. The food index was unchanged in March with the food at home index
falling 0.3 percent.

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.4 percent in March, after rising 0.5 percent in
February. Indexes which increased in March include shelter, motor vehicle insurance, airline fares,
household furnishings and operations, and new vehicles. The index for medical care and the index for
used cars and trucks were among those that decreased over the month.

The all items index increased 5.0 percent for the 12 months ending March; this was the smallest 12-month
increase since the period ending May 2021. The all items less food and energy index rose 5.6 percent
over the last 12 months. The energy index decreased 6.4 percent for the 12 months ending March, and the
food index increased 8.5 percent over the last year. 

Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average

Seasonally adjusted changes from preceding month Un-
adjusted
12-mos.
ended
Mar. 2023
Sep.
2022
Oct.
2022
Nov.
2022
Dec.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023
Mar.
2023

All items

0.4 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.1 5.0

Food

0.8 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.0 8.5

Food at home

0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 -0.3 8.4

Food away from home(1)

0.9 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 8.8

Energy

-1.7 1.7 -1.4 -3.1 2.0 -0.6 -3.5 -6.4

Energy commodities

-4.1 3.7 -2.1 -7.2 1.9 0.5 -4.6 -17.0

Gasoline (all types)

-4.2 3.4 -2.3 -7.0 2.4 1.0 -4.6 -17.4

Fuel oil(1)

-2.7 19.8 1.7 -16.6 -1.2 -7.9 -4.0 -14.2

Energy services

1.2 -0.7 -0.6 1.9 2.1 -1.7 -2.3 9.2

Electricity

0.8 0.5 0.5 1.3 0.5 0.5 -0.7 10.2

Utility (piped) gas service

2.2 -3.7 -3.4 3.5 6.7 -8.0 -7.1 5.5

All items less food and energy

0.6 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 5.6

Commodities less food and energy commodities

0.0 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.0 0.2 1.5

New vehicles

0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.4 6.1

Used cars and trucks

-1.1 -1.7 -2.0 -2.0 -1.9 -2.8 -0.9 -11.2

Apparel

0.0 -0.2 0.1 0.2 0.8 0.8 0.3 3.3

Medical care commodities(1)

-0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 1.1 0.1 0.6 3.6

Services less energy services

0.8 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 7.1

Shelter

0.7 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.6 8.2

Transportation services

1.9 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.1 1.4 13.9

Medical care services

0.8 -0.4 -0.5 0.3 -0.7 -0.7 -0.5 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.

Food

The food index was unchanged in March. The food at home index fell 0.3 percent over the month, the first
decline in that index since September 2020. Three of the six major grocery store food group indexes
decreased over the month. The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs decreased 1.4 percent in March as
the index for eggs fell 10.9 percent. The fruits and vegetables index declined 1.3 percent over the
month, and the dairy and related products index decreased 0.1 percent.

In contrast, the index for other food at home rose 0.4 percent in March, following a 0.3-percent
increase the previous month. The cereals and bakery products index increased 0.6 percent over the month,
and the nonalcoholic beverages index rose 0.2 percent. 

The food away from home index rose 0.6 percent in March, as it did in the previous 2 months. The index
for full service meals increased 0.7 percent over the month and the index for limited service meals
increased 0.5 percent. 

The food at home index rose 8.4 percent over the last 12 months. The index for cereals and bakery
products rose 13.6 percent over the 12 months ending in March. The remaining major grocery store food
groups posted increases ranging from 2.5 percent (fruits and vegetables) to 11.3 percent (nonalcoholic
beverages).

The index for food away from home rose 8.8 percent over the last year. The index for full service meals
rose 8.0 percent over the last 12 months, and the index for limited service meals rose 7.9 percent over
the same period. 

Energy

The energy index fell 3.5 percent in March after decreasing 0.6 percent in February. The gasoline index
decreased 4.6 percent in March, following a 1.0-percent increase in the previous month. (Before seasonal
adjustment, gasoline prices rose 1.0 percent in March.) The natural gas index decreased 7.1 percent over
the month, following an 8.0-percent decline in February. The index for electricity decreased 0.7 percent
in March, the largest decline in that index since January 2021.

The energy index fell 6.4 percent over the past 12 months. The gasoline index decreased 17.4 percent
over the last 12 months, while the fuel oil index fell 14.2 percent over the span. In contrast, the
index for electricity rose 10.2 percent over the last year, and the index for natural gas increased 5.5
percent over the same period. 

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.4 percent in March after rising 0.5 percent in
February. The shelter index increased 0.6 percent over the month after rising 0.8 percent in February.
The index for rent and the index for owners' equivalent rent both rose 0.5 percent in March following
larger increases in the previous month. The index for lodging away from home increased 2.7 percent in
March. 

The shelter index was the dominant factor in the monthly increase in the index for all items less food
and energy. Among the other indexes that rose in March was the index for motor vehicle insurance, which
increased 1.2 percent, and the index for airline fares which increased 4.0 percent. The indexes for
household furnishings and operations, new vehicles, education, and apparel also increased in March. In
contrast, the index for used cars and trucks fell 0.9 percent in March, continuing a recent downward
trend. 

The medical care index fell 0.3 percent in March, after falling 0.5 percent in February. The index for
hospital services fell 0.4 percent over the month, after being unchanged in February. The index for
physicians' services continued to decline, falling 0.2 percent after declining 0.5 percent in February.
The prescription drugs index increased 0.1 percent in March. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 5.6 percent over the past 12 months. The shelter index
increased 8.2 percent over the last year, accounting for over 60 percent of the total increase in all
items less food and energy. Other indexes with notable increases over the last year include motor
vehicle insurance (+15.0 percent), household furnishings and operations (+5.6 percent), recreation (+4.8
percent), and new vehicles (+6.1 percent). 

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 5.0 percent over the last 12 months
to an index level of 301.836 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index increased 0.3 percent prior to
seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) increased 4.5 percent over
the last 12 months to an index level of 296.021 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index increased 0.3
percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 5.1 percent over the last
12 months. For the month, the index increased 0.3 percent on a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please
note that the indexes for the past 10 to 12 months are subject to revision. 
_______________
The Consumer Price Index for April 2023 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, May 10, 2023, at 8:30a.m. (ET).

Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers for goods and services.
The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two population groups: all urban consumers and urban
wage earners and clerical workers. The all urban consumer group represents over 90 percent of the
total U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of urban or 
metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the poor, the unemployed, and retired
people, as well as urban wage earners and clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending 
patterns of people living in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces,
and those in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation for all urban
consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
and the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U). 

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is based on the 
expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that meet two requirements: more than 
one-half of the household's income must come from clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of 
the household's earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous 12 months.
The CPI-W population represents approximately 30 percent of the total U.S. population and is a subset
of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, doctors' and dentists'
services, drugs, and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Prices are 
collected each month in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and 
approximately 22,000 retail establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling 
stations, and other types of stores and service establishments). All taxes directly associated with 
the purchase and use of items are included in the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are 
obtained every month in all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected 
every month in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most
goods and services are obtained by personal visit, telephone call, or web collection by the Bureau's 
trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are aggregated using
weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local
data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are
also published by size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions and
population-size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in
the level of prices among cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since
the base period. For the C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are
considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject to three
subsequent quarterly revisions.

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the CPI-U and the CPI-W,
the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals
100.  An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively,
that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and 
services rising from $100 to $107. 

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based upon a sample
of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS calculates and publishes estimates
of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-month percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U.
These standard error estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing.
For example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S.
all items CPI. This means that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using
the same methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these
estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail prices.
For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 95 percent confident
that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would fall between 0.14 and 0.26 percent.
For the latest data, including information on how to use the estimates of standard error, see
www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm. 

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes rather than
changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level of the index in
relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following table shows an example of
using index values to calculate percent changes:

 
                            Item A                  Item B                      Item C
Year I                      112.500                 225.000                     110.000
Year II                     121.500                 243.000                     128.000
Change in index points      9.000                   18.000                      18.000
Percent change              9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0   18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) program produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data.
Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal
adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are used to revise the
previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The factors are available at
www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2023.xlsx. 

For more information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal Adjustment at
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm 
and the Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 

How to Use Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually preferred
since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and in about the same
magnitude every year-such as price movements resulting from weather events, production cycles, model
changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on changes that are not typical for
the time of year. 

The unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay.
Unadjusted data are also used extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract
agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before
adjustment for seasonal variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in
escalation agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment (IASA) for some CPI
series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal pattern of
price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which the distortions caused
by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior to calculation of seasonal
factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately represent the seasonal pattern, are
then applied to the unadjusted data.

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 2009
return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier data 
during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal portion of the time
series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to seasonal adjustment.
Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this "prior adjusted" data. These seasonal
factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in the data. The last step is for motor
fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2023, BLS adjusted 57 series using intervention
analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels and vehicles.

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject to 
revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI calculate
new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years of data. 
Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final and not subject
to revision. For January 2023, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted indexes for 2018 to 
2022 were calculated and published. For series which are directly adjusted using the Census 
X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors for 2022 will be applied to data
for 2023 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2023 indexes. Series which are indirectly seasonally 
adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal factors which are derived and
are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical criteria.
Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its status from "not
seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 81 components of the U.S.
city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status from seasonally adjusted to not
seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the aggregation of the dependent
series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes before that period will not be
changed. For 2023, 37 of the 81 components of the U.S. city average all items index are not seasonally
adjusted.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information and
Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov. 

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm

If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to access 
telecommunications relay services.  

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, March 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2023
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Mar.
2022
Feb.
2023
Mar.
2023
Mar.
2022-
Mar.
2023
Feb.
2023-
Mar.
2023
Dec.
2022-
Jan.
2023
Jan.
2023-
Feb.
2023
Feb.
2023-
Mar.
2023

All items

100.000 287.504 300.840 301.836 5.0 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.1

Food

13.507 295.728 320.569 320.863 8.5 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.0

Food at home

8.708 278.612 302.483 301.918 8.4 -0.2 0.4 0.3 -0.3

Cereals and bakery products

1.168 311.606 350.772 353.866 13.6 0.9 1.0 0.3 0.6

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.830 305.116 321.803 318.306 4.3 -1.1 0.7 -0.1 -1.4

Dairy and related products

0.810 245.258 272.271 271.384 10.7 -0.3 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Fruits and vegetables

1.501 337.503 351.249 345.814 2.5 -1.5 -0.5 0.2 -1.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.053 194.342 215.925 216.329 11.3 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.2

Other food at home

2.347 241.804 266.612 268.567 11.1 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.4

Food away from home(1)

4.798 321.689 347.869 349.944 8.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Energy

6.995 298.246 281.673 279.084 -6.4 -0.9 2.0 -0.6 -3.5

Energy commodities

3.578 375.027 309.280 311.160 -17.0 0.6 1.9 0.5 -4.6

Fuel oil(1)

0.135 469.743 419.629 403.040 -14.2 -4.0 -1.2 -7.9 -4.0

Motor fuel

3.379 368.440 302.153 304.575 -17.3 0.8 2.3 0.9 -4.7

Gasoline (all types)

3.283 366.499 299.774 302.673 -17.4 1.0 2.4 1.0 -4.6

Energy services

3.417 237.825 266.353 259.647 9.2 -2.5 2.1 -1.7 -2.3

Electricity

2.568 240.558 266.887 265.033 10.2 -0.7 0.5 0.5 -0.7

Utility (piped) gas service

0.849 225.679 258.976 238.182 5.5 -8.0 6.7 -8.0 -7.1

All items less food and energy

79.498 289.305 304.011 305.476 5.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4

Commodities less food and energy commodities

21.323 164.449 166.246 166.961 1.5 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.2

Apparel

2.592 128.919 132.039 133.112 3.3 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.3

New vehicles

4.288 168.056 177.817 178.342 6.1 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.4

Used cars and trucks

2.554 208.216 183.241 184.997 -11.2 1.0 -1.9 -2.8 -0.9

Medical care commodities(1)

1.453 385.084 396.560 398.917 3.6 0.6 1.1 0.1 0.6

Alcoholic beverages

0.838 270.352 282.377 282.588 4.5 0.1 0.4 -0.3 0.1

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.496 1,321.917 1,402.834 1,413.380 6.9 0.8 0.7 1.0 0.8

Services less energy services

58.175 365.938 390.070 392.024 7.1 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.4

Shelter

34.473 346.618 372.510 374.971 8.2 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.6

Rent of primary residence

7.533 361.083 391.141 392.910 8.8 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.5

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

25.411 354.968 381.844 383.502 8.0 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.5

Medical care services

6.525 589.652 598.778 595.745 1.0 -0.5 -0.7 -0.7 -0.5

Physicians' services(1)

1.819 409.998 413.034 412.119 0.5 -0.2 -0.1 -0.5 -0.2

Hospital services(1)(3)

1.923 373.307 384.996 383.420 2.7 -0.4 0.5 0.0 -0.4

Transportation services

5.812 340.671 382.801 387.966 13.9 1.3 0.9 1.1 1.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.106 329.992 372.572 373.865 13.3 0.3 1.3 0.2 0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.554 589.143 668.806 677.445 15.0 1.3 1.4 0.9 1.2

Airline fares

0.606 243.689 281.216 286.814 17.7 2.0 -2.1 6.4 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, March 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2023
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Mar.
2022-
Mar.
2023
Feb.
2023-
Mar.
2023
Dec.
2022-
Jan.
2023
Jan.
2023-
Feb.
2023
Feb.
2023-
Mar.
2023

All items

100.000 5.0 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.1

Food

13.507 8.5 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.0

Food at home

8.708 8.4 -0.2 0.4 0.3 -0.3

Cereals and bakery products

1.168 13.6 0.9 1.0 0.3 0.6

Cereals and cereal products

0.364 12.8 1.3 1.3 -0.1 0.6

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.061 17.5 0.6 -0.9 0.8 0.0

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.143 12.5 2.4 0.4 -1.1 2.4

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.159 11.2 0.6 0.9 -0.1 0.2

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  9.5 0.5 1.4 -0.5 0.5

Bakery products(1)

0.804 13.9 0.7 1.2 0.7 0.7

Bread(1)(2)

0.226 15.2 0.4 0.2 1.2 0.4

White bread(1)(3)

  16.5 1.0 -0.1 0.4 1.0

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  13.8 -0.3 0.8 1.7 -0.3

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.119 10.3 -1.0 1.2 0.7 -0.7

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(1)

0.209 15.5 0.7 1.7 0.8 0.7

Cookies(1)(3)

  16.6 0.5 2.5 0.9 0.5

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  13.0 0.8 1.1 0.7 0.8

Other bakery products

0.250 13.3 1.8 0.4 -0.1 1.9

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  8.3 1.3 -0.2 -0.7 1.3

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  13.6 1.5 1.1 0.4 1.3

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  16.2 2.6 1.2 -1.4 2.8

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.830 4.3 -1.1 0.7 -0.1 -1.4

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.664 2.4 -0.1 0.0 0.6 -0.5

Meats

1.026 0.7 0.3 0.0 0.5 -0.3

Beef and veal

0.436 -1.9 0.5 1.1 0.6 -0.3

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.156 -1.4 0.4 -0.2 0.2 0.4

Uncooked beef roasts(2)

0.057 -4.4 -1.2 2.0 -1.4 -2.3

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.180 -0.7 1.4 1.3 1.2 0.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.043 -5.0 -0.4 0.9 -1.2 -0.4

Pork

0.336 -0.6 -0.7 0.0 0.7 -1.1

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.142 -0.7 0.5 -0.5 -0.5 0.3

Bacon and related products(3)

  -5.5 1.0 -0.6 -1.5 1.0

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  8.1 0.1 0.6 1.4 -0.9

Ham

0.070 4.2 -1.4 3.0 3.3 -4.8

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  4.2 -1.6 3.5 3.9 -5.1

Pork chops(1)

0.045 -1.0 -1.4 -3.5 2.3 -1.4

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.079 -4.4 -1.8 -2.3 1.8 -1.6

Other meats

0.255 8.8 1.1 -1.9 0.1 0.9

Frankfurters(3)

  5.8 -1.3 -3.5 1.6 -2.9

Lunchmeats(1)(2)(3)

  10.5 1.3 -1.7 0.6 1.3

Poultry(1)

0.348 7.5 -0.4 -0.1 0.1 -0.4

Chicken(1)(2)

0.278 6.5 -0.6 -0.6 0.2 -0.6

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  8.9 -0.8 -0.1 0.7 -0.8

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  5.7 -0.4 -1.0 0.1 -0.4

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.069 11.6 0.6 0.1 -0.4 1.0

Fish and seafood

0.290 2.6 -1.1 -0.1 1.5 -1.2

Fresh fish and seafood(1)(2)

0.142 2.0 -0.6 1.6 0.2 -0.6

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.149 3.4 -1.6 -0.7 1.9 -0.4

Shelf stable fish and seafood(3)

  3.5 -2.1 -2.3 3.8 -1.8

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  3.7 -1.4 -1.0 1.2 0.8

Eggs(1)

0.167 36.0 -10.9 8.5 -6.7 -10.9

Dairy and related products

0.810 10.7 -0.3 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Milk(2)

0.200 5.5 -1.3 -0.4 0.2 -1.0

Fresh whole milk(3)

  4.3 -1.2 -0.5 0.0 -1.3

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  6.5 -1.3 -0.5 0.1 -0.6

Cheese and related products(1)

0.248 8.2 0.0 -0.3 -0.3 0.0

Ice cream and related products

0.123 15.3 0.8 0.7 -0.7 1.2

Other dairy and related products(2)

0.239 16.0 -0.4 -0.2 1.3 -0.8

Fruits and vegetables

1.501 2.5 -1.5 -0.5 0.2 -1.3

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.117 -0.2 -1.9 -0.7 -0.1 -1.7

Fresh fruits

0.597 -1.5 -1.7 0.8 0.4 -1.7

Apples

0.085 5.2 0.0 1.9 -0.9 -0.5

Bananas(1)

0.092 1.9 -1.5 1.5 1.7 -1.5

Citrus fruits(2)

0.174 -3.7 0.5 2.8 -0.2 -0.3

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  -3.1 -1.5 2.8 -1.8 0.5

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.246 -3.6 -3.8 -1.8 -1.4 -2.7

Fresh vegetables

0.520 1.4 -2.2 -2.3 -0.7 -1.7

Potatoes

0.089 9.7 -1.0 -2.9 2.8 -1.6

Lettuce

0.073 1.2 -5.6 -3.6 -4.7 -5.7

Tomatoes

0.085 0.3 -3.4 -7.7 2.0 -2.1

Other fresh vegetables

0.272 0.0 -1.3 -0.2 -1.6 -0.9

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.384 11.1 -0.4 0.1 1.2 -0.3

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.196 10.2 -0.5 -1.0 0.2 -0.7

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  11.6 -0.8 -1.3 0.9 -0.7

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  9.3 -0.3 0.0 -0.1 -0.7

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.112 15.1 0.0 -0.1 4.5 -0.2

Frozen vegetables(3)

  20.1 -0.3 1.5 4.8 -0.3

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.076 7.9 -0.9 2.5 -0.6 -1.4

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  1.3 -0.3 0.8 -3.2 -0.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.053 11.3 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.2

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.738 11.7 0.3 -0.1 1.0 0.3

Carbonated drinks

0.309 11.5 0.3 -1.5 -0.1 0.4

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.008 11.1 -0.4 1.5 3.7 -0.4

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.421 11.9 0.3 1.2 1.8 0.3

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.314 10.4 -0.1 0.9 0.5 0.0

Coffee

0.203 10.3 -0.5 0.9 0.3 -0.4

Roasted coffee(3)

  10.4 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  10.4 -2.4 3.6 1.1 -2.4

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.112 10.5 0.7 0.5 1.6 0.7

Other food at home

2.347 11.1 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.4

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.304 10.0 -0.2 1.7 0.5 -0.2

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.041 12.7 -0.3 0.0 2.1 -0.4

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.192 9.6 0.0 1.7 -0.2 0.0

Other sweets(2)

0.071 9.3 -0.9 0.8 1.5 -1.3

Fats and oils

0.261 15.9 -0.7 0.0 0.4 -0.6

Butter and margarine(2)

0.085 17.3 -2.5 -0.8 -1.0 -3.7

Butter(3)

  8.7 -3.5 -1.7 -1.9 -6.0

Margarine(1)(3)

  33.4 -1.5 1.2 1.5 -1.5

Salad dressing(2)

0.061 16.4 1.7 1.3 0.8 0.7

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.115 14.9 -0.7 -0.6 1.2 0.5

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  3.2 -2.3 -0.5 2.5 -2.3

Other foods

1.782 10.5 1.1 0.6 0.2 0.7

Soups

0.106 11.2 1.2 1.8 -1.3 0.4

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.270 9.5 1.5 0.1 0.2 1.6

Snacks

0.372 9.5 2.2 0.7 -0.9 1.6

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.361 10.5 0.5 0.3 1.3 -0.3

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  7.0 1.9 0.6 1.0 1.7

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  13.1 1.1 0.0 0.8 1.1

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  13.7 0.7 0.3 2.2 -0.1

Other condiments(3)

  13.7 0.1 6.2 0.6 -0.5

Baby food and formula(1)(2)

0.037 7.6 -0.4 -0.5 0.5 -0.4

Other miscellaneous foods(2)

0.635 11.8 0.7 1.3 0.2 0.4

Prepared salads(3)(4)

  11.5 0.5 2.8 0.3 1.4

Food away from home(1)

4.798 8.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.302 8.0 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.232 7.9 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.5

Food at employee sites and schools(1)(2)

0.075 131.3 0.2 0.1 -0.2 0.2

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  296.3 0.3 0.0 -0.1 0.3

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.025 16.2 0.8 1.7 1.3 0.8

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.165 6.3 0.7 0.0 0.6 0.7

Energy

6.995 -6.4 -0.9 2.0 -0.6 -3.5

Energy commodities

3.578 -17.0 0.6 1.9 0.5 -4.6

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.200 -10.8 -2.7 -3.9 -6.4 -2.5

Fuel oil(1)

0.135 -14.2 -4.0 -1.2 -7.9 -4.0

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.065 -2.8 0.0 -2.0 0.5 -0.5

Motor fuel

3.379 -17.3 0.8 2.3 0.9 -4.7

Gasoline (all types)

3.283 -17.4 1.0 2.4 1.0 -4.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  -18.0 0.9 1.5 1.5 -3.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  -15.3 1.0 1.8 1.0 -5.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  -13.2 1.1 1.0 1.9 -5.2

Other motor fuels(1)(2)

0.095 -9.9 -4.9 -4.2 -2.0 -4.9

Energy services

3.417 9.2 -2.5 2.1 -1.7 -2.3

Electricity

2.568 10.2 -0.7 0.5 0.5 -0.7

Utility (piped) gas service

0.849 5.5 -8.0 6.7 -8.0 -7.1

All items less food and energy

79.498 5.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4

Commodities less food and energy commodities

21.323 1.5 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.2

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

4.430 5.8 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.4

Window and floor coverings and other linens(2)

0.318 4.8 0.5 1.0 -1.3 0.7

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.086 11.0 0.8 1.5 0.3 0.8

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.075 3.6 -0.5 5.8 -3.3 -0.5

Other linens(2)

0.157 2.9 0.8 -0.2 -1.1 0.8

Furniture and bedding(1)

1.173 2.1 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.4

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.383 0.3 -0.8 0.4 0.8 -0.8

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.571 3.3 0.6 -0.4 -0.8 0.6

Other furniture(2)

0.212 1.8 1.9 -1.2 1.2 1.6

Appliances(2)

0.292 1.1 0.6 1.4 0.7 0.7

Major appliances(2)

0.106 -7.9 0.6 -2.4 -1.3 -0.1

Laundry equipment(1)(3)

  -3.1 2.6 1.6 -3.2 2.6

Other appliances(1)(2)

0.184 6.4 0.7 4.8 2.3 0.7

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.585 -1.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.4

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.322 -3.0 0.1 1.5 1.3 0.1

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.132 4.5 1.5 -0.1 -0.4 1.8

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.043 1.4 -2.1 3.3 1.9 -2.1

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.088 -1.4 -2.3 1.1 0.2 -2.6

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

1.090 11.3 0.4 0.6 2.7 0.2

Tools, hardware and supplies(2)

0.273 11.0 0.9 -0.5 0.7 0.4

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.575 12.1 0.2 1.5 3.9 0.3

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.971 10.3 0.5 1.4 0.5 0.5

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.326 7.6 1.0 1.2 0.7 1.0

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.175 10.9 1.4 -0.9 -0.2 1.4

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.469 12.2 -0.2 2.3 0.7 -0.2

Apparel

2.592 3.3 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.3

Men's and boys' apparel

0.678 2.9 0.6 1.4 -0.4 1.0

Men's apparel

0.502 2.7 0.4 1.9 -1.5 1.2

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.068 4.3 -0.4 2.5 -4.7 0.9

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(1)

0.182 3.2 -0.4 5.5 1.4 -0.4

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.125 1.3 -0.6 -0.4 0.4 0.5

Men's pants and shorts

0.117 2.8 3.1 1.0 -4.0 5.6

Boys' apparel

0.176 3.4 1.3 -0.8 4.2 0.2

Women's and girls' apparel

1.065 4.1 1.2 0.3 1.2 0.4

Women's apparel

0.886 3.7 1.4 -0.1 1.0 0.4

Women's outerwear

0.049 4.4 2.6 0.0 2.7 4.3

Women's dresses

0.097 1.5 3.4 -1.2 6.5 -1.3

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.402 2.9 1.5 -1.0 1.1 -0.4

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.326 5.8 0.6 2.0 0.3 -0.5

Girls' apparel

0.179 5.7 0.3 2.2 1.9 0.4

Footwear

0.514 0.3 0.1 -0.2 1.4 -0.5

Men's footwear(1)

0.185 -2.3 -1.6 1.6 0.4 -1.6

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.121 2.2 3.5 -0.9 -0.4 2.9

Women's footwear

0.208 1.7 -0.4 0.6 2.9 -1.0

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.106 4.0 -0.4 3.7 0.8 -0.3

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.230 7.3 1.6 1.3 1.5 -0.3

Watches(1)(6)

0.038 0.4 -4.2 2.2 1.8 -4.2

Jewelry(6)

0.192 8.6 2.8 0.3 0.5 1.9

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

7.569 -1.8 0.5 -0.7 -0.9 0.0

New vehicles

4.288 6.1 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.4

New cars(3)

  6.6 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.6

New trucks(3)(10)

  6.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Used cars and trucks

2.554 -11.2 1.0 -1.9 -2.8 -0.9

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.483 6.4 0.1 0.3 -0.5 0.1

Tires(1)

0.329 4.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.4 -0.1

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.154 10.3 0.6 0.9 -0.7 0.6

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  8.6 1.2 1.4 -1.3 1.2

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  14.2 0.7 -1.8 0.0 0.7

Medical care commodities(1)

1.453 3.6 0.6 1.1 0.1 0.6

Medicinal drugs(1)(8)

1.340 3.2 0.5 1.2 0.1 0.5

Prescription drugs(1)

0.952 2.7 0.1 2.1 0.0 0.1

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.388 4.7 1.5 -0.9 0.4 1.5

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.112 9.3 1.2 -0.8 0.2 1.2

Recreation commodities(8)

2.285 3.2 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.2

Video and audio products(8)

0.282 -5.5 -0.6 0.7 -1.4 -0.2

Televisions

0.139 -14.0 -1.8 0.0 -3.0 -1.0

Other video equipment(2)

0.016 -3.5 3.1 0.7 -1.1 3.4

Audio equipment(1)

0.057 4.9 -0.4 2.8 1.2 -0.4

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.059 3.3 0.9 0.2 -0.4 0.9

Pets and pet products(1)

0.669 10.3 0.8 0.2 1.1 0.8

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  14.4 1.6 0.2 1.2 1.6

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  4.4 -0.3 0.4 0.5 -0.3

Sporting goods(1)

0.759 1.1 -0.6 0.5 0.2 -0.6

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.441 2.1 -0.8 1.1 0.6 -0.8

Sports equipment(1)

0.309 -0.1 -0.4 -0.3 -0.3 -0.4

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.021 6.3 0.9 -0.3 0.2 1.0

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  5.1 0.9 -1.1 1.0 0.8

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.112 3.8 0.9 -0.4 0.3 0.9

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.060 6.2 1.5 0.0 0.2 1.5

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.052 0.6 0.1 -0.9 0.4 0.1

Other recreational goods(2)

0.443 2.4 0.6 -0.8 1.2 0.9

Toys

0.357 2.0 0.3 -1.2 1.6 0.7

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  1.5 0.5 -2.0 0.1 0.9

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.022 1.8 2.8 1.5 -5.1 2.8

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.052 5.5 1.8 0.5 1.9 1.8

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.912 -10.2 -0.5 -0.1 -0.8 -0.5

Educational books and supplies(1)

0.097 0.7 -1.4 -0.4 0.0 -1.4

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  1.4 -1.2 -0.3 0.1 -1.2

Information technology commodities(8)

0.815 -11.5 -0.4 0.0 -0.9 -0.4

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(1)(4)

0.372 -5.8 0.6 0.3 1.3 0.6

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.023 -1.0 -0.5 0.5 0.9 -0.5

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.419 -17.1 -1.3 -0.3 -2.8 -1.3

Smartphones(1)(3)(12)

  -23.9 -2.6 -1.1 -3.2 -2.6

Alcoholic beverages

0.838 4.5 0.1 0.4 -0.3 0.1

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.509 3.9 0.0 0.4 -0.1 -0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.195 6.1 0.2 0.2 -0.1 -0.2

Distilled spirits at home(1)

0.087 2.1 -0.9 0.9 0.2 -0.9

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  1.0 0.0 0.2 -0.3 0.0

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  2.5 -1.0 0.8 0.5 -1.0

Wine at home(1)

0.227 2.7 0.1 0.5 0.3 0.1

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.329 5.8 0.3 0.6 -0.3 0.3

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  5.5 0.3 0.6 0.1 0.3

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  6.9 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.2

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  5.1 0.2 0.3 -0.8 0.2

Other goods(8)

1.244 6.9 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.5

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.496 6.9 0.8 0.7 1.0 0.8

Cigarettes(1)(2)

0.411 7.4 1.0 0.8 0.8 1.0

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.078 3.8 -0.7 0.2 2.1 -0.7

Personal care products(1)

0.596 6.5 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.8

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.312 8.7 1.3 -0.3 0.7 1.3

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.273 4.2 0.4 1.0 0.3 0.4

Miscellaneous personal goods(1)(2)

0.153 8.3 -1.3 3.1 0.8 -1.3

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  10.4 -1.0 0.5 -0.1 -1.1

Services less energy services

58.175 7.1 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.4

Shelter

34.473 8.2 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.6

Rent of shelter(13)

34.102 8.3 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6

Rent of primary residence

7.533 8.8 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.5

Lodging away from home(2)

1.158 7.3 7.2 1.2 2.3 2.7

Housing at school, excluding board(13)

0.161 3.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.997 8.1 8.4 1.5 2.6 3.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(13)

25.411 8.0 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.5

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(13)

24.026 8.1 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.5

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.371 0.9 0.0 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.062 5.4 0.2 0.9 0.8 0.3

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.760 4.9 0.2 0.8 0.7 0.3

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.301 6.7 0.2 0.9 0.9 0.2

Household operations(1)(2)

           

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.257 1.2 0.0 0.5 -1.3 0.0

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

           

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.102 0.8 1.5 0.5 -3.2 1.5

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.111          

Medical care services

6.525 1.0 -0.5 -0.7 -0.7 -0.5

Professional services

3.562 2.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.3 0.0

Physicians' services(1)

1.819 0.5 -0.2 -0.1 -0.5 -0.2

Dental services

0.914 6.8 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.3

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.310 1.5 0.1 -0.3 0.3 0.1

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.519 -0.2 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.4

Hospital and related services(1)

2.260 3.2 -0.2 0.7 0.1 -0.2

Hospital services(1)(14)

1.923 2.7 -0.4 0.5 0.0 -0.4

Inpatient hospital services(1)(14)(3)

  2.3 -0.7 0.5 0.0 -0.7

Outpatient hospital services(1)(3)(6)

  4.1 0.9 0.5 -0.1 0.9

Nursing homes and adult day services(14)

0.189 6.2 0.5 1.4 0.9 0.4

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.148 6.2 1.0 1.6 0.5 1.0

Health insurance(1)(5)

0.703 -10.7 -4.2 -3.6 -4.1 -4.2

Transportation services

5.812 13.9 1.3 0.9 1.1 1.4

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

0.740     1.0    

Car and truck rental(2)

0.118 -8.9 4.3 3.0 -0.5 -3.8

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.106 13.3 0.3 1.3 0.2 0.3

Motor vehicle body work(1)

      0.4 0.9  

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.573 10.8 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.419 17.4 0.2 2.7 -0.3 0.2

Motor vehicle insurance

2.554 15.0 1.3 1.4 0.9 1.2

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.496 2.9 -0.3 1.2 0.4 -0.3

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.278 3.5 0.1 1.0 0.4 0.1

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.197 1.9 -0.8 1.5 0.5 -0.8

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  2.4 -0.4 0.7 0.0 0.4

Public transportation

0.799 12.4 1.6 -1.8 3.2 3.2

Airline fares

0.606 17.7 2.0 -2.1 6.4 4.0

Other intercity transportation

0.048 1.5 0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.8

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  -2.7 0.3 -0.6 0.7 0.3

Intracity transportation(1)

0.140 -0.3 0.2 -1.1 -0.9 0.2

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Recreation services(8)

3.121 5.9 0.1 0.7 1.2 0.0

Video and audio services(8)

0.996 5.8 1.2 0.6 1.6 0.9

Cable, satellite, and live streaming television service(10)

0.879 5.9 1.6 0.5 1.8 1.2

Purchase, subscription, and rental of video(1)(2)

0.116 6.7 -1.2 1.0 0.0 -1.2

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  7.0 -4.0 -0.2 1.4 -4.0

Subscription and rental of video and video games(1)(2)(3)

  6.2 -0.5 0.8 -0.3 -0.5

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.548 8.6 0.6 1.0 1.8 0.5

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  8.0 0.8 1.5 0.5 0.8

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  7.7 0.9 0.5 2.2 0.8

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.039 6.5 -1.0 2.7 1.2 -1.0

Other recreation services(2)

1.537 5.3 -0.7 0.7 0.7 -0.7

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.676 4.8 -0.4 0.5 0.8 -0.4

Admissions(1)

0.442 5.6 -1.6 1.0 1.1 -1.6

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  6.5 1.1 0.9 -0.2 1.1

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  3.9 -3.9 0.4 4.2 -3.9

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.183 7.1 -0.2 1.1 -0.4 -0.2

Education and communication services(8)

4.874 3.3 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.3

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.150 3.7 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.6

College tuition and fees

1.180 2.3 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.2

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.304 3.7 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3

Day care and preschool(9)

0.566 6.8 1.0 0.7 0.0 1.4

Technical and business school tuition and fees(1)(2)

0.026 2.5 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.075 7.2 -0.2 1.5 0.2 0.1

Postage

0.064 6.7 0.0 1.2 0.0 0.3

Delivery services(2)

0.011 10.5 -1.3 2.6 1.3 -1.4

Telephone services(1)(2)

1.667 2.0 -0.4 0.2 0.0 -0.4

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.421 1.2 -0.4 0.0 -0.3 -0.4

Residential telephone services(1)(8)

0.246 6.8 -0.3 1.7 1.7 -0.3

Internet services and electronic information providers(1)(2)

0.975 3.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.439 5.3 0.5 0.5 1.1 0.5

Personal care services(1)

0.604 5.4 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.2

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.604 5.4 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.2

Miscellaneous personal services(1)

0.835 5.2 0.7 0.8 1.4 0.7

Legal services(1)(6)

0.239 4.9 0.2 0.0 1.0 0.2

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.168 5.0 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.5

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.142 6.3 0.2 0.5 0.9 0.2

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.027 9.7 0.4 0.7 0.9 0.4

Financial services(1)(6)

0.181 4.6 1.8 2.5 2.8 1.8

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  2.2 0.1 0.1 -0.3 0.1

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

    2.4 3.5 4.0 2.4

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 2019=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, March 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Feb.
2023
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Mar.
2022
Feb.
2023
Mar.
2023
Mar.
2022-
Mar.
2023
Feb.
2023-
Mar.
2023
Dec.
2022-
Jan.
2023
Jan.
2023-
Feb.
2023
Feb.
2023-
Mar.
2023

All items less food

86.493 286.196 297.808 298.906 4.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.1

All items less shelter

65.527 267.420 276.174 276.610 3.4 0.2 0.4 0.2 -0.2

All items less food and shelter

52.021 260.018 265.242 265.706 2.2 0.2 0.4 0.1 -0.3

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.025 257.366 266.085 267.003 3.7 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

42.471 258.321 270.667 271.501 5.1 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3

All items less medical care

92.023 275.372 288.849 289.965 5.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.1

All items less energy

93.005 289.456 305.570 306.869 6.0 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3

Commodities

38.408 219.057 221.731 222.457 1.6 0.3 0.4 0.2 -0.3

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

18.769 158.413 164.512 165.102 4.2 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3

Commodities less food

24.901 183.946 179.508 180.326 -2.0 0.5 0.3 0.1 -0.5

Commodities less food and beverages

24.062 180.695 175.907 176.732 -2.2 0.5 0.3 0.1 -0.6

Services

61.592 354.058 378.481 379.743 7.3 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(1)

27.491 372.608 395.480 395.158 6.1 -0.1 0.6 0.1 0.0

Services less medical care services

55.068 336.208 361.699 363.264 8.0 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.4

Durables

12.496 127.471 125.825 126.227 -1.0 0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.4

Nondurables

25.912 265.380 271.873 272.775 2.8 0.3 0.8 0.4 -0.6

Nondurables less food

12.405 239.355 231.189 232.561 -2.8 0.6 0.9 0.6 -2.1

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.567 237.431 228.028 229.467 -3.4 0.6 1.0 0.6 -2.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.974 310.037 292.689 294.383 -5.0 0.6 1.2 0.4 -2.8

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.813 304.859 290.240 291.794 -4.3 0.5 1.1 0.4 -2.5

Housing

44.451 293.577 315.431 316.514 7.8 0.3 0.8 0.5 0.3

Education and communication(2)

5.786 143.475 145.407 145.481 1.4 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.2

Education(2)

2.247 278.388 287.651 288.260 3.5 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.5

Communication(2)

3.539 75.866 75.786 75.748 -0.2 -0.1 0.4 0.0 0.0

Information and information processing(2)

3.464 71.568 71.370 71.336 -0.3 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.797 7.371 7.125 7.147 -3.0 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.3

Recreation(2)

5.406 129.437 135.519 135.693 4.8 0.1 0.5 0.9 0.1

Video and audio(2)

1.277 112.236 115.056 116.021 3.4 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.7

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.216 196.819 213.861 215.341 9.4 0.7 0.6 1.4 0.7

Photography(2)

0.062 79.189 84.664 84.322 6.5 -0.4 1.6 0.8 -0.4

Food and beverages

14.345 294.064 318.050 318.338 8.3 0.1 0.5 0.3 0.0

Domestically produced farm food

7.274 288.245 312.657 312.069 8.3 -0.2 0.7 0.2 -0.2

Other services

9.434 384.312 400.518 401.293 4.4 0.2 0.6 0.7 0.2

Apparel less footwear

2.078 120.430 123.971 125.205 4.0 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.5

Fuels and utilities

4.678 283.376 309.960 304.032 7.3 -1.9 1.6 -1.4 -1.7

Household energy

3.617 238.029 263.358 256.705 7.8 -2.5 1.8 -2.0 -2.3

Medical care

7.977 539.739 549.487 547.805 1.5 -0.3 -0.4 -0.5 -0.3

Transportation

16.759 264.525 259.712 261.969 -1.0 0.9 0.4 0.2 -0.5

Private transportation

15.960 264.669 258.339 260.495 -1.6 0.8 0.5 0.0 -0.7

New and used motor vehicles(2)

7.943 126.417 125.178 126.280 -0.1 0.9 -0.5 -0.6 0.2

Utilities and public transportation

7.824 238.961 257.578 255.430 6.9 -0.8 1.3 -0.3 -0.8

Household furnishings and operations

5.300 141.358 148.826 149.230 5.6 0.3 0.3 0.8 0.4

Other goods and services

2.683 498.538 526.196 528.811 6.1 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.5

Personal care

2.187 254.111 267.871 269.047 5.9 0.4 0.6 0.9 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, March 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Mar. 2023 from: Percent change to Feb. 2023 from:
Mar.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023
Feb.
2022
Dec.
2022
Jan.
2023

U.S. city average

M

5.0 0.9 0.3 6.0 1.4 0.6

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

4.3 0.3 -0.2 5.9 1.2 0.5

Northeast - Size Class A

M

4.8 0.5 -0.1 6.3 1.4 0.6

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.6 0.0 -0.4 5.4 1.0 0.5

New England(4)

M

3.6 0.2 0.0 5.1 1.1 0.2

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

4.6 0.3 -0.3 6.2 1.3 0.7

Midwest

M

4.9 1.1 0.6 5.6 1.3 0.5

Midwest - Size Class A

M

4.7 1.1 0.6 5.4 1.1 0.4

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

5.0 1.1 0.6 5.7 1.4 0.5

East North Central(4)

M

5.1 1.1 0.8 5.6 1.3 0.4

West North Central(4)

M

4.3 0.9 0.2 5.4 1.2 0.7

South

M

5.3 1.0 0.4 6.4 1.4 0.6

South - Size Class A

M

5.4 1.2 0.5 6.4 1.3 0.7

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

5.2 0.9 0.3 6.4 1.5 0.6

South Atlantic(4)

M

5.6 1.1 0.5 6.4 1.2 0.6

East South Central(4)

M

5.2 1.2 0.3 6.5 1.8 1.0

West South Central(4)

M

4.7 0.7 0.2 6.3 1.6 0.5

West

M

5.1 1.0 0.5 6.0 1.4 0.5

West - Size Class A

M

5.0 0.7 0.3 6.2 1.6 0.4

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

5.2 1.4 0.7 5.7 1.2 0.7

Mountain(4)

M

6.0 1.5 0.8 6.7 1.3 0.7

Pacific(4)

M

4.8 0.8 0.4 5.7 1.5 0.4

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

5.0 0.8 0.3 6.1 1.4 0.5

Size Class B/C(3)

M

4.9 0.9 0.3 6.0 1.3 0.6

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

4.4 1.2 0.8 5.0 1.2 0.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

3.7 -0.2 0.1 5.1 1.6 -0.3

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

4.6 0.3 -0.1 6.0 1.2 0.4

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

      7.2 1.5  

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

      6.1 1.2  

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

      7.0 1.9  

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

      5.2 1.9  

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

           

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

      6.9 2.0  

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

      8.5 1.2  

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

      5.3 1.8  

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

      8.0 1.4  

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

      5.9 0.8  

Urban Alaska

2

      4.3 0.1  

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

4.7 0.2        

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

5.8 1.3        

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

5.7 1.3        

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

3.4 0.4        

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

4.6 0.0        

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

5.3 1.0        

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

7.7 1.1        

Urban Hawaii

1

3.3 0.6        

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

3.7 1.3        

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, March 2023 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

December 2017

    1.7 2.1

December 2018

    1.5 1.9

December 2019

    1.8 2.3

December 2020

    1.5 1.4

January 2021

0.5 0.4 1.6 1.4

February 2021

0.5 0.5 1.8 1.7

March 2021

0.6 0.7 2.6 2.6

April 2021

0.8 0.8 4.0 4.2

May 2021

0.7 0.8 4.9 5.0

June 2021

0.8 0.9 5.1 5.4

July 2021

0.5 0.5 5.0 5.4

August 2021

0.1 0.2 4.8 5.3

September 2021

0.3 0.3 5.0 5.4

October 2021

0.7 0.8 5.8 6.2

November 2021

0.4 0.5 6.4 6.8

December 2021

0.2 0.3 6.5 7.0

January 2022

0.8 0.8 6.8 7.5

February 2022

0.9 0.9 7.3 7.9

March 2022

1.4 1.3 8.1 8.5

April 2022

0.6 0.6 7.9 8.3

May 2022

1.0 1.1 8.1 8.6

June 2022

1.2 1.4 8.5 9.1

July 2022

0.1 0.0 8.1 8.5

August 2022

0.1 0.0 8.1 8.3

September 2022

0.3 0.2 8.1 8.2

October 2022

0.4 0.4 7.7 7.7

November 2022

-0.1 -0.1 7.2 7.1

December 2022

-0.2 -0.3 6.6 6.5

January 2023

0.8 0.8 6.6 6.4

February 2023

0.6 0.6 6.2 6.0

March 2023

0.3 0.3 5.1 5.0

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, March 2023, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2023
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Feb. 2023-
Mar. 2023
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Feb. 2023-
Mar. 2023(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.1   0.04 S-Dec. 2022 0.1

Food

13.507 0.0 0.002 0.09 S-Nov. 2020 0.0

Food at home

8.708 -0.3 -0.027 0.13 S-Sep. 2020 -0.3

Cereals and bakery products

1.168 0.6 0.007 0.28 L-Jan. 2023 1.0

Cereals and cereal products

0.364 0.6 0.002 0.45 L-Jan. 2023 1.3

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.061 0.0 0.000 0.99 S-Jan. 2023 -0.9

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.143 2.4 0.003 0.86 L-Jun. 2022 2.5

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.159 0.2 0.000 0.59 L-Jan. 2023 0.9

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   0.80 L-Jan. 2023 1.4

Bakery products(4)

0.804 0.7 0.006 0.37 - -

Bread(4)(5)

0.226 0.4 0.001 0.56 S-Jan. 2023 0.2

White bread(4)(6)

  1.0   0.85 L-Dec. 2022 1.3

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  -0.3   0.78 S-Dec. 2022 -0.7

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.119 -0.7 -0.001 0.87 S-Dec. 2021 -1.0

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(4)

0.209 0.7 0.002 0.66 S-Dec. 2022 0.3

Cookies(4)(6)

  0.5   0.89 S-Oct. 2022 0.3

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  0.8   1.29 L-Jan. 2023 1.1

Other bakery products

0.250 1.9 0.005 0.79 L-Jul. 2021 2.0

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  1.3   0.99 L-Dec. 2022 2.6

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  1.3   1.05 L-Nov. 2022 1.7

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  2.8   1.31 L-Oct. 2021 3.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.830 -1.4 -0.026 0.27 S-Jul. 2020 -3.7

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.664 -0.5 -0.008 0.28 S-Aug. 2020 -1.2

Meats

1.026 -0.3 -0.003 0.34 S-Jun. 2022 -0.6

Beef and veal

0.436 -0.3 -0.002 0.54 S-Oct. 2022 -0.6

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.156 0.4 0.001 0.67 L-Aug. 2022 0.5

Uncooked beef roasts(5)

0.057 -2.3 -0.001 1.57 S-Jun. 2022 -3.5

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.180 0.4 0.001 0.83 S-Dec. 2022 0.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.043 -0.4 0.000 0.91 L-Jan. 2023 0.9

Pork

0.336 -1.1 -0.004 0.56 S-Sep. 2020 -1.1

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.142 0.3 0.000 0.80 L-Sep. 2022 0.3

Bacon and related products(6)

  1.0   0.98 L-Apr. 2022 1.5

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  -0.9   1.08 S-Oct. 2022 -1.8

Ham

0.070 -4.8 -0.003 1.28 S-Mar. 2021 -7.6

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  -5.1   1.75 S-Mar. 2021 -7.8

Pork chops(4)

0.045 -1.4 -0.001 1.25 S-Jan. 2023 -3.5

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.079 -1.6 -0.001 1.18 S-Jan. 2023 -2.3

Other meats

0.255 0.9 0.002 0.54 L-Oct. 2022 2.0

Frankfurters(6)

  -2.9   1.63 S-Jan. 2023 -3.5

Lunchmeats(4)(5)(6)

  1.3   0.57 L-Oct. 2022 3.4

Poultry(4)

0.348 -0.4 -0.001 0.60 S-Dec. 2022 -0.6

Chicken(4)(5)

0.278 -0.6 -0.002 0.71 S-Jan. 2023 -0.6

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  -0.8   0.98 S-Oct. 2022 -0.8

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  -0.4   0.87 S-Jan. 2023 -1.0

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.069 1.0 0.001 1.16 L-Nov. 2022 2.0

Fish and seafood

0.290 -1.2 -0.003 0.62 S-Apr. 2017 -1.3

Fresh fish and seafood(4)(5)

0.142 -0.6 -0.001 0.84 S-Dec. 2022 -1.0

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.149 -0.4 -0.001 0.89 S-Jan. 2023 -0.7

Shelf stable fish and seafood(6)

  -1.8   1.31 S-Jan. 2023 -2.3

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  0.8   1.04 S-Jan. 2023 -1.0

Eggs(4)

0.167 -10.9 -0.018 0.83 S-Dec. 1987 -10.9

Dairy and related products

0.810 -0.1 -0.001 0.32 S-Aug. 2021 -0.6

Milk(5)

0.200 -1.0 -0.002 0.47 S-Jan. 2021 -1.5

Fresh whole milk(6)

  -1.3   0.62 S-Jan. 2021 -1.6

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  -0.6   0.51 S-Jan. 2021 -1.2

Cheese and related products(4)

0.248 0.0 0.000 0.53 L-Dec. 2022 0.5

Ice cream and related products

0.123 1.2 0.001 0.86 L-Nov. 2022 1.6

Other dairy and related products(5)

0.239 -0.8 -0.002 0.69 S-Mar. 2021 -1.4

Fruits and vegetables

1.501 -1.3 -0.020 0.38 S-Apr. 2019 -1.4

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.117 -1.7 -0.019 0.46 S-Jan. 2017 -1.7

Fresh fruits

0.597 -1.7 -0.010 0.65 S-Nov. 2019 -1.7

Apples

0.085 -0.5 0.000 1.14 L-Jan. 2023 1.9

Bananas(4)

0.092 -1.5 -0.001 0.60 S-Feb. 2021 -1.9

Citrus fruits(5)

0.174 -0.3 -0.001 1.19 S-Dec. 2022 -0.7

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  0.5   1.53 L-Jan. 2023 2.8

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.246 -2.7 -0.006 1.15 S-Jan. 2017 -3.3

Fresh vegetables

0.520 -1.7 -0.009 0.47 S-Jan. 2023 -2.3

Potatoes

0.089 -1.6 -0.001 0.97 S-Jan. 2023 -2.9

Lettuce

0.073 -5.7 -0.004 1.22 S-Jun. 2017 -8.4

Tomatoes

0.085 -2.1 -0.002 1.08 S-Jan. 2023 -7.7

Other fresh vegetables

0.272 -0.9 -0.002 0.65 L-Jan. 2023 -0.2

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.384 -0.3 -0.001 0.45 S-Apr. 2022 -0.4

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.196 -0.7 -0.001 0.73 S-Jan. 2023 -1.0

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  -0.7   0.82 S-Jan. 2023 -1.3

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  -0.7   0.83 S-Dec. 2021 -1.0

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.112 -0.2 0.000 0.72 S-Jun. 2021 -0.3

Frozen vegetables(6)

  -0.3   0.99 S-Jan. 2022 -0.4

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.076 -1.4 -0.001 0.70 S-Dec. 2019 -1.4

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.82 L-Jan. 2023 0.8

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.053 0.2 0.002 0.40 S-Jan. 2022 0.0

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.738 0.3 0.002 0.47 S-Jan. 2023 -0.1

Carbonated drinks

0.309 0.4 0.001 0.84 L-Dec. 2022 1.3

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.008 -0.4 0.000 0.97 S-Aug. 2022 -3.1

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.421 0.3 0.001 0.56 S-Dec. 2022 -0.3

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.314 0.0 0.000 0.69 S-Aug. 2022 -0.7

Coffee

0.203 -0.4 -0.001 0.93 S-Aug. 2022 -0.7

Roasted coffee(6)

  0.0   1.09 L-Dec. 2022 0.7

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  -2.4   1.03 S-Jul. 2021 -2.5

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.112 0.7 0.001 0.76 S-Jan. 2023 0.5

Other food at home

2.347 0.4 0.010 0.23 L-Jan. 2023 0.7

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.304 -0.2 -0.001 0.49 S-Nov. 2022 -0.3

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.041 -0.4 0.000 0.62 S-Apr. 2022 -0.5

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.192 0.0 0.000 0.72 L-Jan. 2023 1.7

Other sweets(5)

0.071 -1.3 -0.001 0.82 S-Sep. 2020 -1.8

Fats and oils

0.261 -0.6 -0.002 0.60 S-Jul. 2019 -0.9

Butter and margarine(5)

0.085 -3.7 -0.003 1.08 S-May 2005 -3.9

Butter(6)

  -6.0   1.34 S-Feb. 2000 -8.5

Margarine(4)(6)

  -1.5   1.88 S-Nov. 2022 -2.3

Salad dressing(5)

0.061 0.7 0.000 1.21 S-Dec. 2022 -0.7

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.115 0.5 0.001 0.86 S-Jan. 2023 -0.6

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  -2.3   0.92 S-Aug. 2021 -2.8

Other foods

1.782 0.7 0.013 0.27 L-Oct. 2022 0.7

Soups

0.106 0.4 0.000 1.22 L-Jan. 2023 1.8

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.270 1.6 0.004 0.56 L-Jun. 2022 2.7

Snacks

0.372 1.6 0.006 0.62 L-Jul. 2022 1.6

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.361 -0.3 -0.001 0.48 S-Aug. 2021 -0.3

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  1.7   0.91 L-Mar. 2022 3.8

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  1.1   1.19 L-Oct. 2022 1.8

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.76 S-Aug. 2021 -0.4

Other condiments(6)

  -0.5   1.27 S-Nov. 2022 -1.1

Baby food and formula(4)(5)

0.037 -0.4 0.000 1.03 S-Jan. 2023 -0.5

Other miscellaneous foods(5)

0.635 0.4 0.003 0.60 L-Jan. 2023 1.3

Prepared salads(7)(6)

  1.4   1.16 L-Jan. 2023 2.8

Food away from home(4)

4.798 0.6 0.029 0.12 - -

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.302 0.7 0.017 0.13 L-Oct. 2022 1.1

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.232 0.5 0.010 0.15 S-Dec. 2022 0.5

Food at employee sites and schools(4)(5)

0.075 0.2 0.000 1.84 L-Dec. 2022 0.6

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  0.3   0.80 L-May 2022 0.3

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.025 0.8 0.000 0.50 S-Nov. 2022 0.5

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.165 0.7 0.001 0.14 L-Dec. 2022 1.0

Energy

6.995 -3.5 -0.254 0.20 S-Aug. 2022 -3.9

Energy commodities

3.578 -4.6 -0.175 0.17 S-Dec. 2022 -7.2

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.200 -2.5 -0.005 1.27 L-Nov. 2022 0.4

Fuel oil(4)

0.135 -4.0 -0.005 1.80 L-Jan. 2023 -1.2

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.065 -0.5 0.000 0.66 S-Jan. 2023 -2.0

Motor fuel

3.379 -4.7 -0.170 0.17 S-Dec. 2022 -6.9

Gasoline (all types)

3.283 -4.6 -0.160 0.17 S-Dec. 2022 -7.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  -3.3   0.73 S-Dec. 2022 -7.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  -5.3   0.62 S-Dec. 2022 -5.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  -5.2   0.62 S-Dec. 2022 -6.0

Other motor fuels(4)(5)

0.095 -4.9 -0.005 0.35 S-Dec. 2022 -8.5

Energy services

3.417 -2.3 -0.080 0.43 S-Sep. 2008 -2.7

Electricity

2.568 -0.7 -0.019 0.40 S-Jan. 2021 -1.0

Utility (piped) gas service

0.849 -7.1 -0.061 0.69 L-Jan. 2023 6.7

All items less food and energy

79.498 0.4 0.305 0.04 S-Jan. 2023 0.4

Commodities less food and energy commodities

21.323 0.2 0.039 0.07 L-Aug. 2022 0.4

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

4.430 0.4 0.016 0.25 S-Dec. 2022 0.3

Window and floor coverings and other linens(5)

0.318 0.7 0.002 1.13 L-Jan. 2023 1.0

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.086 0.8 0.001 1.09 L-Jan. 2023 1.5

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.075 -0.5 0.000 2.27 L-Jan. 2023 5.8

Other linens(5)

0.157 0.8 0.001 1.59 L-Nov. 2022 0.9

Furniture and bedding(4)

1.173 0.4 0.004 0.50 L-Aug. 2022 0.5

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.383 -0.8 -0.003 0.71 S-Oct. 2022 -0.9

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.571 0.6 0.003 0.80 L-Aug. 2022 1.1

Other furniture(5)

0.212 1.6 0.003 1.00 L-Sep. 2022 4.2

Appliances(5)

0.292 0.7 0.002 0.68 - -

Major appliances(5)

0.106 -0.1 0.000 1.08 L-Dec. 2022 0.8

Laundry equipment(4)(6)

  2.6   1.29 L-Dec. 2022 4.1

Other appliances(4)(5)

0.184 0.7 0.001 0.78 S-Dec. 2022 -0.7

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.585 0.4 0.002 0.63 L-Sep. 2022 0.9

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.322 0.1 0.000 0.99 S-Dec. 2022 -2.6

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.132 1.8 0.002 0.84 L-Jan. 2021 2.1

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.043 -2.1 -0.001 1.37 S-Nov. 2022 -3.6

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.088 -2.6 -0.002 0.80 S-Jun. 2021 -3.1

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

1.090 0.2 0.002 0.52 S-Jun. 2022 0.0

Tools, hardware and supplies(5)

0.273 0.4 0.001 0.59 S-Jan. 2023 -0.5

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.575 0.3 0.002 0.63 S-Oct. 2022 0.2

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.971 0.5 0.005 0.37 - -

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.326 1.0 0.003 0.52 L-Jan. 2023 1.2

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.175 1.4 0.002 0.52 L-Dec. 2022 1.4

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.469 -0.2 -0.001 0.52 S-Mar. 2022 -0.3

Apparel

2.592 0.3 0.007 0.34 S-Dec. 2022 0.2

Men's and boys' apparel

0.678 1.0 0.007 0.57 L-Jan. 2023 1.4

Men's apparel

0.502 1.2 0.006 0.64 L-Jan. 2023 1.9

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.068 0.9 0.001 1.73 L-Jan. 2023 2.5

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.182 -0.4 -0.001 0.75 S-Dec. 2022 -1.4

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.125 0.5 0.001 1.19 L-Dec. 2022 1.0

Men's pants and shorts

0.117 5.6 0.006 1.37 L-Oct. 2013 10.5

Boys' apparel

0.176 0.2 0.000 1.09 S-Jan. 2023 -0.8

Women's and girls' apparel

1.065 0.4 0.004 0.63 S-Jan. 2023 0.3

Women's apparel

0.886 0.4 0.003 0.64 S-Jan. 2023 -0.1

Women's outerwear

0.049 4.3 0.002 1.66 L-Sep. 2018 10.3

Women's dresses

0.097 -1.3 -0.001 1.35 S-Dec. 2022 -1.5

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.402 -0.4 -0.002 1.02 S-Jan. 2023 -1.0

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.326 -0.5 -0.002 0.94 S-Jun. 2022 -1.0

Girls' apparel

0.179 0.4 0.001 1.48 S-Dec. 2022 -0.2

Footwear

0.514 -0.5 -0.003 0.43 S-Oct. 2022 -0.9

Men's footwear(4)

0.185 -1.6 -0.003 0.72 S-Dec. 2022 -2.4

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.121 2.9 0.004 0.98 L-Apr. 2021 4.6

Women's footwear

0.208 -1.0 -0.002 0.63 S-Oct. 2022 -1.0

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.106 -0.3 0.000 1.35 S-Oct. 2022 -1.9

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.230 -0.3 -0.001 1.24 S-Oct. 2022 -1.1

Watches(4)(9)

0.038 -4.2 -0.002 0.76 S-Feb. 2019 -4.8

Jewelry(9)

0.192 1.9 0.004 1.66 L-Dec. 2022 2.1

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

7.569 0.0 -0.003 0.03 L-Aug. 2022 0.4

New vehicles

4.288 0.4 0.016 0.04 L-Dec. 2022 0.6

New cars(6)

  0.6   0.11 L-Dec. 2022 0.6

New trucks(13)(6)

  0.3   0.07 L-Dec. 2022 0.6

Used cars and trucks

2.554 -0.9 -0.022 0.02 L-Aug. 2022 -0.2

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.483 0.1 0.001 0.37 L-Jan. 2023 0.3

Tires(4)

0.329 -0.1 0.000 0.47 L-Jan. 2023 0.0

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.154 0.6 0.001 0.68 L-Jan. 2023 0.9

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  1.2   0.86 L-Jan. 2023 1.4

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  0.7   0.65 L-Oct. 2022 4.4

Medical care commodities(4)

1.453 0.6 0.009 0.21 L-Jan. 2023 1.1

Medicinal drugs(4)(11)

1.340 0.5 0.007 0.22 L-Jan. 2023 1.2

Prescription drugs(4)

0.952 0.1 0.001 0.16 L-Jan. 2023 2.1

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.388 1.5 0.006 0.66 L-Aug. 2019 1.6

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.112 1.2 0.001 0.75 L-Dec. 2022 2.3

Recreation commodities(11)

2.285 0.2 0.005 0.23 S-Jan. 2023 0.1

Video and audio products(11)

0.282 -0.2 0.000 0.47 L-Jan. 2023 0.7

Televisions

0.139 -1.0 -0.001 0.66 L-Jan. 2023 0.0

Other video equipment(5)

0.016 3.4 0.001 1.02 L-EVER -

Audio equipment(4)

0.057 -0.4 0.000 0.92 S-Dec. 2022 -2.4

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.059 0.9 0.001 0.58 L-Oct. 2022 2.0

Pets and pet products(4)

0.669 0.8 0.005 0.40 S-Jan. 2023 0.2

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  1.6   0.50 L-Aug. 2022 1.7

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.77 S-Nov. 2022 -0.4

Sporting goods(4)

0.759 -0.6 -0.005 0.48 S-Sep. 2022 -1.1

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.441 -0.8 -0.003 0.67 S-Sep. 2022 -2.6

Sports equipment(4)

0.309 -0.4 -0.001 0.57 S-Nov. 2022 -0.9

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.021 1.0 0.000 0.84 L-Dec. 2022 3.1

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  0.8   0.99 S-Jan. 2023 -1.1

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.112 0.9 0.001 1.00 L-Aug. 2022 2.1

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.060 1.5 0.001 1.45 L-Aug. 2022 2.7

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.052 0.1 0.000 1.00 S-Jan. 2023 -0.9

Other recreational goods(5)

0.443 0.9 0.004 0.57 S-Jan. 2023 -0.8

Toys

0.357 0.7 0.002 0.65 S-Jan. 2023 -1.2

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  0.9   0.72 L-Jul. 2022 1.5

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.022 2.8 0.001 1.24 L-Dec. 2022 3.6

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.052 1.8 0.001 0.45 S-Jan. 2023 0.5

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.912 -0.5 -0.005 0.61 L-Jan. 2023 -0.1

Educational books and supplies(4)

0.097 -1.4 -0.001 0.67 S-Mar. 2021 -2.3

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  -1.2   0.95 S-Mar. 2021 -2.3

Information technology commodities(11)

0.815 -0.4 -0.003 0.69 L-Jan. 2023 0.0

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(4)(7)

0.372 0.6 0.002 0.91 S-Jan. 2023 0.3

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.023 -0.5 0.000 1.80 S-Dec. 2022 -0.9

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.419 -1.3 -0.005 0.96 L-Jan. 2023 -0.3

Smartphones(4)(6)(15)

  -2.6   1.18 L-Jan. 2023 -1.1

Alcoholic beverages

0.838 0.1 0.001 0.20 L-Jan. 2023 0.4

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.509 -0.2 -0.001 0.24 S-Oct. 2021 -0.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.195 -0.2 0.000 0.39 S-Jan. 2022 -0.2

Distilled spirits at home(4)

0.087 -0.9 -0.001 0.31 S-Oct. 2019 -1.3

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  0.0   0.46 L-Jan. 2023 0.2

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  -1.0   0.37 S-Oct. 2019 -1.0

Wine at home(4)

0.227 0.1 0.000 0.40 S-Dec. 2022 -0.2

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.329 0.3 0.001 0.25 L-Jan. 2023 0.6

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.33 L-Jan. 2023 0.6

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.41 S-Nov. 2022 0.1

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.34 L-Jan. 2023 0.3

Other goods(11)

1.244 0.5 0.007 0.23 S-Dec. 2022 -0.1

Tobacco and smoking products(4)

0.496 0.8 0.004 0.23 S-Jan. 2023 0.7

Cigarettes(4)(5)

0.411 1.0 0.004 0.25 L-Aug. 2022 1.1

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.078 -0.7 -0.001 0.57 S-Oct. 2022 -1.1

Personal care products(4)

0.596 0.8 0.005 0.35 L-Aug. 2022 1.5

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.312 1.3 0.004 0.45 L-Jul. 2022 1.3

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.273 0.4 0.001 0.44 L-Jan. 2023 1.0

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)(5)

0.153 -1.3 -0.002 0.90 S-Jul. 2022 -1.8

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  -1.1   0.94 S-Aug. 2020 -3.3

Services less energy services

58.175 0.4 0.261 0.05 S-Jul. 2022 0.4

Shelter

34.473 0.6 0.192 0.06 S-Nov. 2022 0.6

Rent of shelter(16)

34.102 0.6 0.201 0.06 S-Jul. 2022 0.6

Rent of primary residence

7.533 0.5 0.037 0.05 S-Mar. 2022 0.4

Lodging away from home(5)

1.158 2.7 0.032 1.24 L-Oct. 2022 3.5

Housing at school, excluding board(16)

0.161 0.2 0.000 0.05 - -

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.997 3.1 0.032 1.42 L-Oct. 2022 4.0

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(16)

25.411 0.5 0.123 0.05 S-Apr. 2022 0.5

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(16)

24.026 0.5 0.116 0.05 S-Apr. 2022 0.5

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.371 0.0 0.000 0.14 L-Jan. 2023 0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.062 0.3 0.003 0.12 S-Dec. 2022 0.2

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.760 0.3 0.002 0.13 S-Dec. 2022 0.2

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.301 0.2 0.001 0.16 S-Dec. 2022 0.2

Household operations(4)(5)

           

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.257 0.0 0.000 0.31 L-Jan. 2023 0.5

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

           

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.102 1.5 0.002 0.88 L-Jul. 2022 1.5

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.111   0.000 0.18 - -

Medical care services

6.525 -0.5 -0.032 0.10 L-Dec. 2022 0.3

Professional services

3.562 0.0 0.001 0.15 L-Dec. 2022 0.1

Physicians' services(4)

1.819 -0.2 -0.004 0.18 L-Jan. 2023 -0.1

Dental services

0.914 0.3 0.003 0.25 L-Jan. 2023 0.5

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.310 0.1 0.000 0.36 S-Jan. 2023 -0.3

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.519 0.4 0.002 0.21 L-May 2022 0.7

Hospital and related services(4)

2.260 -0.2 -0.005 0.13 S-Nov. 2022 -0.5

Hospital services(4)(17)

1.923 -0.4 -0.008 0.15 S-Apr. 2019 -0.4

Inpatient hospital services(4)(17)(6)

  -0.7   0.28 S-Jun. 2015 -0.9

Outpatient hospital services(4)(9)(6)

  0.9   0.28 L-Dec. 2022 1.4

Nursing homes and adult day services(17)

0.189 0.4 0.001 0.16 S-Dec. 2022 0.4

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.148 1.0 0.001 0.24 L-Jan. 2023 1.6

Health insurance(4)(8)

0.703 -4.2 -0.029 0.10 S-Nov. 2022 -4.3

Transportation services

5.812 1.4 0.080 0.21 L-Sep. 2022 1.9

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

0.740   0.025 0.84 - -

Car and truck rental(5)

0.118 -3.8 -0.005 1.18 S-Jul. 2022 -6.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.106 0.3 0.004 0.40 L-Jan. 2023 1.3

Motor vehicle body work(4)

           

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.573 0.4 0.002 0.51 S-Jan. 2023 0.4

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.419 0.2 0.001 0.64 L-Jan. 2023 2.7

Motor vehicle insurance

2.554 1.2 0.031 0.22 L-Jan. 2023 1.4

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.496 -0.3 -0.001 0.22 S-Nov. 2022 -0.4

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.278 0.1 0.000 0.08 S-Nov. 2022 -0.3

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.197 -0.8 -0.002 0.47 S-Oct. 2022 -0.8

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.4   0.52 L-Jan. 2023 0.7

Public transportation

0.799 3.2 0.026 0.69 - -

Airline fares

0.606 4.0 0.025 0.95 S-Jan. 2023 -2.1

Other intercity transportation

0.048 -0.8 0.000 0.65 S-Nov. 2022 -1.2

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.90 S-Jan. 2023 -0.6

Intracity transportation(4)

0.140 0.2 0.000 0.60 L-Dec. 2022 1.8

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  0.0   0.07 - -

Recreation services(11)

3.121 0.0 0.000 0.20 S-Aug. 2022 0.0

Video and audio services(11)

0.996 0.9 0.009 0.21 S-Jan. 2023 0.6

Cable, satellite, and live streaming television service(13)

0.879 1.2 0.010 0.18 S-Jan. 2023 0.5

Purchase, subscription, and rental of video(4)(5)

0.116 -1.2 -0.001 0.91 S-Nov. 2021 -1.8

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -4.0   1.97 S-Nov. 2022 -4.0

Subscription and rental of video and video games(4)(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.49 S-Dec. 2021 -0.5

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.548 0.5 0.003 0.31 S-Dec. 2022 -0.3

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.53 L-Jan. 2023 1.5

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.8   0.41 S-Jan. 2023 0.5

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.039 -1.0 0.000 0.34 S-Dec. 2021 -1.5

Other recreation services(5)

1.537 -0.7 -0.011 0.29 S-Nov. 2021 -0.9

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.676 -0.4 -0.003 0.18 S-May 2021 -0.4

Admissions(4)

0.442 -1.6 -0.007 0.69 S-Nov. 2021 -2.2

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  1.1   0.54 L-Nov. 2022 1.6

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  -3.9   2.96 S-Apr. 2022 -8.2

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.183 -0.2 0.000 0.38 L-Jan. 2023 1.1

Education and communication services(11)

4.874 0.3 0.014 0.06 L-Jan. 2023 0.5

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.150 0.6 0.012 0.06 L-Aug. 2018 0.7

College tuition and fees

1.180 0.2 0.002 0.07 L-Jan. 2023 0.3

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.304 0.3 0.001 0.09 - -

Day care and preschool(12)

0.566 1.4 0.008 0.19 L-Sep. 2022 1.7

Technical and business school tuition and fees(4)(5)

0.026 0.0 0.000 0.14 - -

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.075 0.1 0.000 0.06 S-Nov. 2022 -0.8

Postage

0.064 0.3 0.000 0.00 L-Jan. 2023 1.2

Delivery services(5)

0.011 -1.4 0.000 0.48 S-Sep. 2021 -1.6

Telephone services(4)(5)

1.667 -0.4 -0.007 0.06 S-Mar. 2022 -0.6

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.421 -0.4 -0.006 0.04 S-Mar. 2022 -0.7

Residential telephone services(4)(11)

0.246 -0.3 -0.001 0.21 S-Sep. 2021 -0.5

Internet services and electronic information providers(4)(5)

0.975 0.9 0.009 0.21 - -

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.439 0.5 0.007 0.18 S-Jan. 2023 0.5

Personal care services(4)

0.604 0.2 0.001 0.34 S-Jan. 2023 0.2

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.604 0.2 0.001 0.34 S-Jan. 2023 0.2

Miscellaneous personal services(4)

0.835 0.7 0.006 0.20 S-Dec. 2022 -0.4

Legal services(4)(9)

0.239 0.2 0.001 0.18 S-Jan. 2023 0.0

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.168 0.5 0.001 0.19 L-Jan. 2023 0.5

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.142 0.2 0.000 0.36 S-Sep. 2022 -0.6

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.027 0.4 0.000 0.69 S-Nov. 2022 0.1

Financial services(4)(9)

0.181 1.8 0.003 0.59 S-Dec. 2022 -2.9

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.13 L-Jan. 2023 0.1

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

  2.4   0.81 S-Dec. 2022 -3.5

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.493 0.1 0.051 0.04 S-Dec. 2022 0.1

All items less shelter

65.527 -0.2 -0.139 0.05 S-Dec. 2022 -0.2

All items less food and shelter

52.021 -0.3 -0.141 0.06 S-Dec. 2022 -0.4

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.025 0.3 0.113 0.05 L-Sep. 2022 0.5

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

42.471 0.3 0.136 0.06 S-Jan. 2023 0.3

All items less medical care

92.023 0.1 0.077 0.04 S-Dec. 2022 0.1

All items less energy

93.005 0.3 0.307 0.04 S-Nov. 2022 0.3

Commodities

38.408 -0.3 -0.134 0.06 S-Dec. 2022 -0.7

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

18.769 0.3 0.061 0.09 S-Dec. 2022 0.3

Commodities less food

24.901 -0.5 -0.136 0.08 S-Dec. 2022 -1.3

Commodities less food and beverages

24.062 -0.6 -0.137 0.09 S-Dec. 2022 -1.4

Services

61.592 0.3 0.182 0.05 S-Sep. 2021 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(16)

27.491 0.0 -0.007 0.08 S-Oct. 2022 0.0

Services less medical care services

55.068 0.4 0.241 0.06 S-Jul. 2022 0.4

Durables

12.496 0.4 0.047 0.08 L-Jun. 2022 0.5

Nondurables

25.912 -0.6 -0.165 0.08 S-Dec. 2022 -0.7

Nondurables less food

12.405 -2.1 -0.269 0.12 S-Dec. 2022 -2.2

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.567 -2.3 -0.272 0.13 S-Dec. 2022 -2.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.974 -2.8 -0.257 0.12 S-Dec. 2022 -3.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.813 -2.5 -0.254 0.11 S-Dec. 2022 -2.8

Housing

44.451 0.3 0.131 0.06 S-Aug. 2021 0.3

Education and communication(5)

5.786 0.2 0.009 0.10 L-Jan. 2023 0.4

Education(5)

2.247 0.5 0.011 0.07 L-Aug. 2022 0.5

Communication(5)

3.539 0.0 -0.002 0.17 - -

Information and information processing(5)

3.464 0.0 -0.002 0.17 - -

Information technology, hardware and services(18)

1.797 0.3 0.006 0.34 L-Jan. 2023 0.5

Recreation(5)

5.406 0.1 0.006 0.15 S-Sep. 2022 0.1

Video and audio(5)

1.277 0.7 0.008 0.20 S-Jan. 2023 0.6

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.216 0.7 0.008 0.26 S-Jan. 2023 0.6

Photography(5)

0.062 -0.4 0.000 0.47 S-Jun. 2022 -0.4

Food and beverages

14.345 0.0 0.003 0.09 S-Jul. 2020 -0.4

Domestically produced farm food(4)

7.274 -0.2 -0.014 0.14 S-Nov. 2020 -0.5

Other services

9.434 0.2 0.021 0.08 S-Dec. 2022 0.2

Apparel less footwear

2.078 0.5 0.009 0.41 S-Dec. 2022 0.4

Fuels and utilities

4.678 -1.7 -0.081 0.33 S-Apr. 2014 -1.7

Household energy

3.617 -2.3 -0.084 0.42 S-Apr. 2014 -2.3

Medical care

7.977 -0.3 -0.024 0.09 L-Dec. 2022 0.3

Transportation

16.759 -0.5 -0.093 0.10 S-Dec. 2022 -1.6

Private transportation

15.960 -0.7 -0.119 0.10 S-Dec. 2022 -1.7

New and used motor vehicles(5)

7.943 0.2 0.017 0.11 L-Sep. 2022 0.4

Utilities and public transportation

7.824 -0.8 -0.065 0.20 S-Apr. 2020 -1.4

Household furnishings and operations

5.300 0.4 0.021 0.21 S-Jan. 2023 0.3

Other goods and services

2.683 0.5 0.013 0.15 S-Dec. 2022 -0.1

Personal care(4)

2.187 0.4 0.010 0.17 S-Dec. 2022 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 2019=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(18) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, March 2023, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2023
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Mar. 2022-
Mar. 2023
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Mar. 2022-
Mar. 2023(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 5.0   0.12 S-May 2021 5.0

Food

13.507 8.5 1.131 0.19 S-Feb. 2022 7.9

Food at home

8.708 8.4 0.691 0.26 S-Jan. 2022 7.4

Cereals and bakery products

1.168 13.6 0.143 0.54 S-May 2022 11.6

Cereals and cereal products

0.364 12.8 0.043 0.87 S-May 2022 12.8

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.061 17.5 0.010 2.29 S-May 2022 13.7

Breakfast cereal

0.143 12.5 0.018 1.37 - -

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.159 11.2 0.016 1.09 S-Apr. 2022 10.7

Rice(4)(5)

  9.5   1.25 S-Apr. 2022 9.2

Bakery products

0.804 13.9 0.100 0.69 S-Jun. 2022 13.2

Bread(4)

0.226 15.2 0.030 1.07 S-Jan. 2023 14.9

White bread(5)

  16.5   1.29 L-Dec. 2022 17.7

Bread other than white(5)

  13.8   1.48 S-Jan. 2023 13.6

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.119 10.3 0.011 1.60 S-May 2022 9.7

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.209 15.5 0.028 1.33 S-Aug. 2022 14.4

Cookies(5)

  16.6   1.61 - -

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  13.0   2.40 S-Aug. 2022 12.9

Other bakery products

0.250 13.3 0.031 1.36 L-Jan. 2023 15.1

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  8.3   2.06 L-Jan. 2023 10.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  13.6   1.86 S-Feb. 2022 12.7

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  16.2   1.78 L-Jan. 2023 18.3

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.830 4.3 0.082 0.47 S-Jun. 2021 0.7

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.664 2.4 0.042 0.49 S-Jun. 2021 0.6

Meats

1.026 0.7 0.008 0.54 S-Jun. 2021 -0.5

Beef and veal

0.436 -1.9 -0.011 0.84 S-Dec. 2022 -3.1

Uncooked ground beef

0.156 -1.4 -0.003 1.09 S-Jun. 2021 -8.4

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.057 -4.4 -0.004 2.36 S-Nov. 2022 -8.1

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.180 -0.7 -0.002 1.39 L-Jun. 2022 -0.3

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.043 -5.0 -0.003 1.90 S-Dec. 2022 -6.7

Pork

0.336 -0.6 -0.002 1.08 S-Mar. 2019 -0.6

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.142 -0.7 -0.001 1.30 S-Apr. 2019 -0.9

Bacon and related products(5)

  -5.5   1.78 L-Jan. 2023 -3.9

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  8.1   1.96 S-Nov. 2022 7.7

Ham

0.070 4.2 0.003 2.56 S-Aug. 2021 4.1

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  4.2   2.65 S-Jul. 2021 2.8

Pork chops

0.045 -1.0 0.000 1.97 S-Jun. 2021 -2.9

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.079 -4.4 -0.004 2.44 S-Nov. 2022 -5.1

Other meats

0.255 8.8 0.021 1.03 S-Jan. 2022 8.2

Frankfurters(5)

  5.8   3.05 S-Jul. 2022 5.3

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  10.5   1.25 L-Jan. 2023 11.9

Poultry

0.348 7.5 0.026 1.28 S-Oct. 2021 7.5

Chicken(4)

0.278 6.5 0.018 1.34 S-Jul. 2021 5.2

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  8.9   2.82 S-Jan. 2022 7.6

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  5.7   1.75 S-Jun. 2021 0.8

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.069 11.6 0.008 2.65 S-Apr. 2022 10.7

Fish and seafood

0.290 2.6 0.007 1.00 S-May 2021 1.9

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.142 2.0 0.003 1.48 S-Apr. 2021 0.4

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.149 3.4 0.005 1.31 S-Sep. 2021 3.4

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  3.5   1.98 S-Feb. 2022 2.8

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  3.7   1.78 S-Aug. 2021 3.4

Eggs

0.167 36.0 0.040 2.30 S-Sep. 2022 30.5

Dairy and related products

0.810 10.7 0.081 0.63 S-Apr. 2022 9.1

Milk(4)

0.200 5.5 0.011 1.05 S-Dec. 2021 4.2

Fresh whole milk(5)

  4.3   1.33 S-Sep. 2021 3.2

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  6.5   1.24 S-Jan. 2022 6.5

Cheese and related products

0.248 8.2 0.021 0.90 S-Apr. 2022 6.5

Ice cream and related products

0.123 15.3 0.017 1.67 L-Jan. 2023 16.3

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.239 16.0 0.032 1.16 S-Jun. 2022 15.9

Fruits and vegetables

1.501 2.5 0.034 0.64 S-Aug. 2021 2.3

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.117 -0.2 -0.003 0.78 S-Apr. 2020 -0.5

Fresh fruits

0.597 -1.5 -0.009 1.09 S-Apr. 2020 -1.7

Apples

0.085 5.2 0.004 1.97 S-Oct. 2022 4.8

Bananas

0.092 1.9 0.002 1.38 S-Sep. 2021 1.9

Citrus fruits(4)

0.174 -3.7 -0.006 2.19 S-Mar. 2020 -9.5

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  -3.1   2.24 S-Mar. 2020 -10.8

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.246 -3.6 -0.009 1.87 S-Jan. 2020 -4.8

Fresh vegetables

0.520 1.4 0.006 0.87 S-Aug. 2021 0.9

Potatoes

0.089 9.7 0.008 1.49 S-Jun. 2022 9.0

Lettuce

0.073 1.2 -0.002 1.85 S-Oct. 2021 -0.6

Tomatoes

0.085 0.3 0.000 2.00 S-Sep. 2022 -1.0

Other fresh vegetables

0.272 0.0 0.000 1.11 S-Jul. 2021 -1.0

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.384 11.1 0.038 0.74 S-May 2022 10.2

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.196 10.2 0.017 1.14 S-Feb. 2022 7.7

Canned fruits(4)(5)

  11.6   1.47 S-Jun. 2022 11.6

Canned vegetables(4)(5)

  9.3   1.60 S-Feb. 2022 7.9