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Economic News Release
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CPI CPI Program Links

Consumer Price Index News Release



Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (ET) April 13, 2021           USDL-21-0651

Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov 

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – MARCH 2021

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.6 percent
in March on a seasonally adjusted basis after rising 0.4 percent in February,
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The March 1-month increase
was the largest rise since a 0.6-percent increase in August 2012. Over the last
12 months, the all items index increased 2.6 percent before seasonal adjustment.

The gasoline index continued to increase, rising 9.1 percent in March and
accounting for nearly half of the seasonally adjusted increase in the all items
index. The natural gas index also rose, contributing to a 5.0-percent increase
in the energy index over the month. The food index rose 0.1 percent in March,
with the food at home index and the food away from home index both also rising
0.1 percent. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in March. The
shelter index increased in March as did the motor vehicle insurance index, the
recreation index, and the household furnishings and operations index. Indexes
which decreased over the month include apparel and education. 

The all items index rose 2.6 percent for the 12 months ending March, a much
larger increase than the 1.7-percent reported for the period ending in February.
The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.6 percent over the last
12 months, after increasing 1.3 percent over the 12 month period ending in
February. The food index rose 3.5 percent over the last 12 months, while the
energy index increased 13.2 percent over that period.

Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
average

                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from
                                          preceding month
                                                                          Un-
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Sep.  Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.   ended
                              2020  2020  2020  2020  2021  2021  2021   Mar.
                                                                         2021

 All items..................    .2    .1    .2    .2    .3    .4    .6      2.6
  Food......................    .1    .2    .0    .3    .1    .2    .1      3.5
   Food at home.............   -.3    .1   -.2    .3   -.1    .3    .1      3.3
   Food away from home (1)..    .6    .3    .1    .4    .3    .1    .1      3.7
  Energy....................   1.4    .6    .7   2.6   3.5   3.9   5.0     13.2
   Energy commodities.......   1.4    .7    .5   5.1   7.3   6.6   8.9     22.0
    Gasoline (all types)....   1.7    .7    .5   5.2   7.4   6.4   9.1     22.5
    Fuel oil (1)............  -3.0    .7   3.3  10.2   5.4   9.9   3.2     20.2
   Energy services..........   1.3    .5    .9    .2   -.3    .9    .6      4.1
    Electricity.............    .8    .6    .3    .4   -.2    .7    .0      2.5
    Utility (piped) gas
       service..............   3.1    .4   3.0   -.4   -.4   1.6   2.5      9.8
  All items less food and
     energy.................    .2    .1    .2    .0    .0    .1    .3      1.6
   Commodities less food and
      energy commodities....    .5    .0    .0    .1    .1   -.2    .1      1.7
    New vehicles............    .3    .3    .0    .4   -.5    .0    .0      1.5
    Used cars and trucks....   5.3    .9  -1.4   -.9   -.9   -.9    .5      9.4
    Apparel.................   -.4   -.9    .7    .9   2.2   -.7   -.3     -2.5
    Medical care
       commodities (1)......   -.6   -.7   -.4   -.2   -.1   -.7    .1     -2.4
   Services less energy
      services..............    .1    .1    .2    .0    .0    .2    .4      1.6
    Shelter.................    .1    .1    .1    .1    .1    .2    .3      1.7
    Transportation services    -.3    .2   1.3   -.6   -.3   -.1   1.8     -1.6
    Medical care services...    .0   -.3   -.1   -.1    .5    .5    .1      2.7

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.


 Food

 The food index increased 0.1 percent in March. The index for food at home also
 rose 0.1 percent over the month as two of the six major grocery store food group
 indexes increased. The index for fruits and vegetables rose 1.0 percent in March,
 following a 0.7-percent increase in February. The index for meats, poultry, fish,
 and eggs rose 0.1 percent in March, a smaller increase than the 0.3-percent
 increase in February. The index for other food at home was unchanged over the
 month.
 
 The index for dairy and related products declined 0.5 percent in March, the third
 consecutive monthly decrease in that index. The index for nonalcoholic beverages
 decreased 0.2 percent over the month, while the index for cereals and bakery
 products declined 0.1 percent.

The food away from home index rose 0.1 percent in March, continuing a long series
of increases. The index for limited service meals rose 0.5 percent, while the index
for full service meals increased 0.2 percent.

The food at home index increased 3.3 percent over the past 12 months. All six major
grocery store food group indexes increased over the period, with increases ranging
from 1.6 percent (dairy and related products) to 5.4 percent (meats, poultry, fish,
and eggs). The index for food away from home rose 3.7 percent over the last year.
The index for limited service meals rose 6.5 percent, the largest 12-month increase
in the history of the index, which began in 1997. The index for full service meals
rose 3.2 percent over the last 12 months. 

Energy

The energy index continued to rise in March, increasing 5.0 percent. The index for
gasoline was again the dominant factor in the increase, rising 9.1 percent over the
month. (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices rose 11.7 percent in March.)
The natural gas index increased 2.5 percent over the month, and the electricity
index was unchanged in March.

The energy index rose 13.2 percent over the past 12 months. The gasoline index rose
22.5 percent over the last 12 months, while the index for natural gas increased
9.8 percent, and the index for electricity rose 2.5 percent over the same period.
The fuel oil index increased 20.2 percent over the last 12 months.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in March. The shelter
index also rose 0.3 percent in March, with the index for owners’ equivalent rent
and the index for rent both increasing 0.2 percent. The motor vehicle insurance
index increased for the third consecutive month, rising 3.3 percent in March. The
index for recreation increased 0.4 percent over the month, as did the index for
household furnishings and operations. The used cars and trucks index also increased
in March, rising 0.5 percent, and the index for personal care increased 0.6 percent
in March.

The medical care index rose 0.1 percent in March, after rising 0.3 percent in
February. The hospital services index increased 0.6 percent over the month, while
the physicians’ services index rose 0.3 percent in March. The index for
prescription drugs was unchanged over the month.

The index for apparel fell 0.3 percent in March, following a 0.7-percent decline
the previous month. The education index also declined over the month, falling
0.2 percent. The index for communication and the index for new vehicles were both
unchanged in March.

The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.6 percent over the past
12 months. Among the indexes rising more quickly were those for shelter
(+1.7 percent), used cars and trucks (+9.4 percent), and medical care
(+1.8 percent). Indexes that declined over the last 12 months include lodging away
from home (-6.4 percent), airline fares (-15.1 percent), and apparel
(-2.5 percent).

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 2.6 percent over
the last 12 months to an index level of 264.877 (1982-84=100). For the month, the
index increased 0.7 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
increased 3.0 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 258.935
(1982-84=100). For the month, the index rose 0.8 percent prior to seasonal
adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased
2.5 percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index increased
0.7 percent on a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for
the past 10 to 12 months are subject to revision. 

_______________
The Consumer Price Index for April 2021 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday,
May 12, 2021 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on March 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

 Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended
 since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either
 online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in March was affected by the temporary closing or
 limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the
 number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to
 collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices
 than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month.
 Additional information is available at
 www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.
 
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 






Technical Note
Brief Explanation of the CPI
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers
for goods and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two
population groups: all urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical
workers. The all urban consumer group represents about 93 percent of the total
U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of urban
or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the poor,
the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners and clerical
workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people living in
rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces, and
those in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation
for all urban consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price
Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for
All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U).

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
is based on the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition
that meet two requirements: more than one-half of the household's income must
come from clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of the household's
earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous
12 months. The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the total U.S.
population and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation,
doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that people
buy for day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas
across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail
establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and
other types of stores and service establishments). All taxes directly associated
with the purchase and use of items are included in the index. Prices of fuels and
a few other items are obtained every month in all 75 locations. Prices of most
other commodities and services are collected every month in the three largest
geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most goods and
services are obtained by personal visits or telephone calls by the Bureau’s
trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location
are aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending
of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a
U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published
by size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions
and population-size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do not
measure differences in the level of prices among cities; they only measure the
average change in prices for each area since the base period. For the C-CPI-U,
data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are considered
final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject
to three subsequent quarterly revisions.

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the
CPI-U and the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference
base for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from
the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that
relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket
of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. 

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it
is based upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all
prices. BLS calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month,
and 12-month percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard
error estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis
testing. For example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month percent change
is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means that if we repeatedly sample
from the universe of all retail prices using the same methodology, and estimate a
percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these estimates will be within
0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail prices. For
example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are
95 percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would
fall between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including information on
how to use the estimates of standard error, see
https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm.

Calculating Index Changes
 
 Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent 
 changes rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are 
 affected by the level of the index in relation to its base period, while percent 
 changes are not. The following table shows an example of using index values to 
 calculate percent changes:
  
                                Item A                  Item B                      Item C
 Year I                         112.500                 225.000                     110.000
 Year II                        121.500                 243.000                     128.000
 Change in index points         9.000                   18.000                      18.000
 Percent change                 9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0   18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

 Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

 The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. 
 Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-
 SEATS seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new 
 factors are used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The 
 factors are available at 
 www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2021.xlsx. For more 
 information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal 
 Adjustment at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and 
 the Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes at 
 www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 
 
 For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are 
 usually preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at 
 the same time and in about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements 
 resulting from weather events, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and 
 sales. This allows data users to focus on changes that are not typical for the time 
 of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned about 
 the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used extensively for escalation 
 purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements and pension plans, for example, 
 tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for seasonal 
 variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation 
 agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.
 
 Intervention Analysis
 
 The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some 
 CPI series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying 
 seasonal pattern of price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process 
 by which the distortions caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from 
 the data prior to calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which 
 more accurately represent the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data.
 
 For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of 
 the 2009 return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. 
 Retaining this outlier data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the 
 computation of the seasonal portion of the time series data for motor fuel, so it was 
 estimated and removed from the data prior to seasonal adjustment. Following that, 
 seasonal factors were calculated based on this “prior adjusted” data. These seasonal 
 factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in the data. The last step 
 is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.
 
 For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2021, BLS adjusted 72 series using 
 intervention analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, 
 motor fuels, electricity, and vehicles. 
 
 Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes
 
 Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are 
 subject to revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists 
 in the CPI calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to 
 the last 5 years of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are 
 considered to be final and not subject to revision. For January 2021, revised seasonal 
 factors and seasonally adjusted indexes for 2016 to 2020 were calculated and published. 
 For series which are directly adjusted using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment 
 software, the seasonal factors for 2020 will be applied to data for 2021 to produce the 
 seasonally adjusted 2021 indexes. Series which are indirectly seasonally adjusted by 
 summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal factors which are derived and 
 are therefore not available in advance.
 
 Determining Seasonal Status
 
 Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical 
 criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its 
 status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of 
 the 81 components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment 
 status from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data 
 will be used in the aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the 
 seasonally adjusted indexes before that period will not be changed. Thirty-four of the 81 
 components of the U.S. city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted for 2021.
 
 Contact Information

 For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information 
 and Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov. 
 
 For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit 
 www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section 
 at 202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov. 
 
 Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon 
 request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.  







Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, March 2021 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2021
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Mar.
2020
Feb.
2021
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020-
Mar.
2021
Feb.
2021-
Mar.
2021
Dec.
2020-
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2021-
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2021-
Mar.
2021

All items

100.000 258.115 263.014 264.877 2.6 0.7 0.3 0.4 0.6

Food

14.052 262.708 271.363 271.812 3.5 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1

Food at home

7.741 245.163 252.716 253.231 3.3 0.2 -0.1 0.3 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

0.993 277.646 284.095 284.746 2.6 0.2 -0.8 0.5 -0.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.733 254.724 266.606 268.457 5.4 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.1

Dairy and related products

0.780 225.627 230.452 229.249 1.6 -0.5 -0.4 -0.2 -0.5

Fruits and vegetables

1.343 299.641 309.993 311.168 3.8 0.4 -0.2 0.7 1.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.935 174.454 180.202 180.018 3.2 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Other food at home

1.958 214.565 219.110 219.263 2.2 0.1 -0.3 0.1 0.0

Food away from home(1)

6.311 290.216 300.540 300.897 3.7 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1

Energy

6.561 199.573 213.277 225.861 13.2 5.9 3.5 3.9 5.0

Energy commodities

3.418 207.215 227.412 252.840 22.0 11.2 7.3 6.6 8.9

Fuel oil(1)

0.096 229.794 267.613 276.100 20.2 3.2 5.4 9.9 3.2

Motor fuel

3.251 203.512 222.667 248.681 22.2 11.7 7.4 6.4 9.1

Gasoline (all types)

3.181 202.205 221.689 247.652 22.5 11.7 7.4 6.4 9.1

Energy services

3.143 201.439 209.296 209.623 4.1 0.2 -0.3 0.9 0.6

Electricity

2.431 211.332 216.998 216.528 2.5 -0.2 -0.2 0.7 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service

0.712 168.994 183.006 185.624 9.8 1.4 -0.4 1.6 2.5

All items less food and energy

79.387 267.312 270.696 271.713 1.6 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.172 144.718 146.532 147.160 1.7 0.4 0.1 -0.2 0.1

Apparel

2.766 123.815 119.998 120.746 -2.5 0.6 2.2 -0.7 -0.3

New vehicles

3.731 147.124 149.515 149.321 1.5 -0.1 -0.5 0.0 0.0

Used cars and trucks

2.711 140.689 150.221 153.873 9.4 2.4 -0.9 -0.9 0.5

Medical care commodities(1)

1.553 384.498 374.905 375.111 -2.4 0.1 -0.1 -0.7 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

1.030 255.660 260.011 260.652 2.0 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.3

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.617 1,162.660 1,228.750 1,236.352 6.3 0.6 1.8 0.6 0.6

Services less energy services

59.215 343.990 348.361 349.607 1.6 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.4

Shelter

33.125 324.615 329.005 330.122 1.7 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.804 339.519 345.242 345.717 1.8 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

24.115 332.864 338.918 339.565 2.0 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2

Medical care services

7.323 557.889 572.378 573.009 2.7 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.1

Physicians' services(1)

1.865 386.483 405.897 407.048 5.3 0.3 1.6 2.0 0.3

Hospital services(3)

2.227 351.350 359.521 361.468 2.9 0.5 0.3 -0.1 0.6

Transportation services

5.095 321.610 313.160 316.345 -1.6 1.0 -0.3 -0.1 1.8

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.094 304.131 311.627 314.660 3.5 1.0 0.2 0.3 1.0

Motor vehicle insurance

1.626 579.462 560.386 565.166 -2.5 0.9 1.6 0.7 3.3

Airline fares

0.600 232.113 197.204 197.134 -15.1 0.0 -3.2 -5.1 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, March 2021 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2021
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Mar.
2020-
Mar.
2021
Feb.
2021-
Mar.
2021
Dec.
2020-
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2021-
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2021-
Mar.
2021

All items

100.000 2.6 0.7 0.3 0.4 0.6

Food

14.052 3.5 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1

Food at home

7.741 3.3 0.2 -0.1 0.3 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

0.993 2.6 0.2 -0.8 0.5 -0.1

Cereals and cereal products

0.303 1.9 0.3 -0.5 -0.4 -0.1

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.042 1.4 0.3 -1.6 -0.5 0.8

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.138 1.9 0.8 -0.7 -1.1 0.8

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.123 2.1 -0.3 -0.8 -0.2 -0.2

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  3.8 -0.4 -0.4 -0.2 -0.4

Bakery products(1)

0.689 2.8 0.2 -0.4 0.8 0.2

Bread(1)(2)

0.196 2.3 0.2 -0.8 -0.2 0.2

White bread(1)(3)

  1.7 1.1 -1.3 -0.2 1.1

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  2.6 -0.3 -0.5 -0.5 -0.3

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.102 4.4 -0.9 0.1 2.0 -1.2

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(1)

0.176 3.3 1.9 0.2 -0.2 1.9

Cookies(1)(3)

  4.5 2.5 -0.9 0.0 2.5

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  0.2 0.6 2.0 -0.6 0.6

Other bakery products

0.215 2.2 -0.7 -2.5 2.4 -0.6

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  4.7 -1.0 -1.4 0.4 -1.0

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  1.8 -0.8 -1.3 2.3 -1.2

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(1)(3)

  0.8 -0.3 -1.7 1.9 -0.3

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.733 5.4 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.1

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.631 5.4 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.0

Meats

1.028 5.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 -0.3

Beef and veal

0.473 7.1 1.1 1.1 0.4 -0.4

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.171 5.5 1.9 -0.2 0.1 1.9

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.075 11.2 1.7 0.8 2.1 1.7

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.182 6.5 0.6 2.6 0.0 -1.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.044 8.8 -0.7 0.7 -0.1 -0.7

Pork

0.324 5.3 0.2 0.3 1.0 -0.3

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.131 5.5 1.4 -1.7 -0.2 1.3

Bacon and related products(3)

  8.1 1.0 -0.8 -0.3 1.4

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  1.4 1.9 -2.1 -0.2 1.4

Ham

0.067 -3.4 -4.3 3.1 5.3 -7.8

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  -3.0 -4.5 3.1 6.1 -8.3

Pork chops(1)

0.051 9.4 1.6 -2.4 1.0 1.6

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.075 10.5 1.2 2.4 -0.8 2.1

Other meats

0.231 4.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Frankfurters(3)

  6.8 0.6 -0.8 1.7 -0.7

Lunchmeats(1)(2)(3)

  3.6 -0.3 -0.1 -0.6 -0.3

Poultry(1)

0.329 4.4 0.9 0.5 -0.7 0.9

Chicken(1)(2)

0.267 4.8 1.3 -0.2 -0.8 1.3

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  5.4 1.8 -0.3 0.1 1.8

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  4.5 1.3 -0.3 -1.3 1.3

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.062 2.7 -1.1 2.7 -1.3 -0.9

Fish and seafood

0.274 5.2 0.3 -0.2 0.3 0.1

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.139 5.5 1.9 -0.8 0.7 1.3

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.136 4.8 -1.4 0.6 -0.3 -0.4

Shelf stable fish and seafood(3)

  7.1 0.4 0.9 0.4 1.7

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  4.6 -2.5 0.6 -0.5 -1.2

Eggs

0.102 4.7 2.0 1.1 2.2 2.0

Dairy and related products

0.780 1.6 -0.5 -0.4 -0.2 -0.5

Milk(2)

0.210 1.2 -0.7 -1.2 -0.9 -0.5

Fresh whole milk(3)

  2.5 -0.6 -1.4 -1.4 -0.2

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  1.0 -1.1 -0.7 -0.2 -0.9

Cheese and related products(1)

0.263 2.7 -0.1 0.4 -0.5 -0.1

Ice cream and related products

0.109 1.2 -0.4 -0.3 -0.8 -0.1

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.197 0.8 -0.9 0.3 0.8 -0.9

Fruits and vegetables

1.343 3.8 0.4 -0.2 0.7 1.0

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.056 3.8 0.4 -0.1 1.0 1.1

Fresh fruits

0.549 5.6 0.7 1.2 1.8 0.9

Apples

0.076 7.4 0.9 0.7 2.4 0.4

Bananas(1)

0.075 -1.2 0.1 3.8 -1.9 0.1

Citrus fruits(2)

0.138 9.8 0.3 3.4 1.9 -0.2

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  8.0 -2.2 3.2 1.5 -0.9

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.260 4.9 1.0 -1.9 3.8 2.7

Fresh vegetables

0.507 2.0 0.0 -1.5 0.1 1.4

Potatoes

0.079 1.2 2.0 1.7 -2.3 3.4

Lettuce(1)

0.064 5.6 -0.8 -3.8 -1.9 -0.8

Tomatoes

0.081 -5.1 -0.9 -0.9 1.6 1.2

Other fresh vegetables

0.284 3.5 -0.1 -1.8 -0.3 0.7

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.287 4.0 0.4 -0.7 -0.3 0.6

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.150 4.7 0.2 -0.5 -0.3 0.6

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  3.9 0.3 -1.4 0.0 1.0

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  5.0 0.0 0.1 -0.8 -0.3

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.085 3.4 0.6 0.1 -1.4 0.4

Frozen vegetables(3)

  1.5 0.0 -0.8 -1.2 0.1

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.051 3.0 1.1 -1.1 0.0 1.6

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  6.5 2.8 -0.6 0.0 2.8

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.935 3.2 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.672 4.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 -0.3

Carbonated drinks

0.287 5.5 -0.4 0.8 -0.5 -0.4

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.006 0.3 -1.8 0.0 0.5 -1.8

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.379 3.1 0.0 -0.6 0.3 0.0

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.264 1.0 0.1 0.1 -0.3 0.0

Coffee

0.170 0.6 -0.1 0.8 -0.4 -0.7

Roasted coffee(3)

  1.1 0.1 0.5 0.1 -0.4

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  1.8 1.5 -0.6 -1.2 1.5

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.094 1.6 0.4 -0.2 -0.2 0.4

Other food at home

1.958 2.2 0.1 -0.3 0.1 0.0

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.269 2.7 0.4 0.8 -0.4 0.4

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.038 5.3 0.1 -2.5 0.9 0.3

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.178 2.3 0.4 0.9 -0.9 0.4

Other sweets(2)

0.053 2.1 0.5 -1.8 0.5 0.6

Fats and oils

0.215 1.5 -0.6 0.4 0.4 -0.4

Butter and margarine(2)

0.064 -1.0 -0.6 -1.3 2.2 -0.4

Butter(3)

  -1.9 0.5 -0.9 2.1 -0.8

Margarine(3)

  0.9 -0.7 -2.7 2.8 -0.9

Salad dressing(2)

0.051 -0.5 -0.7 0.7 -1.3 -0.5

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.100 4.4 -0.5 1.0 0.2 -0.2

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

           

Other foods

1.474 2.2 0.1 -0.6 0.1 0.0

Soups

0.087 1.6 1.7 -3.0 0.2 0.6

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.252 1.9 -0.1 -0.7 -0.3 0.1

Snacks(1)

0.336 3.0 0.6 -1.8 1.7 0.6

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.294 0.8 -0.8 -0.4 0.7 -1.1

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  1.9 -0.8 -1.9 0.0 0.0

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  2.3 -0.2 -0.5 1.8 -0.2

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  -0.1 -1.1 0.8 0.9 -2.2

Other condiments(3)

  0.7 -0.1 0.4 0.6 -1.2

Baby food(1)(2)

0.042 -0.1 -0.5 0.2 0.1 -0.5

Other miscellaneous foods(2)

0.461 2.9 0.2 1.1 -0.5 0.0

Prepared salads(3)(4)

  -1.2 -1.6 0.7 0.1 -1.7

Food away from home(1)

6.311 3.7 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

3.162 3.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.788 6.5 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5

Food at employee sites and schools(1)(2)

0.107 -34.7 -13.3 -4.7 -12.2 -13.3

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  -43.5 -16.3 -9.0 -13.7 -16.3

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.081 2.6 0.2 1.8 0.0 0.2

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.172 2.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.2

Energy

6.561 13.2 5.9 3.5 3.9 5.0

Energy commodities

3.418 22.0 11.2 7.3 6.6 8.9

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.167 18.3 1.4 4.4 11.1 3.5

Fuel oil(1)

0.096 20.2 3.2 5.4 9.9 3.2

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.070 15.9 -1.0 6.8 7.3 -0.5

Motor fuel

3.251 22.2 11.7 7.4 6.4 9.1

Gasoline (all types)

3.181 22.5 11.7 7.4 6.4 9.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  23.5 11.9 7.1 7.2 9.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  18.5 10.4 5.5 5.1 8.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  16.6 10.5 5.1 4.8 9.3

Other motor fuels(1)(2)

0.070 10.5 10.4 4.7 5.3 10.4

Energy services

3.143 4.1 0.2 -0.3 0.9 0.6

Electricity

2.431 2.5 -0.2 -0.2 0.7 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service

0.712 9.8 1.4 -0.4 1.6 2.5

All items less food and energy

79.387 1.6 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.172 1.7 0.4 0.1 -0.2 0.1

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.758 2.8 0.4 -0.5 -0.1 0.4

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.278 -3.4 -0.3 3.0 0.5 -0.3

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.062 -1.5 -0.8 0.5 0.9 -0.8

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.056 -8.2 -1.0 -1.0 -1.2 -1.0

Other linens(1)(2)

0.159 -2.4 0.1 5.7 0.9 0.1

Furniture and bedding(1)

0.930 3.5 1.8 -0.5 0.0 1.8

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.318 0.5 1.5 -1.1 -1.4 1.5

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.450 4.0 2.4 0.0 0.2 2.4

Other furniture(2)

0.153 9.2 0.5 -1.7 2.4 -0.1

Appliances(2)

0.223 7.9 0.6 -1.1 1.9 1.1

Major appliances(2)

0.079 14.5 1.6 -1.3 1.3 1.9

Laundry equipment(1)(3)

  24.2 5.3 5.2 -0.3 5.3

Other appliances(1)(2)

0.141 4.5 0.1 -0.6 2.9 0.1

Other household equipment and furnishings(1)(2)

0.548 4.0 -0.2 2.3 1.3 -0.2

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.319 4.9 -0.5 2.2 0.6 -0.5

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.097 7.6 0.2 2.9 0.1 0.2

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.053 -2.0 1.0 3.0 1.4 1.0

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(1)(2)

0.079 0.9 -0.4 2.5 1.6 -0.4

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.876 2.2 0.6 -1.8 0.4 0.4

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.243 3.7 1.6 0.1 0.9 1.6

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.447 1.4 0.1 -2.5 0.3 -0.1

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.903 2.8 -0.8 0.2 -1.4 -0.8

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.363 3.7 -1.5 0.4 -0.5 -1.5

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.233 7.9 -0.6 0.5 -0.1 -0.6

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.307 -1.6 -0.2 -0.2 -3.2 -0.2

Apparel

2.766 -2.5 0.6 2.2 -0.7 -0.3

Men's and boys' apparel

0.698 -2.7 0.6 1.4 -2.2 2.5

Men's apparel

0.561 -4.1 -0.3 1.1 -1.5 1.1

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.093 -18.0 -3.0 -0.8 -0.4 -1.7

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(1)

0.161 -0.4 0.8 0.3 2.2 0.8

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.156 -5.4 0.7 0.8 -5.4 1.7

Men's pants and shorts

0.147 4.2 -1.0 5.3 -1.4 2.6

Boys' apparel

0.136 2.9 4.5 3.4 -2.0 6.8

Women's and girls' apparel

1.133 -4.6 0.1 3.1 0.3 -2.7

Women's apparel

0.927 -5.4 1.0 2.4 0.9 -2.1

Women's outerwear

0.064 -4.3 -0.7 2.1 0.4 -1.5

Women's dresses

0.090 -11.4 7.6 -1.3 -4.9 2.4

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.492 -4.5 -0.8 5.5 0.4 -4.1

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.272 -5.1 2.4 0.2 1.5 1.0

Girls' apparel

0.206 -0.5 -3.6 6.2 -2.3 -5.6

Footwear

0.652 -0.2 0.9 1.4 -0.2 0.1

Men's footwear(1)

0.232 3.4 0.7 3.8 0.8 0.7

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.133 -4.7 -0.3 0.5 -0.7 -3.1

Women's footwear

0.287 -0.9 1.6 -0.7 0.5 0.5

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.122 -4.2 -1.0 0.5 -2.0 -2.0

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.161 6.7 4.3 4.1 -2.9 5.1

Watches(1)(6)

0.039 4.3 2.4 0.3 -0.3 2.4

Jewelry(6)

0.122 7.4 4.9 6.0 -4.6 5.7

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

7.072 4.5 0.9 -0.6 -0.4 0.2

New vehicles

3.731 1.5 -0.1 -0.5 0.0 0.0

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  1.5 -0.1 -0.5 0.0 0.0

New cars(3)

  1.3 -0.4 -0.5 0.0 -0.3

New trucks(3)(10)

  1.7 0.0 -0.5 0.0 0.0

Used cars and trucks

2.711 9.4 2.4 -0.9 -0.9 0.5

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.392 0.6 -0.1 0.6 0.1 -0.1

Tires(1)

0.250 0.5 -1.0 1.0 0.2 -1.0

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.142 0.8 1.4 -0.1 -0.1 1.4

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  1.1 2.4 0.2 -0.8 2.4

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  -0.9 0.5 -0.3 0.6 0.5

Medical care commodities(1)

1.553 -2.4 0.1 -0.1 -0.7 0.1

Medicinal drugs(8)

1.485 -2.3 0.1 -0.6 -0.7 0.0

Prescription drugs

1.121 -2.3 0.0 -0.5 -0.7 0.0

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.364 -2.1 0.2 -1.1 -0.6 0.2

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.067 -5.7 -0.4 3.5 0.4 -0.4

Recreation commodities(8)

2.010 0.8 -0.3 0.1 0.5 -0.2

Video and audio products(8)

0.266 -1.4 -0.1 -0.7 -0.3 0.0

Televisions

0.094 -0.7 -0.9 0.7 1.3 -0.6

Other video equipment(2)

0.043 2.4 -0.3 2.2 -1.8 -0.7

Audio equipment(1)

0.074 -4.6 1.1 -3.3 -1.8 1.1

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.044 -1.6 -0.3 -1.5 0.0 -0.3

Pets and pet products(1)

0.627 -1.4 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  -0.5 0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.2

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  -2.7 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0

Sporting goods(1)

0.611 4.8 -1.3 0.7 1.5 -1.3

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.366 4.9 -1.4 0.3 2.0 -1.4

Sports equipment(1)

0.234 4.5 -1.1 1.3 0.8 -1.1

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.027 0.0 -0.5 1.2 1.1 -1.8

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  0.9 -0.1 2.0 0.2 -1.2

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.120 3.0 -0.5 1.0 -0.6 -0.5

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.069 5.3 0.1 2.1 -0.1 0.1

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.049 0.0 -1.4 -0.4 -1.2 -1.4

Other recreational goods(2)

0.359 -1.0 0.7 -0.4 0.3 1.2

Toys

0.277 -1.6 0.1 -0.6 0.2 0.8

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  2.0 1.0 -0.3 -0.3 1.2

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.020 2.4 1.7 2.0 2.3 1.7

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.045 0.9 3.7 -0.7 0.4 3.7

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.494 -4.9 -1.8 -0.6 -0.2 -1.8

Educational books and supplies(1)

0.109 0.9 -2.3 -0.2 1.3 -2.3

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  0.8 -2.3 -0.2 1.4 -2.3

Information technology commodities(8)

0.385 -6.5 -1.7 -0.7 -0.6 -1.6

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(1)(4)

0.293 -3.2 -2.0 0.0 -0.3 -2.0

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.018 -3.1 1.7 -1.2 -0.4 1.7

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(2)

0.074 -18.0 -1.4 -3.1 -1.8 -0.9

Alcoholic beverages

1.030 2.0 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.3

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.576 1.5 0.3 0.0 -0.2 0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.222 1.9 0.7 -0.1 0.3 0.6

Distilled spirits at home(1)

0.094 2.9 -0.1 0.8 0.7 -0.1

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  1.8 -1.7 0.9 0.8 -1.7

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  3.6 0.3 1.0 0.6 0.3

Wine at home

0.260 0.6 0.0 -0.1 -1.0 0.1

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.454 2.6 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.9 0.7 0.0 0.1 0.7

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.8 0.4 0.0 -0.1 0.4

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  4.7 -0.3 0.2 0.1 -0.3

Other goods(8)

1.490 1.9 0.2 1.1 0.3 0.2

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.617 6.3 0.6 1.8 0.6 0.6

Cigarettes(1)(2)

0.537 6.5 0.6 1.8 0.7 0.6

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.061 4.8 0.8 1.4 0.5 0.8

Personal care products(1)

0.677 -0.7 -0.2 0.6 0.3 -0.2

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.363 -0.4 -0.1 0.4 0.2 -0.1

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.306 -0.9 -0.3 0.8 0.3 -0.3

Miscellaneous personal goods(1)(2)

0.195 -2.4 0.4 0.6 -0.4 0.4

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  1.1 0.2 1.1 -0.7 0.4

Services less energy services

59.215 1.6 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.4

Shelter

33.125 1.7 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.3

Rent of shelter(12)

32.765 1.7 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.804 1.8 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2

Lodging away from home(2)

0.846 -6.4 6.6 -1.9 -2.3 3.8

Housing at school, excluding board(12)

0.117 2.1 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.729 -7.6 7.7 -2.2 -2.7 4.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(12)

24.115 2.0 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(12)

22.905 2.0 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.360 -0.2 -0.1 0.5 -1.2 -0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.106 3.5 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.2

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.807 3.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.299 4.7 0.2 0.9 0.9 0.2

Household operations(1)(2)

0.899 4.3 0.1 0.7 0.3 0.1

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.304 6.8 0.1 1.3 0.3 0.1

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

           

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.092 5.3 -1.5 2.0 0.7 -1.5

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.116 1.6 0.4   0.8 0.4

Medical care services

7.323 2.7 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.1

Professional services

3.708 3.8 0.1 0.9 1.0 0.2

Physicians' services(1)

1.865 5.3 0.3 1.6 2.0 0.3

Dental services

1.005 2.6 -0.2 0.0 0.4 -0.5

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.363 0.6 -0.1 -0.3 0.5 -0.1

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.476 2.6 0.2 1.6 -0.2 0.2

Hospital and related services

2.424 3.0 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.6

Hospital services(13)

2.227 2.9 0.5 0.3 -0.1 0.6

Inpatient hospital services(13)(3)

  2.4 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.5

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  2.3 0.7 0.3 -0.1 0.7

Nursing homes and adult day services(13)

0.125 3.3 0.4 0.0 0.5 0.4

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.073 5.9 0.3 0.6 0.0 0.3

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.191 -1.0 -0.7 -0.1 -0.4 -0.7

Transportation services

5.095 -1.6 1.0 -0.3 -0.1 1.8

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

           

Car and truck rental(2)

0.131 31.2 14.3 -1.1 7.4 11.7

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.094 3.5 1.0 0.2 0.3 1.0

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.059 4.5 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.8

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.632 2.6 0.7 0.0 0.4 0.7

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.345 5.0 1.5 0.7 0.1 1.5

Motor vehicle insurance

1.626 -2.5 0.9 1.6 0.7 3.3

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.567 0.2 -0.3 0.8 0.4 -0.3

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.295 0.9 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.257 -0.5 -0.7 1.5 0.8 -0.7

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  1.0 -0.7 2.1 0.0 -0.7

Public transportation

1.076 -8.2 0.5 -1.7 -2.3 0.7

Airline fares

0.600 -15.1 0.0 -3.2 -5.1 0.4

Other intercity transportation

0.180 8.0 1.4 0.7 0.8 0.4

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  6.0 0.6 1.0 0.8 0.6

Intracity transportation(1)

0.293 -1.2 1.2 0.2 2.7 1.2

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  -3.9 2.7 -0.6 4.3 2.7

Recreation services(8)

3.747 1.2 0.8 -1.0 0.6 0.8

Video and audio services(8)

1.266 3.7 0.6 -0.4 0.6 0.4

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.188 4.2 0.7 -0.4 0.5 0.5

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.078 -3.1 -1.2 0.5 2.9 -1.2

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  -1.5 -1.5 0.6 4.9 -1.5

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  2.0 -0.2 1.2 -0.1 -0.2

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.566 4.8 0.1 1.4 0.3 0.1

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  4.5 -0.3 1.1 0.3 -0.3

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.045 0.9 -0.5 0.7 2.0 -0.5

Other recreation services(2)

1.869 -1.3 1.3 -2.1 0.6 1.3

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.684 -1.0 0.2 -0.1 0.3 0.2

Admissions(1)

0.652 -4.0 2.6 -5.5 1.3 2.6

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  1.7 1.1 0.2 0.6 1.1

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  -11.9 4.7   4.9 4.7

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.220 6.0 0.8 2.0 -0.1 0.8

Education and communication services(8)

6.256 2.0 -0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.895 0.8 -0.3 0.1 0.1 -0.1

College tuition and fees

1.550 0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.427 2.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3

Day care and preschool(9)

0.764 0.8 -0.8 0.0 0.1 -0.8

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.036 1.8 -0.3 0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.113 3.0 0.1 0.3 -0.5 0.3

Postage

0.103 2.8 0.0 0.2 -0.6 0.3

Delivery services(2)

0.010 4.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 1.0

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.353 4.1 -0.2 0.1 0.2 -0.2

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.941 4.0 -0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.3

Land-line telephone services(1)(8)

0.412 4.6 0.5 0.6 1.0 0.5

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.883 0.7 0.4 -0.4 0.2 1.0

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.663 2.9 0.9 -0.3 0.5 0.9

Personal care services(1)

0.694 5.9 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.4

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.694 5.9 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.4

Miscellaneous personal services(1)

0.968 0.8 1.2 -1.0 0.6 1.2

Legal services(1)(6)

0.248 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.0

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.140 1.9 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.1

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.220 1.7 -0.1 0.7 0.0 -0.1

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.030 1.3 0.4 0.1 -0.2 0.4

Financial services(6)

0.220 -0.3 4.9 -5.0 1.9 4.1

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  0.1 13.0 -11.2 4.0 13.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

  0.2 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, March 2021 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Feb.
2021
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Mar.
2020
Feb.
2021
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020-
Mar.
2021
Feb.
2021-
Mar.
2021
Dec.
2020-
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2021-
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2021-
Mar.
2021

All items less food

85.948 257.382 261.688 263.775 2.5 0.8 0.3 0.4 0.7

All items less shelter

66.875 235.184 240.288 242.430 3.1 0.9 0.3 0.4 0.8

All items less food and shelter

52.823 228.099 232.376 234.896 3.0 1.1 0.4 0.5 1.0

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.262 235.539 238.376 239.333 1.6 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.4

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.551 241.387 243.504 244.174 1.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.4

All items less medical care

91.124 245.778 250.497 252.421 2.7 0.8 0.2 0.4 0.7

All items less energy

93.439 265.896 270.060 270.989 1.9 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.3

Commodities

37.642 184.364 189.402 191.877 4.1 1.3 0.7 0.5 0.9

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.461 145.767 146.418 146.590 0.6 0.1 0.3 -0.1 0.0

Commodities less food

23.590 150.257 153.865 156.922 4.4 2.0 1.1 0.8 1.4

Commodities less food and beverages

22.560 146.714 150.285 153.389 4.5 2.1 1.2 0.8 1.5

Services

62.358 331.021 335.655 336.822 1.8 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.4

Services less rent of shelter(1)

29.593 347.979 352.974 354.212 1.8 0.4 -0.1 0.3 0.6

Services less medical care services

55.035 313.845 317.746 318.951 1.6 0.4 -0.1 0.3 0.4

Durables

10.856 104.703 107.893 108.597 3.7 0.7 -0.5 0.0 0.5

Nondurables

26.786 225.113 230.980 234.611 4.2 1.6 0.7 1.1 1.3

Nondurables less food

12.734 193.597 197.194 203.354 5.0 3.1 1.9 1.9 3.0

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.704 189.714 193.264 199.791 5.3 3.4 2.1 2.1 3.2

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.938 234.822 243.062 253.342 7.9 4.2 2.1 3.0 4.5

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.968 235.665 243.488 252.783 7.3 3.8 1.8 2.7 4.1

Housing

42.199 270.273 275.137 276.028 2.1 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.3

Education and communication(2)

6.750 139.199 141.679 141.289 1.5 -0.3 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Education(2)

3.005 269.450 272.539 271.559 0.8 -0.4 0.0 0.2 -0.2

Communication(2)

3.745 73.719 75.412 75.255 2.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Information and information processing(2)

3.632 69.622 71.208 71.054 2.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 -0.1

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.279 7.354 7.261 7.242 -1.5 -0.3 -0.5 -0.1 0.2

Recreation(2)

5.756 122.265 123.021 123.567 1.1 0.4 -0.6 0.6 0.4

Video and audio(2)

1.532 106.466 108.911 109.417 2.8 0.5 -0.4 0.4 0.3

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.192 180.452 182.884 183.075 1.5 0.1 0.7 0.2 0.1

Photography(2)

0.072 76.305 77.109 76.729 0.6 -0.5 0.9 1.7 -1.0

Food and beverages

15.082 262.320 270.672 271.135 3.4 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Domestically produced farm food

6.457 252.974 260.634 261.273 3.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Other services

11.665 365.516 371.267 372.434 1.9 0.3 -0.3 0.3 0.4

Apparel less footwear

2.114 116.390 112.107 112.717 -3.2 0.5 2.5 -0.9 -0.4

Fuels and utilities

4.416 241.160 251.277 251.797 4.4 0.2 0.0 1.1 0.6

Household energy

3.310 196.998 205.820 206.271 4.7 0.2 -0.1 1.4 0.7

Medical care

8.876 515.605 524.207 524.734 1.8 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.1

Transportation

15.419 203.854 209.054 215.761 5.8 3.2 1.1 1.1 2.7

Private transportation

14.344 200.626 207.664 214.743 7.0 3.4 1.3 1.4 2.8

New and used motor vehicles(2)

7.414 99.527 102.704 103.909 4.4 1.2 -1.0 -0.3 0.5

Utilities and public transportation

8.865 216.968 221.675 222.081 2.4 0.2 -0.4 0.3 0.4

Household furnishings and operations

4.657 124.469 127.935 128.350 3.1 0.3 -0.3 0.0 0.4

Other goods and services

3.152 461.495 469.886 472.607 2.4 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.6

Personal care

2.535 238.175 240.366 241.735 1.5 0.6 0.0 0.3 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, March 2021 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Mar. 2021 from: Percent change to Feb. 2021 from:
Mar.
2020
Jan.
2021
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2020
Dec.
2020
Jan.
2021

U.S. city average

M

2.6 1.3 0.7 1.7 1.0 0.5

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

2.1 1.0 0.6 1.2 0.8 0.4

Northeast - Size Class A

M

1.7 0.8 0.4 1.1 0.7 0.3

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.6 1.3 0.9 1.4 0.9 0.4

New England(4)

M

1.8 1.3 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.3

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

2.2 0.9 0.5 1.4 0.8 0.4

Midwest

M

3.0 1.5 0.7 1.7 1.3 0.8

Midwest - Size Class A

M

2.6 1.6 0.8 1.3 1.0 0.8

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.2 1.5 0.7 1.9 1.4 0.8

East North Central(4)

M

2.8 1.5 0.7 1.6 1.4 0.9

West North Central(4)

M

3.2 1.5 0.9 1.9 1.0 0.6

South

M

2.9 1.3 0.8 2.0 1.1 0.5

South - Size Class A

M

2.8 1.3 0.7 1.8 1.1 0.6

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.0 1.3 0.8 2.1 1.1 0.5

South Atlantic(4)

M

2.9 1.1 0.7 2.1 1.0 0.5

East South Central(4)

M

4.0 1.7 1.1 2.9 1.5 0.6

West South Central(4)

M

2.4 1.4 0.8 1.5 1.0 0.6

West

M

2.4 1.2 0.7 1.6 0.8 0.5

West - Size Class A

M

2.3 1.2 0.6 1.4 0.8 0.5

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.6 1.3 0.7 1.8 0.7 0.5

Mountain(4)

M

2.5 1.3 0.9 1.5 0.8 0.5

Pacific(4)

M

2.4 1.2 0.6 1.6 0.7 0.5

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

2.3 1.2 0.6 1.4 0.9 0.5

Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.9 1.3 0.8 1.9 1.0 0.6

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

2.6 1.2 0.6 1.2 1.3 0.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

2.2 0.9 0.5 1.0 0.6 0.4

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

2.0 0.7 0.4 1.4 0.7 0.3

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

      2.4 1.6  

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

      1.1 0.1  

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

      0.8 0.6  

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

      1.0 0.9  

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

      1.4 0.8  

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

      1.0 0.8  

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

      1.0 1.0  

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

      1.6 0.5  

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

      1.7 1.2  

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

      1.6 1.2  

Urban Alaska

2

      1.3 1.0  

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

1.3 0.9        

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

3.4 1.8        

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

1.6 0.8        

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

3.0 1.1        

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

3.6 1.3        

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

4.1 2.4        

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

4.9 1.6        

Urban Hawaii

1

1.8 0.9        

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

2.6 0.7        

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, March 2021 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

December 2017

    1.7 2.1

December 2018

    1.5 1.9

January 2019

0.2 0.2 1.3 1.6

February 2019

0.4 0.4 1.3 1.5

March 2019

0.5 0.6 1.5 1.9

April 2019

0.4 0.5 1.6 2.0

May 2019

0.2 0.2 1.4 1.8

June 2019

0.0 0.0 1.3 1.6

July 2019

0.1 0.2 1.5 1.8

August 2019

0.0 0.0 1.5 1.7

September 2019

0.0 0.1 1.4 1.7

October 2019

0.1 0.2 1.4 1.8

November 2019

-0.1 -0.1 1.6 2.1

December 2019

-0.2 -0.1 1.8 2.3

January 2020

0.4 0.4 2.0 2.5

February 2020

0.3 0.3 1.8 2.3

March 2020

-0.2 -0.2 1.1 1.5

April 2020

-0.8 -0.7 -0.1 0.3

May 2020

0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.1

June 2020

0.6 0.5 0.2 0.6

July 2020

0.5 0.5 0.6 1.0

August 2020

0.3 0.3 1.0 1.3

September 2020

0.2 0.1 1.1 1.4

October 2020

0.0 0.0 1.0 1.2

November 2020

-0.1 -0.1 1.0 1.2

December 2020

0.1 0.1 1.2 1.4

January 2021

0.4 0.4 1.3 1.4

February 2021

0.6 0.5 1.6 1.7

March 2021

0.7 0.7 2.5 2.6

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, March 2021, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2021
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Feb. 2021-
Mar. 2021
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Feb. 2021-
Mar. 2021(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.6   0.04 L-Aug. 2012 0.6

Food

14.052 0.1 0.016 0.10 S-Jan. 2021 0.1

Food at home

7.741 0.1 0.008 0.15 S-Jan. 2021 -0.1

Cereals and bakery products

0.993 -0.1 -0.001 0.40 S-Jan. 2021 -0.8

Cereals and cereal products

0.303 -0.1 0.000 0.50 L-Dec. 2020 0.4

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.042 0.8 0.000 0.83 L-Oct. 2020 1.2

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.138 0.8 0.001 0.92 L-Dec. 2020 1.0

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.123 -0.2 0.000 0.78 - -

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.68 S-Jan. 2021 -0.4

Bakery products(4)

0.689 0.2 0.001 0.52 S-Jan. 2021 -0.4

Bread(4)(5)

0.196 0.2 0.000 0.83 L-Dec. 2020 0.2

White bread(4)(6)

  1.1   0.94 L-Apr. 2020 3.5

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  -0.3   1.04 L-Dec. 2020 0.7

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.102 -1.2 -0.001 1.35 S-Jun. 2019 -1.7

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(4)

0.176 1.9 0.003 0.86 L-Jun. 2018 2.1

Cookies(4)(6)

  2.5   0.94 L-Apr. 2020 5.1

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  0.6   1.62 L-Jan. 2021 2.0

Other bakery products

0.215 -0.6 -0.001 0.82 S-Jan. 2021 -2.5

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  -1.0   0.76 S-Jan. 2021 -1.4

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  -1.2   1.24 S-Jan. 2021 -1.3

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(4)(6)

  -0.3   1.13 S-Jan. 2021 -1.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.733 0.1 0.002 0.34 S-Dec. 2020 -0.2

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.631 0.0 0.000 0.36 S-Dec. 2020 0.0

Meats

1.028 -0.3 -0.003 0.44 S-Sep. 2020 -0.4

Beef and veal

0.473 -0.4 -0.002 0.69 S-Aug. 2020 -3.5

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.171 1.9 0.003 0.98 L-Jun. 2020 6.8

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.075 1.7 0.001 1.73 S-Jan. 2021 0.8

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.182 -1.4 -0.003 0.93 S-Aug. 2020 -3.9

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.044 -0.7 0.000 1.14 S-Aug. 2020 -3.5

Pork

0.324 -0.3 -0.001 0.80 S-Sep. 2020 -0.9

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.131 1.3 0.002 0.96 L-Dec. 2020 1.3

Bacon and related products(6)

  1.4   1.05 L-Jun. 2020 6.3

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  1.4   1.32 L-Dec. 2020 1.4

Ham

0.067 -7.8 -0.005 1.91 S-EVER -

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  -8.3   2.36 S-EVER -

Pork chops(4)

0.051 1.6 0.001 1.70 L-Nov. 2020 3.0

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.075 2.1 0.002 1.96 L-Jan. 2021 2.4

Other meats

0.231 -0.1 0.000 0.60 S-Oct. 2020 -0.3

Frankfurters(6)

  -0.7   1.75 S-Jan. 2021 -0.8

Lunchmeats(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.58 L-Jan. 2021 -0.1

Poultry(4)

0.329 0.9 0.003 0.73 L-May 2020 2.2

Chicken(4)(5)

0.267 1.3 0.004 0.78 L-May 2020 1.9

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  1.8   1.35 L-May 2020 2.0

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  1.3   0.95 L-May 2020 1.8

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.062 -0.9 -0.001 1.27 L-Jan. 2021 2.7

Fish and seafood

0.274 0.1 0.000 0.54 S-Jan. 2021 -0.2

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.139 1.3 0.002 0.82 L-Sep. 2020 2.3

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.136 -0.4 -0.001 0.80 S-Jul. 2020 -0.6

Shelf stable fish and seafood(6)

  1.7   1.06 L-Sep. 2019 1.9

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  -1.2   0.82 S-Jul. 2020 -1.3

Eggs

0.102 2.0 0.002 0.89 S-Jan. 2021 1.1

Dairy and related products

0.780 -0.5 -0.004 0.36 S-Oct. 2020 -0.9

Milk(5)

0.210 -0.5 -0.001 0.66 L-Dec. 2020 1.7

Fresh whole milk(6)

  -0.2   0.76 L-Dec. 2020 2.2

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  -0.9   0.80 S-Oct. 2020 -2.4

Cheese and related products(4)

0.263 -0.1 0.000 0.54 L-Jan. 2021 0.4

Ice cream and related products

0.109 -0.1 0.000 0.95 L-Dec. 2020 0.3

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.197 -0.9 -0.002 0.71 S-Sep. 2020 -0.9

Fruits and vegetables

1.343 1.0 0.014 0.36 L-Apr. 2020 1.3

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.056 1.1 0.012 0.46 L-Dec. 2018 1.7

Fresh fruits

0.549 0.9 0.005 0.72 S-Dec. 2020 -0.2

Apples

0.076 0.4 0.000 1.36 S-Nov. 2020 -0.1

Bananas(4)

0.075 0.1 0.000 0.84 L-Jan. 2021 3.8

Citrus fruits(5)

0.138 -0.2 0.000 0.97 S-Dec. 2020 -0.4

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -0.9   1.48 S-Oct. 2020 -1.9

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.260 2.7 0.007 1.46 S-Jan. 2021 -1.9

Fresh vegetables

0.507 1.4 0.007 0.50 L-Jan. 2020 1.6

Potatoes

0.079 3.4 0.003 1.27 L-Aug. 2013 4.5

Lettuce(4)

0.064 -0.8 -0.001 1.17 L-Dec. 2020 -0.4

Tomatoes

0.081 1.2 0.001 1.35 S-Jan. 2021 -0.9

Other fresh vegetables

0.284 0.7 0.002 0.64 L-Jul. 2020 0.8

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.287 0.6 0.002 0.52 L-Apr. 2020 3.0

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.150 0.6 0.001 0.67 L-Nov. 2020 1.6

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  1.0   0.80 L-Nov. 2020 1.4

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.85 L-Jan. 2021 0.1

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.085 0.4 0.000 0.93 L-Dec. 2020 0.7

Frozen vegetables(6)

  0.1   1.21 L-Dec. 2020 0.3

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.051 1.6 0.001 1.19 L-May 2020 2.3

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  2.8   1.72 L-May 2020 4.9

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.935 -0.2 -0.002 0.44 S-Nov. 2020 -0.6

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.672 -0.3 -0.002 0.51 S-Nov. 2020 -0.6

Carbonated drinks

0.287 -0.4 -0.001 1.03 L-Jan. 2021 0.8

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.006 -1.8 0.000 0.72 S-Sep. 2020 -2.2

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.379 0.0 0.000 0.60 S-Jan. 2021 -0.6

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.264 0.0 0.000 0.66 L-Jan. 2021 0.1

Coffee

0.170 -0.7 -0.001 0.87 S-Nov. 2020 -1.5

Roasted coffee(6)

  -0.4   0.97 S-Nov. 2020 -1.0

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  1.5   1.47 L-Dec. 2020 4.2

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.094 0.4 0.000 0.81 L-Dec. 2020 1.0

Other food at home

1.958 0.0 0.000 0.33 S-Jan. 2021 -0.3

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.269 0.4 0.001 0.64 L-Jan. 2021 0.8

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.038 0.3 0.000 0.90 S-Jan. 2021 -2.5

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.178 0.4 0.001 0.87 L-Jan. 2021 0.9

Other sweets(5)

0.053 0.6 0.000 0.92 L-Dec. 2020 0.8

Fats and oils

0.215 -0.4 -0.001 0.64 S-Feb. 2020 -0.4

Butter and margarine(5)

0.064 -0.4 0.000 0.98 S-Jan. 2021 -1.3

Butter(6)

  -0.8   1.18 S-Jan. 2021 -0.9

Margarine(6)

  -0.9   1.33 S-Jan. 2021 -2.7

Salad dressing(5)

0.051 -0.5 0.000 1.06 L-Jan. 2021 0.7

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.100 -0.2 0.000 1.14 S-Jul. 2020 -0.2

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

           

Other foods

1.474 0.0 0.000 0.37 S-Jan. 2021 -0.6

Soups

0.087 0.6 0.001 1.17 L-Dec. 2020 1.2

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.252 0.1 0.000 0.67 L-Dec. 2020 0.3

Snacks(4)

0.336 0.6 0.002 0.84 S-Jan. 2021 -1.8

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.294 -1.1 -0.003 0.51 S-May 2016 -1.3

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  0.0   1.05 - -

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.89 S-Jan. 2021 -0.5

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  -2.2   0.77 S-Dec. 2010 -2.6

Other condiments(6)

  -1.2   1.05 S-Nov. 2020 -1.4

Baby food(4)(5)

0.042 -0.5 0.000 0.88 S-Dec. 2020 -1.1

Other miscellaneous foods(5)

0.461 0.0 0.000 0.63 L-Jan. 2021 1.1

Prepared salads(7)(6)

  -1.7   1.72 S-Apr. 2020 -2.8

Food away from home(4)

6.311 0.1 0.007 0.10 - -

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

3.162 0.2 0.008 0.10 S-Aug. 2020 0.1

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.788 0.5 0.014 0.14 L-Jan. 2021 0.6

Food at employee sites and schools(4)(5)

0.107 -13.3 -0.014 0.27 S-EVER -

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  -16.3   0.06 S-EVER -

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.081 0.2 0.000 0.11 L-Jan. 2021 1.8

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.172 0.2 0.000 0.14 - -

Energy

6.561 5.0 0.336 0.16 L-Sep. 2017 5.4

Energy commodities

3.418 8.9 0.318 0.20 L-Jun. 2020 9.9

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.167 3.5 0.006 0.60 S-Nov. 2020 1.5

Fuel oil(4)

0.096 3.2 0.003 0.94 S-Oct. 2020 0.7

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.070 -0.5 0.000 0.56 S-Aug. 2020 -0.6

Motor fuel

3.251 9.1 0.312 0.20 L-Jun. 2020 10.1

Gasoline (all types)

3.181 9.1 0.305 0.20 L-Jun. 2020 10.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  9.6   0.45 L-Jun. 2020 10.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  8.4   0.46 L-Mar. 2016 8.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  9.3   0.40 L-Jun. 2009 18.7

Other motor fuels(4)(5)

0.070 10.4 0.007 0.37 L-Nov. 2007 13.9

Energy services

3.143 0.6 0.019 0.18 S-Jan. 2021 -0.3

Electricity

2.431 0.0 0.001 0.25 S-Jan. 2021 -0.2

Utility (piped) gas service

0.712 2.5 0.018 0.34 L-Nov. 2020 3.0

All items less food and energy

79.387 0.3 0.268 0.04 L-Aug. 2020 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.172 0.1 0.016 0.10 L-Jan. 2021 0.1

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.758 0.4 0.014 0.23 L-Nov. 2020 0.8

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.278 -0.3 -0.001 0.96 S-Dec. 2020 -2.3

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.062 -0.8 0.000 0.74 S-Dec. 2020 -1.3

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.056 -1.0 -0.001 1.37 L-Jan. 2021 -1.0

Other linens(4)(5)

0.159 0.1 0.000 1.52 S-Dec. 2020 -3.0

Furniture and bedding(4)

0.930 1.8 0.016 0.55 L-Sep. 2000 1.8

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.318 1.5 0.005 0.68 L-Nov. 2020 1.7

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.450 2.4 0.011 0.90 L-Oct. 2016 2.5

Other furniture(5)

0.153 -0.1 0.000 0.70 S-Jan. 2021 -1.7

Appliances(5)

0.223 1.1 0.002 0.72 S-Jan. 2021 -1.1

Major appliances(5)

0.079 1.9 0.001 0.93 L-Nov. 2020 2.8

Laundry equipment(4)(6)

  5.3   1.73 L-Jul. 2020 8.7

Other appliances(4)(5)

0.141 0.1 0.000 0.92 S-Jan. 2021 -0.6

Other household equipment and furnishings(4)(5)

0.548 -0.2 -0.001 0.55 S-Dec. 2020 -0.3

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.319 -0.5 -0.002 0.89 S-Dec. 2020 -0.6

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.097 0.2 0.000 0.80 L-Jan. 2021 2.9

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.053 1.0 0.001 1.49 S-Dec. 2020 -2.9

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(4)(5)

0.079 -0.4 0.000 0.81 S-Nov. 2020 -3.5

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.876 0.4 0.004 0.40 - -

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.243 1.6 0.004 0.57 L-Dec. 2018 1.6

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.447 -0.1 -0.001 0.57 S-Jan. 2021 -2.5

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.903 -0.8 -0.007 0.39 L-Jan. 2021 0.2

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.363 -1.5 -0.005 0.57 S-EVER -

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.233 -0.6 -0.001 0.74 S-Sep. 2020 -3.6

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.307 -0.2 0.000 0.64 L-Jan. 2021 -0.2

Apparel

2.766 -0.3 -0.008 0.41 L-Jan. 2021 2.2

Men's and boys' apparel

0.698 2.5 0.017 0.69 L-EVER -

Men's apparel

0.561 1.1 0.006 0.76 L-Jan. 2021 1.1

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.093 -1.7 -0.002 2.01 S-Oct. 2020 -5.5

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.161 0.8 0.001 1.25 S-Jan. 2021 0.3

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.156 1.7 0.003 1.48 L-Dec. 2020 3.1

Men's pants and shorts

0.147 2.6 0.004 1.52 L-Jan. 2021 5.3

Boys' apparel

0.136 6.8 0.009 1.38 L-Aug. 2017 7.7

Women's and girls' apparel

1.133 -2.7 -0.031 0.74 S-May 2020 -2.8

Women's apparel

0.927 -2.1 -0.019 0.75 S-May 2020 -3.1

Women's outerwear

0.064 -1.5 -0.001 2.12 S-May 2020 -1.6

Women's dresses

0.090 2.4 0.002 1.93 L-Aug. 2020 2.9

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.492 -4.1 -0.020 1.09 S-Apr. 2020 -4.8

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.272 1.0 0.003 1.11 S-Jan. 2021 0.2

Girls' apparel

0.206 -5.6 -0.012 1.99 S-Feb. 2013 -5.9

Footwear

0.652 0.1 0.000 0.57 L-Jan. 2021 1.4

Men's footwear(4)

0.232 0.7 0.002 0.81 S-Dec. 2020 -1.6

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.133 -3.1 -0.004 1.00 S-Mar. 2020 -3.9

Women's footwear

0.287 0.5 0.001 0.82 - -

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.122 -2.0 -0.002 1.47 - -

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.161 5.1 0.008 1.26 L-EVER -

Watches(4)(9)

0.039 2.4 0.001 1.41 L-Aug. 2020 2.7

Jewelry(9)

0.122 5.7 0.007 1.67 L-Jan. 2021 6.0

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

7.072 0.2 0.016 0.10 L-Oct. 2020 0.5

New vehicles

3.731 0.0 -0.001 0.17 - -

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  0.0   0.21 - -

New cars(6)

  -0.3   0.24 S-Jan. 2021 -0.5

New trucks(13)(6)

  0.0   0.21 - -

Used cars and trucks

2.711 0.5 0.015 0.02 L-Oct. 2020 0.9

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.392 -0.1 0.000 0.29 S-Nov. 2020 -0.2

Tires(4)

0.250 -1.0 -0.002 0.33 S-Jun. 2020 -1.1

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.142 1.4 0.002 0.56 L-Jan. 2020 1.4

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  2.4   0.74 L-EVER -

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  0.5   1.50 S-Jan. 2021 -0.3

Medical care commodities(4)

1.553 0.1 0.001 0.19 L-Aug. 2020 0.3

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.485 0.0 0.000 0.20 L-Jun. 2020 0.1

Prescription drugs

1.121 0.0 0.000 0.17 L-Jun. 2020 0.3

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.364 0.2 0.001 0.66 L-Sep. 2020 0.2

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.067 -0.4 0.000 0.54 S-Nov. 2020 -5.3

Recreation commodities(11)

2.010 -0.2 -0.004 0.22 S-Sep. 2020 -0.4

Video and audio products(11)

0.266 0.0 0.000 0.42 L-Dec. 2020 0.2

Televisions

0.094 -0.6 -0.001 0.57 S-Jun. 2020 -1.5

Other video equipment(5)

0.043 -0.7 0.000 0.93 L-Jan. 2021 2.2

Audio equipment(4)

0.074 1.1 0.001 1.00 L-Jul. 2020 1.3

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.044 -0.3 0.000 0.67 S-Jan. 2021 -1.5

Pets and pet products(4)

0.627 0.1 0.001 0.38 - -

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.45 - -

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.64 - -

Sporting goods(4)

0.611 -1.3 -0.008 0.53 S-Mar. 2020 -1.5

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.366 -1.4 -0.005 0.69 S-Mar. 2020 -2.1

Sports equipment(4)

0.234 -1.1 -0.003 0.53 S-Oct. 2020 -1.4

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.027 -1.8 0.000 0.78 S-Dec. 2019 -2.1

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  -1.2   0.98 S-Sep. 2020 -1.4

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.120 -0.5 -0.001 0.83 L-Jan. 2021 1.0

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.069 0.1 0.000 0.95 L-Jan. 2021 2.1

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.049 -1.4 -0.001 1.40 S-Mar. 2020 -1.4

Other recreational goods(5)

0.359 1.2 0.004 0.56 L-EVER -

Toys

0.277 0.8 0.002 0.64 L-Dec. 2014 0.9

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  1.2   0.95 L-Oct. 2020 1.2

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.020 1.7 0.000 1.79 S-Dec. 2020 -10.4

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.045 3.7 0.002 0.75 L-EVER -

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.494 -1.8 -0.009 0.58 S-Sep. 2020 -2.3

Educational books and supplies(4)

0.109 -2.3 -0.003 0.63 S-Jan. 2020 -2.4

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  -2.3   0.52 S-Jan. 2020 -2.7

Information technology commodities(11)

0.385 -1.6 -0.006 0.70 S-Sep. 2020 -2.9

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(4)(7)

0.293 -2.0 -0.006 0.93 S-Sep. 2020 -3.6

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.018 1.7 0.000 1.59 L-Dec. 2020 1.7

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(5)

0.074 -0.9 -0.001 0.79 L-Oct. 2020 -0.3

Alcoholic beverages

1.030 0.3 0.003 0.24 L-Nov. 2020 0.4

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.576 0.2 0.001 0.35 L-Nov. 2020 0.3

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.222 0.6 0.001 0.45 L-Apr. 2020 1.3

Distilled spirits at home(4)

0.094 -0.1 0.000 0.52 S-Nov. 2020 -0.1

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  -1.7   0.80 S-Oct. 2019 -1.8

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  0.3   0.59 S-Dec. 2020 0.2

Wine at home

0.260 0.1 0.000 0.68 L-Dec. 2020 0.1

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.454 0.2 0.001 0.31 L-Nov. 2020 0.6

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.7   0.72 L-Nov. 2020 0.9

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.33 L-Nov. 2020 0.4

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.53 S-Dec. 2020 -0.3

Other goods(11)

1.490 0.2 0.003 0.21 S-Dec. 2020 0.0

Tobacco and smoking products(4)

0.617 0.6 0.004 0.20 - -

Cigarettes(4)(5)

0.537 0.6 0.003 0.22 S-Nov. 2020 0.6

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.061 0.8 0.000 0.43 L-Jan. 2021 1.4

Personal care products(4)

0.677 -0.2 -0.001 0.32 S-Dec. 2020 -0.6

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.363 -0.1 0.000 0.39 S-Dec. 2020 -0.8

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.306 -0.3 -0.001 0.57 S-Dec. 2020 -0.3

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)(5)

0.195 0.4 0.001 0.98 L-Jan. 2021 0.6

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  0.4   0.89 L-Jan. 2021 1.1

Services less energy services

59.215 0.4 0.248 0.04 L-Jul. 2020 0.5

Shelter

33.125 0.3 0.100 0.05 L-Feb. 2020 0.3

Rent of shelter(15)

32.765 0.3 0.094 0.05 L-Feb. 2020 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.804 0.2 0.012 0.04 - -

Lodging away from home(5)

0.846 3.8 0.033 1.46 L-Oct. 2005 3.9

Housing at school, excluding board(15)

0.117 0.2 0.000 0.03 S-Jan. 2021 0.1

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.729 4.4 0.033 1.65 L-Jan. 1991 5.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(15)

24.115 0.2 0.056 0.04 S-Jan. 2021 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(15)

22.905 0.2 0.053 0.04 S-Jan. 2021 0.1

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.360 -0.1 0.000 0.12 L-Jan. 2021 0.5

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.106 0.2 0.002 0.07 S-Nov. 2020 0.2

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.807 0.2 0.001 0.09 - -

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.299 0.2 0.001 0.15 S-Sep. 2020 0.2

Household operations(4)(5)

0.899 0.1 0.001 0.13 S-Nov. 2020 -0.4

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.304 0.1 0.000 0.20 S-Nov. 2020 -1.1

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

           

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.092 -1.5 -0.001 0.63 S-May 2020 -2.4

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.116 0.4 0.001 0.08 S-Sep. 2020 0.4

Medical care services

7.323 0.1 0.011 0.09 S-Dec. 2020 -0.1

Professional services

3.708 0.2 0.006 0.12 S-Dec. 2020 0.1

Physicians' services(4)

1.865 0.3 0.005 0.16 S-Dec. 2020 -0.1

Dental services

1.005 -0.5 -0.005 0.24 S-Aug. 2018 -0.5

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.363 -0.1 0.000 0.28 S-Jan. 2021 -0.3

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.476 0.2 0.001 0.06 L-Jan. 2021 1.6

Hospital and related services

2.424 0.6 0.014 0.13 L-Oct. 2019 1.2

Hospital services(16)

2.227 0.6 0.014 0.14 L-Oct. 2019 1.3

Inpatient hospital services(16)(6)

  0.5   0.24 L-Apr. 2020 0.5

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  0.7   0.22 L-Oct. 2019 0.8

Nursing homes and adult day services(16)

0.125 0.4 0.001 0.14 S-Jan. 2021 0.0

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.073 0.3 0.000 0.18 L-Jan. 2021 0.6

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.191 -0.7 -0.009 0.08 S-Dec. 2020 -1.1

Transportation services

5.095 1.8 0.089 0.28 L-Jul. 2020 2.8

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

           

Car and truck rental(5)

0.131 11.7 0.016 1.88 L-Jun. 2020 17.6

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.094 1.0 0.011 0.17 L-Sep. 1981 1.0

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.059 0.8 0.000 0.20 L-Apr. 2020 1.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.632 0.7 0.004 0.24 L-Nov. 2020 0.7

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.345 1.5 0.005 0.23 L-Feb. 2020 1.6

Motor vehicle insurance

1.626 3.3 0.052 0.51 L-Jul. 2020 6.5

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.567 -0.3 -0.002 0.21 S-Dec. 2020 -0.3

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.295 0.0 0.000 0.04 S-Dec. 2020 0.0

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.257 -0.7 -0.002 0.43 S-Nov. 2020 -0.7

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  -0.7   0.50 S-Jun. 2020 -1.3

Public transportation

1.076 0.7 0.008 0.65 L-Nov. 2020 2.5

Airline fares

0.600 0.4 0.003 0.82 L-Nov. 2020 3.7

Other intercity transportation

0.180 0.4 0.001 0.85 S-Jul. 2020 -0.4

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  0.6   1.02 S-Sep. 2020 -0.8

Intracity transportation(4)

0.293 1.2 0.003 0.46 S-Jan. 2021 0.2

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  2.7   0.31 S-Jan. 2021 -0.6

Recreation services(11)

3.747 0.8 0.029 0.23 L-May 2020 1.3

Video and audio services(11)

1.266 0.4 0.004 0.17 S-Jan. 2021 -0.4

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.188 0.5 0.005 0.15 - -

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.078 -1.2 -0.001 1.18 S-Nov. 2020 -5.3

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -1.5   1.57 S-Nov. 2020 -6.1

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.21 S-Nov. 2020 -0.6

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.566 0.1 0.001 0.20 S-Feb. 2020 -0.2

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.22 S-Feb. 2020 -0.4

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.045 -0.5 0.000 0.38 S-Dec. 2020 -1.9

Other recreation services(5)

1.869 1.3 0.024 0.43 L-May 2020 2.2

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.684 0.2 0.001 0.32 S-Jan. 2021 -0.1

Admissions(4)

0.652 2.6 0.017 0.85 L-Jun. 1984 2.7

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  1.1   0.78 L-Aug. 2020 1.5

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  4.7   2.17 S-Jun. 2020 -0.3

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.220 0.8 0.002 0.22 L-Jan. 2021 2.0

Education and communication services(11)

6.256 0.0 0.002 0.07 S-Jan. 2021 0.0

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.895 -0.1 -0.003 0.05 S-Sep. 2020 -0.2

College tuition and fees

1.550 0.1 0.002 0.06 S-Jan. 2021 0.0

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.427 0.3 0.001 0.14 L-Dec. 2020 0.3

Day care and preschool(12)

0.764 -0.8 -0.006 0.05 S-EVER -

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.036 -0.2 0.000 0.21 S-Aug. 2019 -1.7

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.113 0.3 0.000 0.03 L-Jan. 2021 0.3

Postage

0.103 0.3 0.000 0.00 L-Nov. 2020 0.3

Delivery services(5)

0.010 1.0 0.000 0.35 L-Dec. 2020 1.1

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.353 -0.2 -0.005 0.09 S-Nov. 2018 -1.6

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.941 -0.3 -0.007 0.10 S-Nov. 2018 -2.2

Land-line telephone services(4)(11)

0.412 0.5 0.002 0.19 S-Dec. 2020 0.1

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.883 1.0 0.009 0.20 L-Jul. 2018 1.0

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.663 0.9 0.015 0.17 L-Dec. 2020 0.9

Personal care services(4)

0.694 0.4 0.003 0.35 L-Jan. 2021 0.7

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.694 0.4 0.003 0.35 L-Jan. 2021 0.7

Miscellaneous personal services(4)

0.968 1.2 0.012 0.12 L-Apr. 2018 1.4

Legal services(4)(9)

0.248 0.0 0.000 0.05 S-Dec. 2020 0.0

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.140 0.1 0.000 0.10 S-Jan. 2021 0.1

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.220 -0.1 0.000 0.17 S-Oct. 2020 -0.1

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.030 0.4 0.000 0.37 L-Dec. 2020 0.4

Financial services(9)

0.220 4.1 0.009 0.38 L-Apr. 2018 4.9

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  13.0   0.17 L-EVER -

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.36 S-Jan. 2021 0.3

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

85.948 0.7 0.604 0.04 L-Jun. 2009 1.0

All items less shelter

66.875 0.8 0.520 0.05 L-Aug. 2012 0.8

All items less food and shelter

52.823 1.0 0.505 0.06 L-Jun. 2009 1.6

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.262 0.4 0.168 0.07 L-Aug. 2020 0.5

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.551 0.4 0.153 0.07 L-Jul. 2020 0.7

All items less medical care

91.124 0.7 0.609 0.04 L-Jun. 2009 0.9

All items less energy

93.439 0.3 0.284 0.04 L-Aug. 2020 0.3

Commodities

37.642 0.9 0.350 0.07 L-Jun. 2020 1.0

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.461 0.0 0.001 0.11 L-Jan. 2021 0.3

Commodities less food

23.590 1.4 0.334 0.10 L-Sep. 2017 1.8

Commodities less food and beverages

22.560 1.5 0.331 0.10 L-Sep. 2017 1.8

Services

62.358 0.4 0.266 0.04 L-Jul. 2020 0.5

Services less rent of shelter(15)

29.593 0.6 0.165 0.07 L-Jul. 2020 0.7

Services less medical care services

55.035 0.4 0.239 0.05 L-Jul. 2020 0.4

Durables

10.856 0.5 0.049 0.11 L-Sep. 2020 1.3

Nondurables

26.786 1.3 0.344 0.08 L-Dec. 2020 1.3

Nondurables less food

12.734 3.0 0.379 0.14 L-Jun. 2020 3.0

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.704 3.2 0.377 0.15 L-Jun. 2020 3.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.938 4.5 0.409 0.12 L-Jun. 2009 8.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.968 4.1 0.410 0.11 L-Jun. 2009 7.3

Housing

42.199 0.3 0.145 0.05 L-Nov. 2020 0.3

Education and communication(5)

6.750 -0.1 -0.007 0.08 S-Sep. 2020 -0.1

Education(5)

3.005 -0.2 -0.005 0.06 S-Sep. 2020 -0.2

Communication(5)

3.745 0.0 -0.002 0.13 S-Jan. 2021 -0.1

Information and information processing(5)

3.632 -0.1 -0.002 0.13 S-Jan. 2021 -0.1

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.279 0.2 0.002 0.27 L-Mar. 2020 0.2

Recreation(5)

5.756 0.4 0.024 0.18 S-Jan. 2021 -0.6

Video and audio(5)

1.532 0.3 0.004 0.17 S-Jan. 2021 -0.4

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.192 0.1 0.001 0.22 S-Oct. 2020 -0.2

Photography(5)

0.072 -1.0 -0.001 0.38 S-Apr. 2020 -1.3

Food and beverages

15.082 0.1 0.019 0.09 - -

Domestically produced farm food(4)

6.457 0.2 0.016 0.17 S-Jan. 2021 0.2

Other services

11.665 0.4 0.045 0.10 L-Jul. 2020 0.4

Apparel less footwear

2.114 -0.4 -0.008 0.56 L-Jan. 2021 2.5

Fuels and utilities

4.416 0.6 0.026 0.14 S-Jan. 2021 0.0

Household energy

3.310 0.7 0.024 0.18 S-Jan. 2021 -0.1

Medical care

8.876 0.1 0.012 0.08 S-Dec. 2020 -0.1

Transportation

15.419 2.7 0.417 0.13 L-Sep. 2017 2.7

Private transportation

14.344 2.8 0.409 0.11 L-Sep. 2017 2.9

New and used motor vehicles(5)

7.414 0.5 0.037 0.10 L-Oct. 2020 0.7

Utilities and public transportation

8.865 0.4 0.033 0.12 L-Nov. 2020 0.6

Household furnishings and operations

4.657 0.4 0.018 0.19 L-Nov. 2020 0.6

Other goods and services

3.152 0.6 0.018 0.13 L-Jan. 2020 0.6

Personal care(4)

2.535 0.6 0.014 0.16 L-Jan. 2020 0.7

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, March 2021, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2021
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Mar. 2020-
Mar. 2021
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Mar. 2020-
Mar. 2021(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 2.6   0.09 L-Aug. 2018 2.7

Food

14.052 3.5 0.480 0.16 S-Apr. 2020 3.5

Food at home

7.741 3.3 0.252 0.24 S-Mar. 2020 1.1

Cereals and bakery products

0.993 2.6 0.025 0.52 S-Jan. 2021 2.5

Cereals and cereal products

0.303 1.9 0.006 0.79 S-Aug. 2020 1.7

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.042 1.4 0.001 1.47 S-Sep. 2020 0.7

Breakfast cereal

0.138 1.9 0.003 1.30 S-Aug. 2020 0.5

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.123 2.1 0.003 1.30 S-Nov. 2020 1.9

Rice(4)(5)

  3.8   1.80 S-Nov. 2020 3.7

Bakery products

0.689 2.8 0.019 0.68 - -

Bread(4)

0.196 2.3 0.004 1.23 S-Mar. 2020 2.3

White bread(5)

  1.7   1.35 L-Jan. 2021 2.3

Bread other than white(5)

  2.6   1.27 S-Jul. 2020 2.6

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.102 4.4 0.004 1.53 S-Jan. 2021 4.1

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.176 3.3 0.006 1.06 L-Dec. 2018 3.5

Cookies(5)

  4.5   1.36 L-Apr. 2020 6.3

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  0.2   1.83 S-Jan. 2021 0.0

Other bakery products

0.215 2.2 0.005 1.12 L-Dec. 2020 2.5

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  4.7   2.11 L-Nov. 2020 5.0

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  1.8   1.89 S-Dec. 2020 1.2

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  0.8   1.51 L-Dec. 2020 3.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.733 5.4 0.091 0.50 L-Nov. 2020 5.9

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.631 5.4 0.086 0.51 L-Jan. 2021 5.4

Meats

1.028 5.8 0.058 0.64 L-Nov. 2020 6.1

Beef and veal

0.473 7.1 0.032 0.93 L-Nov. 2020 7.5

Uncooked ground beef

0.171 5.5 0.009 1.27 L-Nov. 2020 7.7

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.075 11.2 0.008 2.74 L-Nov. 2020 11.3

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.182 6.5 0.011 1.39 L-Jan. 2021 6.6

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.044 8.8 0.004 2.51 - -

Pork

0.324 5.3 0.017 1.15 L-Jan. 2021 5.3

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.131 5.5 0.007 1.43 L-Dec. 2020 5.7

Bacon and related products(5)

  8.1   1.36 L-Nov. 2017 8.9

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  1.4   2.43 S-Aug. 2019 1.3

Ham

0.067 -3.4 -0.002 3.22 S-Oct. 2018 -4.8

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  -3.0   3.42 S-Oct. 2018 -4.3

Pork chops

0.051 9.4 0.004 2.49 L-Nov. 2020 9.9

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.075 10.5 0.007 2.52 L-Aug. 2020 14.7

Other meats

0.231 4.2 0.009 1.06 S-Jan. 2021 4.2

Frankfurters(5)

  6.8   2.85 S-Jan. 2021 4.4

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  3.6   1.25 - -

Poultry

0.329 4.4 0.014 1.09 S-Dec. 2020 4.3

Chicken(4)

0.267 4.8 0.013 1.13 L-Jan. 2021 5.6

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  5.4   2.20 L-Nov. 2020 6.4

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  4.5   1.56 L-Jan. 2021 6.2

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.062 2.7 0.002 3.45 S-Nov. 2019 0.0

Fish and seafood

0.274 5.2 0.014 0.94 L-Sep. 2014 6.1

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.139 5.5 0.008 1.53 L-Apr. 2020 6.6

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.136 4.8 0.006 1.06 S-Dec. 2020 4.8

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  7.1   1.74 L-Feb. 2019 9.1

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  4.6   1.70 - -

Eggs

0.102 4.7 0.005 1.87 L-Aug. 2020 7.1

Dairy and related products

0.780 1.6 0.012 0.62 S-Sep. 2019 1.4

Milk(4)

0.210 1.2 0.003 1.11 S-Feb. 2019 0.3

Fresh whole milk(5)

  2.5   1.99 S-Aug. 2019 2.3

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  1.0   1.10 S-Feb. 2019 0.8

Cheese and related products

0.263 2.7 0.007 0.91 S-Oct. 2019 1.9

Ice cream and related products

0.109 1.2 0.001 1.40 S-Feb. 2020 -0.1

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.197 0.8 0.002 1.03 S-Jan. 2020 -0.5

Fruits and vegetables

1.343 3.8 0.051 0.62 L-Mar. 2019 3.9

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.056 3.8 0.040 0.76 L-Mar. 2019 4.3

Fresh fruits

0.549 5.6 0.030 1.19 L-Oct. 2014 6.6

Apples

0.076 7.4 0.005 1.95 L-Aug. 2016 10.3

Bananas

0.075 -1.2 -0.001 1.54 S-Dec. 2020 -4.0

Citrus fruits(4)

0.138 9.8 0.013 1.83 L-Nov. 2017 10.2

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  8.0   2.52 S-Jan. 2021 4.6

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.260 4.9 0.013 1.94 S-Jan. 2021 4.2

Fresh vegetables

0.507 2.0 0.010 0.89 L-Dec. 2020 4.2

Potatoes

0.079 1.2 0.001 2.00 L-Jan. 2021 1.4

Lettuce

0.064 5.6 0.003 2.64 S-Jan. 2021 4.1

Tomatoes

0.081 -5.1 -0.004 2.33 S-Dec. 2019 -7.7

Other fresh vegetables

0.284 3.5 0.010 1.36 L-Dec. 2020 4.1

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.287 4.0 0.011 0.77 S-Oct. 2020 3.8

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.150 4.7 0.007 1.17 S-Jan. 2021 4.7

Canned fruits(4)(5)

  3.9   1.49 L-Nov. 2020 5.4

Canned vegetables(4)(5)

  5.0   1.67 S-Oct. 2020 2.8

Frozen fruits and vegetables(4)

0.085 3.4 0.003 1.35 S-Mar. 2020 0.8

Frozen vegetables(5)

  1.5   1.73 L-Jan. 2021 2.6

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(4)

0.051 3.0 0.002 1.65 L-Dec. 2020 3.6

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)

  6.5   3.56 L-Sep. 2020 8.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.935 3.2 0.029 0.59 S-Nov. 2020 3.0

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(4)

0.672 4.1 0.027 0.72 S-Mar. 2020 1.5

Carbonated drinks

0.287 5.5 0.015 1.46 S-Nov. 2020 4.7

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.006 0.3 0.000 2.35 S-Sep. 2020 0.3

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.379 3.1 0.012 0.84 S-Mar. 2020 1.6

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(4)

0.264 1.0 0.003 0.94 S-Nov. 2020 -0.2

Coffee

0.170 0.6 0.001 1.23 S-Nov. 2020 -1.2

Roasted coffee(5)

  1.1   1.70 S-Nov. 2020 -0.7

Instant coffee(5)

  1.8   1.91 L-Jan. 2021 2.5

Other beverage materials including tea(4)

0.094 1.6 0.002 1.20 L-Jan. 2021 3.1

Other food at home

1.958 2.2 0.043 0.39 S-Mar. 2020 1.4

Sugar and sweets

0.269 2.7 0.007 0.87 S-Sep. 2020 2.2

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.038 5.3 0.002 1.43 S-Sep. 2020 4.7

Candy and chewing gum(4)

0.178 2.3 0.004 1.23 S-Nov. 2020 1.8

Other sweets(4)

0.053 2.1 0.001 1.40 - -

Fats and oils

0.215 1.5 0.003 0.99 S-Nov. 2020 1.5

Butter and margarine(4)

0.064 -1.0 -0.001 1.58 S-Jan. 2021 -1.0

Butter(5)

  -1.9   2.34 S-Jan. 2021 -2.6

Margarine(5)

  0.9   1.75 S-Jan. 2021 0.4

Salad dressing(