Consumer Price Index News Release



Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (EDT) June 12, 2019                  USDL-19-0947

Technical information: (202) 691-7000  cpi_info@bls.gov  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  PressOffice@bls.gov

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – MAY 2019

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.1
percent in May on a seasonally adjusted basis after rising 0.3 percent
in April, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the
last 12 months, the all items index increased 1.8 percent before seasonal
adjustment.

The food index rose 0.3 percent in May after declining in April, with the
food index accounting for nearly half of the May seasonally adjusted all
items monthly increase. The energy index fell 0.6 percent in May, with the
gasoline index falling 0.5 percent and the indexes for electricity and
natural gas also declining in May.

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.1 percent for the
fourth consecutive month. The indexes for shelter, medical care, airline
fares, education, household furnishings and operations, and new vehicles
all rose in May. The indexes for used cars and trucks, recreation, and
motor vehicle insurance were among those that declined over the month.    

The all items index increased 1.8 percent for the 12 months ending May.
The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.0 percent over the last
12 months, and the food index also rose 2.0 percent. The energy index
decreased 0.5 percent over the past year.


Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                              Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   12-mos.
                              2018  2018  2019  2019  2019  2019  2019   ended 
                                                                       May 2019
                                                                               
                                                                               
 All items..................    .0    .0    .0    .2    .4    .3    .1      1.8
  Food......................    .2    .3    .2    .4    .3   -.1    .3      2.0
   Food at home.............    .1    .3    .1    .4    .4   -.5    .3      1.2
   Food away from home (1)..    .3    .4    .3    .4    .2    .3    .2      2.9
  Energy....................  -2.8  -2.6  -3.1    .4   3.5   2.9   -.6      -.5
   Energy commodities.......  -5.0  -5.7  -5.3   1.5   6.2   5.4   -.4      -.3
    Gasoline (all types)....  -5.2  -5.8  -5.5   1.5   6.5   5.7   -.5      -.2
    Fuel oil................  -2.9  -9.4  -1.3   2.6   2.1   1.3   -.3      -.8
   Energy services..........    .2   1.5   -.5   -.8    .3   -.1   -.8      -.7
    Electricity.............    .2    .4   -.6   -.3    .4    .0   -.8      -.2
    Utility (piped) gas                                                        
       service..............    .2   5.1   -.3  -2.4   -.1   -.8  -1.0     -2.6
  All items less food and                                                      
     energy.................    .2    .2    .2    .1    .1    .1    .1      2.0
   Commodities less food and                                                   
      energy commodities....    .2    .0    .4   -.2   -.2   -.3   -.1      -.2
    New vehicles............    .0    .0    .2   -.2    .4    .1    .1       .9
    Used cars and trucks....   2.5   -.5    .1   -.7   -.4  -1.3  -1.4       .3
    Apparel.................   -.6    .0   1.1    .3  -1.9   -.8    .0     -3.1
    Medical care commodities    .5   -.4    .1  -1.0    .4    .9   -.4      -.7
   Services less energy                                                        
      services..............    .2    .2    .2    .2    .3    .3    .2      2.7
    Shelter.................    .3    .3    .3    .3    .4    .4    .2      3.3
    Transportation services     .0   -.1   -.2   -.1    .0    .1    .1      1.1
    Medical care services...    .4    .4    .3    .0    .3    .2    .5      2.8

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.





Food

The food index increased 0.3 percent in May after falling 0.1 percent in April.
The index for food at home, which fell 0.5 percent in April, also rose 0.3 percent
in May. The index for nonalcoholic beverages rose 1.2 percent over the month of May,
while the index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs increased 0.8 percent. The index
for dairy and related products increased 0.7 percent in May, and the index for
cereals and bakery products rose 0.4 percent over the same period.

The index for fruits and vegetables declined for the second consecutive month,
falling 0.8 percent in May. The index for other food at home was unchanged over the
month.

The index for food away from home rose 0.2 percent in May. Both the index for full
service meals, and the index for limited service meals also increased 0.2 percent. 

The food index rose 2.0 percent over the past year, with the food at home index
increasing 1.2 percent. All six major grocery store group indexes increased over the
past 12 months, with the indexes for nonalcoholic beverages and for cereals and bakery
products increasing the most, rising 2.9 percent and 2.2 percent, respectively. The
index for food away from home rose 2.9 percent over the past year.

Energy

The energy index fell 0.6 percent in May. The gasoline index declined 0.5 percent in May
following a 5.7-percent increase in April. (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices
rose 2.4 percent in May.) The index for natural gas fell 1.0 percent in May, its fifth
consecutive monthly decline. The electricity index also fell, decreasing 0.8 percent in
May. 

The energy index decreased 0.5 percent over the past 12 months, with all of its major
component indexes declining. The gasoline index decreased 0.2 percent over the past year.
The index for natural gas declined 2.6 percent and the index for electricity fell
0.2 percent over the 12-month period. 
 
All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.1 percent in May. The shelter
index rose 0.2 percent in May after rising 0.4 percent in each of the preceding 2 months.
The index for owners’ equivalent rent rose 0.3 percent, while the index for rent increased
0.2 percent over the month. The index for lodging away from home fell 0.1 percent in May,
breaking a string of 5 consecutive monthly increases. 

The medical care index rose 0.3 percent in May, the same increase as in April and March.
The index for prescription drugs fell 0.2 percent, but the index for hospital services rose
0.5 percent and the index for physicians’ services advanced 0.1 percent. The personal care
index increased 0.3 percent in May, while the index for education rose 0.2 percent. The
indexes for airline fares, for household furnishings and operations, and for new vehicles
also increased over the month. The index for apparel was unchanged in May following
2 monthly declines. 

The index for used cars and trucks fell 1.4 percent in May, its fourth consecutive monthly
decrease. The index for motor vehicle insurance declined 0.4 percent in May, the largest
monthly decrease in that index since May 2007. The index for recreation decreased 0.3 percent
for the month. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.0 percent over the past 12 months. The
12-month change has remained in the range of 1.6 percent to 2.4 percent since June 2011. The
shelter index rose 3.3 percent over the year, with the rent index rising 3.7 percent. The
medical care index increased 2.1 percent over the past 12 months. 

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 1.8 percent over the last
12 months to an index level of 256.092 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index increased
0.2 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) increased
1.7 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 249.871 (1982-84=100). For the month,
the index increased 0.2 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 1.7 percent over
the last 12 months. For the month, the index increased 0.2 percent on a not seasonally adjusted
basis. Please note that the indexes for the past 10 to 12 months are subject to revision. 

_______________
The Consumer Price Index for June 2019 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, July 11, 2019
at 8:30 a.m. (EDT). 



















Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers for goods and services.
The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two population groups: all urban consumers and urban
wage earners and clerical workers. The all urban consumer group represents about 93 percent of the
total U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of urban or
metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the poor, the unemployed, and retired
people, as well as urban wage earners and clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending
patterns of people living in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces,
and those in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation for all urban
consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
and the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U).

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is based on the
expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that meet two requirements: more than
one-half of the household's income must come from clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of the
household's earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous 12 months. The
CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the total U.S. population and is a subset of the CPI-U
population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, doctors’ and dentists’
services, drugs, and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Prices are
collected each month in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and
approximately 22,000 retail establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling
stations, and other types of stores and service establishments). All taxes directly associated with the
purchase and use of items are included in the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are obtained
every month in all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected every month
in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most goods and
services are obtained by personal visits or telephone calls by the Bureau’s trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are aggregated using
weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local
data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also
published by size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions and
population-size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in the
level of prices among cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base
period. For the C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are considered
final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject to three subsequent
quarterly revisions.

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the CPI-U and the CPI-W, the
reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.
An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that
relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services
rising from $100 to $107.

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based upon a sample of
retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS calculates and publishes estimates of the
1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-month percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These
standard error estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. For
example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all
items CPI. This means that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using the same
methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these estimates will
be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail prices. For example, for a
1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 95 percent confident that the actual
percent change based on all retail prices would fall between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data,
including information on how to use the estimates of standard error, see
https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm.

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes rather than
changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level of the index in relation
to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following table shows an example of using index
values to calculate percent changes:
 
                             Item A                        Item B                                 Item C
Year I                       112.500                      225.000                                110.000
Year II                      121.500                      243.000                                128.000
Change in index points         9.000                       18.000                                 18.000
Percent change    9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0       18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0       18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4
Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. Seasonally adjusted
data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment method. These
factors are updated each February, and the new factors are used to revise the previous 5 years of
seasonally adjusted data. The factors are available at
www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2019.pdf. For more information on data revision
scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal Adjustment
at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment
Methodological Changes at
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm.

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually preferred
since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and in about the same
magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting from weather events, production cycles, model
changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on changes that are not typical for the
time of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned about the prices they
actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining
contract agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index
before adjustment for seasonal variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in
escalation agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.


Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some CPI series. Sometimes
extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal pattern of price change. Intervention
analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which the distortions caused by such unusual events are estimated
and removed from the data prior to calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more
accurately represent the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data.

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 2009 return to
normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier data during seasonal
factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal portion of the time series data for motor
fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal
factors were calculated based on this “prior adjusted” data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture
of the seasonal pattern in the data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the
unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2019, BLS adjusted 51 series using intervention analysis seasonal
adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, electricity, and vehicles.

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject to revision for up
to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI calculate new seasonal factors for
seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the
last 5 years of data are considered to be final and not subject to revision. For January 2019, revised seasonal
factors and seasonally adjusted indexes for 2014 to 2018 were calculated and published. For series which are
directly adjusted using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors for 2018
will be applied to data for 2019 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2019 indexes. Series which are indirectly
seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal factors which are derived and
are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical criteria. Using these
criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its status from "not seasonally adjusted" to
"seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 81 components of the U.S. city average all items index change
their seasonal adjustment status from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data
will be used in the aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes
before that period will not be changed. Twenty-nine of the 81 components of the U.S. city average all items index
are not seasonally adjusted for 2019.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information and Analysis Section
at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov.

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or
contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section at 202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov.

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.
Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.  









Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, May 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Apr.
2019
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
May
2018
Apr.
2019
May
2019
May
2018-
May
2019
Apr.
2019-
May
2019
Feb.
2019-
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2019-
Apr.
2019
Apr.
2019-
May
2019

All items

100.000 251.588 255.548 256.092 1.8 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.1

Food

13.244 253.098 257.708 258.110 2.0 0.2 0.3 -0.1 0.3

Food at home

7.220 239.287 241.878 242.145 1.2 0.1 0.4 -0.5 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

0.953 271.910 276.640 277.795 2.2 0.4 0.3 -0.1 0.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.582 249.449 249.203 250.356 0.4 0.5 -0.2 -0.2 0.8

Dairy and related products

0.720 215.659 217.510 217.841 1.0 0.2 0.6 0.1 0.7

Fruits and vegetables

1.286 297.211 303.503 302.352 1.7 -0.4 1.6 -0.9 -0.8

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.866 166.401 170.727 171.260 2.9 0.3 0.0 -0.9 1.2

Other food at home

1.813 210.159 211.078 210.815 0.3 -0.1 0.1 -0.6 0.0

Food away from home(1)

6.025 275.307 282.798 283.394 2.9 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Energy

7.805 226.810 222.499 225.773 -0.5 1.5 3.5 2.9 -0.6

Energy commodities

4.502 260.020 253.547 259.310 -0.3 2.3 6.2 5.4 -0.4

Fuel oil

0.114 292.165 291.424 289.711 -0.8 -0.6 2.1 1.3 -0.3

Motor fuel

4.316 256.175 249.550 255.584 -0.2 2.4 6.4 5.6 -0.5

Gasoline (all types)

4.227 255.096 248.499 254.551 -0.2 2.4 6.5 5.7 -0.5

Energy services

3.303 203.553 201.341 202.101 -0.7 0.4 0.3 -0.1 -0.8

Electricity

2.561 212.646 210.525 212.326 -0.2 0.9 0.4 0.0 -0.8

Utility (piped) gas service

0.741 173.420 171.004 168.826 -2.6 -1.3 -0.1 -0.8 -1.0

All items less food and energy

78.951 257.469 262.332 262.590 2.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.444 144.745 144.851 144.457 -0.2 -0.3 -0.2 -0.3 -0.1

Apparel

3.030 128.362 125.542 124.429 -3.1 -0.9 -1.9 -0.8 0.0

New vehicles

3.704 146.349 147.840 147.659 0.9 -0.1 0.4 0.1 0.1

Used cars and trucks

2.391 138.506 140.458 138.888 0.3 -1.1 -0.4 -1.3 -1.4

Medical care commodities

1.692 383.734 381.256 381.066 -0.7 0.0 0.4 0.9 -0.4

Alcoholic beverages

0.959 248.126 251.758 252.101 1.6 0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.4

Tobacco and smoking products

0.663 1,059.665 1,105.201 1,108.299 4.6 0.3 1.6 -0.1 0.4

Services less energy services

59.507 327.298 335.468 336.204 2.7 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Shelter

33.182 306.913 316.263 317.188 3.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.2

Rent of primary residence

7.902 317.490 328.678 329.333 3.7 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

23.898 313.656 323.426 324.143 3.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

Medical care services

6.947 517.220 529.371 531.566 2.8 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.5

Physicians' services

1.713 381.309 382.150 382.436 0.3 0.1 -0.4 0.2 0.1

Hospital services(3)

2.302 331.651 335.198 335.966 1.3 0.2 0.3 -0.5 0.5

Transportation services

5.925 322.966 325.114 326.397 1.1 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.130 284.851 295.266 294.586 3.4 -0.2 0.8 0.4 -0.2

Motor vehicle insurance

2.364 564.445 570.492 568.301 0.7 -0.4 -0.1 -0.2 -0.4

Airline fares

0.702 280.804 268.767 283.275 0.9 5.4 -0.6 -0.1 2.0

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, May 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Apr.
2019
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
May
2018-
May
2019
Apr.
2019-
May
2019
Feb.
2019-
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2019-
Apr.
2019
Apr.
2019-
May
2019

All items

100.000 1.8 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.1

Food

13.244 2.0 0.2 0.3 -0.1 0.3

Food at home

7.220 1.2 0.1 0.4 -0.5 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

0.953 2.2 0.4 0.3 -0.1 0.4

Cereals and cereal products

0.307 0.6 -0.2 1.7 -1.0 -0.3

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.040 -1.5 1.2 1.7 -1.1 0.1

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.149 0.9 -0.6 1.2 -0.1 -0.6

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.118 1.0 -0.2 2.2 -1.5 -0.2

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  1.2 -1.9 1.0 1.3 -1.9

Bakery products(1)

0.647 2.9 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.7

Bread(1)(2)

0.192 2.3 -0.1 -0.1 0.7 -0.1

White bread(1)(3)

  2.4 -0.2 -0.6 1.2 -0.2

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  3.2 0.3 0.7 -0.1 0.3

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.090 2.7 0.9 0.4 -0.6 1.3

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.161 3.2 0.7 -0.9 0.5 1.1

Cookies(3)

  3.9 1.3 -1.7 0.0 1.9

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  2.9 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.0

Other bakery products

0.203 3.4 1.4 0.2 -0.7 1.5

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  5.8 1.2 0.6 -0.2 1.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  4.8 2.9 -1.6 -0.7 2.5

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  0.5 -0.1 1.0 -0.2 -0.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.582 0.4 0.5 -0.2 -0.2 0.8

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.495 1.4 0.8 -0.3 0.0 1.0

Meats

0.935 1.6 1.0 0.1 0.1 1.2

Beef and veal

0.428 2.1 0.9 0.0 0.1 0.8

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.168 0.8 0.7 -0.6 1.1 0.7

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.062 4.4 2.9 2.2 -0.4 2.9

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.160 2.5 0.7 0.3 -1.2 1.1

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.038 1.6 -0.9 0.9 1.1 -0.9

Pork

0.289 2.1 2.4 0.9 -0.3 2.4

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.130 1.6 2.0 -0.2 -0.6 2.4

Bacon and related products(3)

  3.2 1.9 1.0 -1.1 2.6

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  -0.3 2.3 0.3 -1.4 2.1

Ham

0.052 2.2 3.1 4.4 0.2 1.7

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  1.0 2.6 4.4 0.4 1.5

Pork chops(1)

0.043 3.6 2.6 -0.9 2.7 2.6

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.064 1.8 2.6 1.5 -1.2 2.4

Other meats

0.218 0.2 -0.5 -0.7 0.7 0.4

Frankfurters(3)

  1.4 -2.9 -0.7 0.9 0.6

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  -0.3 0.5 -0.8 0.6 0.4

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

           

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

           

Poultry(1)

0.311 -0.4 -0.1 -0.9 0.8 -0.1

Chicken(1)(2)

0.256 -0.1 -0.2 -0.6 0.9 -0.2

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  -0.5 0.1 -0.3 1.1 0.1

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  0.1 -0.5 -0.6 0.9 -0.5

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.055 -1.8 0.3 -2.5 0.8 -0.5

Fish and seafood

0.249 2.9 0.9 -1.0 -1.4 1.5

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.128 3.2 0.8 -0.4 -1.8 1.9

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.121 2.7 1.0 -0.5 -1.0 1.0

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  5.9 0.8 -1.7 3.7 0.8

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  1.8 1.4 -0.5 -1.6 0.8

Eggs

0.087 -15.6 -4.9 0.5 -3.2 -2.2

Dairy and related products

0.720 1.0 0.2 0.6 0.1 0.7

Milk(2)

0.200 2.5 -0.2 1.5 0.9 -0.2

Fresh whole milk(3)

  1.9 -1.0 1.3 1.1 -0.8

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  3.0 0.4 1.8 0.3 0.3

Cheese and related products(1)

0.230 -1.2 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.7

Ice cream and related products

0.104 1.6 -1.7 -0.9 0.7 0.7

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.185 2.0 0.9 1.1 -0.5 0.9

Fruits and vegetables

1.286 1.7 -0.4 1.6 -0.9 -0.8

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.018 1.9 -0.7 1.6 -0.7 -1.0

Fresh fruits

0.538 -1.0 -0.5 1.2 -0.9 -1.3

Apples

0.077 2.3 0.3 1.8 1.1 -1.2

Bananas(1)

0.078 -0.6 0.9 1.2 -1.9 0.9

Citrus fruits(2)

0.148 -3.6 1.3 1.3 -3.7 -2.4

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  -4.6 3.5 3.1 -4.4 -0.7

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.235 -0.4 -2.4 1.2 0.6 -1.7

Fresh vegetables

0.480 5.2 -1.0 2.0 -0.5 -0.7

Potatoes

0.077 6.2 2.9 2.4 -1.4 0.3

Lettuce

0.065 7.8 -5.8 6.4 -1.3 -7.9

Tomatoes(1)

0.076 1.2 -4.0 -1.6 -2.7 -4.0

Other fresh vegetables

0.261 5.5 0.0 0.7 -0.4 0.0

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.268 1.3 1.0 1.6 -1.4 0.2

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.149 4.0 1.9 2.1 -2.2 1.2

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  1.0 0.4 3.0 -2.9 -0.5

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  5.5 2.6 0.9 -1.1 1.9

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.076 -1.5 -0.6 0.8 -1.4 -0.3

Frozen vegetables(3)

  -0.3 -0.7 1.1 -0.7 -1.1

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.042 -3.1 0.6 1.8 -1.4 0.4

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  -7.1 -1.5 1.0 1.0 -1.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.866 2.9 0.3 0.0 -0.9 1.2

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.617 4.2 0.3 0.0 -1.0 1.2

Carbonated drinks

0.261 5.8 0.5 0.7 -0.5 1.0

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.008 0.3 0.1 1.3 -1.0 0.1

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.348 3.1 0.2 -0.1 -1.3 1.2

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.249 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.2

Coffee

0.159 -1.3 0.2 -0.1 -0.4 -0.3

Roasted coffee(3)

  -2.0 0.0 -0.3 0.1 -0.8

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  1.5 0.2 -0.2 1.1 0.2

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.090 2.3 0.5 -0.4 1.2 0.5

Other food at home

1.813 0.3 -0.1 0.1 -0.6 0.0

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.275 1.1 0.1 1.1 -1.4 0.1

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.041 0.0 1.3 1.3 -0.3 0.5

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.181 1.7 0.2 1.1 -1.6 0.2

Other sweets(2)

0.053 -0.3 -1.1 2.0 -2.3 -0.7

Fats and oils

0.208 0.3 1.9 0.8 -2.2 1.8

Butter and margarine(2)

0.059 1.3 1.9 1.5 -2.9 1.2

Butter(3)

  2.2 3.6 0.6 -3.9 2.4

Margarine(3)

  0.5 -0.5 1.8 -0.3 -0.6

Salad dressing(2)

0.050 1.5 2.0 0.4 -1.7 2.5

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.099 -0.9 1.8 0.4 -1.9 1.8

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  -3.6 -0.3 -1.0 -1.4 -0.3

Other foods

1.330 0.2 -0.5 -0.2 -0.2 -0.3

Soups

0.081 0.4 2.6 -1.3 -0.1 0.7

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(1)

0.232 -0.4 -0.7 -1.2 1.6 -0.7

Snacks(1)

0.306 -0.1 -0.6 0.1 -0.3 -0.6

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.266 0.1 -0.1 0.4 -1.1 0.1

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  1.2 0.2 -0.6 -0.9 0.1

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  2.6        

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  0.4 -0.7 1.0 -0.4 0.5

Other condiments(3)

  -1.0 -0.8 1.2 -1.0 -1.7

Baby food(1)(2)

0.051 4.1 -0.7 -1.2 1.3 -0.7

Other miscellaneous foods(1)(2)

0.393 0.2 -1.1 0.4 0.9 -1.1

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  -1.2 -2.7 0.5 0.4 -2.7

Food away from home(1)

6.025 2.9 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.992 2.8 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.2

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.566 3.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.180 1.4 -0.2 0.2 0.2 -0.2

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.091 5.5 1.2 0.3 0.0 1.2

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.196 1.3 -0.2 0.4 0.0 -0.2

Energy

7.805 -0.5 1.5 3.5 2.9 -0.6

Energy commodities

4.502 -0.3 2.3 6.2 5.4 -0.4

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.186 -1.3 -1.1 1.4 0.7 0.3

Fuel oil

0.114 -0.8 -0.6 2.1 1.3 -0.3

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.073 -2.0 -1.8 1.6 -1.0 0.9

Motor fuel

4.316 -0.2 2.4 6.4 5.6 -0.5

Gasoline (all types)

4.227 -0.2 2.4 6.5 5.7 -0.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  -0.4 2.4 6.9 5.6 -0.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  0.5 2.4 5.3 5.9 -0.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  1.2 2.6 3.8 6.6 -0.2

Other motor fuels(2)

0.089 -1.0 1.6 3.5 1.4 -0.5

Energy services

3.303 -0.7 0.4 0.3 -0.1 -0.8

Electricity

2.561 -0.2 0.9 0.4 0.0 -0.8

Utility (piped) gas service

0.741 -2.6 -1.3 -0.1 -0.8 -1.0

All items less food and energy

78.951 2.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.444 -0.2 -0.3 -0.2 -0.3 -0.1

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.339 1.1 0.2 0.0 -0.5 0.3

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.252 -2.3 -0.6 0.4 -1.4 -0.6

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.056 0.7 0.4 1.8 0.0 0.4

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.044 -8.9 -3.3 -1.3 -1.9 -3.3

Other linens(1)(2)

0.152 -1.5 -0.2 0.5 -1.7 -0.2

Furniture and bedding

0.886 2.4 0.5 0.2 -0.7 0.7

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.317 1.5 0.1 -0.5 -0.4 0.1

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.427 2.1 1.2 0.4 -0.6 1.2

Other furniture(1)(2)

0.130 5.7 -0.4 3.5 -0.9 -0.4

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

  12.3        

Appliances(2)

0.216 2.4 -0.6 -0.7 0.5 -0.8

Major appliances(2)

0.081 4.0 -0.2 -2.1 1.0 -0.2

Laundry equipment(3)

  -1.6 1.7 -1.0 2.3 0.6

Other appliances(2)

0.132 1.5 -0.9 -0.3 0.2 -1.5

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.489 -1.8 1.2 -1.4 -1.0 1.4

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.269 0.3 1.0 -1.3 -1.7 1.0

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.090 -0.9 1.2 -0.3 0.1 0.3

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.051 -8.0 5.0 -3.7 2.4 5.0

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.079 -5.2 -0.7 -0.8 -2.8 -0.3

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.662 0.9 -0.3 -0.6 -0.5 -0.3

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.195 1.5 0.4 -0.7 -0.6 0.4

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.307 0.4 -0.8 -0.5 -0.6 -0.9

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.835 2.6 -0.1 0.7 -0.1 -0.1

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.330 2.0 -0.1 0.8 0.1 -0.1

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.223 5.1 0.6 1.8 -0.5 0.6

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.282 1.4 -0.7 -0.3 0.1 -0.7

Apparel

3.030 -3.1 -0.9 -1.9 -0.8 0.0

Men's and boys' apparel

0.745 -0.9 0.1 -2.3 -2.1 -0.8

Men's apparel

0.578 -1.0 0.1 -1.0 -1.9 -0.7

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.105 0.8 0.0 0.4 -3.5 -1.4

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories

0.150 2.7 1.6 -1.0 -0.1 0.7

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.166 -4.1 -1.7 -1.0 -3.0 -0.3

Men's pants and shorts

0.151 -2.4 0.6 -0.3 0.3 -1.5

Boys' apparel

0.166 -0.7 -0.2 -4.8 -4.2 0.1

Women's and girls' apparel

1.242 -5.7 -1.9 -2.4 0.0 0.2

Women's apparel

1.065 -5.8 -1.8 -2.0 0.0 0.2

Women's outerwear

0.071 -1.2 -2.6 -3.8 -1.8 -0.7

Women's dresses

0.129 -8.6 -2.7 -3.7 -1.8 2.5

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.555 -7.9 -2.0 -4.0 0.1 -0.7

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.298 -1.6 -0.9 2.9 2.1 -1.8

Girls' apparel

0.177 -4.5 -2.1 -4.6 0.1 0.2

Footwear

0.662 -1.6 -0.6 -2.0 -1.6 0.1

Men's footwear(1)

0.210 -1.2 1.1 -1.3 -1.8 1.1

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.161 -0.2 -2.9 -1.4 -1.5 -2.5

Women's footwear

0.292 -2.6 -0.5 -2.2 -0.4 -0.2

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.137 -0.3 -0.1 -0.3 -0.3 0.5

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.245 -1.6 0.0 0.9 1.5 0.3

Watches(1)(6)

0.100 1.9 -2.2 7.5 2.4 -2.2

Jewelry(6)

0.145 -3.7 1.5 -4.7 2.9 1.8

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

6.585 0.7 -0.4 0.1 -0.4 -0.4

New vehicles

3.704 0.9 -0.1 0.4 0.1 0.1

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  0.9 -0.1 0.5 0.1 0.0

New cars(3)

  1.1 0.0 0.4 0.1 0.2

New trucks(3)(10)

  0.8 -0.2 0.4 0.0 -0.1

Used cars and trucks

2.391 0.3 -1.1 -0.4 -1.3 -1.4

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.378 1.9 0.6 0.2 -0.2 0.6

Tires(1)

0.224 1.2 0.5 0.1 -0.4 0.5

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.154 3.1 0.8 0.4 0.1 0.8

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  3.5 0.6 0.0 1.0 0.6

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  -1.3 1.2 5.2 -5.2 1.2

Medical care commodities

1.692 -0.7 0.0 0.4 0.9 -0.4

Medicinal drugs(8)

1.635 -0.8 -0.1 0.5 0.6 -0.1

Prescription drugs

1.300 -1.0 -0.3 0.6 0.7 -0.2

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.335 -0.2 0.6 0.1 0.5 0.6

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.057 2.9 1.6 -1.5 2.0 1.6

Recreation commodities(8)

1.774 -1.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.3 0.1

Video and audio products(8)

0.216 -9.3 -0.6 -1.7 0.0 -1.0

Televisions

0.089 -18.6 -0.6 -4.2 -1.4 -1.5

Other video equipment(2)

0.027 -1.8 -0.9 0.0 -1.7 -1.4

Audio equipment(1)

0.045 0.9 -2.2 0.1 4.2 -2.2

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.047 -3.2 1.0 0.2 -0.1 1.0

Pets and pet products(1)

0.605 2.9 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.5

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  2.8 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  3.1 0.7 -0.1 0.3 0.7

Sporting goods

0.492 0.7 -0.9 1.0 -0.9 0.1

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.286 1.6 -2.3 1.6 -0.7 -2.3

Sports equipment

0.199 -0.5 1.1 -0.4 0.3 1.6

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.033 -3.3 -0.7 0.0 1.3 0.0

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

           

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  -2.6 -1.0 0.0 0.9 -0.3

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.115 3.7 0.9 0.1 1.1 0.9

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.070 7.7 2.2 0.5 1.5 2.2

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.044 -2.3 -1.2 -0.6 0.5 -1.2

Other recreational goods(2)

0.314 -6.1 -0.3 -0.7 -1.6 0.0

Toys

0.244 -8.4 -0.6 -1.2 -1.7 -0.2

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -5.7 -1.2 0.7 -1.3 -0.9

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.025 6.1 -1.7 2.5 -2.6 -1.7

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.035 3.3 2.5 0.6 -0.5 2.5

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.518 -6.0 -0.7 -0.1 -1.1 -0.5

Educational books and supplies

0.128 -4.0 -0.8 -0.3 0.1 -0.8

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  -4.2 -0.7 0.0 0.3 -0.7

Information technology commodities(8)

0.390 -6.7 -0.7 0.0 -1.5 -0.4

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistant devices(4)

0.300 -4.9 -0.7 0.5 -1.5 -0.4

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.022 -6.4 0.4 -0.9 -4.2 0.4

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.068 -13.8 -1.0 -1.8 -0.2 -1.0

Alcoholic beverages

0.959 1.6 0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.4

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.596 1.9 0.4 -0.4 -0.3 0.8

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.265 1.9 0.2 -0.6 -0.3 0.4

Distilled spirits at home

0.080 1.5 -0.1 -0.2 -0.7 0.1

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  1.3 -0.6 0.1 -1.8 -0.6

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  1.3 -0.3 -0.5 -0.4 -0.3

Wine at home

0.251 1.9 0.7 -0.4 -0.3 1.5

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.362 1.2 -0.2 0.2 0.2 -0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.0 -0.7 0.6 -0.2 -0.7

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.5 0.2 -0.4 0.2 0.2

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  0.3 0.1 0.4 1.0 0.1

Other goods(8)

1.547 1.3 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.3

Tobacco and smoking products

0.663 4.6 0.3 1.6 -0.1 0.4

Cigarettes(2)

0.589 4.6 0.3 1.8 -0.1 0.4

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.059 4.0 0.6 -0.1 -0.6 0.6

Personal care products(1)

0.677 -0.7 -0.2 -0.4 0.4 -0.2

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.377 1.3 0.2 -0.4 0.6 0.2

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.295 -3.2 -0.7 -0.3 0.2 -0.7

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.206 -2.3 1.6 0.1 -0.3 1.5

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  -1.9 -0.3 0.3 -0.7 -0.8

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

  -6.4 1.1 -0.7 0.9 1.1

Services less energy services

59.507 2.7 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Shelter

33.182 3.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.2

Rent of shelter(12)

32.813 3.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.902 3.7 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.2

Lodging away from home(2)

1.013 1.6 2.8 0.8 1.6 -0.1

Housing at school, excluding board(12)

0.113 2.6 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.900 1.4 3.1 0.9 1.8 -0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(12)

23.898 3.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(12)

22.565 3.4 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.369 0.6 0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.089 3.3 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.822 3.2 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.2

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.266 3.9 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Household operations(1)(2)

0.882 2.7 -0.6 -0.2 0.6 -0.6

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.303 0.0 -2.2 0.2 0.0 -2.2

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.289 3.0 0.2   -1.0 0.2

Moving, storage, freight expense(2)

0.103 5.2 1.1 1.8 1.2 0.7

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.112 6.4 -0.1 0.0 6.4 -0.1

Medical care services

6.947 2.8 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.5

Professional services

3.221 0.7 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.3

Physicians' services

1.713 0.3 0.1 -0.4 0.2 0.1

Dental services

0.783 1.2 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.4

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.313 1.6 0.5 -0.1 -0.1 0.5

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.412 0.5 0.3 0.3 -0.2 0.3

Hospital and related services

2.583 1.5 0.2 0.3 -0.4 0.5

Hospital services(13)

2.302 1.3 0.2 0.3 -0.5 0.5

Inpatient hospital services(13)(3)

  1.2 0.4 0.5 -0.3 0.6

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  0.9 0.0 0.2 -0.8 0.3

Nursing homes and adult day services(13)

0.193 3.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.088 4.0 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.0

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.143 12.4 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.5

Transportation services

5.925 1.1 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.1

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

0.628 -1.6 -1.2 -0.6 -0.1 -1.2

Car and truck rental(2)

0.109 -0.5 0.2 -1.9 0.3 2.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.130 3.4 -0.2 0.8 0.4 -0.2

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.056 3.0 0.1 0.0 1.0 0.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.638 4.2 0.0 0.9 0.3 0.0

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.372 2.2 -0.7 0.7 0.5 -0.7

Motor vehicle insurance

2.364 0.7 -0.4 -0.1 -0.2 -0.4

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.540 1.7 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.2

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.277 1.0 0.0 -0.1 0.2 0.0

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.246 2.5 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  3.2 0.5 0.1 0.5 0.4

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

           

Public transportation

1.153 0.9 3.6 -0.2 0.3 1.9

Airline fares

0.702 0.9 5.4 -0.6 -0.1 2.0

Other intercity transportation

0.168 1.1 0.3 1.1 1.1 0.9

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

    2.1 9.0 2.9 2.1

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

           

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  1.0 -0.2 1.7 1.3 -0.2

Intracity transportation(1)

0.275 1.0 1.1 0.3 -0.1 1.1

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  1.8 1.2 0.2 0.0 1.2

Recreation services(8)

3.876 2.2 -0.6 0.4 0.2 -0.5

Video and audio services(8)

1.587 1.5 -0.3 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.497 1.5 -0.3 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.090 2.3 -1.0 1.0 -0.9 -1.0

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  1.0 -0.7 0.7 -2.1 -0.7

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  2.0 -1.2 2.4 1.7 -1.2

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.417 3.5 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  1.0 0.0 -0.8 0.2 0.0

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  4.2 0.4 0.6 0.1 0.4

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.037 -0.2 0.7 -0.3 -1.3 0.7

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

  -3.4 1.8 -1.3 0.0 1.8

Photo processing(1)(2)(3)

  1.8 -0.9 1.3 -2.9 -0.9

Other recreation services(2)

1.833 2.6 -1.1 1.0 0.6 -1.1

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.680 2.0 -2.1 -0.1 0.5 -2.1

Admissions

0.659 2.9 -0.4 2.4 0.8 -0.3

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  2.3 0.9 0.5 0.2 0.9

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  2.2 -3.1 5.2 2.7 -3.1

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.218 3.2 -0.1 0.7 0.1 -0.1

Education and communication services(8)

5.977 1.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.884 3.5 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.3

College tuition and fees

1.600 3.8 0.0 0.8 0.2 0.2

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.333 4.2 -0.1 0.3 0.3 0.0

Child care and nursery school(9)

0.801 2.7 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.6

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.032 1.6 0.5 -0.4 0.7 0.5

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.112 5.5 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.2

Postage

0.098 5.9 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.3

Delivery services(2)

0.014 3.1 0.0 0.5 0.6 -0.1

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.199 -1.8 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.630 -3.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.2 -0.1

Land-line telephone services(1)(8)

0.569 2.1 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.5

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.774 1.9 -0.1 -1.1 0.1 0.2

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.629 1.9 0.3 -0.3 -0.2 0.3

Personal care services(1)

0.626 2.4 0.0 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.626 2.4 0.0 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Miscellaneous personal services

1.003 1.7 0.5 -0.8 -0.4 0.5

Legal services(1)(6)

0.301 0.4 0.0 0.0 -1.2 0.0

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.127 2.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.241 3.9 0.3 0.8 0.3 0.3

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.029 4.6 -0.1 0.6 -0.8 -0.1

Financial services(6)

0.234 0.4 1.4 -3.7 -0.3 1.3

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(2)(3)

  0.7 3.6 -7.8 -0.6 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, May 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Apr.
2019
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
May
2018
Apr.
2019
May
2019
May
2018-
May
2019
Apr.
2019-
May
2019
Feb.
2019-
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2019-
Apr.
2019
Apr.
2019-
May
2019

All items less food

86.756 251.333 255.194 255.759 1.8 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.0

All items less shelter

66.818 232.727 234.723 235.131 1.0 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.0

All items less food and shelter

53.574 227.240 228.655 229.061 0.8 0.2 0.5 0.4 -0.1

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.769 229.929 232.380 232.280 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.378 235.546 238.012 238.051 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1

All items less medical care

91.361 240.391 244.134 244.629 1.8 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.1

All items less energy

92.195 256.112 260.925 261.203 2.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Commodities

37.190 186.199 186.884 187.236 0.6 0.2 0.7 0.4 0.0

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.053 146.126 145.964 145.740 -0.3 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 0.1

Commodities less food

23.946 155.839 155.187 155.507 -0.2 0.2 0.9 0.7 -0.2

Commodities less food and beverages

22.987 152.599 151.843 152.161 -0.3 0.2 0.9 0.7 -0.2

Services

62.810 315.957 323.228 323.964 2.5 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1

Services less rent of shelter(1)

29.997 335.825 340.756 341.281 1.6 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0

Services less medical care services

55.863 300.674 307.576 308.204 2.5 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.0

Durables

9.880 104.583 105.178 104.849 0.3 -0.3 0.0 -0.3 -0.2

Nondurables

27.311 228.354 229.028 229.875 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.7 0.2

Nondurables less food

14.066 206.610 204.336 205.504 -0.5 0.6 1.6 1.5 -0.1

Nondurables less food and beverages

13.108 203.975 201.358 202.572 -0.7 0.6 1.7 1.7 -0.1

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

10.078 255.528 252.960 255.619 0.0 1.1 2.9 2.4 -0.1

Nondurables less food and apparel

11.036 253.681 251.663 254.108 0.2 1.0 2.6 2.1 -0.1

Housing

41.981 257.907 264.452 265.137 2.8 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1

Education and communication(2)

6.495 136.261 137.182 137.199 0.7 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1

Education(2)

3.012 256.090 263.944 264.199 3.2 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.2

Communication(2)

3.483 73.997 73.032 72.989 -1.4 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.1

Information and information processing(2)

3.371 70.099 69.037 68.994 -1.6 -0.1 -0.3 0.0 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.172 7.456 7.394 7.371 -1.1 -0.3 -0.7 -0.4 0.0

Recreation(2)

5.650 118.851 120.821 120.254 1.2 -0.5 0.3 0.0 -0.3

Video and audio(2)

1.803 104.278 104.750 104.381 0.1 -0.4 -0.4 -0.2 -0.2

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.022 172.437 177.070 177.868 3.1 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.4

Photography(2)

0.071 74.542 73.238 73.309 -1.7 0.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.4

Food and beverages

14.203 252.848 257.393 257.791 2.0 0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.3

Domestically produced farm food

6.027 247.546 249.685 249.781 0.9 0.0 0.5 -0.4 0.2

Other services

11.482 351.181 357.646 357.190 1.7 -0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0

Apparel less footwear

2.368 121.606 118.538 117.389 -3.5 -1.0 -1.9 -0.5 -0.1

Fuels and utilities

4.578 240.911 240.773 241.390 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.0 -0.5

Household energy

3.489 200.450 198.366 198.961 -0.7 0.3 0.3 -0.1 -0.8

Medical care

8.639 484.853 493.331 494.928 2.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Transportation

16.827 214.125 214.142 215.391 0.6 0.6 1.5 1.2 -0.3

Private transportation

15.674 209.490 209.918 210.674 0.6 0.4 1.7 1.3 -0.4

New and used motor vehicles(2)

6.945 98.996 99.984 99.416 0.4 -0.6 0.0 -0.4 -0.5

Utilities and public transportation

9.240 218.105 216.953 218.195 0.0 0.6 0.2 -0.1 -0.2

Household furnishings and operations

4.222 121.571 123.345 123.344 1.5 0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.1

Other goods and services

3.176 442.710 448.658 449.896 1.6 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.3

Personal care

2.512 231.533 232.902 233.542 0.9 0.3 -0.3 0.0 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, May 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to May 2019 from: Percent change to Apr. 2019 from:
May
2018
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
Apr.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019

U.S. city average

M

1.8 0.7 0.2 2.0 1.1 0.5

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

1.5 0.6 0.3 1.7 0.9 0.4

Northeast - Size Class A

M

1.7 0.5 0.2 1.8 0.8 0.3

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.2 0.8 0.4 1.5 1.0 0.5

New England(4)

M

1.9 0.7 0.3 2.1 1.3 0.4

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

1.3 0.6 0.2 1.5 0.7 0.4

Midwest

M

1.3 0.6 0.3 1.5 0.9 0.3

Midwest - Size Class A

M

1.3 0.6 0.6 1.2 0.6 0.1

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.4 0.6 0.1 1.7 1.0 0.5

East North Central(4)

M

1.3 0.6 0.3 1.5 0.7 0.3

West North Central(4)

M

1.4 0.7 0.3 1.7 1.2 0.4

South

M

1.4 0.5 -0.1 1.8 1.2 0.5

South - Size Class A

M

1.9 0.8 0.2 2.1 1.2 0.6

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.1 0.3 -0.2 1.6 1.2 0.5

South Atlantic(4)

M

1.9 0.5 -0.1 2.3 1.3 0.6

East South Central(4)

M

0.3 0.1 -0.1 0.7 0.8 0.2

West South Central(4)

M

1.0 0.6 0.0 1.4 1.2 0.6

West

M

2.9 1.3 0.5 2.9 1.2 0.8

West - Size Class A

M

3.0 1.2 0.4 3.0 1.3 0.8

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.8 1.5 0.6 2.7 1.2 0.9

Mountain(4)

M

2.5 1.7 0.9 2.2 1.4 0.7

Pacific(4)

M

3.1 1.2 0.4 3.1 1.2 0.8

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

2.1 0.8 0.3 2.1 1.0 0.5

Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.6 0.7 0.1 1.9 1.1 0.6

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

1.2 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.0 -0.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

3.1 1.2 0.2 3.3 1.6 1.0

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

1.5 0.5 0.2 1.6 0.6 0.3

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

      2.5 1.4  

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

      2.6 1.7  

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

      1.0 0.6  

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

      1.8 1.1  

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

      2.2 0.8  

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

      1.9 1.3  

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

      2.3 1.4  

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

      4.0 1.2  

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

      2.4 0.5  

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

      1.0 1.0  

Urban Alaska

2

      2.7 0.6  

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

2.3 0.2        

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

1.5 0.4        

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

1.6 0.7        

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

2.3 1.0        

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

2.9 1.2        

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

3.8 1.0        

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

2.2 0.9        

Urban Hawaii

1

2.1 0.7        

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

1.6 0.6        

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, May 2019 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2000

    2.6 3.4

December 2001

    1.3 1.6

December 2002

    2.0 2.4

December 2003

    1.7 1.9

December 2004

    3.2 3.3

December 2005

    2.9 3.4

December 2006

    2.3 2.5

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

January 2017

0.6 0.6 2.3 2.5

February 2017

0.3 0.3 2.6 2.7

March 2017

0.0 0.1 2.1 2.4

April 2017

0.3 0.3 1.8 2.2

May 2017

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.9

June 2017

0.0 0.1 1.2 1.6

July 2017

-0.2 -0.1 1.3 1.7

August 2017

0.3 0.3 1.5 1.9

September 2017

0.5 0.5 1.9 2.2

October 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.6 2.0

November 2017

0.0 0.0 1.8 2.2

December 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.7 2.1

January 2018

0.5 0.5 1.6 2.1

February 2018

0.4 0.5 1.7 2.2

March 2018

0.2 0.2 1.9 2.4

April 2018

0.4 0.4 2.1 2.5

May 2018

0.3 0.4 2.3 2.8

June 2018

0.1 0.2 2.4 2.9

July 2018

0.0 0.0 2.6 2.9

August 2018

0.0 0.1 2.3 2.7

September 2018

0.1 0.1 1.9 2.3

October 2018

0.2 0.2 2.1 2.5

November 2018

-0.3 -0.3 1.9 2.2

December 2018

-0.3 -0.3 1.6 1.9

January 2019

0.2 0.2 1.3 1.6

February 2019

0.4 0.4 1.4 1.5

March 2019

0.6 0.6 1.7 1.9

April 2019

0.5 0.5 1.8 2.0

May 2019

0.2 0.2 1.7 1.8

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, May 2019, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Apr.
2019
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Apr. 2019-
May 2019
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Apr. 2019-
May 2019(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.1   0.04 S-Jan. 2019 0.0

Food

13.244 0.3 0.035 0.08 L-Mar. 2019 0.3

Food at home

7.220 0.3 0.022 0.12 L-Mar. 2019 0.4

Cereals and bakery products

0.953 0.4 0.004 0.29 L-Feb. 2019 0.7

Cereals and cereal products

0.307 -0.3 -0.001 0.57 L-Mar. 2019 1.7

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.040 0.1 0.000 0.83 L-Mar. 2019 1.7

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.149 -0.6 -0.001 0.69 S-Jan. 2019 -1.1

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.118 -0.2 0.000 0.92 L-Mar. 2019 2.2

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  -1.9   0.91 S-Oct. 2018 -2.1

Bakery products(4)

0.647 0.7 0.005 0.33 L-Jun. 2018 0.8

Bread(4)(5)

0.192 -0.1 0.000 0.58 S-Mar. 2019 -0.1

White bread(4)(6)

  -0.2   0.83 S-Mar. 2019 -0.6

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  0.3   0.82 L-Mar. 2019 0.7

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.090 1.3 0.001 0.68 L-Nov. 2018 1.7

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.161 1.1 0.002 0.57 L-Feb. 2019 1.6

Cookies(6)

  1.9   0.88 L-Feb. 2019 2.3

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  0.0   0.58 - -

Other bakery products

0.203 1.5 0.003 0.57 L-May 2011 2.2

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  1.2   0.92 L-Feb. 2019 1.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  2.5   1.03 L-Aug. 2013 3.5

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  -0.1   0.70 L-Mar. 2019 1.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.582 0.8 0.013 0.24 L-Dec. 2017 0.9

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.495 1.0 0.015 0.25 L-Sep. 2014 1.0

Meats

0.935 1.2 0.011 0.31 L-Sep. 2014 1.5

Beef and veal

0.428 0.8 0.003 0.42 L-Jan. 2019 1.4

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.168 0.7 0.001 0.62 S-Mar. 2019 -0.6

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.062 2.9 0.002 1.15 L-Jun. 2017 3.5

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.160 1.1 0.002 0.74 L-Jan. 2019 1.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.038 -0.9 0.000 0.71 S-Dec. 2018 -1.6

Pork

0.289 2.4 0.007 0.62 L-May 2014 3.1

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.130 2.4 0.003 0.77 L-Nov. 2018 2.4

Bacon and related products(6)

  2.6   0.99 L-Nov. 2018 3.6

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  2.1   1.02 L-Jan. 2019 2.4

Ham

0.052 1.7 0.001 1.52 L-Mar. 2019 4.4

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  1.5   1.59 L-Mar. 2019 4.4

Pork chops(4)

0.043 2.6 0.001 1.62 S-Mar. 2019 -0.9

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.064 2.4 0.002 1.30 L-Jan. 2019 2.4

Other meats

0.218 0.4 0.001 0.66 S-Mar. 2019 -0.7

Frankfurters(6)

  0.6   1.35 S-Mar. 2019 -0.7

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  0.4   0.64 S-Mar. 2019 -0.8

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

           

Poultry(4)

0.311 -0.1 0.000 0.54 S-Mar. 2019 -0.9

Chicken(4)(5)

0.256 -0.2 -0.001 0.60 S-Mar. 2019 -0.6

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  0.1   1.31 S-Mar. 2019 -0.3

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  -0.5   0.69 S-Mar. 2019 -0.6

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.055 -0.5 0.000 1.16 S-Mar. 2019 -2.5

Fish and seafood

0.249 1.5 0.004 0.47 L-Aug. 2018 1.6

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.128 1.9 0.002 0.71 L-Aug. 2018 2.0

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.121 1.0 0.001 0.63 L-Aug. 2018 1.0

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  0.8   1.04 S-Mar. 2019 -1.7

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  0.8   0.82 L-Feb. 2019 0.8

Eggs

0.087 -2.2 -0.002 1.07 L-Mar. 2019 0.5

Dairy and related products

0.720 0.7 0.005 0.27 L-Jun. 2018 0.7

Milk(5)

0.200 -0.2 0.000 0.48 S-Dec. 2018 -0.9

Fresh whole milk(6)

  -0.8   0.62 S-Sep. 2018 -0.9

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  0.3   0.56 - -

Cheese and related products(4)

0.230 0.7 0.002 0.58 L-Jan. 2018 1.0

Ice cream and related products

0.104 0.7 0.001 0.98 - -

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.185 0.9 0.002 0.57 L-Mar. 2019 1.1

Fruits and vegetables

1.286 -0.8 -0.010 0.33 L-Mar. 2019 1.6

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.018 -1.0 -0.010 0.38 S-Jan. 2017 -1.7

Fresh fruits

0.538 -1.3 -0.007 0.50 S-Oct. 2018 -1.3

Apples

0.077 -1.2 -0.001 1.17 S-Jun. 2018 -3.1

Bananas(4)

0.078 0.9 0.001 0.77 L-Mar. 2019 1.2

Citrus fruits(5)

0.148 -2.4 -0.004 0.90 L-Mar. 2019 1.3

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -0.7   1.20 L-Mar. 2019 3.1

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.235 -1.7 -0.004 0.97 S-Oct. 2018 -2.1

Fresh vegetables

0.480 -0.7 -0.004 0.53 S-Jan. 2019 -1.7

Potatoes

0.077 0.3 0.000 1.53 L-Mar. 2019 2.4

Lettuce

0.065 -7.9 -0.005 1.78 S-May 2013 -9.1

Tomatoes(4)

0.076 -4.0 -0.003 1.43 S-Feb. 2019 -4.4

Other fresh vegetables

0.261 0.0 0.000 0.68 L-Mar. 2019 0.7

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.268 0.2 0.001 0.59 L-Mar. 2019 1.6

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.149 1.2 0.002 0.82 L-Mar. 2019 2.1

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.95 L-Mar. 2019 3.0

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  1.9   1.10 L-Feb. 2019 2.2

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.076 -0.3 0.000 0.99 L-Mar. 2019 0.8

Frozen vegetables(6)

  -1.1   1.23 S-Jan. 2019 -2.2

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.042 0.4 0.000 0.76 L-Mar. 2019 1.8

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  -1.5   1.42 S-Jan. 2019 -3.9

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.866 1.2 0.011 0.45 L-Feb. 2017 1.5

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.617 1.2 0.007 0.58 L-Jan. 2019 1.8

Carbonated drinks

0.261 1.0 0.003 1.22 L-Jan. 2019 2.1

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.008 0.1 0.000 0.45 L-Mar. 2019 1.3

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.348 1.2 0.004 0.55 L-Jan. 2019 1.3

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.249 0.2 0.001 0.63 L-Dec. 2018 0.9

Coffee

0.159 -0.3 0.000 0.76 L-Mar. 2019 -0.1

Roasted coffee(6)

  -0.8   0.84 S-Jan. 2019 -1.7

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  0.2   1.22 S-Mar. 2019 -0.2

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.090 0.5 0.000 0.94 S-Mar. 2019 -0.4

Other food at home

1.813 0.0 0.000 0.23 L-Mar. 2019 0.1

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.275 0.1 0.000 0.65 L-Mar. 2019 1.1

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.041 0.5 0.000 0.79 L-Mar. 2019 1.3

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.181 0.2 0.000 0.89 L-Mar. 2019 1.1

Other sweets(5)

0.053 -0.7 0.000 1.08 L-Mar. 2019 2.0

Fats and oils

0.208 1.8 0.004 0.52 L-Mar. 2011 2.5

Butter and margarine(5)

0.059 1.2 0.001 0.95 L-Mar. 2019 1.5

Butter(6)

  2.4   1.09 L-Feb. 2019 3.1

Margarine(6)

  -0.6   0.82 S-Feb. 2019 -1.6

Salad dressing(5)

0.050 2.5 0.001 1.10 L-Dec. 2016 2.5

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.099 1.8 0.002 0.72 L-Jan. 2012 2.7

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   1.06 L-Feb. 2019 0.6

Other foods

1.330 -0.3 -0.004 0.29 S-Jun. 2017 -0.4

Soups

0.081 0.7 0.001 0.97 L-Dec. 2018 1.2

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(4)

0.232 -0.7 -0.002 0.57 S-Mar. 2019 -1.2

Snacks(4)

0.306 -0.6 -0.002 0.71 S-Dec. 2018 -1.9

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.266 0.1 0.000 0.61 L-Mar. 2019 0.4

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  0.1   0.92 L-Feb. 2019 1.1

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

      0.76 - -

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  0.5   0.83 L-Mar. 2019 1.0

Other condiments(6)

  -1.7   0.93 S-Oct. 2018 -2.0

Baby food(4)(5)

0.051 -0.7 0.000 0.83 S-Mar. 2019 -1.2

Other miscellaneous foods(4)(5)

0.393 -1.1 -0.004 0.47 S-Jan. 2019 -1.5

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  -2.7   0.84 S-May 2018 -2.7

Food away from home(4)

6.025 0.2 0.013 0.06 S-Mar. 2019 0.2

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.992 0.2 0.007 0.08 S-Mar. 2019 0.1

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.566 0.2 0.005 0.09 S-Mar. 2019 0.2

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.180 -0.2 0.000 0.22 S-Jan. 2019 -0.2

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  0.0   0.15 - -

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.091 1.2 0.001 0.16 L-Jun. 2018 1.2

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.196 -0.2 0.000 0.13 S-Mar. 2018 -0.2

Energy

7.805 -0.6 -0.047 0.19 S-Jan. 2019 -3.1

Energy commodities

4.502 -0.4 -0.020 0.20 S-Jan. 2019 -5.3

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.186 0.3 0.001 0.55 S-Jan. 2019 -1.7

Fuel oil

0.114 -0.3 0.000 0.86 S-Jan. 2019 -1.3

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.073 0.9 0.001 0.63 L-Mar. 2019 1.6

Motor fuel

4.316 -0.5 -0.020 0.20 S-Jan. 2019 -5.5

Gasoline (all types)

4.227 -0.5 -0.020 0.20 S-Jan. 2019 -5.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  -0.6   0.44 S-Jan. 2019 -5.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  -0.4   0.43 S-Jan. 2019 -4.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  -0.2   0.40 S-Jan. 2019 -5.3

Other motor fuels(5)

0.089 -0.5 0.000 0.21 S-Feb. 2019 -0.7

Energy services

3.303 -0.8 -0.028 0.34 S-Feb. 2019 -0.8

Electricity

2.561 -0.8 -0.020 0.37 S-May 2015 -0.9

Utility (piped) gas service

0.741 -1.0 -0.007 0.51 S-Feb. 2019 -2.4

All items less food and energy

78.951 0.1 0.090 0.04 - -

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.444 -0.1 -0.021 0.09 L-Jan. 2019 0.4

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.339 0.3 0.009 0.20 L-Feb. 2019 0.3

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.252 -0.6 -0.001 0.93 L-Mar. 2019 0.4

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.056 0.4 0.000 0.77 L-Mar. 2019 1.8

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.044 -3.3 -0.001 1.73 S-Dec. 2014 -3.3

Other linens(4)(5)

0.152 -0.2 0.000 1.42 L-Mar. 2019 0.5

Furniture and bedding

0.886 0.7 0.006 0.42 L-Feb. 2019 1.2

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.317 0.1 0.000 0.68 L-Jan. 2019 1.1

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.427 1.2 0.005 0.65 L-Apr. 2018 2.1

Other furniture(4)(5)

0.130 -0.4 0.000 0.74 L-Mar. 2019 3.5

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

      0.71 - -

Appliances(5)

0.216 -0.8 -0.002 0.62 S-Feb. 2019 -0.9

Major appliances(5)

0.081 -0.2 0.000 1.10 S-Mar. 2019 -2.1

Laundry equipment(6)

  0.6   1.77 S-Mar. 2019 -1.0

Other appliances(5)

0.132 -1.5 -0.002 0.74 S-May 2014 -2.3

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.489 1.4 0.007 0.58 L-Jan. 2008 1.6

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.269 1.0 0.003 0.83 L-Feb. 2019 2.6

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.090 0.3 0.000 0.94 L-Dec. 2018 0.4

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.051 5.0 0.003 1.31 L-Jan. 2017 7.2

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.079 -0.3 0.000 0.98 L-Feb. 2019 0.3

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.662 -0.3 -0.002 0.45 L-Feb. 2019 0.7

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.195 0.4 0.001 0.59 L-Feb. 2019 0.8

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.307 -0.9 -0.003 0.56 S-Nov. 2013 -0.9

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.835 -0.1 -0.001 0.29 - -

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.330 -0.1 0.000 0.39 S-Nov. 2018 -0.1

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.223 0.6 0.001 0.45 L-Mar. 2019 1.8

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.282 -0.7 -0.002 0.55 S-May 2018 -1.2

Apparel

3.030 0.0 -0.001 0.51 L-Feb. 2019 0.3

Men's and boys' apparel

0.745 -0.8 -0.006 0.92 L-Feb. 2019 3.4

Men's apparel

0.578 -0.7 -0.004 0.95 L-Feb. 2019 3.2

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.105 -1.4 -0.002 2.00 L-Mar. 2019 0.4

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories

0.150 0.7 0.001 1.31 L-Feb. 2019 3.3

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.166 -0.3 -0.001 1.43 L-Feb. 2019 2.6

Men's pants and shorts

0.151 -1.5 -0.002 1.30 S-Nov. 2018 -2.5

Boys' apparel

0.166 0.1 0.000 1.76 L-Feb. 2019 2.4

Women's and girls' apparel

1.242 0.2 0.002 0.91 L-Jan. 2019 1.5

Women's apparel

1.065 0.2 0.002 1.03 L-Jan. 2019 1.6

Women's outerwear

0.071 -0.7 0.000 2.55 L-Jan. 2019 4.2

Women's dresses

0.129 2.5 0.003 1.83 L-Jul. 2017 3.2

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.555 -0.7 -0.004 1.32 S-Mar. 2019 -4.0

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.298 -1.8 -0.005 1.25 S-Feb. 2019 -2.5

Girls' apparel

0.177 0.2 0.000 1.59 L-Feb. 2019 3.4

Footwear

0.662 0.1 0.001 0.72 L-Feb. 2019 0.1

Men's footwear(4)

0.210 1.1 0.002 1.07 L-Jan. 2019 2.8

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.161 -2.5 -0.004 1.46 S-Nov. 2010 -3.1

Women's footwear

0.292 -0.2 -0.001 0.92 L-Feb. 2019 0.9

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.137 0.5 0.001 1.42 L-Feb. 2019 2.4

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.245 0.3 0.001 1.34 S-Feb. 2019 -3.4

Watches(4)(9)

0.100 -2.2 -0.002 1.49 S-Feb. 2019 -4.8

Jewelry(9)

0.145 1.8 0.003 1.94 S-Mar. 2019 -4.7

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

6.585 -0.4 -0.029 0.12 - -

New vehicles

3.704 0.1 0.002 0.21 - -

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  0.0   0.22 S-Feb. 2019 -0.3

New cars(6)

  0.2   0.25 L-Mar. 2019 0.4

New trucks(13)(6)

  -0.1   0.23 S-Feb. 2019 -0.1

Used cars and trucks

2.391 -1.4 -0.032 0.02 S-Sep. 2018 -2.1

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.378 0.6 0.002 0.33 L-May 2018 0.6

Tires(4)

0.224 0.5 0.001 0.46 L-Dec. 2018 1.0

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.154 0.8 0.001 0.55 L-Jun. 2018 1.3

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  0.6   0.53 S-Mar. 2019 0.0

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  1.2   0.90 L-Mar. 2019 5.2

Medical care commodities

1.692 -0.4 -0.006 0.20 S-Feb. 2019 -1.0

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.635 -0.1 -0.001 0.21 S-Feb. 2019 -1.0

Prescription drugs

1.300 -0.2 -0.002 0.24 S-Feb. 2019 -1.0

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.335 0.6 0.002 0.47 L-Oct. 2018 1.5

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.057 1.6 0.001 0.58 S-Mar. 2019 -1.5

Recreation commodities(11)

1.774 0.1 0.002 0.21 L-Jan. 2019 0.3

Video and audio products(11)

0.216 -1.0 -0.002 0.47 S-Mar. 2019 -1.7

Televisions

0.089 -1.5 -0.001 0.69 S-Mar. 2019 -4.2

Other video equipment(5)

0.027 -1.4 0.000 0.78 L-Mar. 2019 0.0

Audio equipment(4)

0.045 -2.2 -0.001 1.18 S-Aug. 2018 -2.3

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.047 1.0 0.000 0.55 L-Mar. 2017 5.7

Pets and pet products(4)

0.605 0.5 0.003 0.25 L-Feb. 2019 0.5

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  0.6   0.29 L-Feb. 2019 0.7

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  0.7   0.53 L-Dec. 2018 0.8

Sporting goods

0.492 0.1 0.000 0.48 L-Mar. 2019 1.0

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.286 -2.3 -0.007 0.74 S-EVER -

Sports equipment

0.199 1.6 0.003 0.43 L-Jun. 2008 2.2

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.033 0.0 0.000 0.81 S-Mar. 2019 0.0

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

           

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.94 S-Feb. 2019 -2.2

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.115 0.9 0.001 0.86 S-Mar. 2019 0.1

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.070 2.2 0.002 0.94 L-Jan. 2019 2.6

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.044 -1.2 -0.001 1.46 S-Feb. 2019 -1.2

Other recreational goods(5)

0.314 0.0 0.000 0.48 L-Dec. 2018 0.6

Toys

0.244 -0.2 0.000 0.60 L-Jan. 2019 -0.1

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  -0.9   0.78 L-Mar. 2019 0.7

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.025 -1.7 0.000 1.54 L-Mar. 2019 2.5

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.035 2.5 0.001 0.52 L-EVER -

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.518 -0.5 -0.003 0.41 L-Mar. 2019 -0.1

Educational books and supplies

0.128 -0.8 -0.001 0.78 S-Jan. 2019 -0.9

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  -0.7   0.69 S-Jan. 2019 -1.3

Information technology commodities(11)

0.390 -0.4 -0.002 0.54 L-Mar. 2019 0.0

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistant devices(7)

0.300 -0.4 -0.001 0.64 L-Mar. 2019 0.5

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.022 0.4 0.000 1.29 L-Feb. 2019 0.4

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.068 -1.0 -0.001 0.92 S-Mar. 2019 -1.8

Alcoholic beverages

0.959 0.4 0.004 0.18 L-Sep. 2018 0.4

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.596 0.8 0.005 0.26 L-Nov. 2014 0.8

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.265 0.4 0.001 0.35 L-Feb. 2019 0.7

Distilled spirits at home

0.080 0.1 0.000 0.45 L-Feb. 2019 1.1

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  -0.6   0.53 L-Mar. 2019 0.1

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  -0.3   0.63 L-Feb. 2019 1.1

Wine at home

0.251 1.5 0.004 0.49 L-Feb. 1991 3.5

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.362 -0.2 -0.001 0.19 S-Feb. 2019 -0.3

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  -0.7   0.17 S-EVER -

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.19 - -

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.19 S-Feb. 2019 -0.9

Other goods(11)

1.547 0.3 0.005 0.19 L-Mar. 2019 0.5

Tobacco and smoking products

0.663 0.4 0.003 0.17 L-Mar. 2019 1.6

Cigarettes(5)

0.589 0.4 0.002 0.18 L-Mar. 2019 1.8

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.059 0.6 0.000 0.41 L-Jan. 2019 1.2

Personal care products(4)

0.677 -0.2 -0.001 0.26 S-Mar. 2019 -0.4

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.377 0.2 0.001 0.35 S-Mar. 2019 -0.4

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.295 -0.7 -0.002 0.41 S-Feb. 2019 -0.7

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.206 1.5 0.003 0.88 L-Feb. 2019 3.6

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  -0.8   0.93 S-Oct. 2018 -3.0

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

  1.1   1.15 L-Nov. 2018 2.2

Services less energy services

59.507 0.2 0.109 0.04 S-Feb. 2019 0.2

Shelter

33.182 0.2 0.081 0.07 S-Oct. 2018 0.2

Rent of shelter(15)

32.813 0.3 0.083 0.07 S-Feb. 2019 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.902 0.2 0.019 0.04 S-Dec. 2018 0.2

Lodging away from home(5)

1.013 -0.1 -0.001 1.80 S-Nov. 2018 -0.1

Housing at school, excluding board(15)

0.113 0.3 0.000 0.05 L-Aug. 2018 0.3

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.900 -0.1 -0.001 2.03 S-Nov. 2018 -0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(15)

23.898 0.3 0.062 0.04 - -

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(15)

22.565 0.3 0.059 0.04 - -

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.369 0.1 0.000 0.12 L-Feb. 2019 0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.089 0.2 0.002 0.09 S-Feb. 2019 0.1

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.822 0.2 0.002 0.11 S-Feb. 2019 0.0

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.266 0.3 0.001 0.22 L-Feb. 2019 0.4

Household operations(4)(5)

0.882 -0.6 -0.005 0.16 S-May 2009 -0.9

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.303 -2.2 -0.007 0.06 S-EVER -

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.289 0.2 0.001 0.17 L-Aug. 2018 0.9

Moving, storage, freight expense(5)

0.103 0.7 0.001 0.65 S-Feb. 2019 -2.2

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.112 -0.1 0.000 0.16 S-Feb. 2019 -0.4

Medical care services

6.947 0.5 0.032 0.10 L-Jan. 2018 0.5

Professional services

3.221 0.3 0.009 0.11 L-Mar. 2018 0.4

Physicians' services

1.713 0.1 0.001 0.21 S-Mar. 2019 -0.4

Dental services

0.783 0.4 0.003 0.13 L-Jan. 2019 0.4

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.313 0.5 0.002 0.24 L-Jan. 2018 0.9

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.412 0.3 0.001 0.09 L-Mar. 2019 0.3

Hospital and related services

2.583 0.5 0.012 0.15 L-Dec. 2018 0.5

Hospital services(16)

2.302 0.5 0.011 0.17 L-Dec. 2018 0.5

Inpatient hospital services(16)(6)

  0.6   0.23 L-Jun. 2018 0.7

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  0.3   0.22 L-Dec. 2018 0.5

Nursing homes and adult day services(16)

0.193 0.1 0.000 0.11 S-Feb. 2019 0.1

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.088 0.0 0.000 0.20 S-Dec. 2018 -0.1

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.143 1.5 0.017 0.11 - -

Transportation services

5.925 0.1 0.004 0.13 - -

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

0.628 -1.2 -0.008 0.36 S-Feb. 2019 -1.6

Car and truck rental(5)

0.109 2.0 0.002 1.67 L-Nov. 2018 2.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.130 -0.2 -0.003 0.14 S-Nov. 2017 -0.3

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.056 0.1 0.000 0.13 S-Mar. 2019 0.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.638 0.0 0.000 0.24 S-Jan. 2018 0.0

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.372 -0.7 -0.003 0.16 S-Dec. 2018 -0.7

Motor vehicle insurance

2.364 -0.4 -0.010 0.14 S-May 2007 -0.5

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.540 0.2 0.001 0.20 - -

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.277 0.0 0.000 0.07 S-Mar. 2019 -0.1

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.246 0.4 0.001 0.34 L-Feb. 2019 0.5

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.4   0.17 S-Mar. 2019 0.1

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

           

Public transportation

1.153 1.9 0.021 0.45 L-Jul. 2013 2.9

Airline fares

0.702 2.0 0.013 0.68 L-Jul. 2018 2.5

Other intercity transportation

0.168 0.9 0.001 0.71 S-Feb. 2019 0.9

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

  2.1   1.53 S-Feb. 2019 -3.6

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.77 S-Jan. 2019 -1.3

Intracity transportation(4)

0.275 1.1 0.003 0.34 L-Sep. 2017 1.6

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  1.2   0.05 L-Sep. 2017 1.8

Recreation services(11)

3.876 -0.5 -0.021 0.22 S-EVER -

Video and audio services(11)

1.587 -0.1 -0.002 0.14 L-Jan. 2019 0.4

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.497 -0.1 -0.001 0.13 L-Jan. 2019 0.2

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.090 -1.0 -0.001 0.99 S-Dec. 2018 -3.0

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -0.7   1.95 L-Mar. 2019 0.7

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -1.2   0.19 S-Jul. 2010 -1.3

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.417 0.3 0.001 0.22 L-Feb. 2019 0.6

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.14 S-Mar. 2019 -0.8

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.4   0.17 L-Mar. 2019 0.6

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.037 0.7 0.000 0.38 L-Nov. 2018 1.4

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

  1.8   0.04 L-Nov. 2017 1.8

Photo processing(4)(5)(6)

  -0.9   0.61 L-Mar. 2019 1.3

Other recreation services(5)

1.833 -1.1 -0.020 0.39 S-Apr. 2009 -1.7

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.680 -2.1 -0.014 0.28 S-Sep. 2010 -2.1

Admissions

0.659 -0.3 -0.002 0.75 S-Feb. 2019 -2.2

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  0.9   0.63 L-Jun. 2018 1.0

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  -3.1   1.92 S-Feb. 2019 -7.2

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.218 -0.1 0.000 0.49 S-Dec. 2018 -0.7

Education and communication services(11)

5.977 0.2 0.012 0.08 - -

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.884 0.3 0.008 0.08 L-Mar. 2019 0.5

College tuition and fees

1.600 0.2 0.003 0.13 - -

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.333 0.0 0.000 0.06 S-Aug. 2011 0.0

Child care and nursery school(12)

0.801 0.6 0.005 0.07 L-Aug. 2018 0.6

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.032 0.5 0.000 0.11 S-Mar. 2019 -0.4

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.112 0.2 0.000 0.05 S-Mar. 2019 0.2

Postage

0.098 0.3 0.000 0.00 - -

Delivery services(5)

0.014 -0.1 0.000 0.34 S-Jan. 2019 -0.6

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.199 0.1 0.002 0.07 S-Mar. 2019 0.0

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.630 -0.1 -0.001 0.08 S-Mar. 2019 -0.1

Land-line telephone services(4)(11)

0.569 0.5 0.003 0.17 L-Jan. 2019 0.5

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.774 0.2 0.002 0.29 L-Feb. 2019 0.3

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.629 0.3 0.005 0.11 L-Feb. 2019 0.6

Personal care services(4)

0.626 0.0 0.000 0.17 L-Mar. 2019 0.1

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.626 0.0 0.000 0.17 L-Mar. 2019 0.1

Miscellaneous personal services

1.003 0.5 0.005 0.13 L-Feb. 2019 0.7

Legal services(4)(9)

0.301 0.0 0.000 0.06 L-Mar. 2019 0.0

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.127 0.4 0.000 0.20 L-Feb. 2018 0.4

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.241 0.3 0.001 0.24 - -

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.029 -0.1 0.000 0.33 L-Mar. 2019 0.6

Financial services(9)

0.234 1.3 0.003 0.33 L-Feb. 2019 1.3

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.05 - -

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(5)(6)

  3.6   0.34 L-Apr. 2018 7.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.756 0.0 0.042 0.04 S-Jan. 2019 -0.1

All items less shelter

66.818 0.0 -0.004 0.05 S-Jan. 2019 -0.2

All items less food and shelter

53.574 -0.1 -0.039 0.06 S-Jan. 2019 -0.3

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.769 0.0 0.009 0.06 - -

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.378 0.1 0.041 0.06 L-Jan. 2019 0.2

All items less medical care

91.361 0.1 0.052 0.04 S-Jan. 2019 0.0

All items less energy

92.195 0.1 0.125 0.04 - -

Commodities

37.190 0.0 -0.006 0.06 S-Jan. 2019 -0.3

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.053 0.1 0.011 0.11 L-Jan. 2019 0.4

Commodities less food

23.946 -0.2 -0.041 0.09 S-Jan. 2019 -0.6

Commodities less food and beverages

22.987 -0.2 -0.045 0.09 S-Jan. 2019 -0.6

Services

62.810 0.1 0.081 0.05 S-Feb. 2019 0.1

Services less rent of shelter(15)

29.997 0.0 -0.015 0.06 S-Feb. 2019 0.0

Services less medical care services

55.863 0.0 0.024 0.05 S-Mar. 2017 0.0

Durables

9.880 -0.2 -0.022 0.11 L-Mar. 2019 0.0

Nondurables

27.311 0.2 0.041 0.09 S-Jan. 2019 -0.8

Nondurables less food

14.066 -0.1 -0.009 0.15 S-Jan. 2019 -1.4

Nondurables less food and beverages

13.108 -0.1 -0.013 0.16 S-Jan. 2019 -1.5

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

10.078 -0.1 -0.010 0.11 S-Jan. 2019 -2.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

11.036 -0.1 -0.006 0.10 S-Jan. 2019 -2.1

Housing

41.981 0.1 0.059 0.07 S-Sep. 2018 0.1

Education and communication(5)

6.495 0.1 0.009 0.08 - -

Education(5)

3.012 0.2 0.007 0.09 - -

Communication(5)

3.483 0.1 0.002 0.10 L-Sep. 2018 0.1

Information and information processing(5)

3.371 0.0 0.002 0.10 - -

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.172 0.0 0.000 0.25 L-Jan. 2019 0.0

Recreation(5)

5.650 -0.3 -0.018 0.15 S-Feb. 2019 -0.4

Video and audio(5)

1.803 -0.2 -0.004 0.13 - -

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.022 0.4 0.005 0.18 L-Feb. 2019 0.6

Photography(5)

0.071 0.4 0.000 0.45 L-Nov. 2018 1.0

Food and beverages

14.203 0.3 0.039 0.08 L-Feb. 2019 0.4

Domestically produced farm food

6.027 0.2 0.009 0.13 L-Mar. 2019 0.5

Other services

11.482 0.0 -0.004 0.09 S-Nov. 2018 0.0

Apparel less footwear

2.368 -0.1 -0.002 0.57 L-Feb. 2019 0.4

Fuels and utilities

4.578 -0.5 -0.025 0.25 S-Feb. 2019 -0.5

Household energy

3.489 -0.8 -0.027 0.32 S-Sep. 2018 -0.8

Medical care

8.639 0.3 0.025 0.10 - -

Transportation

16.827 -0.3 -0.046 0.08 S-Jan. 2019 -1.3

Private transportation

15.674 -0.4 -0.067 0.08 S-Jan. 2019 -1.3

New and used motor vehicles(5)

6.945 -0.5 -0.037 0.12 S-Feb. 2019 -0.6

Utilities and public transportation

9.240 -0.2 -0.016 0.14 S-Jan. 2019 -0.3

Household furnishings and operations

4.222 0.1 0.003 0.16 L-Feb. 2019 0.1

Other goods and services

3.176 0.3 0.010 0.12 L-Feb. 2019 0.5

Personal care(4)

2.512 0.3 0.007 0.14 L-Feb. 2019 0.6

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, May 2019, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Apr.
2019
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
May 2018-
May 2019
Unadjusted effect on All Items
May 2018-
May 2019(1)
Standard error, median price change(2)(3) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(4)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 1.8   - S-Feb. 2019 1.5

Food

13.244 2.0 0.262 - L-Mar. 2019 2.1

Food at home

7.220 1.2 0.087 - L-Mar. 2019 1.4

Cereals and bakery products

0.953 2.2 0.021 - L-Jul. 2012 2.9

Cereals and cereal products

0.307 0.6 0.002 - S-Feb. 2019 0.2

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.040 -1.5 -0.001 - L-Mar. 2019 -0.4

Breakfast cereal

0.149 0.9 0.001 - S-Jan. 2019 -1.3

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.118 1.0 0.001 - L-Mar. 2019 2.7

Rice(5)(6)

  1.2   - S-Feb. 2019 0.9

Bakery products

0.647 2.9 0.019 - L-May 2012 3.6

Bread(5)

0.192 2.3 0.004 - S-Mar. 2019 1.8

White bread(6)

  2.4   - S-Mar. 2019 1.5

Bread other than white(6)

  3.2   - S-Jan. 2019 2.9

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.090 2.7 0.002 - L-Nov. 2018 3.4

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.161 3.2 0.005 - L-Dec. 2018 3.5

Cookies(6)

  3.9   - L-Aug. 2012 5.2

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(6)

  2.9   - L-Mar. 2019 3.1

Other bakery products

0.203 3.4 0.007 - L-Apr. 2012 4.6

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(6)

  5.8   - L-Jul. 2013 7.3

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  4.8   - L-Apr. 2012 6.3

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  0.5   - S-Feb. 2019 0.3

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.582 0.4 0.006 - L-Feb. 2019 0.6

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.495 1.4 0.021 - L-Apr. 2018 2.4

Meats

0.935 1.6 0.015 - L-Apr. 2018 2.4

Beef and veal

0.428 2.1 0.009 - L-May 2018 2.6

Uncooked ground beef

0.168 0.8 0.001 - L-May 2018 2.3

Uncooked beef roasts(5)

0.062 4.4 0.003 - L-Aug. 2018 4.4

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.160 2.5 0.004 - L-Mar. 2019 3.1

Uncooked other beef and veal(5)

0.038 1.6 0.001 - S-Oct. 2017 1.4

Pork

0.289 2.1 0.006 - L-Jan. 2018 4.0

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.130 1.6 0.002 - L-Feb. 2018 3.4

Bacon and related products(6)

  3.2   - L-Feb. 2018 5.3

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  -0.3   - L-Jan. 2019 0.0

Ham

0.052 2.2 0.001 - L-Mar. 2019 2.3

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  1.0   - S-Feb. 2019 -0.7

Pork chops

0.043 3.6 0.002 - L-Apr. 2018 5.7

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.064 1.8 0.001 - L-Jan. 2018 3.7

Other meats

0.218 0.2 0.000 - L-Feb. 2019 0.5

Frankfurters(6)

  1.4   - L-Jun. 2018 4.4

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  -0.3   - L-Feb. 2019 0.5

Lamb and organ meats(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(5)(6)

           

Poultry

0.311 -0.4 -0.001 - S-Mar. 2019 -1.0

Chicken(5)

0.256 -0.1 0.000 - L-Feb. 2019 0.5

Fresh whole chicken(6)

  -0.5   - S-Mar. 2019 -1.2

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(6)

  0.1   - L-Feb. 2019 0.7

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.055 -1.8 -0.001 - S-Jan. 2019 -4.3

Fish and seafood

0.249 2.9 0.007 - L-Feb. 2019 4.4

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.128 3.2 0.004 - L-Feb. 2019 3.7

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.121 2.7 0.003 - L-Mar. 2019 2.8

Shelf stable fish and seafood(6)

  5.9   - L-Feb. 2019 9.1

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  1.8   - L-Mar. 2019 3.3

Eggs

0.087 -15.6 -0.016 - L-Mar. 2019 -8.0

Dairy and related products

0.720 1.0 0.007 - L-Feb. 2015 2.1

Milk(5)

0.200 2.5 0.005 - - -

Fresh whole milk(6)

  1.9   - S-Feb. 2019 0.1

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  3.0   - L-Mar. 2019 3.1

Cheese and related products

0.230 -1.2 -0.003 - L-Dec. 2018 -0.4

Ice cream and related products

0.104 1.6 0.002 - L-Feb. 2019 2.5

Other dairy and related products(5)

0.185 2.0 0.004 - L-Jun. 2015 2.1

Fruits and vegetables

1.286 1.7 0.022 - S-Jan. 2019 0.9

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.018 1.9 0.019 - S-Jan. 2019 1.3

Fresh fruits

0.538 -1.0 -0.005 - S-Nov. 2018 -2.3

Apples

0.077 2.3 0.002 - L-Oct. 2017 3.7

Bananas

0.078 -0.6 0.000 - L-Jan. 2019 -0.3

Citrus fruits(5)

0.148 -3.6 -0.006 - S-May 2015 -8.0

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -4.6   - S-Oct. 2018 -6.9

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.235 -0.4 -0.001 - S-Feb. 2019 -1.2

Fresh vegetables

0.480 5.2 0.024 - S-Jan. 2019 3.6

Potatoes

0.077 6.2 0.005 - L-Mar. 2019 8.0

Lettuce

0.065 7.8 0.005 - S-Nov. 2018 0.0

Tomatoes

0.076 1.2 0.001 - L-Dec. 2018 1.6

Other fresh vegetables

0.261 5.5 0.014 - S-Jan. 2019 4.9

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.268 1.3 0.003 - L-Mar. 2019 2.7

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.149 4.0 0