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Economic News Release
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CPI CPI Program Links

Consumer Price Index News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (ET) June 10, 2022      	       USDL-22-1113
	
Technical information: (202) 691-7000  *  cpi_info@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov 

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX - MAY 2022

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 1.0 percent in May on a
seasonally adjusted basis after rising 0.3 percent in April, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased 8.6 percent before
seasonal adjustment.

The increase was broad-based, with the indexes for shelter, gasoline, and food being the largest
contributors. After declining in April, the energy index rose 3.9 percent over the month with the
gasoline index rising 4.1 percent and the other major component indexes also increasing. The food
index rose 1.2 percent in May as the food at home index increased 1.4 percent.  

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.6 percent in May, the same increase as in
April. While almost all major components increased over the month, the largest contributors were
the indexes for shelter, airline fares, used cars and trucks, and new vehicles. The indexes for
medical care, household furnishings and operations, recreation, and apparel also increased in May. 

The all items index increased 8.6 percent for the 12 months ending May, the largest 12-month
increase since the period ending December 1981. The all items less food and energy index rose
6.0 percent over the last 12 months. The energy index rose 34.6 percent over the last year, the
largest 12-month increase since the period ending September 2005. The food index increased 10.1
percent for the 12-months ending May, the first increase of 10 percent or more since the period
ending March 1981. 

Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average

Seasonally adjusted changes from preceding month Un-
adjusted
12-mos.
ended
May 2022
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
May
2022

All items

0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 1.2 0.3 1.0 8.6

Food

0.8 0.5 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.2 10.1

Food at home

0.9 0.4 1.0 1.4 1.5 1.0 1.4 11.9

Food away from home(1)

0.6 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.7 7.4

Energy

2.4 0.9 0.9 3.5 11.0 -2.7 3.9 34.6

Energy commodities

4.2 1.3 -0.6 6.7 18.1 -5.4 4.5 50.3

Gasoline (all types)

4.5 1.3 -0.8 6.6 18.3 -6.1 4.1 48.7

Fuel oil(1)

3.5 -2.4 9.5 7.7 22.3 2.7 16.9 106.7

Energy services

0.2 0.3 2.9 -0.4 1.8 1.3 3.0 16.2

Electricity

0.2 0.5 4.2 -1.1 2.2 0.7 1.3 12.0

Utility (piped) gas service

0.3 -0.3 -0.5 1.5 0.6 3.1 8.0 30.2

All items less food and energy

0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.6 6.0

Commodities less food and energy commodities

0.9 1.2 1.0 0.4 -0.4 0.2 0.7 8.5

New vehicles

1.2 1.2 0.0 0.3 0.2 1.1 1.0 12.6

Used cars and trucks

2.4 3.3 1.5 -0.2 -3.8 -0.4 1.8 16.1

Apparel

0.7 1.1 1.1 0.7 0.6 -0.8 0.7 5.0

Medical care commodities(1)

0.1 0.0 0.9 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3 2.4

Services less energy services

0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 5.2

Shelter

0.5 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 5.5

Transportation services

0.7 0.0 1.0 1.4 2.0 3.1 1.3 7.9

Medical care services

0.3 0.3 0.6 0.1 0.6 0.5 0.4 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.

Food

The food index increased 1.2 percent in May following a 0.9-percent increase the prior month. The
index for food at home rose 1.4 percent in May, the fifth consecutive increase of at least 1.0
percent. All six major grocery store food group indexes rose in May. The index for dairy and
related products rose 2.9 percent, its largest monthly increase since July 2007. The index for
nonalcoholic beverages increased 1.7 percent, and the index for other food at home rose 1.6
percent. 

The cereals and bakery products index increased 1.5 percent in May after rising 1.1 percent in
April. The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs rose 1.1 percent over the month, with the
index for eggs rising 5.0 percent. The index for fruits and vegetables rose 0.6 percent in May
after declining in April.  

The food away from home index rose 0.7 percent in May after rising 0.6 percent in April. The
index for full service meals rose 0.8 percent over the month. The index for limited service meals
increased 0.7 percent in May after rising 0.3 percent in April.  

The food at home index rose 11.9 percent over the last 12 months, the largest 12-month increase
since the period ending April 1979. All six major grocery store food group indexes increased over
the span, with five of the six rising more than 10 percent. The index for meats, poultry, fish,
and eggs increased the most, rising 14.2 percent, with the index for eggs increasing 32.2 percent.
The remaining groups saw increases ranging from 8.2 percent (fruits and vegetables) to 12.6
percent (other food at home).  

The index for food away from home rose 7.4 percent over the last year, the largest 12-month
change since the period ending November 1981. The index for full service meals rose 9.0 percent
over the last 12 months, and the index for limited service meals rose 7.3 percent over the last
year. The index for food at employee sites and schools fell 30.5 percent over the last 12 months,
reflecting widespread free lunch programs.

Energy

The energy index increased 3.9 percent in May after falling 2.7 percent in April. The gasoline
index rose 4.1 percent in May after declining in April. (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline
prices rose 7.8 percent in May.) The index for natural gas rose 8.0 percent in May, the largest
monthly increase since October 2005. The electricity index also increased in May, rising 1.3
percent.

The energy index rose 34.6 percent over the past 12 months. The gasoline index increased 48.7
percent over the span. The index for fuel oil more than doubled, rising 106.7 percent; this
represents the largest increase in the history of the series, which dates to 1935. The index for
electricity rose 12.0 percent, the largest 12-month increase since the period ending August 2006.
The index for natural gas increased 30.2 percent over the last 12 months, the largest such
increase since the period ending July 2008. 

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.6 percent in May. The shelter index increased
0.6 percent in May, the largest monthly increase since March 2004. The rent index rose 0.6
percent over the month, the same increase as in April, and the owners' equivalent rent index also
rose 0.6 percent. The index for lodging away from home rose 0.9 percent in May after larger
increases in recent months. 

The index for airline fares continued to rise, increasing 12.6 percent in May after rising 18.6
percent the prior month. The index for used cars and trucks rose 1.8 percent in May after
declining in each of the 3 prior months. The index for new vehicles rose in May, increasing 1.0
percent after rising 1.1 percent in April. 

The medical care index rose 0.4 percent in May. Medical care component indexes were mixed over
the month. The index for hospital services increased 0.5 percent, while the indexes for
physicians' services and for prescription drugs both declined 0.1 percent.   

The index for household furnishings and operations continued to rise, increasing 0.4 percent over
the month. The recreation index also rose 0.4 percent in May. Both increases were the same
increases as in April. The index for apparel increased 0.7 percent in May after falling in April.
Other indexes that increased in May include motor vehicle insurance (+0.5 percent), personal care
(+0.4 percent), education (+0.3 percent), tobacco (+0.9 percent), and alcoholic beverages (+0.5 
percent). 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 6.0 percent over the past 12 months. The
increase was broad-based, reflecting advances in almost all major component indexes. The shelter
index rose 5.5 percent over the last year, the largest 12-month increase since the period ending
February 1991. The index for household furnishings and operations increased 8.9 percent over the
last 12 months. The index for new vehicles rose 12.6 percent and the index for used cars and
trucks increased 16.1 percent over the year, while the index for airline fares rose 37.8 percent.

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 8.6 percent over the last 12
months to an index level of 292.296 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index increased 1.1 percent
prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) increased 9.3
percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 288.022 (1982-84=100). For the month, the
index rose 1.2 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 8.0 percent over the
last 12 months. For the month, the index increased 1.0 percent on a not seasonally adjusted
basis. Please note that the indexes for the past 10 to 12 months are subject to revision. 
_______________
The Consumer Price Index for June 2022 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 13, 2022 at
8:30 a.m. (ET).

Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers for goods 
and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two population groups: all 
urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical workers. The all urban consumer group 
represents about 93 percent of the total U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures 
of almost all residents of urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self
-employed, the poor, the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners 
and clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people living 
in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces, and those 
in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation for all urban 
consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban 
Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U). 
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is based on 
the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that meet two requirements: 
more than one-half of the household's income must come from clerical or wage occupations, 
and at least one of the household's earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks 
during the previous 12 months. The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the 
total U.S. population and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, doctors' 
and dentists' services, drugs, and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day 
living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas across the country from about 
6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments (department stores, 
supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service 
establishments). All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are 
included in the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are obtained every month in 
all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected every month 
in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most 
goods and services are obtained by personal visit, telephone call, or web collection by the 
Bureau's trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are 
aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the 
appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. 
For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published by size of city, by region of 
the country, for cross-classifications of regions and population-size classes, and for 23 
selected local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices among 
cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period. 
For the C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are 
considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject 
to three subsequent quarterly revisions. 

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the CPI-U and 
the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base for the C-CPI-U is 
December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, 
is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price 
of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. 

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based 
upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS calculates 
and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-month percent change 
standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard error estimates can be used to 
construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated standard 
error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means 
that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using the same 
methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these 
estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail 
prices. For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 95 
percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would fall 
between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including information on how to use 
the estimates of standard error, see www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm. 

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes 
rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level 
of the index in relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following 
table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent changes:
 
                            Item A                  Item B                      Item C
Year I                      112.500                 225.000                     110.000
Year II                     121.500                 243.000                     128.000
Change in index points      9.000                   18.000                      18.000
Percent change              9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0   18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. 
Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS 
seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are 
used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The factors are available 
at www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2022.xlsx. For more 
information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal Adjustment at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the Timeline of Seasonal 
Adjustment Methodological Changes at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually 
preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and 
in about the same magnitude every year-such as price movements resulting from weather events, 
production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on 
changes that are not typical for the time of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest 
to consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used 
extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements and pension 
plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for 
seasonal variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation 
agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment (IASA) for some 
CPI series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal 
pattern of price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which the 
distortions caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior to 
calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately represent 
the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data. 

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 2009 
return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier 
data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal portion 
of the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to 
seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this "prior 
adjusted" data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in 
the data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2022, BLS adjusted 72 series using intervention 
analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, electricity, 
and vehicles. 

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject to 
revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI 
calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years 
of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final 
and not subject to revision. For January 2022, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted 
indexes for 2017 to 2021 were calculated and published. For series which are directly adjusted 
using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors for 2021 will 
be applied to data for 2022 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2022 indexes. Series which are 
indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal 
factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical 
criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its 
status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 81 
components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status from 
seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the 
aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes 
before that period will not be changed. For 2022, 22 of the 81 components of the U.S. city 
average all items index are seasonally adjusted.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information and 
Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov. 

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section at 
202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov. 

If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to access 
telecommunications relay services.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, May 2022 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Apr.
2022
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
May
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022
May
2021-
May
2022
Apr.
2022-
May
2022
Feb.
2022-
Mar.
2022
Mar.
2022-
Apr.
2022
Apr.
2022-
May
2022

All items

100.000 269.195 289.109 292.296 8.6 1.1 1.2 0.3 1.0

Food

13.421 274.212 298.711 302.038 10.1 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.2

Food at home

8.304 255.516 282.161 285.953 11.9 1.3 1.5 1.0 1.4

Cereals and bakery products

1.052 286.649 314.787 319.930 11.6 1.6 1.5 1.1 1.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.899 275.776 310.399 314.929 14.2 1.5 1.0 1.4 1.1

Dairy and related products

0.773 230.380 251.030 257.678 11.8 2.6 1.2 2.5 2.9

Fruits and vegetables

1.432 315.748 339.385 341.594 8.2 0.7 1.5 -0.3 0.6

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.950 177.814 197.138 199.166 12.0 1.0 1.2 2.0 1.7

Other food at home

2.198 219.664 244.282 247.300 12.6 1.2 2.0 0.7 1.6

Food away from home(1)

5.117 303.481 323.559 325.952 7.4 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.7

Energy

8.255 235.339 298.469 316.761 34.6 6.1 11.0 -2.7 3.9

Energy commodities

4.862 267.532 372.220 402.040 50.3 8.0 18.1 -5.4 4.5

Fuel oil(1)

0.165 272.990 482.516 564.147 106.7 16.9 22.3 2.7 16.9

Motor fuel

4.619 264.135 365.314 393.950 49.1 7.8 18.3 -5.8 4.1

Gasoline (all types)

4.519 263.170 362.802 391.262 48.7 7.8 18.3 -6.1 4.1

Energy services

3.393 214.335 240.865 249.129 16.2 3.4 1.8 1.3 3.0

Electricity

2.521 220.948 242.778 247.461 12.0 1.9 2.2 0.7 1.3

Utility (piped) gas service

0.873 191.083 230.916 248.854 30.2 7.8 0.6 3.1 8.0

All items less food and energy

78.324 275.893 290.846 292.506 6.0 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.6

Commodities less food and energy commodities

21.403 152.217 164.520 165.140 8.5 0.4 -0.4 0.2 0.7

Apparel

2.489 120.951 127.126 126.970 5.0 -0.1 0.6 -0.8 0.7

New vehicles

4.031 152.143 169.699 171.350 12.6 1.0 0.2 1.1 1.0

Used cars and trucks

3.992 179.532 206.981 208.373 16.1 0.7 -3.8 -0.4 1.8

Medical care commodities(1)

1.492 377.191 385.307 386.273 2.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

0.877 261.711 271.376 272.293 4.0 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.5

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.515 1,240.082 1,327.276 1,338.572 7.9 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.9

Services less energy services

56.921 352.721 368.565 370.937 5.2 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6

Shelter

32.437 332.454 348.389 350.580 5.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6

Rent of primary residence

7.275 347.016 362.951 365.116 5.2 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.6

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

23.782 341.095 356.439 358.469 5.1 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6

Medical care services

6.869 571.255 591.940 594.243 4.0 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.4

Physicians' services(1)

1.842 405.744 410.830 410.249 1.1 -0.1 0.5 0.2 -0.1

Hospital services(3)

2.165 361.285 374.501 375.273 3.9 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.5

Transportation services

5.829 331.188 351.985 357.437 7.9 1.5 2.0 3.1 1.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.022 314.164 331.735 333.258 6.1 0.5 -0.3 0.5 0.5

Motor vehicle insurance

2.397 569.010 592.317 594.437 4.5 0.4 0.7 0.8 0.5

Airline fares

0.659 250.209 297.143 344.853 37.8 16.1 10.7 18.6 12.6

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, May 2022 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Apr.
2022
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
May
2021-
May
2022
Apr.
2022-
May
2022
Feb.
2022-
Mar.
2022
Mar.
2022-
Apr.
2022
Apr.
2022-
May
2022

All items

100.000 8.6 1.1 1.2 0.3 1.0

Food

13.421 10.1 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.2

Food at home

8.304 11.9 1.3 1.5 1.0 1.4

Cereals and bakery products

1.052 11.6 1.6 1.5 1.1 1.5

Cereals and cereal products

0.339 12.8 1.9 2.1 1.5 1.2

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.053 13.7 2.1 2.2 -0.9 1.0

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.144 12.2 1.3 2.4 2.4 1.3

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.142 12.8 2.5 2.8 1.3 2.1

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  12.4 2.6 3.2 0.7 2.6

Bakery products(1)

0.713 11.1 1.5 1.4 1.0 1.5

Bread(1)(2)

0.200 8.7 0.5 0.8 2.0 0.5

White bread(1)(3)

  8.1 0.6 0.6 2.0 0.6

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  9.2 0.4 0.8 1.9 0.4

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.108 9.7 -0.2 2.5 -0.2 0.2

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(1)

0.174 11.8 3.1 1.0 0.9 3.1

Cookies(1)(3)

  12.6 4.0 0.5 0.3 4.0

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  10.6 1.8 1.6 1.0 1.8

Other bakery products

0.231 13.4 2.0 2.0 0.4 1.6

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  10.6 1.1 -1.7 0.7 1.1

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  14.6 1.9 2.7 0.0 1.0

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(1)(3)

  14.6 1.7 2.2 1.9 1.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.899 14.2 1.5 1.0 1.4 1.1

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.776 13.1 1.2 0.9 0.8 0.9

Meats

1.133 12.3 0.4 0.8 0.4 -0.1

Beef and veal

0.527 10.2 0.0 0.3 -0.9 -0.7

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.194 13.6 -0.7 2.1 1.3 -0.7

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.079 11.0 1.0 0.9 -0.7 1.0

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.203 6.6 0.6 -0.7 -2.1 -1.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.052 12.1 -1.2 0.2 -0.6 -1.2

Pork

0.362 13.3 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.0

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.162 15.6 0.9 0.9 2.1 0.3

Bacon and related products(3)

  15.3 -0.4 1.0 2.5 -0.9

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  16.0 3.0 0.5 1.5 2.7

Ham

0.063 11.1 2.1 -1.2 -1.8 0.2

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  10.8 2.3 -1.5 -1.8 0.2

Pork chops(1)

0.053 11.0 -1.7 2.0 1.9 -1.7

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.084 12.6 1.3 1.5 0.6 -0.1

Other meats

0.244 15.3 0.5 1.7 2.7 1.2

Frankfurters(3)

  10.4 -1.5 2.4 1.9 2.0

Lunchmeats(1)(2)(3)

  16.8 1.5 1.2 2.6 1.5

Poultry(1)

0.355 16.6 3.0 1.5 3.0 3.0

Chicken(1)(2)

0.289 17.4 2.7 1.5 3.4 2.7

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  14.7 2.1 1.8 4.0 2.1

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  19.3 3.0 1.4 3.5 3.0

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.066 13.1 4.4 1.9 0.8 2.9

Fish and seafood

0.288 12.2 2.3 0.8 0.0 1.9

Fresh fish and seafood(1)(2)

0.148 13.1 2.2 1.5 0.9 2.2

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.141 11.2 2.3 1.3 -0.7 1.4

Shelf stable fish and seafood(3)

  6.0 2.0 3.0 -2.5 1.3

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  14.0 3.1 1.2 -0.7 2.0

Eggs(1)

0.123 32.2 5.0 1.9 10.3 5.0

Dairy and related products

0.773 11.8 2.6 1.2 2.5 2.9

Milk(2)

0.203 15.9 2.8 1.3 3.1 2.8

Fresh whole milk(3)

  16.9 3.4 1.6 3.1 3.9

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  15.8 2.7 1.1 3.4 2.6

Cheese and related products(1)

0.254 8.7 2.0 1.1 2.1 2.0

Ice cream and related products

0.112 9.6 2.5 -0.2 1.7 4.3

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.204 12.9 3.4 2.3 2.3 3.4

Fruits and vegetables

1.432 8.2 0.7 1.5 -0.3 0.6

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.099 7.6 0.3 1.3 -0.3 0.4

Fresh fruits

0.601 8.5 0.0 0.1 -0.5 0.2

Apples

0.078 6.2 0.1 -0.3 -0.5 -0.1

Bananas(1)

0.079 5.6 1.3 1.1 -0.6 1.3

Citrus fruits(2)

0.176 16.1 0.7 3.2 -0.6 -1.5

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  14.6 2.1 3.0 -0.7 -1.8

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.268 5.3 -0.8 -0.8 -1.4 1.0

Fresh vegetables

0.498 6.4 0.6 2.6 0.0 0.6

Potatoes

0.078 8.6 2.2 3.2 2.0 -0.1

Lettuce(1)

0.060 11.4 -1.8 3.0 0.3 -1.8

Tomatoes

0.079 2.0 -0.2 1.4 0.3 2.9

Other fresh vegetables

0.280 6.0 0.9 2.4 0.0 0.3

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.332 10.2 1.9 2.4 -0.5 1.4

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.170 12.1 2.7 3.8 -0.3 1.9

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  12.3 3.8 2.4 -0.8 3.7

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  11.7 2.0 4.2 -0.1 1.0

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.099 9.1 1.2 0.0 0.1 1.5

Frozen vegetables(3)

  8.4 2.0 0.9 -0.1 1.8

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.064 7.3 0.8 1.9 -0.2 0.1

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  10.5 0.2 4.4 -0.2 0.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.950 12.0 1.0 1.2 2.0 1.7

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.669 11.8 0.8 1.4 1.9 1.8

Carbonated drinks

0.278 13.2 1.5 1.4 1.8 2.5

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.007 5.7 1.5 -0.1 0.5 1.5

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.384 10.9 0.3 1.2 2.4 1.0

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.281 12.4 1.6 0.9 2.2 1.6

Coffee

0.182 15.3 2.4 0.2 2.4 2.1

Roasted coffee(3)

  15.6 2.4 0.4 2.6 1.8

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  12.9 1.7 -0.3 3.7 1.7

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.100 7.2 0.1 1.4 1.9 0.1

Other food at home

2.198 12.6 1.2 2.0 0.7 1.6

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.278 8.1 0.6 1.3 -0.2 0.6

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.040 9.3 2.7 1.6 -0.8 2.3

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.176 6.2 -0.2 0.9 -0.8 -0.2

Other sweets(2)

0.061 12.7 1.6 2.2 1.6 2.3

Fats and oils

0.242 16.9 2.4 2.9 1.2 2.2

Butter and margarine(2)

0.075 20.2 3.2 5.8 4.7 1.9

Butter(3)

  15.9 2.8 6.0 3.7 0.6

Margarine(1)(3)

  25.0 3.2 3.2 7.1 3.2

Salad dressing(2)

0.056 12.4 0.7 3.5 0.7 0.5

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.110 16.8 2.8 0.2 -0.8 3.2

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  12.1 3.3 -1.5 -0.3 3.3

Other foods

1.678 12.8 1.2 2.0 0.8 1.7

Soups

0.101 13.9 1.7 0.7 2.3 0.4

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.272 15.0 0.6 2.8 -0.1 0.8

Snacks(1)

0.362 13.6 1.7 1.7 0.7 1.7

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.322 10.1 1.4 2.8 0.4 1.6

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  11.3 1.7 4.8 0.5 1.5

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  11.9 0.3 3.2 -0.1 0.3

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  11.3 1.5 1.4 1.6 2.0

Other condiments(3)

  7.0 1.9 0.1 -1.8 2.4

Baby food(1)(2)

0.044 12.9 0.0 1.6 3.0 0.0

Other miscellaneous foods(2)

0.576 12.6 1.0 1.3 1.0 1.9

Prepared salads(3)(4)

  11.5 1.5 0.1 1.7 3.6

Food away from home(1)

5.117 7.4 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.7

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.392 9.0 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.8

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.484 7.3 0.7 -0.2 0.3 0.7

Food at employee sites and schools(1)(2)

0.035 -30.5 0.4 1.5 0.1 0.4

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  -43.5 0.3 1.2 0.1 0.3

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.036 8.0 2.0 -0.2 1.5 2.0

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.170 5.0 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.5

Energy

8.255 34.6 6.1 11.0 -2.7 3.9

Energy commodities

4.862 50.3 8.0 18.1 -5.4 4.5

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.242 75.9 11.3 15.7 3.7 13.1

Fuel oil(1)

0.165 106.7 16.9 22.3 2.7 16.9

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.078 28.0 -0.6 3.4 1.4 1.5

Motor fuel

4.619 49.1 7.8 18.3 -5.8 4.1

Gasoline (all types)

4.519 48.7 7.8 18.3 -6.1 4.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  49.5 8.2 19.3 -6.4 4.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  45.9 6.7 17.4 -4.0 3.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  42.9 5.8 17.0 -3.5 2.5

Other motor fuels(1)(2)

0.100 73.4 7.6 22.9 6.9 7.6

Energy services

3.393 16.2 3.4 1.8 1.3 3.0

Electricity

2.521 12.0 1.9 2.2 0.7 1.3

Utility (piped) gas service

0.873 30.2 7.8 0.6 3.1 8.0

All items less food and energy

78.324 6.0 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.6

Commodities less food and energy commodities

21.403 8.5 0.4 -0.4 0.2 0.7

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.969 9.7 0.1 1.0 0.5 0.1

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.296 7.2 -0.4 0.8 0.8 -0.4

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.066 10.9 2.2 -1.6 0.8 2.2

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.060 18.9 -2.0 5.4 4.7 -2.0

Other linens(1)(2)

0.169 1.8 -0.9 0.3 -0.5 -0.9

Furniture and bedding(1)

0.979 12.7 -0.2 0.6 1.5 -0.2

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.322 10.9 -1.6 0.4 1.7 -1.6

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.469 13.3 0.7 0.3 1.1 0.7

Other furniture(2)

0.180 13.7 -0.1 1.5 2.0 0.3

Appliances(2)

0.257 6.4 -0.9 1.5 -0.5 -0.7

Major appliances(2)

0.087 9.5 -2.4 2.8 -0.8 -2.0

Laundry equipment(1)(3)

  2.7 -0.1 0.5 -3.1 -0.1

Other appliances(1)(2)

0.167 4.8 -0.1 0.5 -0.1 -0.1

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.575 5.8 -2.0 2.4 -1.6 -1.7

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.349 6.4 -3.7 1.9 -1.1 -3.7

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.099 4.8 1.1 1.1 -1.7 0.1

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.051 6.1 0.6 3.1 -0.3 0.6

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(1)(2)

0.076 5.1 0.3 1.8 0.3 0.3

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.931 11.0 1.2 0.6 0.6 1.1

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.244 10.8 0.6 1.5 1.2 0.6

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.462 11.1 1.4 0.6 0.1 1.1

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.933 9.2 1.0 0.6 1.3 1.0

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.346 9.9 0.3 1.2 1.7 0.3

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.214 7.3 -0.1 1.3 0.5 -0.1

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.373 9.7 2.4 -0.3 1.3 2.4

Apparel

2.489 5.0 -0.1 0.6 -0.8 0.7

Men's and boys' apparel

0.632 7.3 0.0 1.1 0.3 0.2

Men's apparel

0.487 7.8 0.1 1.1 0.3 0.2

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.078 22.3 1.9 0.7 6.6 1.5

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(1)

0.161 6.0 0.2 0.3 -1.3 0.2

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.119 11.2 -0.6 -0.7 -0.9 1.8

Men's pants and shorts

0.123 -1.6 -0.4 3.6 -1.9 -1.2

Boys' apparel

0.145 5.9 -0.3 -0.5 0.2 0.2

Women's and girls' apparel

0.981 4.1 -1.0 0.4 -0.9 0.6

Women's apparel

0.821 4.9 -0.7 0.0 -1.0 0.7

Women's outerwear

0.059 8.0 1.0 -1.3 0.4 2.0

Women's dresses

0.092 8.8 -2.2 -1.0 0.7 2.2

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.396 3.8 -1.6 0.5 -2.3 -0.6

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.267 4.7 0.7 -2.4 -0.9 0.6

Girls' apparel

0.160 0.5 -2.5 2.2 -0.5 0.2

Footwear

0.604 4.5 0.4 0.1 -1.3 0.9

Men's footwear(1)

0.203 2.8 0.4 0.4 -1.1 0.4

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.116 5.0 1.6 -1.5 -1.4 3.2

Women's footwear

0.285 5.6 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.5

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.115 10.2 2.2 -1.5 -0.7 2.0

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.158 -0.6 1.1 2.8 -1.8 0.9

Watches(1)(6)

0.030 0.5 -0.7 -1.5 1.1 -0.7

Jewelry(6)

0.127 -1.2 1.5 4.4 -1.3 0.8

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

8.536 14.1 0.9 -1.7 0.4 1.4

New vehicles

4.031 12.6 1.0 0.2 1.1 1.0

New cars(3)

  13.7 1.2 0.3 1.7 1.1

New trucks(3)(10)

  12.2 0.9 0.2 0.9 1.0

Used cars and trucks

3.992 16.1 0.7 -3.8 -0.4 1.8

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.426 15.3 1.5 -0.2 1.2 1.5

Tires(1)

0.271 15.7 1.1 -0.1 0.9 1.1

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.155 14.5 2.3 -0.3 1.6 2.3

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  12.0 2.6 -0.1 0.9 2.6

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  17.1 1.3 -1.2 3.7 1.3

Medical care commodities(1)

1.492 2.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3

Medicinal drugs(1)(8)

1.392 2.3 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1

Prescription drugs(1)

1.021 1.9 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 -0.1

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.371 3.2 0.9 1.3 0.0 0.9

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.100 4.7 2.0 -0.2 0.3 2.0

Recreation commodities(8)

1.901 3.8 0.1 -0.1 0.5 0.1

Video and audio products(8)

0.290 -5.2 -0.9 -1.8 -0.7 -1.4

Televisions

0.134 -9.5 -1.9 -2.4 -2.2 -3.0

Other video equipment(2)

0.026 -4.3 0.7 -1.3 -0.7 0.4

Audio equipment(1)

0.072 -0.7 0.1 -2.3 1.0 0.1

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.052 -0.9 -0.7 -0.2 0.6 -0.7

Pets and pet products(1)

0.553 8.3 1.0 1.7 0.8 1.0

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  9.1 1.6 2.3 1.2 1.6

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  7.1 0.1 0.6 -0.1 0.1

Sporting goods(1)

0.562 5.7 -0.2 -0.6 0.9 -0.2

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.321 4.7 -0.2 -0.9 0.7 -0.2

Sports equipment(1)

0.230 7.1 -0.2 -0.1 1.2 -0.2

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.020 3.7 1.7 -0.2 -1.4 2.7

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  2.9 1.3 -0.2 -1.2 2.7

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.097 2.7 0.0 -2.9 2.0 0.0

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.056 4.8 0.2 -3.9 2.7 0.2

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.040 -0.2 -0.4 -1.5 1.0 -0.4

Other recreational goods(2)

0.380 1.4 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2

Toys

0.294 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  2.9 -1.0 -1.2 0.4 -0.6

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.028 2.3 1.6 2.3 4.6 1.6

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.042 4.6 -0.4 0.8 -0.4 -0.4

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.794 -6.0 -1.7 -0.6 -2.6 -1.7

Educational books and supplies(1)

0.086 3.7 2.2 0.5 -0.1 2.2

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  5.1 2.5 0.7 0.4 2.5

Information technology commodities(8)

0.708 -7.1 -2.2 -0.7 -2.9 -2.2

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(1)(4)

0.348 -1.8 -1.4 0.9 -2.1 -1.4

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.019 -3.9 1.3 -1.0 -1.4 1.3

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(2)

0.341 -13.2 -3.2 -2.3 -3.7 -3.2

Smartphones(1)(3)(12)

  -19.9 -5.0 -4.2 -4.3 -5.0

Alcoholic beverages

0.877 4.0 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.5

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.585 2.7 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.222 4.5 0.2 0.9 0.2 0.4

Distilled spirits at home(1)

0.106 1.4 0.1 -0.6 0.5 0.1

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  2.7 0.1 -0.8 0.5 0.1

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  0.7 0.2 -0.6 0.5 0.2

Wine at home(1)

0.256 1.8 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.0

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.292 5.9 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.8

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  5.8 0.8 0.2 0.6 0.8

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  6.4 1.4 1.2 0.4 1.4

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  5.5 0.2 0.7 0.9 0.2

Other goods(8)

1.344 6.2 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.8

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.515 7.9 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.9

Cigarettes(1)(2)

0.445 8.2 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.8

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.065 5.2 1.0 1.6 -0.2 1.0

Personal care products(1)

0.643 2.8 0.3 1.0 0.3 0.3

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.331 4.4 0.2 1.1 1.2 0.2

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.302 1.0 0.3 1.0 -0.7 0.3

Miscellaneous personal goods(1)(2)

0.186 11.6 2.4 -0.9 0.2 2.4

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  14.3 1.2 1.6 0.3 1.0

Services less energy services

56.921 5.2 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6

Shelter

32.437 5.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6

Rent of shelter(13)

32.068 5.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6

Rent of primary residence

7.275 5.2 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.6

Lodging away from home(2)

1.011 19.3 2.5 3.3 1.7 0.9

Housing at school, excluding board(13)

0.124 1.6 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.1

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.887 22.2 2.9 3.7 2.0 1.0

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(13)

23.782 5.1 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(13)

22.545 5.1 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.368 -0.4 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.092 4.4 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.3

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.787 4.0 0.1 -0.1 0.3 0.2

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.305 5.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4

Household operations(1)(2)

0.820 5.3 2.1     2.1

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.238 1.6 0.8 0.1 -1.2 0.8

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

           

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.102 4.0 2.4 -0.4 2.1 2.4

Repair of household items(1)(2)

           

Medical care services

6.869 4.0 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.4

Professional services

3.486 1.9 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.1

Physicians' services(1)

1.842 1.1 -0.1 0.5 0.2 -0.1

Dental services

0.899 2.7 0.6 0.2 -0.2 0.6

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.360 1.4 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.386 4.5 0.7 -0.2 -0.3 0.7

Hospital and related services

2.536 3.8 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.4

Hospital services(14)

2.165 3.9 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.5

Inpatient hospital services(14)(3)

  3.9 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  3.5 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.6

Nursing homes and adult day services(14)

0.207 3.4 -0.1 0.4 0.3 0.0

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.164 2.4 0.0 1.8 0.5 0.0

Health insurance(1)(5)

0.847 13.8 2.0 2.2 2.0 2.0

Transportation services

5.829 7.9 1.5 2.0 3.1 1.3

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

           

Car and truck rental(2)

0.155 -0.4 -0.7 11.7 0.8 1.7

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.022 6.1 0.5 -0.3 0.5 0.5

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.052 13.7 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.563 4.8 0.3 -1.0 1.2 0.3

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.365 6.9 0.7 0.4 -0.7 0.7

Motor vehicle insurance

2.397 4.5 0.4 0.7 0.8 0.5

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.503 1.0 0.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.291 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.197 1.4 0.2 -0.5 -0.3 0.2

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  2.3 0.6 -0.4 0.1 0.5

Public transportation

0.951 26.3 11.2 7.1 12.1 8.6

Airline fares

0.659 37.8 16.1 10.7 18.6 12.6

Other intercity transportation

0.093 -3.6 0.0 0.1 -0.3 -0.3

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  -5.3 -0.9 -0.1 -1.0 -0.9

Intracity transportation(1)

0.197 3.6 0.4 1.6 0.2 0.4

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  2.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Recreation services(8)

3.149 4.9 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5

Video and audio services(8)

1.155 5.6 1.2 0.3 0.8 1.4

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.064 5.8 1.1 0.3 0.8 1.3

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.091 3.1 2.3 0.4 0.7 2.3

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  4.4 6.5 -0.2 1.7 6.5

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  6.2 1.0 0.7 0.7 1.0

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.522 7.8 -0.4 2.5 1.1 -0.6

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  7.4 0.5 0.3 1.7 0.5

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  7.4 -1.0 3.4 0.7 -1.1

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.030 5.6 0.4 0.9 1.8 0.4

Other recreation services(2)

1.441 3.2 0.3 -0.2 -0.3 0.3

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.635 3.7 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5

Admissions(1)

0.448 1.7 0.1 -1.3 -1.4 0.1

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  6.4 0.0 1.1 1.1 0.0

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  -10.8 -0.1 -5.9 -8.2 -0.1

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.170 3.8 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0

Education and communication services(8)

5.356 1.7 0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.503 2.5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

College tuition and fees

1.438 2.1 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.1

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.313 2.9 1.3 0.3 0.1 1.2

Day care and preschool(9)

0.623 3.2 0.1 0.2 0.6 -0.1

Technical and business school tuition and fees(1)(2)

0.039 1.0 0.3 -0.4 0.3 0.3

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.083 4.3 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.7

Postage

0.074 3.0 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.4

Delivery services(2)

0.009 16.4 2.4 2.5 2.8 2.6

Telephone services(1)(2)

1.827 0.2 0.0 -0.6 0.2 0.0

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.519 -0.7 0.0 -0.7 0.0 0.0

Residential telephone services(1)(8)

0.308 4.7 -0.1 -0.2 0.7 -0.1

Internet services and electronic information providers(1)(2)

0.934 2.5 0.5 0.0 0.2 0.5

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.369 6.5 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.1

Personal care services(1)

0.539 6.2 0.5 -0.4 0.4 0.5

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.539 6.2 0.5 -0.4 0.4 0.5

Miscellaneous personal services(1)

0.830 6.6 -0.1 1.0 0.6 -0.1

Legal services(1)(6)

0.232 7.6 1.0 0.4 1.1 1.0

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.146 2.7 0.2 0.6 0.3 0.2

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.153 10.1 0.2 0.7 0.4 0.2

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.018 7.3 -2.6 3.8 0.6 -2.6

Financial services(1)(6)

0.198 5.0 -1.7 2.0 0.4 -1.7

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  3.1 0.0 0.0 2.1 0.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

           

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 2019=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, May 2022 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Apr.
2022
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
May
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022
May
2021-
May
2022
Apr.
2022-
May
2022
Feb.
2022-
Mar.
2022
Mar.
2022-
Apr.
2022
Apr.
2022-
May
2022

All items less food

86.579 268.394 287.595 290.760 8.3 1.1 1.3 0.2 0.9

All items less shelter

67.563 247.484 268.974 272.550 10.1 1.3 1.6 0.2 1.1

All items less food and shelter

54.142 240.537 261.255 264.868 10.1 1.4 1.7 0.1 1.1

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.887 244.439 258.776 260.146 6.4 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.6

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

41.895 247.125 260.020 261.361 5.8 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.5

All items less medical care

91.638 256.971 276.967 280.207 9.0 1.2 1.3 0.3 1.0

All items less energy

91.745 274.891 291.199 293.092 6.6 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.7

Commodities

39.686 197.117 219.647 223.076 13.2 1.6 2.1 -0.3 1.3

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.411 148.545 158.714 159.204 7.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4

Commodities less food

26.264 162.903 183.754 187.042 14.8 1.8 2.7 -0.9 1.4

Commodities less food and beverages

25.388 159.470 180.477 183.797 15.3 1.8 2.8 -0.9 1.4

Services

60.314 340.052 356.710 359.566 5.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8

Services less rent of shelter(1)

28.246 358.568 376.389 380.099 6.0 1.0 0.9 1.1 0.9

Services less medical care services

53.445 322.545 338.884 341.776 6.0 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.8

Durables

12.779 115.051 127.622 128.122 11.4 0.4 -0.9 0.1 0.1

Nondurables

26.906 237.991 266.284 271.921 14.3 2.1 3.2 -0.2 1.9

Nondurables less food

13.485 207.498 238.601 246.034 18.6 3.1 6.0 -1.5 2.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.609 204.141 236.569 244.396 19.7 3.3 6.4 -1.6 2.4

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

10.120 260.377 309.706 322.565 23.9 4.2 8.5 -1.9 2.7

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.997 259.205 304.652 316.375 22.1 3.8 8.2 -1.6 2.7

Housing

41.954 278.648 295.259 297.868 6.9 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.8

Education and communication(2)

6.150 142.002 143.212 143.108 0.8 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1

Education(2)

2.589 272.544 278.647 279.356 2.5 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Communication(2)

3.561 75.721 75.576 75.341 -0.5 -0.3 -0.5 -0.4 -0.3

Information and information processing(2)

3.478 71.508 71.284 71.053 -0.6 -0.3 -0.5 -0.5 -0.3

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.651 7.357 7.297 7.250 -1.5 -0.6 -0.4 -1.2 -0.6

Recreation(2)

5.050 124.769 129.892 130.360 4.5 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.4

Video and audio(2)

1.445 109.731 112.568 113.457 3.4 0.8 -0.1 0.5 0.8

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.075 184.359 198.626 199.268 8.1 0.3 2.1 0.9 0.2

Photography(2)

0.051 76.800 79.727 80.455 4.8 0.9 0.4 0.5 1.3

Food and beverages

14.298 273.441 296.915 300.081 9.7 1.1 1.0 0.8 1.1

Domestically produced farm food

6.987 264.290 291.954 295.893 12.0 1.3 1.6 1.3 1.3

Other services

9.874 373.725 385.184 386.219 3.3 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.3

Apparel less footwear

1.885 112.430 118.568 118.220 5.1 -0.3 0.7 -0.6 0.6

Fuels and utilities

4.728 255.631 286.339 295.153 15.5 3.1 2.0 1.2 2.9

Household energy

3.636 210.371 241.059 250.594 19.1 4.0 2.6 1.5 3.7

Medical care

8.362 523.918 541.515 543.488 3.7 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4

Transportation

18.984 229.689 266.892 274.282 19.4 2.8 3.9 -0.4 2.0

Private transportation

18.033 227.144 265.383 271.545 19.5 2.3 3.8 -1.0 1.6

New and used motor vehicles(2)

9.066 112.405 127.338 127.847 13.7 0.4 -1.2 0.9 0.9

Utilities and public transportation

8.327 228.265 244.061 250.991 10.0 2.8 1.1 2.0 2.2

Household furnishings and operations

4.789 131.086 142.110 142.736 8.9 0.4 1.0 0.4 0.4

Other goods and services

2.713 473.011 500.673 502.966 6.3 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5

Personal care

2.198 241.814 255.213 256.147 5.9 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, May 2022 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to May 2022 from: Percent change to Apr. 2022 from:
May
2021
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
Apr.
2021
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022

U.S. city average

M

8.6 1.7 1.1 8.3 1.9 0.6

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

7.5 1.5 0.9 7.2 1.9 0.6

Northeast - Size Class A

M

6.9 1.4 0.6 6.8 2.1 0.8

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

8.2 1.6 1.2 7.6 1.7 0.4

New England(4)

M

7.9 1.3 1.1 7.0 1.6 0.1

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

7.3 1.6 0.8 7.2 2.1 0.8

Midwest

M

8.8 2.0 1.5 8.2 1.8 0.5

Midwest - Size Class A

M

8.5 2.1 1.4 7.9 2.0 0.7

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

9.0 2.0 1.6 8.5 1.6 0.4

East North Central(4)

M

8.8 2.0 1.6 8.1 1.7 0.4

West North Central(4)

M

8.8 2.0 1.3 8.5 2.0 0.7

South

M

9.2 1.7 1.2 8.8 1.9 0.5

South - Size Class A

M

9.6 1.9 1.3 9.0 2.0 0.5

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

9.1 1.6 1.2 8.7 1.8 0.4

South Atlantic(4)

M

9.2 1.5 1.1 8.8 1.6 0.3

East South Central(4)

M

7.7 1.8 1.1 7.8 2.2 0.7

West South Central(4)

M

9.9 2.1 1.4 9.3 2.4 0.6

West

M

8.3 1.5 0.8 8.3 2.0 0.7

West - Size Class A

M

8.3 1.4 0.8 8.1 2.0 0.6

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

8.4 1.6 0.8 8.6 2.0 0.7

Mountain(4)

M

9.4 1.5 0.7 9.8 2.2 0.7

Pacific(4)

M

8.0 1.5 0.8 7.8 1.9 0.7

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

8.4 1.7 1.0 8.0 2.0 0.6

Size Class B/C(3)

M

8.8 1.7 1.2 8.5 1.8 0.5

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

8.0 2.2 1.8 7.2 1.8 0.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

8.0 1.3 0.8 7.9 2.0 0.5

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

6.3 1.4 0.5 6.3 2.2 0.9

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

      10.8 1.9  

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

      9.1 1.6  

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

      8.3 2.5  

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

      8.5 2.4  

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

      9.6 1.5  

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

      8.4 2.2  

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

      11.0 2.5  

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

      5.0 1.5  

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

      9.1 2.1  

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

      8.4 2.3  

Urban Alaska

2

      7.5 1.9  

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

7.5 1.1        

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

9.1 1.8        

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

8.3 1.3        

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

8.7 1.9        

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

9.4 1.4        

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

8.3 1.1        

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

11.3 2.1        

Urban Hawaii

1

7.0 1.6        

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

7.5 1.5        

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, May 2022 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

December 2017

    1.7 2.1

December 2018

    1.5 1.9

December 2019

    1.8 2.3

January 2020

0.4 0.4 2.0 2.5

February 2020

0.3 0.3 1.8 2.3

March 2020

-0.2 -0.2 1.1 1.5

April 2020

-0.5 -0.7 0.2 0.3

May 2020

-0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1

June 2020

0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6

July 2020

0.6 0.5 0.9 1.0

August 2020

0.4 0.3 1.3 1.3

September 2020

0.1 0.1 1.4 1.4

October 2020

0.0 0.0 1.2 1.2

November 2020

-0.1 -0.1 1.2 1.2

December 2020

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.4

January 2021

0.5 0.4 1.6 1.4

February 2021

0.5 0.5 1.8 1.7

March 2021

0.6 0.7 2.6 2.6

April 2021

0.8 0.8 4.0 4.2

May 2021

0.7 0.8 4.9 5.0

June 2021

0.8 0.9 5.1 5.4

July 2021

0.5 0.5 5.0 5.4

August 2021

0.2 0.2 4.8 5.3

September 2021

0.3 0.3 5.0 5.4

October 2021

0.8 0.8 5.9 6.2

November 2021

0.5 0.5 6.4 6.8

December 2021

0.3 0.3 6.6 7.0

January 2022

0.8 0.8 7.0 7.5

February 2022

0.9 0.9 7.4 7.9

March 2022

1.2 1.3 8.0 8.5

April 2022

0.6 0.6 7.8 8.3

May 2022

1.0 1.1 8.0 8.6

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, May 2022, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Apr.
2022
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Apr. 2022-
May 2022
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Apr. 2022-
May 2022(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 1.0   0.04 L-Mar. 2022 1.2

Food

13.421 1.2 0.158 0.09 L-Apr. 2020 1.4

Food at home

8.304 1.4 0.120 0.13 L-Mar. 2022 1.5

Cereals and bakery products

1.052 1.5 0.016 0.32 L-Mar. 2022 1.5

Cereals and cereal products

0.339 1.2 0.004 0.38 S-Jan. 2022 1.1

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.053 1.0 0.001 0.89 L-Mar. 2022 2.2

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.144 1.3 0.002 0.68 S-Feb. 2022 1.1

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.142 2.1 0.003 0.53 L-Mar. 2022 2.8

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  2.6   0.62 L-Mar. 2022 3.2

Bakery products(4)

0.713 1.5 0.011 0.39 L-Jan. 2022 2.0

Bread(4)(5)

0.200 0.5 0.001 0.53 S-Feb. 2022 0.4

White bread(4)(6)

  0.6   0.74 S-Mar. 2022 0.6

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  0.4   0.86 S-Feb. 2022 0.4

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.108 0.2 0.000 1.00 L-Mar. 2022 2.5

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(4)

0.174 3.1 0.005 0.67 L-EVER -

Cookies(4)(6)

  4.0   0.77 L-Apr. 2020 5.1

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  1.8   1.06 L-Jan. 2022 2.4

Other bakery products

0.231 1.6 0.004 0.67 L-Mar. 2022 2.0

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  1.1   1.29 L-Feb. 2022 4.1

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  1.0   1.31 L-Mar. 2022 2.7

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(4)(6)

  1.7   0.86 S-Feb. 2022 1.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.899 1.1 0.022 0.25 S-Mar. 2022 1.0

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.776 0.9 0.015 0.27 L-Mar. 2022 0.9

Meats

1.133 -0.1 -0.001 0.38 S-Jan. 2022 -0.3

Beef and veal

0.527 -0.7 -0.004 0.55 L-Mar. 2022 0.3

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.194 -0.7 -0.001 0.65 S-Dec. 2021 -1.8

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.079 1.0 0.001 1.40 L-Feb. 2022 1.6

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.203 -1.4 -0.003 0.93 L-Mar. 2022 -0.7

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.052 -1.2 -0.001 1.15 S-Jan. 2022 -3.6

Pork

0.362 0.0 0.000 0.64 S-Jan. 2022 -0.2

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.162 0.3 0.000 0.77 S-Jan. 2022 -1.2

Bacon and related products(6)

  -0.9   0.86 S-Aug. 2020 -2.6

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  2.7   1.20 L-Jun. 2020 2.7

Ham

0.063 0.2 0.000 1.86 L-Feb. 2022 3.0

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  0.2   2.02 L-Feb. 2022 2.9

Pork chops(4)

0.053 -1.7 -0.001 1.63 S-Jan. 2021 -2.4

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.084 -0.1 0.000 1.53 S-Jan. 2022 -2.3

Other meats

0.244 1.2 0.003 0.60 S-Nov. 2021 1.1

Frankfurters(6)

  2.0   1.28 L-Mar. 2022 2.4

Lunchmeats(4)(5)(6)

  1.5   0.59 S-Mar. 2022 1.2

Poultry(4)

0.355 3.0 0.011 0.51 - -

Chicken(4)(5)

0.289 2.7 0.008 0.62 S-Mar. 2022 1.5

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  2.1   0.93 S-Mar. 2022 1.8

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  3.0   0.73 S-Mar. 2022 1.4

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.066 2.9 0.002 0.90 L-Jan. 2022 4.2

Fish and seafood

0.288 1.9 0.006 0.56 L-Jul. 2021 1.9

Fresh fish and seafood(4)(5)

0.148 2.2 0.003 0.84 L-Jan. 2022 2.4

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.141 1.4 0.002 0.71 L-Feb. 2022 2.3

Shelf stable fish and seafood(6)

  1.3   0.91 L-Mar. 2022 3.0

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  2.0   0.96 L-Feb. 2022 2.4

Eggs(4)

0.123 5.0 0.006 0.73 S-Mar. 2022 1.9

Dairy and related products

0.773 2.9 0.023 0.32 L-Jul. 2007 3.4

Milk(5)

0.203 2.8 0.006 0.43 S-Mar. 2022 1.3

Fresh whole milk(6)

  3.9   0.56 L-Aug. 2020 4.3

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  2.6   0.65 S-Mar. 2022 1.1

Cheese and related products(4)

0.254 2.0 0.005 0.59 S-Mar. 2022 1.1

Ice cream and related products

0.112 4.3 0.005 0.94 L-Dec. 2003 4.6

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.204 3.4 0.007 0.57 L-EVER -

Fruits and vegetables

1.432 0.6 0.009 0.33 L-Mar. 2022 1.5

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.099 0.4 0.004 0.40 L-Mar. 2022 1.3

Fresh fruits

0.601 0.2 0.001 0.62 L-Feb. 2022 3.7

Apples

0.078 -0.1 0.000 1.09 L-Feb. 2022 2.7

Bananas(4)

0.079 1.3 0.001 0.71 L-Nov. 2021 1.4

Citrus fruits(5)

0.176 -1.5 -0.003 1.06 S-Jul. 2021 -4.7

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -1.8   1.43 S-Jul. 2021 -4.7

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.268 1.0 0.002 1.07 L-Feb. 2022 3.5

Fresh vegetables

0.498 0.6 0.003 0.51 L-Mar. 2022 2.6

Potatoes

0.078 -0.1 0.000 0.77 S-Jan. 2022 -2.9

Lettuce(4)

0.060 -1.8 -0.001 0.92 S-Feb. 2021 -1.9

Tomatoes

0.079 2.9 0.002 1.09 L-Mar. 2020 4.1

Other fresh vegetables

0.280 0.3 0.001 0.71 L-Mar. 2022 2.4

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.332 1.4 0.005 0.41 L-Mar. 2022 2.4

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.170 1.9 0.003 0.61 L-Mar. 2022 3.8

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  3.7   0.69 L-Jan. 2022 3.9

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  1.0   0.72 L-Mar. 2022 4.2

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.099 1.5 0.002 0.88 L-Feb. 2022 2.2

Frozen vegetables(6)

  1.8   1.04 L-Feb. 2022 2.7

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.064 0.1 0.000 0.94 L-Mar. 2022 1.9

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.90 L-Mar. 2022 4.4

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.950 1.7 0.016 0.40 S-Mar. 2022 1.2

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.669 1.8 0.012 0.49 S-Mar. 2022 1.4

Carbonated drinks

0.278 2.5 0.007 0.85 L-Apr. 2020 5.0

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.007 1.5 0.000 0.66 L-Feb. 2022 4.6

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.384 1.0 0.004 0.59 S-Jan. 2022 0.5

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.281 1.6 0.004 0.61 S-Mar. 2022 0.9

Coffee

0.182 2.1 0.004 0.79 S-Mar. 2022 0.2

Roasted coffee(6)

  1.8   0.90 S-Mar. 2022 0.4

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  1.7   1.86 S-Mar. 2022 -0.3

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.100 0.1 0.000 1.01 S-Dec. 2021 -0.7

Other food at home

2.198 1.6 0.034 0.25 L-Mar. 2022 2.0

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.278 0.6 0.002 0.68 L-Mar. 2022 1.3

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.040 2.3 0.001 0.59 L-Oct. 2021 3.0

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.176 -0.2 0.000 0.97 L-Mar. 2022 0.9

Other sweets(5)

0.061 2.3 0.001 0.82 L-Nov. 2021 3.4

Fats and oils

0.242 2.2 0.005 0.59 L-Mar. 2022 2.9

Butter and margarine(5)

0.075 1.9 0.001 1.06 S-Jan. 2022 1.4

Butter(6)

  0.6   1.49 S-Dec. 2021 -0.1

Margarine(4)(6)

  3.2   1.54 S-Mar. 2022 3.2

Salad dressing(5)

0.056 0.5 0.000 0.96 S-Jan. 2022 0.4

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.110 3.2 0.003 0.95 L-Sep. 2021 3.2

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  3.3   0.58 L-Oct. 2021 3.3

Other foods

1.678 1.7 0.028 0.29 L-Mar. 2022 2.0

Soups

0.101 0.4 0.000 1.00 S-Dec. 2021 0.3

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.272 0.8 0.002 0.55 L-Mar. 2022 2.8

Snacks(4)

0.362 1.7 0.006 0.58 L-Mar. 2022 1.7

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.322 1.6 0.005 0.48 L-Mar. 2022 2.8

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  1.5   0.73 L-Mar. 2022 4.8

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.86 L-Mar. 2022 3.2

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  2.0   1.02 L-Feb. 2020 2.3

Other condiments(6)

  2.4   0.71 L-Nov. 2021 2.8

Baby food(4)(5)

0.044 0.0 0.000 0.61 S-Dec. 2021 -0.1

Other miscellaneous foods(5)

0.576 1.9 0.011 0.60 L-Jan. 2022 2.3

Prepared salads(7)(6)

  3.6   1.61 L-EVER -

Food away from home(4)

5.117 0.7 0.038 0.11 L-Jan. 2022 0.7

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.392 0.8 0.019 0.14 S-Mar. 2022 0.7

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.484 0.7 0.017 0.15 L-Jan. 2022 0.7

Food at employee sites and schools(4)(5)

0.035 0.4 0.000 2.22 L-Mar. 2022 1.5

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  0.3   6.84 L-Mar. 2022 1.2

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.036 2.0 0.001 0.46 L-Jan. 2022 2.6

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.170 0.5 0.001 0.12 L-Feb. 2022 0.8

Energy

8.255 3.9 0.321 0.14 L-Mar. 2022 11.0

Energy commodities

4.862 4.5 0.218 0.13 L-Mar. 2022 18.1

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.242 13.1 0.032 0.65 L-Mar. 2022 15.7

Fuel oil(4)

0.165 16.9 0.028 0.67 L-Mar. 2022 22.3

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.078 1.5 0.001 0.83 L-Mar. 2022 3.4

Motor fuel

4.619 4.1 0.186 0.13 L-Mar. 2022 18.3

Gasoline (all types)

4.519 4.1 0.183 0.13 L-Mar. 2022 18.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  4.6   0.39 L-Mar. 2022 19.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  3.1   0.36 L-Mar. 2022 17.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  2.5   0.36 L-Mar. 2022 17.0

Other motor fuels(4)(5)

0.100 7.6 0.008 0.26 L-Mar. 2022 22.9

Energy services

3.393 3.0 0.104 0.21 L-Jul. 2008 3.2

Electricity

2.521 1.3 0.034 0.21 L-Mar. 2022 2.2

Utility (piped) gas service

0.873 8.0 0.070 0.37 L-Oct. 2005 13.4

All items less food and energy

78.324 0.6 0.495 0.04 - -

Commodities less food and energy commodities

21.403 0.7 0.146 0.10 L-Jan. 2022 1.0

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.969 0.1 0.004 0.24 S-Jul. 2021 0.0

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.296 -0.4 -0.001 1.08 S-Nov. 2021 -1.9

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.066 2.2 0.001 1.03 L-Feb. 2022 4.8

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.060 -2.0 -0.001 1.42 S-Feb. 2022 -5.5

Other linens(4)(5)

0.169 -0.9 -0.002 1.57 S-Nov. 2021 -4.6

Furniture and bedding(4)

0.979 -0.2 -0.002 0.47 S-Jul. 2021 -0.6

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.322 -1.6 -0.005 0.72 S-Apr. 2020 -2.4

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.469 0.7 0.003 0.79 S-Mar. 2022 0.3

Other furniture(5)

0.180 0.3 0.001 0.83 S-Feb. 2022 -0.3

Appliances(5)

0.257 -0.7 -0.002 0.62 S-Jan. 2021 -0.9

Major appliances(5)

0.087 -2.0 -0.002 0.80 S-Dec. 2020 -2.3

Laundry equipment(4)(6)

  -0.1   1.08 L-Mar. 2022 0.5

Other appliances(4)(5)

0.167 -0.1 0.000 0.85 - -

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.575 -1.7 -0.010 0.54 S-Oct. 2020 -2.1

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.349 -3.7 -0.013 0.66 S-Dec. 2018 -3.8

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.099 0.1 0.000 0.89 L-Mar. 2022 1.1

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.051 0.6 0.000 1.90 L-Mar. 2022 3.1

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(4)(5)

0.076 0.3 0.000 1.17 - -

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.931 1.1 0.010 0.34 L-Jan. 2022 2.2

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.244 0.6 0.001 0.57 S-Dec. 2021 0.4

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.462 1.1 0.005 0.43 L-Jan. 2022 2.1

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.933 1.0 0.010 0.34 S-Mar. 2022 0.6

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.346 0.3 0.001 0.54 S-Nov. 2021 0.0

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.214 -0.1 0.000 0.45 S-Aug. 2021 -1.2

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.373 2.4 0.009 0.57 L-Apr. 2020 3.0

Apparel

2.489 0.7 0.016 0.37 L-Feb. 2022 0.7

Men's and boys' apparel

0.632 0.2 0.001 0.69 S-Sep. 2021 0.1

Men's apparel

0.487 0.2 0.001 0.83 S-Jan. 2022 0.1

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.078 1.5 0.001 2.00 S-Mar. 2022 0.7

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.161 0.2 0.000 1.01 L-Mar. 2022 0.3

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.119 1.8 0.002 1.26 L-Jan. 2022 2.4

Men's pants and shorts

0.123 -1.2 -0.001 1.42 L-Mar. 2022 3.6

Boys' apparel

0.145 0.2 0.000 1.14 - -

Women's and girls' apparel

0.981 0.6 0.006 0.62 L-Feb. 2022 1.2

Women's apparel

0.821 0.7 0.006 0.69 L-Feb. 2022 1.5

Women's outerwear

0.059 2.0 0.001 1.73 L-Jan. 2022 6.5

Women's dresses

0.092 2.2 0.002 1.69 L-Jul. 2021 5.6

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.396 -0.6 -0.002 1.10 L-Mar. 2022 0.5

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.267 0.6 0.002 0.96 L-Feb. 2022 3.8

Girls' apparel

0.160 0.2 0.000 1.39 L-Mar. 2022 2.2

Footwear

0.604 0.9 0.006 0.51 L-Feb. 2022 1.3

Men's footwear(4)

0.203 0.4 0.001 0.74 L-Mar. 2022 0.4

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.116 3.2 0.004 1.15 L-Apr. 2021 4.2

Women's footwear

0.285 0.5 0.002 0.73 L-Jan. 2022 0.8

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.115 2.0 0.002 1.54 L-Feb. 2022 2.1

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.158 0.9 0.001 1.23 L-Mar. 2022 2.8

Watches(4)(9)

0.030 -0.7 0.000 1.52 S-Mar. 2022 -1.5

Jewelry(9)

0.127 0.8 0.001 1.50 L-Mar. 2022 4.4

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

8.536 1.4 0.118 0.13 L-Dec. 2021 2.2

New vehicles

4.031 1.0 0.039 0.24 S-Mar. 2022 0.2

New cars(6)

  1.1   0.36 S-Mar. 2022 0.3

New trucks(13)(6)

  1.0   0.34 L-Dec. 2021 1.0

Used cars and trucks

3.992 1.8 0.072 0.02 L-Dec. 2021 3.3

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.426 1.5 0.007 0.42 L-Feb. 2022 1.6

Tires(4)

0.271 1.1 0.003 0.54 L-Feb. 2022 1.5

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.155 2.3 0.004 0.55 L-EVER -

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  2.6   0.66 L-EVER -

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  1.3   0.76 S-Mar. 2022 -1.2

Medical care commodities(4)

1.492 0.3 0.004 0.20 L-Feb. 2022 0.3

Medicinal drugs(4)(11)

1.392 0.1 0.002 0.21 L-Mar. 2022 0.2

Prescription drugs(4)

1.021 -0.1 -0.001 0.17 S-Mar. 2022 -0.2

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.371 0.9 0.003 0.51 L-Mar. 2022 1.3

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.100 2.0 0.002 0.49 L-Jan. 2021 3.5

Recreation commodities(11)

1.901 0.1 0.002 0.24 S-Mar. 2022 -0.1

Video and audio products(11)

0.290 -1.4 -0.004 0.43 S-Mar. 2022 -1.8

Televisions

0.134 -3.0 -0.004 0.58 S-Mar. 2019 -4.1

Other video equipment(5)

0.026 0.4 0.000 1.14 L-Feb. 2022 0.7

Audio equipment(4)

0.072 0.1 0.000 1.11 S-Mar. 2022 -2.3

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.052 -0.7 0.000 0.38 S-Feb. 2022 -1.1

Pets and pet products(4)

0.553 1.0 0.006 0.36 L-Mar. 2022 1.7

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  1.6   0.36 L-Mar. 2022 2.3

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.75 L-Mar. 2022 0.6

Sporting goods(4)

0.562 -0.2 -0.001 0.50 S-Mar. 2022 -0.6

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.321 -0.2 -0.001 0.74 S-Mar. 2022 -0.9

Sports equipment(4)

0.230 -0.2 0.000 0.48 S-Nov. 2021 -0.5

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.020 2.7 0.001 0.79 L-Feb. 2020 4.4

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  2.7   0.75 L-Feb. 2020 5.1

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.097 0.0 0.000 0.63 S-Mar. 2022 -2.9

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.056 0.2 0.000 0.82 S-Mar. 2022 -3.9

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.040 -0.4 0.000 0.85 S-Mar. 2022 -1.5

Other recreational goods(5)

0.380 0.2 0.001 0.56 S-Jan. 2022 0.0

Toys

0.294 0.1 0.000 0.67 L-Feb. 2022 0.9

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  -0.6   0.90 S-Mar. 2022 -1.2

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.028 1.6 0.000 1.60 S-Jan. 2022 -0.8

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.042 -0.4 0.000 0.93 - -

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.794 -1.7 -0.014 0.55 L-Mar. 2022 -0.6

Educational books and supplies(4)

0.086 2.2 0.002 0.85 L-Jan. 2022 2.7

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  2.5   0.73 L-Jan. 2022 3.2

Information technology commodities(11)

0.708 -2.2 -0.015 0.70 L-Mar. 2022 -0.7

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(4)(7)

0.348 -1.4 -0.005 0.83 L-Mar. 2022 0.9

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.019 1.3 0.000 1.40 L-Oct. 2021 3.3

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(5)

0.341 -3.2 -0.011 0.85 L-Mar. 2022 -2.3

Smartphones(4)(6)(15)

  -5.0   1.16 S-Nov. 2020 -6.2

Alcoholic beverages

0.877 0.5 0.004 0.20 L-Mar. 2022 0.5

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.585 0.3 0.002 0.25 - -

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.222 0.4 0.001 0.38 L-Mar. 2022 0.9

Distilled spirits at home(4)

0.106 0.1 0.000 0.34 S-Mar. 2022 -0.6

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  0.1   0.42 S-Mar. 2022 -0.8

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  0.2   0.52 S-Mar. 2022 -0.6

Wine at home(4)

0.256 0.0 0.000 0.39 S-Dec. 2021 -1.1

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.292 0.8 0.002 0.24 L-Dec. 2021 1.0

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.29 L-Jan. 2022 1.0

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  1.4   0.29 L-Jun. 2012 1.5

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.31 S-Nov. 2021 -0.4

Other goods(11)

1.344 0.8 0.011 0.21 L-Feb. 2022 0.9

Tobacco and smoking products(4)

0.515 0.9 0.004 0.20 L-Nov. 2021 0.9

Cigarettes(4)(5)

0.445 0.8 0.004 0.22 L-Dec. 2021 0.8

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.065 1.0 0.001 0.33 L-Mar. 2022 1.6

Personal care products(4)

0.643 0.3 0.002 0.26 - -

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.331 0.2 0.001 0.33 S-Dec. 2021 0.0

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.302 0.3 0.001 0.37 L-Mar. 2022 1.0

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)(5)

0.186 2.4 0.005 0.88 L-Jan. 2022 3.5

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  1.0   0.71 L-Mar. 2022 1.6

Services less energy services

56.921 0.6 0.351 0.05 S-Mar. 2022 0.6

Shelter

32.437 0.6 0.198 0.06 L-Mar. 2004 0.6

Rent of shelter(16)

32.068 0.6 0.200 0.06 L-Feb. 2022 0.6

Rent of primary residence

7.275 0.6 0.046 0.05 - -

Lodging away from home(5)

1.011 0.9 0.009 1.65 S-Jan. 2022 -3.9

Housing at school, excluding board(16)

0.124 0.1 0.000 0.05 S-Jan. 2022 0.0

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.887 1.0 0.009 1.90 S-Jan. 2022 -4.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(16)

23.782 0.6 0.144 0.05 L-Aug. 1990 0.7

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(16)

22.545 0.6 0.137 0.05 L-Aug. 1990 0.7

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.368 -0.1 0.000 0.12 S-Mar. 2022 -0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.092 0.3 0.003 0.10 - -

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.787 0.2 0.002 0.10 S-Mar. 2022 -0.1

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.305 0.4 0.001 0.26 L-Mar. 2022 0.4

Household operations(4)(5)

0.820 2.1 0.017 0.25 L-May 2021 3.1

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.238 0.8 0.002 0.38 L-Jan. 2022 0.9

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

           

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.102 2.4 0.002 1.45 L-May 2021 5.5

Repair of household items(4)(5)

           

Medical care services

6.869 0.4 0.030 0.13 S-Feb. 2022 0.1

Professional services

3.486 0.1 0.003 0.20 L-Mar. 2022 0.3

Physicians' services(4)

1.842 -0.1 -0.003 0.27 S-Feb. 2022 -0.1

Dental services

0.899 0.6 0.005 0.19 L-Aug. 2021 1.1

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.360 0.1 0.000 0.37 S-Mar. 2022 0.0

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.386 0.7 0.003 0.10 L-Feb. 2022 0.8

Hospital and related services

2.536 0.4 0.011 0.12 S-Feb. 2022 0.0

Hospital services(17)

2.165 0.5 0.010 0.13 - -

Inpatient hospital services(17)(6)

  0.3   0.36 S-Mar. 2022 0.3

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  0.6   0.34 S-Mar. 2022 0.4

Nursing homes and adult day services(17)

0.207 0.0 0.000 0.16 S-Aug. 2021 0.0

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.164 0.0 0.000 0.24 S-Dec. 2021 -2.0

Health insurance(4)(8)

0.847 2.0 0.017 0.15 - -

Transportation services

5.829 1.3 0.074 0.19 S-Jan. 2022 1.0

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

           

Car and truck rental(5)

0.155 1.7 0.003 1.79 L-Mar. 2022 11.7

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.022 0.5 0.005 0.21 - -

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.052 1.0 0.001 0.26 S-Jan. 2022 0.6

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.563 0.3 0.001 0.25 S-Mar. 2022 -1.0

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.365 0.7 0.003 0.31 L-Feb. 2022 4.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.397 0.5 0.013 0.19 S-Dec. 2021 -0.2

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.503 0.1 0.001 0.23 L-Feb. 2022 0.1

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.291 0.1 0.000 0.02 L-Mar. 2022 0.1

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.197 0.2 0.000 0.45 L-Feb. 2022 0.4

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.5   0.53 L-Dec. 2021 0.5

Public transportation

0.951 8.6 0.082 0.65 S-Mar. 2022 7.1

Airline fares

0.659 12.6 0.083 0.97 S-Mar. 2022 10.7

Other intercity transportation

0.093 -0.3 0.000 0.62 - -

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  -0.9   0.82 L-Mar. 2022 -0.1

Intracity transportation(4)

0.197 0.4 0.001 0.92 L-Mar. 2022 1.6

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  0.0   0.26 - -

Recreation services(11)

3.149 0.5 0.017 0.21 L-Feb. 2022 0.6

Video and audio services(11)

1.155 1.4 0.016 0.17 L-EVER -

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.064 1.3 0.014 0.13 L-Jan. 2022 1.3

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.091 2.3 0.002 1.04 L-Feb. 2021 2.9

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  6.5   1.84 L-EVER -

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  1.0   0.22 L-Feb. 2022 2.1

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.522 -0.6 -0.003 0.32 S-Dec. 2016 -0.7

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   0.39 S-Mar. 2022 0.3

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  -1.1   0.60 S-EVER -

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.030 0.4 0.000 0.45 S-Feb. 2022 0.3

Other recreation services(5)

1.441 0.3 0.004 0.41 L-Feb. 2022 0.7

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.635 0.5 0.003 0.28 L-Jan. 2022 0.6

Admissions(4)

0.448 0.1 0.000 0.87 L-Feb. 2022 1.6

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.61 S-Feb. 2022 -0.2

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   4.15 L-Feb. 2022 2.7

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.170 0.0 0.000 0.43 S-Mar. 2022 0.0

Education and communication services(11)

5.356 0.2 0.010 0.06 - -

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.503 0.2 0.005 0.08 - -

College tuition and fees

1.438 0.1 0.002 0.09 S-Dec. 2021 0.1

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.313 1.2 0.004 0.05 L-Sep. 2004 1.4

Day care and preschool(12)

0.623 -0.1 -0.001 0.09 S-Mar. 2021 -0.6

Technical and business school tuition and fees(4)(5)

0.039 0.3 0.000 0.11 - -

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.083 0.7 0.001 0.06 - -

Postage

0.074 0.4 0.000 0.01 - -

Delivery services(5)

0.009 2.6 0.000 0.30 S-Mar. 2022 2.5

Telephone services(4)(5)

1.827 0.0 -0.001 0.07 S-Mar. 2022 -0.6

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.519 0.0 0.000 0.04 - -

Residential telephone services(4)(11)

0.308 -0.1 0.000 0.27 S-Mar. 2022 -0.2

Internet services and electronic information providers(4)(5)

0.934 0.5 0.005 0.20 L-Sep. 2021 0.6

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.369 0.1 0.002 0.19 S-Nov. 2021 0.1

Personal care services(4)

0.539 0.5 0.003 0.28 L-Feb. 2022 1.1

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.539 0.5 0.003 0.28 L-Feb. 2022 1.1

Miscellaneous personal services(4)

0.830 -0.1 -0.001 0.18 S-Jan. 2021 -1.0

Legal services(4)(9)

0.232 1.0 0.002 0.09 S-Mar. 2022 0.4

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.146 0.2 0.000 0.13 S-Feb. 2022 0.2

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.153 0.2 0.000 0.39 S-Sep. 2021 0.2

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.018 -2.6 0.000 0.45 S-EVER -

Financial services(4)(9)

0.198 -1.7 -0.003 0.50 S-Jan. 2021 -4.7

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.30 S-Mar. 2022 0.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

           

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.579 0.9 0.816 0.04 L-Mar. 2022 1.3

All items less shelter

67.563 1.1 0.775 0.05 L-Mar. 2022 1.6

All items less food and shelter

54.142 1.1 0.618 0.05 L-Mar. 2022 1.7

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.887 0.6 0.296 0.06 - -

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

41.895 0.5 0.224 0.06 S-Dec. 2021 0.4

All items less medical care

91.638 1.0 0.940 0.04 L-Mar. 2022 1.3

All items less energy

91.745 0.7 0.652 0.04 L-Jun. 2021 0.8

Commodities

39.686 1.3 0.522 0.07 L-Mar. 2022 2.1

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.411 0.4 0.074 0.12 L-Mar. 2022 0.4

Commodities less food

26.264 1.4 0.364 0.09 L-Mar. 2022 2.7

Commodities less food and beverages

25.388 1.4 0.360 0.09 L-Mar. 2022 2.8

Services

60.314 0.8 0.455 0.05 - -

Services less rent of shelter(16)

28.246 0.9 0.248 0.06 S-Mar. 2022 0.9

Services less medical care services

53.445 0.8 0.424 0.05 - -

Durables

12.779 0.1 0.019 0.14 - -

Nondurables

26.906 1.9 0.505 0.07 L-Mar. 2022 3.2

Nondurables less food

13.485 2.3 0.309 0.12 L-Mar. 2022 6.0

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.609 2.4 0.304 0.13 L-Mar. 2022 6.4

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

10.120 2.7 0.273 0.11 L-Mar. 2022 8.5

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.997 2.7 0.297 0.10 L-Mar. 2022 8.2

Housing

41.954 0.8 0.356 0.06 L-Oct. 2005 1.0

Education and communication(5)

6.150 -0.1 -0.003 0.07 L-Feb. 2022 0.0

Education(5)

2.589 0.3 0.007 0.08 L-Mar. 2022 0.3

Communication(5)

3.561 -0.3 -0.011 0.10 L-Feb. 2022 -0.1

Information and information processing(5)

3.478 -0.3 -0.011 0.11 L-Feb. 2022 -0.1

Information technology, hardware and services(18)

1.651 -0.6 -0.011 0.25 L-Mar. 2022 -0.4

Recreation(5)

5.050 0.4 0.018 0.17 - -

Video and audio(5)

1.445 0.8 0.012 0.17 L-Jan. 2022 0.9

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.075 0.2 0.002 0.29 S-Nov. 2021 0.2

Photography(5)

0.051 1.3 0.001 0.42 L-Nov. 2021 1.3

Food and beverages

14.298 1.1 0.162 0.08 L-Apr. 2020 1.4

Domestically produced farm food(4)

6.987 1.3 0.094 0.14 - -

Other services

9.874 0.3 0.029 0.08 - -

Apparel less footwear

1.885 0.6 0.011 0.46 L-Mar. 2022 0.7

Fuels and utilities

4.728 2.9 0.139 0.16 L-Jan. 2006 2.9

Household energy

3.636 3.7 0.136 0.20 L-Oct. 2005 5.2

Medical care

8.362 0.4 0.033 0.12 - -

Transportation

18.984 2.0 0.378 0.10 L-Mar. 2022 3.9

Private transportation

18.033 1.6 0.296 0.09 L-Mar. 2022 3.8

New and used motor vehicles(5)

9.066 0.9 0.085 0.13 - -

Utilities and public transportation

8.327 2.2 0.182 0.12 L-Oct. 2005 2.6

Household furnishings and operations

4.789 0.4 0.019 0.20 - -

Other goods and services

2.713 0.5 0.012 0.14 L-Mar. 2022 0.5

Personal care(4)

2.198 0.4 0.008 0.16 - -

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 2019=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(18) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, May 2022, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Apr.
2022
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
May 2021-
May 2022
Unadjusted effect on All Items
May 2021-
May 2022(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 8.6   0.09 L-Dec. 1981 8.9

Food

13.421 10.1 1.373 0.19 L-Mar. 1981 10.1

Food at home

8.304 11.9 0.942 0.29 L-Apr. 1979 12.3

Cereals and bakery products

1.052 11.6 0.118 0.54 L-Dec. 2008 11.7

Cereals and cereal products

0.339 12.8 0.041 0.79 L-Dec. 2008 13.1

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.053 13.7 0.007 1.42 S-Feb. 2022 11.6

Breakfast cereal

0.144 12.2 0.017 1.23 L-Jul. 1989 13.0

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.142 12.8 0.017 1.21 L-Mar. 2009 15.7

Rice(4)(5)

  12.4   1.30 L-May 2009 13.6

Bakery products

0.713 11.1 0.077 0.71 L-Dec. 2008 11.1

Bread(4)

0.200 8.7 0.017 1.38 S-Mar. 2022 7.1

White bread(5)

  8.1   1.37 S-Mar. 2022 5.9

Bread other than white(5)

  9.2   1.36 S-Mar. 2022 8.5

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.108 9.7 0.010 1.72 S-Feb. 2022 7.1

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.174 11.8 0.020 1.68 L-Jul. 1981 12.1

Cookies(5)

  12.6   1.15 L-Jun. 1981 13.5

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  10.6   2.20 L-Oct. 2008 10.7

Other bakery products

0.231 13.4 0.029 1.16 L-EVER -

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  10.6   1.67 L-Feb. 2022 11.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  14.6   1.72 L-Mar. 2022 16.3

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  14.6   1.90 L-EVER -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.899 14.2 0.252 0.71 S-Mar. 2022 13.7

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.776 13.1 0.219 0.71 S-Feb. 2022 13.1

Meats

1.133 12.3 0.129 0.92 S-Aug. 2021 8.6

Beef and veal

0.527 10.2 0.050 0.97 S-Jul. 2021 6.5

Uncooked ground beef

0.194 13.6 0.024 1.12 S-Feb. 2022 13.6

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.079 11.0 0.009 2.91 S-Jul. 2021 7.7

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.203 6.6 0.013 1.56 S-Jun. 2021 1.1

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.052 12.1 0.005 2.50 S-Jul. 2021 10.6

Pork

0.362 13.3 0.044 1.71 S-Sep. 2021 12.7

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.162 15.6 0.022 1.89 S-Oct. 2021 15.4

Bacon and related products(5)

  15.3   2.17 S-Jul. 2021 11.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  16.0   1.90 L-EVER -

Ham

0.063 11.1 0.007 2.87 L-Mar. 2022 14.6

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  10.8   3.44 L-Mar. 2022 14.4

Pork chops

0.053 11.0 0.006 2.62 S-Sep. 2021 5.9

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.084 12.6 0.010 3.71 S-Aug. 2021 11.3

Other meats

0.244 15.3 0.035 1.13 L-Jun. 1979 16.0

Frankfurters(5)

  10.4   2.39 L-Oct. 2020 10.4

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  16.8   1.01 L-EVER -

Poultry

0.355 16.6 0.056 1.24 L-Jun. 1989 16.7

Chicken(4)

0.289 17.4 0.047 1.29 L-EVER -

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  14.7   2.09 L-Aug. 2004 17.4

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  19.3   1.71 L-May 1989 22.3

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.066 13.1 0.009 3.14 L-EVER -

Fish and seafood

0.288 12.2 0.034 0.99 L-Jan. 1981 13.0

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.148 13.1 0.019 1.61 L-EVER -

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.141 11.2 0.015 1.08 L-EVER -

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  6.0   1.70 L-Mar. 2021 7.1

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  14.0   1.66 L-Jun. 1987 14.2

Eggs

0.123 32.2 0.033 2.04 L-Sep. 2015 36.2

Dairy and related products

0.773 11.8 0.090 0.49 L-Apr. 2008 11.8

Milk(4)

0.203 15.9 0.031 1.24 L-Feb. 2008 16.8

Fresh whole milk(5)

  16.9   1.43 L-Feb. 2008 18.8

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  15.8   1.15 L-Dec. 2007 16.9

Cheese and related products

0.254 8.7 0.022 0.84 L-Oct. 2014 8.9

Ice cream and related products

0.112 9.6 0.011 1.24 L-Nov. 2011 10.3

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.204 12.9 0.026 0.93 L-Apr. 2008 12.9

Fruits and vegetables

1.432 8.2 0.115 0.64 L-Mar. 2022 8.5

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.099 7.6 0.082 0.74 L-Mar. 2022 8.1

Fresh fruits

0.601 8.5 0.050 1.20 L-Mar. 2022 10.1

Apples

0.078 6.2 0.005 2.17 S-Aug. 2021 5.6

Bananas

0.079 5.6 0.004 1.54 L-Mar. 2022 6.3

Citrus fruits(4)

0.176 16.1 0.026 2.18 S-Jan. 2022 10.6

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  14.6   2.06 S-Feb. 2022 14.3

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.268 5.3 0.014 1.94 L-Mar. 2022 6.9

Fresh vegetables

0.498 6.4 0.032 0.78 L-Apr. 2019 6.4

Potatoes

0.078 8.6 0.007 1.82 L-Jun. 2020 13.3

Lettuce

0.060 11.4 0.007 1.66 S-Feb. 2022 7.9

Tomatoes

0.079 2.0 0.001 2.02 L-Nov. 2021 3.0

Other fresh vegetables

0.280 6.0 0.017 0.97 S-Feb. 2022 4.8

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.332 10.2 0.033 0.91 L-Apr. 2009 10.3

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.170 12.1 0.020 1.47 L-May 2009 13.4

Canned fruits(4)(5)

  12.3