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Economic News Release
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CPI CPI Program Links

Consumer Price Index News Release


Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (ET) Thursday, August 10, 2023       USDL-23-1734
	
Technical information: (202) 691-7000  *  cpi_info@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov 

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX - JULY 2023

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.2 percent in July on a seasonally
adjusted basis, the same increase as in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.
Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased 3.2 percent before seasonal adjustment.

The index for shelter was by far the largest contributor to the monthly all items increase,
accounting for over 90 percent of the increase, with the index for motor vehicle insurance also
contributing. The food index increased 0.2 percent in July after increasing 0.1 percent the previous
month. The index for food at home increased 0.3 percent over the month while the index for food away
from home rose 0.2 percent in July. The energy index rose 0.1 percent in July as the major energy
component indexes were mixed.

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent in July, as it did in June. Indexes
which increased in June include shelter, motor vehicle insurance, education, and recreation. The
indexes for airline fares, used cars and trucks, medical care, and communication were among those
that decreased over the month.

The all items index increased 3.2 percent for the 12 months ending July, slightly more than the
3.0-percent increase for the 12 months ending in June. The all items less food and energy index rose
4.7 percent over the last 12 months. The energy index decreased 12.5 percent for the 12 months
ending July, and the food index increased 4.9 percent over the last year. 

Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average

Seasonally adjusted changes from preceding month Un-
adjusted
12-mos.
ended
Jul. 2023
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023
Mar.
2023
Apr.
2023
May
2023
Jun.
2023
Jul.
2023

All items

0.5 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.2 3.2

Food

0.5 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.2 4.9

Food at home

0.4 0.3 -0.3 -0.2 0.1 0.0 0.3 3.6

Food away from home(1)

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.2 7.1

Energy

2.0 -0.6 -3.5 0.6 -3.6 0.6 0.1 -12.5

Energy commodities

1.9 0.5 -4.6 2.7 -5.6 0.8 0.3 -20.3

Gasoline (all types)

2.4 1.0 -4.6 3.0 -5.6 1.0 0.2 -19.9

Fuel oil(1)

-1.2 -7.9 -4.0 -4.5 -7.7 -0.4 3.0 -26.5

Energy services

2.1 -1.7 -2.3 -1.7 -1.4 0.4 -0.1 -1.1

Electricity

0.5 0.5 -0.7 -0.7 -1.0 0.9 -0.7 3.0

Utility (piped) gas service

6.7 -8.0 -7.1 -4.9 -2.6 -1.7 2.0 -13.7

All items less food and energy

0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.2 4.7

Commodities less food and energy commodities

0.1 0.0 0.2 0.6 0.6 -0.1 -0.3 0.8

New vehicles

0.2 0.2 0.4 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 3.5

Used cars and trucks

-1.9 -2.8 -0.9 4.4 4.4 -0.5 -1.3 -5.6

Apparel

0.8 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.0 3.2

Medical care commodities(1)

1.1 0.1 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.5 4.1

Services less energy services

0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 6.1

Shelter

0.7 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.4 7.7

Transportation services

0.9 1.1 1.4 -0.2 0.8 0.1 0.3 9.0

Medical care services

-0.7 -0.7 -0.5 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.4 -1.5

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.

Food

The food index rose 0.2 percent in July. The food at home index increased 0.3 percent over the
month, after being unchanged in June. Four of the six major grocery store food group indexes 
increased over the month. The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs rose 0.5 percent in July as 
the index for beef increased 2.4 percent. The fruits and vegetables index increased 0.4 percent over
the month and the other food at home index rose 0.2 percent. The index for dairy and related
products increased 0.5 percent in July after decreasing in each of the previous 4 months. The
nonalcoholic beverages index and the cereals and bakery products index were both unchanged in July.

The food away from home index rose 0.2 percent in July. The index for full service meals and the
index for limited service meals both increased 0.2 percent over the month. 

The food at home index rose 3.6 percent over the last 12 months. The index for cereals and bakery
products rose 7.0 percent over the 12 months ending in July. The meats, poultry, fish, and eggs
index declined 0.2 percent over the year. The remaining major grocery store food groups posted
increases ranging from 1.3 percent (dairy and related products) to 5.4 percent (both nonalcoholic
beverages and other food at home).

The index for food away from home rose 7.1 percent over the last year. The index for full service
meals rose 5.8 percent over the last 12 months, and the index for limited service meals rose 7.1
percent over the same period. 

Energy

The energy index rose 0.1 percent in July after increasing 0.6 percent in June. The gasoline index
increased 0.2 percent in July, following a 1.0-percent increase in the previous month. (Before
seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices rose 0.6 percent in July.) 

Other energy components were mixed in July. The natural gas index increased 2.0 percent over the
month, following five consecutive monthly decreases. The index for fuel oil also rose in July,
increasing 3.0 percent. The index for electricity fell 0.7 percent in July, after increasing 0.9
percent in June.

The energy index fell 12.5 percent over the past 12 months. The gasoline index decreased 19.9
percent over the last 12 months, while the natural gas index fell 13.7 percent, and the fuel oil
index fell 26.5 percent over the span. In contrast, the index for electricity rose 3.0 percent over
the last year. 

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent in July, as it did in June. The
shelter index increased 0.4 percent over the month, the same increase as in June. The index for
rent rose 0.4 percent in July, and the index for owners' equivalent rent increased 0.5 percent over
the month. The index for lodging away from home decreased 0.3 percent in July after falling 2.0
percent in June. 

The shelter index was the largest factor in the monthly increase in the index for all items less
food and energy. Among the other indexes that rose in July was the index for motor vehicle insurance
, which increased 2.0 percent after rising 1.7 percent the preceding month. The indexes for
education and recreation also increased in July. 

Several indexes declined in July, led by the airline fares index, which fell 8.1 percent over the
month, its fourth consecutive monthly decline. The index for used cars and trucks fell 1.3 percent
in July, after decreasing 0.5 percent in June. The communication index declined 0.1 percent over the
month, as did the new vehicles index and the household furnishings and operations index. 

The medical care index fell 0.2 percent in July, after being unchanged the previous month. The index
for hospital services decreased 0.4 percent over the month, while the index for physicians' services
rose 0.2 percent. The prescription drugs index was unchanged in July.

The index for all items less food and energy rose 4.7 percent over the past 12 months. The shelter
index increased 7.7 percent over the last year, accounting for over two-thirds of the total increase
in all items less food and energy. Other indexes with notable increases over the last year include
motor vehicle insurance (+17.8 percent), recreation (+4.1 percent), new vehicles (+3.5 percent), and
household furnishings and operations (+2.9 percent). 

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 3.2 percent over the last 12
months to an index level of 305.691 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index increased 0.2 percent
prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) increased 2.6 percent
over the last 12 months to an index level of 299.899 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index
increased 0.2 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 3.2 percent over the
last 12 months. For the month, the index increased 0.2 percent on a not seasonally adjusted basis.
Please note that the indexes for the past 10 to 12 months are subject to revision. 
_______________
The Consumer Price Index for August 2023 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday,
September 13, 2023, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).






Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers for goods 
and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two population groups: all 
urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical workers. The all urban consumer group 
represents about 93 percent of the total U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures 
of almost all residents of urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self
-employed, the poor, the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners 
and clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people living 
in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces, and those 
in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation for all urban 
consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban 
Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U). 
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is based on 
the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that meet two requirements: 
more than one-half of the household's income must come from clerical or wage occupations, 
and at least one of the household's earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks 
during the previous 12 months. The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the 
total U.S. population and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, doctors' 
and dentists' services, drugs, and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day 
living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas across the country from about 
6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments (department stores, 
supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service 
establishments). All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are 
included in the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are obtained every month in 
all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected every month 
in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most 
goods and services are obtained by personal visit, telephone call, or web collection by the 
Bureau's trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are 
aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the 
appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. 
For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published by size of city, by region of 
the country, for cross-classifications of regions and population-size classes, and for 23 
selected local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices among 
cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period. 
For the C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are 
considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject 
to three subsequent quarterly revisions. 

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the CPI-U and 
the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base for the C-CPI-U is 
December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, 
is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price 
of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. 

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based 
upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS calculates 
and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-month percent change 
standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard error estimates can be used to 
construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated standard 
error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means 
that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using the same 
methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these 
estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail 
prices. For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 95 
percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would fall 
between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including information on how to use 
the estimates of standard error, see www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm. 

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes 
rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level 
of the index in relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following 
table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent changes:
 
                            Item A                  Item B                      Item C
Year I                      112.500                 225.000                     110.000
Year II                     121.500                 243.000                     128.000
Change in index points      9.000                   18.000                      18.000
Percent change              9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0   18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. 
Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS 
seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are 
used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The factors are available 
at www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2022.xlsx. For more 
information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal Adjustment at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the Timeline of Seasonal 
Adjustment Methodological Changes at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually 
preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and 
in about the same magnitude every year-such as price movements resulting from weather events, 
production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on 
changes that are not typical for the time of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest 
to consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used 
extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements and pension 
plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for 
seasonal variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation 
agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment (IASA) for some 
CPI series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal 
pattern of price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which the 
distortions caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior to 
calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately represent 
the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data. 

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 2009 
return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier 
data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal portion 
of the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to 
seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this "prior 
adjusted" data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in 
the data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2022, BLS adjusted 72 series using intervention 
analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, electricity, 
and vehicles. 

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject to 
revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI 
calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years 
of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final 
and not subject to revision. For January 2022, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted 
indexes for 2017 to 2021 were calculated and published. For series which are directly adjusted 
using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors for 2021 will 
be applied to data for 2022 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2022 indexes. Series which are 
indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal 
factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical 
criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its 
status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 81 
components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status from 
seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the 
aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes 
before that period will not be changed. For 2022, 22 of the 81 components of the U.S. city 
average all items index are seasonally adjusted.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information and 
Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov. 

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section at 
202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov. 

If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to access 
telecommunications relay services.








Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, July 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jun.
2023
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jul.
2022
Jun.
2023
Jul.
2023
Jul.
2022-
Jul.
2023
Jun.
2023-
Jul.
2023
Apr.
2023-
May
2023
May
2023-
Jun.
2023
Jun.
2023-
Jul.
2023

All items

100.000 296.276 305.109 305.691 3.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Food

13.400 308.532 322.556 323.523 4.9 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2

Food at home

8.582 292.972 302.335 303.455 3.6 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

1.166 332.968 355.074 356.377 7.0 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.770 318.141 315.561 317.445 -0.2 0.6 -1.2 -0.4 0.5

Dairy and related products

0.787 265.638 268.338 269.143 1.3 0.3 -1.1 -0.3 0.5

Fruits and vegetables

1.478 341.839 350.724 351.646 2.9 0.3 1.3 0.8 0.4

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.039 204.944 216.146 216.056 5.4 0.0 0.7 -0.1 0.0

Other food at home

2.344 257.295 269.995 271.276 5.4 0.5 0.4 -0.2 0.2

Food away from home(1)

4.818 331.342 354.245 354.862 7.1 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.2

Energy

6.951 325.407 283.854 284.828 -12.5 0.3 -3.6 0.6 0.1

Energy commodities

3.667 405.676 321.491 323.358 -20.3 0.6 -5.6 0.8 0.3

Fuel oil(1)

0.112 495.910 353.673 364.304 -26.5 3.0 -7.7 -0.4 3.0

Motor fuel

3.497 399.682 317.170 318.891 -20.2 0.5 -5.6 0.9 0.2

Gasoline (all types)

3.415 396.952 316.258 318.071 -19.9 0.6 -5.6 1.0 0.2

Energy services

3.283 262.731 259.564 259.766 -1.1 0.1 -1.4 0.4 -0.1

Electricity

2.574 262.347 271.369 270.268 3.0 -0.4 -1.0 0.9 -0.7

Utility (piped) gas service

0.709 258.666 219.272 223.290 -13.7 1.8 -2.6 -1.7 2.0

All items less food and energy

79.649 295.646 308.910 309.402 4.7 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

21.321 166.746 168.588 168.014 0.8 -0.3 0.6 -0.1 -0.3

Apparel

2.526 125.188 130.510 129.172 3.2 -1.0 0.3 0.3 0.0

New vehicles

4.270 173.618 179.577 179.696 3.5 0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Used cars and trucks

2.776 213.683 202.007 201.624 -5.6 -0.2 4.4 -0.5 -1.3

Medical care commodities(1)

1.460 390.077 404.109 406.169 4.1 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.5

Alcoholic beverages

0.836 274.344 285.633 285.580 4.1 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.1

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.496 1,349.636 1,424.290 1,431.302 6.1 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.5

Services less energy services

58.328 375.060 396.646 398.002 6.1 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4

Shelter

34.728 354.935 380.594 382.226 7.7 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.4

Rent of primary residence

7.569 370.448 398.593 400.210 8.0 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

25.540 363.311 389.223 391.131 7.7 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5

Medical care services

6.377 601.056 593.503 591.832 -1.5 -0.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.4

Physicians' services(1)

1.792 411.846 412.812 413.437 0.4 0.2 -0.5 0.7 0.2

Hospital services(1)(3)

1.925 377.415 390.793 389.061 3.1 -0.4 1.0 0.4 -0.4

Transportation services

5.917 363.389 395.238 396.199 9.0 0.2 0.8 0.1 0.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.121 343.678 383.196 387.159 12.7 1.0 0.6 1.3 1.0

Motor vehicle insurance

2.657 609.585 705.717 717.799 17.8 1.7 2.0 1.7 2.0

Airline fares

0.593 311.205 279.224 253.345 -18.6 -9.3 -3.0 -8.1 -8.1

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, July 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jun.
2023
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jul.
2022-
Jul.
2023
Jun.
2023-
Jul.
2023
Apr.
2023-
May
2023
May
2023-
Jun.
2023
Jun.
2023-
Jul.
2023

All items

100.000 3.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Food

13.400 4.9 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2

Food at home

8.582 3.6 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

1.166 7.0 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.0

Cereals and cereal products

0.365 5.8 0.6 -0.6 0.1 0.3

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.062 8.5 0.7 0.0 0.4 -0.2

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.147 5.1 0.2 0.0 1.1 0.2

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.157 5.5 0.9 -1.2 0.1 0.7

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  6.5 0.9 -0.2 0.0 0.9

Bakery products(1)

0.800 7.6 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3

Bread(1)(2)

0.225 9.5 0.9 0.4 0.7 0.9

White bread(1)(3)

  10.7 0.9 -0.2 0.4 0.9

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  8.0 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.117 5.8 -1.0 -1.1 -0.1 -0.7

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(1)

0.206 6.9 0.4 0.2 -0.6 0.4

Cookies(1)(3)

  7.9 0.8 -0.5 -0.7 0.8

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  6.3 -0.2 0.9 -0.1 -0.2

Other bakery products

0.252 7.4 0.2 0.3 -0.1 -0.2

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  5.4 -0.2 -0.3 2.0 -0.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  8.2 0.2 0.5 1.1 -1.3

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  8.0 0.4 0.1 -0.9 0.3

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.770 -0.2 0.6 -1.2 -0.4 0.5

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.654 0.9 0.8 -0.1 0.1 0.7

Meats

1.024 1.9 1.6 0.2 -0.3 1.2

Beef and veal

0.449 5.3 2.4 1.0 0.4 2.4

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.161 3.1 1.5 2.0 1.6 1.5

Uncooked beef roasts(2)

0.057 6.3 4.3 1.2 -2.9 6.5

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.188 7.8 2.4 0.1 0.5 2.3

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.043 1.6 3.6 -0.9 0.4 3.6

Pork

0.324 -3.7 1.0 -0.8 -1.9 0.0

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.137 -6.7 0.9 -0.9 -1.3 -0.3

Bacon and related products(3)

  -10.7 0.7 -1.3 -1.7 -0.7

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  0.3 1.1 -0.7 -0.7 0.6

Ham

0.069 5.7 0.4 1.6 -2.7 0.6

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  6.1 0.5 1.6 -2.7 0.5

Pork chops(1)

0.044 -2.4 0.2 -1.5 0.4 0.2

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.075 -6.8 2.3 -2.5 -3.3 2.5

Other meats

0.251 4.1 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.7

Frankfurters(3)

  3.3 0.2 0.8 0.1 2.7

Lunchmeats(1)(2)(3)

  4.4 0.7 -0.4 -0.6 0.7

Poultry(1)

0.347 -0.2 -0.4 0.2 0.8 -0.4

Chicken(1)(2)

0.277 -2.5 -1.1 0.3 0.6 -1.1

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  0.4 -2.1 1.9 1.2 -2.1

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  -3.6 -0.6 -0.5 0.5 -0.6

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.070 9.4 2.3 -2.0 1.4 3.1

Fish and seafood

0.283 -0.8 -0.5 -1.6 0.8 0.1

Fresh fish and seafood(1)(2)

0.138 -2.6 -1.1 -0.9 0.2 -1.1

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.146 1.0 0.0 -2.0 1.3 0.5

Shelf stable fish and seafood(3)

  4.8 1.1 -1.7 1.7 1.7

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  -1.9 -1.1 -2.2 0.5 -1.5

Eggs(1)

0.115 -13.7 -2.2 -13.8 -7.3 -2.2

Dairy and related products

0.787 1.3 0.3 -1.1 -0.3 0.5

Milk(2)

0.193 -3.0 -0.9 -0.6 -0.3 -0.6

Fresh whole milk(3)

  -4.5 -1.3 -1.0 -0.5 -0.6

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  -2.0 -0.6 -0.5 -0.3 -0.4

Cheese and related products(1)

0.240 -0.3 0.5 -0.4 -1.4 0.5

Ice cream and related products

0.119 6.3 0.8 -0.2 0.9 1.5

Other dairy and related products(2)

0.234 4.5 0.9 -1.3 0.5 0.2

Fruits and vegetables

1.478 2.9 0.3 1.3 0.8 0.4

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.096 1.2 0.1 1.4 0.8 0.3

Fresh fruits

0.585 0.4 -0.2 1.5 1.0 0.1

Apples

0.085 7.5 2.8 1.9 -2.3 2.4

Bananas(1)

0.089 0.0 0.6 -0.1 -0.5 0.6

Citrus fruits(2)

0.170 -2.9 1.3 -1.1 -2.3 1.7

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  -3.6 2.3 -0.4 -1.3 1.6

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.241 -0.1 -2.6 3.4 4.7 -0.8

Fresh vegetables

0.510 2.1 0.5 1.3 0.7 0.5

Potatoes

0.090 4.4 2.5 0.2 0.7 0.7

Lettuce

0.070 6.6 0.1 5.3 -1.9 0.0

Tomatoes

0.081 2.0 -0.5 0.7 2.8 0.4

Other fresh vegetables

0.270 0.9 0.3 1.0 0.6 0.7

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.382 8.1 0.6 1.0 0.5 0.9

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.194 7.0 1.2 0.2 0.6 1.5

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  7.7 0.3 0.9 0.5 0.4

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  6.1 1.7 0.1 0.5 2.0

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.112 11.8 -0.2 1.9 0.5 0.3

Frozen vegetables(3)

  17.1 0.3 1.4 0.0 0.9

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.076 5.7 0.1 2.1 -0.2 0.2

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  1.4 0.4 2.3 -0.3 0.4

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.039 5.4 0.0 0.7 -0.1 0.0

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.729 6.6 -0.1 1.0 -0.2 -0.2

Carbonated drinks

0.304 6.5 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.0

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.009 16.3 1.5 7.4 0.2 1.5

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.417 6.4 -0.2 1.7 -0.3 -0.4

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.310 2.8 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.6

Coffee

0.197 1.0 0.4 0.1 -0.6 1.0

Roasted coffee(3)

  1.1 0.7 -0.4 -0.2 1.3

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  0.6 -0.8 0.6 -1.0 -0.8

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.112 6.1 -0.2 -0.1 1.7 -0.2

Other food at home

2.344 5.4 0.5 0.4 -0.2 0.2

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.306 8.9 0.2 0.4 1.8 0.2

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.041 9.7 0.9 0.5 1.8 0.7

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.195 11.1 0.1 0.3 2.2 0.1

Other sweets(2)

0.070 2.7 -0.2 0.2 0.4 -0.3

Fats and oils

0.255 6.3 0.6 0.2 -0.5 -0.2

Butter and margarine(2)

0.080 2.2 0.2 0.1 -0.8 -0.7

Butter(3)

  -1.1 1.9 -1.0 -0.3 1.0

Margarine(1)(3)

  11.3 -2.4 2.1 -1.4 -2.4

Salad dressing(2)

0.059 9.2 1.4 0.2 -0.9 0.7

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.115 7.9 0.5 0.6 0.3 -0.5

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  -1.7 0.1 -0.9 -0.5 0.1

Other foods

1.783 4.7 0.5 0.4 -0.5 0.2

Soups

0.109 3.7 -0.7 0.6 0.4 -1.2

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.271 3.9 1.0 0.3 -0.8 0.5

Snacks

0.373 3.7 1.1 0.5 -2.6 1.0

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.359 6.2 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.0

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  2.0 -0.3 0.3 0.4 -0.9

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  8.5 0.9 -0.4 -1.1 0.9

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  7.0 0.3 1.1 0.0 0.1

Other condiments(3)

  15.4 1.2 5.6 -0.1 1.6

Baby food and formula(1)(2)

0.038 5.9 0.6 1.2 -1.3 0.6

Other miscellaneous foods(2)

0.633 5.0 0.2 0.0 0.1 -0.2

Prepared salads(3)(4)

  1.9 1.1 -2.1 0.0 0.7

Food away from home(1)

4.818 7.1 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.2

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.304 5.8 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.2

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.244 7.1 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.2

Food at employee sites and schools(1)(2)

0.074 84.4 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

      -0.3 0.0  

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.026 14.0 -0.3 2.5 1.1 -0.3

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.169 5.9 -0.3 0.1 1.7 -0.3

Energy

6.951 -12.5 0.3 -3.6 0.6 0.1

Energy commodities

3.667 -20.3 0.6 -5.6 0.8 0.3

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.170 -21.2 1.4 -5.3 -1.4 3.7

Fuel oil(1)

0.112 -26.5 3.0 -7.7 -0.4 3.0

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.058 -8.3 -1.8 -1.2 -1.9 -0.4

Motor fuel

3.497 -20.2 0.5 -5.6 0.9 0.2

Gasoline (all types)

3.415 -19.9 0.6 -5.6 1.0 0.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  -20.3 0.6 -5.3 2.0 -0.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  -18.6 0.7 -5.1 0.3 0.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  -16.8 0.7 -4.0 0.4 -0.2

Other motor fuels(1)(2)

0.081 -30.1 -0.8 -3.3 -3.1 -0.8

Energy services

3.283 -1.1 0.1 -1.4 0.4 -0.1

Electricity

2.574 3.0 -0.4 -1.0 0.9 -0.7

Utility (piped) gas service

0.709 -13.7 1.8 -2.6 -1.7 2.0

All items less food and energy

79.649 4.7 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

21.321 0.8 -0.3 0.6 -0.1 -0.3

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

4.338 2.2 -0.6 -0.4 -0.3 -0.4

Window and floor coverings and other linens(2)

0.306 -0.5 -1.8 0.2 -0.9 -1.3

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.085 4.9 -1.0 0.1 -0.6 -1.0

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.072 -1.8 -1.1 0.5 -0.3 -1.1

Other linens(2)

0.149 -2.8 -2.7 -0.1 -2.4 -1.3

Furniture and bedding(1)

1.147 -2.8 -0.4 -0.7 0.1 -0.4

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.375 -1.1 0.8 0.0 -0.6 0.8

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.558 -4.8 -0.2 -1.3 0.2 -0.2

Other furniture(2)

0.207 -0.1 -2.8 -0.6 1.4 -1.2

Appliances(2)

0.282 -0.5 -0.3 -0.3 -1.0 0.5

Major appliances(2)

0.100 -9.9 -1.0 -0.8 -1.1 -0.6

Laundry equipment(1)(3)

  -6.8 -1.0 -2.0 -3.4 -1.0

Other appliances(1)(2)

0.180 5.2 0.1 0.1 -0.6 0.1

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.563 -0.4 -0.3 -0.6 0.3 0.5

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.313 0.9 0.8 -1.1 -1.4 0.8

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.126 -0.1 -3.1 -2.2 0.6 -1.8

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.041 -0.9 0.9 -1.6 1.5 0.9

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.084 -4.2 -1.0 -0.2 0.9 -0.4

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

1.069 7.4 -1.2 -0.8 0.0 -0.7

Tools, hardware and supplies(2)

0.266 6.0 -0.3 -0.5 -0.9 0.1

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.566 8.4 -1.7 -0.9 0.5 -1.2

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.970 5.9 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.328 5.5 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.179 7.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.463 5.5 -0.3 -0.7 -0.1 -0.3

Apparel

2.526 3.2 -1.0 0.3 0.3 0.0

Men's and boys' apparel

0.663 4.3 -0.8 0.3 0.8 0.0

Men's apparel

0.492 4.6 -0.7 0.8 0.4 0.2

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.068 -0.8 -1.9 0.3 1.2 -1.3

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(1)

0.180 6.0 -1.0 1.3 0.4 -1.0

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.114 3.2 0.3 0.5 -1.5 1.5

Men's pants and shorts

0.120 7.7 -0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3

Boys' apparel

0.172 3.4 -1.2 -0.9 1.9 0.1

Women's and girls' apparel

1.025 4.1 -1.7 0.7 0.0 0.2

Women's apparel

0.856 3.5 -1.9 0.7 0.4 -0.3

Women's outerwear

0.050 5.3 -1.8 2.9 -3.5 0.3

Women's dresses

0.093 -0.2 -5.0 3.7 -0.4 -0.1

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.383 1.1 -3.0 1.5 -1.6 -0.6

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.319 7.7 0.4 -1.3 2.5 0.7

Girls' apparel

0.169 7.2 -0.9 1.1 -1.7 2.4

Footwear

0.503 -1.6 -1.2 0.0 0.1 -0.8

Men's footwear(1)

0.182 -1.2 -1.0 1.3 0.8 -1.0

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.120 -1.3 -1.4 -1.0 -0.8 -1.1

Women's footwear

0.201 -1.8 -1.3 0.0 -0.7 -0.6

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.105 5.7 -0.1 -0.5 0.7 1.3

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.230 6.5 1.6 -0.8 0.6 0.1

Watches(1)(6)

0.036 0.9 0.6 1.2 -0.5 0.6

Jewelry(6)

0.193 7.5 1.8 -1.3 0.6 -0.3

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

7.775 -1.3 -0.1 1.5 -0.2 -0.5

New vehicles

4.270 3.5 0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

New cars(3)

  2.9 0.0 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1

New trucks(3)(10)

  3.7 0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Used cars and trucks

2.776 -5.6 -0.2 4.4 -0.5 -1.3

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.479 2.9 -0.4 0.0 -0.1 -0.4

Tires(1)

0.328 2.8 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.1

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.151 2.7 -1.3 -1.3 -0.9 -1.3

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  2.6 -1.7 -1.3 -0.4 -1.7

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  1.3 -2.0 -1.0 -3.3 -2.0

Medical care commodities(1)

1.460 4.1 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.5

Medicinal drugs(1)(8)

1.344 3.8 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.6

Prescription drugs(1)

0.944 2.8 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.400 6.2 1.9 1.5 0.6 1.9

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.116 8.5 -0.3 2.3 0.0 -0.3

Recreation commodities(8)

2.250 1.0 -0.8 0.0 -0.4 -0.8

Video and audio products(8)

0.275 -4.6 -0.8 -0.8 -0.5 -1.3

Televisions

0.134 -10.2 -0.4 -1.8 -0.5 -1.4

Other video equipment(2)

0.016 -0.6 0.5 -2.5 0.7 1.7

Audio equipment(1)

0.056 -2.0 -3.1 0.6 -2.4 -3.1

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.060 4.3 -0.2 0.6 0.7 -0.2

Pets and pet products(1)

0.675 7.8 -0.4 1.0 -0.5 -0.4

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  10.6 -0.2 0.8 -0.2 -0.2

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  3.6 -0.5 0.9 -0.5 -0.5

Sporting goods(1)

0.732 -0.5 0.1 -1.1 -0.3 0.1

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.421 -0.2 0.4 -1.3 -0.3 0.4

Sports equipment(1)

0.302 -1.0 -0.2 -0.7 -0.3 -0.2

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.020 -0.5 -1.4 0.3 0.9 -3.3

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  -2.0 -1.5 0.1 1.0 -3.5

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.112 -1.2 -1.1 1.4 -1.0 -1.1

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.061 -1.7 -2.8 3.1 0.3 -2.8

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.050 -0.4 1.0 -0.5 -2.4 1.0

Other recreational goods(2)

0.436 -1.5 -2.8 0.2 -0.1 -2.4

Toys

0.347 -2.9 -3.5 0.2 -0.4 -2.9

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -1.8 -3.7 1.3 0.0 -3.3

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.024 -0.1 2.4 -0.9 -2.0 2.4

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.054 9.7 -0.5 0.8 2.7 -0.5

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.891 -7.8 -1.2 -0.2 -0.1 -1.2

Educational books and supplies(1)

0.093 -3.0 -0.4 0.5 -1.4 -0.4

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  -3.6 -0.3 0.6 -1.8 -0.3

Information technology commodities(8)

0.798 -8.5 -1.4 -0.3 0.1 -1.4

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(1)(4)

0.364 -4.9 -1.4 -0.4 0.2 -1.4

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.022 -7.3 -2.7 0.3 -1.6 -2.7

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.412 -11.8 -1.2 -0.2 0.1 -1.2

Smartphones(1)(3)(12)

  -17.6 -1.6 0.7 -1.5 -1.6

Alcoholic beverages

0.836 4.1 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.1

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.503 2.7 -0.1 0.4 -0.2 -0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.194 4.3 -0.7 0.5 0.0 -0.5

Distilled spirits at home(1)

0.086 2.1 0.8 0.2 0.4 0.8

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  1.8 0.8 0.2 0.3 0.8

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  1.9 0.7 0.2 0.8 0.7

Wine at home(1)

0.224 1.6 0.0 0.4 -0.6 0.0

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.333 6.4 0.2 0.7 0.5 0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  4.5 0.1 0.7 0.4 0.1

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  6.9 0.2 0.8 0.6 0.2

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  8.1 0.1 0.6 0.8 0.1

Other goods(8)

1.244 6.1 0.3 0.6 0.1 0.3

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.496 6.1 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.5

Cigarettes(1)(2)

0.411 6.2 0.7 0.6 0.0 0.7

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.079 4.9 -0.8 0.4 0.3 -0.8

Personal care products(1)

0.603 6.3 0.5 1.0 0.2 0.5

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.319 7.6 0.4 1.5 0.2 0.4

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.273 5.0 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.6

Miscellaneous personal goods(1)(2)

0.146 4.7 -1.0 -1.1 -0.4 -1.0

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  9.3 -2.9 0.9 0.0 -0.8

Services less energy services

58.328 6.1 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4

Shelter

34.728 7.7 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.4

Rent of shelter(13)

34.358 7.8 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4

Rent of primary residence

7.569 8.0 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4

Lodging away from home(2)

1.250 6.0 -0.6 1.8 -2.0 -0.3

Housing at school, excluding board(13)

0.158 3.2 1.0 0.1 0.2 0.9

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

1.092 6.6 -0.8 2.1 -2.3 -0.5

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(13)

25.540 7.7 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(13)

24.148 7.7 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.370 1.0 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.061 5.8 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.757 4.7 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.304 8.8 1.1 1.3 0.4 1.1

Household operations(1)(2)

0.883   1.8 -1.2 0.8 1.8

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.270   1.2 -2.0 1.5 1.2

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

           

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.106 -0.8 0.5 1.8 1.9 0.5

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.115          

Medical care services

6.377 -1.5 -0.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.4

Professional services

3.527 1.9 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.3

Physicians' services(1)

1.792 0.4 0.2 -0.5 0.7 0.2

Dental services

0.907 5.1 0.4 0.1 -0.3 0.5

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.310 2.4 0.0 0.5 0.7 0.0

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.518 0.9 0.6 1.2 -0.6 0.6

Hospital and related services(1)

2.257 3.4 -0.2 0.8 0.3 -0.2

Hospital services(1)(14)

1.925 3.1 -0.4 1.0 0.4 -0.4

Inpatient hospital services(1)(14)(3)

  2.6 -0.5 1.0 0.1 -0.5

Outpatient hospital services(1)(3)(6)

  4.9 -0.3 0.9 0.8 -0.3

Nursing homes and adult day services(14)

0.185 5.6 2.3 -0.8 -0.1 2.4

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.147 4.7 0.5 -0.1 0.0 0.5

Health insurance(1)(5)

0.593 -29.5 -4.1 -3.7 -3.6 -4.1

Transportation services

5.917 9.0 0.2 0.8 0.1 0.3

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

0.741 10.8 -0.1 -1.6 0.6 -0.1

Car and truck rental(2)

0.123 -7.2 5.7 -3.3 -1.4 -0.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.121 12.7 1.0 0.6 1.3 1.0

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.057 5.4 0.2 -0.5 0.2 0.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.575 8.8 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.9

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.431 19.5 1.4 0.3 2.2 1.4

Motor vehicle insurance

2.657 17.8 1.7 2.0 1.7 2.0

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.489 2.7 0.7 0.0 0.2 0.7

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.274 2.4 0.5 -0.1 0.0 0.5

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.194 3.2 1.0 0.3 0.4 1.0

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  2.8 0.8 -0.1 0.9 0.8

Public transportation

0.786 -13.2 -6.7 0.9 -6.8 -6.3

Airline fares

0.593 -18.6 -9.3 -3.0 -8.1 -8.1

Other intercity transportation

0.049 5.2 1.1 1.4 2.7 0.6

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  8.9 1.4 2.7 2.6 1.4

Intracity transportation(1)

0.139 -0.3 1.7 -0.5 0.1 1.7

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  0.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2

Recreation services(8)

3.111 6.2 0.7 -0.1 0.5 0.8

Video and audio services(8)

0.997 5.1 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.5

Cable, satellite, and live streaming television service(10)

0.882 5.5 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.5

Purchase, subscription, and rental of video(1)(2)

0.115 2.6 0.1 1.4 -0.3 0.1

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  7.1 1.7 6.8 0.8 1.7

Subscription and rental of video and video games(1)(2)(3)

  5.1 0.5 -0.6 -0.7 0.5

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.556 9.8 0.6 -0.6 0.5 0.7

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  6.3 0.4 -0.3 0.0 0.4

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  10.6 0.1 -0.1 0.9 0.1

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.039 5.5 0.0 0.3 -0.1 0.0

Other recreation services(2)

1.517 5.9 1.0 -0.1 0.8 1.0

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.665 4.9 0.8 0.3 -0.2 0.8

Admissions(1)

0.430 4.7 1.3 -0.7 2.5 1.3

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  4.7 0.1 -0.3 0.5 0.1

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  4.0 5.9 -3.7 5.5 5.9

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.189 14.2 1.1 0.1 0.1 1.1

Education and communication services(8)

4.794 2.7 0.2 -0.2 -0.3 0.3

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.136 3.5 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.3

College tuition and fees

1.164 2.0 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.2

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.308 5.0 1.0 0.7 1.5 1.1

Day care and preschool(9)

0.564 6.0 0.1 -0.3 -0.2 0.3

Technical and business school tuition and fees(1)(2)

0.026 2.3 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.3

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.073 5.1 -1.2 0.1 0.3 -1.0

Postage

0.063 5.3 -1.3 0.4 0.4 -1.0

Delivery services(2)

0.011 2.7 -0.5 -1.5 0.0 -0.7

Telephone services(1)(2)

1.609 0.4 0.1 -0.5 -1.2 0.1

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.367 -0.7 0.0 -0.6 -1.5 0.0

Residential telephone services(1)(8)

0.242 6.9 0.9 -0.3 0.2 0.9

Internet services and electronic information providers(1)(2)

0.970 4.7 0.5 0.0 0.3 0.5

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.457 6.0 -0.1 0.5 0.2 -0.1

Personal care services(1)

0.601 5.3 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.6

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.601 5.3 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.6

Miscellaneous personal services(1)

0.856 6.5 -0.5 0.7 0.1 -0.5

Legal services(1)(6)

0.245 4.6        

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.168 5.7 0.9 0.4 0.1 0.9

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.142 5.3 0.2 1.0 -0.4 0.2

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.028 13.4 0.5 1.9 1.3 0.5

Financial services(1)(6)

0.193 9.3 -3.1 0.5 1.6 -3.1

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  1.4 0.0 0.0 1.3 0.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

  14.4 -4.6 0.7 1.8 -4.6

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 2019=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, July 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Jun.
2023
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jul.
2022
Jun.
2023
Jul.
2023
Jul.
2022-
Jul.
2023
Jun.
2023-
Jul.
2023
Apr.
2023-
May
2023
May
2023-
Jun.
2023
Jun.
2023-
Jul.
2023

All items less food

86.600 294.363 302.406 302.932 2.9 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

All items less shelter

65.272 276.416 279.002 279.181 1.0 0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.0

All items less food and shelter

51.872 268.146 268.236 268.245 0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.1 0.0

All items less food, shelter, and energy

44.921 262.628 269.235 269.102 2.5 0.0 0.3 0.0 -0.1

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

42.145 263.458 272.397 272.288 3.4 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

All items less medical care

92.164 284.084 293.396 294.037 3.5 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

All items less energy

93.049 296.702 310.054 310.611 4.7 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.2

Commodities

38.388 226.110 224.764 224.698 -0.6 0.0 -0.2 0.1 -0.1

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

18.545 160.175 164.853 164.254 2.5 -0.4 0.0 0.0 -0.2

Commodities less food

24.988 188.836 182.692 182.317 -3.5 -0.2 -0.3 0.1 -0.2

Commodities less food and beverages

24.152 185.573 179.065 178.686 -3.7 -0.2 -0.4 0.1 -0.3

Services

61.612 364.465 383.972 385.231 5.7 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(1)

27.253 385.783 397.625 398.407 3.3 0.2 -0.2 0.2 0.2

Services less medical care services

55.235 346.527 367.946 369.411 6.6 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4

Durables

12.572 129.856 128.392 128.029 -1.4 -0.3 0.3 -0.3 -0.3

Nondurables

25.816 275.627 274.711 274.970 -0.2 0.1 -0.6 -0.1 0.2

Nondurables less food

12.416 247.498 234.670 234.370 -5.3 -0.1 -1.4 0.5 -0.2

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.580 245.823 231.520 231.206 -5.9 -0.1 -1.5 0.5 -0.2

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.053 325.961 299.444 299.782 -8.0 0.1 -2.0 0.5 -0.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.889 319.632 296.653 296.954 -7.1 0.1 -1.8 0.4 -0.2

Housing

44.464 302.327 320.002 321.087 6.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4

Education and communication(2)

5.685 143.150 144.900 144.919 1.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 0.0

Education(2)

2.229 280.974 289.382 290.069 3.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3

Communication(2)

3.456 75.061 75.064 74.966 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3 -0.5 -0.1

Information and information processing(2)

3.383 70.782 70.685 70.609 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3 -0.5 -0.1

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.774 7.201 7.135 7.112 -1.2 -0.3 -0.1 0.2 -0.3

Recreation(2)

5.361 131.087 136.300 136.401 4.1 0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.1

Video and audio(2)

1.273 113.000 116.289 116.390 3.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.1

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.231 202.111 219.542 219.611 8.7 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.1

Photography(2)

0.060 81.343 84.310 83.885 3.1 -0.5 0.3 0.3 -1.2

Food and beverages

14.236 306.278 320.120 321.020 4.8 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2

Domestically produced farm food

7.171 303.324 312.614 314.057 3.5 0.5 0.1 -0.1 0.5

Other services

9.362 387.616 403.139 404.540 4.4 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.4

Apparel less footwear

2.023 115.879 122.399 121.207 4.6 -1.0 0.4 0.4 0.2

Fuels and utilities

4.515 305.797 303.365 304.077 -0.6 0.2 -1.1 0.3 0.2

Household energy

3.454 261.643 255.076 255.436 -2.4 0.1 -1.6 0.3 0.1

Medical care

7.836 549.562 547.432 546.698 -0.5 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.2

Transportation

17.189 278.958 270.146 270.602 -3.0 0.2 -0.2 0.2 -0.1

Private transportation

16.403 277.502 269.273 270.609 -2.5 0.5 -0.2 0.5 0.2

New and used motor vehicles(2)

8.159 131.074 130.410 130.469 -0.5 0.0 1.2 -0.1 -0.5

Utilities and public transportation

7.621 254.496 254.447 253.149 -0.5 -0.5 -1.1 -0.6 0.0

Household furnishings and operations

5.222 144.291 148.702 148.453 2.9 -0.2 -0.6 -0.1 -0.1

Other goods and services

2.701 507.204 537.386 537.926 6.1 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.1

Personal care

2.205 258.315 273.929 273.964 6.1 0.0 0.5 0.2 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, July 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Jul. 2023 from: Percent change to Jun. 2023 from:
Jul.
2022
May
2023
Jun.
2023
Jun.
2022
Apr.
2023
May
2023

U.S. city average

M

3.2 0.5 0.2 3.0 0.6 0.3

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

2.6 0.5 0.2 2.2 0.5 0.3

Northeast - Size Class A

M

3.2 0.6 0.3 2.7 0.6 0.3

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.9 0.4 0.1 1.6 0.4 0.4

New England(4)

M

2.1 0.2 -0.1 1.8 0.0 0.2

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

2.8 0.7 0.3 2.4 0.6 0.4

Midwest

M

2.9 0.7 0.3 2.4 0.6 0.4

Midwest - Size Class A

M

3.2 1.1 0.7 2.3 0.7 0.3

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.8 0.5 0.1 2.4 0.6 0.4

East North Central(4)

M

3.1 0.6 0.3 2.5 0.6 0.3

West North Central(4)

M

2.5 1.0 0.3 2.3 0.7 0.6

South

M

3.4 0.5 0.2 3.3 0.5 0.3

South - Size Class A

M

3.7 0.4 0.1 3.7 0.7 0.3

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.2 0.5 0.2 3.0 0.4 0.3

South Atlantic(4)

M

3.8 0.4 0.1 3.8 0.5 0.3

East South Central(4)

M

3.6 0.7 0.2 3.3 0.8 0.4

West South Central(4)

M

2.5 0.5 0.2 2.2 0.3 0.3

West

M

3.5 0.4 0.1 3.5 0.7 0.3

West - Size Class A

M

3.4 0.4 0.0 3.4 0.7 0.3

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.5 0.5 0.2 3.6 0.7 0.2

Mountain(4)

M

3.5 0.1 0.2 3.7 0.1 -0.1

Pacific(4)

M

3.5 0.5 0.1 3.4 0.9 0.4

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

3.4 0.5 0.2 3.1 0.7 0.3

Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.0 0.5 0.2 2.8 0.5 0.3

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

2.2 0.0 0.0 2.1 0.4 0.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

2.7 0.4 0.0 2.5 0.6 0.5

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

3.2 0.8 0.4 2.5 0.7 0.4

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

      4.6 1.2  

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

      2.8 0.2  

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

      4.7 1.1  

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

      1.7 0.5  

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

      6.9 0.5  

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

      3.1 0.7  

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

      4.4 0.2  

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

      2.9 0.5  

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

      4.6 1.0  

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

      3.1 1.3  

Urban Alaska

2

      -3.3 0.4  

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

2.8 -0.1        

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

4.0 0.3        

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

4.7 1.3        

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

1.0 0.4        

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

3.4 0.6        

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

4.3 0.3        

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

5.9 -0.1        

Urban Hawaii

1

2.1 0.7        

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

1.8 -0.1        

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, July 2023 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

December 2017

    1.7 2.1

December 2018

    1.5 1.9

December 2019

    1.8 2.3

December 2020

    1.5 1.4

January 2021

0.5 0.4 1.6 1.4

February 2021

0.5 0.5 1.8 1.7

March 2021

0.6 0.7 2.6 2.6

April 2021

0.8 0.8 4.0 4.2

May 2021

0.7 0.8 4.9 5.0

June 2021

0.8 0.9 5.1 5.4

July 2021

0.5 0.5 5.0 5.4

August 2021

0.1 0.2 4.8 5.3

September 2021

0.3 0.3 5.0 5.4

October 2021

0.7 0.8 5.8 6.2

November 2021

0.4 0.5 6.4 6.8

December 2021

0.2 0.3 6.5 7.0

January 2022

0.8 0.8 6.8 7.5

February 2022

0.9 0.9 7.3 7.9

March 2022

1.4 1.3 8.1 8.5

April 2022

0.6 0.6 7.9 8.3

May 2022

1.1 1.1 8.3 8.6

June 2022

1.2 1.4 8.7 9.1

July 2022

0.0 0.0 8.1 8.5

August 2022

-0.1 0.0 7.9 8.3

September 2022

0.3 0.2 7.9 8.2

October 2022

0.4 0.4 7.5 7.7

November 2022

-0.1 -0.1 7.0 7.1

December 2022

-0.2 -0.3 6.5 6.5

January 2023

0.8 0.8 6.4 6.4

February 2023

0.6 0.6 6.1 6.0

March 2023

0.3 0.3 4.9 5.0

April 2023

0.5 0.5 4.8 4.9

May 2023

0.2 0.3 3.9 4.0

June 2023

0.3 0.3 3.0 3.0

July 2023

0.2 0.2 3.2 3.2

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, July 2023, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jun.
2023
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jun. 2023-
Jul. 2023
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Jun. 2023-
Jul. 2023(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.2   0.04 - -

Food

13.400 0.2 0.032 0.09 L-May 2023 0.2

Food at home

8.582 0.3 0.024 0.13 L-Feb. 2023 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

1.166 0.0 0.000 0.28 S-May 2023 0.0

Cereals and cereal products

0.365 0.3 0.001 0.45 L-Mar. 2023 0.6

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.062 -0.2 0.000 0.99 S-Jan. 2023 -0.9

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.147 0.2 0.000 0.86 S-May 2023 0.0

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.157 0.7 0.001 0.59 L-Jan. 2023 0.9

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  0.9   0.80 L-Jan. 2023 1.4

Bakery products(4)

0.800 0.3 0.002 0.37 L-Mar. 2023 0.7

Bread(4)(5)

0.225 0.9 0.002 0.56 L-Feb. 2023 1.2

White bread(4)(6)

  0.9   0.85 L-Mar. 2023 1.0

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  0.9   0.78 - -

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.117 -0.7 -0.001 0.87 S-May 2023 -1.1

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(4)

0.206 0.4 0.001 0.66 L-Mar. 2023 0.7

Cookies(4)(6)

  0.8   0.89 L-Feb. 2023 0.9

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  -0.2   1.29 S-Dec. 2022 -0.4

Other bakery products

0.252 -0.2 -0.001 0.79 S-Jun. 2021 -0.6

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  -0.2   0.99 S-May 2023 -0.3

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  -1.3   1.05 S-Dec. 2020 -2.6

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  0.3   1.31 L-Mar. 2023 2.8

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.770 0.5 0.009 0.27 L-Jan. 2023 0.7

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.654 0.7 0.011 0.28 L-May 2022 0.9

Meats

1.024 1.2 0.012 0.34 L-Nov. 2021 1.7

Beef and veal

0.449 2.4 0.011 0.54 L-Sep. 2021 3.7

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.161 1.5 0.002 0.67 S-Apr. 2023 0.6

Uncooked beef roasts(5)

0.057 6.5 0.004 1.57 L-May 2020 17.4

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.188 2.3 0.004 0.83 L-Sep. 2021 3.0

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.043 3.6 0.002 0.91 L-Sep. 2021 5.2

Pork

0.324 0.0 0.000 0.56 L-Feb. 2023 0.7

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.137 -0.3 0.000 0.80 L-Mar. 2023 0.3

Bacon and related products(6)

  -0.7   0.98 L-Mar. 2023 1.0

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  0.6   1.08 L-Feb. 2023 1.4

Ham

0.069 0.6 0.000 1.28 L-May 2023 1.6

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  0.5   1.75 L-May 2023 1.6

Pork chops(4)

0.044 0.2 0.000 1.25 S-May 2023 -1.5

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.075 2.5 0.002 1.18 L-Sep. 2022 3.1

Other meats

0.251 0.7 0.002 0.54 L-Mar. 2023 0.9

Frankfurters(6)

  2.7   1.63 L-Dec. 2022 3.1

Lunchmeats(4)(5)(6)

  0.7   0.57 L-Mar. 2023 1.3

Poultry(4)

0.347 -0.4 -0.001 0.60 S-Mar. 2023 -0.4

Chicken(4)(5)

0.277 -1.1 -0.003 0.71 S-Oct. 2022 -1.3

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  -2.1   0.98 S-Sep. 2020 -2.2

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  -0.6   0.87 S-Jan. 2023 -1.0

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.070 3.1 0.002 1.16 L-Jan. 2022 3.6

Fish and seafood

0.283 0.1 0.000 0.62 S-May 2023 -1.6

Fresh fish and seafood(4)(5)

0.138 -1.1 -0.001 0.84 S-Nov. 2022 -1.4

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.146 0.5 0.001 0.89 S-May 2023 -2.0

Shelf stable fish and seafood(6)

  1.7   1.31 - -

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  -1.5   1.04 S-May 2023 -2.2

Eggs(4)

0.115 -2.2 -0.003 0.83 L-Apr. 2023 -1.5

Dairy and related products

0.787 0.5 0.004 0.32 L-Nov. 2022 1.1

Milk(5)

0.193 -0.6 -0.001 0.47 S-May 2023 -0.6

Fresh whole milk(6)

  -0.6   0.62 S-May 2023 -1.0

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.51 S-May 2023 -0.5

Cheese and related products(4)

0.240 0.5 0.001 0.53 L-Dec. 2022 0.5

Ice cream and related products

0.119 1.5 0.002 0.86 L-Nov. 2022 1.6

Other dairy and related products(5)

0.234 0.2 0.000 0.69 S-May 2023 -1.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.478 0.4 0.006 0.38 S-Apr. 2023 -0.5

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.096 0.3 0.003 0.46 S-Apr. 2023 -0.2

Fresh fruits

0.585 0.1 0.001 0.65 S-Apr. 2023 -0.5

Apples

0.085 2.4 0.002 1.14 L-Nov. 2022 2.4

Bananas(4)

0.089 0.6 0.001 0.60 L-Feb. 2023 1.7

Citrus fruits(5)

0.170 1.7 0.003 1.19 L-Jan. 2023 2.8

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  1.6   1.53 L-Jan. 2023 2.8

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.241 -0.8 -0.002 1.15 S-Mar. 2023 -2.7

Fresh vegetables

0.510 0.5 0.003 0.47 S-Apr. 2023 0.3

Potatoes

0.090 0.7 0.001 0.97 - -

Lettuce

0.070 0.0 0.000 1.22 L-May 2023 5.3

Tomatoes

0.081 0.4 0.000 1.08 S-Apr. 2023 -2.0

Other fresh vegetables

0.270 0.7 0.002 0.65 L-May 2023 1.0

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.382 0.9 0.003 0.45 L-May 2023 1.0

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.194 1.5 0.003 0.73 L-Oct. 2022 1.6

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  0.4   0.82 S-Apr. 2023 -0.6

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  2.0   0.83 L-Sep. 2022 2.1

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.112 0.3 0.000 0.72 S-Apr. 2023 -2.0

Frozen vegetables(6)

  0.9   0.99 L-May 2023 1.4

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.076 0.2 0.000 0.70 L-May 2023 2.1

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.82 L-May 2023 2.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.039 0.0 0.000 0.40 L-May 2023 0.7

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.729 -0.2 -0.002 0.47 - -

Carbonated drinks

0.304 0.0 0.000 0.84 L-Apr. 2023 1.8

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.009 1.5 0.000 0.97 L-May 2023 7.4

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.417 -0.4 -0.001 0.56 S-Apr. 2023 -0.5

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.310 0.6 0.002 0.69 L-Jan. 2023 0.9

Coffee

0.197 1.0 0.002 0.93 L-Jul. 2022 3.4

Roasted coffee(6)

  1.3   1.09 L-Jul. 2022 3.2

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  -0.8   1.03 L-May 2023 0.6

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.112 -0.2 0.000 0.76 S-Dec. 2021 -0.7

Other food at home

2.344 0.2 0.004 0.23 L-May 2023 0.4

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.306 0.2 0.001 0.49 S-Mar. 2023 -0.2

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.041 0.7 0.000 0.62 S-May 2023 0.5

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.195 0.1 0.000 0.72 S-Mar. 2023 0.0

Other sweets(5)

0.070 -0.3 0.000 0.82 S-Mar. 2023 -1.3

Fats and oils

0.255 -0.2 0.000 0.60 L-May 2023 0.2

Butter and margarine(5)

0.080 -0.7 -0.001 1.08 L-May 2023 0.1

Butter(6)

  1.0   1.34 L-Dec. 2022 2.4

Margarine(4)(6)

  -2.4   1.88 S-Nov. 2021 -2.5

Salad dressing(5)

0.059 0.7 0.000 1.21 L-Mar. 2023 0.7

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.115 -0.5 -0.001 0.86 S-Jan. 2023 -0.6

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.92 L-Apr. 2023 0.8

Other foods

1.783 0.2 0.004 0.27 L-May 2023 0.4

Soups

0.109 -1.2 -0.001 1.22 S-Feb. 2023 -1.3

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.271 0.5 0.001 0.56 L-Mar. 2023 1.6

Snacks

0.373 1.0 0.004 0.62 L-Apr. 2023 1.0

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.359 0.0 0.000 0.48 S-Mar. 2023 -0.3

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  -0.9   0.91 S-Apr. 2023 -1.7

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  0.9   1.19 L-Mar. 2023 1.1

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  0.1   0.76 L-May 2023 1.1

Other condiments(6)

  1.6   1.27 L-May 2023 5.6

Baby food and formula(4)(5)

0.038 0.6 0.000 1.03 L-May 2023 1.2

Other miscellaneous foods(5)

0.633 -0.2 -0.001 0.60 S-Apr. 2023 -0.2

Prepared salads(7)(6)

  0.7   1.16 L-Mar. 2023 1.4

Food away from home(4)

4.818 0.2 0.008 0.12 S-Mar. 2021 0.1

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.304 0.2 0.004 0.13 S-Apr. 2023 0.1

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.244 0.2 0.005 0.15 S-Mar. 2022 -0.2

Food at employee sites and schools(4)(5)

0.074 0.1 0.000 1.84 - -

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

           

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.026 -0.3 0.000 0.50 S-Dec. 2021 -1.5

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.169 -0.3 0.000 0.14 S-Oct. 2020 -0.7

Energy

6.951 0.1 0.008 0.20 S-May 2023 -3.6

Energy commodities

3.667 0.3 0.012 0.17 S-May 2023 -5.6

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.170 3.7 0.006 1.27 L-Oct. 2022 9.9

Fuel oil(4)

0.112 3.0 0.003 1.80 L-Oct. 2022 19.8

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.058 -0.4 0.000 0.66 L-Apr. 2023 1.0

Motor fuel

3.497 0.2 0.005 0.17 S-May 2023 -5.6

Gasoline (all types)

3.415 0.2 0.006 0.17 S-May 2023 -5.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  -0.6   0.73 S-May 2023 -5.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  0.0   0.62 S-May 2023 -5.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  -0.2   0.62 S-May 2023 -4.0

Other motor fuels(4)(5)

0.081 -0.8 -0.001 0.35 L-Nov. 2022 2.3

Energy services

3.283 -0.1 -0.004 0.43 S-May 2023 -1.4

Electricity

2.574 -0.7 -0.018 0.40 S-May 2023 -1.0

Utility (piped) gas service

0.709 2.0 0.014 0.69 L-Jan. 2023 6.7

All items less food and energy

79.649 0.2 0.127 0.04 - -

Commodities less food and energy commodities

21.321 -0.3 -0.071 0.07 S-Mar. 2022 -0.4

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

4.338 -0.4 -0.015 0.25 S-May 2023 -0.4

Window and floor coverings and other linens(5)

0.306 -1.3 -0.004 1.13 S-Apr. 2023 -1.7

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.085 -1.0 -0.001 1.09 S-Oct. 2022 -1.4

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.072 -1.1 -0.001 2.27 S-Apr. 2023 -1.9

Other linens(5)

0.149 -1.3 -0.002 1.59 L-May 2023 -0.1

Furniture and bedding(4)

1.147 -0.4 -0.004 0.50 S-May 2023 -0.7

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.375 0.8 0.003 0.71 L-Feb. 2023 0.8

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.558 -0.2 -0.001 0.80 S-May 2023 -1.3

Other furniture(5)

0.207 -1.2 -0.002 1.00 S-Apr. 2023 -3.6

Appliances(5)

0.282 0.5 0.001 0.68 L-Mar. 2023 0.7

Major appliances(5)

0.100 -0.6 -0.001 1.08 L-Mar. 2023 -0.1

Laundry equipment(4)(6)

  -1.0   1.29 L-Apr. 2023 0.2

Other appliances(4)(5)

0.180 0.1 0.000 0.78 L-May 2023 0.1

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.563 0.5 0.003 0.63 L-Sep. 2022 0.9

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.313 0.8 0.002 0.99 L-Apr. 2023 1.0

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.126 -1.8 -0.002 0.84 S-May 2023 -2.2

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.041 0.9 0.000 1.37 S-May 2023 -1.6

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.084 -0.4 0.000 0.80 S-Apr. 2023 -1.7

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

1.069 -0.7 -0.008 0.52 S-May 2023 -0.8

Tools, hardware and supplies(5)

0.266 0.1 0.000 0.59 L-Mar. 2023 0.4

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.566 -1.2 -0.007 0.63 S-Jan. 2021 -2.2

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.970 0.0 0.000 0.37 S-May 2023 -0.1

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.328 0.3 0.001 0.52 - -

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.179 0.3 0.000 0.52 S-Feb. 2023 -0.2

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.463 -0.3 -0.001 0.52 S-May 2023 -0.7

Apparel

2.526 0.0 -0.001 0.34 S-Oct. 2022 -0.2

Men's and boys' apparel

0.663 0.0 0.000 0.57 S-Feb. 2023 -0.4

Men's apparel

0.492 0.2 0.001 0.64 S-Feb. 2023 -1.5

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.068 -1.3 -0.001 1.73 S-Feb. 2023 -4.7

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.180 -1.0 -0.002 0.75 S-Dec. 2022 -1.4

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.114 1.5 0.002 1.19 L-Dec. 2021 1.5

Men's pants and shorts

0.120 0.3 0.000 1.37 S-Feb. 2023 -4.0

Boys' apparel

0.172 0.1 0.000 1.09 S-May 2023 -0.9

Women's and girls' apparel

1.025 0.2 0.002 0.63 L-May 2023 0.7

Women's apparel

0.856 -0.3 -0.003 0.64 S-Sep. 2021 -1.8

Women's outerwear

0.050 0.3 0.000 1.66 L-May 2023 2.9

Women's dresses

0.093 -0.1 0.000 1.35 L-May 2023 3.7

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.383 -0.6 -0.002 1.02 L-May 2023 1.5

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.319 0.7 0.002 0.94 S-May 2023 -1.3

Girls' apparel

0.169 2.4 0.004 1.48 L-Jan. 2022 2.5

Footwear

0.503 -0.8 -0.004 0.43 S-Oct. 2022 -0.9

Men's footwear(4)

0.182 -1.0 -0.002 0.72 S-Mar. 2023 -1.6

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.120 -1.1 -0.001 0.98 S-Jul. 2021 -1.9

Women's footwear

0.201 -0.6 -0.001 0.63 L-May 2023 0.0

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.105 1.3 0.001 1.35 L-Jan. 2023 3.7

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.230 0.1 0.000 1.24 S-May 2023 -0.8

Watches(4)(9)

0.036 0.6 0.000 0.76 L-May 2023 1.2

Jewelry(9)

0.193 -0.3 -0.001 1.66 S-May 2023 -1.3

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

7.775 -0.5 -0.042 0.03 S-Feb. 2023 -0.9

New vehicles

4.270 -0.1 -0.003 0.04 S-May 2023 -0.1

New cars(6)

  -0.1   0.11 L-Mar. 2023 0.6

New trucks(13)(6)

  -0.1   0.07 S-May 2023 -0.1

Used cars and trucks

2.776 -1.3 -0.037 0.02 S-Feb. 2023 -2.8

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.479 -0.4 -0.002 0.37 S-Feb. 2023 -0.5

Tires(4)

0.328 0.1 0.000 0.47 S-Mar. 2023 -0.1

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.151 -1.3 -0.002 0.68 S-May 2023 -1.3

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  -1.7   0.86 S-Oct. 2020 -2.0

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  -2.0   0.65 L-May 2023 -1.0

Medical care commodities(4)

1.460 0.5 0.007 0.21 L-May 2023 0.6

Medicinal drugs(4)(11)

1.344 0.6 0.008 0.22 L-Jan. 2023 1.2

Prescription drugs(4)

0.944 0.0 0.000 0.16 - -

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.400 1.9 0.008 0.66 L-EVER -

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.116 -0.3 0.000 0.75 S-Jan. 2023 -0.8

Recreation commodities(11)

2.250 -0.8 -0.018 0.23 S-Apr. 2020 -0.9

Video and audio products(11)

0.275 -1.3 -0.003 0.47 S-Feb. 2023 -1.4

Televisions

0.134 -1.4 -0.002 0.66 S-May 2023 -1.8

Other video equipment(5)

0.016 1.7 0.000 1.02 L-Mar. 2023 3.4

Audio equipment(4)

0.056 -3.1 -0.002 0.92 S-Jan. 2021 -3.3

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.060 -0.2 0.000 0.58 S-Feb. 2023 -0.4

Pets and pet products(4)

0.675 -0.4 -0.003 0.40 L-May 2023 1.0

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.50 - -

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.77 - -

Sporting goods(4)

0.732 0.1 0.001 0.48 L-Feb. 2023 0.2

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.421 0.4 0.002 0.67 L-Feb. 2023 0.6

Sports equipment(4)

0.302 -0.2 0.000 0.57 L-Apr. 2023 0.3

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.020 -3.3 -0.001 0.84 S-Jun. 2018 -5.6

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  -3.5   0.99 S-Jun. 2018 -4.1

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.112 -1.1 -0.001 1.00 S-Sep. 2022 -1.3

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.061 -2.8 -0.002 1.45 S-Mar. 2022 -3.9

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.050 1.0 0.001 1.00 L-Apr. 2023 1.4

Other recreational goods(5)

0.436 -2.4 -0.010 0.57 S-EVER -

Toys

0.347 -2.9 -0.010 0.65 S-EVER -

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  -3.3   0.72 S-EVER -

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.024 2.4 0.001 1.24 L-Apr. 2023 7.2

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.054 -0.5 0.000 0.45 S-Dec. 2022 -1.1

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.891 -1.2 -0.011 0.61 S-Nov. 2022 -1.7

Educational books and supplies(4)

0.093 -0.4 0.000 0.67 L-May 2023 0.5

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  -0.3   0.95 L-May 2023 0.6

Information technology commodities(11)

0.798 -1.4 -0.011 0.69 S-Nov. 2022 -1.9

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(4)(7)

0.364 -1.4 -0.005 0.91 S-Dec. 2022 -2.4

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.022 -2.7 -0.001 1.80 S-Sep. 2021 -3.5

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.412 -1.2 -0.005 0.96 S-Mar. 2023 -1.3

Smartphones(4)(6)(15)

  -1.6   1.18 S-Mar. 2023 -2.6

Alcoholic beverages

0.836 0.1 0.001 0.20 L-May 2023 0.5

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.503 -0.1 0.000 0.24 L-May 2023 0.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.194 -0.5 -0.001 0.39 S-Oct. 2021 -0.7

Distilled spirits at home(4)

0.086 0.8 0.001 0.31 L-Jan. 2023 0.9

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  0.8   0.46 L-Nov. 2022 0.9

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  0.7   0.37 S-May 2023 0.2

Wine at home(4)

0.224 0.0 0.000 0.40 L-May 2023 0.4

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.333 0.2 0.001 0.25 S-Feb. 2023 -0.3

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.33 S-Feb. 2023 0.1

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.41 S-Mar. 2023 0.2

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.34 S-Feb. 2023 -0.8

Other goods(11)

1.244 0.3 0.004 0.23 L-May 2023 0.6

Tobacco and smoking products(4)

0.496 0.5 0.002 0.23 L-May 2023 0.6

Cigarettes(4)(5)

0.411 0.7 0.003 0.25 L-Mar. 2023 1.0

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.079 -0.8 -0.001 0.57 S-Oct. 2022 -1.1

Personal care products(4)

0.603 0.5 0.003 0.35 L-May 2023 1.0

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.319 0.4 0.001 0.45 L-May 2023 1.5

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.273 0.6 0.002 0.44 L-Jan. 2023 1.0

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)(5)

0.146 -1.0 -0.001 0.90 S-May 2023 -1.1

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  -0.8   0.94 S-Mar. 2023 -1.1

Services less energy services

58.328 0.4 0.206 0.05 L-May 2023 0.4

Shelter

34.728 0.4 0.153 0.06 - -

Rent of shelter(16)

34.358 0.4 0.150 0.06 - -

Rent of primary residence

7.569 0.4 0.032 0.05 S-Mar. 2022 0.4

Lodging away from home(5)

1.250 -0.3 -0.004 1.24 L-May 2023 1.8

Housing at school, excluding board(16)

0.158 0.9 0.001 0.05 L-Sep. 2004 1.6

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

1.092 -0.5 -0.005 1.42 L-May 2023 2.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(16)

25.540 0.5 0.125 0.05 L-May 2023 0.5

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(16)

24.148 0.5 0.117 0.05 L-May 2023 0.5

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.370 0.1 0.000 0.14 S-May 2023 0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.061 0.5 0.005 0.12 L-May 2023 0.6

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.757 0.2 0.002 0.13 S-Apr. 2023 0.2

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.304 1.1 0.003 0.16 L-May 2023 1.3

Household operations(4)(5)

0.883 1.8 0.016 0.23 L-May 2022 2.1

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.270 1.2 0.003 0.31 S-May 2023 -2.0

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

           

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.106 0.5 0.000 0.88 S-Feb. 2023 -3.2

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.115   0.010 0.18 - -

Medical care services

6.377 -0.4 -0.025 0.10 S-Mar. 2023 -0.5

Professional services

3.527 0.3 0.010 0.15 - -

Physicians' services(4)

1.792 0.2 0.003 0.18 S-May 2023 -0.5

Dental services

0.907 0.5 0.005 0.25 L-Jan. 2023 0.5

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.310 0.0 0.000 0.36 S-Apr. 2023 -0.1

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.518 0.6 0.003 0.21 L-May 2023 1.2

Hospital and related services(4)

2.257 -0.2 -0.004 0.13 S-Mar. 2023 -0.2

Hospital services(4)(17)

1.925 -0.4 -0.009 0.15 S-Mar. 2023 -0.4

Inpatient hospital services(4)(17)(6)

  -0.5   0.28 S-Mar. 2023 -0.7

Outpatient hospital services(4)(9)(6)

  -0.3   0.28 S-Nov. 2021 -0.5

Nursing homes and adult day services(17)

0.185 2.4 0.004 0.16 L-EVER -

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.147 0.5 0.001 0.24 L-Mar. 2023 1.0

Health insurance(4)(8)

0.593 -4.1 -0.024 0.10 S-Mar. 2023 -4.2

Transportation services

5.917 0.3 0.020 0.21 L-May 2023 0.8

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

0.741 -0.1 -0.001 0.84 S-May 2023 -1.6

Car and truck rental(5)

0.123 -0.3 0.000 1.18 L-Jan. 2023 3.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.121 1.0 0.012 0.40 S-May 2023 0.6

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.057 0.2 0.000 0.30 - -

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.575 0.9 0.005 0.51 L-May 2023 1.0

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.431 1.4 0.006 0.64 S-May 2023 0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.657 2.0 0.053 0.22 L-May 2023 2.0

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.489 0.7 0.003 0.22 L-Jan. 2023 1.2

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.274 0.5 0.001 0.08 L-Jan. 2023 1.0

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.194 1.0 0.002 0.47 L-Jan. 2023 1.5

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.8   0.52 S-May 2023 -0.1

Public transportation

0.786 -6.3 -0.047 0.69 L-May 2023 0.9

Airline fares

0.593 -8.1 -0.045 0.95 - -

Other intercity transportation

0.049 0.6 0.000 0.65 S-Apr. 2023 -1.4

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  1.4   0.90 S-Apr. 2023 0.8

Intracity transportation(4)

0.139 1.7 0.002 0.60 L-Dec. 2022 1.8

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  0.2   0.07 L-Sep. 2022 0.4

Recreation services(11)

3.111 0.8 0.024 0.20 L-Feb. 2023 1.2

Video and audio services(11)

0.997 0.5 0.005 0.21 L-Apr. 2023 0.6

Cable, satellite, and live streaming television service(13)

0.882 0.5 0.005 0.18 L-Apr. 2023 0.6

Purchase, subscription, and rental of video(4)(5)

0.115 0.1 0.000 0.91 L-May 2023 1.4

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  1.7   1.97 L-May 2023 6.8

Subscription and rental of video and video games(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   0.49 L-Apr. 2023 1.2

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.556 0.7 0.004 0.31 L-Apr. 2023 2.7

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.53 L-Mar. 2023 0.8

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.1   0.41 S-May 2023 -0.1

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.039 0.0 0.000 0.34 L-May 2023 0.3

Other recreation services(5)

1.517 1.0 0.015 0.29 L-Dec. 2022 1.1

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.665 0.8 0.006 0.18 L-Feb. 2023 0.8

Admissions(4)

0.430 1.3 0.006 0.69 S-May 2023 -0.7

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.54 S-May 2023 -0.3

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  5.9   2.96 L-Nov. 2022 7.5

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.189 1.1 0.002 0.38 L-Apr. 2023 5.0

Education and communication services(11)

4.794 0.3 0.014 0.06 L-Mar. 2023 0.3

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.136 0.3 0.007 0.06 L-Apr. 2023 0.3

College tuition and fees

1.164 0.2 0.002 0.07 L-May 2023 0.2

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.308 1.1 0.003 0.09 S-May 2023 0.7

Day care and preschool(12)

0.564 0.3 0.002 0.19 L-Apr. 2023 0.7

Technical and business school tuition and fees(4)(5)

0.026 0.3 0.000 0.14 S-May 2023 0.1

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.073 -1.0 -0.001 0.06 S-Apr. 2016 -1.4

Postage

0.063 -1.0 -0.001 0.00 S-Jan. 2022 -1.0

Delivery services(5)

0.011 -0.7 0.000 0.48 S-May 2023 -1.5

Telephone services(4)(5)

1.609 0.1 0.002 0.06 L-Jan. 2023 0.2

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.367 0.0 0.000 0.04 L-Apr. 2023 0.0

Residential telephone services(4)(11)

0.242 0.9 0.002 0.21 L-Feb. 2023 1.7

Internet services and electronic information providers(4)(5)

0.970 0.5 0.005 0.21 L-Mar. 2023 0.9

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.457 -0.1 -0.001 0.18 S-Dec. 2022 -0.2

Personal care services(4)

0.601 0.6 0.003 0.34 L-Feb. 2023 0.6

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.601 0.6 0.003 0.34 L-Feb. 2023 0.6

Miscellaneous personal services(4)

0.856 -0.5 -0.005 0.20 S-Jan. 2021 -1.0

Legal services(4)(9)

0.245   0.000 0.18 - -

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.168 0.9 0.002 0.19 L-Oct. 2022 1.7

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.142 0.2 0.000 0.36 L-May 2023 1.0

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.028 0.5 0.000 0.69 S-Apr. 2023 0.2

Financial services(4)(9)

0.193 -3.1 -0.006 0.59 S-Jan. 2021 -4.7

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.13 S-May 2023 0.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

  -4.6   0.81 S-Mar. 2019 -6.9

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.600 0.2 0.135 0.04 - -

All items less shelter

65.272 0.0 0.013 0.05 S-May 2023 -0.1

All items less food and shelter

51.872 0.0 -0.019 0.06 S-May 2023 -0.2

All items less food, shelter, and energy

44.921 -0.1 -0.026 0.05 S-May 2020 -0.3

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

42.145 0.0 0.011 0.06 - -

All items less medical care

92.164 0.2 0.185 0.04 - -

All items less energy

93.049 0.2 0.159 0.04 L-May 2023 0.4

Commodities

38.388 -0.1 -0.027 0.06 S-May 2023 -0.2

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

18.545 -0.2 -0.034 0.09 S-May 2020 -0.4

Commodities less food

24.988 -0.2 -0.059 0.08 S-May 2023 -0.3

Commodities less food and beverages

24.152 -0.3 -0.060 0.09 S-May 2023 -0.4

Services

61.612 0.3 0.202 0.05 - -

Services less rent of shelter(16)

27.253 0.2 0.046 0.08 - -

Services less medical care services

55.235 0.4 0.227 0.06 L-Apr. 2023 0.4

Durables

12.572 -0.3 -0.032 0.08 - -

Nondurables

25.816 0.2 0.062 0.08 L-Apr. 2023 0.5

Nondurables less food

12.416 -0.2 -0.020 0.12 S-May 2023 -1.4

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.580 -0.2 -0.022 0.13 S-May 2023 -1.5

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.053 -0.3 -0.022 0.12 S-May 2023 -2.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.889 -0.2 -0.020 0.11 S-May 2023 -1.8

Housing

44.464 0.4 0.157 0.06 L-Feb. 2023 0.5

Education and communication(5)

5.685 0.0 0.003 0.10 L-Apr. 2023 0.0

Education(5)

2.229 0.3 0.007 0.07 L-Mar. 2023 0.5

Communication(5)

3.456 -0.1 -0.004 0.17 L-Apr. 2023 -0.1

Information and information processing(5)

3.383 -0.1 -0.004 0.17 L-Apr. 2023 -0.1

Information technology, hardware and services(18)

1.774 -0.3 -0.006 0.34 S-Dec. 2022 -0.4

Recreation(5)

5.361 0.1 0.007 0.15 - -

Video and audio(5)

1.273 0.1 0.001 0.20 L-Apr. 2023 0.6

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.231 0.1 0.001 0.26 L-May 2023 0.3

Photography(5)

0.060 -1.2 -0.001 0.47 S-Dec. 2019 -1.2

Food and beverages

14.236 0.2 0.033 0.09 L-May 2023 0.2

Domestically produced farm food(4)

7.171 0.5 0.033 0.14 L-Jan. 2023 0.7

Other services

9.362 0.4 0.037 0.08 L-Apr. 2023 0.5

Apparel less footwear

2.023 0.2 0.003 0.41 S-Apr. 2023 0.2

Fuels and utilities

4.515 0.2 0.007 0.33 S-May 2023 -1.1

Household energy

3.454 0.1 0.002 0.42 S-May 2023 -1.6

Medical care

7.836 -0.2 -0.018 0.09 S-Mar. 2023 -0.3

Transportation

17.189 -0.1 -0.017 0.10 S-May 2023 -0.2

Private transportation

16.403 0.2 0.031 0.10 S-May 2023 -0.2

New and used motor vehicles(5)

8.159 -0.5 -0.041 0.11 S-Feb. 2023 -0.6

Utilities and public transportation

7.621 0.0 -0.002 0.20 L-Jan. 2023 1.3

Household furnishings and operations

5.222 -0.1 -0.003 0.21 - -

Other goods and services

2.701 0.1 0.003 0.15 S-Dec. 2022 -0.1

Personal care(4)

2.205 0.0 0.000 0.17 S-Dec. 2022 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 2019=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(18) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, July 2023, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jun.
2023
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Jul. 2022-
Jul. 2023
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Jul. 2022-
Jul. 2023(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 3.2   0.12 L-May 2023 4.0

Food

13.400 4.9 0.650 0.19 S-Sep. 2021 4.6

Food at home

8.582 3.6 0.303 0.26 S-Aug. 2021 3.0

Cereals and bakery products

1.166 7.0 0.078 0.54 S-Jan. 2022 6.8

Cereals and cereal products

0.365 5.8 0.021 0.87 S-Dec. 2021 4.8

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.062 8.5 0.005 2.29 S-Dec. 2021 6.6

Breakfast cereal

0.147 5.1 0.007 1.37 S-Oct. 2021 4.3

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.157 5.5 0.008 1.09 S-Jan. 2022 5.0

Rice(4)(5)

  6.5   1.25 S-May 2023 5.9

Bakery products

0.800 7.6 0.057 0.69 S-Jan. 2022 7.2

Bread(4)

0.225 9.5 0.020 1.07 S-May 2022 8.7

White bread(5)

  10.7   1.29 S-Jun. 2022 10.1

Bread other than white(5)

  8.0   1.48 S-Feb. 2022 7.3

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.117 5.8 0.006 1.60 S-Dec. 2021 4.7

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.206 6.9 0.013 1.33 S-Mar. 2022 6.6

Cookies(5)

  7.9   1.61 S-Apr. 2022 6.6

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  6.3   2.40 S-Dec. 2021 5.9

Other bakery products

0.252 7.4 0.018 1.36 S-Dec. 2021 6.5

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  5.4   2.06 S-Feb. 2023 5.1

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  8.2   1.86 S-Nov. 2021 5.9

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  8.0   1.78 S-Feb. 2022 7.9

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.770 -0.2 -0.004 0.47 - -

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.654 0.9 0.015 0.49 L-Apr. 2023 1.5

Meats

1.024 1.9 0.019 0.54 L-Jan. 2023 2.2

Beef and veal

0.449 5.3 0.022 0.84 L-May 2022 10.2

Uncooked ground beef

0.161 3.1 0.004 1.09 L-Sep. 2022 3.9

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.057 6.3 0.003 2.36 L-May 2022 11.0

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.188 7.8 0.014 1.39 L-Apr. 2022 11.8

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.043 1.6 0.001 1.90 L-Aug. 2022 4.9

Pork

0.324 -3.7 -0.013 1.08 L-May 2023 -2.9

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.137 -6.7 -0.011 1.30 S-Aug. 2015 -8.2

Bacon and related products(5)

  -10.7   1.78 S-Jul. 2015 -11.4

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  0.3   1.96 S-May 2019 -0.3

Ham

0.069 5.7 0.004 2.56 L-May 2023 8.2

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  6.1   2.65 L-May 2023 8.5

Pork chops

0.044 -2.4 -0.001 1.97 S-Apr. 2023 -2.4

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.075 -6.8 -0.006 2.44 L-Apr. 2023 -5.2

Other meats

0.251 4.1 0.010 1.03 L-May 2023 5.0

Frankfurters(5)

  3.3   3.05 L-Mar. 2023 5.8

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  4.4   1.25 S-Nov. 2021 4.4

Poultry

0.347 -0.2 -0.001 1.28 S-Sep. 2019 -0.2

Chicken(4)

0.277 -2.5 -0.007 1.34 S-Aug. 2016 -3.2

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  0.4   2.82 S-Jun. 2021 -0.8

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  -3.6   1.75 S-Jul. 2016 -3.8

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.070 9.4 0.006 2.65 L-Apr. 2023 11.9

Fish and seafood

0.283 -0.8 -0.002 1.00 L-Apr. 2023 2.0

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.138 -2.6 -0.004 1.48 S-Mar. 2016 -2.6

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.146 1.0 0.001 1.31 L-Apr. 2023 3.0

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  4.8   1.98 L-Feb. 2023 7.6

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  -1.9   1.78 S-Mar. 2020 -2.1

Eggs

0.115 -13.7 -0.019 2.30 S-Aug. 2019 -15.9

Dairy and related products

0.787 1.3 0.010 0.63 S-Sep. 2021 0.6

Milk(4)

0.193 -3.0 -0.006 1.05 S-Mar. 2018 -3.9

Fresh whole milk(5)

  -4.5   1.33 S-Mar. 2018 -5.1

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  -2.0   1.24 S-Mar. 2018 -2.8

Cheese and related products

0.240 -0.3 -0.001 0.90 S-Dec. 2021 -0.6

Ice cream and related products

0.119 6.3 0.007 1.67 L-May 2023 8.0

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.234 4.5 0.010 1.16 S-Feb. 2022 4.2

Fruits and vegetables

1.478 2.9 0.041 0.64 S-May 2023 2.7

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.096 1.2 0.012 0.78 L-Feb. 2023 2.6

Fresh fruits

0.585 0.4 0.003 1.09 L-Feb. 2023 0.4

Apples

0.085 7.5 0.006 1.97 L-May 2023 7.7

Bananas

0.089 0.0 0.000 1.38 S-Jun. 2021 -0.3

Citrus fruits(4)

0.170 -2.9 -0.004 2.19 L-Feb. 2023 -1.2

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  -3.6   2.24 L-Mar. 2023 -3.1

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.241 -0.1 0.000 1.87 S-May 2023 -0.7

Fresh vegetables

0.510 2.1 0.010 0.87 - -

Potatoes

0.090 4.4 0.004 1.49 S-Mar. 2022 3.4

Lettuce

0.070 6.6 0.002 1.85 L-May 2023 9.4

Tomatoes

0.081 2.0 0.001 2.00 L-Feb. 2023 3.4

Other fresh vegetables

0.270 0.9 0.003 1.11 S-Apr. 2023 0.4

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.382 8.1 0.029 0.74 S-Feb. 2022 7.6

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.194 7.0 0.013