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Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
CPI CPI Program Links

Consumer Price Index News Release


Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (ET) Tuesday, June 13, 2023          USDL-23-1301
	
Technical information: (202) 691-7000  *  cpi_info@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov 

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX - MAY 2023

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.1 percent in May on a seasonally
adjusted basis, after increasing 0.4 percent in April, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased 4.0 percent before
seasonal adjustment.

The index for shelter was the largest contributor to the monthly all items increase, followed by
an increase in the index for used cars and trucks. The food index increased 0.2 percent in May
after being unchanged in the previous 2 months. The index for food at home rose 0.1 percent over
the month while the index for food away from home rose 0.5 percent. The energy index, in
contrast, declined 3.6 percent in May as the major energy component indexes fell.

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.4 percent in May, as it did in April and
March. Indexes which increased in May include shelter, used cars and trucks, motor vehicle
insurance, apparel, and personal care. The index for household furnishings and operations and
the index for airline fares were among those that decreased over the month.

The all items index increased 4.0 percent for the 12 months ending May; this was the smallest
12-month increase since the period ending March 2021. The all items less food and energy index
rose 5.3 percent over the last 12 months. The energy index decreased 11.7 percent for the 12
months ending May, and the food index increased 6.7 percent over the last year. 

Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average

Seasonally adjusted changes from preceding month Un-
adjusted
12-mos.
ended
May 2023
Nov.
2022
Dec.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023
Mar.
2023
Apr.
2023
May
2023

All items

0.2 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.1 4.0

Food

0.6 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.2 6.7

Food at home

0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 -0.3 -0.2 0.1 5.8

Food away from home(1)

0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 8.3

Energy

-1.4 -3.1 2.0 -0.6 -3.5 0.6 -3.6 -11.7

Energy commodities

-2.1 -7.2 1.9 0.5 -4.6 2.7 -5.6 -20.4

Gasoline (all types)

-2.3 -7.0 2.4 1.0 -4.6 3.0 -5.6 -19.7

Fuel oil(1)

1.7 -16.6 -1.2 -7.9 -4.0 -4.5 -7.7 -37.0

Energy services

-0.6 1.9 2.1 -1.7 -2.3 -1.7 -1.4 1.6

Electricity

0.5 1.3 0.5 0.5 -0.7 -0.7 -1.0 5.9

Utility (piped) gas service

-3.4 3.5 6.7 -8.0 -7.1 -4.9 -2.6 -11.0

All items less food and energy

0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 5.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

-0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.6 0.6 2.0

New vehicles

0.5 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.4 -0.2 -0.1 4.7

Used cars and trucks

-2.0 -2.0 -1.9 -2.8 -0.9 4.4 4.4 -4.2

Apparel

0.1 0.2 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.3 3.5

Medical care commodities(1)

0.2 0.1 1.1 0.1 0.6 0.5 0.6 4.4

Services less energy services

0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 6.6

Shelter

0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.6 8.0

Transportation services

0.3 0.6 0.9 1.1 1.4 -0.2 0.8 10.2

Medical care services

-0.5 0.3 -0.7 -0.7 -0.5 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.

Food

The food index rose 0.2 percent in May. The food at home index increased 0.1 percent over the
month, following a 0.2-percent decrease in April. Three of the six major grocery store food group
indexes increased over the month. The index for fruits and vegetables increased 1.3 percent in
May, following a 0.5-percent decrease in April. The other food at home index rose 0.4 percent
over the month, and the nonalcoholic beverages index increased 0.7 percent. 

The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs decreased 1.2 percent in May, as the index for eggs
fell 13.8 percent, the largest decrease in that index since January 1951. The dairy and related
products index declined 1.1 percent over the month, and the cereals and bakery products index was
unchanged in May.

The food away from home index rose 0.5 percent in May. The index for full service meals increased
0.4 percent over the month and the index for limited service meals increased 0.5 percent. 

The food at home index rose 5.8 percent over the last 12 months. The index for cereals and bakery
products rose 10.7 percent over the 12 months ending in May. The remaining major grocery store
food groups posted increases ranging from 0.3 percent (meats, poultry, fish, and eggs) to 9.2
percent (other food at home).

The index for food away from home rose 8.3 percent over the last year. The index for full service
meals rose 6.8 percent over the last 12 months, and the index for limited service meals rose 8.0
percent over the same period. 

Energy

The energy index fell 3.6 percent in May after rising 0.6 percent in April. The gasoline index
decreased 5.6 percent in May, following a 3.0-percent increase in the previous month. (Before
seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices fell 1.4 percent in May.) 

Other energy components also declined. The natural gas index decreased 2.6 percent over the month
, the fourth consecutive decrease in that index. The index for electricity decreased 1.0 percent
in May, after falling 0.7 percent in both April and March. The fuel oil index also declined in
May, down 7.7 percent.

The energy index fell 11.7 percent over the past 12 months. The gasoline index decreased 19.7
percent over the last 12 months, while the natural gas index fell 11.0 percent, and the fuel oil
index fell 37.0 percent over the span. In contrast, the index for electricity rose 5.9 percent
over the last year. 

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.4 percent in May, as it did in April and
March. The shelter index increased 0.6 percent over the month after rising 0.4 percent in April.
The index for rent rose 0.5 percent in May, as did the index for owners' equivalent rent. The
index for lodging away from home increased 1.8 percent in May after decreasing 3.0 percent in
April. 

The shelter index was the largest factor in the monthly increase in the index for all items less
food and energy. Among the other indexes that rose in May was the index for used cars and trucks,
which increased 4.4 percent, and the index for motor vehicle insurance which increased 2.0
percent. The indexes for apparel, personal care, and education also increased in May. 

Several indexes declined in May, led by the household furnishings and operations index which fell
0.6 percent over the month. This was the first decline in that index since June 2021 and also the
largest 1-month decline since August 2009. The index for airline fares decreased 3.0 percent over
the month, following a 2.6-percent decline in April. The index for communication fell 0.3 percent
over the month. The index for new vehicles and the index for recreation each declined 0.1 percent
in May.

The medical care index increased 0.1 percent in May, after being unchanged the previous month. The
index for hospital services rose 1.0 percent over the month, after a 0.5-percent increase in
April. The prescription drugs index increased 0.1 percent in May, while the physicians' services
index declined 0.5 percent. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 5.3 percent over the past 12 months. The
shelter index increased 8.0 percent over the last year, accounting for over 60 percent of the
total increase in all items less food and energy. Other indexes with notable increases over the
last year include motor vehicle insurance (+17.1 percent), recreation (+4.5 percent), household
furnishings and operations (+4.2 percent), and new vehicles (+4.7 percent). 

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 4.0 percent over the last 12
months to an index level of 304.127 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index increased 0.3 percent
prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) increased 3.6
percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 298.382 (1982-84=100). For the month, the
index increased 0.2 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 4.3 percent over the
last 12 months. For the month, the index increased 0.2 percent on a not seasonally adjusted basis.
Please note that the indexes for the past 10 to 12 months are subject to revision. 
_______________
The Consumer Price Index for June 2023 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 12, 2023,
at 8:30 a.m. (ET).






Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers for goods 
and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two population groups: all 
urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical workers. The all urban consumer group 
represents about 93 percent of the total U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures 
of almost all residents of urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self
-employed, the poor, the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners 
and clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people living 
in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces, and those 
in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation for all urban 
consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban 
Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U). 
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is based on 
the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that meet two requirements: 
more than one-half of the household's income must come from clerical or wage occupations, 
and at least one of the household's earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks 
during the previous 12 months. The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the 
total U.S. population and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, doctors' 
and dentists' services, drugs, and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day 
living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas across the country from about 
6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments (department stores, 
supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service 
establishments). All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are 
included in the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are obtained every month in 
all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected every month 
in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most 
goods and services are obtained by personal visit, telephone call, or web collection by the 
Bureau's trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are 
aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the 
appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. 
For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published by size of city, by region of 
the country, for cross-classifications of regions and population-size classes, and for 23 
selected local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices among 
cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period. 
For the C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are 
considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject 
to three subsequent quarterly revisions. 

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the CPI-U and 
the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base for the C-CPI-U is 
December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, 
is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price 
of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. 

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based 
upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS calculates 
and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-month percent change 
standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard error estimates can be used to 
construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated standard 
error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means 
that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using the same 
methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these 
estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail 
prices. For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 95 
percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would fall 
between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including information on how to use 
the estimates of standard error, see www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm. 

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes 
rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level 
of the index in relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following 
table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent changes:
 
                            Item A                  Item B                      Item C
Year I                      112.500                 225.000                     110.000
Year II                     121.500                 243.000                     128.000
Change in index points      9.000                   18.000                      18.000
Percent change              9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0   18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. 
Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS 
seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are 
used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The factors are available 
at www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2022.xlsx. For more 
information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal Adjustment at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the Timeline of Seasonal 
Adjustment Methodological Changes at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually 
preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and 
in about the same magnitude every year-such as price movements resulting from weather events, 
production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on 
changes that are not typical for the time of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest 
to consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used 
extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements and pension 
plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for 
seasonal variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation 
agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment (IASA) for some 
CPI series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal 
pattern of price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which the 
distortions caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior to 
calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately represent 
the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data. 

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 2009 
return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier 
data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal portion 
of the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to 
seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this "prior 
adjusted" data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in 
the data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2022, BLS adjusted 72 series using intervention 
analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, electricity, 
and vehicles. 

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject to 
revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI 
calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years 
of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final 
and not subject to revision. For January 2022, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted 
indexes for 2017 to 2021 were calculated and published. For series which are directly adjusted 
using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors for 2021 will 
be applied to data for 2022 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2022 indexes. Series which are 
indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal 
factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical 
criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its 
status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 81 
components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status from 
seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the 
aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes 
before that period will not be changed. For 2022, 22 of the 81 components of the U.S. city 
average all items index are seasonally adjusted.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information and 
Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov. 

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section at 
202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov. 

If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to access 
telecommunications relay services.












Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, May 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Apr.
2023
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
May
2022
Apr.
2023
May
2023
May
2022-
May
2023
Apr.
2023-
May
2023
Feb.
2023-
Mar.
2023
Mar.
2023-
Apr.
2023
Apr.
2023-
May
2023

All items

100.000 292.296 303.363 304.127 4.0 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.1

Food

13.436 302.038 321.566 322.249 6.7 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2

Food at home

8.632 285.953 302.328 302.535 5.8 0.1 -0.3 -0.2 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

1.168 319.930 353.742 354.195 10.7 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.799 314.929 318.996 315.968 0.3 -0.9 -1.4 -0.3 -1.2

Dairy and related products

0.799 257.678 271.102 269.573 4.6 -0.6 -0.1 -0.7 -1.1

Fruits and vegetables

1.467 341.594 346.269 350.986 2.7 1.4 -1.3 -0.5 1.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.043 199.166 215.833 216.460 8.7 0.3 0.2 -0.1 0.7

Other food at home

2.354 247.300 269.657 269.999 9.2 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.4

Food away from home(1)

4.804 325.952 351.237 352.892 8.3 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5

Energy

6.978 316.761 283.352 279.816 -11.7 -1.2 -3.5 0.6 -3.6

Energy commodities

3.732 402.040 325.269 319.876 -20.4 -1.7 -4.6 2.7 -5.6

Fuel oil(1)

0.123 564.147 384.903 355.185 -37.0 -7.7 -4.0 -4.5 -7.7

Motor fuel

3.547 393.950 319.843 315.310 -20.0 -1.4 -4.7 2.8 -5.6

Gasoline (all types)

3.459 391.262 318.482 314.116 -19.7 -1.4 -4.6 3.0 -5.6

Energy services

3.247 249.129 255.185 253.204 1.6 -0.8 -2.3 -1.7 -1.4

Electricity

2.511 247.461 263.216 262.135 5.9 -0.4 -0.7 -0.7 -1.0

Utility (piped) gas service

0.735 248.854 226.062 221.484 -11.0 -2.0 -7.1 -4.9 -2.6

All items less food and energy

79.586 292.506 306.899 308.096 5.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

Commodities less food and energy commodities

21.347 165.140 167.833 168.499 2.0 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.6

Apparel

2.565 126.970 131.762 131.382 3.5 -0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

New vehicles

4.278 171.350 178.892 179.329 4.7 0.2 0.4 -0.2 -0.1

Used cars and trucks

2.673 208.373 193.394 199.576 -4.2 3.2 -0.9 4.4 4.4

Medical care commodities(1)

1.456 386.273 400.755 403.358 4.4 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6

Alcoholic beverages

0.836 272.293 283.961 285.285 4.8 0.5 0.1 0.5 0.5

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.496 1,338.572 1,414.924 1,423.094 6.3 0.6 0.8 0.1 0.6

Services less energy services

58.238 370.937 393.769 395.295 6.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

Shelter

34.564 350.580 376.636 378.776 8.0 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6

Rent of primary residence

7.542 365.116 394.898 396.726 8.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

25.432 358.469 385.366 387.323 8.0 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Medical care services

6.423 594.243 594.346 593.738 -0.1 -0.1 -0.5 -0.1 -0.1

Physicians' services(1)

1.799 410.249 411.951 409.885 -0.1 -0.5 -0.2 0.0 -0.5

Hospital services(1)(3)

1.909 375.273 385.355 389.166 3.7 1.0 -0.4 0.5 1.0

Transportation services

5.884 357.437 390.805 393.836 10.2 0.8 1.4 -0.2 0.8

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.106 333.258 375.890 378.182 13.5 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.6

Motor vehicle insurance

2.591 594.437 684.166 695.929 17.1 1.7 1.2 1.4 2.0

Airline fares

0.630 344.853 294.550 298.489 -13.4 1.3 4.0 -2.6 -3.0

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, May 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Apr.
2023
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
May
2022-
May
2023
Apr.
2023-
May
2023
Feb.
2023-
Mar.
2023
Mar.
2023-
Apr.
2023
Apr.
2023-
May
2023

All items

100.000 4.0 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.1

Food

13.436 6.7 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2

Food at home

8.632 5.8 0.1 -0.3 -0.2 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

1.168 10.7 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.0

Cereals and cereal products

0.365 9.3 0.0 0.6 0.2 -0.6

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.061 17.1 1.4 0.0 0.5 0.0

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.146 8.5 0.0 2.4 0.1 0.0

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.159 7.1 -0.5 0.2 0.4 -1.2

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  5.9 -0.2 0.5 0.1 -0.2

Bakery products(1)

0.803 11.4 0.2 0.7 0.0 0.2

Bread(1)(2)

0.224 12.5 0.4 0.4 -0.3 0.4

White bread(1)(3)

  13.4 -0.2 1.0 0.1 -0.2

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  11.2 0.8 -0.3 -0.8 0.8

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.119 11.6 -1.3 -0.7 2.5 -1.1

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(1)

0.208 11.0 0.2 0.7 -0.3 0.2

Cookies(1)(3)

  10.9 -0.5 0.5 -0.3 -0.5

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  11.1 0.9 0.8 0.2 0.9

Other bakery products

0.252 10.7 0.6 1.9 -0.1 0.3

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  5.7 -0.3 1.3 -0.3 -0.3

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  12.4 1.2 1.3 0.2 0.5

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  12.1 0.4 2.8 -0.8 0.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.799 0.3 -0.9 -1.4 -0.3 -1.2

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.654 0.5 0.2 -0.5 -0.2 -0.1

Meats

1.023 0.4 0.5 -0.3 -0.4 0.2

Beef and veal

0.440 1.0 1.5 -0.3 0.3 1.0

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.156 0.6 2.0 0.4 0.6 2.0

Uncooked beef roasts(2)

0.057 0.0 3.2 -2.3 1.5 1.2

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.184 2.5 1.0 0.4 0.8 0.1

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.043 -2.4 -0.9 -0.4 1.8 -0.9

Pork

0.328 -2.9 0.1 -1.1 -1.2 -0.8

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.140 -5.6 -0.7 0.3 -2.1 -0.9

Bacon and related products(3)

  -9.8 -1.4 1.0 -2.2 -1.3

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  2.1 0.3 -0.9 -1.8 -0.7

Ham

0.067 8.2 3.7 -4.8 2.0 1.6

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  8.5 4.3 -5.1 1.6 1.6

Pork chops(1)

0.044 -2.2 -1.5 -1.4 0.6 -1.5

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.077 -7.3 -0.9 -1.6 -0.4 -2.5

Other meats

0.255 5.0 -0.8 0.9 -0.5 0.2

Frankfurters(3)

  1.1 -2.6 -2.9 -2.9 0.8

Lunchmeats(1)(2)(3)

  6.2 -0.4 1.3 0.5 -0.4

Poultry(1)

0.345 2.1 0.2 -0.4 0.6 0.2

Chicken(1)(2)

0.276 0.9 0.3 -0.6 0.5 0.3

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  4.4 1.9 -0.8 0.0 1.9

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  -0.7 -0.5 -0.4 0.6 -0.5

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.070 6.9 -0.2 1.0 1.2 -2.0

Fish and seafood

0.285 -1.1 -0.8 -1.2 -0.7 -1.6

Fresh fish and seafood(1)(2)

0.140 -2.0 -0.9 -0.6 0.0 -0.9

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.146 -0.1 -0.8 -0.4 -0.7 -2.0

Shelf stable fish and seafood(3)

  0.4 -0.6 -1.8 -1.7 -1.7

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  0.3 -0.8 0.8 0.4 -2.2

Eggs(1)

0.145 -0.4 -13.8 -10.9 -1.5 -13.8

Dairy and related products

0.799 4.6 -0.6 -0.1 -0.7 -1.1

Milk(2)

0.195 -0.8 0.4 -1.0 -2.0 -0.6

Fresh whole milk(3)

  -3.4 0.1 -1.3 -2.1 -1.0

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  0.6 0.4 -0.6 -1.9 -0.5

Cheese and related products(1)

0.246 3.6 -0.4 0.0 0.1 -0.4

Ice cream and related products

0.122 8.0 -2.0 1.2 -0.7 -0.2

Other dairy and related products(2)

0.237 9.3 -0.8 -0.8 -0.2 -1.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.467 2.7 1.4 -1.3 -0.5 1.3

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.091 0.6 1.3 -1.7 -0.2 1.4

Fresh fruits

0.587 -0.5 1.3 -1.7 -0.5 1.5

Apples

0.085 7.7 1.9 -0.5 0.4 1.9

Bananas(1)

0.090 1.3 -0.1 -1.5 0.2 -0.1

Citrus fruits(2)

0.175 -5.3 0.8 -0.3 -2.7 -1.1

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  -4.7 2.1 0.5 -3.8 -0.4

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.237 -0.7 2.0 -2.7 0.2 3.4

Fresh vegetables

0.503 2.0 1.2 -1.7 0.3 1.3

Potatoes

0.087 7.1 1.8 -1.6 -0.1 0.2

Lettuce

0.071 9.4 3.4 -5.7 3.5 5.3

Tomatoes

0.079 -3.5 -1.9 -2.1 -2.0 0.7

Other fresh vegetables

0.266 1.0 1.4 -0.9 0.3 1.0

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.376 9.5 1.6 -0.3 -1.6 1.0

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.192 7.8 1.0 -0.7 -0.7 0.2

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  8.7 1.3 -0.7 -0.6 0.9

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  6.9 0.9 -0.7 -1.6 0.1

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.110 12.9 2.1 -0.2 -2.0 1.9

Frozen vegetables(3)

  18.7 1.8 -0.3 -0.8 1.4

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.075 9.3 2.5 -1.4 -0.4 2.1

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  2.0 2.3 -0.3 -1.7 2.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.043 8.7 0.3 0.2 -0.1 0.7

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.734 9.9 0.3 0.3 0.4 1.0

Carbonated drinks

0.309 9.5 -0.7 0.4 1.8 -0.1

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.008 15.8 7.4 -0.4 -1.0 7.4

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.417 10.0 0.9 0.3 -0.5 1.7

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.309 5.9 0.3 0.0 -1.1 0.1

Coffee

0.198 4.8 0.6 -0.4 -1.4 0.1

Roasted coffee(3)

  4.5 0.6 0.0 -1.6 -0.4

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  5.8 0.6 -2.4 0.5 0.6

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.111 8.1 -0.1 0.7 -0.1 -0.1

Other food at home

2.354 9.2 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.4

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.302 10.2 0.4 -0.2 0.3 0.4

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.041 11.1 0.8 -0.4 0.0 0.5

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.191 11.6 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.3

Other sweets(2)

0.070 6.2 0.3 -1.3 -0.1 0.2

Fats and oils

0.256 11.8 0.6 -0.6 -0.4 0.2

Butter and margarine(2)

0.081 9.2 1.4 -3.7 -1.2 0.1

Butter(3)

  3.1 1.0 -6.0 0.0 -1.0

Margarine(1)(3)

  22.5 2.1 -1.5 -0.6 2.1

Salad dressing(2)

0.061 14.3 0.2 0.7 -0.3 0.2

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.115 12.5 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.6

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  0.1 -0.9 -2.3 0.8 -0.9

Other foods

1.796 8.6 0.0 0.7 0.3 0.4

Soups

0.107 8.7 1.4 0.4 0.0 0.6

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.274 8.4 0.1 1.6 -0.6 0.3

Snacks

0.382 7.9 -0.3 1.6 1.0 0.5

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.359 9.5 0.7 -0.3 0.4 0.6

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  4.3 1.0 1.7 -1.7 0.3

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  13.0 -0.4 1.1 0.5 -0.4

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  11.8 0.8 -0.1 0.4 1.1

Other condiments(3)

  15.7 4.1 -0.5 -2.0 5.6

Baby food and formula(1)(2)

0.039 10.1 1.2 -0.4 4.3 1.2

Other miscellaneous foods(2)

0.635 8.5 -0.5 0.4 -0.2 0.0

Prepared salads(3)(4)

  4.2 -3.1 1.4 -0.7 -2.1

Food away from home(1)

4.804 8.3 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.302 6.8 0.4 0.7 0.1 0.4

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.236 8.0 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5

Food at employee sites and schools(1)(2)

0.074 130.6 0.3 0.2 -0.1 0.3

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  294.0 -0.3 0.3 0.0 -0.3

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.025 15.3 2.5 0.8 0.3 2.5

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.167 7.1 0.1 0.7 1.2 0.1

Energy

6.978 -11.7 -1.2 -3.5 0.6 -3.6

Energy commodities

3.732 -20.4 -1.7 -4.6 2.7 -5.6

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.185 -28.6 -6.3 -2.5 0.0 -5.3

Fuel oil(1)

0.123 -37.0 -7.7 -4.0 -4.5 -7.7

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.062 -6.1 -3.4 -0.5 1.0 -1.2

Motor fuel

3.547 -20.0 -1.4 -4.7 2.8 -5.6

Gasoline (all types)

3.459 -19.7 -1.4 -4.6 3.0 -5.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  -20.3 -1.5 -3.3 3.4 -5.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  -17.7 -0.9 -5.3 3.5 -5.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  -15.6 -0.4 -5.2 2.4 -4.0

Other motor fuels(1)(2)

0.087 -26.2 -3.3 -4.9 -2.7 -3.3

Energy services

3.247 1.6 -0.8 -2.3 -1.7 -1.4

Electricity

2.511 5.9 -0.4 -0.7 -0.7 -1.0

Utility (piped) gas service

0.735 -11.0 -2.0 -7.1 -4.9 -2.6

All items less food and energy

79.586 5.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

Commodities less food and energy commodities

21.347 2.0 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.6

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

4.393 4.1 -0.5 0.4 -0.4 -0.4

Window and floor coverings and other linens(2)

0.311 2.2 -0.4 0.7 -1.7 0.2

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.086 7.7 0.1 0.8 -0.2 0.1

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.072 -0.5 0.5 -0.5 -1.9 0.5

Other linens(2)

0.153 0.5 -1.1 0.8 -2.2 -0.1

Furniture and bedding(1)

1.162 -0.5 -0.7 0.4 -0.5 -0.7

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.380 1.0 0.0 -0.8 0.7 0.0

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.568 -0.2 -1.3 0.6 -0.4 -1.3

Other furniture(2)

0.208 -4.0 -0.7 1.6 -3.6 -0.6

Appliances(2)

0.288 -0.2 -0.6 0.7 -1.9 -0.3

Major appliances(2)

0.104 -10.0 -1.9 -0.1 -3.4 -0.8

Laundry equipment(1)(3)

  -1.7 -2.0 2.6 0.2 -2.0

Other appliances(1)(2)

0.182 5.8 0.1 0.7 -0.9 0.1

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.575 0.4 -1.1 0.4 -0.9 -0.6

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.323 1.7 -1.1 0.1 1.0 -1.1

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.127 1.9 -1.3 1.8 -1.5 -2.2

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.041 -2.7 -1.6 -2.1 -2.2 -1.6

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.084 -3.7 -0.4 -2.6 -1.7 -0.2

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

1.082 8.8 -0.5 0.2 0.0 -0.8

Tools, hardware and supplies(2)

0.272 7.4 -0.8 0.4 -0.6 -0.5

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.571 10.2 -0.3 0.3 0.3 -0.9

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.975 8.5 -0.1 0.5 0.8 -0.1

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.327 6.0 0.4 1.0 0.0 0.4

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.179 12.4 0.4 1.4 1.4 0.4

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.469 8.4 -0.7 -0.2 1.0 -0.7

Apparel

2.565 3.5 -0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Men's and boys' apparel

0.671 3.4 -0.1 1.0 0.5 0.3

Men's apparel

0.497 4.1 0.5 1.2 0.7 0.8

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.067 -0.6 0.9 0.9 1.7 0.3

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(1)

0.178 4.8 1.3 -0.4 -0.8 1.3

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.120 2.2 -1.2 0.5 1.3 0.5

Men's pants and shorts

0.122 8.2 0.8 5.6 2.2 0.5

Boys' apparel

0.174 1.6 -1.7 0.2 0.1 -0.9

Women's and girls' apparel

1.054 4.6 -0.6 0.4 0.1 0.7

Women's apparel

0.876 4.2 -0.4 0.4 0.1 0.7

Women's outerwear

0.049 7.8 2.9 4.3 1.7 2.9

Women's dresses

0.097 2.1 -0.1 -1.3 -1.3 3.7

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.395 4.8 -0.3 -0.4 0.3 1.5

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.323 3.6 -1.3 -0.5 -1.0 -1.3

Girls' apparel

0.178 6.8 -1.5 0.4 0.1 1.1

Footwear

0.507 0.2 -0.1 -0.5 0.4 0.0

Men's footwear(1)

0.179 -0.7 1.3 -1.6 -0.4 1.3

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.124 0.6 -1.7 2.9 0.8 -1.0

Women's footwear

0.204 0.9 -0.3 -1.0 -0.1 0.0

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.104 3.5 0.5 -0.3 0.1 -0.5

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.229 6.8 -0.2 -0.3 0.1 -0.8

Watches(1)(6)

0.036 2.1 1.2 -4.2 0.9 1.2

Jewelry(6)

0.193 7.8 -0.5 1.9 0.5 -1.3

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

7.681 0.1 1.3 0.0 1.5 1.5

New vehicles

4.278 4.7 0.2 0.4 -0.2 -0.1

New cars(3)

  4.2 0.1 0.6 -0.3 -0.4

New trucks(3)(10)

  4.9 0.3 0.3 -0.2 -0.1

Used cars and trucks

2.673 -4.2 3.2 -0.9 4.4 4.4

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.483 4.2 0.0 0.1 0.6 0.0

Tires(1)

0.327 3.3 0.6 -0.1 0.4 0.6

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.155 5.8 -1.3 0.6 1.0 -1.3

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  4.6 -1.3 1.2 1.0 -1.3

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  10.5 -1.0 0.7 2.6 -1.0

Medical care commodities(1)

1.456 4.4 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6

Medicinal drugs(1)(8)

1.342 4.0 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5

Prescription drugs(1)

0.948 3.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.394 6.2 1.5 1.5 0.8 1.5

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.114 10.3 2.3 1.2 0.9 2.3

Recreation commodities(8)

2.274 2.7 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.0

Video and audio products(8)

0.279 -4.0 -0.5 -0.2 0.7 -0.8

Televisions

0.136 -11.5 -1.4 -1.0 0.3 -1.8

Other video equipment(2)

0.017 -4.0 -1.9 3.4 1.3 -2.5

Audio equipment(1)

0.057 5.4 0.6 -0.4 1.1 0.6

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.059 4.6 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.6

Pets and pet products(1)

0.675 10.6 1.0 0.8 1.1 1.0

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  13.8 0.8 1.6 1.4 0.8

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  5.7 0.9 -0.3 0.3 0.9

Sporting goods(1)

0.746 -0.9 -1.1 -0.6 -0.3 -1.1

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.431 -0.4 -1.3 -0.8 -0.7 -1.3

Sports equipment(1)

0.307 -1.5 -0.7 -0.4 0.3 -0.7

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.020 5.0 -0.2 1.0 -0.1 0.3

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  4.0 -0.5 0.8 0.0 0.1

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.112 2.9 1.4 0.9 -0.3 1.4

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.060 4.6 3.1 1.5 -1.7 3.1

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.052 0.9 -0.5 0.1 1.4 -0.5

Other recreational goods(2)

0.441 2.1 0.1 0.9 0.0 0.2

Toys

0.352 1.7 0.1 0.7 -0.5 0.2

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  3.5 0.6 0.9 0.6 1.3

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.025 1.7 -0.9 2.8 7.2 -0.9

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.052 7.3 0.8 1.8 -0.1 0.8

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.898 -6.9 -0.2 -0.5 -0.2 -0.2

Educational books and supplies(1)

0.094 -1.3 0.5 -1.4 -0.5 0.5

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  -1.5 0.6 -1.2 -0.6 0.6

Information technology commodities(8)

0.804 -7.6 -0.3 -0.4 -0.1 -0.3

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(1)(4)

0.367 -4.2 -0.4 0.6 -1.3 -0.4

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.023 -2.8 0.3 -0.5 -2.2 0.3

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.415 -11.0 -0.2 -1.3 1.1 -0.2

Smartphones(1)(3)(12)

  -15.3 0.7 -2.6 0.5 0.7

Alcoholic beverages

0.836 4.8 0.5 0.1 0.5 0.5

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.505 3.9 0.3 -0.2 0.0 0.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.194 6.1 0.4 -0.2 0.2 0.5

Distilled spirits at home(1)

0.086 1.6 0.2 -0.9 -0.1 0.2

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  1.1 0.2 0.0 0.5 0.2

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  1.3 0.2 -1.0 -0.7 0.2

Wine at home(1)

0.226 2.9 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.4

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.331 6.3 0.7 0.3 1.1 0.7

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  5.0 0.7 0.3 0.3 0.7

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  6.3 0.8 0.2 0.5 0.8

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  7.1 0.6 0.2 2.3 0.6

Other goods(8)

1.243 6.6 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.6

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.496 6.3 0.6 0.8 0.1 0.6

Cigarettes(1)(2)

0.410 6.3 0.6 1.0 -0.3 0.6

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.079 6.0 0.4 -0.7 2.5 0.4

Personal care products(1)

0.599 7.5 1.0 0.8 0.5 1.0

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.315 9.6 1.5 1.3 0.8 1.5

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.272 5.3 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.5

Miscellaneous personal goods(1)(2)

0.149 3.9 -1.1 -1.3 -0.5 -1.1

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  9.4 0.9 -1.1 -0.2 0.9

Services less energy services

58.238 6.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

Shelter

34.564 8.0 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6

Rent of shelter(13)

34.195 8.1 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5

Rent of primary residence

7.542 8.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5

Lodging away from home(2)

1.221 3.4 2.6 2.7 -3.0 1.8

Housing at school, excluding board(13)

0.159 3.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.1

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

1.061 3.7 3.0 3.1 -3.4 2.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(13)

25.432 8.0 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(13)

24.047 8.1 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.370 1.6 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.058 5.7 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.6

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.757 4.9 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.3

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.301 7.9 1.3 0.2 0.6 1.3

Household operations(1)(2)

0.892 4.6 -1.2     -1.2

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.272 6.5 -2.0 0.0 6.9 -2.0

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

           

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.103 -0.9 1.8 1.5 1.0 1.8

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.116          

Medical care services

6.423 -0.1 -0.1 -0.5 -0.1 -0.1

Professional services

3.535 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0

Physicians' services(1)

1.799 -0.1 -0.5 -0.2 0.0 -0.5

Dental services

0.910 6.6 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.308 1.7 0.5 0.1 -0.1 0.5

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.518 0.8 1.2 0.4 0.2 1.2

Hospital and related services(1)

2.245 3.9 0.8 -0.2 0.4 0.8

Hospital services(1)(14)

1.909 3.7 1.0 -0.4 0.5 1.0

Inpatient hospital services(1)(14)(3)

  3.4 1.0 -0.7 0.6 1.0

Outpatient hospital services(1)(3)(6)

  4.9 0.9 0.9 0.4 0.9

Nursing homes and adult day services(14)

0.188 4.8 -0.8 0.4 -0.3 -0.8

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.149 6.0 -0.1 1.0 0.4 -0.1

Health insurance(1)(5)

0.642 -20.5 -3.7 -4.2 -3.8 -3.7

Transportation services

5.884 10.2 0.8 1.4 -0.2 0.8

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

0.753   -1.6   -0.8 -1.6

Car and truck rental(2)

0.122 -12.4 -2.1 -3.8 -3.2 -3.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.106 13.5 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.6

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.058 7.2 -0.5     -0.5

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.569 9.9 1.0 0.4 -0.3 1.0

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.423 19.7 0.3 0.2 1.7 0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.591 17.1 1.7 1.2 1.4 2.0

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.491 3.0 0.0 -0.3 0.1 0.0

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.276 3.3 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.194 2.6 0.3 -0.8 0.2 0.3

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  2.5 0.3 0.4 0.6 -0.1

Public transportation

0.822 -8.9 1.1 3.2 -5.0 0.9

Airline fares

0.630 -13.4 1.3 4.0 -2.6 -3.0

Other intercity transportation

0.048 2.1 2.0 -0.8 -1.4 1.4

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  2.6 2.7 0.3 0.8 2.7

Intracity transportation(1)

0.140 -0.9 -0.5 0.2 0.5 -0.5

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Recreation services(8)

3.120 5.8 -0.1 0.0 0.7 -0.1

Video and audio services(8)

1.004 4.5 0.1 0.9 0.6 0.1

Cable, satellite, and live streaming television service(10)

0.889 4.5 -0.1 1.2 0.6 0.0

Purchase, subscription, and rental of video(1)(2)

0.115 5.6 1.4 -1.2 0.6 1.4

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  7.8 6.8 -4.0 2.1 6.8

Subscription and rental of video and video games(1)(2)(3)

  5.1 -0.6 -0.5 1.2 -0.6

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.561 10.2 -0.6 0.5 2.7 -0.6

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  5.6 -0.3 0.8 0.1 -0.3

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  11.0 -0.2 0.8 3.2 -0.1

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.039 4.4 0.3 -1.0 -0.1 0.3

Other recreation services(2)

1.515 5.5 -0.1 -0.7 0.2 -0.1

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.668 4.3 0.3 -0.4 0.1 0.3

Admissions(1)

0.424 4.6 -0.7 -1.6 -1.6 -0.7

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  6.6 -0.3 1.1 1.4 -0.3

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  0.6 -3.7 -3.9 -7.8 -3.7

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.190 12.2 0.1 -0.2 5.0 0.1

Education and communication services(8)

4.841 2.8 -0.2 0.3 0.1 -0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.142 3.6 0.1 0.6 0.3 0.1

College tuition and fees

1.170 2.3 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.301 3.6 1.2 0.3 0.1 0.7

Day care and preschool(9)

0.569 6.4 -0.4 1.4 0.7 -0.3

Technical and business school tuition and fees(1)(2)

0.026 2.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.074 6.3 -0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1

Postage

0.063 6.7 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.4

Delivery services(2)

0.011 3.1 -1.7 -1.4 -0.6 -1.5

Telephone services(1)(2)

1.647 1.4 -0.5 -0.4 0.0 -0.5

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.403 0.6 -0.6 -0.4 0.0 -0.6

Residential telephone services(1)(8)

0.244 5.8 -0.3 -0.3 0.1 -0.3

Internet services and electronic information providers(1)(2)

0.972 2.9 0.0 0.9 -0.3 0.0

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.455 6.7 0.5 0.5 1.5 0.5

Personal care services(1)

0.602 4.9 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.602 4.9 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Miscellaneous personal services(1)

0.854 8.0 0.7 0.7 2.4 0.7

Legal services(1)(6)

0.247 7.3   0.2    

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.168 5.3 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.142 7.3 1.0 0.2 0.5 1.0

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.027 14.3 1.9 0.4 0.2 1.9

Financial services(1)(6)

0.190 10.9 0.5 1.8 4.1 0.5

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

    0.7 2.4 6.4 0.7

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 2019=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, May 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Apr.
2023
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
May
2022
Apr.
2023
May
2023
May
2022-
May
2023
Apr.
2023-
May
2023
Feb.
2023-
Mar.
2023
Mar.
2023-
Apr.
2023
Apr.
2023-
May
2023

All items less food

86.564 290.760 300.552 301.327 3.6 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.1

All items less shelter

65.436 272.550 278.101 278.336 2.1 0.1 -0.2 0.3 -0.1

All items less food and shelter

51.999 264.868 267.358 267.496 1.0 0.1 -0.3 0.4 -0.2

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.021 260.146 268.292 268.970 3.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

42.348 261.361 272.145 272.328 4.2 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1

All items less medical care

92.122 280.207 291.585 292.373 4.3 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.1

All items less energy

93.022 293.092 308.189 309.312 5.5 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4

Commodities

38.515 223.076 224.216 224.515 0.6 0.1 -0.3 0.6 -0.2

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

18.674 159.204 165.056 165.049 3.7 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0

Commodities less food

25.079 187.042 182.309 182.475 -2.4 0.1 -0.5 0.9 -0.3

Commodities less food and beverages

24.243 183.797 178.713 178.852 -2.7 0.1 -0.6 0.9 -0.4

Services

61.485 359.566 380.990 382.233 6.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(1)

27.290 380.099 395.889 395.956 4.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 -0.2

Services less medical care services

55.062 341.776 364.698 366.070 7.1 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3

Durables

12.547 128.122 127.406 128.059 0.0 0.5 0.4 0.8 0.3

Nondurables

25.968 271.921 274.743 274.606 1.0 0.0 -0.6 0.5 -0.6

Nondurables less food

12.532 246.034 235.504 234.724 -4.6 -0.3 -2.1 1.4 -1.4

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.696 244.396 232.501 231.597 -5.2 -0.4 -2.3 1.5 -1.5

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.130 322.565 300.265 299.013 -7.3 -0.4 -2.8 1.8 -2.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.966 316.375 297.250 296.231 -6.4 -0.3 -2.5 1.7 -1.8

Housing

44.339 297.868 317.278 318.205 6.8 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2

Education and communication(2)

5.739 143.108 145.449 145.205 1.5 -0.2 0.2 0.0 -0.2

Education(2)

2.236 279.356 288.606 288.843 3.4 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.1

Communication(2)

3.503 75.341 75.662 75.415 0.1 -0.3 0.0 -0.1 -0.3

Information and information processing(2)

3.430 71.053 71.256 71.022 0.0 -0.3 0.0 -0.1 -0.3

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.783 7.250 7.130 7.120 -1.8 -0.1 0.3 -0.2 -0.1

Recreation(2)

5.395 130.360 136.375 136.280 4.5 -0.1 0.1 0.5 -0.1

Video and audio(2)

1.283 113.457 116.545 116.495 2.7 0.0 0.7 0.6 -0.1

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.237 199.268 219.264 219.876 10.3 0.3 0.7 1.8 0.3

Photography(2)

0.061 80.455 84.137 84.267 4.7 0.2 -0.4 -0.1 0.3

Food and beverages

14.272 300.081 319.085 319.811 6.6 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2

Domestically produced farm food

7.213 295.893 312.634 312.861 5.7 0.1 -0.2 0.2 0.1

Other services

9.417 386.219 403.162 402.996 4.3 0.0 0.2 0.5 0.0

Apparel less footwear

2.058 118.220 123.785 123.366 4.4 -0.3 0.5 0.2 0.4

Fuels and utilities

4.490 295.153 299.962 297.818 0.9 -0.7 -1.7 -1.1 -1.1

Household energy

3.432 250.594 251.991 249.289 -0.5 -1.1 -2.3 -1.6 -1.6

Medical care

7.878 543.488 547.219 547.420 0.7 0.0 -0.3 0.0 0.1

Transportation

17.112 274.282 267.402 268.862 -2.0 0.5 -0.5 1.2 -0.2

Private transportation

16.290 271.545 265.893 267.275 -1.6 0.5 -0.7 1.5 -0.2

New and used motor vehicles(2)

8.073 127.847 128.294 129.619 1.4 1.0 0.2 1.2 1.2

Utilities and public transportation

7.662 250.991 254.346 253.643 1.1 -0.3 -0.8 -1.0 -1.1

Household furnishings and operations

5.285 142.736 149.650 148.667 4.2 -0.7 0.4 0.2 -0.6

Other goods and services

2.698 502.966 533.706 536.518 6.7 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.5

Personal care

2.203 256.147 272.037 273.439 6.8 0.5 0.4 1.1 0.5

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, May 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to May 2023 from: Percent change to Apr. 2023 from:
May
2022
Mar.
2023
Apr.
2023
Apr.
2022
Feb.
2023
Mar.
2023

U.S. city average

M

4.0 0.8 0.3 4.9 0.8 0.5

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

3.1 0.3 0.1 3.8 0.0 0.2

Northeast - Size Class A

M

3.6 0.3 0.2 4.1 0.0 0.1

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.3 0.3 0.0 3.5 -0.1 0.3

New England(4)

M

2.4 0.1 -0.2 3.8 0.3 0.3

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

3.3 0.4 0.3 3.9 -0.2 0.2

Midwest

M

3.7 0.8 0.3 4.9 1.2 0.6

Midwest - Size Class A

M

3.6 1.1 0.4 4.7 1.3 0.7

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.7 0.7 0.2 5.1 1.1 0.5

East North Central(4)

M

4.0 1.0 0.3 5.4 1.4 0.6

West North Central(4)

M

2.8 0.5 0.1 4.0 0.6 0.4

South

M

4.4 0.9 0.2 5.5 1.0 0.7

South - Size Class A

M

4.6 1.0 0.4 5.5 1.1 0.6

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

4.4 0.8 0.1 5.5 1.0 0.7

South Atlantic(4)

M

5.0 0.9 0.2 6.0 1.1 0.7

East South Central(4)

M

4.5 1.1 0.4 5.2 0.9 0.6

West South Central(4)

M

3.3 0.7 0.0 4.8 0.9 0.7

West

M

4.5 0.9 0.4 4.9 1.0 0.5

West - Size Class A

M

4.5 0.9 0.4 5.0 0.8 0.5

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

4.4 0.8 0.4 4.8 1.1 0.4

Mountain(4)

M

5.1 0.5 0.2 5.6 1.1 0.3

Pacific(4)

M

4.3 1.0 0.5 4.6 0.9 0.5

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

4.2 0.8 0.4 4.9 0.8 0.5

Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.9 0.7 0.2 5.0 0.9 0.5

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

3.3 1.1 0.4 4.8 1.6 0.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

3.2 0.8 0.1 3.8 0.8 0.7

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

3.5 0.3 0.2 3.7 0.0 0.1

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

      5.8 0.5  

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

      5.3 0.7  

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

      6.6 2.1  

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

      4.0 1.3  

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

      9.0 1.4  

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

      4.7 0.1  

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

      7.4 1.5  

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

      4.2 0.4  

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

      6.9 1.0  

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

      4.2 0.6  

Urban Alaska

2

      3.1 0.8  

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

3.6 0.0        

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

4.7 0.8        

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

5.1 0.8        

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

1.8 0.4        

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

3.9 0.8        

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

5.2 0.9        

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

7.3 1.7        

Urban Hawaii

1

2.0 0.3        

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

3.1 0.9        

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, May 2023 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

December 2017

    1.7 2.1

December 2018

    1.5 1.9

December 2019

    1.8 2.3

December 2020

    1.5 1.4

January 2021

0.5 0.4 1.6 1.4

February 2021

0.5 0.5 1.8 1.7

March 2021

0.6 0.7 2.6 2.6

April 2021

0.8 0.8 4.0 4.2

May 2021

0.7 0.8 4.9 5.0

June 2021

0.8 0.9 5.1 5.4

July 2021

0.5 0.5 5.0 5.4

August 2021

0.1 0.2 4.8 5.3

September 2021

0.3 0.3 5.0 5.4

October 2021

0.7 0.8 5.8 6.2

November 2021

0.4 0.5 6.4 6.8

December 2021

0.2 0.3 6.5 7.0

January 2022

0.8 0.8 6.8 7.5

February 2022

0.9 0.9 7.3 7.9

March 2022

1.4 1.3 8.1 8.5

April 2022

0.6 0.6 7.9 8.3

May 2022

1.1 1.1 8.3 8.6

June 2022

1.2 1.4 8.7 9.1

July 2022

0.1 0.0 8.3 8.5

August 2022

0.1 0.0 8.2 8.3

September 2022

0.3 0.2 8.3 8.2

October 2022

0.4 0.4 7.9 7.7

November 2022

-0.1 -0.1 7.4 7.1

December 2022

-0.2 -0.3 6.8 6.5

January 2023

0.8 0.8 6.8 6.4

February 2023

0.6 0.6 6.4 6.0

March 2023

0.3 0.3 5.3 5.0

April 2023

0.5 0.5 5.2 4.9

May 2023

0.2 0.3 4.3 4.0

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, May 2023, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Apr.
2023
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Apr. 2023-
May 2023
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Apr. 2023-
May 2023(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.1   0.04 S-Mar. 2023 0.1

Food

13.436 0.2 0.027 0.09 L-Feb. 2023 0.4

Food at home

8.632 0.1 0.005 0.13 L-Feb. 2023 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

1.168 0.0 0.000 0.28 S-Jun. 2021 -0.2

Cereals and cereal products

0.365 -0.6 -0.002 0.45 S-Aug. 2020 -0.6

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.061 0.0 0.000 0.99 S-Mar. 2023 0.0

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.146 0.0 0.000 0.86 S-Feb. 2023 -1.1

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.159 -1.2 -0.002 0.59 S-Dec. 2019 -1.7

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.80 S-Feb. 2023 -0.5

Bakery products(4)

0.803 0.2 0.001 0.37 L-Mar. 2023 0.7

Bread(4)(5)

0.224 0.4 0.001 0.56 L-Mar. 2023 0.4

White bread(4)(6)

  -0.2   0.85 S-Dec. 2021 -0.5

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  0.8   0.78 L-Feb. 2023 1.7

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.119 -1.1 -0.001 0.87 S-Aug. 2021 -1.7

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(4)

0.208 0.2 0.000 0.66 L-Mar. 2023 0.7

Cookies(4)(6)

  -0.5   0.89 S-Nov. 2021 -0.5

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  0.9   1.29 L-Jan. 2023 1.1

Other bakery products

0.252 0.3 0.001 0.79 L-Mar. 2023 1.9

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  -0.3   0.99 - -

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  0.5   1.05 L-Mar. 2023 1.3

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  0.1   1.31 L-Mar. 2023 2.8

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.799 -1.2 -0.022 0.27 S-Mar. 2023 -1.4

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.654 -0.1 -0.002 0.28 L-Feb. 2023 0.6

Meats

1.023 0.2 0.002 0.34 L-Feb. 2023 0.5

Beef and veal

0.440 1.0 0.004 0.54 L-Jan. 2023 1.1

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.156 2.0 0.003 0.67 L-Mar. 2022 2.1

Uncooked beef roasts(5)

0.057 1.2 0.001 1.57 S-Mar. 2023 -2.3

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.184 0.1 0.000 0.83 S-Oct. 2022 -0.3

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.043 -0.9 0.000 0.91 S-Feb. 2023 -1.2

Pork

0.328 -0.8 -0.003 0.56 L-Feb. 2023 0.7

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.140 -0.9 -0.001 0.80 L-Mar. 2023 0.3

Bacon and related products(6)

  -1.3   0.98 L-Mar. 2023 1.0

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  -0.7   1.08 L-Feb. 2023 1.4

Ham

0.067 1.6 0.001 1.28 S-Mar. 2023 -4.8

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  1.6   1.75 - -

Pork chops(4)

0.044 -1.5 -0.001 1.25 S-Jan. 2023 -3.5

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.077 -2.5 -0.002 1.18 S-Dec. 2021 -3.2

Other meats

0.255 0.2 0.000 0.54 L-Mar. 2023 0.9

Frankfurters(6)

  0.8   1.63 L-Feb. 2023 1.6

Lunchmeats(4)(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.57 S-Jan. 2023 -1.7

Poultry(4)

0.345 0.2 0.001 0.60 S-Mar. 2023 -0.4

Chicken(4)(5)

0.276 0.3 0.001 0.71 S-Mar. 2023 -0.6

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  1.9   0.98 L-Jul. 2022 1.9

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  -0.5   0.87 S-Jan. 2023 -1.0

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.070 -2.0 -0.001 1.16 S-Sep. 2021 -3.0

Fish and seafood

0.285 -1.6 -0.004 0.62 S-Aug. 2002 -2.1

Fresh fish and seafood(4)(5)

0.140 -0.9 -0.001 0.84 S-Dec. 2022 -1.0

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.146 -2.0 -0.003 0.89 S-Feb. 2018 -2.0

Shelf stable fish and seafood(6)

  -1.7   1.31 - -

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  -2.2   1.04 S-Oct. 2016 -2.3

Eggs(4)

0.145 -13.8 -0.020 0.83 S-Jan. 1951 -17.5

Dairy and related products

0.799 -1.1 -0.009 0.32 S-Jan. 2015 -1.2

Milk(5)

0.195 -0.6 -0.001 0.47 L-Feb. 2023 0.2

Fresh whole milk(6)

  -1.0   0.62 L-Feb. 2023 0.0

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.51 L-Feb. 2023 0.1

Cheese and related products(4)

0.246 -0.4 -0.001 0.53 S-Oct. 2022 -0.5

Ice cream and related products

0.122 -0.2 0.000 0.86 L-Mar. 2023 1.2

Other dairy and related products(5)

0.237 -1.3 -0.003 0.69 S-Mar. 2021 -1.4

Fruits and vegetables

1.467 1.3 0.019 0.38 L-Sep. 2022 1.3

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.091 1.4 0.015 0.46 L-Feb. 2022 2.2

Fresh fruits

0.587 1.5 0.009 0.65 L-Feb. 2022 3.0

Apples

0.085 1.9 0.002 1.14 L-Jan. 2023 1.9

Bananas(4)

0.090 -0.1 0.000 0.60 S-Mar. 2023 -1.5

Citrus fruits(5)

0.175 -1.1 -0.002 1.19 L-Mar. 2023 -0.3

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -0.4   1.53 L-Mar. 2023 0.5

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.237 3.4 0.008 1.15 L-Aug. 2020 4.1

Fresh vegetables

0.503 1.3 0.006 0.47 L-Sep. 2022 1.8

Potatoes

0.087 0.2 0.000 0.97 L-Feb. 2023 2.8

Lettuce

0.071 5.3 0.004 1.22 L-Jul. 2019 6.7

Tomatoes

0.079 0.7 0.001 1.08 L-Feb. 2023 2.0

Other fresh vegetables

0.266 1.0 0.003 0.65 L-Sep. 2022 1.3

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.376 1.0 0.004 0.45 L-Feb. 2023 1.2

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.192 0.2 0.000 0.73 L-Feb. 2023 0.2

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  0.9   0.82 L-Feb. 2023 0.9

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  0.1   0.83 L-Dec. 2022 0.3

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.110 1.9 0.002 0.72 L-Feb. 2023 4.5

Frozen vegetables(6)

  1.4   0.99 L-Feb. 2023 4.8

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.075 2.1 0.002 0.70 L-Jan. 2023 2.5

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  2.3   0.82 L-Dec. 2022 3.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.043 0.7 0.008 0.40 L-Feb. 2023 1.0

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.734 1.0 0.008 0.47 L-Feb. 2023 1.0

Carbonated drinks

0.309 -0.1 0.000 0.84 S-Feb. 2023 -0.1

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.008 7.4 0.001 0.97 L-EVER -

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.417 1.7 0.007 0.56 L-Feb. 2023 1.8

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.309 0.1 0.000 0.69 L-Feb. 2023 0.5

Coffee

0.198 0.1 0.000 0.93 L-Feb. 2023 0.3

Roasted coffee(6)

  -0.4   1.09 L-Mar. 2023 0.0

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  0.6   1.03 L-Feb. 2023 1.1

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.111 -0.1 0.000 0.76 - -

Other food at home

2.354 0.4 0.008 0.23 L-Mar. 2023 0.4

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.302 0.4 0.001 0.49 L-Feb. 2023 0.5

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.041 0.5 0.000 0.62 L-Feb. 2023 2.1

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.191 0.3 0.001 0.72 S-Mar. 2023 0.0

Other sweets(5)

0.070 0.2 0.000 0.82 L-Feb. 2023 1.5

Fats and oils

0.256 0.2 0.001 0.60 L-Feb. 2023 0.4

Butter and margarine(5)

0.081 0.1 0.000 1.08 L-Dec. 2022 2.0

Butter(6)

  -1.0   1.34 S-Mar. 2023 -6.0

Margarine(4)(6)

  2.1   1.88 L-Sep. 2022 4.2

Salad dressing(5)

0.061 0.2 0.000 1.21 L-Mar. 2023 0.7

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.115 0.6 0.001 0.86 L-Feb. 2023 1.2

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  -0.9   0.92 S-Mar. 2023 -2.3

Other foods

1.796 0.4 0.007 0.27 L-Mar. 2023 0.7

Soups

0.107 0.6 0.001 1.22 L-Jan. 2023 1.8

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.274 0.3 0.001 0.56 L-Mar. 2023 1.6

Snacks

0.382 0.5 0.002 0.62 S-Feb. 2023 -0.9

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.359 0.6 0.002 0.48 L-Feb. 2023 1.3

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  0.3   0.91 L-Mar. 2023 1.7

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  -0.4   1.19 S-Sep. 2022 -0.6

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  1.1   0.76 L-Feb. 2023 2.2

Other condiments(6)

  5.6   1.27 L-Jan. 2023 6.2

Baby food and formula(4)(5)

0.039 1.2 0.000 1.03 S-Mar. 2023 -0.4

Other miscellaneous foods(5)

0.635 0.0 0.000 0.60 L-Mar. 2023 0.4

Prepared salads(7)(6)

  -2.1   1.16 S-Jun. 2021 -2.7

Food away from home(4)

4.804 0.5 0.023 0.12 L-Mar. 2023 0.6

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.302 0.4 0.009 0.13 L-Mar. 2023 0.7

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.236 0.5 0.012 0.15 S-Mar. 2023 0.5

Food at employee sites and schools(4)(5)

0.074 0.3 0.000 1.84 L-Dec. 2022 0.6

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  -0.3   0.80 S-Nov. 2022 -24.1

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.025 2.5 0.001 0.50 L-Oct. 2022 3.7

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.167 0.1 0.000 0.14 S-Jan. 2023 0.0

Energy

6.978 -3.6 -0.250 0.20 S-Aug. 2022 -3.9

Energy commodities

3.732 -5.6 -0.204 0.17 S-Dec. 2022 -7.2

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.185 -5.3 -0.010 1.27 S-Feb. 2023 -6.4

Fuel oil(4)

0.123 -7.7 -0.009 1.80 S-Feb. 2023 -7.9

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.062 -1.2 -0.001 0.66 S-Jan. 2023 -2.0

Motor fuel

3.547 -5.6 -0.195 0.17 S-Dec. 2022 -6.9

Gasoline (all types)

3.459 -5.6 -0.191 0.17 S-Dec. 2022 -7.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  -5.3   0.73 S-Dec. 2022 -7.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  -5.1   0.62 S-Mar. 2023 -5.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  -4.0   0.62 S-Mar. 2023 -5.2

Other motor fuels(4)(5)

0.087 -3.3 -0.003 0.35 S-Mar. 2023 -4.9

Energy services

3.247 -1.4 -0.046 0.43 L-Jan. 2023 2.1

Electricity

2.511 -1.0 -0.027 0.40 S-Jan. 2021 -1.0

Utility (piped) gas service

0.735 -2.6 -0.019 0.69 L-Jan. 2023 6.7

All items less food and energy

79.586 0.4 0.347 0.04 - -

Commodities less food and energy commodities

21.347 0.6 0.117 0.07 - -

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

4.393 -0.4 -0.018 0.25 - -

Window and floor coverings and other linens(5)

0.311 0.2 0.001 1.13 L-Mar. 2023 0.7

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.086 0.1 0.000 1.09 L-Mar. 2023 0.8

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.072 0.5 0.000 2.27 L-Jan. 2023 5.8

Other linens(5)

0.153 -0.1 0.000 1.59 L-Mar. 2023 0.8

Furniture and bedding(4)

1.162 -0.7 -0.009 0.50 S-Nov. 2022 -0.8

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.380 0.0 0.000 0.71 S-Mar. 2023 -0.8

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.568 -1.3 -0.007 0.80 S-Oct. 2022 -1.9

Other furniture(5)

0.208 -0.6 -0.001 1.00 L-Mar. 2023 1.6

Appliances(5)

0.288 -0.3 -0.001 0.68 L-Mar. 2023 0.7

Major appliances(5)

0.104 -0.8 -0.001 1.08 L-Mar. 2023 -0.1

Laundry equipment(4)(6)

  -2.0   1.29 S-Feb. 2023 -3.2

Other appliances(4)(5)

0.182 0.1 0.000 0.78 L-Mar. 2023 0.7

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.575 -0.6 -0.003 0.63 L-Mar. 2023 0.4

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.323 -1.1 -0.004 0.99 S-Dec. 2022 -2.6

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.127 -2.2 -0.003 0.84 S-Jul. 2016 -2.9

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.041 -1.6 -0.001 1.37 L-Feb. 2023 1.9

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.084 -0.2 0.000 0.80 L-Feb. 2023 0.2

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

1.082 -0.8 -0.009 0.52 S-Jan. 2021 -1.9

Tools, hardware and supplies(5)

0.272 -0.5 -0.001 0.59 L-Mar. 2023 0.4

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.571 -0.9 -0.005 0.63 S-Jan. 2021 -2.2

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.975 -0.1 -0.001 0.37 S-Aug. 2021 -0.3

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.327 0.4 0.001 0.52 L-Mar. 2023 1.0

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.179 0.4 0.001 0.52 S-Feb. 2023 -0.2

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.469 -0.7 -0.003 0.52 S-Aug. 2021 -0.8

Apparel

2.565 0.3 0.007 0.34 - -

Men's and boys' apparel

0.671 0.3 0.002 0.57 S-Feb. 2023 -0.4

Men's apparel

0.497 0.8 0.004 0.64 L-Mar. 2023 1.2

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.067 0.3 0.000 1.73 S-Feb. 2023 -4.7

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.178 1.3 0.002 0.75 L-Feb. 2023 1.4

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.120 0.5 0.001 1.19 S-Mar. 2023 0.5

Men's pants and shorts

0.122 0.5 0.001 1.37 S-Feb. 2023 -4.0

Boys' apparel

0.174 -0.9 -0.001 1.09 S-Oct. 2022 -1.1

Women's and girls' apparel

1.054 0.7 0.008 0.63 L-Feb. 2023 1.2

Women's apparel

0.876 0.7 0.006 0.64 L-Feb. 2023 1.0

Women's outerwear

0.049 2.9 0.001 1.66 L-Mar. 2023 4.3

Women's dresses

0.097 3.7 0.003 1.35 L-Feb. 2023 6.5

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.395 1.5 0.006 1.02 L-Dec. 2021 1.9

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.323 -1.3 -0.004 0.94 S-Mar. 2022 -1.8

Girls' apparel

0.178 1.1 0.002 1.48 L-Feb. 2023 1.9

Footwear

0.507 0.0 0.000 0.43 S-Mar. 2023 -0.5

Men's footwear(4)

0.179 1.3 0.002 0.72 L-Jan. 2023 1.6

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.124 -1.0 -0.001 0.98 S-Apr. 2022 -1.0

Women's footwear

0.204 0.0 0.000 0.63 L-Feb. 2023 2.9

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.104 -0.5 0.000 1.35 S-Oct. 2022 -1.9

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.229 -0.8 -0.002 1.24 S-Oct. 2022 -1.1

Watches(4)(9)

0.036 1.2 0.000 0.76 L-Feb. 2023 1.8

Jewelry(9)

0.193 -1.3 -0.003 1.66 S-Oct. 2022 -1.3

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

7.681 1.5 0.114 0.03 - -

New vehicles

4.278 -0.1 -0.005 0.04 L-Mar. 2023 0.4

New cars(6)

  -0.4   0.11 S-Apr. 2021 -0.4

New trucks(13)(6)

  -0.1   0.07 L-Mar. 2023 0.3

Used cars and trucks

2.673 4.4 0.117 0.02 - -

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.483 0.0 0.000 0.37 S-Feb. 2023 -0.5

Tires(4)

0.327 0.6 0.002 0.47 L-Aug. 2022 1.2

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.155 -1.3 -0.002 0.68 S-Oct. 2020 -1.4

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  -1.3   0.86 S-Feb. 2023 -1.3

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  -1.0   0.65 S-Jan. 2023 -1.8

Medical care commodities(4)

1.456 0.6 0.009 0.21 L-Mar. 2023 0.6

Medicinal drugs(4)(11)

1.342 0.5 0.007 0.22 L-Mar. 2023 0.5

Prescription drugs(4)

0.948 0.1 0.001 0.16 S-Mar. 2023 0.1

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.394 1.5 0.006 0.66 L-Mar. 2023 1.5

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.114 2.3 0.003 0.75 L-Dec. 2022 2.3

Recreation commodities(11)

2.274 0.0 -0.001 0.23 S-Nov. 2022 -0.3

Video and audio products(11)

0.279 -0.8 -0.002 0.47 S-Feb. 2023 -1.4

Televisions

0.136 -1.8 -0.003 0.66 S-Feb. 2023 -3.0

Other video equipment(5)

0.017 -2.5 0.000 1.02 S-Aug. 2019 -2.9

Audio equipment(4)

0.057 0.6 0.000 0.92 S-Mar. 2023 -0.4

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.059 0.6 0.000 0.58 S-Feb. 2023 -0.4

Pets and pet products(4)

0.675 1.0 0.007 0.40 S-Mar. 2023 0.8

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.50 S-Jan. 2023 0.2

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  0.9   0.77 L-Oct. 2022 1.4

Sporting goods(4)

0.746 -1.1 -0.008 0.48 S-Sep. 2022 -1.1

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.431 -1.3 -0.006 0.67 S-Sep. 2022 -2.6

Sports equipment(4)

0.307 -0.7 -0.002 0.57 S-Nov. 2022 -0.9

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.020 0.3 0.000 0.84 L-Mar. 2023 1.0

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  0.1   0.99 L-Mar. 2023 0.8

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.112 1.4 0.002 1.00 L-Aug. 2022 2.1

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.060 3.1 0.002 1.45 L-Jun. 2022 4.2

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.052 -0.5 0.000 1.00 S-Jan. 2023 -0.9

Other recreational goods(5)

0.441 0.2 0.001 0.57 L-Mar. 2023 0.9

Toys

0.352 0.2 0.001 0.65 L-Mar. 2023 0.7

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  1.3   0.72 L-Jul. 2022 1.5

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.025 -0.9 0.000 1.24 S-Feb. 2023 -5.1

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.052 0.8 0.000 0.45 L-Mar. 2023 1.8

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.898 -0.2 -0.002 0.61 - -

Educational books and supplies(4)

0.094 0.5 0.001 0.67 L-May 2022 2.2

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  0.6   0.95 L-May 2022 2.5

Information technology commodities(11)

0.804 -0.3 -0.002 0.69 S-Mar. 2023 -0.4

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(4)(7)

0.367 -0.4 -0.002 0.91 L-Mar. 2023 0.6

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.023 0.3 0.000 1.80 L-Feb. 2023 0.9

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.415 -0.2 -0.001 0.96 S-Mar. 2023 -1.3

Smartphones(4)(6)(15)

  0.7   1.18 L-Dec. 2022 0.7

Alcoholic beverages

0.836 0.5 0.004 0.20 - -

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.505 0.4 0.002 0.24 L-Jan. 2023 0.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.194 0.5 0.001 0.39 L-Dec. 2022 1.1

Distilled spirits at home(4)

0.086 0.2 0.000 0.31 L-Feb. 2023 0.2

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  0.2   0.46 S-Mar. 2023 0.0

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  0.2   0.37 L-Feb. 2023 0.5

Wine at home(4)

0.226 0.4 0.001 0.40 L-Jan. 2023 0.5

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.331 0.7 0.002 0.25 S-Mar. 2023 0.3

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.7   0.33 L-Oct. 2022 0.7

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.41 L-Dec. 2022 1.0

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.6   0.34 S-Mar. 2023 0.2

Other goods(11)

1.243 0.6 0.007 0.23 L-Feb. 2023 0.7

Tobacco and smoking products(4)

0.496 0.6 0.003 0.23 L-Mar. 2023 0.8

Cigarettes(4)(5)

0.410 0.6 0.002 0.25 L-Mar. 2023 1.0

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.079 0.4 0.000 0.57 S-Mar. 2023 -0.7

Personal care products(4)

0.599 1.0 0.006 0.35 L-Aug. 2022 1.5

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.315 1.5 0.005 0.45 L-Mar. 2012 1.5

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.272 0.5 0.001 0.44 L-Jan. 2023 1.0

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)(5)

0.149 -1.1 -0.002 0.90 S-Mar. 2023 -1.3

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  0.9   0.94 L-Dec. 2022 2.5

Services less energy services

58.238 0.4 0.230 0.05 - -

Shelter

34.564 0.6 0.192 0.06 L-Mar. 2023 0.6

Rent of shelter(16)

34.195 0.5 0.179 0.06 - -

Rent of primary residence

7.542 0.5 0.037 0.05 S-Mar. 2023 0.5

Lodging away from home(5)

1.221 1.8 0.021 1.24 L-Mar. 2023 2.7

Housing at school, excluding board(16)

0.159 0.1 0.000 0.05 S-Oct. 2022 0.1

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

1.061 2.1 0.021 1.42 L-Mar. 2023 3.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(16)

25.432 0.5 0.134 0.05 - -

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(16)

24.047 0.5 0.127 0.05 - -

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.370 0.1 0.001 0.14 S-Mar. 2023 0.0

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.058 0.6 0.006 0.12 L-Feb. 2023 0.8

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.757 0.3 0.002 0.13 L-Mar. 2023 0.3

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.301 1.3 0.004 0.16 L-Sep. 2022 1.7

Household operations(4)(5)

0.892 -1.2 -0.011 0.23 S-EVER -

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.272 -2.0 -0.005 0.31 S-Nov. 2022 -3.0

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

           

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.103 1.8 0.002 0.88 L-May 2022 2.4

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.116   0.000 0.18 - -

Medical care services

6.423 -0.1 -0.003 0.10 - -

Professional services

3.535 0.0 -0.001 0.15 S-Mar. 2023 0.0

Physicians' services(4)

1.799 -0.5 -0.009 0.18 S-Feb. 2023 -0.5

Dental services

0.910 0.1 0.001 0.25 S-Feb. 2023 0.1

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.308 0.5 0.002 0.36 L-Sep. 2022 3.2

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.518 1.2 0.006 0.21 L-Jan. 2022 2.5

Hospital and related services(4)

2.245 0.8 0.017 0.13 L-Dec. 2022 1.1

Hospital services(4)(17)

1.909 1.0 0.019 0.15 L-Dec. 2022 1.3

Inpatient hospital services(4)(17)(6)

  1.0   0.28 L-Dec. 2022 1.2

Outpatient hospital services(4)(9)(6)

  0.9   0.28 L-Mar. 2023 0.9

Nursing homes and adult day services(17)

0.188 -0.8 -0.001 0.16 S-EVER -

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.149 -0.1 0.000 0.24 S-Dec. 2021 -2.0

Health insurance(4)(8)

0.642 -3.7 -0.024 0.10 L-Jan. 2023 -3.6

Transportation services

5.884 0.8 0.049 0.21 L-Mar. 2023 1.4

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

0.753 -1.6 -0.012 0.84 S-Nov. 2022 -1.9

Car and truck rental(5)

0.122 -3.3 -0.004 1.18 S-Mar. 2023 -3.8

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.106 0.6 0.007 0.40 L-Jan. 2023 1.3

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.058 -0.5 0.000 0.30 S-Aug. 2022 -1.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.569 1.0 0.005 0.51 L-Oct. 2022 1.2

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.423 0.3 0.001 0.64 S-Mar. 2023 0.2

Motor vehicle insurance

2.591 2.0 0.051 0.22 L-Jul. 2020 9.4

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.491 0.0 0.000 0.22 S-Mar. 2023 -0.3

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.276 -0.1 0.000 0.08 S-Nov. 2022 -0.3

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.194 0.3 0.001 0.47 L-Feb. 2023 0.5

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.52 S-Nov. 2022 -0.9

Public transportation

0.822 0.9 0.007 0.69 L-Mar. 2023 3.2

Airline fares

0.630 -3.0 -0.019 0.95 S-Jul. 2022 -8.4

Other intercity transportation

0.048 1.4 0.001 0.65 L-Oct. 2022 1.4

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  2.7   0.90 L-Dec. 2020 3.8

Intracity transportation(4)

0.140 -0.5 -0.001 0.60 S-Feb. 2023 -0.9

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  0.0   0.07 - -

Recreation services(11)

3.120 -0.1 -0.003 0.20 S-Nov. 2021 -0.5

Video and audio services(11)

1.004 0.1 0.001 0.21 S-Dec. 2022 -0.5

Cable, satellite, and live streaming television service(13)

0.889 0.0 0.000 0.18 S-Dec. 2022 -0.5

Purchase, subscription, and rental of video(4)(5)

0.115 1.4 0.002 0.91 L-Jul. 2022 1.7

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  6.8   1.97 L-EVER -

Subscription and rental of video and video games(4)(5)(6)

  -0.6   0.49 S-Jul. 2021 -1.3

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.561 -0.6 -0.003 0.31 S-Dec. 2016 -0.7

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.53 S-Jun. 2022 -0.7

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.41 S-Dec. 2022 -0.4

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.039 0.3 0.000 0.34 L-Feb. 2023 1.2

Other recreation services(5)

1.515 -0.1 -0.001 0.29 S-Mar. 2023 -0.7

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.668 0.3 0.002 0.18 L-Feb. 2023 0.8

Admissions(4)

0.424 -0.7 -0.003 0.69 L-Feb. 2023 1.1

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.54 S-Dec. 2022 -0.3

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  -3.7   2.96 L-Feb. 2023 4.2

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.190 0.1 0.000 0.38 S-Mar. 2023 -0.2

Education and communication services(11)

4.841 -0.2 -0.007 0.06 S-Nov. 2018 -0.4

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.142 0.1 0.001 0.06 S-Feb. 2023 0.1

College tuition and fees

1.170 0.2 0.002 0.07 - -

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.301 0.7 0.002 0.09 L-May 2022 0.8

Day care and preschool(12)

0.569 -0.3 -0.002 0.19 S-Mar. 2021 -0.5

Technical and business school tuition and fees(4)(5)

0.026 0.1 0.000 0.14 - -

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.074 0.1 0.000 0.06 S-Mar. 2023 0.1

Postage

0.063 0.4 0.000 0.00 L-Jan. 2023 1.2

Delivery services(5)

0.011 -1.5 0.000 0.48 S-Sep. 2021 -1.6

Telephone services(4)(5)

1.647 -0.5 -0.009 0.06 S-Mar. 2022 -0.6

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.403 -0.6 -0.008 0.04 S-Mar. 2022 -0.7

Residential telephone services(4)(11)

0.244 -0.3 -0.001 0.21 S-Mar. 2023 -0.3

Internet services and electronic information providers(4)(5)

0.972 0.0 0.000 0.21 L-Mar. 2023 0.9

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.455 0.5 0.007 0.18 S-Mar. 2023 0.5

Personal care services(4)

0.602 0.2 0.001 0.34 S-Mar. 2023 0.2

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.602 0.2 0.001 0.34 S-Mar. 2023 0.2

Miscellaneous personal services(4)

0.854 0.7 0.006 0.20 S-Mar. 2023 0.7

Legal services(4)(9)

0.247   0.001 0.18 - -

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.168 0.4 0.001 0.19 L-Mar. 2023 0.5

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.142 1.0 0.001 0.36 L-Nov. 2022 1.6

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.027 1.9 0.001 0.69 L-Sep. 2022 5.0

Financial services(4)(9)

0.190 0.5 0.001 0.59 S-Dec. 2022 -2.9

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.13 - -

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

  0.7   0.81 S-Dec. 2022 -3.5

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.564 0.1 0.097 0.04 S-Mar. 2023 0.1

All items less shelter

65.436 -0.1 -0.068 0.05 S-Mar. 2023 -0.2

All items less food and shelter

51.999 -0.2 -0.096 0.06 S-Mar. 2023 -0.3

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.021 0.3 0.154 0.05 S-Mar. 2023 0.3

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

42.348 0.1 0.037 0.06 S-Feb. 2021 0.1

All items less medical care

92.122 0.1 0.118 0.04 S-Mar. 2023 0.1

All items less energy

93.022 0.4 0.374 0.04 - -

Commodities

38.515 -0.2 -0.060 0.06 S-Mar. 2023 -0.3

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

18.674 0.0 0.000 0.09 - -

Commodities less food

25.079 -0.3 -0.087 0.08 S-Mar. 2023 -0.5

Commodities less food and beverages

24.243 -0.4 -0.091 0.09 S-Mar. 2023 -0.6

Services

61.485 0.3 0.185 0.05 L-Mar. 2023 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(16)

27.290 -0.2 -0.059 0.08 S-May 2020 -0.4

Services less medical care services

55.062 0.3 0.139 0.06 S-Dec. 2021 0.3

Durables

12.547 0.3 0.034 0.08 S-Feb. 2023 0.0

Nondurables

25.968 -0.6 -0.166 0.08 S-Mar. 2023 -0.6

Nondurables less food

12.532 -1.4 -0.170 0.12 S-Mar. 2023 -2.1

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.696 -1.5 -0.174 0.13 S-Mar. 2023 -2.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.130 -2.0 -0.184 0.12 S-Mar. 2023 -2.8

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.966 -1.8 -0.180 0.11 S-Mar. 2023 -2.5

Housing

44.339 0.2 0.109 0.06 - -

Education and communication(5)

5.739 -0.2 -0.009 0.10 S-Mar. 2022 -0.2

Education(5)

2.236 0.1 0.002 0.07 S-Feb. 2023 0.1

Communication(5)

3.503 -0.3 -0.011 0.17 S-Jul. 2022 -0.3

Information and information processing(5)

3.430 -0.3 -0.011 0.17 S-Oct. 2022 -0.3

Information technology, hardware and services(18)

1.783 -0.1 -0.003 0.34 L-Mar. 2023 0.3

Recreation(5)

5.395 -0.1 -0.004 0.15 S-Dec. 2021 -0.1

Video and audio(5)

1.283 -0.1 -0.001 0.20 S-Dec. 2022 -0.4

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.237 0.3 0.003 0.26 S-Dec. 2022 -0.1

Photography(5)

0.061 0.3 0.000 0.47 L-Feb. 2023 0.8

Food and beverages

14.272 0.2 0.032 0.09 L-Feb. 2023 0.3

Domestically produced farm food(4)

7.213 0.1 0.005 0.14 S-Mar. 2023 -0.2

Other services

9.417 0.0 -0.003 0.08 S-Nov. 2021 -0.1

Apparel less footwear

2.058 0.4 0.007 0.41 L-Mar. 2023 0.5

Fuels and utilities

4.490 -1.1 -0.049 0.33 - -

Household energy

3.432 -1.6 -0.055 0.42 - -

Medical care

7.878 0.1 0.006 0.09 L-Dec. 2022 0.3

Transportation

17.112 -0.2 -0.031 0.10 S-Mar. 2023 -0.5

Private transportation

16.290 -0.2 -0.039 0.10 S-Mar. 2023 -0.7

New and used motor vehicles(5)

8.073 1.2 0.098 0.11 - -

Utilities and public transportation

7.662 -1.1 -0.085 0.20 S-Apr. 2020 -1.4

Household furnishings and operations

5.285 -0.6 -0.034 0.21 S-Aug. 2009 -0.6

Other goods and services

2.698 0.5 0.014 0.15 S-Mar. 2023 0.5

Personal care(4)

2.203 0.5 0.011 0.17 S-Mar. 2023 0.4

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 2019=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(18) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, May 2023, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Apr.
2023
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
May 2022-
May 2023
Unadjusted effect on All Items
May 2022-
May 2023(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 4.0   0.12 S-Mar. 2021 2.6

Food

13.436 6.7 0.892 0.19 S-Dec. 2021 6.3

Food at home

8.632 5.8 0.484 0.26 S-Oct. 2021 5.4

Cereals and bakery products

1.168 10.7 0.114 0.54 S-Apr. 2022 10.3

Cereals and cereal products

0.365 9.3 0.032 0.87 S-Feb. 2022 7.7

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.061 17.1 0.009 2.29 S-May 2022 13.7

Breakfast cereal

0.146 8.5 0.012 1.37 S-Feb. 2022 7.5

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.159 7.1 0.010 1.09 S-Feb. 2022 6.1

Rice(4)(5)

  5.9   1.25 S-Feb. 2022 4.8

Bakery products

0.803 11.4 0.083 0.69 S-May 2022 11.1

Bread(4)

0.224 12.5 0.025 1.07 S-Jun. 2022 10.8

White bread(5)

  13.4   1.29 S-Jul. 2022 12.9

Bread other than white(5)

  11.2   1.48 L-Mar. 2023 13.8

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.119 11.6 0.012 1.60 S-Mar. 2023 10.3

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.208 11.0 0.020 1.33 S-Apr. 2022 7.2

Cookies(5)

  10.9   1.61 S-Apr. 2022 6.6

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  11.1   2.40 S-May 2022 10.6

Other bakery products

0.252 10.7 0.025 1.36 S-Feb. 2022 9.6

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  5.7   2.06 S-Feb. 2023 5.1

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  12.4   1.86 S-Dec. 2021 11.0

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  12.1   1.78 S-Mar. 2022 10.6

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.799 0.3 0.007 0.47 S-May 2021 0.1

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.654 0.5 0.008 0.49 S-May 2021 0.4

Meats

1.023 0.4 0.004 0.54 L-Mar. 2023 0.7

Beef and veal

0.440 1.0 0.003 0.84 L-Aug. 2022 2.5

Uncooked ground beef

0.156 0.6 0.000 1.09 L-Jan. 2023 0.7

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.057 0.0 -0.001 2.36 L-Aug. 2022 3.3

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.184 2.5 0.004 1.39 L-May 2022 6.6

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.043 -2.4 -0.001 1.90 L-Jan. 2023 -2.3

Pork

0.328 -2.9 -0.011 1.08 S-Oct. 2018 -3.5

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.140 -5.6 -0.009 1.30 S-Sep. 2015 -6.4

Bacon and related products(5)

  -9.8   1.78 S-Jul. 2015 -11.4

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  2.1   1.96 S-Mar. 2021 1.4

Ham

0.067 8.2 0.005 2.56 L-Feb. 2023 8.3

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  8.5   2.65 L-Feb. 2023 8.6

Pork chops

0.044 -2.2 -0.001 1.97 L-Mar. 2023 -1.0

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.077 -7.3 -0.006 2.44 S-Mar. 2016 -8.9

Other meats

0.255 5.0 0.012 1.03 S-Nov. 2021 4.8

Frankfurters(5)

  1.1   3.05 S-Dec. 2021 -0.6

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  6.2   1.25 S-Nov. 2021 4.4

Poultry

0.345 2.1 0.007 1.28 S-Jun. 2021 1.2

Chicken(4)

0.276 0.9 0.003 1.34 S-Jun. 2021 0.3

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  4.4   2.82 S-Jul. 2021 2.2

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  -0.7   1.75 S-Feb. 2020 -0.8

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.070 6.9 0.005 2.65 S-Dec. 2021 5.6

Fish and seafood

0.285 -1.1 -0.003 1.00 S-May 2016 -1.2

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.140 -2.0 -0.003 1.48 S-Mar. 2016 -2.6

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.146 -0.1 0.000 1.31 S-Mar. 2020 -1.2

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  0.4   1.98 S-Nov. 2021 0.0

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  0.3   1.78 S-Apr. 2021 -0.8

Eggs

0.145 -0.4 -0.001 2.30 S-May 2021 -3.5

Dairy and related products

0.799 4.6 0.036 0.63 S-Jan. 2022 3.1

Milk(4)

0.195 -0.8 -0.002 1.05 S-Dec. 2018 -1.2

Fresh whole milk(5)

  -3.4   1.33 S-May 2018 -3.7

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  0.6   1.24 S-Dec. 2018 -0.1

Cheese and related products

0.246 3.6 0.009 0.90 S-Mar. 2022 3.1

Ice cream and related products

0.122 8.0 0.009 1.67 S-Apr. 2022 4.7

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.237 9.3 0.020 1.16 S-Apr. 2022 9.0

Fruits and vegetables

1.467 2.7 0.040 0.64 L-Feb. 2023 5.3

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.091 0.6 0.007 0.78 L-Feb. 2023 2.6

Fresh fruits

0.587 -0.5 -0.002 1.09 L-Feb. 2023 0.4

Apples

0.085 7.7 0.006 1.97 L-Jan. 2023 8.5

Bananas

0.090 1.3 0.001 1.38 S-Jul. 2021 1.1

Citrus fruits(4)

0.175 -5.3 -0.008 2.19 L-Mar. 2023 -3.7

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  -4.7   2.24 - -

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.237 -0.7 -0.002 1.87 L-Jan. 2023 1.1

Fresh vegetables

0.503 2.0 0.009 0.87 L-Feb. 2023 5.3

Potatoes

0.087 7.1 0.006 1.49 S-Mar. 2022 3.4

Lettuce

0.071 9.4 0.004 1.85 L-Feb. 2023 10.4

Tomatoes

0.079 -3.5 -0.004 2.00 S-Mar. 2021 -5.1

Other fresh vegetables

0.266 1.0 0.003 1.11 L-Feb. 2023 2.9

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.376 9.5 0.033 0.74 S-Apr. 2022 8.9

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.192 7.8 0.014 1.14 S-Feb. 2022 7.7

Canned fruits(