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Economic News Release
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CPI CPI Program Links

Consumer Price Index News Release



Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (ET) May 12, 2021                 USDL-21-0857

Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov 

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – APRIL 2021

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.8 percent
in April on a seasonally adjusted basis after rising 0.6 percent in March, the
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the
all items index increased 4.2 percent before seasonal adjustment. This is the
largest 12-month increase since a 4.9-percent increase for the period ending
September 2008.

The index for used cars and trucks rose 10.0 percent in April. This was the
largest 1-month increase since the series began in 1953, and it accounted for
over a third of the seasonally adjusted all items increase. The food index
increased in April, rising 0.4 percent as the indexes for food at home and
food away from home both increased. The energy index decreased slightly, as a
decline in the index for gasoline in April more than offset increases in the
indexes for electricity and natural gas. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.9 percent in April, its
largest monthly increase since April 1982. Nearly all major component indexes
increased in April. Along with the index for used cars and trucks, the indexes
for shelter, airline fares, recreation, motor vehicle insurance, and household
furnishings and operations were among the indexes with a large impact on the
overall increase.   

The all items index rose 4.2 percent for the 12 months ending April, a larger
increase than the 2.6- percent increase for the period ending March. Similarly,
the index for all items less food and energy rose 3.0 percent over the last
12 months, a larger increase than the 1.6-percent rise over the 12 month period
ending in March. The energy index rose 25.1 percent over the last 12-months,
and the food index increased 2.4 percent. 


Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
average

                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from
                                          preceding month
                                                                          Un-
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.   ended
                              2020  2020  2020  2021  2021  2021  2021   Apr.
                                                                         2021

 All items..................    .1    .2    .2    .3    .4    .6    .8      4.2
  Food......................    .2    .0    .3    .1    .2    .1    .4      2.4
   Food at home.............    .1   -.2    .3   -.1    .3    .1    .4      1.2
   Food away from home (1)..    .3    .1    .4    .3    .1    .1    .3      3.8
  Energy....................    .6    .7   2.6   3.5   3.9   5.0   -.1     25.1
   Energy commodities.......    .7    .5   5.1   7.3   6.6   8.9  -1.4     47.9
    Gasoline (all types)....    .7    .5   5.2   7.4   6.4   9.1  -1.4     49.6
    Fuel oil (1)............    .7   3.3  10.2   5.4   9.9   3.2  -3.2     37.3
   Energy services..........    .5    .9    .2   -.3    .9    .6   1.5      5.4
    Electricity.............    .6    .3    .4   -.2    .7    .0   1.2      3.6
    Utility (piped) gas
       service..............    .4   3.0   -.4   -.4   1.6   2.5   2.4     12.1
  All items less food and
     energy.................    .1    .2    .0    .0    .1    .3    .9      3.0
   Commodities less food and
      energy commodities....    .0    .0    .1    .1   -.2    .1   2.0      4.4
    New vehicles............    .3    .0    .4   -.5    .0    .0    .5      2.0
    Used cars and trucks....    .9  -1.4   -.9   -.9   -.9    .5  10.0     21.0
    Apparel.................   -.9    .7    .9   2.2   -.7   -.3    .3      1.9
    Medical care
       commodities (1)......   -.7   -.4   -.2   -.1   -.7    .1    .6     -1.7
   Services less energy
      services..............    .1    .2    .0    .0    .2    .4    .5      2.5
    Shelter.................    .1    .1    .1    .1    .2    .3    .4      2.1
    Transportation services     .2   1.3   -.6   -.3   -.1   1.8   2.9      5.6
    Medical care services...   -.3   -.1   -.1    .5    .5    .1    .0      2.2

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.
   
   
Food

The food index increased 0.4 percent in April. The index for food at home also
rose 0.4 percent over the month as all six major grocery store food group
indexes increased. The index for fruits and vegetables rose 0.8 percent in April
as the index for fresh fruits increased 1.5 percent. The index for dairy and
related products rose 0.6 percent, and the index for meats, poultry, fish, and
eggs rose 0.5 percent over the month. The index for cereals and bakery products
increased 0.4 percent and the index for nonalcoholic beverages rose 0.3 percent
in April. The index for other food at home rose 0.1 percent over the month.

The food away from home index continued to rise, increasing 0.3 percent in April.
The index for limited service meals rose 0.5 percent, while the index for full
service meals increased 0.2 percent in April; both increases were the same as in
March.

The food at home index increased 1.2 percent over the past 12 months. All six
major grocery store food group indexes increased over the period. The largest
increase was the fruits and vegetables index, which rose 3.3 percent. Several
groups posted increases of less than 1 percent, including dairy and related
products (0.6 percent), other food at home (0.4 percent), nonalcoholic beverages
(0.2 percent), and cereals and bakery products (0.1 percent).

The index for food away from home rose 3.8 percent over the last year. The index
for limited service meals rose 6.2 percent, and the index for full service meals
rose 3.7 percent over the last 12 months. The index for food at employee sites
and schools fell sharply over the last 12 months, declining 35.2 percent. 

Energy

The energy index declined slightly in April falling 0.1 percent after rising in
each of the last 10 months. The gasoline index declined 1.4 percent in April,
also ending a string of ten consecutive increases. (Before seasonal adjustment,
gasoline prices rose 2.0 percent in April.) Other major energy component indexes
increased in April. The index for electricity increased 1.2 percent and the
index for natural gas rose 2.4 percent over the month, its third consecutive
increase.

The energy index rose 25.1 percent over the past 12 months. The gasoline index 
rose 49.6 percent over the last 12 months, its largest 12-month increase since the
period ending January 2010. The index for natural gas increased 12.1 percent, and
the index for electricity rose 3.6 percent over the same period. 

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.9 percent in April. A
10.0-percent increase in the index for used cars and trucks was the largest
contributor, but many indexes increased substantially. The shelter index rose
0.4 percent in April. The indexes for owners’ equivalent rent and for rent both
increased 0.2 percent, while the index for lodging away from home rose sharply,
increasing 7.6 percent. The index for airline fares also rose sharply in April,
increasing 10.2 percent.

The indexes for recreation and for household furnishings and operations each
increased 0.9 percent in April after rising 0.4 percent in March. The motor
vehicle insurance index continued to rise, increasing 2.5 percent in April. The
index for car and truck rentals increased sharply in April, rising 16.2 percent.
The index for new vehicles rose 0.5 percent in April after being unchanged in
each of the last 2 months. 

The index for communication rose 0.4 percent in April after being unchanged in
March. The apparel index rose 0.3 percent in April after declining in each of the
2 prior months. The indexes for education, alcoholic beverages, personal care,
and tobacco also increased in April. 

The medical care index rose 0.1 percent in April, the same increase as in March.
The index for prescription drugs rose 0.5 percent and the index for hospital
services increased 0.2 percent. The index for physicians’ services, however,
declined 0.3 percent in April after rising in each of the last 3 months.  

The index for all items less food and energy rose 3.0 percent over the past
12 months; this was its largest 12-month increase since January 1996. Indexes
with large 12-month increases include used cars and trucks (21.0 percent) and
airline fares (9.6 percent). The shelter index increased 2.1 percent over the
last 12 months, and the medical care index rose 1.5 percent.  

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 4.2 percent
over the last 12 months to an index level of 267.054 (1982-84=100). For the month,
the index increased 0.8 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
increased 4.7 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 261.237
(1982-84=100). For the month, the index rose 0.9 percent prior to seasonal
adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased
4.1 percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index increased
0.8 percent on a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for
the past 10 to 12 months are subject to revision. 

_______________
The Consumer Price Index for May 2021 is scheduled to be released on Thursday,
June 10, 2021 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).
 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on April 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

 Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended
 since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either
 online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in April was affected by the temporary closing or
 limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the
 number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to
 collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices
 than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month.
 Additional information is available at
 www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 



Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers
for goods and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two
population groups: all urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical
workers. The all urban consumer group represents about 93 percent of the total
U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of urban
or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the poor,
the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners and clerical
workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people living in
rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces, and
those in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation
for all urban consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price
Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for
All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U).

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
is based on the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition
that meet two requirements: more than one-half of the household's income must
come from clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of the household's
earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous
12 months. The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the total U.S.
population and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation,
doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that people
buy for day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas
across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail
establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and
other types of stores and service establishments). All taxes directly associated
with the purchase and use of items are included in the index. Prices of fuels and
a few other items are obtained every month in all 75 locations. Prices of most
other commodities and services are collected every month in the three largest
geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most goods and
services are obtained by personal visits or telephone calls by the Bureau’s
trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location
are aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending
of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a
U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published
by size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions
and population-size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do not
measure differences in the level of prices among cities; they only measure the
average change in prices for each area since the base period. For the C-CPI-U,
data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are considered
final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject
to three subsequent quarterly revisions.

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the
CPI-U and the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference
base for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from
the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that
relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket
of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. 

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it
is based upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all
prices. BLS calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month,
and 12-month percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard
error estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis
testing. For example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month percent change
is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means that if we repeatedly sample
from the universe of all retail prices using the same methodology, and estimate a
percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these estimates will be within
0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail prices. For
example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are
95 percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would
fall between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including information on
how to use the estimates of standard error, see
https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm.

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent
changes rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are
affected by the level of the index in relation to its base period, while percent
changes are not. The following table shows an example of using index values to
calculate percent changes:

                               Item A                  Item B                      Item C
Year I                         112.500                 225.000                     110.000
Year II                        121.500                 243.000                     128.000
Change in index points         9.000                   18.000                      18.000
Percent change                 9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0   18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data.
Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-
SEATS seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new
factors are used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The
factors are available at
www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2021.xlsx. For more
information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal
Adjustment at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and
the Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes at
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm.

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are
usually preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at
the same time and in about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements
resulting from weather events, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and
sales. This allows data users to focus on changes that are not typical for the time
of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned about
the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used extensively for escalation
purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements and pension plans, for example,
tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for seasonal
variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation
agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some
CPI series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying
seasonal pattern of price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process
by which the distortions caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from
the data prior to calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which
more accurately represent the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data.

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of
the 2009 return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008.
Retaining this outlier data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the
computation of the seasonal portion of the time series data for motor fuel, so it was
estimated and removed from the data prior to seasonal adjustment. Following that,
seasonal factors were calculated based on this “prior adjusted” data. These seasonal
factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in the data. The last step
is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2021, BLS adjusted 72 series using
intervention analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items,
motor fuels, electricity, and vehicles.

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are
subject to revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists
in the CPI calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to
the last 5 years of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are
considered to be final and not subject to revision. For January 2021, revised seasonal
factors and seasonally adjusted indexes for 2016 to 2020 were calculated and published.
For series which are directly adjusted using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment
software, the seasonal factors for 2020 will be applied to data for 2021 to produce the
seasonally adjusted 2021 indexes. Series which are indirectly seasonally adjusted by
summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal factors which are derived and
are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical
criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its
status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of
the 81 components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment
status from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data
will be used in the aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the
seasonally adjusted indexes before that period will not be changed. Thirty-four of the
81 components of the U.S. city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted for 2021.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI
Information and Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov.

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section
at 202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov.

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon
request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.  










Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, April 2021 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Mar.
2021
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Apr.
2020
Mar.
2021
Apr.
2021
Apr.
2020-
Apr.
2021
Mar.
2021-
Apr.
2021
Jan.
2021-
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2021-
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2021-
Apr.
2021

All items

100.000 256.389 264.877 267.054 4.2 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.8

Food

13.976 266.757 271.812 273.090 2.4 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.4

Food at home

7.702 251.717 253.231 254.760 1.2 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.4

Cereals and bakery products

0.988 285.160 284.746 285.377 0.1 0.2 0.5 -0.1 0.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.733 266.263 268.457 271.459 2.0 1.1 0.3 0.1 0.5

Dairy and related products

0.770 228.755 229.249 230.170 0.6 0.4 -0.2 -0.5 0.6

Fruits and vegetables

1.339 304.809 311.168 314.973 3.3 1.2 0.7 1.0 0.8

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.928 179.235 180.018 179.570 0.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.3

Other food at home

1.945 219.233 219.263 220.143 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.1

Food away from home(1)

6.274 290.639 300.897 301.819 3.8 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.3

Energy

6.899 183.081 225.861 229.116 25.1 1.4 3.9 5.0 -0.1

Energy commodities

3.774 174.001 252.840 257.289 47.9 1.8 6.6 8.9 -1.4

Fuel oil(1)

0.099 194.716 276.100 267.262 37.3 -3.2 9.9 3.2 -3.2

Motor fuel

3.606 170.378 248.681 253.648 48.9 2.0 6.4 9.1 -1.3

Gasoline (all types)

3.529 168.891 247.652 252.603 49.6 2.0 6.4 9.1 -1.4

Energy services

3.125 200.899 209.623 211.838 5.4 1.1 0.9 0.6 1.5

Electricity

2.409 211.040 216.528 218.627 3.6 1.0 0.7 0.0 1.2

Utility (piped) gas service

0.717 167.751 185.624 188.129 12.1 1.3 1.6 2.5 2.4

All items less food and energy

79.125 266.089 271.713 273.968 3.0 0.8 0.1 0.3 0.9

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.116 143.613 147.160 149.915 4.4 1.9 -0.2 0.1 2.0

Apparel

2.763 118.394 120.746 120.656 1.9 -0.1 -0.7 -0.3 0.3

New vehicles

3.700 147.007 149.321 149.892 2.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.5

Used cars and trucks

2.757 139.411 153.873 168.647 21.0 9.6 -0.9 0.5 10.0

Medical care commodities(1)

1.543 383.911 375.111 377.284 -1.7 0.6 -0.7 0.1 0.6

Alcoholic beverages

1.025 256.423 260.652 261.265 1.9 0.2 -0.1 0.3 0.2

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.616 1,159.847 1,236.352 1,238.348 6.8 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.2

Services less energy services

59.009 342.776 349.607 351.265 2.5 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.5

Shelter

33.004 324.522 330.122 331.354 2.1 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4

Rent of primary residence

7.760 340.135 345.717 346.267 1.8 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

23.991 333.358 339.565 340.162 2.0 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Medical care services

7.280 559.994 573.009 572.108 2.2 -0.2 0.5 0.1 0.0

Physicians' services(1)

1.857 386.862 407.048 405.869 4.9 -0.3 2.0 0.3 -0.3

Hospital services(3)

2.223 352.676 361.468 361.585 2.5 0.0 -0.1 0.6 0.2

Transportation services

5.111 307.250 316.345 324.519 5.6 2.6 -0.1 1.8 2.9

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.097 304.376 314.660 315.177 3.5 0.2 0.3 1.0 0.2

Motor vehicle insurance

1.628 534.842 565.166 567.509 6.1 0.4 0.7 3.3 2.5

Airline fares

0.595 203.342 197.134 222.953 9.6 13.1 -5.1 0.4 10.2

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, April 2021 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Mar.
2021
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Apr.
2020-
Apr.
2021
Mar.
2021-
Apr.
2021
Jan.
2021-
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2021-
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2021-
Apr.
2021

All items

100.000 4.2 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.8

Food

13.976 2.4 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.4

Food at home

7.702 1.2 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.4

Cereals and bakery products

0.988 0.1 0.2 0.5 -0.1 0.4

Cereals and cereal products

0.302 -0.5 -0.5 -0.4 -0.1 -0.5

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 -1.3 -1.4 -0.5 0.8 -1.9

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.139 0.2 -0.2 -1.1 0.8 -0.2

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.122 -0.9 -0.5 -0.2 -0.2 -0.3

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  0.4 0.2 -0.2 -0.4 0.2

Bakery products(1)

0.686 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.2 0.5

Bread(1)(2)

0.195 -1.2 0.2 -0.2 0.2 0.2

White bread(1)(3)

  -2.3 -0.5 -0.2 1.1 -0.5

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  -0.1 0.7 -0.5 -0.3 0.7

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.100 0.4 -0.3 2.0 -1.2 0.6

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(1)

0.179 2.1 0.3 -0.2 1.9 0.3

Cookies(1)(3)

  -0.8 -0.3 0.0 2.5 -0.3

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  3.8 1.3 -0.6 0.6 1.3

Other bakery products

0.212 0.2 1.5 2.4 -0.6 1.1

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  1.9 2.2 0.4 -1.0 2.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  0.6 2.7 2.3 -1.2 2.6

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(1)(3)

  -1.7 -0.5 1.9 -0.3 -0.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.733 2.0 1.1 0.3 0.1 0.5

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.630 2.7 1.2 0.2 0.0 0.6

Meats

1.027 4.0 1.5 0.5 -0.3 1.0

Beef and veal

0.475 4.2 1.4 0.4 -0.4 -0.2

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.174 1.1 0.4 0.1 1.9 0.4

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.076 5.8 -0.1 2.1 1.7 -0.1

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.182 6.1 3.0 0.0 -1.4 1.3

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.044 5.6 0.6 -0.1 -0.7 0.6

Pork

0.323 4.9 2.4 1.0 -0.3 2.6

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.132 7.6 2.5 -0.2 1.3 2.9

Bacon and related products(3)

  10.7 3.3 -0.3 1.4 3.4

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  2.4 0.8 -0.2 1.4 0.9

Ham

0.064 1.8 0.9 5.3 -7.8 4.3

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  2.7 1.1 6.1 -8.3 5.0

Pork chops(1)

0.051 3.7 1.8 1.0 1.6 1.8

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.075 4.0 3.7 -0.8 2.1 3.2

Other meats

0.229 2.4 0.6 0.0 -0.1 1.3

Frankfurters(3)

  3.3 0.5 1.7 -0.7 2.7

Lunchmeats(1)(2)(3)

  1.9 1.0 -0.6 -0.3 1.0

Poultry(1)

0.329 0.7 1.1 -0.7 0.9 1.1

Chicken(1)(2)

0.269 -0.1 0.9 -0.8 1.3 0.9

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  -1.6 0.0 0.1 1.8 0.0

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  0.4 1.1 -1.3 1.3 1.1

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.061 4.5 2.0 -1.3 -0.9 2.3

Fish and seafood

0.273 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.1 -1.4

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.141 0.4 -0.7 0.7 1.3 -1.5

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.133 0.4 0.9 -0.3 -0.4 -0.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(3)

  2.6 -0.4 0.4 1.7 -3.5

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  -0.8 1.9 -0.5 -1.2 0.0

Eggs

0.103 -8.9 0.1 2.2 2.0 -0.5

Dairy and related products

0.770 0.6 0.4 -0.2 -0.5 0.6

Milk(2)

0.207 2.2 1.9 -0.9 -0.5 2.1

Fresh whole milk(3)

  4.4 2.3 -1.4 -0.2 2.4

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  1.5 1.9 -0.2 -0.9 2.2

Cheese and related products(1)

0.261 -0.3 -1.2 -0.5 -0.1 -1.2

Ice cream and related products

0.108 -0.3 0.2 -0.8 -0.1 0.5

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.194 0.8 1.0 0.8 -0.9 1.0

Fruits and vegetables

1.339 3.3 1.2 0.7 1.0 0.8

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.052 3.6 1.3 1.0 1.1 0.7

Fresh fruits

0.549 6.2 2.8 1.8 0.9 1.5

Apples

0.076 2.6 1.1 2.4 0.4 -0.7

Bananas(1)

0.074 0.0 1.4 -1.9 0.1 1.4

Citrus fruits(2)

0.138 7.8 3.8 1.9 -0.2 0.9

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  6.0 3.9 1.5 -0.9 2.5

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.261 8.3 3.2 3.8 2.7 1.7

Fresh vegetables

0.503 0.9 -0.4 0.1 1.4 -0.3

Potatoes

0.080 -2.0 -1.1 -2.3 3.4 -1.8

Lettuce(1)

0.063 5.1 -0.3 -1.9 -0.8 -0.3

Tomatoes

0.080 -1.4 0.3 1.6 1.2 2.3

Other fresh vegetables

0.281 1.5 -0.4 -0.3 0.7 0.2

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.286 2.2 1.0 -0.3 0.6 1.2

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.150 2.2 0.7 -0.3 0.6 0.7

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  2.4 0.9 0.0 1.0 -0.1

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  2.2 0.8 -0.8 -0.3 1.2

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.085 2.1 1.8 -1.4 0.4 0.7

Frozen vegetables(3)

  0.3 2.1 -1.2 0.1 0.7

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.051 2.8 0.5 0.0 1.6 0.6

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  6.7 1.3 0.0 2.8 1.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.928 0.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.3

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.666 0.3 -0.4 0.1 -0.3 0.4

Carbonated drinks

0.284 0.4 -1.5 -0.5 -0.4 -0.5

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.006 -0.8 1.7 0.5 -1.8 1.7

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.376 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.0 1.0

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.262 0.0 0.2 -0.3 0.0 0.1

Coffee

0.168 0.0 0.4 -0.4 -0.7 0.4

Roasted coffee(3)

  -0.2 -0.3 0.1 -0.4 -0.1

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  1.3 2.0 -1.2 1.5 2.0

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.094 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 0.4 -0.1

Other food at home

1.945 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.1

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.268 2.0 -0.2 -0.4 0.4 -0.2

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.038 3.6 0.7 0.9 0.3 0.1

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.177 1.6 -0.5 -0.9 0.4 -0.5

Other sweets(2)

0.053 2.5 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.2

Fats and oils

0.212 1.7 1.2 0.4 -0.4 1.2

Butter and margarine(2)

0.063 -0.1 -0.7 2.2 -0.4 -0.3

Butter(3)

  -0.6 -1.4 2.1 -0.8 0.7

Margarine(3)

  1.8 0.5 2.8 -0.9 0.4

Salad dressing(2)

0.050 0.4 1.1 -1.3 -0.5 1.4

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.099 3.6 2.5 0.2 -0.2 1.5

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

           

Other foods

1.465 -0.1 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.0

Soups

0.088 -1.1 0.7 0.2 0.6 -0.6

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.250 0.2 1.0 -0.3 0.1 -0.6

Snacks(1)

0.336 -0.5 0.3 1.7 0.6 0.3

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.290 0.8 0.6 0.7 -1.1 1.3

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  2.5 -0.3 0.0 0.0 0.8

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  0.9 -0.3 1.8 -0.2 -0.3

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  -0.2 0.6 0.9 -2.2 1.3

Other condiments(3)

  0.7 1.3 0.6 -1.2 0.9

Baby food(1)(2)

0.042 -1.7 1.1 0.1 -0.5 1.1

Other miscellaneous foods(2)

0.459 0.0 -0.1 -0.5 0.0 -0.6

Prepared salads(3)(4)

  2.9 0.5 0.1 -1.7 1.3

Food away from home(1)

6.274 3.8 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.3

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

3.147 3.7 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.782 6.2 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5

Food at employee sites and schools(1)(2)

0.092 -35.2 -0.7 -12.2 -13.3 -0.7

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

    -1.0 -13.7 -16.3 -1.0

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.081 2.6 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.171 1.7 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Energy

6.899 25.1 1.4 3.9 5.0 -0.1

Energy commodities

3.774 47.9 1.8 6.6 8.9 -1.4

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.168 28.2 -3.3 11.1 3.5 -2.2

Fuel oil(1)

0.099 37.3 -3.2 9.9 3.2 -3.2

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.069 17.2 -3.5 7.3 -0.5 -1.5

Motor fuel

3.606 48.9 2.0 6.4 9.1 -1.3

Gasoline (all types)

3.529 49.6 2.0 6.4 9.1 -1.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  51.9 2.0 7.2 9.6 -1.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  40.2 2.3 5.1 8.4 -0.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  36.4 2.3 4.8 9.3 -1.1

Other motor fuels(1)(2)

0.077 22.7 1.9 5.3 10.4 1.9

Energy services

3.125 5.4 1.1 0.9 0.6 1.5

Electricity

2.409 3.6 1.0 0.7 0.0 1.2

Utility (piped) gas service

0.717 12.1 1.3 1.6 2.5 2.4

All items less food and energy

79.125 3.0 0.8 0.1 0.3 0.9

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.116 4.4 1.9 -0.2 0.1 2.0

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.746 3.2 0.8 -0.1 0.4 0.9

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.275 -2.1 0.7 0.5 -0.3 0.7

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.061 -1.4 -0.2 0.9 -0.8 -0.2

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.055 -9.4 -0.5 -1.2 -1.0 -0.5

Other linens(1)(2)

0.158 0.4 1.4 0.9 0.1 1.4

Furniture and bedding(1)

0.940 7.8 2.1 0.0 1.8 2.1

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.321 4.7 1.7 -1.4 1.5 1.7

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.458 9.0 2.8 0.2 2.4 2.8

Other furniture(2)

0.153 11.1 0.9 2.4 -0.1 0.4

Appliances(2)

0.223 6.5 0.2 1.9 1.1 -0.8

Major appliances(2)

0.079 12.3 0.9 1.3 1.9 -1.1

Laundry equipment(1)(3)

  23.6 0.9 -0.3 5.3 0.9

Other appliances(1)(2)

0.140 3.4 -0.1 2.9 0.1 -0.1

Other household equipment and furnishings(1)(2)

0.543 2.7 0.1 1.3 -0.2 0.1

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.315 2.3 0.6 0.6 -0.5 0.6

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.096 4.6 -3.1 0.1 0.2 -1.1

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.053 -0.9 -1.1 1.4 1.0 -1.1

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(1)(2)

0.078 4.4 2.8 1.6 -0.4 2.8

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.876 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.4 0.2

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.245 2.7 -0.4 0.9 1.6 -0.4

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.444 1.0 0.2 0.3 -0.1 0.1

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.889 1.1 0.8 -1.4 -0.8 0.8

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.355 3.1 0.4 -0.5 -1.5 0.4

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.230 3.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.6 -0.1

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.304 -2.6 2.0 -3.2 -0.2 2.0

Apparel

2.763 1.9 -0.1 -0.7 -0.3 0.3

Men's and boys' apparel

0.697 2.1 -0.7 -2.2 2.5 1.5

Men's apparel

0.556 1.0 -0.7 -1.5 1.1 1.3

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.089 -7.4 -2.5 -0.4 -1.7 -0.7

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(1)

0.161 2.1 0.4 2.2 0.8 0.4

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.156 -3.2 -2.8 -5.4 1.7 -0.5

Men's pants and shorts

0.145 10.4 1.4 -1.4 2.6 2.3

Boys' apparel

0.141 6.7 -0.8 -2.0 6.8 -0.6

Women's and girls' apparel

1.127 -0.3 -0.5 0.3 -2.7 -0.8

Women's apparel

0.930 -0.5 -0.7 0.9 -2.1 -1.0

Women's outerwear

0.063 1.0 -2.9 0.4 -1.5 -0.6

Women's dresses

0.097 -1.2 0.3 -4.9 2.4 1.5

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.484 -1.3 -1.7 0.4 -4.1 -1.7

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.277 0.8 1.1 1.5 1.0 1.1

Girls' apparel

0.197 0.6 0.2 -2.3 -5.6 0.0

Footwear

0.653 3.9 0.9 -0.2 0.1 0.5

Men's footwear(1)

0.232 6.1 1.5 0.8 0.7 1.5

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.131 2.0 3.5 -0.7 -3.1 4.2

Women's footwear

0.289 3.1 -0.8 0.5 0.5 -1.0

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.120 1.7 2.6 -2.0 -2.0 3.1

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.167 9.5 0.2 -2.9 5.1 0.4

Watches(1)(6)

0.040 8.2 2.5 -0.3 2.4 2.5

Jewelry(6)

0.127 9.9 -0.6 -4.6 5.7 1.2

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

7.085 9.2 4.1 -0.4 0.2 4.3

New vehicles

3.700 2.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.5

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  2.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.5

New cars(3)

  1.6 0.1 0.0 -0.3 0.3

New trucks(3)(10)

  2.3 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.6

Used cars and trucks

2.757 21.0 9.6 -0.9 0.5 10.0

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.389 2.1 0.9 0.1 -0.1 0.9

Tires(1)

0.246 2.7 1.5 0.2 -1.0 1.5

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.143 1.0 -0.2 -0.1 1.4 -0.2

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  1.6 0.1 -0.8 2.4 0.1

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  -2.8 -1.3 0.6 0.5 -1.3

Medical care commodities(1)

1.543 -1.7 0.6 -0.7 0.1 0.6

Medicinal drugs(8)

1.476 -1.5 0.6 -0.7 0.0 0.8

Prescription drugs

1.114 -1.9 0.5 -0.7 0.0 0.5

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.362 -0.6 1.1 -0.6 0.2 1.1

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.067 -5.5 -0.5 0.4 -0.4 -0.5

Recreation commodities(8)

1.990 2.9 1.1 0.5 -0.2 1.2

Video and audio products(8)

0.264 0.7 1.4 -0.3 0.0 1.6

Televisions

0.092 2.6 2.4 1.3 -0.6 3.1

Other video equipment(2)

0.042 2.8 1.3 -1.8 -0.7 0.8

Audio equipment(1)

0.074 -3.2 0.7 -1.8 1.1 0.7

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.044 0.9 1.0 0.0 -0.3 1.0

Pets and pet products(1)

0.623 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.5

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  0.9 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.8

Sporting goods(1)

0.599 7.0 1.2 1.5 -1.3 1.2

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.358 7.2 1.3 2.0 -1.4 1.3

Sports equipment(1)

0.230 6.7 1.1 0.8 -1.1 1.1

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.027 -0.2 0.0 1.1 -1.8 -0.4

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  1.0 0.3 0.2 -1.2 -0.6

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.118 5.5 1.5 -0.6 -0.5 1.5

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.069 7.4 1.5 -0.1 0.1 1.5

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.048 3.0 1.7 -1.2 -1.4 1.7

Other recreational goods(2)

0.359 1.8 1.9 0.3 1.2 2.4

Toys

0.275 1.7 2.1 0.2 0.8 2.7

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  4.8 1.8 -0.3 1.2 2.5

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.020 8.9 5.0 2.3 1.7 5.0

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.047 -0.8 -0.5 0.4 3.7 -0.5

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.481 -2.2 3.2 -0.2 -1.8 3.1

Educational books and supplies(1)

0.106 1.4 1.4 1.3 -2.3 1.4

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  0.7 0.9 1.4 -2.3 0.9

Information technology commodities(8)

0.375 -3.2 3.7 -0.6 -1.6 3.6

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(1)(4)

0.285 0.9 5.1 -0.3 -2.0 5.1

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.018 -1.1 -1.9 -0.4 1.7 -1.9

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(2)

0.072 -17.4 -0.3 -1.8 -0.9 -0.9

Alcoholic beverages

1.025 1.9 0.2 -0.1 0.3 0.2

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.573 1.1 0.1 -0.2 0.2 0.0

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.222 -0.4 -0.8 0.3 0.6 -1.0

Distilled spirits at home(1)

0.094 2.8 0.3 0.7 -0.1 0.3

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  2.1 -0.2 0.8 -1.7 -0.2

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  3.4 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.7

Wine at home

0.258 1.7 0.8 -1.0 0.1 1.2

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.452 2.9 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  3.5 0.4 0.1 0.7 0.4

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.5 0.3 -0.1 0.4 0.3

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

    0.2 0.1 -0.3 0.2

Other goods(8)

1.483 2.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.616 6.8 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.2

Cigarettes(1)(2)

0.537 7.0 0.2 0.7 0.6 0.2

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.061 4.9 0.1 0.5 0.8 0.1

Personal care products(1)

0.671 -0.3 0.2 0.3 -0.2 0.2

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.360 -0.3 0.3 0.2 -0.1 0.3

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.303 -0.4 0.2 0.3 -0.3 0.2

Miscellaneous personal goods(1)(2)

0.195 -1.7 2.1 -0.4 0.4 2.1

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  -0.4 0.8 -0.7 0.4 0.3

Services less energy services

59.009 2.5 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.5

Shelter

33.004 2.1 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4

Rent of shelter(12)

32.647 2.1 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4

Rent of primary residence

7.760 1.8 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Lodging away from home(2)

0.896 7.4 7.6 -2.3 3.8 7.6

Housing at school, excluding board(12)

0.116 2.1 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.779 8.1 8.8 -2.7 4.4 8.8

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(12)

23.991 2.0 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(12)

22.787 2.0 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.357 -0.4 0.1 -1.2 -0.1 0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.100 3.6 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.1

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.803 3.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.298 4.9 0.0 0.9 0.2 0.0

Household operations(1)(2)

0.894 4.9 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.6

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.302 7.1 0.8 0.3 0.1 0.8

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.307 2.5        

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.090 7.4 1.9 0.7 -1.5 1.9

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.115 3.8 2.4 0.8 0.4 2.4

Medical care services

7.280 2.2 -0.2 0.5 0.1 0.0

Professional services

3.686 3.5 -0.1 1.0 0.2 -0.2

Physicians' services(1)

1.857 4.9 -0.3 2.0 0.3 -0.3

Dental services

0.997 2.4 0.2 0.4 -0.5 0.2

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.360 0.6 0.0 0.5 -0.1 0.0

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.473 2.6 0.1 -0.2 0.2 0.1

Hospital and related services

2.420 2.8 0.1 0.0 0.6 0.3

Hospital services(13)

2.223 2.5 0.0 -0.1 0.6 0.2

Inpatient hospital services(13)(3)

  2.2 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.3

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  1.9 -0.5 -0.1 0.7 -0.2

Nursing homes and adult day services(13)

0.124 3.4 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.5

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.072 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.3 3.0

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.174 -3.0 -1.0 -0.4 -0.7 -1.0

Transportation services

5.111 5.6 2.6 -0.1 1.8 2.9

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

           

Car and truck rental(2)

0.149 82.2 14.4 7.4 11.7 16.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.097 3.5 0.2 0.3 1.0 0.2

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.059 3.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.631 3.1 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.4

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.348 4.5 -0.2 0.1 1.5 -0.2

Motor vehicle insurance

1.628 6.1 0.4 0.7 3.3 2.5

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.561 1.3 0.0 0.4 -0.3 0.0

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.293 0.9 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.254 1.8 0.0 0.8 -0.7 0.0

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  2.6 -0.2 0.0 -0.7 -0.1

Public transportation

1.074 7.0 8.0 -2.3 0.7 5.8

Airline fares

0.595 9.6 13.1 -5.1 0.4 10.2

Other intercity transportation

0.182 8.8 1.1 0.8 0.4 0.4

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  7.7 1.1 0.8 0.6 1.1

Intracity transportation(1)

0.294 0.5 1.8 2.7 1.2 1.8

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  -3.9 0.0 4.3 2.7 0.0

Recreation services(8)

3.752 1.8 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.8

Video and audio services(8)

1.264 3.4 -0.1 0.6 0.4 0.3

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.187 4.1 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.5

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.077 -6.1 -2.8 2.9 -1.2 -2.8

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  -6.4 -4.1 4.9 -1.5 -4.1

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  1.8 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 0.0

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.562 4.8 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  4.5 0.2 0.3 -0.3 0.2

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.044 2.5 -0.3 2.0 -0.5 -0.3

Other recreation services(2)

1.880 -0.2 1.2 0.6 1.3 1.2

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.680 -1.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Admissions(1)

0.664 -0.5 3.4 1.3 2.6 3.4

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  2.7 0.0 0.6 1.1 0.0

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  -5.5 10.1 4.9 4.7 10.1

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.220   -1.4 -0.1 0.8 -1.4

Education and communication services(8)

6.203 2.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.867 0.8 0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.2

College tuition and fees

1.537 0.3 -0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.424 2.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2

Day care and preschool(9)

0.753 1.0 0.3 0.1 -0.8 0.4

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.036 1.5 0.3 -0.1 -0.2 0.2

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.112 3.1 0.0 -0.5 0.3 0.4

Postage

0.102 2.8 0.0 -0.6 0.3 0.4

Delivery services(2)

0.010 5.9 -0.3 0.8 1.0 0.4

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.332 3.8 -0.1 0.2 -0.2 -0.1

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.921 3.8 -0.1 0.0 -0.3 -0.1

Land-line telephone services(1)(8)

0.411 3.6 -0.2 1.0 0.5 -0.2

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.880 1.4 0.8 0.2 1.0 0.4

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.665 3.0 0.0 0.5 0.9 0.0

Personal care services(1)

0.692 5.9 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.0

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.692 5.9 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.0

Miscellaneous personal services(1)

0.973 1.0 0.0 0.6 1.2 0.0

Legal services(1)(6)

0.247 1.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.139 1.6 0.0 0.6 0.1 0.0

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.218 2.2 0.4 0.0 -0.1 0.4

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.030 0.9 0.2 -0.2 0.4 0.2

Financial services(6)

0.229 -0.2 -0.2 1.9 4.1 -0.2

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  -3.3 -3.4 4.0 13.0 -3.4

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

      0.6 0.3  

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, April 2021 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Mar.
2021
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Apr.
2020
Mar.
2021
Apr.
2021
Apr.
2020-
Apr.
2021
Mar.
2021-
Apr.
2021
Jan.
2021-
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2021-
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2021-
Apr.
2021

All items less food

86.024 254.746 263.775 266.093 4.5 0.9 0.4 0.7 0.8

All items less shelter

66.996 232.860 242.430 244.958 5.2 1.0 0.4 0.8 1.0

All items less food and shelter

53.020 224.331 234.896 237.700 6.0 1.2 0.5 1.0 1.1

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.121 233.740 239.333 242.101 3.6 1.2 0.1 0.4 1.3

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.364 239.563 244.174 245.687 2.6 0.6 0.1 0.4 0.7

All items less medical care

91.178 243.907 252.421 254.703 4.4 0.9 0.4 0.7 0.8

All items less energy

93.101 265.465 270.989 273.092 2.9 0.8 0.1 0.3 0.8

Commodities

37.866 182.141 191.877 194.456 6.8 1.3 0.5 0.9 1.1

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.358 144.685 146.590 147.536 2.0 0.6 -0.1 0.0 0.7

Commodities less food

23.889 146.008 156.922 159.832 9.5 1.9 0.8 1.4 1.5

Commodities less food and beverages

22.864 142.355 153.389 156.346 9.8 1.9 0.8 1.5 1.5

Services

62.134 329.866 336.822 338.518 2.6 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.6

Services less rent of shelter(1)

29.488 345.544 354.212 356.494 3.2 0.6 0.3 0.6 1.0

Services less medical care services

54.855 312.451 318.951 320.837 2.7 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.8

Durables

10.850 104.336 108.597 111.983 7.3 3.1 0.0 0.5 3.5

Nondurables

27.015 221.622 234.611 236.092 6.5 0.6 1.1 1.3 -0.3

Nondurables less food

13.039 184.081 203.354 204.988 11.4 0.8 1.9 3.0 -0.6

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.014 179.517 199.791 201.493 12.2 0.9 2.1 3.2 -0.6

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.250 221.427 253.342 256.202 15.7 1.1 3.0 4.5 -1.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.276 223.707 252.783 255.411 14.2 1.0 2.7 4.1 -1.1

Housing

42.037 270.184 276.028 277.258 2.6 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.5

Education and communication(2)

6.684 139.378 141.289 141.742 1.7 0.3 0.1 -0.1 0.3

Education(2)

2.973 269.614 271.559 271.829 0.8 0.1 0.2 -0.2 0.2

Communication(2)

3.711 73.854 75.255 75.630 2.4 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.4

Information and information processing(2)

3.599 69.756 71.054 71.420 2.4 0.5 0.1 -0.1 0.4

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.267 7.364 7.242 7.361 0.0 1.6 -0.1 0.2 1.4

Recreation(2)

5.741 121.935 123.567 124.546 2.1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.9

Video and audio(2)

1.529 106.510 109.417 109.612 2.9 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.5

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.185 179.555 183.075 183.781 2.4 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.4

Photography(2)

0.072 75.445 76.729 76.591 1.5 -0.2 1.7 -1.0 -0.3

Food and beverages

15.001 266.137 271.135 272.367 2.3 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.4

Domestically produced farm food

6.427 259.558 261.273 263.207 1.4 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.7

Other services

11.620 365.780 372.434 373.376 2.1 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3

Apparel less footwear

2.111 110.865 112.717 112.301 1.3 -0.4 -0.9 -0.4 0.3

Fuels and utilities

4.394 239.897 251.797 253.460 5.7 0.7 1.1 0.6 1.0

Household energy

3.294 195.534 206.271 207.988 6.4 0.8 1.4 0.7 1.3

Medical care

8.822 517.053 524.734 524.585 1.5 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.1

Transportation

15.802 193.732 215.761 222.547 14.9 3.1 1.1 2.7 2.5

Private transportation

14.728 191.079 214.743 220.742 15.5 2.8 1.4 2.8 2.3

New and used motor vehicles(2)

7.448 98.987 103.909 108.477 9.6 4.4 -0.3 0.5 4.6

Utilities and public transportation

8.819 214.801 222.081 225.076 4.8 1.3 0.3 0.4 1.4

Household furnishings and operations

4.640 124.961 128.350 129.321 3.5 0.8 0.0 0.4 0.9

Other goods and services

3.148 461.294 472.607 473.649 2.7 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.2

Personal care

2.532 238.181 241.735 242.303 1.7 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, April 2021 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Apr. 2021 from: Percent change to Mar. 2021 from:
Apr.
2020
Feb.
2021
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020
Jan.
2021
Feb.
2021

U.S. city average

M

4.2 1.5 0.8 2.6 1.3 0.7

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

3.3 1.4 0.7 2.1 1.0 0.6

Northeast - Size Class A

M

3.0 1.1 0.7 1.7 0.8 0.4

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.7 1.7 0.8 2.6 1.3 0.9

New England(4)

M

2.7 1.5 0.5 1.8 1.3 1.0

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

3.5 1.3 0.8 2.2 0.9 0.5

Midwest

M

4.9 1.5 0.8 3.0 1.5 0.7

Midwest - Size Class A

M

4.7 1.6 0.8 2.6 1.6 0.8

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

5.1 1.5 0.8 3.2 1.5 0.7

East North Central(4)

M

4.9 1.5 0.8 2.8 1.5 0.7

West North Central(4)

M

5.0 1.6 0.7 3.2 1.5 0.9

South

M

4.4 1.5 0.7 2.9 1.3 0.8

South - Size Class A

M

4.2 1.4 0.7 2.8 1.3 0.7

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

4.6 1.6 0.8 3.0 1.3 0.8

South Atlantic(4)

M

4.2 1.4 0.7 2.9 1.1 0.7

East South Central(4)

M

5.7 1.9 0.8 4.0 1.7 1.1

West South Central(4)

M

4.3 1.6 0.7 2.4 1.4 0.8

West

M

3.9 1.7 1.0 2.4 1.2 0.7

West - Size Class A

M

3.8 1.6 0.9 2.3 1.2 0.6

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.9 1.9 1.1 2.6 1.3 0.7

Mountain(4)

M

4.2 2.2 1.3 2.5 1.3 0.9

Pacific(4)

M

3.8 1.6 0.9 2.4 1.2 0.6

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

3.9 1.4 0.8 2.3 1.2 0.6

Size Class B/C(3)

M

4.4 1.6 0.9 2.9 1.3 0.8

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

4.6 1.7 1.0 2.6 1.2 0.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

3.6 1.6 1.1 2.2 0.9 0.5

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

3.2 1.1 0.7 2.0 0.7 0.4

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

6.0 1.6        

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

2.9 1.8        

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

5.4 1.7        

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

4.5 1.8        

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

4.1 1.6        

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

3.5 1.2        

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

4.9 2.4        

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

3.8 1.7        

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

3.4 1.1        

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

5.4 2.1        

Urban Alaska

2

4.8 1.8        

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

      1.3 0.9  

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

      3.4 1.8  

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

      1.6 0.8  

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

      3.0 1.1  

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

      3.6 1.3  

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

      4.1 2.4  

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

      4.9 1.6  

Urban Hawaii

1

      1.8 0.9  

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

      2.6 0.7  

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, April 2021 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

December 2017

    1.7 2.1

December 2018

    1.5 1.9

January 2019

0.2 0.2 1.3 1.6

February 2019

0.4 0.4 1.3 1.5

March 2019

0.5 0.6 1.5 1.9

April 2019

0.4 0.5 1.6 2.0

May 2019

0.2 0.2 1.4 1.8

June 2019

0.0 0.0 1.3 1.6

July 2019

0.1 0.2 1.5 1.8

August 2019

0.0 0.0 1.5 1.7

September 2019

0.0 0.1 1.4 1.7

October 2019

0.1 0.2 1.4 1.8

November 2019

-0.1 -0.1 1.6 2.1

December 2019

-0.2 -0.1 1.8 2.3

January 2020

0.4 0.4 2.0 2.5

February 2020

0.3 0.3 1.8 2.3

March 2020

-0.2 -0.2 1.1 1.5

April 2020

-0.5 -0.7 0.2 0.3

May 2020

-0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1

June 2020

0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6

July 2020

0.5 0.5 0.8 1.0

August 2020

0.3 0.3 1.2 1.3

September 2020

0.2 0.1 1.3 1.4

October 2020

0.0 0.0 1.2 1.2

November 2020

-0.1 -0.1 1.2 1.2

December 2020

0.1 0.1 1.4 1.4

January 2021

0.4 0.4 1.5 1.4

February 2021

0.6 0.5 1.8 1.7

March 2021

0.7 0.7 2.7 2.6

April 2021

0.8 0.8 4.1 4.2

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, April 2021, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Mar.
2021
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Mar. 2021-
Apr. 2021
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Mar. 2021-
Apr. 2021(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.8   0.04 L-Jun. 2009 0.8

Food

13.976 0.4 0.053 0.10 L-Jun. 2020 0.5

Food at home

7.702 0.4 0.034 0.15 L-Jun. 2020 0.6

Cereals and bakery products

0.988 0.4 0.004 0.40 L-Feb. 2021 0.5

Cereals and cereal products

0.302 -0.5 -0.002 0.50 S-Jan. 2021 -0.5

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 -1.9 -0.001 0.83 S-Oct. 2018 -2.4

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.139 -0.2 0.000 0.92 S-Feb. 2021 -1.1

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.122 -0.3 0.000 0.78 S-Jan. 2021 -0.8

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.68 L-Nov. 2020 1.2

Bakery products(4)

0.686 0.5 0.004 0.52 L-Feb. 2021 0.8

Bread(4)(5)

0.195 0.2 0.000 0.83 - -

White bread(4)(6)

  -0.5   0.94 S-Jan. 2021 -1.3

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  0.7   1.04 L-Dec. 2020 0.7

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.100 0.6 0.001 1.35 L-Feb. 2021 2.0

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(4)

0.179 0.3 0.001 0.86 S-Feb. 2021 -0.2

Cookies(4)(6)

  -0.3   0.94 S-Jan. 2021 -0.9

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  1.3   1.62 L-Jan. 2021 2.0

Other bakery products

0.212 1.1 0.002 0.82 L-Feb. 2021 2.4

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  2.2   0.76 L-Apr. 2020 5.0

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  2.6   1.24 L-Apr. 2020 3.8

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(4)(6)

  -0.5   1.13 S-Jan. 2021 -1.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.733 0.5 0.009 0.34 L-Jan. 2021 0.5

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.630 0.6 0.010 0.36 L-Jun. 2020 2.2

Meats

1.027 1.0 0.010 0.44 L-Jun. 2020 3.5

Beef and veal

0.475 -0.2 -0.001 0.69 L-Feb. 2021 0.4

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.174 0.4 0.001 0.98 S-Feb. 2021 0.1

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.076 -0.1 0.000 1.73 S-Dec. 2020 -0.4

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.182 1.3 0.002 0.93 L-Jan. 2021 2.6

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.044 0.6 0.000 1.14 L-Jan. 2021 0.7

Pork

0.323 2.6 0.008 0.80 L-Jun. 2020 3.2

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.132 2.9 0.004 0.96 L-Jun. 2020 5.4

Bacon and related products(6)

  3.4   1.05 L-Jun. 2020 6.3

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  0.9   1.32 S-Feb. 2021 -0.2

Ham

0.064 4.3 0.003 1.91 L-Feb. 2021 5.3

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  5.0   2.36 L-Feb. 2021 6.1

Pork chops(4)

0.051 1.8 0.001 1.70 L-Nov. 2020 3.0

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.075 3.2 0.002 1.96 L-Oct. 2020 4.4

Other meats

0.229 1.3 0.003 0.60 L-Jun. 2020 1.7

Frankfurters(6)

  2.7   1.75 L-Jun. 2020 3.7

Lunchmeats(4)(5)(6)

  1.0   0.58 L-Aug. 2020 1.1

Poultry(4)

0.329 1.1 0.004 0.73 L-May 2020 2.2

Chicken(4)(5)

0.269 0.9 0.002 0.78 S-Feb. 2021 -0.8

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  0.0   1.35 S-Jan. 2021 -0.3

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  1.1   0.95 S-Feb. 2021 -1.3

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.061 2.3 0.001 1.27 L-Jan. 2021 2.7

Fish and seafood

0.273 -1.4 -0.004 0.54 S-Apr. 2017 -1.9

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.141 -1.5 -0.002 0.82 S-Apr. 2019 -1.6

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.133 -0.9 -0.001 0.80 S-Feb. 2018 -1.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(6)

  -3.5   1.06 S-EVER -

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  0.0   0.82 L-Jan. 2021 0.6

Eggs

0.103 -0.5 0.000 0.89 S-Dec. 2020 -2.8

Dairy and related products

0.770 0.6 0.005 0.36 L-Dec. 2020 0.7

Milk(5)

0.207 2.1 0.004 0.66 L-Aug. 2020 3.3

Fresh whole milk(6)

  2.4   0.76 L-Aug. 2020 4.0

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  2.2   0.80 L-Aug. 2020 2.7

Cheese and related products(4)

0.261 -1.2 -0.003 0.54 S-Jul. 2020 -1.6

Ice cream and related products

0.108 0.5 0.001 0.95 L-Nov. 2020 0.7

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.194 1.0 0.002 0.71 L-May 2020 1.9

Fruits and vegetables

1.339 0.8 0.010 0.36 S-Feb. 2021 0.7

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.052 0.7 0.007 0.46 S-Jan. 2021 -0.1

Fresh fruits

0.549 1.5 0.008 0.72 L-Feb. 2021 1.8

Apples

0.076 -0.7 -0.001 1.36 S-Aug. 2020 -1.1

Bananas(4)

0.074 1.4 0.001 0.84 L-Jan. 2021 3.8

Citrus fruits(5)

0.138 0.9 0.001 0.97 L-Feb. 2021 1.9

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  2.5   1.48 L-Jan. 2021 3.2

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.261 1.7 0.004 1.46 S-Jan. 2021 -1.9

Fresh vegetables

0.503 -0.3 -0.001 0.50 S-Jan. 2021 -1.5

Potatoes

0.080 -1.8 -0.001 1.27 S-Feb. 2021 -2.3

Lettuce(4)

0.063 -0.3 0.000 1.17 L-Nov. 2020 3.0

Tomatoes

0.080 2.3 0.002 1.35 L-Mar. 2020 4.3

Other fresh vegetables

0.281 0.2 0.000 0.64 S-Feb. 2021 -0.3

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.286 1.2 0.004 0.52 L-Apr. 2020 3.0

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.150 0.7 0.001 0.67 L-Nov. 2020 1.6

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.80 S-Jan. 2021 -1.4

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  1.2   0.85 L-Jun. 2020 1.2

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.085 0.7 0.001 0.93 L-Dec. 2020 0.7

Frozen vegetables(6)

  0.7   1.21 L-Sep. 2020 0.7

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.051 0.6 0.000 1.19 S-Feb. 2021 0.0

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  1.3   1.72 S-Feb. 2021 0.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.928 0.3 0.003 0.44 L-Dec. 2020 0.9

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.666 0.4 0.003 0.51 L-Dec. 2020 0.8

Carbonated drinks

0.284 -0.5 -0.001 1.03 S-Feb. 2021 -0.5

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.006 1.7 0.000 0.72 L-Apr. 2020 2.9

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.376 1.0 0.004 0.60 L-Apr. 2020 3.9

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.262 0.1 0.000 0.66 L-Jan. 2021 0.1

Coffee

0.168 0.4 0.001 0.87 L-Jan. 2021 0.8

Roasted coffee(6)

  -0.1   0.97 L-Feb. 2021 0.1

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  2.0   1.47 L-Dec. 2020 4.2

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.094 -0.1 0.000 0.81 S-Feb. 2021 -0.2

Other food at home

1.945 0.1 0.002 0.33 L-Feb. 2021 0.1

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.268 -0.2 -0.001 0.64 S-Feb. 2021 -0.4

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.038 0.1 0.000 0.90 S-Jan. 2021 -2.5

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.177 -0.5 -0.001 0.87 S-Feb. 2021 -0.9

Other sweets(5)

0.053 0.2 0.000 0.92 S-Jan. 2021 -1.8

Fats and oils

0.212 1.2 0.002 0.64 L-Jan. 2020 1.2

Butter and margarine(5)

0.063 -0.3 0.000 0.98 L-Feb. 2021 2.2

Butter(6)

  0.7   1.18 L-Feb. 2021 2.1

Margarine(6)

  0.4   1.33 L-Feb. 2021 2.8

Salad dressing(5)

0.050 1.4 0.001 1.06 L-Mar. 2020 1.7

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.099 1.5 0.002 1.14 L-Apr. 2020 2.3

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

           

Other foods

1.465 0.0 0.000 0.37 - -

Soups

0.088 -0.6 -0.001 1.17 S-Jan. 2021 -3.0

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.250 -0.6 -0.001 0.67 S-Jan. 2021 -0.7

Snacks(4)

0.336 0.3 0.001 0.84 S-Jan. 2021 -1.8

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.290 1.3 0.004 0.51 L-Apr. 2020 1.4

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  0.8   1.05 L-Dec. 2020 2.2

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.89 S-Jan. 2021 -0.5

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  1.3   0.77 L-Apr. 2020 1.5

Other condiments(6)

  0.9   1.05 L-Oct. 2020 2.2

Baby food(4)(5)

0.042 1.1 0.000 0.88 L-Nov. 2020 1.4

Other miscellaneous foods(5)

0.459 -0.6 -0.003 0.63 S-Nov. 2020 -1.2

Prepared salads(7)(6)

  1.3   1.72 L-Aug. 2020 1.5

Food away from home(4)

6.274 0.3 0.019 0.10 L-Jan. 2021 0.3

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

3.147 0.2 0.006 0.10 - -

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.782 0.5 0.013 0.14 - -

Food at employee sites and schools(4)(5)

0.092 -0.7 -0.001 0.27 L-Dec. 2020 0.0

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  -1.0   0.06 L-Dec. 2020 0.1

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.081 0.0 0.000 0.11 S-Feb. 2021 0.0

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.171 0.1 0.000 0.14 S-Jan. 2021 0.0

Energy

6.899 -0.1 -0.007 0.16 S-May 2020 -2.3

Energy commodities

3.774 -1.4 -0.053 0.20 S-May 2020 -4.8

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.168 -2.2 -0.004 0.60 S-Sep. 2020 -2.5

Fuel oil(4)

0.099 -3.2 -0.003 0.94 S-May 2020 -7.0

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.069 -1.5 -0.001 0.56 S-Apr. 2020 -2.6

Motor fuel

3.606 -1.3 -0.049 0.20 S-May 2020 -4.9

Gasoline (all types)

3.529 -1.4 -0.049 0.20 S-May 2020 -4.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  -1.3   0.45 S-May 2020 -4.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  -0.5   0.46 S-May 2020 -5.8

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  -1.1   0.40 S-May 2020 -5.4

Other motor fuels(4)(5)

0.077 1.9 0.001 0.37 S-Nov. 2020 -0.2

Energy services

3.125 1.5 0.046 0.18 L-Dec. 2018 1.6

Electricity

2.409 1.2 0.029 0.25 L-May 2014 2.2

Utility (piped) gas service

0.717 2.4 0.017 0.34 S-Feb. 2021 1.6

All items less food and energy

79.125 0.9 0.724 0.04 L-Apr. 1982 0.9

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.116 2.0 0.399 0.10 L-EVER -

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.746 0.9 0.035 0.23 L-Aug. 2020 1.0

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.275 0.7 0.002 0.96 L-Jan. 2021 3.0

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.061 -0.2 0.000 0.74 L-Feb. 2021 0.9

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.055 -0.5 0.000 1.37 L-Oct. 2020 0.4

Other linens(4)(5)

0.158 1.4 0.002 1.52 L-Jan. 2021 5.7

Furniture and bedding(4)

0.940 2.1 0.020 0.55 L-Mar. 1988 2.6

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.321 1.7 0.006 0.68 L-Nov. 2020 1.7

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.458 2.8 0.013 0.90 L-EVER -

Other furniture(5)

0.153 0.4 0.001 0.70 L-Feb. 2021 2.4

Appliances(5)

0.223 -0.8 -0.002 0.72 S-Jan. 2021 -1.1

Major appliances(5)

0.079 -1.1 -0.001 0.93 S-Jan. 2021 -1.3

Laundry equipment(4)(6)

  0.9   1.73 S-Feb. 2021 -0.3

Other appliances(4)(5)

0.140 -0.1 0.000 0.92 S-Jan. 2021 -0.6

Other household equipment and furnishings(4)(5)

0.543 0.1 0.001 0.55 L-Feb. 2021 1.3

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.315 0.6 0.002 0.89 L-Feb. 2021 0.6

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.096 -1.1 -0.001 0.80 S-Feb. 2020 -1.5

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.053 -1.1 -0.001 1.49 S-Dec. 2020 -2.9

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(4)(5)

0.078 2.8 0.002 0.81 L-Jan. 2020 3.0

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.876 0.2 0.001 0.40 S-Jan. 2021 -1.8

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.245 -0.4 -0.001 0.57 S-Nov. 2020 -1.9

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.444 0.1 0.000 0.57 L-Feb. 2021 0.3

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.889 0.8 0.007 0.39 L-Nov. 2020 1.2

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.355 0.4 0.001 0.57 L-Jan. 2021 0.4

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.230 -0.1 0.000 0.74 L-Feb. 2021 -0.1

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.304 2.0 0.006 0.64 L-Apr. 2020 3.0

Apparel

2.763 0.3 0.009 0.41 L-Jan. 2021 2.2

Men's and boys' apparel

0.697 1.5 0.010 0.69 S-Feb. 2021 -2.2

Men's apparel

0.556 1.3 0.007 0.76 L-Dec. 2020 1.3

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.089 -0.7 -0.001 2.01 L-Feb. 2021 -0.4

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.161 0.4 0.001 1.25 S-Jan. 2021 0.3

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.156 -0.5 -0.001 1.48 S-Feb. 2021 -5.4

Men's pants and shorts

0.145 2.3 0.003 1.52 S-Feb. 2021 -1.4

Boys' apparel

0.141 -0.6 -0.001 1.38 S-Feb. 2021 -2.0

Women's and girls' apparel

1.127 -0.8 -0.009 0.74 L-Feb. 2021 0.3

Women's apparel

0.930 -1.0 -0.009 0.75 L-Feb. 2021 0.9

Women's outerwear

0.063 -0.6 0.000 2.12 L-Feb. 2021 0.4

Women's dresses

0.097 1.5 0.001 1.93 S-Feb. 2021 -4.9

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.484 -1.7 -0.008 1.09 L-Feb. 2021 0.4

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.277 1.1 0.003 1.11 L-Feb. 2021 1.5

Girls' apparel

0.197 0.0 0.000 1.99 L-Jan. 2021 6.2

Footwear

0.653 0.5 0.003 0.57 L-Jan. 2021 1.4

Men's footwear(4)

0.232 1.5 0.003 0.81 L-Jan. 2021 3.8

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.131 4.2 0.005 1.00 L-Nov. 2020 4.6

Women's footwear

0.289 -1.0 -0.003 0.82 S-May 2020 -1.7

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.120 3.1 0.004 1.47 L-Nov. 2020 3.1

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.167 0.4 0.001 1.26 S-Feb. 2021 -2.9

Watches(4)(9)

0.040 2.5 0.001 1.41 L-Aug. 2020 2.7

Jewelry(9)

0.127 1.2 0.002 1.67 S-Feb. 2021 -4.6

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

7.085 4.3 0.304 0.10 L-EVER -

New vehicles

3.700 0.5 0.018 0.17 L-Jul. 2020 0.7

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  0.5   0.21 L-Jul. 2020 0.7

New cars(6)

  0.3   0.24 L-Dec. 2020 0.5

New trucks(13)(6)

  0.6   0.21 L-Oct. 2020 0.6

Used cars and trucks

2.757 10.0 0.272 0.02 L-EVER -

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.389 0.9 0.003 0.29 L-Jun. 2011 0.9

Tires(4)

0.246 1.5 0.004 0.33 L-EVER -

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.143 -0.2 0.000 0.56 S-Oct. 2020 -1.4

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  0.1   0.74 S-Feb. 2021 -0.8

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  -1.3   1.50 S-Oct. 2020 -2.0

Medical care commodities(4)

1.543 0.6 0.009 0.19 L-Dec. 2019 1.2

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.476 0.8 0.012 0.20 L-Dec. 2019 1.3

Prescription drugs

1.114 0.5 0.006 0.17 L-Dec. 2019 1.8

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.362 1.1 0.004 0.66 L-Aug. 2019 1.6

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.067 -0.5 0.000 0.54 S-Nov. 2020 -5.3

Recreation commodities(11)

1.990 1.2 0.025 0.22 L-Dec. 2018 1.2

Video and audio products(11)

0.264 1.6 0.004 0.42 L-EVER -

Televisions

0.092 3.1 0.003 0.57 L-EVER -

Other video equipment(5)

0.042 0.8 0.000 0.93 L-Jan. 2021 2.2

Audio equipment(4)

0.074 0.7 0.001 1.00 S-Feb. 2021 -1.8

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.044 1.0 0.000 0.67 L-Sep. 2020 1.7

Pets and pet products(4)

0.623 0.5 0.003 0.38 L-Dec. 2020 0.5

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.45 - -

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.64 L-Dec. 2020 1.1

Sporting goods(4)

0.599 1.2 0.007 0.53 L-Feb. 2021 1.5

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.358 1.3 0.005 0.69 L-Feb. 2021 2.0

Sports equipment(4)

0.230 1.1 0.002 0.53 L-Jan. 2021 1.3

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.027 -0.4 0.000 0.78 L-Feb. 2021 1.1

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  -0.6   0.98 L-Feb. 2021 0.2

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.118 1.5 0.002 0.83 L-Jun. 2020 1.7

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.069 1.5 0.001 0.95 L-Jan. 2021 2.1

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.048 1.7 0.001 1.40 L-Oct. 2020 2.2

Other recreational goods(5)

0.359 2.4 0.009 0.56 L-EVER -

Toys

0.275 2.7 0.007 0.64 L-EVER -

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  2.5   0.95 L-EVER -

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.020 5.0 0.001 1.79 L-Aug. 2020 15.0

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.047 -0.5 0.000 0.75 S-Jan. 2021 -0.7

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.481 3.1 0.015 0.58 L-EVER -

Educational books and supplies(4)

0.106 1.4 0.001 0.63 L-Aug. 2019 1.6

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  0.9   0.52 L-Feb. 2021 1.4

Information technology commodities(11)

0.375 3.6 0.014 0.70 L-EVER -

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(4)(7)

0.285 5.1 0.015 0.93 L-EVER -

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.018 -1.9 0.000 1.59 S-Sep. 2020 -5.6

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(5)

0.072 -0.9 -0.001 0.79 - -

Alcoholic beverages

1.025 0.2 0.002 0.24 S-Feb. 2021 -0.1

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.573 0.0 0.000 0.35 S-Feb. 2021 -0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.222 -1.0 -0.002 0.45 S-Mar. 1993 -1.0

Distilled spirits at home(4)

0.094 0.3 0.000 0.52 L-Feb. 2021 0.7

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  -0.2   0.80 L-Feb. 2021 0.8

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  0.7   0.59 L-Jan. 2021 1.0

Wine at home

0.258 1.2 0.003 0.68 L-Jan. 1996 1.3

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.452 0.4 0.002 0.31 L-Nov. 2020 0.6

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.72 S-Feb. 2021 0.1

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.33 S-Feb. 2021 -0.1

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.53 L-Jan. 2021 0.2

Other goods(11)

1.483 0.4 0.007 0.21 L-Jan. 2021 1.1

Tobacco and smoking products(4)

0.616 0.2 0.001 0.20 S-Oct. 2020 0.2

Cigarettes(4)(5)

0.537 0.2 0.001 0.22 S-Oct. 2020 0.2

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.061 0.1 0.000 0.43 S-Dec. 2020 -0.1

Personal care products(4)

0.671 0.2 0.001 0.32 L-Feb. 2021 0.3

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.360 0.3 0.001 0.39 L-Jan. 2021 0.4

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.303 0.2 0.000 0.57 L-Feb. 2021 0.3

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)(5)

0.195 2.1 0.004 0.98 L-Jan. 2020 4.0

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  0.3   0.89 S-Feb. 2021 -0.7

Services less energy services

59.009 0.5 0.319 0.04 L-Jul. 2020 0.5

Shelter

33.004 0.4 0.132 0.05 L-Apr. 2019 0.4

Rent of shelter(15)

32.647 0.4 0.131 0.05 L-Sep. 2019 0.4

Rent of primary residence

7.760 0.2 0.015 0.04 - -

Lodging away from home(5)

0.896 7.6 0.067 1.46 L-EVER -

Housing at school, excluding board(15)

0.116 0.2 0.000 0.03 - -

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.779 8.8 0.067 1.65 L-EVER -

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(15)

23.991 0.2 0.049 0.04 - -

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(15)

22.787 0.2 0.046 0.04 - -

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.357 0.1 0.000 0.12 L-Jan. 2021 0.5

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.100 0.1 0.001 0.07 S-Apr. 2020 0.1

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.803 0.2 0.001 0.09 - -

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.298 0.0 0.000 0.15 S-Apr. 2020 -0.2

Household operations(4)(5)

0.894 0.6 0.005 0.13 L-Jan. 2021 0.7

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.302 0.8 0.002 0.20 L-Jan. 2021 1.3

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.307   -0.002 0.07 - -

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.090 1.9 0.002 0.63 L-Jan. 2021 2.0

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.115 2.4 0.003 0.08 L-Apr. 2019 6.4

Medical care services

7.280 0.0 -0.003 0.09 S-Dec. 2020 -0.1

Professional services

3.686 -0.2 -0.009 0.12 S-Jun. 2017 -0.4

Physicians' services(4)

1.857 -0.3 -0.005 0.16 S-Mar. 2019 -0.5

Dental services

0.997 0.2 0.002 0.24 L-Feb. 2021 0.4

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.360 0.0 0.000 0.28 L-Feb. 2021 0.5

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.473 0.1 0.000 0.06 S-Feb. 2021 -0.2

Hospital and related services

2.420 0.3 0.007 0.13 S-Feb. 2021 0.0

Hospital services(16)

2.223 0.2 0.004 0.14 S-Feb. 2021 -0.1

Inpatient hospital services(16)(6)

  0.3   0.24 S-Feb. 2021 0.2

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  -0.2   0.22 S-Oct. 2020 -0.4

Nursing homes and adult day services(16)

0.124 0.5 0.001 0.14 L-Feb. 2021 0.5

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.072 3.0 0.002 0.18 L-Dec. 2007 3.0

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.174 -1.0 -0.011 0.08 S-Dec. 2020 -1.1

Transportation services

5.111 2.9 0.148 0.28 L-Nov. 1975 2.9

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

           

Car and truck rental(5)

0.149 16.2 0.025 1.88 L-Jun. 2020 17.6

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.097 0.2 0.002 0.17 S-Jan. 2021 0.2

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.059 0.6 0.000 0.20 S-Feb. 2021 0.6

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.631 0.4 0.002 0.24 S-Feb. 2021 0.4

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.348 -0.2 -0.001 0.23 S-Jul. 2020 -0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

1.628 2.5 0.041 0.51 S-Feb. 2021 0.7

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.561 0.0 0.000 0.21 L-Feb. 2021 0.4

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.293 0.0 0.000 0.04 - -

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.254 0.0 0.000 0.43 L-Feb. 2021 0.8

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.50 L-Feb. 2021 0.0

Public transportation

1.074 5.8 0.063 0.65 L-EVER -

Airline fares

0.595 10.2 0.061 0.82 L-EVER -

Other intercity transportation

0.182 0.4 0.001 0.85 - -

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  1.1   1.02 L-Dec. 2020 3.8

Intracity transportation(4)

0.294 1.8 0.005 0.46 L-Feb. 2021 2.7

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  0.0   0.31 S-Jan. 2021 -0.6

Recreation services(11)

3.752 0.8 0.028 0.23 - -

Video and audio services(11)

1.264 0.3 0.004 0.17 S-Jan. 2021 -0.4

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.187 0.5 0.006 0.15 - -

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.077 -2.8 -0.002 1.18 S-Nov. 2020 -5.3

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -4.1   1.57 S-Nov. 2020 -6.1

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.21 L-Jan. 2021 1.2

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.562 0.3 0.002 0.20 L-Feb. 2021 0.3

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.2   0.22 L-Feb. 2021 0.3

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.044 -0.3 0.000 0.38 L-Feb. 2021 2.0

Other recreation services(5)

1.880 1.2 0.022 0.43 S-Feb. 2021 0.6

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.680 0.2 0.001 0.32 - -

Admissions(4)

0.664 3.4 0.023 0.85 L-EVER -

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.78 S-Sep. 2020 -0.4

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  10.1   2.17 L-EVER -

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.220 -1.4 -0.003 0.22 S-EVER -

Education and communication services(11)

6.203 0.1 0.008 0.07 L-Feb. 2021 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.867 0.2 0.006 0.05 L-Dec. 2020 0.2

College tuition and fees

1.537 0.1 0.001 0.06 - -

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.424 0.2 0.001 0.14 S-Feb. 2021 0.2

Day care and preschool(12)

0.753 0.4 0.003 0.05 L-Jul. 2020 0.4

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.036 0.2 0.000 0.21 L-Nov. 2020 0.2

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.112 0.4 0.000 0.03 L-Sep. 2020 0.4

Postage

0.102 0.4 0.000 0.00 L-Sep. 2020 0.4

Delivery services(5)

0.010 0.4 0.000 0.35 S-Nov. 2020 0.4

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.332 -0.1 -0.002 0.09 L-Feb. 2021 0.2

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.921 -0.1 -0.002 0.10 L-Feb. 2021 0.0

Land-line telephone services(4)(11)

0.411 -0.2 -0.001 0.19 S-Jun. 2020 -0.3

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.880 0.4 0.004 0.20 S-Feb. 2021 0.2

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.665 0.0 0.000 0.17 S-Jan. 2021 -0.3

Personal care services(4)

0.692 0.0 0.000 0.35 S-Aug. 2020 -0.3

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.692 0.0 0.000 0.35 S-Aug. 2020 -0.3

Miscellaneous personal services(4)

0.973 0.0 0.000 0.12 S-Jan. 2021 -1.0

Legal services(4)(9)

0.247 0.0 0.000 0.05 - -

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.139 0.0 0.000 0.10 S-Oct. 2020 0.0

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.218 0.4 0.001 0.17 L-Jan. 2021 0.7

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.030 0.2 0.000 0.37 S-Feb. 2021 -0.2

Financial services(9)

0.229 -0.2 0.000 0.38 S-Jan. 2021 -5.0

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  -3.4   0.17 S-Jan. 2021 -11.2

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

           

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.024 0.8 0.717 0.04 L-Jun. 2009 1.0

All items less shelter

66.996 1.0 0.638 0.05 L-Jun. 2009 1.3

All items less food and shelter

53.020 1.1 0.585 0.06 L-Jun. 2009 1.6

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.121 1.3 0.592 0.07 L-Aug. 1974 1.5

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.364 0.7 0.320 0.07 L-Jul. 2020 0.7

All items less medical care

91.178 0.8 0.764 0.04 L-Jun. 2009 0.9

All items less energy

93.101 0.8 0.777 0.04 L-Jan. 1984 0.8

Commodities

37.866 1.1 0.399 0.07 L-Sep. 2017 1.2

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.358 0.7 0.127 0.11 L-Dec. 1998 0.7

Commodities less food

23.889 1.5 0.346 0.10 L-Sep. 2017 1.8

Commodities less food and beverages

22.864 1.5 0.344 0.10 - -

Services

62.134 0.6 0.365 0.04 L-Oct. 2005 0.7

Services less rent of shelter(15)

29.488 1.0 0.305 0.07 L-Sep. 2005 1.0

Services less medical care services

54.855 0.8 0.435 0.05 L-Oct. 2005 0.9

Durables

10.850 3.5 0.381 0.11 L-EVER -

Nondurables

27.015 -0.3 -0.074 0.08 S-May 2020 -0.3

Nondurables less food

13.039 -0.6 -0.078 0.14 S-May 2020 -1.6

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.014 -0.6 -0.077 0.15 S-May 2020 -1.8

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.250 -1.3 -0.119 0.12 S-May 2020 -1.7

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.276 -1.1 -0.118 0.11 S-May 2020 -1.5

Housing

42.037 0.5 0.216 0.05 L-Jul. 2008 0.5

Education and communication(5)

6.684 0.3 0.023 0.08 L-Jul. 2020 1.1

Education(5)

2.973 0.2 0.007 0.06 L-Feb. 2021 0.2

Communication(5)

3.711 0.4 0.016 0.13 L-Aug. 2020 0.4

Information and information processing(5)

3.599 0.4 0.015 0.13 L-Aug. 2020 0.4

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.267 1.4 0.018 0.27 L-EVER -

Recreation(5)

5.741 0.9 0.053 0.18 L-EVER -

Video and audio(5)

1.529 0.5 0.008 0.17 L-Aug. 2020 0.5

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.185 0.4 0.005 0.22 L-Jan. 2021 0.7

Photography(5)

0.072 -0.3 0.000 0.38 L-Feb. 2021 1.7

Food and beverages

15.001 0.4 0.055 0.09 L-Jun. 2020 0.5

Domestically produced farm food(4)

6.427 0.7 0.048 0.17 L-May 2020 1.1

Other services

11.620 0.3 0.036 0.10 S-Feb. 2021 0.3

Apparel less footwear

2.111 0.3 0.005 0.56 L-Jan. 2021 2.5

Fuels and utilities

4.394 1.0 0.043 0.14 L-Feb. 2021 1.1

Household energy

3.294 1.3 0.042 0.18 L-Feb. 2021 1.4

Medical care

8.822 0.1 0.006 0.08 - -

Transportation

15.802 2.5 0.402 0.13 S-Feb. 2021 1.1

Private transportation

14.728 2.3 0.339 0.11 S-Feb. 2021 1.4

New and used motor vehicles(5)

7.448 4.6 0.342 0.10 L-EVER -

Utilities and public transportation

8.819 1.4 0.121 0.12 L-Jul. 2008 1.8

Household furnishings and operations

4.640 0.9 0.041 0.19 L-Aug. 2020 1.0

Other goods and services

3.148 0.2 0.007 0.13 S-Nov. 2020 0.1

Personal care(4)

2.532 0.2 0.006 0.16 S-Jan. 2021 0.0

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, April 2021, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Mar.
2021
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Apr. 2020-
Apr. 2021
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Apr. 2020-
Apr. 2021(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 4.2   0.09 L-Sep. 2008 4.9

Food

13.976 2.4 0.336 0.16 S-Mar. 2020 1.9

Food at home

7.702 1.2 0.096 0.24 S-Mar. 2020 1.1

Cereals and bakery products

0.988 0.1 0.001 0.52 S-Mar. 2020 0.1

Cereals and cereal products

0.302 -0.5 -0.001 0.79 S-Mar. 2020 -1.0

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 -1.3 -0.001 1.47 S-Sep. 2019 -1.3

Breakfast cereal

0.139 0.2 0.000 1.30 S-Mar. 2020 -1.2

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.122 -0.9 -0.001 1.30 S-Mar. 2020 -1.0

Rice(4)(5)

  0.4   1.80 S-Apr. 2020 -0.1

Bakery products

0.686 0.3 0.002 0.68 S-Jan. 2020 0.3

Bread(4)

0.195 -1.2 -0.002 1.23 S-Feb. 2018 -1.3

White bread(5)

  -2.3   1.35 S-Feb. 2018 -2.5

Bread other than white(5)

  -0.1   1.27 S-Jun. 2018 -0.1

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.100 0.4 0.000 1.53 S-Mar. 2020 -1.4

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.179 2.1 0.004 1.06 S-Jan. 2021 1.5

Cookies(5)

  -0.8   1.36 S-Feb. 2020 -1.9

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  3.8   1.83 L-Aug. 2019 4.2

Other bakery products

0.212 0.2 0.000 1.12 S-Mar. 2020 0.0

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  1.9   2.11 S-Mar. 2020 -1.4

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  0.6   1.89 S-Feb. 2020 0.5

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  -1.7   1.51 S-Aug. 2018 -2.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.733 2.0 0.035 0.50 S-Feb. 2020 1.9

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.630 2.7 0.045 0.51 S-Mar. 2020 2.5

Meats

1.027 4.0 0.041 0.64 S-Mar. 2020 3.3

Beef and veal

0.475 4.2 0.020 0.93 S-Mar. 2020 3.8

Uncooked ground beef

0.174 1.1 0.002 1.27 S-Sep. 2019 0.8

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.076 5.8 0.004 2.74 S-Mar. 2020 3.6

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.182 6.1 0.011 1.39 S-Dec. 2020 3.8

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.044 5.6 0.002 2.51 S-Apr. 2020 5.4

Pork

0.323 4.9 0.016 1.15 S-Mar. 2020 3.5

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.132 7.6 0.010 1.43 L-Aug. 2014 8.3

Bacon and related products(5)

  10.7   1.36 L-Oct. 2017 11.8

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  2.4   2.43 L-Dec. 2020 4.9

Ham

0.064 1.8 0.001 3.22 L-Feb. 2021 5.9

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  2.7   3.42 L-Feb. 2021 6.7

Pork chops

0.051 3.7 0.002 2.49 S-Mar. 2020 3.2

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.075 4.0 0.003 2.52 S-Mar. 2020 2.3

Other meats

0.229 2.4 0.006 1.06 S-Mar. 2020 1.9

Frankfurters(5)

  3.3   2.85 S-Mar. 2020 1.9

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  1.9   1.25 S-Mar. 2020 1.9

Poultry

0.329 0.7 0.002 1.09 S-Feb. 2020 0.0

Chicken(4)

0.269 -0.1 0.000 1.13 S-Feb. 2020 -0.7

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  -1.6   2.20 S-Sep. 2019 -2.2

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  0.4   1.56 S-Feb. 2020 -0.8

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.061 4.5 0.003 3.45 L-Feb. 2021 5.2

Fish and seafood

0.273 0.4 0.001 0.94 S-Mar. 2020 0.1

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.141 0.4 0.001 1.53 S-Dec. 2019 0.2

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.133 0.4 0.001 1.06 S-Mar. 2020 -1.2

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  2.6   1.74 S-Jun. 2020 2.1

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  -0.8   1.70 S-Mar. 2020 -2.1

Eggs

0.103 -8.9 -0.010 1.87 S-Aug. 2019 -15.9

Dairy and related products

0.770 0.6 0.005 0.62 S-Jun. 2019 0.6

Milk(4)

0.207 2.2 0.005 1.11 L-Jan. 2021 3.2

Fresh whole milk(5)

  4.4   1.99 L-Jan. 2021 4.7

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  1.5   1.10 L-Feb. 2021 2.2

Cheese and related products

0.261 -0.3 -0.001 0.91 S-Jul. 2019 -0.9

Ice cream and related products

0.108 -0.3 0.000 1.40 S-Aug. 2019 -0.5

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.194 0.8 0.002 1.03 - -

Fruits and vegetables

1.339 3.3 0.045 0.62 S-Jan. 2021 2.7

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.052 3.6 0.039 0.76 S-Feb. 2021 3.2

Fresh fruits

0.549 6.2 0.034 1.19 L-Oct. 2014 6.6

Apples

0.076 2.6 0.002 1.95 S-Jan. 2021 1.5

Bananas

0.074 0.0 0.000 1.54 L-Jan. 2021 0.5

Citrus fruits(4)

0.138 7.8 0.011 1.83 S-Jan. 2021 5.4

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  6.0   2.52 S-Jan. 2021 4.6

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.261 8.3 0.021 1.94 L-Sep. 2014 9.5

Fresh vegetables

0.503 0.9 0.005 0.89 S-Feb. 2021 0.9

Potatoes

0.080 -2.0 -0.002 2.00 S-Jun. 2015 -2.9

Lettuce

0.063 5.1 0.003 2.64 S-Jan. 2021 4.1

Tomatoes

0.080 -1.4 -0.001 2.33 L-Jan. 2021 -1.4

Other fresh vegetables

0.281 1.5 0.004 1.36 S-Feb. 2021 1.0

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.286 2.2 0.007 0.77 S-Mar. 2020 0.2

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.150 2.2 0.003 1.17 S-May 2020 2.2

Canned fruits(4)(5)

  2.4   1.49 S-Mar. 2020 -1.9

Canned vegetables(4)(5)

  2.2   1.67 S-May 2020 2.1

Frozen fruits and vegetables(4)

0.085 2.1 0.002 1.35 S-Mar. 2020 0.8

Frozen vegetables(5)

  0.3   1.73 S-Dec. 2019 0.3

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(4)

0.051 2.8 0.001 1.65 S-Feb. 2021 2.5

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)

  6.7   3.56 L-Sep. 2020 8.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.928 0.2 0.002 0.59 S-Aug. 2018 0.2

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(4)

0.666 0.3 0.002 0.72 S-Jul. 2018 0.2

Carbonated drinks

0.284 0.4 0.001 1.46 S-May 2018 -0.7

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.006 -0.8 0.000 2.35 S-Mar. 2020 -4.1

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.376 0.2 0.001 0.84 S-Aug. 2018 -0.9

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(4)

0.262 0.0 0.000 0.94 S-Nov. 2020 -0.2

Coffee

0.168 0.0 0.000 1.23 S-Nov. 2020 -1.2

Roasted coffee(5)

  -0.2   1.70 S-Nov. 2020 -0.7

Instant coffee(5)

  1.3   1.91 S-Feb. 2021 -0.3

Other beverage materials including tea(4)

0.094 0.0 0.000 1.20 S-Jan. 2019 -0.1

Other food at home

1.945 0.4 0.008 0.39 S-Jan. 2020 0.4

Sugar and sweets

0.268 2.0 0.005 0.87 S-May 2019 1.1

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.038 3.6 0.001 1.43 S-Nov. 2019 3.2

Candy and chewing gum(4)

0.177 1.6 0.003 1.23 S-Feb. 2019 1.5

Other sweets(4)

0.053 2.5 0.001 1.40 L-Aug. 2020 2.5

Fats and oils

0.212 1.7 0.004 0.99 L-Feb. 2021 2.9

Butter and margarine(4)

0.063 -0.1 0.000 1.58 L-Feb. 2021 2.1

Butter(5)

  -0.6   2.34 L-Feb. 2021 0.0

Margarine(5)

  1.8