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Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
CPI CPI Program Links

Consumer Price Index News Release



Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                       
8:30 a.m. (EDT) June 10, 2020                  USDL-20-1186

Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov 

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – MAY 2020

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) declined 0.1 percent in
May on a seasonally adjusted basis after falling 0.8 percent in April, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items
index increased 0.1 percent before seasonal adjustment.

Declines in the indexes for motor vehicle insurance, energy, and apparel more than
offset increases in food and shelter indexes to result in the monthly decrease in
the seasonally adjusted all items index. The gasoline index declined 3.5 percent
in May, leading to a 1.8-percent decline in the energy index. The food index, in
contrast, increased 0.7 percent in May as the index for food at home rose 1.0
percent. 

The index for all items less food and energy fell 0.1 percent in May, its third
consecutive monthly decline. This is the first time this index has ever declined
in three consecutive months. Along with motor vehicle insurance and apparel, the
indexes for airline fares and used cars and trucks declined in May. The indexes
for shelter, recreation, medical care, household furnishings and operations, and
new vehicles all increased. 
 
The all items index increased 0.1 percent for the 12 months ending May. The index
for all items less food and energy increased 1.2 percent over the last 12 months;
this compares to a 2.4-percent increase a few months ago (the period ending
February). The energy index fell 18.9 percent over the last year. The food index
increased 4.0 percent over the last 12 months, with the index for food at home
rising 4.8 percent.


 Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
 average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                              Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   12-mos.
                              2019  2019  2020  2020  2020  2020  2020   ended 
                                                                       May 2020
                                                                               
                                                                               
 All items..................    .2    .2    .1    .1   -.4   -.8   -.1       .1
  Food......................    .1    .2    .2    .4    .3   1.5    .7      4.0
   Food at home.............    .1    .0    .1    .5    .5   2.6   1.0      4.8
   Food away from home (1)..    .2    .3    .4    .2    .2    .1    .4      2.9
  Energy....................    .8   1.6   -.7  -2.0  -5.8 -10.1  -1.8    -18.9
   Energy commodities.......   1.2   3.0  -1.6  -3.5 -10.4 -20.0  -3.5    -33.2
    Gasoline (all types)....   1.2   3.1  -1.6  -3.4 -10.5 -20.6  -3.5    -33.8
    Fuel oil................   1.0   1.1   -.4  -8.5 -13.7 -15.6  -6.3    -37.5
   Energy services..........    .2   -.2    .6   -.3   -.5    .1   -.5      -.2
    Electricity.............    .2   -.2    .4   -.1   -.2    .1   -.8      -.2
    Utility (piped) gas                                                        
       service..............    .5   -.5   1.0   -.9  -1.4    .2    .8      -.3
  All items less food and                                                      
     energy.................    .2    .1    .2    .2   -.1   -.4   -.1      1.2
   Commodities less food and                                                   
      energy commodities....   -.1    .0    .0    .2   -.3   -.7   -.2     -1.0
    New vehicles............   -.1    .1    .0    .1   -.4    .0    .3      -.3
    Used cars and trucks....   -.7   -.4  -1.2    .4    .8   -.4   -.4      -.4
    Apparel.................    .6    .1    .7    .4  -2.0  -4.7  -2.3     -7.9
    Medical care commodities    .0   1.0   -.6   -.6    .0   -.1    .1       .8
   Services less energy                                                        
      services..............    .3    .2    .3    .2    .0   -.4    .0      2.0
    Shelter.................    .3    .2    .4    .3    .0    .0    .2      2.5
    Transportation services     .0   -.1    .3    .3  -1.9  -4.7  -3.6     -8.7
    Medical care services...    .4    .3    .3    .3    .5    .5    .6      5.9

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.
   
Food

The food index increased 0.7 percent in May following a 1.5-percent increase in
April. The food at home index continued to rise, increasing 1.0 percent in May.
However, unlike the broad increase in April, the May increase was driven mostly by
a 3.7-percent rise in the index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs. The beef index
increased 10.8 percent in May, its largest ever monthly increase.

Other major grocery store food group indexes were mixed in May. The index for
dairy and related products increased 1.0 percent, and the index for fruits and
vegetables rose 0.5 percent. The indexes for nonalcoholic beverages and for other
food at home were both unchanged in May. The index for cereals and bakery products
fell 0.2 percent in May after rising 2.9 percent in April.

The index for food away from home rose 0.4 percent in May after rising 0.1 percent
in April. The index for limited service meals rose 0.6 percent in May following a
0.7-percent increase in April. The full service meals index increased 0.2 percent
in May after falling 0.3 percent in April. 

The food at home index increased 4.8 percent over the last 12 months, with all six
major grocery store food group indexes rising over that span. The index for meats,
poultry, fish, and eggs rose 10.0 percent over the last year, its largest 12-month
increase since the period ending May 2004. This reflects a sharp increase in the
beef index, which rose 18.2 percent over the span. The index for dairy and related
products increased 5.7 percent, and the index for nonalcoholic beverages rose 4.1
percent over the year. The remaining groups posted smaller increases. The index
for food away from home rose 2.9 percent over the last year. The index for limited
service meals increased 3.6 percent and the index for full service meals rose 2.4
percent over the last 12 months.

Energy

The energy index declined 1.8 percent in May following a 10.1-percent decline in
April. The gasoline index fell 3.5 percent in May after falling 20.6 percent in
April. (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices fell 0.2 percent in May.) The
electricity index also declined in May, falling 0.8 percent, its largest 1-month
decline since May 2015. The index for natural gas, however, rose 0.8 percent in
May. 

The energy index fell 18.9 percent over the past 12 months as all of the major
energy component indexes declined. The gasoline index decreased 33.8 percent,
while the fuel oil index fell 37.5 percent. The index for electricity fell 0.2
percent over the last year, while the index for natural gas declined 0.3 percent.
 
All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy decreased 0.1 percent in May. The
index for motor vehicle insurance continued to decline, falling 8.9 percent in May
after a 7.2-percent decrease in April. The apparel index also continued to decline,
falling 2.3 percent in May after decreasing 4.7 percent the prior month. The index 
for airline fares fell 4.9 percent in May, and the index for used cars and trucks 
declined 0.4 percent, the same decrease as in April.

The shelter index rose 0.2 percent in May. The indexes for rent and for owners’
equivalent rent both increased 0.3 percent in May after rising 0.2 percent in
April. The index for lodging away from home continued to decline, falling 1.5
percent in May. The index for recreation increased 0.9 percent in May after
declining in April. The medical care index rose 0.5 percent in May following a
0.4-percent increase in April. The index for physicians’ services increased 0.7
percent and the index for hospital services rose 0.1 percent, while the index for
prescription drugs declined 0.2 percent over the month.  

The index for household furnishings and operations rose 0.4 percent in May. The
new vehicles index increased 0.3 percent in May after being unchanged in April.
The index for alcoholic beverages increased 0.8 percent in May, its largest
increase since January 2012. The index for education also rose in May, increasing
0.2 percent.  

The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.2 percent over the past 12
months. The shelter index rose 2.5 percent over the 12-month span, and the
medical care index rose 4.9 percent. Notable indexes that declined over the past
12 months include airline fares (-28.8 percent), motor vehicle insurance (-14.3
percent), apparel (-7.9 percent), and new vehicles (-0.3 percent). 

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.1 percent
over the last 12 months to an index level of 256.394 (1982-84=100). For the month,
the index was unchanged prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
decreased 0.1 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 249.521
(1982-84=100). For the month, the index was unchanged prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) decreased 0.2
percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index was unchanged on a not
seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past 10 to 12
months are subject to revision. 

_______________
The Consumer Price Index for June 2020 is scheduled to be released on Tuesday,
July 14, 2020 at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on May 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has
been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by
personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data
collection in May was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations
of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the
number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI
program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on
smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that
are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is
available at
www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers 
for goods and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two 
population groups: all urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical 
workers. The all urban consumer group represents about 93 percent of the total 
U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of 
urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the poor, 
the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners and clerical 
workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people living in 
rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces, and 
those in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation 
for all urban consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price 
Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for 
All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U). 

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is 
based on the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that 
meet two requirements: more than one-half of the household's income must come 
from clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of the household's earners 
must have been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous 12 months. The 
CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the total U.S. population and is 
a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, 
doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that people 
buy for day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas 
across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail 
establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and 
other types of stores and service establishments). All taxes directly associated 
with the purchase and use of items are included in the index. Prices of fuels and 
a few other items are obtained every month in all 75 locations. Prices of most 
other commodities and services are collected every month in the three largest 
geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most goods and 
services are obtained by personal visits or telephone calls by the Bureau’s 
trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location 
are aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending 
of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a 
U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published 
by size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions 
and population-size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do not 
measure differences in the level of prices among cities; they only measure the 
average change in prices for each area since the base period. For the C-CPI-U, 
data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are considered 
final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject to 
three subsequent quarterly revisions. 

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the 
CPI-U and the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base 
for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from the 
reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship 
can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and 
services rising from $100 to $107. 

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is 
based upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. 
BLS calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-
month percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard error 
estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. 
For example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 
percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means that if we repeatedly sample from 
the universe of all retail prices using the same methodology, and estimate a 
percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these estimates will be 
within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail prices. 
For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 
95 percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices 
would fall between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including 
information on how to use the estimates of standard error, see 
https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm. 

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent 
changes rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are 
affected by the level of the index in relation to its base period, while percent 
changes are not. 

The following table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent 
changes:

				Item A  		Item B  		  Item C
Year I 				112.500 		225.000 		  110.000
Year II 			121.500 		243.000 		  128.000
Change in index points 		9.000 			18.000 			  18.000
Percent change 			9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0 18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. 
Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-
SEATS seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new 
factors are used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The factors 
are available at www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2020.pdf. 
For more information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal 
Adjustment at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the 
Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are 
usually preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the 
same time and in about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting 
from weather events, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This 
allows data users to focus on changes that are not typical for the time of year. The 
unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned about the prices they 
actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used extensively for escalation purposes. Many 
collective bargaining contract agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation 
changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for seasonal variation. BLS advises 
against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation agreements because seasonally 
adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some 
CPI series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal 
pattern of price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which 
the distortions caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior 
to calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately 
represent the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data. 

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 
2009 return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this 
outlier data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal 
portion of the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data 
prior to seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this 
“prior adjusted” data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal 
pattern in the data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the 
unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2020, BLS adjusted 53 series using intervention 
analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, 
electricity, and vehicles. 

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject 
to revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI 
calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 
years of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to 
be final and not subject to revision. For January 2020, revised seasonal factors and seasonally 
adjusted indexes for 2015 to 2019 were calculated and published. For series which are directly 
adjusted using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors 
for 2019 will be applied to data for 2020 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2020 indexes. 
Series which are indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series 
have seasonal factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance. 

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical 
criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its 
status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 
81 components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status 
from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used 
in the aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted 
indexes before that period will not be changed. Twenty-eight of the 81 components of the U.S. 
city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted for 2020.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information 
and Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov. 

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section 
at 202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov. 

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon 
request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339. 

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, May 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Apr.
2020
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
May
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020
May
2019-
May
2020
Apr.
2020-
May
2020
Feb.
2020-
Mar.
2020
Mar.
2020-
Apr.
2020
Apr.
2020-
May
2020

All items

100.000 256.092 256.389 256.394 0.1 0.0 -0.4 -0.8 -0.1

Food

14.170 258.110 266.757 268.439 4.0 0.6 0.3 1.5 0.7

Food at home

7.910 242.145 251.717 253.827 4.8 0.8 0.5 2.6 1.0

Cereals and bakery products

1.022 277.795 285.160 284.937 2.6 -0.1 0.1 2.9 -0.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.775 250.356 266.263 275.405 10.0 3.4 0.1 4.3 3.7

Dairy and related products

0.794 217.841 228.755 230.166 5.7 0.6 0.6 1.5 1.0

Fruits and vegetables

1.355 302.352 304.809 306.798 1.5 0.7 0.8 1.5 0.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.954 171.260 179.235 178.234 4.1 -0.6 0.9 2.9 0.0

Other food at home

2.010 210.815 219.233 218.988 3.9 -0.1 0.6 1.9 0.0

Food away from home(1)

6.260 283.394 290.639 291.709 2.9 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.4

Energy

5.777 225.773 183.081 183.076 -18.9 0.0 -5.8 -10.1 -1.8

Energy commodities

2.683 259.310 174.001 173.138 -33.2 -0.5 -10.4 -20.0 -3.5

Fuel oil

0.072 289.711 194.716 180.999 -37.5 -7.0 -13.7 -15.6 -6.3

Motor fuel

2.552 255.584 170.378 169.882 -33.5 -0.3 -10.4 -20.4 -3.5

Gasoline (all types)

2.486 254.551 168.891 168.528 -33.8 -0.2 -10.5 -20.6 -3.5

Energy services

3.095 202.101 200.899 201.752 -0.2 0.4 -0.5 0.1 -0.5

Electricity

2.425 212.326 211.040 211.988 -0.2 0.4 -0.2 0.1 -0.8

Utility (piped) gas service

0.669 168.826 167.751 168.316 -0.3 0.3 -1.4 0.2 0.8

All items less food and energy

80.052 262.590 266.089 265.799 1.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.4 -0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.281 144.457 143.613 142.964 -1.0 -0.5 -0.3 -0.7 -0.2

Apparel

2.799 124.429 118.394 114.582 -7.9 -3.2 -2.0 -4.7 -2.3

New vehicles

3.763 147.659 147.007 147.222 -0.3 0.1 -0.4 0.0 0.3

Used cars and trucks

2.581 138.888 139.411 138.383 -0.4 -0.7 0.8 -0.4 -0.4

Medical care commodities

1.631 381.066 383.911 384.304 0.8 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

1.042 252.101 256.423 257.713 2.2 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.8

Tobacco and smoking products

0.597 1,108.299 1,159.847 1,156.179 4.3 -0.3 1.0 -0.4 -0.2

Services less energy services

59.771 336.204 342.776 342.801 2.0 0.0 0.0 -0.4 0.0

Shelter

33.518 317.188 324.522 325.265 2.5 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2

Rent of primary residence

7.887 329.333 340.135 340.811 3.5 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

24.333 324.143 333.358 334.052 3.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Medical care services

7.350 531.566 559.994 562.701 5.9 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6

Physicians' services

1.823 382.436 386.862 389.329 1.8 0.6 0.3 -0.1 0.7

Hospital services(3)

2.241 335.966 352.676 352.287 4.9 -0.1 0.4 0.5 0.1

Transportation services

5.128 326.397 307.250 297.882 -8.7 -3.0 -1.9 -4.7 -3.6

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.096 294.586 304.376 305.574 3.7 0.4 0.6 0.1 0.4

Motor vehicle insurance

1.592 568.301 534.842 486.761 -14.3 -9.0 0.6 -7.2 -8.9

Airline fares

0.635 283.275 203.342 201.649 -28.8 -0.8 -12.6 -15.2 -4.9

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, May 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Apr.
2020
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
May
2019-
May
2020
Apr.
2020-
May
2020
Feb.
2020-
Mar.
2020
Mar.
2020-
Apr.
2020
Apr.
2020-
May
2020

All items

100.000 0.1 0.0 -0.4 -0.8 -0.1

Food

14.170 4.0 0.6 0.3 1.5 0.7

Food at home

7.910 4.8 0.8 0.5 2.6 1.0

Cereals and bakery products

1.022 2.6 -0.1 0.1 2.9 -0.2

Cereals and cereal products

0.312 3.2 1.5 0.7 1.6 1.5

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.043 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.3 -0.4

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.143 2.3 1.4 1.8 1.5 1.4

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.126 5.0 1.8 -0.2 2.5 1.8

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  2.8 1.0 -0.2 3.6 1.0

Bakery products(1)

0.710 2.3 -0.8 0.2 3.1 -0.8

Bread(1)(2)

0.205 3.5 -1.8 0.3 3.7 -1.8

White bread(1)(3)

  4.3 -2.2 0.8 3.5 -2.2

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  2.7 -1.3 0.5 3.5 -1.3

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.103 1.9 -0.9 -0.5 4.7 -0.7

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.181 0.7 -0.8 1.8 1.8 -0.9

Cookies(1)(3)

  1.6 -3.1 1.4 5.1 -3.1

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  -1.0 1.8 0.8 -2.3 1.8

Other bakery products

0.222 2.5 0.3 -1.0 3.2 0.2

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  2.9 0.3 -2.3 5.0 0.3

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  4.0 0.6 0.1 4.0 -0.3

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  1.1 0.7 -1.7 1.4 0.9

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.775 10.0 3.4 0.1 4.3 3.7

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.658 9.8 4.2 0.0 3.6 4.3

Meats

1.036 11.7 5.9 -0.3 3.3 5.9

Beef and veal

0.477 18.2 10.9 -0.1 3.7 10.8

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.178 16.8 7.2 1.4 4.8 7.2

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.074 26.9 19.5 0.0 5.0 19.5

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.183 16.6 11.6 -1.1 2.1 11.6

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.043 15.6 8.6 -0.7 3.8 8.6

Pork

0.325 7.3 2.9 -0.6 3.0 2.7

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.130 0.8 -0.4 -1.0 0.7 -0.3

Bacon and related products(3)

  -1.8 -0.4 -3.1 1.0 -0.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  4.1 -0.8 3.1 -0.3 -1.1

Ham

0.065 8.6 5.5 1.2 -1.7 3.4

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  9.1 6.0 0.2 -1.4 4.2

Pork chops(1)

0.052 14.0 8.4 -1.3 7.4 8.4

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.078 13.2 2.6 -1.9 10.1 2.0

Other meats

0.233 4.8 0.0 -0.2 3.1 0.5

Frankfurters(3)

  8.3 -1.7 1.6 5.7 1.6

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  5.7 1.6 -0.3 3.0 1.4

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

           

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

           

Poultry(1)

0.341 8.8 2.2 1.3 4.7 2.2

Chicken(1)(2)

0.280 8.4 1.9 1.3 5.8 1.9

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  9.6 2.0 1.2 7.1 2.0

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  7.7 1.8 1.2 5.2 1.8

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.061 10.7 3.7 1.6 0.4 3.0

Fish and seafood

0.281 4.1 0.5 -0.5 3.3 0.9

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.144 5.3 -0.4 0.1 4.2 -0.1

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.138 2.9 1.4 -0.5 3.4 0.8

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  2.1 1.7 -0.6 4.0 1.7

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  3.6 0.8 -2.0 5.8 -0.4

Eggs

0.117 13.5 -8.0 2.8 16.1 -4.8

Dairy and related products

0.794 5.7 0.6 0.6 1.5 1.0

Milk(2)

0.213 5.4 -0.6 0.2 1.5 -0.4

Fresh whole milk(3)

  5.4 -0.5 0.1 1.0 -0.2

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  5.4 -0.4 0.1 2.3 -0.4

Cheese and related products(1)

0.268 7.0 0.8 0.0 1.8 0.8

Ice cream and related products

0.112 5.8 0.2 2.2 1.8 2.5

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.201 4.1 1.9 1.4 1.0 1.9

Fruits and vegetables

1.355 1.5 0.7 0.8 1.5 0.5

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.063 0.8 0.5 0.7 1.2 0.6

Fresh fruits

0.549 -0.9 0.2 1.0 1.3 0.0

Apples

0.078 -4.3 0.4 -1.9 4.9 -0.4

Bananas(1)

0.078 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Citrus fruits(2)

0.137 -2.4 1.7 -1.1 4.3 -1.2

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  -3.0 2.3 -0.7 5.6 -2.2

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.257 0.7 -0.6 4.6 -1.9 0.9

Fresh vegetables

0.513 2.7 0.9 0.3 1.1 1.3

Potatoes

0.083 8.7 3.8 2.5 2.1 1.1

Lettuce(1)

0.061 4.1 0.1 -0.5 0.2 0.1

Tomatoes

0.084 8.8 -2.3 4.5 -1.4 1.9

Other fresh vegetables

0.285 -1.1 1.1 -1.8 2.0 1.0

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.292 4.1 1.0 1.1 2.7 0.1

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.152 2.2 0.3 1.1 2.9 -0.8

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  3.0 0.6 -0.4 2.3 -0.1

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  2.1 -0.2 1.8 3.6 -1.2

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.088 6.3 1.2 0.3 2.6 1.8

Frozen vegetables(3)

  5.7 0.8 -0.5 2.7 1.0

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.052 6.6 3.1 1.8 0.4 2.7

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  8.6 4.9 1.1 1.1 4.9

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.954 4.1 -0.6 0.9 2.9 0.0

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.683 5.2 -0.7 1.1 3.8 0.0

Carbonated drinks

0.288 4.9 -1.1 1.3 4.5 -0.9

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.006 -0.5 0.0 0.3 2.9 0.0

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.389 5.6 -0.3 0.9 3.6 0.4

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.271 1.3 -0.3 1.1 0.8 -0.5

Coffee

0.174 0.6 -0.7 1.0 0.8 -1.2

Roasted coffee(3)

  1.0 -0.9 1.3 1.2 -1.7

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  -1.6 0.3 -0.6 2.5 0.3

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.097 2.5 0.3 0.1 1.5 0.3

Other food at home

2.010 3.9 -0.1 0.6 1.9 0.0

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.271 4.9 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.038 9.0 2.1 1.7 1.9 1.2

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.179 4.9 -0.1 0.6 0.2 -0.1

Other sweets(2)

0.053 2.6 1.3 0.7 -0.2 2.4

Fats and oils

0.218 1.0 0.1 1.1 1.3 -0.3

Butter and margarine(2)

0.065 0.8 0.7 3.1 -1.0 -0.1

Butter(3)

  1.3 1.7 2.6 -1.3 0.1

Margarine(3)

  2.6 0.3 2.7 -0.7 0.6

Salad dressing(2)

0.052 2.8 -0.1 1.8 0.9 -0.2

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.101 0.2 -0.2 -0.6 2.6 -0.3

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

      -0.2    

Other foods

1.521 4.1 -0.2 0.5 2.2 0.0

Soups

0.093 1.9 -1.1 0.4 2.6 -3.3

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.261 4.7 1.2 -0.1 1.5 1.3

Snacks(1)

0.350 3.2 -1.2 0.5 3.8 -1.2

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.299 3.7 -0.2 1.6 1.1 0.0

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  2.9 1.1 2.2 0.0 1.0

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  3.1 -2.4 0.9 1.1 -2.4

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  4.3 -0.7 1.7 1.6 0.3

Other condiments(3)

  0.7 -1.8 1.8 0.9 -2.2

Baby food(1)(2)

0.044 5.5 -0.3 0.2 2.7 -0.3

Other miscellaneous foods(2)

0.474 5.2 -0.1 0.0 2.4 0.5

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  3.6 -0.4 0.0 -3.6 -0.4

Food away from home(1)

6.260 2.9 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.4

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

3.140 2.4 0.2 0.0 -0.3 0.2

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.719 3.6 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.6

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.146 2.2 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.2

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

      0.0    

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.081 2.5 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.2

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.174 2.5 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2

Energy

5.777 -18.9 0.0 -5.8 -10.1 -1.8

Energy commodities

2.683 -33.2 -0.5 -10.4 -20.0 -3.5

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.131 -26.0 -4.5 -8.9 -10.2 -3.1

Fuel oil

0.072 -37.5 -7.0 -13.7 -15.6 -6.3

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.059 -6.2 -1.4 -0.7 -2.9 1.0

Motor fuel

2.552 -33.5 -0.3 -10.4 -20.4 -3.5

Gasoline (all types)

2.486 -33.8 -0.2 -10.5 -20.6 -3.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  -34.6 0.1 -10.9 -21.2 -3.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  -29.8 -1.9 -8.2 -17.5 -4.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  -28.2 -2.0 -7.2 -16.3 -5.2

Other motor fuels(2)

0.066 -21.2 -3.2 -6.3 -9.2 -4.9

Energy services

3.095 -0.2 0.4 -0.5 0.1 -0.5

Electricity

2.425 -0.2 0.4 -0.2 0.1 -0.8

Utility (piped) gas service

0.669 -0.3 0.3 -1.4 0.2 0.8

All items less food and energy

80.052 1.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.4 -0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.281 -1.0 -0.5 -0.3 -0.7 -0.2

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.781 0.9 0.4 -0.3 0.6 0.6

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.292 0.6 -1.4 -0.7 -0.7 -1.4

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.064 -2.7 -0.8 -0.4 -0.3 -0.8

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.062 11.1 -2.4 1.4 0.8 -2.4

Other linens(1)(2)

0.165 -1.1 -1.2 -1.6 -1.5 -1.2

Furniture and bedding(1)

0.920 -1.3 1.2 -1.1 -1.9 1.2

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.322 -2.0 0.8 -2.0 -2.4 0.8

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.446 -0.2 1.3 -0.6 -1.9 1.3

Other furniture(1)(2)

0.143 -3.5 1.5 -0.9 -0.9 1.5

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

  9.5 9.4 -6.6 0.5 9.4

Appliances(2)

0.217 1.2 0.0 0.4 1.1 0.0

Major appliances(2)

0.074 -0.8 0.0 0.2 1.2 -0.2

Laundry equipment(3)

  -7.7 -3.0 4.1 -0.8 -5.2

Other appliances(2)

0.140 2.8 0.0 0.2 1.0 0.1

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.547 -1.5 -0.2 0.0 2.5 -0.7

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.320 -1.4 -0.3 -0.6 3.1 -0.3

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.092 0.9 0.4 2.1 2.2 -0.6

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.055 -0.9 -0.5 1.0 -2.2 -0.5

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.079 -5.0 -0.1 -1.6 -0.7 0.1

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.890 2.2 0.3 0.1 0.8 0.4

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.245 0.0 -0.3 0.6 0.4 -0.3

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.455 3.6 0.6 -0.1 0.7 0.8

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.916 3.4 0.8 0.4 2.6 0.8

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.357 1.8 0.7 1.1 0.9 0.7

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.230 5.9 0.2 0.1 4.5 0.2

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.329 3.4 1.3 -0.3 3.0 1.3

Apparel

2.799 -7.9 -3.2 -2.0 -4.7 -2.3

Men's and boys' apparel

0.700 -6.8 -2.3 0.2 -4.6 -2.8

Men's apparel

0.565 -6.0 -2.0 0.0 -4.7 -2.5

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.097 -15.8 -3.1 -0.8 -11.3 -4.1

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(1)

0.163 -0.2 -1.0 -0.7 -2.0 -1.0

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.161 -8.3 -3.4 1.0 -4.6 -1.9

Men's pants and shorts

0.137 -2.2 -0.6 0.5 -4.7 -2.2

Boys' apparel

0.136 -10.5 -3.4 3.2 -5.5 -2.7

Women's and girls' apparel

1.161 -10.6 -4.9 -3.0 -5.4 -2.9

Women's apparel

0.958 -12.3 -4.9 -3.1 -6.3 -3.0

Women's outerwear

0.062 -15.7 -3.5 -1.1 -8.3 -1.8

Women's dresses

0.101 -26.2 -12.8 -5.7 -9.6 -9.7

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.498 -10.4 -3.4 -2.5 -5.1 -1.7

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.287 -9.0 -5.1 -2.5 -5.8 -5.3

Girls' apparel

0.203 -0.7 -5.0 -2.4 -1.3 -2.5

Footwear

0.655 -4.6 -2.4 -2.8 -3.9 -1.5

Men's footwear(1)

0.230 -3.6 -2.0 -2.2 -1.1 -2.0

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.138 -3.0 -2.7 -3.6 -4.0 -1.8

Women's footwear

0.288 -6.1 -2.5 -1.9 -5.2 -2.1

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.126 -11.4 -0.6 -4.3 -3.7 -0.5

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.158 -3.1 -0.6 0.1 -3.6 -0.4

Watches(1)(6)

0.039 2.8 1.2 1.2 -1.1 1.2

Jewelry(6)

0.118 -6.1 -1.2 -0.8 -2.1 -1.3

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

6.978 -0.2 -0.2 0.1 -0.2 0.1

New vehicles

3.763 -0.3 0.1 -0.4 0.0 0.3

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  -0.3 0.1 -0.4 0.0 0.3

New cars(3)

  -0.2 0.1 -0.5 -0.2 0.2

New trucks(3)(10)

  -0.2 0.2 -0.6 0.0 0.3

Used cars and trucks

2.581 -0.4 -0.7 0.8 -0.4 -0.4

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.397 1.5 0.8 -0.2 -0.5 0.8

Tires(1)

0.251 0.3 0.7 -0.2 -0.6 0.7

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.146 3.5 1.2 -0.2 -0.4 1.2

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  3.7 1.5 0.1 -0.4 1.5

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  2.8 -1.0 -3.7 0.7 -1.0

Medical care commodities

1.631 0.8 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Medicinal drugs(8)

1.559 0.9 0.0 0.1 0.3 -0.2

Prescription drugs

1.178 1.3 -0.1 -0.2 0.6 -0.2

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.381 -0.5 0.4 0.8 -0.5 0.4

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.072 -1.5 1.5 -0.2 -0.6 1.5

Recreation commodities(8)

2.021 -2.1 -0.3 -0.8 -0.9 0.0

Video and audio products(8)

0.275 -8.2 -0.2 0.3 -0.5 -0.6

Televisions

0.095 -15.6 0.1 -0.2 -0.2 -0.9

Other video equipment(2)

0.043 1.1 1.0 -0.7 0.1 1.0

Audio equipment(1)

0.080 -3.4 -0.8 1.3 -0.8 -0.8

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.045 -7.5 -1.2 0.8 -1.4 -1.2

Pets and pet products(1)

0.645 -0.7 -0.2 -0.6 -1.2 -0.2

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  0.2 -0.3 -0.3 -0.3 -0.3

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  -2.4 0.1 -1.0 -2.7 0.1

Sporting goods

0.585 -0.5 -0.3 -2.0 -1.0 0.6

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.350 1.9 0.1 -2.1 -0.8 0.1

Sports equipment

0.225 -3.8 -1.0 -0.9 -1.3 -0.6

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.027 6.3 -2.3 0.0 -0.6 -1.4

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

           

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  5.7 -2.8 -0.1 -0.7 -1.9

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.118 3.9 1.0 -0.2 -0.8 1.0

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.067 4.6 0.6 0.7 -0.5 0.6

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.049 2.5 1.6 -1.4 -1.3 1.6

Other recreational goods(2)

0.371 -5.9 -0.7 -0.7 -0.6 -0.5

Toys

0.285 -7.1 -0.8 -0.4 -0.9 -0.5

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -6.6 -0.1 -0.4 -0.2 0.6

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.020 -6.6 2.0 -7.1 -1.3 2.0

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.048 2.8 -1.5 1.1 1.2 -1.5

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.525 -3.5 -0.4 0.4 0.2 -0.1

Educational books and supplies

0.110 -0.9 0.0 0.2 1.0 0.3

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  -1.6 -0.1 0.1 1.0 -0.1

Information technology commodities(8)

0.415 -4.4 -0.5 0.4 -0.1 -0.3

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(4)

0.307 -1.8 -1.0 0.8 0.7 -0.8

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.018 -10.5 0.4 -1.2 -3.8 0.4

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(2)

0.090 -12.5 1.0 -0.4 -1.8 1.5

Alcoholic beverages

1.042 2.2 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.8

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.587 2.0 0.1 0.7 0.5 0.5

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.228 4.8 -0.1 0.8 1.4 0.2

Distilled spirits at home

0.094 0.6 0.2 -0.1 0.8 0.2

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  0.0 -0.8 -0.9 -0.5 -0.8

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  1.8 0.7 0.5 0.9 0.7

Wine at home

0.264 -0.3 0.3 0.9 0.0 0.5

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.455 2.7 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.9 1.1 -0.2 -0.2 1.1

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.9 0.8 0.1 0.6 0.8

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

      0.3    

Other goods(8)

1.504 2.2 -0.4 0.3 -0.1 -0.3

Tobacco and smoking products

0.597 4.3 -0.3 1.0 -0.4 -0.2

Cigarettes(2)

0.519 4.6 -0.4 1.0 -0.5 -0.2

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.060 1.7 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3

Personal care products(1)

0.697 -0.2 -0.4 -0.1 -0.1 -0.4

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.374 0.7 0.0 -0.3 0.1 0.0

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.315 -1.4 -0.8 0.2 -0.4 -0.8

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.209 3.4 -0.4 -0.5 0.9 -0.7

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  9.2 1.0 -0.6 2.2 0.7

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

  7.7 -2.3 2.4 0.7 -2.3

Services less energy services

59.771 2.0 0.0 0.0 -0.4 0.0

Shelter

33.518 2.5 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2

Rent of shelter(12)

33.148 2.6 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2

Rent of primary residence

7.887 3.5 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Lodging away from home(2)

0.928 -15.2 1.3 -6.8 -7.1 -1.5

Housing at school, excluding board(12)

0.118 2.3 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.810 -17.3 1.5 -7.7 -8.1 -1.8

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(12)

24.333 3.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(12)

23.111 3.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.370 -0.8 -0.5 -0.6 0.3 -0.5

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.099 2.9 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.2

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.806 2.9 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.2

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.293 2.9 0.1 0.2 -0.2 0.1

Household operations(1)(2)

0.885 4.5 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.294 4.0 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.3

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.307 9.7 0.8     0.8

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.089 -2.2 -2.4 -0.4 -0.1 -2.4

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.118 -1.6 -1.3 0.1 0.2 -1.3

Medical care services

7.350 5.9 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6

Professional services

3.676 2.2 0.7 0.3 0.0 0.7

Physicians' services

1.823 1.8 0.6 0.3 -0.1 0.7

Dental services

1.007 3.9 1.0 0.4 0.4 1.1

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.370 0.7 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.5

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.477 1.0 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1

Hospital and related services

2.436 4.6 -0.1 0.4 0.5 0.1

Hospital services(13)

2.241 4.9 -0.1 0.4 0.5 0.1

Inpatient hospital services(13)(3)

  4.5 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.3

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  3.4 -0.6 0.2 0.0 -0.4

Nursing homes and adult day services(13)

0.125 2.6 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.0

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.070 2.8 0.1 1.7 -0.1 0.1

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.238 19.7 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.1

Transportation services

5.128 -8.7 -3.0 -1.9 -4.7 -3.6

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

0.652 -1.2   -0.6    

Car and truck rental(2)

0.097 -19.2 -4.4 -6.9 -16.6 -3.5

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.096 3.7 0.4 0.6 0.1 0.4

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.059 4.5 0.4 0.0 1.4 0.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.635 3.2 0.1 0.8 -0.1 0.1

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.343 4.5 0.9 0.4 0.2 0.9

Motor vehicle insurance

1.592 -14.3 -9.0 0.6 -7.2 -8.9

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.572 1.1 -0.1 0.2 -1.1 -0.1

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.300 2.8 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.258 -0.9 -0.5 0.3 -2.2 -0.5

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  -0.2 -0.1 0.3 -1.7 -0.2

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

    -0.5 1.2 -4.3 -0.5

Public transportation

1.119 -19.8 -1.0 -8.5 -9.4 -3.8

Airline fares

0.635 -28.8 -0.8 -12.6 -15.2 -4.9

Other intercity transportation

0.174 -7.9 -0.6 -4.0 -0.5 0.3

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

      -2.1 1.5  

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

           

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  -9.8 -0.6 -1.4 -0.6 -0.6

Intracity transportation(1)

0.307 -1.6 -1.7 0.2 0.0 -1.7

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  -1.3 -1.8 0.0 0.0 -1.8

Recreation services(8)

3.832 4.3 1.2 0.6 0.2 1.3

Video and audio services(8)

1.262 3.6 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.4

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.180 4.4 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.5

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.082 -9.1 -1.6 0.5 0.3 -1.6

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  -14.8 -2.3 0.9 0.9 -2.3

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  2.4 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.1

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.556 3.4 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.4

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  3.2 0.4 0.1 -0.1 0.4

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  3.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.044 -1.4 -0.6 0.2 -1.9 -0.6

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

      0.0    

Photo processing(1)(2)(3)

  0.1 -0.5 0.5 0.0 -0.5

Other recreation services(2)

1.968 5.0 2.2 1.1 -0.1 2.3

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.712 7.3 2.5 0.8 0.3 2.5

Admissions

0.713 3.6 2.0 1.7 -0.6 2.3

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  3.1 2.2 0.5 -1.0 2.2

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  7.2 1.2 2.2 2.6 1.2

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.214 0.4   0.0    

Education and communication services(8)

6.287 2.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.940 2.2 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.2

College tuition and fees

1.582 1.7 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.429 3.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5

Day care and preschool(9)

0.772 2.9 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.037 1.8 0.1 0.2 0.7 0.1

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.113 3.8 -0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Postage

0.103 4.3 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.3

Delivery services(2)

0.010 -1.4 -1.1 -0.4 -1.1 -1.1

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.319 1.7 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.910 -0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1

Land-line telephone services(1)(8)

0.409 7.8 -0.4 0.1 0.8 -0.4

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.904 1.8 -0.1 -0.3 -0.3 0.2

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.671 2.6 0.1 0.2 -0.1 0.1

Personal care services(1)

0.675 3.5 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.675 3.5 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2

Miscellaneous personal services

0.996 2.1 0.0 0.1 -0.3 0.0

Legal services(1)(6)

0.253 1.4 0.1 0.0 -0.4 0.1

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.141 1.4 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.2

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.222 2.5 -0.2 0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.031 6.4 -0.5 1.6 0.6 -0.5

Financial services(6)

0.236 2.3 0.1 0.0 -0.5 -0.1

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  2.1 -0.1 1.2 0.0 -0.1

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

  2.7 0.3 0.5 -1.0 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, May 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Apr.
2020
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
May
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020
May
2019-
May
2020
Apr.
2020-
May
2020
Feb.
2020-
Mar.
2020
Mar.
2020-
Apr.
2020
Apr.
2020-
May
2020

All items less food

85.830 255.759 254.746 254.486 -0.5 -0.1 -0.5 -1.2 -0.2

All items less shelter

66.482 235.131 232.860 232.598 -1.1 -0.1 -0.7 -1.2 -0.2

All items less food and shelter

52.312 229.061 224.331 223.627 -2.4 -0.3 -0.9 -1.9 -0.4

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.534 232.280 233.740 232.916 0.3 -0.4 -0.2 -0.7 -0.3

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.953 238.051 239.563 238.773 0.3 -0.3 -0.3 -0.8 -0.2

All items less medical care

91.019 244.629 243.907 243.812 -0.3 0.0 -0.5 -0.9 -0.1

All items less energy

94.223 261.203 265.465 265.471 1.6 0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Commodities

37.134 187.236 182.141 182.064 -2.8 0.0 -1.0 -1.6 -0.1

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.700 145.740 144.685 144.091 -1.1 -0.4 -0.5 -0.7 -0.2

Commodities less food

22.964 155.507 146.008 145.341 -6.5 -0.5 -1.9 -3.4 -0.6

Commodities less food and beverages

21.922 152.161 142.355 141.639 -6.9 -0.5 -2.0 -3.5 -0.6

Services

62.866 323.964 329.866 329.958 1.9 0.0 -0.1 -0.3 0.0

Services less rent of shelter(1)

29.718 341.281 345.544 344.834 1.0 -0.2 -0.2 -0.6 -0.3

Services less medical care services

55.516 308.204 312.451 312.350 1.3 0.0 -0.1 -0.4 -0.2

Durables

10.770 104.849 104.336 104.309 -0.5 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 0.2

Nondurables

26.364 229.875 221.622 221.514 -3.6 0.0 -1.3 -2.5 -0.3

Nondurables less food

12.194 205.504 184.081 182.539 -11.2 -0.8 -3.0 -6.7 -1.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.152 202.572 179.517 177.787 -12.2 -1.0 -3.3 -7.3 -1.5

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.353 255.619 221.427 220.969 -13.6 -0.2 -3.7 -8.1 -1.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.395 254.108 223.707 223.420 -12.1 -0.1 -3.3 -7.3 -1.0

Housing

42.510 265.137 270.184 270.823 2.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2

Education and communication(2)

6.812 137.199 139.378 139.340 1.6 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1

Education(2)

3.049 264.199 269.614 269.725 2.1 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.2

Communication(2)

3.763 72.989 73.854 73.793 1.1 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0

Information and information processing(2)

3.650 68.994 69.756 69.699 1.0 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.331 7.371 7.364 7.350 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.0

Recreation(2)

5.853 120.254 121.935 122.779 2.1 0.7 0.1 -0.2 0.9

Video and audio(2)

1.537 104.381 106.510 106.530 2.1 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.2

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.201 177.868 179.555 179.788 1.1 0.1 -0.2 -0.5 0.1

Photography(2)

0.073 73.309 75.445 74.506 1.6 -1.2 0.1 -1.4 -0.9

Food and beverages

15.212 257.791 266.137 267.792 3.9 0.6 0.3 1.4 0.7

Domestically produced farm food

6.596 249.781 259.558 262.316 5.0 1.1 0.5 2.4 1.1

Other services

11.790 357.190 365.780 367.263 2.8 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.5

Apparel less footwear

2.145 117.389 110.865 107.006 -8.8 -3.5 -1.8 -4.9 -2.5

Fuels and utilities

4.325 241.390 239.897 240.361 -0.4 0.2 -0.6 -0.2 -0.4

Household energy

3.225 198.961 195.534 195.974 -1.5 0.2 -0.9 -0.4 -0.6

Medical care

8.981 494.928 517.053 519.194 4.9 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5

Transportation

14.658 215.391 193.732 191.419 -11.1 -1.2 -2.9 -5.9 -1.8

Private transportation

13.539 210.674 191.079 188.771 -10.4 -1.2 -2.4 -5.6 -1.7

New and used motor vehicles(2)

7.330 99.416 98.987 98.717 -0.7 -0.3 -0.1 -0.3 0.0

Utilities and public transportation

8.812 218.195 214.801 214.913 -1.5 0.1 -1.2 -1.1 -0.7

Household furnishings and operations

4.667 123.344 124.961 125.373 1.6 0.3 -0.1 0.5 0.4

Other goods and services

3.174 449.896 461.294 460.730 2.4 -0.1 0.3 -0.1 -0.1

Personal care

2.577 233.542 238.181 237.997 1.9 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, May 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to May 2020 from: Percent change to Apr. 2020 from:
May
2019
Mar.
2020
Apr.
2020
Apr.
2019
Feb.
2020
Mar.
2020

U.S. city average

M

0.1 -0.7 0.0 0.3 -0.9 -0.7

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

0.6 -0.4 0.0 0.8 -0.6 -0.4

Northeast - Size Class A

M

1.0 -0.4 0.1 1.0 -0.7 -0.6

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

0.1 -0.4 -0.2 0.6 -0.6 -0.3

New England(4)

M

-0.1 -0.9 -0.6 0.7 -0.5 -0.3

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

0.9 -0.3 0.2 0.9 -0.7 -0.5

Midwest

M

-0.4 -0.8 0.3 -0.4 -1.6 -1.1

Midwest - Size Class A

M

-0.1 -0.7 0.6 -0.1 -1.8 -1.3

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

-0.6 -0.8 0.2 -0.7 -1.6 -1.0

East North Central(4)

M

-0.3 -0.8 0.5 -0.5 -1.8 -1.2

West North Central(4)

M

-0.5 -0.8 0.1 -0.3 -1.3 -0.9

South

M

-0.4 -1.0 -0.2 -0.2 -0.9 -0.8

South - Size Class A

M

-0.5 -0.8 -0.1 -0.2 -0.9 -0.7

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

-0.3 -1.1 -0.3 -0.3 -0.9 -0.8

South Atlantic(4)

M

0.0 -0.8 -0.2 0.2 -0.7 -0.6

East South Central(4)

M

-0.7 -1.0 -0.2 -0.6 -0.9 -0.8

West South Central(4)

M

-1.0 -1.3 -0.2 -0.8 -1.2 -1.1

West

M

0.8 -0.3 0.1 1.3 -0.5 -0.4

West - Size Class A

M

1.1 -0.2 0.4 1.1 -0.8 -0.6

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

0.5 -0.5 -0.3 1.5 -0.2 -0.2

Mountain(4)

M

1.3 -0.2 0.1 2.1 -0.4 -0.3

Pacific(4)

M

0.6 -0.4 0.0 0.9 -0.6 -0.4

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

0.4 -0.5 0.2 0.5 -1.0 -0.7

Size Class B/C(3)

M

-0.1 -0.8 -0.2 0.2 -0.8 -0.6

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

0.4 0.0 1.0 0.3 -1.7 -0.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

0.9 0.1 0.4 0.7 -1.0 -0.3

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

1.4 0.0 0.5 1.1 -0.7 -0.5

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

      -0.3 -1.8  

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

      0.1 -0.1  

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

      -0.8 -2.7  

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

      -1.3 -1.6  

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

      -0.5 -1.0  

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

      -0.1 -1.3  

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

      1.5 -1.4  

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

      1.1 -0.5  

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

      1.3 -0.6  

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

      -0.6 -1.6  

Urban Alaska

2

      -2.5 -1.6  

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

0.6 -1.0        

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

-0.5 -1.1        

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

1.9 0.5        

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

0.0 -0.1        

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

0.9 -0.2        

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

0.3 -0.4        

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

0.9 -0.3        

Urban Hawaii

1

1.3 0.2        

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

-0.1 0.1        

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, May 2020 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2000

    2.6 3.4

December 2001

    1.3 1.6

December 2002

    2.0 2.4

December 2003

    1.7 1.9

December 2004

    3.2 3.3

December 2005

    2.9 3.4

December 2006

    2.3 2.5

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

December 2017

    1.7 2.1

January 2018

0.5 0.5 1.6 2.1

February 2018

0.4 0.5 1.7 2.2

March 2018

0.2 0.2 1.9 2.4

April 2018

0.4 0.4 2.1 2.5

May 2018

0.3 0.4 2.3 2.8

June 2018

0.1 0.2 2.4 2.9

July 2018

0.0 0.0 2.6 2.9

August 2018

0.0 0.1 2.3 2.7

September 2018

0.1 0.1 1.9 2.3

October 2018

0.1 0.2 2.1 2.5

November 2018

-0.3 -0.3 1.8 2.2

December 2018

-0.4 -0.3 1.5 1.9

January 2019

0.2 0.2 1.3 1.6

February 2019

0.4 0.4 1.3 1.5

March 2019

0.5 0.6 1.5 1.9

April 2019

0.4 0.5 1.6 2.0

May 2019

0.2 0.2 1.4 1.8

June 2019

0.0 0.0 1.3 1.6

July 2019

0.2 0.2 1.5 1.8

August 2019

0.0 0.0 1.5 1.7

September 2019

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.7

October 2019

0.2 0.2 1.5 1.8

November 2019

-0.1 -0.1 1.8 2.1

December 2019

-0.1 -0.1 2.0 2.3

January 2020

0.4 0.4 2.2 2.5

February 2020

0.3 0.3 2.1 2.3

March 2020

-0.3 -0.2 1.3 1.5

April 2020

-0.8 -0.7 0.0 0.3

May 2020

0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, May 2020, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Apr.
2020
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Apr. 2020-
May 2020
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Apr. 2020-
May 2020(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 -0.1   0.04 L-Feb. 2020 0.1

Food

14.170 0.7 0.102 0.07 S-Mar. 2020 0.3

Food at home

7.910 1.0 0.079 0.12 S-Mar. 2020 0.5

Cereals and bakery products

1.022 -0.2 -0.002 0.30 S-Jan. 2020 -0.4

Cereals and cereal products

0.312 1.5 0.005 0.54 S-Mar. 2020 0.7

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.043 -0.4 0.000 0.83 S-Feb. 2020 -0.6

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.143 1.4 0.002 0.74 S-Feb. 2020 -0.8

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.126 1.8 0.002 0.98 S-Mar. 2020 -0.2

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  1.0   1.14 S-Mar. 2020 -0.2

Bakery products(4)

0.710 -0.8 -0.005 0.36 S-Jun. 2019 -0.8

Bread(4)(5)

0.205 -1.8 -0.004 0.74 S-Oct. 2013 -2.3

White bread(4)(6)

  -2.2   1.01 S-Oct. 1940 -2.2

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  -1.3   0.77 S-Jun. 2019 -1.3

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.103 -0.7 -0.001 0.96 S-Jan. 2020 -1.1

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.181 -0.9 -0.002 0.71 S-Feb. 2020 -1.2

Cookies(4)(6)

  -3.1   1.07 S-EVER -

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  1.8   0.78 L-Nov. 2019 4.3

Other bakery products

0.222 0.2 0.001 0.52 S-Mar. 2020 -1.0

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  0.3   0.83 S-Mar. 2020 -2.3

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  -0.3   0.94 S-Jan. 2020 -3.1

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  0.9   0.75 S-Mar. 2020 -1.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.775 3.7 0.066 0.23 S-Mar. 2020 0.1

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.658 4.3 0.071 0.24 L-Jul. 1975 4.7

Meats

1.036 5.9 0.061 0.29 L-Aug. 1973 12.7

Beef and veal

0.477 10.8 0.051 0.45 L-EVER -

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.178 7.2 0.013 0.75 L-Jan. 1979 8.8

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.074 19.5 0.014 1.31 L-EVER -

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.183 11.6 0.021 0.70 L-EVER -

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.043 8.6 0.004 0.75 L-EVER -

Pork

0.325 2.7 0.009 0.61 S-Mar. 2020 -0.6

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.130 -0.3 0.000 0.83 S-Mar. 2020 -1.0

Bacon and related products(6)

  -0.1   0.99 S-Mar. 2020 -3.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  -1.1   1.20 S-Feb. 2020 -1.1

Ham

0.065 3.4 0.002 1.81 L-Jan. 2010 3.6

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  4.2   1.73 L-Apr. 2008 7.5

Pork chops(4)

0.052 8.4 0.004 1.57 L-Jul. 1986 9.8

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.078 2.0 0.002 1.30 S-Mar. 2020 -1.9

Other meats

0.233 0.5 0.001 0.54 S-Mar. 2020 -0.2

Frankfurters(6)

  1.6   1.31 S-Mar. 2020 1.6

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  1.4   0.59 S-Mar. 2020 -0.3

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

           

Poultry(4)

0.341 2.2 0.008 0.63 S-Mar. 2020 1.3

Chicken(4)(5)

0.280 1.9 0.005 0.70 S-Mar. 2020 1.3

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  2.0   1.43 S-Mar. 2020 1.2

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  1.8   0.77 S-Mar. 2020 1.2

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.061 3.0 0.002 1.43 L-Feb. 2019 3.1

Fish and seafood

0.281 0.9 0.002 0.47 S-Mar. 2020 -0.5

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.144 -0.1 0.000 0.71 S-Nov. 2019 -0.6

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.138 0.8 0.001 0.65 S-Mar. 2020 -0.5

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  1.7   0.97 S-Mar. 2020 -0.6

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  -0.4   0.84 S-Mar. 2020 -2.0

Eggs

0.117 -4.8 -0.006 0.98 S-Jun. 2018 -5.4

Dairy and related products

0.794 1.0 0.008 0.31 S-Mar. 2020 0.6

Milk(5)

0.213 -0.4 -0.001 0.48 S-Dec. 2018 -1.1

Fresh whole milk(6)

  -0.2   0.70 S-May 2019 -0.6

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.52 S-Feb. 2019 -0.4

Cheese and related products(4)

0.268 0.8 0.002 0.55 S-Mar. 2020 0.0

Ice cream and related products

0.112 2.5 0.003 0.86 L-Sep. 2006 2.6

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.201 1.9 0.004 0.56 L-Apr. 2008 2.2

Fruits and vegetables

1.355 0.5 0.007 0.35 S-Feb. 2020 0.0

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.063 0.6 0.007 0.41 S-Feb. 2020 0.0

Fresh fruits

0.549 0.0 0.000 0.56 S-Jan. 2020 -1.4

Apples

0.078 -0.4 0.000 1.21 S-Mar. 2020 -1.9

Bananas(4)

0.078 0.3 0.000 0.80 L-Mar. 2020 0.3

Citrus fruits(5)

0.137 -1.2 -0.002 0.97 S-Feb. 2020 -2.7

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -2.2   1.35 S-Feb. 2020 -3.7

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.257 0.9 0.002 0.97 L-Mar. 2020 4.6

Fresh vegetables

0.513 1.3 0.007 0.59 L-Jan. 2020 2.0

Potatoes

0.083 1.1 0.001 1.57 S-Feb. 2020 -0.9

Lettuce(4)

0.061 0.1 0.000 2.16 S-Mar. 2020 -0.5

Tomatoes

0.084 1.9 0.002 1.38 L-Mar. 2020 4.5

Other fresh vegetables

0.285 1.0 0.003 0.74 S-Mar. 2020 -1.8

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.292 0.1 0.000 0.49 S-Feb. 2020 -0.2

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.152 -0.8 -0.001 0.69 S-Jan. 2020 -1.0

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.88 S-Mar. 2020 -0.4

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  -1.2   0.98 S-Jul. 2019 -2.0

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.088 1.8 0.002 0.94 S-Mar. 2020 0.3

Frozen vegetables(6)

  1.0   1.21 S-Mar. 2020 -0.5

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.052 2.7 0.001 0.79 L-Oct. 2011 2.8

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  4.9   1.47 L-Oct. 2011 5.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.954 0.0 0.000 0.38 S-Dec. 2019 -0.2

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.683 0.0 0.000 0.45 S-Dec. 2019 0.0

Carbonated drinks

0.288 -0.9 -0.003 0.83 S-Jun. 2019 -1.4

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.006 0.0 0.000 0.65 S-Feb. 2020 -1.1

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.389 0.4 0.002 0.54 S-Feb. 2020 -0.2

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.271 -0.5 -0.001 0.63 S-Jan. 2020 -0.6

Coffee

0.174 -1.2 -0.002 0.90 S-Dec. 2019 -1.7

Roasted coffee(6)

  -1.7   0.99 S-Dec. 2019 -2.0

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  0.3   1.15 S-Mar. 2020 -0.6

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.097 0.3 0.000 0.74 S-Mar. 2020 0.1

Other food at home

2.010 0.0 0.000 0.24 S-Dec. 2019 -0.3

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.271 0.5 0.001 0.64 L-Mar. 2020 0.6

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.038 1.2 0.000 0.84 S-Feb. 2020 0.8

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.179 -0.1 0.000 0.90 S-Feb. 2020 -0.7

Other sweets(5)

0.053 2.4 0.001 0.79 L-Oct. 2016 3.1

Fats and oils

0.218 -0.3 -0.001 0.51 S-Feb. 2020 -0.4

Butter and margarine(5)

0.065 -0.1 0.000 0.97 L-Mar. 2020 3.1

Butter(6)

  0.1   1.57 L-Mar. 2020 2.6

Margarine(6)

  0.6   0.92 L-Mar. 2020 2.7

Salad dressing(5)

0.052 -0.2 0.000 0.93 S-Feb. 2020 -1.0

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.101 -0.3 0.000 0.87 S-Mar. 2020 -0.6

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

           

Other foods

1.521 0.0 -0.001 0.25 S-Jan. 2020 -0.4

Soups

0.093 -3.3 -0.003 1.06 S-Oct. 2007 -3.3

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.261 1.3 0.003 0.69 S-Mar. 2020 -0.1

Snacks(4)

0.350 -1.2 -0.004 0.66 S-Dec. 2019 -1.2

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.299 0.0 0.000 0.51 S-Jan. 2020 -0.7

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  1.0   1.05 L-Mar. 2020 2.2

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  -2.4   0.63 S-Nov. 2019 -2.5

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  0.3   0.87 S-Jan. 2020 -0.9

Other condiments(6)

  -2.2   1.12 S-Sep. 2014 -3.2

Baby food(4)(5)

0.044 -0.3 0.000 0.78 S-Jan. 2020 -1.2

Other miscellaneous foods(5)

0.474 0.5 0.002 0.58 S-Mar. 2020 0.0

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  -0.4   0.87 L-Mar. 2020 0.0

Food away from home(4)

6.260 0.4 0.023 0.05 L-Jan. 2020 0.4

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

3.140 0.2 0.006 0.06 L-Feb. 2020 0.2

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.719 0.6 0.016 0.10 S-Mar. 2020 0.4

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.146 0.2 0.000 0.11 L-Mar. 2020 0.4

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

           

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.081 0.2 0.000 0.25 L-Mar. 2020 0.2

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.174 0.2 0.000 0.09 S-Mar. 2020 0.1

Energy

5.777 -1.8 -0.106 0.16 L-Jan. 2020 -0.7

Energy commodities

2.683 -3.5 -0.091 0.20 L-Feb. 2020 -3.5

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.131 -3.1 -0.004 0.43 L-Jan. 2020 -1.4

Fuel oil

0.072 -6.3 -0.004 0.52 L-Jan. 2020 -0.4

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.059 1.0 0.001 0.60 L-Dec. 2019 3.0

Motor fuel

2.552 -3.5 -0.087 0.21 L-Feb. 2020 -3.3

Gasoline (all types)

2.486 -3.5 -0.085 0.21 L-Feb. 2020 -3.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  -3.3   0.68 L-Jan. 2020 -1.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  -4.9   0.73 L-Feb. 2020 -3.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  -5.2   0.76 L-Feb. 2020 -2.9

Other motor fuels(5)

0.066 -4.9 -0.003 0.24 L-Feb. 2020 -2.0

Energy services

3.095 -0.5 -0.015 0.19 S-Mar. 2020 -0.5

Electricity

2.425 -0.8 -0.020 0.20 S-May 2015 -0.9

Utility (piped) gas service

0.669 0.8 0.005 0.31 L-Jan. 2020 1.0

All items less food and energy

80.052 -0.1 -0.048 0.04 L-Mar. 2020 -0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.281 -0.2 -0.040 0.11 L-Feb. 2020 0.2

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.781 0.6 0.021 0.22 - -

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.292 -1.4 -0.004 1.10 S-Nov. 2019 -2.4

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.064 -0.8 0.000 0.91 S-Oct. 2019 -1.5

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.062 -2.4 -0.002 1.47 S-Oct. 2019 -4.3

Other linens(4)(5)

0.165 -1.2 -0.002 1.72 L-Feb. 2020 1.5

Furniture and bedding(4)

0.920 1.2 0.011 0.49 L-Oct. 2016 1.2

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.322 0.8 0.003 0.62 L-Sep. 2019 0.8

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.446 1.3 0.006 0.86 L-Feb. 2020 1.9

Other furniture(4)(5)

0.143 1.5 0.002 0.99 L-Feb. 2020 1.6

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

  9.4   0.37 L-EVER -

Appliances(5)

0.217 0.0 0.000 0.58 S-Feb. 2020 0.0

Major appliances(5)

0.074 -0.2 0.000 0.98 S-Jan. 2020 -0.4

Laundry equipment(6)

  -5.2   1.42 S-EVER -

Other appliances(5)

0.140 0.1 0.000 0.70 S-Feb. 2020 -1.8

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.547 -0.7 -0.004 0.59 S-Feb. 2020 -1.8

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.320 -0.3 -0.001 0.93 S-Mar. 2020 -0.6

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.092 -0.6 -0.001 0.64 S-Feb. 2020 -1.6

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.055 -0.5 0.000 1.39 L-Mar. 2020 1.0

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.079 0.1 0.000 0.96 L-Jan. 2020 1.1

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.890 0.4 0.004 0.43 S-Mar. 2020 0.1

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.245 -0.3 -0.001 0.60 S-Dec. 2019 -0.7

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.455 0.8 0.003 0.52 L-Sep. 2019 0.9

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.916 0.8 0.007 0.31 S-Mar. 2020 0.4

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.357 0.7 0.002 0.34 S-Feb. 2020 -0.7

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.230 0.2 0.000 0.59 S-Mar. 2020 0.1

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.329 1.3 0.004 0.66 S-Mar. 2020 -0.3

Apparel

2.799 -2.3 -0.063 0.52 L-Mar. 2020 -2.0

Men's and boys' apparel

0.700 -2.8 -0.020 0.66 L-Mar. 2020 0.2

Men's apparel

0.565 -2.5 -0.014 0.74 L-Mar. 2020 0.0

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.097 -4.1 -0.004 2.12 L-Mar. 2020 -0.8

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.163 -1.0 -0.002 1.11 L-Mar. 2020 -0.7

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.161 -1.9 -0.003 1.15 L-Mar. 2020 1.0

Men's pants and shorts

0.137 -2.2 -0.003 1.22 L-Mar. 2020 0.5

Boys' apparel

0.136 -2.7 -0.004 1.46 L-Mar. 2020 3.2

Women's and girls' apparel

1.161 -2.9 -0.033 0.93 L-Feb. 2020 1.4

Women's apparel

0.958 -3.0 -0.028 1.09 L-Feb. 2020 1.2

Women's outerwear

0.062 -1.8 -0.001 1.87 L-Mar. 2020 -1.1

Women's dresses

0.101 -9.7 -0.009 1.58 S-EVER -

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.498 -1.7 -0.008 1.54 L-Feb. 2020 -0.7

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.287 -5.3 -0.015 1.38 L-Mar. 2020 -2.5

Girls' apparel

0.203 -2.5 -0.005 1.95 S-Oct. 2019 -3.1

Footwear

0.655 -1.5 -0.010 0.71 L-Feb. 2020 0.1

Men's footwear(4)

0.230 -2.0 -0.004 0.99 S-Mar. 2020 -2.2

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.138 -1.8 -0.002 1.31 L-Feb. 2020 2.9

Women's footwear

0.288 -2.1 -0.006 0.91 L-Mar. 2020 -1.9

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.126 -0.5 -0.001 1.21 L-Jan. 2020 1.2

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.158 -0.4 -0.001 2.07 L-Mar. 2020 0.1

Watches(4)(9)

0.039 1.2 0.000 1.91 L-Mar. 2020 1.2

Jewelry(9)

0.118 -1.3 -0.002 2.46 L-Mar. 2020 -0.8

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

6.978 0.1 0.005 0.11 L-Mar. 2020 0.1

New vehicles

3.763 0.3 0.011 0.19 L-Mar. 2019 0.4

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  0.3   0.17 L-Mar. 2019 0.4

New cars(6)

  0.2   0.17 L-Feb. 2020 0.4

New trucks(13)(6)

  0.3   0.20 L-Mar. 2019 0.3

Used cars and trucks

2.581 -0.4 -0.009 0.02 - -

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.397 0.8 0.003 0.36 L-Dec. 2011 0.8

Tires(4)

0.251 0.7 0.002 0.35 L-Sep. 2019 0.8

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.146 1.2 0.002 0.62 L-Jan. 2020 1.4

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  1.5   0.47 L-Jan. 2020 1.8

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  -1.0   1.56 S-Mar. 2020 -3.7

Medical care commodities

1.631 0.1 0.002 0.30 L-Dec. 2019 1.0

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.559 -0.2 -0.002 0.31 S-Feb. 2020 -0.8

Prescription drugs

1.178 -0.2 -0.003 0.32 S-Mar. 2020 -0.2

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.381 0.4 0.002 0.53 L-Mar. 2020 0.8

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.072 1.5 0.001 0.59 L-May 2019 1.6

Recreation commodities(11)

2.021 0.0 0.000 0.22 L-Jan. 2020 0.1

Video and audio products(11)

0.275 -0.6 -0.002 0.38 S-Jan. 2020 -0.9

Televisions

0.095 -0.9 -0.001 0.68 S-Feb. 2020 -1.6

Other video equipment(5)

0.043 1.0 0.000 0.88 L-Dec. 2019 1.6

Audio equipment(4)

0.080 -0.8 -0.001 0.84 - -

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.045 -1.2 -0.001 0.67 L-Mar. 2020 0.8

Pets and pet products(4)

0.645 -0.2 -0.001 0.24 L-Feb. 2020 0.5

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.26 - -

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.45 L-Feb. 2020 0.3

Sporting goods

0.585 0.6 0.004 0.56 L-Jan. 2020 0.6

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.350 0.1 0.000 0.79 L-Jan. 2020 0.6

Sports equipment

0.225 -0.6 -0.001 0.53 L-Feb. 2020 1.4

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.027 -1.4 0.000 0.88 S-Feb. 2019 -1.6

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

           

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  -1.9   1.01 S-Jun. 2018 -3.9

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.118 1.0 0.001 1.00 L-Jan. 2020 1.4

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.067 0.6 0.000 1.26 L-Mar. 2020 0.7

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.049 1.6 0.001 1.25 L-Feb. 2020 3.0

Other recreational goods(5)

0.371 -0.5 -0.002 0.48 L-Jan. 2020 -0.2

Toys

0.285 -0.5 -0.001 0.50 L-Mar. 2020 -0.4

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  0.6   0.68 L-Aug. 2019 0.9

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.020 2.0 0.000 1.24 L-Feb. 2020 2.7

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.048 -1.5 -0.001 0.64 S-Dec. 2019 -2.6

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.525 -0.1 -0.001 0.46 S-Jan. 2020 -1.2

Educational books and supplies

0.110 0.3 0.000 0.76 S-Mar. 2020 0.2

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  -0.1   0.84 S-Jan. 2020 -2.7

Information technology commodities(11)

0.415 -0.3 -0.001 0.53 S-Jan. 2020 -1.1

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(7)

0.307 -0.8 -0.002 0.68 S-Jan. 2020 -1.1

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.018 0.4 0.000 1.50 L-Feb. 2020 0.5

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(5)

0.090 1.5 0.001 0.81 L-Jan. 2018 1.7

Alcoholic beverages

1.042 0.8 0.008 0.18 L-Jan. 2012 0.9

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.587 0.5 0.003 0.27 - -

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.228 0.2 0.000 0.34 S-Nov. 2019 -0.6

Distilled spirits at home

0.094 0.2 0.000 0.44 S-Mar. 2020 -0.1

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  -0.8   0.90 S-Mar. 2020 -0.9

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  0.7   0.62 S-Mar. 2020 0.5

Wine at home

0.264 0.5 0.001 0.47 L-Mar. 2020 0.9

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.455 1.0 0.004 0.22 L-May 2011 1.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  1.1   0.25 L-May 2000 1.1

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.17 L-Aug. 2018 0.8

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

           

Other goods(11)

1.504 -0.3 -0.005 0.21 S-Dec. 2019 -0.4

Tobacco and smoking products

0.597 -0.2 -0.001 0.13 L-Mar. 2020 1.0

Cigarettes(5)

0.519 -0.2 -0.001 0.13 L-Mar. 2020 1.0

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.060 0.3 0.000 0.39 L-Mar. 2020 0.3

Personal care products(4)

0.697 -0.4 -0.003 0.28 S-Dec. 2019 -1.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.374 0.0 0.000 0.37 S-Mar. 2020 -0.3

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.315 -0.8 -0.002 0.44 S-Dec. 2019 -1.9

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.209 -0.7 -0.001 1.05 S-Feb. 2020 -1.2

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  0.7   1.05 S-Mar. 2020 -0.6

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

  -2.3   1.19 S-Feb. 2020 -2.8

Services less energy services

59.771 0.0 -0.015 0.04 L-Mar. 2020 0.0

Shelter

33.518 0.2 0.068 0.05 L-Feb. 2020 0.3

Rent of shelter(15)

33.148 0.2 0.072 0.06 L-Feb. 2020 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.887 0.3 0.021 0.04 L-Mar. 2020 0.3

Lodging away from home(5)

0.928 -1.5 -0.014 1.55 L-Feb. 2020 2.0

Housing at school, excluding board(15)

0.118 0.2 0.000 0.04 - -

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.810 -1.8 -0.014 1.76 L-Feb. 2020 2.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(15)

24.333 0.3 0.063 0.04 L-Mar. 2020 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(15)

23.111 0.3 0.060 0.04 L-Mar. 2020 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.370 -0.5 -0.002 0.07 S-Mar. 2020 -0.6

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.099 0.2 0.002 0.08 L-Mar. 2020 0.3

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.806 0.2 0.002 0.09 - -

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.293 0.1 0.000 0.15 L-Mar. 2020 0.2

Household operations(4)(5)

0.885 -0.1 0.000 0.21 S-Sep. 2019 -0.2

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.294 0.3 0.001 0.29 S-Mar. 2020 0.0

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.307 0.8 0.002 0.06 S-Nov. 2019 0.2

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.089 -2.4 -0.002 0.60 S-Nov. 2019 -2.4

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.118 -1.3 -0.002 0.22 S-Aug. 2018 -2.5

Medical care services

7.350 0.6 0.042 0.17 L-Oct. 2019 0.8

Professional services

3.676 0.7 0.027 0.13 L-May 2016 0.7

Physicians' services

1.823 0.7 0.012 0.17 L-Nov. 2016 0.7

Dental services

1.007 1.1 0.011 0.10 L-Feb. 2018 1.2

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.370 0.5 0.002 0.24 L-May 2019 0.5

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.477 0.1 0.001 0.14 S-Mar. 2020 0.0

Hospital and related services

2.436 0.1 0.003 0.21 S-Feb. 2020 0.0

Hospital services(16)

2.241 0.1 0.002 0.24 S-Feb. 2020 -0.1

Inpatient hospital services(16)(6)

  0.3   0.32 S-Feb. 2020 -0.7

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  -0.4   0.25 S-Apr. 2019 -0.5

Nursing homes and adult day services(16)

0.125 0.0 0.000 0.13 S-Jan. 2020 0.0

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.070 0.1 0.000 0.11 L-Mar. 2020 1.7

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.238 1.1 0.014 0.20 - -

Transportation services

5.128 -3.6 -0.185 0.11 L-Mar. 2020 -1.9

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

0.652   -0.001 0.37 - -

Car and truck rental(5)

0.097 -3.5 -0.003 1.64 L-Feb. 2020 -2.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.096 0.4 0.004 0.19 L-Mar. 2020 0.6

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.059 0.4 0.000 0.25 S-Mar. 2020 0.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.635 0.1 0.001 0.23 L-Mar. 2020 0.8

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.343 0.9 0.003 0.26 L-Feb. 2020 1.6

Motor vehicle insurance

1.592 -8.9 -0.142 0.11 S-EVER -

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.572 -0.1 -0.001 0.13 L-Mar. 2020 0.2

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.300 0.2 0.001 0.11 L-Jan. 2020 0.4

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.258 -0.5 -0.001 0.25 L-Mar. 2020 0.3

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.26 L-Mar. 2020 0.3

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.31 L-Mar. 2020 1.2

Public transportation

1.119 -3.8 -0.042 0.37 L-Feb. 2020 0.2

Airline fares

0.635 -4.9 -0.030 0.57 L-Feb. 2020 -0.3

Other intercity transportation

0.174 0.3 0.000 0.70 L-Jan. 2020 0.3

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

           

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  -0.6   0.75 - -

Intracity transportation(4)

0.307 -1.7 -0.005 0.35 S-Sep. 2004 -2.1

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  -1.8   0.13 S-EVER -

Recreation services(11)

3.832 1.3 0.052 0.17 L-EVER -

Video and audio services(11)

1.262 0.4 0.005 0.17 S-Mar. 2020 0.1

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.180 0.5 0.006 0.19 S-Mar. 2020 0.1

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.082 -1.6 -0.001 0.95 S-Jan. 2020 -2.4

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -2.3   1.68 S-Jan. 2020 -4.1

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.76 - -

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.556 0.4 0.002 0.16 L-Dec. 2019 0.6

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.24 L-Feb. 2020 0.6

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.4   0.25 L-Mar. 2020 0.4

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.044 -0.6 0.000 0.46 L-Mar. 2020 0.2

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

           

Photo processing(4)(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.62 S-Dec. 2019 -0.6

Other recreation services(5)

1.968 2.3 0.045 0.31 L-EVER -

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.712 2.5 0.018 0.35 L-EVER -

Admissions

0.713 2.3 0.016 0.69 L-Mar. 2019 2.3

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  2.2   0.54 L-Mar. 2016 2.3

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  1.2   2.10 S-Feb. 2020 -4.0

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.214   0.000 0.43 - -

Education and communication services(11)

6.287 0.1 0.006 0.07 - -

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.940 0.2 0.005 0.10 - -

College tuition and fees

1.582 0.2 0.003 0.16 - -

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.429 0.5 0.002 0.06 - -

Day care and preschool(12)

0.772 0.0 0.000 0.13 S-Aug. 2019 0.0

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.037 0.1 0.000 0.12 S-Dec. 2019 0.1

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.113 0.2 0.000 0.03 - -

Postage

0.103 0.3 0.000 0.00 S-Mar. 2020 0.2

Delivery services(5)

0.010 -1.1 0.000 0.27 - -

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.319 0.0 0.000 0.10 S-Mar. 2020 0.0

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.910 0.1 0.001 0.05 - -

Land-line telephone services(4)(11)

0.409 -0.4 -0.002 0.36 S-Oct. 2018 -1.1

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.904 0.2 0.001 0.22 L-Jan. 2020 0.7

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.671 0.1 0.001 0.13 L-Mar. 2020 0.2

Personal care services(4)

0.675 0.2 0.001 0.14 L-Feb. 2020 0.3

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.675 0.2 0.001 0.14 L-Feb. 2020 0.3

Miscellaneous personal services

0.996 0.0 0.000 0.15 L-Mar. 2020 0.1

Legal services(4)(9)

0.253 0.1 0.000 0.12 L-Feb. 2020 0.6

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.141 0.2 0.000 0.19 S-Mar. 2020 0.0

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.222 -0.2 0.000 0.22 S-Oct. 2016 -0.2

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.031 -0.5 0.000 0.36 S-Apr. 2019 -0.8

Financial services(9)

0.236 -0.1 0.000 0.20 L-Mar. 2020 0.0

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.00 S-Oct. 2018 -0.1

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.31 L-Mar. 2020 0.5

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

85.830 -0.2 -0.155 0.04 L-Feb. 2020 0.0

All items less shelter

66.482 -0.2 -0.120 0.05 L-Feb. 2020 0.0

All items less food and shelter

52.312 -0.4 -0.223 0.06 L-Feb. 2020 -0.1

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.534 -0.3 -0.116 0.06 L-Mar. 2020 -0.2

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.953 -0.2 -0.107 0.07 L-Feb. 2020 0.1

All items less medical care

91.019 -0.1 -0.096 0.04 L-Feb. 2020 0.1

All items less energy

94.223 0.1 0.054 0.04 L-Feb. 2020 0.2

Commodities

37.134 -0.1 -0.029 0.07 L-Feb. 2020 -0.1

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.700 -0.2 -0.031 0.12 L-Feb. 2020 0.1

Commodities less food

22.964 -0.6 -0.132 0.09 L-Feb. 2020 -0.4

Commodities less food and beverages

21.922 -0.6 -0.139 0.10 L-Feb. 2020 -0.4

Services

62.866 0.0 -0.030 0.04 L-Feb. 2020 0.2

Services less rent of shelter(15)

29.718 -0.3 -0.089 0.06 L-Mar. 2020 -0.2

Services less medical care services

55.516 -0.2 -0.099 0.04 L-Mar. 2020 -0.1

Durables

10.770 0.2 0.018 0.12 L-Feb. 2020 0.2

Nondurables

26.364 -0.3 -0.067 0.08 L-Feb. 2020 -0.1

Nondurables less food

12.194 -1.3 -0.156 0.15 L-Feb. 2020 -0.6

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.152 -1.5 -0.162 0.16 L-Feb. 2020 -0.6

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.353 -1.2 -0.095 0.13 L-Feb. 2020 -0.9

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.395 -1.0 -0.090 0.12 L-Feb. 2020 -0.7

Housing

42.510 0.2 0.070 0.05 L-Feb. 2020 0.2

Education and communication(5)

6.812 0.1 0.005 0.07 - -

Education(5)

3.049 0.2 0.005 0.10 - -

Communication(5)

3.763 0.0 0.000 0.10 S-Mar. 2020 0.0

Information and information processing(5)

3.650 0.0 0.000 0.11 S-Mar. 2020 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.331 0.0 0.000 0.24 L-Feb. 2020 0.2

Recreation(5)

5.853 0.9 0.052 0.15 L-EVER -

Video and audio(5)

1.537 0.2 0.003 0.17 S-Mar. 2020 0.1

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.201 0.1 0.001 0.16 L-Feb. 2020 0.1

Photography(5)

0.073 -0.9 -0.001 0.53 L-Mar. 2020 0.1

Food and beverages

15.212 0.7 0.110 0.07 S-Mar. 2020 0.3

Domestically produced farm food

6.596 1.1 0.075 0.13 S-Mar. 2020 0.5

Other services

11.790 0.5 0.058 0.07 L-May 2007 0.5

Apparel less footwear

2.145 -2.5 -0.054 0.64 L-Mar. 2020 -1.8

Fuels and utilities

4.325 -0.4 -0.017 0.14 S-Mar. 2020 -0.6

Household energy

3.225 -0.6 -0.019 0.18 S-Mar. 2020 -0.9

Medical care

8.981 0.5 0.044 0.18 L-Dec. 2019 0.5

Transportation

14.658 -1.8 -0.268 0.08 L-Feb. 2020 -0.5

Private transportation

13.539 -1.7 -0.225 0.09 L-Feb. 2020 -0.6

New and used motor vehicles(5)

7.330 0.0 -0.003 0.11 L-Feb. 2020 0.2

Utilities and public transportation

8.812 -0.7 -0.061 0.10 L-Feb. 2020 0.2

Household furnishings and operations

4.667 0.4 0.019 0.18 S-Mar. 2020 -0.1

Other goods and services

3.174 -0.1 -0.003 0.12 - -

Personal care(4)

2.577 -0.1 -0.002 0.15 S-Dec. 2019 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, May 2020, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Apr.
2020
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
May 2019-
May 2020
Unadjusted effect on All Items
May 2019-
May 2020(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.1   0.08 S-Sep. 2015 0.0

Food

14.170 4.0 0.546 0.15 L-Jan. 2012 4.4

Food at home

7.910 4.8 0.368 0.19 L-Jan. 2012 5.3

Cereals and bakery products

1.022 2.6 0.026 0.44 S-Mar. 2020 0.1

Cereals and cereal products

0.312 3.2 0.010 0.80 L-Jul. 2012 3.2

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.043 0.8 0.000 1.08 S-Mar. 2020 -0.7

Breakfast cereal

0.143 2.3 0.003 1.01 L-Jul. 2012 2.7

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.126 5.0 0.006 1.35 L-May 2012 5.0

Rice(4)(5)

  2.8   1.84 L-Dec. 2018 3.2

Bakery products

0.710 2.3 0.016 0.55 S-Mar. 2020 0.7

Bread(4)

0.205 3.5 0.007 0.98 S-Mar. 2020 2.3

White bread(5)

  4.3   1.32 S-Mar. 2020 4.0

Bread other than white(5)

  2.7   1.32 S-Mar. 2020 0.7

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.103 1.9 0.002 1.35 S-Mar. 2020 -1.4

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.181 0.7 0.002 1.01 S-Feb. 2020 -1.2

Cookies(5)

  1.6   1.31 S-Mar. 2020 1.4

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  -1.0   1.09 L-Mar. 2020 -0.5

Other bakery products

0.222 2.5 0.006 0.89 S-Mar. 2020 0.0

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  2.9   1.97 S-Mar. 2020 -1.4

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  4.0   1.60 S-Mar. 2020 1.8

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  1.1   0.81 L-Feb. 2020 1.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.775 10.0 0.166 0.33 L-May 2004 10.0

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.658 9.8 0.154 0.35 L-Jan. 2004 10.4

Meats

1.036 11.7 0.115 0.44 L-Jan. 2015 12.6

Beef and veal

0.477 18.2 0.082 0.59 L-Jan. 2015 19.0

Uncooked ground beef

0.178 16.8 0.028 0.86 L-Feb. 2015 17.3

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.074 26.9 0.019 1.62 L-EVER -

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.183 16.6 0.029 0.93 L-Sep. 2014 16.8

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.043 15.6 0.006 1.19 L-Mar. 2015 16.7

Pork

0.325 7.3 0.023 0.91 L-Jan. 2015 7.4

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.130 0.8 0.001 1.14 S-Aug. 2019 0.7

Bacon and related products(5)

  -1.8   1.48 S-Feb. 2019 -1.9

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  4.1   1.62 S-Feb. 2020 3.5

Ham

0.065 8.6 0.006 3.14 L-Feb. 2020 10.2

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  9.1   3.40 L-Feb. 2020 10.2

Pork chops

0.052 14.0 0.007 2.19 L-Jun. 2014 14.3

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.078 13.2 0.009 2.01 S-Mar. 2020 2.3

Other meats

0.233 4.8 0.011 0.72 L-Apr. 2015 5.6

Frankfurters(5)

  8.3   1.91 L-Oct. 2015 9.3

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  5.7   0.88 L-Mar. 2015 6.9

Lamb and organ meats(5)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)

           

Poultry

0.341 8.8 0.028 0.77 L-Sep. 2004 9.8

Chicken(4)

0.280 8.4 0.022 0.91 L-Jan. 2008 9.5

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  9.6   1.77 L-Jun. 2013 10.2

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  7.7   1.08 L-Jan. 2008 10.2

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.061 10.7 0.006 2.42 L-Mar. 2012 11.2

Fish and seafood

0.281 4.1 0.011 0.76 S-Mar. 2020 0.1

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.144 5.3 0.007 1.11 S-Mar. 2020 1.4

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.138 2.9 0.004 1.15 L-Feb. 2019 5.2

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  2.1   1.59 L-Sep. 2019 3.7

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  3.6   1.70 S-Mar. 2020 -2.1

Eggs

0.117 13.5 0.012 1.58 S-Mar. 2020 -1.6

Dairy and related products

0.794 5.7 0.042 0.43 L-Mar. 2012 6.3

Milk(4)

0.213 5.4 0.011 0.78 S-Mar. 2020 4.9

Fresh whole milk(5)

  5.4   1.41 L-Feb. 2020 5.8

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  5.4   1.25 S-Mar. 2020 4.2

Cheese and related products

0.268 7.0 0.017 0.71 - -

Ice cream and related products

0.112 5.8 0.006 1.16 L-May 2012 6.1

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.201 4.1 0.008 0.87 L-Jun. 2012 4.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.355 1.5 0.021 0.58 L-May 2019 1.7

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.063 0.8 0.009 0.61 L-Oct. 2019 0.8

Fresh fruits

0.549 -0.9 -0.005 0.64 L-Oct. 2019 -0.8

Apples

0.078 -4.3 -0.003 1.68 - -

Bananas

0.078 0.2 0.000 1.27 S-Mar. 2020 -1.4

Citrus fruits(4)

0.137 -2.4 -0.004 1.55 L-Apr. 2019 -2.0

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  -3.0   2.14 S-Mar. 2020 -10.8

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.257 0.7 0.002 1.12 L-Mar. 2020 1.0

Fresh vegetables

0.513 2.7 0.014 0.97 L-Oct. 2019 2.7

Potatoes

0.083 8.7 0.007 2.45 L-Oct. 2019 8.9

Lettuce

0.061 4.1 0.003 2.84 L-Jan. 2020 7.6

Tomatoes

0.084 8.8 0.006 2.00 L-Jan. 2018 16.5

Other fresh vegetables

0.285 -1.1 -0.002 1.12 L-Nov. 2019 -0.7

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)</